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:

Triangle

Pythagorean Theorem

30.60.90 degree phenomenon

30-60-90 degree phenomenon

Combinations: (3-4-5), (5-12-13), (8-15-17),

(6-8-10), ( 9-12-15), (12-16-20), (10-24-26)

Formula

2

2

2

a + b = c

x: x: x √ 2

(h=x

x: x √ 3 : 2x (b=x

√2

√3

)

)

**If the sum of two angles = third angle, then it is a right angled
**

triangle.

S1 + S1+ S3

½(BH)

Perimeter of Triangle

Area of any Triangle

Area of Isosceles Triangle

b

4

Area of Right Triangle

√ 4 a 2+ b2

1

(L1 . L2)

2

Area of Equilateral triangle

s2

√3 .

4

Square

Formula

Perimeter

Area#1

Area #2

Relationship between side and diagonal

4S

S2

Rectangle

1

Diagonal2 .

2

D= s 2

or D= √ 2 s

Formula

Perimeter

Area

Relationship between side and diagonal

2(L+W)

L.W

Parallelogram

Formula

Perimeter

Area

2(L+W)

B.W

Rhombus

Formula

Perimeter

Area #1

Area#2

4S

B.H

2

2

lengt h + widt h =Diagonal

Trapezoid

1

( d 1. d 2 ) .

2

Formula

Perimeter

B1+B2+S1+S2

Area

**1/2(Base1+Base2).Height
**

Md. Moniruzzaman

University of Dhaka, Dept of Marketing

monirjewel@yahoo.com

2

.

W) 2(LH+LW+WH) Cylinder Lateral Surface Area Total Surface Area Volume Formula 2 πr h .com .C 360o 2.W. Or πd .H) Cube Formula 6 s2 3 s . 2 πr h . Area of Cube Volume Diagonal 2(L. Degress ofInscibed Angle .H 2(L. Moniruzzaman University of Dhaka. C/ π C/2 π Degree of Cental Angle 2 πr .H) Area of Front & Back Faces Total Surface Diagonal 2(W. Dept of Marketing monirjewel@yahoo. 3600 Degress of Central Angle . 2 πr . 2 2 π r + 2 πr h .Circle Circumference(C) Area Diameter Radius Area of Sector Arc length(Central Angle) Arc length(Inscribed Angle) Perimeter of Sector of Circle Formula 2 πr .C o 360 Arc Measure + 2r Rectangular Solids Formula Volume Area of Front & Back Faces Area of Top & Bottom Faces L. Coordinate Geometry Distance Formula Mid-Point General form Y = mx+b Slope Md.

15. Ex: 1. n+1. the lcm of 3 & 6 is + 3 6 .Polygon Formula Sum of interior angles of a polygon with n sides = (n-2)*180 Arithmetic & Algebra formulas: Properties of Numbers Formula 1. An integer is any number in the set (-2-1. 2n+2. Even integer has a finite set of factors(or divisors) @ an infinite set of multiples 4. The average consecutive numbers.7. The numbers 1. For any number a.can be represented n. 1. 3. 2n+5…. Ex: The gcd of 8 & 36 is 4. 2n+4…. a=0 2. The properties of 0 is neither positive or negative Fractions. 2n+3.11 14.1. The product of an odd number of negative factor is negative 6. Dept of Marketing monirjewel@yahoo.. the following four terms are synonymous: a is a divisor of b.4. 1 and itself.5. The numbers -2. The product of an even number of negative factor is positive 5.6 are consecutive even integers can be written 2n.7 are consecutive odd integers can be written 2n+1. The numbers 0.5. b is multiple of a.3. . a is a factor of b. The product of any number and its reciprocal is 1: a x (1/a)=1 8. The sum of any number and its opposite is 0: a+(-a)=0 9. The number of integers from “A to B inclusive” is =B-A+1 10. 2. b is divisible by a.3. LCD=Least Common Multiple. 0.2) 11.2. The reciprocal of any nonzero a is 1/a 7. Ex: For Md. & Proportion Formula part Fractions = W h ole of … Ratio= ¿… GCD= Greatest Common Divisor. 3 are consecutive integers. If a and b are integers. -1.. Ex: from 14 to 26=(14+26)/2=20 12. A prime num is a positive integer has the exactly two different positive divisors. Ratio. exactly one of the following is true: a is Negative or Positive . 16. 0.2. n+3 13.com 2 1 . Moniruzzaman University of Dhaka.

Average speed = Total distance / Total Time Case1: When equal distances are covered in different speed then Average Speed = 2ab / (a + b) Case 2: For Different distances in same time then Average Speed is = (a + b) / 2 Fractions & Decimals Formula There are two method of comparing fractions: 1) cross multiply 2) Convert them to decimals(by dividing) If a/b is the number of a whole that satisfies some property. then 1-(a/b) is the fraction of that whole that does not satisfy it. 1<n<4. that is 1. Interest Formula The most basic: S. 6 is hundreds. then 1 ≤ n ≤ 4. 1 is thousandths Example of decimal follow: .The reciprocal of n d is 6To solve n for the proportion 2 3 = n 4 ( just example) d .. 2 is hundredths.321 have the following place values or decimal points: 7 is thousands.0321= 0 3 2 1 321 + + + = 10 100 1000 10000 10 . 3 is tenths. 4 is ones or units. 000 Percents Formula Md. (Where n & d are not n zero) Permutations & Combinations Formula Combinations: nCk = n!/((n-k)k!)! Permutations: nPk = n!/(n-k)! Circular: (n-1)! k = number of objects selected from a pile of n objects n = total number of objects from which k objects can be selected Real numbers Formula To say that the number n is between 1 & 4 on the number line means that n>1 & n<4. 5 is tens.I (simple interest) Interest paid Annually Interest paid Quarterly Interest paid Monthly FV=PV(1+i)n Principal × Interest × Time P (1 + R)n (n=number of years) P (1 + R /4)4 x t (t= number of years) P (1 + R /12)12 X t (t= number of years) Speed. The period or decimal point determines the place value of the digits. Distance and Time Formula Distance= Rate x time …. inclusive’. For example the digit number 7654. Dept of Marketing monirjewel@yahoo.com . If n is ‘between 1 & 4. Moniruzzaman University of Dhaka.

59. 23. 41. end in 1. 17. 71. 73. 7. 43.n(AnB) – n(AnC) + n( AnBnC) Quadratic Equations Formula Powers and roots of Numbers Formula For any numbers b & c & positive integers m & n: bm =b m+n .n(AnC) .n(AnBnC)n(A)n(AnB) n(AnB). 61. Moniruzzaman University of Dhaka. 6.n(A) . 97.com . 3. Dept of Marketing monirjewel@yahoo. 11. 6 or 8 are multiples of 2 and numbers ending in 0 or 5 are multiples of 5 6) All prime numbers above 3 are of the form 6n + 1. 79. 53. 19. n(AnB/nC/) n(A)+n(B)-n(AnB) n(U) . raising it to a higher power. results in a larger number.n(B) + n(AnB) n(A)+n(B)+n(C) . since numbers ending in 0. 37. 89. or.n(AnB) . 5. % increase or decrease = Sets Amount of increase∨decrease ×100 Original w h ole Formula 1. 4. bmcm=bcm bmbn=bm+n . 7 or 9. Squaring a number between 0 and 1 results in a smaller number Properties of Prime Number Formula 1) 2 and 3 are the lowest even and odd prime numbers respectively. 3. because all other numbers are divisible by 2 or 3 where n>=1 Md. 29.n(BnC)+ n(AnBnC) n(U)-n(A)-n(B)-n(C)+n(AnB)+n(AnC)+n(BnC) . 2) 2 is the only even prime number 3) Prime numbers between 1 and 100 are 2. 31. 13. 83. 2. (bm)n=bmn. 2.Part=Percent * whole. 3. 5. 67. n(AuB) n(AuB)/ n(AuBuC) n(AuBuC)/ n(AnB/) n(AnBnC/ 7.n(AnBnC) n(A). 47. 4. There are 25 prime numbers between 1 and 100 4) There are no negative prime numbers 5) All prime numbers except 2 and 5. n b To square a number that is greater than.

x 1 x >1 Way to add hours and minutes together Formula lets add 1hr & 35 mins and 3 hrs & 55mins together Take these two times as simple natural numbers like 135 and 355 We get 135 + 355 = 490 Now add a constant number 40 to it: We get 490+ 40 = 530 so the time is 5 hrs and 30 mins simple.. in fact.. exactly one of the following is true: a>b or a=b or a<b Adding a number to an inequality or subtracting a number from an inequality preserves it: If a<b. Md.com > 1 b . then a+c<b+d Multiplying or dividing an inequality by a positive number preserves it: If a<b and c is positive . then a+c<b+c and a-c<b-c Adding inequalities in the same direction preserves them: If a<b and c<d. then xa<a fro ex: . then ac>bc Taking negative reserves an inequality: If a <b . If a and b are both positive or both negative and a<b. then ac<bc and a b < c c Multiplying or dividing an inequality by a negative number preserves it: If a<b and c is negative . Moniruzzaman University of Dhaka. then √ x >x If o<x<1. then 1 >x. and a is positive.85 x 19<19 If 0<x<1. Dept of Marketing monirjewel@yahoo. then 1 a Important Inequalities for numbers between o and 1: If 0<x<1. then taking reciprocals reverses an equality. then –a>-b and if a>b.Progression Formula Sum of squares of 1st n natural numbers = n (n+1)(2n+1) / 6 Sum of cubes of 1st n natural numbers =[n (n+1)/2]2 1+2+3………………………… …. and m and n are integers with m>n.n = n*n+1/2 Inequalities Formula For any number a and b: a>b means that a-b is positive For any number a and b: a<b means that a-b is negative For any number a and b. then –a<-b If two numbers are each positive or negative.. then xm<xn<x If o<x<1.

Dept of Marketing monirjewel@yahoo. Moniruzzaman University of Dhaka.Md.com .

Md. Moniruzzaman University of Dhaka. Dept of Marketing monirjewel@yahoo.com .

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