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High-speed Turning Gear

Verify the operation of the high-speed turning gear logic. It is very important that the high-speed
turning gear motor not be energized until the DC Motor turning gear accelerates the turbine to about 3
rpm. (By low speed turning gear)
Note: High Speed Turning Gear motor is only allowed to be started two times per hour when used to
accelerate the turbine from 3 rpm to 120 rpm by High Speed Turning Gear (AC Motor).
Since the motor is heavily overloaded during acceleration from 3 rpm to 120 rpm, it is very important to
limit the number of starts under load, or damage to the motor may occur. The SFC has a Duty Cycle of
four starts in succession. The logic in the Siemens DCS should be such that the high-speed turning
gear motor is kept running until the generator is synchronized. If the high-speed turning gear motor is
shut down and the turbine allowed to coast to 3 rpm, a turbine restart may be delayed if the highspeed turning gear motor has already been started twice in the hour. This limitation will prevent an
immediate turbine restart. To avoid this situation, the high-speed turning gear should remain running
until the
turbine is on load and a turbine fail-to-start situation cannot occur. In the event of a turbine failed-start,
the running high-speed turning gear motor will catch the turbine speed at 120 rpm during turbine
coast-down. This will help prevent the situation where the high-speed turning gear motor delays a start
of the turbine. site. Also, the Site Gas Turbine Commissioning Specialist should confirm that the
turbine can operate at 120 rpm (high-speed turning) for prolonged periods (if necessary during
commissioning).
SFC (Static Frequency Converter):
Also referred to as a "static starter" this type of starting means uses the generator as a motor
during starting. Current, at a variable frequency, is applied to the generator stator terminals
(excitation must also be applied to the generator rotor) to accelerate the unit from zero speed through
purging, firing, and up to near rated speed, before the generator then reverts to its normal role as a
converter of torque to electricity.
A static frequency converter serves to bring a large gas turbine generator up to
near its operating speed as it is being brought online (put into service), at
which point the turbine takes over power generation and maintains its speed.
You must take care to use a static frequency converter only to the point where
it is no longer needed, then shut it down.
1) Open the generator circuit breaker (GCB)
2) Connect the static frequency converter to the generator bus duct.
3) Switch the static frequency converter to "on." Turn the static excitation switch to "on."
4) Raise the speed of the turbine to approximately 70 percent of synchronous speed.
5) Switch the static frequency converter and static excitation switches to "off."
DC Exciter
In earlier days, the exciter was a small DC generator coupled to the same shaft as the rotor.
Therefore, when the rotor rotates this exciter produces the power for the electromagnet. Control of the
exciter output is done by varying the field current of the exciter. This output from the exciter then
controls the magnetic field of the rotor to produce a constant voltage output by the generator. This DC
current feeds to the rotor through slip rings.
Static Exciter
In modern generators the exciters are static. The DC power for the electromagnet is from the main
generator output itself. A number of high power thyristors rectify the AC current to produce a DC
current which feeds to the rotor through slip rings. This eliminates the operation and maintenance

problems associated with having another rotating machine. Static exciters offer a better control of the
output than an electromechanical control

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