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HISTORY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION

HOW IT BEGAN
The brief history of physical education would start in just about 1820 when schools focused on
gymnastics, hygiene training and care and development of the human body. By the year 1950,
over 400 institutes had introduced majors in physical education. The Young Men's Christian
Association launched its very first chapter in 1851 and focused on physical activities. Colleges
were encouraged to focus on intramural sports particularly track, field and football.
But physical education became a formal requirement following the civil war when many states
opted to pass laws that required schools to incorporate a substantial physical education
component into their curriculums. But it was not till 1970 that an amendment was made to the
Federal Education Act that allowed women from high school and college to compete in athletic
competitions. Sex-based discrimination was completely outlawed from government funded
programs at this point.
PHYSICAL EDUCATION IN COLLEGE
College athletics received a major stimulus when a National Collegiate Athletic Association was
created in the early twentieth centuries. There was a rise in popularity of sports within colleges
and universities and funding greatly increased. Colleges took great pride in their athletic
programs and sports scholarships became a norm. There was also a surge in people who enrolled
in sports education programs to meet the growing demand for professionals in the field.
DECLINE IN PHYSICAL EDUCATION
But this is not meant to imply that the history of physical education has been all rosy. Late in the
twentieth century there was certainly a decline in the commitment to physical education. The
growing offering of extra subjects and electives in schools means that the shift was focusing
away from physical education and towards academics. The country also faced a recession around
1970 and 1980 and the dearth of government funding means that physical education programs
were often the first to be cut from schools and universities.
THE MODERN AGE
But recent awareness of the need for balanced curriculums particularly given the national
concern over the state of obesity and children's attention towards non-physical activities like
video games has brought physical education back in the spotlight. The government has resignaled its commitment to physical education by making it mandatory in public schools in early
classes. But it remains an elective at the high school level. One of the most interesting
developments in the history of physical education has been how the definition of physical
education has evolved. While it only encompassed traditional sports in the beginning, it now
includes several less physical activities such as yoga and meditation which are considered critical
to helping students develop a sense of control in such a stressful age.
TEAM SPORT
A team sport includes any sport which involves two or more players working together towards a
shared objective. A team sport is an activity in which individuals are organized into opposing
teams which compete to win. Examples are basketball, volleyball, water polo, handball, lacrosse,
cricket, baseball, and the various forms of football and hockey.

DIFFERENT KINDS OF SPORT


AIR-SPORT
Any recreational activity performed in flight or during freefall from a flight through the
atmosphere.
ARCHERY
Archery is the sport, practice or skill of using a bow to propel arrows. The word comes from the
Latin arcus. Historically, archery has been used for hunting and combat. In modern times, it is
mainly a competitive sport and recreational activity.
BALL GAMES
This is a list of ball games which are popular games or sports involving some type of ball or
similar object. Ball sports are not sports in the true sense, but are instead considered to be games.
These ball games can be grouped by the general objective of the game, sometimes indicating a
common origin either of a game itself or of its basic idea.
CATCHING GAMES
Catch, or playing catch, is one of the most basic sports, often played between two people,
wherein the participants throw a ball, beanbag, Flying disc or similar object back and forth to
each other.
SPORT CLIMBING
Sport climbing is a form of rock climbing that relies on permanent anchors fixed to the rock, and
bolts placed on rappel and/or with cordless power hammer drills for protection. In contrast, in
crack climbing the rock is typically devoid of fixed anchors and bolts and climbers must place
removable protection as they climb. Sport climbing differs from traditional bolted face climbing
where bolts were drilled with a hand drill while lead climbing.
CYCLE SPORT
Cycle sport is competitive physical activity using bicycles. There are several categories of
bicycle racing including road bicycle racing, time trialling, cyclo-cross, mountain bike racing,
track cycling, BMX, and cycle speedway.
COMBAT SPORT
A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport with one-on-one combat.
Determining the winner depends on the particular contest's rules. In many fighting sports, a
contestant wins by scoring more points than the opponent or by disabling the opponent.
DANCE SPORT
DanceSport is the activity that combines sport and dance, and that allows the participants to
improve physical fitness and mental well-being, to form social relationships and to obtain results
in competition at all levels.

SPORT FISHING
Sport fishing is a form of recreational fishing where the primary reward is the challenge of
finding and catching the fish rather than the culinary or financial value of the fish's flesh. The
distincion is not completely rigid - in many cases, sport fishers will also eat their catch. The
philosophies and tactics used for sport fishing, however, are usually sufficiently different from
"food fishing" to make the distinction clear enough.
GYMNASTICS
Gymnastics is an activity involving the performance of exercises requiring strength, flexibility,
balance and control. Internationally, all events are governed by the Fdration Internationale de
Gymnastique (FIG). Each country has its own national governing body (BIW) affiliated to FIG.
RACQUETBALL SPORTS
Racquetball racket and ball. A racquet is a sports implement consisting of a handled frame with
an open hoop across which a network of strings or catgut is stretched tightly. It is used for
striking a ball or shuttlecock in games such as squash, tennis, racquetball, and badminton.
RUNNING SPORTS
Running is a method of terrestrial locomotion allowing humans and other animals to move
rapidly on foot. Running is a type of gait characterized by an aerial phase in which all feet are
above the ground
SAILING SPORTS
Sailing is the main variety of yachting, and competitive sailing the main variety of yacht racing.
A sailing competition is known as a regatta, usually consists of multiple individual races, where
the boat that performs best in each race is the overall winner.
SHOOTING SPORT
A shooting sport is a competitive sport involving tests of proficiency (accuracy and speed) using
various types of guns such as firearms and airguns. Hunting is also a shooting sport, and indeed
shooting live pheasants was an Olympic event (albeit only once, in 1900). The shooting sports
are categorized by the type of firearm, targets, and distances at which the targets are shot.
SWIMMING
Swimming is an individual or team sport and activity. Competitive swimming is one of the most
popular Olympic sports, with events in freestyle, backstroke, breaststroke, and butterfly. In
addition to these individual events, Olympic swimmers also participate in relays.
MOTOR SPORTS
Motorsport or motorsports is the group of competitive events which primarily involve the use of
motorized vehicles, whether for racing or non-racing competition. MotoSport refers to
motorcycle racing specifically and includes off-road racing such as motocross.

IMPORTANCE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION


Quality physical education programs are needed to increase the physical competence, healthrelated fitness, self-responsibility and enjoyment of physical activity for all students so that they
can be physically active for a lifetime. Physical education programs can only provide these
benefits if they are well-planned and well-implemented.
Improved Physical Fitness: Improves children's muscular strength, flexibility, muscular
endurance, body composition and cardiovascular endurance.
Skill Development: Develops motor skills, which allow for safe, successful and satisfying
participation in physical activities.
Regular, Healthful Physical Activity: Provides a wide-range of developmentally appropriate
activities for all children.
Support of Other Subject Areas: Reinforces knowledge learned across the curriculum.Serves as a
lab for application of content in science, math and social studies.
Self Discipline: Facilitates development of student responsibility for health and fitness.
Improved Judgment: Quality physical education can influence moral development. Students have
the opportunity to assume leadership, cooperate with others; question actions and regulations and
accept responsibility for their own behavior.
Stress Reduction: Physical activity becomes an outlet for releasing tension and anxiety, and
facilitates emotional stability and resilience.
Strengthened Peer Relationships: Physical education can be a major force in helping children
socialize with others successfully and provides opportunities to learn positive people skills.
Especially during late childhood and adolescence, being able to participate in dances, games and
sports is an important part of peer culture.
Improved Self-confidence and Self-esteem: Physical education instills a stronger sense of selfworth in children based on their mastery of skills and concepts in physical activity. They can
become more confident, assertive, independent and self-controlled.
Experience Setting Goals: Physical education provides children the opportunity to set and strive
for personal, achievable goals.

My favorite sport is drag racing even I dont have a car. I love to drive in the highway