Sample Problem #3: The exit gas from an alcohol fermenter consists of an air-CO2 mixture containing 10 mol% CO2

that is to be absorbed in a 5.0 N solution of triethanolamine, which contains 0.04 mol of carbon dioxide per mole of amine. If the column operates isothermally at 25°C, if the exit liquid contains 80% of the CO2 in the feed gas to the absorber, and if the absorption is carried out in a six-theoretical-plate column, calculate: (a) Moles of amine solution required per mole of feed gas (b) Exit gas composition Equilibrium Data Y 0.003 0.008 0.015 0.023 0.032 0.043 0.055 X 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 Y = moles CO2/mole air; X = moles CO2/mole amine solution X0= 0.04 y1 0.068 0.08 0.083 0.09 0.099 0.10 0.12 0.11

1 Absorber t = 25°C N=6 78.4% CO2 absorbed xN Solution: Basis: 1 mol entering gas Top coordinates:
X 0 = 0.04

y7 = 0.1

Y1 =

(1 − 0.784 )( 0.1)
0 .9

= 0.024

Bottom coordinates:
XN = ?
Y7 =
0.024 = 0.0234 (b) 1 + 0.024

0.1 = 0.1111 0. 9

Exit gas composition: y 1 =

0.12

Y7
0.1 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.02 0 0 0.02

0.1111

Top (X0,Y1)
0.04

Equilibrium 0.06 curve 0.1 0.08

0.12

X6 = 0.0877

Operating line slope = ∴

0.1111− 0.024 L′ = 1.83 = 0.0877 − 0.04 V′

mol a min e solution 1.83 ( 0.9 ) = 1.64 (a) = mol feed gas 1

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