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GPSA Electronic Data Book

Table of Contents
Dedication
Preface to the Eleventh Edition
History and Sponsors
Disclaimer

Acknowledgments
Editorial Contributors
Index of Key Words
Contact GPSA

Volume I
1-General Information
2-Product Specifications
3-Measurement
4-Instrumentation
5-Relief Systems
6-Storage
7-Separators and Filters
8-Fired Equipment
9-Heat Exchangers
10-Aircooled Exchangers
11-Cooling Towers
12-Pumps and Hydraulic Turbines
13-Compressors and Expanders
14-Refrigeration
15-Prime Movers

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Volume II
16-Hydrocarbon Recovery
17-Fluid Flow and Piping
18-Water Treating
19-Fractionation and Absorption
20-Dehydration
21-Hydrocarbon Treating
22-Sulfur Recovery
23-Physical Properties
24-Thermodynamic Properties
25-Equilibrium Ratio (K) Data
26-GPSA Member List

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ENGINEERING DATA BOOK FPS VERSION Volume I & II Sections 1-26 (Electronic) Published as a service to the gas processing and related process industries by the Gas Processors Suppliers Association 6526 East 60th Street Tulsa.com Compiled and edited in co-operation with the Gas Processors Association All Rights Reserved Copyright © 1998 Gas Processors Association Reproduction or translation of any part of this work without permission of the Gas Processors Suppliers Association is prohibited. Eleventh Edition — FPS 1998 . Oklahoma 74145 Phone: (918) 493-3872 Fax: (918) 493-3875 e-mail: gpsa@gasprocessors.

Tenth. industry-wide project to update 50year-old basic orifice flow coefficients. Dan served as a member of the GPSA Editorial Review Board through three different publications of the Engineering Data Book (the Ninth. In 1991 he was honored by his peers by receiving the gas processing industry’s highest honor. he helped organize and develop an extensive. He held various technical and managerial positions with Cities Service. the GPA Hanlon Award. by publishing a "Report of Investigations" which became a fundamental tool to respond to many of the earlier accusations. measurement. maintenance. The task force responded by directing vital human response testing research. Dan was instrumental in the industry’s acceptance of mass measurement of light liquid hydrocarbons using the turbine meter. resulted in the adoption of a revised industry standard on measurement of natural gas for custody transfer. He was also chairman of GPA’s Task Force on Odorization and co-chairman of the industry’s Joint Task Force on Odorization. and 1980 SI Editions) and was actively working on this Eleventh Edition at the time of his death in 1996. operations. when completed. Dan Kemp received his Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University in 1957.Dedication The Gas Processors Suppliers Association respectively dedicates this Eleventh Edition of the Engineering Data Book in memory of Daniel W. Data Collection and Publication. from 1980 to 1984. The Gas Processors Suppliers Association respectively dedicates this edition of the Engineering Data Book in Dan’s memory. he served on the Technical Committee from 1985 to 1995 and as its chairman from 1986 to 1988. later Occidental. and was considered by most to be a career gas processing technical expert. Dan will be remembered as a working leader in the gas processing industry and one who personified the high integrity of its people. by developing low-cost. Upon graduation he entered the gas processing industry by joining Cities Service as a plant engineer. He served as chairman of Section G. His presentation of the concept in 1967 helped educate the industry on an important tool which has been adopted by virtually the entire gas liquids industry. he became the industry’s driving force in forming an industry-wide task force to address the issue. when the propane industry was reeling from lawsuits and allegations that ethyl mercaptan was an ineffective odorizing agent for propane. accurate test methods for quantifying the amount of ethyl mercaptan in propane. In 1986. process design. Kemp. He spent his career involved in virtually every aspect of the gas processing industry including plant engineering. This work. and safety. He came up through GPA’s ranks the hard way by presenting a number of technical papers and serving in leadership roles along the way. and even later with Trident NGL before going into private consulting. Throughout his career he gave freely of his technical and leadership talents to industry groups involved in the natural gas business — notably GPA and API. ii . and by initiating a joint research project to investigate potential techniques for cylinder surface passivation. As chairman of the American Petroleum Institute’s Committee on Petroleum Measurement.

Tulsa. preliminary design. This publication may be used by anyone desiring to do so. Both organizations underwent name changes in subsequent years in response to changing industry conditions. which was first published in 1935. require a general reference work as a guide to accepted engineering practice for estimating. apparatus.com A Brief History of the Engineering Data Book and Sponsoring Organizations The GPSA Engineering Data Book was first published in 1935 as a booklet containing much advertising and a little technical information. or product cov- ered by letters patent. and for making on-site operating decisions. apparatus. Disclaimer The Gas Processors Suppliers Association takes no position as to whether any method. apparatus. Any such comments should be made in writing to: Gas Processors Suppliers Association 6526 E. It is also intended as an aid to design GPSA recognizes that the maintenance of the Data Book is a continuing task. feasibility studies. sale. available in two versions — FPS and SI — is an attempt to assemble. Its principal purpose was as a service organization to the parent Natural Gasoline Association of America (NGAA). The Gas Processors Suppliers Association (GPSA) was organized in 1928 as the Natural Gasoline Supply Men’s Association (NGSMA). nor does it insure anyone against liability for infringement of letters patent. iii . state. nor as to the validity of any patent alleged to cover any such method. in a single compilation. 60th St. or use in connection with any method. Users’ comments and suggestions are welcome. or product. operating personnel. or product mentioned herein is covered by an existing patent. Furthermore. the Data Book has found wide acceptance in the petroleum refining. The loose-leaf format of the Data Book permits periodic updating to meet the changing technology of the process industries. In addition. In 1974 the names changed to the current Gas Processors Association (GPA) and Gas Processors Suppliers Association (GPSA). or for the violation of any federal. and petrochemical industries. or municipal regulations with which it may conflict. the organizations became known as the Natural Gas Processors Association (NGPA) and the Natural Gas Processors Suppliers Association (NGPSA).Preface to the Eleventh Edition engineers who. basic design information together with data and procedures that can be used by field and plant engineers to determine operating and design parameters. Over 135. This Eleventh Edition of the Engineering Data Book. in spite of increasing availability of computer routines and other sophisticated design methods. In 1961. but neither the Gas Processors Suppliers Association or any of its members shall be held responsible or liable in any way for loss or damage resulting therefrom. and students. The Gas Processors Suppliers Association is an organization of companies with specialized knowledge of the supply and service needs of the gas processing and related industries. A major service to them is embodied in the Engineering Data Book. gas transmission. technical information was expanded and the Data Book gradually became the accepted engineering reference work for the gas processing industry. the information contained in this publication does not grant the right by implication or otherwise for manufacture. Oklahoma 74145 Fax: (918) 493-3875 e-mail: gpsa@gasprocessors. In subsequent editions.000 copies of the Ninth and Tenth Editions of the English-unit book were distributed for use throughout the world by engineers. Users of the manual should note that numerous references throughout the book may refer to publications of these organizations by the names in effect at the time of the publication.

Stearns-Roger Corp. University of Qatar R.L. King Tool Company G. Stearns-Roger Corp. Flynn. Stanley Adler.K. Geiger.J. Hudson Engineering Corp. Warren Petroleum Ken Frankenberger.T. M W Kellogg Co. Farrar. Matthew Hall Engineering Peter Carnell. Kellogg Company Ari Minkkinen. Hall. reviewing.W. Oklahoma State University – Retired Stuart Ferguson. Gresham.L. Cody. B. Stearns-Roger Corp. Shell International Gas Ltd. K. Oxy Cities Service NGL. Oxy Cities Service–Retired A.L. H.R.A. Williams Pipeline R. The Revised Tenth Edition of the Data Book was published partially electronically. Boyer. Ford. Susan Coman and staff. Vinson Supply Co. Campbell. Koch Hydrocarbon Co. Hudson Engineering Corp. and assembly of editorial material for the Eleventh Edition. ICI Katalco Steve Chalmers. Bankes Engineering Jean-Claude Barbier. William C. Gerlovich. S. Jack Dingman. Inc. Hudson Products Corp. Woodard. Fan. Elliot. The Randall Corporation Vernon O. Green. some of which has not been published previously. Jackson Design. Francis Foret. M. McDermott Marine Engineering iv . Consultant – Deceased GPSA also wishes to acknowledge the work of Ed Raper.D. M. Soto Soto. Albaugh. Stearns-Roger Corp. GPSA is also indebted to processing and service companies that made available expert personnel. Sudhir Golikeri. Davy McKee International Jan K. B & C Associates R. Texaco Chemical Co. and Ron Cannon.C.N. Aldana. Amoco Production Co. Hartzog. IFP D. R. Antec. Colorado School of Mines S. Morgan. Jack Allen. Farrar & Associates James A. Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co.R. Hudson Engineering Corp. Tom Bacon. Harris. Many. Susan Coman and staff. Amoco Production Co. J.E. Ron Brunner. University of Tulsa Bill Caffey. John M.L. GPSA also acknowledges the outstanding work and dedication of the Editorial Review Board. Inc.E. Bodine. though not all. Delta Projects Ltd.M. Dow Chemical Lance Eckel. Beaty. Kramer. Stearns-Roger Corp. GPSA O. Stearns-Roger Corp. which was totally responsible for final editing. L. Gerald L. GPA. Ford. Charles Hammack. Handwerk.A.J.J.M. Intevep. George. Glen E.D. Maddox. Consultant E. Gilbert J. Dow Chemical D. Inc. Gustavo A.L. DuPart. W. Texas A&M University Bob Hamilton. of those individuals are listed in the roster of contributors. Clayton. Hamilton. Russell. Bergman. Battershell. Stearns-Roger Corp. ProType Tom Cooley. Bacon & Davis.ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Eleventh Edition GPSA wishes to acknowledge the work of those individuals who contributed their talents and literally thousands of hours of time to the writing. Applied Automation. and for release of technical information for this edition. ELR. Paul Buthod. Russell. Philadelphia Gear Co. Campbell & Company W. C. Inc. Fling.B. Tommy Ball. Ciupak. for their work in converting the charts. Peter W. Other Editorial Review Board members who served during compilation of the Eleventh Edition: R. Carlisle. Exxon Production & Research Co.L. Inc.s. Battershell & Associates Ned Baudat. Cannon. John M. Ely. Antec J. Inc. Amoco W. Tim Anderson and staff. J. John M.A. M. graphs. Chairman. Roger J. Mycom. Stearns-Roger Corp. Fluor Daniel. Gaylon. Arco Oil & Gas Co.D. Shell Oil Co. Hudson Products Corporation David F. GPA–retired.W. Arnoldi. Bruce Gilmer. P. editing. D. Gilcrease. Chen. J. Campbell.C.T. Stearns-Roger Corp. Bakas. George Briley. review. Inc. R. Anderson.C. ProType. PDVSA Helge Rivelsrud. Oxy Cities Service NGL. Kenneth R. Champlin Petroleum Co. Hudson Products Corporation D. Hugh Bankes. Inc. Shell International Gas Ltd. Ltd. Hudson Engineering Corp. Hudson Engineering Corp.E. D. and text to SI.W.A. Engineers & Fabricators. Kvaerner Membrane Systems Richard Cruz. Davis. GPA Carroll Buster. Fey. Chairman. Kellogg Co. Norsk Hydro a. S. G. Inc. Phillips Petroleum Co. and completion of the task of publishing the Data Book one hundred percent electronically. Chen. Stuart Ferguson. Davy McKee International J. Institut Francais du Petrole Bob Heigold. C. Bacon & Davis. Raytheon Engineers Wayne A. InterNorth. Tom Ferguson. Abdulreda Alsaygh.S.A. Campbell Co. Consultant R. Stearns-Roger Corp. and assembling of the information in this Eleventh Edition of the Engineering Data Book.C. Elder.D. Bobbs.F. P. Ben Holt Co.G. Amoco Production Co. Doug Clower. Refrigeration Engineering Co. Fierens. Hudson Products Corporation Harry Deakin. Cooling Products Patsy Chappelear. Black & Veatch Pritchard Editorial Contributors — Tenth and Eleventh Editions Donald J./Colorado School of Mines Jack Gillaspy. Feldman. Delta Catalytic Engineering & Construction. Kemp. Michael Ayers. Phillips Petroleum Company Brian Price. D. Tim Anderson and staff. Fred G. Davy McKee International James F.H. Review Board members at the date of publication: Fred G. Berg. Mike Jackson.

M W Kellogg Co. Oxy Cities Service NGL. Andrew Ward. Trane Co. Mulvany. Maddox. Pioneer Gas Products Co. Aker Omega. Bingham-Willamette Ltd. Oklahoma State University G.D.J. Sivalls. Soto Soto. Hillburn. Black & Veatch Pritchard J. Lyman Yarborough. Ed Raper. Madore. Jr. Shell Oil Co. Helge Rivelsrud. Ligon. Norsk Hydro a. Herman van Herwijnen.A. Coastal Chemical Co. Ari Minkkinen.R. Lufkin Industries Mark Loring. Inc. Huntsman Corporation R. Peebles. Herrin & Associates John Hersley. ICI Katalco Rich Worsham. L. Robert Schwartz. Union Carbide David Holbrook. Inc.E. McCann. Inc. Bernard Kouzel.R. Gary Utter. Inc. Koch Hydrocarbon Co. C. Brown & Root. Fish Engineering & Construction. William Phillips. Rochelle. Stark. Davy McKee-Dresser Engineering Div. Davy McKee-Dresser Engineering Div. Valego. Stearns-Roger Corp.T. Applied Automation. Vickrey Engineering Co. Hlozek. Dexter Smith. Sivalls. GPSA Harry Temple. D.J. UOP Howard Holder. Stearns-Roger Corp. Susu Patel. Norris. T. Martin. Inc. Westinghouse Robert Hubbard. Fred Selleck. Phillips Petroleum Co. Bill Small. Johnson. Colin Woodward. C.L. Mobil R&D Co. Delta Catalytic Engineering & Construction. Glitsch. Patton & Associates Jerry R. Arild Wilson.P. Oxy Cities Service NGL.D. Oxy Cities Service NGL.D. John Palsgrove. J. General Electric Co. M. W. Hudson Engineering Corp. Robinson-Utter & Associates William R. Stearns-Roger Corp. Kramer. Wiley B. P. El Paso Natural Gas Co. Exxon Production & Research Co. Herbert. IFP Willard A. Mobil R&D Co.F. Stearns-Roger Corp. Potts.J. Henderson. O. Inc. IFP Bill Roof. Phillips Petroleum Co. Amoco Production Co. Jackson Design Arland H. Campbell & Co. Glitsch.H. Stearns-Roger Corp. W. Bill Robinson. Peerless Manufacturing Co. Sutton. Stearns-Roger Corp. Stearns-Roger Corp. Inc.s. John E. Tom Welker.M. Fluor Engineers & Constructors Mike Jackson. R. Robert J. Pocock. Babcock & Wilcox Verleon H. Inc.E. Danny Stowe. McGalliard. U. Junkin. Crawford & Russell. College of William & Mary Joseph Larue. Charles Maitland. Marv Natham.C. Chevron J.E. Inc. Royce Loshbaugh. Amoco Production Co. Herbert D. Grace GmbH J.V.J. Patton. Yuv Mehra.J. Kellogg Company Kevin Kramer. Stearns-Roger Corp. McKinney. Applied Automation. M. GPA M.S. C-E Natco C. Hudson Engineering Corp. S. Riley. Union Oil Company of California J. Louis Lloyd. Exxon Company.E. W.G. Ellen Strange. Bill Millard.A. Dana Salamone. Marsh. Inc./Colorado School of Mines Bob Heigold. Mulkins. Upchurch. Alan Silverman. Russell L. Ted H. J. Patrick Holub. Mahmood Moshfeghian. Institut Francais du Petrole D. Mobil Oil Corp. Lewis. Fenix & Scisson. Lee Norris III. Wendell Kensell. Jack T. Worsham Enterprises Jesse Wyrick. Johannes. John M. F. Campbell & Co. Warren Petroleum Co.H. D. Ken Joslin.T. ProType Al Medencorp. Key Engineering.M. Anderson Greenwood Dav Parnell. J. Larry Lilly. Campbell & Co. Richards. Stuart. Inc. Huntsman Corporation Bill Homuth. University of Michigan R. Phillips Petroleum Co. Printz. James Schauls. H. Perry Gas Processors William P. Maning. Merichem Company Robert Veroba.N.T. M W Kellogg Co. Fluor Engineers & Constructors Dale Sharpe. Bentley-Nevada Donald Papa. Mobil R&D Corp. Dennis Williams. John Zink Co. Chapman Engineers. Inc. C-E Natco Randy Marek. C. Merritt. Inc. University of Texas Gene Rochette. Shieh. Robert Smith. John M. Rose. Warren Petroleum Don Morris. Stearns-Roger Corp. Arco Oil & Gas Co. Janet D. Oklahoma State University Johnny Johnson.M. Robert. Sampat. J. Inc. Dan Kemp. M W Kellogg Co. Inc. Kathrin Juch. Advanced Extraction Technologies. J.M.Bob Piehl. Optimized Process Furances. Porter. Sherman. Higgins. ELR Laurance Reid. R. Stearns-Roger Corp. v . Inc. R. Inc. Process Equipment Co. Wielgot. Morgan. GPA. Inc. Phillips Petroleum Co. Amoco–Retired J.E. Phillips Petroleum Co. Williamson. Herrin. Kilgannon. Calgon Corporation Brian Price. Scheer. Hull.. Canterra Energy Ltd.A. Shiraz University H. Hensley. CBI-NaCon. Texaco Jeff White. Gary Mori. Ted Levin. Gary T. Megee. PDVSA S. Exxon Production & Research Co.W. Stearns-Roger Corp. Campbell & Co. J. R. Vickrey. Inc. Crest Engineering. Brymer Williams. Marley Equipment Co. Norsk Hydro James H. Glen Petty. Laurance Reid Associates. Michael Prevade. Fish Engineering & Construction. Sharon Mason. Shell International (SIPM) Tom Varadi. Union Carbide Corp. Contritech Corp. Stearns-Roger Corp. Tom Russell. International Process Systems John Waterous. Russell Co. OPC Engineering Gustavo A. Inc. Inc. The Pritchard Corp. Davy McKee-Dresser Engineering Div. Inc. Harvey L.M. Paul Schmidt. T. Optimized Process Furnaces Alexandre Rojey. Robinson-Utter & Associates Sharon Robinson. Ingersoll-Rand Co. John M. Crawford Enterprises Rob Phillips. Stearns-Roger Corp. Young. John Zink Co. Peter Richardson. Salzesen. Oxy Cities Service NGL.W. John M.M.C. Norsk Hydro William Woodard. Ltd.P. Welker Engineering Jim Westmoreland. G. Fluor Engineers & Constructors Carl Sutton. Trend Construction Co. Petro Canada Resources Charles C. C. Pierpoint. H.

. . . . 19-30 Absorption and Stripping Factors. . 1-2 Adsorbent. . . 1-3 BS&W. . . . . Normal. . . . . Section 1 Product Specifictions . 2-1 Butane. Section 4 Relief Systems . . 21-11 Vapor Pressures. . . . . . . . . . . Section 6 Separators and Filters . . . 21-8 Specific Gravity. . . . . . . . . . . . . Water Treating . 19-32 Absorption Factor. 25-7 Benfield Process. . . . 23-24 Petroleum Fractions. 1-2. . . Section 10 Cooling Towers . . . 10-14 Air Evaporative Coolers. . . . . . . . . . 1-21 AIChE-American Institute of Chemical Engineers. . . . . . . 1-22 ASTM-American Society for Testing & Materials. . . . . . . 1-2 Benedict-Webb-Rubin-Starling (BWRS). 21-11 Monoethanolamine. 10-5 Fintube Data. . . . 23-26 Bottoms. . . . . . . . . 1-21 AISC-American Institute of Steel Construction. . . 1-2 Absorption Oil. . 1-2 Adsorption. . . . Sulfur Recovery . . 1-21 API Gravity. . . . . . . . . . 18-4 Boiler Water Treatment. . . . . . 10-7 Warm Air Recirculation. . . . Section 8 Heat Exchangers . 21-16 Blanket Gas. . . . . 1-3 Butane. . . . . . . . . . . 10-12 Thermal Design. 21-11 Formulated Solvents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-2 Friction Factor. . Section 13 Refrigeration . . . 1-2. . 21-12 Triethanolamine. . . . . . . 1-3 Bubble Point. Hydrocarbon Treating . . . . . . 10-1 Internal Recirculation. . . . . . . . 1-21 ANSI-American National Standards Institute. 21-10 Diglycolamine. . . . . 10-2 Air Static-Pressure Drop. . 10-1 Pressure Drop. 10-8 Mechanical Design. . 21-11 Freezing Points. . . GPSA Members List . . 10-9 Induced Draft. . . . .Table of Contents Volume II Hydrocarbon Recovery. . . . . . Section 12 Compressors and Expanders . . . . . . 10-5 Alkalinity and pH Relationships. . . . . . . . Fluid Flow and Piping . . . . . . . . . . . 19-31 Calculations. . . . . . . 10-10 Forced Draft. . . . Section 5 Storage. 10-5 Air Film Coefficient. . . . 10-3 Disadvantages. . 10-4 Air Evaporative Coolers. 1-3. . Fractionation and Absorption . . . . . . . . . . . 10-6 LMTD Correction Factors. . . 1-3 P-H Diagram. . . . 10-3 Heat-Transfer Coefficients. . . . Physical Properties . . . . . . . . . 1-21 AISI-American Iron & Steel Institute. . . 1-3 Boiler Water Systems. . 1-3 Barrel. . . . 1-22 ASME-American Society of Mechanical Engineers. . . . . . 1-21 ASHRAE-American Society of Heating. . Dehydration . . . . 10-1. . 10-15 Air-Side Control. 18-9 Boiling Points. . . . . 18-1 Boilaway Test. . . 21-10 Physical Properties. Section 9 Aircooled Exchangers . . . . . . Commercial. . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Amines Diethanolamine. . . . . . . . . . . 1-3. 1-2 Affinity Laws. . Volume I General Information . . . . 10-11 Header Design. . . . . . . . . 1-2 Atmospheric Pressure. . . 23-30 Acid Gas. Section 7 Fired Equipment . . . . . . 10-12 Location. . . . . . . . 21-10 Methyldiethanolamine. . Section 2 Measurement. . . . . Section 15 Index AGA-American Gas Association. . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Absorption. . . . . 22-1 Adiabatic Expansion. . . . . . 1-2 Acentric Factor. . . . . 1-3 Bourdon Tubes. . 21-10 Sterically Hindered. . . 1-3 Blowdown. 10-2 External Recirculation. . . . . . 10-1 Advantages. Refrigerating & Air-conditioning Engineers. . . . . . Thermodynamic Properties . . . . 21-11 Diisopropanolamine. . . . . . 12-3 Air Cooled Exchangers. . . . . 10-15 Air-Density Ratio Chart. 1-22 Absorber. . 18-1 Amine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7 Breathing. . . . 24-32 ii Section 16 Section 17 Section 18 Section 19 Section 20 Section 21 Section 22 Section 23 Section 24 Section 25 Section 26 . . . . . . 1-2 B-P Mix. . . . Section 14 Prime Movers . Section 3 Instrumentation . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 API-American Petroleum Institute. Equilibrium Ratio (K) Data . Section 11 Pumps and Hydraulic Turbines. . . . . . . . . . . . 10-4 Liquid Physical Properties. 21-9 Associated Gas. . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 Blow Case. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19-30 Strippers. . . . . .

1-3 Carbon Dioxide P-H Diagram. 12-13 Materials of Construction. 13-30 Flow Range. 11-13 Cooling Water Systems Open Systems. 12-9 Troubles and Causes. 13-31 Lubrication and Seal-Oil Systems. 13-2. 4-21 Sizing. 13-36 Shaft Seals. 13-29 P-H Diagram. 13-22 Head. 22-4. 13-31 Mechanical Losses. 21-15 Caustic Embrittlement. 11-13 Hyperbolic Natural Draft Towers. 1-9 Pressure. 13-30 Types. 12-6 Drivers. 4-20 Convergence Pressure. 25-1 Conversion Factors. 2-3 Compressibility Gases. 23-12 Compression Ratio. 23-12—15 Compressibility Factor. 4-24 Cavitation. 12-12 Charcoal Test. 4-23 Characteristics. 22-1. 22-1. 4-24 Liquid Service. 11-13 Natural Draft. 12-7 Series and Parallel Operation. 13-29 Centrifugal Pumps. 13-36 Efficiency. 11-3 Range. 1-3. 4-18 Calibration. 11-14 Concentration Cycles. 10-6 Control Valves. 13-28 Inlet Guide Vanes. 4-23 Noise Prediction. 1-9 Commercial Base Pressure. 12-13 Common Pump Equations. 1-8 Weights Per Unit of Area. 1-3. 12-11 Shaft Seals. 1-3 Catasol. 13-16 Refrigeration Compressors. 22-16 Systems. 12-13 Suction Specific Speed. 24-25 Vapor-Solid Equilibrium. 11-14 Blowdown Rate. 11-1. 4-24 Valve Selection. 11-12 Psychrometry. 12-11 Differential Head. 4-18 Actuators. 12-11 Installation/Operation/Maintenance. 22-6 Carbonyl Sulfide. 3-18. 22-30 Operations. 9-8 Steam. 22-4. 13-27 Horsepower. 11-13 Dry Bulb/Web Bulb Data. 5-2 Gas Service. 11-1 Coil Shed. 22-18 Sulfur Recovery. 12-13 NPSH.Calculations. 13-37 Performance Calculations. 13-34 Control Systems. 22-1 Cobalt Bromide Test. 11-14 Performance Characteristics. 13-29 Troubleshooting. 4-21 Installation. 13-36 Vibration Control System. 13-34 Interstage Cooling. 11-14 Induced Draft. 13-33 Critical Speeds. 1-9 Velocity. 13-30 Isentropic Calculation. 13-20 Performance Calculations. 1-22 Calorimeter. 1-11 Capacity – Volume. 13-2 Condensate. 1-3 Compressors. 18-11 Centrifugal Compressors. 13-22. 4-20 Failure. 13-37 Unbalance. 1-3 iii . 11-4—8 Forced Draft. 22-6 Carbonyl Sulfide Removal. 23-24 Natural Gas. 12-11 Theory. 13-33—34 Rotor Dynamics. 1-11 Energy. 14-22—24 Chromatography. 11-1 Air Properties. 13-23 Journal and Thrust Bearings. 13-22. 13-2 Reciprocating. 12-9 Alignment/Supports/ Couplings. 13-33—34 Wheels Required. 20-14 CGPA-Canadian Gas Processors Association. 4-23 Troubleshooting. 2-3 Vapor-Solid Equilibrium. 13-1 Centrifugal. 18-12 Copper Corrosion Test. 1-9 Base Pressures. 20-14 Carbon Disulfide. 1-9 Cooling Systems Characteristics. 4-21. 11-9 Cooling Towers. 12-3 Control. 18-1. 11-11 Atmospheric Spray Towers. 4-19 Bodies. 1-3 Compressibility Factors Natural Gas. 11-14 Mechanical Draft. 23-10 Hydrocarbon Liquid. 12-6 Temperature rise. 21-17 Chillers. 12-6 Selection Guide. 13-28 Flow Limits. 13-31 Speed. 1-3 Condensers. 13-35 Volume Control. 13-22 Anti-surge Control. 1-8 Length. 1-3 Chemsweet. 11-9 Performance Nomograph. 1-3 Claus Plant Maintenance. 1-8 Area. 1-9 Mass. 13-22 Polytropic Calculation. 13-29—30 Performance. 13-23 Pressure Control. 22-9 Claus Process. 11-10 Types. 12-9 Affinity Laws. 21-21 Casinghead Gas.

8-2 Controls. 25-2 Convergence Pressure. 7-1 Filtration. 25-2 Nomenclature. 25-4 Flash Calculation. 1-3 Critical Density. 24-21 Equations of State. 1-4. 20-1. 20-37 Regeneration. 15-21 Auxiliaries. 8-25 Convection. 1-4 Dew Point. 8-1 Radiant Heat Duty. 15-26 Couplings. 7-7 Densitometers. 24-27 Quality Criteria. 25-1 2000 psia Convergence Pressure. 15-27 Performance Rating. 1-2 Effective Temperature Difference Heat Exchange. 25-11 3000 psia Convergence Pressure. 1-4 Extraction. 1-4 Engines. 1-4 Editorial Review Board. 11-4—8 Dry Gas. 1-4 Dehydration. 24-11—17 Ideal-Gas-State. 3-15 Expansion Turbine. 13-39 Expansion Factors. 20-12 Ethylene P-H Diagram. 24-10 Effect of Pressure. Liquid. 8-18 Steam Heaters. 24-2 Calculation. 13-44 Expander Process.Copper Strip Test. 8-16 Cabin Direct Fired. 13-44 Shutdown. 24-28 Exchanger Nomenclature. 1-3 Cricondentherm. 8-4 Convection Heaters. 9-2 End Point. 15-28 Enthalpy. 15-22 Two-Stroke-Cycle. 20-22 Glycol Systems. 25-9 Correlations. 8-14 Firetube Heaters. 25-1. 15-26 Lubrication. 13-39 Field Performance. Internal Combustion. 25-2 Carbon Dioxide. 9-22 Plate Frame. 15-22 Gear Ratings. 8-1 Burners. 1-4 Doctor Test. 24-3. 13-43 Calculation. 25-3 Ethane P-H Diagram. 15-27 Gears. 15-22 Dual-Fuel. 25-7 van der Waals. 20-42 Demathanized Product. 25-1 Sources of Data. 13-41 Thermodynamics. 1-4 Filter Separators. 24-2. 1-4 Dehydration. 24-20 Effect of Pressure. 1-4 Cryogenic Plant. 1-4 Diaphragm Pumps. 24-5—7 Mixtures. 24-18—19 Hydrocarbon Vapor. 15-22 Types. 13-44 Mechanical. 9-30 Shell and Tube. 13-39 Seal Gas. 8-18 Draft. 12-16 Distillation. 1-4 Peng-Robinson. 8-31 Nomenclature. 13-41 P-H Diagram. 9-15 Exchangers Air Cooled. 1-4 Critical Temperature. 7-1. 15-27 Diesel. 13-45 Lube Oil. 1-4 Demisters. 24-2 Pure Components. 15-21 Supercharged. 15-22 Four-Stroke-Cycle. 1-4 Critical Pressure. 15-22 Spark Ignition. 13-41 Pressure-Temperature Diagram. 25-7 Soave Redlich Kwong (SRK). 25-12—24 Calculating Convergence Pressure. 20-37 Dehydration. 10-1 Plate Fin. 13-40 Control Systems. 13-44 Solid CO2 Formation Conditions. 20-39 Desulfurization. 8-28 Molten Salt Heaters. 25-6 Benedict-Webb-Rubin-Starling (BWRS). 24-9 Hydrocarbon Liquid. 24-22—23 Pure Components. 1-4 Deaerator. 13-37 Auxiliary Systems. 1-3 Cricondenbar. 7-11 Filters. 20-22 Solid Desiccant. 24-2 Entropy. 8-12 Conduction. 1-4 Desiccants. 3-28 Depropanizer. 8-9 Fired Equipment. 1-4 Demethanizer. 9-2 Expanders. 1-4 Properties. 8-31 iv . 1-4 EP-Mix (Ethane-Propane Mix). 7-14 Partical Removal. 15-26 Bearings. 1-4 Debutanizer. 8-16 Stack Draft. 25-7 Field Separator. 8-18 Combustion. 15-21 Vibration. 25-6 Equilibrium Ratios. 1-4 Dry Bulb/Web Bulb Temperature Data. 25-7 Redlich-Kwong. 2-2 Vapor-Solid Equilibrium. 8-28 Direct Fired. Gas. 24-3 Calculation. 7-14 Finned Tubes.

17-1 AGA Equations. 17-2 Single Phase Flow. 1-4 Gas Injection. 5-20 Smokeless. 17-5 Fritzsche’s Formula. 5-19 Stack Height. 17-11 Weymouth Equation. 1-1 GPM. 5-18 Flash Calculation. 17-17 Friction Factors. 9-30 Printed Circuit Heat Exchanger. 19-11 Freeze Valve. 3-3. 17-6 Panhandle B Equation. 1-4 Gas Measurement. 19-9 Tray Efficiency. 7-13 Gas Hydrate. 1-4. 8-32 Water Bath Heaters. 8-29 Flare Stacks. 9-32 Reboilers. 8-25. 21-14 Fouling Resistances Heat Exchangers. 1-4. 17-2 Plant Piping. 7-3 Separators. 17-9 Fluor Solvent. 19-5 Minimum Reflex Ratio. 3-2 Gas-Oil Ratio (GOR). 7-2 Newton’s Law. 19-6 Minimum Stages. 8-14. 17-6 Physical Properties. 9-2 Fouling Resistance. 9-3—5 Nomenclature. 19-2 Valve Tray Diameter. 1-15 Technical Publications. 19-5 Packed Column Internals. 18-1 Head. 19-8 Types of Fractionators. 9-9 Heat Exchangers. 17-10 Low Pressure Gas Flow. 9-1 LMTD Chart. 17-7 Pressure Drop. 1-4 Gas Sampling.Thermal Efficiency. 7-3 Ground Water. 3-2. 1-10 Gravity Settling. 1-4 Gas Processing Plant. 9-6 Shell and Tube. 5-19 Low Temperature. 4-11 Fluid Densities. 9-25 GPA Publications. 21-10 Vapor Pressure. 20-20—21 Physical Properties. 3-4 Flow Nozzles. 20-21 Viscosity. 1-4 Flash Tank. 9-1 Condensers. 8-27 Troubleshooting. 20-22 Thermal Conductivity. 25-4 Flash Point. 17-8. 23-22—24 Fluid Flow. 17-4 Slugging. 23-22 Liquid Densities. 19-4 Key Parameters. 9-6 Heat Transfer Fundamentals. 1-4 Gas Processing. 1-13 v . 9-31 Gathering System. 9-18 Gas Filter Capacity. 9-2 Fractionation. 20-22 Contactor Capacity. 19-13 Key Components. 19-16 Design. Acceleration. 17-13 Reynolds Number. 3-31 Gas Treating Chemicals. 19-19 Reflux Ratio. 21-10 Physical Properties. 9-15 Plate Fin Exchangers. 12-2 Heat Exchange with Non-Linear Behavior. 21-8 Freezing Points. 19-6 Sizing. 1-4 Gas Lift. 9-11 Selection of Components. 20-23 Heat Capacity. 17-20 Two Phase Flow. 20-19—20 Gravity API. 17-7 Nomenclature. 19-6 Number of Stages. 1-20 GPA/GPSA Technical Activities. 19-28 Downcomer Design. 19-16 Packed Columns. 7-1 Flow Calculation Guide. 19-12 Flood Capacity of Valve Trays. 9-16 Sensible Heat Transfer. 9-2 Hairpin Exchangers. 17-4 Bernouli’s Theorem. 21-8 Specific Gravity. 23-16 Compressibility. 1-10 Weight Factors. 21-9 Gas-Well Gas. 1-10 Baumé. 9-22 Plate Frame Exchangers. 19-14 Trayed Columns. 17-4 Weymouth Formula. 19-5—6 Operating Pressure. 19-15 Packing Depths. 1-4 Gas-Well Liquids. 1-5 Glycols Boiling Point. 9-19 Heat Transfer Coefficients. 9-9. 20-19 Flow Diagram. 17-3. 9-2 Specifications. 9-2 Heat Exchanger Specifications. 1-4 Research Reports. 17-2 Calculations. 1-11 Gas Exchangers. 3-30 Flow Sensors. 7-3 Stokes’ Law. 17-15 Liquid Flow. 1-5 Gas Constant. 19-16 Reboiler Arrangements. 19-28 Design Considerations. 19-16 Packing Height. 1-4 Gasket Material Temperature Limitations. 9-8 Film Resistance. 19-1 Column Sizing. 17-1 Panhandle A Equation. 20-32 Densities. 9-14 Selection Guide. 19-5. 3-30 Flow Recorders. 20-23 Freezing Points.

21-15 Rectisol. 16-15—16 Condensate Stabilization. 16-9 Refrigeration. 16-5 GPM.16-7. Gases. 16-24 CO2 Processing for EOR. 8-29 Molten Salt Heaters. 21-18 Iron Sponge. 21-21. 20-15 Natural Gas Systems. 16-20—21 Overall Process Configuration. 1-5 Heavy Ends. 8-18 Draft. 16-16—20 New Technology. 20-9 Prediction. 16-7. 21-15 Caustic Wash. 16-3 vi . 1-5 Hydrates Formation. 16-4 Residue Recycle. 16-1 Absorption Refrigeration. 20-7 Inhibition. 16-4 Mechanical Refrigeration. 16-1. 9-17 Heat Media (Heating Media). 8-31 Radiant. 21-19 LO-CAT. 16-12 Refrigerated Lean Oil Absorption Process. 9-20 Heating Value Natural Gas. 21-20 Iron Chelate Processes. 16-25 Precooled Mixed Refrigerant Process. 21-2 Selexol. 16-7 Propane Recovery. 8-2 Controls. 16-10. 21-21 Merox Process. 16-13—14 Glycol Injection. 9-18 Tubing Characteristics. 16-20 Process Alternatives. 16-16 Single Column NRU. 8-32 Heat Transfer Coefficient. 16-10 Mixed Refrigerant Processes. 16-21 Refrigerated J-T.Low Temperature Separation Unit. 21-15 Hydrate. 21-19 Mercaptan Treating. 16-11 Lean Oil Absorption. 16-1 Gas Subcooled Process (GSP). 9-20 Tube Vibration. 21-6 Chemistry. 21-21 Molecular Sieve. 9-6 Heaters Fired Equipment. 23-37 Heating Value (Heat of Combustion). 16-7. 21-17 Benfield Process. 8-1 Tank. 21-22 Physical Solvents. 21-14 Gasoline and LP-Gas. 16-22 Nitrogen Rejection Unit. 21-17 Fluor Solvent. 16-10 Process Considerations. 16-15 Four-Column Ryan/Holmes Process. 16-21 Dew Point Control. 21-20 Carbonyl Sulfide Removal. 8-4. 8-12 Conduction. 8-1 Heat Losses. 16-2 Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). 21-17 SulFerox. 16-10 Recovery Efficiencies. 9-2. 16-22—23 Ethane Recovery. 16-22 Hydrocarbon Treating. 21-17 Purisol. 16-3 Side Draw Reflux Process. 21-17 Sulfa-Treat. 19-32 Hexanes Plus (or Heptanes Plus). 21-6 Batch Processes. 1-5 Hi-Pure Process. 8-14. 16-17 Low Pressure Retrograde Condensation. 21-17 Liquids. 21-16 Hydrogen Sulfide Removal. 16-6 Straight Refrigeration Process16-5—6 Turboexpander. 16-11 J-T Valve. 21-14 Caustic Wash. 21-1 Perco Sweetening. 8-25. 8-33 Troubleshooting. 16-22 Cold Residue Recycle Process. 8-18 Reboilers. 8-16 Combustion. 20-10. 16-13—14 Retrograde Condensation. Liquids. 21-20 Hi-Pure Process. 21-14 Safety Precautions. 12-7 Chemsweet. 21-18 Membrane Separation. 16-3 Separation of CO2 and H2S. 21-19 Tank Heaters. 21-16 Carbon Dioxide Removal. 8-14 Fired Heaters. 21-18—19 Nomenclature. 16-7 Cascade Refrigeration. 16-22 Shrinkage Value. 16-1 Joule-Thompson Effect. 16-23 Stabilization. 8-1 Fundamentals. 21-4 Puraspec. 21-21 Catacarb. 21-14 Sulfa-Check. 21-18 Merichem. 16-17 Gas Composition. 8-28 Direct Fired. 8-23 Thermal Efficiency. 8-31 Hot Oil System. 1-5 Heat Transfer Burners. 16-11 J-T Expansion. 1-5 Henry’s Constants. 16-9 Liquefied Natural Gas Production. 21-15 Hot Carbonate. 16-1 Higher Heating Value (HHV). 16-3 Low Temperature Separation. 16-26 Fractionation Considerations. 16-12 Cryogenic Technology. 16-12 Two Column NRU. 21-7 Process Selection. 16-10 Turboexpander Processing. 16-18 CO2 – Ethane Separation. 8-12 Hot Oil Heaters. 21-22 Chemical Reaction Processes. 21-14 Process Flow. 8-25 Convection. 16-24 Separation of CO2 and Methane. 21-1 Amine Processes. 20-15 Hydraulic Turbines.16-6. 16-5 Conventional Process. 8-32 Stack Draft. 12-17 Hydrocarbon Recovery. 21-21 Mercury Removal. 21-16 Catasol.

7-1 Retention Times. 2-3 Natural Gas Processing Plant. 1-5 Joule-Thomson Effect. 1-5 Mercaptan Treating. 2-4 Odorization. 2-2 LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas). 9-3 LMTD Correction. 18-7 Ions. 2-2 Test Methods. 4-7 Symbols. Anions. 3-22 Meter Proving Systems. 9-4—5 LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas). 7-14 Loading Rack. 3-1 Gas. 1-6 NPSH Correction Factors. 1-5 P-H Diagram. 1-5 Knockout Drums. 4-15 Controllers. 20-12 Mined Caverns. 21-21 Merox Process. 20-14 Mass Flow Meters. 3-17 Orifice Sizing. 4-1 Analytical. 24-31 Vapor-Solid Equilibrium. Cations Water Treating. 13-5 Molecular Sieve. Parameters. 1-5. 1-5 Specifications. 1-5 Lean Gas. 3-17 Meter Proving. 8-17 vii . 1-5 Measurement. Electric Drip-Proof. 2-2 Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH). 20-38 Motors.Light Ends. 15-20 Jacket Water. 8-3 Exchangers. 15-19 Speed. 1-5 LTX Unit (Low Temperature Extraction Unit). 6-7 Miscible Flood. 6-11 Ion-Exchange Processes Electrodialysis. 1-5 Natural Gasoline. 1-5 LO-CAT. 8-24 Heat Flow. 9-29 Fired Heaters. 1-2 Pipeline Quality. 21-19 Design. 18-2 Iron Sponge. 1-5 Level Sensors. 21-19 Mercaptan. 4-13 Insulation Conductivities. 21-19 Liquid Measurement. 24-33 Iso-Butane. 15-19 Voltage. 1-5 Lean Oil. 24-24 NOx Control. 3-31 Liquid-Liquid Separators. 15-19 Induction Generator. 21-18 LP-Gas (Liquefied Petroleum Gas). 21-7 Hydrogen Sulfide Solubility. 2-5 LP-Gas Specifications. 4-8 Lift Gas. 15-20 Enclosures. 3-28 Mass Measurement. 1-5 Light Hydrocarbons. 7-10 Molar Heat Capacity. 3-2 Liquids. 15-20 Induction. 2-5 Sulfur Content. 1-5 Instrumentation. 3-27 Mass to Volume Calculation. 4-15 Electronic Power Supplies. 21-21 Metal Resistance for Tubes Heat Exchangers. Liquids. 21-15 Sulfur Removal. 3-22 Meter Tubes. 2-1 Moisture Content. 5-16 LMTD Chart. 4-27 Computer Systems. 1-5 LRG (Liquefied Refinery Gas). 2-3 Vapor Pressure. 3-6 Methane P-H Diagram. 18-13 Lead Acetate Test. 20-14 Immiscible. 9-2 Meter Proving Reports. 1-5 International Specifications. 6-13 Storage Facilities. 12-6 Natural Gas. 21-21 Merichem. 22-22 Vapor-Solid Equilibrium. 4-10 Transmitters. 2-2 Residue. 1-5 Components. 18-2. 4-26 Concepts. 4-1 Sensing Devices. 3-17 Liquid Sampling. 4-4—5 Temperature Sensors. 15-21 Selection. 1-5 Inerts. 4-6 Nomenclature. 7-8 Vane Type. 24-26 Vapor-Solid Equilibrium. 1-5 Sulfinol. 12-6 Nitrogen P-H Diagram. 1-5 Langelier Scaling Index. 1-2. 3-17 Steam. Mcp. 1-5 MMcf. 3-20 Orifice Meters. 3-29 Membrane Separation. 15-20 Synchronous. 20-37. 1-5 Mist Extractors. 21-17 Iso-Pentane P-H Diagram. 3-27 Mcf. 4-14 Control Modes. 1-5 NGL (Natural Gas Liquids). 3-22 Meter Selection and Performance. 21-21 Sweetening.

20-13 Propane. 1-6 viii . 13-13 Troubleshooting. Volumetric. 15-1 Electric Motors. 23-10. 19-15 Particle Characteristics Separators. 15-21 Steam Turbines. 17-21 Pipeline Gas. 12-15 Recorders. 17-24 Flanged Fitting. 13-6 Reciprocating Pumps. 1-6 Raw Gas. 13-18 Pulsation Dampeners (Snubbers). 13-19 Rod Loading. 24-30 Psychrometric Chart. 23-2—9 Physical Properties. 23-30 Boiling Points. 3-26 Pressure Enthalpy Diagrams. 13-16 Control Devices. 12-15 Calculations. 3-11—12 Orifice Flanges. 2-3 Piping. 23-16—17. 15-1 Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers. 17-22 Design Properties. 4-7 Prime Movers. 3-2 Gas Orifice Calculations. 3-18 Orifice Meter Measurement. 8-20. 13-8. 9-11 RVP (Reid Vapor Pressure). 3-29 Plate Fin Heat Exchangers. 1-6 P-H Diagram. 1-6 Quality Criteria. 23-27—28. 9-25 Plate Frame Heat Exchangers. 9-27 Specifications. 11-3 Pump Efficiency. 3-7 Orifice Plates. 23-26 Fluid Densities. 24-29 Specifications. 3-17 Outage. Mechanical. 13-5 Discharge Temperatures. 23-18. 12-16 Acceleration Head Factors. 1-6 Pelton Wheel. 23-1 Acentric Factor. 17-23. 23-24. 13-4 Intake Pressure. 15-9 Internal Combustion Engines. 13-8 Horsepower. 12-2 Pump Efficiency. 12-16 Suction System. 23-10 Pseudocritical Temperature. 13-13 Pulsation Control. 3-10 Meter Tube Lengths. Liquids. 3-10. 21-22 Physical Constants. 12-14 Displacement. 13-19 Capacity. 9-32 Propane. 13-16 Bhp Per Million Curve. 12-2 Pumps. 24-8—9 Pressure Sensors. 23-27 Vapor Pressures. 1-6 Reboilers. 9-26 Sizing. 12-15 Volumetric Efficiency. 9-22 Basic Configuration. 1-6 Specifications. 17-27 Pipe and Flange Data. 12-14 Acceleration Head. 23-19 Liquid Densities. 17-22 Pressure-Temperature Ratings. 3-8 Orifice Plate Dimensions. 15-19 Gas Turbines. 12-16 Reciprocating. 23-32 Pigging. 12-9 Codes. 17-25—26 Working Pressures. 1-6 Packed Column. 3-20. 1-6. 13-2. 23-29 Compressibility. 2-1 Propane. 1-6 Operating Factor. 1-6 Pentane. 8-25 Kettle. 1-6 On-Stream Factor. 4-12 Pressure Correction Factors for Steel. 9-30 Pool Boiling Curve. 23-10 Specific Gravity. 13-16 Cylinder Design. 12-19 Conversion Formulae. 13-9 Horsepower Required to Compress Gases. Commercial. 13-6 Capacity Control. 23-19. 23-10 Critical Properties. 9-22 Hardware. 12-1 Centrifugal. 13-9 Specific Gravity Correction. 13-20 Volumetric Efficiency. 3-9 Pipe Diameter Tolerance. 2-1 Vapor-Solid Equilibrium. HD-5.Odorant. 2-1 Propylene P-H Diagram. 1-6 Orifice Factors. 3-6 Orifice Sizing. 12-3 Diaphram. 17-24—25 Pitot Tubes. 23-1 Pseudocritical Properties. 17-27 Steel Flanges. 24-35 Positive Displacement Meters. 13-11—12 Bottle Sizing. 19-22 Reciprocating Compressors. 3-10. 12-14 Pulsation. 1-6. 24-34 Perco Sweetening. 21-15 Packaged Unit. 13-14 Detailed Calculations. Normal P-H Diagram. 23-24 Computer Prediction. 12-11 Purisol. 17-25 Transmission and Distribution. 12-14 Speed Control. 1-6 Raw Mix Liquids. 1-6 Specifications. 23-22—25 Nomenclature. Gases. 1-6 Oil-Well Gas. 3-2 Orifice Flow Rate. 3-8 Tolerance for Orifice Diameters. 9-23 Heat Load Curve. 4-14 Recovery. 7-4 Peak Shaving. 23-20—21 Thermal Expansion. 12-2 Pentane-Plus. 3-17 Orifice Well test. 23-12—15 Compressibility. 13-11 Equivalent Capacity. 1-6 Oxygen P-H Diagram.

14-3 Stages. 5-7 Steam Relief. 1-6 Redlich-Kwong. 1-6 Rich Oil. 7-1. Water System. 23-21 Petroleum Fractions. 1-6 Retrograde Condensation (Vaporization). 5-11 Gas or Vapor Relief. 18-2. 5-15 Blocked Discharge. Water. 14-3 Vacuum Systems. 5-20 Sizing. 14-26 Mixed. 7-7 Horizontal. 5-14 Rupture Disks. 7-3 Shell and Tube Exchangers. 14-22. 1-6 SI Terminology. 5-2 Fire Sizing. 25-7 Solid CO2 Formation Conditions. 5-13 Discharge Piping. 5-9 Mixed Phase Relief. 1-6. 23-20 Specific Gravity Factors. 1-6 Refractories. 14-2 Horsepower. 1-7 Hydrocarbon Mixtures. 14-10. 5-9 Mixed Phase Relief. 7-3 Gas-Liquid. 14-27 Cascading. 5-6 Seat Leakage. 3-3 Splitter. 14-25 Aqueous Ammonia System. 23-18. 14-16. 5-1 Piping Design. 14-27 Ethylene. 14-9 Propane Condensing Curves. 14-3 Subcooling. 5-4 Discharge Piping. 14-7 Condensing Temperature. 5-16 Liquid Relief. 5-10 Nomenclature.Characteristics. 5-5 Piping. 7-3 Stokes’ Law. 1-7 ix . 7-3 Newton’s Law. 14-7 System Check List. 5-7 Knockout Drums. 5-7 Installation. 14-22 Cycles. 14-14. 1-8 SNG (Synthetic or Substitute Natural Gas). 14-13. 11-15 Saturated Compounds. 5-11 Flares. 5-17 Gas or Vapor Relief. 12-16 Ryznar Scaling Index. 7-1 Separation Coalescing. 14-2 Design. 5-9 Thermal Relief. 14-18 Lithium Bromide. 7-8 Principles. 14-3 Condenser Duty. 14-20 Properties. 14-11. 8-3 Refrigerants Aqueous Ammonia System. 5-7 Steam Relief. 5-14 Conventional. 14-17 R-22 Condensing Curves. 7-5 Liquid-Liquid. 5-14 Recommended Practices. 1-7 Specific Gravity. 5-2 Design. 1-6 Sonic Velocity. 5-3 Relief Valves. 7-1 Vertical. 5-10 Pilot Operated. 9-16 Shrinkage. 5-18 Sour Gas. 5-13 Fire Sizing. 7-1 Design and Construction. 14-14. 7-11 Mist Eliminators. 1-6 Saturated Vapor. 5-10 Tube Rupture. 1-6 Saturated Liquid. 14-25 Three-Stage. 14-18. 14-1 Operating Considerations. 14-3 Two-Stage. 1-7 Stabilized Condensate. 1-6 Scrubber or Knockout. 13-42 Solution Gas. 1-6 Roots of Flow. 1-6 Reynolds Number Factor. 1-7 Sponge Absorbent. 5-2 Vessel Protection. 17-21 Soave Redlich Kwong (SRK). 5-2 Devices. 5-9 Thermal Relief. 7-3 Separators. 14-23. 14-17 Refrigeration. 14-24 Compressors. 9-2 Selection Guide. 5-1 Back Pressure. 14-15. 7-1 Spherical. 5-15 Balanced. 5-10 Residue. 5-13 Liquid Relief. 25-7 Reflux. 14-12. 14-26 Mechanical. 14-9 Lithium Bromide. 18-13 Rectisol. 5-14 Fire Exposure. 14-13 Evaporation. 14-21 Condensation. 14-22 Ethylene Condensing Curves. 5-5 Scf (Standard Cubic Foot). 1-7 Stabilizer. 5-3 Chatter. 1-6 Reflux Ratio. 21-14 Recycle. 5-4 Cycling. 3-31 Rotary Pumps. 14-7 Chillers. 3-31 Saturated Air Properties. 3-13—14 Rich Gas. 5-14 Sizing. 14-21 Physical Properties. 14-7 Purity. 14-1 Absorption. 1-6 Slug Catcher. 14-13 Relief Systems. 1-6 Sampling. 14-13 Single Stage. 14-6 Controls. 7-5 Types. 5-1 Back Pressure Sizing. 14-2 Nomenclature. 14-19 Propylene Condensing Curves.

15-12 Altitude Correction. 22-13 Tail Gas Handling. 22-9 Claus Process. 23-37 Natural and Hydrocarbon Gases. 1-7.Stage Separation System. 15-14 Lube Systems. Steam Components. 1-7 Temperature Sensors. 15-14 Inlet Loss Correction. 22-5. 1-7 Unsaturated Compounds. 21-21 Sulfur Storage and Handling. 15-7 Superheat Correction Factor. 15-4 Control Valves. 22-12. 9-6 Miscellaneous Gases. 23-40 Surface Water. 22-14 Specifications. 3-18. 9-12 Temperature Factors. 22-30 Vapor Pressure. 6-11 Low Pressure. 23-37 Liquid Paraffin Hydrocarbons. 22-20 Liquid Viscosity. 15-1 Turboexpander. 23-37 Petroleum Fractions. 15-11 Types. 15-7 Types. 3-21 Turbines. 4-11 Thermosyphon Reboilers. 23-34 Calculation. 1-7 Stripping Medium. 15-1 Steam Rates. 15-5 Exhaust Casings. 23-32 High Temperature. 6-10 Medium Pressure. 23-27 Low Temperature. 15-14 Ambient Temperature Correction. 1-7 Steam Coefficient Factors. 22-9 Process Calculations. 24-39—42 Water. 6-1 Partial Volumes. 15-11 Brayton Cycle. 6-2 Storage Vessels. 4-12 Turbine Meter Installation. 22-25 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2). 1-7 for Mild Steel. 23-40 Gases. 1-7. 15-3 Efficiency. 23-37 Hydrocarbon Gases. 22-8 Sulfur Removal. 22-5. 6-2. 23-26 x . 22-20 Sulfur Compounds Enthalpies. 1-7 Heat of Vaporization. 2-3 Vapor Losses. 6-5 Strapping. 3-29 Still. 22-5. 4-10 Therm. 23-25 Thermocouple Tables. 3-3 Ullage. 9-13. 6-18 Protective Coatings. 24-1 Enthalpy. 6-11 Refrigerated Storage. 22-9 Shutdown. 22-12 Sulfur Recovery. 15-11 Combined Cycle. 1-7 Stripper. 24-38. 24-1 Steam. 6-7 Working Pressures. 24-39 Thermometers. 19-22 Trayed Column. 15-9 Turbines. 22-8 Piping. 22-7 Condenser Operation. 15-1 Impulse/Reaction. 15-1 Control Systems. Gas Acoustics. 15-11 Open Cycle. 18-2 Sweet Gas. 6-2 Installation. 6-14 Underground. 22-15 Properties. 19-8 Turbine Meters. 3-34 for Stainless Steel. 1-7 Stream Day. 6-7 Site Preparation. 22-14 Surface Tension. 15-4 Extraction/Admission. 24-37. 22-18 Reheating Operation. 15-13 Air Filtration. 22-16 Waste Heat Recovery. 3-34 Temperature Difference (Effective) Heat Exchange. 15-1 Nozzles/Blades. 22-10 Temperature Base Factors. 1-7 Thermal Conductivity. 15-5 Single Stage. 24-2 Entropy. 15-3 Condensing/Non-Condensing. 22-17 Startup. 1-7 Recovery. 13-37 Tail Gas Clean-up Processes. 22-18 Catalyst Converter Operation. 15-3 Part Load. 6-2 Materials of Construction. 15-15 Exhaust Loss Correction. 6-26 High Pressure. 6-14 Insulation. 4-12 Thermocouples. 1-7 Sulfinol. 23-39 Metals. 22-19 Viscosity. 22-1 Combustion Operation. 4-10 Thermodynamic Properties. 15-11 Cycles. 21-15 Sulfur. 6-1 Atmospheric. 6-2 Nomenclature. 23-36 Paraffin Hydrocarbons. 23-39 Thermal Expansion. 15-11 Emissions. 22-6. 1-7 Turboexpanders. 1-7 Storage. 3-3 Temperature Correction Factors. 3-16 Steam Measurement. 1-7 Stripping Factor. 22-4. 6-16 Vapor Pressure. 24-3 Nomenclature. 1-7 Valve Freeze Methods. 15-14 Auxiliary Systems. 6-2 Codes. 22-1 Calculation.

20-3 Solubility in Liquid Hydrocarbons. 23-32 Air. 18-1. 1-8 Wet Gas. 1-7 Volume Correction Factors. 18-5. 23-33. 18-9 Once-Through Cooling Water Systems. 6-17 Vaporization Losses. Pseudoreduced Temperature. 23-35 Ratio vs. 3-38 Viscosity. 23-29 Water. GPA. 23-29 Liquids. 20-2 Hydrates. 18-4 Biological Fouling. 3-19 Vortex Flowmeter. 18-15 Corrosion Control. 18-4 Water Treatment. 18-10 Precipitation Softening. 23-36 Gases. 3-29 Vortex Shedding Flowmeters. 22-8 Wastewater Treatment and Disposal. 20-2 Of Hydrocarbon Gas. 18-1 ABMA and ASME Standards. 20-5 Of Carbon Dioxide. 20-5 Solubility. 18-3 Ion-Exchange Processes. 1-12 Volatile Sulfur. 18-2 Water Chemistry. 20-4 Of Hydrogen Sulfide. 20-3 Water Treating. Dissolved. 18-7 Foam Control. 1-8 Vapor Pressure. 18-1. 23-33 Gas Mixture. 23-30 Petroleum Fractions. 18-12 Corrosion Mitigation. 18-14 Boiler Blowdown. 20-7 Of Acid Gas Mixtures. Gasoline. 1-8 Wobbe Number. 18-12 Silica Solubility. 23-35 Paraffin Hydrocarbon Gases. 18-1 Water Analysis. 3-29 Ziegler-Nichols Method Instrumentation. 18-11. 23-31 Hydrocarbon Liquids. 4-17 Waste Heat Recovery. 6-16 Venturi Meter. 18-15 Water Content Gases. 1-7 Vapor Pressure. 1-7 xi . 18-8 Closed Systems. 18-11 Solids (Suspended. 1-7 Weight in Air. 18-5 Scale Control. 18-11 Deaeration (Degasifying). 23-32 Steam. 20-5 Of Gases. Total). 18-4 Caustic Embrittlement. 23-36 Viscosity-Temperature Chart. 23-34 Viscosity Relationships. 18-2 Source Waters. 18-4 Weathering. 18-6 Sludge Conditioning. 20-7 Measurement. 1-7 Weathering Test.Wellhead. 18-11 Chemical Reactions. 18-15 Oxygen Scavenging. 8-33. 1-7 Vapor Recovery. 23-33 Hydrocarbon Gas. 23-34 Pure and Mixed Hydrocarbons. 1-7 Vapor Recovery Systems. 18-11 Impurities in Water.