You are on page 1of 1

39

Pakistan
Indicator Unit 1990 1995 2000 2003 2004 2005
Population Population
Total population Thousands (1) 112991 127766 144360 152680 155333 158081 (1)
Population growth rate, annual Percentage (2) 2.8 2.5 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.8 (2)
Female population Women per 100 men (3) 93.9 94.1 94.3 94.4 94.4 94.4 (3)
Population aged 0-14 years Percentage of total (4) 44.0 44.3 41.8 39.0 38.0 37.2 (4)
Population aged 65 and over Percentage of total (5) 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.9 (5)
Urban population Percentage of total (6) 30.6 31.8 33.1 34.1 34.5 34.9 (6)
Urban population growth rate Percentage (7) 3.9 3.2 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.9 (7)
Crude birth rate Per 1,000 population (8) 42.3 36.0 30.0 27.5 27.1 27.0 (8)
Crude death rate Per 1,000 population (9) 10.8 9.3 8.2 7.6 7.5 7.3 (9)
Population density People per square kilometre (10) 142 160 181 192 195 199 (10)
Health, education and culture Health, education and culture
Infant mortality rate (0-1 year) Per 1,000 live births (11) 100 93 85 ... ... 79 (11)
Life expectancy at birth, female Years (12) 59.9 61.9 63.0 64.1 64.4 64.8 (12)
Life expectancy at birth, male Years (13) 59.6 61.0 62.3 63.5 63.9 64.3 (13)
Number of physicians Per 1,000 population (14) 0.5 ... ... ... 0.7 ... (14)
Literacy rate, aged 15-24 years Percentage (15) /a
... ... ... ... ... 65.1 (15)
Literacy ratio, aged 15-24 years Women to men ratio (16) /a
... ... ... ... ... 0.7 (16)
Education net enrolment ratio primary level, female Percentage (17) ... ... ... 49.8 55.0 58.6 (17)
Education net enrolment ratio primary level, male Percentage (18) ... ... ... 68.9 75.7 77.1 (18)
Telephone lines and cellular subscribers Per 100 population (19) ... ... 2.4 4.3 6.2 11.7 (19)
Internet users Per 100 population (20) ... ... 0.2 5.4 6.6 6.8 (20)
Personal computers Per 100 population (21) ... ... 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 (21)
National accounts and prices National accounts and prices
Gross domestic product at constant 1990 prices Millions of US dollars (22) 57159 71252 81353 94533 101426 107744 (22)
Household consumption as share of GDP Percentage of GDP (23) 68.9 73.2 75.2 73.6 73.3 80.0 (23)
Gross domestic saving Percentage of GDP (24) 18.9 18.3 15.2 17.7 19.9 14.2 (24)
Gross domestic product per capita Constant 2000 $ PPP (25) 1634 1807 1880 1930 2004 2109 (25)
Debt service as share of exports of goods and services Percentage (26) 22.9 24.5 20.7 17.1 22.7 9.9 (26)
Inflation rate Percentage (27) 9.1 13.0 3.6 3.1 4.6 9.3 (27)
Trade, transport and tourism Trade, transport and tourism
Export of merchandise trade Millions of US dollars (28) 5573 8158 9201 11930 13379 16050 (28)
Import of merchandise trade Millions of US dollars (29) 7356 11704 11070 13049 17949 25097 (29)
Passenger cars Per 1,000 population (30) 4.9 6.1 7.4 8 9 ... (30)
Railway network density Kilometres per 1,000 square kilometres (31) 11.4 11.4 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 (31)
Air passenger travel Millions of passenger-kilometres (32) 9386 10384 12054 ... ... ... (32)
Tourist arrival Thousands (33) 424 378 557 501 648 ... (33)
Tourism receipts Millions of US dollars (34) 156 110 81 122 178 180 (34)
Finance Finance
Government revenue Percentage of GDP (35) /b /b /b /b /b /b
19.3 17.3 13.4 14.8 14.3 13.8 (35)
Government expenditure Percentage of GDP (36) /b /b /b /b /b /b
25.9 23.0 18.9 18.9 16.4 18.0 (36)
Government education expenditure Percentage of GDP (37) ... ... ... ... ... ... (37)
Government health expenditure Percentage of GDP (38) ... ... ... ... ... ... (38)
Government defence expenditure Percentage of GDP (39) ... ... ... ... ... ... (39)
Money supply: money and quasi-money (M2) Billions of national currency units (40) 335 813 1477 2266 2731 3183 (40)
International reserves minus gold Millions of US dollars (41) 296 1733 1513 10941 9799 10033 (41)
Lending rate Per cent per annum (42) ... ... ... ... ... ... (42)
Exchange rate National currency per US dollar (43) 21.707 31.643 53.648 57.752 58.258 59.515 (43)
Labour force and production Labour force and production
Employment to population ratio, aged 15+ years Percentage (44) ... 53.9 53.0 52.9 53.6 53.7 (44)
Unemployment rate Percentage (45) 3.0 5.0 7.0 8.0 7.0 8.0 (45)
Population employed in agriculture Percentage (46) 51.2 46.8 48.4 42.1 43.1 43.1 (46)
Women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector Percentage (47) /c /c /c /c /c /c
6.6 7.5 7.4 8.9 9.7 9.7 (47)
Agricultural production index 1999-2001=100 (48) 70.5 88.4 101.7 104.1 111.9 114.5 (48)
Food production index 1999-2001=100 (49) 68.2 87.3 102.0 105.6 109.9 114.0 (49)
Non-food agricultural production index 1999-2001=100 (50) 88.2 97.5 99.3 92.4 127.9 112.7 (50)
Industrial production index 1995=100 (51) 81.5 /d
100.0 /d
114.2 /d
155.1 /d
176.4 /d
... (51)
Electricity production Million kilowatt-hours (52) ... ... 65751 75682 85699 ... (52)
Natural resources and environment Natural resources and environment
Energy consumption per capita Kilograms of oil equivalent (53) 237 262 283 264 319 ... (53)
Energy supply per $1,000 GDP (PPP) Kilograms of oil equivalent (54) 246 246 246 242 242 ... (54)
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita Tons of carbon dioxide (55) 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 ... (55)
Land area Thousands of hectares (56) 77088 77088 77088 77088 77088 77088 (56)
Irrigated land area Thousands of hectares (57) 15820 17200 18090 18230 18760 18840 (57)
Protected area Ratio to surface area (58) 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 (58)
Human development index Human development index
Human development index Value of the composite index (59) 0.463 0.493 0.511 ... 0.539 ... (59)

Footnotes: a/ Survey; b/ Year ending 30 June.; c/ Total employment in non-agriculture; d/ Year


Asia-Pacific in Figures 2006, UNESCAP beginning 1 July.;