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A Brief analysis of HRM within Wal Mart


Human resource managementis process of managementof people working in any company or
organization. There is another term used instead of human resource management is personnel
management
All the human resource management models emphasizes on following important things:
searching new ways of working
role of manager in change making
managing the activities of employees
Human working capital is very important for success of the businesses especially in service sectors.
Human resources are one of major costs part for any business, they always play very important role in
development which path company is adopting for success in business. Correct and efficient
management of resources and their utilization is necessary for success of all businesses.
Practitioners of human resource management have developed a modern view related to work
management rather than previously set of traditional philosophy.
In current competitive business world that is always dynamic organizations have to keep them advance
with the pace of development in this changing environment. The division of work inside organization
aimed at completing tasks on time. Among all of the important organizational departments is the
department of human resource management. According to some experts organizational success
basically depends on the success of human resource department. This department has lot of value
inside the organization. Human resource managementis well set, properly designedand
rationalapproach to any of themanagementwork that contributes to the achievement of set
business objectives. In all organizations human resource people have various functions.
In companies department of human resource play a crucial role as they are responsible for dealing with
diversity of staff. Starting from the recruitment identification process to the identification of the benefits
that each employee can bring to the organization, with a proper planning for this achievement. There is
always a way that ensures functions of human resources will be different for different organizations
according to the needs of that organization. The people in human resource always have the focus and
responsibility to improve the performance of the employee. Mainly the staffing is a vital step related to
this process, but results and outcome lies in performance management. This is directly result of internal
control of the Human Resources to make more of the workforce. Human Resources Department mostly
tries its good efforts to give benefits to employees cause it wants them to perform well with higher
satisfaction, according to their job description. Improvement in the staff performance comes through a
systematic approach adopted by human resource people.
Current assignment will study the concept of human resource management, main responsibilities of the
department, problems and issues faced by this department, workers incentive and appraisal, diverse
approaches related to human resource management, and idea and administration of any change in
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origination. We also will try to find that how walmart making progress in current competitive business
environment while managing all its Human Resources effectively to bring desired success. What are
some critical features of walmart policy and strategy for its human resource management.

2 History of Walmart
Date of Wal-Mart

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Most people know that most popular discount retailers started in 1962, K-Mart, flat and Wal-Mart
opened its first store. (Company, 2010) actually started by Sam Walton of this work during the intense
competition of the 1950s many of the regional discount stores. Before making the opening of its
company Sam went to most of the parts of country to learn things about the discount retail business.
He successfully convinced American consumers that he got the idea for a new and compared to the old.
With confidence and vision, Sam with his wife Helen started the development of a major stake in the
first store in Rogers, Kmart has expanded rapidly in the 1960s, while Sam was to get sufficient money
for the development of 15 stores of Wal-Mart. In 1972, business shares were offered to public in the
New York. With this combination of money, the company made growth in business established its
stores in 11 countries with number of 276 stores by the end of its first decade. In 1983, opened its first
store Sam Club Members Gallery. The early Supercenter was opened by 1988, featuring grocery store
and other 36 departments for general merchandise. By 1989, there were 1402 Wal-Mart Stores 0.123
Sam Club sites. Increased ten-fold work. Its sales grown to $ 26 billion from one billion dollar. (Milner,
2005) Today it have stores and sites numbered 8747 in more than 15 countries of the world that have
2.1 million Associates and provides service to at least 176 million customers in a year time.

3 Concept of Human Resources Management


Human resource management Can be defined as "the sum of all these activities that are associated with
management of staff and their relationship within the company."
Or
"And continue operations in the management of people and organizations in any way to achieve their
goals and objectives."
While an agent (2007) is defined as "all the decisions and strategies and the factors managers processes
and practices, functions, activities and methods for the management of the peoples who work as
employees in any organization. So, human resources management is essentially a study as well as
management in any organization that stands on the ideas and techniques to improve the status of
employee motivation, efficiency and performance.
Based on the idea of managing people to believe that the staff is very important for the specific
business and its continued success. The organization can gain a competitive advantage only by using its
staff effectively, drawing plans on the basis of their expertise and skills in order to achieve well-defined
objectives. In organizations, and human resources departments play a crucial role as they are
responsible for dealing with diverse staff. Of the recruitment process and to identify the benefits that
each employee is done through the Department of Human Resources. Could be that the functions of
human resources are always different to cover the requirements of organizations, similarly they always

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focus and take responsibility to improve the performance of the employee. Mainly the process of
staffing is very important step for this, but mostly the result lies in performance management. This is
linked to internal control by the Department of Human Resources and more of the workforce.

4 Workforce Planning and the difficulties


Work force planning and preparation of all your options before going into the real work set for the staff
to get the organizational goals is very important issue. It is well understood principle that the people are
organization's important asset. Because without the capable staff it is difficult for all organizations to
reach towards their goals. The bulk of organizational improvement will come only after ensuring that
the right staff with the right skills, knowledge and behaviors in the organization. Workforce planning
related to achieving this outcome, and any serious link between business planning and development,
recruitment and retention, and staff training. Wal-Mart is much concern about this issue, human
resources and recruitment system and effective to deal with their needs for this purpose and put the
plan always. They announced the vacancy correctly, a pre-assessment before engaging in the selection
process. They provide benefits to its employees and facilities in spite of, is blamed for some time to WalMart facilities discrimination and ill-especially low-paid.
This layout is about the workforce and provides the opportunity to work on long-term thinking about
the relevant services in the future, and needs, and explore all viable strategies. Thus, the central
planning for company work becomes important for the organizations.

4.1 Employment Requirements


Critical stage in the recruitment of human resources management. It should be well planned and
structured so that the organization can recruit the right person for the right place instead of just making
the availability of another person at work. There are many of the problems faced during this process
and managers for some time and the inability to focus, time and financial resources necessary to make
this process effective. Wal-Mart that they always take qualified personnel and according to it, and it
makes employees with proper education and skils efficiency.

4.2 Development and Training


Appointment comes after the development and training stage. Most the organizations unfortunately
sometimes even for technical jobs do not provide adequate training for their employees before hiring
and employment. There must be made sound system which can ensure that the Organization the
necessary arrangements to work before and on the job training and development for their employees.
The-job training is the main part in the field of human resources at Wal-Mart is now not only offers
these courses for their employees, but in times of recession, they offer training courses for some
people who are by this time of recession. (Wal-Mart, 2010)
5 Administration of human resources and staff performance
Human resources management are primarily responsible for the employee's performance in business
administration (Jones, 2007). To achieve its purposes, which is responsible for dealing with staff from
induction to work on and improve their commitment and reduce absenteeism and turnover, and
improving skills levels and productivity, and improve the quality and efficiency of its work.
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6 Century 20 key ways to manage human resources


There are some key criteria developed that are in use from the days of the 20 century and developed
later by some HR professionals to achieve the highest standards of performance and strongly
recommend the organization to follow the rules of these standards for the performance of high-quality
employees. These are the best practices, fit this view of resources.
6.1 Best practices
Also called as "high commitment" human resource management to ensure that the realization of the
best practices in human resources makes improvement to organizational performance. There are many
best practices to keep the advantage using the employees for profits by giving due importance to staff
at Wal-Mart.
These practices are: - 1) job security, (2) recruitment of flour, 3) training and large-scale, 4) the exchange
of information, 5) capable teams, 6) also paid a much higher according to the profit and reduce the
inequalities in the position of the staff.
6.2 best fit, or approach of emergency
Says that the management of human resources that can perform well when there was a suit involving
the required vertical on the performance of human resources management and corporate strategy.
There must be a unity between the process closely and human resources and policy with the policy of
the foreign company. There are various theories related to vertical integration. For example is life cycle
models, that argue in favor of the human resources which according to experts can be easily known in
development stage of any organization by its policies and practices that it adopts at development or life
cycle process. Some other models of competitive advantage that the idea of Porter on strategic choice.
Maps a variety of human resources practices in the organization options for the development of
competitive strategy. The third is configurationally models that provide a more accurate assessment
depends safe from an organizational strategy to determine the appropriate human resources policies
and practices. Wal-Mart is famous for this approach because it is conscious to get the best people to do
their job, because they are not many offers, such as previous experiences of the application, it is also
strict rules in the second performance evaluations.
Showing 6.3 resources and building
According to some is the basis for modern human resources management, and it focuses mostly on
internal organizational resources, and considers how these resources contribute to competitive
advantage. And the scarcity of resources is ideal for harmony and human resources management and
its central role for the development of human resources organizational value, and this is rare, it is
sometimes difficult to replace and organize effectively.
Wal-Mart in the keyword in the field of human resources is a "valid" but the staff who works to meet
these goals which are set by organization.
7 Academic theory
It is based on the fundamental principle of human beings are not like machines, and therefore any
organization needs to have multidisciplinary assessment at their workplace for all staff. Many areas of
psychology, for example, sociology, industrial relations, economics, engineering, industrial and

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monetary theories play an important role and a key. Universities and colleges offer diverse courses in
human resources management. Wal-Mart and a good learning approach to build capacity in the area of
personnel.
One commonly used way to explain the function of human resources management was developed by
Dave Ulrich, which identifies four areas of the role of human resources management:
collaborator and strategic business
As a result of the change agent
a hero of the staff
and experts on Administrative.
8 Responsibilities of the Department of Human Resources
Different companies and different departments working within the organization, and these
departments including sales management to human resources management.
Human Resources department staff muscles depends on size of staff in company. Job opportunities in
this section includes human resources coordinator, human resources and assistant director of human
resources management. Can the responsibilities of human resources management as follows: 1: Human resources management is doing all the planning, advertising, interviewing and selection of
staff.
2: Department should know law at all levels from federal, state or provincial and local laws relevant to
the work of staff.
3: This section helps companies on training and staff development. Companies train their staff to a
variety of reasons, such as motivating staff to learn new things new. The length of hours of time for
several weeks, depends on the nature of the exercises. Some time and include safety measures in the
workplace. As mentioned by Derek, et al (2004) that "It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so
far as is practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all staff."
4: should any private company to use the drive is able to attract staff, skilled and hard work. After the
payment of these benefits are shared to keep on encouraging workers for a long time on the functions
of the organization. These include the benefits for time of unemployment. Companies offer a variety of
benefits, including dental insurance, and vision insurance and payments for a few days off.
8.1 Tasks performed
And human resources in any company that requires kind of management, that involves several steps
for this process. They look to achieve all these goals mentioned above. Cannot be performed by each of
these activities in human resources management, but some tasks can be outsourced or cannot be
performed by these executives, even by other departments. People at Wal-Mart human resources,
efficient in their jobs, they provide significant benefits to employees who claim Associates. The following
are the main tasks carried out by human resources departments at Wal-Mart: Employment-planned
Employment
Employee induction and orientation to make them on-board
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Employee skills of management


Employee proper training
Employee daily base management
Compensation
Time Management
Travel arrangements
Payroll (some companies give this task to the accounts)
Employee benefits management
Planning staff costs
Annual Assessment
Labour Relations

9 Human resources strategy


when some human resources management and strategy for implementing the tasks set by the
department of handling human resources management. Have human resources functions of the
Organization include the recruitment and selection policies, and procedures related to disciplinary
procedures, policies, rewards and prizes, and human resources plan and policies specific learning and
development. But it should be aliened all these regulatory issues in the overall strategy for the business
sector. Human resources management strategy and the comprehensive plan, with regard to human
resources policy in the implementation process.
Human resources management strategy usually consists of the following factors: Wal-Mart always gives priority to the strategies that best fit and best practices, which means there is a
link between human resources management strategy and corporate strategy. Encountered some blam
critic Wal-Mart to use this strategy against the employee benefits and fair pay, so many times waltmart
cases of discrimination against them.
But the people Wal-Mart's efficient in the field of continuous monitoring of the human resources
strategy, through the study of the employee, feedback and surveys necessary for the organization.
10 Career Education
There are a number of Universities and Colleges to study in the areas of human resources management
and related benefits. It was the first Cornell University in the world who started their studies in human
resources management and educational administration full. Wal-Mart and good training and education
system for workers in the teaching profession and communicate with various projects and sectors that
handle these projects in their human resources. There are many new careers at wallmart , which
engaged things related to recruitment, employment, recruitment and the interviews done in general,
equal opportunities in employment or professional employment organization. Training is conducted
regularly with the development of specialization by the trainers.
11 case studies: critical analysis of the human resources approach Walmart
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Wal-Mart, which is famous for retail in the U.S. A and the top retailers in the U.S. market. Wal-Mart is the
rapid growth in the awareness that you make. According to the site Wal-Mart (Company, 2010) Wal-Mart
serves customers and members in more than 200 million times a week in more than 8747 retail units
under the flags of different countries, 5515. With fiscal 2010 sales of 405 billion dollars, 2.1 million WalMart is working partners all over the world.
Leader in sustainability, charitable companies and jobs, in first place among retailers, Wal-Mart
impressive in Fortune magazine as most companies in the survey for the year 2010.
Wal-Mart has the status of these substances can also see that Wal-Mart to buy large quantities of items
from its suppliers to create economies of scale, and inventory control with an effective system to assist
in making operating costs less than those of its competitors. It is also many goods imported from China,
"factory of the world" for its low cost. In the word of the strategy at the level of the company from WalMart, the low cost strategy with a little insulation.
Wal-Mart managers and engage in three levels of strategic planning (Gary Dessler, 2005) in the
business, and corporate-level strategic function. As for Wal-Mart, corporate and business level strategy
to drive low-cost.
From the perspective of performance management, to Wal-Mart has very high standards and strict job
titles. In career management, Wal-Mart and also goes great efforts to reduce costs, and there are many
cases that women Su, Wal-Mart to its policy of discrimination against women by systematically denying
them promotions and paying them less than men. There are women who have been paid to the
departments to lower FEMALE complain about unequal treatment of male colleagues.
From the perspective of compensation management, has also showed Wal-Mart human resources
policies and activities of the very aggressive to fit the "low cost" strategy. Wal-Mart imported $ 15 billion
worth of goods from China, but also Wal-Mart has some of the factories in China, which branded
products with the name of Wal-Mart. We can see just how Wal-Mart's strategy of companies only
extensively with integrated human resources policy. Wal-Mart workers in California to earn 31 percent
less on average than workers in large retail as a whole. In fact, with other operating costs that put it on
the highest level of inventory management, and managers must turn to the storage fees to increase
profits, Wal-Mart is expected to reduce labor costs by two-tenths of a year. So, these aggressive policies
of human resources, not just more, "the fittest".
From the viewpoint of the employee and the interest of safety, as well as human resource policies at
Wal-Mart, which aligned well with the strategy at the corporate level. Often accused of Wal-Mart failed
to provide employees access to affordable health care, but the senior managers and HR managers
know their focus was just trying to implement most of the "low cost" strategy.
Wal-Mart strongly against the policy of the Union. It was reported in the United Kingdom's Guardian
newspaper that Wal-Mart faces the prospect of a messy legal battle with the messy GMB bruises in a
row about the rights of collective bargaining, to the Union does not accept the Wal-Mart has withdrawn
its bid to pay 10% to more than 700 workers. (Milner, 2005) and here there may be some doubt as to
why Wal-Mart has recently allowed trade unions in their stores in China, where trade unions are
required. I tried Wal-Mart in China every possible effort to develop good relations with the Government
of China and other groups of influence. So make this the exception of China and Wal-Mart unionizations
except in accordance with the overall strategy and human resources strategy. If the company has
ignored the rule of the Chinese government, the cost is more than just what would be saved by not
allowing the Organization of Trade Unions.
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We may evaluate the various human resources practices and systems, Wal-Mart best fit the
organization's strategy for competitive companies. Then here is the role of HR managers in this
company who are professionals with strategic skills of human resources and other resources needed to
build a human-oriented strategy. Human resource managers in one of the technical departments of
Wal-Mart, and tried their best to "fit" the company's strategy to reduce the cost low. They made some
rules and policies, for example, the implementation of the policy against the Union in its stores to
reduce costs from outside the EU, but to assist in the implementation of the "lock in" policies; tried to
resist the deficit in the loss of efficiency. Should encourage women to discrimination by giving them a
far less chance of money, and workers in fact mentioned in the Wal-Mart has also received a salary
much lower compared with the average level of the industry. Try Wal-Mart human resources managers
and also to control the conduct of staff and competencies that require the company's strategy through
the actions and policies of the company's strategy in support of human resources, some of which may
be adduced.
Wal-Mart human resources managers refers to its employees as "partners" and encourages managers
to think of themselves as "servant leaders", and this is to encourage them to serve others while staying
focused on achieving results in line with the organization's values and integrity. Wal-Mart also faces
lawsuits alleging that the company's discrimination against disabled workers, to employ these men
intended to provide more facilities for them and lost efficiency to some extent. They also faced charges
of child labor. Also charges of discrimination of women. All of these types of human resources policies
are not enough compared to international best practices approved by the Department of Human
Resources in all good companies. Regardless of Wal-Mart to adopt low-cost strategy or differentiation
strategy, and these policies and practices to achieve specific objectives to save any additional cost, but
to motivate employees to increase their contribution in helping companies and even in shaping culture.
12 Conclusion and proposals
With the update that brought the introduction of computers and mobile phones, information and
technological advances robots to support human life and the work it is easy to be good performance in
any business.

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