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n

∑ ρi vi

v m = i = 1n

∑ ρi

i =1

n

∑ci v i

v M = i = 1n

∑ci

i =1

n Vi n _

v v = ∑ρi vi = ∑ρi v i M i 1 V i

i =1 M i i =1

Mi molecular weight of component i

dcA

v JA = _ D AB flux relative to the volume average velocity

dz

v JA = ρA (vA _ v v )

dxA

M JA = _ cDAB flux relative to the molar average velocity

dz

M JA = cA (v A _ vM )

dw A

m JA = _ ρD AB flux relative to the mass average velocity

dz

m JA = ρA (v A _ vm )

Nc

m JA + w A ∑ni

Nc Nc

i =1

(5-182 ChE HB)

N A = v J A +c A ∑ N i V i = M J A + x A ∑ N i =

i =1 i =1 MA

STEADY-STATE DIFFUSION

N A ≠ _ NB ≠ 0

NA _

x A2

cD NA N + NB

N A = _AB ln A (5-191 ChE HB)

z 2 z1 N A + N B NA _

x A1

NA + NB

- diffusion of A through a stagnant, non-diffusing B

dxA

N A = _ cDAB + x A (N A + N B ) NB = 0

dz

dxA

N A = _ cDAB + xANA

dz

dx z x d xA

N A (1 x A ) = cDAB A

_ _

N A ∫z 2 d z = _ c DA B∫x 2

dz 1 1 1_ x

A

cDAB 1_ x A2

NA = ln (5.189 ChE HB)

z 2 _ z1 1 _ x A1

- the molar fluxes of A and B are equal but opposite in direction

- NA = -NB

dxA

N A = _ cDAB + x A (N A + N B ) N = NA + NB = 0

dz

dxA

N A = _ cDAB

dz

_ x A 2 _ x A1

N A = cDA B

z 2 _ z1 (5-190 ChE HB)

Important!

I. DIFFUSION

Eq. 5-189 IN

ChEGASES

HB

CaseP1 UMD

c=

RT

2

PDAB 1_ x A2 B

NA = _

ln _

RT( z 2 z 1 ) 1 x A1 1

A

A,C

Case 2 EMD

P

c=

RT

_P x A 2 _ x A1

NA = D

R T A B z 2 _ z1

1. Experimental data

Diffusion of pairs of gases and vapors (1atm)

Diffusion coefficients of Gases at 1 atm pressure

Error Correction of DAB:

=

T'1.75 T''1.75

Wilke-Lee 7.0%

Fuller-Schettler-Giddings 5.4%

Fuller-Schettler-Giddings Correlation

0.001T1.75M A B1 / 2

DA B = (5-196 ChE HB / 6.2-45 Geankoplis)

P[(∑ V ) A 1 / 3 + (∑ V ) B1 / 3 ]2

(Table 5-16 ChE HB / Table 6.2-2 Geankoplis )

MAB = MA-1 + MB-1

T absolute temperature

P pressure in atmosphere

DAB diffusivity (cm2/s in ChE HB; m3/s in Geankoplis)

c a D AB 1_ x A 2

NA = ln

z 2 _ z1 1 _ x A1

ρ1 ρ

+ 2

ρ M M2

c av = ( ) = 1

M av 2

Case 2 EMD

_ x A 2 _ x A1

N A = c avD A B

z 2 _ z1

1. Experimental data

D' μ' D'' μ''

=

T' T''

2. Correlation

Wilke-Chang

_8

7.4 × 10 (Φ B M B )1 / 2 T

D AB = (5-208 ChE HB /

μ B VA 0.6

6.3-9 Geankoplis)

ΦB association parameter of the solvent (p. 5-50 ChE HB)

T temperature in kelvins

µ B viscosity of solvent B, cP

VA molar volume of solute at the boiling point, cm3/gmol

Table 6.3-2 Geankoplis (m3/kgmol)

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