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# VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

## (An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)

[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

## Course Name: Master of Science

Discipline: Mathematics
COURSE SCHEME:
Semester Part

Subject

Core 1
Core 2
Core 3

Abstract Algebra
Real Analysis
Differential
I
Equations
Core 4
Probability and
Statistics
Elective 1 Graph Theory
Semester Part
Subject
Core 5
Core 6
Core 7
II
Core 8
Core 9
NME

Advanced Algebra
Measure and
Integration
Application of Graph
Theory
Fuzzy Set and Logic
Optimization
Techniques
Business Statistics

## Hour Credit Int+Ext

=Total
6
5
25+75=100
6
4
25+75=100
6
4
25+75=100

Subject
Code
P1MAC11
P1MAC12
P1MAC13

25+75=100

P1MAC14

6
5
25+75=100
Hour Credit Int+Ext
=Total
6
5
25+75=100
5
4
25+75=100

P1MAE11
Subject
Code
P1MAC21
P1MAC22

25+75=100

P1MAC23

5
5

4
4

25+75=100
25+75=100

P1MAC24
P1MAC25

25+75=100

P1MAN21

## Paper - BUSINESS STATISTICS

Semester: II
Subject Code: P1MAN21

Credit: 4

NME
Hours: 4/ Week
: 60/Semester

Objectives:

## Mathematics is the language of science , technology and finance.

Mathematical statistics equips us with high- level analytical skills that open to
door to a wide range of careers.
Unit I: Measures of central tendency-definition-mean, median, mode, their merits and demeritsweighed arithmetic mean.(geometric mean and harmonic mean excluded)
(12 hours)
Unit II: Measure of dispersion and scenes-range-quartile deviation-standard deviation-(absolute
and relative measures)-pear sons and Bowley coefficientof Skewness (mean deviation excluded)
(12 hours)
Unit III: Correlation analysis-Pearsons coefficient of correlation-rank correlation (simple
problems only)
(12 hours)

I - M.Sc. Maths
600

## VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)
[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

Unit IV: Index number-meaning and uses-weighted index number; Laspeyers method-Paache
method-fishers ideal index number-mar shall edge worth method-keyers method (cost of living
of living excluded) simple problems only.
(12 hours)
UnitV: Analysis of time series (methods of measuring, seasonal, variations excluded) estimation
of trend-moving average method-methods of least squares (straight lines only)
(12 hours)
Text Book: S.P. Gupta - Statistical Methods - Thirty seventh Revised Edition,2008 - Sultan
Chand & Sons Educational Publishers , New Delh.
Unit-1- Chapter-7- page-177-222
Unit-2- Chapter-8- page-268-276 and page-282-288
Unit-3- Chapter-10- page-386-393 and page-404-409
Unit-4- Chapter-13- page-516-533
Unit-5- Chapter-14- page-589-618
Reference Book: Business Mathematics - K.Alagar -Tata Mcgraw- Hill education private
limited.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Paper- ABSTRACT ALGEBRA

Semester: I
Subject Code: P1MAC11

Credit: 5

Core: 1
Hours: 6/ Week
: 90/Semester

Objectives:
to enable the students to understand a concepts of Group theory and Ring theory.
to gather knowledge about Linear Algebra, Vector Space, Dual space.
to learn the existence of subgroups of prescribed order in arbitrary finite groups.
to construct new groups from some groups already on hand.
Unit I: Another counting principle, Sylows theorem.
(18 hours)
Unit II: Direct products, Finite Abelian groups.
(18 hours)
Unit III: Ideals and Quotient Rings, more Ideals and Quotient Rings, The field of Quotients of
an Integral Domain.
(18 hours)
Unit IV: Euclidean Rings, A particular Euclidean Ring.
(18 hours)
Unit V: Polynomial Rings, Polynomials over the Rational Field, Polynomial rings over the
commutative Rings.
(18 hours)
Text Book: Topics in Algebra by I.N. Herstein, Second Edition, John Wiley and sons, 1999.
Chapter 2: Sections 2.11, 2.12, 2.13, 2.14.
Chapter 3: Sections 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, 3.11
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I - M.Sc. Maths
601

## VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)
[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

## Paper- REAL ANALYSIS

Semester: I
Subject Code: P1MAC12

Credit: 4

Core: 2
Hours: 6/ Week
: 90/Semester

UNIT I:
18-Hrs
Basic Topology Finite, countable, and Uncountable sets Metric Spaces Compact Sets
Perfect sets connected sets.
UNIT -II:
18-Hrs
Numerical Sequences Convergent sequences Cauchy Sequences Upper and Lower
Limits Some special sequences.
UNIT-III:
18-Hrs
Numerical Series Series of nonnegative Terms The Number The Root and Ratio Test
Power series Summation by Parts Absolute Convergence Addition and Multiplication of
series Rearrangement Theorems.
UNIT-IV:
18-Hrs
Continuity Limits of Functions Continuous Functions Continuity and Compactness
Continuity and Connectedness.
UNIT-V:
18-Hrs
Differentiation The Derivative of a Real function Mean Value Theorems The Continuity
of Derivatives LHospitals Rule Derivative of Higher Orders Taylors Theorem.
TEXT BOOK:
Principles of Mathematical analysis (Third edition)
by Walter Rudin,
Chapters 2, 3, 4, and 5.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Paper-DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
Semester: I
Subject Code: P1MAC13

Credit: 4

Core: 3
Hours: 6/ Week
: 90/Semester

Objectives:
To enable the students to
know the method of solving the ordinary differential equations particularly
homogeneous, non homogeneous and homogeneous equations with analytic
coefficients.
be familiar with Legendre, Euler and Bessel equations.
develop skills to solve partial differential equations using Cauchy, Charpit &
Jacobi methods.
acquire the knowledge of solving second order partial differential equations
and understand Laplace equations and boundary value problems

I - M.Sc. Maths
602

## VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)
[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

Unit I: Initial value problems for the homogeneous equations- Solutions of the homogeneous
equations-The Wronskian and Linear dependence- Reduction of the order of the homogeneous
equation The Non-homogeneous equation-The homogeneous equation with analytic
coefficients- The Legendre equations
(18 hours)
Unit II: The Euler equation Second order equations with singular points(an example)-Second
order equations with Regular singular points(The general case)- The exceptional cases- The
Bessel equation- The Bessele quation(continued) Regular singular points at infinity.
(18 hours)
Unit III: Origin of first order Partial differential Equations- Linear Equations of the First orderIntegral surfaces passing through a given curve- Surfaces orthogonal to a given system of
surfaces- Non-linear Partial differential equations of first order-Cauchys method of
characteristics- Compatible systems of first order equations-Charpits method-Special type of
first order equations-Jacobis method.
(18 hours)
Unit IV: The origin of second order equations-Linear partial equations with constant
coefficients-Equations
with
variable
coefficientsSeparation
of
variables
(18 hours)
Unit V: Elementary solution of Laplaces Equations- Families of Equipotential surfacesBoundary value Problems- Separations of variables
(18 hours)
Text Book: 1.Coddington,E.A., An Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations, Prentice
Hall of India Pvt.Ltd., New Delhi, 2004.
2. Sneddon, I.N., Elements of Partial Differential Equations International Student Edition.
(Text Book (1) Chapter 3; Sec 2 to Sec 8)
(Text Book (1) Chapter 4; Sec 2 to Sec 4, Sec 6 to Sec 9)
(Text Book (2) Chapter 2; Sec 2, 4, 6 to 11 & Sec 13)
(Text Book (2) Chapter 3; Sec 1, 4, 5 to Sec 9)
(Text Book (2) Chapter 4; Sec 2 to Sec 5)
Reference Book : 1. G.F. Simmons - Differential Equations with Applications and Historical
Notes - 2nd Ed.,McGraw- Hill, 1991.
2. R.P. Agarwal and R.C.Gupta, Essentials of Ordinary Differential Equations - McGraw-Hill,
1993.
3. Jeffery Cooper, Introduction to partial differential equations with matlab - Birkhauser, 1998.
4. K Sankara Rao - Introduction to partial differential equations, Prentice Hall India, 1997.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I - M.Sc. Maths
603

## VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)
[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

## Paper- PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS

Semester: I
Subject Code: P1MAC14

Credit: 4

Core: 4
Hours: 6/ Week
: 90/Semester

Objectives:
The mathematical statistic is an indispensable and important method to evaluate
the quality of Chinese traditional medicine.
With the constant development of society, economy, science and technology, the
contents of the mathematical statistics are being gradually expanded.
This paper introduces several methods about mathematical statistics which is used
in quality control of Chinese traditional medicine.
Unit I: Introduction-set theory-probability and independence-random variables of the discrete
type random variable of the continuous type- properties of the distribution function- expectation
of a random variable- some special expectations- Chebyshevs inequality.
(18 hours)
Unit II: Distribution of two random variables- conditional distributions and expectation-the
correlation coefficient- independent random variables-extension to several random variables.
(18 hours)
Unit III: The binomial and related distributions- the prison distribution- the gamma and chisquare distributions.
(18 hours)
Unit IV: The normal distribution- the bivariate normal distribution sampling theorytransformation of variables of the continuous type.
(18 hours)
Unit V: The beta, t and f distributions- extensions of the change of variables techniquedistribution of order statistics- moment- generating function technique the distributions of
and n

s
2

(18hours)
Text Book: R .V. Hogg and A. T .Craig - Introductions to mathematical statistics - v edition
Unit1: Chapter 1- sections 1.1to1.10, exercise problems 1.1to1.11, 1.32to1.38, 1.14, 1.42, 1.45
and 1.46
Unit2: Chapter 2- sections 2.1to 2.5 exercise problems 2.11 to 2.14, 2.18, 2.20.2.22to 2.27
Unit3: Chapter 3-sections 3.1to3.33.1to 3.3, 3.5, 3.22, 3.24, 3.26, 3.39, 3.40
Unit4: Chapter3-sections 3,4to3.5 (only example problems)
Chapter4-sections 4.1to 4.3(only example problems)
Unit5: Chapter 4-sections 4.3to4.8 (only example problems)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I - M.Sc. Maths
604

## VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)
[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

## Paper- GRAPH THEORY

Semester: I
Subject Code: P1MAE11

Elective: I
Credit: 5
Hours: 6/ Week
: 90/Semester
Unit I: Graphs and simple graphs-graph isomorphism- the incidence and adjacency Matricessubgraphs-Vertex degrees- Paths and connection-cycles- trees- cut edges and Bonds
cut Vertices.
(18 hours)
Unit II: Connectivity- blocks Euler tours Hamilton cycles.
(18 hours)
Unit III: Matchings- Matchings and coverings in Bipartite graphs Perfect matchingsEdges Chromatic number Vizings theorem.
(18 hours)
Unit IV: Independent sets- chromatic number Brooks theorem chromatic polynomials.
(18 hours)
Unit V: Plane and planar graphs Eulers formula The five colour theorem four
colourConjuecture Directed graphs- Directed paths- Directed cycles.
(18 hours)
Text Book: J.A.Bondy and U.S.R.Murty - Graph Theory with Applications NorthHolland,Newyoork,1976.
Unit I- Sections-1.1-1.7,2.1-2.3
Unit II- sections-3.1-3.2,4.1-4.2
Unit III- sections-5.1-5.3,6.1-6.2
Unit IV- Sections-7.1,8.1,8.2,8.4
Unit V- Sections-9.1,9.3,9.6,10.1-10.3
Reference Book: Douglas B. West - Introduction to Graph Theory - Pearson Education,
Inc.2006
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Paper- ADVANCED ALGEBRA

Semester: II
Subject Code: P1MAC21

Credit: 5

Core: 5
Hours: 6/ Week
: 90/Semester

Objectives:
To enable the students to understand the concept of dual space, inner product space.
To gather knowledge about modules
To create the abstract concept of a vector space
Unit I: Dual Spaces - inner product spaces.
(18 hours)
Unit II: Modules- the algebra of linear transformation- Characteristic roots-Matrices. (18 hours)
Unit III: Canonical forms: Triangular form, Nilpotent transformations, A decomposition of V:
Jordan form.
(18 hours)
Unit IV: Canonical Forms: Rational canonical form-Trance and Transpose.
(18 hours)
Unit V: Determinants Hermitian unitary and normal transformations.
(18 hours)
Text Book: I.N.Herstein - Topics in Algebra - Second edition - John wiley and sons 1999.

I - M.Sc. Maths
605

## VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)
[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

## Chapter 4: section 4.3, 4.4, 4.5

Chapter 6: Section 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Paper- MEASURE AND INTEGRATION

Semester: II
Subject Code: P1MAC22

Core: 6
Credit: 4
Hours: 5/ Week
: 75/Semester
Unit I: The Riemann steiltjes integral Definition and Existence of the integral properties
of integral integration and Differentiation integration of vector Valued Functions
Rectifiable Curves
(15 hours)
Unit II: Sequences and series of functions Discussion of main problem Uniform
Convergence and Continuity Uniform Convergence and Integration Uniform Convergence
and Differentiation Equicontinuous Family of function The Stone Weierstrass theorem
(15 hours)
Unit III: Some special Functions Power series the Exponential and Logarithmic series The
Trigonometric Function The Algebraic Completeness of the Complex Field Fourier series
The Gamma Functions
(15 hours)
Unit IV: The lebesque theory Set Function Construction of Lebesque Measure Measure
Space Measurable Functions Simple Functions
(15 hours)
Unit V: The Lebesque Integration Comparison with Riemann Integrals Integration of
Complex Functions Functions of class L2
(15 hours)
Text Book: Walter Rudin-Principles of Mathematical Analysis -Third edition
Chapters: 6, 7, 8 and 11.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Paper- APPLICATIONS OF GRAPH THEORY

Semester: II
Subject Code: P1MAC23

Credit: 4

Core: 7
Hours: 5/ Week
: 75/Semester

## Unit I: The Shortest path problem Sperners lemma Cayleys formula.

(15 hours)
Unit II: The connector problem construction of reliable communication networks The Chinese
Postman problem.
(15 hours)
Unit III: The Travelling Salesman problem The Personnel Assignment problem The Optimal
Assignment problem.
(15 hours)
Unit IV: The Time Tabling problem Ramseys theorem
(15 hours)
Unit V: Dominating Sets in Graphs Sets of Representatives School Bus Routing Computer
Communication networks Radio stations Social Network Theory
(15 hours)
Text Book: 1. J.A. Bondy and U.S.R. Murty - Graph Theory with Applications- North Holland, New
York, 1976.
Unit I Sections 1.8, 1.9, 2.4
Unit II- Sections 2.5, 3.3, 4.3
Unit III-Sections 4.4, 5.4, 5.5
Syllabus for the academic year 2014 2015

I - M.Sc. Maths
606

## VIRUDHUNAGAR HINDU NADARS SENTHIKUMARA NADAR COLLEGE

(An Autonomous Institution Affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University)
[Re-accredited with A Grade by NAAC]
Virudhunagar 626 001.
..

## Unit IV Sections 6.3, 7.2

2. Fundamentals of Domination in Graphs by Tenasa W. Haynes, Stephen T. Hedetniemi
and P.J. Slater, Marcel Dekker, Inc 1998
Unit V Sections 1.2, 1.5, 1.7, 1.8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Paper - FUZZY SET AND LOGIC

Semester: II
Subject Code: P1MAC24

Core: 8
Credit: 4
Hours: 5/ Week
: 75/Semester
Unit I: Basic Types, Basic Concepts, Additional properties of -cuts, Reprentations of fuzzy sets
(15 hours)
Unit II: Extension Prinsiple for fuzzy sets, Types of operations, fuzzy Compliments (15 hours)
Unit III: Fuzzy numbers-Linguistic Variables-Arithmatic operations on intervals-Arithmatic operations
on Fuzzy numbers
(15 hours)
Unit IV: Crisp versus fuzzy relations Projections and Cylindric extensions - Binary fuzzy relations
Binary relations on a single set - Fuzzy equivalence relation - Fuzzy Compatibility relations-Fuzzy
ordering relations
(15 hours)
Unit V: Classical Logic: An Overview-Mulivalued logicFuzzy Proposistion-Fuzzy QuantifiersLinguistic Hedges-Inference from conditional fuzzy propositions-Inference conditional and qualified
propositions-Inference from quanified propositions
(15 hours)
Text Book: George J.Klir/Bo Yuan - Fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic-2008 Prentic-Hall of India Pvt Ltd.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

## Core: 9 - OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUE

Subject Code: P1MAC25
Credit: 5

Hours: 5/ Week
: 75/Semester

Unit I: Network Models: Minimal spanning tree algorithm Shortest route algorithms maximal flow
Problems critical path calculations Tree and total floats.
(15 hours)
Unit II: Advanced linear programming : simplex method using the restricted basis banded variables
Algorithm Revised Simplex method.
(15 hours)
Unit III: Game Theory : Optimal solution of two person zero sum games solution of mixed strategy
games - Linear programming solution of games.
(15 hours)
Unit IV: Classical Optimization Theory: Jocobian Method - Lagrangin Method The Newton Raphson
Kuhn Tucker conditions.
(15 hours)
Unit V: Unconstrained algorithms Non Linear Programming Algorithms: Separable Programming
Quadratic Programming.
(15 hours)
th
Text Book: Operations Research, H.A. Taha, 8 edition, prentice Hall, New Delhi, 2008.
UNIT 1: Chapter 6 Sections 6.2, 6.3.2, 6.4.2, 6.5.2, 6.5.3.
UNIT 2: Chapter 7- Sections 7.1 to 7.3.
UNIT 3: Chapter 13- Sections 13.4
UNIT 4: Chapter 18 Sections 18.1 & 18.2.
UNIT 5: Chapter 19 Sections 19.1, 19.2.1 and 19.2.2.
Note: Computer Programming portions are excluded.

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