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CONFLICT AND

THE MILITARY

Photo: flickr.com/usarmy
WHAT WE DO HUMANITARIAN FUNDING FAST FACTS

We are compiling and analysing data on IN CONFLICT SITUATIONS • In 2008 the leading recipients of
security-related and military resource flows to humanitarian assistance were: Sudan,
With growing foreign military presence and increasing
crisis-affected states to situate humanitarian US$1.3 billion; Afghanistan,
frequency and severity of natural disasters, military
assistance within the bigger picture of US$823 million; Ethiopia, US$807million;
actors are involved more and more often in
international action in and on crisis-affected Palestine/OPT, US$750 million; and
humanitarian assistance. Discussions on this
states: Somalia, US$540 million.
involvement focus largely on considerations around the
• documenting types of security-related aid protection of humanitarian space. The financial • 77% of countries classified as long-term
including definitions and conduits for contribution is little recorded and articulated. recipients of humanitarian aid are
funding currently affected by conflict, have a
Countries affected by conflict are likely to receive more
recent history of conflict or neighbour a
• producing fact sheets on pooled humanitarian aid, for longer and more humanitarian aid
country in conflict.
peacebuilding funds and tracking their relative to other types of aid. Aid is often channelled
disbursements around fragile state structures through an array of • Security-related official development
funding mechanisms. assistance (ODA) doubled from
• producing comparative analysis of a
US$1,860 million in 2006 to
spectrum of aid and military financial flows Large volumes of international funds are also
US$3,623 million in 2008.
of resources into conflict-affected states channelled into conflict affected states through multi-
lateral peacekeeping operations. These funds in some • The budget for UN-mandated global
• conducting detailed case studies of aid in
cases dwarf other international contributions. peacekeeping operations from June
Afghanistan and Somalia
2009 to July 2010 is US$7.7 billion.
• measuring financial volumes of military We are developing data and analysis to paint a fuller
picture of the total flows of international funds into • The US budget for military operations in
humanitarian assistance.
conflict-affected states and to determine patterns in the Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq in 2010 is
We believe collecting and tracking this data US$162.2 billion.
volumes and mechanisms through which that funding
will contribute to a better understanding of
flows.
• The UN consolidated appeal for 2010
trends, emergent ideas, mechanisms, actors
identifies US$9.1 billion in humanitarian
and changing relationships that affect
need.
humanitarian assistance

GLOBALHUMANITARIANASSISTANCE.ORG
FURTHER READING

• Gill, B., Anthony, I., Cruikshank, D.I.


(eds), SIPRI Yearbook 2009, Armaments,
Disarmament and International Security,
Stockholm International Peace Research
Institute

• Detail on European member states’


annual defence budgets: European
Defence Agency
Photo: flickr.com/usarmy

http://www.eda.europa.eu/defencefacts/

• Tracking global trends in defence


budgets: Jane’s Defence Budgets
http://www.janes.com/info/jdb/

• Wiharta, S.,Ahmad, H., Haine, J.,


Löfgren, J., Randall, T., (2008), The
MECHANISMS KEY ISSUES
effectiveness of Foreign Military Assets in
A convergence of donor government interest Feinstein International Centre and the Natural Disaster Response, SIPRI
on growing, reforming and stabilising states in Humanitarian Futures Programme have
the period between the end of a conflict and • Steering Committee for Humanitarian
identified emergent dynamics that are likely
the beginnings of development has seen the Response Position Paper on
to shape future humanitarian action. They
emergence of a set of pooled funds with an Humanitarian – Military Relations,
include:
emphasis on peace building and stabilisation. January 2010
- the fact that the sheer scope of human http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900SI
• Multilateral pooled funds vulnerability will grow ever greater D/OCHA-82WDZU?OpenDocument
- Peacebuilding Fund (UN) - that humanitarian and development
• Guidelines On The Use of Foreign
activities will become increasingly
- State and Peacebuilding Fund (World Military and Civil Defence Assets In
conflated
Bank) Disaster Relief - “Oslo Guidelines”
- that the shift from a unipolar to a
http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/lib.nsf/db900si
- Fragile States Facility (African multipolar system (i.e. the increasingly
d/AMMF-6VXJVG/$file/OCHA-
Development Bank) significant participation of non-DAC
Nov2006.pdf?openelement
donors in humanitarian funding) will
• Internal pooled funds
have an impact on the level and • Humanitarian Horizons: A Practitioners’’
- Stabilisation Fund (Netherlands) influence of traditional humanitarian Guide to the Future, Humanitarian
funding Futures Programme and Feinstein
- Conflict Pool (United Kingdom)
- that anything currently resembling International Center, Jan 2010
- Global Peace and Security Fund ‘humanitarian space’ will become even
http://www.humanitarianfutures.org/mains
(Canada) further constricted
ite/resources/view_Outputs.php?page_ID
- Instrument for Stability (European - that there will be an increased
=30
Commission) involvement of military actors in
humanitarian action, particularly in
- Peace Facility for Africa (European
instances of natural disaster
Commission)
- that continuing developments in
technology will have significant impacts
on humanitarian action.

Lydia Poole, Policy Advisor | Keward Court, Jocelyn Drive, Wells, BA5 1DB, UK
Tel +44 (0) 1749 671343 | Fax: +44 (0) 1749 676721 | lydia.poole@devinit.org
April 2010