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Domestic response

Diaspora
Households
Communities

©iStockphoto.com/Laura Stone
National and local
government
Domestic civil society
Domestic private sector

WHAT WE DO COUNTING THE UNACCOUNTED FAST FACTS

We are investigating the sources, type, It is not the international humanitarian system that is
• “Each State has the responsibility first
volume and impact of domestic response by: first to deal with the aftermath of a natural disaster or
and foremost to take care of the victims of
the humanitarian effects of conflict. It is domestic
• researching sources of global data and natural disasters and other emergencies
responders that act first. National and local
information to see what it can reveal about occurring on its territory. Hence, the
government, local communities and families, civil
domestic response in humanitarian crises affected State has the primary role in the
society and the private sector almost always prove
initiation, organization, coordination, and
- remittance data from World Bank and the most immediate deliverers of humanitarian aid.
implementation of humanitarian
money transfer programmes
assistance within its territory.” The UN
This immediate humanitarian assistance, originating
- funding to World Food Programme humanitarian resolution, Resolution
in-country and beyond the gaze of international
(WFP) for in-country expenditure 46/182 of 1991 states.
actors and global media, is in many cases sizeable
- data on domestic response reported but remains largely unreported and uncounted • In a quantitative study carried out 60 days
through the United Nations Financial precisely because it is outside this internationally after the tsunami in India, Indonesia and
Tracking Service (FTS) dominated humanitarian aid system. Sri Lanka, the Fritz Institute found that the
aid provided during the first 48 hours was
• connecting people working on this area
The response by domestic actors needs to be mostly from private individuals or the local
• teaming up with other organisations, such community:
considered in the planning and execution of
as Development, Research and Training - in Indonesia 91% of the rescue
programmes and resource mobilisation. By
(DRT) in Northern Uganda and researchers services were provided by private
understanding current domestic responses we hope
and a local NGO in Bangladesh, to carry individuals (not affiliated with any aid
that the strengths and benefits domestic actors bring
out case studies that look at the issues in group or government)
to the overall response can be enhanced.
detail from community through to national - in Sri Lanka and India the
level. corresponding numbers were 72%
for private individuals and 51% for
local community, respectively.

GLOBALHUMANITARIANASSISTANCE.ORG
13,740
HOW DO COUNTRIES RESPOND TO

HUMANITARIAN CRISES IN THEIR


OWN COUNTRIES?

How did Ugandans respond to the conflict in the


north of the country and what resources do
Bangladeshis mobilise after a cyclone or flood? We
are carrying out case studies to try and map out the
different sources and types of domestic response –
government, domestic civil society, diaspora,
communities, individuals, the media and the
domestic private sector.

In Uganda and Bangladesh we are:

• collecting policy and budgetary data from


government s, civil society organisations and GHA Update, February 2010

businesses as well as remittance data

• conducting key informant interviews with domestic


organisations and institutions at national and sub-
national level to find out how they respond, what
resources they mobilise, where the primary source
of funds come from and what triggers their
response

• conducting discussions with the community to find


out their perceptions of domestic response and
which types of response have most impact

• in Uganda we are talking to people in areas where


there has just been conflict and areas which have
had both conflict and natural disasters

• in Bangladesh we are talking to people in flood-


affected and cyclone-affected areas.

Jane Keylock, Policy Advisor | Keward Court, Jocelyn Drive, Wells, BA5 1DB, UK
Tel +44 (0) 1749 671343 | Fax: +44 (0) 1749 676721 | gha@devinit.org
April 2010