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Polyvinyl chloride

PVC pipe is used as a replacement for copper and aluminum piping

on non-potable water, replacing metal piping in waste lines,
irrigation systems and pool circulation systems. Because it resists
corrosion and degradation from biological sources, it's a durable
product to use in plumbing systems. It's easily cut and its joints
don't require soldering, fastening with glue instead, and offers a
little amount of give when pipes aren't sized perfectly, so PVC pipe
is frequently chosen by handymen as an easier-to-use alternative to
metal piping.
Despite the crunch in the real estate industry these past few years,
the demand for cost-effective, reliable and high-quality piping and
plumbing systems have increased.
The good thing about using the classic PVC material for piping
systems, is that they are not only cheap, but they are also durable
and easy to assemble. If a plumber needs the pipe to go through
curves or unusually shaped openings, PVC can be made softer, and
more flexible, by adding plasticizers.
PVC pipes can be color-coded by function (e.g., blue for water main,
red for fire main)
Two options that you have, include PVC and CPVC pipes.
The latter stands for Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride, which is a type
of thermoplastic material produced by subjecting PVC resin to a
chlorination process. CPCV pipes are typically used for hot and cold
water pipes, as well as the liquid heating system in industrial
In terms of the benefits, CPVC pipes are most suitable for carrying

drinking water. Due to its smooth internal surface, CPVC pipes can
be used to carry water for long distances without worrying about
pressure loss, pitting or scaling. This type of pipe is also energy
efficient, as it performs excellently under tough conditions, and is
.very easy to handle and install
Meanwhile, PVC pipes are resistant to fracturing, they are not
harmed by acids, they offer better water quality, and can even be
used for thermal resisting applications. Depending on your budget
and preferences, you can use either PVC or CPVC pipes for your
home or office plumbing needs but it is best to consult a
.professional who knows which one will suit your needs the best

Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) is a thermoplastic pipe.

CPVC piping which is suitable for hot and cold water distribution
has a 400 psi pressure rating at room temperature, and a 100 psi
.pressure rating at 180 F


CPVC stands for chlorinated PVC pipe. Suitable for a variety of
applications, CPVC has a higher chlorine content than regular PVC,
which means it can withstand a broad spectrum of temperatures.
CPVC is ideal for use with hot water heaters. UPVC stands for
unplasticized PVC pipe. This type of material is more rigid than
traditional PVC material, and is commonly used for water waste
transport. It can also be used to make siding materials for
.construction and remodel purposes


If you see PVC with a dash after it, the subsequent character has
something to do with the thickness of the pipe walls. PVC-U pipes
have thicker walls than regular PVC pipes. This modification
enables them to withstand more internal pressure. PVC-M and
PVC-O pipes are newer versions of the PVC-U. Though they have
thinner walls than the traditional PVC-U, PVC-M and PVC-O pipes
.are specifically designed for high levels of internal pressure as well
1. PVC is a thermoplastic polymer, while CPVC is a thermoplastic
produced by the chlorination of PVC resin.
2. PVC can be used for a wide number of applications, while CPVC is
mostly used for hot and cold water pipes, as well as industrial liquid
3. PVC is less ductile, while CPVC offers greater strength and

PVC Cold Water Pipes fresh water

CPVC Hot Water Pipes for drinking
Drinking Water- CPVC only
400 PSI at room temperature
100 PSI at 180 F (82oC)
UPVC Waste Water Pipe

PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride

strong and rigid
resistant to a variety of acids and bases
may be damaged by some solvents and chlorinated
maximum usable temperature 140F (60oC)
usable for water, gas and drainage systems
not useable in hot water systems

CPVC - Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride

similar to PVC - but designed for water up to approx. 180oF
?What Is Pipe Schedule
Pipe schedule refers to a standardized form of measurement for the
sizes of certain types of pipes. It is used for measuring types of pipe
.that are usually used in industrial applications

Schedule number
The schedule numbers are assigned to fixed outer and inner
diameters for pipes. A schedule number, therefore, demonstrates
the thickness of a pipe's walls, instead of other dimensions related
.to the pipe

Schedule importance

Pipes are used to transport fluids, so an important measurement is

their thickness, which demonstrates their capability to carry fluids
of certain volumes and pressures, depending on the material of the
Pressure and schedule
Pipe schedule formerly was used to demonstrate the pressure
capacity of a particular pipe, but it no longer has that function
because the schedule number is strictly about the dimensions of a
pipe and does not take into consideration the material from which it
is made. A pipe's pressure capabilities differ with different
What Is the Difference Between Schedule 40 & Schedule
?80 Pipe
Schedule 40 and schedule 80 pipe are made from the same
material. The difference in structure lies in the thickness of the pipe
wall; the higher the schedule, the thicker the wall of the conduit.