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Capacitor Voltage Transformers

Capacitor Voltage
Transformer

Introduction

Trench is a recognized world leader in the


design and manufacture of high voltage
equipment for application on electric utility
and high energy industrial systems. As
part of Trench's product scope, the
Company produces a diversified range of
Instrument Transformers which are installed
on 69 - 800 kV electrical systems.
Instrument Transformers include:
Voltage (Potential) Transformers
(both inductive and capacitive
type), Current Transformers and
Combined Instrument Transformers
(voltage and current transformer in
one unit).

Capacitor Voltage Transformers


must convert transmission class
voltages to standardized low and
easily measurable values, which will
be used for metering, protection
and control of the high voltage
system. As such, the need for accu-
rate and reliable voltage transfor-
mation is essential. Additionally,
Capacitor Voltage Transformers
serve as a coupling capacitor for
coupling high frequency power line
carrier signals to the transmission
Fig. 1 line.
Type TEVF 345
Capacitor Voltage
This brochure will detail the features and
Transformers
characteristics Capacitor Voltage Transfor-
mers. Please refer to Trench brochure
E210 for additional general information
concerning high voltage Instrument
Transformers and brochure E 235.10 for
specific information concerning Coupling
Capacitors.

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Features

• meet all IEC and ANSI metering • bellows puncture pin provides • not subject to ferroresonance
and protection classes (other for release of internal pressure in oscillations with the network or
standards on request) the event of severe service breaker capacitor
conditions leading to internal
• applications from 69 kV–800 kV • passive ferroresonance
discharges
suppression circuit provides
• Quality Assurance in accordance
• puncture pin operation releases superior damping while not
with ISO 9001
insulating fluid to run down the degrading transient response.
• capable of carrier coupling PLC porcelain, resulting in an oil stain This allows faster relay operation
signals to the network and clear visual indication of a with less zone 1 overreach
problem concerns
• higher inherent capacitance
values provide superior PLC • extra high strength porcelains • high capacitance CVT's, when
coupling, better transient provide both superior seismic installed in close proximity to
performance and improved performance and the ability to EHV circuit breakers, can provide
stability mount large line traps directly enhanced circuit breaker short
on the CVT with corresponding line fault/TRV performance
• optimized insulation system
savings in installed cost
design utilizing state-of-the-art • Proven Seismic Performance:
processing techniques with • maintenance-free oil filled cast
• Trench porcelain housed CVT’s
either mineral oil or synthetic aluminum basebox
have passed the most
insulating fluids
• superior transient response demanding seismic shaker table
• stability of capacitance and ac- characteristics tests and have survived real
curacy over a long period of time earthquakes in service.
• internal company routine test
due to superior clamping system
and quality requirements exceed
design
those of international standards
• oil expansion by way of with impulse tests and partial
hermetically sealed stainless steel discharge test being performed
bellows assures the integrity of on a routine basis
the insulation system over time

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Construction

Trench CVT's consist of two pri- with a stainless steel expansion base box. The base box contains
mary assemblies; the high voltage chamber which will allow the syn- the intermediate transformer which
capacitor sections and the base thetic fluid to expand and contract will provide the final output volta-
box housing the electro-magnetic with changes in ambient operating ges via multiple tapped secondary
components. temperatures. Should there be windings, series compensating
excessive pressure build up within reactor and ferroresonance control
Series connected capacitor elements,
a capacitor section, the expansion circuitry. The base box is filled with
housed in porcelain shells, each
chamber will engage a puncture dried mineral oil, protecting the
hermetically sealed, are referred to
pin, resulting in pressure release components from environmental
as capacitor
and visual indication of a problem. deterioration.
sections. The
It is over these capacitor sections
capacitor elem- Ferroresonance is simply and ef-
(1-4 capacitor sections per CVT)
ents are insula- fectively controlled by utilization
that most of the high voltage will
ted with a of low flux density designed mag-
be dropped.
high quality netic circuitry and a saturable
polypropylene A tap voltage (approximately reactor controlled damping circuit
film/paper 5-12 kV depending on type) is connected across the secondary
dielectric and impregnated with taken from the lowest capacitor winding. The ferroresonance sup-
highly processed synthetic fluid. section and fed to an electromag- pression circuit does not adversely
Each capacitor section is equipped netic circuit in the cast aluminum affect transient response.
Electrical Performance
Characteristics TEVF TEMF TETP TEIRF TEMP TEHMF, TEHMP
TEVP TEIMF
Accuracy class (1) 200 VA 200 VA 200 VA 200 VA 400 VA 400 VA
ANSI (0.6 class) (0.3 class) (0.6 class ) (0.3 class) (0.3 class) (0.3 class)
Each main winding (2) 0.6 MWXYZ 0.3 MWXYZ 0.6 MWXYZ 0.3 MWXYZ 0.3 MWXYZ and ZZ 0.3 MWXYZ and ZZ
or 0.15 MWXYZ
Auxiliary winding 1.2Y 1.2Y 1.2Y 1.2Y 1.2Y 1.2Y
IEC (2)
Each main winding
cl 0.2, 50 Hz 225 VA 250 VA
cl 0.2, 60 Hz 250 VA 300 VA
cl 0.5, 50 Hz 150 VA 250 VA 150 VA 350 VA 500 VA 600 VA
cl 0.5, 60 Hz 200 VA 300 VA 200 VA 400 VA 550 VA 700 VA
cl 1.0, 50 Hz 300 VA 500 VA 300 VA 600 VA 700 VA 1000 VA
cl 1.0, 50 Hz 400 VA 600 VA 400 VA 700 VA 700 VA 1000 VA
Auxiliary winding Class 3P, 50 VA Class 3P, 50 VA Class 3P, 50 VA Class 3P, 50 VA Class 3P, 50 VA Class 3P, 50 VA

Transient response Less than % (of crest) residual in 1 cycle @ burden:


ZT ZT ZT ZT ZZT 10% or ZZT
10% 10% 6% 5% ZT 6% 5%
Ferroresonance
suppression (3) Less than 10% (of crest) in 200 milliseconds at 120% of rated voltage
Thermal rating 1000 VA 1000 VA 1000 VA 1500 VA 1000 VA 1500 VA
Notes: (1) Two main windings are supplied as standard, with a third auxiliary winding available as an optional extra.
(2) The accuracy class for total simultaneous loading is equal to the values given for each main winding.
(3) Optional designs available having approx. 40 msec damping times.

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2

1
3

1 3
2 6 3 5
8 9

7 8 7

1
5

4 6

Note: Connection between internal terminals are made


at the factory as required for each unit.
Fig. 3
Typical schematic diagram of a
Capacitor Voltage Transformer 1 Porcelain Shell
2 Oil Filled Expansion Chamber
3 Capacitor Rolls

Series reactor
4 Oil Filled Basebox
1
Intermediate voltage transformer
5 Intermediate Transformer
2
Harmonic suppression filter
6 Series Reactor
3
Protective gap
7 Stabilizing Burden
4
Secondary terminal board
8 Low Voltage Terminal Box
5
Faraday shield
9 Oil Level Side Glass
6

7 Potential ground switch

8 Choke coil and gap assembly Fig.4 Sectioned view of a typical


Capacitor Voltage Transformer
9 Drain coil, gap and carrier ground switch assembly

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Capacitor Voltage Transformers

Electrical and Mechanical Data (1)

Type Maximum continuous Impulse Power frequency Standard


operating withstand withstand capacitance
voltage 1.2/50 µs voltage (2)
phase to phase (BIL) I min.
kV kV pF
TEVP, TETP 69 72.5 350 165 20,800
or 115 121 550 265 12,500
TEMP 138 145 650 320 10,400
161 169 750 370 8,300
230 242 1050 525 6,200
287 300 1300 640 4,600
345 362 1550 785 4,100
400 420 1550 785 3,500
500 550 1800 900 2,800

TEIMF or TEIRF 115 121 550 265 20,000


138 145 650 320 16,500
161 169 750 370 15,000
230 242 1050 525 10,000
287 300 1300 640 8,250
345 362 1550 785 7,500
400 420 1550 785 5,500
500 550 1800 900 5,000
735 765 2425 1200 4,000

TEHMP 115 121 550 265 47,500


138 145 650 320 38,100
161 169 750 370 30,500
230 242 1050 525 22,800
287 300 1300 640 19,000
345 362 1550 785 15,200
400 420 1550 785 12,700
500 550 1800 900 10,100
735 765 2425 1200 6,200

Notes:
(1) Other ratings available on request.
(2) Types TEVF, TEMF same as TEVP except capacitance approximately 1/2 of values listed.
Type TEHMF same as type TEHMP except capacitance approximately 1/2 of values listed.

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Standard Dimension Net weight
creepage h1 approx.

in/mm in/mm lb/kg


62.5/1590 51/1295* 450/204
102.5/2600 65/1651* 525/238
130/3300 73.5/1867* 550/250
145/3680 82/2083* 575/261
205/5210 112/2845* 725/329
260/6000 129/3277* 775/352
290/7370 146/3708* 825/374
390/9900 185/4693* 1000/454
435/11050 210/5334* 1100/499

111/2819 70.75/1797 975/442


133/3378 79.25/2013 1025/465
161/4089 89.75/2280 1100/499
222/5638 120.5/3061 1350/612
266/6756 137.5/3492 1500/680
322/8178 158.75/4076 1600/725
399/10135 196/4978 1875/850
483/12267 227/5771 2100/953
644/16356 296/7518 2600/1179

112/2850 71.25/1810 1100/499


139/3530 79.25/2026 1175/533
165/4190 88.25/2242 1300/590
224/5700 121.75/3092 1650/748
278/7060 138.75/3524 1750/794
330/8300 155.5/3950 1975/896
417/10590 197.75/5023 2350/1066
495/12570 223/5664 2700/1225
660/16760 290.5/7379 3425/1554

* Heights shown are correct for types TEVF, TEMF, TEVP when
equipped with Trench low profile basebox (standard).
When equipped with Trench Universal basebox add
4.25 inches (108 mm).
For types TETP and TEMP add 4,25 inches (108 mm).

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Trench Facilities

Trench® Austria GmbH Trench® Limited


Paschinger Strasse 49 Instrument Transformer Division
Postfach 13 390 Midwest Road
A-4060 Linz-Leonding Scarborough, Ontario
Austria Canada M1P 3B5
Phone: 43-732-6793-0 Phone: 416-751-8570
Fax: 43-732-671341 Fax: 416-751-6952

Trench® Brasil Ltda Trench® Limited


Via Expressa de Contagem, 2685 Power Line Carrier Division
Contagem, Minas Gerais 815 Middlefield Road, Unit 6A
CEP 32370-485 Scarborough, Ontario
Brazil Canada M1V 2P9
Phone: 55-31-3391-5959 Phone: 416-291-8544
Fax: 55-31-3391-1828 Fax: 416-291-5581

Trench® China Trench® France S.A.


MWB (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. 16, Rue du Général Cassagnou
No. 3658, Jiancheng Road B.P. 70 F-68 302
Minhang, Shanghai St. Louis, Cedex
Peoples Republic of China France
200245 Phone: 33-3 89-70-2323
Phone: 86-21-54720088 Fax: 33-3 89-67-2663
The Trench Group is your Fax: 86-21-54723118
Trench® Germany GmbH
Trench® High Voltage Nürnberger Strasse 199
partner of choice for electrical Products Ltd., Shenyang D-96050 Bamberg
No. 2 Zhengliang Er. Road Germany
Jing Shen Xi San Street Phone: 49-951-1803-0
power transmission and Dao Yi Economic Development Zone Fax: 49-951-1803-224
Shenyang 110136 P.R. China
Phone: 86-24-89722688 Trench® Switzerland AG
distribution solutions today; Fax: 86-24-89737200 Lehenmattstrasse 353
CH-4028
and for the development of Trench® Limited Basel
Bushing Division Switzerland
432 Monarch Avenue Phone: 41-61-315-51-11
your new technology solutions Ajax, Ontario Fax: 41-61-315-59-00
Canada L1S 2G7
Phone: 905-426-2665 Trench® (UK) Limited
of tomorrow. Fax: 905-426-2671 South Drive
Hebburn
Trench® Limited Tyne & Wear
Coil Product Division NE 31 1 UW
71 Maybrook Drive Phone: 44-191-483-4711
Scarborough, Ontario Fax: 44-191-430-0633
Canada M1V 4B6
Phone: 416-298-8108
Fax: 416-298-2209

www.trenchgroup.com
E 214.51
Subject to change without notice (05.2006)
Printed in Canada.