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MONax locudr Bpujenuje jeollH je 00 lfOClleOfblLT 'WK6eH1LT fillcat(a Busaniiiu]e. )/(uaeo je U 'Un:aeNO U meOIlOWKLl oenao y jeoNO . .

\( iiepuoo» (14-15. Be/c) iiyHO.M tiotiyna l{ ptuoopo, KO/lllKO na fiOlllllUlltllWAf iTtOJWKO II «a upiceenou iiomy, {fAli je mo 6uo uclTto8pe"ueNO It nepuoo 0YX061102 t(oeIUaJ-ba. Hcsco cy ce tpanuue opJICQae CiUllAH.O C.4f,{ffblf6flll-eJ HCmO iiiatco tt OCHORe KY.lliliypHD7..1Iff.lBofllaJ UpK8GJ ~woa je ocehuno aOC/leolll,e [ioaueilulO2 fipol1aoafbll OpJlCllee, fli'iaK je Cllll)'ellllll C60jy yHyiiipmw-by Ll ()YXOOl-l)' OJUlCITi. Ooa oyxoenu enaciii ilOKa3QIlO ce upeeucnteeno Y epesseny ucuxaciiiu-ucux 6op6/f. Te 6op6eJ I,WKO cy iioiiipecane lJ,PKO)l, uiia« cy .,I!HOio ooapuHelle Ilpaeocnaemy, jep je lull.M,e ciiieope« yeAve 311 jeoa« IlCifiUHlltTiU P1l360j l(pK6eHOZJI(.'U60tTIa II ttieonoiuje, Kao u sa paceeiiinsaeasoe p03JlllJ(O Ll3.Me!Jy 811.JllHiufljclmi tipoeocnaeHoi U saiiaouoi' noitiuucxoi iiieonouncoi cxeaiiiun.a. Te P1l3- Allfte 6UAe cy pa3J102~feljyco6HO.~f YOOIbOBOfbY oeejy Llptcaea, 00 apeJHeHa pacsona 00 Bpe.JIfeHO Iocudia Bpujeuuja. Y.JItOMeHluy xaoa ce iiojaeuna .JIwiyhNOC/Tt JllCeOafW jeouoi ca6opa JO yjeolU-belVe llpscaea, Jocud: Bpujenuje, "'(10 eepau fipltciuallw~a ucuxnciiiu-ucoi icoxpeina, lUy.Mlll.fItO je LTie pa3- nutce Y ceeitmoctnu opeeuoi c6eiiiooiTtattKOi yttefbllll ]f('HSOl uptceeno i iipeOaf-bo 1I ucxyciuea, «uj« je naciiiaeasc II 113pa3 6UAO If ucuxaciilu-nco )"teIVC 14. eetca.

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nekrop, KOPCKTOP, rpacpwlKH ypensax BECHA IlIHJAKOBl1n

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Bl~AIOt')liK'l 'E)'A~VUlV nU'EpUlV Kat 'EKKA'lcnaoTlKwv L1)yypa<peUlv (At~11vUl), 1955-.

Byzantinische Zeitschrift (Leipzig - Munchen). '[U)(J)i<p Bpuevvtou, Tix EilpEt'l£V'W I, 113~, ]iil"(eviou BouAy(J.pew; (,Ev I\WV({:x, 1768).

'lwail<P Bpuevvicu, Tix Eilpet~evta Il, 11';~. Eil"(ev(01) B01)A"{ixpew; (Ev I\wvi(l, 1768),

'IOl<J'il<P BP1)EVV(01), Tix n(.(paAEl1[O~fVa, H3~. Eil"(ev(ou B01)Ay(J.pew; (BY AWviiX, 1784).

Dictionnaire d' Histoire et de Geographic Eccleslastique (Pmis).

Dictionnaire de Theologie Catholique (paris). Echos d' Orient (Paris) - Keovcrcvnvounoa«; 'El1£TI]pi<; 'Etatp(as B1)i;a,,\Vo)V L1t01)OWV ('At~ijvUl).

'Em()'tTJ~Ovlrai 'El1Et'lpi<; eEOJw"(tK~<; L;tO),ij<; n(.(ve1lt()'t'l~(ou 'A i)11v1ilv ( 'A i)iiyen).

360PHJ.iK P'1Jl,OBft Baaaaronourxor MHCTIfT)'Ta (Beorpaa].

360PHHK WI1n030cjJCKor <!>aKYnTCTa (Beorpan).

Miklcsich - Muller, Acta er diplomate graeca medii aevi (Viennae) 1960.

NEO<;'EAAllvOIlV~IlWV ('Atliivat).

Orientalia Christiana Periodica (Rnma). Patrologia Grueca, M'3)],. J.P. Migne (Purls). Patrologin Latina, J.i3,[{. J.P. Migne (Paris). Revue des Etudes Byzanrines (Paris). LUAA.a~OS Bui;avnv1ilv MeA.t,",v Ka( KEIflEVWV, N.B. TUl~aoixK1j ('Ai)~vC<l, 1961).

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Sources Chretiennes (Paris).

Elp'1cr"'£llTl Kli Ka( 'Hilmi 'EYK')KA.01tm8£ia ('A1'liivat).

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Xpmuhancxa K1bYDKCBHOCTHa riCTOKY nocne 9. nexajour YOCK je aenoeon.ao otipabeua . .D:YXDI:IHO ooruTCTuo ouor llepJ.:10Ai:i je HccyMlhHllO, ann He,nOCTaTaK CMCTe:Mc\TCKliX paaona npencraarsa Y3POK pa3nJtlTIfTM.M nO:UlTHBlUIM lIml HeraTHBHHM CYAOBUMa 0 OllOM nepnony, xojn (CYAOUI!) He onroaapajy nOTnyHO IICTOPl!jCKOj crnapaocra. Jenua Ao6pa cacreeearcxa CTYJ.l.Hja nena na)KHl1jI1X IDlt.lHOCTH ODor nepaoua MOrJIa 6R 3HaTHO uonpaaera 60IbeM ynoananau.y JJ.yxoJlHor6oraTCTB3 onor RpeMeHa H 1l0MohH WT01';l'(JHUjeM pasjaunsauatsy yrauaja xoje je Taj nepnou JiM30 Y AaIbeM paaaojy npanocnaanor 60rOCnOBJba f1 UpKBCHor )KHBOTa,

Fopn.e MnCRH cy 6Hne noson aano-nnsaa.y ODor pana n BOAUtj TOKOM uenor n.eronor nacatsa.

JOCHcp Bpujenuje, nHtJHOCT C xpaja 14. 11 noscrxa 15. eexa, HaKO je lJCTOPHjCKJl AODOJhHO o6pal)eH; anax je JJ:O nauac OCTao Hen03H8'l" no caAP~HHH reoaourxor- ynen,a. ,Il;aHac, y nofia Mel)Y4pKBel:lltX AHjaJIOra H MeJ)YKoncpecHoHamrnx npH6mnKaDa~ fha, TeOJIOWKO Y1.ICH:.e Bpajeaajeno CTH1.1C cyruTMHCKY axryennocr, 3aTo nasra npaBOCJJaBHIlMa OHO npyaca npenycrrose sa jeD.HO opanD Me,byu.pKoeHO npn6mDKasafbe, xoje ce npOTHBl-I ceaxosr J(arMa~ Tlf'IKOM MHHltMaJUI3MY HnJ1 -nrcro nOJ1TlTli'QlCOM YTHJ1Hl'apH3MY,

Oaa CTYAl1ja. xoja npoyuasa H asnasce .Aeno H Y"Jelobe Jocucpa Bpxjeuaja, npencrasn,a CKPOMtlH nOKYUHtj na ce, C jenne crpaae, OOJbe ynoana onaj BH'3aHTHjCKl1 nucau it noceriuo !berooo yqeH~e! a C upyre crpane, na ce npY.>K11 HORH .lI,OnpHHOc 601beM ynoanaaaisy npauocnasnor Ih13aHTlfjcKor6o['ocnOBJba 113 xacanjer nepnoaa, TO jeer nocne 9. SCK8.

3a 60Jbe paayveaaise uena 1:1 Y'ICFha Bpajexajeuor, Y yaony H3HOCKMO JJCTOpI1jcKo~nOm1TH\.IKH OKBUP a.erone enoxe rne, y urro je eaoryhe Kpah.uM uprassa, J.l'3Jla)IWMO 1'a~amlhy nOJHtTI1tIKY, upxseay H .nYXOBHY cnryauajy, xao " 60rOCJIOBCKe CTYAHje }.bero~ sor noea. TaKO he uaranau HMaTH npencrasy 0 HCTOPHjCKlJM Ii. AYXOBHMM O'KOJIHOCTHM3 Y xojasra ce pa3B11O H nenao JOCI1<p BPHjenaje, I1 6HTII npanpescsea A3 yl)e Y rnanmr ,Il.CO crynaje, KOj" ce

9

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'HlTHM InJl8IKe y nna J~ena. Y upuoa lleJJY usnascc CC )Kf.tOO'l' If cJU1ca1'C}bCKO neno Bpajeauja, a y npyror« u.cr-ouo Y'ICII,C. ORO 110CJleAl-6e CMO nO).lCI1HJlI1 sa 'lICTHpn rnaue: npea rnaea CCI.o.P)l(H y-reu.e 0 CUCTOj Tpojm .. {R; upyra - U ouannoheu.y Bora Jloroca 11 cuaceu.y nanor-xoecxa.rpeba -0 llOBCKY If H.craHOM IlO}'lIlH3<JoaH,y, 11 nerspra - ytJt:f-be 0 ecxaronoruju.

Aa 6n ce noxaaana ca~1H no ce6u Bpujeaujeau CTanOUH, Y TOKY mnarau,a I-bCrOBOr yne I-bH , YCTYIlIIJlI1 CM{) upuo MeC'L'll C(lMOM HalUeM nxcuy, uauoncha 6ora'fe lVfTaTC If) H:.er08HX COHea. 11 uxasre !lo6plfHYJlH CMO ce na npHKa)KCMO a.eron cUHCaTeJbCKU PUA Y IUTO je Moryhe nOTIIYElHjoj PYKOllHCHOj J.heroooj npenaja. Y TOKY I1l1Caf·h3 OBOr pana nocetiso eMQ ce crapana na IHJIO)KHlo.'IO Bpujeunjeno Y"ICIE.e na ocsony K3J{aTHX H neasnarax n:.erOlJllX ucna, iii TO ca CDaKOM nOAPo6HOW.h.y, nOIITTO ono y-rex.e HHjC AO CHAn 611no npenuer uexe nocefiae C'l'YAHje, flOK H.erOIl >KIIIlOT, «ojn je l.J.O cana neb .D,OHeKJle npoysanan, H31HDKeMO penaraeao xparxo, *

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AKO je sa CBaKH noeao HeOnXO.D,HO na nOtHfJ::beMO Y HMe Bora CI1~TC Tpojuue IIJJ:a saepurauaac }bHMe. TO cc Mlloro UHWe H3Mehc aa 6orOCJl013CKH pan, rae je pe-t 0 Bory ):taTa l108eKY DO)({anCKOM Iinaronahy. 3aTo H MH nOH3B1haMO PC'U1 6oroMYAPor Y1T1fTeJI.a Jocacpa Bpnjcnaja:

" ... Ilaxnc H MeUH KOjll ee AOTHlleM 6oI'ocJJon.n:.a uexa 6YAe 60r H:.eH (Gece.ue) no-rerax, op, Bora n()1.UffbeM npaUOCJ1aBHO (na MIICJUL\II) 11 fblfMe HAeMHeYCl'pamI1Bo lJ.O xpaja 6eceAe; H ca Boro« hy roaoparn, H y Bory MHCJ1HM OKOH1.!aTl-f. EO)Ke Jemmnqe H Tpojuue, TO naj!"

It> Onne l:Ml\TpnMO YMCCIIIIM nil cnoueneao nocenaunue lIajrJlUulIl1jc paJ,.lOHC ~) JOt.:IHlly Bpajeuajy, xojn ce OAIIOCC HU uerou )t{IIBOT It nenoi- ApxlIJ:, ApCCHIllt o ",1l:UIII II CO'UfHltlllUIX HCPOMOltilXiI 110ClHI)<1 Ilplll'IIHlUl rpe-receoro uponoeennusa n KOII~C XIV II nepeoa -reraeprn XV C'N.)JJe1·ml. "rTpaSOCJlaDHOC oGo:ipemtc"11 (1,s79), X5·13,~; 4fJ3-45{).· CII. A.ftrll(:. A propos de Joseph Bryennios, "Bulletin de t' Associuuon G. Bude", IVtl (1%2). -I.. Brehier, Bryennc (Joseph), DHGE, X( ]':!I3H).lJ96-()97. ·A . .6.11J.1lltPtlKOl'IOUAou,'Op"6bo~o~ 'EAA6.<;, ihol m:pi ~fuv <E.Uilv(I)v T(iJV i'Pal.jKx\ltwv "uta i\O:ti'vwv .,;:ai 1n:pi 'tWV LU1'/PClJ.1J.1-U'{WV aUTUN, Ev AH"iQ. 1872. - K. o.uO!}ouvlWTIlC;, To S!'tI'}CV 01T.ACIljUlTtKOV unopp'l'tov 'tOU 'Iwmi~') Bpuevvrou, ·'npCl ... -rtIcU tft; ·AKu8rutiu.;, 'Adtlvfuv", 4(1 ~l), 1\7-11\7.· M. ;uKie. Bryennios(JosephJ,»CUlholicisme«1I (1949), 298-299. - R.-). UICI/I!I't1.. Pour 1:1 chronologie lie:.: oevres de Joseph Bryeunios. REB, 7 (194\), 12-13 .. PII. Meyer. Des Joseph Bryennlos Schriften, Leben unu Bitdung. BZ, 5( I 896). 74-111 .. Ph. Me:'icr, h)~eph Bryc!Lllio. .. a]~ 'theolog. 'Iheologiscbc Smuicn und Kritiken. IS'.l6. 282·.~J9 .• A. Palmieri, Brycuruos (Joseph). DTC, II (192J). ! 1% -1161. - M. napAlXJ.uXC;, '0 WttO~ nl<; tv Kp1l't11 Sux].tovn~'IWC1'l'9 Bp\ll;.vviou, "Kpf]tIKn Xpovua:r."2(IY4};).366-367. N. TWIlCl(XXlo::r'I~'O·]o.IO'ij.., Bpoevvro; Kal fl KPl1tT] KaleX to 1400, 'A"'flvCll 1947, TO ItC1'O II Y EUAAapex; Bu~avtl\lWV MtJ.€t6Jv Kal KE1Jlivwv.'AiH)VClI 1961.489-611. - N. T~uOO:K1l, M£M:til~.una ;t£p('lcooilIP Bpocvviov, BEBe, 2~ (1951). 1-34. N. TWj.1ui)uKTI,'Ayt0plOt1lKu( KW8\t-~ to.w Ef'l)'Wv 'lwcril'9 BPUEVVlOU, EEBC, 32 (1963), 26-39.

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HCTOPHJCKO • TEOJIOmKH OKBHP BPHJEHHJEBE EIIOXE

a) Bnmrru-rxa cn'ryaunja y XIV H XV uexy

vlerpaaecra II I1("'THaeCTli uex, Kana jc »csueo Jocucp BpnjeHl-ljC, najepnrn-muje je apeste BU3aHTl.fjCKt!. uMnepHje. MaIW je ucropaja Tor nepnona AOCTa n03HaTa, ceam-paxio KOPHCHMM Aa JJ.ClMO j~AaH OIlWTH npcrnen H>erouor IlomITH\JKOr fJ ayxonncr erarsa, U1TO he IIClM nOMofin na 6o]f~c p<:l3YMeMo ycnouc nOA kojaau je aosueo, AenOU30 H 6::1fH'IO ce reonomjosr JOCHq) Bpnjeaaje.

Kanaje 1261. rou. MHXau:1l0 XIII flaneonor nosparuo Llaparpan on ITa'n1H(l, '3(\ BH33HTlljy jc no-reo HOIHllJep1f01l., n03HaT xao euoxa Flaneonnr-S. 'raj nepnon, nepaon 6op6~1 H nomrru-ncor Hen0133H.a ~a cnacasaa,c Ht.-1U~pnje O,A OTOMClHCKe onaCHOCTH, aITH yjenno H nepuon ynyrpatmser npeotipaxaja sao 11 yuyrpaunsux auraronnaaaa, GlIO jc npenonpeheu na 6yn,e J.I nocnearsa nepaon, :JiUI<1'33K u npenue-repje Buaanrnje.

Bacuocvaun.ena Bnsuaruja (1261. ron.) unje Gnna BHU1e cnansa lfMncpHja ~umymlx npCMCHCl, Hero jCAHa Mana AP)f(aBa ea f]OjCKOM HCjJ.OBOIhBHX cuara ua 6paHH caoje nocrojan,e. Flpna onacnocr, xoja ce uojaaana O.l..lMaX Hoene .1261. rOAHHe, 6HJl3 je fJaMepa Kapna Aioxyjcxor na norrono np:lTli 3a113ny Ilaparpan H CTsopn jc.;.J(HY ncnHKY uaaepujy cnajan.eu HCT01.me u jy»me npscaue, Bn- 3<lHTJ1ja, xoja auje Morna lHl CC cynporcraaa Kapny, cnaCJJJJCI ce saxuarsyjylus YCTaHKY npOTHIl Kapna (n03HaTO cnnanajaucxo ne1IcpH .. e), ycrauxy KOjn: je uonpaueo acupnrsen.y Moh" xpan.a AH)f{yjcKor, a y KOjl1 jc, KaKO nsrnena, 6no YMewaH H caa BeIIJTH IIOJII1TW-lap XI np>KtlSHliK, HMnepaTOp MnXOiinO VlJI nanconor.1

I 0 lUlllepaTOPY MliX,III1lY VIII Flnneonory SHD,lt K. GiUIIIUd;_il/)I)uf/IS, Emperor Michael P:.Ilcolngus und tbc Wc."I: 1258-1282. Harvard Pre ss 1955 (rp'IKH npeeon. Arnua 1%2). rnc cc no npau 11)'1' AOKa:JyjC ueroaa YJ10ra y yCTCHlKY cuuanujancse ae'repu. Muxaanc VIJI, 11.1 611 O'flUlOHHO onacuocr "oja je

11

L2

HciiiOf1lfjC:'W-,UCWUI/WW m<llllp liplfjeHflJi.'III' l'iiOXt' (ll-Cltl)

AIlI'{, '~OK je onaCHOCT ca jyr-a nect-ajana, nojanuna ce HOOc-l jow nella unaCHOCT ca HCTOKa. OA xpaja XIII LJCKa OTQMaHCKH Typun no-rena cy 036u.JhHo,n:a yrpoacauajy saaarrrujcxe nocene Y MUJ10j A3"jH. l'J.mepaTOp AHAPOIDiKII (1282-1328),l1a 6H HM cc cynporc-

'rauuo, noauao jc Y uOMufi nnaheauxe KaTanaHc.2 .

ANAPOHHK8 III HaCnCA110 je n.eron najcrapnjn can Jouaa V, «ojn je rutao 'fa,[la jCA138 9 ronnna. Oxu npecrcna MJIflJ\or nxrncpa'fOP" 1130nO jc upm'oy6MJlatIKU par.Fnaeuy ynorYYTOMCOAHrpanH cy. c jeuae erpaae, BenUKH AOMeCTUK Joaaa KUHTaKY3ItH, a C npyre crpane, YJl.OB8 Annponaxa In AHa Casojcxa Ii Anexcnje AnoxatpROC, napaKUMOMeHOC (= crapeniaxn .rJHlIHe l~apeBe rapae), a xacHI1jC H nemlKH nyxa, KOjH jc no-reo Jl,R IIDlpH Beer J.(<t KaHTaKY3HH uene nourronara 3aKOHI1TQ HaCJlej\CTOO npecrona EI A(\ he OR OTCTH upecro OJ~ ssanone'rsor- JOU3Ha. Maoru cy nouepoaanu y aile npn-re, Me9Y Koj1:lM3 1:1 uapaua AHa H narpnjapx Kanexa, KauraKy3H.H, acnaH>ajyluf ce aa jeuao crapo IIYHOMonjc «oje My jc nao A HnpOHHK, cynpOTCTaBI10 ce TOMe, cMaTpajyh.H cc6c KClO aaurrarHI1Ka MrJnoneTHOI' Jonaua, 360r npujareiscraa npCMU At-IJl.pOHHKY, a If 360r Tara urro je OR 6uo crnapsu uuanap AP:>Kal3c. Illro ce Tli9C nynovobnja. narpnjapx je rnpnno I.(a CC TO 0AHOCUJIO CHMO Ha jenny o.npebeH)' caryarmjy Ji( na He Ba)l{H 113a y6YAyh.e. Cue ouo nojauano jc cYMH)e xoje je uiapao Anoxarpxoc. Ilocne 'fora IiJo.mepaTopKR Ami nnWI1J1a je KURTaKY3MHa lll1H3 11 CB~fX JJ.Y)f(HOCTH., ,o,OK ce OH JHtna3lt:O y uoxouy nporas Byrapa, H onoauana uOjCKY y npecroualI,Y. Bojcxa naje H313pWliJIa HapeA6y UapWII1HY, ner-o jc KaHTaKY- 3vIHa npOrnaCHJTa uapeM Y Lh-fMOTIHl.H, ooyxanum ra y nypnypna 11.apCKH orpra-r, oxrotipa 1341.r. Ilocne caera, nepenn cc aacrann.ajy H Y OC'l:anOM cuery 11 Y castoj IIpeC1·oHHl.(lI lIMoeplfje.3 Flpe<''TOHHl.(a jc onrouopana xpyaacau.exr esanone-rnor J(JIl<lHa V (1341.1391) xpajeMHoneM5pa. Llapa Jonaaa Ilaneorrora KpYHReaO

npe'runa 1I0BOycIlOI.-mBJl>eHoj BH:JtlHTIJjCKOj Il.P"';IUII on crpaue Kapna Au:..:yjCKor, nOKYUWBao [e. cUIII 6e3 ycncxa, Ita nool1jc. nOMon CJlOHCIICKIIX !HIPOna Cpea 11 Byrapo. CTONl je upeunarao cpnCKOM Kpan.y YpOl.l.Iy opal' H~mel)y cnoje Khepu AHe 11 Ypowenor cnua Muaynuta. rum cc ·ro unje ocraapuno. BI11111 rt:IJIJluje Ilaxuuepuc. Mt;(Ul1A l1uAUto)"6yo~ IIJJl.. I. Bekker, Bonnuc lM35,CTp. 3511. Cp. em. CtTIUHOjf!IIUh, KpD.1b YpOUl. GcorpanlY35.crp. 4Y-51. II lnnnuc TupHuHur)uc,'H'E1O\Al101,Uan"" 7tOAl'tll(il 'tOU AU1:0KpU.tOPO':; MI;(an}.. nw..UlOAQ--yoU £vavtt -roN BO\JA.,upWV Kat tfuv r.tp~(i)V, "l3u~avttvit'·. R (1970). CTp. 5~·.s7,

2 nJlaheH~lttu KQJH cy C.lly:+:ItJUI cauanujancxor Kp<Ubll (j)PItJJ.J'lI1X<l II. a uocne Ii AItIlPOm!Ka II Flnneonora. OBII nnahellltll,11 c-y lI~mnlll1:JDeC!lor )'C!lCX:I. ann nc 'J;t AYro. :3a upeue nSH1W.lBlIHC nea AlIAjXIIU1K<l TYPlJ.Il cy l:TltrJIII no 06<111;;1 Mpnaopaor aopa. Y epeere CMpTH uxmeparopa AHUPOHllKll 111 (U2X-1341)

., u:~~;~~rq~~~~~~C~~o~~~£~~ ~f:l1~:~e~z~1~rfgo%6~?'~I~~~ ~i~' Itapnrpan.

l

IIIIAlliUlI'/I~ll clliiiytl1fLljtl Y X/Vu XV IK:"--" (11-22)

13

jc y xpaMy CSCTe Coqmje uarpajapx Jonas (KanCKa).4 Tnxo je HMnepnja caua noncn.eua u3MCby nna IIMIICpaTl.pa. HI1KliCPOp ['PHropa rnuue Y ueau ca THM 0110: "Mot-no ce RI-IAt:TH na je na AIlH l-leJla uouenaa C~Hl rplIKU uapon y cuaxo« rpany II ncxpajmut: aa pasriopwre H Hcpa30opHTe, Ha 6oraTc.H ua OCKY11.He, ua cuecrpano ofipa:30naHC U an oae Cie·311KaKl!oC' ufipa3011al1.n. Ita n<.lMC'I'HC H flOKOPHC H ua 6CJYMHe, 6YRToBHe H KPBO>KCIlHe":')

Y OI3HM ynyrpaunt.ua UCMHpI1M<l cYHeJ10JWJlH cy n uenpujaTeJ"n IUI3uHTHjcKCAPJKaBC, Byr-ap«. Cp61i 1-1 TYP((H. nCKOplIlll'fl:ln<ljyhH npUJIMKe An flu npHrpa6umi. aa cefic 13H3aHTHjcKc oGJ1aC-rH. Kall'J'ar<y:nm CC nnje \TaK ycrpy-muao na CKn01H1 caaes CCI Opxnnoss. 'l'ypCKI'lM cYJJTaHOM, 3aHcMapyjyli.Jt KaTi::I.CTp0<pHJlHe uocnenauc KOjc 6u srorao 113333a1'1i TaK3B caOC3, rOAUHC 1345. KaHTaKY:iI1H je aaunanao cKopn ncnoxr Tpaxajosr. 11 aarnenano je Aa ce J(oral)ajl1 onnajajy Y lheroBY KOPUC'f. Y Anpaaaononncy (Jenpeuy) KpyH ucao ra je sa uapa capruyra uarpujapx jepycanaercxn Jlaaap, 21. Maja 1346. (1)e5pyapa 1347.(', KaLiTl:1KY3HHje yurao Y KOHCTaHTHT-IOnofu. Llapaua Alia J],01.fCKana ra je xao iomepa-ropa pauaorrpannor ca n,eHlTM CHHOM JOOUHOM V, li TaKO CC OM no -rpeha UyT KPYHUWC 13. Muja 1347, rOHUHC. KaIlTaKY3HHje nnanao non HMCHOM Jonau VI AO HOIJeM6pa 1354. «anajc JOBaH V 1 Y'j nOMoI; 'BeIlOljn~aHHHa Francesco-a Galtilusio-a ycneo na ra y/I.alhl1 ca npccrona, KaH'fUKY31UT je Tal_H), naxo jc r..wrno na ce CyupOTC'l'aOH H OCTant: na BJl<.l~J'". (6).1,H· unpao H :iaMOHHUIIlO ce Y3CBUlU MOHi:lWKO HMe Joacatp. YMpO je xao i\wuax 1383. roaane. Oaaj ynyrparmsn paT noneo je 1U1:Ji:lHTl1jCKY aeurepnjy )),0 xaora-mor CT:_'lH,a, YIHlIllTHO jc 11 OHO Mano caare xoju je 61·ma ocrana 11 YBCJHIKO je aonpuueo H,eHOM nuny.

Jow aa upcxre unaaaeaue UMnepa'l'Opa AHl\POIUIKH 111 nojaRima ce uoua onacuocr 3a HMIICPlfjy. J.I TO OJ,l crpanc Cptiajc. KpUJh Cp6a C,:c(yau AytJfaJ.1 sayaeo je ceuepay MaKC)~c')HI1.jy u nehu ueo Anfianuje. KacHHJe je, xopucrehn aecnaran,e H3Mt!l}y Karrraxymuu H Joaaaa V M AP){{ei;H je.AHOM crpaay jCJ.~Hora a npyrn nyr npyrora. aayseo ueny Maxenounjy OCJ.iM Conyna. 3ml<tajHo YTJlpl)en o e I13MCljy Conyaa a Itapllrpana, Cepea, uocne ouxon.anan.a nano je y H.>eroue pyxc. Illro ce TH'Je Llapurpana, H<lMepC

~ J.1CTO.16. 1.'11. 42.

5 III1KIlt/JOf1 rpllio[1(J:lcrtopiu. 12, 12, :'i.lfJn. Bonnuc uno, 611.

() MCTo, 2~. 29-3U, (300rl:1I! 11'l55, crp. 243. Cp. II illfllill KIlHmm(\'.JIII/,·\mopiu. 4. ~('-42, Bounce IS32.I.'Tp, 290-3n7.

7 () )W'J)'M)' oceojeu,a MaKCJ~oll';K)IX II iUlG;"tIlCK!U rpanoaa on crpane uapu Jlyuruua UIlUIl MlixtluJ10 /111111111. 311 xpouonoruiy ItYIJJ;WOUHX ocnajan,n nnnmrujcknx rr;Ln,m:l. 'JPB H, 4 (\ y~n). crp. (,- HI.

/{ I)LII-\LI A. GJJlmJ/f:u. Llap Jl.Ylll<111 y CCP~·lY . .lllt!l)slllVCII~ki il"l\)rij.~ki i!a~opjs:, 1/3-4 (I '.>:l5). C'I1), 472. Cp. MllXlII1l1O AI/Huh, IIC"O, L'1·P. 2.

14

D.YlllaH013C OliJ)!.! cy jacne. Flo-reo je na yucrpeon.aua 'J'HTyJly "ere(pali Xpaurhauau UCplUl xpan, Ii <H1Cony1'ITH MOHapx Cpfinje B POMtlllUjC",1J A)JI!J nil Viol nocrurno cnoj l~}tn>, 1]. npOr1HllJICII,C 3(.1 aaucpuropa Cpoft" H fPKR, U1TO Uff My nOMorno Ita crurue J.lU U<~pllrpaJla. OHJlO je nconxonno uocrojaa,c jCJJ.JlOr narpnjapxa KO,l11 fin finarOC.JlOUHO FhCrOBO KPYI'U1CaJ-be::lH lIMUt:.p(\'!'opa. 3 .. rro je ~)JVlylIH() na cpncxor apXBCIlIICKona JO:tHHKHja npornaca '.HI uarpaJnpxa. OKO Ycxpcu 1346. ron. casuuo je y cnojoj npccronnuu CKOIln~y nOM~CHH cafinp, aa KOMe je, JlUPCA f1JH:!l\Ulna 11 qCJ10r COCUTTCl;lCTBa CpGHjC) fino [.J fiyrapcku uarpajapx ll'J Tpuoua CHMCQH. 3<1TI1M CUC1I1TCKCTfiO 113 oxynapannx 06JT<1CTl'l ca CUOjllM npcAC'rmuIHI\J'L\1<I, II MO}{(ICn- H3 Cuere rope. Ouue rpena )J." noveHCMO na je Ilyurau Y TOKY OJ3uX AoraJ)aja noxasuo 'MHoro JbyoaBH npCM<:I rp'IKHM CJ3ernTeHIfI~HMn H MOHaCI1MU xno H npeMa l'MHl<:lCTHpHMCI Y Cuero] Fopn. OIlHM MmlaC1'Hpl1Ma nnje CClMO 1l0TOR9HBilO upauuneruje xojc cy uo raau YIKHlHlJllf. Hero uxje 11 JlpOUmpHBi:lo.lIJ Ha 1I.ueTH 1346. fDA. ouaj CKOIICKll caoop uonxrao jc CpnCKY 'WKBY na crcneu uarpajapurujc, a apXHenUCKOHH JOHHHKHja npo~naCHU narpajapxo«. Cneuehe HCJ1,Cn,C, aa caM Hatl Y cxpca, uarpajapx JOoHHK1Ije KI~YHllCa~) jc Ilyuiaaa ::Ja l'lMrICpaTUpa (uapa). BaCCJbeHCKrl mWpHJHpl1ll1J3 cynpoTCT<lBHJllt cc OIlOM He'3ilKOHH'I'OM ~Hmy Cpncxe npxue HCK_?JIHKO r~HI~Ha KHCHHjC,1I H npexo narpajapxu KaJIIICT{I (1350-1.3.)3, 1355-13(4) iHI~'feMl1Cmla Ilyruaua. apxncrnrcxona Joaunxuju 11 CpnCKY upxuy.' ...

n(lCJW Kpy~m::<'lIha AYW~H je cny cnojy nm}.:J-LY ycpcncpcnno Btl Ilapurpan, 'H1J), Je oxynaunjy cuarpac Jl.1KOIVl. Ami uaje rpefiano AYl'lI npeveaa naua cxuarn All ce sa ocrnapen-e ouor lI.J-IJT,U Mopa l.:.yO'tTHTIi ca ~lJeMa retuxohava: ca Typr(HMa KojH cy ]H'fal111 MCTe aaxrepe Ii ca He,uOCTHTKOM rpnorc xoja je (h(J1<:t HCOI1XO)J.Ha sa ~Hy3HMaH,C Ijapnrpana. Hanopn Ilynranosa na CKJIOl1U C'II.1<::3 ca TypI~HMa. HJlH ca MJI(:!l.lCll:ll1MH xojn cy 1I"'.J<mu jaxy <pnOTY. Hl1CY yponnm: nnono». D,YIIJ<Hi jc yapo H3HCHH.o.a 1355.1'. He AO'leKaUWH oC'J'uapell>C CIlOjHX BemUOJX aMUI1L1.llja. HOell\! CMPTJ1 ,UYW<lHOIJC

y K. ~:{.rijl:l, MEO".CIUflVIKli ~l~AIO(hlKl1, I, Bcncuujn-Ilapna 1872, C'I1'. 239. Cp.lI. vosttiev, Jo-ocro. tr,o:; notnvn \'fl~ A '(n:OK'pCI10piu<;(rp'IKH upeuon). Arana 'jI}54, t:"['p.7m.

10 H.1c1(llfAI1IP f'rlmWII/, CI~. rl.rrpajnpx Kunucr I[ Cpncsu Ll,PICU,l, rJl:IClIl'lX Cpncxc np'1I1.IJ,PKBC. I) (JI)46), ctp. 11)7.

11 0 JlH'I)'I-J}' ;JlJ;\TCMC llli,El,Lt IIdTIo, IYt)-202.

I':! 0 np{JrJlillHcU .. y CPIICKC npxnc IIlI C'TCIICJI Flurpujaptnujc J<l upeue I~apa Jlyumna eunu 'I;' CJIlJ;erl'/('Hflh, Hcropnja CPilCKC np'160CJIaUIIe.lJ,pKlJe, Tl.)Io,1 I. MIJIIX(:II 19112, crp. 172·1Ht). 'rnKol)e annu r. Ot'lTiPOZ(}PCKIi. Ccpcxa (l6J[(\(,.~1' nocnc Ilyurauoac capru. UWJ:tIITI!ja n Cnceena, (Cn6pilllil 1.\1,;/111 IV). bl:Orp1l.IL. \ ~J70. crp. 5Y2·()():\.1! MlllliJPll2 tIyp}wtlllh. CPIICKH natpnjupcu cpemscm nexn. Jll1ceJlf~()p(!) 11)76. crp. Hil-91.

I]O.,1J/i'lJII'/KlIl.:wTrYIll{lIj(J." XII' /I XV liCK), (I \-22)

is

Cpfiuja jc 113ry6JuTa CBOjy Mull, H 'I'll Me jc necruna ~I onaCHOCT '3a Buaaarujy.

TYPl(l~, xao ~JT() C"'.tO eeh Bkl)J.~na, CM.eUl'reHH ra UP;';MC AHHPOHH.Kt.l ill, Y Manoj A3J1.fH 11 JoICKOPHH.lftY.1ynu yayrnpn-e pacllpc y ~IM~'lepI1Jli sa ApeMc KaHTi:lKY3JHIa ~l Jonana V ,1I0'ICJfI.l cy nu HHWiPY Y Enpony. Flpna paanor aa TO fiuno je H.>HXOUO caucsunurruo ca K"IHHIKY:H1HOM, uo [(OM~ cy Typua 6HJlH lI.Y)KHH na ()BOMC 1I0MOfHY Y GOpOH npornn Jouaua Y. TYPQH cy TO Pi:1AO Y'HUnml1, ann cy '1'01\-1 UPI1nl-IJ(OM lot CTBapHIlH cnoja YTupl)etba y Enponrr. Suyacrm cy mime l-pa)J.ona,/ TpaKHjH, xoj« cy OJfJHt onycrourcua :JGor 3eJl.oJJLO'I'peCa, Mel)y KOJl-IMa ~c linni.l3HO 11 rpan Funanorse (KHJH:1110JllIC). Osaj ~'PaA cy t354.1 . l TYPUH YTnpAliJlli, ouacann 3JiJlHHClMa 10{ C'1'BofHWa JHK U;~HTap KOJH cy aar-mr ynorpennnu xao 1I0Jla'JHYT"1'IKY 3a 1lC1JbH OCBaJRlf~a. Onarne HaWil?yhI1, 3aY3eml cy (I)11!Umom.1IlJ, AnMuTHKY (1361), A)lpaaHQII<)nac(1362) Ii sauperunu caMOM Conyny, H>I1xnu ocnajaxxa Hanel' HUJC CC 3a,l"lOLlOn,HO casro oCBajmbcM Bll3aH1'HjCKHX noceua. nell. cy cnoje uanaue nponyacnnu H }~O jPKHOCJ10SCHCKHX rpauona KOJe cy nU'JCJHI Cl1CTCMaTCKH An ocnajajy. CpOH cy paao OCeTIlJIll urHlCI:lOCT xojajc )lOJHl3HJJ(l 01~ Typaxa, 9, 1010 UJTO Hac 06a~elllTaBa AHJl.fllTpHje KH).I,OH(1C, Y CBOMC rouopy KOjH je upacao 1_,71. ron., ,QOUTDU cy rana npencraaanua CpGa y Koncrau'I'JUIOlIOJb na nU30BY BH3C1H'fHlfqe y Gop6y nporau 3ajefJ.HI1'lKOr lfcnpnjareJba.1tl

Fonauc 1371. na peun Mapl1~11 onarpanu ce onny-ryjyha 6l<TKa H'jMe~y ~ypaKa H yjC}l,HH>eHHX 1C1:H!30Ba Cponjc (= cpncioix '3CMaJba), KOJH~a ce, no HCKHM CI3C/.l.OQat-tl."l'BIiMa. npanpyacanu H rp'fKi.l BojcKaY' DUTKa .it! UKOJ-JlJ"aHH lIopa30M Cpda. li Y H>Oj cy uorauyna H cpncxa ananapa BYKaWHIi Ii JOUi.\U Yrn.etna. Ilocne oue 6H'TKC, HaCJ1c,r\ltI1K BYK31lll1HOB, Mapxo, oc-raje 110JtpeJjeH Typo;HM£l (naaanj.nox «uca Jlaaup ua ccncpy Cpriaje ocraje xcsauncaa. aJI" caao sa KPOTKO apesse. Founue 13R9. TYPLll1 cy Y KOCOUCKOj OUlla 1l00CIAJ1J1H Cpu(.:. Y?HJlH KHe:'HI. Jlaaapa. }:l HJcrOIlY )W>Kauy IJOKOPHJITL HeKOllHKOrOAHHa xacaaje (1393) 3:1Y3t:JUI cy upecrounuy Byrapcke, TPHOUO, a 3aTlfM II ueny Byrapcxy. 3~Y3j.{MaHjeM ouax 3~MaJLa TyPu,w cy yeenuxo GHnH YUJm1 Y 6anKaHcKo nonyocTpUO, onxon.aeajytin Ilaparpau Ii ConYH, a uperehn jY)KHOj EHPO- 1111. Mnora nCTOpWWPl{ Mlfc.nc )~a je Joean KaHTaKY3liH C])OjIlM caUe;j.OM ca TypIlHMa AOllPI1HCO npoflopy TypmGl Ha BaJIKaUC;}<'o

16

nonyocrpuo, anH TO Hlije Guo IRanR ... l H jeuana pa3J10r H>HXOBor npOJJ;I"paJML BaCHJbeB flCTJPlC ll.a "rnanna paanor J[C)i(JiI y ycnoam .. ca KOjIJ cy uocrojana ua BIlJIK3HCKOMfJOnYOCTpsy. fI~C nnjc 6Hno jaxe np)K<'\Ile. soja 6u fl.wrna na ce cynp0'TCTaBH TYPCKOj cnnn xoja je HClHHpana cajyra, TYPl('H 6H caaxaxononrnn y Eupony H ue3 noanna KaHT<lKY3HHa".11

Ila cc npnTi'IMO cana aa yayrpaunsy C"ITyiU~Hjy y BH33Wl'HjH.

JOB(1H V je upeyaco ucncxynrty RJHICT 1354. rounue. H:.1Jl33efiH ce npcn ortacaourhy 01.l Typaxa. UH C.C oGpal1a HCTonepHRM Cp6J1M8 -rpaacchu on n.nx na CKJ10ne C lhltM caues npOTl1B 3ajC,lI,HJttlKOr senpnjarcn,u. Y TOM l.I,HJb)' nocnao je nOClIaHCTBO na L!eny ea narpajapxon Karmcrov 1364. r. y HOBy np~CTOHl111,y CPIICKC Ap>K(1Ue Cepcs. n pan sanaras one In.J3auTHjcKe nenerarmjc 6HO je J.\« cc noripuaysa ycnocraarsan.e MIipa Mel)y nneaa Ilpxnaaa. AnH, J:I3HCH(lJ],Ha CMpT narpajapxa KaJIHCTa no nonacxy Y Cepes nonpnuena je na ce ycnocraun-aa-e penoeaux 0AilOC~L H3Meljy naejy Llpkana OAJIO}Kl1. lIlTO h_eJ~e anax nocrabu «acnaje, nocne nyrux nperonopa, 1375. rOAUHe. I1Mnepa-rop J ouau V. nopc].l oepabaa,a COOjl1.M caUC3Hl1lJ,HMa CpOI1Ma, oxpenyo ce H npeva PUMY, uanajyha CC J-la 0)[ nana CBOjJ.lM aYTopHTeToM Moraa YTHu,aTl1 na HCJ<e Ap)KaBe Eupoue na nourarsy sojaa nojaxan,a nporan Typaxa, 36or1'Ora.le mlllHO oraurao 1366, rOA. MaljapCKOM xparsy JIYJJ.OBHKY y npam,a CBOjHX canoaa EM8BYllna (:;; Mauojna) 11 Muxanna. Kao WTO senu r. Ocrporopcxa, "TO je tlnno npOll nyr na BI!3aHTI1jcIGI uap HAC Y HHoCTpaHCTIlO He KaO aojcxoeoba aa llCJIY 'rpyna, Bet xao MOJm:nau aa ·ry~y noaoh"." AJIH I-bcrOBH nanoptr aucy yponunu nnoaox, a cxryauaja ce jour H noropurana HOBlIM yayrpaum-aa 6op6aMa OKO npecrona, y KojHMa cycynenosana pa3HH nenpnjarersa B1l3aHTHje. AHAPOIU1K, CH_R J OBaHa V 1 aeycnenrac je ycrao npOT118 cnora ona. Orau ra je yxancao ~f 6al.\HO Y TaMHHu,y. Y'J nOMon 'Beaoen.ana, AHAPOHHK 1I00crHe H3 3,lTUOpa H nOHOSG ce cynporcrana ouy, KOrCl ycne H8 30aqH ca OpeCTOJJ8 1376. fOA. H C1'HSH Y 3aToop, Llap 118K Jonau V ycne A8 ce novohy TypAK8 nouono BpaTH sa npecro, amr ce TOM npRIIJfKOM o6ane3ao An DOUlalbe CYJ1TaHY je).laH oApen

:~ ~'A~~~:~r~:~ ']<tlrZ~j~!~~~:\)~~-:;~~~\J~~~~;.~~i~~~~';eJ~{~~~·~~Pi(~~· Cpo

LI.1I.Al!lwpllje Sozowwrmli, H'.1MllpcI-bC cpncxe 1'1 euaaa'rnjcee npsae. rlpaeocnaana ~lIlCIIO, XVIII, 21. Becrpan 1974. crp- fi2-74, ~ r. OcifilJOzr;p!:Ku.

19 ~e})~.~~~,~~~)~:;;: ~~~~~'J:~;1;;~~~~~a6pmfH uena VO. Seorp<1J11~6~. CTp.

494. Cp. J. Meyendorff. Prcjets du concile cecumeniquc ell 1367: UI1 dialogue inedit entre Jean C:mla~uz.eneellcJcga( Puct.Dumbarton Onks papers. 14. wcshtngrcn 1960. 15J, u 0, Ht/lr:.th, Un Empereue de Byzance II Rome. vingt uns de travail pour I' union des cgljSt:.~ et pour 1:1 defence de t'ernpire d'orient 1~55·1375. wersawu. 19:\0. C1'p. 111-137.

{/().tWtTi'I'IKc/ ClliiiYIII(fljll Y XlV II XV tH'K.I' (11-22)

17

nojcxe. sao 1l0MUn fberOBI1M l30jFfJ.IM nonyxnm-asra. Hscr-ou CHIT AfI;\POHHK, 1I0CJlt: jour jenner- ueycncnor noeymaja npOTHIl cnora ona, yMnpe 1385. ronmre. Arm H~erOI]OM npnaepy cncna CI1Ii My Jonas VII, KOjH uocrreursc l'O'~Iu{C ananaanne ]Ol3aHH V ycraje npOTIlH uapa (Jonaaa V) ya nOMoh cynraua Eaja311Ta. 14. anpnna 1390. OH je aayaeo Ilaparpan 11 '36(IlVJO JOU8H<l V ca npccrona. Mc15yrHM, n.eroaa enauaauaa unje nyro rpajana. Iler MI::CeUn xacnaje, E~HUlYI1J1 (Manojno}, CHH Jouana V, ycncsa Aft yljc Y KOHCTaI:TTHHOn01b II na flOI3paTI1 npecro C130Me ouy. Joaan Y, nonpaTl'IDWI1 ce na npCCTO H 1311AeBW'H na cc TYPl\H urape - Bet; cy UHJ1H noxopnna Cp6c H(I KncOBY non-y (1389) -. DU\IeO je J\a OKO KOHcran'nrnonon.a nonpann.a 311J],11He, Y CKOPO McljYTILM, nou npem,aMa Cynraaa, 6no je upassopaa A3 otiycraua paiJ,OBC ua onpannu 31-J.n,orJa, a neb cneuehe 1391.r. yMlfpe, nyu rOplJIIHe 3601' npanaxu xojc cy nnananc y n.eroaoj AP)'K8011. 013a ROBa nOJIlITH\IKa OOpO(j TOJUtKO j~ OCna6HJ1a BH3aHTujy na cy yIl)'TpUllIH.e IIpMllUKe, 11' urrueaure casro u.eno nocrojas,e, sauncane on UCJlHf(IIX Cl1J1a -rora Ao6a, a one cy oner AeJIOtWne npcna cl.1ojmvl IIJ,HTepeCHMa. Dt!HOBJLaHH cy CC yucmana y 3fiaquBal-bC liMIIepaTOpa ca upeC1'OJIa na 611 6pmmnu caoje ~fHTepece. KOjH cy 6nJU.I yrPOIKCHH, jep je J.1MnepaTOp ycrynuo ocrpso TCHCAOC Mneunxra, ca Kojl1Ma cy TIeHOBJbrtHl1. 6]JJ1I1 y pnTI10M cran.y. Ouny-ryjyhy ynory H.MaJUI cy Typun, xoja c~[rl:rrcpReHI1CaJIJ-I (YfBOpeHO )1 Yl3eK Pi'tJ1I'f ceor concrceaor aurepeca .

noCJJC CMI)"1'l1 JOHaHa V a,erOB CUB MaHojJIO II KPYH~IUlC CC 3<1 aemepa'ropa {l391-1425fl, nocne oeKCTB,1 caunope cym-ana Baja- 311Ta, rue je )~p)Kan y nexoj upcra POllCTB(1. HOBH HMncpaTOp, caernor nJ1Ka, H3l](IHpeAHOI' otipasoua.sa l{ npHMCpHC 03fiUJ1,HOCTH. crynno je na npecro y je,RHOM uaapeuao TCl.UK(IM I3peMeHY aa Buaam-ajy. Jtb.mepnj<l je oxna CUCACH<I, OCHM Llapnrpuua, na TpaKlljy, Cony}!, Ma]JJ{ 6poj aCTpIJa erejcKor apxanenara j.f nenono-

~~) ~;~~~E{::){2b~';;ll;~~:~:I~p~/~;I~~~~~e~~1~~'p~e;~;~e~Wp~~~~a. Cynpyra My je

rinna enu "r-ocnonnna KOtlCTtlUTIHla Ilparnura''. !-bC!! 1-1 Maaojnou CHH 6110 jo nOCllCIVbll 1II1)~Ul'rl[jcKlI nap Kmu .. 1"aHTlIIl XI nalh:OJIOI', KOjl1 je ueor MajKc uocuo H IIMc,UparaUJ. () nOpOAIHlI-I Ilpnraur f! IbllXOOllM De3<tMH ell BIl'J<lBTUjOM IHlLU1:.Ll. AfUlciiiaclJjcmur... JeWI!'! nU)<ltrrlljn:ro uapuua Cpueuu.a, GplITCTBO. 30 (lY3~). cr-p. 1·23. r: Odfipo?Uf)CKIl, r'ocnonau Kom.'TiulTIl!1 Ilpar .... ur. 30$(1), 1 (I Y63). '-"''P. 2~'7·2Y4. S. (/Jf:pjIlH'wli,)J,ecnoTII y UI1'lallTlfjlllljy)KllocJIOl)ellcKI1~f :icMJb,IMU, Beorpaa 1%0. crp. 124·126, IflS-lti\,J, \73-174. oo lll'/il02, Ccnacroxprrropn II «ecapa y CP1H':KOM uapcruy. 31])11), 1{11J70). C1'Jl. 7. 1\-1, "f,jll'lIth, Ocucenc jcarpo upacane Ilejanoeeha. i'kwPlljCKIl -taccnuc, 4(\ lJ52-:i3), crp. 227-243. ()r) IIciiioi, Ceaacroxparcp Jlejau. McruplljcKI1 rnncnnx. 3-4("19$:1). corp. 17·2K PfI()t' MIfX(W"wh, KP<1j CPHCKUI' Llnpcrna. lieurpa}], 1975,C'l'p.67-TJ, lTVIR4. 0 unneparopy MalJojJJY II n:1JlCOJlOry BHlU! !I J.W. Burker. Manuel II P<llcologus 1391·142:'i. A study in Jah! Byzantine sunesmanshlp. New Brunswick - New Jersey 1')69.

18

J1nU()/,II;Clw-til"WIIWIKII OIatllP Jjptlj('Nlfje{f(.~ t:i1a.'<e (11-6U)

aes. Llapnrpan ce, 01\ npnor MOMt:HTa Maaojnose nmlAaDHHC I:HlIIJaO Htl HeKJil HatllIH Y ClrrY<JlI)tjH onxon-eaor rpana, jep je Baja'3IlT nopy-rao l.{apy: "AKO )KcnHl,U .0.3 naupruamun Moje uapenfie, 3<.t'J'IJOPll xannjc rpaAi:~il unana] y 16CMY, a cee WTO ce Hana3~" 8(~H u.era upauaua MeHU", CYU'H:!H ca OUOM onacaourhy, MaHOjJlO je O)-lP)KaBaO npajaren.cxe uese ca Gaja3liToM, ana xacauje, BHAenUll1 na ce onaKBHM OAUOCUMa "ypCK3 onaCHQCT He, MO>KC aeyrpanaca'1'11. OH ce o6paha npeva 3atHl)l.Y.

TypU;H cy, nocne 3Ha1lajulix ycnexa aa EaJlK'H-IY. Kat) llITO eMO nnnena, npcruna calla n Mal}apcKoj. Mahapcxa Kpan'> C~1rMYHI~ npen OIlOM onacaourhy 06paTIIO ce onanapas-a Espone. OIUJ cy CC onaanann u.er-onoxr n03HIlY cnaH>eM OOjCKC aa 1I0X01J, npOTI11l Typaxa, Knju jc (noxon) ClirMYH/I opraaaaonao. I-hrnel\" 1\" jc Y TOMe y-recrnosao u HMoepaTOp Mauojno, ,UBi casro Y cpl1HaHcHjcKOM norncn,yY Ami raj noxon Hl1je YOliUlTC ycneo. BUTKa CC onarpana KOA J::lHKOIlOJLa (1396). Ii Y H.Oj je 2~ao TypCKH uaaan y-recrsonao 11 CPl1CKH KHC3 Crerpaa Jlaaapcuuh. TYPU,H cy not-yxnu C\;lrMYHAOBy U.OjCKY, H ~1Hore Y POflCTBO onuenu. CaM C~lrMYH)~, 1136c.rClIlWH naU3U>C Y poncruo, nparao ce npexo Llapnrpana Y Ma~apcKY· Ilocnc OUI! nooene Eaja3HT oxynapa Tecanajy, ATHHy }1 nn.a-rxa nccncrar Mopejy [Flenonoucs).

Ila fiu onaxurao u-rajan ncnoacaj KOHcTauTHUOL10JI)8, nap Maaojno CC ooparno xpIHllhaHCKHM Bna,o.apUMlt 3a11ClIl.i.i KOjU cy My nOCJT8JTIJ HeKY Many nonob. Ta ce BOMon cacrojana IlciHIKOM y HOOQY, II unje fiulItl f1.0B0J1Ha na GYJ~e erpaxacsa. KOHCTHH'fI1HOIlOn.y jc ul1na norpedaa eojcxa. JeWiHlI je xpan- <l)paHQycKc Kapno VI nocnao 1900 aojrruxa non PYKOBOACTUOM renepana Buucicaut-a. Oaaj rerrepan, xparipa H I1CKYCIU1 paTlIYlK, y~IeCTIlOl3i:HJ je y fiHlU1 KOJ,l Haxouon,a, o}J,aKJIe ce HeKHM llYAOM jenua acau cnacao. <!>paH"YCKa dmorn, ycncsurx na npohe AapA"Rene, rne cy IIX TYPl1" nOKYllIaJIfI :taYCT8IlHTli, crnrna je y KOHCT3HTJ.:lHOIlOJb, rne je l~olleKaHa ca onyurean.crseu. fi nopea paraax ycncxa, xoje cy 3ajcHHUlIKrf HManIf Maaojno If <l'>paHQY3H, HHCY ycnenu na OJl:6Hjy TypCKY OnaCHOC'I' xoja je nperuna Koacraurunonon.y.

0pHnlcHYT ORUM .QorabajHMCI If caneronan Ol~ (PpaHu.ycKor r-eacparta, MaHojJIO peura na orrryryje aa 3ana)J, ca lJ,HJheM na ce JUflUI0 cperne ca 1'aMOWI-MIM nnanapasta U na ux y6elll1 ua My nOMorHY eqnlKacHlfje.2S MaHojno jc HaRMeHonaO CCOli 38 38MeHlt-

22 MHX.(lllJl D.VKIIC, Historia Byzantinu, ! 3, uan. Bonnuc 11<34, crp. 4~.

i~ ~·H~~I;f~:~t~;(;!~{lOn~~~~I~h.l(tt~~~~A~c~I~~KC~~8~1;~~·a~~·:~!~~~~i;I.~~;1;::·1~7H.

1.'11.57•63. .

2."\ 0 Il)'TOIJ<lII.)' uuneperopn M,lItOJJlil un JUW1JlIlHAlt: A. Bm:IfAlWII, Flyreurecrnne BII:!arrTllflCKoro nnneparopa Mall)'1I1Hi II Flancouorn no :tana.n.lloA EnpoHLI, "1K)'puaJl MIIJ1IICTcpC'rU:l Hnponnoro Flpoceeuieuna". Flerporpnn, 3~(1912},

[JaJ/lllTiwIIW C:llluyll/~ltju Y XIV 11 XV tfCK.Y (11·22)

19

xa y Ilapnrpany Jonana Vll, Cl1nH Annpoimsona.jcp cy cc OIUt aeh 6linlT J.t3MHpHnl1 HC\ HHTcpBeHlI,Hjy rCHcpan3 Bnucicaut-a. Llap je nCI~cMGpa 1399. ronase XpCHyO upeeaa 3auaIJ.Y y flpaTH~H nneuaha K cueurreucrua. Ilponaseha xpoa nCCllOT<lT Mopejy, rne jc OCT~HHW cuojy cyupyry If ncuy pann UOJbC GC3ue,nHocTli, crnnoano ~e :i<:l BCHeUHjy. BCHcUHja) yrnauaost rpronasxa rpan, nouena JI! JVI rneua ua TYPKC, liapOtlJ1TO nocno H,UX()\3HX eenuxax ~cnexa B.il (iOjHHM non>HMH, CH cuora 'l'PfOBCl.'IKOr acnexra. Crora Je MaHOJn nona uoccra npeucraun-ann CML:TlbY H.llXOBHM l(HJbeI3I1M(l. l1naK 0l1I1 cy C DCJllIKnM nO'laC'I'HMa no-rexana Manojnu H J.l,anH My najncnuia ofiehan,a y norneny uoxioh». Y I1TanlljH je Manojno noceTHO 11 npyre r-panoae H cuyna jc llOOJ.ijao o6ehaH:.Cl. Onaune je crnrao y Flapua jyna 1400. ronunc. KpaJL KapJ10 VI, cMaTpaJY(~M na My 110CeTa uapa BJBaHn~e -mnn IlCJIHKY -racr, AO')I!KaO fa .1C BpJI() cpna-iao. ABa nnanapa cy HMClJIH -rccrc pasronope. KnpJIO JC 110Krt'3aO nCJIHK)' )KeJhY 38 jow jeuan 1'I0XO.Ll npOTJ{B Typaxa. Y Ilupaay je Maaojno 60palmo AO neucaopa ncre rOAMHe, Kana jc OTnYTOUHO 3i:1 Earnecxy, rne je THKobe JJ.O'geKaH ca eem.l101M. 00'1<IC'I'nM8. Earnecxu xpan, je ofichao 1l0MO'fi Y HOBl.\y H 130JC~I{. BpCMC Kall,3 je M8HOjJIO uocerao ABC nemuce cane 3anaAa nnje 611flO (iaur uajuoronaaje.jep je 611no Ho6n croronnura.er pa-ra I-I~Md}y (1)pa.Hnycxc H EHl'JlCCK(;:. HapaOHO, y OHO OPCt.'IC enaneno jc npHMHpJe, cUUI je '" OHO Glino uecarypao. OCltM 'rora Efu:,~~CX<l .le_ "Man~ yuyrpaum-c Tp:,:wunu.e OKO HaCJ1eJ~C1'lla npecrona." Y <1)PtHlU,YCKOJ [WK¥OrOBopc JJ,_J3ojH.Qe unanapa OMCT3Jlaje nyuresaa 6011eC]' Kapna VI.2 <pc6pyapa 1401.r. Manojno ce upaha y Ilapns, rJ~e je OCTau 1\0 HOllCM6pa 1402.r. o-rexyjyb« peannaarmjy JJ,aTHX o6eha.tba, JIb IhCrouor OHC1-ta cH3RajeMo na je orrrU1'oUI33M xojn jc unaaao Y nOtIC'l'KY Ci.lCDJ.1M HCCTao, jep jc uap cxuarao na cy na-ra My o6ehcHba l-!(1 3anall.Y 61ma casro 1'C!OpC'I'CKOr xapaxrcpa, U n~eMa TOMt! HHJe

'l'pe6aJlo o-resuuaru HI1K.1KI3Y 03611JLHY nonpuncy. N .

DWrK" KOA Asxape (Aarnpe, Am-ope) 1402. ronune 6111'" JC nonon nouparxy napa Maaojna y npeCTOHHlI.Y· Y TOj UHUl! TyptUI cy 6"tnH flOTyt!(!1H1 (JA crpase MOHronCKor xaaa Tancpnana. Y TOM ()ojy oner je Gao IlpJIMOpaH ua cc 6?pl-! Hi=t. crparw Typ(~K.a CPIICKI1 Ilecncr Crcrpan Jlaaapeuah ca CIIOJOM IllljCKOM, Y TOj 6HI\H caM

ell>. 41-7X. 26()·:\04. Gustave Scbtumbcrgcr. UII Empcrcur de BY1';\I1~:1 Paris ct i:I Loudrex. Revue de deux Monck~. xxx. 15 (1915). I."Tp. 786-817. M. JUKU·. Le Vlly:tgt: de l'Empereur Manuel Puleologue en Occident (L\1)~-!40:'). EO. 95 (1912). 322-J23.

2ft (;U.VIcWt! SchliJ/IIbf.f,~e,·. Un Empcreur de Byzance a Pans CI a Lnndrcs. lUIT. nenc.

rt ~)ljl;)~: LI! VU)':Lg~ de l'Empcrcur Manuel.. .. uur.ncno. ~rp, 120.

~t g·;~~;M;~;~'()7)~lt;n.I~:~r:~;d~K~~~:!";!:A~~~~~I~~~~~·1 n:~·~~~~~~h. 4111'. aeno. ctp.

57-h3,

20

fh:iTi()jJlfjCKfHUW.Il()/tIKU f)}C(WP 8pujt'Hlljei1e ciiIJxc lJ I-flO)

Saja:m'f' nao je Y POflCTBO rue je nocne urecr Meceu.li aanpumo )IOlB()T caMoy6HCTIlOM. nOK je fuer08a AP)K3Bft finna 'ronaxo ucupnreexa na saure nuje upencraan.arra HCnOCpe.ll.HY OJUiCHQCT aa npeC1'OHH~y Basaaraje. Manojco. oceraaura ana-raj «ojn jc HMaJ1a . OJITKft KO.o, Aacape 3U I'berOBY npscany, noacypao je JI.a ce nparn y KOHCTaHTHHOnOJh. MaHojJJOB uy·r y Eopony OlJHrnCil,HO aaje ycneo; OBO U.lTO je HMnepaTup noaeo y KOI-ICTaH'fJmOn01b 6HJlO ~e caao "UcKORHKOranI1ja, 60ranf nOKnOHll11 npajarue YCllOMeHt~"" 0 Flosroh My je CTHrJUl cacsna HeO<leK(1UaHQ on CTpaHC Monrona, M TO jc IJpOJl.Y)Jamo )KUBaT KOHC"f8H'l'HHOnOJba jour 3(1 50 rOAHHH H ca-rynano sananay Espony oJ~ OTOMaHCKC- HajC:i}~e,

Ilocne 6HTKe KO.u. Anxape uap Mauojrro, KopHCTei'U1 ce neeJ1urathCM Eaja311TOnH.X cnaoua OKO npecrona, nocserao ee OOHOUH csoje JJ.P>K3I3C. CKJIOnlbCH je MHp H.3Mel)y xp[f1UhaHCK~!X nnanapa (BfI3.:lHTJ.t.ja, BCHeQHja, nCfwBlbaHH ca Xaoca H Ul1Te30BH ca Ponoca), KOjUMjC MHpOM Fpuaaa apahcu nemexn 6poj rpanosa Tpaxaje II odana Llpnor Mopa, cenepn3 OnaJ18 Ilponom-nca (Mpavopaor xropa) 1'1 oxonaaa Conyaa. Ami, Bnsairruja je 6Hna TOIllfKQ Heupun-eaa na nnje Morna nOTnYHO }.l.3 HCKopnCTH Cl1TYLll~Hjy. Me~YfHM! rtcpnon rypcxe yayrpaunse KpU3e naje GHOHYr. CyJI'nlH Mexuen 1 (1413-1421) ycnco je II" peoprauasyjc oToMaHcKY .uP)KClUY n na Gp30 orpaxuxa MaHojJIOnC nnaUOBC )~a BH3ClHTHjH n013paTl1 crapy cnauy, Ho nnax, Maaojno jc y~peo Aa OAP:.KH MHp H Ita IlOllI1I'He HeK,a yrBpljeH,(1 na Ilenonoueay. Flpomauuru Kp03 COJIy-H,MaHojnoJe ct-arac na neJIOnOHe3 y nponcbe 1415. rO)J.IfHe, rae je y POKY O,A je)J.HC ronuae yerreo na UOAI1rHC 3HI(OOe ca KynaJl.W. AY)f( KOPHlfl'CKOr xaxana, no3HaTC «ao 3llJJ.HHC "cxcananay", y HHMep:n I~a ce cynpcrcraun 6YAyhoj Haje3AU. Maaojno je. 11 nopcn ~'IHPHHX ycnona xoja cy TpeHj'THO nnaurunr, upenocehao 6YAyky rypcxy onaC-HOCT H cuy CDOjy na)t(J.bY ycpencpenao je na TO.

nOCJ1C.lHhItX ronaaa )IU1BOTa, H nocne I3JJananJlHC nocneneue nOAH3aH~y cuoje npacane, Mauojno 1.1 Flaneonor ce nonna-ra y MttHaCfJ.lp Ilepuaaerrroc, AOKje ynpaun.a«,c AP:>RUUUJl.l npenao CBOMcclmy Jonauy YIn, xojnje KpYHHeRH 1421.r. xao a.eroucannauap. Y MebYBpeMCHY cYJITau Mr;xMcjl. I je yMpO, a xacnenao ra jc CHH Mypar II (1421-1451). Jouau VUl, KOjH anje 6110 'rOJTlfKO HCK}'caH KClO mer-on OT3IJ" YMeC'"fO )~a OAP>KU MflpHe onaoce eel Typmoaa.

j~ ~'1~~~liio~~'~~{:llf~I~~~:;J~~1:~~~~I~la~I~~~~~~e l;~i~_(:::J~;c~~f>' J~~JcrUije y je!lIlO~l

!IllCMY «o]e je yllynw y TOM upeacny. 1l'J u,apl1rp,lItJ, cuoae np~j;rreH.y AJH!KCltjy AnOK:HI1KY nn KPUT: "Eeo KJKBC..:y HPJl1HlKC )' Fpany (Ilaparpany): yr-naauo« unrma JIOTnyH Mlip unl~e ... II Q:tp )j<J181l Y Ml1py; IlU"O o!~ OIWJItHl)! carpana ann rupnna n.cm ue ysucaupaua; jenuu cy nOI."raJW IIplij:m:.JbIl, a J1pynl r;,y cc cnOpnJYMCJIII".lleml II. 171)-1 SO.

17(}juuliU'IKti (:lliliYlII{Ujll y XJV II, XV IIC"-Y ('11-22)

21

ysreurao ce Y T-bHXOBe ynyrpaunse upotineste, 6paHChw uexor MycTaepy K~JH je 1'13~Jl.l!O na je CMH Eaja3HToB U Aa liMa npaao Ha npec-ro.' HH KpaJY JC Mypa-r nOTYKao MycnupY,}l ue 6H ce OCBCTt-IU J OIHIHy OClKOJUfO je KOHe'raHTHHOnOJh nO'IeTKOM 1422. rO,1lHHe . T<1KO jc aecrrpcraocr Bnsaaruuana nonena Typxe npen xanaje npecrouaue npe 1:10 WTO ce onexauano. OBO onxon.aean.e OI1HCaO je JOAaH Kaaaa y CtlQM neny "Ka3ImaH)C parona KOHCfMITHHonon.a 6930 (1422). K'1}1 je Mypar Ber nanao Llapurpan, KOjll 611 II snyaeo na naje nouorna Bnarocncuena Majxa 6mKl{ja".~J .H3Y3eTHOM xpafipourhy l\apUrpaACk'lI HapOA je oAGno TypcKe caare. Ha xpajy cy Typun, npnrucayrn ynyrpannsm« npOOJICMH'Ma caoje Hp){{3Ae, npcKliIHynu OIlKOIbaU':\H;.e M uouyxnu ce. Cnacaaaa.e rpana (= UapHrpaj(a) napon je npnnacao nOMoh" Ilpecccre BoroPOAHqe.:M Myparoca eojcxa. nocne noena-ren.a acnon Korrcrarrrauonon.a, 6c3ycneumo je noxynranana l~a 3aY3Mc ConYH. 3aTl1M je Mypar nponysoro nOXO/l: npesra ileJIOIIOHe3Y, nopyunro 3H]J,one KOPHHTcKor xaaana xoje je 6.1<10 UOAl1raO uap Maaojno HeKOJII:IKO ronuaa pauuje.a onycroumo Mopejy. Cyananap lOBaH VIII aoeeafipa 1423. rOI\. nyryjc y Beneunjy, MHJIaHO H Mahapcxy 11a 1l0- Tpa)KJ.{ nOMoh .. ':S Y Mahapcxoj je 6HO npJlMJbeH ca uenUKHM no'mCTIfMH 0" crpaue «pan.a Clln.·IYHAa, 11 ravo ce cycpeu ca cpncxara Bl1aAapOM Cre¢aHoJ',-1JIaJapelJul'icM.:\() 3a npexe tbCrODOr 60paBK3 TaMO ycneo jc na CKJIOnn MHp ca CYJJ'f3HOM, y3 ofiaseay A3 nnana ronaum.a naHaK ff na cynT3HY yerynx MHOIUTBO rpanona ua UPHOM MOpy. TaKO ce Buaaa'nrja rraurrra noaono y HCTOM 00- noacajy xao H npe Anropcxe 6uTKe.

I1MnepaTOp Maxojno II, nocnc nyre H TCLllKC 13J13A80HHe, ca IJC;JUfKUM 6pojeM 6op6n H acxyuten-a OKO cnacaaas,a cuoje AP)f(aOe ua p,OUp0611T csor-a uapoua, yMupe 21. jyna 1425. rO,lJ,JlHC. Ha uaparpancxca rrpecrony ocraje {beron CffH M cynnanap Jcsau VIn (1425-1448). Y cyrnTHHl.f, Jonas je nnanao CaMO Llaparpanov H

:n p,. 3UHltHtnu1U)C, To BtK;;avtlovu1to'tou I0711lEXPI 'tOU 1453, A'reua 11)72,c1'p.

I~[}. Cp. Mu()oplli rlYPlw/ju/!, Knea II Ilccncr Crerpau Jlaaapeneh, unr. neno. cTp.127.

.H J. Cunuuus, De Consruntinopoli cppugnuta, cd. I. Bekker. Bonnuc 18~8. Cp, A.

Yasiticv, 'lcroptc tl)~ B,\}~o:v'Twnc; A\n:o-.cpmop(o:;. UHl'. neno CTp. 7n; ll. 3W;'UHWWWC, 11( •• 0. crp. 191.

34 Y xaranory cnnca Joceqm Bpujetmja Hamm! ce 11 uaana jenne rrponoeegu 'H!ja ca':-lp:+:lll1<t naje ca-ryeaua: "('.,n060 uarcnopeuc npea I\KOI-lOM Boroponuue rtyreuouuren.uuue aa upeMe !lHHlje xoja ce onpscana nOCJI!! nOTnyllor crmcen,a Fpagn" ()l,CJlil 1I,1I0CJlcA'L.a crpanuua CnH~I(D rOJAP)fU\jn). Bpno je Moryhe na cc

.~5 D~;;l~CG~}~~)~:~~"~/~/'6~!~\I~~I~.n~'~.HG!:tB~~~~~J\9fi(;~}'i6~ ~~6.I-CJ\~~ 115:

tf)('pjIlU'II/Ii. Ilecnoru Y DJUClHl';tjH II jy:+:HOCJ\OflCIiCKHM 1eMJt.f1Mfi. UI1T. )J.CJIO,

36 M;;;,!)!~;t~.~~:~~;/~~~~~~ldlf~~~~~t~~e~;~~,U)l~~J~:~f~~~ ~~:~~ \::-~~: :;~: ~~~:

22

U/JI,'UCHC fil)/lIlIlK~ u dy.nmHO nT/tIHli' ,Y 8piljeHUJ~110 ()ana (22·611)

?KOllHUM OUJlaCnJMa,jep cy' ocrann nOCCAI-! 6nm1 nsryfin.ean, }{OK je Flenonones 6HO He3anHClUT )l,eCnOTCIT.

JeAaH on Haj(33)KHujH.'( norahaja Jonauone HJHll\31U1HC jecre TYPCKO saysehe CunYWL xo]n je l\OTnc. y nofia n.cronc nnananune ca OLlCM, GlfO npeuiao Y pyxe Mnexaua. COJlYHCKll n.ecno'f n OpUT JOlHtH3. AHll.pOHI-rK Ilaneonor-, nUUlTO je (iliO Y ncaor-ybnocruna 6pauft rpatJ, On rypcxor onxon.anaa,a 1423, npofJ,i10 rajc MJlC1.J<-IHHMa ya ooancsy na rpan 6paHe. Houuja Hcrpa)t(.uu'JlMI JWKa:iyjy U,H AHJJ.POHIIK HHje nponao r-pan COJ1yu. ueh ra je ca10W ycryuno Mne-raaasia 1,1 TO en OAo6peI~eM napoJJ;a,:17 Ann H MnClIaHH liHey Mornu HUlUTa Rffi_ue.u.a YQHHC oa onora UITO cy Ii CaM}1 I'pnu Y'1I1H111lW Ji:l ontipany rpana, Ilocne onxon-anau-a, xojc HUjC AYro -rpajano. Typun cy aayscnn Co.nYH, cejyna CSYALI pasapaae Ii Cfl.tP1'.J."l

3ay3ehe COJIYH3 O,~ crpaae Typaxa Gno je npeJ1,3H3K aa ce npl16mDKalJa «paj KOHcr3HTHHOnOJba.loDaH vl ll, xao Ii nperxouHM unauapu H3 Jl,HHaCTHje Ilaneonora, OKpCHyO ce one'r npeMil 3anany onnxne je o-resanao TOJJHKO )Ke1hCHY noaob. 011 CC nanao 1\3 he nana ycnera na 1l3a30SC KpCT3WKH par KOjH 6u cuacao KOHC'Ti:1JlTHHOnOJL, ann 38 TO je 011110 norpefiuo A8 ce OCTBapn yjeAHlbelM~ Llpsaea. Osaj HOBn noxymaj OCTBapHO ce ALI HeKI1 aa-raa na (l>nopeUTltHCKOM canopy (1438-1439), rue jc y-recrnoaana BH3aHTHjcKa uenerauaja non PYKOlJO.u,CTBOM caeeor uapa Josaaa VIII. Flocne onor yjenmeen.a, xoje YOTHapH HUKaA "Hje GUllO npnxuaheno Oil crpaae npaaocnasaor aapona. nauaje yeneu na nOD,11nIC Mebape, 110JLaKe u PYMyHe aa jenas KPCTHWKI-1 par npo'ras Typa«a. Taj noxyuraj saapumo ce neycnexo«. Y 6H(W xoja ce onurpana KOA Bapae (1444) TYPQft cy noryxnn xpcraure, OBa je 6WI'Ka Ba)KHa, IJOWTQ npencracn.a nocaena,a o36un)aH noxyuraj 3nnaAa na cnaca KOHC1'UHTHHOnOJb, Ami RH 'raj noxyuraj najc YClleo. Taxo je BH38HTuja yuma y nOCne,D,FbY ueuenajy cnora )f(HIlOTa. soja he ce ]QUPWIiTH naAOM KOHcTaHTHHOn01ba, 1451. ['OAl1HC. a TO je yje}!HU 3Ha'lHnO 11 nan Bnaatrnrjcxe mrnepaje. M3A3 ae x HCCTDHaK BlI3aHTJ.tjCKC xynrype.

6) L\tlKUCIIC npBJlIIKe u ,n;YXOBUO t.'T3IbC y Bpnjenajeno .1I.06a TIOIrnTlf'CIKa CHT)'3I..\Hja K3KSY CMU aanpea H3JIO)KJ{JlII ItMana jc yruuaja H aa lJ,PKBY. Flocreneno an" CTa!1HO onanan.e HMIIepHje If tbeHa HeMoryhHocT Aa ce cynpoTCTam1 CnOJLIUIM OlHtCHOCTUMa

37 BI1AIIo.. 3WWHiUllfWC. To Bvl;nV11o\l ano 'to 1071 J.I€xPI 'to\) 1453. UlIT. J..\CJIO, C1'P. 191 rne cc nanaan It Gu6JUlOrpaC~I* 0 TOf,IC.

311 Beh c.:y UP!! p;eq)llHIITuBHor nana COJ1YHA II AH)I;pmlllK u Mne-raua n.nah:l!UI )lap':l't Typunaa. BUJlII MOJ.I'IIl/W 01pcJ.Hlh. Xupn-r Conyun y XV neKY, 3PBM, 1{1(1%7).l'1'P. I~H~lM!,I.

L.(PIWI:J·U: iipwulI:e u ()YXOfUW liu(tH.C )' IJp"j(!'Hllil:(I(J f)o(ja (22.44)

upueropun« cy -ranaum,e u~mepaTope na CC ITOCJTY>Ke yjelJ,l1lLclt.CM Llpxaau .KaO CPC)lCTI30M aa ce aananee cane npI1.r.tpY>KC Bnaairrnja y UOpfiH npOHm Typaxa.

Beh nOHOI3HHM AooHjaH)CM Llaparpaaa (1261) nojasuna eel K,W WTO CMO ~HAemt, BCnTUC(I onaCHOCT sa HMnepHjy 360r aMol,m:llja KapII8 AIDKYJcKor. Cyo-iea ea Ol3aKUOM onClCHOM cnryaunjov MIiXcUIJJO VII Flaneonor oriparno cc Ta]J.3 nann. Cueru C'l'UJUHI.R 6HJla je 'ra~8 y uynoj cuaa», 11 Mnxanno jc 611'0 cnpesraa na U,PKUY HC'tOKa CTaBU nOA OKPHJbC PHM3, C 'fI1M.ua uana arrrepueuaure na KapJlODU nJtaHOBH He GYAY oc-ruupena. Flauosr J1aTlfHCKC BJIaAaBI1- He y Llaparpany, Pl1M je M3ry6Ho jenaa 3H(ltlajHH. {I,CO caoje IWX08He Un~lC1'~t. .3aTO cy uane Yp5aH IV, Km1MeHT VI u Fpnropaje X. ca xojasraje MHxal'm~') nperouapao. ca 3a.QOBOJhCTBOM npaxaerann 1hcrORC npennore,: O:or~lopu OKO yje):{I:IFber-ba noeenn cy AO Jlaoncxor cafiopa (1274) , xoju ce aaupurac nO'fllHlf.3.llalbeM fWIKC lJ,PKUC Pli.MY. Ha aBOM caoopy anje ee yonurrc 3uaHH'IHQ paarcuapano 0 .ltOfMaTCK1fM H JfMTypn£jcKlfM pasnaxava. fplllGI H3aC!1aHlIlJ,H npaxuarana cy nancxn npnMa-r H CBe ocrane aax-reue nane OCHM nonarxa Filioque, KOjl1 nuje In! p:OAaT y CMMBon uepe M'crOlJHC l\PKRC. Ouo yjeAlifuclbC 6lJ110 je IlJIOA nOmlTJPIKHX IJ,K1b<!ua HMnepi:lTOpa Maxaana, KOjH je rouopuo: "Flana l~pyralllfje Helle f_la UPi:lHIl fpKe. aKO He ronopnMO H He pa,uHMO onaKo".4[. 11 360r

:W Llup Muxauno vut ucrmrcuo je Jln1'IIHCKO IIcnOUCnaIlJL: eepe KOj~ My je GIIJTO 1f:1MCTlIYTO 0.'.( crpane nane KIHiMet11'a IV IJ Fpnrcpuja X. HakO je norrmcao ceo ucncueuaue. MHX:lII!H) nujc Y'ICC1'UOD:lO y Ibel'(JUOM <llOPMYJlHC<llLY, ~IIITII GIIJlO KO OIl "::l'paut! n pal3()CJHIIlHe UpkUC. 0 TOMe 11111111 loanuc K(I/J)tUPllC, 'H (.t1t05100~tVI't(<; tov MI;(uT)>" H' IlO.A(uOA.6yov Autlvu.,'1i OJlOAO),IU; 1Tl(ltEOl~tOU 1274 tnoCCGHI{ ourcax m ·APXtIOV'EJCt>ATJOU.tO"tlll."OU KUI Kcvovocouurcmcc). ATHJID.. 1\147, crp. ().I}. rile ce II;tJlU:S:l II It:SJj,Ulhe uenor ucnoucnnu,a.

<If) 0 Jl1.IOIlCKOM canopy HlIAJt MatlSI XXIV. 37-1J6: Hi!i14 - ul:f~I'(·q. Hixtoirc de Concilcs. VI. 15'·209: V. Lnurwll, La croisnde er fuqucsdond'oricm sous leponriflcut 00 Gr~glljre X (1271·1276), Revue d'hisroire du Sud-Est Enrcpeeu. 22 1I945), 106·137; A. Ffirhe, Lc probleruc cricntul au seconde concile oecomenlqoc de Lyon. 1274: OCI-', 13(1947); 475-485; H. £wcrr-KU/lpW)W(1. Byzance et la Saint-Siege it I'cpoqoe dc t'uuion de Lyon, Byzantincslavica, 16(1955).297<\17: 8. Rlluerll, Die union zwischen der griccbischen und tier unciniscbee Kin::llI! 1I11( dctn II Kon;JI von Lyon (1274), Wallner Historischc Forschungen. 24), Bonnae llJ64: A. Franchi, II concllio II di Lionc (I 274) sccondo Iii ordinerio Coucilii gcnerufis Lugduueusis [Studi :J:~~~~~IIlCesc:llli, 33). Romu 1965:1. Putinot. AVOOv- Ai !:ilvoliot. THE, t:I ([1)66).

41 t copsnie nff.'·IIJi1epllf.:, MIXcxn].. flcxAf.UOhO)'Q<;. I. Bonoae UD5, CT]1. J67. Ha JIIWHCKIH.1 caGnpy IJ."P MuxaH.'IO. !I.y-r J60r IIC)'Cnc:..:a 'I l$l.ljIlOIlUJIII·IWIKOj cnpnnu,n ca CpGIIM~. OIlTY*IIQ [e CpllCKY ltpKUy na cc (lila, uceopucruuum 'l'ClIIKI,! "pIIJIII"C:)' KOJ IIMCI CC uanaanna 3U:J(UITlljcKa upsna m apceic Jlarnucxor u,apC'I~BCI, onuojuna O,'.llbC II paacana nccecuo ceojy upxeeay opranuaaunjy. T.~o J~~l/I T~a)l{1I0Aa ce CpOCK<l Iq~KDn n.OIl08I!O nOT'1IUUl n.13fiUTujc-,oj. BIIAII CIII. (.luWW}effllh, Kpan, YpOUJ. Becrpan ItJJ5. crp. 52; U TOMe Im.n;u nnure onumpuuje KOH J(!(IHIIC Tal1Ha1W()IIC. 'H 'E.KKA.1)atam:lKi} nOAl1:lKT) lOll

23

24

TUfa je ra yanja ocrana CaMO xao TeOJJlIja. HI1 HapOA H11 aehnua caeurrexcrua uacy npI:1Xn3TURH OJ.\nYKe n110HCKe yrruje. HanpoTHB.11 nopen ynepaean,a uapa Muxauna Ai"1 yjcHH}beH~e Helie 1l,OHe- 1'1-1 HHXaKl:IHX npoxeaa y nepa • .u;OK he nommr-rxe KOPHCl'H 61<11'11 orposnre, napon ce cynporcraun-ao YHHjn cMaTpajyh.u yuex ouaj caoop K30 "pa30ojmillKu cafiop", Ha xpajy, nocne CMelMwalha uanc )[ CMPTl{ napa MHXaUJlU vur 0130 yjenan.eu.e npecrano je na nocroja 11 reopercxu. Crora. ua 3ana/.lY nODI" naua MapTHH rv (1281-1285), npajarcn, Kapaa Aiceyjcxor. ana1'CMHWc MHX<lIwa Flaneonora, AOK aa I1CTOKY HOBU HMnepaTop AHl~pOHHK U. Y caP"A"'H c narpajapxosr Fpnropnjeu II Kaupaaunosr (l275-1282). HacneJ],HUKOM narpajapxa JOlHlH~ Bexa xojuje uarau.ao .ra'nmcxoj npK6H, 3BaHi1lIHO ou6aa;yje ymsjy 1-1 ycnocrann.a npacocnaan,e, caaeauura cafiop y Bnaxepna (ueopau y Llaparpany), 1285. rO.lJ.HHe. rue ceo H3Me~y ocranora, uacxyrosano H 0 nHTaH>Y acxobcn,a Caeror-a Ilyxa.

AnH, Hacne,u,HJ1UH AHAPOH.lfK3 IT nOH080 ce oripnaajy nann.

Ha,o,ajyhH ce UOMohl:I ca 3anana,jep HOll3 onaCnOCTO!\ crpaue Typaxa 61Ulaje aa nOMOJ1Y. U,ap AH]l.POHUK lllJ.lBa uyra ce 06p8nlO uaun.

Flpnu nyr xan ee nfipaTlio, 1333. ronaae. AOlli!IH cY Y IlapnrpitA. pa,Q11 nperoBopa ca rpt[KOM UPKllOM, ABa I\OMliHIiKilHl\a sao H3aCJIaHHt\I~ nane Jouaea XXll (1316-1334), 11 TO: Hl'aJmjaHcKH euucxon XepCOHa (I~paHUHCKO H earnecxn cnucxon Bocdiopa Pu-rapn, Y THM pasrcnopxaa y-iecraouao je 11 Bapnaav, MOHax H3 Kanubpujc, KOjJ1 je, Y CBOjUM HacTojaH;>HM3 na cc cynpoTcTaRH aprY~'lea:nn"ta nanCKH.X H~aCJlaHHKa y xopacr Filioque, ynm-pcfiau AMjaneKTJl")KH MeTOJ.l., TUPAehl1 Aa je uexioryhe Ta\IHO OJJ,penHTH cynrrany Bora if CYITITI1.HCKC ouaoce rpnjy nuua Cnere Tpojaue. OH je na Taj na\lHH HarlUbao HCKOj npcrH TeOJIOIllKOr arnOCI'111\H3- Mel. YjCJJ,HO je noxyuiao AU Afi HeKH 113JIa'J y nornerry pa3nHK(l y cxaarau.ava 0 je,UHOM HWlcny y EO)KancrBY, npennaacyha nOMHpea,e H cnajaa-e 06a cxaararsa, r]. HC1'()trHUr " 3anM1HQr. Ilpeva !·beMY. snaua, Moryhe je npUXBaTHTH AHa ira-rena y Cncroj TpOjIH-lH, rj. Oua 1-1 CUBa, aJIH He xao casrocranna aanena, aero xao jCJ{HO nOA Apyrl{M. Quo caoje rnennurre Oil je noayurauao na nOTBpJJ,H II cn. Fpnropnjev oOrOCJJODOM, KOjH uaawua CHHa "HalICJlO O}l na-iena" (li tJ(T1i~ b.PXii~CxpX~)·42 Ann. a.erona cxuaran,a H3a30~: na cy cynporcraursau,e MHOr1{X -reonora, a nape-rare srouaxa ... ·'

AUTOXpo:roprn; M\XI.X'l1A H' flw..UlOAO)()\.i fV('IVtl t~V BuuA"zilp(l)v KCXI ttov U.pP(I)V, ·'BU~CXV1Wa.", 1'1 (11)7(,). 6U .. 61.

42 rpui(}pllje Euzol'lz(JI1. CJIOI\O 4? 11<1 YCKPC. PG }6, (,3:'1C. • ,

43 Oltll.1I yDO,Q n. xpw:my y Luyypa~).Itl'turp1'jyoptO\J rta/,expu.. TOM l. Conyn IlJC'l2.

C'J1'. ~ .. I{). Cp.). Meyeudm:J}: Un movaixthdolcgiendcluniteau Xlvcxiccle: Bnrlu.uu tc Culabnns. ""L'Egli~c: t:I lcs Egliscs ... II, Chcvctogne 11);4. 47-64. BUIlII ~I ca.

UPKfff.HI! (1pulUll!l! It ()y.l·(JjUW dUUH./! Y 8PlljCJllljf.(f() ()onn (22-44)

25

Ilperonopa ca JlaTJ.1HlfMa anax IDIey ycnena.jcp narpajapx JOBaH Kanexa H cneurremmn OKO thera, KOjH cy 6JtJll1 BOJJ, YTlll..VljeM HI1KmpOpa Fpnropc, On6H1lU cy M3 KaKaB paaroeop ca npeucranHln~IlMa n811t!.

Ilpyrn nyr, ronaue 1339. non CDe ja110M 'l'ypCKOM npertsov, u.ap je nocnao npencrasnaxc nana SeHeAHKTY XII KOjU je 60paBJiO y AI)""'OHY Y jy.moj <IIpaH"ycKoj (1334-1342). Ha -rcny OBe nenerauujc 6»0 jc cnm1CifYHI MUHax BapJ!a8M Kanaopajcxn. Bapnaav [e uaua lIPC/VIO)KHO caaauaa,c oaCCJ[ .. encxor cafiopa, rne 611 ce JtHCKYTOll<UlO 0 TeOflOWKJ1M paarmxava [1 capaJ.l,tl:.11 uuejy Llpxana, y OKlmpifM<l upnjarcn.cxax onaoca, nOK ce He cpene AorM8TCKH upofineeru, Y BoljeHMM parrosopaaa HaTeMyyjeAHlbeH.>a Bapnaaa je pacnpaan.ao ua OCHOBY UBa "3aXOHa" xoje je caa npennoxao. Ilpesra OU11M "3aKOHHMa". Cawnon nepe ocrao 611 OHaKQ KaKO je H QUO. HOK 611 CI3aKIl Morao ACt cxsara ucxohea.e Cnerora Ayxa CXOj\HO cnojoj uepH.44 Hero TaKO je -rpeeano Ma nana npaxnara KuaCIlH xne6 ("eH3HMOH"). Ona ABa "3aKOHa" cy 6HJT11 naxne npo- 6ncMIt sa yjCAHJ-bCH>C, rj. <tmllHOKne n a'3HMOH, ,D,OK yonurre auje I-lOJ.lIfpHyl' nancxa npl1,Ma'f, xojn Melba caae eKnl1CHOJIOWKC npaauune Ilpaaocnann.a," Ann xao H npna 11)'1', TaKO if (10 npyru nyr, noxyuraj cjenns.ea,a sa npesre Aanpoauxa III anje ycneo 11 o-iarncnao je na je oaaj neycnex npoasaurao H'3 'I'ora WTO uasaarujcxa CTjXlIU RHjc nptrxearana onnyke JTHoHcKor ca6opa.46

Bparoyouna-rxa par y BH3aHTlljH xojn je J.136HO nOCJ1e C/l.fpnl uapa, xao UJ'l'O CMO Bell BHAellH, npyxao je UpJoJJlHXy TYPu,I1Ma AH co HaCTaHe y Eaponn. Ilpern.a on crpaue Typaxa cr-anno ce nonehanana, nOR je m.mcpnja sanana y 9a6pHH:.8sajyhy crrryaunjy. Ilpen onOM onacnomay WIP Jonas V ooparuo ce oner nana, KOjH ce pall.o Of.\H3m10, 06ena13WlI J\H nourarse novoh. Llap je, ,\a 6" 1I0Ka'l(lO cuojy nofipy SOJbY, npesra oucae KaKO Hac 06aBCUITaOa xpncoayrsa xojy je 11 CaM JlOTID.eao (1355), otiehao nH'UiO "epnOeT 1I>1UlI Hnoxesrajy VI (1332.1363) xao nornauapy P"MeKe upxee II lbcrOll"'M Hacne.o,HUIUIMa. Taxobe je npey3eo o6a13e3Y na he CB4~ YlHIHUTH KaKO 6],1 n fbcrOBlf nOnalllHJ,.H CJIenHnH Iberon np~I'Mep.

f)Hllop!lje {l1111t1.M.CI. n.ICMO I AIG!II.iHlHY. c~rr.PAMMATA I, crp. 20J-204; T:JKolje "111\11 (Ja ,cc:ifi(Jz, CJlOS<I AIIOil,IlKTII'iKa I, IICTO. CTp. ~J. ep. r M(1H3U{Jlf()UC:. 'Opt)6S~ot; 7tVE.Wl():ruc6'tT\~ KClI i)EOAUy(CX 1('(l1(x rp1'j)'OptOV tOY

44 ~~'!~~~/,~:~:tJ~~~~~;~~r;~I~'~~~ll~to~jHMa II JlaTmU1M:i c CJI03H, It:tA. Glro

Gionnclli, ~ripl:l Minom. Studi Bizuntiniu e neoellenici. Roma 1\.163.73. Cp. ;1 .I. 45 ~~~e:;,~::J[;, .. ~I:'I~~.vai~ thiologicn .... IVIT. ACJlO, CTp. 49.

:~ ~~;~I!~~~,~~:;~~~~~E::~i~~~~~ '~~~r,~~~: ~ T;~Zi~\;.~~f:: ~1~~~~'nt:J specnuuiu

ad unlcnem ccclesiarum. vicnue J 812.29·.1:'1. BUIll! H 0. Hflle,~ki, Un Bmpereur de Byzance a Rome .... ltIiT . .Ileno, crp . .11-32.

26

l1CITiOPfljr.'K'H7il.'OIlUIIIKII OKfIIlP HpII/"IWjC'(fl! eiioxe (11-60)

Y :H\MeHY aa TO nana je nosyuiao, HaKO 6e::lycuetmm, ua y6eAl-l neHOIlJh3He, Mne-iaae, xpan.a Kanpa H mrresooc Cu. JOfJaHa Kpcnrren,a ca ocrpua Ponoca J(a UOMOfHY B11:~aHnfjH. I1mtK, najueha npcnpeKa aa ycneurua J1eKOA OIiHX noronopa 0110 je aaxreu nane I1HoKeuTHja VI ua yje}J,HHJelbe Ilpxaua Mopa npCTXUIlHTJ.1 nnaaupauosr xpcrauixoss noxony.

Ilnaaaecr rOAIIHa xacnnje (1367.r.) crarao je y Llapnrpan nancxa nerar aa I1CTOK, Ilaane, KOj1f je Ha3BUR Oil. crpaxe nane Ypfiaxa V rurynapunu narpajapxoss Llapurpana. 'OH je y naJl8TH Bnaxepn« HMao paarceop ca 6Ji1BIlIIIM uapcv JOBaHoM KaHTaKY3lfHOM, calla MOHaxOM loacacpoM.4K C'f(IIlOB~1 naojuue npercnapasra Op710 cy uarepecaaraa C 063HpOM na OHU upencranrsajy cxnaraa,c nsejy Llpxana 0 yjel(lllhefhY. Hapaxaeajyhu nornene aehane npaBOCJlaBHOr CSeUlTeHCTSa 1I uapona, KaHTaKY3HH 3aM.HW1ba yjenutbCH.e naejy QpKaB3 ua ocnony BaCe}beHCKOr caoopa, rj. na TO peuia caoop uene LWKne: "Ila 6YJ.le cneonurru J.f BaCeJbeHCKI1 ca- 6op, n nourro ce cxyne y Ilapurpaay enHCKOIlH xoja cy nOA IJ8Ce· lbeHCKHM rtarpajapxoa ( ... ), KaO II OHH noll. ~pyrHM narpajapcaaa ( ... ), Ii nocnana OA nane 3aMeHIi~H. xao WTO je aexaua 6110 peu Ii o6wJaj~ KaA ce TaKO, AaKne. cacraue caoop ca lhy6anJbY Ilpecserora Ilyxa H 6paTcKHM pacnonccseu.ea na cc HCOHT3 Y3POK CKaH.o.aJIIl 11'3Meljy Hac Ii sac. H aKO TaKO 6YAe. ynepeu caa y Bora J.,Ia OR uehe caKpHTU CBOjy caery BOJl,y H. HCTHHY OA H8C".4!J Ilancxu nax ncr-a-r Il anne. HaKO ce npaBHO ua }KeJlH cjenaiseu,e "y aepa H act-ann H no U:PKUCHOM peny H noperxy' ,5ft noxynrauao je Aa Jl36erHC nyT ca6opa, npe}.lJla)KyhI1 uyr nupexraor cnopaayva H3M.Cljy uapa If nane:

"ULTa he MM. ucnn 08, Ca3HBaH.e MHorMX; retie cave "pa)KU,M, 11 cue caM Ao6H.0; jep 'n.1 l\U1 usrnenaur xao pa)KaH> OKO xora ce CHH xao Mcea (OKO paxu,a) oxpehy. n Ma KYA,a na 'rH xpcaeiu H OHK ce ca To6oM oxpehy ... JOllJ THje.uHO casro aenocraje.ua ce TH noruuanur uana, a nourro ce TO 36YAe. YCJ1eAuhe !\'1HOra A06pa".51 Haje ce Y:lApaWO -rax HH OA rora Aa jacao HCTClKHC Ii nancxa npHMaT: "He 1l0CTOju npasa aepa 6e3 nananor cyna .. .' .. ~2 M_ nopea pa3Jll:1\IHTUX cxaararsa osa ADa nperonapa-ra. paaronopa cy ce 3aBpw~unl na TOMe)13 ce anax caaone catiop Y Llaparpany 1!3Meby I. jyxa 1367. 11 31. Maja 1369.s3 Ana aa )KanOCT, nopen paar-cuopa xoje je UOAl-tO KmiTaKY31lU H 4ap JODaH V je "MaO 'rajHc KOHTaKTe ea ilaBnOM,

4g Ouaj paaroaop je asnao 1. Mc),C!ttdmff: Projers de Concije oecumenique .. , HHT.

Acno, crp. 14!J·! 77. 49 Hero, ltl, crp. 173. so Hero, 3, C'l'p. t 70.

5l i<1CTO, 14.1?,l."rp. 174-175. ~2 Plcro. 17, CTp. 1'i4.

:CiJ Hero. 26. cl'p.l77.

UPKIlf!HC liptl!1ltKl' U UYXORHIJ CmmM' Y BpUjf!HUjC(W r)o6u (22-44)

27

KOMI! je o6ehao na he JlJ{lIRO OTHhH KO,o. nane HnH, Y cnyvajy na He 6y~ Y MoryhHocTli ,o.a TO ytUIHH, nocnabe caora cuaa AHJ.l.POH:H· xa.' Oaaj uapee nocryuax npOMCHHO je nOTIlYHO TOK paaronopa. Flaria jc nanycrno anejy 0 casuaaa-y catiopa y Ilapurpany, 1I uexao je nonaaax uapa IODaHa, jep jc TO GOrbe ronuno H.CrOBHM nnano","\la. Ccn-rcetipa 1369. uap Jonan V crarao je y PHM, Y nparn,u BUWHX CPYHKI\nOnepa l~p)Kane.:'i$ Mel}y IMIM<1 ce HC1'iI~ao JlaTHHO(1JM}1 Ii JlCIl'HITCKH oepasonaa ,ll;HMHTpHje KJIAoIDfc, KOjl1 je CJIY)f(}{O xao C<10eTHriK ,-I TyMatJ y pasrouopnaa H3MeOY uapa 11 nane u ~bHXOUHX nparrea. Y npa'rtea Jonaua V ne nOMIHt.e ce aujenan Cl3eUl'I"eHHK, JIJ'rO JJ.OK33yje na je Taj n.eron xopax H3Be.o.eH 6C3 y-reurha Ilpxue.

]'hmepaTOp JOBaH V, OA6al1yjyhll pacuen Llpxasa, "P"X sa · THO je na npolfHTa I·' nornaure, ]8. oKT06pa 1369. roJU1He Y FUMY. acnoueaaa,e n3TilHCKe nepe, KOjC cy GHne caCTaBI1JII1 JbYAJt OKO nane." HCKOITJtKO nasa xacaaje (21. os'rofipa) nOHOBHO je TO nero npen nanoa aa BpeMC cee-iane mrryprnje y U,PKDIl Co. Ilerpa. Oso oxperaise napa Jouaaa npesra narmrcxo] ~PKllH rpeuano je na nonpunece nanCKOM xacrojaisy na 3anaJ.,l npy)K_1I noaoh Bnsaurajll. 11 'OHn,a, cnenehe rO/\HHC nana Yp6aH V (1362-1370) npornaCYlO je KPCTtHlJKH pal' npoTI1B Typaxa, ~U1li AP>Ka13HH.Ul'l 3aIfaJ.J,a OA,6l1lIH cy ua yxecruyjy. Onyuicen.eu.e sa xpcraurxe paroee nen je 01:1110 cnnacayno H3 3aoa}J.y, I{ 3aTO cy CRn anena nane ocrana y3any~HH. Ilopen rora, anure sananaax CI11Ja llMane ey rproua-ixe eeae ca TypCKOM1 II 360r Tora HliCY MOrJIe na yxecrnyjy y T3KDOM j~AHOM noxony, Ilpeva TOMe, onaj uapen nOTe3 HHjC HOBeo HJfKaKaB n03HTHnHH peaynrar BU3RHl'l1jll; HanpOTl-18, WJ33Uao je yaacMJ1pCI-be y Ilpauocnasaoj U,PKBH, xoja ce cynporcrauuna ceCMY UJTO je Y\lI1lbCHO y Puay. Llaparpancxa narpnjapx q'>UJIOTCj KOKliHOC (1353-1354. H 1364-1376),je)1HnM OflWTHM n03JlBOM anenonao je aa cue npanocnasae na ocraay OJ(aHH CBOjOj npasocnanaoj DCpl1.:'i7 Ha 'raj HalIHH, CBe llJTO ce onurpano Y PUMY ocranu je casro K80 JlH\IHIi nOTe3 HMnepaTopa ea ~IHCTO nOnI1TH'IKI1M 1111JbCBHMa,

3a BpeMe B.'1~aBHHcJo8aHollorHaCJlenHHKa.MaHojna u ITaneonora, nnje Y\U:fFbeH najenaa nos •. rynraj cjCAHlbCJ.b3 Iipxaaa. Maaojno ce HaAaO, K80 H H.erQnl1. npeTXOJHU1~I-I, DUMOh.n ca 3analJ,a.

54 JtkTO,crp.I6f1.

55 D,cTaJbHII onac nYTODflH.a Joaaua V Flaneonora y IlUM BttAI1 y O. Huieski, Un Empereur de Byzuncc il Rome .... ll"T. neJIO.

56 Texcrucnceennrsa (OPKru~O\l.K6v pootIK6v1PC:4J}tu) IWSln::lU ce 'f Cfi.JlIwf1pOL'.

HE, 11(1914J,CTp. 241.

5'7 8. </)110(1(:, 0EOAO)'I..o~ AICrJ.o)'O~ 'Op"OM!;Oll I(<xi ProI-lO:IOl(ui}oAn"i)~ 'EKKAl1oiu; ano 'tOU oXlcrp-r,:rot; ~1t:XPl 't'i'j~ OAWoe:w.; (1054-1453), Aruua lY77. CTp.42.

28

11t:rfiuplljt;K.(I-IUI!(JJIOIWW lJIWUP 1I/I11j('HUjt!11(: et1o.l'f! tJ l-(lO)

ami ce ooparno sao WTO CMO BH,u.enH, AP}K3IlHIUJ.HMa 3anan3 a He caMOM PHMY. HoaK,. nOWTO je 3~ao WTa 3HatIH nanun ymuaj H3 1I0JlltTH1IKY cnryauajy, noxaaao je arrrepecoeau,e 31t nponysceu,e nperouopa, ami 6e3 HK3KBlLX aapo-nrrax noxyuraja na ocrnapa cjenmbCH:.c. Y OKBl1pliMa cnojax AOJVtpa ca PlfMoM.llocnao je 1417. nanu Maprany V (1417-1431) nenerauajy xojy cy ca-nsu.aean» nuaxaecr enxcxona 11 snure Ap~aBHtiX (~YHKp.l1oHepa, 11 OHM cy npeA,ClJIH nanx uapena It narpujapxona I1HCMa.5:-i Ilponyscera« ouor AOAHpa 61'10 je nonasax y Llaparpan lIanCKMX H3acna Hl-iKa HeKOJlI1- KO aaua nocne oncaue 1422. ronane. 113flCJlanCTBO nane caxmsasanu cy: AHToHHje AC Maca, li3 pena (r)paFbeRa~a, nOBmlH Aypacna 11 <I)paHhecKo Q)HJlenq>o, nauana XYM3HHCTJ,t, K30 Ii uer cpparsesa-uorx "oHaxaW Ilap Maaojno Doh OA 1421. 6no ce nOBYK(lO ca ynpalle Ap>KaBC, rta cy nanaaa H33Cn3Hl'IlJ,11 KOHTaKTHpam-i ca MnaJVIM wMuepaTopoM Jouaaov vru Jt narpnjapxosr JOCHcpOM U (1416-1439), Y OB"" paaroaopnva Y'IeC'I'BOBaO je 11 Haw Jocadi Bpajeueje, KOjH je 6HO aa -reny BJ,tJaHTHjCKI1X reonora. OR je sacrynao norpeoy caaneau,a aucerseacxor cafiopa H TO Y Llapurpany.jep TaKaB jenan cafiop 6110 611 jenHH.l1 KOMneTeHTaH 33 yjeAHlbeH,e Llpxane. 0 uor-nemoaa KOjC je Bpajenuje aaneo y THM pasrouopaaa roeopnbeao KRcHHje AeTBJbIIO.

Ilperonopa JUicy ycnenu, ana cy noxyuraja sa cjcnan.en.e npOAY)f{eHH ea l3eftHM asreaaarero», napo-raro nocne CMpTI1 uapa Mauojna (1425) 3. speve uapa JOBaHa VUl Ilaneonora. H3MelbeHe cy smorotipojue JleJIeraQHjc IOMCl}y napa If HOnOr nane Esrcaaja IV (1431-1447), AOK ce caM H"POA y npecroxosr Llaparpany C nemiKHM y36y~e1f.,eM H crpaurhy cyo-ranao ca npo6ncMoM cjenua-en-a, -rj. yuaje, Ilperonopa CYAecpHHH'l'ltIJHO aaepureau aa catiopy Y <~ep"p« " <ImpeRII" (1438-1439), ua ROMe je uouera 0AnYKa ° yjeAIUbefbY aaejy Ilpxana, Flpauocnaean HapOA ce cynporcramro OBOj onnyua, 11 nasuao ono yjeAlIIbell.e Y <l>HpeH~H na)KlUIM. Jep, oua Jla)l(Ha YHHja nouena je caao HeMUp H uoueny aapona, UJ'~? hc Y3HeMHpauanr Ilpaeocnaerry ll.pKUY cne no naaa Llapurpaua.

~R n. rp"1opujy, r.x£ml~Kn"OAlKW\l Ku('Op()OO6~ro\l. A'ruua llJ5N,l..1'p. 41)l).

59 8110.11 Gabriel Potuc;.ri. Joseph Brycnnics et les discussion sur un concite d'uniou (1414.14.31), K).l1povojl(n, 1(IY7:1), c'rp. S3. Cp. JumUi Pa()(JHllh, Sananna Eupona " GaIlKC1l1cK« llapOAU npeeu TyplUIMa 'I upecj IJOJlllBllHII XV acxa. HOBIf OUt 1')05,"'·p. 43.

6() 0 '1IJlOlleIlTIHlCI\OM caeopy ~llnll CII.'1fW(·i(ipO(: ClIpoii),AlJC:, 'Axopvnuoveoncrc. ICiA. V. Laurem, Romul97L )1I.fCI'(1 Gill. The concifc or Florence. Cambridge 1959 (rp'IKu npeaon}. Aruua 1%2: G. I/o/mallll, Die Konzilsurbcit ill Fcraru. OCP. -'(1937), IW-140, 403-455; A. nmOf)UII, ell. MapK EqleCtani 11 (11JlOpeJrTlfnCKMI: yuaa. Uopnan-Bnn (N. Y.) 1%3.

29

Ilona-mxa CKOpO CU,"IX Ilanconora 6I1na je: noxyruaj cnacanan.a npscaue Ott uaocrpyxe OIl(lCHOCTH xoja jc nperuna, 11 TO OJ~ <[>paHaKU ca 3ana}J.a Ii TypaKI1 ca l1CTOK(I. CjcATHhe}f,e Llpxaua 3<1 Flaneonore npeucranrsano je JumnOM,n'CIW CPCHCTUO RaKO 511 ce 11:30ernC nOMcHYTC OllaCHOC'TI1, nape-nero on Typaxa, KOjH cy 1I0C· JIC~ILI1X rnuuna cue jane na)tl-tpam1. Ilpeva TOMe, fiopfia "POTI1IJ Typmca 6Hna je HCpaCKI1.AUBO 1I0l}e3aHa ca upo6neMuM yjeAHH~elU{1. AnH, COaK¥! J.ICKPCHlI uoxyuraj 01\ crpane BH3aFl'THrWI~a aa lJCT~H· CKO ejc.QufbeJ.bc HHuna:mno je ua flaTH-HeKO cxnaraa,e () cjemHbClliY nsejy Ilpxana, Tj. 0 YHHjl1, jcp TIaTJlHU cy 3aA"1'Cl3an~1 nornyuo nor-ousanan,e l1C'fO'IRe II.pKBe 3anaJl,Hoj. I1M.nep(rI'OpH BH3aHTI1· jc, CXu(ITHBLUH )~a upcronopa na panaoj H03n nehe ycnern, Y ceojuv uacrojaa.asca HIlCY cauo ~ao6HwnH u,pKBCHe nnacra, Hero 11 caM Hi.1POll Koj~1 If caumsaea nJJHPOMY (nyxohy) Ilpxsc. McI)YTnM, IlPKOCIlO nOJ\pC~IfDaJ.bC PIIMY 3Ha~Il1JJO OK r-yfirrrnx u nom'T111llKC caoooue 3eMJbe. 1 3a1'o je aapou csrarpao 'raxno nOTtlJHM\Oatbe He caao xao upxeeno OTfla,nIUIWTBO (anOCTa311jy) HerOM xao H3TumWIJ1HO UJAajC1'Bo. OCHM rora. npe1'XOJ~HIi lIepHOA naruuoxpa'ruje OlIO je -rorruxo 6Jlli3y n uapon jc TO IIi:lM'l'J1O. na ce Y uapony otipaaonana nexa spcra nenpajaren.crna npornn Jl.rmna. urro jc CLHIKaKO upcncraen.ano npcnpcxy cjC}J;lUl:.elbY naejy Llpxana, TaKO cy eBB noxyuiaju 3<1. yjemeecn,c npepacTBmr y HCKY BPCTY Gopfie y CHt.""1M mnaHTIljcKHM xpyr-oanwa. Llapeuu, nomrru-rapu, IIne~HJh.'H:

XYMaHJ.lCTH 11 CBI1 aanpenun enCMeHTI{ rora J.l,06a, I~P>Kchl1 ce raxo na He Aoljy y Cyn.pOTHOCT en XPIfUJfttlHCKOM BCpO~'I, HO ImUK BJ<IUTC ce ocnawajyha na Yllt!HOCTU HaYKY Hero aa nepy I{ npcnansa U;PKOC, C1(l.lH I"b(l Baml cy Aeo aapona xojn je URO 1a yunjy. Oau cy ce Hi:lA:um nOl\.fOl1H en 3anaJ],a "POTHB Typaxa, ami HHCY pa~IyHam1 HU uocrreJl1l1W xoje 6M nonena ruxea nosroh. Hapon uax H CBCUlTCHCTBO Y cnojoj orpouao] OCr.IHUf Ca~mH>aBaJlli ey OR)' cynporny crpany, GUll cy CMClTpunu, nOWTO 3ana}1, CBOjy noaoh He uaje 6e3YCJlODHO, A<-I 6u y cny-rajy yuaje ycnenuna noruyna nuruaaaarmja '3CMn.c. Ilpeaa Ibl1XOBOM MH1UJheH,y, jCA1HlO lIHCTC)-ra uepc Morna UH }HI. cuace aKO He HMnepHjy ouna 6ap H,HXOD I1}.1.CH'l'W'I'eT xao xpnurhaacxor aapona. Beh je 6H.no ouarnenno na je HMnepl1ja ocyhexa na IlnJ~Hl! Y pyxe JoIn" Typaxa lin" JTaTuHa; a nOUITO je ~1CKyCTI30 noxaaaao Ail je non JIuTIlHuMa QmlO Ht.!Moryhe o-rynatse He casso eepe Hero H uauaouanaocm. npeonnanana je Y aapony xpaja.a an Ii U TpanlllHa »cen.a na cc onpenene 33 TYPKe. 1..!yno CC Aa TypU.H, upessa npenas-y Kopasa, noanon.anajy y oKynHpuHHM HH33HTH..iCKlfM Ofin8CTlIMil BCPCKY cnonOAY xpmuhaHa. KapaKTepHCTHliHaje

61 IlIIAI! K. JnU<lIWII)'IIOt, But;;o:",tvffAvu.IOAl} K(lt Ao.tlvlK1'! 6.U<1U;. Aruuu 1900, ell,·lSY ..

311

Y 'rOM CMHCJJY najaea BH3aHTl1jcKor nne~uma J1YKe Horapaca xoja je neWTO npc nana Ilapurpana y l'ypcxe pyxe rouopao: "Borse annera ycpcn rpana TYIJCK)' lI,UIMY, Hero JUITIUlCKY Tujapy".f12

Hapon xao llYBap nepe H tipalHinau, cuojax JlOfMH 3aXTeB30 je caaanau,c n(lCC1beHCKOr cafiopa. H3 KOMe 611 Tpet'iano na yxecruyje nCT na-rpujapaxa Hero-rae u 3ana)1.He l\PKtJC, npcva CX8aTmbllM3 I.J:PKIlC 0 ueurapxuju (unacr rpynacaxa OKO neropnue narpajapaxa). Oaaj caoop, Y .ll.yxy lhy6aun M cnofioue H na ocnoay BCTI1He, -rpetiano Gu na HCflUTa )J,on1aTCKe Ii narypr-ajcxe np06J1eMC, K3Q urro cy (1)HAHoKse. nancxa npmsar, ynorpctia Kl3aCHOr H 6ecKBflcaor xncfia npenuxoer npa-rcuma, oTI.I.., {lml IJ,a He npOMeHH nOCMe xoje cy CnCT'H Ouu OApeJlH:mI. 1-1a xcanocr, KonHKO uapeaa -rorruxo II uane y CBliM cuojasi HaCJ'ojaH:.HMa 33 cjel(HH>Cl-hC IJOna311nH cy 113 ~IHCTU IlOmlTH'IKI1X a He BepCKJIX no6y}~a. Tuxo, H<I canopy Y tPupeuua. BU~mHTl1HLtJ.f ce aacy ycreaann na >KPTRyjy cnojy uepcxy Tpa.nlfI..{11jy 33 lhy6an ecjue nOMOftH npornn TypaKn.fl3

Cras ODHX xojn cy Ol1nJ.l nporas l'aK130r yje).llHbClha Llpxaaa oupaunan je Y.crOPMjCKU. Ilyx OBI1X fiopaua npanocnaune nepe upeaeo cc H3 cncaehe reuepauaje, U TaKO nyroromuun.a OTUMauCK8 npeunucr auje ssorna na npoaeun npauocnanny CUCC1' Fpxa.

+

AYXOBHI1 yrauaj JOCH<pa Bpnjeuaja y OUO npernocnenu-e noGa CJlOOOJU-lOr QapCT133 Sn3t1HTHjcKor, 0 'leMY hevo Mil rex rouopara, aaje ce 3alI,p)KaO casro y npecrouuuu. neh ce npocrnpao no KpHTa TI Kanpa. 360r 'rorn CM(lTpaMO nOTpeuHHM na 113HeCCMO YKpaTKo upxneue upunaxe na OJutM OCTpU~LMa y epeue Jociepa Bpnjcnaja, TO jeer KpajeM 14. 1-1 110llCTKOM 15, aexa.

Sayaehe Ilapurpaua OA crpane xpcraura (1204) nonpaueno je ua JTanrHH upeounanajy CKOPO lien OM rnaSJ-IOM rptJKOM. KPlfT jc IIprIUaO DOHHCP3Qlljy MOH<pepaTCKOM, KOjU ra jc nocne upuaupju y Jenpeay (Aanpnaaononacy), 1204. ronaue, npenac Mnexaaa-

(,2 MII.rtlllJlIl.YKUC:, Historiu Byzantinn. :n, L~IIT. At:Jl0, crp. 264. 0 -rosre BWlmH. a'en + K£lI'I)('.fIIWcI, Lc uurc OU lc turban. Byzannnosravicc. 16 (195:\), CTJl. 245 H nan-e. Pcaxunja unponn npcmn )'lIuje cuarpa ce ... eC1·O xao ··AYXOOHR yronuja' npQ{.'TIiX lbyllH OOt: enoxe. xcjn cy GUSH! lion yT1UtajCM U.PKUC, II uruopmue ce HPCAIIOCT lIajr~lfl1H1l1jtCX ou~a 110KpeTf\ UpOTltB YHUjC, lCao ~I nO)}1TI1BHe nccnennuc «oie je llMao oaaj f10XpeT, nOCiIC IIjlllH U,npJlrpnAn. sa OltP)KRlbe K(lJlIIKO peJlllrlUl3110r Tonll~O II rrarpnorcxcr ocehnu,a nopobneuor uapone. BUllll nn IIpMMep: Helene Ahrweller. L'idcologil: poliriquc tie t'cmpire Byzomiec. Paris 1975. (q)'IKll upeuoa) Arnan 1\)77. cip. 137.147; C. MIII';.:().Byz.all1ini~lnand Runuunic Hellenism, »Journal of rhc warburg und Courmukl insritures«. 28( 19(5). 2~+43.

6.1 .I0tllIH J'w)mlllfl,3ananlitl Eepcna a OiiJ1KiiIKI<111HlPOJH' npe aa T)'PL\HM:l. .. , uu'r. ,"~'h).C'rr.3·

Upl«(I(!1Ie liJlW1IfKt! it r),X(](IHO aTwl-bi!)' fiPUj('HUjctlO au';" (22-44)

31

Ma. Cy,~6lUta npanocnnnaor >KI:UlJba aa KpUTy GHna je rana crpauiua. Hsuxona 11MOBlma jc onn.auxana, 11 Ao6ap ACU rora nrelliao jc y PYKC J1aTl1HCKC l~PKBC, Ilpauocnauaa ClleWTCHUn;H cy flJ.Jmt mrnaux, a enucxouaje cy 'jarJI1Mami mtTHHCKIf em1CKOfUi, Kojl-f cy cnucxounje tlCC"I'O usnasanu y saxyn Ii nOCJIe nannarc ror HOBUa upahana ce y enponcxe rpanoae. Flocnaru naTHHCKB enuCKOUI'[ ncli.HHoM ce aacy onnaxoaann lHi no 06pa:JOBaH)Y 1111 no MOp .. 1JlY. J136ufTOra IUiCY Morml an na HMUjy yrnuaj ua upanocnaeHH )I(]'1UtlJ1).64 MJICtJclHH cy nOTnYHO :m6paHH.nH Gopaeax npanocrraututx ernrcxcnn na ocrpny, nnaurchn ce H)UXOBor y-ruuajn ea npflUOCJlanHJI napon. An 611 3alUTHTJoI.1JK cuojy JIClTHIiCKY I1Cpy, aafipmHIJ1H cy MCllIOBHTe 6paKORe H3MC~y nariu .. ra 1111paaOCJHlIlHHX:

HCTO TaKO cy :m6pClHHJIlI npacycrao naruna na xpurren.aera H caxpanaxta npauOCn3BHJ.fx.(t'i AJ1ll rp-uo: HnpOA ue ocrpay 6uo jc TOlJUKO o-rnopau H jaK na ce y6p:30 np~fMCl'liJJ3 aCHMJIJlaunja RaTHlUI, K3KO Y Hnu,HOHaJIHOMTaKO 11 y acpCKOM uorncny.?" Ra1'HlUJ cy n01JenH npllXUaT3TI1 H jenaacrso 11 npasocnaan-e. Ilpexia C'f3Tl<!.C"111IKHM lIo,Ltal(HMc:t H3 1343. roauae 6~oj rp-ixax uapoxuja AOCTHrao je 143, AOKje naruackax 6Hno 53."

Ilpauocnanua upxna KpH1'a 6cwe 1101~ ynpano« nporonoua (upcrojepejf - npror01tUml&ov). KOjIf cy IiMamr cuoja ceJJ.HIDTa Y rJIaBHHM rpa1.l00HMa uerapajyorinacrnocrpna. AJm Ibl1XOBa anacr 6nlla jc jaxo orpaanueua, jep cy. xao H con: oct-ana npaeocnantra KJlHpr,Il\U, 61iJUi noa ynpasosr naruncxor apxucnacxona rpana XaH,LtaKO (Hpaxnaona): R>lfX cy ltMCHOlWJ1M MnClIaHH, H OHIi cy y-iecrnouaaa y naTHHcKW .. l 6orocrrY)K\:\l-bliM<L,M Pyxononararec npaeocnannax CBellITCHHKa aa oC'rpOI1Ma OOaOJMIlHI cy apxujepeju ca Ifenonoueaa HJIll Crt ocrpua J OUCKor Mopa, KOj H cy OI1JIH 0[1- JIUUlTeHH 33 1'0, ana onoripea,e KClHAU/.lctTtiMa sa PYKOIlOJlO>KelhC uaaann cy Mneuanu. Ho npe TOfa, OHli cy Mopa.rUf A3 najaue cnojy UOTllltfbellOCT IbU!\-ta n na-runcxoj U;PKIHi. AJIH ODa H3jaDa BCPHOCTH aaxan anje OAp>1<~lI3aHa; HanpOTUU, CBeWTeHHL\H cy 6Hnu 'fIi KOjl1 cy nOAp)J(aBaJU:f 11 nosperana CBaKH xopax y CYUPOTCTHUfhalbY npo'fUO ~1JleTaqKe Bna.QaSHHe.6'l

64 r Kmuu}{fplII:. 'EK"Kt..TJOl({OTIl\it'ICttopt"a. t1'l;'EA).o.ooc;, TUM II, 1!:.I1l. II. ATlH1[l 1\)7H, crp. 14{J: cp. Teo()opm: T.Jl!I)(lJCUC, Krf\Tn;Mlltp6n:OA1;' THE TOM 7, crp. 101M.

6:'\ r. KOHfu)apflC, nero. crp. 140. 66 "11..-1'0, CTp. 143.

67 APXILM. Apccnuie. r'pe-recsaa U,CPKOBl. na ocrpoae Kpure R ncpnone neue-

M ~'~~~C~~~a/;:;(~~IT~~aa~~;::~~~U~~IM'~~;Q~~i~~,e~II~~'~:~~~~} .. LWi(~72, ClJY.

69 n.Ul,U C, Gf!mil/, Munumenti veueti nell' isola di Crcm. Vcuise l'-Ji){ :'2.11. crp. 171.

Cpo H. TO.WIlOflKUC, KPtl"tll,'EKl(Al1crto:cnlh..,,'IO"toplu, THE, TOM 7, CTp. 971, If F. KOUl/.u(./JIlC, \.VIT. neno. CTP. 154.

32

11(;ii10PlljCKO-ili{'I'IIIJIIlkll mWlljJ BpUjCH1/jl.!HI: cilo.\"c (i 1-(10)

OcnoG(I,b.U"be Ilaparpaaa 0):1 narnna (1261) HHMHJlO auje WiMCHHJlO npannxe HH Kpary. KOjC cy TOKOM npesrena nocrajane cue rope. I'oxnue 1363. In6una jc aa OCTtJOY !IOGYHCl, 'IHjHje nOl3oJJ, 6HO 3ll.0ol)elhe aexor- nopesa on cT~~HeoKynaTopa,.anny3pou.H cy f5J,l1Uf YCTI3<lpH nepcxor xapaxrepa. nOC11C rora jc MJlCnl'lKH I3JTaJl:a nana HeKC CJlo601-le KpHhaHMMa. xoje IUlCY nyr-o rpajane, I1HTepeeunajo» nellie Ypoaxa V 1369. rOJ(. CBe ce upaha ua crapo; nax je 01\JlYKOM I1CTor nane If otlOOpeFbeM MnC1IaHa aa ocrpuy ycnocr .. ruJbCH HBKIHl'lHTOP 3H "jepeca" npaeccneenax."

11 nopen csera ouora . uesn upaI3UCJIaBHIi. Cll11CKOnH cy ycnenamr 1l0BpCMeHo ua OAY aa KPHT, 61'lJlO no CBOjOj ~IHIIJQI'IjaTHOHt 611JI0 KaQ li3acnHHHLl,H narpujapxa Uapnrpa.n.cKor. paJ),H onpxaua!·ba npanocnaun.a na ocrpny, 113Mel)y fLUX aajnoanarajaje eUHCKOIl a'f}THCKH AHTRM, KOj{-I jc nocnar non HnYJIOM "npe.Qc131UUiK KPH-ra", u KaKO aar-nena TaMO jc H 3alljJIllI10)JUJBOT MY'leHWIKOM cMphy (+1371).7Z ,rJ,CCCT r<'>AI1HClI10cne eMlyn] AH'I'H:MOne, 1381, liMcpouaH je MtrrpOIJOJIHT Ilarpaca xao narpujapxon eraapx aa KpIH?' AJIH, HajlHDKHl1ja JHP.JHOC1' KOjO je gCJIOBaJ1a ua Kpa'ry jecrc Haw Jocncp BPHjCHYIje, KOjll je TaMO OTHUH'lO HCKOJHIKO rOAl-HHl nocno CMpTI1 AHTHMOBC, «ao er-aapx BaCCJI,eHCKC narpajapuinje, 0 tJCMY he JOIn 6l1TH pC~1I1,

Ii OCTPBO Kunapje noxomn.auano cna-iay cy~ehfHY. 3a npexrc Tpchcr xpcraruxor para Knnap jc aayseo eur-necxa xpan, Pu-rapn Jlaaouc cpJ:l,e (1l90,r.). Ono suysehe Kanpa 611110 je 11 no-teras nOHpel)11lHUba I'pxa JlaTuHHM<-l, jep je 'fUMe AaT DpBH rJTaRHH ynapan xpcraina npOTl:JB BH3aH'l'I1je. PWIaP.n. je npno 6p30 nponao OCTPBO TeMnnilpHMCl KOjl1 cy ra, nocrre xpa'rxor 60paUKCI aa }be.MY, nparnrm one'!' P'PlapAY. 01-1 je ira xpajy ocrpuo npenao 6iiBllIeM xpart.y Jcpycanava I'aj J~e Jly .. sujauy, xojn cc IH\CTaHUO Htl "heMY (1192.1".), H OCHOIHW HOllY fraTHHCKY apxcauy nO.l.lJ(lmaCJ'HjoM JlY:H1- jancxux xparseua (1I92-1489). Jlysajaua cy nonenuna oerp"o He

700 UllOM ycruuxy DIW' F. Carnetius. Crcta Sucru. vcnisc 1755.11, C1'p, 316-31Y. Cp.

II A. K(,'/IfJ.I',\,m.:w:, 'H tv Kpil1TI tltuvuo-.auu; 'Wu 1363-66x(X1 'to Ou)t- ... cmcov

71 rk/~~~~)(;~~·~~~~~~t;~;~~~'i toroprc til.; 'E1<1(f..'1<ll'CV; 'tn,C; 'EllixooC;, 1I.JH.

IW.nO. cTP, I fi,~.

12 N. Tr/,l!tu)m,'Uc. 'Opd6So;utapXII,pFfc;ev Kpil'T!l t.1tI'EVetOKPU'tiO:C;,'Op1.'lo&ol;\u, 27(l!:l52), CTP, 70·74; TaKo~e UIl~lI K, ACJOGYHllorlllll'. 'Av"(~lou'A~11Vfuv IUJ)'US (x_vtKoot~el~ n;vyE.VVl1,OtVtoi) Xp\o-tou, EEBC. 7{193iJ), corp. 38-45:uo ueiUo2. 'Avthll0\) 'AtJl'lVWV J\O)'OI; UVE.I(OOtO~ 1u:pi 'to\} 'Arlo\) nVEUf.-lu'tOC;, EEBC. IS (1931), t.'1'I1. .'~1J"41; flU lI{'iiiOi, 'O'Aihlvfuv·Av{)lj.lOC; Kat np6cl>poc; Kprl'tnc;O O}LOAO)'ll'Trv;, EEOC. Y(IY32), CTp. 47·41J. BII!l,1I "(lKoi)e II r. nUfiIlJOZIIY. ~Ayv(l)ot1l Q~.nAtn 'Av13t~uu Tot O}lOA.CY,,-l'TOU lttP\ 11)C; (tfJX;'1~ toli nanCl., KX'lPovo""ia. 1(llJ76), 83·l)I.),

7.'" Mikl(lsi(,'/t - 1. Millf('l'. ACI:! Pmrian:h;1l\1~ Consruntinopolitnni, vteneae 1862, Sir, 25.139,20S,

l[PKHt!Hf! Iipunuxe II OYX06110 ciiiwbe)' BPlljcHlljefw oo6a (22·44)

q)eYAC JJ: BJIaAaJIH fhUMC CmltIHO Mneuaanva aa KpHTY. fbHXOEl CTal3 npesia Ilpasocnaanoj ~PKBH Ha oCTpny Y UOl.leTKY je 6~IO -roncpae-ran, ana ce y6p30 noxasano JhH.XOBO Il03ltaTO JlaTHHCKO nonatuaa,e IIpe}.,mnpanOCJIaEHUJMa. 3a apeve I'ajoanx aacnennnxa ycnocraan.ena je JIflTI1HCKa jcpapxnja, xoja ce cacrojana 0):( lIe'fHpl1 enacxona. Epoj npaBOCJlaSHHX ernrcxona CMaJ-he.r:r jc OJ]; uccer na -re-rapa. TaKO Aa HX (jy~e i'(CTO KOnIIKO H.JHt1'HHCKnx, Ilpanocnauaa eITHCKODH cy c",nOM nOPHu{,CHJ.f JIanmCKHM 11 CMaTpaHI1 cy xao l-bHXOBH HRMeCmfl\H. QpKBC!ua li.MOlHUla npeuma je y rrarsrncxe pyxe; mrjenaa o,n; npanocnaeaux enacxona nnje CMeO na nerryje rra .QYXOBHOM non.y 6e3 nperxonaor onoopea,a caora nf!.THHcKOr npernocraarseaor."

Ycnocrarcsan,e BI13aHl'HjcKe uxrnepaje y Haxeja, non M)'JJ:pJIM H MofiHHM Bo~C'rBOM Teonopa Jlacxapa If JOAaHa BaT311a, xao H BH3aJiTMjCKIi noxyinajn nOBpaTKCl H3ry6JbeHllX ofinacrn, npeaCTaIJJLam{ cy onacaocr aa naTDHCKe xpan.cne aa J.1CTOKY. 350r 'fora ce J.J noaauran,e Jlarana npexa npanocnaunoxr aoran.y npoueHHJIO nafion,c. A1TH oaaj uepaon uaje nyro 'J'pajao, BPJIO 6p30 cy ce TIaTHHH nonparana aa caoje npebaum,e nOH3W3l--bC, nonpehyjyha osor nyra nOTnYHO npaIJOCJlaBH}' U,pKIlY sa Kanpy rraTHHCKH.M cueWTCHHIJ;HMa, CBa 611 aCT npenara je J1<:WHHCKHM enUCKOllHMa. 11 OHM cy ce npornacrom xao jcrv·nul 3aKUHHTR nacrapn ira KJ.10PV "lOK cy rp'tTKI1 enncxona xao "jepermnr' filUHI C<tMO TonepMCaH}l,i5

3a CBe BpeMe naTI1HoKpC'lTHjc Kunpana HIlCY npecrana lI,a ce 60pe sa caojy CJIo60AY. l.Iecl'o cy ce ofipahann Bacersexcxoj J1Cl-rpnjapuruja Tpll)fwtm nowon. HI1KCjCKM narpajapx Fepraaa 1I (1222-1240) ca caojusccauonose, YUHpajyh" TC)!(aK110J10lKai Llpxne aa Kunpy 11 IIPUJHDKCH>e BepHHKa Jlarmnoaa, PClUJfO je Act 'raMO MHTcpBeHHllIe. Ilocnao je Ana narpnjapaurxa uacsia KOjHM3 aaripau-yje npauocnaaanea na Knnpy Aa 113pWKanajy 6Hno KttKIJe "anaKOBe nOTlll1lbCROCTn" JTaTHHHMa H lbHXOUHM llorM8Ma. TaKO~C l1X je xpafipao na OCTaHY HenOKOneOJbllBO scpna cnojoj npanocnasnoj sepa fi na npexnay OIlWTeTt,e ca onHM CBClll1'CHlIn:f1Ma xoja cy ce nOKopIWH fla'rMHJn.nl H npmnann RnaCT uane. 7~ OBa narpujapxona nHCMa oxpacpnna cy Kunpaue. Jlparacax Jlaruna li cynporcras]balhC npaaocnanaax ROBeHo je AO KpnilCHx 06pnQYHa, TpHHaeCT MQH(lXa MaHacnrpa Kau-rapc, nOA PYK0130ACTBOM MOHaxa Joaana II KOHOHa, onnemt cy JIaTIIHH y 3aTROp, a OJl,811Jl,e iii] My~lefhe (1231),

7'1 It MWfW)/Ic. Kurrpcx;, 'E"''1<Al\<ntlo-n ... ,i iorOPlU, THE. ruM 7, crp. 1129.

751. Hackru, A history of the Onhcdoxe church of Cyprus, Londres, 1901. rp"KH noenontorcorc rf']~·Op&OO';O\J'E"''1CAf[(1ioo; til~ Kuxpou. ,'o~t I, AntH<I llJ2J, C1'p,165.

76 OBa OHCMa je IIJWW K. CatTIac, M£O'moovl"'i} ~1~;\.lO-i}iJ"'-ll. TOM U, Bcueuaja 1872, ("-1"1', 5·1~, BtlJJ.1I 11./, Hacken, 11,-,0. CTp. 124·128.

33

34

I1dTt0!1ujC:Ko-llico.1lJ1llK.U O}{flrtp iJlmjt'mqe(j(! c:l1oxe (11-611)

jcp cy cc npOTUSHJll1 J.bllMa (Jlaramoaa) 11 tbl-lXOnOM ytIefby.77 IlpaBOCnaUHU napon je On rana one Oll ilaT"'lHa nocrpanane smaaxc CMaTpao aa nose l:fCnOBeAHHKe H MrreHHKe sa BCpy. AnH 11 uopen cynpcrcraan.aa,a npanocnanaux na Knnpy, naTJ1HCKlt yrauaj ono jc T01ll1KO jax H npHTI1CaK ronaxo nyr A3 ce IJ;pKD8 ua Kunpy opcMeHOM nauma nOTnYHO nOA JI8TIH1CKHM yruuajess, H npCM8 TOMe OACC'lCHa on UCTanl1X Ilpanocnaeaax upxaua, Kana cy KI1- upaaa 14U7. I'OU. 'l'pa>Kunn aesy ca BaCeJbeliCKOM narpujapnmjo«. 1'Ma je nocnar Jocndi Bpnjcnaje na 11313HAH upxneay caryauujy xoja je TaMOBlIa.1tana. Cee UJTO je Bpxjeanje YTBPAHO 11 OTKPHO UPJIO je lIHTCpeCaHTHO, ann 0 TOMe he 6H1'II pC1.lH xacaaje.

+

YHY'l'paWfbH )!{J1BOT RH3aH'rn:jcKc upxse HCKOnllKO ronana npe 11 11OCJ1C pohen.a Jocnqia Bpajenaja Y3ApMa..TJe cy l'aK03B8HC ucaxaCJ'H'IKC pacnpe. Ilourro ce Bpujeaeje xao nncau '1' upxneua y-nrren, ocnatsao na HCIiXaCT}[llKY -reonornjy, 113HChc~fO 1-1 o6jacHHheMO. WTO je Moryhc xpahe, I1CTOpnjy HCRxa3Ma H cyxof OKO !-hera.

!i1cuxa3aM je Ra'li1H MOHaWKor )K1H10Ta, nOMOny xora cc noCHDKe cjC,QIHbe.bC c :SorOM Y MHpy II casroha, aa OCHOBY uenpexunHe MOJIJ-tTBC. llPRHI..\l-1n IICHxa3Ma jecre Jesausen,e. MeCTa In Hoaor- saeera, sao sa IlpHMep U1CCTO jeeeubencxc 6JI3>KCHC'l'BO "Bna)KCHIi (!HCTH cpnesr, jep he Bora uUAeTH" (MaT. 5.8) ca-uosanajy ll.HJb HCHXaCTI{"IKor )l(HBOTa. Hcnxacre, MMajyhH K30 npnsicp Mojcaja, koja je uaneo bora, 11 OCTane 6orOBJ.IAll.C, KOjH cy CC ynocrojumr na UHAC CJlaBY EO>Kjy MaKap H "nOKpUBCHor lU1L\a", uacrojanu ey uouohy acxeae Ii b.wmnse A3 "OTKpuoeHHM nliU;CM BH}~C cnauy rOcnOIUhY" (Il Kop.3.18), aa je "HAe KaO cnernocr cnR'IHY OAOj eBcTnOCl'H KOj. je anocronc onacjana 113 ropu Tasopy (MaT. 17,2).

Mouaurxu noxper HCI1X33M3 nora-re 113 A06a nycruiscxax oraua. 0 ucaxassry, xao HallJ1HY >KHBOTa Ii Ayxo8HOrCT31:b3, roaope tI OU,11 JJ,pK8e jow 113 npDHX nexona xpmuhaacrna, H TO: xananoKHjeKH 01.\H (IV BeK), Eaarpnje IlOHTHjCKlI (lV-V nex), Maxapnje EmnaTeKII (IV aex), )],HaAox 'I>OTII'lKH (V BeK), nncau xojn ee xpaje nOA IIMCIIOM )],HoIDICIlja Apeonarnra (V), Joaaa i1ecTBII'lHHK (VI-VII BeK), MaKeHM I1cnoBeAHI1K (VI- Vll BeK), alMeOH HOB" EOroCIJOB (X-Xl sex), Hmorra Crarar (Xl ne«). Fpnropaje amain (XIV nex) II upyr» MouaeH - aCKeTU, a nocefiao CHHaHTCKlf MOHaeu., KaO l{ JYCTItH11jalloB 3aKOBHK 1141. npaauno Tpyncxor caoopa."

17 1. H(ld;~.II, 111;1"0, C'TP, 118; cp. A. MUl.4uduc, 1.Of1'.1leJlO. CTp. 1129.

7~ BI16n1:lorpa(~Hja 0 ncuxamy [c llPJ!O fiorara, 11::1 the 6ene)f{IIMO C3MO ()JJa no H!lWCM MI1WJbelbY HajBaiKHllja aena: T. XwTQlIctUmJf)()c. Ai m:p( tfuv ftOVXcxotfuv riic; to' EKa.tOV't(l£1l1P(O~ KCX( til~ ~h&t.o'"o).«(l<; <IDtiilv f.pl&C;.

Up}Wt!IU! "/1ffJIrIKC' II ilyxo(JIw cffitlJl,e y BpUjt:IIUjCHO iJofill (22-44)

35

MCHXU3aM HHje IHIWTa npyro uo npOJl.Y)KeT<l.K npaoouraor M.OHaUlTOa, C TOM pasnasoee WTO jc OpeMeHOM y MOnalllKY 'fpaAHuajy yurao I'I)BCCInl 1I0MOhH.H MeTO,n MOJHiTBe y nocraaau.y xpaj}{.cr uan,a. TO jeer BlibeFbC H cruuaa,e Cserora Ilyxa H cjemlfbcFbC ca bOfOM. 0 TOMe MeTony rosopa HaM I'puropaje CUH<HiT (XIV BCK), KOjH je raj MeTO,U, HaYl.1lI0 Y M3H3CTJ1PY CB. KaTapI1Ht! aa Cauajy, ycaupiuusum ra aa KPliTY KOJJ, HCKOr MOHaxa Apcennja, H upeaeo fa y Cn. ropy. Euo WTa 011 Ka)KC: "Ceueha ua cromruu IlI1CHHe jeaaor ncnn.a, CBOJJ,J.f }'M H3 rnase y cpue H D.P>KH ra TaMO, 11 cannjajyhu ca TPYAOM npca, pauena 11 spar, {iOJIHO lIX caBUSWH. YIIOPHO nana YMOM 11 nytncsr: Focnone Mcyee XPHCTC, nOMliJIyj Me. 3<lTI1M, 3001' creum.enocra U YUOPHOC'I'l-l. a Mo~.n.a )f }l,OC3JJ,e o}.l, CTMt{Or nonann.au,a, npeaecn yja na npyr'y nononnay (MOJlIITOC) H rOBopJ.1: CIlBe EO.>KjH, uoxany] Me. TaKO, ~iHoro nyra ronopn ry nonoaaay.jep uewanr K.OPHCTli aKO OA HCMapHOCTIt '-leCTO Melhaw; jep upuehe xoje ce 'ICCTO npecabyje He nYUJTa xopeaa. A AP>KJ1 11 pl11'aM AHCaTba, ua He Al1WCm onaxo; jep nax lB nnyha xoju ce on cpua npenaje, nosrpa-ryje yM H K0J1e6a MHCJIII; crora Ibera onuna-m (OA MOJIH'rne) 11 tum ra nopoorsyjc aaticpaay. lIml ru IJ'HIUI na ce upeuaje Apyr'1M pa3Ml1WlbRfhHMo.jepra lIcnpHMC'I'HO O}J,BOAlI OHOMe WTO He rpetia (r], WTO He KOPl1CrJf MOJIIfTBli). A aKO BUlI,HW ae-rucrore snnx nyxona, rj. nonncna, xoje ce uojaersyjy I1J1H npc· 061IMKYjy y Tl30Me yMy. He llYAH ce; MaKap ra u Aoope Muc.nn 0 C'fOapHMa ,nona:nme. He ofipahaj nCl>KfhY H3 IhHX. Hero cY3AP>K3naj

Lipsiac J Y05 .• T; nlUI1UW.HIlUl, '0 a:ytoc; rpl'ly6pw~ u netAa).l~ UPXl£1tI'OKOnOr; ~OOCU.OV\l("<;f Ilerporpan A.neKcc1H)'(pJljll I~I'I .• r: Oc:l7ip02ofmm, Cnc'fOI'OpCKI! llCJlXnt.'TJlllthJIXOallllp(JTlmHII~UI (upcu. c pyckor), C.I(ipalltl!t'wa v. Beorpart 1970. MOJ.ULI: Belt'unflti KPWffJUU:UH. ACKc'rn"leCKOC H 6oruCJ108t:KOI! Y'WII:le CD. Fparopns Ilanuau.Scminarium Kondakovianum. V J II. Pruhu IYJIl. CTp. ~)·154 .• K. Kt!fJlf, AHTpOnOJIOI'IIR CD. Fparopua Ilannsna. nnplDK 1 Y05. - 0. Stunilone, Vials.a SI Invur ... uuuu sf. Origcrie Putcme. Sibiu 19:\8 .• J.IHeyem/mff, Inlroductionlll'il1J!.ledeGr6goirePtiJama. ... , Paris 1959 .• .1. Me}'t'Ilt/m:U:

St. Gregoire Palumnx cl la mysuquc Ortbodoxe. Paris 1959. 5. TmuuKIIC.:, rpll-NPlO'; nO:).U'lU~, M~·.iJo50Ao"f\'I(i, 'A~wvlril J"[OAl'tEtfJ., Conyn 1!;lt13, crp. 347·357. 4nC1:vrrYUpllCU~ T61J0~ eooccouoa Ti')~ e;cuooti)c; £:n:f:'t2iou tou ilavatou 'tou 'Ay(ou rpnjootou tou ncxouc. uPX1en:rOlo."67tou 8tOOa).OVI,..,'l1o; (penas'rop n. XplldIly), COllYl1 19(,1/.· r. MUH3t1pltUW:. naAUlJ.u,:6. (::l6t1PK<i recrouux 'lJ1arIOKc1 o Fp. nnnn"II1). Conyu 1973. ·A.l,ItJ)!lJw:l:llj(~p(/l)()fmh. T6 M\}(J'f(lP10Vtfi~ 'A"I"U<; TPl(xO~ KUte.. 'tov o'''r\uv rp1'IytJplOV'tOV ncxA(X,IUV. Conyu 1973 .• A.l,lrjJwm.wi(· Pm)UHfln. HC:J:ItilJaM sac oceajan . .e yJlyT<lPlbllX npccrcpa. 'TCOJIOWKII nOl'JICAII". 3(lY7(i), crp. 14:'.1~ .• MOM"x TC/JIuwi1i lluoHllwuilJUC,'O tr(lur; fp'I1)QploC; b no.).alJQ.r;, COllYU • ell. Fcpa 11)7(j .. fl. Xpuc.iil.v, '0 rpll)'OplO~ b ncU..<4la~ KO:( f'] \'co).o)'tU £1<; tiiv 9EoO'cU..ovIICl)V l('txr« 1'6v l()' a(fuva, COIl)'1J 1~5l). - n. xplII:my, nt::p( 'to. U\tHl ri'l~ naUXUGmj),;; EPI~, 'Tp'1)'6P10C; nw..a~.u:r.c;'·, J9(19Sfl). 12M·13K - M. vasic. L'Hcsychasme clans I'Eglise er lnrt des Scrbcs du Moyen Age. Recuell Uspenskfl. I. Pnris 1930. 110·123.· G. M. Pmklwl'tll'. L' hesychasme et 101 pansee scciule ell europe orientale nux XIV siecfc (npceon c pycxcr). »COlU<lct.~0(.1(1971)}.25·63.

36

I1cw.l)pujC1(O-iU~OJlOUII(U ()KfJIlP BI)ujeHujI!6~ eji_(J;(t: (11-6U)

H3Alicaae KOffHKO je Moryhe. H, 3aTBOpHBIlII<I yM y cpuy H q-JiHelHf ynopHO 11 HenpeKHAHO npH3Ji1Bathe HMCHa Focnona Mcyca. 6p30 hew cnanaru U passejara 'f8KDe nOMHCJJJI, ynapajyha HX ueBu,nJbI1- 80 EO)K3HCKl1M HMefIoM"_79

Hcuxaaasr, xoja je y XIV BCKY lJ,OCTaO no uenoj BR3aHTujH a Hapo'IHTO aa Cseroj Topn, AO)K]{lleO je Y TO BpCMe ua 6YAe aarranUyT on jeauor q,Hno3o<i>8 J1.MOnaXa no HMeiry Bapnaassa, 113 Kanafipaje, xojaje 1330.r. nomao ca jyra Hrannje y Ilaparpan, Bapnaan je nOTnYHo noauaaao rpsncy cjJlmo30cpl1jy. n 6110 je BaTpCHI1 npnCT3mU.I,a Ilnaronoue II Apacrorenone cpWIo30qmje. Y Ilaparpany je OliO npH.MJhCU on crpaae uapa AHI:(poHKKa III xao nporpecop TaMowa,er YHUucp3HTeT8. BeilHKH Jby6n1'en. "cnorsaunse MYApOCT~t" [xaxo cy BM33Hl'HHlVf 3B8n,"1 jemnrcxy qmnoco¢Hjy). 00- xyurao je II" ouy yuece ny6Jbe y reorrorajy. 0. je, ynoauajyha aCKeTCKl-! MeTOA I1CHXaCTa, no-reo Jl.a ra aanana, Ha'3lmajyh.H TO "nynKorneAall>e,," (61l<f1(lAO\jlUXt(lV), H KJleBCTaO je HCHX"ere "ao jeperaxe MaC3J1HjaHu,e, jep cy acnxacra, HaBOARo, -rupnana nu sane cauy CYIUTl:IHY SO)f{ujy, Ha OBe xanane OArOBOp'HnH cy HCliX3CTIJ MORaCH, H TaKO cy no-rena IiCHxacTR1.IKH CnOpOBH., Y TC pacnpe YMcmanu cy ce n aajcnpesontja <pHJI030CPH R +eonoaa rora uoea. P33JI03f1 sa OBe pacnpe cy MHorH, U OHM joui ynex HMCY J~080JbAO paajaunecan. Toaopa ce 0 cyxofiy 1I3Mel}y apacrorenoaaua a nnarosacra, paU;HOHaJIHCT3 1-, MlfCTHKa, OHK:< xoju cy filUIH 33 cjennae}he (r]. YHHjy) 11 OHWX xoja cy 611JlH nporau cjeJl.HJbel-ba, r], nonara-rapa H sanora. Ann, necyxnsaaa lIRtbeHHQa jecre Ta na je OBY cnahy Y B113aHTJ1jn sane-reo Bapnaau f13 Kanacpaje. -rj. GOBeK aananaor uyxa iT. oopasoeas,a,

Flpna pearoaan.a npaaocnasaax nporas Bapnaaaa 6uJIa cy nocne pasroeopa ca aaacaaanuaaa nane 1333-1334, y Llapxrpany. CXBaT8J.ba 0 KojlfMa ce pacnpaoJhano npnmlKoM OOl·IX pasrcaopa cu-maaeana cy cepnjy pacnpaoa. xoje je Bapnaass H3nao nOA aaCJIOnOM ·'npOTJ-mflanfHa".81 OBAe assere JberOBe TC3e no6njao je I'paropaje Flanaua, TaJl311HbH MOH8x y Caeroj Fopu a xacauje apxaenacxon COnytlCKH.

Ilanaesa je poljeH 01(0 1296.r. y Ilaparpany, rne je y'iHO <pHJl030qmjy" reonorujy, Y6p30 ce aaxonauiao II nonaasasao ce y Caeroj rOpJ.1. aa ropu Flarnrxo 11 y Bepaja. Caoj MonaUJKH YCaMJhCIHllfKH )KUBOT npeKHHyo je 6e3 ceoje son,e, npuaopaa ,lJ.OraljajHMa caora noba.na 611 yuecreonao Y AorMaTCKHM pacnpa-

79 rpll1.opujc CilHtlllili, 0 ucuxaju 1t 0 .ABa 1I1l'IlIH!t MOJll1T8C. PO·I 511. 13HiABC. no CD, Fpuiop. flWlll.IHlliCllxa:JaM nOICR:Jyje: i"}cruXfuv "toil VOu "nt KOOJlOU otccrv. "CiJ\' )..r)"OT)V -rtov 1.:6:tro. t1;V ~UOtIV tli,)v livoo. 'tl;V 'tro\' VOIlJl(lt"(OV £1I('to ""'Pl::.lTIOV cmoOeow. (CJIODO 53., H:lA. HKOIlOM),), A"IIUfI 1M 1. cTP. 170.

80 Hacnoun 0811X pacnpaaa, 6eJ C<lD.p)K<lJ<I. ImJ1a3e ce y PG 151, 124Y-1254.

37

DaMi:1 xojc cy TaAR H3H]Il'.1I1C, XUPOTOHJfCaa je sa apxaenucxona conyacxor 1347.r .. rile je It y"po 1359. ronaue. TIpOTf!B BapnaavoI3HX resa, H3UeTl:IX y em-Icy "Flporua Jlarnaa", Flanasra ce cynporCT31HIO ca caoja ABa "AnUjlI1KrfP·IKa cnona'', y KojHMa aanasce npaBOCJl3BHY TeonOIDXY rpauauajy 0 Cecroae ,Uyxy, H Y KojJtMa OAoau,yje ynorpetiy Ma K(tKI)Or ,I..InjaneK'I'lf1.IKOr Me1'o,u;a J.I panuonamICTl1~lKOr C}I]lOrH3M,1 Y mrr(ULHM3 sepe. Bapnaaa, KOjl1 je y Mei)yapeMeHY ormnao y COllYH I1P0IJ;Y)I(yjyRli 'rasco na WUP" csoja y-ien.a, no-reo je na uanana I1C11xaCTI1tlKe MOHaxe. uaannajyha HX "nynxorneinut'', HCMcjaBajyfiH -raxo MeTOA KOjU cy OH11 yuorpeorsanamt Y CBOjHM nOJ.tBI13HMa aomrrae. Ha one nanane pearoeanu ey MlJOrH ytleHu MOHaC~J, xao urro cy 6J1mt HrlhaTHje KanOTeT, Jocaqi Kanorer.Ilaaan Ilxcanar » np. Ana Bapnaasc, ocrajyhn npn CBOjUM nornenaaa, cacraaao je cneunjamry paenpaay nporue ncnxacra, Onaj tbefOB pan cacroja ce H3 TPIf nena, n TO: "0 caaaarsy, o Mon·HTBH. H JhY]J.CKOj CanpllJe!:IOCTH, If 0 CBeTJIOCTH". MOHaeH cy ce 06paninH Fpnropajy Flanasra, TpalKelti. na ycraxe npOTU" Bapnaavosax Banana, Ilanasra aarryurra CoeTY ropy 10{ A.Ona3A y Conya If npeysaaa onfipany acaxacra. Eop6y BOAIf nperescao nlfCMeHRM nyreM,tH a pesynrarje 6uoAorMaTcKo YTUp~HBal-be CTape npanocnanae MOHamKe rpannuaje. OA6paHa MOH3Xa. HCJ.{x3CTa no-rena je 113_A3nafhcM nena "npae rpnjane" non Ha3HBOM "Y OA.- 6paHy cseurreuax ucuxacra", y xojexr pasanja 3H3'Iaj cnon.rser nacnaraa.a Y UJi!bY cnacen.a (npaa KIMtra), 3aTHM rosopa 0 uornyHOj KOHl.\eHTpaIVt:jH nyxa aa apesre aonwrne (apyra xn.ara), It 0 Boacauckoj cueTnOCTH H ycaapuranaa.y \101Jt:K8 [rpeaa Klbura). Y CBOMe onronopy Bapnaasr je pesnnoaao caoje neno, H36au,yjyhn CDe yspenn.aee aspase npOTH.B Mom,xa, a A.oAajyhu HOBe orrryxoe npcras Te3e ilaJI8MHHe ° OO)Ka!:lCKOM casuna-y. Ilanaeaa, Ca3H3BliM:38 nonpaarseao H3Jl,8tbe osora Bapnaauouor nena, noxau,c na npHnpeMa CBOjy "APYry rpajany", xoja je ycrsapa nponyxerax npeTXOAHC. Y thoj 011 pacnpaan,a 0 CnaCOHOCHOM caanan.y 11 errors.. eM 06pa30BafbY (npsa KH>ID'a), 0 MOJlHTBH (npyra ((}bura) II 0 GmKaHcKoj caeTnOCTH (rpeha xu.ura). Kana je Bapnaaa ca3H30 aa CaAp)f(UHY "npyre rpnjane" ornruao je y Llapurpan, rne je CUHOAY T~O TIanaMY " MOH3xe HCHX3CTe. An" Bapaaaaose oOTY'AC6e Rl1CY TaMO HaJ.1wne H3 uenasc pasyxenan-e. Flarpnjapx JOBaH Kanexa, KOjl1 nxje »ceneo noxperaise AOfMaTCKltx cnoposa, Ii HaroBopeH ou AKJ1H)J,~tHa, noanaror reonora onora ll,06a, onono je

gl Ilena ce. Fparopuia Flauaee uanaae ce neJllfM)I'IHO y Putrologfu Grucca, 113/1, Mlgne. 'rOM 150-)51. H(IIiO KPHTIt'"lJ<.Q lI::il1.(llf.e ceux nena I)JIAC"'I·H y rpulopllje nUllfl.M.8. CVlrrPAMMATA.I1:JJJ,. n. XpuciUy, COJlYU, TOM 11962, TOM 1119(,0. TOM Illl~n{).3aTHM OMHmtje41,JepycaJlHI>J Itl57; OMH.IlHje22, 1l3A. H.KOliOMY. Arana 1t<61 H ¢ltJIOKaJ1lfja, TOM IV, 11311. Acrap. Aruun 19i1·1.

38

l1aTwplljt:lw·iiieu./IowKu nxoup BPlljl!HujetSe envxc (11-60)

Bapnaaxsoso pacnonoscea.e sa pacrtpaac. Y MeQyepeMeHY, xana je Ilanaaa 6~10 OOaOCllITeH 0 BapnaaMOBOM OAJl8CKY y Ilaparpan, HanYCTJiO je COnYH H ornurao y Cae1'Y ropy, K3KO 6» nojauao 11 yrspnao caojy 50p5y. all jc ynosaao MonaX" Cne're rope ca cnojau CTaBOM, np01HlTaBUUI HM uanacaaa TeKCT, KOjH je OH C8C'raBHO A8 611 ra On06pH]UI. Ouaj l-LerOB TCKCf BYAe npaxaaben Ii nornacan OA crpaue noaaxa l1 euncxonajepacocxor-, 11 nosuarje non HMCHOM "Cneroropcxu TOMOC 0 CBeUITeHHM HCUXaCTI1Ml'I".

Bapnaau, nOBpaTHBlII11 ce H3 Llapnrpana y ConYH, yssecro Aa cneAH MHpHy TaK~flKY xoja My je onna YKa3a1l8, asnajc HOAY Kl-bHry non H8CJlODOM "npOTJ1B Macannjanana'', rne je H3naA80 IICHXaCl'C xao jeperuxe sracamsjaune Ii 6oryMune. ITanaM3 je TI3PAHO 11.8 csernocr, xojy MORaeK .SHAe, jeere secraopena eaepraja EO)Kja, y KOJOJ Mory Jl.3 y~feCTBYJY lbY,D.lI. Ta CBeTJlOCT nnje CUMa cyurruaa Bcacaucrna, xoja je Iby.I..tHMa aenpacrynanaa, Oao naJ13MJ1TCKO pa3Jll1KOBaH:.e J13Mel}y cyurraae H eaepraje Bapnaasr je CXBaTJoIQ KaQ na ce TH:Me y nauiy sepy YSOAe ABa 6mKaHcTsa. MOl-lax HC11xa~ra gaBltA Ilacanar y aesa ca THM xaxe: "t.[YIlWI1 aa TO Bapnaaes je O,l1.rOBOpHO nHCMeHO, na, fIOWTO rosopare na cyurrasa BO.>Kja jecre uenpa-racrna (<>J.1t')£K"tO<;) If aeaann.aua, gOK je exeprnja II 6narOAaT Iberosa npncryrra-ma (~il£K'ti] = npasacraa) II liaTa CBen£TeJbHMa, BU naxne npasxajere ABa Dora, H81J,UHWeHOr H nonpebeaor (U1t£PKUJ.1£VOV KO:( U'I'£(J.1£vov); HaABHWCHor 350r cyurTHlie xoja je uenpacryna-ma (uenpanacrna) JI HeslfJVbl1l1a, a IIOApebeaor 3601' euepraje " 6naroAaTH xoje nofiajajy eBCTHTeJbH OA crpane Bora, TaKO je OH (Bapnaasr) H3MHCJlHO KpHnllllY (rj, onTYlK6y) 0 nocrojan.y ABa Bora, I! TlIMe je I1CUYIllIO YUlIf MHOl'HX (r]. ncseo je A3 TO UlI1pU).',H2 Ha one TeWKe OIlTy:a<OC Bapnaasra, Ilanava je onroaopao 1!3AaBalbeM "rpehe rpujane''. Y ",oj Je OR, K8KO sena }J;J.ICHrraT. 6paHHO "na CUeTJIOCT 6mK8HCKa 11 H~C1'130pena, xojy caeTHTC1bH nasanajy 60)KaHCTBOM. aaje cynrraaa BO)Kja, Hero eaepraja n 5naro,!t3T II CJI3Ba H cjaj, xoje BO)l(aHCKa cyurrnna uian,e C.OCT11TCJbHMa ( ... ) H OHa je fbUMa npacryna-nra, ane je oner HeOJ].BOjHlla H Hepa3)J.CJbHB3 Oil. 60)K3HCKe cyurmae; 3601' rora n nucy ABa Dora HJlI1 nsa EO}KaHCTBa ". ~n

Bapnaaa je osor nyra peunro Aa pearyje JOLU jaxe, na je [lOnOBO oruurao y Ifaparpan, H TY)KHO Tlanasry CIUlOAY, He xao I.lOBCK3 KOjl1 xymr 11 KOjH YBO.QH aoay reonorujy, Hero xao l1.3a3Haa'la He3aKOHIITlIX rpynalll1ja."" IIaTpujapx KanoKa, KOjH je, Kao

N21l.lfIw() o.UClI.fillllloc, 'lcroorc QUX BpClXiwv. ed. Manuel Candal. OCP. J5(1949), CTp.118.

8) J.1CTQ, CTp. 1 HHZU.

84 BHI.I~l AKlIHUUJI, i\6~C; 1fp6~ Kai.6::av l~O. 9. YCfH!H.t.:KltIl, ClIIlOAItK n neaenro npflBOCJi!UHUI, Onecca 1 ~93, CTp. S7. Cp. fl. X!)/lciuy, yeon Y Cl1rrPA MMA T A. TOM II, CTp. 10.

UI)l(lfCH.c! i'iPUAII/(C II ()y.·W(lH() CiUllH,(, Y iJPllje.'IWjf'fW o()fia (22-44)

39

urro CMO Ben BHAenu, nafieranao nOKpeTal'b(~ AorMaTCKHX npo6neMa, ua OCHORY OSIa OTIry)K6n: 11031380 je Tlanavy y npeCTOIDJIJ;Y na ce GpaBH. Kana je Ilanaaa ea MOHaeH"a CTBTao y Ilaparpan, narpnjapx je >KCJICO aa ce C1'Bap UCOilTa 113 CMHOACKOM cyny xao Hel~UCU;HnJlHHa. AJIH uapaua AHa ce TOMe cynporcraaana, cuarpajyIH1 AU 'fa crnap rpetiana ce ItCnHTa y ca6opy, 38 ~IHjl1 ca3HO je 611no HeonxOAHO npl~cyC1'BO oncyruor HMnepaTopa. no nOBpaTKY uapa casnau je caGop (10. jyna 1341) xojxje 3aCe)1aO cauo jenaa AaH. Ha J-beMY cy Y'lleCl'Bo]3aJU1 qap AHJJ.POH.l1K Ill, ne1liunr AOMeCTH.K Joaaa KaHTaKY~HH, narpnjapx Jouaa Kanexa, apxajepeja, nrYMaHM, AP)KaBHU CaBeTH.U.LJ.l1l1 ApyrH. Bapnaax, je H3Heo uosuare OfiTY>K6e, 1I0CTaBn~ajy!1.H MOIiaCHMa Ii na-raa.auorwarcxe npapoae. Fpnropnje Ilanaaa If MORaCH 06pa3JIO)KHJIH cy caoja MlUl.I1befba 11 O.o.6HlJH oec onTY)l{6e, ,nOKa3aIDI cy, noachy CSeTOOTa'lKMX -rexcrosa, paaJlHKy "3Me~y 50lKaHCKe cyurraae II secruopeae eaepraje EOlKje xao Ii na je 60)l(aHCKa CaeTJIOCT HeCTuopeHa eaeprxja BO)Kja. Ca60p je npMxaanlO ofipaancceen,c MOHaxa 11 uap ce nOTnYHO CIlQ)f(HO Ii. H3jaCHJfO CC 0811101 pel.lHMa: "HaKO OJ], Hac KOj I,{ CMO rrynH auje cxnarno H3 OBRX pe-ra xoje cnasocnoue ouy 60)l(aHcK)' CSeTJIOcT,.n.a je 6o;KaHcKa npnpona BH'AJbHsa: jep uaxo cy (csernren,n) nocnenn TOJIHKY BHCHH)' cosepnaa,a, anax cY BHAeJIH 6narO,AaT H cnasy Boscjy, ana He H casry npapony xoja naje 6narO,QaT,·.H5

Fparopuje AKHIIAIIH ce HHje CJI0lKUO H nanycrno je catiop.

Bapnaasr ee naurao y TeUlKO" noncscajy, II, no casery uarpujapxa J OBaHa Karrexe, l!.l3DHHHO ce MOllaCH,Ma, KOj u cy .My pano Onp()CTH~ JUI. Taxo je aaapuiea oaaj Ca60p 6e3 asnanan.a CnClI,JfjaJIHOr TOMoca. Caoopcxe onnyxe oejasrseae ey narpujapumjcxou CHl(UKlIHKOM y KOjOj ce H3J1a)f(C nooeua MOHaxa H.Cl-tXaCTa, If KOjOM ce napehyje na ce ,a;eJ1a Bapnaaaona ymmlTe.HIi Hexonuxo narra xacanje Bapnaaa je uanycrno Buaarrrajy A sparao ce y I1TaJIHjy, AOKje uap AHAPOHHK 1i3HeHaAa ysrpo.

CMpT "MnepaTOpa npyxcanaje Fparopajy AKHHAIIHY npanaKY, nOLUTO je csrarpao Aa je can sronau MOMeuaT, 11:a npOAY}JG{ CBOjy 50poy npOTlIB IIC'lXaCTa. Ocyhyjyha Bapnaaaasno-reo je na xanaaa flanavy, noxyuraaajyha na onosprae a.erosa cxaaraisa 0 pasmuru cYWTlUie " enepraje BO>K.Hje. Ha osaj na-nrn nenana Aa AKHHAnu norsphyje OHO UlTO je Bapnaau nponosenao, HaKO ra je nperxonao 600 OCygHO. MeHXaCTa Ilacanar naure: "Oao UlTO MI1CJIH Bapnaasr, MH.Cm~ II AKUH,IJ,HH, jep BltKO He MO)KC npUXSaTIiTIf Aa nocrojn Ma KaKBa pa3nHK3 H3Me~y noruara Bapnaasra Ii AKJ{H}J,HHa. AJID, nOllJTO je Bapnaasr ocybea II TIlMe crexao nonry penyrauajy, 3aTO

il5 Caryopcxa TOMOC 1341 Y Ioauuc Kanuupuc. Tix SoWo:'tlKD. Kal a\)~poAu;:a ).1vTHlEfo: tf}c;'Opt'l-OB6~O"'EIOJ .. l'la(('J.~, TOM 1. ATItKa 1960, CTp. 362.

86 MM. Acta, 1,210.

40

AKUUll..IiH onoHja,Q3 je HCTQMI1WfueHUK Bapnaa~100".N1 HCI1XaCTH cy na acrynan,e AKHH,D,HH3 OAMax pearoaanx, aaxreeajyha OA uarpnjapxa C3311B HOBor ca6opa. Ilarpnjapx cc l'OM~ cynporcrasao. ann UCHxaCTe cy y nauy Josaua KaUTaKY3UHa HaWIn'! 6pam·mua, M TaKO je catiop casaaa aBrYCTa 1341.r. Pe3YJITa'r onor cadcpa 6l:iJIO je H3,QaBaJ-hC Ca60pCKOf-rOMoca, Y KOMe ce ocyhyjc Bapnaa« 11 CI3I1 OHH xoj» cneuyjy }{..erOBOM yseu-y, H satipaa.yje ce YOYAyl1e noxpcrau,e M3 KaXBI1X )J.OfM3TCKI1X npooneaa. A KlIH)lUH je npaxna-ruo onnyxe ea6opa, H36el'aBWIi: rrHtlHy oCYfJ..Y. OnaKO jc saupureaa npna cpaaa aCI1.XaCTHtlKliX cnoposa, an" cy ce OHH xacaa]e nponY:.KlIIrn.

Ilpyra cpaaa cnoposa OKO nCHXa'3M3 pasasna ce aa BpCMe rpabaacxor para y BU3aHTujl1. Ilarpajapx JOBaH Kanexa, xoja je, xao WTO CMO mmeJIH, y-iecruosao Y TOMe pary, noxyurac je ,n;a npaay-re na cuojy crpaay I'pnropaja Flanaay, Ilanasraje TO OA6Ho, jep je 6HO upucrarmua KaHTaKY3Huon. Jonaa KaHTaKY3liH y BC3H C 'l'H.M Y CBOjOj I1CTopnjH nmne: " A '-111M je no-reo par, narpajapx sannneha Ifanaua H fiojeluJ ra ce Aa My He npeOTMC KaTeAPY, CMllllIJh3We My 3110. 11 npuo je [(03B80 napa Kal-11'aKY3HHa na ra nOApll<K Y 60p6H "nOT'IIHbeHY K onnysen.y (Ilanaae). Ho uap je OTKa3ao jauao ynecraoeau,e y 6e3rUWH.Y, auajynx Aa Ilanasra naje y CTIlR>y ua yl.lHHH HH1<8KBO jasao 3J10, 6YAyhn D03H8T no epnwnave If qnmOC0'iQujB, Ii noxyuranaure na npowexa sne H8Mepe (narpajapxoae )". Ilocne rora narpajapx je onryxno nan aMY Aa H nane lI:ma;+::e u nponoeena ceoja MliUJJbeFba, cynpoTHO ca60pCKOM TOMOCY H31341. rOA. no KOMe ce saripas.yje noxperan,e ,norMaTCKHX npooneva. Taxohe je narpnjapx TBPAHO na je caoop nOTBpl\HO call-to Y'leH:.a 0 6mKaHcKoj cneTnOCTH ~f srerony acxxacra 0 YMHoj MOJlHTI1H, a Be ~'I' y~IeH:,e Ilanasse 0 pa3JJIt~M 60>KaHCKe cyurraue 11 caepraje. HanOKOH je yeneo ua nsuece CTRap ripen nepMaHeHTH~1 CUlIOA, xoja je 4. HOBeM6pa 1344. aHaT~~,"caO Fpuropaja Ilanaeay xao uoeesa KOJII YHOCIf HOBHHe y IJepy.

Osaj CTaB narpajapxa JOBaHa, KOjll je 6>10 Y cynporuocru ca onnyxaaa Caaona 113 1341. ron., I10TBp~eHHX 011 crpane [(apa AHil:pOHHKa III, KaQ Ii CTanHH ycnecn KaHTaKY'3KHa, 61-1O.ie pasncr 300r xora je Llapnua AHa MOpaJla na peuanyje CBOj CTaB npcMa Ilanaua. Harpajapx je 6uo npHHy!jeH na aannure pacnpauy "0 TOMOCy,,,!.H1 KOjOM noxyuraaa na ce onpasna, rspneha na catiop H3 1341. HUTH je OnpaB,llaO nanaMY HlnH je QCY1VIO AKHHAHHa. UapH-

~~ fr~:~~f~~~~~;~ l~~6~i~f!J~~g;~:a~' ~3i.~en~'6~~· 124.

119 DHAH "l1a't'puxpxu(6~ AO";'O<;, Sl' llU b.1tOl(11Pii"ttEl':i6" ncV.ujJu Ka( 'to~ aU'tO\l O'1[ouliacJ'lCu; 1(0.1 blJ.o<ppovuw:;. Kat 'toil<; tte\-j}O~O\}~ ceron; '_Ul tutQK61t<£t a{)touc; tflC; trriac;'tou eto1)'cMllaioo; Cot;laXIV010IJ,OV<; 'ti)e; niO"teWl;", PO 150, H91-H\}4.

I)() Flmpujapx Jouau. 0 TO!tfOCy. PO 150, ~1)II·YI)l

ll.jJK(iCHC ii/JI4J1UKe If IlYX(}fiHO c:lii1UM: y BpujcJluje6u oofia (22-44}

41

ua ce nauma y mapHllry pacnpaaa H cnalya, 11 He MOral3LUH ~a <popMHpa conCTBeHO MUillJbeffie. norpaxuna je MHll11belha p8.3Hl1X nwreccrx. MOH3C}I ca Caere rope seh cy 6UJIlf nOCJIam~1 U.aP»LJ.Ii DHCMO KOjU1I.1 cy 6pafiHJll1 Ilanasry npOTJiB onT~l5n naTpnjapx~. .D;aBITJl, AHcanaT, na 6li mTO 60Jbe otianecrao ~apliu.y, nanacao JC cneuujanao AeJIO "t<paTKa nCT~puja () nOqeTKY ane jepeca BapnaaM3 H AKHHAHHa,·.!ll na.T13Ma je T8Kol)e nH'-lHO nocaao nacuo n H311Oa..HO csoje MBUI1helbC. Tlarpnjapx Kanexa je MeTO TaKO J.l3HCO CBOj cacras Y KOMe H3na>KC cnoja TYMa'llelba 0 -rosrocy, 0 AemIMR AKl1HJJ.IHIH 1'1 npyr-ax nporuaaaxa Ilunaese. (Tlarpnjapx (l.JunoTej, y CBOM noxuazno« rosopy 0 Fpnropxjy nana~m xoja je KaCI:II;Me uauacao, Ha3l:1Sa ceaj Kanexua cacras "'-IHTaBa xe.ara cnnca").

Ha xpajy je uapaua AHa onnysuna na ueo oaaj cnop "POY'IM cneuajannx catiop. TaKO je 2. cpe6pyapa 1347. caaaau caoop 1l0A npeACeJl,IiMWTBOM napnuc AHe )( FbeHor CIiHa Jonaaa V y KOMe cy YlJeCmllV" 6HJllI MHorH enHCKOflH H npora CBeTe rope Ii etstcrn npyrn (PYHKq~IOHepHI ana 6e3 npHCYCTBH narpnjapxa Kanexe. Hery TY Hoh yurao je Y Ilapnrpan KaHTaKY'HH; K3Me9Y !bera U uapcxor nsopa ,Jlolje ,0,0 JlOMHpeFba, llHMe ce aaepuraea rpabaacxn 6paToy6l:lJ1aQKll par, Ca60p je HaCTaBMO ca CBOjHM panoa jow ABC censume, a aa fbeMY cana yxecrnyje H KaHTaKY3JtH. Ca60p je llUTUPAliO OCYAY AK.HH,!I,JlHa, xoja je .QOHeT3 xa Canopy 134:4, 1'1 cacranao TOMOC xao nonyuy rosroca H'J 1341. ron. Flarpajapx Kanexa je 1I3rHaR Y ,UUMOl'HKY," na fherOBO MeCTO 6110 je usaopan upaja'ren, Il npecranaua Flanasce HCHAOP Byxepac (1347-1350). I'puropuje Tlanaaa Jl3a6paH je 11 XJ1POTOHBcaH aa apxaerracxona rpana Conyna, ana je }berOBO yctomorerse crrpeseao on crpaxe aanora, npOTi'IBHI1.K3 KaHTaKY3HRoBHX. Ha xpajy, 1350, Ilanava anax ycncsa Aa ce CMeCrJ1 y ConYHY, rne je nacrapcreouao no csoje CMpTII1359. roanne.

Bopfia npornn ncaxacra ce, Me~yrIfM, aacraan,a. Hnxurpop I'pnropa, jenas on 3HaTHujux nncaua oaora lI,06a, nOTIlOM?rH)'T Ii on crpane MHTpononHTa erpecxor Mareja ." r~HCl{Or JO~Hcpa. no-reo je )KCCTOfCO na HanaJJ.~~naJH\MY, ca J{0.1H~'1 je HMHO Ii JaH~Y pacnpasy y npacycruy napa .: ' flpOI.W)KeTaK ORUX cnoposa fil!JO Je flOBOA ca3HSY HOHor caoopa xojn jc caasao 1351. ron. HOnIt narpajapx Kanner (1350-1353, 1355-1363) crpacrseau npncranrrua Tlanaae. Catiop ce CaCTC1Q y nanarn Bnaxepmr nOA npeAce.[tHHlllTBOM cavora uapa JOBHHa KaHTaKY3HHa, 11 Y npacycrsy MROWTBa MM·

91 J1)~. M(wuei Cwu/ul, ~nT.,Qeno. .

92 nmupujllPx tPwlOiijej. Oox»aJHIO (,;)lOBO 0 COI!TOM OIi,Y uaweM Fpuropajy, PG

<.(1 k;~A.~ll~I~~/UIJO" rplli.op(I, 'I(ftVPlCl, 5, Bouuae 11, $29-~34. ce. J. Meye"dorll:

Introduction at'erude de Gregoire P:.lI:unu";.IIJI·!" ACIlO, CTp:l41.

42

I4ciliopuj,,,o-itieo/luwKII UKtJllP BpujeHlljcliC enoxe (It-flO)

-rpouonrrra, euucxona 11 CBCUlTeHCI'Ba, KaO 11 cascor Fperopnja nanaMe, KOjH [e cneuajanao nourao Ifj Conysa rite ce sen 6110 nacraaao. TaKol)e cy sa 080M catiopy YlleCTlJOBaJlII If o~n1 KOjJ1 cy ~Maml cynpoTHo MHlUJbelbe 0.0. Ilanaae, 11 TO: Marej Erpecsu. Jocatp raHCKlI, HI1KH<jJOp Fpnropa 11 npyra. Ca60p je IIMao uer cennnna. Ha "PBOM aacenan.y npOTIIBHHl~1t Il anave OIlTY)KHJIH cy ra na je yseo 'uOA3TaK Y TCKCT ucnoaenaa,a enncxona 33 epeere Xl-IPOTOJ'll1je, xao 11 sa uexe fberose aspaae. Fparopaje naJ1aMH je 1'BPA30 na oaaj AoJ\aTaK, "xoja, npaso pe-reao, J.1 HHje J],o,aa1aK ( ... ) Hero paaanjatse (y-iersa) Illecror B8ceILeHCKor caoopa",1J4 ynorpedn.en je 3601' anarevrrcan.a Baprraasra A Axamnara. Hanpyrov aacenarsy cafiopa npoTHBHiU.\H ITaJIaMe npOAY;KHJU1 cy ca onTV>KGaMa npOTHS lbel~a. a OR je O}J.rOBopHO npo-nrraaurn paauje H3rOBopeHO HcnOBeAal-he.IJS Ha rpehe» saceaaa.y npouarana cy u np0TJ.tI3IUiUU Flanave CBOj TeKC'r acnouenau,a. y KOMe cy OHJlH npaxaaruna ocyny Bapnaassa 11 AKUHAHHa, aJU1 cy orrryscusana Flanawy IDTO je yaeo "ABa" BHlDe 60>KaHCTa,Da, H'TO (nexa) Y3- BIIUJeHa, a (HCKa) nonpebcnnja (6olKaHCTBa)".'" Ilanaua je OAfillo oilry>K6y roeopcna: "J a ABa 60;.KaUC'l'Ba, ana MHDra H p33n1l'lHTa y CBeTOj Tpojuue, ( ... ) 6JlarOAahy XPIICTOBOM, HIITI1 caM 3aMllW)haO, f!I1TII MIICJIlfM, HIITn fiy 3aMHlllbaTII ( ... ) fiDTH nax npyro urro n33HnaM 60)K3RCTBOM CCM Tpl-mnocracuor bO>KaHCTBa; UliTH 60)KaHCKY cywnlHy ana aHl)eJICKY, HI1T1:l nnoerac, no BeJ1HKOM AIIOHI1CHjy (Apeonarnry), Hero caM HaJBaO "MeHOM EOlKaHCTBa 60lKaHcKC eneprxje " aanacxe (1tpo6001lC;) np"pOAHO caojcrneue YI OJ], ne1.IUOCTJ.! npHC)'THe Eory, caarpajyha na rOBopHM y carnacHQCTU ca CHeTHTeJbHMa".'.l7 3a speve ~le'l'HpTOr aacenaa.a npo-nrran je TOMoe 1-1.3 1341. xoja je 6HO npH3HaT KUO QeHOBa 0 tiCUxaCTI1l.JKOM y-tea.y, jaTUM TOMOC "31347. J.f MHOnl.ApyrH qJ.I1'aTU ~13 nena cne'rax Oraua, Tparopnje TIanaM3 je onpasnaa.jep "1I3 cnera W'fO je pexao lli1n npo-rarao 6HJJO je jacno na ce lherOB craa TeMeJbIf aa 60rOCJIOBCKOM ytrelbY (CBeTI1.X OTaua)",9H Iberoso y1.leH~e no-repbeao je KaO y-ieue Ilpanocnaaae upxae. MnrponomlTli Erpeca H I'aae Ka.>KiLeHU cy pawtnUbClbeM~'Kao OHU KOjH cy 60JlOBan:H OA 3nOYMJba Bapna3.Ma u AKliJHAuHa". IleTo 3ace.o,al»e

94 CIfHO.llJIJIIU! TOMOC 1351 Y 1. Kapuupuc, TO. ~a'mm Kat (ru)J.POAlXU ss ~ci~~~~· ~n .. IlB~~~ C~k~~~ nHeMO C(I. Fputopuia fl(uUIMt! AUOIIHClfjy, Cl1rrPAMMATA II, CTp. 4Y4-4Y9. CaBpCMCHl! cpncxa npeeca oeor ucnoaenan.a aepe ce. Fparopaja Jlanaue SHUIt y "Tecnoursu nornena", 4(1978). on jepo». Am. Jcmullha. - H1I3'le crape cpG)'lbCKII npeuona cy

96 t:::t~:=~lj~~o3~~0~1:~~5T~ ~:~1~~~379.

97 Hero.

98 vkro, C'rp. 3HlJ. 99 ltcro. CTp. 3M.

UPI:IfCIW npwrflKt: II ()yxomw CmaH,i! y Bpujeulljc(jo i)u6u (22-44)

Ca-jB8HO je aexonaxo ,I1,aHa xacanje, 6e3 y-reurha ocyheuax IlanaM1UUiX npOTI1BHHKa. Ha OROM 33CeAaJ.bY pacnp80n.ano je ne-r rnrrafba, xoja je nOCTtlBHO nap: "Tlpao, na nll Y Eory noeroja uorojJ,oml'IHa pasnaxa cyUI'HrHC H eaepraje? 3aTltM, K3A nocroja paannxouau,e (cyurrane JoJ eaepraje), Aa JIJi je rana OBa exepruja crnopeaa Mml. aecrcopeaa? Tpehe. aKO ce noxaxce A8 je UDa 6oroJl,O!1""U!a csepraja uecraopeua, raaa KaKO he ce H36ehH Mlfcao A& Ear ffI1jC CJlO}l{CH, xao UJTO cy ce YCY)Vl.JIH na nparosope ~IHOCJIaBHli (Hcnpa"OCJIaBHI1) Bossjoj UpK.I1? '1eT,pTo, aKO 60rOCJlOB" H83HBajy BO}KaHeTDOM He cavo CYWT1HIY, nero 1'1 60)J(anCKY eaeprajy, KaKO osna npOTrIBHHUH npanncyjy H8Ka3HOCT )..tBo6oWTua y UPKBf< Bossjoj? H nero, aKO 60rOCnOBl1 rosope Aa je cynrraua Y He'IeMY aaaan eaepraje. OHJla, nOWTO H TO CJly::KH npOTllBHliU;ItMa K30 paanor 38 yxopeaarse, Tpe6a oojacaa'nr xana ca BorOM aajen- 1£H1.lapl'l:M:O, xoje je 0(J.D:Ba (y nararsy) 3aje}J.HHtJapelbe: no CyruTHHH 1!J1H no eneprHjH?,,1 I

Ca60p je, na DCHOBY cneTOOTa1.tKOr y-ren.a, ll1ijn je npoA),>KeTaK Ii paanoj 5HJIO HCHXaCTUlIKO fiorocnoen,e, onronopuo aa CBalW rops,e naran,e. 11 TO: 1. nOCTojH pasnaxa cYWTJmc H enepraje: 2. OBa eacprnja je aecraopeaa; 3. pa3J1I1.KOnaFbe cyWTHHe 11. enepruje He ynOJ],I" CnO)f(eHOCT Bora; 4. H3pa3 EmK3HCTBo npunaje ce OJl, Oraua aecrnopeno] cyutTIIHH, 11 5. na je, no OTa~IKOM npenarsy, 60>KaHCK8 cYlUTHHa H3Han 6mKaHCKHX esepraja, l:IaKO cy ORe nepasueojaue. 1.'1. aa je 60~a~CKa cyurrana ueupacryne-ura H HenpI1(~?c.-rHa, a 60IKaHCKa eHeprUJa Je npHcryna~1Ha .u rrplf'JaC'rHa 1bYAHMa.

Ha Taj U.FIKH nanaMJfTCKO 60rOCJlOBlhC je norspbeuo ca6opCKH, a caM Fparopaje Ilanassa je npH3u3T sao "CarJr3CaB CBeTIlM 6orocnoBHMa ... n, 5naronahy XPHCTOBOM. 6paHHJlau: HCTIiHe on al'Ollelllna".1ll2 OJ]. onnyxa oaor cafiopa Cal.llHbeH je uocetias 1'0MOC, 1103HaT xao Ca50pCKH TOMOC 1351. rOA., xoja cy nornacana nap Joaaa Kaaraxysna, narpajapx Kanacr H ocrana tIJ1.aHoBH caoopa H MHorH npyn: enacxorm. Kacaaje ra je norrmcao M Joaaa IlaneonorH ueron cynnanap Marej KaHTaKY3HlI. Taxohe, QJt,n)'KOM ODor cafiopa AOnaTo je Y CHHOI(HK Henerse npaaocnaarsa Ii Y'lelbe rpKr()~~a Ilanaae, K30 Ii aH31"eMaTH3MH. DpoTHB npOTHBUHK.a na.naMl1.3Ma.

100 acro.crp. 3N5.

:~~ ~~~.I:;rp~4ti!.' 391-397.

103 SHAH CHIIO/UlK Henen,e rrpaaocnaan.a y rp<JKOM 1'pHOllY: DHl{1I )f KPI1TI'I'Ij{O II:fA::tthe CIIHon,IIKa on J. Gnuitlard, Le Synouikon de l'Ortbodoxie. edition er cnrmuentuire, Truvaux ~ Mernolres. TOM 11, Paris 1 %7, ,1-3! n. TrHwl)e lJ::,Q,J{ II crap» cpncKw npeBnA CI'HoAIIKa y 1t:Jp,OtbY B. MOIIIUH(l, CCp6CKlUi pCAaKl..{lU1 Cnnonnxa. BIIJ:JlHTlliu:'lCllrt epeaenunx •. Hl(i959), CTp, 317-394 u 17{1%O). CTp. 27X-2,79. Cpncxo U3AalbC lie C31.lP*ll nee KOjU ceO/_UOCH lin. I1CHX3CTII'lKO yveree aaro UlTO je Cnuona« 61010 npeeenea npe 'rora epeneun.

43

44

J1dufJplijnw.meWlr)IlIKU OKIlUP 8pujCHUj(!(j/? (!iiuxc {I 1.(11)

Ha OUOM cafiopy KOHa\lHO je n01'Opi)eHO J1 npnxnaheuo y Ilpaeocnannoj U;PKBH y-rea,e CH. Fparopaja Flanasre, soje je yrxano y BH3aHTl'ljcKM XYMaHH3aM anpaao, npaRoCJIaI3HO, OTa~IKO 6oroCJIOBIbe 0 cnacen.y lIOBeK3, KOjH ce nonsnaana aa J,J.O(""TlifHe canprueacrso 11 cje,Q.Rfbefbe c Boross Y cosepuan.y 60:.«aHCKe cnaae, YTIII.:t:aj HC0.XaCnl~IKor y-reu,a 6110 je nenaxa Y Hape,nHHM rOJlHHaMa, J.t OHO je nonpuaeno Y MHOfOMC na ce H36erHe naraaasauaja npaaocnaun.a It norvmsen,e l1cTOtIHe upxae 3anaAHoj.

0) Borocnoscae cTpyje

Tpa nocnenn.a aexa Basaarujcxor n;apcrna, Ii nopen nonaTij~~KO-eKoHoMcKe nexancanaje xojy je OH?c~O;KIHlJbaBaJJO, O.rPIHf..'YJY ce SeJIIlKIfM p:yxonmiM npenOp0Jl.OM. EorOCJIODJbe. Kl:bH-

1£14 Hanpenas uayxe. Klf.,mt{eBlIOC1·lIlt xynrype yonurre an BpCMe n:U1COJlOJ"a ruann je jax ymu.aj y Cp6llju. a nocecxo H<I nOJbY ),MeTHOC11t. 0 TOMe nocroju MHOl'OGpOjH:1 mrrepa'rypa, 113 .. oje 6eJlC.lKJlMO, 110 urucea MIlWJbCI-bY, ONO HajrI1<1SHUJe:

I. OnWTfI [\CJI(l 0 'JlfD,UOM cnaxapcruy , IIIWlIOnilCY II MIIHuja'rypaMa (rne ce nanaae nornaau,a 0 OROM nepuony): - C. PflOfJj'wh, Crapo cprtcxo CJUlKapCTUO, Beorpan 196(1,85-185_ - C. Pru)oj'iufl. M<ijC'J'opll crnpor cpncxor cmrxapcraa. 6~OI'Pil~ 1955, 19-45. - V. Pelklll'it:. La pcinture xcrbc du Moyen ng~. II, Bwgr:.IQ 1934, 17.60, - C. Mit/cr, UI pcinture du Moyen agee" Yougosluvie, III, Puns 1957.· 8. 7jY}JII/i, BH'JUHT>tjCKt! rhpecse y Jyrocnaauja. Beorpau 1974,47-99. - C. P{I(){}j'fIlli. J1KotJe Cpfiuje u MaKe~0I1Hje. Bcorpan 1%2, X-XVI .• 8. 'EYJJllh, Hecne m Jyrocnnenje. Bcorpen 1%1. - C. Puuoj'lUh, Crape cpncse Mltlll-tja'l),pe, Bccrpaa 195{), 13-14,31-32,33-36,4'1. 45. 'T. XII. XIII. XVI. XVII. XVIII, XXIII, XXXIL

II. Monorpudmje lIaj:m<l'mjultjllx cnostemuca (y U.I!JI~IHII Hac-r,iJIIIX y XIV BeKY, xao If crepnjax xojn ~Ihlajy :lHll'miHe: cnojene cnuxapcrea H3 XIV U~Ka): - fl. /I:III/OImlt. Flebsa na-rpujapnrujn, Seor-ptlA 1900,11. )2-15. 17-21. 23-24. - r. 6nnul" - '/;. SOfww(luli, • 11. MuwOlmJi, )Klt'Ia, Beorpan tves. 124-199. - B. l1ewK(J(mll, Maaacmp Crynensua. Beorpna 1924, 59·7~. XU_ . M. PlIjK(J(wli, Kpan.eaa UPKS<l y C'J'YlI.eI-Ufu,I:, lieorpaAI%4. - M. KUlllaHlIH· B. KOf1l1/i-/f.. Tm:.uA· M. WaK()IUfl, CTYJ1CH~I~l, Beorpan 196..'<, 103-134. - 8. n"iUKOf1ltlt - O. nOil()(Jrtli, Crapo Haropueauo - Ilca-ra - Kanenah, Beorpan llJ33, ~-23. - C. Pm)oj'l.uli, Fpaxaaana. "Xpuuibancxo neno". IV/I, Cxonn,e 11)38. 24-34. - C PfIl)UjoJll/i, YMe'TIUI"IKJI cnoeteuanx MallacTIlpa Xunaanapa. 3PU~, 3(llJ55), 167-16H, 174.175, 179-1HO. - V. fJurit. Fresques mediev:lles h Chijundur. Acres du Xlle congrcs international d'etudes byaanunes. HI, Beograd 1964. 7j·!:D. - Jl. EO'lc)OHt)fiU/I, - 8. '/jYI'U/i, -11. Mc()wwuuh.,Xnnau,nap, Beorpan 1~7X. 70-13(1.B, nl!tul«()mJi, - 7i SOUlI(Olmh, ,Ue'HIHli, II, Beorpan tY4\. - r. C},(ioi'lillli.llp](na en. )l,ItMlfTlmja )' nehH, Beorprur 1%4 .. B. oWl/li. l.~pKna Cs. CQ(tmje y OXplt}l,Y, Beorpan 1%3, VIII-XI. - 8. 'lJ)'pllh. PamloHK~a )Jl1TpOnOnl1TaJoD3Ull Sorpntpn, "Sorpaqr 3. Beorpag -1%9, - B. lIeiiiKf)(lUh, MiiUflCTIlP Paeanuua, SeOl'P<tt11922. - M.lby6Iml(fJlJlth~ Paaannua. Beorpan 1%0. -J.Snry}Ww,I'ky. Die Miniaruren des serolschen Psalters, Dcnkschrifter der Akad. d. wiss. in Wien, Bd Ln. wieu J906, - tt. MU./bK08Uh • nCfICK, )lCJIOTO ua aorpadnrre MHXaJ-InO H Eyraxuj. Cxcnje 1~67.

III. Octane panoau: - C. Pm)oj'llth. elrpecxe y MI1JIY~HoaHlII :JU.nY}K6HH;!MD,

Eozm:./IORCKe c;Iipyjc (44-60)

45

)KeOHOCT Ii YMeTHOCT nOCTHrJ1l1 cy neyotiasrajeau npousar. Ouaj uepaon je nao MHOUITBO ¢lHnocoq,a, MaTcMaTU'lapa, nexapa Ii upyrax uayxaaxa. TIOMellYTY1 npenopon je 61fO c jenue crpase xYMal-H1CTw·IKe npnpone. a C npyre crpaae TO jc 6110 npenopon CJH~TOOTa\IKO - 60rOCJIODClUL Pa3110j xYMaHlICT"l;IKOr npeHopOAa usra cnoj KopeH y ¢l1nococpy Mnxauny I1ceny 11 H>erOHOM Y1[eHUl-..J' Joaany MT<~m( (XI nex), a I1Mao je nenasor 3aUTTI1THUKa Y JUPTHOC1'H [tapa Maxanna VIII Flaneonora, xoja je " caM 6no XYM3IHIC'TWIKI:f aanojea. Osaj ansanmjccu xYMaHHCT(lJQKHnOKpel' HMaQ jc cna-nrocra ca napancJUlJ1.M noxperoa KOJH ce y OHO apewc nojaneo y HTannjn;105 una enure, HeKI1 anaaa'rajcsx xyMaauC'rn cy 6HmJ nonvrauajeasanannax XYM3BHcTa. £1CTHRa. Bfl3AHTUjCK11 XYM3HI-I- 3<'lM uajc nocenonao aHTI-IpeJIHnI03HH - 3HTmJ,PKllCHU (aurunoucKn) nyx, sao WTO je TO 6HO cnynaj aa 3anaJlY; Mel)yTH~r, 11 OH Aaje OO:>KI:IHCKOM OTKPHBCfbY jrpyrocrcnesur axacaj. npBCHCl'110 je npunauano >"),MaHHCTHtIKOM 06pa30Bal-bY, Ayropnrer xpaurhancrca je aaMel-beH BeJJlfKlfM APe!3lUlM <punocrnpl-lMa. TInaToH If ApHCfOTe.n cy 0PUHfJl.H nenaxa yrnqaj H J.bHXOBO y-ren,e je npenanaao Y Cl3J1M IlHllHfM WKOJIaMa y BI13aHTBju. Knacuxaa q)HJIOcmt)llJja jc 6J.olJ1a OCHOIlHl'I KpJ:fTepnjYM aa -rYMa'ICfbe pa31-nIX 60rOCJIOBCKltX nportrrcaa.

Y 0130M nepaony nourno je AO CYCPCTEI npa130CJlaBHOr II CXN>6 nacranxor (}OrOCJIOBJba, no upnn nyr nocne IJJH3MC Llpxne, rn3DHH aKrepH OBor cycpeTil cy 6Hmf J18THHCKH OOpa300aHH I3H~

")'MCTlIIl"IKII npernen", 2, Bccrpaa 1~3lJ, 202-2117.· C. rm)oj,tlIfl, Ipa-umauajlc-mna. "YMeTIlII'iKU IIper.nen".4-5.licorpaA I 94(). -s. RClf/llj6('~.Dic Enrxtennng der Malcrei der puloclogischcn Rerunssuncc, Jahrlmch der Osrcrreichiscbeu byzuntinischcu Gcsellsctuut. Gruz - KIjIJ1. VII (1(58) .• H. ·/:iypull. M:IPKOB fI.1<lHaCTl1p· OXPU/l,. "36opHIIK:liI JHIKOBHe YMCTIlllCTlf'?< (1~72), 731-D4. - n. MWhKfmun-/7efkK, Aurcpirre aa HCKOI1KY llXPIiACKU JIKOHI1 Xlii-XIV ncJ.:, 'TJ1:1CJU1K 1111 Myscjcxo-xoasepaaropcxo Apyt1ITnO 11<1 HP Maxenouuju", Cxonje 1954. - H. HU!it'IU/t!UC:II, Die Maler):cholc de): Klinig$ Mihnin. Giesxcn 1 %3. _ M. 'Fw[JOlmli-JbyfiuH}\Oflllh, Fleneo-ue-mncxa liKOIlOnJICH<l ureona on X.IV.::to XIX eexn, Beorpan !tJS5. 3·5. -:J. 5.'W:JI(uJi. Kcnaepeauaja OXP1IJlt:)(liX axona It Hone KtJIICTIITau,l1jc, Cxonje P:l57. - K, 5(1JwfiIIHO(l, MKOfIC. IIJ M<lI<I!AO!lIlJe, Beorpaa 19fi~, XVI-XXIl.

105 B. Tatuuis, La pbilcsopbic Byzunfine. Paris 1959.229. 0 ll.yX(lOH~!M np051lel>~IIMn el!OXC nan COil Ora 1J11)l,SI Act or societe a Byzance sous lex Pnleologues. AClcS du Cotlcquc orguntse parl' Ass, inter. des Etudes Byzunlines a venise 1958. Bibli>JIMque de I' inst. d' etudes Byz.c{ post byz. de Veuise. 4, Venise IlJ71, I3HJl.1t 'l'ilKo1)e Acres du XIV congres intern. de." Et. Byz. Bucurest 197 J. »Rapportes«. Scciere cr vie uuellecruclle au XIVe sieck, I: II Sf, RIIII.~inJlln. The IlL"! I3YZ,Hntilll! genulssunce. Cnmbridac. J971J. Flpodieccp JIeMCp!1 en Copooue uaeonu nil uocroju H joiu jelVHl P<l;)IIju ~yM:HIIlc-rll'IKU nepaca y AiualtTl1ju. Cp. PmllLemede.l.c premier hurnanisme Byzantine. Paris 197 J .7.

In() 1. Kup.tWI)lJC, 'E;ro'rCpIKtll £1tl&paUEt<; E1[( -TfJ~ op{}ob6~()\ll)eOAQyla~, "'EKKAnoic", 16 (193H). CTp. 137. 13111\11 raxobe em. flCliit/()oiiYAIiC. tWUV,110'lS 'Op"066~O\l KUl crxOAn<:rm,i'\<; utOAOylW; £v r41 npocrt'm'Cf.!l KMAt'c;n:OU 'AyyeAlKO\JOl'l KaieWj.lu·AIo..'1.v6:tO\l. COJIYH 1971J.C'rp. 46.

46

/1c.'/7Jopujl.'Iw-lT/clJ.'1U1mcu ('KClIfP BPllj('Htljf!I{(! £'0,).1:(' (11-M))

saa'rujcxa XYMallHCTH MaKclIM nJIaHYAIiC (1260-1310) .. fipaha AIIM1iTjJIIJC (1325-1398) II Ilpoxop (1330-1370) KIIIIOH>!C. [lnanyAI·i.e je npeuonno sa rpsxa MeJIa 6nmKcHor Aurycrnua,'!" xao If IlPyrl-:lkna'fuH.CKUX nacaua, a 6paha Kanoauc nena TOMe AKB11HCKOf". TaKO}e 6una yseneaa Y BH3aHTuJYTeOJfOrnja anrycruuouCKa. xoja je y cyurmnn HeK8 13PCT3 CUHTe'3e xpuuthaxcraa H 1IJ13TOlHf3Ma - HeuIln3ToH1I3MCl, K30 11 cxonacra-rxa 'l'OMlICTItt-lKa 'I'C01JUnlja, xoja je oner CIUlTe:J8 xpuurhaacraa 11 apHCTOTeJlH3M3. Houoyaeneno naTHRCKO 60mCJIOBlLe HRHUlno je aa nooap npnjexr KOn MHorHX 1J1:f3aH'fujcKUX XYMaHHL'TCl, ann H H3331HlnO KOt{ MaOri-IX npyrux HcraTUDHY peaxunjy.

ilOTIlYHO jc BUD l.)'UpOTClH XYM3HHCTli'iKOM nOKpeTY jenax ApyrJi noxpe'r - cBeTOOT3"1KO-6orocnoBCh,"JL Hseronn rnauaa HOCHOl{U 6HnH cy ~OHaCIf ucnxacnr, KOjH JlPC~CTaSJbajy rnanay 60- r0CJ10BcK)' CTPYJY oaor nepUOA8. Hsaxoa anean je 6.1-10 cjcAIIJbeJl,e ca Borox. 6narogahy IlYTCM spnana I"S nonaura. OHM cy TOM 1\I1IbY nocsebuaann ueo cnoj )I(HI10'1". )l(Huehli y TOj HC'I'Oj enoca TeoJIOlllKOr upenopona, OMU cy nounra y AOAl1P ca 11CTH.M .uYXOM H oOpa3.onal-heM xao H XYMaJillCTH. Pasnaxa, Mel)yrHM. Me~y JbI1Ma cacroja ce Y TOMe WTO cy OHM on pa3HID: tPHlIOCOcjJCKJIX CJtCTeM3 llo3ajMJM.maJH1 caero nojenane cnorsanuse eneueare, -rynajyhu HC]'ICKl3apeHO UO)KaHCKO Orxpnsea.e. Cycper J1aTJUlCKOr H npasocnauaor 6orocnOAfua nao HM jc IIpnllHKY na ce ynosxajy ea nanUICKHM 60rOCJlOu.rr,eM, ua 6J.J MOfJIH urro 6o.n.c):ta 6paHe CBUjy sepy, KaKO npH1Il1KOM pasronopa 0 je,UHHCTCY Ilpxana, TaKO M y CI:H"IKOj npyro] npH,llHUJI nponopa yrauaja naraacxor oorocnOBlMl y 06JJaCT npauocnanaor Yl:leH:.a. BUIlD je npuponuo na nocrojehe pa3JUIKe H3Megy osa goa npauua, KUKO y norneny aa-rena TaKO M Y uorneny xpajisax uan.esa, I-f3a30DY cYKo6 Meljy I-hHMa. !lJI)

Iloaon aa cYKo6 je nao, KaQ UlTO C.MO neb uanena, Kcma6pujCKI1 MOHax ~apna~M. Kao auannu naTHHCKor 6orocnoBJba u rp-rxe CpUJ10Cocf:Htje, OH]e 6uo oeOMa saaxajaa JIH~lHOCT 33 osaj nepaou

107 0 npeIlOIlI(M(I M. nJlllHyc)uja 811J1.11 C, Cllgea, Anulectu Plunudeu, BZ. 18(J909), J06-146~ MCII"I':t!f/J Gil-:{IIlJt!, Giceronix sornniurn sciplonls. in graecum II Maximo Plunudc trunslutum, La Parole de Pl~'ili;lW. 59-60(19581, 17"!O-194.

108.0 !lpeDOJl~IMa nn _rP'IKIl nena TOllie. Akeuucscr eunn em. nmill()m1Ylluc, eJJ..T}V1K(u J.lEta'Ppt(CJn~ i)OOj.JlOtl!CWv Cp"'(ll.> v, liJ1Aoi)Wflunai !Cal tr. v nilloj.JICfTn( tv B\J~u v n<p, A'runa 1967.27-116.

1090 XYM,UIlt:$MY H I1cltxa:my y Ull:InHTlIju XIV eexa OIlJ:l1l YI. MellcI"IAOP~), 0 Ull:lClU'rHiicKoM }1ClfX,J:iMe II er-e PORU B KyRbT)'PIiOlt.f IIlH .. "TOP"'ICCKOM pa"JBUTIUI nOCTO'Hlo(, Esporn,l IS XIV u., ''TPYJl.bl ctncnu npeaaea pyccson nwrepa-ryper, XXIX eonpocer ncrupuu PYCCKOi! CIWA.t1tlJcKOBOIi nareparypur", Jlennurpan 1\)74, CTp. 29$·297. Bmw T<1KODC IT. YCflCHCKWi. Ylcltxa:ul II "rYM:JIIWJM" _ nanCOJIOI"OBCKllil pacueer, OTIIC,lK Itl ·'BeCI'IUIK pyccxnr-o anrmaao-ceponcaCKOI"U Flerpaapruerc EK:mpxflTfI",:'i:-! (1967), crp. 110-127.

noiOCJI.mC;KC (,iiip)~c (44·6<1)

47

npenopOAa H jenaa OA HajKapaKTCpHCTIfl-IH.I1jHX rscrcuax uocunalla.110 Do a.crOOOM CXBaT3I-bY, Ear ce uaJ1n:m i13Hajl csaxor 3HaJL8 11 canormwa U K(tO TaKaB OH jc anconyrao nccxna'rn.xn, a liOBCK je 110 npnponu nesrohau nn Hl1}l.lt Bora. Cnenyjyhn TOMH AK13HHCKOTl-I, xoja je uopuuao pa·.MHKY IHMCby 6o)f{aJlc}{c CylllT'HIC 11 eueprnje. Bapnaau jc 'fOPJHlO aa jc Bor IlpOCTH CYUTTIIHC:I J.1110I1CTOIJCnHBi:lO je eueprujc ca DO)KjoM CYW'fHHO/l1.111 Bor-a 1o.1OiKCr-.1O 1l03* HaT" CaMO npexo npupone 11. npCKO lberOBUX upojaea. xao na flpu~·rep npexo ranopcxe CUCTJlOCTH. OLJa CSeTJIOCT MebYTRM. no BupnaaMOBOM yCIClhy. xao II npyra EO)KjajaSJbal-b8,lIlljc HCTHIICKO LH1lje.a.e HCCTBopCHor Bora, aero ruapaa nojaua xoja cI1MBomnuc 60>KaHCTOO: "OH:I cueTHOCT jc 6HJ18 tlYJ1Ha H UPCIW nasnyxa BHf{* JhHB<1, nucrana Y TOM MOMCH'fY. K8KO Gil uaamana J~nBJhel-be, )~a 6" O,UMa;\: uur-ieana. BmlwHCTuoM ce uax aasaaa xao CI1MBon DO>KaH* CTBan. J 12 Osaj 1'COnOIlIKI1 i:l.rHOCTTIUH3aM O}1,OeO je Bapnaasra ynorperin AlfjaJIeKTUI.JKOr Mel'On,a 3<.1 peuraaarse 60rOCnOllCKHX npofineva. OHO lDTO je OO)RaHCKO, uYAyhu aenpacryuno H acnojMlhHBO, He nonnexe HMKaKROM AOK83JlBalhY; 3a1'9 je, no IhCMY. 6u:no K8K80 anOAHKTU'-IKIi MC1'OA HcnpnXBaTIblm.11.,

Oaa Bapnaavoea cxeararsa, xoja cy nopnuana ocuoone UCTHHe npaSOC1faSHOr y-rea,a II uyxonnor HCKYCToa, H3a31laJ13 cy peasrmjy MOH3XH HClfX.3CT3 U uocnyscnnu cy xao nOROA T:tK03IlaHe IIC.Hx.aCTH~IKe 6op6e. koja HaM jc 1-13 npeTXOI(HOf nornann,a l3eh 003HaTa. Ho nojasa CBaKe jcpecn Y U:PK.Illi. OOpCA Gype Ii 6op6H xojc aaasaua, ,"lb·(a Ii n0311TlIIlHHX pesynrarn: 6oroc.nOBcKo-.norMaTCKQ AecP"IHHCatbC ncraue l3ept:, snoynorpenn.anaunx YlleJbeM paannxjepennca. Taxo je a l{3 OHJ.oJX l1CHXaC'I'lItTKHX 6op6Jl XIV nexa LWKoa Ao611J1a nanaMHTCKO 60rOCJIOBJLe. KOjC [e "KHO cruapanallKli nponyxerax npesrror npel.lal-ba",JJ4 ~;3Iipl.mim) yrauaj na coe ODe KOjH cy nOCJJe fIaJ1aMe npaBOCJJaBHO 60rOCJl.onC'I'BOnaRl1, TaKO

! 10 r. Ocitipoiapceu. Cseroropcxu acnxacru II }bUXOBIt npOTIIDlIItQ,lI, 0 eCpOUal1;>IIM3 "CXB<1T:lJ.bMMJ"I BU3:lllTHH3Q,<I, (ceepaua ~enSl V). Beorpan rvto. ctp. 21U. Cp. n. Xpuc17iy, '0 rp.,"'t6plo~ b n("(l_OJlr~ "n(lVT\"(\.lpnro~ T6J.1o,,; (opmol-LoU tJiC; E~(lKoatf')t; t1t£ttlO\) lOU t')uvcrtou tau 'Ariou rprryop(ou 10U O<XAO,Il6:, (.(j)X.lE.Jt1uI\6r.:ou 6EooaAov(",,,C;", ~Ol1YII 1%0, cTp,26l.

111 8. Tatakis. IUIT. nenc, CTp. 205. Y IICKltM caapi'" ~e1ll1M3 Bapnnau ce npusaayje 1<30 fHITHTOMHCTa, lIana~<ljylul pau.HoHanKJaM TOMe AK8)HlCKOI' «ac II qmnoco¢CKy crpys'rypy H,erODI1X TeonOWK~I:( AOK8:J<I. Cp. eiii. J1l11ial)ofiYJloc, 'EJJ..llVtK"CIl ~£taC{lptlcn:.l~ "Wlllcrmcwv Ep"fW v-; l.UIT . neno. CTp. 117·121). Hnnx. c-nu'nenuc je npncycrao son aera TOMIICTM'UCe ';XOJJ<lCTll'l1<e rconcruje. «no II Clffl)KHII naTlIlICKI1 cp~D.H>CBe.KoBHK )'T1l1\ajl-{.

112 rpll2.0pllje naJl(lM(I, 0 CBetuTeHIlM IIC11XaCTI1Ma, 3, I, 11. Cl-1rrPAMMATA,

1 L~ }f"~i)~~:'2~O:pA(l&.jJ, THE, TOM 3, CTp. 627. Cp. ad IlCiUol, '0 rpn)6plo; 0 114 ?*~~t;iz>~'(:i]~~~~;l:=FPI;;;p~1:·n';JJnMa I-{ CBe700T<l'lJ.:O npenau,e (CPl1CKU

npeeon). '~reOJIUWK~f nornena''. 1 (1912). C'T'p. 27-37.

48

J1 .. :iUupujcKo-itieoAoIltIW OK1fIIf' BplljcHlf;euC (liioJ:c (11-60)

na ce nauac CM3Tpa Aa he "TOK npanOCJIaBHOr 6oroCJ]oB1b8. Gap WTO ce -nme 6mlcKe ~¥f\YhHOCTM7 onTH OJ,lIly\IHO YCMepaBaH nanaMI1TCKHM npena-sea'. Crora Je HeOnXU)1,HO na Y npoAY)KCTKY lUnmKHMQ YKpaTKo 60r0CJ10BJhe rnaeaor- HOCHOll.a 080r npenaa,a, CRCTora Fparopaja Hanaac, TUM npe lUTO je OHO uaapurano aenaKit yruuaj na Y1TCIbC Harner nncua JOCHcpa Bpajeazja.

Ilpe cuera rpeoa ucrahu na ce uenoxyrmo naJIaMUTCKO Y'Jelbe 3ClcIDfBa sa pa3J1l1'KOnUlhY AlittHOciTw, cyuuiluue H enepiuja y TpOjWIHOM BOIKClHCI'BY. Ilcna nra ra-nee ceeror I'puropaja TlanaMe sa OBO pasnaxoeaa,e jecre 6u6JUtjCK8 8UTHRoMnja H3Meby HelwjMJbWBOC1'1! Eora: "Bor-a ""KO "HK.~ aaje BHAea" (JH, 1,18), II nojMJbUBOCTH Bora: "Bnaxceua "UfCTU cpuea.jep he Bora BIi}J,eTlI" (MT, 5,8)."6 Ilo HenajMJbHBOC1'M Bora Ilanaxsa nonxpe anorpa- 1'UllK.l1M nyrea, KOjU ce npuencrneuo OWIOCH sa CyWTUHy. OAHOCHD L1P~IPOJ~Y BO)Kjy. Eno IDTa 0 -rcae «asce cass CDeTL1 I'paropnje:

"Hancyurracrnena H Han)f(HBOTHa H HHIl,6o)KaHCKa H J.t3R3A caaxor uoepa npnpona, nourro je JUHan caaxor noopa H nUAOO)l(aHCKa Ii TOMe cnauao. HHTH CC usroeapa. HJ.fTH nmlM3,HUTl1 YorIU11'e cosepl(813a, 3aTO lUTO je H3Ha,!1. coera Y3AHTUYTa H aancnosaajua, H yrspbeaa je li3lmA naAHe6eCHHX YMona HeCXnaTJMIBOM ClmOM, Ii jecre c8HMa Be"IHO HeCXUaT]bHS8 If neaapermna. 'laxjoj ce HI1 riMe He MO>Ke Hahu, lUI Y cnoss HH y 6Y1l.ykeM BeKY, KOjlfM 6n ce HMCHOuana. ORa He noruaaa AOAHPY HeKOM, HM 3aje/l,IDfll8pelbY, lJynHoM HH AYXOBHOM, -rax je caCBOM If BaH CBaKe 3aMHc..rIlJ (MaWTe)".117 AnO~)aTHtJKO (HcraTH8HO. ra-majc pe-reao: OAPCtIHO) fiorocnoarse, xoje cuecuo H Au6pOBO]bHO uafiet-aeana Aeqll1HHWe Bora, xojn je C one crpane CBaKe AecpJifHIl unje H onpebeu,a, jeAHHJ.1 jc noronau uyr AU ce nonpe 11.0 rajnc Tpoja-ruor- Bora: "3aTo GorOCJTOl.m:

CM(ll'pajy uncorryray RenojMJbHBOCT (xoja cc nocrsose) npexo Heraunje (anorpeae, onpauau.a) MHaro GnlUKaM npuponu (Bosejoj), jcp ce thOMe cne oao IUTO npnpona jecrc HJTH UITO ce Ha3UB3 upenayhcraeno aernpa", I 1:-1 EO:«'8HCKa np~IpOI~a jc 'fOnJ1KO yaarseH1I 11 l{3Hall CDOKe APyrc npapone H8 ce CBeTH Fparopnje OaJTaM3 ycyhyjc na KU>Ke: "AKO je Ear npupona, CBe npyro HlljC npupona: aKO je CBe ).I,pyro nonaocoti npirpona, OH oHga HH.iC npapona: TaKO 0" nnje H1I Gube, axo cy npyra (611ba) 6"he; axo je 0" onaj KOjH jecre, npyra (6uha) Hiley 6Mb.n,lI'

115 I~ MIIH31lpW)IIt', no:AUj.1U .. U. crp. I).

116 I)JII1.()}Jllj(,nWIlt.1I0. CIIOUO IIPOTHUAKllIIJlIllla.3.7.1n.CH'rrPAMMATA. roM 3. C11>. 292-294,

117 Flornaen,a <j)1{1H'tKfl, 60roCJIOBCK:l, .. 116. (111!110KilJJlljCl IV. crp. 170 (PC! 50. 1192CD).

Ill! Hero.

119 Flornaan,n cpu:mtllti\, 6(I/'OCJtOLlcJ(a . ~K (lhWOi<t1m:ja (V, CTJ). 162 (PG 150. 1m B).

50/()(;'<WlfCK('cffl[Jyjc (44-6(...:'} 4_9

HCIJojMIhHnoC'l', HeH3peU;JfBOCT H Han,Cn03HajHOC'J' .60>KaHCKe cynrruae. Me~Y'nJM, He 3Ha1.fH Ii nornyno nopauan.e nosaaa,a Bor-a, xao WTO je TBpnno Bapnaasr.jep, 110 pC"IHMa Flanawe: "Hcurro je KOA 0.0r8 nen03HaTO, a HCUITO n03HaTo; HCruTO ueaspeuaco, a HCWTO H3peU.l1110. Bor)e Hcno3H3T 1-13 onora lIITO je ~a~ g~ CCGH, a U03HaT 113 H,eMY CBOJCTBelUIX npaponaux enepraja. Oryna M())Ke 6MTH pe'TH 0 noaaau.y Dora, a JI,<I ce TRMe He YK11.n.a neupacTynGl\IHOC'l' fjO)K3HCI<:e cyurruae. To nosaaxe Bora ce, MCi)yTI1M, mcunua ua KPC1'3IbY 6mKaHCKHX npl<[pOAHI{X euepraja KU "aasn" ~ Ti. '3aCHMBa ce ua orxpaeea.y GO)l(jeM K8 csery H y cuery. TaJ "nanaanx", .liJTH "ncxohewc" (1tp608o~) Boxcajc xa cuery, no CBCl'HM OltlIMa,l'll o-rxpnua OlIO urro je npWI<IC'l'HO Ii CXBClTJbl1.DO KOn Bora, a He H scnojan.ueocr 111lCnplnaCTHOC'l' EmtOlHCKe CY1UTJlHC. Se-re, Ktt)KC CBeTU Ilanava, "K8A "lyjewA8 OU,I1 rOBope.o IIcnpwtaC'.rHOCTH BO>KaHCKe cyurmne, non TI1M llOApa3YMeBl:1J aHO IlJTO .Ie ne.HCXO,UHO ~f ucnpojanao. Kan oncr rOlJope 0 npU~laCl'HOCTH, non TffM nonpaayaeuej Bory npH~pIJ.HO cuojcrueuo ucxohea,c (np?oOOV), 11 npojaay, H eHcprnjY",1 Y rOM paanasouan.y H3Meljy nOJMn.naor It aenojan.auor-, npanacruor H nenpusacruor y l-%Q}f{UHC!ny. xoje ce cycpcbe y uenoxynuo« C8eTOOT~\1TKO~( y~IeH;.y •. ca~opl ce muIaMHTCKO pasnaxoean,e cyurruae 11 eHepnIJC.y Cseroj TpoJ~qH..

Ilocrojaise euepraje y EmK3HcTBY, KOJa ce pa3.t1HKYJe OA cyurruue EO>Kje. oeHOBRa je npeTnoc:aBKa y~reH;.a. C8CTOI' Fparopeja Dam\MC. AKO OA6a~ID1O UOCT?JaH.e eHep['i~Jc, aYTOMc.tl'CKH h.eMo OJ~6au."TH Ii. nocrojaise Bosejc IlPllPOAC, Jep, no pe.ueea npenoncenor- MaKCHMa J.1cnoneJJ,HMKa,. "CBC!l1 O~ OTHOPCHO Ka:.KY ACt Hnl'l1 nocrojn J:UITH ce Cn03IHljt:, HIIJeAHu npapona OC3 CYUJTl1HCKe FbCHe cHeprFlje".124 aBO 3I1a\llt: H~TH nOC1'ojM CYlTITlma fie3eHepre'l'CKa (6e3Cl'InHa). HH'f11 eHeprMJa Oe3cyw·rHHCK8.

120 Cxpnheuo npunoueaaue. KUAe"cJ,lIHllIIlC. ll.n. (II. 46a. 0»0 MeCT.., IH1,tl.1I con n.

Xpllnl1y.'O rp1'lyOplO~ 0 n«AUf.1~, 1411:. ucno. "':v.. 264. ..

121 I3ltAII CD. Mwa;uM i1Ci"iOIIC{)HIlK. CXOlllIJ:IIlU ueno 0 60)l(allcJ(IlM ItMC!HliMn • I.

[22 j))~~{~I~~5~~.i1fLWn. Teorpaunc 1(. CHrrp,,!.~MATA, TOM 11. crp. 243. C~.

Jj)IJI/H )1aJ,lIICIWH rouopu 0 eneprajaaa «no 0 Jellll()M tUJllmy II T1QKPI!T)' TPUJY anocraca'' (TU'HW luno:..<eu,c npaeocnanue aepe -. 1.14, PG 1,14. 860 Be.). Cp. VI. LOS!iky. A limagc er a It! ressemolunce de Dicu. Pans. 1967. ~9. UIfJlI-t O() JI(:fTIIJ1. MIlCTIl'IKO l')orOCJ1<lOJbC Hero-me UPKUC (rp'IKll npeaon). COll)'1I 1964, CTP, XI, BI\AII racobe Muuax HuCU/lUli K,JUHQLIICIIH, ACKe'r1l1IeCKoe 11 6orOCJlOuCJ<OC y-teuue ~s. fpl(ropHA naJ1ClMbi. WIT. ncno. CT~ . ..l \8.. .' .• .

12..1 8(ICIMlljC .B(·.i1UKLf ~alK:': KapuJ<Tt:pl!t'·II'U10. Mil l<..lJ.KeI>lO na 'u eHep~uJa ncaaajeao Born uaurem, a CYW'I',lHII ce IIItCMO Y crau-y npnGlIlt:+:IITII; JCp. cnepruie x naaa CII1IUJC. a CyllJTHHfI ocraje eenpacrymm". (nIfCMQ 234.

124 ~:~t~~~~~/lj/~(;:;(~H~~/~~jauIlLell .. e noxpera.k. PC 90.121 ell ].i.lljaJlor Cit

nHpOM, PO 91, ~41 C. Cp. eN- rpilloplljt' nnA{IM{I, CJIOBO npOTlIU Axaun.nm. 1.7, 15.CHrrPAMMATA. TOM HI. CTp. :'11.

50

/4ciii(JIJlljCKO-lilt'lI.wWI\·U mmCl/) BPlljCHUjt!HC Cfi.fI;x(' (II-flU)

CymHIHCl. H eaepraja canocroje (UCfOnpeMeHO nocroje) y Bory, na 11llKO ce pasnuxyjy 113Mel)y eerie Hnm,- He npencrann.ajy una paanumrra nena Bora, Hero OTKpHBajy Bora y cyurruna Hserosoj li y OHOMe WTO je "OKO" cyurrase Hseroae. -rj. crkpauajy aauna Boxcjer "ChITFI" (olina) H IHPntH Boxjcr "aeuara' (= njejcrnuja). Jep, semi cu. Flanaea, "aKO ce Ii pasnnxyje 60>KHHCKU escprnja on Ooxcaxcxe CYUl'l'lIBC, "OaK je y CyWTHRH n cnepr-aja jenno 60m(lHCTUO EO)Kje",125 Bacpr-nje cy one'r 3ajeJtH~tlKe CUI1M lHIIl,HMU CBCTe Tpojaae, "JaTO tUTO cy OT3H if Cl'UI H,[(yX Caeru xccsrcunmo 1-1 HeCMeCl1nO jeuaa Y npyroae, TC oryna 3HaMO Ita ynpano IfMajy jeJ1.UH I\OKpeT u jeuay cHeprlTjy',.12(, (''xOJ\HO TOMe, UPCKO euepruja ce OTKpJ>ma H nocraje npHlIaCTHa U:C.'1Cl Cacra Tpojuua, jep: "npcxc cuaxe OA OIlI1X eHeprllja ueo Bur nocraje npu-racran ... Orau, CUR 11 lJ,yx CDe'l'U".I'17 CueTH Ilanaaa noxaayje HCCTI10peHOCT 60>Kt!.HCXlIX cneprnja lin OCHOlJY cueror )J;aMllCKHHU, KOjH KfiDKC: "CnC:lKaKO jc HCOllXOAHO na npaponua C130jCTlUl GYAY onroaapajyha npapoua;\Ht".12X OOTUTO cy eneprnje npaponaa caojcrea II CYWTHHCKa, H3 Turn cncl1" 3aKn.YlJaK na cy OHe aecrsopeae xao H caua EO>K3HCKa upapona. 2" 3a1'0 cuaxa cyMl-ba Y HeCTBopeHOCT 60)K3HCKHX eaeprnja A0I30,QU nO)l3HaK mfTal-ba H aecruopeaocr Boscaucxe cyurruHe, jcp C'I'BOpCHa eucpr-eja YK33yje ua CTBopeHY CyW'fHHy. An-runanaeorra, -rj. npOTI1BIIIIl~lf HCHXaCTi:l, Mel1lajyhu t)O)KaHCKC eneprnje ca OHIiM urro je Kp03 I-bJ1X cruopeao, rj, ca OHUM urro jc TRap xao Il.HXOB pe3YJlTaT, H33U8JTH cy 1i Ibl1X CTllopemn .. , cneprnjaJ>.m. Me~Y'rIIM, no CBeTOM Fpm-opujy, 'rnapa. Crnopel-ba, "aa OHe KUjx no6mKHO M(1.CJle, JCC)' H Ua31{[)ctjy ce HC cneprnja Eio)l(ja, xao W'J'O rnyno MHCJIe npOTHUfiUlJ,H ( ... ) Hero pC3YJT1'aTH (6:1tO-r€A€O~a- 10:) 60>K8HCKHX eHcpnfja".i:\(I To MCWiHbC 'I'HaPBOr 1-1 HeTnapHor OA crpanc npOnmJUIKa namlMH3M8 ~Ma xao peJYJlnrr :3a6JlYIlY no KOjOj linn cy cruopeisa "necruopena", "IIJUl Bor npc cruaparea anje uoceuouao eueprajy", WTO je no CB. ncln~lH. 6<::.)GO)l(HO J1 Ge3YMHo -rax pehn, C O(hUpOM aa TO na je CBaKa exepruju 60)KaHCKCl 'lOA IJe'IHOCl'H nejcruyjyha. If cnesrohtra" .1:\1

EO)KaHCKfl. cyun-aua, xojy CI1CTH Fparopnje \leCTO Ha3UBa "H<lAcYWTIlC'rBeHoCT", Act 611 YKa3ao aa i-heHY aenojem.auocr H

12~ I1l.iuIJ.O jCt:VIIICTBY H pa.:.lI1IlKOB<llby.22. CI1 rrPAMMA TA. TUM II, crp. X7, Cp.

RtI.JwClffi. BII1)l.!lbC Bora (rp'.Kll upe1lo/.l), ClJI)'H 1~7:l. (..'"1). 205.

1211 nO.·M'UJba rfm:114'IKlI, 60rUCJ1URcKa ... , I D. (1)IUIOIG"IIIJI.i:1 IV. crp. 173 (PG 150.

11970).

127 CJW1l0 npOTHB AKIUI1lI4Ua, 5.27.1141 CHrrPAMMATA.1'oll-l III, CTp. 374. 12S Talmo nanccceac npaeccnuane eepc.a. 1.:;. PG 94,10:'\6 BC.

129 ClJ. rpll2.0pffjl.'na.hllMlI, o GO)t(.ilH":KIIM eneprnjaea. 9. CJ.1rnlAMMATA, TOM II.c-rp.IO:)'

1.1U l'If.:i7iII, n~ll-_rlflBJba r1111:m'iKil, GUI"{ICJlOUt:K:l ••. 14U. (1IHJ10KHJluja IV. c-rp. ! 1-13 (PO 150.1217 D).

1.11 I1CTO.

bOZlIC.flOCKfCeciUpyjc (44-(tl)

51

Ha,ltUMeHOCf, yspox je, DO I-bCrOBOM ~ICH.y, 6mKanCKlfX eucprnja. Kao TaKDa OHa MO~e 6UTll aaanaaa, CarJlaCHQ ca y'-le~LeM ApeUHHX OTa1(a upkee, "HaABmUeHa" (Ra,ll,6J.1hHa - Um,:pKEq..l.EVI1) cyurrnna Ii 6mKClHC'fBO: "K(I() urro cy It OOrOHOCl1,M ( ... ) roaopurm ( ... ) f,t 6mKflHCKa rtpnpona "ne)KU lBHa)]," OO)l(aHCK.UX enepruja' . .'I2 BmK,lHCKe na« euepr-aje xao cuojcma I-! npnaaunexcnocrn DmKCllICKe cyurrmre HHCY nOCe6He HDOCTaCR, aero cy yuuocracapaue (tvun6oultC(t): "ynnocracapauocr nax He JJHPHJ casruanoCTaCHOCT, Hero ro ... na ux Ilyx npOBO,LI.H y IJfiOCTaC npyror, y KOjOj CC H Cfl3epu,aBajy".IJ.l Tuxo cxaahcnc. (0)({aHCKe eaepruje ce MOry Ha'3Ba1'H y OAROCY aa "HaA8HwcHY". "Ha.o;611.tulY" cynrrany, "nOTtIHI'beHo (noll.611}ulO, nonnescehe) BmK8f1CTBO" (Uq>€.tIlEVll E>e:O"TIl<;). OSH J1'jpa311: "H3J.\6Hhaa (aaueuuma, uaunexceba) CYWTI1- na" R "nonoabuo (ncr-macao, non-crojehe) BO.>K3RCroo". KOjB HMajy 33 lJ,HJh J],Cl aapaae aJiTH..HOM11lIHOC'1' npHl[(lC1'HOCTn H He"PHllaCTHOCTH OO)KaHCma H KOjU cy n03ajM1bCHU ~13 apeonarnrCKHX cnxca, nocnY)KRJH1 cy K30 nona,')' TIan3MI1HI1M npOTHllIUI4UMH na ra onryxe 3l:1 YBO~eJ-be ''Al306oWTlla'', TaKO Bapnaasr, aananajyhu Ilanavy, Ka}KC: "nOT.DTO TBpJl.HTe na cy HeKJoI Calla HJllf paxnje Illi.QeJIH Bora Y COeTJlOCTH, llITO 3HfPU1 na je Bor IHfJJ,IbJ10, OHJ~a nocrojenna Sqra Ii BO)KaHCTna,l1If}l,lLMBI1 H HCBlIAJbJ1IH1, HaJJ.6~lhH)1 11 nOAOH.llliJ:,,,.'34 Bapnaaseje y 0(30Me Morao uabu JJ,lla60WTBo 3UTO lDTO je IIO,A OBBM ti3pa3J.u,·ta nonpaaysreuao TBapHO H HeTBapHO Gl1he. Ilanaaa jet Me.l)yn:l.M, non OBHM 1lCTHM H3pa311Ma nonpasyxreaao y3pOK I.:[ npoy3poKoBaHo, y C:MlICJ1Y npl,p'JaCTHOC1'M Ii uenpHlJaCTHOC'l'U jenaor 11 »cror- EO)K8HC'fUa, pa3JIHKOOaHur no cyurruna J.i euepr-aju. "MH, KOj" CMO TOGOM npOrOH:..CHH, KC\ACe OH Bapnaavy, no yspoxy It!. npoyapc-resocru. a He 110 CTBOpeHOC1'H H HeC'TBOpeHOCTI1, xasunaao 'to 'mopE~llK6<; (;:;:: nOTtIRI-bCHO)", TO jeer nontiabnocr J.f. naIl0l1hl.tOCT.1:15 Taxo Ilanaaa onry)l(6y 0 IlBOOOWTBY oophe 11 HaJ1a31i TO neoeourreo 6aUJ KOl~ caojux npOTl1SH.l1Ka:

"CaM on (Bapm18M) TSPA}! Aa 01\ TOr3 nocrajy ABa 6ml(aHCTBa y npasov csmcny, jenao R3_A6Hh.Ho aa CBtlKH Hat.utH K nC\IHo. xao OO)l("HCTBO xoje je HeCTBopeHO, a Apyro 1I0A611l\HO " pa3ApojeHo aa CBaK1i aa-iaa H ne-mo, xao EO)((aHcruo «oje je C'fI10peno".I30

1:;2 Of) lfr:mOZ, rtnc .. IOJ),aMj<lHY. y, CHrrPAMMATA, TOM 11, corp. 465.

DJ 0/) /u.:iU.(Ji, () C[JeWTt.!1II1M nCKXflCTHMa, 3.1,9, CYlrrPAMMATA, '!'OM I. crp. 623. OS.Q,e Ilnnaea ynorpeon.aan XPIiCTOJlOWKlt IUI).'I) J1euHITlltjt/ 8113fIHlTiUjclwf "£YU1!OCTt"ll1:Ov". sojn 'JHa'IH tie alMOCT<Umy CrsJ1f...JC.IIIJ.Hjy, Hero y;IJ)OI)CHY Y ~pyry nnocrnc. Cp. r. (/JJt0IWHClwfi. Ihl3aHTHtkKtteOTll.bl, V-VIII,

114 ~:;~~'~/71~~Z:~r~~~~~~~MO AlUfHAtlH}"2H, CI1rrPAMMATA. TOM III. C1'p. 31/. 13S ~~~~1~~~~~~~;:~:~~H~~:~~~~~: i,fJ: ~~,lICMC1¥'p~~MA TA, TOM J11, CT . 110.

1:;6 o» lu.:iiioi, Tpehc JIlIC W AKH11)(Jmy. 7, CJ.1rrPAMMATA. TOM 18, crp. 3DI.

52

I1ciliopujuw.iiif'(J/lO/w,:U IUWUp BpujeHlljl'fJt' efirJ).'f' (II-flO)

Kao urro CMO KOHCTaTOnaJII1, CarJI8CHO ca Oana"'ntTCKJ1M Y1lCH>eM, EmK3HCKa cyurraaa "no cetia" je xenpacryrura 11 HeopJ.I'laCTH3, no ORa nocraje na H3BeCHl.l H311HH nocrynaa 33 rnapao ol1he npexo 6mt<aHCKHX eaepraja fuOj cBojCTlJeHHX. TaKO "3KO xaxceur sa fiO)({3HCKY npapony na jc OHa caua. I1i:lKO He no Cc6H, npJ1\I3CrUa . npexo TaKBe eacprnje, ocrabeur y rpaHJ:.{UaM3 00- 60)KHOCTH.Jep ce a TaKO onpscasa aenpnuacrxocra Hen~O}aBHOCT one neacxonaue npnpone (TfiC; O:VEK<pOlt~tOU <puaewc;)." J Ilpeesa TUMe. neJIH Ilanaaa, "CYWTI1Ha 6o>Kja nocroja H xao HenpWH\CTH3 B K30 H3 Ji3DCCTaH Haq~1H npaxacrua, U MJi nocrajesro aajenan-rapa EOjf{aH:~11xnp]'tpOAe, H OIlt:T yonurre He I'lOCTajcMO H;.eH~ aajeuR1111apn . Oso onurrea,e ea J3m+WHCKOM npJlpOAOM npCKO 60)f(anCKHX enepr-aja ranryhc je catlP 38 one KOjH cy "AOCTHrIlH Bp'XYH8l( l-LUM8 carrracae epnane"; )" oner, 11' ce He paAH 0 3a~eAHl1q~pel~~uno cyurruaa I1flH no "nOCTaCH, Hero no 6narOnHTl1 - Kct'ta. !(<XplV. TaKO ce OJl.HOC u3Me~y Bora 1I crnopeuor cnera nOKa3YJe xao 6naroAaTHH OARoe, KOjtt. cc ocruapyje npexo cyurrancxax ReCTBopeHHx fiO>K8HCKIIX esepraja, 8 He, xao lUTO cy TBP)J,lfJIH npUTHalUH~1I HCIIX8CTa, UPCKO cruopeunx. EmKaHCKa cyurraua ocraje npa TOMe uorrryuo uenpauacrna, re ce raxo rn6erana, OAH. npeuaaunaan naxreasav.

Paanaxonaa,e JI'3MCljy HeCTJ30peHe Boacaacxc CYUITHIJC H HeC1'OOpeH11X 60)K8HCKUX eireprnja, HC anauanerseu,e eaepraja on BO>K:aHCKe cynrrune, Eaeprnje cy aeoneisase on cyurraae jep OPOl13ltn33e 113 H.e. THMe ce He nonpehyje omKaRCKa npOCTOTa, a aH'fHHe~IXaCTH1rKO CXa81'aJ·t.e, no KOMe paannxcneu,e cyurrnne Ii efleprH~e cruapa CJIOJKenOCT WUi' pa3JJ,eJLC}be yHyTap Bcscaucrae, uoxaayje ce xao HeOCHOB8HO. CJIO>KeHOCT npernocrann,a npouenJM<DOCT (",'xt~o,) OR crpane nejcrnyjyher, C 063l!pOM A" "cnccecnocr H3a3Hna He nejcmaje J1 euepraja nero nO~JTQ)KHOCT npoveau (t6 "'laXElv) " npOMeHJbllUOCT (llCt~C;)".141 Em', MebyruM, 3a pa3JIHKy 0)1 Hac JbYAM KojH KaA nejcruyjesro Melh"MO ce, rpnaxo npOMeHY, - AejC1'Byjc n01'nYHO fiecrpacno: "H1fUlTa CaM He rpnehn, ElM y l.[eMY ee He MeFbajyhH".142 Jep jeJl.HHO OH nocenyje "canpurexo oeCTpacay e~eprHjy, C1:0ra UlTO caxro Jl,cjcToyje H;.OMC, ami He }f Tpllll, HH nocrajyha, llHTI1 ce Melbajyb.w".14J Flopen Tora

: ~~ ~~~~r3:i~~218~JIIC. 17. C!1TfPAMMA TA. TOM II. CTp. 24:\.

139 YiCTO.

140 f~I~~~~~'~'[~60~~)~lJbn ~)It:m·IK.1,60rOCJlOBCKR ... , IllY, <1>~lnoKnnlljn, IV,C1'p. 112 141 Hcro,l.Tp.IK5(PG 150.1221 BC).

142 V'ir:rQ.

143 Hero, 12K CTp.17Y·IXO(PG 150.1222 A), Cp. 8I1,I1U1:h·U. vision tic Dicu (rp-on JlpCSOA,), Con'ju IY73. crp. 205.

50ioCJUJiiCKC ciupyjc' (44-611)

Bor, K80 CaM0l1f10CTacaH H xao "Onaj KOjH rrocroja on nO"'leTK8 H ocraje HenpOMeHIbHB 38 BCK, R KOjH. cee (onyaex) liMa, 11 HeMa HUUJ'ra CTetleHo".144 He HY)f(JJ,aoa ce y onurrersy ca 6u.JlO l.nIM APYI'HM, a TO 6H 6Hno ynpaso ORO UITO 6" Morno na H.3a30Ue cn'O.>K_eHOCT y Jberouoj 60~aHCK(lj CYWl'UHH. IIOlliTO 60)KaHCKe eirepraje HUCY HeWTO )J,O,q3TO Hnn CTe\leHO aa OO)K8HCKOj cynrraHH, aero neurro urro je rsoj ueL1HO cuojcrneuo, TO npuxuarax,e pa'JJUJKOBaJ:b3 OO)f(aHCKe eaepraje H 6o)l(aHCKe cyurrase H11 Y KOM cnynajy He 11J.te HaYWTp6 npocrore EOJKaHeKOr Bnha, To he HaM floc-rani jour jacaxje K8)J, CXllaTHMO HallHH nocrojaisa 60)l(aRCKOr Buha, OHO nocrojn jenamrro H TPOjHqHO (eVtKOJc; Kui tptaOtKOJc;), rj. xao Jenauaua H xao TPOjl1l1,8. 11 asco neh je.u:UHHTO 11 TpOjl1~IHO nccrojaa,e EO::KaHCTJ3a tie npoyspoxyje HliKaKBY CJ10)KeHOCT oO)KaHCKe CYUJTUHe, TUM npe pa3JUIKOBal-be u3Mel}y EO)f;:aHCKe cyumme 11 eaeprnje He MAe U8 U1TeTY lbeH0 npOCTOTc.145

IIpoTlmHH~H nan8l1.ffi3Ma cy y I1Me npocrore fiO)KaHCKe C)'UlTlIHe DOHcTOBehHBaJIU Bosqy eneprnjy H EoJKjy npapony. Ho, noucroseheise raxne IJpCTe g080A1-I neMl1ROBHO .0.0 MeuraJha OJ.l,HOca R3Me~y Bora n TDOpeBI1He: T130penHH8 nocraje caecuua H catiecno-reraa Bory, 8 BorceJJ.OOOAHY 33sHcHoeTOA 'fBOpeBMHe. J1jeJJ.HO H A.pyro osua-raea nonparax y apajaaasaa. no KOMe jeJeJJ.KHopOAHit Cns .SO}l{jH rsopeeaaa, xao pobeu 0'3 Boxcje uon,e. Enc W7a 0 TOMe K3)!(eCB. Flanaua: "AKO ce,no 6acHaM3 npOTI1BHl1Ka H OHHX KOjH M}rcne ItICTO WTO "ORU, HM no lieMY He paansxyje 60)f{aHCKa cyurnma 11 60)KaHCK8 eneprnja. OHAa ce HH crsapatse, xoje je cuojcrneno eaepraju, Mil no 'ICMY He paanaxyje OA pahan.a (CURa) H acxoben.a (Ilyxa), xoja npananajy CYWTIDUi. A aKO ce cruaparse He pasxaxyje 0Jl pa~aH,a H Hcxo}_;eu.a, ouna ce Hli cmopersa H.H no 'leMY He paanuxyjy on Pobenor (CIU,") If Hcxobeaor (Ilyxa). AKo je nax TO no fLl1.Ma TaKo, OHAa ce Cuu BO)KjI1 H Ayx CneTU UH no lJeMY He paanaxyjy OA cruopea,a, ]f csa craopersa he rana 61'IT" po~efba W ncxohen.a Bora Qua, H ooororeopabe ee mopeanua, Ii Bor fie GUTH npH6pojaH CTBOpet-bHMa. 3aTo 60)l{aBCTSeH_H KUPHIIO, Y!cTaKaou111 pa3n.HKY EO)Kje CyruTUHC Ii eaepruje, xaxce ua paban.e (Caaa) npanana 60"'"HCKOj npnpoun, a craapaise (TBOpeBHHa) fberoBoj eaepruja, " iacHo nocacnc-ryje, roaopenn: Ilpapona " eHeprnja HHCY uero" .14 rrponIBHHI~H u.CMxa3Ma cy, ,!l,aKlle, nOHCTO-

144 CA. rpUlfJptlje nJJItI.WII, 0 6o)t{nHcK11M eueprujasra, 13. CJ1rrPAMMATA, TOM II, CTp. 106.

14S 811. JIm:«u, MJICnt'tKO fiOfOCJIODJhe, U;IIT. I1.CIlO. crp. 86·~7

\<!6 eli. Fp, n(IJW.lW, Ilornann,a rpU~H"K3. GOrocnOBCK3 .... 96, <jIIlJlOK<l1lltja IV. CTp. 1(11) (PG 150, 118'.1 uc). Cp. r r:/)JlOPOfJCKIJ. I'pnrcpsje n<lIlRM<l u cneTOOTa_'IKO Jlpt:J.(sube, nn-r. neno, crp. :.16. BIl~lt 'raxobe. JO!taH POMUHUf)llt. To np01tlltopl~6v (:t!.H'xP1lULO" A runa 1957. ~). 47-48, 54-55. Ceetnu f1WI(lMII Kft:.tl:C ua jCnllUM npyrov veery na mill «oju HOP)]")' pR'JJlIfK'j C'jlllTLU1C U cncpruje

53

S4

I4ci'ii(JPIIJt:IW·m~()AOIllKIJ UKlmp HpUjCHU}f'Hi! CliO.\:(: (ll-()IJ)

aebasana nocrojan,c BO)Kje H euepr-ajy BO}Kjy, oA6au,11.DWH H3 Taj Ha~IHH MoryhHocT onurren,a ca Omr<aHCKOM neC'J'OOpeHOM eaepruJOM, H3 To6())Kfh~rCTpaxa,Q3 He nanay y naureasav, rj, y npaxuaran.e craapnor-ormrreu,a C'I130pefh(] ca 60)K3HCKOM CYUTTKHOM. Ha -ruj Ra'JJrH cy OHM yCl'llapH uopexnn MoryhHoCT craapaoc 'IOBeKOBar o6o>Kc1ba, xoje jc Moryhe jennuo Kp03 sajenaa-rapen,e Y HCTeapUHM 60;KaHCKJfM eueprujaxsa,

Eor ce OTKpIma y cnery. xao WTa CMO neh HCTaKJlU, npexo csojax 60)Ka~IC"'"1fX eaepraja; BHJ],JbHBH. Me~YTHM, }HilIlH! jaan.aa,a omK3HCKlIX eaeprnja jecre cujan,c 60)i.::aHCKC C8eTJIOCTH. Kaxo CueTO nMeMO, TaKO Jl npasocnanua xm.morpuCI>Hja U DOnOH>KHUtIKa KlhH)KeBHOCT, 1i306UJ1yjy Y"letbeM 0 6mKaHcKoj CBCTnOC1'1T, xoje noacronehyje Bora ca 60)KaHCKOM CBCTnomHy. 47 Csern Ilanarea je 6HO ynpano caaj xoja je, y OKBMpHMB cnor y-ieu,a 0 pa3JT1Ill,l'I H3Me:l)y EO)l(aHCKe cyurraae H fiO)f(aHCKl1X eaepraja, uao KORa'IHY (l)OpMynalUfjy y-rersa a fiO)f{8HCKoj CBeTnOCTl1, nasuaajyha je CYWTifHCKOM HeCTRopeHOM eaeprnjoa EO)KjOM. "Ear ce Ha:mBa'~ xaace OH, "caernocr, aJln ue no cyurruaa, Hero no cHeprwjH".J4 OHO, naxne, urro CSeTUTeJb rouopu 0 60:>KaRCKI1M eneprajasra l3a)KH sa HeCTBopeHY CBeTnOCT, xojy cy ytlemn{I1 foCnOAIM[ uunenu H8 ropn Tanopy. fOBOpeh.J1 0 isoj. OR noce6no rrOABJIa'lU fueH aaa-iaj.jep je OHa 6mKaHCKO ooacjan,e voeesa, xoje ra npOOC8eT~ rsyje 11 o6o)f{yje. 3a-ro onnpana 6o>KaHcKe HCCTBopeHe cne1'JlUCTH, sao aecrsopene 6narOA8TH U enepraje EO:.Kje, '3aY3HM8 UCH'fpal1HO Mecro y uenoxynaoj Flanaaaaoj 6op6n 38 npaSOCJlaBHO npenan,e, To nornphyje caM Ilanaua cnCnehIlMpe',rrMa: "Tpe6a II OBO suarn na aaure crapaa,e H 6op6a anje casro sa EO)KaHCTDO HIn'1<J aa 60~aHCKe enepruje, Hero 33 60>KaHCKY H senapenany CSeTJ10CT, sojoe je Cnacarers, aacajamuu na ['OBH, YKCl3ao aa cjaj omK3HCKe npnpone, KOjUM onumr ca cnermaa''. 4!J EO)KaHCKa caernocr, xoja je lIeC"fBopeHa eaepruja DO;.Kja, onacyje ce anorparu-rxu xao "aeaapeuaua, HeC1'DOpeRa, nenaa, 6e3BpeMeHa, uenpacrynna, H30-

nanejy y "nenecer uajeehaxjcpecu'' (rIUCMO Faspn, 30. Cl1rrPAMMAT A, II, CTP, 35Y).

147 Muonrrso aecra Crnpor II HOBOI' aase-ra roaope 0 6(»)KaltCKoj CaCTJIOCTH (cp.

Hc. 5~.t{; 5~.1O. nCaJlMI1, 35,111. JH. 1,4; 1,9; S,12: Y,5. 1 TUM. 6.1(i. 1·I1·n.), a aCKe'l'CI(O eoroexcen,c -recro neaa n (ill)l(allCJ.::oj ueuaoj CBCTnOCnI . Ila tlaBeAC~10 ceao jenny on XIIMIIil GO:.Kal:lcKoj CaCTJHlCnl t:(J, CII.MeUHll HOlwi 5o'io£'1I0tm;

"Smk<lHCKa (CBeTnOCT) aancra je orau, ..

Hecraopeuu, HeBUA/l>lIml, 6eCIlO·leTHI1. neaarepnjannu. no-rnyao uenpoaeun.ne, 6CQ.tPTatl. uenojan.ue I\CnOCIIO,

H3n<lK CBItX CTBOpeK>.'l". (XHMlla XXV, ,t'j!l.. J. Kuder. SC 174, 340·342).

148 Ce. Tp. nanfLAlu. Cacao npcrua AKHHJlIIHa. fl, 9, Cl1rrPAMMATA, III, crp. 397.

149 oc uaao«. nllcMo,D,alllmy IJ~ Ell<l.l~, Cl1TrPAMMATA,IJ.(.."1'p . .1\)Ii.

55

6uJUm, Iieckpajna, ucor-paanueua, aHl}eJIHMa II Ihi'AHMa HeBI1AILHna, npuooopaaua 11 Helf3MeHJbHUa nenora ( ... )",I.Si ana 11C'I'OUpeMeJiD 11 xao HMllIbJ{8a H npaxacrua aa JbYl~C, npexo xoje OHH cra-ry OOO>KeJ.bc. OHO onurrcn,e ca 60)KaHCKOM cserxotnby npencrasn.a najyauaurenajc AYXOl3HU crau .. e, M xao TaKBO npernocraarsa anancraa AYXOBHI1 )iU1.IlOT: "Oaa 60>K8HCK11 CI3CTJJOCT najc ce no etepa, If CTntl~ ce Mafhe H]IIi antnc, carl!aCH?, &9CToja~C1'BY OlUL'{ KOjH je 1I}>HMi:lJY, uenen.aeo ce pasncn.yjyhrr .:: Ona je sanor UapCTOU EO)Kjer 11 npenyxyc, npenoxynraj fiynyher- BeK8, KUjl1 ce uapyje Cl1eTJlMa, OtmWlieHliM on csaxor rpexa. Jep, "XpU:CTOC he ~ohH y cnasu Onenoj. Y CJHlBH csora Oua XPllCTOBH npanenaaua he 3aCH~ jarn K30 cynrte (MT. J3,43), H csernocr he nOC'l'a1'M, 1-1 CneTJlOCT fie 13.H.n:eTl[ cairo -mcro cpue {xao cuoje) pa}J,OCHO Ii cuccncro DH~eH.>C; nHO CC naje caua yMt!peHO OHliMa KOjH cy ce OCJlo60ARJUI 6cc~ 'qJamHCM on osora WTO je He1IHCTO 1-1 KOjH cy CTeKJlH uacrorv HCKpenOM FI nyxonaoei MomrrBOM, a OHAa he jacao 06mKJ1TH CHROnc aacxpccrsa. caoee-iayjyha (auvotmwv(Cov't'oo;) liX If canpocnan.1hajyhlf OHOMe KujU je nO,!l,3pHO H3UJOj npaponn O,Q ceoje 6mKaHCKe crrane n cjaja".1~2 3HatH'I, I1YHO mrl)elbc 60)l{8HCKe c.nane Moryhe je C(lMC,) y 6YAybeM lleKY ~ y 6ecKpajHoM H HaJJ,opeMeHOM opeMCHY "ocssora AaHa·',15J. KilKU fa Ha311Ba cuera I'pnropaje Flanajaa.

Hejxapaxrcpacra-raaju. ami He 1:1 je,nH.HH, rrpuvrep nojaae HeC'rBOpeHC 6mK8HcKe CBeTJtOCTH jecre npeotipascen,e I'ocnourse Ha ropn Taoopy. GBa c.ueTJ10~4 xao rpoju-nra cn8B3,- "CJlaB~ Oua, cnana XpHCTa J{ cnana Ilyxa"," OTKpI1Jla ce xao CBeTJIOCFIO JaHJM\I-be borOlIOBeK3 Xpncra. XPHCl'OC jc ua Tauopy nOK83ao cjaj C80jC EO:iKpHCKe npupone, CKpHl3eH ucnon J.berOBor -roue-rancxor reml.IS:-' TaKO cc I'ocnon "upeoripasuo .. , He THMe WTO je npusuro OHO uno nnje 6uo. HI1TJ:I THMe WTO ce upernopno y OUO urro HH)C (hIO, aero TflMe WTO je OTKpliO CBOj1tM y'JCHHu.uMa OHO urro Je 6.10~ cruapajyh» liM o-m, n npcrsapajyhn HX"3 cnenaua y I3H.uHo~e",IS 3HatlJ.1, aa Taaopy H}{je nperpneo upoueay I'ocnon Hero Ibcroua

150 Cne-rcr-opcsu TOMOC, 4, C14rn)AMMATA, II, crp. 573. 151 VV IIl.:i«ol. OMllnJ1j3 35. PG 151, 44t! B.

: ~~ g:~ '/,~~f:'~: '6~I~~~:]:Ill~~lffil~;~~~~tJ: ~~b~~~J~~ ~~~~(; ~\~B~'Tl;f~'~~~

rpulopuje S,,1.1)L·/Wd un K<lV!lKTCPIICl'lt'IIlH Mil'lIl1l noacroacbyje U,flPCTI'IO [)uiKje 1,;;1 6orosllt)CH>eM: "run jc ljnpcreo SVlKjc', Oll~clbe Eor·a."_(E'I'lI'IKll CIII.lBII, 34. 255. PG 37. %4 A •. p .• 0U1'01; 4tJ. 45. PO 36. 424C). 0 'Jllil<tan' OCMur!'! nnun roaopnbeac )' npon)?KeTlCy «ana 6yn.eMo uanaranu Y'leH>c JocJt(II<l BplijeHllja.

IS" ('1It!TorOpCI<111'OMOC.4. Cl1rrpAMMATA.I1.crp. 573.

:~~ f~~::~I~{~A~.l\C~.;~~~~~~p~~:;~~~~c, 4, CHrrPAMMATA, II. crp. 573. Cpo

Tniwi)e C(I. Jmtall I1.U.MIIC""H. C.JIOU<.l xa npellGp:DKClbC. 12. 11 PC 96, 564BCD·565A.

56

HCfTlOPlljCKO-aiCWlOIWW flKfmp 8{)lfjC'llUjl!tu! cii.oxe {I 1-6")

Y'JeHHUH, KOjH cy ycnenn Aa CHJIOM Ilyxa ae-rcr anne OHO WTO paauje Hl1CY 61mH Y CTCH-bY na aH)~e CBUjlfM llynHUM Olll1Ma. Ila II cana, YAOCTOjHBllH1 ce BH1)el-ba, "Hiley UHAenYl npocro 'IYJ1HJ{M QlIHMa, Hero ot.JJ.lMa npeycrpojenasr (npenopoheaaa) CJ.fJ10M Boscancxor Ilyxa'' .1~7

B~pnaaM 11 rserose npucranaue, npeBu~ajyh1t any fiO>KaHcKY cneprajy .ll.yxa Cnerora, TBP,1J,HJII1 cy A(l je 6mlGlHCIGl CI)CTJIOCT crnopesa H CHMI30~.ly~~a. 'IaR cy jc ,Ha:.umamI "ropoe, 1[ IHDKOM ou casre Harne "MHCJlTi t 3aTO lTlTO JC 6HJH:l 1111,ll.JMma 1'1 JlOCTYnH<I ~lyJ1HMa. 3a lIajBHW)' CneTJ10CT onn cy caarpann 3H3J-bC, 3aTO urro JC caao OHO 113Ha,ll. caaxor uyna. Flanaera je npnxaarao Ha3UU CI1M130na sa CBeTnaCT, C TOM 6WruOll,.t pa3nl1KOM llJTO OH CneTJIOCT HGl.3liBa. CYUJT.J.t_HCKHM CJ.lMBOJIOM BO)K8HCTB8, K30 IWCrBOpeHY eHeprHJY Boxjy, a He Y}.1I1WJbeHHM CJIMI30nOM, xac un-o jc TO lYHicmJO. rOBOpnO H nHCaO Bapnaav. IS!.! JJ:a 6n J,(OK83aO aocrojaaeT130 OmKaHCKC " HeCTBOpeHe CBeTJIOCTl1, Ilanaaajacao paanajcyje ABe apcre ClleTJIOCfn: 60)K3HCKY, xujy jc carnacao ca cuerooTalIKH~ npenarsexr cerarpao ~e.CTBopeHOM, H llyn.Hy IinI1 YMHYCBCTnOCT, TJ. CBeTJIOCT suau,a. KOJY je aa pa3JlWKY OA 60)KaHCKe cMaTpao cTRopeHOM: "Dp"POJlHO je caojcruo YMa na nocraxe jenny apcry CUe-fflOCTU, a ttYJIa npyry; HO TO 6110a I~OTI1e gOK CROiKO 011. R.J1X Ae~CrByje carnacno ccncreeaoj npnponu. KaA8 cc. MebYTHM, YJ\Oc~ TOJe nyxosue H uarnpaponne 6I1arOAaTM H Cline, OHAa OHn KOjJ.f ce -ror-a ynocroje yMOM ~f t1YI10M nunc OHO WTO je u:maJl; csaxor -ryna i'I CIH1Kor yMa. KaKO 1'0 6HA'-1, TO (10 pellKM3 sennsor Fpnropxja Borocnoua, "jCAI1HO Bor :3Ha 11 OHM KOjU TO HU::.KIfHe", IoU OU}I, naxne, KOjU npuuajy odoscyjyhy (inarona'r I{ BI1'Jl,C HCC1'uopeHY CBeTnoCT npexo n,e BHJl,eRCBI1JlThliBOr Bora ;:\)111 "HHTl1l1ynfrOHltTH YMHO, H~ro HCKOM ueU3peQI1130M CHJlOM",161 Y OOOM fioroolli)e~by y-recrayjc He caero uyura, nero H rexo. Jep, COG3HpOM na je JhYHCKO Teno npcAoApel)~Ho Aa y-recruyje y UO)KaHCKHM JJ.Q6pIiM<t 6yuyher eexa, 3.HalI~ na je OHO Y crau.y }l,a seh y canaU.IJLCM apeueny 1aA0611)e 3aJel1HO ea AYWOM "PCJlOKYUlaj 6YAyhH' Aot)apa. To ce

157 Of) /lallOt, O"ulJUlja 34. PG 151.4338.

151! CIIHO,Q,CIW roMOC 1341, IHI~II KUA J. KUp.WIlf1I1C, Tel oO)1-u).nKu I\ui O1JIl~oAUo;:a Il.VlUJEia ... , Lcrp. ~57.

159 en. rp. n(lIla.IUl,Q cneurreuuer wCIiXaCTI1Ma,J, 1.14,CJ.1rrPAMMATA.I, crp. 627·(j2K DBLle Ilanaaa naje Itcu.pn~y atUlsul3Y uojan "cnancn", pa3!IUK)'zyhll nee epcrc CJ.lM90na: en .. moll KOJIf npOI!C"II'I~ II:J upapcne ouorn UJTO Cl1MBUJfU:lyje 11 CI11'>1B011 Kojllje 1')'1) npupoAIl oucra LUTO I:1lJ,lBOJIIl3yjl!. 1311~11 r. Mf//f3f1/1lU)rtc:. 'H Jt€Pl1}t&xre.c»t; tOu (lVt')pWTl':')\) otSo:mmAia rpl1)'Op"O\l toU

I(M) g~~~,;~~',~~~~7'i"tHP~p~Mk1i~t.)k CTp. 575-576. Cp. 8/1. J70Cl,l',

vtslou de Dieu, U,I1T. ucno. crp. 211-212.

l(il Cf4. rl'. fln.'1-(1MG, OCBCWTCHHM IICUXaCl.·IIM<l, 1 . .l,30.CHrrPAMMATA,),cTp. 4411.

57

UOCTJoI)J(e y3 nOMOn -ronexoaor TpYAa H nonanra, ami npOeHC'l'BCRO y3 noaoh 60>K8HCKe 6naro,naTH, xoja xao 60>KaHCIUI nap ocnehyje uenoxynay uaury npnpoAy.162

Ilocrajc HaM jacno 113 ouora illTO CMU AD cana H3HeJlH na ce npaBOCJIaIJHH HCHxaCTa cner» Fpuropuje Ilanaera 'I"PY)l;U na AOKa>KC CTSapHOC'T H peaJIHOCr aajeaux-ren.a 'IOBeKOBor Y ueunoj TpojJ.1lTHOj umKaHcKoj cnaea, Ii ncronpesseuo na ca-rysa nenpuc-ryn.HOCT, HenpHtJaCTJ:WC'f 1'1 npocrory EO)l{aHCKe CywTJ..IHe. A 'fa peamrocr -toucxoaor- onurressa y cnann TpojWJHOr EO)l(aHCTBa, Y lleMY ce H cacroju HaUJe cnacen,e, Morytia je cauo DHAa aKO cc npl1XBaTH nocrojau,e HeCTBopeHHx H CYU1Tl1HCKUX OO>KaHCKKX euepraja. xojc co pasnaxyjy UJI BOlKaHcKe cYLUTHHe. Ofioxcyjyhe OU>KaHCKe eaepruje ce orxpnaajy Y H3BeCHot.t cMHcny xao "uocpenHHK"113MeJjy uenpucryuae bmKaHcKe cyurrane It crnopeaax 6Hlia, TnKO na fbnXOBO nopauaiee 3Ha~IH oryben.e raapaor oli.ha Oil. Bora, n: o6paTHo, JiI nocnenao TOMe, nopauaa.e MoryhuOCTH KOHTaKT3 It ouurrersa rnapaor 6Htia ca TpOjUt.IHUM .BorOM. Y TOM cseacny KapaKTepMCTIPTHe cy pe-ta cseror Ilanasre ynyhene Bapnaavy:

"AKO nopexaeur OHO llJTO je 1I3Meby aeupn-racruor H OHHX KO.i" onWTC {rj. C'TnopeHHX 6Hha),o xaxaor flU ry611TKa! onnajaur Hac OJ.l. Bora, THMC UlTO YKnaibaUi OHO UlTO Hac cnaja 11 OOCTanJLaW uenuxy H nenponasuy nponanajy H3Meby Ibera H crsopeisa H ynpann.au.a CTBOPCHHM 6ufil.fM8. Oana heMo MopaTH na -rpa;KHMo upyror Bora, KOj"H rraje caao cauocanpurea, caaonejcreea. KOjH C3M cede Kp03 ce6e ofioxcyje, Hero KOjH je H }~o6ap ... JeAHOCTaBHO pe-rcno, rpeoaae A<:I -rpa)!{HMO Bora KOjH he OWI'l1'. aa HeKH liatll1H npH\HlCT8H, ca KOjHM onurrehn, CBaKH aa caMOM ce6H cBojcTBe!1 HalIBU, no Mepl1 3ajeAHlfLHlPCH:t8, nocrojx, )f(HBH H o6o}Kyje ce."II) .•

Flanassarcxo ~lelbe 0 pa:JnIlKonaI'bY cyurrnne H eaeprnje y Bory rracrano je 83 cyxotia H3Me~y npaBUCJIaBHHX H nurancruyjyhnx, naranossacnebux, xoja je sanoueo 1333. rOAHHe, a TOMe je, K30 WTO CJ\-1Q BH,IlCmJ, nao nOBOil,3 xanafipnjcxn MOHfiX - ¢mnococp Bapnaasi. Bapnaaaona rpajanonomxa cxuaraa,a 113a3BaJla cy peaxuajy CBeTOr Fparopxja Flarrasse, xoj», npexo cuojux "Anonux'r1(1-IKUX cnona", "6opehn: ce 33 npauano ncpc Ii 33 XPUCTOBC pe-ra ... OTKp'RB3 Jl3MHIDIheHO (BapnaaJ\1OBO) nYKaaCTRO ( •.. ) npessa llCTHItn" ."·14 nO~CTaKHyr TH.Me, CBCTli rpHropnje HaM Aajt: }Ol DyHO npa~

162 Cacroropcsa TO~fOC, CJ.1.rrPAMMATA, II, crp. 575. 0 anrpcnonoraja CR.

I'pxropnja Ilanave BIIAH aeno KuiipujtlH KepH, AHTPonollOrHA: ca. rpltropmt nanaMbl, nnpH>t::, 1950. 0 yueurhy Jby.qCKOI' rena Y AYXOBHOM )fOlBOTY DHA" XPllctiiOl.' lannpac, 'H Ml"'Co.'IlUOl",1l 'to\) o:6>j.Ul't'Oc;, ATlIH<l 11)71, OC06111'0 crp. 203·24~, rne ce onncyje C11aBa ,. o()o>KeH>e rena.

1(i3 0') IIdu(JZ. a CBeUJTeHUM HC)·t}caC1'IIM<l, 3, 2, 24, C14rrPAMMATA I, crp. 07;-676.

1<H nmllpujtlpX (/>ulwt7lej, Floxaannc CJIOBO 0 cnerou Ou,y HameM Ipuropujy, PG 1:\1.58IBC.

58

Hc:iU0J'lljf:KU-iTit'UJlflUlKft IIK(HlIJ HpIlJ':Jmjcm: l'ii(}xe (II-fllt)

uocnanao YC1efLe 0 acxobeuy Cacrora Ilyxa, xoje cc y lIOTIlYHO("'T11 3C1CH..I:iUa aa paanaxoaaa.y cyurrane 11 enepraje, MO)KeMO cnOGO,l.lHO pehu na je asnaraue ysreusa 0 080M H3Y3C'rHO ea)KHOM lli1TaT-hY ucxoheu,a Ilyxa Cnercra nocnyssano KaO nouon CueTUTeIbY Conyncxojr na xacmrje R'JnO)Kl1 U CHC1'CMRTCKHjC paspann cBoie YlICH>e 0 pa3J!l1KOSRtbY cyurraae Ii eaeprxje y TPOjH'IHOM Bory. r.:;

Bpaueha npauocnauno cxnaran.e uonapxaje Bora Oua H 'l'py.o.ChH ce na noxaxe JIRTHHCKO Y'H~I-Le 0 ncxohen.y Ceeror- jlyxa "H o~ Cana" (Filioq~e) K30 nona-ren.e 1<1 xao neTa'IHO, CUCTU fPHropuje 3<lCHI1Ba CDOJ CTaB aa ABet-m paanaxasra y Cneroj TpOjHQIL Flpua pasnxxa je OHa xoja nocrojn H'3Meby 60::.K8HCKrfX nnOCT3CH Ii unocracxax cnojcraua, a npyra je oua xoja nocroja H3Me~y JUlOCT;]CHHX H H. npnpoaaax cnojcraua. Hnocracaa cuojcrna cy xapaxTCpHCTlIlJHa aa nnOCTaCR, a rrpaponaa csojcrsa aa npupony, CyWTl1HY. Oryna, "xao urro unocracua caojcraa "HCY l1TlOCTaC, Hero OHO WTU JC xapaxrepucru-nro aa nnocrac, TaKO uu npaponna cnojcraa "HI~~Y npapoaa, Hero OHO IllTO je xapax'repacru-nro .3a npapony. Pa::UUlKa H3Mel)y fuHX ce 3aCHHDa na OCHOBHOM TpHJaAonOllIKOM pa3nHKOBalbYH3Me~y oaor WTO je sajcnanxxo mll{HM<l CBeTC TpOJHue H OHOra lIJTO je Cl)aKOM OJ\ fbllX cuojcrueac. -rj. OHara WTO je necaonnrrauo ApyroMc xao nHl.JHQ caoje. Huocracaa caojcrua cy necaonurrxee occeaue Jlnua Cuero Tpojaue, ,1 npapOAHa C-Boj~Tna, Ka.o OHO UITO xapaxrepaure 3ajCJIHIf\lKY npupOAY Cecre TpUjHLI,e, sajemra-rxa cy unocracnua Oua, CHHa 11 Cuerora JJ.yxa. Ilocnenno TOMe, one paanaxe acxrsy-tyjy (limo K[lKBO xteurajse lI'3Meby cyurrnue II xnocracn, xoje je, no Ilanaua, Y3POK naTl-IHCKe noaorapaje 0 Filioque.

JIaTHHlf, r-apneba na y Bory nocrojx C[lMO npocra CYWTH1Hl, noacrouehyjy rpoja-rae 60)KaJiCKe eueprajc ca 60)KaHCKOM CYIIITHHOM; nOCnC}l)HJ,a Tora je noncroeebea,e npC,QI3ClIHOr uauana nocrojaa,a Ceere Tpojaue (= reonoraja) ca OTKp"SaH:.CM CReTe Tpojaue y 01J;HOCy aa cser (= HKOHOMH.ja). TUMC uonaaa AO yxartarha pasnnxe n3MC~Y UpJPHlCTHOCTH H aenpauacruocr« BO)KaHCKOf Buha, 113M:t!l)y cyurraue M eaeprnje. Ilanassa nax, aacuanajyhu csoje y-rea,e 0 »cxobeu.y Ilyxa Cueror ynpauo ua TOMe paanaxo""fhY,IICTlll(aO jc ASOCTpYKO Hcxo~e",e Ilyxa: 110 6l1hy (er3I1CTCHuaju) H no caepraja. I1cxobcfhe no ollhy (eraacrearm]a) 3aCHQIJaHO je xa Oneaoj Hnocraca 11 CIl3Jl.a Y aenpacrynuy TajBY

16;; Cp. A.wfjm.IIIJ.mjl! Ptu)otltlh. To Muat1\ptOv fl'lt; 'Ayl(:t.; Tpu'xSo<; Ku.tn .(lv "AyLOV rprnOplOV rev flaJ..OIl1:iv, Conyn 11)73.0(:0611"0 nornaun,e u Pifioque, crp. 143·'170, rue cc no npen nyr TaKO ncupnuo o6pal)yjc Y'leU,C 0 IICXOt}C.bY

16fi ~.Xr!~IMl~;;j~ f7~~~'Z!. n~~c~:~~~'~H~~:t:'I~'S~I~:~CHrrp~tJI~~;l'A, 11, I...~V.

':l.77·37K

/J(J10l.'II(JI1t:1:,·t:ii1pyjt· (44·fi))

BO)KaHCKOr Tpojauuor EHha. Hcxobeu.e 110 caeprnja, ana no OTKP~lBC}{'y, 'lajeJ\HJNKO je ueno EmKHHcKI1X unocracu 11 6ana OA 011.(1, Kp03 Cxaa, y Ilyxy CnCTOMe, U xao T8K130 oerajc caojcrao Hsaxouc ~JC1jell.HHl"JKe cyrnruue. OHO o'txpnua HeH~peQU8y 11 ee-my JlljeAI!MI1Y 11 jeJ\HHCTDO Oua, CUHa '" Ilyxa Caerora. "01( 011a", ga)KC Cnl!TH Fpuropnje 0 Ilyxy CueTOM, "HMa craacreuuajanao npoucxohcn,e npe CHHX BCKOI3<:1, a nOUITO je aeuao npacyrae Y CHHY, ua Hsera ce jaauo pafl.M Hac 11 MeJ)y Hac, no orxpnaajyhe« a He 11 no el-3HCTCHU:MjanHoM npolfcxol)e}by·,.1t'11 Ba:>KHOC'f OBe pa3J1H~ xe je {)tUlrJ1CJ.l.Ha: H,or.·le naTHHCKO Filioque aYTOMaTCKli OTlIaAa; a aKO ce IWUK HeK3KO npI1XBaTH, oana Aoouja caCBUM HPYK~nfjH CMaCaO. Taj npasa It npflIlOCJIaI1HH CMReao ncxobea.a Cseror Ilyxa "11 on CHHa" Flanaaa npnxnara H noruphyje CJIe,u.efil1M pel[UMa: "no CYIllTUHU H no unocracn Ayx jecre }heroD (11. Ilyx je CIiHOBnsen}. anI{ He H H3 Hsera: no eueprnjn na« jecre Ii Hserou Ii in }bcra".1(I,'i OTYAa, jann.as-c Ilyxa Kp03 CUBa H OU CHua rpetia na GyJJ.C cxeaheao casto xao jeun.aa.c y npeMeHY neuxe eaepruje Tpojusmor Boscaucrua, 0 IICM:Y je n~hjacHo rosopao Y cnoje npc~1t~ H cBeTH <I)onJjc. Ilpojann.asaa.ea Caeror Ilyxa naje ee cano H,erona euepruja, ana He II npHpOA3 n nnocrac Hseroua. ana cneru HCHxaCTa, Caenrrcn, COJIYUCKH, no-ruphyje TYMa\letbeM pelUI Foe/lOIIlM(X: "Ilyny " PC'Ie 11M: TIPHMHTC Ilyxa Cnerora" (IH. 20.22), K8A Ka>Ke: 'TOCDOA ~YHyBWH anje pexao: npHMHTe casrora ,o;YX<J (10 nv£\i~ct), Hero 6e3 -inasa: TIpaMHTe ):(yXil COOTor (nve\J~ct 'I\)'\OV), rj. HCK" nap on Ilyx •. Jacno je A" jc (I'ocnon) AyoalbcM MaQ HeKY eaeprajy Ilyxa, a He lberosy npnpouy nnn anocrac. Jep je upapona £O)KaHCKOr Ilyxa anconyrno nenen .. ana. xac II fberona I-IDocTac",l(l'l DBa nax eaepraja soja je naposaaa a.1l0CTOnHMa aaje,I.VU{tIKa je CH.HY It: Ilyxy CueTOMc, lilPoKa3yje "ffiHXOOY cjenau.eUOCT, jeAHOCYWTHOCT 11 HCTY tIaCT',.11

Vl3 onora jacao npoaannasa JJ,a je 000 jaUJbaH.,e Ilyxa COeT<lra, KOjC CBeTH Ilanaaa Ha3HI)a Ii "rinarcuon.en.e' O~8 Ii Cl1Ha, H "nocnatee", JI "AanatbC",11 "CHHCXO~el-be".171 - pa3JlWlUTO OA lberosor (Tj. Ce. Ayxa) npeneevruor uocrojau,a, xoje je "CClMO no npnpoan OA 0I1a ... npeADe'<HO " CDeHaTnpnpOAHO acxobeue Ilyxa, if xperan.e. H npml3na)KClbe".I72

167 oa I/l·mol. Cnoen anOItHXTJltIKCI. 11.77, Cl1rrPAMMATA, 1. crp. 141'1: cp.

Allq)wwxujC' Pa()fJ/llth, Tc M\JonlPIOV .1)<; 'Ayl<X<; Tplaoo<; .... UUT. II.eJIO, CTp. 1(-.11.

16S D10B~l nncnuwrussa, 30. CHrrPAMMATA.I. crp. 1O~. 1(11) ~ICTO. 6, crp. tn.

:~~) ~~g: f~y~cl~rrp'~'~~t~).(f~"/~~~~~)~eJlll' C·'11· 161·162.

172 Here.

S9

60

HciuopujcJ<O·i«CU/WIlIKI/ Ul{fIIlP Bpuj('lflljC'O('l!ito:cc (11-60)

Cse aBO WTO eMO j.J.O cana PCKJUf CaMO je noxyuiaj ,q3 noK3>KeMO H H3HeceMO oeHOBHe eneveare rpojn-uror ].1 acaxaCTHQKOr 60roc.nOBJba CBCTor Fparopuja Flanave. l~a 611 HaM xacaaje MOrJIO GUTH jacao KonHKO je nernnca 6'10 yruuaj nanaMJ1TCKOr 6orOCnOBJba aa y-reu,e naurer nucua 11 Garoenoeu JOCHCpa Bpajenaja. Jep, cue xacanje BpHjeHHj~[JO rpnjanonounco 6orocnOBILe ne33MHCJ]HBO je 6e3 Flanaemnor 60roCJ10Ulba.

fIPBHJJ:EO

o JOCHIflY BPI1JEIDIJY YOrnuTE

1.lKHBOT JOCH<l>A BPHJEHHJA

a) BPCMC II MecTO pol}Ctba - WKOJl0031bC

JOClHp Bpajenaje nprrnana OHltM DH3aHTujCKJtM nnCnlfM8 0 qHjeM JI<JIBOTY HeMaMO Hli ayrorinorpaepajy HlHI1 6l1orpa<jllljy aanacaay OA nexor lbeI'OBOr caspexenaxa. J eAlUlH R3BOPH cy ther003 uena 1i3 «ojax MO;lKeMO na u.pneMo n011.aTKe 0 R..CrOBOM )KHBOTY H pany, U TO cy y rnaBHOM nHCMa xoja je ynyhunao pa3HlThl llK(IROCTlfMa caora apeaeaa. 360r Tora MO)KeMO cavo npn:6nmKHO A3 OApeAHMo AaTYMe u- norabaje H3 a.erouor )l(ItBOTCL Taxo RaM je TatIHO upeae u.eroaor poljeJba HenO~)HaTO, ana 113 pa3Hl1X caenoxaacrana l.[3n3311 na je pohea OKO 1350. rO}l.HHc.J Kao MeCTO H>erOBOr pobeu,a cMaTpao ce UaplirpaA. jep caM OIl. rouopeba 0 U,aplfrpaAY. xasce: "( ... ) rpan KpacoTa aace.seae H 3eM1ba aaurer pona". AnH Due pellU BHUJe snase napounocr H orantinny C(lID( npaaOCJT3BHHX, xao WTO je TaJI.a cera'rpaa Llapnrpan, HerOJIM MeCTO Bpnjeuajcaor- nopexna.' 3Gor rora je H MecrO rser-onorpoi}cH)a HC003HaTO. OAHOC.HO aecarypao.

nOl.DTO je nO'3HaTO na, npesta npaBOCJJa[JHoM npenan.y, MORaCH Mefbajy csoja HMeH8 np"JUtKOM MOHalUKor nocrpara, UMe Jo-

1 To ·J<l.KJbY'lyjeMo H~ H.erOlfIJX nena: "Kpnbaaaaa yreunro mtCMO", EEBC. 1~(1949). CTp.153.11 "Tnauc C;Cp,3.J,.1 nyra cenaa", Ilene II. CTp. 97. uncaae oxc 14nt-141l3. rne ce naaonu: "A caM, npCWDIlWII nenccer ronnea. HUllT,1 apenac HUTII nnCMCHIITO OJt cebe nQ):.a.3.3TII lie MOroX·'. Cp. II H. TUMa()wwc, 'Iwailql BpuEvVl<X;. CBMK. A TIlUa 1 \J(i 1. CTp. 50S.

2 JIJt':IU/' 8pllj(!~lljC, JSBHU rceop 0 nOItOBHOM rpaJ)eH.)' Fpana, ,Il,eJI3 ll, CTp. 274·27): CTYAlljll u cje,l(ltlbcH.), Kanpaua, HCTO .c np. 23; Cn080 2. a Ca. Tpojaun. Ilena I. crp. 21; CIlOlJO 6. 0 Cc. Tpojaun, CT'p. 1()4, 105: Pa'n-oeop 1. Q CD.

3 kh.°l}~~~;.,II~~J~!rp:h~YclilliOs Scriften. Leben und Biklung, HZ, 5( 1896). HS; Cp.

H. TlJ."UU)wwc. 'i(l)Cn1'4' Bp\.'tVVLO;. CBM K. crp. 5(11i.

61

62

JKU(I(Jill .Ioc/UllII fipujemljfl ((11-7H)

Clief> IniUre! aarnena KaO IberOBO MOH8WKO l.fMe. A HOIllTO HeMHMO furjcAHo ofianeurreu,e 0 TbCMY npe Hero UITO je 3aMUHameH, TO HaM Iber~)B{) ~Ac'rOBH~ liMe ocraje ncnoasaro.urro CCT~lltC npesaaeaa. BpJIJeUlfJe, OHO Je (juno lIeCTO Y BH'3aHTHjH. "'I 6UJTO je ~1Horo I1Q'lHClTUX H rrcraxayrnx nopomrua KOjC cy nocarre TO upe3MMe." 0 cponcruy Jocn(~a Bpujcaxja ea pa3HlaI no:.maTHM OtI3a1-ITHjCKHM noponauaaa KOJ~ cy HOCIIne TO npeauae He nocroja Hl1jcAHO CAeJJ,OlJaHITnp. Marro je aepOBCI'IHO naje npeaaae, xao uno cy JWKH 'l'SPAHJll!; HrlJl.UMal{ a He npauo upC3HMe. 360r rora 1111'0 ce 0" nornacneao xno "Jocarp KOjU je no Ha3HBY nO]JJ<lT BpJijeIDlje·,(1 HJJH "Jocnrb xora, na 611 pacuosaana, nnury Bpl1jeHltje"? Onaj Ha'L1m n-eronor IIOTnt.fCMOflJba oojaura.ana ce l,.mJ.[,eHJ1~OM aa ce 1>WHilCI1 HI1CY 1I0TllHCIWaJIH HMeHOM csojux noponaua Hero CBOjl1M MOHaWKJ.fM J.1MCHOM, a xana cy noaexan CTaBJbi:llH111 cnoje npC311Me TO cy \IHHIWH 1n upaxrauaax pasnora, rj. ua 611 ce 1f36erna 3a6yHCI OKO MemflH.a ca APyrHM 1I-'1OHaCU;\fa acror HMena.

o WKOJIOl3al·bY Bpujcnajenoss TaKove aeosra Mano :maMO. 113 ful!rOlmX neaa 3aKlbY'IyjcMO.!lel je HMao sajumpe 06pa30BClH:.C, anu He 3HaMO Jl<.i nu jc fino CHCTCMaTCKll oopaaoean J1J111 je 6no caaoyx . .IJ:Ba CBCJlOtj3HCTU3 xoja ce onxocc ua I-berOnO WKOJlOOalbe c;lCBHM cy cynporna: Feupr-ajc Cxonapac, K[lKO HaM npCHOCH Iloc-rrej JepycaJl1fMCKI1, ronopc1,H 0 Bpujeaajy, xasce na je 6no "ort.m"-IClH baK ~06PI)HX Y1lMTC.Jba",N a Manojno Kanexa ret npencrasa,a xao C~~OJKfl. Meb~THM, HeCYMlbHoa je \IH"1~HHl{a. na je 6110 jenaa OA aajoopaaoananjux n>YAH C130ra npeveua. ERo je uemIKH noaaauanau caeTUOT(ltIK.or Y1lefha, KonUKO ucro-nror- TOllJ.tKO H JiM.ClAHor, _ OBO nOCJleAn~e Je no:numao OlH1rJIeAHO H3 npesoAfl Am.ul'rpHja

., TOKOM 13. eexa :JHjlMO au OOj>Olll1.UY HUKHcflopa Bpl1jeHnia ncropu'mpe u cynpyru Aue Koaneu (mImi L. Breiuer. Bryennio:. Joseph. DHGE, X (1938). l}92-~YJ, 9\.16,1)1)7). y 1]~'rcT"Y 1.4. m::lo:3 :JllaMO aa jennor aCTJ)OIJOMa n »ysn-rapa ca '''1'.''1 I1MCIt(lM. Mnnojna Bp.:jCHHJ8 (B11.Q1I J. KUIIIUklll.t't,:lo'topla, X)b. IV. uan Bonnac lH32. I, SS-, If H.O. Bcd. Kirchc und Theotogische Literutur im Byzanrimschen Rci~h. Miim:hcn 1~59. flHI), TaKOl)c jCIl.HOr BOjHlI.lG1 (BUIlIl G.B. Mr::rkmi. Nmizic di Rrccoro c Demetrio Cidone. Manuele Caleca c Teodoro Mclucnioru ad all.zi appuud per lu slOrill deuu teotogine della Jiterutuea Biznntinn del sccoru XIV, Stulhe Tesd. Valic!1.l1 193 1.501), xao njeauor npxnbaxoua Y ConY1IY. II~HTIIBlmK:l cncror Fpurcpu]n nalHH.fe (U~I.QH R.-J. UI(!llettt., Gregori! Acyndini cpistolue selecue IX. EEBC. 27(1957). 92·93). Y f10'leTKY nax 15. eesn cpeheero TllKOI}e npxou-m rpana CHm:upllje, Bpujeuuja Jleoampnja (Ulf,Q1J F. Mikfosit:hJ. Mlil/er, ACI!1 PutriarchalllS Ct)tt.~tantinopoliluni. vicnne 1862,407.503-504).

;'i J311,Q1l A. Pulmi(rj, 13rVCJ1Il!O.~ Joseph. DTe, 11(1923), 1156.1157. (i nHt:MO 2. HlIJO.I71t t\1KPCllllllOl'HCY, Ilene Ill.crp. 131.

~ ~,',~~I'11;;C~?u~!~J~~1~u~~~~~~:~6~o~T.f)J~; "uta Aunvcov, y Jaumy 169K.

c1'P.IO.

t) BII11I1 0./1. MCI"(:!lti. Nctizie ..... rurr . .o.eJIO. CTp. 455-4511. 10 1_ lJr(,/Ii('/'. Bryennios JOS~ph.lltiT. neno. CTp. 1'~4.

IJpc'.m· II ,IW(·tTIO P0!>CH,ll . WIWIl/llilllf,(~ (61-64)

63

KI1J{OHJfCa -, KaO 11 XCnCHHCTIf'IKor Y11CI'bfl H rpllK11.X xnacaxa. Iberouora l3aClIHT8lbY yonurre AOlJpHHeJIC cy HCCYMff>lflW If n.eroae aese ca aajsaaruajua Ii !f3jo6pa:lOB::IHltjl1.M hYAHMa caora npeaena, xao ua npHMCp ca TCO.QUPOM MennntHI10THCOM.JouaHoM 0110- IlUnOCOM. nOTCHbllAI MJrrpOnOmlTOM Kpaera, llHMH'J'PJ.t.jcM KHllOIHICUM, Huxonajeu KaOaCI1J10M sr JOUHHOM XopTaCMCHOCOM, KacHI1jHM eurrpononaroee Canuupaje - HrH)anfjcM. Teonopa MeJlHTUHHOTlIca, narpeuor npncranuuy HCJoIXaCTH'lKor nOKpCTa, Bpajenaje Ha31'Ina CKOPO Y'lTll'CJbeM H nYXOBHlfM Bo~m.r "( ... ) OHOra npesta KOMe eM OUO ueoesa He}J{3H II onxonno ce npcva l-beMY ca BeJIl1.KHM AHBJbeH::oeM".ll Ca nOMeHYTI1.M mI4}-10CTBMa ynoanao ce IlCpOUaTHO y Llapurpaay. rne je 1tO)l{l-{DCO cnc norahaje y npCMC BJIaAalUIHcJonaHa V Flaneortor-a (1341-1391), KOj.n cyyTHI..{aJI..H, xao UlTO je TO owno II npI1pO,[J,HO, na sserouo q)OpMl'lpa~hC;! KaO npasoCJIan.HOr 60rOCJIODa "I Y\Iy.TeIbi:l,

Ilocroja npenas-e na je (iJ.fO Y'fCIUlK CD. Fparopnja Flanasie JoI Y'tnTeIL Mapxa EarCHHKa, MH'rpOnOnwra erpecxor. Me~YTHM, nrro ce np.Jc aeaa Jocurpa Bpnjenuje CH cu. Fpuropaje« naJlflMOM Ii CB. MapKOM E4>ecKHM He MO)KeM() Ta'IHO ua O.nPCAlIM() y KOjOj f\tCp1f je ono ytletHIK cseror Fpuropnja a Y'IHTelb CBCTor Mapxa. Y'ruuaj TeOJIOrHje CB. Flanasre je o .... euenaa y Bpajeuajeau-r nCm:l.M8, anu He nocroju HHjCAttH e.I1CMCHaT. KOjHM Uli ce AOKil3C1no Aa je 0J.10 !-berou JTWIlUl Y1.1eHaK. Mmt<Aa je nanaMHTCKY TeOJIOrHjy HaY1Ilw KOA cuojirx 3HaMeHHTHX npnjaren,a 11 y-nrrcrsa, sao, Ha npavep. Teonopa MenHTIffiHOTHca. Haje cnrypuo TaKorye lUI TO na je MapKO E<peCKH 6HO Bpajenajes yqeHI·IK. Ami pe-ru caaor Mapxa Ediecxor: "Ha rpo6y Y1.lHTC1ba Kup Jocarpa BpJ:ljemrja,,12 JlOKfI::Jyjy JFt cy ce OR" noaxanana.

YOCTiUIOl\.L na je JOCI:i<p Bpajenaje 6uo 06pa30uaH CJ1C,qH H U3 ll.}IHJeHIU\e}.l,a je 6110 MORax, a MOMaCH y BlnaHTHjH cy BunH seoua o6pa30BliH.l1, Hcno3H8Tu uaM casao ocraje epeve I~ MaHaCTHp Y KOMe je nprorno MOHaUlKH noucrpur. 360r CBOjHX nesa ea aryxraHOM CTY1l1tTCK(W MaHaCTapa JeqJTMMlfjeM, «eo H. 350r CIlOI' fiopaaxa y OIlOMe M3HtlCTUPY, CM~\Tpa CC CTY)1HTCKI1M MOHHXOM. JOCHcp jc TOKOM uenor )IUIBUT3 OCTao npocr MOHax. He 1l0CTojH HHjeHl:lO Cllt;JJ,OtlaHCTBO MlIM nonarax KOj116u onpasnao rnennurre /.\3 je UHO jepoMOHcLX.1J B113aH'nllfl{l1, a rroceriao l\PKI3CHH JbylJ,H, nornacunanu cy ce cuOjRM Ta~IHIlM. TltTymu.la, a l;lJrH C8ClUTeHCT133 je TOJIHKO

: ~ ~Il!~~:,/ ·~~:~~~rJ;l~i::~~'B~:~~i~~cti~~~:·~~~~~Y4.

13 Bl!AII W1CJlOB nena Ap.mM. ApcfHIljrt: () »amur ~I C(I'llHleIllHIX uepcaoaaxa HoclIcpa BpUt!HtuU( rpc-tecsoro nponouemmea U xouue XIV II nepnofl 'leTut:pTH XV CTO.'lCTIlR. "rlpauocnaeeoe OOOJptHIII!", 1I(IS7~), crp. 85· DK. 403...J150. TRKOI)C BUUII H. TaMIU)wcuc, 'lcrorfl19 Bp\)t:.VV1~, CDMK. CTp. 514.

64

)/(l/(lOiTt jm;ur:jJa B,Jlljemfja (61-78)

ana-rajan y ~pKBeUOM )KIIBOTY,Q(I 6JI 6nno HeMoryhc.An je OR HMao tlHH a 1\3 ra HHrJ.J.e He nosrcue Y CBOjJoJM nenaaa.

6) Ifocnaucrao npap; na KpUTY

Jen;2IH aaa-rajas Il,eo C130ra >KHBOT[I Bpnjeanje je npuneo sa KpHTY . .113 n.eroaor concrneuor Cl1CA()lJCHJal~a ce 3aKJbYllI'l.TI1 na je n.eron eopasas na Kpury rpajao nnanece-r rOHl1Ha: "A HCIIHMepllo /l,OaACCeT ronaua >KHl3elui aa KPH'fY", K3jKI! OH oripabnjynu ce xacnaje KplihaHHM3.14 Tavan JJ.aTYM I-berOIJor .uOJH1CKa aa ouo ocrpeo H11je 1I03HaT, aJIJI ce cMaTpH najc CTHl'aO OKO 1380. T'OA_llHe. L~ Y KHKBOM je :.mamPIHQM CBOjCTBY oraurao TilMO neMaMO lHljcA3H nonarax. ann je H3BCCHO ua je TaMO ormuao ca carnacaouihy QPKueHHx unacrn y Llapnrpany, ca KojHMaje OAP)l(aBaO I3C3e TOKOM uenor ceor Iiopanxa ua OBOM ot:rpnyY' Bpesre uonacxa Bpajeunjeua ua Kpl1'1' nouyuapa ce ea OPCMCHOM narpajapxoaaa.a uarpnjapxa Hana (1380-1388), KOjH je 13K!. Ha3Ha'IIIO MltTpOnOmna IICl'rpaCKOr Kao eraapxa ocrpna KpJ.ITa. MmKAa nocnan.e BpHje1H1- jeuo croja y BC311 ea onUM Ha3Ha'JeH .. CM MHTpOnOJrH'ra narpacxor Ki:1U cr-sapxa, nOWTO je y OHO upene 6J.lno 3a6paH>cHo OA crpaac Beaeuuje. xoja je aanocena KPliTjOW 1204. ron., Huc.."ral{'ClbC npauocnammx apxajepeja ua OCTPOy, JOCl1(~Y jc K30 npOC1'OM MOH8XY Duno Jl8KWe JHl TH.MO OI~C ~1 oxpa6pu crane KPHTCKC U.PKBC xojc ce «amno y onyja. Ca T0 ra-nee TIICHI1W1';) je onpasnana -nrryna n;rrpHja.palUKor ersapxa aa Kpu'ry. KOjOM jc I:lCCTQ H33HBaH BpajCHHjC.1 Y cnaxo« cny-rajy, IbCI'OB pa,n je, xao WTO ce Bli,QU as H.:.l!rOHHX nacaxra. 6ltO HYXOI3HC. nO)"1HC II MnpOTBopHe npnpone.!" SIlO je JWXOBHH Boba upauocnauuor uapona KpH.Ta 11 jCAHa npcnl I3C3C 1I3MCby l{pKnCmIX BJIil'fJ'W y Llapurpany 1>1 nOp06JbeHHX npalJOCJli:HlHHX J'pxa ua ocrpny.

14 KpllhaUlIM<I )'TCWIlO nIlC~IO. EEOC, 19{11.J41J), crp. IJ~: cp. KIJI,h<HII'Mli cnoso upu O/UWCKY. ,Ue;I,llll, I.."p. 36. 0 cma.y na Kpl1ry Y npeere JocmjJ3 Bpujeuuja

15 ~:;~\~:~:f~~e~~C~I~°(3 :~;;~Pl~~~'JmICllluIX .. " UIIT. neno. crp. 91. 1119} II IIPU(~.

H. TOJ.II/f)i/fmc. (Mek:t"~I(1"t'Cl It£p('llOO,,'II BpUl:VV(OU, EEOC. 29(1959), crp. 24·2t). Cp. ot1 flCtTtfl1, CBMK. CTp. 519) caarpajy na je i'lKnIDUOCT Bpaiennju WI Kpa'ry 61lJ13 It:meby 13.."'1 I. 11 14(11. ronaue. R.·J. UI~l!el'l:'. (Pour lu chronologie des oeuvre." de Joseph Bryennios. REB. 7(lY49). 13) crcun.a je Il:n,el}y 13..'{2. ,: 13~3. 1402. It 1403. ronaue.

J(. Buna: Ilucuc 9. BaCCJ1.>CIICKO.'.! Flarpnjapxy, Ilena 111. erp. 146-148.

17 Bnnu: R.-J. loenern. Corrcspomnmcc de Munnuel Cahh:a.~, Studi c testi l52. Vatican 19511.99,

18 nl1O,IO Csj.njejUJeM Iloporejy JepycaJIIIMcKOM. J)eJUl Ill, CTp. 136·137; cpo nncMo7.l1ryM31IyJeBTlfMnjY.IK -r O.CTp. 142; tmUIlIt.KoJ,lH. TfIJ .. wrlflKru:.·!w<n"lq> 8p\levvlo~ CBMK, L.,." -. 520.

1').1 C. Pcuocsi, Joseph BryenlJlns, un chupirre des rel;JllOn~ greco-larins .IUX leeme siccie, Rome 1968 (neaanaro). C'l'p.19.

nm,:./UIH(·f7jt/ll/l (wr) Hit KpmTiy (64-(7)

Bpnjcrmjeu Pi.tA H3 Kprrry RaR" ce 113 H .. eronor nena "Fnane CCJ.\aM nyra cenasr", xoje je xacaaje cacraeuo uu ocnouy CBOjifX oMlumja ynytteeax Kpl'filaHHMH. Y OBOM ACJIY MO)f(CMO 13MneTII rove KOjC OH pCf313uja npcn KpnhaHlSMH, a xoje cy Y »ajnenoj tdCPJ1 onronapanc fbllXOIHlM norpcrincm. To cy -rerae: o DOry, o caery, 0 xpnurhaucxo« >KllIlOTY, H 0 rpccnua li rpcIUlIHM IHHlHKaMa JbYIlH onot- RpcMcHa_20 BpeMc.HY n.eronor 60paUKa na Kpary n~Hili:lAajy H nne oMHnHjc ua npa:m.HK Poi)eH)u npccuere EoroPof\Jo!l~C-1 .cnono IHI Pacuehe f'ocnOJllbC22, CJIOIJO na CnCTJ1Y HC,QCJhY-' II cnouo Ha npe(J('ipa)f{Clbe24. lbcrouo noyvauan-e ua KpUTY O.l1J1O je KlxlTKO H npocro upxnarobcno RIlBOY TClMOI1lTM1X uepuuxu, 3aH11MJ1,HUO jc jCHHO fberOBO nncao xoje jc nOCJHW eel KpHTa HlJKJfTH MOPCIHbOTHCY, cueurreuaxy na PO.!.locy.2S Y IbCMY uaje caxcre onronope na IJI1TaR>a xoja M.Y je uocraeao onaj cnCUITCTlHK. 113MCby OCl'UnHX onrouopa JHJ1'CPCCHHTHH je jeU3H KOjJ.l ce T11'le UCDKHOCfl{ na-runCKUX rajna, Eno LUTa OR Ki!I)KC: "CamaCHO CUUM CD. OlUL\1n. All CMi1Tpam WI'aJ1HjaHcKc CneWTCI:IUKC paw~J}IEbeHjrM. a npe cnera IbHXOI.JOr crapeuiuay (narry). Cne-ruu,e xoje OHK cnysce na CMarpaur OHaKO C13CTl1M Ii canptueauv sao CDcTHJ-bC ooaUJbCHC OA uaurax palU1n1R.CHJoIX cseWTeHHKa".26

CUOjWM ytICH:.CM Ii yonurre ceojn« )KHnOTO!lo[ Bpnjetruje je C1'eKaO IlCJTMKO ncurronaa,e Me~y KpnhaHI1MU. a noceeao je nourrouan on J\BOjJlllC :maMeHJITUX MOHaxa Kpl1TCKe upxue 11: 50- r()CJ10B~~()-nOJTeJ\ou.pH~HX nncana.Jocurpa (I>HJlarpHca27 11 HHJIH. Aafo,'IHJHlCa-x. JOCM(\) (1)l1narpHc naaaua -rnx Bpnjenaju "rpunococl}Ol\(',2CJ TI1TYJ10M xoja je Hamer nacua nparana TOKOM uenor tf,croBor }J(HBOT8. Cnusno OROMe Ha31-WaH je clm.noco(l)(JM U O)J. CTpaHe suiorcyuexor Busaurauna JOHaHa Xopraauenoca xojn.

20 Bnau L O(!(c/IIIIIIIOS. L'CI;!I imcllecrucl 1:1 morale des HY7"lntins woo lc milieu du XIV~ sicclc d·:lprt:.~ uue P"~ de Joseph Brycnnios. Mci:.mges C1J:lrle~ Diehl. I. Paris I\)~O. 225·211,11 fl. TrJ.4UU)OI<11C. 'I(I)O'ill9 Bp~V\,lOt;. CBMK. CTp. 52~S'4.

21 DIIAlt Ilene III. L.-'1>. 1-13 II 14·17.

22 Bnnu ucro. crp. IX-2fl.

2.l OIl.lllllll,.'TO, CTp. 2[-24.

2~ Bnan nero. crp. 25- 36.

15 131t,!l1t .'C'I'tI. crp. 121}-131.

2(, Ollllll HL..O. L'l}.t311.

27 0 Ibl!MY naau K.oil.A.).I.lI,lIw7iptllwl;)')mc:,'Op\')6So~o~'EM('(~ Jlaj!IIVIJ·lX72. C1'P. ~3; L ra«. Joseph Phila!;rC..". DTC. 2 (11)25). 1542·1543: N. TOAW()W('If(::O'iwcrfl'P Bpuiv\!lOt; lml T! Kpirtn Kcnu 1:0 1400. A'runa 1947, CTp. K'i-HI}. I'Icll<IDUO jG 1I:JJ1i1110 najaua-sajunjc (1'"J1<1rpI1COsO noneuu-ucc neno: ~I1AH r. n(lildJ(llJl)'. '0 Kett6. Ao:t(\lWv 8lKavlKo~ Ao-,oC; 1:o{i'lcooi)'P (1),)"U)1Hl. "K)"llPOVOJltU", 2( IIJ7H). 2X[·311.

2~ OIlAII A. iJIIMIIi'iipIIIWi'i.l'_1OC, 'OpI'O~O~ 'EJJ..aC;. (~11T. )JCI10. CTp. x.'t I! H.

TO.lUlf)IIKIlt.:. 'O'!wO"li"P Bpu(wl0C; IW.I tt xpnm .... IlUT. JI~JIO. XI.J·1}2. 2~) H. Ttl.lwr)tlI(:/It.:. nero, C'I'p. 13K

65

66

il(rUlOl7i ltX:lltJ1/1 1J/IIIJt'Hlljll (ol.7M)

ofipa'ncnmn ce rUICMOM Bpajenujy, I(cDKe: "Haj-racanjeea Meby MOlIClCUMa If q,onoco¢y KlIp J OClfcpy".;\(1

HOPMaJlHO jc fiHJlO na KPliT, Kao OUJHlC'l' oxynupaaa Oil crpaHe JT,:l1"HHa, nOC1'aHC npH5c)I(uurrc T1 npona3HO MCCTO He cauo ITa1'lUHl Hero II pa.JlJUX mrnmotpana J'pxa. BPl1jCIWjC je, Kilo xajrmlllHajl1 npCAcraUHHK npanocnannor fiorocnoun,a ua KpHTY, Y TOKY cnor 'I'aMOWa.er fiopauxa, np"pOAHU, nonaaao Y AOJ].HP ca H>IfMtt 11 (lOnHO I~Hja.nore 0 OHH.M T~l'lKa~!a uepe xoje cy IlX pa'J1WHjane. M.3 nena uamer uacua IHlmH,IO na je noiuao y I3C:iY H crymro Y 'l'COJJOI.JIKH pasronop ca rpKu-naTHUOM MaKCHMOM XpacoueprnCUM. OH jc fil10 aajcrapnja OU rpojnue 6pahe Xpacoeepraca. KOjH cy CC I1QJltlTiIiHIJIH Ii Cl-YIUUTU Y peAJl.OMHHHKaHal.(3 (pen. nponoueuIUlKa). Maxcua je.uponaaehu Kp03 KpUT, OAP)Kaojt!Jl,HO npenaaaIhe KpHilaHHMa 0 acxobersy Cncror-a Ilyxa, fipam:hw JI<iTlofHCKY AOfMY 0 Filioque Ii nOK)'W~IUCljyhJ1 A3 IfCTY AOKcDKC Y'"lcl·beM CneTI1X Oraua Hcrosne upsue. Ha Que Maxcaaoue apryneirre onronopao je Bpnjcnnje y paarosopy ca fLi1M, KOjU je o.u.p>KaH npen Hap0)10M. Y ODOM pasronopy cy YlTeCTDOBaJlH. CCM JOClICptl Bpajcaaja u MaKCJtMa Xpaconcpmca. 1-1 HCKlI }J,m.UlTplije CKapaHOC, npncramma Jlaruaa. Ii H3UeCHl-1 cI>OKflC. Oaaj AHcn)'T aoctr HacnOIJ "Ilpnn pasronop Jocurpa Bpajeunja a HcxoljetbY Cneror AY.x~ ca npHCT<lmH~OM JT<lTIIHCl MaKcaMOM 1-13 pena nponoecnnwxa"." Y UUOM pmrosopy on u"MmKC npasocnanno rneAHlJJTC 0 MOHapxI1jH oora Oua 11 yrnpbyjc, tm UCHUUY YlICl-ba CBCTHX Oraua, unocracuo acxoben,e Cue-ror Ilyxa O/l. cavora Oqa.32 Be3<'\ oaa nna tJOUCKa nocaeao-reaaje l:I BpajerrajCBI1M mlCMOM xojcje ynyrao MaXCHMY: "flrt1JIHjlutY PO).lOM I'pxy, 6paTY MaKCln.,IY li3 penu llpOnORCJ~HU:Ka":' 0110 IHICMO je sauie nunesrauxc Hero GorOc.nOUCKe caJJ.pJKKH(:;.34

11 nopcn OlllTpor craea KOjl1 je flMao npeva naTOHCKHM saony,uaMtl, Bpujeaaje uaje uaxann nourao y anpex-rna cYKo6 ca OKYIIClTOpml'{a ocrpaa, jep je '3HaO rouopnra. KaKO C(~M Ka){{C "( ... ) 1J11me nyra KUKO je 33XTCBaJlO speue Ii npI1nIofKe":':'i AOK cy ret J1aTHHH n nopen H.>erOJlOI' fiopfiennr xapaxrcpa rpnenu, AOTne je nourao y CYKOG cajeJl.HflM J.(enOM Kpnhaaa, KOjC jc on naofimcranao 30ur u.axonor paaysnauor >KfInOTa. PeOHocHI-1 MOHax Bpajeaaje, xoju CC HHje acupnn.auao caxio y J\OfMaTCKI1M pacnpaeaaa uero ce 6pH1IYo H aa CTHllKO oepasoaas,e napona EO-KjerI aeje Morao OC'!'aTH pannonyuiaa npe ... ra onanaa-y xpmnbuucxor sropana xoje

J() I3llnu G. Puttlor. Joseph Bryenulos. un cnapitre des rekuioux . ., un'r. ,nC1!Q, crp. 43.

llJl-iY4.

31 Bmw Ilene I. vrp. 407-423.

j; ~;~;;f,~~~~~ JIJ~J~T5.,tocefiH()M UOrJHlDJbY rnc jc pCll 0 IICXUl}ClhY elL Ilyxa. 34 BUWI N. TUAw()mcuc,'lwcni(p Bp'Vivvl~, CBMK. crp. 525.

1S npCJ\I'UIIOp. HeMI I, CTp. MZ

1I1J11Jl"mClK y 1.Jl'/JIIZPIU) (fi7-fl9)

67

jc 6uno aasnanano y OHO upcxc. HapOtlHTO jc aananao OHe cncnrretmxe xojn Cy cnojuM HeMOpanHllM )iUIBOTOM usaaananu CKHHHClJ1C. J1:.JrnclJ,<l Ila je OH 0 TOMe OCi'1I1CCl'.HO U U,PKHCHC IJnaCTIl y Llapurpany, re je TO rurruu,e aamnrro 11peH lIepMHHCHTlIH CHHO.q. CIfHOH je cUOjO~'1 OHnYKoM palU'IHHUO TaKBC KmrpJ-IKC" 3aOpaHJlp IIpaUOCllaBlUlM CTC'tHOBlU!U11M3 H1:l ocrpny CuaKU nonap ca H,IIMa:'(l CBprHYTH xnapaun ne C(lMO na ce H.HCY noxopnnn CHHO,llCKOj ounyI~IL Ilch cy J:HIC'raSHJ1M j:(CI cueUl'reHOll.cjC'l'uyjy npereltn An he upacTynHTI1 narauccoj \\pKBU:17 nOBpX rora Bpxjcnnja cy HH3BI.UllI cneUl'l'eH{)'ry)KUO~eM"' n TY)KHJ1H ra aca .. ~~HjaHcKHM UJ1aCTIlM<1 H3 OCTPIlY .Kao npO'l'HI)J.tP)KaIlH~~ r.!ncMcH'::' Taxo c.Y ycuena nn 1'(1 Beneuujaaua npno :.i<1TROpC 11 fU\ KpaJY npo-rcpaJY ca ocrpna.

Ilpe ceor onnacxa, ynyrno jc Kpahaiuoaajcnay Seccuyr'Cno- 110 KpHhaHHMa HpH OAmICKy", 1 rne npaaocnauxe caue-ryje Aa OCT(lHY Bepml CllHOAcKOj ounyna H He nonasc Y ,ll.OAI1P ca ocyljeHlfM CBCIUTCHIHl_J.lM<l.

TaKO CC aaapumo ncpaon Oopaaxa Bpajeanjeuor Ha Kpury. rum OR »nje npecrao )~a ce arrrepecyje sa upxacue CT1HlpHI1 na IJUAH AYXOBHY 6pJiI'Y 0 npanocnauuox KPHTCKOM nap0Jty, K<lO W'fO ce TO Jll1HI1 H3 nacaaa xoja je xacsn]e ynyhunao pa3m-1M Kpnh.muIMa.42

u} Honperax y l(apurpaA

Iloupa'rax Bpajeanja y Ilaparpan JlCCl-10 ce TOKOM npuornepuona L\apcnan,a Masojna 11 Flaneonora (l391-1425), KHJJ.a je Llaparpan OUO nOI\ onc3HOM cnara CYJTTaHa Bajaaara. Oncana je sanpnrcna TCK f10CJ1C 1l0pa3J CYJ1T:1HOBOr OA crpaae Mourona Tanepnaua y GJIH3HHM Aaxape (1402).11 no MJlUlJbClliY R.1. Loenertz-arex jc r-ana uKno MoryheJl,fI cc BPl1jCHl1jl: nospuru ca KPHT3 y cno60H"_H U.HpTll'pa)~"4:'1 PYCKH erracxon Apccnnje II rp-rxu npo-

Jto ApxlJ,lI. Apc..'CHU;(', 0 >IWJI-lii II ":O'''tI(CHII~X acpoaonaxa Hocm)m Bp"etHIU)(

nav.neno. crp. 111-112.

:\7 KpllhaTIIJM;l cnouo upu OAJIIlt:K)'. Ilena IJI, crp. :W. JIii Hero. JX, 42-43.

~;~ ~~~~.~:~.!lrr:IUIiU nnoao, EEBC. 19(1Y49), crp. 141.

"I 1l1l/l.,11 Ilcn a III. CTp. 36-37.

42 tlrecrnucnaa (17. IX. HJ, 21.22, 24) AJlCKCJljy. D,en:t III, C'T'p. 17U-\13, 17fl.17X, 171J-IKfI:AB:l IUICM:t (23,25) Joeeny.ucro.ctp. 17X-11~. lH!J-I},,'2: Flncao Jonauy Cnpnjauccy nn KpHTy.KOJI H. TOI,uu)u"uc:O'!ll,lOll'P Hp\Jtlvvu~ "u(i'! Kplit11 .... IIIiT. neno. crp. 133-137: nlU.:h10 ua pyKC xap Jrulynll J(C Cnurn. K01( A. rtllfilJC)oii)'Aoc-Keptw(·/fc. Varia Grcecu $:.II.;r.1. Suint Pctcrsbourg I~J9. KpU"ruK;1 OJ( cn. Ky2t:lI. 'I Jlaorpntpujn. 3(11)11), CTp. 2\).1 (na 'l)'IKOM); nll~'MI1 Hneonaocy KlIIUI.AYPH. UCTQ. crp. 2\.14-2l)5; KpuhllfillMIl YTCWIIOCJIOJJO. EEDC, lY(1949),131)-15 ...

. .13 R.-.l. Ltll~'/(!J'/<.. Pour Ja chronologie des Ot:1T\'f\:S lIes Jo~t:ph Brycumos. 1\lIT. llCJ1(). crp. :t

68

IKullfliTi Jlx:utjJa Bplljl'Hlljfl (61-7H)

(I)ecop TOMaA<'IKHCC'I'tlIlJbajy iecrou noaparaxjenay ronaay pauajc. fJOTJlT(l caofipuhaj H3Me~y Kpara If Ilaparpana HHjC 6HO nO'l'l1YHO npesaayr lUI aa npCMe OJlc[IJ~e..44

Y cuaxoee cnyuujy. BpHjeHH_Ae je, npi:tTHDUIU ce y UapHrpa~, oruurao y CTYAHTCKII M3I-laCrUp; . TO je Iiuna n.eroua accn,a KUJY je Inpa:ulO HryMHHy rora MaHaCflrpa y jeAHoM CROM nHCMY ca Kplna.4f) Onaj nepnoa fberOBor >KUOOTa Mopa ua je OHO jcn~1H OJ.!. »ajcpehnajax xoje je npV)KJH3CO, WTO ce na 3HKJLY"IHTH ](3 nliCaMi:t xoja jc aanncao y TOM epesieay. JiIJ IbflX .uo6HjaMa llPC,IlCT<IOY 0 I.l.YXORHOCTH Harner nacua 11 0 I-berouoj lby5anu npeesa MonalliKOM Jf HCHXaCTYJ{LKOM )KHDOTY, KOj" jc, ~lITaK, TOJ1HKO »ecro )KpTl30naO pa)lH norpefia Llpxue It pane csoje 6plfre aa uepaa uapou OO>KjH.

Kao UI'l'O caM ceeno-ra, Bpnjennje je TOKOM TOf8 npeueun npenasao HR I~pKBeHOM YHK13ep31neTY y l(ttpHll'JaIlY. EUD WT3 DB Ka)l{e: "Y y-nemurre CBCTe Coqiaje cc spat-nx". 7 Onaj YHHBCP3IfTCT jc TfMao cnoje CCJ4HTlI'fe y xpaxy Cnere Corpaje, an" cy Belt y 13. ue~ npenanajsa onpscanaaa y pa3HuM xpaMoBHMa npecroaor rpana. Crora r-.W)tWMO npernocramrrn na je Bpajeuuje npeaaaao II y caMOM CTY1tIITCKOM MaHacTHpy. Oso fJ1e,rJ.H1lJTe ce norxpenn.yje u jeJU-IOM 6HorpaqmjoM CH. Mapxa EBreHHKa, ~m:rponomtTa C!cPe~Kor, v KOjoj ce H(lIlOAl1. .o;aje,f1,R,CTojana LUKOJIa M(lH~Xa CTYII.H'fa - MY3eJ CTYAHTCKIiX MOH3xa '. Ilpcaa TUMe, apno JC H3lJeCnO J~a cy noaa .. rra (ipaha Mapxo ~t JOBan Enreuax noxuhana uncony crY)l;lITCKnX xtonaxa Y y:lpacTy OA ocast, O}HlOCHO ner rOAlma) rnc cy y TOKY urecr ronuua (1399-1405) eepoua'ruo ynoanana Jocacpa Bpujeuaja, YoC'raJIOM. upesra H3nCAC}lOM H3BOpy, pomrren,a Gpahe Enreaaxa cy }l{eJ1cmt n013epHTM cnojy neuy 1UIlVIM<l xoja 6u: 11X y~IHJ1a <J>HROCOtiJUjH if HaYKaM~1.511 C 06:,UIPOM sa H3}lCl'C -rmecautre, OHa m1~,"(}CT KOjOj cy UH.J1a noaepena H3 Y'IeJ-bC t1 aacnararse Gpaha EnrCIlHK, npno jc Moryb.e l~a jc 61W Jocucp BPUjt:HJ'Ijt::.51

.t4 ApxlI.v. AIJC('JllIje. O)t{1I3HU II CO~I1HeHmIX •.• , ''!_In. xeno. C'I'P. II~: I.IU~lIlt H. To~mAilKIiC. M£J,en)!lutu ntpC1COO11'P Bpoevvrou. EEBC29(lY59), CTp. 125-12K 45 To je n()cHCIJ"O'leIlO II) IUtWC rescroea: nHCMO 21. Jouauy. ,UCJHL 111. crp. 17R; n'ICMO 14. AJleKclljy. IH .. '1'O. (;1')). 171}: nltCMO Jauynacy lI,C Cnarn. KOA. ca.

46 ~';I~~~O ~~'[.j~~~~~k;;'~~~:: Ilene III. crp. ! 41.

47 Kpllham'l4a yreWtlocnOH<l.Ae.'l3 nt.crp. 412-433. 080j~ :lua'mjno,jepCHtlAotJII All u.crnec Dele en u.p"Delll!~1 ynueepmrero« y u,apl1t'paRY A:lTllpajy npe reeroeor- O(tJtt'LCK<l ua KIH1T. I3UAI-f 1-1. TOM(l{)W<uc:.'O'IW01\((1 B[l\iiVVlO~, CIlMK. (.,orp.5411.

4lt R. 81'111oI·nill/!. The pumarchalschool in the twelfth ccmury. »Bynnulcn«, ~2(I9G2), crp.1711-17K

49 ()n;1 rI4KJI1),1rt)l~n 1. a y.mM3 ~tI!t..'1O OIH. a Kt.."\iX'I ),CIlY>l .. :6u 00. MapK<l .,I.. ... '<11p n CC II<UIIICUEOM OKO cpennre 15. BCKll. 131W!. A. ntntnixH.fyAlx.:.K(!I1lJ.l,l{¥Ic:, MapKo; 0 ElJ)\:VlK6C;, We; ~I U~~~(.~~~~ ~il:; bpbo~o1J 'EX:KATlO1'<xc;, BZ. I 1 (I l)(I2). crp. 54-51).

5 I 011.0.11 F, Fuchs. Die Hom:rcn Scbutcn von Kousunuincpcl im Mitrelaher (ilY2".aminischc." Archiv 8). Lcipzlg-Bcrtiu, !Y26. crp. 74~ 75.

nU(:AlIIH:mtuJ U {J(I() nu Klllipy (69·73)

Me~YTlIM aYTeIlTll'IHOCT one oaorpadiaje Mapxa EcjJeCKOr ic CYMlbJ.iBa. 11 ~beH 113Aaoa~1 AT. Tlananonynoc KepalloWRcS2 H.ll.pyrYl.'l:l csrarpajy J~a caAp;.J.:J{ anoxpuqise eneaeu-re Ii npctiauyjy fbCHO nucaa,e y xacnaja upeaena, Tj. 17. UJI.}:! 18. BeK. JCAHa npyra 6110- rpatpaja CD, Mapxa, 06yxnaheHa y CJI)'JK6H xojy je cacrasno JOBaH EurCJUHC y uacr CHUra 6paTa,54 HaSOAH Aa je AO Y3pacra on 13 ronaaa nacrmran.e Mapxcno npeyseo mr~rHU tbnXOl) O'f3U,. 3a'tHM jc, OKO 1404.r., a.era nouepno MHOrJi:M ytlllTeJhHM3 a HapO\lH1'O JOIJaHY Xoprasaeaocy, a 3aTl1M Ilrmroay reM11cTy.55

Ana ropx.a caeno-raacrsa He usrncaajy nOTO)'HO aeuonynapsa. Bepoaaruo je na je XOpTa:lMeHOC, uaxo je T8Aa jour Guo JI8UJ(, rrpcnaaao y unconn CrYAHTCKor MaH3CTIlJpa, rne je MapKO liMau MorylulOcm Aa co ynosaa ca Bpajexnjesr. MepY'I'HM, CHryPHO je na y ImCmlTaH.Y Mapxa ynora Bpujenaja anje 6ltJIa npecynua. Ila je TO fiuno, HeMoryhe je npemocraanrn na Jonan Enreaax, xao BCJ1liKIi nOWTOaaJ1au. BpHjeHHJa,5(l 0 TOMe HHWTa He naure. McI)YTHM, necysosnea]c Y..1iH:.eHln~a naje Mapxo Esrennx 6110 HOLl )'TlI1IajeM Y'letba Jocmpa Bpxjeanja, H upno je Moryne Aa ra je yuoaaao y Llapnrpany aenocpenno npe Bpejeunjeeor- onnacxa aa Kuuap. To MO:KeMU 3aKJl,yqHTI1 KaKO 111 nopebes.a fhHXOlHlX YlICH:.a TaKO I.f 83 nourroaan.a KOjC. je MapKO HM30 npcssa ytUiTeJbY Jocarpy BPHjCUl1jy:1J

r) nOCmlRC1'BO H PM ua Kunpy

Flocne caor nocnaacrna na KPl.J:TY Bpajeuaje je CTeK30nH'IHO nCKYCTBo 0 nocetiaoa noncceajy xpajena xoje cy ,nP>KaJlH JIaTH.IDf. 360r rora je CMa'fpaH xao aajuoronaaja nU'IHOC'f 3(1 jeARO HOBO nOCJIaHC'l'BO na 9CTPBO Kunap, oxynapano joui 011 1192, ron. 011 crpaae naTlIHa."X KHnpaH.H cY ce, KHO WTO CMO BH,lle!IH. nOWTO jc lhuxOna I1.PKU8 6Hna nOp05JbeHa, 06paTUnlf 1405-6. rCA· npeKO

52 A. lIafill()mlYAoc·Kt·pll.lleHC, Map)(ot; 0 E(rycVllcO<; ... , UHT. I\CiIO. CTp. 54-56.

53 M. MfI_;,(OHfI, Flepr'nvc o.VEKOOtOV b,KOA.OU"(CXv £i'iMdpKOV E(YYCV\.,rOV, EEOC.

54 ~~~~;~:~' ~~~~j,;-~~~cn;ehu"t Il'jAaH>ut .. ta: S. Retridis. Le synaxulre de Mute

d'Ephese, Revue J~ rOriC:1l1 Cretieu. 2·5(19111). crp- 97-.to7 Ii 1... rn«, Acclcuthie de M:LfC Engcnicos. nrchcveque tJ-Ephese. Srudi bizamini e ncoellenici, 2(1927), .1')5-235.

55 L Petit, Acotoumie de Murc .... , ll,LIT . .a.C.JIO. CTV. 213. npel-Il'\ cnoae MHWJhClbe F.

Fuchs-ujc UeOllpiKI1BO, 1'C 611 nuue KOMe cy po.llHTeIbll6pal\e EureHKK iKeJleJIII noeepam y'ICH.C ceoje neue -rpeennc ltlJ.ellTllcpulCOllaTli enure ca Jooaaoa Xopracacuocoa nero ca Bpujeuuje».

~~ g::~: ~;;~:~~~~~O;~~:0~~~~~,~~la.r~{~e; B~~I~~L~S;;j~ ~1~\1~~·al.1~)~~:O'r

.~~ 5DL~~~~~;aK~~I~p/~-~~:~~~I~~J~~~lt:I~':IV:;~L~'I;~~~P~~'y~AY'

69

70

'I'pujHue xopenacxorta na'rpajapxy uapurpancxo» Marejy 1 (1397- 14.10), rpaxchn [lOHOBHO o611<:lI3JbaH.e CIlOjHX nesa ea LlaparpaacKOM l.lPKBOM 11 ofienaaajybu joj ncrnyay nocnyumocr. KHKO QPKBeHc TaKO H nonUTHlIKC un3CTI1 cu pa3Y1mmubeM cy npioosne MO."16y Knnpaxa It cnoacane ce aajc HY)K}IQ nocnaru jenno Il.PKBeHO uocnancrao aa OBO OCTpSO. xoje flu na nuuy McC'ra HCIIIIT<:Ino npoeneae TaMOWl-bC Il paBOCmll3HC npxne. CI1HOiJ.CKOM 0I1.JlYKOM ono nOCJlaHCTBO je nosepeao JOC1'1Ci)Y Bpnjeaajy, urYMl:Iay MaHHCTMpa K03Me >I ,L\ajMaJla y Llaparpany AHTOHHjy,,, !)aKOHY ThMOTejy. Bpnjeaaje je HaHMeHosaH xao HaMCCHHK Llaparpancxe narpnjapunqe 33 Kanap, I~TO o6jawlb8aa Aa je H:.CMY 1l0BCpeHo UOpC'I'UO oaor nOCJlaHC1'oa: !)

Bpajeuaje najc npnXBaTHO 0130 nOCJIaHC'rBO en Ue1THKl1M onyUJe3J1~eR>CM, :majyh_w Wj ucxycrna xoje je crexao aa KpHTY Kom1KO he OI1TH TCIilKO Afl nOCl'JfrHC jCAHO CTDUPHO cjt:.l\liJt,cn..,e ca flaTUHH30saHOM ~PKBOM aa Kunpy.Iberoao neonyureun.eu,e 33 OBO nOCJIaHCTBO je 51-InO yrOJrHKO nehe YKonHKO je CHHOH lHlrlHbaO rJJeJl,H.WTY All ce 030 J1HTaJ'be pcrynaure nyresr "nouyurran.a'' (I1KOfloMHje), onnaurhyjybv '13K nenerauajy sa 'leny ca Bpnjennjca ua ce lie ItBOYMI!)I' )lol)e r oorOCJIy",6eHY sajenuuuy (onurren,c) ca ocrpscxua KJ1HPOM.(II He xpajy nnax, npuaao ce na uJ\C aa Kunap u.~ J13y6aBH npessa QPKBH 11 nocnYUIROCTH npeaa l1a'l'pHjapxy I! CHHOAY.

Ilencrauaja je upacrnrna ua ocrpso Knnap sseceua jyna 1406. ron.» naje MHOro opeMeHa rperiano na cxnaruna Gojaaaauxonerian,e Bpnjenajeao H.Hje 6HllO 6C3 ocuoea. Kunpasn cy Tpa;KHJlll jenao <PUKTJoIRlfO jeAH1ICTIlO, xoje 6M HM A03BOJ])aBruJO aa ce nanase y OIlWTel-bY ca Qapw'PaJ],cKOM I..(PKBOM a At!. ocrauy nOT'IHH.eHII PHMCKOj UpKBH. nOllITO npunaxe aacy Jl03BmbaSaJ1e Aa lJ.H}JI! npyraxaje."'

HaUIaUJJll1 ce upen oaaKUOM craapaourhy, Bpnjenaje je OJ\nY'tlfo na caaoae nOMeCHH caoop H3 KOMe he nocraenrir ueo uponneM cjeAufbelba Y CBeTnOCTH CBCUITeHHX KaHOHa It Y'leH3(\ UpK13c. Cafiop je Ca3Stl.U 28. jY.'la 1406. rOA. Y xpaMy Cnel'or MHxHuml Ha

59 BL1Alf: C1')'.llHja 0 ~jt:l\luhetuy Kaupuua. Ilena II, ctp. 10. 3a nuuaau,e oucr epeaena 0 1I0CJlY IlflMt:CIILIK;\, aecrocn.ynurersa. no6ujaMo oenacurreu,u on 1..:1IMor I3pHjeJILtja. KOj .. jc npe cuauen eacen.cncsor-caeopa npcnncxuc CLIIIUA}' /la tl:lItMellyjc jenner npeACTftSHHK8 (MeCIOOJbYll;ln'clba), GUlli) nouaxa GWIO Oit<eitJeHOr -ioaexa, 'rc J\<'L IbCMy craee un Pilt:UOJlO>t:CH..e «ao nocotnuoce J~JlKl;Iclie nocrojuaxe. /IIel)y Kojll~la H jenner cnucaona (!). I3HAlI Calle'TIlII'lIo!O 1..:J10BO, Ilena I. CTp. 47U-471.

60 BH.UII: nm:'MoJOBaHyC.!Pltj<lHOCY. KOA N. TtMWc)W.:IlL':O 'Iwcriltfl BplJivVlO~ IIXI{

61 R,':t~-r;!K~~~'~~~)~' ~iK~l~~y, narurra AeJl)I~U{'1II0 oAA. nlllim)miYlwc-Kcpu.11('(1(."1. 'loxril1p Bpuevvtou IIp{u c m.ix cruvOOolJ tv Kimp41, .. '0 t.v Ktovcrcv~~vo\,)n6At:\ ¢IAOA0)1K6~ LV).UYO<;'·. I'I(lp(Wt1Wtx 'tou IZ10/J.0lJ, 1 t\~l. crp. 4~.

71

KMunpCKOM 6pl\Y Ii rpajao jc OJ], npaor AO neror- -raca, OnHOCHO nenor jyrpa. Ha thCMY cy Y'3emt YQCWnC KHnapCKII xopeuucxonu rpanoaa AMaXOCTa Ii Jlenxocaje (= HltK03Hje), a oaaj nOCJleJJ,fbU [e upeJ,J,CTClIUbilU H xopenucxona Flatpoca. Xopenacxon Jleesecoca, He cJla)l(yhl:l ce Y0nIUTe ca qenuM nOKpC'l'OM OKO yjelJ.J.fl-bcn.a, HHje HOIllUO. TrtKot}e cy ytIeC'l'BOBaJ111 CBeWTeHlIt.\U M naanu. 1-1£1 UllOM cariopy fino je ceKpcTap 11r-YMaH Aaroauje.

Ilocnc jenne xparxe MOJ1H'flle pe'l jc yseo Bpajcunje. KOjM je rOBOpl1.0 yonurre 0 jeAHHcTDY Ilpxne If 3aMOJUfO Knnpaue na OAP)KC cuoje ofehan.c Ct1HO,u.y uaparpancxoea 11 ACl cc 9cAIUle ca np<.tUOCJI30H()M I\PKOoM,jeI.\HHOM UPKOOM Xpacrouoss." 3a'l'l.fMje noxyurao Kunpaaaxana noxaace na ce OHII, npexo saxnerne caojax enxcxona PHMCKOj IlPKBH, npuxsaratsea nproaara uancxor H ceoJOM sanacnourhy OJ]. naTIUICKor enacxona Y ITCBKOCHjl1, nanaac H311aH Ilpxue. Enncxon AMilXOCT3 je 1'aAa upasserno 1l.8 o6~a3all lLMXODC 33KJICTOe Canp)I(H pe'IH ..... cauyaaarna MOjy oepy",tl. urro :matlH JJ,a oaaj xojn ce ::mKJIlUbe He aaaaje CDO,]y nepy. Bpnjeuuje je O}{rOll0pRO na ')'0 unje noeon.ao na onpasna jenao casro no ceGn xynao ncnoucuan,e nepe. Tana je enncxon Aemxoc-ra »ajanao nH cy nOT'IIDbeH.C narauceoj o.pKBH 101 3aKJ1eTBa ecpaocrn nann caseo cnon.aum,a eneaenru, ,!lOK Y creapa aepau napon oCTp8a nacras ... n.a )ta )fOWI1 npaaocnaenua )t01DOl'OM. Me~ynIM. Bpajenxje je onrouopno J].a je jeJ].HO Talmo cxuaran,e IlCOMa OliaCHO, jep "aKO nnaj KOjJ.1 CC O,lJ,pJflle Dora caxso jeAHliM reCTOM nonnesce nponacrn, KaKO aehe 6""'11 1!3nO)KCHII lIom6mr OKI! KOjH asrouapajy OBaKO xymm H:CIIOllef~(Hbe".lbl1xo[la nepa ce. AaKJlC, H3JIa3JUra y onaCHUC ... TH, a OHM Hl1CY 6H1U:1 lICKpeHH npexia cuoae I1paBOCJ1UOll>y.M Ha UllOM Mt!C'l')" H8 xcanocr, npeKi1).lU ce uanararse C(:IC'raI3Ih~H('fX Ii 1I1Aa'fHX 3anHCRHKa. re HaM uacranax ODor caoopa ocraje Hen03- HaT.li5 CurypHO je cat.m TO ,lJ,a je BpltjeHJoIje Ol.\6all,I1O npeAJlore

62 ML-TO. C1'p. 41J-50.

63 11!,.,'O. I,..,p. 5(t Cyuporuo (lim .. pt!'lIIM:i eI!lICKOn~ 113 AMUXOCTll. xojc II<lM npy}f(ojy AKTfl ceoope. Bpujcunjc unuona <pOPMY.'1y »salvo online mC!,)K, (,j. 'I),Bajyim MOj pen). BIIAH Crynaja 0 .::j-.;nmLClhY Kanpana.Tlcnn 11, crp. 6. Y (JIY'{;1jy nn PL!'1I1 Jocurpa Bpujcaaja npencraun.ajyucrnuy. -mnape-ur enacxona AMQX()I,.'T., ry6e cunene.

b4 A. nmitlf)mi)'.wL'-KepIIMf!fff, '1{OO~tp BpW.WVlOU fipa.K'tlKU O'uvuSov£v KiJ1tp~, I_lHT. neno. crp. 50-5'1.

M I1JllalbcA. flaa(l()oiiYl1oca-KcJJ(fMC(tCtf cc 0C1I11' .... a uajenua KOI\eKC null. Gp. 274, til. 2fl5-27Y «cuucrupn K\!cWIlIu.e Y MaKeflol1ujll KOjH je lI;!ry6JbCJI 1:1 upcese npaor csercsor prrra Kana je MHHI\CTLIP «aropec. M. Richard. Repertoire ue)" biblicthequu ct des catalogues des manuscritx grecs, Paris 1958. !!6-87, uaeonnna cy pYKonHCtlll1 uauacrnpu KOCH)I}!l{c IlPt!HCTM on Byrapa y Corpltjy It I..:TIUJ/Lt!1II1 Y AKi'lfl,r::Mltjy aaysca. 11 nupert caax II:JUIUX uoeyuraja unas je 011)10 HCMoryhc A:J ce yeepnsro y TO JUI JIll CC Til PYKOlIlICil 3,HlC1" uanaae 1'8Mtll1JlII CJlY~il.iI{O ucrnc Ira npyroM loIeCTY y Byrapcsoj.

72

)/(rlflmTtJO("lu/m BpUjt'HlljU (61.7~)

Kunpana sa cje.n.Hlbelbe noll. n\K,RHM ycnonassa,« aanycruo OC'TPBU He YAOBOJMIBllIli }bHXOflHM )f{CJbaMa.

BpaTHDTllH ce y Llapnrpan It aamrrau 3alUTO HHjC nocrynuo npeaa HHC1'PYKIUijaMfl CliHOAa H OCTEIJHtX DJIaC'f11 - Bpnjemrje je O,u.f080PHO na je uatne BOIl eo 'IYIHHTl'T no R01bH Boxcjoj aero no Il(}JMI JbYACKOj,jCP, ucna, U,1'lJb uaurer UOCJl8HCTBCl 3<1 KOjC caM G.H'O nOCJlaH HHjC .6no cjCAIiHrITfJ nenoxopae, Hcr~(. OHe ~ojn cy CC, (11<0 rpeoa, noxajanu sa OHO y \!eMY srpeunrure. CBoJa rnennurra u CTi.HbY Kanapcxe upxne 1I 0 fbeHOM cjeJ~Hlhelby en BaCe!beHCKOM narpajapurajou nonxeo je CHHO~Y T~K J~12, rOA· K8Atl je OJArT 1l0KpeHYTO TO nHTaFbC on crpaae apxajepeja Kanapcxe U.PKBt:.

Y OBOMC CI)OMe. Vl31lcuITajy Bpnjesuje HaDOA'" An KHnpaHH Tpa-'KC na ce cjennae caxo npUBUARO a He CTBapHo, 3aTO tIlTO ueh uexonaxo sexosa saence ti 3;:1KmfFbY ce aa nepnocr jcnaoj IJ,PKIlI1 soja ce J,JorMaTcKH pasmrxyje oA Tlpaeocnaune . .IJ:a (h{ no'rxpenao ouo csoje If3naralb!3, Bpajeunje uarapa -reKCT aaxnernc nOT1..J:I1fbCn~a xanapcxux euacsona, H3 -rera ce Jl,8 3aKIbY'lRTlf Ita OHH "PHsuajy "caeror nany pnsrcsor 1t cae-ry UpKBy PHMCKY '301 npasocnaHHy 1-1 BaCe1beHcKY U;PKBy" if JaKnl1lbY CC aa nepnocr "enacxony naTl1HCKOM y Jleaxocaja y cnCMY'·.(o!i Ilaxne, no tnct.ty, csaxo nonyurran.c on crpanc fIpaBOClIaBHe U;PKBC 3HalJIinO 6H nOTlIHH:.UBRthe nann, KOjH HapO'llITO wena npmuan,e jenner 'raxnor c-rna.a OA CTpaHe npanOCnUl3liliX. YTOM CJIY'Iajy - HHCTaOJb8 Bpujeuaje - 61{fie 1I0CJlaTH OBaMO neraru na HaM qeCTliTa~¥ 360r uaurer noxajarsu 11 nonparxa "rr Bory If najcnerajev oU;Y". OCliM Tara, jenno TaKBO cjemusen,e nepOl3aTflO MO)Ke nOOUITpWl'U crae Jla'l'UHH npesra KHUapCKIL.\1 Fpnaea, ua na HX caCUHM nonaraae. To 6u J.tL\HlnO ucnoBOIhHe uocnennue II 3<1 npanocnanae ocranux OCTPD~(lKoja J.l.P)l{C JTClTH.HH, xao xa npasrep KPHT8, Pouoca H Jlesuoca. Ami 11 ca npaeocnaaaor xaaoacxor rnenaurra jeJ].HO onHKBO cjcgHfbeHlc Guno 611 HCnpI1X03TIbHBo73a-ro WTO 6H TO 6nJlo 6e3 CarJJaCHOCTH ocraxnx narpnjapinaja, I Hajoon,e, AnKJIe, peureu.e 110 H:.erOBOM MUUJ1beu>y jecre onnaran,e: ( ..• ) "HHTH 3<1 C3J(3)1,3 I1X nproorre. HIITI1 At! ax ce oTpcceTe rpyoo, aaro UJ"fO 61-1 1."0 oooje 6\1]]0 nC11HO oHBajalbe OA aac".72

Taxo jc Bpnjcnajc ycneo .ua cjenaa.en.e Knnpaaa OCTaHe oraopeno Aa 6u srorno 611TH perynncano KCI,lJ.a OKOllHOC'Tl1 TO GYAY

66 BliWI nnceo Jonany Cup •• jnuccy, KOA /1. "((IAftU)IIIC1lC:O "<UC>lllP Bpoevvio; xo:.

67 n~n~Y~'I~i~~,!l.~~~;'~~~·b~3~·"llpmJa, AC1I:lll. crp. 1·25.

6ft "!I.,-ro. CTp. 6·7. 69 l1cro. CTp. 13. 7011 c '1'0.

71 Hero, CTp. 1(i·17. 72 YJ 1:1'0. CTp. 22.

nOlIJ}UlIi(IK j' lla/JuipfI() (73-77)

73

nosnon.aeane. 013aX8n reeroa CTal1 jc y-nmno BC1J1iIKC ycnyrc FlpaBOCJIaOIJoj l(PKBH, onupahajyb« je 0/\ onnyxa xoje Ow uonene Hecpcne aa I-bY H theny nacrcy,

n) Fluape-rux )' Ilapurpan II y'.et"1'UOUUlbC Y l) .. iareeopuau () GYJl.yhCM C.ulliD)' cn6ol)U

xojn ne pacnpaursarn 0 yjC,!J,ltIbCluY upxauu

Ifonparxoa Y Llapurpen OTnO'U1lbC nOCJlelVLH ncpaon >K1'ltJO"l'a Jocaepa Bpajeaaja, KOjU je -rpetiano An C(;! HCTPOIlJH Y axanexrCK1fM rtpenanaa.aera, KaTHxl13a~jH napona Jl nplmpeMilMa 33 nYJlyhK caoop paAH cjcAHlbel-ba.

Cran KOjW je 3aY3CO Ham nucau na Kanpy npcssa J1H'ftll-6Y cjeJ.VfI-bCl-ba KI1UpmHl ,l..l.OHCO My je, y IIpUO upeeae uocne JlOHpaTXa y Llaparpan, aexonnxo noreuixoha 0/\ crpaue .up>KaOHHX H I.\pKnCHHX n!!aCTH, KOjC cy rncnaac caxto Ita nOnHTJl1IKIl '3Ha1Iaj BPHjCJHTJCHor nocnaucrua Ha KIHHlp. Ho, UpCj\H~ OUIiX norcursoha auje finrro l~yro. J'nac 0 Bpajermjy nonce je paCTH cne unure Ii mrrue, a HapO'IU'fO nocae aaueurraja KOjHjC npOlIHTtlO npeu CHlf()AOM 1412. r. y neaa en nWTH}beM Kanpaaa, Ha narpujapurajcxoa npccrony ce runa aanasuo JeBTRMHje IJ (1410-14l6), 6WBum fiTYt.lf1H CrYAliTcxor ManaCTl1'pa, KOjH je upno ~eHU() cnor nemauueer MflUaCl'J1pcxor cafipa-ra JOCHcpa Bpajeanja, TaKO je aKTUBHoCT aaurer uucua nOHOBO nouina AO mpaxaja ynyrap 3naHl1'I1H1X xpyrona npecroH>tIlC. HaCnel\H>IK JeRTHMT.fjeB, narpnjapx Jocarp Il (1416,1439) HaC'J'HI3l1O je na n()Apman8AeJI<'iTuOCT Bpajennja, H Gaur YToKyouur uep"IOA<I I3HAHMO BPHjcHMja gel cnY)K11 «ao nponouenuax uapcxor nsopa. Y TOM. CBojCTBY H3fOBOPHU je y napcxoj nanaru H pa3HliM xpaMoBHMU Ilapurpana caojc noma-re r-oeope 0 Cueroj Tpojnun.

Ban.n npHMeTH'fH lla y TOK}' rora npeseena Bpajennjc Huje nuure oooaHUO y OrYJ\I1TCKOM Mi:lH(lCJ."I1PY, Hero y M3HaCTHpy Xepcujguu-rCK~H~I?J 1~l\e je ccrao 5ap]1.0 CMp1'}f Mauojna Flaneonora {1425f4 .

Ilpessa jet\I'loM aHOHRMHOM cut:JJ.OqaHCrBY 11'3 LS. I1CKa, xoje IHtBOAH ERreHlfje BYJIrapHC, Bpnjenuje je Ra31maH "Y'II-ITelb Y'IJ1TCJba",75 - CTRClP xoja HaM A03B01bClSa n<l npC"I'nOCTUIlIlMo,ua je OH 6HO HeKaH (crapenrana) npenaea-ra Llpxaeuor yuxnepanrera y Llapurpany, jep je ruryna "ylJU-re~ Y'lltTelb5" Uplfi]~Aa}m. y OHO upesrc ynpallHliKy yunecpncrcra. Ouo [,JJeHI1U1TC JC nOJa1raHO jow IJi1UJe }f APyroM pe'lemtUOM Tor aCTor CllcJ~O'laHCT]]a, llpCMa

i~ a~C::1Cl ~t;~~J71~~t~~rw·/~~~~)::r~·~.I'i!·~~'~~~~~)\~?~;t~}n ~i~, crp. 44~.

75 GIlLUI Flpuncr- £(JlCHlljU UYJlfU/lIlCfI Y ,Ucmllll. C"I'P, E. .

7ti UIIJll! F', Fuchs, Die. hohcn:n schulcn von Kosnuuiuepcl in Mltlclaller. (1,111'. neno.

C1'p.5S.

74

)/(umJlu jm:ll(/JU HPllj~Htlj(f (61-7S)

KOMe je Bpajenaje Y311M30 cpencrna Oll. uapa if J,.{enHO CTYJl.eHTCKe cranesnaje: "( ... ) Ii OP; uapesa xpasapuue ,L\ajylm OIlHMCl Ai:! 011 Mornl16e36ploKHo!ta ce 6aue MYAPomhy (naYKaMa)".77 OBOAe1LeH,e cranennaje fi~fJlO je Y HClJl,ne}KHOCTU ,lJ.l1pm .. rropa uixone. Haueneno COC,n.OlIRHCTOO rosopu raxobe AU je on 6HO "Y'JUTeJL cucror xpaurhaacsor 6orOCnODJba, y~Ieh.}f y Tpaxnnay uapcxe nanarc Y BpeMe uapa MaHojna,,7X, IlOl'llpbyjytull'aKO H)~rOB() csojcruo KaO uapcxor nponoaenaaxa. Y nacraaxy osaj AOKyMcHaT H:1no/lH n npyro COOjCTBO: "y-nrrers KaYKa OA uapa HunMeHon3H",7i} - cToap xoja J-laM orxpaua na My je 6HllO on napa nonepeao n npenauaa,e I-f npynrx RaYKa OCHM TeonOWKHX, 113 HCTQr cneAOl.JaUCTUa IHIAH ce ua je on rtpeuonao "ca J1aTUHCKor aa rp"lKH je3HK MHOre KlbHre".XU A1IH TO He MO)l(CMQ norspnam, nOlUTO najenno TaKDO neno naje naaac n0311a'1'O.

Jenna JlJ1\lHOcr OBaKBor JlYXOIlHor apa-rersa, xao WTO je 6no JOCIf<p Bpujeuaje, 61UlO jc aeuoryhe na He 6yne acxopeurbcna II ua non-y Me~yt\pK8elU1x onnoca. Flpasocnaunoj tqJKOli 6w.JW cy norpceHit lhYJV:f ayxouaux IlpeAROCTH Ii saarsa Tuna Bpnjermjeuor- na 61-1. je npencraaisana Y ,nOrMaTCK.H.M paaroeopuva ca nal'HHCKOM ~pKROM. Taxo nUAlfMQ Hamer nncna na yxecreyje Y CKOPO cum\oJ pasrouopaau H3MeJ;y Fpxa H Jlarnna xojn cy BOIjCHli YTO epeae y QclPHI'PaAY.

y YBDAY onora pana BHAem) CMO onnrra OKBHP KOHTaKaTa ~t3Meby YfCTO'IHC H 3ana)l.HC Ilpxoe aa npeue Mauojne II Ilaneonora. Kao WTO CMO xasena. rpU;H cy In'JAemf MoryilHoc1' ocrnapca.a cjeAu.Jbefua Llpxaaa caao ua OCHOOY jenner naccrseucxor ca6opa. Ilpeua TOMe, novena cy na pacnpaun.ajy H3MCljy eerie 0 pa'3HHM fIHTaIU1Ma xoja on: rpeoaao pncnpaua-i-a aa ca6opy. Y OBHM pasrouopusra ynora Jocncpa Bpnjeanja oUJIaje:: npHMapHa. Y )f{ClbH na IIpKJ1pe~1H [tapa If caoje '3eM.lhaKe 33 cvcpcr ca npencranunuava naTHHcKC upxne, asnoscao je OKO 1420. rO)~HHe y U;apCKOM' ABOpy H Y xpavy CBCTJiX anocrona nsanccer jeAHY OM.H.J1Hjy (= rosop, CI1080) 0 Cneroj TpOjHlVL~[ Y IMIMHjC npuK8330 ueno npasocnasHO Y'ICH,e 0 I1cxoljeH:.Y Cuerora Ilyxa, uar-naurauajyha H l'YMaQerui napo-nrro OHa erecra OKO KOj8X je nocrojano aecnararse, H npe~1a TOMe je rpeoaao na ona 6YAY pacnpann.eua aa 6YllylieM ca6opy.'"

npHpOAHO je 6uno Ita ce I'JUTafbeM 6Y/\yhcr caGopa noaariasa H ot:pMaHCHT'Hn Llapurpancsu ClmOA. CTora je CI1H01.\ 11 [l03UaO BpnjcHIIja na OAPLKH TOKOM jC;\HUr 3aceAaFba jCAHO "callenui1.rKO

i; ~1~~.~J~~:~~~~c:o~~'·~~I:t~~~l!(p~;t~~I~~·C~~)i.~~p. 1.

79 Hero.

110 HCTO. CTp. E.

~I OMlln"jecC:Ir.1J1a~cyllcnill,CTp.I-4U6.

S2 0 C.1P.1J)K1II1II DMilllllj:1 RltJUI III1:>Ke y npyrou neny naincr pnnn, rue ce 1I:.lJliliKC yctex.e. Joclltjla Bpajenuja.

IltJflj}tII7ilfK), u'IIPlilpud (73·77)

cnono o cje)l1HbCH>Y ItPKaBa".XJ Y OROMe CnOBY OU HaBO)J,H paann'Ht:'Te Me-rOJ,(e KOjl1 he OJIaKIlI<lTH 13ogel-bc paaronopa. IlpeuJI())KHO je na ce 1-13aGcpe ca npauocnauae C1'PaHe jCHaH npenCTaUH.HK - "MjccT06JbYCT"TeJb" (t07t0111PllTIJ<;). xojn 6n "Mao 1I0pel\ ceGe jeaaor enacxona, jCAHY Bu1)euy nHlluocr, jenaor npesonaoua J.l jenuor cexpe'rapa. Oenj MjecTo6n..yc'f}-{'reJL fin liMao ncry IJJJacr sao Jt mtTi1HCKIoJ xapuauan. KOjH he 61nn ounaurheu aa cariopcxa nI1T',UbCL Kao npeJl,CTl:IDHI1K npanocnasaux OM till ce cycperao ca KHpUHHClJIOM n l-berODOM nparrsoxjcnaanyr ana ADa nyra HCgCJI,HO y unrsy pasrosopa 0 pa3HliM npencaficpcxms flHTalhHMCl.M Ilpyrc f-mryhHucTJI, KOjC je Bpnjcaaje npennoxuo, 6uJle cy: ocruapen,e pa'3fOBopa H pa3Mt.::HH rneAHUlT8 nHcMeHO - () AorM8TCKlIM nnT81-bHMa.~S YomUTC, ca ClwrafhChl cjeumseu.a Llpxaaa cyuenao ce ca aajnehoxr o36HJLHOlllhy, o.Q6aQyjyhu CB8KY nOJIHTHl!Ky lUHbHOCT xoja He 6H J.103[JOJbaB~Ula rrocraun.an.e uenor npotineva H8 norM3TCKY ocnony, ,UHf JiCTOBp~MeHO npe,llna}Kyh.H npasreay CHHCxol)ei-bil "npeea "KOliOMJ:1jlf'.~

TOKOM Tora IlpeMCHa CTJ1rna je y Llaparpan (y cerrreudpy 1922. ron.) ueh nOMeHYTa"' Aeneral1Hja,.llane Maprasa V (1417- 1431), non BOI)CTIlOM Aaroaaja ae Maca. JT(lTHHCKI{ H3(1CnaH",~H, [JOUJ'fO cy UpeAaJIH cnoje axpennruue cynnanapy Jonaay VJlr Ilaneonory, jep je uap MaHojJ10 6"0 60neC1'a.H, AOWJlII cy Y ,llOAHP ca npe,QL''faUmIU;UMH TIpaBOCJIaBHe upxae. Anroanje Ae Maca ~t3- JlO~HO je nancxe aaxreae Y ,[I.eOCT xnaxona, no Kojm.la cy BH3auTIUI~H )~y)KHH na npHMe AorMe JTa1'HHcKC T~PKBC If ua ce noxope nana, CarJI3CHO CBOMe craposr ofiehan.y, p,aTOM Y PHMY 1420. r. npCKO CllOjHX npencrauuaxa HJ.IKone Eunevouojauaca I-t Tconopa Xpucoueprnca.H Y TOM cay-rajy IbHMa je oochana JUtpeKTHa nonaTHl.JKa noeroh.

If) BIIAII A!;Jl<l I. erp. 46.~·5UfJ. 0 WI1)'MY npiK:!Il>l1 Caeenmvxor CII0B:l, aHJl11 Pit.

MI!),er. Des Joseph Bryennios ... , I..\HT. AeJlO crp.x; R.·J. l..lJcllerlz, Pour 101 chronologie des IICUVre.~ tic Joseph Bryeurtios, ~11'r. neno. cpo ~(/; H. TOAWiJWWC.·O '!<O<11)<Il BPU£VVlOt; Kuiil Kpn'tl1 .... llKT. ucno, C1'p. 57. Y BII'Jfl.BTltjlf je nocrojao oen-mj nn OIUI KOjll ce O;lQe ltpiKnSlIIlM 111111 l~pKBeH11M CTllapllMfi nOBOJJ;OM BIl;+;UHX 011111.11." 'rpaxe cauere OIl excnepa-ra, Kl.ljH 11113,';l~y ceoje CTaBOOe y roaopnua 110n Hac.nOllOM "CaSCTHH'IKO CROllO". Taxee cny-mjcae IIM<lMO. ua npunep. KOA P'IIMIII7iPllj(t Ktu)mmclI (PG 154.961-1008, IO09·lm6) 11 MilHOjlW nt/llwlwifl (8. fh,ypo(//:. '0 L'l)j..lf3oUAe\ltn::6~ 1tp6t; ~oUl; G£OCHlAOVIKEf<; tOU Ma.vouij;\, nMo.IOAOyoU ." MCXI\1::So .... Lm ''. 3{1~55), crp. 29[1-3(7).

:(4 Cnuernaseo cnono. Ilenn I, CTp. 4711·472. NS Here. crp. 472.

ft6 0 C.1I.1.PiKIIIIH one PI!'UI nU.D.1I HoOKe), ncceeuo] rnann. 10 SHAlf nanpen Y ynOAY.

1<11 H'-TOPIiJilT oeor 1I0CJ1aHCTea eunn KO!l, MANSI 21<, 11l62-107IlA. TaKol)e :111 1.1/1110(; Bpujclmjl.lll IWBCJ\CHHX nanceux nocnnauxa 11 yonurre 0 acroeoj yno:JH y paaroeopaaa 0 casueau .. y ceeopa :J<I cjc,tHHbCH>C1 I1IIJ\H G. Purmsi. Joseph Bryennios er lex t.li~cus.siolls .~UT un concile d'unicn .... lUIT. ueno. C1'j>. 7:'>·'.)4.

75

76

)/(mlOiTt locudra BPlfjCHlljll (61-7X)

Ha ropn.e naruucxe crasoue on crpaae npanocnaeuux onroBOPHO je uarpujapx Jocnrp I!. Ilarpajapx jc o6jaeHHo na IlpanoCJlaUHa upxua )fWJIH CJenHH~eH)e l(PKClO<l, ami aepyje na cy y3pO~LHHU,H CXI13Me OH1lH JTaTHHII KOjH cy nanycran» c-rapy nepy U,pKDe. To je ()H(\ jacao H.CK83ana y nHCMJiMa xoja je onacnana y PHM upcxo ceor- npencraeuuurrna 1420. ron. na aKO cy T1I ripencraIlHIH~H ycsscao TOMe UIT8 nonana, TO OHll,R npeACT813Jba r'bHxono IHI'tlHO MHWJT.eH,e, ann He H crac TIpanOCJIaI1He U.PK!lC . Ilonao jc, T8Kolje.AR npaBOCJI8BJIT.f scene caaaaaa,e cafiopa, rue fin npcncraaHKUH CBI1X npanOCJlaSHHX upxaua pacnpann.ana crrotionno ca JIa'rHHHMa cuoje }~OrMaTcKc pasnaxc. Y cynpoTHoMi oochan,a aa IIOJ1HTlilIKY nossoh He fii1 MOt'J18 611TH nplfXBaheHa.H'

Y TOKy ceora 6opaoKa y Ilaparpany mrr~IHCKH 113aClii.IHrtll,U cy n,ona31-1JUJ Y AOAHP ca npaBOCJIaBHIi.M 60rOCJlOBHMa, a npe CFlUX ca Hajr.llamrnjHM H>IfXOBl'lM npCncraOHUKOM, loCH<I)OM Bpnjenajc«. Ona AOJl.11pH ca Bpl1jemljeM p,06UJJH cy " 3BaHJPlHI1 xapaxrep Y BH,[~y jaoHILX nacnyra, carnacso ca 1l0l\HeTI1M npeunoroa Harner' uxcua CUHO.u,y. TaKO UMaMO usa Bpajeanjesa paaronopa ca JlaTI1HCKI-lMI13aCnamfUHMa,<Juy KojMMa CYY3CJIH yseruha H na'rHno(lmna Llaparpana. Ha H:.11Ma je Ham BJl3aHTHjcKH Gorocnun l-I'3JlQ)KHO npaDOCJlCtBHC CTaaOBe nOBOAOM AOA8TK3 Filioque y CHMfiOJ1Y Bcpe H npJ1M3T3 pxwcxor-enacxona.Y' Ooa Bpajeanjeua rnennurra 6nna cy )l,orMaTCKa nonyna rneJJ;HmTHMa narpajapxa Jocaqia II, KOjC je OB, KaO urro CMO BH.IJ,eJH1, lnnO>KHO MaJIO paaaje xao O.lJ,fOOOP HC:1 llWl'UHCKe nnanone npcnnosceae OA AHToFlHja ne Mace. Fnenaurra cy npencrau-sana n ocnosy 3BaHwmor onrosopa KOjW cy aeKOJHfKO naaa xacanje uap H narpnjapx AamI nanrnCKRM Ii3Cl.CnanFlQnMa.'J2 Taxo ce nQC1I3HCTIJO JI8THHCKHX H3aCJIaRlIK(1 3f1npWHnO rteycneXOM, urro je llpM3H30 He~OJlI:lI)~o Meceqli xacanje H caM AI1TOJmje Jl,e Maca HCl. catiopy y Cujena, .

I'nennurre npanOCJlaOHliX 0 HY.JKHOCTIi caaanarsa cacopa, ua KOMe 6" ce cnooonao pacnpaan.arre ltOrMaTCKe paannxe, R'3a3SanO je KO)]. Jlaraaa CYMFbY y MorY!\HOCT jenae nOTnYJIe n.uxoee nooene. Taxo je Dalla Map-ran V OA nOCJ1aHu,Ka KODOr napa Josaaa vrn, xoje je npHMHO OKO 1426. ron., saxrcaao na MeCTO caaana cafiopa 6YAe y 11TanRjH, nepyjyhH ~a 6H Ifa 3anal1Y yeneo CTaBlITl! apeA-

K!:' Texcr na-pajapxceor-onroacpa (HiIV! KO'!{ V.I...tJltf(!/II. Lcsprclimincnes duconcile de Florence. Les neuf articles ell! pare Marlin V et la reponsc inedirc 011 Petrinrcbe de Coneuntiucple Joseph 11, REB. 2f1fJ962). 31-51.

90011it Flpenaenu,a. :,6or u.axoeor MeCT~ y cepnja 1t:i,Q3TI1X ACJI:J., IIa:mllajy CC "Ilpenaeau,e (0 Ifcxo1)eH..Y Ca. Ilyxa". ,UeJW I, CTp. 4117-42.1; "Flpenaeau,e II 0 ncxoberey Co. Ilyxa". HCTO, crp. 424-442; "Ilpenaean,e IU 0 lICXOl)ClhY CIJ. )lyxa··. U!;TO. CTp. 443-4(lK.

~i ~~';:~}tr~I068!~~t07~~~I"OBOPil Dn~H 'caKo!)e xacunjc y nocebuoj rnaae. 93 MCTO, Hl62E.

77

c.uprTtJ()(W/JU JJI'IIJomj(/ {77-7:-:)

CTaBHUKC Ilpauocnauae UpKOC HUH yrtruaj MHOWTBGI jepapnxa J.f OorOCJ10na 3anaj\He upxue. 06ehao jc raxobe AD he noxpura cue TP01J1KOBC yxemha npauocnauaux ua ca6opy. 0 onOMC IHHHlHOM !lpep;JlOry no-reno CC pacnpaersaru y BH3cHfTHjl1, H -r-e pacnpnue C)' nOnp.HMllJ1C [IliA 60pGe 113MCljy OH.HX KOjU cy 6HJII1 aa llpJ.txllaT<H~C lHlnCKUX upennora H OIUlX xojn cy 'l'npA111lH na cariop Tpcoa C,13Ba-ro y Llapurpany. Meby UOCJle)J,ful:1M je 6liO H HaUJ JOCHq) Bpnjcaaje. KOjU cc 60pHO 3" Ol~6Hjatbe nancxor npennor-a. Ann C1'paHK::l xoja je nararsana npaxnaran.y naIIClU1X npeunora npeOBJIaAaJJa je, R 1I0PCA fbcrOIHIX cynporuax HaI10P(I. Llap Jonaa VIII, KOjH je annanIf><:lL(HMa aaras.ao suure OA cnora oua Manojna, caseao jc (W1JeTKOM 143'1. uapcxa caner y nClJHlTHjaRlt HH 1'HjHO 3aCeJl.f:~~bc,"'4 na 011 nocrurao carnacaocr upe.aa nanCKHM 3aXTCBIIM8. Bpajeuaje, Koj» je y-recrnonao Ha OOOM 33Ce)1albY, II 1I0PCJI, CrHtX csojax nOKYUl3ja WI ce ·laAP;..KH AOTa.u.aUJfMI cran npauocnanaax, aaje ycneo /HI cnpcu» peuies-e (J casnny catiopa y I1Ta.rmjl1. Ilpenenhajyha, 1'1IlaK, nocnennIJ,C jcnuor raxaor cadopa, OIl je xacnuje, no CBC)10lIaHC'Tny Cnponynoen, pexao: "'1(1 0).1, ceera error mTU \IyX y TIanaTI1jaHH (n nocne osnx petl1f. J.1 nOl1l1KaHWU aernro H3HemlJ\UO £1 CTaORBU;;1lYKY WI ~cTa), 0,4 rana CH3HaAox na HHKaKBO .a.o6po OBAC Helie 611TH ." nanaTI'I]aHCKOM OAJlYKOM je OTIJOpeH nyr '1a catiop y (J>JlOPCHt(HjH, xojn je crasao Ilpaeocnasny upxey Rei MHora nCKYUleH,a.

~) CMl'T Joe"'I" Bpr<jclIllja

Ilocneun.rrx rOAUHa cuora )KlIBOTa Ii y neh nOOD.MRKJIoj eraPOCTH Jocutp Bpzjeaaje je, caCI'a~}lo cnoj TeCTaMeHT, .KOju Hoes .Il.RryM 4. jynn 1421. ronIlHc.)6 COOJUM TeC'raMeHTOM on Je OCTClI:H10 uer :.Hla1'HJ1X AYK3TH aa nert.eu.e Mlt.rrOCTun:.e, 1'11'0: "jCActH rJIaJJ;HHM'1. jCAaH 6eJl,HJtM8, jeHRH CTpaHl.\I1MC1, jCHaH 60J1eCH1~~nMa. jCHaH OlflfMa KOiH cy Y 'raMHlffJ,a~m" . "CCCT anepnepa 3<.1 CBOJY caxpaay II necer 3a nOMeHe, cnojy Many 6,,6miOTeKY xpavy Cuere Corpuje, a onehy caojy ,mHaCTlipCKOM caopary Iloporejy. Kao "HJBPUlHOl1a TCCTaMeHTa',1)7 Ha3Ha'IHO je AJIeKcHja Afll~~aI3KOCa, CBOI~ crapor npujaren.a aa speMCH3 60paBKa ua KPJoI:TY·

Y-I BHAH Cuoe. C!1J}(1I1y/l,rfC"A1tOIlVll~OVE0~.I(lt(X, urn. V. UlItrt:III.IHlT. AeJIO.II, 17, c1ll.11H.

\15 I1CTO. 1I.,.lx, CTp. 12n. .

116 J.1~AaT on A. flailtlt)ot1Yllom-KcpflM&(lCa, Varia Gruecu Sucre, llHT. ncno. CTp.

21}5~2%. .

97 I/tC1'O, CTJ1. 29ft. . .

WI vb60p Anoxaexoca U/4 CTPilHC BpllJI;!IIIIJa "'lIO umpiumuu i;bel'o801' 'rec-rasrerrra Imo je IJOROn na ucku npe mocraue na CC naur nacau KpaJCM 1,;001' :ot.::IOOTn nououo npaT110 IICl Kpn'r (IH!I"I Ph. Meyer. t:>t;-~ Joseph Bryenuloa Schrifren .... u.I4T . .QCJ10. crp. ~4). Anu TO MJUUJl>ClbC SIIWC.1e uCOAP)f(\otOO HCI'O (lnp)KHBO. UOUl1'O Anoxancoc. K:'IO tUTO II:JI'JII!)(H ~I:S cUCnOclaHCTI~a CaMOl'

78

)K 11f1OJ/i Jm:IU/JtI BPUjCHllj" (61· 7X)

Flocnc CaCTanJbBI-b£1 l'eCTUMCHTa, Bpnjenaje je acaueo jour nonocra ronnaa. Tauua rOAI1H8 a-eroue CMpTU naje nosuara. MeIYYTnM, nocnenn.c cUcJ~O'IaHcTBO 0 IhCMY jCCTC JW je y-recrnoaao ua casery y Ilanarajaua y HOtle1'KY 1431. rOAHHC. Ilourro, nax, TOKOM clmopeHTujcKor ~aGopa HHi~ fiHO Y >Kl1nm'y, a cehau,c aa u.era Y TO IJpeMC flHno je nanexo, nY»<HI1 eMU nJ~peAHTH .l1:m'YM fbcroae CMpTH H3MCby 1431. II 1438. I'OIU111C; ann, nnax HCUtTO OJll1)KC 1431. rOAHHU.

Curypno je naje yxrpo Y Ilapnrpany, H caxpan.ea Y MaHaC1'l1py Xapcajaunrcxoss, UlTO co BI1/~H lB nanrpoenor nacnoua Knju je CaCTal3JfO cne'ra Mapxo Ediecxn: "Ha rpoGy yqwreJba KHp JoC"~)() Bpajenuja y Xapcnjaxnrcxon M8Hacfupy" n Kojn ce aanasuo y sonexcy MaHaCTl1pa KOCH'IUI1;Ie.1!K1

Ycnyre xoje je Bpnjcnaje y-rnauo l..I_PKIUI fiune cy eennxe 1:1 UP. K,UIHTi:tJIHOr suauaja aa ronnne Ii npnrraxe xoje cy uourae usa 'rora, Hseroaa aCHOBH,1 B/~eja - na cjcJVlfhetbC ca Jla'flfHCKOM I.lPKHOM, xoje 61>1 3H3lJHRO npoereay nepe 11 o,u6alV1BalbC "paBOcn3BHC cuerno'ra-rxe reonornje, He 6" Morno 11.a npencraun,a npauo jeJ~mICTBO pacejaaor crana GO)Kjcr H 1\" 6yJ.lc npaxuaheao on crpaae npaliocnaBHHXuil"oc:-nma je nepa n.erounx npujaren,a, y-ieHHKa II AYXOUHC neue, KOJIf ce CUB y IlpRIlM Hapcnru'IM rOltH1I8Ma 1l0Ka33TlJC xao HcnOBeAHBlVI Jl3aWTI11'H_uq~i npaaocnannaxncraaTel. ].:(OKtl3 rora jecre crau Mapxa Erpecxor, .eorrouaja HIJalUIHjcKof H np., KOjl1 Ha (f)nOpCHTIUJCKOM canopy IBICY npacrann na KOMflPOMaCHa peureisa xoja cy HJ,uauana sepy pa1\H nom1'nillKJfX lJ,liJbena. Taxobe, HOK83 Tara jCC'l'C ems uapona uapurpancxor. OKU tmjc ce K..1'flfXH3f1[J,Hje BPl1jCHHjC rormxc TpYAUO, ~I KOjH jc no :1a0pUleTKY (DJlOPt;HTHHCKor caoopa oA6au.HO YHHjaTcKc O)VryKC H TaKO cnpc-usc J10HkDK!'IJ3ajybc I1QTtJHK,aBau.(;: Ilpanocnauae upxae JIaTIiHHMa.

Ileno JOCHcJ1a Bpajeaaja 33 npcae n.erouor )f(I1UOTa finno je »e-ryjno, CKOPO Ge:mMeHO, aaa je 011 5110 U ocrao OCPHOM HUpOm; GmKjeM "cryfi I:ICrHHe 1-1 aajcjajaaj» ceeruonux npunocnaun.a". To nOCBeAOll8Ra H MHOLUTBO pyxonncnux H:.erOO1>TX cnaca, xojn cy cc II nopea OTOMaHCKe oxynauaje paunrpuna 110 u.enOM np3BOClIal3- HOM HCTOKY.

Bpajeaajn. nujc G~IO Kpnnuuuu: "crpauan. ymenapcu. U:H:rUIILlO t.:H I:C un ~PI!TY" (nUCMO 21. Aneecujy. Jlena III, 176), 're crcru je lICOMa IlCPOBH'I1l11 na je Y apeue cacraan.au,a Tt!I..'T;)~ICIIT"d Beh nnnycmo KPIIT II lIaJl;'I~"'O ce y

')9 ~1~hlllul~~.~I~:~,g~~}c~~::k~).IVll).lOVcUJ.!Cf.trl, IJ,11T.l\eno. IX, 15, crp. 44X-451L !(IO 8m]'11 A, IllIiil/f)()ily./l(k:-K{'p(fI~e.{IC, 'A v£K501u VJ"TJVlK{x OtlY'IPa~~UTt.l t-YYPUlp{( re Kal cu..).o. ),."t(~Evu..llapllrpa.u INX4, crp. %, IU2. Ileo I::llu·t::l(I)II1I uarnuc eunn

101 C~~~o·~f1A~~~:~~fC;;~g:~4I'J~~~;'(~,~;.r~~,~Yrr~A 4~~'plllle JUII;m:t I):u~olln

Bureuuxn, tWit N. TO.4I1U)III>:IIC, nero, C1'p. 4':J5.

WI Ha rpo6}' Y'III"'CJLa KllpJOClICI):I 011 M:"IPK:l EIJ)f!CKOI' EOI'CJlIIKll,IIL:J'O, \,'1'1'. 494.

11.1(lmullikJ1U(7Y-11J4)

2. CnHCATEJI,CKH PAil JOCHq)A BPHJEIiHJA

a) Ih.!1:3Ta nena

JOCI-UP Bpajeunje je Guo neova nnonan nncau. lbcrou ClUI.CrLTt!JbCKH pan je pe3ym'a'r iserouor 6artnor Y1,.lHTeJbCKOr rr K3T}fxercxor cnY>KCH)C\ Y QPKBU. To CJTY>KCT-hC jc 011 UPKBH npl1HCO l1Mi:ljyhH 0ArrH1,.IHO noauauaa,c HC caxso TauaUUMIX fiOfOCJI()SCKJ1X IIpo6JH!MH, Hero H KPIfl"HltHOC1' npJ1J1MKa Y BpCMeHY Y xoje» je 1I0~UnH ~~a ll.fi: cnoje CUeAOlJaHCTBO. Ocnon u.erouor- y'1H'ren~CKor pana 6uno je CRCTOOTallKO Y'IClLe, KOjC je 1I11'J'ao 11 uay-trro UJ OTUQICIiX CIIHca, UnIl 5ap 11'j OHHX n031:faTIIX anronoraja, H TO aa -raxan H3tlJUl aa I-b~N)BO YlICH.C pe3HMRpa H npeHOCH ua cruapaJljJqKH HalH1H v-rcrsc eBeTIlX OT3ua l...fJJKSC Mna~l1M.a. noxasyjybu 1'1lKO H lIa'IliH npaunnaor 60focnuUC'l'BOnaH>a.

Iberoeu cnacu cy pamonnxn H lhDxoua C8).\P>K.IHl3 je OJtfOB<tpana 110ce6HHM norpcriaaa H "pUJlI1KaMa rscronor nofia, rum Ii 3flJ,OIlOlbelbY norpeoa thCrOBHX eYHap0fl.HlfKa, xoje cy sajennn-ucc Jl>YJ.lliM8 CDH.M npeneua KOjU >Kerre canpureacruo It cuaccjse y XpHcry, TaKO. Y CBOjOj AlJaJ~eCCT WjCLlHOj OMMJl.Hjn o"CueToj TpOjI1~W', HnH 0 "HUA6o)KaHcKoj 11 HaAC),UIl'l1HCKOj" Tpojunn, K(lKO .MY ce -reero caMOM cnabano l~a ux nasnna. xao 11 y rpnua rpnjanoJJt)WKHM lvrcnynrMa, OH U3JIa)KC LIl1Ti:UbC Hcxoljel-b<:l CI3Cl'or Ilyxa noccrino H ),'ICH,e UpKBe 0 CHf::TOj TPOjIHl}l YOUWTe. CaCI'<lIlHO jc nlKO~C 1'1 npanra-me fiecene y KojHMa, J.13MCljY OCTaJlOr, ronopn 0 onannoheu.y CuaCI1'rCJb3 XpUCTI' H H,CrOIlKM CO'1'I1p110nOUlKHM UOCJ1cgllQ<1Ma sa IhYHC, Y f-bIiMa TaKOI)!! uana::U1Mo H y-reise o Bc'mOM ){(J1130'l'Y nOCJ1C CMPTli, lberona IIUCMtt, ce« 6nor'PacpCKHX nona'raxa. Aajy HaM CBCnWlaHCTRH 0 oGu'lajI1M;:t" HallllKaMfJ zno ~l o '~yXOBHOM cran-y oaor npessena. Y fherOBl:IM ,l.ICJlHMa OC06TITO ce narnatuaaa IlpenHOC'1' xpaurhancxux npnHHa H Ba>KHOCT npnaeae aanoaecru BO)KjHX y )I(lWOTY BCpHHX. Iberoao I!TH'.JKO ytICH.C U(1- JlU311MO yrnaulioM Y AMy "I'nane CCnaM nyra cenau", ctJU{ Ii Y eUI1n03TiMa H.crona.x Tpl1jaJ..lOJlOUlK.HX OMHJlHja. Ha xpajy.nocroje H APyra nena paanor caupacaja, rae ce MO;.+{C HaliH HCLUTO aano Y1letba o tl09CKY If 0 CJTeMCHTHMa ~)1.I311tlKO[, cuera.

Ilcna JOCHcpa Bpnjcunja cy HaM CQtlYBaHH It npenara Y BCJIIIKOM 6pojy PYKOlU1CHiiX sonexca, KOjl1 ce aanaae no pa3HUM Gu- 6mWTCKaMA ~J It(lTMpajy It3Mei)y 15. u 19. B~Ka. Y aacraoxy he~1O Te xonexce ~JMeHOUaTI1, ann He u OIlHCIUHITIi. Hero heao ce ca ao orpanu-urru aa Ha130~t:-lbe nacaua KOj1f cy ce GtHH1nl1 lM{XOl3fIM OllHC]lTlaH"CM.

79

80

(·iiIlCllifil'A.c-':" jllW JOI;fj(/Jfl 8Plfj"'tuJtl (79-!05j

KOOCKCU CaetTte Tope

KonCKC a-pa BOlToncA3

2. KOnCKC M-PH Fpur-opujatn

3. Koncxc M-p~l )l,IiOIllIClljil'f;l ll. KO"CKC a-pa .lI,HC'lHHcJlja-ra .1. KOHcKC ee-pa J],1I0HHcUj'ITH 6. Ko)teKc a-pn Ec(lmfMt!IHl 7.I(oJlCKC ""l-pa KYT!TyM)'wa

K KUJleKC M-P:! Se.JlIIKC Jlnupe \). KOAeKc a-pa BLmI1KC.JT'lI:1Pl:

10. KUJ.\!;KC III-PH KCCIIOrf)Olll':l

11. KOAt.:.KC a-na n::UfTClIcjMOH<t

12. K01\:.!KC M-pa Flam'cnejaona 1 J, KOI~eKc n-pa Flaerenejaoua

14. KOACKC M-))n J1UJlpOHI1

15. KUI1CKC III-P" Henpoua

16. KOACKC n-pa HUJlPOH<I

17. KOACKC xr-pa ViHllpoHa IS. K(J/~CKC a-pn i1ollpolla

op. 2~5 01'.6(553)

tip. 218 (3752) 61'. 274 (3111~) up. 275 (3809) tip. 98 (2111) Gp. 183 (3256) 01'. R61 Gp.1626 6p.llI(112) 01'.57% 6p.6127 fip.624R

Gp. 252 (4372) Gp. 372 (4432) 6p. 313 (4493) Gp. 4·11 (4531) Gp. 493 (4613)

103 C. £CICllIj)(lWUj(u)U{' - ApICCIf)lIj{' i<'f)OljtIKIJ1I, KC('t(Uoyo.; toov tv to il:pq: Movn 13('('toll~&'ou X-U>OLK'U,lV, ClIel.:K:1 I. n"pW.l 1924, crp. 61; cp. Ii. 1'O~UIf)(IIWC, 'A)'lOPElttKOI' K<OOIIC£<; 'too\' EP"~V roC! Bpvt:vv\OlJ, EEDC,:\2 (1%.1), LIp. 2X-:m. 1fJ-1 C. Jla_wipo('. KCHliJ.lryo<; tfuv tv T(ti<; ~1~Alo{;ilKO.~<; tou 'AylO'lI "OpO\l~ ·Ei.J .. llvu,iil'lI KwiSll«o)V, TUM I. C;ul)bridg~ 1M:", C1'p. 44.

10; Hero. Cp. H. TtJ.ll(l()ilKllt·:A')'lopt~ltlKO( KtooIKe;. .. , UH1'. l(eJIU,I..'1V. 31J.

Itl(l C . .nufollipoc. KUttl.AO'(O<; ... ,UIIT. }I~J\(), C'1'p. Jt).~; cp. H. TOJ.,udllKIII:,'A')'lop£t'tlKOI

KWSIX£<; ... , CTp. 30.

Ill? C. Jhr.uiipoc. IlI.:.TO, 31Ji';·:WIJ: cp. J I. TlJAWiJtlll:Ilt.:, nero. LTp. ]0-31. 11/:-; C,J/u,lIli{J(I(.;.I!l:"I'O, t-rp. 1X2.

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III C. 1;"/U.;l[ipm7iftj{u)/IC - CiiltJllIUON AlOHa.'!: JJlIIi/IIWiTt, IlC1'O. crp. 2X7: cp. H.

TOAUliJm,w.:. 111.10. CTp. 37-.19. Flpodiecop 7i)J.m()wmc )J,t:JJO «ojeje ~l()yxa"ht:llo Irmcl)y crpaunua ell. 15Y"-170~ cecr I(O,",C)("I 1l0Jl'ta~ODO~I: 'Tu\! OOIO)'[CI'WU tv pOVC1XO(~ \\up'ltool'!lp toi} tptAOaOtpo\J, 6diO<1l<; (x..-ptl3nt; li'J<; erxcooeco 1tlon:cuc;, Ott (u;:o:t{ulliftOV "t6d£fov ..-cdoTt ou &i sll'te.l\ll(uf llEPIl'P)U~~OUa:l ttl Jlll nup<xSISOjJEV('.( \)1(0 "Tiiw a"'r'"wv 7tPOqllltfuv Kttt <l1U)(fro;.rov ~(1.l I::tJu'Y}\:Atatfuv". ruumncyje Joclt(jw Bpnjcuujy. I\Ic:J)Y'rIlM Jlflllil CI.:. "WO urro CMO kOIlCT;rI'l)n(.lJI\I 11"J TCICcT1l. () nu:maTml norvarcaou ncny nidi/o? }(}(;lIHU /l(IMlI('"KUHfI "'ExooO'u; (tXpI!\nt:; "ti'j<; opl'oS6~ou n:lon:w.;'" (Tll'1I10 J\lJIO~CIt.C

JJ2 e.j;~6;:r:~BKg~~t:;.,., lI,IIT. 1-!CJIl), TOM I, crp. fll; cpo H. TUAWUuKIII":,

'AYtOpt.:I"tIKol KWOtK£.;. ..• I..III'J'. nenc. CYp. 3\-36.

I I J C. JJa.ufipoc, Kcuc\Aoyor; ... , un'r. ncno. ctp. 354, TO"" II. 114 Hero. crp. 41)5.

11~ Hero, CTp. 423.

116 MC'J'I),C1'p.fl7.

117 vli..,'I\. crp. uu.

II~ Hcro.crp. 101.

III) vtcro.crp. 144.

J4~umu(j 1)('AlI (7';)-1 (14)

1<J. KOAeKCM-pa Hnapona

20. KU,lI,CKC »-pa MOIlPOH;'1

21. KO,lleKC 1\-1-P" i'lBIlPOH<I

22. KOAeKc M'ra Huapoaa

23. KOJlCKC M-pa Huapoaa

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26. KOJ(CKC er-pa Huupona

27. K01(CKC M-pa Hunpona

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29. KOJ(CKC u-pa HUllpoHa

30. KOn.CKC xr-pa i10ItPOH8

31. KO,ll,CKC M-pa 110IlPOH(I

32. KOlltKC M-pa HUUPOHCI

33. KOIWKC a-pa I1BlfpoHa

34. KO,ll,CKC Kupnjnka Co. A He

Gp. 514 (4634) f>p. 561 (4~X1) 61'.569 (4689) up. 582 (4702) tip. 584 (4704) Gp. 5S6 (4706) Gp. 600 (4720) 6p. 604 (4724) Gp. 620 (4740) 61'. 669 (4789) 6p. 1306 (5426) 6p. 1308 (5428) Gp. 1311 (5431) Gp. 1313 (5433) Gp. 144 (541!!) 6p. 22 (61/'('

KoueKCU JepYCGIJUlttCKe fimTIpujl1}Jwuje

35. Kouexc D1i6mtOTt::Kt: JepYC3Jf. net. 6p. III

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122 1-11.,,.0. crp. 172; cp. H. '[O.Moum<.IIC. 'AYlOPl'.t"tU\01 Kwl)u"e<:,. ... IIHT. neno, crp.

:\1-36.

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:~~ ~ ~~:~'/I::;~: ::~~: ~~: ~j~: cp. H TO.Mui)wwc, ucrc.crp. :17.

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:~ g: ~~:~:~~c:::.:: ::~: ~g: ~~: cp. 11. TO.lwdaKU(;,IICT(),

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"troY ev "taf<; ~IIlAIO-aip::(l.I~ 'tOU l:¢,WrtCt."tou 'AItOOtOAU'-OU Kat: Kullo}.IKOU 'Op-aoS6~o\J ncrtpto:pX11COU llp6vou"twv'fepoooAU).HOV "al Jtc:IOTI<; nUMxlOTivl1<; lmOKEll-ui.Vo)V 'EAAI1VtKWv KwS(Krov, TOM I. rlerporpan lX91. crp. 1%; ep. F. Hetkin. Hl)ml!lic:;tk Bryeuuics d:UlS unmuuuscrnoe Jerusalem. Analec'tI bcllandiunu. X8(1970). 1-2, L"I"p. fiO,

13l! A. nm7ru)oi1YAm:-Kepll.ucfJt', IlCTO, crp. 279. 1;\9 HCTO. CTP, 352.

140 YlCTO,t.."T1}. ](;3·IM. 14J YiCTO. LIp. J(iU.

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83

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64. KOIlCKC Vutliccliana y PUMY Gp. 27 (B12S)

65. KOnCKC Ambrosiana y MIIJH1IJY tip, 290 (E 64)

611. KfW~KC Arubrosiuna y MI1J1I1HY up. 393 (45)

67. KOUCKC Kpan.. YHUB, y TOPIoiHY fip.32Y

61'\. KOHCKC Vaticanus Graecus ep. 1lI9X

69. Koncec Apx. Cn. Flcrpa y Ba-nncauy Cip. 154

I1PHO H3H3H.C ucnn JOCH{pa Bpnjeauja npnpenao je Y rpu TOMa Enremrje Bynrapac, HOn HaCjIOB()M "]OCI1qn-1 MOHHxa Bpujeuaja Habeaa ;lCJW (nnw Caopaaa nena}, TOM 1 II [I", H3JHlTH Y Jlnjuuary 1768. rOJlIU·IC, It "Jocmpa aoeaxa Bpnjcauja FlapannnoMCHi:1 (= Ilpouyrurcna nexa)", xao rpeha TOM, H3Hll:T -raxohe y Jlajuum-y 1784. r. M:mecH11 tipoj llIit:<lMCl asnar jc OJJ, AT. IIaua;J.Onynoce-Kepaaenca II npocpecopa H. B. TOMa.nUKl1ca, a jenan "Pa'jrOBOp ca HeKJIMMcMaHJIhmnmol\J" OIl A. Aprapny-a. 110CTOjHjOllJ MaJIU Iipoj HCIl3).1a"CHX]l,ena, xoja ce xanase y uoraTOM PYKO[1}(CHOM uacnehy BPHjC:!HHjCBllx JJ,eJJa. Haucurhevo HX »rano IUDKe. no H,lIXOBil'r-.·1 HOCJJOlH1M8. Caopanura HX y Ml1KpO(jmnMOIU1.MC't 11 npoyaasma HX, MO)KeMO C~I car-ypuomby peha na cy TO lwjIJehJ.ff>.'i nenoer xosrnunaunja UCftl13AaTlIX AeJT.a nucna. -re cy 360r TOri! OJ_( Maine OpelJ,i-IOCTH. Ho, 0 1'Oj 'l'CMH 3Unp)l{amlMO npano lla xasceuo HeUlTO BIHUe y je~HoM nOCCOHOM puny.

HU>KC her-.'IO I10KYWClTH xn ).\HMO jeuas peJ1aTI1BHO uornynn pacnopen nenor CnJ1CaTe.1bCKOr Bpnjeuujcaor onyca, ca ).J,OC'fyUHI~1 llaM pYKonnCHI1M fl8cnCljeM CBaKOr nojeaauor ACJJa,

1. JiorOCJ]OHCKe fi e c e n e

A. 0 CR. TPO.TUll,U

1. Cnoeo npeo 0 Ce. Tpojuuu

164 H. VI/Will, lnvennnre Sonunaire de mnnuscrit Grccs dc lu bihliothcllUC Nariomuc. III partie. Paris '.R8S, 350.

165 Hero, II puruc, 9.

lMi E. Murfi'li. Caretogo di munoscrini greuce csxistetui uehe bibliotcche ludiane. volume II, Milano J9()2. 4:l.

167 It Marri/li • 1J. Bassi. Carulegus ccdicum Grnecorum bibltomecac Arnbrcsfcn .. e.tom L Medinluni 1906.321.

16S M.CTU. c'rp. 4()~-4()'}.

16'.1.1. rcsinvs. Codices ruunuscnpti bibliOlhccac Regii Taurincnsis Atbcuaei. Tuurini !749,41U·412.

170 R. Devreessr, Codices Vuticu»i Gracci, 10m Ill, vuncann 1950, 4(J5.

171 P. C(lJUfI't. Cntntoguc des munuscrits grccs de I'nrchivio di San Pierro. Vatican 1960. 59·60

84

Ciilfc:mU(,jp'CKf{ plfl) j(J(.;mj)(l JJplljemfl(l (7Y.Hl5)

nYH HACnOB: DOlin IIPO(l U HaJl,Gml'aHcKoj TPOjJ1l(J1. 113f"01lO~ PCHO Y TPUKJlltHY Y Fluna-ra Y rtpacycruy I1craKHYTHx rpahauu. PYKOnI1CI1:

- KOACKC Ambrcsiana y Manany tip. 393 (C 45), T"'X

- KOAeKc a-pa I'paropujara fip. 6(553), ~). 5' _lOB

- KOMcKcM·pa Hunpouu Gp.567(4687),<p.liJ·8:1

KOJl,CKCM-pa I1l'll1pOH(I 6p. t311(5431).tp. ]!.t_1 IA

• KOACKC M-pa KCCHO{~Oll'ra Op. 10(712), (p. 5"·12:1

- KOJ),t!I(C 5U011. Cxyn. y A'n1Hu tip. 155, ell, 9-21 113UAIj,A: Catipaaa ucna I, CTp. 1-20.

15-16. BeK. 17. uex. 17.1JCK.

IX. IlCK .

IN. J)l;K. lK ncx.

2. CJl()(Jo iJpyzo () Ce. Tpojuua

OYH HACJIOB: Cnono npyro 0 HflIlGmK.)ucKoj Tpojunu, HJrOBOPCHO y ucroj Flanuru 11 MeeTy. npcn npeACTaDlUI~IIMa If3 Funa're KOjU cy ce oxynuaa pann CJlywt:IH,a 0110r;l (CJ10Ha).

PYKOnI1CI1:

- KO~~CKC Ambrusiana y MJtJJaHY

- Konexc M-P;) Fpuropuja-ra

- KOAeKc M-pa l11,!11pOHa

- KOAcKC M-pa JitIlUPOH<l

- KOJ.l,eKC III-pa KCClloctmHTZI

- KUACKC El1fin. CK}'n. y Anum

113UAIhA: Ilena I, crp. 20-35,

fip. 393 (C 45), '1>.8-14

Gp. 6(553), cp.1 0"-15"

"P, 567 (4687), ,p.8"-14' 61'.1311 (5431),<1>.11"-12' 01'.10(712),<1>.12'-19' Gp.155,<I>.21.32

15-16. nCK. 17. HeK.

17. [ICK. 18.llcK.

IS. eex.

)1::. uex.

3. CJW80 fjipehe 0 Cu. Tpojuun

nYH HACJTOB: ('../IOUO TPCl\C 0 HaAfio)KaHcKoj Tpojanu, lI:3r080- peno y ucroj Flana'ra npcn C814Ma KOjlt cy C\! necan« y Fpany, a raxohe tI POMcjHMa Jl3 V1TaJHtje «ojn cy 'ry ccncnu Ail 611 ra \IYJlII.

PYKOnI1CI'I:

- KOW;::KC Ambrosiana y MH11a1-lY

- KOAt::KC I>I-pfl. Fpnropuja'rn

- KOf(CKC a-pe l-hUlPOHH

- KOI1.CKC M-pa l1DIlPOtHI

- KOile.KC M-pa Kccaodxnrra

- KOACKC £116)1. C":YIT. y ATJ1Hi1

113UAIhA: U""" I, crp. 36-57.

61'.393 (c 45), <1>.14-21 v Gp. 6(553). <1>.15'-21'

ep. 567(46S7), cp. I 4'-22' Gp. 1311(5431), q,.12'-18' Gp. 10(712), <1>.19"-27' up. 155 <1>.32-34

ep. 27 (B 128), <p. 64v_9O Op. YM,q" 101-144

up. 393 (C 45), ,~, 21,V30 np. 6(553), '1>.21 -28

Gp. 567(4687), '1>.22"-31" ('1'.10(712), <1>.27'-30"

Gp. 289(5796), <1>. oe1 CTp.

15-1(). uex. [7. UCK. 17.lleK. t~. LICK.

IS. iJCK.

IS. BeK.

15. aes.

15. liCK. 15-16. Rl!K. 17. ue«.

[7. ue«.

I!:!. ue«.

IX. BC.K.

!~. DCK.

- KOA~KC fillOJ1. O'YIl. Y ATHHIf Gp. iSS, cp, 45-60

113UAIhA: jlena I, crp. 58-81.

S. Cnoeo fieiii.o 0 Co. TpojtU(/l

nYH HACnOB: Cnoeo ne-ro Y lICTOj naJHITH 113fOJJ.Opt!HO 0 bO:.K<lHCKuj Tpojuua. noxaayjyha AH GorOCJlOU}bt! t.."'I'ojl{ na HCCp<lDlhl1B H~"IIIH 113HtI.}J, ceux Y!.lCTHOC'l'1I Ii H~tyKa; oTy,Qa ce eepa He noacsyle nyreM Cll11QfIl3<lM:1.

PYKOnI1CI1:

• KtJJ.lt!KC Ambrosiuna y MIIJI<lHY - KUJ.eKC ""I-P" Fpuropuju'ra

• Konexc M-j)3 VI onpona

- KO)~eKC er-pa Heapoaa

- KOJ\CKC M-pa Kcenorponra

• Kouexc 6.,611. Ccyn. y Antml 113UAI-bA: Ilena I. CTp. 82-97.

61'.393 (C 45), cj>. 3U_35v Gp. 6(553), cp.28"-3I'

Gp. 567 (4687), <1>.31"-37" op. 1306 (5426), <1>.4'-10' Gp. 1O(7l2), <1>.36"-41' 61'. 155, <I> 60-69

15-J6. BeK. 17. sex.

17. UCK,

17. BeK.

18. DeK. 18. UCK.

6. CJl060 urectno 0 Co. Tpojuuu

nYH HAcnOB: Cnono lliCCTO narouopeao y ItCTOj Flana'rsr 0 Bowaacxo] TPOjHUH. noxaayjyhana, Ka,o,l1Tamtjaun rouopc PC'UI nnocrnc 11 CYJUTlIUa «ao jenny pe-r, ruue, 350r YCKOCTlIlhliXOl:lOr je3l1K<1, cnctynajy OA "panOCJI<lDHC nepe.

PYKOnI1CI1:

7. C.IlOOO ceoMo 0 Ca. Tpojuuu

nYH HACJlOB: C}10J)(J cel-1.MO 0 I30)K<lHCKOj Tpojuun Il3rOaOpeHO y IICToj Oa11f\'nl rtoxaayjybu .i .. ICHO, K0f.HlIUhcH.C~t ClJC1'IIX o-raua. lUI CB. Ilyx 11CXOAH 1Il1'1HO Ol~ caMor Oua.

PYKODI1CI1:

- Konexc a-pn Jlnaoaceor

· ~O~:~~~~brOSianll)' M1I1raJlY Gp. 393 (C45), cPo 42v-49v

- KOt,lCKC n.pa Fparopaja'ra Gp. 6(553), cr. 36<1_40;1

- KOAeKc M-P" 11""po". op. 567 (4687), cp. 43'-50'

- KOAeKc M-pa KCI;!HOCPOH'l'3 Gp.l0(712), cP, 488_5411

- KOAt:KC SU611. O'::YIl. Y ATltHH up. 155, q}. 80·90

113,!1MhA: Herta I, CTp. 117-134.

- KO,1{eRC Ambrosiana y M IUT3HY

- Koneec M~pa I'puropaia-ra

- K())~(;:KC M-pa Yl81tPOH<I

- Konexc M-pa KCt;IIOCPOUHI

- KOAeKc EII611. Cxyn. y ATliHH

113UAIhA: Ilena I, C1'p. 9R-1I6.

4. CAOOO I/eiiwpfflO 0 Ce. TPOjU1{ll

I1YH HACJIOB: CJ(ODO -re'ruprc 0 Boacaacxoj Tpojauu, uaronopeHO y Ilanarn. Onuocn cc ua rnrraa,e 0 HCXOI)CH.y Cncror- )],yxa, nojaum,anajyhit unumpauje 0 11Cl·OHMCHOCTIl CLI. J],yxa Ii pe'1I1 ucxomrru. PYKOnI1CI1:

- KOJlCKC Ynlliceliuna y Pas • .fY

- KOl-I.eKC n.aTMOC<l

- KO[1f::KC Ambrosiana y MHfIaIlY

- KO)~CKC M-pa Fpnropujaru

- KOl{eKC M-pa I1BIlPClHll

- Kll),lCKC s+pa Kcenoooum

- KOJ{cJ{c M-pa naH'I'e..nej~tOH<t

61',393 (C 45), cj:>. 35v_42v Iip. 6(533), q>. 31 "-36" 61'.567 (4687), tI>. 37"-43' 61',10(712),<1>.41"-48' ep. 15\ '1>.69-80

6p. 122, (I>. 1211l-137"

15-16. eex. 17. aex.

17. ucx. lKIK!{, IS. BeK.

15. sex.

15-16, uex

17. BCK. 17. DeK. 18.l;leK. 18. Ur.::K.

B. CJl060 OCAta 0 Ca. TI'OjllL,1l

nYH HACJ10B: CnOBO OCIt.'IOO Boacaucxoj Tpojuun y HC'I"Oj Il,l1J<ITil H3rOJ)opCHO, uoxaayjyba Jl.a OHe KOjl1 cy ce ~P3HYilll pm.\aTaK C1'aIUITH y CII~tU-W.n (iCPC OO>KaHCKIi 01.{11 cariopao if nojenaua-ruo <lH:lTeMII nonaprauajy.

85

86

PYKOnHCI1:

~ Ku~eKC M-pa JIUM. HJ JICCBOCY Gp. 122. $. 137:'-155ll.

- Kont!KC Du6n. Cscyn. y ATllml Gp. 127, (11. 172"-1748

- Konexc a-pa Bcnnxe IT(lBPC Gp. 1626, {I>, 3SO:1-384;!

- KOAeKc Ambrosiuna y Munany op. 393 (C 45). cp. 49v_57v

- KOACKC "'-Pil rpilropuju'l'a rip. 6(553), ~). 40"·441)

- KOIlCKC M-P'" HBHpoHa op. 567 (4687). (~. 5011-61 R

· KOneKC ~1-pa KceHo<I)OHTi'I op. 10(712), ~,. 54" .. 61 R

- Ko,ueKcDl1011.CKyn.yATJ1HH 61'.155,(1).90.101 H3JJ.AJ-bA: JJ.CJIR 1. <TJl. '135-153.

15. BeK. 15. nCK.

15. IJCK. 15-16.ncK. 17. BCK.

17. ncx.

18. BeK. lK Il~K.

9. CAO(JO oeaetTIo 0 Co. Tpojuuu

nYH HACJIOB: enORO neuc'ro 0 DO)l.;allcKoj TpojlllV! IfCK:t3aIIO y I.WpCKOj coe«, ItOKa3yjyhu uajjacuaje A(\ 1I1l311nctTIl jlyxa Cacrura 1t3 Qua xpoa CUH3 ue '3Ha'lIi 113JTa>KCthC (npooooc;) UnOCT<lCII, Hero A,anllH..e Ilyxn aaaa.

p~~"~~~~~I:Osi'm" Y MH"""Y Iip. 393 (C 45), <i" S7v_65

• KOAeKc M·pn Fpnropujam 61',6(553). (I), 44R·49<1

- KO}lCKC M-pa J.1BHpoHa ep. 567 (4587). <p. Stl·64'1

• KOACKC M·pa KCCHO{I)OHTn 61',10(712), <p. 611J·6Sa

• KOAeKc bI1GI1. Cxyny ATUHlt 6p. 155, cpo 101·113 H3JJ.AIhA:JJ.enal.CTJl·154-173.

10, GW60 oeceiuo 0 Ca. Tpoiuuu

nYH HAC1TOB: Cnouo necero 0 EO~'LHCKOj Tpojnua. pa:Hla>h:ynH ueuua jacac Jl3 113pa3 "Ilyx 0A Oua xpoa Cnua", KOjLL cc H<llla311 Ca>KeTO IWA CBI1X 6orOC110SR, oaaa-rasa AMA = 3aj~AHo.1l META"" ca, II r.YN = en, (1]111 He oaaauana na'tno CYUJT:ICTBO CIl, JlYX(L, H3]1C'-Ic,HO Y nCJIHKOM xpauy Cu. anocrona y npucycruy uapa.

PYKOnHC!1:

15-16. UCK.

17, UCK. 17. DeK. 18, DCK. Ht SeK.

• KOJ).eKc Ambrosiana y Munany 6p. 393 (C 45).~. 65-73

· KOJICKC a-pn Fpuropujara Gp. 6(553), <I). 4~'-54!1

- KO,o.CKC a-pa Hnupoua tip. 567(46~7), cl>. 64i1_7! B

· Konexc III-pa KceHO¢OHI.:t op. 10(712). cp. 6M:i·75D

- KOj\CKC EltGJ1. Cxyn. y ATIIHH Gp. 155, cl>. 113-124 113AAIhA: At:JJ" I, CTJl. 174-194.

11. CAO(JO jeomwectTlo 0 Ca. TpOjUl{U

nYH HACJIOB: CnODO jeuanaecro 0 Boscaacsoj Tpujuun, jucuo noxaayjyhu na npennor MA = «pea. ICaH ce OAHOC~I ua EO:>KtlHCKa Jlnua. U:SH(lILaBa CYIDTIHICKY eaeprnjy H Onaronur- Ilyxa npeua II<IM<I, a He Y3POK nnocracn Ilyxu. Harceopcno je y XpaMY Cu. anOCTOJH\ y npllC)'CTBy II

ccna'ra. PYKOnHCI1:

- KOACKC Ambrosiana y MHJ1aHY

- KotJ,eKC III-pa Fpnropajara

- Konesc M-pa l1BHpoHa

- KOAeKC M-pa KCeHOCpOH'ra

up. 393 (C 45), q,. 73-81 fir. 6(553), ,~. 54'-59'

61'. 567(46~7),q,. 71'-79' 61'. 10(712), I~. 75'-83'

IS·16IH!K. 17. nCK. 17, BeK. lIt ne«. IS, ee«.

15-16. aex. 17. BeK. 17. Dl:K. 18.I)C:K.

J13(HII7i(1 (k11(l (79-1114)

87

18. eex.

- KOAeKc 6116)1. Cxyn. y A1'.IHH 6p.155. (I), 124-J36 H3JJ.AJbA: JJ.."3 I, C'Tp. 195-217.

12. CJlU(~U u(J(LHaectTLo 0 Ca. Tpojuuu

n YH HACrrOB: Cl000 nnanaec'ro 0 CUC'fOj Tpojnuu, H3fOBopeHO y xp<lMy CB. anOCTOI1C1 y npncycray uapa. auornx apxajepeja If CeH<IT8, noxaayjyhn jacno na cy npunepa, Ka~ ce yno'rpene panu AOK<l33 0 Dory, HCYMCCHI1, II cauo pa.o.I1 oGjaw~belba story HII ce upnxurrre. I'YKOnHC~I:

• KO,ll~KC Ambrosiana y MI1![3UY Gp. 393 (C 45), (I>. 8J-88

- KOACKC a-pa I'puropuja-ra rip. 6(553), ~I. 59"-64'

• KOAeKc e-pa Henpona Iip. 567(4687), (I>. 79Y_~6D

· Konexc e-pa Heapoaa Gp. 1306(5426), <I). 1 i'_201l

- KOAtKC a-pa Kcenorpoa-ra 6p, 10(712), cp. 83B.90D

- Konecc EIlOn. Cxyn. y ATII1UJ op. 155, (fl. 136·146

H3AAlt.A: Ilena I. CTp. 218-236.

15-16.oeK.

17. ue«. 17, ee«.

17. ee«.

18. HeK. 18. BeK.

13. Cnoeo ttipunaectzo 0 Ca. Tpojuuu

nYH HACJ10B: Cnoao-rpuuaccro o Bossancsoj Tpojunn Y3H3Me· HUTOM xpaxiy Ca. anocrona ItCKaJ3HO, canpscaaajyhu napaae H] CO. nHCM:J H nOKa3yjytUt J{a ce IIHjCAHUM 01\ H;.ItX lie Ka>KC J1,3 CBCTII Ilyx II ~f3 CnH n IICXOAU.

PYKOTIHCI1:

- KOt\eKC Ambrosiana y Munaay

- KO,llCKC M-pa Fparopajara

• KOJ1,CKC M-Pi] Plnupona

- Koneec c-pa Kcenodicnra

- KOAeKc B1f6n. Ccyn. y Al'I1Hlt

H3j],AlhA: gUJla 1,237-255.

6p. 393 (C 45), ,~. 88_94" 5p. 6(553), ,~. 64'-68'

Gp. 567(4687), <p. 86'-93' op.10(712), <1).90'-97' 6p. 155,q,. 1'16-156

15-16. BeK. 17.oeK.

17. BeK.

18. uex. 18. BeK.

t 4. Cnoeo lwillpHoecili.o 0 Ca. Tpojuuti .. .

nYH HACflOB: Cncnc 4el'pHaCC1'O CIlI:TO) Tpojaun, KOJe aa«Jb}'llyje,ll,il ee cna eecm 113 CI!. IHICMa, aa xoja HeKJ.t MuCne,l\a uasse npcran H(IC, Ojl,HOCe HajeA3H ~1I1b: A3 noxascy canpnponaocr YTCUJlfTeJhR}I Cuaa. Vi QUO cnono uarceopeno je y xpaMy 6mKaHCKI\x AnOCTOJ1U, PYKOTIHCH:

• KOAeKC Ambrosiana y Mnnaay

• KOAeKC M~pa Fparopujara - KO,ll,CKC a-pa HUHpOHa

- KOAeKC M·pa KCt:HmIJOH'I'a

H3)J.AlbA: Ilene I, 256-274.

6p. 393 (C 45), q,. 94"-101 Gp. 6(553), q,. 68'-n'

Gp. 567(4687), <j:J. 93'-100' 51'. J55, q,. 156-165

15-16.lleK. 17. BeK. 17.neK.

18. ue«.

15. Cnoeo iielti1w(!nuo 0 Ca. Tpoiuuu

ITYH HACflOB: Cnono neTHClCCTO 0 EO>KIlHCKOj TpOjIH.t1t :rJrODO~ peao y IfCTOM xpaay en. anocrcna, 3aKJbY4yjyhl1jacHo na H CBlI 6oroCJ101l11 HJpU::IOM "OA Oua ~I CIIHa" CIJCAOt(e It,ueu'rl1'IHOC1' 01.\3 H Cuua ca )J,YXOM. OJ lie iscroao nocrojaree.

PYKOnHCH:

- KOI.teKC Ambrosiuna y MHnaHY

Gp. 393 (C45),<j:J.101-10~ 15-J6. nOK.

88

C.ll1cm7ic'Jh{:I..'I/l/U)}OC/U/II/ lJPlljl!UUjll (79-lO5)

- KO.QCKCM-pa Fpnropnjara Gp. 6(553), el). 72"-77& l7. BCK.

- KO)lCKC M-pa Pluupona Gp. 567{46..~7). cp.IOOIl_1078 17. uex.

- Konecc xr-pa KCCHO(POHT<l Gp. lO(7t2), cpo 1043-1.11 ,11K uex.

- KO)~eKC 6u611. Cxyn. y Arnnu 6p. 155,(~. 165-175 lK UCK.

H3lIAIhA: lIe"" I, CTp. 274-293.

16. Cnoeo tuecnaeciiio a Ca. Tpojuuu:

nYH HAcnOB: Cnono urecuaecro o CHCTOj TpOjH~H, noxaayjybn na je CUCY:Jp0l:lHa Tpojuua Kp03 cede, H npexo ::'UlI)l!Jla II npeeo lhYAII, na auoro ua-uma \I emcrc nyra, nac noy-murura na je Tpoju ua. IthrOJlOpCHO je y Xp~IMy CR. anOC"r01l3.

PYKOnHCH:

- KOBeKC Ambroxiana y Mnnauy fip. 393 (C 45), <I>. IOS-115 15-16. liCK.

- KOJ.leKc M-pa Fpuropuiara rlp. 6(553), q). 7i'-81 B 17. LICK.

- Konexc xr-pa HBII"OH. Gp. 567(4687), <p.107'-·114" 17. ee«.

- Konexc xr-pa J-1ullpoHa 6p. 1306(5426), <~. 22'-31' 17. BOK.

• KOACKC n-pa Kcemxpoara Gp. 10(712). <p. I11B-118:1 IS. Ut!K.

-Ko.qel\c.6Jl61T.CK)'Il.yATI1Hlt 6p.155.~).175-185 18.neK.

vl3lIAlhA: Ilena I, crp. 294-312.

17. Cnoeo ceoa,MHaeciuo 0 Ca. Tpojuuic

nYH HACJIOB: O1OBO cenawnaecro 0 Boacaxcxoj Tpojuua, TopIl,chu oe3ycno8HHM J10rll'IKHM AOKa:WI>ta na Ca. JJ.yx He IICXOAII nn-ino n O.Q OHm, Harceopeuo je TClKobe y U.aPCKOj COUll.

PYKODHCH:

- KOnCKC Ambrosiann y MI1IT(lIlY Gp. 393 (C45), q>. 11S-121 v '15-16. nex.

- Konexc a-pa Fpuropnja-ra Gp. 6(553), c~. 818_86n 17. nex.

- Konexc M-pa I1Bl1pOUa fip. 567{46g7). q). 1.1411.12011' 17. Bt!K.

- KOIl,eKCM-pa Kcenodioara 6p. IO(712}, cp. 11~;'-125n IS. HeK.

- Konexc EJf6JT. Cxyrt. y ATHHII Gp. 115,4>. 185-l94 18. nex.

H3lIAlbA: lien a Lcrp. 313-331.

18. C.'I060 ocaunaecino 0 Ca. Tpojuuu

Fl YH HACIIOB: CnOBO ocasuraecro 0 CBCTOj Tpojuun, acnpaun-ajyhn aexa CXBt:lraH>3 HeKIIX: 0 ueueuy, ftl3roDopello je y oeMIKOM xpaM)' Ca. anocrona, cacrryurauo OJ.!. OHHX KOjU cy ra npe,.nO>KIIJlH u OA ceua'ra. PYKODHCH:

Op. 393 (C45),<p.121 v'12Sv 15-16. ue«. 5p. 6(553), <p. 86'-91" 17. nex. Gp. 567(4687), cp. 121'-127' 17. ee s. Gp.1306(5426),<p.31'-53' 17 .•••. 6p.10(712), <p. 125'-132" 18. BeK. 5p. 155, <p. 194-204 18. BeK,

- KO,!leKC Ambrosiana y Munaay

- KOAt!KC M-pa Fpnropajnra

- KO.!lt!KC xt-pa l1BHPOHCl

- Konexc u-pn Pluupona

- KO.'l.t!KC M-pa Kceaodioara

- KOACKC Euon. Cxyn. y ATHlUI

H3llAlhA: Ilena I,crp. 332-350.

19. Cnoeo oe6efUHCreclUo 0 Ca. Tpoiuuu

n YH HACJlOB: CnUDO neeerxaecro 0 EO>KaHcKoj TPOjut.(H, aos a- 3yjyhlf na upCTnOCTClBUlI Aa Ayx Cucru H 01~ CJlII(l I1CXOAil no anocracu CJTCAyjy Mllplljapc nponmpC'1II0CTII. Flponouenano je y uapcxoj Il anara Y TPI1KJ1IIHY 6JHI3Y xpaaa {ioroDl1Au,a Hnnje.

11JiJwTiUI)t!lItl (79-11l4)

PYKODHCH:

- Koncsc Arnbrosiana Y MlIJ1<lHY Gp. 393 (C45). (~. 12.~v_135

• KOJ\tKC si-pa I'paropujara 6p. 6(553), cpo 9f'-95n

- KOAcKcM-pa MOUpOHtl fip. 567(4687),cp. t27B·134~'

- KOJ\CKC v-pa Kccuorponra Gp. 10(712), (~. 13t'-I3~I'

- Konexc Elton. .xyn. y ATlIlII1 lip. IS5, ¢. 204-213

113lIAlbA: lIe,," I, CTp. 351-367.

15-16. BeK. 17. Dt.!K.

IS. BCK.

18. BeK.

IS. ue«.

20. C/lO(JO oO(loccetTio 0 Co. Tpojuuu

n YH HAcnOB: Cm)JJo nuanecero o CI.lt:1·Oj Tpojuu». KO.iC Canp)tUI Y'lct-he npaBHJlHO cO:JepuaTCJbHOM noperxy "BO>K{lliCKJ.lX J1Hu,a. Hspeaeuo jc y cexpctnpaja'ry Flanrrre. Llap j(.: oneux lIapt:.I(1I0.na cc nunnure. PYKODHCH:

- KOJ\CKC Ambrosiaua y MI-IJll:1HY Gp. 393 (C 45).<jJ. 135_142v 15·16. BeK.

- KOACKC M·pa Fparopuja'ra Gp. 6(553), ~). 9511·IOO" 17. nex.

• KOHI!KC M-pH jtaupona fir. 567(4687), (I). 134:1.-14&1 17. 8(.:K .

- KOAeKc er-pa KCCHO<pOHTa 6p. 10(712), <p. 138'-145' 18. nOK.

- Konesc Sn6n. CKYIl. y ATI1HH fir. 155, cfJ. 213-222 18. JH!K.

113AAlbA: lIen a I, crp. 368-387.

21. Cnoeo o611oeceili. iipeo 0 Cu. TpOjUl(U

nYH HAcnOB: CnODO nnanecer "POO 0 BO>KtlHCKOj Tpojuua, usrouopcuo y IICToj Flamrru n npencraun.ajyhu OCOMtl jacao na jcnuo OA npoyapoxoaaunx Jh1U.a uueuyje ce aenocpenno 113 npuora [naua}, a npyro KPO) HCIIOCpt:AHOI'<I na npeor.

PYKODHCH:

- KOACKC Ambrcsiana y MlIJlaHY

- KOAt!KC M·pa J'paropaja'ra

- KO~CKC M-pa I1BHpoHa

• KOJ~eKC M-pa Kcexoqionra

• KOACKC Meroxa Cn. rpofia y Llupurpany

H3llAlhA: Ilona I. crp. 388-406.

Gp. 393 (C45), <po 142v_149v 15-'16. "CK. Gp. 6(553), cll. 100'-105" 17. HeK. Gp. 567(4687), <p. 141'-14~' 17. uex. 6p. 10(712), rjl. 145"-152' 18. ""K. op. 291, <p. 227-237 18. BeK.

22. Cnoeo 0 50'JICUH.CKOj enepiuju

nYH HAcnOB: Cnono lI'lrOBOpCJlO y TplIKnHHY ucre Ilanare, noxuayjyha y~uITe}bCKIlM ll3p3311Ma ~t pC'IItMa Co. nueva Aa cy 6o)K(lHCK<l cuepruja H coaepuaaauc ooacjae,e Aa1'H J(OCTOjHm,\a n nOKa3aHII Ha TnOOPCKoj ropa ueCTIlOpeHII.

PYKODI1CI1:

- KU]J.eKc n~tTMOCa or. YM, (~. 179·194 15. BeK.

- KOAeKc Ambrosia". y M.1naHY Gp. 393 (C 45), cp. 219-231 15-16. sex.

• KOACKC Hau. ul1Gn. y Hapuay Gp. 1327. ¢. 209 11 O~lJbe 16.oeK.

- KOJ,eKC Hau. Gltun. Y Flapaay 6p.19(2148A),q:..3 nnan,e 17. ue«.

- KOACKC M-pa HaltpOHa Gp. 567(46S7), <p. 216"-227" 17. ue«.

- KO,UCKC M-pa Kccuotponra rip. LO(712), cpo 220u-231 e 18. B<!K.

- KOJl.(;KC El1on. Cayn. Y ATltHH 6p. L55, ~). 327·342 18. ue«.

H3lIAI'hA: Catipuaa lIen a 11. CTp. 1 12-140.

89

90

Ci'iu(.'(liliCJJ)(;I(U pm) )m:lIrJJII bPlIjCHUjU (79-1 US)

E. a OBAflJI07iElbY

1. CIIO(-lO 0 i)oMociUpojy y iue/ty

IlYH HACJTOB: CnOlJO xoje Ca}(p)K~1 HCKC nUTpcOIJC IICJt()yMlIl~e II pcureu,a, o AOMOCTPOjy yTeny Sora Jlcroca.uarcuopenc Y HCl'Oj Flana'ru rtpeu 113acnaHIIlV1M8 H3 Flepcnjc xoju cy CC T)' 3<l,AeCUJHI H KOjit cy ce OKO 1'IIX rnn1)H>t1 jaHH~1a}1U.

PYKOnHCVI:

• Konexc Arnbros. y MJ.lJ1[lIfY op. 290 (E64).qJ. 142v It AHJiJC 15. ne«.

- Kouexc AmbI'O'. y Manany Iip. 393 (C 45), <1>.211 ".219 15·16 .u ex.

- KOHi!KC M-pO VhUlPOHH 6p. 567 (4(}g7), tlJ. 20Sa _216A 17. uex.

- KO.QCKC M-p(~ Kceaodxnrra 6p. 10(1'12), (I). 21211-22011 IS. nCK.

· KOAcKC Enon. Cxyrt. y ATIIHlI 6p. 155, (p. 317·327 IS. IJCK.

H3):1AJ:bA: Llena 11,011'. 92-111.

B. PA3rOBOPH a HCXO'BElbYCBETOr JIYXA

1. Pasioeop iipeu

nYH HACnOB: Paarcnop open 0 ucxofjcu.y CDe1'Or Ilyxn ca na'l'rtHO~)}tnOM MaKCHMOM ... 3 pena npOIlOUeJlHIIKR. Oll.P)l{3HO je ua 3HaMCHIt;~~~~;rt~\YWaOl\H cy 6111111 uapon nene TaMOWH>e enrrpononeje.

- KOAeKc ~I-P[\ Baroneaa Gp. 285. (~. 56'1-71;1 15. ee«.

- KOA!::.KC Ambros. y M~1n<lHY op.393 (C45), (I). 149v-156 15-16. uek.

- KOACKC xr-pn Fpuropnjara Gp. 6(553), <p. 10511-IU\>:1 17. Kel<'

• KOIICKc M'P" 11.HpoHa op. 567(4687), cpo 148'-155" 17. BeK.

- KOACKC a-pe KCCHO<POHTZI Gp. 10(712), $. 152H_l5Y" '18. ee«.

- KOACKC DI16.n. Ckyn. y Al'H1II1 61'. 155, {po 236-244 IS. ue«.

• Konexc MeT. Co. rp.)' Llapar. Gp. 291, cpo 1(7)·227 18. "eK.

113):\AIhA: Ilena I, OTp. 407·423.

2. PaJi060p oPyzll

nYH HACJTOB: Pi13rOIJOp npyru 0 IICX()~CIt.y CIJCTOr Ilyxa ca n:J3CJ1aIUlu.HMH 113 PUMa xojn cy -roeowe 1.\01111111 sa cjCAI-tH>CILC Llpxaea. rpaxcehn na IJ.05iljy Oil Hac HCWTO npyro.

PYKOnVlCH:

- KOI\CKC Ambrosiana y Mnnnay Op. 393 (C 45), ~). 156-163 15-16.oeK.

- KOAeKc M-P41 Fpuropaju'ra ep. 6(553), cll. 10911_114a 17. ne«.

- Konexc a-pe I1unpoH3 fip. 567(4687), (I). 155:1_16214 17.lJeK.

- Kcnexc M-P" KCCHoq)OIlTil Iip. 10(712),41. 159;'-166[1 18. DCK.

~ Koneec Bl1un. Cxyn. y ATUIIU Gp.ISS. q}. 244-254 18. aex.

~13L1AIhA: Llena I, CTp. 424-442.

3. p((JZOCWp lTipetw.

nYH HACJIOB: Pasroeop -rpehn 0 UCXO~CH.y Cecror Ilyxa ca JJJTIfHOCllllllllM<I y lfaparpany, Lfllja ItMCIIa TIIlCY uanucaua flOWTU cy jour 1+::111)11 II Moryhe je na npoaeae cuoja MHWILCH.:t.

PYKOnHCH:

- KOAeKC Ambrosiana y Munuuy Cip. 393 (C 45), (~. 163-173

- KU/lCKC xt-pu Fparopnjara Gp. 6(553), (p. 114:1~121:1

- K01.\CKC a-pu HUlfPOll3 Gp. 567(4687), (I'. 18i'·19211

- Konexc xr-pa Kceuotbcera 6p. 10(712). <1>. 166'·176"

· KOACKC bl1fin. CKYJI. y ATIfHH fip. 155, cpo 254-267 H3L1AlhA: LIen" I, C"l'p. 443·468.

15-16. Be". 17. ae«.

17. BeK.

18. D~K, Ig. ue«.

Il. Dpa311lt'IH3 el1003 L Ciio.MCIWI{fl HU Pobclbe GOiOpOOIH(e

nYH HACJlOB: CnOMCHItu,a H8 Po~eH,e npecnere Hallie Boropo}UHlt! u yuexnjeae Mapuje.

PYKOnH.CH:

- Konexc Valliceliuna y PIUty Gp. 27 (B 128), el). 11$-12SV

- KOllt:KC Flareroca cp. YM. 4>. 195-209

- KO)teKC .Gn611. CII. cax. Y Moc. Gp. 297

H3):1Al:hA: Cafipaua Ilena 114 C1'p. 1-13.

2. Cnoeo Ha Pofjefbe EOZOpOOiU(e

nYH HAcnOB: CnOfJO,IlPYro ua Po!>elbt! npCCRC'I'e unure Boropo-

nnue. PYKOm1CH:

- KOACKC Flu'rwoca

_ KOAcKcEuon. Ca. CI1H. Y Moe. Vl3,UAIhA: Ilona Ill. crp. 14-17.

fip. YM. (p. 209·213 Gp.297

15. BCK.

15. BeK.

16. ue«.

IS. DeK. 16. nex.

3. C/i0(10 Hlf Doioj(l6JbefUC

nYH HACJIOB: CnOBO uar-oaopeno y XpClM)' CD. artocrorra -rpn nana npe npaauaxu CBC1'or Borojaarsee,a.

PYKOnl1CVI:

- Ko~eKC a-pa BRTonCA3 Gp. 285, cp. 1921l-145ij 15. nex.

~ KO,D,eKC Arnbrosiana y MI1JJaHY 6p. 393 (C 45), (p. 3 11 v_319 15-16.oeK.

• KOAeKc "-pa Hunponn Gp. 567(4687), <1>. 305'-313'

~ KOJl,eKC M-pa HlmpOHtl Iip. 1313(5433), <1>. 3gB_54;!

- KO"eKC "'pa KCCH(){jJOHT3 Gp. 10(712), <1>. 311 '-317'

- KUIl,CKC B11611. Cxyn. y Anum Gp.ISS, (p. 438-447

113L1AlhA: Ilenn 11, CTp. 344·360.

17. Dt:K.

17. BeK.

18. IJC". 18. DCK.

4. WIOUO ftP60 lUI Bnaioeeciiiu

OYH HACJlOB: Cnouo rrpuc na Bnaronecra npCCI1CTC Boroponnue J.t YOCK,!ljCOC Mapaje, uaroeopeao y n,_jJH\'J'1i y nerax nere HCACJbC 110<.:'ra; K3Aa jc Tor A3H<l nanao ceaj np.:tlHJ..IK 3 cyrpanau ce CJJY>KIUla CJJ)'>K6a axarucra.

PYKOnHCVI:

- KQJ'.lt!KC Ambrosiana y MUMIJlY Gp. 393 (C 45), (p. 193~201 15-16. DCK.

• KO"CKC e-pa Be" .. e Jlaepe 6p. 861 (H 206), <p. 325'-330" 16. uex.

91

92

(.'itm:m(iclhclw put) Jm:wjJa BPlljCHUj(j (79- !OS)

- KO,llCKC s+pu I-h.lllpoHa

- KO}1.eKC M-P'" H aupoaa

- Konexc a-pa KceHO~OIlTa

- KO~eKc Yaticanus Gmecus

- KU,I\t:KC S"G11. Cxyn. y ATl1HII

113UAIhA: Ilena II, crp. 48-65.

6p. 567(461!7), ,~. 190"-192'17. ucx.

6p. 620(4740), 'I). 1 "-7' 17. "OK.

Gp. 10(712),,~.195"-2()2" 17. DeK.

61'. 1098, ,~. 41-58' 16. DeK.

Gp. 155, <1>. 293-316 18.lIeK.

5. Cnoeo opyio IW DJwioAeciliu

nYH HACJlOB: Cnoac npyro ua Bnarouecru. H3rOnOpCJLO y IICTOj Flunaru npe ee-repa.ax necava, rOl~llHy naua tlOCJIC npeor rouopa. PYKOOI1CI1:

- Koncxc Ambrosiana y Munany ep. 393 (C 45), q>. 342-352

- Konesc M-P' I1D"poHa Gp. 567(4687), <1>. 227'-234'

- KO,!J.eKc e-pa Huupona 6p. 620(4740), 4>. gn_148

- KOPCKC e-pa KceHoq,OHT' 61'. 10(712), ~). 231'-239"

- KOJICKC buGn. Cxyn. y ATIIIl)! tip. \55,342-352

113UAH,A:Uen,II,CTp.141-160.

15-16. BeK. 17. nex. 17.ocK.

1M. DeK.

113. BeK.

6. CAOGO i7ipeIJe HO bJJQzooeciiiu

nYH HACJ10B: CllOHO -rpehe aarouopenu Y HC'J'Oj Flana'ru HJ npaanae Bnarouecrn. rO~IfHy nann nocne upyror roaopa.

PYKOOI1CI1:

- Konexc lIi-pn Baronena Gp. 2N5, <I), 1 1211_128u 15. ncx.

- Konexc u-pa JII1M. HaJI('!3Gocy Iip. 122, q>. 1:J_161l IS. nex.

- KOACKC Ambrosiana y MIIJTtlHY 6p. 393 (C 45), (I). 265-271 V 15-16. Del'.

- Konexc er-pa J.1uHpoHa Gp. 567( 46H7), (p. 260B -266:1 17. HeK.

- Konexc x-pn Hunpona Gp. 620(4740).4>. 15"_248 17. ue«.

- KO,llCKC M-pa KceHoqH)H'T'li Gp. 10(712), (p. 265;'-271 II 18. nCK.

- KO,lleKC Hap. Cxyn. y A'runn Gp. 155, cp. 3H5-394 18. IlI.!K.

- Kozecc Hap. ou6n. y ATIIHH Gp. 353, cPo 35D_36" 18. DCK.

113UAlhA: Ilene II, crp. 227-243.

7. Cnoeo 0 ceptucuucy (csera)

nYH HACnOB: OtORO npao 0 cnpUJeTKY (ceera). uarcnopeao na c.xyny (CTtlHOBHHKa) Fpana y xpavy cuernx Anocrone 11 y rtpacycrny jenner Olt napcua.j-ouupehn PCBHO II 0 6pojy CCm~M.

PYKOnl!l 11:

- Konexc M-pa Hnnpoaa

- Konexc M-pa Henpoua

- KO)leKC M-pa J.1nllpOHJ

- KO}lcXC M-pa 110IlPOH<l

- KO)leKC M-pa Hnnpoau

- K{l~CKC M-pa VIDl1poHa

• KO.lle.KC M-pa Henpoaa - KO).(CKC M-pa Ilux'ren.

- Konexc M-pa YlBltpOHa

- KO,llCKC M-pa 110I1POH:l

- KOJleKc ... t-pa Hanpoaa

- KO,Ut;KC M-pa J1UIlPOHil

01'. 252(4372), ~). 179'-180' 6p. 582(4702), <1>. 507'-509" 6p. 569(46.~9). <1>. 250'-252" 6p. 586(4706). <1>. 335'-336" 6p. 600(4720),<1>.18'-19'

Gp. 1313(5433), (1).1"-15'

Gp. 567( 46~7), <1>. 24""-253' Gp. 741(6248). <1>. 94" 1\ nan.e 61'.372(4492). <1>. 53'-55'

6p. 373(4493), <1>. 213'-215' Gp. 411(4531), <1>. 251'-252' Gp. 493(4613).<1>. 172'-174"

16.IJCK. 16.8cK. 17. BCK. 17. BeK. 17. BeK. 17. nex. 17. aCK . 17.oeK. IS. ue«. IS. ees. 18. ncx. 18. Ut:K.

" KOACKC M-pa Itl0llPOII(1 Op. 5R4(4704}, cpo 26111_262818. DeK

- KOJ\eKc u-pa Ilpycoca Gp. 1, (I). 205"-214" lX. ue«.

- Konexc Eafin. Cxyu. y AT"Hl! Gp. 155.<t>. 367-376 tK UCK.

113UAIhA:A<"a II.CTp. 190-207.

8. Cnoeo opyzo 0 capuwiTiKY (cBel7ia)

nYH I-IACllOB: CnO(lO npyro 0 cnpurerxy (eucre). uarouopeno y naJIa1'1I y npucycruy MH(JrH.X apxujepeju, <)JIGaJ..tyjyhlt M~·I(.Jra MUWJLCH.U 0 TtlMe Ii 3aK/bY"lyjyhu na cupurerxa uehc Gun·, ,uOK epoj U1'llaJIHX ClHbcJla He GYIlC cacuaer nOIlYH.CH AylUaM~ cucreren,a.

PYKOnHCI1:

- Konccc M-pa Ba'roncna ep. 285, ¢. 99:1_ t 1211 15. IlCK.

- Koneec er-pa Hnnpona Gp. 567(4~7). cpo 253il_2601l 17, nCK.

- K(.lnI;!KC ra-pa J.1oHpolia 61'.1313(5433), 41. 15f1_3~a 17, DCK.

~ KOnCKC M-pa KCCHO<pOHT<I 6p. 10(712), ~). 257t1~26S" IS. ue«.

- KOI\CKC M-p:'l Flpycocn 61" I. <p. 214:1-235" 11:1. ue«.

- KnAcKc 61(611 Cxyn y ATUHH Op. 155. ~" 367-385 (g. HCK.

113UAH,A: Ilena 11, CTp. 208-226.

9. CIIOtJO iipeo 0 6yoy/i.e..M cyay

nYH HAC1IOS; Cnouo upuo 0 6YAyheM CYJ(Y 11 nt;'-)1I0M GmDKCIIcmy. uaronopeno y xpaay Caerux Auocrona, y nOKIWll.H)' uCJ~C.Jby y IIpUCyCTtlY MHorIiX.

PYKOOI1CI1:

- KO)lCKC M-pn Ba1'(ln1;!A8 rip. 285. cpo 146"_177" 15. UCK.

- KOHeKc Ambrosiana Y Mnnarry Gp. 393 (C 45). 4>. 319-329 15-16. U~K.

- Konexc a-pe jtcaponn Iip. 567(687}, (p. 313:1_]23" 17. nex.

- KUACKC u-pa Plnupona 6p. 620(4740). ¢. 728_81:' 17. BeK.

- KUI(CKC M-pa Kcenoqionra 6p. 10(712), ¢. 31701-326(1 IH. nCK.

- KOllCKC M-P" Flpycoca Op. l,(p. 176:'-192" 1!3. DeK.

~ KO).lt:KC EH(lJl. Cxyn. y ATUHI1. 6p. 155, ¢. 447-459 !~. uc«.

113UAlhA: Ilena 11. crp. 361-384.

10. Caoeo ()py,o () 6yiJyheM cyily

nYH HACJ10S: Cnoao npyro 0 fiYAyhcM CYJlY H nC'JHOM (lmDKeHc.-ny, uaronopeuo y xpaay Ce, aIlOC'l'OJI<I, ce).(aM nnua nocno npuor. I'YKOOl!lCI1:

- KO}1,eKC Ambrosiann y MHJTany 6p. 393 (C 45), ~>. 329-337 15-16.ocK.

- KOACKC M-P' I1B"poH' 6p. 567{461!7), <1>. 323"-331' 17 .•• K.

-Koaeec a-pa Huupoua 6p.1313(5433).(~.548-911l 17.lleK.

~ Koaeec M-pa Kceaodxurra Iip. 10(712), l' 32f-334:- 1 X. uex.

- Konexc M-pa Hpyccca Gp. l , q). t92 -205' It;. UCX.

- KOAI.!.KC 6HOll. CK~n. y ATJ1HJ.1 6p. 155, cpo 459-469 Iii. lH.:K.

113UAH,A: Ilenn II, crp. 385-404.

11. CJJOBO iipeo 0 caacouocuou Paciiehy

I1YH HACJ10B: CnOIJO npno H.JrOIlOpeHo na cceru Dt:JTI1KII nCTaK y 1tC1'Oj n .. t11aTH ua ACUC1'O jCIJ<1H~e.n.e CIlCTIiX Cl'paCTH, rj. na "crojaxy KOA xpcra MaTIl lber-oua" liT/I.

93

94

Ciillc'lImCJt.cKII IHulJllnCr/)(1 BP"jt'tflljU (7\)-1U5)

PYKOnI1CI1:

- KOA~KC Ambrosiana y MUnaHY

- Koncxc et-pa Huupoua

- KO)t,l!KC M-p;:t M lUlpOI:HI

- Konexc u-pa KCCHo{~()HTII

113AAI-bA: A<no I),CTp. 66-91.

fip. 393 (C 45), ,~. 239-258 15-16. ue«. fip. 567(4f,x7), <1>. 19s'-20S" l7 .u ex.

Gp. 620(4740), <p. 25'-39' 17.lIeK.

fip. 10(712), ~). 202"-212" 17. BeK.

12. CIJ080 opyio 0 d7acoUOCNO.A( Puciietty

IlYH HAC.nO~: ClI()I)O npyro 1101 Pncnche Focnona umuer Hcyca XPJlCTU, naronopeuc JC aa CI)CTH Bcxnen Fleras y Flana'm Ilapurpnnn y rrpucycruy MHorHX, 1~ crora 1l3fOBOPCHO ce UIIWC I)CWTIIHC. PYKOTII1CI1:

- KOAeKcM-panHM.Han~'JiJOcy 6p.122,¢. J611·371\ 15. ncx.

- KOACKC Ambrosiana y Mummy Iip. 393 (C45). <p. 258-265 15-16. nCK.

- Koncsc M-pa MIJI.1poua ep. 567(4687), (p. 23511.246:1 17. IJCK.

- Koaexc a-pa I1I111poHa op. 620(4740), <p. 39"-53' 17. ue«.

- Kcnexc u-pa Kcceoqxnrra 6p. 10(712), cPo 239R~250ll IK BI!K,

- KOJ,.leKC bltfin. Ct<;yn.}' ATUHI1 Gp. 155. {po 352-367 IH. nex.

- KOAGKC Hap. 6116)1. Y A'rmur up. 353, cp, 36u-37~ 18. acx.

113AAIDA: Aenan, crp. 161-139.

13. Cnoeo ifipehe a cuaCOJIaCNOAl Pact7chy

nYH HACJ10B: ClIOBO rpche naroeopeao Y «croj Flanaru jcnun n3H no Bemucou neTKY, 113pa:>Kanajyhlt jacuo na cc HClIlI POA npenaje nponacrn It nana I1cMallnhaHIIMa ~6or TQr8 WTO cc 1'1;;]10 It KpU Xpncra IIpt>JlllJt:! on 'T<.IK03BaHI1X AYXOJUUlKa.

PYKOflI1CI1:

- Konexc Ambrosiana y MItJUIHY fip. 393 (C 45), (I). 271 v_2.~3v

- KUJ!eKc a-pe Yll~l1p()Ha 6p. 5N2(47U2). (~. Szy.i'~51(j'

- KOACKC sc-pa Ptnapoen up. 567(4687), <1>. 266"-277"

- Konexc M-pa 11 "IIPOH" Gp. 620(4740), <1>. 53'-65'

- Konesc M~pa Kceaodioara up. 10(712), (~. 272\'-2838

- KOlteKC EIIGJI. Cxyn. y ATI1IUI Iip. 155. (f). 394-409

- KO),leKC EHG1I. Cxyn. y A'l'HHIl Gp. 35, <1>. 371t-39 1 II

H3AAI-bA: Ilena II, crp. 244-272.

14. CIIOOO ueiiiepiiio 0 CilaCOHOCHOAf Pactieliy

nYH HACJlOB: DOBO 'ICTBpTO naronopeuo y Fluna'rn ua nau CReTO" BCJII1KO" Flerxa. 0 pacuehy rOCIlOJ\lbCM.

PYKOnI1C11:

15~16. BCK. 16.ocK.

17. ue«.

17. ue«.

18. nex. lS.oeK. 18. ue«.

~ KO,ltCKC Ambrosiana y MHmlHY 6p. 393 (C 45). (p. 294·303 15·16.llcK.

- KUJ.{eKc M-pa i-1BltpOHa Gp. 567(4687),~. 288u·297:1 17. IJCK.

~ KOJ,.{eKc M-Pi! HBIlPOHfl Gp. 62U(4740). (p. 6Sll_72" 17. ues.

~ KOJ{CKC M-pa KCCHocpoHTa Gp. 1U(TI2), (p. 293°.30211 18. BeK.

~ KUJ.{l~KC 1>"611. Cxyn. y Al'llIIU Gp. 155. (I). 414·426 IS. nCK. 113AAIi:>A: Ilena Il, CTJl. 299,321.

15. Cnoeo iieiiio 0 c{ii/COHOCNOM Paciietiy

nYH I-IACJIOB: O:o.uuHlja H:JI'()JJOPCH<l Btl pacnebe Focnoaa nauterklcyca Xpucra na cncru BCHlIKU nerne.

PYKOOI1CI1:

• KOJ(CKC vulticcliana y Pl-tMY up. 27 (812M). <1>. 90v_IOS

- KOAcKC Flarnoca Gp. YM. tI). 145-n4

• KVIlcKC .Buon. C6. CUll. Y Moe, 6p. 297 113AAIDA: Ilena 1lI, crp. 18,21.

16. CAO(m ua Coccli..ny HC()e.tbY

nYH HACJIOB: Flanerupux 11<1 CI1t:!Tny HeJ\eJhY.

PYKOnHCI1:

• KOj.\CKC Vall iccl iuna y PUMY Gp. 27(6 128), (I). 106- 109v 15. ec«.

- KO){eKCfinTMoc<I tip. YM.(I). 175-178 l5.llt:K.

- KOAcKcbI16n . .lep.na'T'p. Iip. 192,<tJ. 299B 11 J(aJbC 17. nc«.

- KOIll.:KC 611611. OJ. cmi. y Moe. op.297 16.I«!K.

113Jl,A1hA: Ilena III, Cl'p. 21-25.

15. Ut;:K. IS. DCK. 16. DeK.

J7, CI1()(fO na Ilpeotipasceree

nYHHACnOB:CnoDo na ffpeo6pcDKCtbC r'ocnouau bora H Cnaca Hamer Plcyca Xpucra, noxnayjyhn 1\" je Tanopcea CBC1'JIOCT necreopeua. uC'JHa, ., CJla03 EO>t::aHCTtHI.

PYKOHI1CI1:

- KOAeKc Valficeliana yPUMY • KU{leKC M-pa Iluonucajara

- Konesc En6n. CU. CHII. y Moe. ~13AAIDA: Ilcnu 111, CTp. 25-36_

Gp.27 (B 128), ~l. 1 iO_ll7v 15. ue«. Gp. 275(3809), <p. 379' -4S8" 16. "'K. Gp.297 16. ue«.

Hl.D'c r a rr a n e n a p a a u e r c a n p sc uj a

1. CAOOO caeeiiinu-nco

nYH HACJlOI3: CROAO canCTH"'IKO 0 CjCJ\IUbCtby U.PKUU3, xoje jc rpccano no 6YAC y OHO npcne, 113roDopeHo y CUHO,l1CKOj canu BCJHIKC upxae Xpacroae.

PYKOnI1CI1:

- KOJ,leKC u-pa B3'1"011e11;1 6p. 2M5.ct>. 194:l~21111 IS.IJCK.

~ KonCKC Ambrosiana y MH1J3HY Gp. 393 (C 45). (}J. 348v~J63 15-16. BCK.

- KOIlCKC M-pa 1II0111)OIm Gp. 561(4687), (p. 341"-254\1 17.l:lcK.

- KOAeKc a-pa Pteupoaa Gp. 1313(5433), q,. 95"-122" 17. "OK.

- KOJ\lCKC a-pa Kceuorbonra 6p. 1O(712}, (~. 3441-3578 18. BCK.

~ KOAt!KC e-pa Huapoua Gp. 514(4634), <I). 26O-'-26Sn 18. IlCK.

- Konexc bHGJJ. Cxyn. y ATHHU 6p. 155, cpo 484-499 IS. ueK.

113AAI-bA: Aena I, CTp. 469-500.

2. Cnoeo 0 nausoi aepu

nYH HACllOB: CnOBO OA \lCTOI" aaroecpeuo y uapcxoj co6n o »amoj Rep", 1I0KaJyjyhil .uOCTOjHHM apry~l~HTHMa na 011 ceux n03U3TIIX HaM uepa ncaa noGo)l(lmje O.Q, !-be,

PYKOnI1CI1:

- KOAeKC Ambrosiana y MumlHY ~ Konexc M~pa t1nnpoHa

Gp. 393 (C 45), ,p. l83v-I~3 15-16, BeK. fip. 567(4687), q,.lH2"-190' l7. lie •.

9S

96

CiitICIllTiC.ibf:KU pw) Jru.:mjw Bpllj(!H!lju (7lJ-lj}5)

IS.oeK. I~. nCK.

- KOI~eKC a-pa KCt!HocpOHTa

- K(IJ],!;KC EnGJ). Cayn. y AnuHI

vt3,UAtbA: Ilcna U, CTp. 26-47.

ep. 10(712), <I). 1~6'-195' Gp. 155, <p. 281-293

3. Ty;,w,teJ'he () y.tty

nYI-1 f-IACflOB: I4C'1'of' y acroj Flana'ra 1t3rOBOpcHO '1'YMa'leI-hC c YMY, L'anp>fwBajyfilf 6npaHHM H3pa311M3 KaKO ra -rpeoa O'IItC1''lT.-J, f!OW1'O je OT! uajjaua H uajrnaunuja Mot naute AYWC.

PYKOnI1CI1:

- KOl\eKC Ambrosiana y MJ.lnaHY Gp. 393 (C 45), <p. 30;\-311 v 15-16. 8CK.

- KOAtKC e-pa Huupoaa up. 567(4687), cpo 29t'-30SR '17. nCK.

- Konecc M-pa xceeorpoara op. 10(712), cpo 30211-3 lOll II:>, BeK.

- KOACKC E~15)1. CKYII. y An1H~1 Gp."J 55, cfJ. 426-437 Itt UeK.

- KOAeKc 'e-pe 11t)l{poHa op. 604(4724), <I). 512' 18. ue«.

113,UAlhA: Aena U, crp. 322-343.

4. Fnaee ,eoaM a:yma ceo(J.A.t

rlYH HACJIOB: Jocarpu eceaxa BPHjcHuja Fnane ceUllM IIYT3 CCJ]tlM.

PYKOnHCI1:

- KOJ\eKc Valliceliana y PUMY Gp. 27(B 128), <j). 1_64v "15.I1CK.

- KOJ\eKc Ilar-aoca Gp. YM. cpo 1-101 15. BeK.

- KO).leKC o1l6JJ. en. eilH. y Moe. Gp. 297 16. uex.

- KOJ..\CKC M-pa Ilaouucujara 6p. 274(3X()g). (~. 554lt_5571l In. ae«.

- KO)l,CKC M-pa ,UUOHHcllja'ra Gp. 275(3809), qL 46SU-473rJ 16. Rt;K.

vt3AAIhA: Ilenn III, CTp. 48-126.

5. CJlOGO Kpuhunuua rlpu O()Jll1CKY

rlYH HAcrrOB: 0,[\ ucror- KpithaHUMa npe O.1VlflCKY.

PYKOm1CI1:

- KOJ,leKC Valliccliann y .PUMY

- KOP:CKC Flaruoca

- KO,l1CKC EUUll. Co. CItH. Y Moe.

- KUJJ;eKc OnUJl. Jep. na'r.

M3AMbA: Ht:JJlI 1II, C'J'p. 36-47.

fip. 27(B IW), ~).126-132 Gp. YM. <1).214-232 Gp.297

Gp. 292, el>. 12. 1IJJ;3JLC

15. BeK. 15.l3eK.

16. ue«. 19.('1) "CK.

6. CiU.y()ctja 0 cjeoul-bel-bY Kuupana

nYH HAcrrOB: CTYI~Hjaocje.u.Hl-bcl-by KI1rIpaHaCa npaooCJHlDHOM UpKnoM, «oje je rpeeanona fiYAe uaronopeno y 3113MCHII'rOM xpawy CIJI!'1'e Cocp«je 11 Y CItHO}l,CKOj can«.

PYKOni1CI1:

- Kouexc M-pa Ba'rorrena

_ Konexc Ambros. y MHnaHY - KOJ].CKC M-pa I1lmpoHa

- K01leKC M-pa Kceaodioara

- K01leKC fiH6n. Cxyn. Y ATUHK

113AAlhA: Ilene II, corp. 1-25.

6p. 2R5, cpo 713_936 15. nex.

Gp. 393 (C4S). <p. 173-183v 15-16. DCK. op. 567(4687), <p.172'-182' 17. DCK. 01'.10(7[2). (1).176'-186" 18. DCK. 61'. 155, <p. 267-281 18. BeK.

7. J{l(JH.I~ iOROP 0 fiOH06HOM ipafjeJ.by rpaoa

H3()aiiill ueJl{1 (79-1114)

97

I1YH HACnOB: Kpuhu jHBHIl rODOp HJr0130pcI'I y IICTOj naJJ::ITI1 y upucycruy narpnjapxa n MohHIIXApJKaOHIIX cnYIKGcHHKH U KJlHp:J, J.i1.CJIOr CT<:InOllHUWTllI1 Fpaaa, (,1 nonuuaoa rpaJ)Clb)' Fpana.

rvxonucu.

~ KO}l.CKC Ambrosiana y Munauy 6p. 393 (C 45), (I). 2X3 v -2X7 v

• Konexc sr-pa Hnnpona tip. 567(4687), q). 2771l.2X III

- KO,l..lCKCM-pa YlBIlPOH<l Gp.1313(5433),<I>.12211.12711

- KOnCKC xr-pa KCCH(l(POHT~1 fip. 10(7'12), (I). 283B_2S6R

- KUI\CKC BIIOl!. Cxyuy ATIIHH Gp. 155, <p. 409-411

H3AAlbA: j],cna II, C'l]J. 273-282.

8. 3aX8({/IHO C~10(JO EOiopoVW(11

nYH HACJTOB: 3nXIl<1J1110 crtono BOrOp()).IIIl~1I uarouopenc yOI~IInrrpl'IjcKo}"l MClHaCTHPY nOCRe npahau.a IIKO!iC.

PYKOnI~Cvt:

- KOi~eKc et-pn Baronena Iip. 2H5, qJ. 177"·IR2r,

• Ko}~e"c Ambrosiana y Mununy Gp. 393 (C 45), ql. 337-340v

- KU,uCKC n-pa Hl3ItPOH<I 6p. 567(4687), (I). 331:'t·333:t

~ KO}~t:.KC xr-pa VI nnpona Gp. ! 313(5433), (p. 7111_788

• KOll,eKC M-pa Kcenorboara Iip. 10~712), (p. 334:'_33it

- KO}~eKC Bnrin. Cxyn. y A1'11111t Gp. 155, cf>. 469-473 113UA~hA: Ilcna II, crp. 405-413.

9. C/1060 0 l7ipiiJbefby

TIYH HACJTOB: Cnono o TpnJJ.,eH:.Y, >13rQBOPCH() uccne (tCJTO(lO~t.:tI.oCl O}l, para y ~\130plfWTy Onartrrpujcxor MaHaCTllpn.

PYKonvtCI1:

- KOAeKc l\1-pa Baronena 6p. 235, $. 18211_194'1

• KO)leKC Ambrosiann y MIHlilHY 6p. 393 (C 45), (p. 340v_34XV

- KUj\t:KC M-pa ViBiIPOHLI rIp. 567(46H7). 4>. 333,1·341<'1

- KOAeKC M·p:~ 11FHlpm .. a Gp. 1 J 13(5433), (I). 7SIl_95a l7. HCK.

- KO,!lCKC M-r;\ KceHO{~OH'ra 6p_ 10(7 (2), 'I). 337;\-344'1 IS. UCK.

- KO/WKC Eu6n. Ckyn. y A1'IHHI fir. 155,4'.474-483

vt3)1AlbA: Ilenu II, CTp. 414-432.

15-'16. eex. 17. UCK.

17. tJCK.

18. BeK.

18. BCK.

JS. nCK. 15-16. BCK. 17.lIex. 17. BC".

l S. ucx. 18. BeK.

15. uex 15·16. ues. 17. HeK.

IS. DCK.

10. Tloocetian;e 0 iiia/Ul1iuHlI.

n YH HACJ10B: 113 B~h uanacnncr-fncna] Y'JIlTCJbIIMa, uoncehau,e o TaWTllHII )l(IIBOTa, 113rOBOpel:IO y uapcxoj (uanars). IlUUO.uUM H~K~ ~a.nOCTH.

PYKOIlHCI1:

w Konexc Arubrosiana Y Munauy 6p. 393 (C 45), (1). 287v-291 15-16. BCK.

- KO,EleKC M-pa HBHpoHa Gp. 567(4687), q>. 28111·2..~5i1 17. «ex.

- KOAeKc M-pa xceaorpoara Gp. 10(712), (~. 286'-290' tx. nCK.

- KO,llCKC E116n. Cxyn. y ATUHlf Gp. 155, cp. 232-236 l8.l3cK.

vt3AAlbA: Aena II, CTp. 283-290.

11. YiueulIw pe~t t,apy

n YH HACJl08: Yl'eUlH3 pe II lfJroBOPCH:t uapy y CrY,llHTCKOM uauacrupy UOBOjlOM CMpTIl H>t!T'OBe cnaxe AIle, Y npuCYCTH)' na'rpujapxa, B Bajona, ~I Ilorecrc JI OHllX OKO lUIIX.

98

OillcarIi('JbClW prJ() .IocltC/;a BpujCHUili (N- 1115)

PYKOnIfCI1:

• KO).lCKC Ambrosiana y Ml1niJHY Gp. 393 (C 45), cp. 291-294

- KO,AI!KC M-pa HLlWr()H~ Gp. 567(4687), 41. 285:1-288:1

- KO,ACKC/I'I-P<l J.1UHpOH(1 Gp. l313(5433),<p. 3201_3M'1

- KOfJ,eKc a-pu KCC~IOCPOIIT<l fir. 10(7'12),4>.290'-29311

113AAlbA: Ilenn II, erp. 291-2980

15-16. ncx. "l7.I3CK.

17. RCK..

IR. BI!K.

12. Pa3206op C{/ HeKWt l1o.wu..,1hau,lt1toM

nYH HACJTOB: Jocarpa Bpajcxuja p.HrOIlUp Cit HeKItM HeM<lH.nharUfIiOM

PYKOnI1CI1:

- KOIICKC Vulliceliana y PHMY Gp.27(B 128),<1>. 142-1q6 15. ec«.

- Konexc Flaruoca Gp. YM, ¢. 259-299 15. BCK,

- KU,ACKC Entin. AneKC_ Konuaaca Op. 49. cl>. 6t'-79:l 18. DC".

- KOIlCKC Flarvoca dp. YIE 18.11l!K.

113AAl-bA: A. Apsupuy, '[(I.)(Ji]q:I "tot) Bpu(vvto'U ~et,6: 'ttVOC; 'IO')..lCtl'iAL'tUU OUXAe;IS, EEBC, 35 (1966-67), 141- L95_

13. TectTr.o.AwniTi Iocudra Bpuienujn.

nYH HAcnOB; HapebeH.t: Jocudia MCHI<lXa Bpnjcunjn PYKOfII1CI1:

- Konexc Encrara]a BYJ1II3M<lCa (MuTpOn01JJIT:J Kp{IHI) 1K (JeK.

£.13,UAl-bA: A. [Ja(icz()OltYAOC: - Kepaucec, Varia Graeca Sacra, Flerpor'pau 1909, CTp. 295·296; nOH.OIlO 113}1. OA 1-1. TtMil/()uKflca,'1. BPUEVVIO~ CBMK, CTp.503-504_

14. ilut7i.ofbe HCKltX cRellll7i.eHuKa Ca. KplilTIa

nYH HACJ10B: Flurau,c He.OIX cneurreunaa C<1 Kpara 0 IIpOJla3- nocm CHern.

PYKOnI1CI1:

- KO.llCKC Fla'reroca Sp. YM, 15. (JCK.

!I13D,AlhA: H. TUJIi(/OWWC, '10XJi'11P Bpuevvrou Ctv£K'BOtCl {pro: Kpll'tu(a, EEBC19(1949),c1'p.136-139_

15. AKlTia Kuiiopceoi cadopo

nYH HACJTOB: JOCIi(~H Bpnjeauja Ana ca caeopa na Kunpy.

PYKOnI1CI1:

- Koneec xr-pa KOcI1HIlue y MilKCJ.lOtlHjH fip. 247, (~. 26Sa-279.

- KO/(eKC e-pa Kocnnnue y MaKeJlOHHjll op. 246, ell. 482.

11-3,UAtbA: l1JAllHO ,nCllIlMIt'IHO 0A A. {/ultau(ltlYllnc;lI-KeplUfem:a,'lrooi}<p BPlJEVVIOU npaK1lKU (Tl)VOOoU tv KUltp,-\>, y "(I}I1ROnOWKo APYUJTDO y Llaparpany", npanor- 17,1:0""1(1,1886, CTp. 48-5l.

IV.nncM3

1. Teooopy Me.llIllTiIll-moiiim.:y

nYH HAcnOB: Be1TJtKoM CaKI.!JTapllY najcueruje Bossje BeJH1Kt;:: upxue. apX~l~aKOHY Ii Y'IIITeJbY UmKi.lHCKUX (CTJ3aplI) «up Teonopy MennTHHI10TIICY, y Llaparpany.

PYKOfII1CI1:

KOACK<: Xpan.eeccor YIHll3ep311'reTa y TOPltHY

- Kouexc EuGn. Cae-ror- CIiHOIla

y MOCKI1U 6p 297 16 Hel{

- KO,UcKcM-paL(HoHI1Cl1jiIT:J. 6p 275(3~U9) el) 564D_567r1 17 OCK

J.13AAI-bA:):Icn,III,erp. L27-12R.

rip. 329_ (I). 2

15. Il[;K.

2. Hutcuiiuc Mupcunuoinucy

nYH HAOIOB: HajlloGo>tOllljcM It uajpe-nrrujc« Mi!lJy CIlCU1TeHI,I" Ll_IIMil Kllp HHKIITII MlfpCtHmOTUCY, ua POAOCY·

PYKOnJ.1CI1:

KOACKC KpaJL>enCKOr yuaaepaa-rera y TOPHHY " K(J}~eKC buGJJIIOTCKe

Cueror- ClIH(),I1.a Y MOCKBII Gp.297

_ Kones;c KpCT<l (Jepycamoaa) fir. 28 H3;rJ,AlbA: J],emllJl, C'I'p. 129-131.

Op. 329, <I). 2

15.llelc

16. ne«. 16, Bet(

3. lo(J(lHY OflO(WJlOCY . . .

nYH HACJTOB: B(;JHtKOM xaprutpwnaxcy U<lJCBCTJIJe SmKjl! SCJJlI«c ~PKIlt! II <lpXII~aKoH)' KUP Jonaay Onouonocy, y Ilnparpany. PYKOnI1CI1:

KOltCKC Kpan.encxor

yuueepanrcra y Topuny fip. 329, cpo 3

- Konexc EIIGJII10TCKC

Cecror C'I1HOA3 y MOCKI3I1 Gp.297

113AAI-bA: Ilena ut.crp. 133-135

4. /Zu.uuiTiPlljy KucJOIwcy . ~

DYI·J HAcnOB: Haj~IYJlPHjeM on JbYJ\11 n~IMnTIH-IJY KU)lOH~ICY· y Bt!HCLI,Ujll.

PYKOfII1CI1:

[5. uex.

16. [lCK.

Konexc Kpan.cncscr-

yunuepurte'ru y TOPltHY fip. 329, el), 412

- KOAeKc E.IGIlHoTeKc

Cneror CIlHOl\3 Y MnCKllU 6p.297

H3AAl-bA: ):Ienu III, crp. 133-135_

5. Tlaiiipujapxy ll.upolTl.ejy , " .

TIYH HAcnOB: Cnj<1TjcjwcM J>.1I'1 Dna/\I-IL{~1 Ilopcrejy. narpnjapxy .IcpycaJ1HMCKOM. Y JCPYCflIII,lM.

16. BCK.

99

100

CirltnllTil!JhtXtl pili) JowqJtlIJpfljnmjll (7Y-1()5)

PYKOO,JCI1:

KIIMeKC KPilILCBCKQC"

PUIBCP311TCTa y Topuuy Iip. 329. cp, 512

- KO.JleKC 6~16J1110TCKC

Cueror CHHOAa y MOCKDH np. 297

113JlAlhA:A<!J1.lIl.crp.136-138.

15. DCK.

Ib.lI(::K.

6. Huuonaocy Ka(facuJ1l1

nYH HACffOB: H<ljMYJ-IPU,iCM 'I(lUCKY, UCJJltKOM IIPI1ji.I1'eJLY IJPJll1- I-It:: It uepe, Kllp HI1KOJli:lOCY Kanacumr, y LJ,npltrpa.u:y.

PYKOOI1CI1:

KOAt:.KC Kpanseacxor-

YUIIUCp3l1TcTil y TOPIlIfY np. 329. ~). 7

- KO,f{CKC bllGJlIHYrCl<e

Cue'ror CIItIO/(3 y Mocxua Gp.297

113AAlhA: Ilena III, crp. 138-141.

IS.Ilt:.K.

16. Ut:K.

7. YliYlolffHyJe6lTill.«ujy

nYH HACJTOB: HajMYl.l.plljeM It HajpC\IIITHjeM ou,y, HrYMaHY uourrooauor- II uapcxor C1')'JHll'CKOr xtanacrupa, apxaaannptrry 11 nporoCHHI)cny, «up Jenl'ltMHjy, y Buaarrrnjn.

PYKOOI1CI1:

KOAeKC Kparscaccor

),HlIllepJIITCTil y Topauy cp. 329, (po m

• KOJ.l.CKC bUU1TI1<YI'eKC

CO<.!Tor CHHOl\<l y Mocxeu fip.297

H3AAlhA:}:\eJ'" lI\,crp.141-143.

8. Ma]JK.Y AlleKCGH{)puj!"KOJ.f

nYH HAOIOB: HajDcl\cM apxujepejy, TPltH8CCTOM <tJIOCl"(lJ)Y, nacrllpy nacrapa 11 L'Y/.IHjU niJCCJhCUC:.\ MapKY nann Anexcannpajc, y Ernrrry. PYKOOI1CH:

KOiteKC KjXULCDCKur

yrutneparrreru y TOplIHy (Jr. 329, ¢. IO IS. Ut!K.

- Koncxc BH61T1HrreKe

Cncror- cuuoaa y MOCKBII 5p.297 16. BCK.

. Konexc n-pe .AliUHHclljaTa Gp. 275(3809), (p.559B _560B 17. De x.

113}:\AlhA: Ilcna \JJ, CTp. 143-145.

15. uex.

16. DeK.

9. BnCeJbeH.CKO.A: (Iluilipujapxy)

nYH HACJIOB: BaCc/LCIICKOM [rta'rpajapxy}. pYKOnI1C~I:

Konccc KPl:lJhCOCKOr

YHHBCP:SIITCT(t y Topnuy op. 329, <p. 11 15. uex.

- Koncxc BII5JTlIOTeKe

Cneror CIlHO,[1a Y MOCKUIl 61' 297 16. BCK.

- Koncxc M-PH Ilaotmcujara Gp 275(3809). <p 5608_56211 17 aex

~13)1AJj,A: Hena lll. ~'1). 146-148.

N.JOm7i(l rlt:J11I(7l)·llI4)

10. MaKclI.4f..J HIii.lIllujaH.Y 00 Fpsca

nYH HAcnOB: OA Fpsa ~TaJJlljallY Bpm-y MaKCIfMY, Jl3 P~ACI nponoaenmuca.

PYKOnI1CI1:

KOACKC Kpazscncxor

YUHuep:JItTCTa y Topnny cp. 329, ~}. IV2 "5. ues.

- KOACKC£11611H()1'eKC

Cue'ror- Cl1110/V1 y MOCKDH up 297 16 1H!K

- KOltCKC u-pe Ilnonucajara Gp 275(3~09), cp 'i62"-56411 17 l:JCI<

113AA}bA: Ilena III, CTp. 14H-155.

11. MaJ<.llpujy AJ,WXOCUlCKO..t!

nYH HACnOB: I..laCHOM M!;!i)y CDlICKonUMa Kllp Maxapnjy A.MO· )(OCTCKOM, H8 Knnpy.

PYKOITI1CI1:

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ynanepau'rera Y Topuay 6p. 329, cpo 17

- KO)~eKC OU6J1J10TCKC

CBeTOr cuuoaa y MOCKS" Gp.297

113AAlhA:}:\ena IIJ,CTp.15S-157.

12. llapcxo (MaHojllyfllU1eoJlo,y)

DYH HAcnOB: Ilapcxo.

PYKOnI1CI1:

KOAeKc Kpan.eacxcr

Ylumep311TeT;,1 y TOPUHY 6p. 329, ¢. 22

• KOACKC EII6J1I1OTeKe

Cuercr CIlIIOJI3 y MOCKUI1 6p.297

113AAlhA:nOlla 111, ctp. 157-159.

13. MaHojllY lloiiiocy .

nYH HACJlOB: Hajpe-urrujero UJJ. JLYAIt K~iP MaHoJlIY Florocy Y J1aKcAcMOIllljn.

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16. uex.

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Cueror CIIHO)l3 y MOCKBI1 Gp.297

11311,AlhA: Ilena J1I, crp. 159-160.

14. MaH.ojJlY OJlO(JOAOCY .

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15. Ut;!K.

16. nCK.

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KOAeKc Bunnuoreee

Cueror- CIIHo,qa y MOCKIn! rip. 297

1'13L\AlhA: A.n.l\I, crp. 161-162.

15. SCK.

16. nCK.

101

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15. AHlI10HUjy I1paK/wjcKOM.

nYH HAcnOB: MHl'pOnOJHiTY klpasnaje, upuonpecronou II CDCtlilCHOM KHp AHTOHHjy.

PYKOnI1CI1:

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YHHucp3UTe'fJ y Topuay Gp. 329, q). 24/2

~ KUW:!KC EiM6JT1lOTeKC!

CU("''1'or CUHOAa y MUCKRH Gp.297

113i1AlbA: J.1"mlllJ. CTp. 163·167.

16. c]Joiliu)y Kujeectco«

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PYKOnI1CI1:

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Ceeror- CIIHOAi.\ y MOCKBII Gp. 297

~13i1AIhA: Ilena Ill, CTp. ((IS·J70.

l? Anexcuiy

DYH HACJ10B: Jocmp Ancxcujy {Anoxanxocy).

PYKOnI1CI1:

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Cae'ror- cuaona y MOCKDl1 Gp.297 1 D. oe«.

Yf3,D;Al-bA: Ilena lll.crp. 170·171. HOBO 11:JJ1.(lfbe o}lH To.lwi)mmc((,'O 'JCJXJ'ijtp BPUEVVlO; Ka( n KpTl'tll KU't<X'tO 1400, ~IIT. neno, crp. ]26.

16. BeK.

18. Anesccujy

nYH HAcnOB: JOCI1{P Anexcajy (Anoxaekocy).

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Cneror- CHHOna y MaCKOI! or. 297 16. !)CK.

l:13AAI-hA: nCJTa LIt CTp. 171-172. HOllO 113.u.3H,e oJ~ H. Tw.w()tll1"tlca,'O ·If.OO1;cp Bpuevvioq Kat n Kpirtll .... 1~11'I'. uerro. CTp. 127.

J.9. Anexcuj»

nYH HACflOB: JOCU(~ Ancxcejy (AnoK3sKoCY).

PYKOTTI1CI1:

KOAeKc Butinno'rcxe

Cucror CHHOAa y MOCKBU Gp.267 J 6. nCK.

vI3)l,AI-bA: Ilena lit, CTp. 127-128. HOBO «anau.c 0.11. H. "['(J.,\UU)IIIWClI.IICTO, CTjJ. 127, 12K

20. Teopilljy

TIYH HACJTOB: Joc"q) I'eoprujy.

I'YKOnHCV!:

- KOJl,t:KC Bafirmorexe

Cueror C!lHOAR y MOCK!m (Jp.297

113J.1AIhA: i1<Jla Ill. C'I". 173·.175.

16. BeK.

11;«llllTw rlc!w (711- \04)

103

21. Anesccujy

TTYH HACHOB: Jocutp Ancxcajy (AnOKaBKOcy).

PYKOTTl1CI1:

- Konesc DIiGmtOTCKC

ClH!TOr cnnona y MUCKIHI up. 297 16. HeK.

H3,UAlhA: Ilena W. CTp. 176-'177. Floncac 1t3Jl. OA H. Touaoaxuca, IIC' To,erp.128.

22. AAeKcfljy

nYH HAcnOB: JOCII(P Anexcnjy (AIIOJ<anKocy).

PYKOnI1CI1:

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Caeror- CIHIOI~a y MOCKBH Gp.297 16. sex.

J.13AAlbA: Ilena ilL CTp. 177-178. DUH.OBO n3~. O/J, H TrJJ.wi)llIwca, HC· 'l'O,cTp.12H-129.

23. }OlWHY

nYH HACHOB: locndi Jonaay.

PYKODI1CI1:

Konexc EItGmtOTCKC

Cueror- CllHOA:1 Y MOCK811 Gp.297 16. Bt:K.

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24. Anexcujy

TTYI, 1'1 ACI10E: JOCII<p Anexcajy.

PYKOTTI1CI1:

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Cacror CIIHO,IJ.<-l y MOCKBIl 6p.297 16.l3eK.

H3J1.A I-LA: ,D;cnil III, crp. 179-180. nOHoao 113n. Oil H. TOMlu)mCUC£l, HCTO, crp. 129,,, CBMK, crp. 500·501.

25. JomlHY

nYH HACI10B: JOCII<I> JOD"HY.

PYKOnl-,CI1'

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26. AHOHU.A(}fO.H

TTYH HAcnOB: --PYKOTTI1CI1:

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27 lanynucy ae Cuuia

ITYH HAcrrOB: Hli PYKC xup JaHYJTHcy.ue Cnura.

104

CiillCllifiouom pm) jr/wtjm lJpujCHlljll (79-11).'i)

PYKOnl-ICI1:

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28. HUKOII{fOCY K(Jf.((ICJyprrcy

nYH HACJIOB: H<lj'ICCIlUjI!M Me!)y COCIU1'CHIII.VIM.1 xnp Hnsonaocy Kauanypncy, KOjH nojc Y XpLI"'ly Cn. Aile y XmIA<\Kl1jy.IHl Kpary. PYKOnI1CI1:

• KO~CKC Euc'ru'raja BYJJI!3Mi.'I (MmpOnOJIIITa Kp(~a) cp. 462 18. BeK. J.13.o.AihA: A. flaii.tl()oiiy.rwc. KepflAwl1C, JlCTO, crp. 294-5. flOHOBO 113~. II. Tw,J(u)wwc, l\11T. j~eJ10, crp. 132.

29. iO(UfHY Cupuianocy

nYH HACflOB: Me~y rl1TeMeJlIt1'IlMCI (iJlarOpOAHO/ll1I pa36upIll'OM II Jlupen Torn 'leCrIlTOM II pellll'l'OM KUp Jonany Cupujanocy, 11[1 KpIl'I'Y. PYKODI1CI1:

- KOAeKcM-pa Fln'eaoca up. YM. (I>. 338B_34711

113JlAJ:bA; N. To),wommc, .ICTO. CTp. 133-1JK.

30. Kpuhuuusco yiU.elU1-l.O

nYH HACnOB: Kpl(killlllM<I yr(';UJHO (mlcMo).

PYKOnI1CH:

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113)lAl:hA: H TO),!tJ(}mwc, 'lcoor,q> BPU€.VVLoul; UVEKBotn ep)'O: Kprrn-. .a, EEBC 19(1949), crp. 139-154.

15.oc)<.

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- KO,lleKC »-pa Be.nHKC Jlanpe Gp. 1626, cp. 2yH·69ll 15. nCK.

2. Iliiiui Uipe6a. pehu 0 AfUJlOcr7i.rl.f-bflAUI «oie ce llitHe pniru y.!.fjJJlUX, va All cy ,uohHe oa ux oc.no6oue ftoiufiYHO 00 l-bUXO(JILX Zpe.xOB{I PYKOnl1CI1:

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Gp. 218(3752), ,i,. 169"-173' 15. <10K.

3. CJl06D iI.OXBQIlI-iO.Ja CBaKEL upa.JHuK CHeCJUWHe naiue Boiopoouue

PYKOnl1CI1:

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.I:lI-bIlHCKOr flp.16

4. Hape()6e U3 2. K}-b[tle lCimW3(J(I1iOi iJ.w~hel-b(J PYKOnI1CI1:

- Koncsc a-pe Baronena 6p. 285, <p. 16"-56u 15. uex.

Oeoneno ce cacroju ~fC)(JbY'!JIIlO HJ onnoaaxe paauux Bpnjcaejcnax fiecena.

16.oeK.

5. Y'ICIbC «up Jocutpa Bpujcnuj« eenuxoi y'wmelbo (AfIlCJlIf. /l. 1)(IJH..ll CQ(JCWIl 0 CltUJaPUJrw eepe II iJeJla)

I'YKOnl'ICYI: ,

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6.11.3 KH,UI.(t Bpujenuja. fiipu()eceiTi i"jeiu 2JllUW

iipoiiiue jepeclI Jlaiiuuus

I'YKOnHCI1:

~J:6~1~~'I~~~~~0~~;I,:~y up. 114 I, <j). 22S.22t{ v 17. 13eK,

KOAt:KC Mcroxa

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Konexc Canaaruxyc 61',472 Itt UI!K.

7. 36uPfCll ilpofliy.Afft'-Wf/tlX It-JpeKlI 11.3 C(Jeiii.ol riUCAW ClTi.UP02 3a~ «ema

PYKOfIYlCI1:

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Cucror rpoGa y ljapnrpany 61'. 247, ~,. 265-279

L8. ne«.

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PYKOnI1CI1:

• KO/ll.!KC Apxuee

CD. Ilerpa y BU1'HKauy

9. AKiulI canopli- flu Kutipy PYJ<onI1CI1:

KOnCKC a-pu

Kocnuaue y MaKe~oHlljlt - KOACKC M-pa

KOcIIHH~le y MaKc.,qoH~ljH

Gp. 154, <1>. 1!W_1S5v

J6, liCK.

51'.247, 'i', 265-279.

Op. 246, <1>. 482,

to. KaKa8 je Kpaj OYUlilMIl «oie ce ()f)olljajy O() iTIeAo It zoe one oOJlaae

PYKOnHCH:

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Guo IJ..I.:JIO ce cua'rpa eyMH.HBItM, jcp cc Y9HMa II «ac aeno Maxaana Fmtxuca.

Ha «pajy cnacxa ca,qp)Kaja H3!J,an'!x Bpujenujeeax nena on crpane E. Bynrapnca HMa.3e cc II 1-1aCJIOO" uuejy o~nIJTItja: "CnOBO asroeopeuo y Flanaru nu BenHKIf Ilerax 33 BpCMe CJ1Y:.K6c neue-or vaca nu npo'IHTIIIIO jeDaHI}en.c", II "Cnouo aapeueao npcA On,nnrrpujCf(OM (HKOHOM) ua nu'I'liju «oja je Iiana noCJTC nomvuor ocno6ol}etbii Fpana". TCI\CT08lt ODUX OlIulnuja JtOC3A nacy uponabeeu, anu uacnoau ce tl(1lH13C y «onexcy M3H<tcrupa Kcenoooera y CBeTOj J'opu, liOn. fip. 10. (IJ. 3581$.

105

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Y'lEH,E 0 CUETOJ TPOJHQH

1.liorTPOH:lU;A

a) 0 TPOjULfHOCTK H jCJJ,IIHCT8Y Bcra yonurre

TIocne onanan,a narancxor nOJnrreU'jMa '1 jyuejcxor MOHOTCH'3Ma npeoananana je xpmuhancxa nponoaen 0 Cneroj TPOjnI.(H ROO canpxa] Bozcaacxor O'ncpunen.a 0 Bory y Tpojnua. To OT' KpI1ueJ-be, saceeno-reuo CneTJfM ilHCMOJl.t Ii 60roHOC~'1 OlJ,HMa Ilpxne, oTKpURa HaM TajHY CReTe Tpojaue xao xpamhaacxn norMaT par excellence, xao "HenOKOnc6JbHBH 1'eMeJl) CBaI<e 6oronourryjyhe MI1C!lH, ceaxor AYXOBHor )J(1180T(I, caaxor UCKYCTsa".' no pexmra CD. Araaacaja Benaxor, noraa 0 Cseroj Tpojaua je "rmWHHHa nerroxynae nepe" XpnllJli.aHCKe.2 Ona "HeH'3peL(HSa, aecxnar.saea 11 HeHCnRTJbHBa" TajHaJ HeJ.l.OCTli}KHa je 11 aenpacryn<i'IH3 aa CTBOPCH" 11 orpanasena yM paayuanx 6Hh.a. Crnopeaa npnpona JbYACKor YMa HCMuhHa je na OeeTI1 11 CxSaTId HeCfBOpeHY " anconyruy npnpony BOlKjy'

Ami, Bor anax anje ocrasao ~IOBeKa Y nOTnYHOM HC'.maFLY, Hero ce Ceojna OTKpHBelhCM jaeno "1i3BaH" Ce6e 11 'raxo je 6oron03HaH.C nocrano AemIMJ{l.JHO nocrynao tlOseKy.5 To Orxpaae«,e EO)Kjc 61ioa Y OKBHPY SQ)l{aHCKOr AOMocTpoja cnace-sa n OABHj;;t ce Y TpH paanauara cram!jYMa: "y Crapou (3aReTy) Orau (ce jaursa) caao xao Bor; y HOBoM (Baeery jasn-a ce) • xao Orau; a

I 811. JIOI:KU. MItCTH'IKa 'reonor-aja, TaMO. CTp. 71.

1 CR. Ai1imw.(;ujc BC!'AUkU. 0 ca60pHlot3 y ApllMllIlY H Ceneexaja, 21). PG 26. 744A.

~ i1~'~~,,~J~~(~~jJ~~H~8nd.~j~c~;~~;'}~!'~i'~~~~ l~ C~~:i>ajllo II IIc~saTJbHOO

II jt:JJ.IHlO je CXIlaTJLllBO - lberoea 6ecKpajlloCT It HeCXnaTJbIlBOCT" [Ta-nto 1l:JJIO)Keu.e Flpaeocnauae Dept! I. 4. PO 94, 8OOB).

:' 0 rpallllll<lMa dcrcnosuaua DUncnl enure II neTalbllllje xon npaeocnonunx J10rM<!1wlapa: Maxapaja, CilJTDtH .. rrpn. Creee Becesuuouuba. o. Jycnara Ilouoauba (OOO6IlTO Iloosaruxa I. t.IP. 72-83), AHAPYUOw1 It T}XMOCJlaCtl (ocoriaro jloreratuxa t.crp. 1119-1(4).

106

o lTtPUjll'lH()CiTtll U je()!IHcI7iHY 50z11 yoi/Illme (l{)fl-115)

107

CUH CC Y ,JJ.{)MOCl'POjy oaannoheiea jaursa najjacaaje xao CUH Bora If Oua; nocne nax Hseroaor uaauecen,a (jasn.a cc) Ilyx Cnera II 01-1 xao Eor".6 OSO uocreneuo 01'KpHOaH.C HMa nCAarOIDKe paanore:

Eor ce y Orapoe Sanery crxpno cavo Jl,emIMHlIHO A8 61{ uenosozsHO apen« It!3palIJhCKH aapon cauynao OA onaCHOC1'H uonrrrensva. l1naK, OH jc o6jal3H0}1 OTKPHO J13DeCHC 3HaKC Cuoje rponcmocrn. Taxo cy uarpnjapca H npopoua AeJl~iMI1'lHO U03HClnaJlH Bora y Xpacry 1'1 npe Iberonor osannobea.a.

TCK nocne oaannoheu,a XPl1CTOBOr " nocnc rICAcccTHI1u;e A_ITO jc Y U.PKIlI1 H AOJKliDJbeHO nOTIlYHO OTKpJ.iI3~lbC; Tpoja-rnor Dora, xao OTKPIfSClhC Oua, CHHa H Cuerora Ilyxa. TOKOM npevcna, MC9YTHM, uCTa~HjYAaII3Ma H MHoro6owTDa nOpOAUm1. cy paane -rpujanonouncc jcpcc». Te jCpCCH cy yrnaaaosr ~oJta3"ne OA upouncMuTHKe y Be31I ca Jla-urourhy Hcyca Xp~ICTa, It l~oaOA~mc cy Y fHfTaH)e He casso Hscroso DO)f(aHC1'nO, nero H CDaKO HC1'l-IHCKO cxuaraa.e Bora xao TpojHu,e.ltIeMu. cYMJhe Aa je Tpojaua 5Hna J1 ocrana xpcr aa JbYJl.CKY MI1CaO, U TaJ KpCT MO)KC Gunl npeuasahen casro aKO ce fuy.nCKa xracao nOTtmHH bO}KaOCKOM orxpaaeu-y H IICKYCTBY MMCTHpHonOlliKor H GorocnY>K6eHOr )l(HBOT3 Ilpxne. Cnern 0Q.11 ll,PKBC. KOjU cy AO}KUnCnH TO nct..J'CTBO l.lpxse u crora cy 6naroAahy EO>KjOM npaBHJIHO 6orocnoBcTBOOaJIH 0 OTKPHBCInCKOM TPOjHtlHOM 60f'OCJIOOJbY. 60pHm1 cy ce np~TH8 CBliX Henpnjaren.a u npOT.I1BRHKa npauocnanne nepe y TpOJHlIHor Sora. ana n.uxona 60p6a nonpaaena je pa31Hi1'Ky rpzjanonomxe 6oroCJ10IlCKe -repsoiaonoraje, xoja ce K~HallHo y 4. BeKY J.fCKpUCTanusonana Kp03 uermxe anexcannpujcxe 11 xananoxajcxe Oue 1-1 aaneuaheaa je 113 I li n BaCCJheHCKOM ca6opy. Peaym-ar TOt rpujauonoutxor 60rOCJHlB1ba Ca}KeT je Y cneuehoj xparxoj ana npauannoj qlopMynalllljll: "~(a <jlil<n~ - "PEl, bxooraceu;" = "jenaa npapona . ''PH Hnocraca" Caere TpojIH1C. Hn.: "Et, KC<'tix 'ti)v 01.)O'tCXv - 1:pf.f~ KCX'tCx. 't(x~ {moo'tCxO€.lC;" = "JeHHa je no CYUlTHHH (Bor) . Tpojaua no Hnocr"COMa".'1 OnuM KpaTKIlM ami canpxa]H..HM cpopMynaMa 1I0CranJbeH je -reMeJb npaaoCJIaBHOr Tpl-ljaAo-

61. Bp/ljcHlfje. CJ1IJBO IJ. o Ca. Tpojuun.Ilena 1.1%.

7 Cp. KO.u. fTpoPOt.:1I J.1c.1I1ja rn.li. rue ce onm ... yje IberORO U>l~(!II>C Xpl,ICTfI. Cp.).

POAf(lHW)W:. dO)'l.llllU c i1 l.:al :EUIJ.~o).lI(1i \'}EOAo)ia Tilc;'Optloool;o\,l Ko.UOA\Ki'lC;

• EKKAnOloo;. ConYII 1973,1'0"1 I, 1 H6- 1 HI). rae KpHTllkyje snnnnnc Ty~t(l'le CD.

s r8r;,~e~~!1~.CX~~~ rn~~~~~T~6j:;::)l~~,;~,~W, t~~D~IJ~;. ~·'Ct~t~~jIlLVI.

TilMO. 1."1'. 411. l'Ae rODOp" ofiorojil,[JJbclbIIMa -TCO(paIlHjaMa~)' CTtll)QM Saaery. o xpllwhnHcKoM MOIJOTeH::Ifo.lY II ~l lIouo:nl8eTlII!M 60rnjflKJhClbllMH xao TplljtmO(J):tHlijaMa (= ja01billbJlr.Ht Cu. Tpojuue).

I) lllIJUI)"P(J.4!. A mm'{I(;lIj(~h(jtil/lh, Bacenencsn caGup.'1l iK~DO IIpt:Ll(l.I.J.,e UPKIlt:.

"Bcrocncene''. 32 (1!.173), t-2, t."'p. M.

1~l 8~: ~P~;;~~~i~ ~~~~~I~~~~.T6~~~~~I·~~S1: ;6' 35. 1121 C: Beccaa 13. PG 35, K56

IJC: Bccena 23. PG 3S. 1 1-"3 D.

109

(jozT,mj111ICi (1()(1·123)

nourxor-borocnoen,a n fio)Kjoj T(ljUU AaT je Haj60Jhl1 MoryhH U3pa3 1LYHCKHM je3HKOM. OBO TpOjlf'TBO 50r0CJ10B.1hC 4. nexa npcncranIba ocuouy GOruCJtOIlJbH Ii CJ1CAelHiX CBCTHX O'J'cHJ,a na Heresy. cnc I~O IICJ1IIKUX nnaarrrajceax rconora y 14. UI!Ky, Me!)y xoje cnana H JOCJ.lCi) Bpajeuuje.

Carnacao ca COCTItM nHCMOM 12 H eel npenan.cn Llpxue 11 n.eaax CneTI1X O'raua, Bpajeunje Ol}aKO HCIiOBCHa cnojy ucpy y ClH:!TY Tpojauy: "Bepyjeero All je Jenau nor, Kojl'J jc rnopau CUaKC BHJj)bI1Se 11 He8l1fl,.f1,lfBC CYUlTI1HC Ii npHpOll.C .. , AJ111 ncpyjevo (00- ~U~OIJ-EV = MllCn:HMO, CMaTpaMO H npOCnaBJbClMO) na ouaj jcp,aH EoI' HMa ajenuora 111l0CTaCHOra Jlcroca.jcnnocyurrnora lbesty y enCMY 11 pa[JHo6o)f(HOra (t'O(h~EOV) 11 cauecnouemora ... A IIcnOBeActMO H. jeuaora ,llyxa Cuerora, KOjH .11M3 6nhe 113 jenaora Bora, If KOjU je ue-uro canpacyrau Jlorocy £O)l(j~M ... To je HaMa npm30CJlauHl_!M<J JeAaH f! Jennua DOl' Tpojaua. Orau ~f CUR H CUCTll Ilyx". b Y HillleJ\eHIf.M pellliMa H3pa3 "Jenas Ii JeIV·IHH Bor" OHHOCl1' ce ua cyurrnuy IUUl npHpDJ.lY 60)KaHCKY, a napaa "Tpojaua" 0iU-I.OCHru na _EO)KaHCKC Hnocraca. To nCTO Bpajennjc IHIM I1:JJla)KC neran.najc H U3 JlPyroM MCC1'Y: "Cuera Tpojaua. J~aK]Je. jecre Je]l.3H Ear no npHpoAH ("tfj q>UO"El =: npuponosi), Ii TO anconyruo JCAaH II R3Ha}J, (ipoja JcJU\H ...• a cua jc Tpojuua no I1JlUC1'acuMa".'4

Tajaa CueTO H HaI\OO)K3HCKC (Y7tEPt~EOU) Tpojuue, K30 !UTO CMO neh pexnn, aaucra jc HCCXIHll']J.UBa J1 ucaapettana. OBY 60)f(aHcKY ueCXBaTJLHBOCT (·1 nCnOCTH)KHBOCl' ucnosena unpasuajc II HaUl IlmsaHTHjC.KH OOrOCJIOR Bpajeaaje, uarnaurauajyha urra UHWt! na "UH jt::UU.\H aH~eJ1a ... HH'l'V[ apxanhena, sajcnno cu L\CJlo, KynHoM YMHOM npHpogoM, KaA UH ce Y jCAHO catipanu, HI! UU MOrJIH nocruhn HI-1 HajMal-bH Heo"!.'i -rajsc Cuere Tpojat . te. On. MebyrHM, CMal'pa na no'rnyno 1{'l6eraoal-bc An ce 6aollMo noauau.ew Bora jecrc neno 6c36mKHHKa, U3aTO nacrojunancnrrravy -resry je (Bor) 113peqHIJ, a Y t.le~ry oner nenapenae". Ha raj ua'uUI heMo, KaKO OH calif eenx, "OHO UI'I'O je y fbeMY HCH3peu,HIJO uonrrouara KpajFhliM hyraJ-hCM, a ouo urro je y l-beMY aspeuauo MH her.-1O CUaKaKO nacrojarx ACl TO aapeueuo (opioreov = JJ.cqJHtmwet.w)". HI .o.pynfM pe\LU.MB, Bpujeaaje HaCTojH 1(a I1CIHf1'a ne "mmJ1lIKO Komnw jc lior", jep je TO "u ]l.PCKO B ueMoryhe", Hero "OHonHKO Kom1KO CMO

12 UeJ10KyntiO y-rcue JOCII<~:J Bpejeuajn 0 OTkpl·lOCU,¥TPIHInOCTilCIiOr xpambauCKO!" Born sacnwen ce HCCy~Ut.H80 ua CBCTOMC nlln,I¥. 0 TOMe Ull).It:TII 01:0611TO Cnoeo 16. (l CR. TpOjlH~(I (Ilenn I, CTp. 2%·7),I'A~ 011 0 Cu. Tpojuuu IIaUOAIt (ipoj"t\ uectn III Orapcr II Heuer Sauc-ra.

IJ Cnoec 13. 0 Ca. TPOJ~lll.II,Acml I, C"rp. 237. 14 01011U I. o Ce. Tpojlfl~H. Ilcsn I.I.-,-p. 7.

:~ ~J~:~crP~ ~~~~p~jll~~~'~:"~.Cf· 'I'pojnua. rano, crp. 25.

o iTiJ''';II'lHm:llw 1I jcr)flH.c:ifi.ay SOltJ yO/-'mili~ (1 Ut)·115)

109

JJ.Y)KUI1 11 KuJrMKO je HelMa Jl.ocrYITHO".17 One IhcrOBO 60rOCJlUIlCKO ncno, xoje OR cav Ha'31Hla "6.v£uM:x~il EUW~£Ul" (= uCllofiO>KHa nOOmKl:IOCI'),!K cacroja ce y cnajarsy H CjC}\liK>CI-bY anoqiarnuxor uyru ueuspeuanccru li HCCXU3T}bHIlOCrH EU>Kjc ca Ka'I'aq1<-lTI{tIKI1M flYTCM EO)l{jHx orxpanea,a. TaKO OH aano-unse caoj npuCTyn Tpojl1'1Hoj 1'ajHJ.1 na anorparass .. 'H Ha'IHH: "lll'rn jc .EOI' MH ne maao. a una anje TO ::U:la~IO". Ha Taj HatTHH OR I1CTIflIC anoctJarrl1'IKO He3H(\n.c (111" O:yv(l.)(J1."o.v) 1(;10 jenauo Moryhc n03HaH)e Bora. To jeer, jt!Jl,111l0 IlI'l'O 0 Bory MOIKCMO 3HaTl1 TO je IJ.a fa He MO)f(0MO n03H.aTH. "Jep 3Hm.m)J,a (Bor) IDIje HJJ TeJTO, Hlf nyx yxnarn.nan, 1m oOJal HU oomfK, tHt"H neurro OA nocrcjcher. HI1TU IlCIlITO on uenocrojchcr: urra jc nax no npnpomr una DO CyW'1'lIHH MU nc ~H"MO ( ... ). 3~ITO je Hit cnaxn Ua~ll1H aeaspeuas II Hcn03Ha-rJbHB, 11 jenauo My je uCn-lHCKO noanan-e TO mTO cc He MO>K~ noaaarn. Jep~ ~H CC HCTIUICK1Ije 3aMliWIba H~~O IUTO CC HCKa3YJC. H IIC'l'HHCKl'lje jccrc nero JUTO ce aaunnm.a". Hecxearn.anocr IJ raxobe HenpJ{lHlCTIiOCT (-rOlxJlEi}£K"tOV) Bora He OAHocn cc caxro na CYlirrAUY 60::.Kjy, Hero If na Tpojanae Huccraca.jep cna Cuera Tpojuua, Oraun Caa U Ceeru Ilyx, jecre "Gecrcnecna, 6e'jUpCMtam (HB1J,BpeMclw), GecKonHlIHHcKa,Hcouyxnal'JbHl3a".2LIO-rYAa, CBaKR uaaan H H3pa3 KOjU ce yno'rpefin.aaa 33 Cnery Tpojauy C3t.W npH6J1li)KH? MO)Ke A1:1 Je li3p33H. CuaKO suan.e H UOJHa1-bC TC fiO)KaHCKC TilJlIe. MO}l(C CC JaMHCJlHTl1jCAHl:IO sao nosaan,e HenQ31·W'l'n.I1BoCTH BU)fqe. Y crnaPM, npauo noauan-e Bora HHjC Jlpyrn AO onarogaTHo HCKYCTIlO JJfI\lFIOr cycpera nouexouor ca D(U'OM CueTOL' Orxpauen.a. Oryna Cneroj ~1 Hancyurrucrucaoj H Hanficosaacxoj Tpojmnr y npaaocnaeucr.r AYX08HOM HCKYCTUY BehMa npunana cnaBOCJlOI31bC H nOKnon.esse, xao JI3pa3 H llJIOJ], CyCpL:T3 Ii aajcnnuuc ca rbOM y U,PK.1H1, a He 'l'OJ1l<iKO "o6jexTHIlHO nosnarse". jep Cuera Tpojmta He MO)f{C GHTH "orijexr" n03HaH.a.

3aTO HUUl fiOroCJ10B, Jocucp Bpajcaaje, (")orocnollcTllyjyhl{ y "Gorop.OIDflJTfHjKM nojMoBlIMa,,2 0 CllCTOj TpOjH1-\11, Ka.iKC: "Ma CC UOKJlal-baMO Tpojaua 1'1 nonrryjeuo Je sao ueaspcunuy, uecxnar]J.Hny, HCHCTpa)f(Jbl16Y, neooyxuarn.aay; EbCHO cje]tlflbCl--be ana pasncn.cn.c He MO>Ke cn03RaTJJ HHjCJJ.HO on nocrujebax Iiaha; Oua je ucynopenano H anconyruo li3HaA CBaKO~ YMa H PCl)H [{ nOHMal--ba:

Oua yonurre BeMa nosnuajc nnu uerauaje, Hero Mit rouopaeo 0

17 MC'I'I.l. 1.."'I'p. 4. I~ 1-1(."'1"0, C1"p. Ct. II) Hero, crp. 4-5.

~~I ~~~~: ~~~: 1} 7R;aT~~~~}n~T~~'eT~Or~·~~~~~~j~I·~·c~~;~~·r (0 CIS. Ayxy, 211

PG :\2, 1040.

110

Gol "imjUl(u (106-123)

n0311l..\lijaMa II aeraunjaaa ouora rj, (onax 6nita) WTO je nocno Ibe, }\OK 0 Iboj HHTH nOHQCJ.fMO TBPIlH.c (nosana]e) HUTH I1X Iboj OAY- 3HMaMO. Jcp j? Tpojaua li3lU1Jl ceaxe TUPAlhC lot noanuaje, H Oua je caupureu» II JCAllHCTIlCIUI Y:tPOK cuera; OHa je H H3Ha.u cnaxe ncrauajc H O.u.Y3JfM3H.a. " jeusocrauno H anconynto HUAMawyje n upeuaaanaau cue Ii CBa. 3L1TO "IaKO je Irn:mBrma 'l'ajaHCTI1t!HO (!-lU{Ttl.KWS) JCAHO 11 Tpoje, If xnarseua H oueaauaua KHO ICj\HHIH.{il 1I Tpojana. OHa mtje 1m jCHwHHlta HH rpojaua KHKIHl 611 0).( Hac liflH HCKor npyror OJ~ 6Hna Ilnna nosuara, Hero jc H3Y3CTa y nenpecrynIIOMe, TC je TaKO CBHMCl nonjenuaxo HCIl03J-laTll.H08 a Hseaa jenaaCTUCHOC!' H Hsena TPOjRlrHOCT ( •.. ),,22

CXUAHO Bpajeunjcnoa TpOjIl'lHOM 60fOCnOUJL,Y, "JeHHIU1LI,a u Tpojaua" He rpeoa I~a 6YJ\e cxaaheaa xao JCAHa H I:fCTa creap. xoja fin Jr3KO Morna UHTU cxaahcxa y CMEtCJIY iii.eiTipac)c (-rj. y CMHCJJY]1,<I nocroje TpH Jlnua Ii oaua ~bHxono jCAI'THCTBO xao HCWTO '1eiu(jp~ ilio). Her,O CUCTY TpOjHI\Y rpetia CXBa'fH'fU K30 'Jej~IfHW-lHY TpOjHny H TPOJIl'IHY JeIIHHHI1Y", xao "JclllfHR1IY TpOjH'IHyjyl1.y H TPOjHI~ jCAJlRCTBCHyjyhy" (Evae; tPI(1C!OIll11';VTj Kat Tpu'u; eVlt;OfJtVTj),OHa xao -raxua jcauao "6oroenoneKJI" (1'lEOA.O"(lKW<;) MO"'" ou'r" cxealieaa: "TO jeer OHa jc Jcunaaua npcsia apHThfCTH'-JKoj MJfCmt, xao WTO ce CBaKO OJ.{ nocrojcbnx 6"11a uasaen je)J,HO; ana no -reonoruxoa nosaaisy II cxsaran.y, DHa jc je)1;IIHC1'UeH3 l1JJ.eHTHtlHOC1' (tVUXlo. TI::m'[6TIl~) H K3 JeJJ.HOMe je (oopaJ)cuo) cjCJVlH)eu.e (aUVVEumc;) CUID:. OHJ:IX KOjl1. cy 113 lbe",24 OUO 3HatlH)J.3 CHaKO OU rpajy Jlana Cnere Tpojxnc jecre l1C'nf.H1ITH Bor, a Be neo Boxaucrua, ann Mella rpa Emf(3HCKa Jluua sajeano, nOll1TO KMajy jeHHY H lfCTY 60)J{::lJ;lCKY CYIH'J'H.Hy,jCCY jenan Bor a He TPH_2.'i

OI3J~e CC McbYTHM nOCTalUb8 mrraa,e, xoje je YOCTanOM Myt)H:rO MlIcaO HCOHX ORUX KOjH ey ocnopanann TpnjulJHOCT Bcsqy, (I TO je narax-e xoje cy nocranana H Bpajeuxjy: "Kaso TO (. .• ) uanrua're Bora jeono II i"iipoje, ami ce He )'CY~ljeTe)J,il jcaaora 1:1 "CToro Ha1Hfla'l'e jeAaH (Bor) II 'I'll" (Bora)"" 'OAroBapojylm HO

22 CrWI.lO 5,0 Co. TPOjIUVI. Ilena I, &':-H9.

23 Cnoeo J, 0 Cu. TPOjHU". -raac. crp. K - Ilo'rpeono je OURe nonceram ua 'teCTO III!C<lBJI(ilUmC reursobe ua «oje eMO IIi1HlIa:H1111! nplIIIHI(OM npeeohcn .a nojenauux apno canpacajuux <I HCTOBpeMCHO apno cynrunuux CBC'!'OOTil'!KHX AOrM:l'l"CKItX lI~prl::la, KOj!! en 11"IKOI' «n cpncsu !HI fiOibll npcm)AnoqH 01-1, Hac lllley 'I CTCm.y nn TIl'I1I0 npencny. ~'jpa:"Ev{u; rprcouuwn t..'Ui Tpt<i1; i:vl~o~tvll (kOjll CC 1I1l<t'IC cpcne 1-1 ICOn en, Cnaccna Heuer bcrocnoua ~I v uoruCJIYlKGcuHM 'Tt!KCTOBHMa muue UPKII':) IIpt:Ot:1JIt eMU xuo !U'I'O ce EllIA;. )'I'JHlBHOM no }'rncl\Y HOI crapu CJ10UCIiCKIl "PCliOA, y O"ITiOIlX)" creneaa anrnqioau.

~; ~J8;~);,~j;'UI)~lr~j~~~::~~~I~'~~\)~~~IUlhalllllloM' WiA. A. Ap2I1PIlY. EESe.

:IS (t~66·67),CTp. 1~1-1lJ2-. 26 I"ICTO. CTp. l~2-19:l,

U ilil'ojlJ"HtJI.:mU Ji jC()lIm:t7iu.v Doltl ymilllme (IOIl·I!5)

111

ODO rnrrarse, KOj(! y cetia nocpeano CClIlP)f(H on'rY)f(6y 311 TpHeTH- 3aM, BpHjCH.HjC xac Aa HaH3rnCA nonasa on aeaspeuune DO>KaACKe npapone. ,lIOK ycraapa OR nonasa OA BO:>KllHC'Ke cxcpraje, xao WTO r..ero.lO ,AaJL,e BHJ1CTH, a WTO je OC06"TO na>KHO 3H upnnocnaana upncryn -rajua Bora, HaW-Me, oua xoju Y AOfMH 0 CUI!'I'o,i TpOjHlI,H uane TPJ.1TCH'JrlM, OHM lIMe "Bor" - cxnarajy 'l'aKO xao Aa ono nspascaoa "P"P0lty EO)f(jy, MeIjY'I'HM, Boscaacxa upapona, xao ancoJI}'TIJO ueCX()a1'1LHB8 14 aenspeuana, HCMa HMCHa, naje carypao na "MC "Bor" (eeoC;) 03Ha'IaDa Boscaucxy cncprnjy (ucjcruo), xojy nonjenaaxo HMajy 11 OT3U Ii eUH Ii AYx Cuera. "Boxcancxa npupo,LICl HeMa uxreua xoje OM MI1 craopcaa JbYJ\H Mormf :ma'l'll. Jep cae IliTO ce aasnaa, Ha3H:Sa ce UJJ. crpaire uehera H 6on~era.,LIa 011 TaKO jCIlHO aanreano a npyro ce nocnyuiao onaaaano. Ko je JlaKJlC 'J'aj KO je "33Uao npnpony bO)Kjy', Crora MM, Ha3HBajyhH UMCHOM Bor CHaKO noxaocof OA EO)KanCKIfX n~H~a u oner CBe aajenno uasanajylu{ jCJ\1UIM Boron, THMe He oma-tanaac caMY npupony EO>K3Rcraa, nnnourrot, jep GHCMO 'I'HMe CMaTpaJl11 na cy TpH Bora, Hero THM "MCHOM "Bor'' Mli o6jaB.1byjeMo jenny Ii BCT), eacprajy (ncjcrno) TPHjy Jlaua, jep HMC "Bnr-" = eeOC; AOJla3u on "1'lEO:OI~al" = rncuaru cae, I:fml all. ""tEl-V" =- cnyna ce npocraparu, Hnn on "0:(- 1'lEIV" = caropenara ano, a TO AejCTBo (caeprujy) CBaKO OA Jlaua y TpOjHU,J.l nocenyje nonjensaxo J.I HCn3MCHJLHOO ea oeranUMa",Z7 Ha 'raj Ha'UlH rpojaua EO~aHCK1fX Jlnua jecre Jenau EOf a He rpn.jep je, no pe'tMM3 Bpajeuajenax, "CBC4CO 0'1'31.1, Y CSeUe]IOM CHHY 51 YTCWHTCJbY, t1 cneueo CHH nocroja y cneuenon OI~Y Ii YrcunrreJI)Y. J.t cseueo YTeWIJTeJb y caeuenov Ouy 1'1 C~tHY carnenaea ce, B jellHOM pe-tjy: caa ey (J1nua) y CURMa· OA.a f;V 01..01C; f;(}'[(V","

Tpojucao jeJl,JtHC1'BO He MO)Ke GMT51 cxuabeuo aKO He Y3MCMO y oesup 3ajeJ\HutIKY EO)KaHCKY rpoja-my eaeprujy, xoja jc aajenHHlIKlI ceojcrueaa cuaeaa rpava nIfl:(ffMa: ella -rpu Jlaua "nocenyjy BC~IHY H jennncrecny eneprajy, xoja ce uaaaaa Bar,]" TO je HMajy

27 VI Cl'O, CTp. 191·192, Onne ce Bpajenajc ocnan,n "" CR. rpuzopujrf !1UC:KOZ. 1(0jl-1 Y ceoaneny "0 60)1<:IIlC1'8Y Cnua II Ilyxa'' (PG 46, 573-576) naure: "Ma K:lIKCMO no. SO>K;lIlCtm npltpO)'l;<l liMe eoje 611 je o:ma'L3B:lIIO unn caJ,l/\ lleMa IUIIL fa MIl IICMaMU, -re aso ce II namea HeKHM (UMeIlOM). GIlIIO 110 .lbYACl(oj 1I<li111lJ.li, 61fJtO 1t:J Ceeror nItCM<1. oaaa TO (I;JHa'JaHa IICW'I'O OKO lI.e • .uOK 01"1<1 GO)KJnCKil upnpoaa ocraje IICIt~pelV.Ba It HCIICk<1;J'Ula.jcp np<:S33I1Jla)1I CO:lICO O:J11:I'lalmtbe PC'ljy IHlll rnacnn (,,,), Flpeua TOMe IlOOUO omlwnciiiflu npencmen,a lie npnpony aero (60)!(yjyhl-! cany."

U Paaronop en HCMlIl-1nt\aHHHOM, crp. ]Y2, Cp. II OIOIlO 16, 0 Ca. TpojUl~H,Jl.CJHl I, crp. 2YY. Oua] TeKCl' uaurer IlIICUri uanaxuyr je TeI\CTOM OJ. MllKCUAW I1ciitHIC()IIW((J, Fnanc 'rcunouise. II, I. PO l){J. 112SAB, Cnn-nro roucpu n C(I. rpulo(llljc Botocsae: "Kana K!l;f.:C!>t Bor-ja Rt:J1l1M Orau. 011-1, H Cue'NI Ilyx.jcp nura ce uanIbnx GO)KcUll,.."'rno pa'JJII-1B:J, A,U UeOI1CMO ynOAIlJ111 MumUTOO uorOIl<l. 111-11'11 ce nn MmbC 0$1; f-bIlX crpauuuaea. nn lit, UIICll-10 GIlIIU OC)'~~IIHIHII :.t()or 6CIlII0C1'U tiO}l(aLlCTOD .. .'· (ClIORO 45, 4 11ft eRC'I'y Ilacxy. PO ~6. 628C),

112

1I0~e]J,IraKO, it aaynex YI CRCI.l.Cny, li Y J-hHM3 neaa pa3JU1KC eueprnje". 9 Joc~cp Bpnjeuaje CDC 080 nOHaBJMl YllOPHO H l,eCTo, jcp c upaBUM cxarpa J{H caao IIPCJ{O :SO)Kali'CKC eaepreje MO)f(CMO ca car-ypuourhy All Ka)KeMQ f,l,8 jc Bor Jenaiurua Ii Tpojeua. Jep sajenHH'lKa Boacancxa cyurrana, 6c':1 3ajel~Hl1'lKe omfG1HCKC enepruje. se OH 6HJ1U JlOBOJbHa n<l 1.\OK!DKe C'rI3apHOC1' TpOjUllHOf jCJ~HHC'l'l3a. OHO nocraje jacnu aKO Y3MCMO sa npl1Mep IbYAcKa fiaha: TpI1 -ronexa KOjH HMajy jenny aery cynrrxuy UHKaKO Be Mory fiUTJ1 cxnahena KaO jcnan.jcp enRKH OJ], H>HX liMa noceriao nejcrno (CHCp.n·tjy), TaKO p,a Ka~l.1 aejcruyje jeA8H He canejcruyjy ucroepeseeno H ocruna: "jep uxo jennora OJ), uac HaKHa}l_HU 33M}fCJ1HMO, Mml noupa- 3YMenaMO na nocroju, linH fa YKI.fHCMO, THMC ce HUTJ.{ sajenao '3;1l\HIW1hajy, HHTM.' no~a3YMeBfljy sajenno nocrojchu, IDITH sajenIW YKHJ~ajy ocrann". Mehyrna, Y (JAHDCY na ellery TpOjHIlY. ynpano 300r 3ajenHJ111Ke enepruje rpujy EmKanCJ(I1X JIHl{a. "lIHM ce 3aMHCJIU: Orau, OJl.MaX cc en IbHM 3ajeABIfllKH M.HCflH 11 nOJJ.pa3YMella 11 Cl1H H Cseru Ilyx: H 'lllM 110C-fOjM Y 3ClMIlCJIH CWl, OJJ.Max l1 Orau rJOCTojI{ sajenno c lbHM, a 11 Yreurarers;» aKO ce YTel1Jl1l'C~.h YKHHe y :HIMlICJll1, OP.Mi:lX cc ea IbHM sajenno YKlIHa 1-1 Orau 11 CHH,,:,J

113 AO caua pe-renora AOJUl3HMO no xoncrarauajc na .nOC'l'OjH I1Cl'OBpeMeHo "paanaxa 11' jelQiHCTllO" (OtCtKptUU; 1«:«( EVOl<Jt<; = P33ITJiKOBUlhe H cjell~lhaBafhe):'2 Y TajHH bO)KaHCKe Tpojaue. Pa3- ruuconau,e HJut pa3J111K.a cacrojn ce y pa3JIH'llfTOM na-rauy Cr3HCreauuje • "pono<; TfJ<; U1tilPSEW<; . cuaxor'a 0)1 T]JHjy ITIfQa, a cjCJlJiJ.befbC Imnjci}ttNc!Uoo caeroja ce y Ibnxonoj jeJ~HocyU1THOC'J'11 H sajemru-rxoj HM eacpruja. Oran, Caa H Csern Ilyx nocroje KHO xoasperna pa3Jl1I'UJ'J'a JJJ.1u.a. xoja liMajy caoje pasnu-rarc HnOC1'3CHe xapax'repncraxe Ii cnojcrna • ~110MaTa. l:bHXUU<.l nax jC1~H(l· CYlUTHOCT 11 3aje)J.HlflIK3 11M BU)KaHCKa eaeprnja, xoja OTKpl10a 3ajeARJ.1QJ{J1 TpOjI1l-IHK )f(l1BOT EmKjn, oojaarsyjc na je BOJKaBCTBO cjennrseao, ~a je jenaacrneao. TaKO je TpOjl'JtIHH Bur, UCJIU. Bpajenaje, "M pa3AeJI,UB" Hepa3!\,eJbHO, ( ... ) cjeAHfheH Y pa3JlMKOOalbY, Ii paanaxosau y cje.u.HJ-beFbY".·:\

29 J. BPlIjI'IJllj(!, CnOtK) J. 0 Ca. Tpojm(ll . Ilena I, crp. 44. Ona 110:JIH~ltja npencrnrcen jCAIlY OJI OCI10nlUIX acruun Knnaaoxujcsnx Orana. TUKO na np .• ("(j. /jm:lI/lIli(~ fJ<:J1I11(1{ IW)I(C KlipaKTCpllC'rIt'1lI0: "EHCPI'lljy {nejcruo} Ot{<1 II Cnua It Ceerorn Ilyxa -rpetia na CXnaTI1MO sao jCllIIY" (nIICMO n19. (] PO 32. 69'A).

30 }1t..,'O, crp. 44, 31 HCTO, CTp. 45

.~2 CnOlW I. OCR. TpOjI1IUI,,Ilt:J!U I. crp. 13. - 00 pe~IHMa C({_ BIII:II./IIfj(l. "~ajeJVIItu.a (l\O\vrovio. = {)I'IUITOCT, OIW WTO jc lajCItIHI'IKo) 11 puanaxuuan.e (lhir.Kplc;n~'" puanuea)" y Cuero] 'I'pojuua nocroje 11t.'TOlJpeMi!IIU 1\ y:mjuMHu IICOll.1I0jllDO jenuo Oft npyrcrn, ann -rnxo 1\::1 "lHtTH palJ11IK:'! Hnocracu p.tl6l1ja jcanncruo rrpupone (Go:+:<1HCKe), !fIITH ';I<ljeJUUI'HwCT cyurrxuc paanuua oocenuocr JIII'IHUX OlWIKa (xapUlcr:I1PlO1lKU)" (Ilucuo J~.4 PG 32. 3n - 333A).

. U Hero,

113

OBO paJmlKOB1HLe }of 0130 CjC)J.IHhCtbC Y Tpojuna He .YHo~e HHKaKI3Y CJlO>KCHOCT y EO>lCrtHCKY cYUITTiuy. To Jocutp BpHJeHHJc H~ upecrajc na nO)J,B.f}'PII1, K30 uno her..m nan,c nIf}),CTH., TaKO na no H,eMY npoc'fO'.ra Boacaacxe CYWTIiHC He 'fPIlK HHKaKSY LUTeTY on. "pa3HoupCHOCTH" xoja je OKO ~be.

"Kpajn.c n HeU3peQJIBO" cjcnua.eise BO}J(aHcKIiIX Jlnua cnana y Be~IHH H HCnpl<ICTYIlHH )KHnOT CBC'I'C Tpojuue. Jbyucxa 611l1a, K30 Hii an:tJCJICKlt, uacy Y MoryhHocTI1 Aa HeI10CpCJl.flO ynoanajy AyU.HHe Tpoj11'IHor >KJmOT3. OHO nux uno 0 Bory anajy TO snajy npuuajyha, xao W'fO CMO p~K/n1, OH DO)fGUICKOr OTKpHBcH,a. ,I.1.a onCMO Mormt 6on...c ua CXllaTHMO TpojJ1lJHy TajHY Ear HaM jc "llQCTaO y~HI'l'en;' 1-1 Yl-U1 Hac "If Kp03 TBapH, 11 Kp03 pe~m, H xpos pa'3HC nojane (jaun.aa,a), 11 Kp03 uahcne, 11 Kp03 JbYAe,,:'4 KpO:3 Tlmpl1 Hac Bor ytlH aa raj Hatll1H WTO je aa Hajoo.TJ,a Ofl, Cnojnx CTIlOpCH::.a Bor C'raB140 1'pojwnm uc-rar, na UM npeKO TWX CTl10peH:.a OH~O onaxurano CXBaTal:hC Tpojn-mora Bora. Oryna, no pe-noaa BpujeHUjCJ1I1M, "najtioma OA cnnx yMHWX (AYXOBJlHX 6Hha) 11 oneT_Haj6o~ n.a OJ.( BItJllbI1l3HX, OWl cy a jenuucrueaa H nene ce HCl Tpojc,,:l:'>TaKo, Hi:1 rrpmscp, CllCT ce uojaun.yje 11 xao jC}l,IUfH1IaH H OHl!T «uo rpajaAH~aH, jep je H jenax H oner ce rtenx Hi:! He6eCKH. 3eMaJbCKH 11 nO/1.3eMUM CBCT. CYHqc HaK uena ce aa xyrny, cynnene 3p3Ke 11 CSeTJIOCTKojy npY)Ka.""'tJOBCKY, TOMe "aajnparouennjces OA (cnnx) crncpen.a", Bor je nao !''i7wy Y KOjOj ce paanuayjy TpU' cJle~~eHTa:

Y i.. noroc (eeecao) H. uyx.' TaKO ce, AUKJfC, cuaxo crnopen.e J,,"UJb8 xao ornenano oO)l(aHCTDa, a HapOQIITO Jbyp,CK8 nyura, xoja npenCTOOTh" "jacua oncjaj HaA60l1"",cKe Tpojuue ( ... ) npojasn.yjyhu y CC6~f HeJ.136pucl1oe 60)K'!_HcKe apaxe, U rauoum,e U,PTC npencraaJhajytHI osuc K80 jacm:,,:,):1

t.loucKonu 'fpHja,[J,W1H.oC1' (rpojn-mocr) llCCTO npHBJIa\lH nasca.y Bpajeuujeay.jep £10 "berOBl1M pel-IJilMa: "MH Y HaMa c<'\MJiMa, noanajesso naurer Eora":'\) Ornapaa,c xonesa "no cnaua Bccejoj", o 'ICMY he jour 611'rH PC1[H y 1I0Ce6HOM nor-nann-y, cacrojn ce "y CTBapaJ-bY nyure", a He y cnon.aWfhf;:M 8HAJhH130M mruy, U OHO

34 t1CTO, CnOBO II). 0 Cn. TI)ojULJ.n. Ilona I, CTp. 2~5, Yi 11cTO.

~~ ~~~~~: • Ilpcsena CMO OBllC rp-txu uapaa ")..o)'Oc;" ca: .~UCcW, jep caM Bpajeuuje flC.JIII A<I "noroc nyme'' lie -rpeea cxnnrwrn xao jU!'f «oja cc uarosapu . "AO)'Oo; 'r.:pOlpOPlK6-;" " ner-o KnO "cuaj pl\:JyMH!I (AO-ytO'tlK6v = P.fl3GOp.I1'LI, MllcaOHII, JJOI"II'!KIt) nco nyure. no KOjC).f ce Mil 1'1 1:m:JNllilMO" An CMU pa:Jy"ula, JIOrlf'ma 6Hhll.I1C1'O T3KO OH aenn All H3pa:J "ftVE'iil-m" = ()YX Ill' -rpefia CXB.rrJl'rI! K<lO I}f/X, Hero KiW "crannn nco nYlJ1C. Kojl111Y"03110 Mltpyje II lie pa:unm;1 ce". (Cnouo 3.

J8 ~~~,Tc~~~ci~i.~~c~: Tt~j~lu. CTp. 5H-5'I,

:w };kTO, c:rp, 47 .

)14

[IPCTlJOCTClIIJI,:tHllCnC nrro CC 110 OJlaN)Jl<ITJI nCUOJl>IIJI() y roj Clll'II~H, TO 1I01.~rojH 110 llPl1PO)~U Y Apxcruny." Hi! 1'aj HWIHII -rpocrpyco (':lIojC'l'IJO n.yucxc nyme: y1\.l ~ Mllcao - nyx, oojaluhyjl: TPOjHll1l(JCT DO)l(aHCTna. VI xao y CBt.:.'J'Oj Tpojnuu. T;UW H )' J])YJlCKoj }WIIIII MU)KChIO rOHOjHl.'rH 0 jt!'~HHCTIJCIIOi'oI II TPOjHTIHOM Y I Loj, jcp II Y )lYIlIII '·CI~.t,;..W':JJ() je CnClKQ y CUCUeJIIIM )lPY~I1Ma., 11 cuu cy CIH!~C!l() y (J\i.IKOMC. Flpexta yucu.y .loeurInl BPI1JCHllJCl. uno IJ.lTO JC "no CJll-llllf Boacjoj' TpocrpyKo Y nyuiu CaCT(\H/hL:1I0 jc uti. ywa. ,\tl·1CJ1H ];I Ityxa. a HI.:! OJl. paayxrnor-. non.ncr H occfvajnor HCJW, [ep ono IIO<.:J1CIln,c TpOjC C(I'llllhcllHI. "m:pa3YMltHjll (IHt>Kli) I~CO 'Jlymc" ~[ crora "HliCY cnnxa Tpojnnc «oja jc IHtjficcl'pacllHja 11 InIlH!.l CUaKOI' occTpawba",42

Ouaj csojcupcun UCUXO.TlOWKII ~[C1'0A, KOjU Bpajcuujc oune IIPUl\.ICthY.ic pa,UHJ1pIIOHlI'f'lIlljcr npeitcruun.au.a rajue CIIC1'C Tpnjune, HIIMaJIO lie y~mH,yjc IlpH~lap!-l1l 'Jlla'mj Eo~allcKor OTKpIIUC' u,a. Jcp. H nopcn ceux CJIIIK()1l11'I'HX H306paiKCH~fI J1 ynopebcn.a. -rujna Cncre Tpojnuc unu« ocrajc ILO CYIIJTJlHli uenosuajnu H IICH'JpC~I-IBa, OUHM 1I30GpaA<al3an.e~'1 I( ynopcljHo.afhCM Jucmp xohe na IIOKi'DKe, c jenae crpanc, upojauy 3ajC)l.HU'lKOr -rpojunnor- nejcma y -roneky, II, c npyr-c crpane, ).(a I!OK(t)l(C 'I'Pllji.1AII'TTle C(lC'faUHC C1J(~t.ll!HTe 'lOllCK<I KOjC jc 'ilI0CK JlOGllo 110 OJIarOJV1TB Y MOMcH'ry cruapau.a "110 CJlHll,H EOlKjoj'": "oO)K,nrCKOM Gn~roHahy 'IOBCK je KilO CHoj apxcnm J10UHU f-JajBIIJJ[Y TPOjHlly",4,l YiJl<lK. bU)KitllCKIt

--Ill Ith.."o, . HPlljl'Hl1je najc cncnchc 'I'Y.\I<l'ICILe IIJpa'j~ "upxemu" II "CJlIIIGI": ",1pxdfiwl jc rlO'leTIHI npurnum (<<1>%11 = IJa'leJIIl)II n6p:n.:u-, KOjll IIOCTojll .a i)1!:lj !lUll (tllOPMY) twjll .:aM KllpI1K't'cPIlIIIt: II «au y'JPOK un 0110 nUJHI'ljc «oje he ra Y":lllljllTtf 11;;1 My I.:nu'!lt A emlK:l (cl1((;;'v) jc ym),'1ll(iJbCIM~ npxc'rnny. KOjH Y I.:~rlll CJt!PlIIClWhy oncnnsaun caM nnn (U'JrJCl'll) ,1I1\U'i, 'lei'" jc UI!;I cnusa. p:n,:wKyjyhll CC (on ",cra) JCAHIIO p!l'JJIII'UI'I'lI~1 9'IU1'IHIOM enoj..: f\IWt\!pltjl· ... (1tkm)

41 "kl'tl,CI'P, 47, J2 Hero. ctp. SU,

43 C'Jll'Utl:\. u CII, TpOjIlUII, 'm~IO.(,.''P. 51.· nCJlXUJlO!JIlOI MC"'JdL)1.'1I111;) Bpnjennju nonccha Jill IICHXOJl01JlKY rpajanoncrujy G.'ll/,I#r('/wi ;\(ll),nTiIIHl', KOjV unaj pa'Jullj;1 Y CIUlt.! neny Uc Trinil:IIC, XI. 26, PL .(2. 962, 9f15 II ')tG, Cpo '11. II. "lill'.U{j(',Atlt", 6oY;lurll,,'1 TI~t;'Opl)OOO~UU K(l.tloAtI .. ).;'E .. :xi..l1rn'I't~ ATlIII;1 1959, T(j~1 1. CTp. 2~4, Y11HIK '1')1c6<1 JlL!hll na je ynnTpc6;1 IIt:HXIIJIOIUKIiJo. 'rp"j",'lil 1(1),[ 1I~IUl'r uncua t'itl'UIIM J1PYt<ltlllj:\, HCI't' kVJ.t Aurycmnn, K]xn 'l'puja:III'1I11! IICllXtl'lKl1 t:IICT AnrycntJI 11'lcrujll na IIOK;t:+::C nempcuuuu YllYl'alHpojll'llUl UllHOC bOiK<.lUCkJl,'" Jluun, Il '!'aKO l1)1UlI n,~Do~clI )' '1IIIJlllm.:UC,1l0K Bpnjerrajc. cxunvejyhu nOTIIYHo UII'nt}' pil3JlIlIC)' lI:mcQY Ilunl II crnopeuux 611h;.!, ynrrrpcfuuaun m~IIX('JlUIIII(C 'I'ImjaJtl! caac KilO YKU:Jill"';1 II }~llJ1L!KJ1C npojaue HC~I:JpellFHlC 'tujne (,[JCTe Tpcjnue. KPII'I'IIKY ncnxonourxnx 1"puj<1Jt;t Anrycruuounx nnucru KO.tl, Il. nOt'lwi'. MIICTJI'IK:l -rconcmjn. CT)), I.' 1-2, II tlJ~ m:iiiof, A I'im:lgi,: d;l]a rcsscmhlunce. J\tfl', JIC.'W, CTP, X2-Kl, Taxobc l(OJ! ca. liwllfAllt'. 'II (ii'r~:m~ .on Hlioque. TOM 1. Al"IlIIlI IlJ72, crp. 45·51. . HOIICIW"; cnn-ure rpnjune YIHlTpc6.fJ.>:lna H nt. lill/il/pII/I' {JUAO.lU/ (Fnnue JlpItPU:IIIC, 'I'COJIVlltKC, .. 34·-40, "q-unoxanujn". IV, 144·14H). l!J11l 1111. IW.W'J'D nnnmn (Ill

MIIIII/p.rl/jll Olj" I\I/fllI.mop Ujf'OW111WW /'IIIfJl."tTim;1I (115·123)

115

ApXCTl111 ocrnjc "u-suau CU;:IKC. PC'1H II yxra", II jCAI1HU "llpHHftHIIOM crnapun.a". -rj, 3ajcHlul~IKUM Tpojlll~llHM ACjCTllUM (eucprujosr). MO)KC If()IJCKY 6UTU npuc'ryrtauan. Cxonno -rosrc, nO~AHl-M! Gll>t01HCKC TpOjIJI\C anje Ht:KO pauyxecxn. HHCKyp:.tIlH!1O 311i.lT-hC, uero je yucx O'l'Kl""'II1ClhC Boxcje 'IOBCKY. xoje CC J<.pO:J ofiacjaH,c Cacror-a AYX(l naje Ii OHO nOCC)J(C ")~O JhYJIU KOjH 11MHjy OtlIftUi1.CIH.t CPIV',,:15 Y TUM uorrrcny Bpnjenuje jc ncpuu y"teHHK HCT()tIHl1.X OTHua Llpxnu. KOjU. 1IKO cy ce H cnY}f(I1JUl 1I0jCA1HIHJl.f C.nJ.1Ki.lMH H Yllupdjl:.H.IIM3 no OH HOllCKJlO npenc'rauanu yM)' JI..YJlCKOM Hal~Y"llIy rajuy CB('~Te Tpojuuc. IIHaK CC HIIKc)nH Hiley Y TOMe WHI.Tl,[iB:lJIH on OCHOBIiC ltC't'NRC rrpauocnauuor rpojn-mor- G(H'OCJIOIUT,a: Hi" je ruj: .. t CnCTC Tpojanc t'h\JJa H ()CTaJli.I Hap _6U)KjH lIOIWKY H tI013C'I<lIlCl'SY· rj. Hap £>O)lWHCKOr OTKPHBClI,fl, ,I lie flJIOA 'IO[)CKOliUr yMc\' II 3UTO ce cavo It:3 OTKfJllt3C1J.,(I OHa 11031Htj~ H cxna-ru.

lth cuera HU cunu pcucuora I3I1)tl1~IO Ita uaui MYAPII I1JnaHT11j~ CKI'I norocnon y CHUM.C TPOjH'IlH,lJ-l ()orOC110UJhY YCIlCUHlO 1(ajt.! lIOTuyny C1JHKY 1·1 ITtpoj!/'IIW('lTill fiO)Kjc H jcow/titi.(if/ 6o)l(jcr, urro npencraen,a ueouxonan npenycnon Ja J~UJlte asnarau.e 11 puauujuII.e Y'IClha o TpOjIJ11IIOj TajHFl xpumhaucxnr bora,

ti) Monapxnja OU,~1 J\~W JlJUOp II jCAIIIIC'l'D{) (..{_nOCT:lCIl

K<lO uno CM() uch rCKJIH, jCJlIHlCTBO BO>lWHCKliX lduoc-rucu )' Cucroj TpOjHIHI TCMC:Jbl1 cc HCl '.mjt:/lIH1'IKoj CYlriTHHIt Boacancxoj 11 'jajCJtllHllKItM DoaWHCKI.f;\'1 eneprnjaaa. Ami jon: IIHIIIC OA -ror-a. rp-ncn OI~1I [1(;; npccrujy na TIJPIlC na I1jJlIIlI1l111 'l'pojll'1IlorjcIlJlHc'J'IIH jecrc. npc cneru. Huocrac Bora Oua. Cil~·1C1 PC'f "Tpojaua" IIOKasyjc Ilpe cncra rpoju-mocr. u ouna H je:\11HCTU() (J>.'laJl<J jc OHllano W.I oua oYJ\c, unpauno afior- norpeuruor cxun-nm,a, H Y3POK P,l'3HUX o)J.cTyil<llLii 01\ xpJ.1U1haHCKur MOHoreu3Ma), I!13pa:i, JlNK, KOjH najrlon,c H3PU:'K:IIW 60>KaHCKO jCHlUlCTIJO jCCTC MCHWfJXlfjl1 0,(0, 1'IIM Inpa:JoM "xrouapxujn" Bora Oua uorOCnOI3CKa KIIlU::KCIlHOCT na McrOKY xohc :Fl J1CTtlKHC Dora Oua xao jeuuun 113(WP cnllyfl) u fUll/elI(} (APXr1 ~ Ilpaaunn) CT" .. sucrennnje CHHa II Ayxa. H ItCTOU-

PCMCHO WI H<lrm1CU na je Orau I:hHXOBO jCHI1HCTIlO, .

V1cn)\lHo TPOjll'lHO 60rOCJIOt3ILC, YTt;Ml!J1.eHO na OHOJ1HJCKOOTallKOM npenan-y- sao Halle.TlO H upuauun YiIH)CTilCIf c-runn,a ynpauo JtIIlOC'fac Ou.a, a He 3ajCJlHI1'IKY EmKaUCKY CyWTIlHy, ORaj CT<ln

lIe..:xnaTJJ,HIH'~TlI liO}f(tlIlC"C.C.Yltl'l'IIW! tI·n·MI.'J1.,11 ce 11:: 1);L~IIIK~)lllItl>y CyW'fIIllC It cueprujc y Brn-y, :IOJl:WI/-I11 Q1t:tJIUlltpyra'tujllx 'J,iKJb)"I:IK:l nero Anl·YC1·11I1. B/I)~lI (1'J'\'~IC II A pf/()orJIII!. To Moornprov l~.:;<A yilf.(;Tp'r·I,;S~,." mrr. :ICJItI,CTP, 45·5K

.f.! )01,://(/' iJPCtf"/lIIjl', Cnuuo J, II en. rJ1l1jlll1l1, r-rp. '-1(,), -I:; "k"l'\l,C'lp,51.

IlG

Gal T,JtJjlll(ff (1116-123)

cy OCUUUTO ucraxna H yrapnann Kam.lf{OKl1jCIG1 OUF! Yllo.lje"beM U3pa3r1 "cdt(a" = _JJpOK, r Cueroj Tpojl1L1,U, KOjH ce OI\HOCIi lICKIbY'lfiBO aa Dna. O'~·aD.Je Y3POK n uancno .omK<1HCTSa KOjC je y Cauy 11 CUt'TOM ,Uyxy.47 Monapxaja OU,a npcncraun,a TaKO 1-1: uajKHpHKTepltCTI1\IHW.j~f H3pa3 xpnrubauckor M{)HOTQ;U1M(t. jep, KCHW UeJHI cu. B .. icanaje Benuxn: "JeAHII.ic Bor.jep je Ou u OTiltC.4~ 3a H)I:iM B en, Fpuropaje DorOCJIOH Kl;DKe: "Ilpupouajc TpojJHI.HjcJ~Ha - Bar, a cjcmncen,e JC Orarr, H3 Kojer-a cy Ii Krl KUMe cc Ol1,HOCe ocrana (ABojHl(a).,,4

alia xpnuibaacxa sepa y }.,'loHapxujy Bora Oua, In Ken-a ce pal)El CI-H-I H l{CXOnH CncTH Ilyx, onynex jc nepouaxa, HcnOlWAHHa H HO)f(lmn.amma na HCTm,:y. I::bCH ana-raj sa Yl/Cl-bC 11 )1(11130'1' Llpxue Y'fOJlJ1KO je AYUJhe nOllMali yxonuxo je 8oJ)eH3 aeha 6op6a 33 H:.CHY 0l16paHY O,~ pa3Jll1"'I'HTHxjCpCCI1, 511 Ona (JCHOIJHa HC'I1tHa rtpauocnau- 1I0~ oorOCJIOUJba caerxx Oraua 3aY3f1l\'la Y Y·ICH..Y JOCHq,a BpujeHIiJ" 'I'aKO Ba)f(HO MeC'rD na npencrasn,a K.Jbytl aa u.erony upaaocnasny iiiptljaoollolujy, OCHOHHU HCTHHa MCT01Ine TeOnOl'Hje: na cy y CIlCTOj Tpojuua I1nocracH Ha aexa na'l.IHH (JOCMa'l'paHC upe ~ajeHHl1llKe CYWTHue, KaKO cy TO narnaurananu uch ueJIHKH KanaAoKHjcKI1. O~H, 'ra J.ICTHHa aa Bpajennja "PC,itCT<'\oJbU nonasny '.I':ilIKY y nacrojan.yna nosraacc najenauona-ranaje (J..l0vupx(a) Ona JeCTC npxxrapn« Y3POK If H300P 60:.J.atHC'l'B3, DO)({aHCKa cyruraaa, xao "IIClTITO 3ajC.D,HRtIKO" CIlIi.X -rpajy Hnocracn, Ul1je Moryhe 11a GYRe H IbJ.1XOIl Y3POK, BO:.KanCKC MnOCTitCl-I CHH<l H Ilyxa HHCY ti.3 SmKHHcKC cyWTl1He Hero 113 Huocracu Bora 04" Hnocrac Bora Ol~a HHje lin "3 Kora, IiU H3 qcra, UH R3 EO)KaIlCK~ cynJ'fHHC, "HH

46 B It/ILL 1, M(!yeJldm:D: La proccsslondu Suint . Esprit chcr les Peres Orientaux. »Russit: clI.:hrelicllletc, ~-4 (1950).167,

1~ ~~;,t;(:~j;)2~~~/;:3('3t)~(:~'J~~lj, CJTOllO ~2, 5, PG 36, 160AB,

49 C.JIOliO 42,15 PC 36. 476B. Cpo J. MeYf!.llllmj(, nnr. neno.crp. In7: cpo U() IIUU01, Iniriution :1101 loolHgic Byz.:LIltjn, .. -Puns 1975,24.1 .

• ~O Jenau onuajxapaarepncra-mojnx upaerepa iCI.:TCI.·( •. r1muplljflp.r rt)o{jjllje, KOjlt 'i cuoae 1\I!JI'j "MUC1'arOf'Hjn (\ Cu. J]..yxy" (PG 102, 279,.1(0) IWllleB CBe uenpaxaa'rrsnne nocnennue KOjc ce, YCJJcJJ, nnruucxor norpeurnor- y'l.l:a.a 0 q)IIJI':OKHI:. cynporcraroeajy nOI'M:ITII'IKoj 1!t..'TltIIH 0 Mllllapxlljll Ilonl Oua. 0 TOMe. nil we. y CBOjOj C"T)'1U1jll 0 'l)OTIIJY. lJ. })'lI/fIll.· cncncbc: "no Y'leH.Y tl)OTIIJCUO~I, .u,OnUB;1.ILCM If>IfJUIOKBC 'i OCHOIJII CC nenocpcnuo It nnpee'rno IltlllpC.J)yjC cnupureucrno {)'ICIIQ II eaupureuc In Hscra tlc..XOI)I:H.C CUt:1"llraAyxn, a 1I0CPCAIltl • jenuc Wt·ICJ.O !:io:.K:IHCTBa xao II jen,ul reHCCIlYJlI1l'IKIt )':!}>OK 111IOC1'aCUIlX ccojcrana. Hcnocpeana HOCJtC,qIU.(<J 'rora jccrc yxunau.ejenancrna v Cne-roj TP('ljllllH H nan-e. IIpHXBaTllbe~1 nuapxujc. nOCTenC1IJ1 noepa'rax lUI il'l1ImCKIl nomrrcuaesr' (9wAO")'\'U ,,(11 OIU"ltpO<1OY1tu;a\ OX(O\:U; "o.le1. 1"OV . \1iyuv (jlomov, Ccnyn 1974, C1"P, 2(1-27), Cp. TaKoi}e G. Putacsi, Byzunce et I'cglisc univcrscllc. lc Mcssl.Igcr Onbodoxc. 7J (1976). 6·12, rne cc roaopu CI KOHCeKCI!IU{:lM:l aa :+:ItUOT u.plmc }' l'II)"lfIjy )CalM CC IIOf-PClIlilO cxuara M[lH~tpxll.ia Gum Oua.

MOHllf1:Wjll U/(I/ I\fIO ftJfW]J Ifjt'rlftHciiirw l1i;oa7irlul (115-123)

117

11::1 Cetie" (K8KO BeJU1 CU, Fpuropujc Borocnou)," Hero je OTtI£{ UJ~yUCK Boxcancxa, 6e3Y3pOtm8 .1 uaayspo-rua, casroceojaa Vloo· crac, H o)~yncK je Orau, OAY13eK Y3pOK H Hnueno H Yf.3BOp HnoCTi.tCl1 Cnna n 'u'yxa,

Cue OUO, aapanuo, HC 3H<i\l}j J~a CC aernpa 1'1 YKHJJ.Cl paUH03- Haem.OCT H pauno-racruocr H o60C'rpaHO Ge:.!YCJJOOIHt HCOllXO.D,IiOC1' II SmKi.lHCKC npnpone 1'1" DmKi:lHCKliX Jlaua y Cneroj TpOjUUH, jep ce Hli JhlU;a He t.olOry 3aMHCJllfTI1 Ge3 CYWTJ.iHe, MinH CYUITHHtI fiC3 J1HQ3, Hero nocroje }f anCOJlYTHO cjell.lfH,enn Ii anconyrao pa:3J1I1- KOTHIHU, Bpajenujc nauie: "HHTH je npupona Y3POK Jlaua.jep HJo\je uperxouna tbHMa, Hf.iTU cy DaKnUQa Y3POKOM usura OA n.e.jcp I-u<lje (JI1JIn epesseaa xana je JeAHHI1~a (r]. npnpona) 6uJla 6e3 Tpojuuc (rj. 6e~ Jlnua), ~iJm Tpojnua 6e3 Jenauaae, 11.a 6R ce (T3KO). fil1JIO cueucno GUJlU /lCnUMWIHO, noxasana Y3POKOM HJlH Jeuanaua Tpojune una Tpojuua Jcnuunue.' .. sz AKO 611 Y Cueroj TPOjHU,J.I, uena Ilan~e Jocadi, Oran J1MaO CBOjy cortcrncay Hnocrac xao "OC3Y3· PO'IHJl Y3POK" Cnoj, a Cua H Ilyx 6« HM8m1 Ii Ona xao "npoyspoxouaan Y3POK" H CYlUTU.Hy Oua K80 "ficayapo-rau Y3POK" Cucj. ouna je osurnenxo ga 6u ro osuauauano jeuao uevoryhe crarse y:mjaMHorcClnpoY3poKonalha II caeroyapoxonau.a.jcp: "HnH fill C[3a Jluna Cnere Tpojnue 611JIa Y3POK jenuo ,lJ.pyro~1e, IHlll C<'MO cc61,r",5J Ilpeva TOMe, jenano je Hnocrac Bora Oua jCJ.l.IfRH oe3y3pollHH Y::IPOK CIlH.U II JJ.yxa Cnerora. 3a1'o ce nOHCKan Occna Hnocrac Hct110,u11 KClO "l\-iOHac" (MoHaJ~a, jeAHIIMQa). WTO Tpeoa CX.Il3THTH Y CMHcny n.a TO O'JH"p.(aBa OlIeBY .UOHflPXlIjy, «a KOjOj ce "'~l1jaAa" oeranax nuejy MnOCn\CH, rj, CHua 11 Ilyxa, OAHOCH KBO npesia CUOMe y3pOKY: "jep 011 jCAHe Mouane, TO jeer Oua, oaa (01)&OU )106Hja on.he ceoje.jep CUC nrro "tMa CHH u Ilyx, fi casro fiHne, aaajy on Oua, a He OIJ. uerne APyrAc".54

Carnacao 11.0 cana pe11";HOMe Jocmp Bpajeazje cxuara uryMH'I.{H H noaaa're peua ce. rpnropHja Sorocnoue: "MOHaA3 xpel1ySlUU on nOlleT~a y J.l.11iaAy",~5 u: "OOliTO ce Mouaaa uoxpcnyna n npeuaamuna AU]aAY", OH ax cxuara y CMI1Cny l-'a re PCqH ronope "jC/.lUHO 0 Oueuoj l1uoCTacu", a ue vo 3ajeTJ.HI1'IKOj CYlUTI1HJ.i Tpojnue .. ,57 ,l1;aJl>C OIl H3HOCH ACTalbHHje TyMalle~e noverryror MeCTa CO, I'paropaja Borocnoea, KOjC xrccro MU oene HaDOAHMO y ueJ1J1Hli:

51 Cp.CsIOD020, i,PC 1073 S.

~~ g:~~~ ~,l ~oC<:TT~j~~~~!:t~~~~~~;ri.3HY,

~4 C/loBo21.oCD, tpojWu,lf.nIMO,CTp,J!{9, 55 C.JIOJiO 2':1 (TeOJlOWKO 111), 3. PO·36. 77 A .

:'i6 01O1l0 23, So PG ;\5, 1160C. - Y OGH UI~a aaacnena ).1Ct.."'~ III (;J), Fpuropu]a Bcrocnoaa ocmeunn CMCl nenpeneneue 11:Jp;J,ICMOfU/f)(f (= jenarueua) It ,)ujCIIlll

57 ~)I~~~f.~Ot~~~:;~~!~Il' raao. crp. 11.

118

"110llJ'l'O cc Monnna, BCJlH cu. Fpnr-opnje. noxpcnyna 3601' fJOni'f~ crna..u UpCl3a3JIlI,IJIli J~HjaHY' jep jc (Bor) 1I3HH/l M<l-rCPHjC If CI)OpMe 111::$ KojHX ce cacrojc -rcnn - orpaua-rann CC (Opwl)E(crrv; = OnpCIU-lna cc, J~~§~IIHH~;;lJlU. ee. onpenennna ce) ~pOjH.I~OM 3001' cnnpureucrna .- BpHJCIIH.lC-J)() TYMa'ICILC HOK,nYJe H,t JI:! 'ry pet] 0 HnO(.':T'ICll Gora, Oua y l'h~~H)'M llOKPCTY Ka r09CH~y C11fJC1 11 nponcxobeu.y (lIPOJlH~J'lpaH~Y) Cue'ror-a Ilyxa. 'HIMC C('! IJClly~l>;'IBU N aaupruaua TpOjU'IHO 13mKHHcTuO. Onaj noxpcr O']CH<': [1(1l0CraClI npenaauna':II! If H(lAMalna ej.HJ3H'IKH ':iaKOH, H TaKO ce Bor yrpojnuyje (tpiooeeeroi) IHlKO UPCTXOHHO [{CI\1i.l H"':(JI{XOJ.I,HOCTH HLl CC Y}lllOjJ" (S\)(~ami).()tJ Bpujcnuje IIHlllC: "Tuxo cc finrOCJlOBC'J'Byjc MOllilJHI ('J1· Orau), Y~pOK MO!Hllla (-rj. Cana H Ilyxa) ripe YJll1ajaJh<l yrpoja-ryjc ce (rptoououevn). H Tpojuua IIpCJlyXJ11'pyje )lHjaflY; u arior-rora M(H-HlJ~a O,ll nOtiCTI«I. 1'0 jeer J(!'~Hml Ilpoamona'rcn, (Ftpor30A£Ur.;),llOKpeHYUIlJH CC na pO~~H)e Jt:)~IIHOrOnHor ClIHCl I'J UPUjHtmpmt,e [npouaaobeu,c) EO:iKllliCKOra JJ,YXH, JaYCTClBHO je (EO"tllO£ = llOCTaBl-IO jc) 611nc 13mKHHCTII<l!.l,O Tpnjaj.{e DlIlJ,(t.,·61

:O;l'l OHlIW2J. S. PG J5. J 1 (,OC. -).1ouap It ucpau npcuon oecra ~ICt!T,1 ell. Fpur'upuja Borccnoea, xuo yOCT:'J1Q~1 11 IIIKTX{)IlUU lI,mC:lt!I!IIX II 6pojlll!X ttpyrux, npcncrnen,a IICJI1H(lt IlpuGJICl\1. MJ.I croo ce Bpll npceohcn.y onora MCL":l I<OPIIC'J"IIJIIIII J!pf::IWJl')~1 ii, JYI.-"1'lua OOIIOllllhil.)LorMa1"HI<<I J, c"p. 162.

5Y npI..!HOIII!M(1 rp'IKII mp,n 1!PU~Ohl1 (on L1[f1J"t)jJ;j lrpofhiJ .. AW) 1;<\: fipouc:wbt:1M. 1!J1I!, KaO tMIJIU Ha~t:. Col fipfJl!3MVljt';-/>('. McbYTlL~I. 1II1jCJI<l1I on TIIX urpaaa uuje lJU /JCpall l'p'l!<ml nojuy, 11111'11 i1<1K cpncxu cnroeapa uncae IUTII ce cscnu pC!'.II. (.k]) fiIJOIICl:fJ/;{,H,t:. I"P'II\I1: fKn6rCU<.TI:;. O:Hl:l'I:UJ;J 1II:.0PC.'I:OII)' P<lWJ.Y TC cc I.TOr" Ka*c un Jlyx Cm::;"'Jo1 (IPUJICXOI~11 In Ouu. 11 nc A;) Orau I~,c.ra nponuxona. Yh.~I'n TflKU 1I1pn if/WUJ!i(l9VH,(·. rp'IKIC 1\"apaywyt·,. "flU: ;rpOC.l)'{o)'ll, 01'1"(\ LUI jcrolO nc 311;)'111 npopo;L..ll, uu-rcpcbeu jc l'Py6l1M c:lIlP;t.;ajcM TC PC'll! KOjUlIIIWC. yxnuyje na cnon.aum,e np01IJIJol)ClhC. cnon.amu,n npOHJUOA. -rj. JiCJIII lI!!'lI1jC. Il[;:'llljYTBOPCBHUY. npOllYKT. CTOrOl Gil ~m>K.l..la lIaj(in;br.! (i11J1U IIPt~D01U1'I11I1"~p:l1 itpO~OAil ca: fi.pojlfl(UIWJ/,{!. KlIl.:o CMO «nne JlH~:{": II IIpeI!CJIII. jep Gil C(; TIIM": yxaaunano Hi! TO Ail Orau. an pa:ulIIKY UR/JlIljf1lbll CHII<l. 17ffojm(UIUI Cn. Ilvxn, "all Hserou rJplJl!oAtuc_; = IIPUjCKTtlP (rIPOII·j\lO}tl<!TCII.). AmI, OOJl .. 1I (1I~ "11<.11:: uoaunuauuu jC'JIIKa ucpceuruo nc ucc'nrrn .'1<1 Hit Til nnjc 'JilAUBt)llo:ll.!<ljylie. - Crap)! cnOUCIiCKIl IlPCIlOHHOl1.11 apcaonunn cy Ilpo[io;l,:u<; II 1tpo~oAil ca: ··nI1C,IlJlU>KltTtJL" nvnpennccecuuc" ,111TO jc oner ucyumue !IUC)IQJJIIO. a T(lJlJJKlI

blJ k~~~~ ~~ji~J:I~~I~ I :~a ~:~~ ,~f~~~!~~k~ ltJlpc;~I:I~~Mrr.~:I~:~ ~%I~:,I;~~III~~~:: ~ or II a cprtcxn

[ems. Haaepuo CMO J1"jOer/H! na yn(lT~'le6H"IO rupaac "},IlBHCl'PY'lIl"l"It" $I ··YTPOI.-'1'P}"II11"lI". jep Oil ... IIlICY 1111 UCplll1 [Ill ntlrO)~IIIL r;OIbJl cy "~pa~u: .w)rwjllilillllyiiipojrli!ilf.

61 C!Wl:lo21. 0 Cu. Tpojauu. ,UeJt:ll. crp. 38~. _ H nopeu IICC)''''Ublllt{) upaeunuor-u IIp.uUOCJI'lflJlOI' oaor TYMJ'ICll>U Bpujeunjeuor- 11:1 rupu-e rouucu 11 nyno "nnopnja' MC<''Tll CII. Fpnropuja E(\l"t)~JIOIl<1. '1111111 tJ;IM CCH'\j~ (jO.l1.>C T},Wl'l(!I!.>C rur llt-i'OJ' Fpuropujcuor- -rcxcm rtuo (;(1, MII"(;UM J1criu!J('()H/IIC, V CDOMe 1"10111;11'(1'" /lCJIY "0 pfl::lI!I).l ;JJI(lplljaM<J xort Fpuropnjn bcrocnoua II ,U1;OIIIICl1ja Apconarura" (PG Ill. 1O.:t6C): E( 5£ KlV11mv l:I.Ko(,au; i;l'((iJJ.j(:tOt;~ n:iiJ.; Um::pUn-I::IPOC_; XlVl;f1"UI iJE01"T1l;. ~PW\', OUK £'~(VI1S. 1"0 ru't\}lI~ ... ~ i-1naK. (Inn 'ryMH'leILC DPHjCH~ljCJ"lt1 JlOr;llja nQCCOllO :!11:t'IClbC TltMe urn) ouo IICXll'Y'lyje II

119

113 TYMH·ICH.a rOpIJ.Cl' HCCTa CFlC'1'or I'pnropnja, Bpnjeaujc :'HlIOT~Y'lyje na Y CI!CTOj TPOj}IIIH He MO)J{e OHTII rouopa 0 TOMe An Co; Hna JIIllJ,a nojaun.yjy JGiO y::IpOK jeuaoru (xao IIITO jc TO CJ1Yl[aj ell JJaTHfiCK.l1M Y'JeI!.er..·1 o ti>I'lnllOKBC, o ~ICr.ly he OHTII peua xacnajc). Hero. nanporne.jeuno Hje1.I.JIIlC'"('BCH() JTlIllC jann,a ce Ka(J Ha~ICJ1U f.I yapox nuojauc OCT~J(l'IX "Hncy nnu (IT HllO) yapox jennoru. nero jc jcnuo (Jluuc) yspox (OCI'IIJIH) }~IJa."fl1 )J:n 011 !lCHW3i10 ]-I l.l,OKH3110 uaacnoc-r "",WU<lnC",TO jeer M()Hapxl-ljc Sora 01\<1, Bpajcaajc 11'3HO~ cn OOUKUY fiorOCJlOOCKY apryweurnunjy: Axo CC lie GH nOKI)(~HyJla Monana Y HHjaJ(Y, TO jCCT OTtlU, xao HtI'[CJlQ H yapo«. IIUKpeHYO CC ua paljCllLC CUBa H ucxobctsc (npomuobcn,e) Ilyxa, Hero Olo'J CC pel!.lu,m HlJKPCHYJICI J.l,l'ljaJlfl Y rpnjany, TO jeer Cnn lot Ilyx xa Ouy, 1'1)111 OTC\I\ 1I CIIH «a IIPOH3BOIjCft..y Ilyxa (KaKO je TO y cnysrujy (l)UJH:IO~lle). -ranu "1111 TpOjH~R He ca~1l) IlITO co lie 6.1 upe nuojen.a YTpojl-fl[~11lana, Hero Gi"I, CHCBJlM cynporuo, npe yrpoja-ren,a Yll.B<ljnnn cc; HHTH Ull -raao jcnruio MOlW,!J"j 6nna YJpOKOM (apyrnx) ~IOWIJla., Hero 611 cnaxaxo nnjann fil1na yupos jeuuc MOHH1\C; IH-ITI,l fH1 caao llpcMaJcAHoMC 61-1,10 crpesct.eise (aUVVEUffi<;) OHHX Kojn cy _l.l"1 u.crn. TO jeer ClHHI H Ilyxa K<l OIJ,y. Hero Ott (lHJIO U jCJ~Hor'l xu jCAHoMe, TO jeer CJII~<l IlPrf·,a Ony, 11 one"!' jeiurora KU nuojuuu. rojecrIlyxu xa Ouy J.I CUJlY"_ 1. CI3COH {)lUI [[O](<l3UBHJ10IHlyCm.!'l'oj Tpojnnn nexra jenuncrna II .it!}1,I1HOHa1.r~uU1ja, jennonpuunaneoc-ru - MOl-HlPXHjC. 1'1; xpmuhaucxa nor He 51! (ino IICTORpCl'deHO H nonienBelKO 11 Tpojaua Ii jcnau Bur. TaKIHI cY. ),\<-IKJTt!, BCDKHOCT 11 sua-raj Kojll CC Y JlpaUQCnaBHOl'I'[ 6oroc.IJ.OBJbY upauajy MumtpxnjH Oua.jcp joj ';HIH(..'Ta C {IPHHOM II npuuanajy, TaKO na Ham GH3aHTHjcKH npuBOCJl<IDHli 6orocno1.! npauunuo MHC.rlIl KaWJ If::ljaBJl:.yje n:l cc jC)J,ltHO KI)O~ yrnphanau.e MUHapxHjc Born Ona MO)((I:! raparrrouarn 61lhe Cuerc Tpojnuc: "Jcp axe ce H Cne 11 Ilyx He UHHOCC xa jeJ\I'IOMC Y~PO!(y, onna HaM Tpojaua Hl1jC jenaa Eor".M

1-13 no G1Ai:{ PC'Icllora 11 H3H(;;TOra uorpcfino jc Y13Byl-m npanuJlIlH, npanocnanau saxn.y-ia«, TO jeer 'l'HKa[J 3HKJhY'IaK Be kao .un xronapxajn bora Ona IIMa auauau.e HCKur ayrapxn-raor rocnonapen,a 01.IC!l(! HnOCT<lCu HilA llCTi:lJIUM )tTlCMa I:1IlUCTaCH.\1a. Hero cawo TO na CC ".iC).l,111Il1 Oran .fHUJa31f (xao) y3})OK no Hnocraca H elma H ,D,yxa,,!l:"> O'l'all Kao Y3POK 11 11.3IH)P .5mtGHICTna KOjC je y

(liMY xmcau ria (hI 0"0 MCCTO CIJ. Fpuropnjn M(JI'JIO 1Ii! C:lI:!.P*H II"inCC1l0 lI1!"l)lIlHl'rOHCKO CXn<"1T:lIl,(! npCM<I KOjC~1 l'iUIIJlIlOGI!TI-IO k]llll) (To "Ev = Eounu) l1o;.(PCI-lYBIIIIL C~ 1I00llJ1\1 .1() }lllj:IRe II !It)C1'MIO YM " ''; r fIIM :~aJLC IIpCUUIV y TplljaJ(Y nocmunm HYuw. Cp. II C. IJllii(/rlmry!w~, rpJl"fOPlOl.; U 9t::OA0'r'J; I\ui Itt Itpoij'f(OilrCJt:'lc:.It\'t::t)Jl((toAOyIU'; (~iHOU, AT1H!<l I '-}11. crp. %-Y7.

oz Cnouo 21. () Cu. Tpujunn, 'rauo. crp. Jl;Il. ()J 1-1C1"o.

6~ Paaronop I. 0 en. Hyxy.JlcJI:l t, crp. 4'14 (,,') Cnono 20. U Ce. TpOjl!l~H. 1""MO. CTp. :17Y.

120

UOZ 7jJOjul{t/ (106-123)

C'HHY II AYxy CnCTOMe jecre rapauunja jcnsor Ha'ICJUt, jenuor- Sot jenauor upnanuna Boxcaacrea y CSCTOj Tpojuu»; Hscrnna caspuieua Hnocrac jennua paba \01 H3BOA" canplllCHC If ce611 panne Hnocracrr CHH<~ 11 Ilyxa, ~I caao Y TOMe jc Hseroua vouapxuju, 'rj, cauo THMC je OH, 'J). caao no y3pOKY H naneny, "aebe' U.u:i~wv) OJ~ am" a Ilyxa, xao urro a Jeaanben.e 0 TOMe rODOp" (JM. 10,29-30 H 14,8). Flpesra TOMe. MOHapxHjy Oua y EOiKaH<:CBY TpcfiH CXml1'HTJi. He K80 Aa ce EmK3nCTIlO orpanunana ca1.1Q HM jCHHO TIHu,e, aero je TO npanuan jeJIHOHatlanHOCTM ynyraprpoju-me. MCl}y TPHMH j~AHaKHMa no EO>KancrBY HUllHM8, re OTY}.la 'fpeoa jc C;XU8THTlt 60rOAOnliiTHO. TpojUO:CJ{onJilIHO, CXO}J.HO jeJ\HOCYWTHOCTH H panHO\i(tCTHQCTH If jeAHocnaUHOCTH. (»CfOCJ1aI1HOCTl1) cue Cuero TpojJ1QC, a He Z, CMHc.ny nexe unacra, "rupasnjc", WTO.iC Dory HeJl,UnIffIHO.

He Tpe6a, MeljyrllM, 3a6opanJhaTH na jc aaur 60rocnOB, )KJ.lDeliH y 14. H 15. BCKY, AaKJW y npeec xana cy npauocnasu» BH3aHTHjcKH 6orocnouH YUCJUIKO nonescrcann npOTl1B narnacxor norpeumor ytlCJ.ba 0 HCXOljCF.r.y Ceerora Ilyxa "00 Ol(a 11 CUHll" (<l>HJlHOKBe), caaxaxo H Hl -ror-a pasnora nCTI1l(aO y npuu DnaH npaeocnauao ytlelbC 0 Monapxlfju Oucne MnocTnCI-l. TOM KJbytlHOM Tpu:jaAOJIOWKOM HCTHIIOM BPHjCTJHje je nQKfl3HSfl.O Jla'l'UHlIMa KOJIHKO cy Y 3a6JIYAH xOAa csrarpajy l.la jc O'rau CfiMO jeAHHli POAI1TeJb CUHa a aaje H je).{JIHH Ilpoasnomrren, (IlpoboA.E.Ut;) Ilyxa Caerora. naTUHCKMM HOBfl.tlelbeM 0 (I)HJllloKRC nononn cc Y CyMn:.y l-ICTlIUa na OTaQ IIHje jeJ].JlHli U;J60p - nrn'l1 ~ Boxcaucrua. n TJolMe je C'I'SapHO l-l0vo.PX(o. = j~AHoHa~laJIHOCT = jennonpaununI-JQCT y Bory nopexnyra. 3aro JOCltCP y 'rOM CMHCJlY HHC~CTJlpa xa ceojeupcnoj anconYTHOCTU MOHapxuje Oua: "OH ce ooocrpaao nasnsa lf3BOP, Ii no TOMe je QTa~ 1I3ROP bO)K<lHCTBa: H xao POJ.\H· ren, (CMMa) B xao Ilpoasaonnren, (,lJ,yxa).,,(,7

Hcruaa, y AeJIHMa CBeTlIx Oraua Ha3>1H "n1ll11" (8'"01') cycpehesco ua ce ynorpetin.asa HC caao 33 Qua, Hero H aa Cnna H 3' CBeTOr. Ilyx a. Ann TO He rperia A' Hac 36Ylbyje, jep ce paA" 0 AJ30crPYXOM 'lHalfel{.y l1 .Il.BOCTpYKOj npIfMeHH Tor H3pa38, KH/tU je pel.l 0 "U3BOPY nmK3HCTBa" OHAa ce H3pa3 "TtllY1i" O~lHOCH Ct.lI\W aa Oua 11 03ualIaB8 llCTJ.lHCKY MOHapxujy H3BOPHC Ouene I1noc-raCH y DAHOCY na Hnocracn Cana Ii Ilyxa, KOjJlM3 je OTm~ Y3POK 11 H3HOP II nO'-leTIHI npannnn -lxPXll. re je ua 'raj HalHfH OTau,1l360p - n11Yll . Ha.nCYUT'f8Cl'lleHOr EiO)KaHCTDa. Ka;u,a cc nax paRH 0 aajenausxoj "srouapxnjn' cue CBeTe Tpojaue HaJJ. TBapUM8, HaJ]. cnCTOM, 0 jenxo] H liCTOj 11 je.QH8Koj BllaCTH cea TPH llir~a, Oua It CIlHCI "

MIIHIIl'XUjtl Ot(fl xuo U3(JOI' II jel)uHt.'iii(1I) J1firJl.iiillC:u (115·121)

121

Ceerora Ilyxa, xao jenner II jenarrcrueuor Taopua ~l Focnona csera ti ucnokynae TBOpcBHHe, OH,l.J.3 ce pe-t ''It'lYl1'' yncrpenn.asa sa csa Jluna 1l0J~eAHaKO H sa cnaxo Jluue paSHO.MepHO, jcp 03HatIaBa "'TRopa1JKH 113BOp", ruopauxo ira-reno. jCJlHHCTBeHW C'fnapanattKu 60)f(3HCk'lf npanuan, Moll" 11 anacrn - xoja npunaaa CDOj Caeroj Tpojaua. THAa cy 38liCTa u Orau ff CHH II CBeTH Ilyx "li3!JOp" 'map". xao "apxti 'trov OA.wv" = "aaneno H npaanan CBCl"'a,,6N KaKO y norneny crnapan,a TaKO U y norneny nanaa.a cnery H TBapUMa Caoje cane J.IGJlClrUJ\aTH. 3aToBpHjeHlije ofijaunsana: "Kana CBeTIITe1LB rouope 0 Ouy, DHAa OHM pe'-I 7t1))'l1 ynorperirsasajy caMO Y npuost ma-ren.y -.ua jc O'J'aLt 1.l380P HanCYI.UTaC1'SCHor BmK3HCTBa ( ... ), a KHAn rosope () C'IHY, OIlAa cuaxaxo (TY pe-r) yno·rpe6JbaBa.~ y npyroa 3H<l'JeH.Y" (y 3Hat.leH:.YCTBapafuaH1.laBaJ-ba6JIaro,uaTIi)." ~

JeAHHH DjlllHUHD - ~6v'l /xpxIi - BOlKaHCTBa O)1HOC" CC Ha "reonorujy", na OHO UlTO CC Tillie casro CUCl'C Tpojaue, AOK sajeaHlf'lKJf npaanan ~ "Kolvil c'xPx.ft"· CB~1X Tpujy Hnocracn O,uHOCH ce aa "1'IKOH01>:Uljy", na EO)KjH J~OMOC'T'pOj crsapaa.a, npoxcnun.an,a 11 cnaceaa cnera. Crorn ce He esor-y noacroaehuaa-ra y anconyraow CMHcny Ttl mm npanunna.jep CC THMe Mewa H H'ljeAH8tlyje DHO LUTa je xeaajenaa-rauo II HccMeWHBo, -rj. TeOJlor.uja l1 HKOHOMl1ja, J.I jcp ce TUMe yI30.l.1I~1 APYl'H HJm ~IaK 11 -rpeliH npJlUU)U1 Y bO}t{aHCTBY, Te ce TaKO nonasa AU AHOCiOUJT03 Hnlt rpooourraa. Je).l,HO Ti:lKOO MeUlalhe ~{ liJje.nH3'lanaH>C OABOAu yxunan.y paannxouau.a soje nOCTojH H3Meby ynyraprpojn-mor H{I'WHa eisuctueuuu]« - tp01tOr; U1tCxpf;Ero:; (:: HaTIHH nocrojan,a, 6H1'Jtcaf-ba) ~ H H8'UfHa jaolbllH)O H npoj<:IBJbHnafua y ceery Tpoja-mor Bora, I.llTO ce ynpaso H uemaua ca JIaTHHCKOM uoeornpajoa, r], y~leH,eM 0 <I)Hn.uOKBt:. Crora jc MeTO'iHO OOr0CJ10BCKO npenan,e Yl1eK narnauraaano 080 pa"lJIUKOBOll-he reonouixcr (rpajauonourxor) H excscxnjcxor nnasa y Eory ,Ii THM pasnasosaaeu oGe36cVJ.l.BanO If jep,IIRCToeRY MOHapXJ.1jy Qua 11 3ajep;HJ111KY ruopanxy MOHapxnjy (jeAHOHfttJamJOCT Ii jCAHOAenaTHOCT) Tpujy BQ)f(anCKHX Hnocraca. 080 cynTHJIHO ami neonxonno 60r0CJ10BCKO pasnuxoean.e - Ot<XKplGtt; - soje je jOlll~ 6op6li ca apajaucxoa jepeca HC'raKao csera ATaH3cHje Benaxu, ) a 38 HlHM jour amne nonana-runa n HarJI3maBaJlH If xacanoxajcsa QU.H y 6op6H npcran jepeca aHoMcju,a EUHoMHja, npeucraan.a TeMeJblffi npenycnoa sa npaUUJlHO, npaUOCJJaBHO ytIerbe 0 HC-

68 'im'lIJjJllje SOIOl.:JlUll. OIOno 211,7, PO 35. I07JA. Cp. J. Bplljt!~(fIje, CnOBO :19. o Cu. TpojmJ.l1. TllMO, crp. 362.

6') DODO 'I K (I C~. Tpojuu,u, 1'CIMO, CTp. 345. Cp. 'T<lKol}e crmc Y:t A,t!CCT nornaau,a it H8 -ronnso nparoeopa nOI1~"H1'JI(O cnoeo. KOAeKC 1626 y Ben. Jlaepu, 'I). 4649a.

70 BI-1JlH T. (p/WPOl1CKII, Flojaer cmapnua KOA CB. A1'ituacllj.- (npen. c curnecsor). "l'eOJlOWKIl ncrncnn". 4 (]!)73). CTp. 243-2(,0,

122

xohea.y Cnerora )J.yxa,71 Kao uno hcvo nan.e BUj\CTl1, 113 ocnony ooo~ pasnnxouan.a "rconoruje" II "nxouovnje' Bpujeunjc "3HOCU H 06,l<l1lJ thana npanocnanuo yueu,c H npelVII-bC 0 HCXOljClhY CUCTOl'i.I

Ilyxa, .

Kao UJTO je nell n.m.I~HYTO. O'ran Ki,lO jCWUlH Y3POK If IBBOP Boacancrea ()6~]6eIjYJe jCJlHHCTDO IIflCJY OCTaJlIJX S(»f{;:tHCKtfX ~1110CTacu. Cuna n Ilyxa. Haw Ul-13a.H'fI1:.icKIl6orocn(")n uocan-rpa TO ,1Cl~I{IICTI.JO Y,oKlmpy Hfl,ocracHux 0ZlIl~C'1. CXO/.tHO (1)11J1OcOq)CKOM pc.mnxy KOJH ynorpetin.aea. a KO.lH je uacnchcn npexo CBCTHX Oraua B3 rp-uce ¢li'Inococlmje, me onnoc Oua IIp~Ma Cuny \1 )l,yxy lIa3HoH OAHOCOM "np6<; 'n", rj. U}{UOCOM yapoxa, H y TOM je CMHCJIY oHJlOC Oua npexra Cl-lHY paoaH 011.Hocy P0,lV:1TCJha upeva pobeuoxre OA Thera, a OJl,1:I0C Oua npcsru )J.yxy panaa onaocy IIPOH3DOTllffeJhCl. (1tpo~o4wr; = npojcK'I'opa) upc .. a npU>IJBeACHOMe (rrp6~)"lWO: = IIPOJHf.{HpanoMc). Taxo JC CUll JCJ.l,1I0CYlUTHH eel COOjHM Ol(CM. a H Ilyx Cnern jc jeunocyurrau ca OJ.{CM xao CUOjJ1M npmI3DOAHTeJLt:M: "Ha HtltIH11 na xojn jc pouaren. ea pOl)eHlIM H pO~~I:I(l ca pOW{'f'en~eM jeuaocyurrno. Ha HC'f" aa-nsu je H UPOR3110AH'feJb 11pmI3n~~rHOMC ('83 c~fi~), ~t uponsueaeuo np0J13IJOJl,HTCJbY jeJ.HOcynrrno . I'h OBOra]C jacno no cc6Jt )~a cy y TOM cnyuajy 11 Cua 11 Cue'ru Ilyx Me1)yco6HO jeJ\HOCYILTTfm: Ii pauaouacrna, [101111'0 npou·,UlJ1a:H:: 113 HCTor TlO'LeTKa.u npuuunna. BPl1:jCHUjc lUtUIC: "Jil ofia -ra Jlaua, POi)eHO (OIH) "npOH31l"I\CI(O (Ilyx) , ""TO nrrc cy II> jCAHO~a Jlnua, OHH CY.11 MeljycofiHO H ca OHUM' Oil kor'a 3ajCJl,HO U'jJl<l3e JeJJ.HOCYIllTHIf Ii JCAHOfiO)l(HH. (0j1.61~£CX) H jenmuce cy 'IaCTfI:,7;\

. Ilpcsia 'f~Me, 3i:ljCXlI:U1IIKO H3lICJI() xoje C~JI:I 1I Cseru Ilyx JlMH]y Y Ovenoj Mnoc-raCH AOOO/MIO j e na oOe'36C1\lf jenHOCYlIJTllUCT ClIHH H ,IIyX(I J.I C<lMHM TUM fbl1xony paUHU'HtCTHOCT. ll>UXOIJY jCJJ.HaKOCT Y lTaCTJf 11 Cll3Bl1 'H OJIaCTU DO)KaHCTB8 11 IMIXOl,hl fJt)TnYHU jenuncrno. Haje. crora, norpenno ynobcH.c If ncxor- upyror HCI'Iena H3Mel)y lbnx, Hero "O/~HOca Y3pOKa" M(1)y tbHM3 xoja fili !IX roooace GOJLC noecauuao 11 cjcnmsauao. TaKBO HaKHaJJ.HO sa-reno. TID. ':OHliOC Y3pOKa" u3Me~y CURa u Ilyxa, yUCJHt cy !IaTUH1i ca CBOJHM y-qCI6CM 0 <(>UnJlOKue, O}1.uau,yjyhu lI3 'raj HiPIHU JC)lHHO HH'-ICJIO - MOHapxHjy Oua. '!lIMe HCToopeMeHO yxanajy e 1\HpCKTHl1 HCllOCpe}1.aH If RCOnOCpC)l,onan 0JUfOC Oua 1'1 Ilyxa. Taxo 1'Il~WTO npCACTaBJha He cauo noaa-ren,e Hero H oncrynas,e OJ-l/J.PCH"Or npKSCHor UOrOCJTOUCKOr npC/tcHba 0 CIlCTOj Tpuj~l1, 11 t"ora

71 Ouo ptll1lHKOI](ULt! ocoeuro uurvnnuana 11 ua Ibl'.My noceeuo IUU.;UL"I'IIP:I cu.

Fpnrcpuic nflJlilMil. uoncayjynn I'll WTa 1lI11l1l: C:I pn:JJII1KOBall.Ct.l CYUITIIIIC 11 cneprnje y J)ory~.llUf(r! A /Ji/I)mmh, To M\)(rt11PIOV U)J:;'j\yiW; TpIUOoc;, .. , rurr. J~CJlO,I.;TI>. 152-1),

72 CJLV.lIO 1 fI, o Ca. Tpoiuun, Ilene I. I.·Tp. 306. n HI.TO.

MClIIlIlJ.t'lIjlf Chili "./1<1 lI.JrlOpll j('(lullctU{lU J>/Um:l7illl;1I (115·12J)

123

npailOCITaHIIO GOrOC/WBJbC, xojc 01l,YOCK uepyjc n Y'1U A<l jc Sur OToll, jt:J.I,IUHI Y3POK. jC,I.(Hml H3BOP SmKi1HCTOa, JHI jc au jC).J.HHH Oililll( II jemlHlt flPOltJ(fOOIllTW.lb y fiO)K<lHCTBY,J.! JaTO 1:1 uurianyje <l>HJfHOKI3t;. xao jcpec.jcp, Ki.IKt) KapaKTCpRCTI1"11l0 ueJI.1-! B PHjCHlIjC: "aujc HaM Moryhc nil JaJl.mCJlHMO nopeu Oua 11 Apyru J1IH~C )Fl jc y·jpOK DO)KaHCrnn,·7S.

npCM(\ TOMe, je)J.HHIi Oll,HOC H'JMCl)y CMHa 11 Ilyxa jecrc Bor OTi.ILl,. KOjH pal)aH,cM n'j Ccrie Calla 101 npOM'JBO!jelbC:M 11:1 Ce6c Ilyxa ucf jcm1HCTBCHO 11 HcnOAOUlbJlUO pasnusyje J.I pasacn.yje Huocracn. ynonehu, K,YKO ~~m1 Bpnjeuajc, "pa3JlII'mTOC'I' no )'3pUxy 1'1 npOY3pOKOI1i.1HOCTU". 011 II1cbY1''HM lIC'I'OnpCMeliO. CO()JOM OtJJlUCKOM MUHapXlIjOM., Ceojov je)l,HOlla~I( .. .nuourhy H jCAHOIlPHHuunuouihy Ona 11 OPOH3110HlfJ'CJbi:l,IICTOTaKO H cjenaa.yjc HuocTaC~{, xao WTO K • .\}KC Bpajeuujc: "OTa1~ xao ua-ieno- <XPx.~ - Cl1HCl 11 Ilyxn je O(iOjHI(H cjcAI:m.eI-be",77 Oran, xao jCHIlIJa llC3U H jcnaucrno CUHU u Ilyxa. xaxo Ceojoe anocracaoa MOH:l.pxujOM TaKO It CoojOM jC}~HHCTUeIlOM oml.:<mCKOM cyurrauon. KOjOM cHa6ACUt.l paij;'ljyhcr ~13 Cc6e Cnua If npouasoneher H3 eeoc AYXH, 06C3- Gel)yjc CaMHf.,·t 111M Ii O).l.1I0C I1'3Me.ljy Caaa Ii Ilyxa, TaKO All OHn OCTi:lHY MCtjycoouo CjCHHlhCHIt a He pasnen.euu H y]~nJbefll-1, -re CC HOi ra] HallHH HCKJ1~y\[yjc 6Hno KflK80 ynoijcH:.C nexor upyror naucnn I1JlH onnoca y Caeroj Tpojruu« "Kana COH COeTHTCJbll uosmyjy ).J.H He IlOCTOjH HIIKHK<lO npyra OAHOC CHHa H Ilyxa, OCI1M urro je jennuo OTiiH nesa u cnoj • cr6VOEOJ.lOC; - OHHX Koja cy H3 lhCL'<l,OHAajcO\lJ1TJIeJUJo na oaa jacao riC na 1H1'rlt je Cun 1-13 Ilyxa, 1lI1TH Ilyx JII1'H·lO npOHCXOJl,U 113 CHI'la". H

11'3 caerauo cana asnosceuora I10CT(-1J10 jc ouarneauo KOllHKO jc. B(l)KHO :ma'leH:,C xoje "norMa M()IIapxHjc" HMa 3U npauocnaaay -rprrjanoncrnjy 11 noceriuo sa npaIJoCJIaOIlO CXR.1THlLe 0 HCXOJjCU"y Ceerora J.l.yxa. 0130 be nOCT3TJ1jolll jacnajc Kana 0 TOM€: 6YJ.l,CMO r0I30p"ITH y 1I0CCOHOM nOfJla13JbY Y Aa:n..CM TOKY ouora paA3.

2. T1'1160lKAHCKE l1flOCTACn 11: I:bl1X08A I1nOCI'ACHA C80JCI'8A

MOHapXHja Oua 'IMHn, xao l1.1l'O CMOBIIAenH. A3 nocrcjn fH1'3JlHKa Mel)y Mnoe-racliMa y Cocroj TPOjl1U,l1. TaKU Aa orc VlIIO·

74 \JIOIiO lY. 0 Cc. TpojHUIi. TilMQ. crp. ~63,

~~ ~t~~~~~I~: c~~l~~r~J~lt~: T~~jl~~)~;~.\67. rne 1t;L1LIIIIL(;UlJ, Kap<lK7epHCTII'IIlO

«usee: "Oll:lj KOjH jc jcnunu Orou, 011 ucru jc fl jC1VlHH Flpousnomrrcn, (npol3o'.iu), II IUIIMe On CIi.lljU (cjeJJ.lllb}'jc) OIlC xcju 11:1 ~I>cra fJPOLl~UIJI:l:!1! P1'l:l1111'11I,.IIM lIPlllI:lI>l.lIatlJ,11Ma (npollcxO~cn'~fMa),"

77 Cnouo 21.0 Cu. TPlljI1UU. -ravo. CTp. 4()4. 7& CJ]OIJO 1(1, (I Cn. Tpojeum, T,mO. crp. ~()7

124

7im nO,JKlIHCI«' i1r1m:liJlICif U "MLW(JlIlliiociTillcHfI clwjn/toll (12J-144)

cracu HMajy cnoje JIHllHe 11 HellOHOBJLIHJe 11 HI1 aa un-a npyro IH~CnO/VlBe xapaxrepacruxe 11. caojcrua. Te J]BtIHC KapaK'fcpHCTI1- KC H caojcrna jeey cneueha: Orau je fiC3Y3PO'ICUI n aepohen, Cl1H je Y3pOKooaH II poljeH OA Oua, Ilyx Ca.T" je ),"pOKOOaH" npoacxonehu 01\ Qua. TaKO JiMaMO peaJIHC tnpn EO>KaHCKe l1nOL'TClCM, xoje axsaj y jC11.Hyn ucry EO>KaHcKY cyurrnay, 11 xojejecy je{)aH Bor.

Orauje, no pe-imra Bpajeaajeaaa. "y npa130M csorcny Hnocrae 6C3Y3PWIHR, xoja paha, a HepobcHaje".7Y OUHM l13pa3HM<1 Hall nncau YCTBapH: Ha6pilja KapaKTCpHCTH'Hla CIlOjCT03 Ilpuor JTHr~a CoeTC Tpojaue, 0 xojmsa je (OCo6HHRMa) 611JIO pe-m ~I y npeTXOA~ HOM nornasn-y Kana CMO rOUOpHJIH 0 aoaapxnjn Oua. I1MeuoM "OTaIC Jocuqi )Ken It na noxaxe npua H jeJV'IHCTDeHH y3pOK xa KOMI.! CC OAHDClI 11 CUll H CBeTH Ilyx, uaxo 6w, crporo rouopehx, Sano npaaanaajc na ce Orau y onaocy aa Caerora Ilyxa H33lfUa TIP0l1300AHTCJh ([]po~oAe()c;). Kao TaKaB, xao "POO Jlnue y Tpojl1L(U, Orau ueh C8MHM CUOjli.M MMeHOM yaonu Hac fi Y 'rajuynpyr-a AU'" Jlaua, Kl:1KO TO npanunuo nonnnana Bpajexajc cnei~yjyftH Y TOMe sepso CBeTHM Ou,HMa: "KaJJ, nocroja Orau, nocroja l1 CHa, U xan nocroja CnH nOCTojJ.111 Orau; a TO nCTO ua»m 1-1 sa Ayxa:"lqj

CHH xao APYro Jluue CMeTe Tpojaue "jecre Y "POMOM CMlICJlJ pobcna 113 aepohexe I1noCT3e, Y HJl,eUTlftlHOCTU upapone". Ouurnenao ,lta Haw IHoaHTHjcKU y',Ui.TeJh aanasce oune, carnacao ca npC,Qal-beM Llpxue, caoje xparxo "njepyjy' 0 Bory Cany. acnosc.o,ajyhu Hserouo npenaevao pol)elLe OJ]. Oua l':I: Fberooy jCIlHOCYWTHOCT ca lbHM. MaKO TlMa jeAHY 11 HC'ry CYWTUHY ca Ol(CM, elm cc paanuxyje OJ,l, Oua kao nocccsa Hnocrac. ana OJleT ocrajc ca ffiUM Y TaKllOM jcnnncrny J,J.:i C(;! He MO)KC 38MHcmrrH lUI Orau oe3 CUBa HH CUH 6e3 011.8, xao lIJTO jc 11 CaM y Jen8H!jelblJMa PCK<10:

"Ja CaM Y OIlY a Orau je Y MeHH" (JH. 14,10). 0 TOM" Bpajeunje unure onaxo: "CU_H jc CYUITHI1CKJ.{ aajenaaxap npuponaax nooapa O'leBHxk2aJlM He HllOCTaCHHX, HIITH anocracno (o"b5 u1COcrrQ.TtKWI;)". CI'IH ce, naxne, Y CIJC1'oj TpOjUlJ,H jann.a xao noceriaa Hnocrac, noceona nUtLHOC1', ana je jennocyurrau Ouy Ii Ilyxy n xcpusnen.nu O).t }bI{X. Can ce jour uaauna Ii "Jloroc": "Jlaue xcje ce Ha3MBa CUllOM, lie H83HBa ce ca",fO CHH Hero Ii "JJoroc".',K:l OH je

~~ ~/~~~ c~ ~~. !~~j~!~~ ~~t~I(!I~'~~~!'UJlUje BCJUlIw: "Om je cut! UIIO urru II

OT;II.~. a"'H KMKeM Om 11 OTtIU." (Or.ulllUja 15. PO )1. 468A). Taxobe >I t'H. Eiiflt/lmtllje KlltilfPt:"1l nenu a.::ap3KTcpllCT1I'IHO: "MaK;;Jp II Ct'lML) Oua neh IJaJB3Jl1.I, C.1MItM J.bceuOM Oua nOApn:tYMl!ua Cc nojaM C!tHll. Jcp CCOTtU~lIa:"utBa OUt:", Cnaa. AKO na« CiiMO Cuna nnaoeeeo. HMaMO (O.llM:lX) II nojaa Olta, jep cc Cnn lIa~nm<l CIUlOM Oua" (Flpomu jcpccri 3, 1,72. PC 42, 4.17C).

~i §~~~~~ 15~ oCC;I~~;~;'~~~:~~~~i,~27H.

IB OIOBO 3.1.1 Cu. TPOjIlUII, TIIMO, <:111. 40.

1im (jO)l(lIH(;I,C H!1I1(:ffi(lt'/l It n-uxonu fli1U(.'I7im:H(I t:1f<IjciUHfI (123·144)

125

"Oxeu Cnu", ann je JI "OtlCU Jloroc' M xao TaKaB jc "CIlCCI-IJJaJl R CJJecaopmen",H4 jep HMCl coa Ouena CYWTUHCK8, npnponna, (0)KaHCK<:1 caupnreacraa xao jeAHOCYIJJ'raH en lhliM, anH He eaan,e on rora YBCK noccnyjc H o-iyuana noce6HO If ocofieao Cuojy 11110- crac, -rj. l-tnOCTHCHa cuojcrna noceoaor Jh1l __ ia.

CUaKO,lI1e~YTJ1M, crtoeran.ua-e Oua II CHHa 6"110 fin acuorny- 1i0 DC3 ncnoucnau.a JlCI'OIlpeMClIo If'fpeherTpojlJlIHOr TIM ua - ,[zyXil Cuerora. Crora, aopvanno.Jocadi Bpajeanjc acnoeena Aan.c cnojy nepy }1 Y Tpche Jlane Caere if Han5o>KaHCKe Tpojuue. Ii 0 TOM J1HJl_Y fiorocnoacrnyjc onaxo: "Ilyx y npnaox C!\U1crry jCCTC CI1na H3 I1PO"3UOAHTeJha HCX(lAOna - 8()v"~"; tK npopohiw<; £K1l0Pf.\lTI] -, ocnehyjyha, CYlliTIUIcKa, nocrojeba. Hno~raCHa~ Huocrac ranaaa n 6CCcpoPMHR. «cxoneha 11'3llpoIt3BoJ).uTen.-.a".K.'i AYx C13Cl'I1 jc noccriHO Jlune. Ii M8Aa JOCI1¢ xaace na je OH "cnna ... CyuJTHHCK3. nocrojehn, nuocracna", TO He 3Hat.1H na je Ou caeso OfiH'1HB "cuna''. nero je CTBapHO KOHKpeTHa HnOCTac (rpt.lKH napaa "?'UVClJllc; tv\)~O'-:ta-roc;" neh yxasyje aa uttocttiacun uauan 1I0CTOJalba TC cunc), "J]. KOHKp(''THa nI1TJHOCT, K(lO H Orau H Om, Mana paamourr OJl. [bID{ no CBOjUM lllltlHHM, UllOCl'aCHHM eBojcTlUt~ia. Oso paaanxouarec Ilyxa 011, 04a Ii CHua jecre paannxonan,e 110 unocracu, a He no cymTIIHH, jep je .o:yx jeAJIC If Mere CYWT-J.IHC, jennocyurraa ca Oueu Ii CWJlOM.

Cxonno cneroorasxoj 60rOCJfOBcKoj -repuauonor-aja, noce6- HO nax f1an8Ml:1TCKoj, Bpajcnuje y Ayxy CneTOMe nOCMR1'pa TpU cruapn: cyrm-aay, anocrac 11 eueprnjy, It ueJIH: "jep HIiTH nccroju cyurruua no Ct:!6l-1 fiea anocraca, HJiTH J.1fiOCTaC aecseprn-ma (a,v£vtp~]'tOc; = 6C3 encpruje, ueuejcrsena), RUTH eaepraja lie) CYI.UTUHe". C, Ilyx CUeTI{ je nocenuax Here cyurnme '" acre euepruje ca OQ.CM H CHHOM, ann nil Cooj nocetiaa nnocracaa uauau, CXOJl.IIO tHOMe "'tP01tOC; U1tap~EOX;" = nl1'IlI0M Ha'1l1HY nocrojan-a. Haxo noccdna I1noCTClc, ll.yx Cnera HHjC 1'Yl) Ouy 11 CUHY, Hero je "CBUjC'fI3CII (concrnea) Ouy H CutIY", UJTO 3Hallli A3 jc "canpllponaH H paUHOtJaCTaH - cru~lPu£.c; Kat o~6-rtJlov - OU;y u Cl:IHy".m OH xao TrlKRIJ HMa "canpaponaocr - "t~v <1U~lPUtQ.v - YTeWHTcn,a IIpt:!Ma CUHY, H jCIl.HaKocr Jt ancnru-rnocr cyurnnre H eaeprajc xojy H~a npeeca Eory".HK BpMjCHHjC nacroja na lUTO je xroryhc Ta\IHIIJe npC1Wl'<lUH l1 H3pa3H Y3ajaMHe O]lHOCC Ilyxa Cuerora II nsejy ocranax omKUHCKHX Hnocraca, acror-a naure: "Caojcruenocr (OtK(;:lW(jI~ ~ npMcHocT) Ayxa YTeUUITeJha y OAHOCY "pCMa OIlY jecrc

84 HCT().

~~ ~~~:~ Il4.00~~u.T~jl~~:;,~::~~:~: ~56. Cpo C(l rpff20jluje fi(IJl(Wif, Y ont5pnllY

caeurrenux ucaxacra. 3, 3,6, Cl1rrPAMMATA I. crp. (~5. 87 Cnono -14. () Cn. Tpojrunr, TnMO, crp. 256.

M Hero, (.""1', 257.

126

't jm (i,J,II(WIC"-" Nlior;liilltll u 1I.ILI'fJHiI UftfJ(:mlll'llll CHOjCI7iII{1 (121-144)

LlwjCTIlCIIOCT 11 no Y3POKY It no CyUlTJ.1HII, a ClJojC'rnel~OCT J:benHHI IIPCMU CUllY auje 110 y3pOKY I Hero C~lMO no CYUITUHl1"otO Quo MCC'I'<J, UtUfl'JIt::Il.ITO, OCHM narnamaaan.a jC/1.HOCYlllTHOC1'H Ilyxa ell OL,eM H CJ.100M, Ii3HOCI1111iCTUHY Jl(l je jeJ~HHH Y3POK Ilyxa Cuerora casso OTHI.I,. Ilyx MM(l Csojc nocrojan,e 113 OIH\ I·Ui lIa~lIl11 ucxotyen-a. lU!'IHlfM I1CXOi)C:I-bI.!M "3 Oua, 1'(:: CC crora Ii aaaana "acxoneha 113 rlpmn(30).l.J1TeJba (npoj3nAtltX;) .lif.1l0CT':[C", KaKO eMU IlIl}tC1TI1 paunjc. eTCH'a cc OB sao JIRl..\e CI1e'fC '~pojlfqe uauuna He c.a~o _qy~\ lIt:I'O II np6j3} ... llIlCl = Ilpoucxon, ilpmt3IlCHCHO, Flpojcxuaja. Oumr liMeHOM 1:1 HCl31H10MJ-!afnaUHlBCl CC H.CfHHaAil OH npOH3J-wa3l! »3 Oua He P(JfjWbCM 'KHO CHH, Hero nocc6mlM 11 jCHlfHCT8CIIlIM H H~IHlHoun..I..fRnM Ha'lliHOM ucxo!JeliJu - tK1topeutfu; a He "f£VVll'[(~· TC npcesa TOMC lIHjC HCKll "npyr-a C1IH", axje "riper" Cuna fio)f(jer, ner-o 0plIrIUHtnHO -rpche J1IH],c CJleTC Tpojune. TaKO cc w~6craua onaCHOCT ACt cc Y Cncroj Tpojaun cxra-rpa IW JlB<'I JlHIJ:3 xoja IIPOllannaae H3 Ouajecy "nna CHHa", ana najc CHU CllH a)J.yx COC'l'IlYIIYIC Ouy, uno CC JlaTliHCKI1M YTreJileM 0 cf>HJlItOKBt! He nafier'ana cacnav, (I 'leMY he KHC!:lUjC fiHTH uaure rosopa. Tpn EO)KCtHCKa Jlaua CIJCTe Tpojuuejecy no unocrucu Me9yco6110 ueceonn.nna jcnno nanpyro. HCnOHOllJhl1Ua Ii HC3aM.CllJLlma, TaKO ACt xapxrouujy Tpoja -ute rajue 'JUlie aaucra TPI111110cr ACH,IUPU bmK<tHCK<I nJ1lJ,i.I, MCQYCOtiHO n01U::3ctH<1.1f HCCJH1OCHO ejt:!JVJI+..CHa: "nOllITO HHW1'a He Me-9YYIHlHi.! (He cnpcuasa], CU~ JIIn~a CBCY3POllHC Tpojaue MCQyco6HO cc ap)J(C jcnno npyrora". ~I

TIo Bpajenajy, uanrs Iivx He upunaua cavo ll,yxy Cncrouc, nero Ha HCKM Ha'-HUll1 tUfTauoj Cuero] Tpojmra.jcp jc "OHa cacuae HCJo.IaTcp.J.-IjaJlHCI,11 HCIlPllC"I'YIlHCl, rr no IIpHpOAI1 Hco6yxBaTJhHI3U, Ii He,r.r.eJ1.1I!la".'J2 Flpcva TOMC, H<13flR "Ilyx". MUAajl.! JJ~lJIlO I{Me jCJ.lHt::. Ofl Tpojnsruax Hnocracu. MU)Ke -raxobc o3Ha~m~an'_ H E~?<l:lHCKY dyx()(my CyW"J'UHy cmu YOllurrc Jlaua CBC-rC rp0.1JiQe,· l1naK,

~ ~~-6~~~0/~17~ rnnrona 1tpo~ull<u (rJI<lI'OJICK3 ItMeIlHII<1; 'It:polloA.il = IlpOH" CXII~Clht!, lIPOll:ifiOI)CIM!), 6YKDaJ1110 :JU,I'III ilJ1()6~1~1, 'rj. OHO UlTO jc IlpomWUIIHI K'j 11t"II!I":! « tlCl'llKUY1'O Y rrpuu nnan. Aim je 0'1Il1'JlcJttla 'IC~tln(lJL110C'l' ukl!X II:ipa~w, nn uapaac mjny uc:..ru!)cl-hu CB. ,D.yxa, paanu-uy OltP09Cfl;(I Ceua.

1)1 enOUI).l OCII. TPI~lIl..!l1, -raero.crp. 42. •.

<,12 (:./101.10 \:1, 0 CII, 1 pUJlH\II, TIlMO, CTp. 246·7. " Bpujcunjc cc cnae 311ClUl1l3 1\<1 1IO!ilt:I1'V~1 .... eery In JII. 4, 24: "Bor jc J\Yx ... ", ":10 U Ita jCAIIO~t MCl:TY ":.I xu.urc Ilna-t Jcpeaajuu 4, 211, Koje Oil lIauop,il oaaxc: ".uyx npc!\ JIIII\eAl W'l11Hl". XPIIC'nlC I1c)'I.:". .

~.i P1J]nI.I'lIfTli ymlTpc6'1 1l'\l11ha ··llvt.i";.llu" = Hyx )' CUC'J'O"I nlll':MY 1I011tK<lA JlIIJC )~rllC<ll<. 1\:1 ce 111101:'I'l\c Ilyxu Cnc1"Or;1 sapax'repume "II~KIIM ,Ulonm.IIJltM K,IPilKTCPOM" (\1, UJS,\'I.:y, A I' imugc ct a b rcs.":amblOlllcc .. , un-r. neno. crp. 69-70). yhrrCpCUlIlTlJl) jc J.l,a :mllill\!111 reonom uMajy ·rclIllelll..\lljy)l.a cc noauuajy 11[1 'I'Y "m-lUHllMHOCT" Tpcbcr- J111l(3 y Kupm:TC01.11' y·I~ll.>a 0 q)IUJIH)Klh! (cp. V, Lm,~k} ', 'l'nMo), Orau rl:()IJiujc C/).IIUI){IffCfW 11:100/1,11 nu. II() C9, Joeany !tUMRCKIIIIY, PC"

'lim (j(l:~(lIIJf;K{' Hi.uJ~'lTitlw /I H,lIXfJlttlllftooTrllcHa ("(wjnlt(w (12.1-144)

127

Bpajcusjc csrarpu WI, 1I 1l0PCA 'l'HKHe OIllH1'e ynorpcrie Ha3Hoa "Ilyx", TO liMe jc f1CpCOllamm Hsce Cueroru Ilyxa: "lihY:.iC'I'HO H uapo-nrro .QYXOM CBt:TI1M CC J-Ia:nmtl CHM YT~lnr1TeJ1>, TO jeer Ca~'H) aa eerie JlMUC !lyxa"_'H non 'fHM .liMeHOM. OH ce 'JajcJUIO I1CIlOne)~a H canpocnaun.a u y Clll;!TOM nUCM.y Ii y L(PK13H ca Ot~CM II emluM. ~I upocnaun.a ce nax 1ajeAHo en FbHM<t aaro UI1'O "1-13 jenner-a Bor-a (Oua) lIMa Cuojc 6.Hllc nIlOCT~tCI-lO (tvU1(OCna'HLX;),., H IJC'/I:IO jc caupncymn J10f()CY BmKjcM",95

Ilpyra 1f1>'lCHa KOjHMIJ CC yOJ.IIU'I'C naaanajy Go;.KaHCKC H.l1ocTaCH jccy: "Bot", "Focuon", "Ilyx". Jocnr]: rraurc: "Cue-ra Tpojuna, Sor- Ham, cna je Ilyx, H ella Focnon, If COa Bor, H jecre H :mMJ1urJh~:t cc It UfI:HHlCl ce {. .. ), an" je cna jcuan Bor 110 cnnjan.y. II cue jC!J~aH Focnon no cjenun.eicy, 11 cna jenan ,Uyx 110 cjenuu-cu.y 1·ICpfl3HCJhHIHIM"_"Cl Mc~y"n{M, yotaorajcno jc y CSC'l'OM nncMY H Cu. npenan.y ua HMC HEnrI> npnnana iTmJOHOM OIW. I-fMC "rOClJ()Jl" Cnuy..» 11M\,! "Ilyx" CBCTUt.1l! ,D,yxy.'1 TaKO CC UaOCT(lCHJtM HMcml~'la oGjallJ1,yjc Ii jCJlllUC'l'UQ" paanaxa Hnocraca, 11 Ma,Ac"l HI.IBO}(liMU OOlllJHO uojcnann-rna JiMt.:Ha nexsoryhe jc Ita l-HlI3CI~CMO jCJl,HO Jlune a na ce He nonpaayeceajy 11 UCTi:UlH1 jep cy cna TpH Jluna acpaannojana 110 IimKaHCTBY K ItMajy:mjC}J.HI1<IKY cacprejy. HCKfl DO)KmrCKH HMCl-Ht, xao lJlTO it: liMe Xpuciiioc, orxpnsajy HaM HCrOl3pC/I.·leHO jeH.ilHM IIMellOM c'lIa TPH Jlnua, Taxo. uanonchn pe-ru cu. Bacnnaju Benu«or: "HMC XPHC{ii.(}C (cp,,Il..t.ln,2,36) npeucraun.a J1CUOnC)\~llbt: CUl!.ra','J~ (rj, u,CJIOKYllllC ucpe y Tpojmty), Bpujcuaje BCJlII; "KaJ\CllJaM ronopajcnac JTH1~C, Hcpa3,~eJLI1l10 cy ca l'bl1M cempncyrua H UCT<:lJllI (JhilJ,a)",<)i-) -re UpCM<I TOMe, KHAa CC IBI'UllHpa JtMe "XPUCTOC" := nOM.a'3'UJHI{, OHJ\Li TO UMC '·o:nW'HlUH.H Ol~a KOjll \~I~~ je JH1Ma~a().

H uceraaauora Cunu, H nOMa3<JlbC - Ilyxa Cm ... n-ora ,

-r.:veuJ.lo, ". It)'X "YKtl31.>1ll:1CT cKnpce na JlCKc)C. Boxcnncrucunoe nvuoucuue (1I\I£Uj.lCl Oil1rVEiv), 'leM Hil I1},xOtJ[IOC'fI •.. 11 IJ 'j'I'O~1 !.:MhIC]W ecn, uckoe cofiJ:mCIIII{l(' 11~t>1 "PC1'hclll1nOC'I':1nl" (Bll:$aIITlliu;Xllc O-n.~I>I, crp. 2J6),

9401011(11:.1. 0 Cn. Tpojauu.Jlcnn I, crp. 24X.

~~ p:!~~;~;,)LJ}~' (;::.?ij, Tpojuua. meo, C'J'P, 21)~, ,

97 "liOl'j~)."'KJI~()T:lI~, torjcCtlll, Gor ,kAy" CUCTII. nnu 1:1.'1,I1\I1I1"'C l:im' !I:lJUlIIIlC OIW npusteu.yje. Focnon jc UnIU, Focnon CIIH, Focnon Jlyx CueTII, ;1l1.1I UDO mlc rm':I1UJlH;lj'lcluhc cc O}UWCI1I1<1 Cnna.Ilyxic O·HIU .. Ilyx jc CIIII,HyxJe}lyx CHt!.·I'I-I, ~lcI)YT~IM, oao liMe Jlyx. un-ouapnuo ~a H:I!J.CYWTaCTIH~lIy Tpojuny. (JUliN:" cc "<I Y1"t1ll[.1 ... -en.u." . Hero. C'I-p. 2_lJx, " Cp, TaKo~c CII, nJIIZ()lm_ie /;Ol(1(J/(}fI, CJI~)Ui) 45, 4 u;) Cncry Flacxy. PG )6, 62B.C,· ('1', J. UPUjI'H(fjl', ae-ro.

<)1j ~)~y~~~(;ucTt)~112.PG n, J 16C. HaJU!f!.CIIUll Ktlll TCfu)(JpUlTiaKIIIJCKOf, nl1CMO 146, PO 83, 14()4 B.

ell.) CJ1(lnO 16. (I Cn. '·pUjl1ltll. TaM(), crp. J(Jl, IO() I'h..'T(I. CTP, 3110,

12M

"11m cIUJi(IIH(,"KC Yfiioc:ffillCIlIl H,w:mm "U"CmlfCHlI 1.;(lOjCtTillll (123- (44)

TpH DmKflHCI{C M_nOCTacn nccrcje, xao urro CMO Bl1ACJlR, 11 cjeJl"l~beHe H pa3JIHKOBaHe: cjenaaeac ca-nnuaaajy DO)KaHcK)' MoIWUy. it pa3JIHKOBaHe -mae BO)KaHCKY Tpujaoy - TPOjlUlY . .I:1 cjenuf.bCH"C H pa3J1UKOOalhe omKilHcKILX 11J10CTaCH aar-nauraua ce OCOOHTO y npaBOCJIaSHoj Tpnjanonoruju, 're crora W uaur CTYJ~IITelm MOHax, npOCJIaBHTCJb HaA6o)f{aHCKe Tpojuue M fipaturren, npanocnanuor npeuau,a, jann.a CC KaO nponOBcAHHK jenner 11 je)tl1HCTDCHor 1-1 pasmrxonaaor-, 'Ij. Tpoanocracuor .oOJK3HCT83. "MOHUJ(a" II "Tpajauav.Jennaaua li Tpojxna.jccre DUO upaaapno, Up13CHCl'neHO cjeiJufbclve H pa3.11II.KoaOHJe y TpOjWIHOM DO)KaHC'l'UY xpatubaucxc uepe, no 'ICMY je xpmuhaacrao H3Y3eTHo I:IOBO n pa3Jl.H'IH'I'O OA C8liX aepa II pcnarnja y ncropaja ~!OBe~laHCC8a. BpJijCHHjC naure: "Bur aaur - OH HCTLf jecre HnjHCTHHcK.I1ja II JCJJ,RHHqa H TpojR4a."UJI Haw MOHax TO nOAllJIa1.U1 Y MHonlM COOjJiM 'feKCTOIJJfMa. Flpwnuan cuaxor cjeJ],Hfbetb3 11 paanaxoaan.a Y TpOjU[J,H jecre Hnocrac Bora Oua, Koja COOjOM MOHapx.HjoM, xao 11iTO CMO ueh I3HJ.l.emf, H cjeAJ1,HJyjc It pa3Ae1byje CIJHa Ii Ilyxa. 01'Y/lH, Y CKOPO CUUM cjeAJu);'efbJ.:lMa 11 p,13JU1Kon(lI'bHM3 EO>KanCKHX J1Jl0CTl.lC}J ynora Oveuc MnOCTaCJ1je npusrapaa. Bpnjenaje CM3Tpa Aa je "'3ajcAHli'1KO unOCTaCHO" - Kotv6v imOO'tCX'tl.KOV - cnojcrno IIJlK xapaxrepncraxa CHH3 HAYxa TO WTOCY OlH1"U3lhera (On;a) ( ... ) a lit! OAUCKYA npyrne", Ta xapaxrepacraxa caAp)KJI Y ce6u "cue OCUM Bora H Oua" (r]. OCltM H.erone concrneue MnocracR)1U2 H oua [I0TBP.n.rje na je Oseua Hnocrac 3ajeAHl'I'lKH Y3POK sa ocrana Ana JTnu.a.1 .

Jlpyro jCAl-:UICTBO TPMjy I1nocracH. caaxaxo Ttl Kol)e ua)KHO It KapaKTCpUCTK\Ulo,jeCTe 3ajCJ\H11'IKa DO)f{aHcK3 CYlIlTfiRA H]lH npupona Hnu APyrMM pe1.J:HMa lbl1xoaa jelVIOCYI.DTIIOCT. McnrHa 0 jcnHOCYUITHOCTH Ao61ija CAOjt! nyao 3IIa~JCJLe Y paamrxoeau.y cyurruue H Hnocracn, jep jenHOCYUJTHOC'I' He rpeoa na 6YJle Tyxiauena Y CMllCJl)' noacroaebeua CYWT11HC If nnOCTaCH, Hero xao CYWTRHCKO jenaucrno -rpajy KOHKpe'rHHX paann-rarux H_nOCTaCl1, jCAHHCTBO no cyumnra, jeAHHCTDO Kp03 6v't6-t1l<; 11 Ultap~tt; lLHXOBy ,m4 'J'j. Kp03 C3MY OIITIfKY lh"RxoBorfimKaHCKor6.uha. 3ajeAHH~[Ke CYWTJ-UICKe 11 npnponae KapaKTCp"CTHKe janrsajy ce 3aje.o,HM_1.IKI:l.

101 DOBo 3. 0 Cu. TpOiHQlI, -ravo. crp. 511. 102 CJlQDo7. 0 CD. TPOJltttH,Ta~lO, crp. 120.

liB UlJl'II10 roBOPU It CB. J'pnropn]e Flanaaa ua "~ajeJJ."II'IKJI \I jCAJltill PpOI( ueciuue [ecre jCAilu" (Jlcru ::mOJJ.IIKTIlKH 11, tx, CHrrPAMMAT A [,95). Cp A. P(u)mUlh, To MUO't'ilPIOV 'tllr; 'Ay(QC; TPUlOo).ll,HT. neno, CTp. 112.

104 Y CBOM np"OM Cnouy OC8. TPO;HUKBplijeH.HjC apno ycoeumona]c AeqlHlIlIultjy cyurrune It npapcne: "Otsnu btl 9tou £miv il OOOCl ),"\lp(mc; Kai npw-::wc; KQi I.lQA\0111 Ka13' \)lu:poxflv (t1tCLOrtV imepoiKnoc;.lf)\x:n~ tIt\ 9toU ecnv, il at-tou KQ()' Qu't6v bvt6t11C; bnciu (xv dTl, Ken tntap~u;." CnOBO 1.0 Cu. Tpojaua. Ilenn r.crp.x

Tpu riV)I(IJUt·KI.: J1iioc.:i/;CIf':1l Illi.ILX(UfI/ lliiocmfJc.:HCI CflIlj(;!7l(W (123-144)

129

cjenarseuo 1J Hepa~,IJ,e1bHBU y ClHIMa l'jJHMa 11t1OC'raC.HMa: "OHO UITO je 3a.jef.{HIPIKH ~I cjenan.euo Oueuo u Cuuoao, TO Borouauanna pex (CBC'fOra Ilncaa) npunaje H Cuerosre Ilyxy; H OHO JUTO je sajenHWIKO Ouy H CHHY, TO J.lCTO ~ajCJ-lHH1.IKoje J.t Ayxy".H!S A UITa je TO "aajenna-rxo"? - "Cue, OCUM uepobenocra u pObCfbCl H acxoheu.a", BC]I).f uaur nacau cncnyjylur Y TOMe CBCTHM 041iMa.IIJ6

Passra-rpajyha nojenana-nra anocracna CIlOjCTlJa 1-1 KapHKTePHCTUKCEO>KaHCKHxJhu,(a, Haw BH3UHTHjCKif fiorocJlot! npavchyje na uocroje uanecua "'3ajcAHJPIKa" ceojcrua xoja, y OAI-IOCY npeM£I pabmf>Y 1'1 ncxoheu.y, MOry ce OJ1,HOClITH H ua nua Jlnua 1~t.'TOnpCMeRO, ann TO cavo Y oope~IHO.Af CMIH.:.ny, rj. ,lJ,C1 uua Jlaua lie.Hajy )\UTUI1HO cnojcrno KOjC ImailC wnocracao npunana TpehcM !TUllY. Y TOM norneay OH pasnsxyje ABe rpyne Jlaua: Oua H Ilyxa, 11 Oua H. CHIW. I-1m-1M!!, Orau H fuX uMajy 3HjenHI1\lKO "HC paba".t ce' (UlTO je 06pa1'HO, "UeraTiWHO" CBOjCI"f'lO UA unocracnor- caojcrna CI1f1a: paljaTH ce). Onurua« 11 CUHHMtljy 3ajt:!AHH\IKO "He HCXOllH~ '1'11" (urro je OUCT otiparuo, "RernTHBHO" COOjCTBO o,n, IUIOCTaCnOr cuojcraa Ilyxa: nCXOAltTH). OOaKI10M nOAeJlOM 11 pa31111KOBalhCMno "rpyuasra" Bpujenajc uacroj« ycrsapa na nODHjt! CO(}nnaM OJ-lIIX KOjH, 6paHeilJ1 JlaTHHCKO y-retee 0 (I>HJlI1OKBe, TBpAe Ita, nOWTO Gran; n,Uyx :tMajy '3ajeAHUtIKO "He pabaTJf ce", -rpcfia cuna na ce na Ii Ouy H Cany 3ajeJ.UJI!lIKO caojcrac "npoaauonaru' (n:pOj3O:WlV) COCTOra Ilyxa, Pa306nI11.I313ajylui OUUKBY HeYMeCHY pa3YMCKY KOM- 6~nIall,Hjy Jocnrp TOPAI1 Aa He MO)f(C 0111'" cnejaao "crspnrucov omwuv", -rj. onpesnro, casro npnnacaao CBOjCTBO, "CTCPHlIHO CAOjCTl1O", ca "U1tCXPK'ttl\--QV cnuorvov'. rj. ca IlOC1'ojehHM Ii C1"napHO :maqCnHM CBOjCTDOM, Hero eaory 6UTH cnajaaa iii nOOC3HoaRa cassc noA,ictJ,HHKH OOpC4HlI, anO~4)HTJ.PIKa cuojcraa, rj. CBOjCTOO "He paba'I"H ce" H cuOjCTBO "He H.CXORHTH", KaKO je rope PCtICHO. "Taxo, nena OH, He HCXOJl,"ltTM ua HallHH ua KOjH AYx CneTI1 ncxoun, TO je 3ajeAH~f1IKO jCAHHO Ouy a Caay, xao WTO je N He palya'm ce (3ajCJlHHQKO) jCf\HHO Ouy l1 COeTOMC ,llyxy."W711ha naiue, 'rup~H Bpnjeaaje, aKO 611 ce nOMeHYTH coqm3aM crnapuo npaaeuuc, OHAa 61'1 y CBeTY TpOjHI_~y 6J1na yaeneaa ABa muta xoja npomsone (CKitOpeuovrc) 11 ABa nnua npoaaueneaa (€K1tOp£U't6:), 'IHMe 011 ce norU1.1KH OTBOPItO OyT H sa can-tao yuo.geH.e ABa nuua xoja pabajy H nua nuua pobena. OBO je nornyno cynporuo rpojn-raoj nepu "I HenpJ.txncrrJLHOO 38 npaOOCJI8BHO J~OrMaTCK() npenae,e UPKIlC,jCP, no l'bCMY, "I-ICYMHO)l(HB3 cy U HeYMRHfutma H uecmmena caa DOll<aHCKa JJH~a; II jeAROCTpYKa CY.l He ABOC'I'Pl'Ka (~OVWtA«, oil SmAil); It TplI cy, He suuie (IbHX) .. .',I~.

130

rplIfi(l)l((IHCI.;(,· Hii.OCf7iClCU II H,IJXOH<lllii(H.:tTIUt.:Hfluwjciu(1lI (123-144)

3ajC}l,HJn",a TpOjH.1.1HHX I1noCTacH mpascana CC TaKo~e H l'I/l,CHTU'IHowhy Ibuxose caepraje 11 cane 6mKanCKC. EHCprI1ja je noujenuaxo aajenaa-nca Ii Ouy u Cnuy u Ceeroxe AYxy. rauuo xao t1 CYUJTHH8 lhHxona. Ha -raj HalT}fH, 3ajeAHHlI;oM 60)l(anCKe cane Ii enepruje nOC8eAO'laS3 ce jeJ.lHaKOCT 11 jeAHoMohHOCT. aeroMofiHOCT cue Cuere Tpojuue, ann 0 TOMe ht! 611nl OHWHpHJije pe1.JH v nocefiaoea nornaun.y 0 DO>KaHCKt1M eucpr-ajaaa.

• CRaK(;I DO)KaaCKa Hnocrac.uaxo jejeAHOCYUJ'"ma, rrc're ~IaCTIi. '1 jCAHaKc cane ca OCT3nHM I1noCT3Cl1Ma ca Kojava caaansana jCAltHCmeHO npOCTO TpOjHtlHO EMile BO>KaHCKO, »nax nocrojx H Cr3I1CTHpa Y HCTO npeMe xao noce6uo if paarm-nero Jluue. ana GHIl(l Onaronapehu lICKn..ytUIIW HlIoC'raCH.HM cnojcrnasra csaxora JlIH(a, xoja aspaxcaeajy KOHKpenU1" n"~tHH HA.lTHH ersacrcanaje - -rpono<; i.map~E.W<; iu~DfIKe Hnocracu Ii l1CTIo11.IY paannxy xoja nocroju Mei)y fDuMa. One nJltlHO pa31I1iKOBaJbe Hnocracn He 03- na-tana H H>UXOBa paanuajau.a II pa3,QeJbH03tbC. Ol\CIMtU8tbe ~t ynan.aaan.e jCAHe on npyre, lUlU 01~ 3ajeAHJ1lIKe liM EO)KaHCKe npapone, jep CBaKa ~'hl1uocTaCIf He npecraje na nocenyje Cl1eU;eJ1Y nYHohy BO)K3HCTml.

Qua HnOCTaCHa cuojcraa BPI1jCHJfje pa3JUIKYje y ABC xarer-opaje. "'ta. (x.VUl'tlU" = QHa xoja cy tiC3YJpOlIHa, If "to; e~ a.lt(~" = UHa xoja cy U3 Y3pOKa. Csojcraa 1i3 npae xareropaje "jennao cy OI.~Y cnojcmexa'', ,!lOK caojcma H3 npyre xareropnje "cnojcraeaa cy Cuny If Ilyxy". OBe ABe BpCTe cnojcrana "ueworybe je AR ce caCTaHY (cnoje) y jenaov.jep "xao UJTO Ge3Y3pOlJHO He MO)Ke 6UTH Y3pOKonaHO. TaKO HCTO HH OHO IUTO je ceojcrneno npoY3rOKonaInIMa He MO)KC ce cnojirr« ca ceojcrsaaa Ue3Y3p01.IHOra", 11 Haw IHl3<:ln1'njcKI1 60rOCJIOH 6110 je .E(06po ynosuar ca cxaaraisej« TOMe AKIlHHcKor a npyrax cxonacranxnx 60rocnona na 3ana.n;y 0 pasn"KoB8fbY 60lKaHcKHX Jlaua Caere Tl,0j,,~e Me~y C060M "no Y'pOKY H no OHOMe!lITO je 113 Y3pOKa".11 OHn cy, naasre, YIlO.n;HIIH 'ry paanaxy na ocnony norpeUlHor ytreH>8 0 <I>nmwKne, no xojea y-reisy nOCTojR l.IUTaB HJfJ Y3pOKa, uocpenuax H rrenocpenaax Y Caeroj Tpojaua, OA Oil" npexo Cuxa AO Cnerora .l(yxa (0 qeMY he 6HTU onumpaaje pe-ru y nornasrsy 0 <I>nnnoKoe), KOjUM ce YllefbeM Me~YTHM oAcTyna 0/1 npaBe nepe UpKne y CBeTY TpojllL\Y, y KOjOj

W9 "CSOjCT80 TaMO (yen. Tpojaua} jecrc OHO UlTO ce nornaearo noanaje y jCAllOj

110 C~f~-::~f~:;;U!~l~jHHn~~~~~'~o~~~tto!ll~'A~~B~8~ol~:.~; bf~~~~;~~~~~J:~~t

~H101.:"ac, aa He Ull ce aecanona nO:.m8MO jeLlU)' cnepureny »pupony CJtO)l(CU), II'J -rpcje HeC8epweHIIX. Hero (ucmajeuo) jeJ],lI)' )' TPIf»'W canpureuaer anoc-racuaa n]lOCT)' cyurruay. HilAc.;mpwt!lIy n npencaepiueny" (TII'UlO It:JJIO)Kelbe Ilpaa. eepc I, ii, PG <)4, 8248) .

III Cnouo 1~, 0 Ca. Tpojm,", T;l~IO. crp. 356.

112 Cp. KOIl.J. Bplt/CHUjlf, Pmronop I. n en, )lyx)'.JJ.ena I, crp. 414-415.

TfJU IiO.1IrIlHt:l.:e J1i;oci/i{/C;II/f J.i,IIX(}BlI flfioci7iaCHJ.1 CfJO;CiU6ll (123-144)

131

anocroncso-cacroora-txo lJ,OfMaTCKO npenaisc nosnaje H npmaajc CUMO pa3ID1KOBaT'bC na 6C3Y3PO'IlUI Y3POK (Orau) 1'1 yspoxonaae (Can 11 Ilyx). Crora Bpujenaje, nofiajajyh» norpeuiuocr Jla'rlll~CKOr cxnarajsa Tf'KBOr pa3J1H.KOnaFba y Caeroj TpOjH~1. Ka)KC: "JeAaH je Y'POK (01'01.\). a Aoa ey 1<3 yspoxa (CHH H Ilyx), xac JlJTO Mil npanocnaaua uepyje~'IO,'.IL'I Y cnyuajy ua ce cxonacrnxxo paanuXOScUhe y Tpojaua npaxaaru, oana 6H Y3POK it npOY3pOKOnftHO nOCTanH IH]OCTaCHa csojcrna (smue nuna), na 6liCMO )'Mt!CTO TPI1- jane ntn~a I1Mann TCTpaAY. jcp, KaKO nerm Bpxjermje, TaJl.8 OM cuOjCTBO "6HTI1 Y::SpOK" npec:rano ACl 6YAe il.nocTaCHO cBojC'rno~1~\fO OQa, Hero 6u nocrano 3aJeAHlPl.KO CBOJC'fBO Ona u Cnaa Y OAHOCY na Cs. Ilyxa (AOK 6» Y onaocy na Cana OTa~ ocrao jenaan Y3POK, Qln.1:e ce YBOAH jenno nenpaxaarn.uno, jep je nOrH1.IKfi }of TeOJ10WKH aeyaecao, Al1<pepeHl(l:lpaH.e y caMOM csojcrsy "6Irl'll Y3POK"). TaKBo pasnen-uaan-e 1II11.UIor, smocracaor- cnojcrua jeA~1HCT13eHe. eenpoaaauramue HIi 113 sora 11 6e3Y3pOtme MnOCTC1CH Ouese yKli)J,a Oueuy uoaapxajy Ii YOOAH MellIafbe H 36pKY Met>y J1H'lHl'lM CBojC1'BHMa. na UITa je npauocnaeuo rpajanonourxo npeAcUM.: Iiano OC06HTO ocern.aeo xpos uexoue. Y TOM AorMaTCKOM npcnarsy, nenu Bpnjenzje, "aexiorybe je na jenuo csojcruo npnnaAU MH.orHM (JJlflV{Ma):{\~K HIfWT3 He CllpC\JaBa~a uuora ,(CROjCTU~) oy,u.y jenner-a (J1I<1lJ,a)', - Jcp, o-rarncnno, ono ]COIlO C130JCTUO, KOJe npunana cauo jeAHOMCnHl..\Y (ueponeuocr I1JIH Ot!3Y3PU'IHOCT Oua, POljCHOCT ClIHa, acxoben,e Ilyxa, 0 'JeMy he narse 6HTH IlHWe pe-nt). IIpe,QCT3Blhtl H~croBy nlf"IHY, I1fiOCTacHY KapaKTepuCTHKY. u.eron Htl\UHI eraucr-apaesa xao nocetare lli-l\lH0C111, re crora He MQmC 6~TU nerseao H_J.i ca KHM npyrua, jep ('iu. TO saa-rano cnxnajse H caMltX Huocraca.

Illrc CC TIllte HtlOCTaCH,",x cuojc-raua "-ro. t~ cxi'ti'cx<;" = OJUIX xoja cy H3 Y3pOKa, Bpnjeuajc lIX oaaxo TYMalIH. TO jeer, AeJll1: "ana 110 nempeunno« pobeu.y, xao urro je CHH 11'.1 OQa, 11-'11:1 no HCHCKa- 3HBOM npOH3naCKY (urc6ppT)tov rcp6000v = -rnjaacrueuosi npoacxoheu.y), xao IDTO jc J],yX"' Oua. Jep cy ofiojuua tb"x "' Oua no l1noCTacH",IICI Y OBOMe C:J.iHOnOM H ,D,.YXOUOM pa3nIPIlIT(lM Hatnmy anocracaor npOH3H.naCKa H3 Oua (paannmrroa 3(1 Cuua, jep je nponaaurao paOafbe.llt, l1 pa3;nf\l.HTOM 38 ,[{yxa, jep je upOH3aW30 Hcxo!JefbeM) Haw (SoroenOD, nepan npauocnasaoj CBeTOOT(l1.1Koj TPOjHllHoj TpallIU.lujH, BnA~1 ROBY 6.HTHY pa3IDIKY, pa3nWKY HC cana SMIlIe 113Met)y 6C'3Y3pOq}{or Oua J:f Y3POK003HHX uuajy OCTaJll1X DHU;3, Hero pasnuxy H3Me~y C3MHX THX nuajy Y3pOKonaHRX TIJ.rQa,

::~ ~~~~;~.~~~4MOjlt~" raao. corp. 399.

II; C.QOBO IY. 0 CB. Tpnjml,il,T;JMO, CTp. 362. 116 CJIOBO 10.0 Ca. TpoJlum. 'r~MO. C'l'P. 180.

132

"fPIf (j(J"':lIIfCK~ I1I1Ot:ififlCII II H.ff.WHit lliiOCill{lCHiI L"fwjc;ITIml (123-144)

rj. Mel)yco6Ho lillOCTaCHO paanaxouaa.e n3Me~y CHHa H A.yxa. Ta pa::Sn11KU H pa3JIHKOB3J-be jecre "npeMa pa3mf~!HT1{M npOH3- JIa)KCILHM." (~a.; olaq>6pOU<; 1tpOOOO\J:;)' ", TO JCC1' npeaa poljeH>Y H ucxobea.y, Y llCMY je Ii rajaa I.JlIOCl'aCHOr pa3JIHKOUaiba CUHH U Ilyxa Mel)yco6HO. AJlH 0 TOMe heMO JOUl ronoparu Mano N1Jbe.

Ilpua ceojcrna xoja JOCU(P Bpnjennje, carnacuo ca upanocJ1aBHOM rpnjanonorajosr, pasrraxyje KOA TPHjy EO)l(tmcKI{X Hnoc'raca jecy: ··OlJli.HCTOO, CHHOI)CTBO u Hcxoheu,e -1t(Xtp6'tl'1~, l)i6'tl1~ Kat t1OtOPEUO'U; -,110 KojHMa ce Orau, CHH JI Cncra Ilyx nponoue,Qajy".llS Cna nax OCTfiJIa caojcrsa Hnocracs ronopc ce I{ ynorpetin.auajy ce }In" anocPaTiftiKH, OApeLIHO. y KOM cnyxajy noxasyjy "01:10 urro uaje" norauuo Jlnue.una nax KaTacpaTJ1'IKH, nOTBPAHO, y KOM cnynajy noxasyjy caxo "napancnuo" CBOjCTIlO (uapancnao, CnH1lHO ca rop.H.llM), xao R~ npHMCp nrro je "CWW(iciU(iY (napanenHO)poveIVe"n,

Ilocraun.ajyha nuran,e: "Ila ml je O~I"HCTDO je}'.(HHO CBOjCTBO Oua 11 HeM8 HJtjeUHora uauie, HJlH ca OBHM OTa~ lIMa it npyra caojcma?':':", Bpajenajc onronapa na Orau "uMa -rpa cnojcrna", xojaera ce "pasnaxyje OJl. ocrana J~l)a nl1l,a". If T3 cnojcrna cy:

"GC.3Y3POtIHOCT, pabam, If (llpO)U3D01\lfTI1", 21 llPBO OJl. TUX caojcT~lIJa, AOAaje JOCJlCP, TaKO aasuaajy 06HllHH n~YfJ.H. AOK npyra ABa aasnuajy TaKO CBeTU Oua, Ilpso COOjC'fBO Oua - 6eJyapO'tHOCm., l:fm1 KaKO he uaur nacau peha aa npyro« MeCTY: uepohcuocit; (ro a:'ytvvlltOV, lIITO 3HalUi If HCHaC'l'31l0CT, aenpoaaaumocr, rj. oner 6e3YJpO'/HOClU), TO je CDOjCTBO "rpcxoq UnCtp~to.:x;"lZ2 Osiese 11110C'l'aCI1. u OHO 03HalJaOa "na OHO TlITO OR HMa He AofiHja on npyrcr-a, LilITH Ca1\10 61rlie xoje ali jecre, Hero je jt:AHIHf 11 upaa CaM ')3 Ce6e".123 OtntrJ1CAHO jc naxne 1\<1 "aepoheuocr' if "6e3Y3- p01111Ocr" jecy nojuoua ca jCAH11M HCTJtM 3Ha~leJ-beM. Crora Haw Oor0CJ1013 Ii H331wa Sora Oua xao jCJ],HHO TaKBO Jlnue Mel)y J1HU,HMa Cnere Tpojmrc: "riccno-rcran H ne~ol)eH u 6e3Y3pOt13H" _ "avapx0<; Kai CtyEvVTl'O<; Kai Ctvai1to:;".'.4 "Hepobeaocr" Oua jecre RIIO¢aTH\IXI1 H:JpaJ KOjH.M ce uspaxana "OHO WTO auje" Orau; "Hcpo~eHoCT - to o:ytVVrl'tOV - InrOBopCHO 3a Ou,a, Mana H3rono-

117 c.'10UO 21. o Ce. TpOjllllll, -raac.crp. 39K 118 enORO IY_ 0 CD. TpoJIIl.UI. TaMO. CTp. 361. lit) MCTo, crp. 302.

120 Hero. crp. 364.

121 I4CTO. 1.'1'Jl. 302.

122 Ouaj mpa:J Bpujeuuje IIU1'l'lpl»,jc GpOjJlIlM M~CTHM" H~ CllCTI1X OTDua. K"O unp. n01I1;1.T11~! ~U~t:rOM Ca. J. j]1I.AWC:IWHtt: "CDC 0110 WTO ~Ihla Orau ... U:Jy1t!D IICPO.l)CIIOCTII, soja lie oana-raua pU'jJIIIKY CYUITIUh:, !HITH nocroiancreo. lien) tpO'lto<; iJTtUp~COJ<; = lIa'lItH nocrojau.a" (Tn-mo Jt:JJ10)l(CII,e Flpan. eepe I, K PG 94, 8J7A). Cp. Cnono l!}. n Cu. Tpojuun. Jleml I, 3M.

123 Cncec IY. 0 Cu. Tpojmm. TaMO. Lo'1'Jl. 3M. 12~ 14C1·o, {.'1'Jl. 303.

"li"j 60)l(lmc"·c l1nuc:iTiaclIll H.UJWfW uiloci'flilow ci.wjcililltl (123-144)

133

POM usrnena HCWTO aeraraaac (o'tEfrrrn K6v), y C1'BapnOC)"),{ aajacTH"CKuje nocTojH'(lJ1taplrnK6v £(ntv)".12l Hepobeaocrjc ycruapa .mOCTaCHO cuojcruo xoje Orau I1Ma "caao no ceCm"J AOK OCTaJIa uua cuojcrna, soja xao npno JTI~e Cuero Tpojnue I1Ma jccy: "naa O,llHOCa xoja ~fMa npeMa OHl:IM~ Kojn on Hsera IfMajy 6Hne" ~Tl~ npesia amy H Ilyxya TO cy CBOjC1'Ba na paba " na npOH3BOAH). To csojcrao QQa A' je 6e3Y3po',aH • Ixvat<Lo<; . "uxje (My) OA J~pyrol'a,HI11'HyO}\Hocy upeaanpyroee.sero.nourro OH HHje pa,IJ,H npyrora, crora TO UI"rO OH jecre 1-1 WTO l1 I,Ma unje 11'3 npyror Y3POK3, xao urro je 1"0 CHH 11 Ilyx CSCTH, Hero OH 1'0 I1CTO I1Ma np»o6HTHO (1tp6.nUJ<;) xao 6Hhe H nocen, 11 jecrc H MMa".J27 Y3 TO jow, IICP09CHOCT je Oucso HnOCTacHO CBOjCTBO xoje yrnaeaosi If noxasyje pa3J1HKy Hsera KaO One 0fJ. CH.Ha R Cu . Ilyxa, -re crora Inpa3 "Ct'yEVV1ltO<; = nepohea" oaua-raua YBeK H Oua u np~n13130- J,tIlTeIbH. KaO WTO nenu Bpajeauje: "Kaxce ce na ce THM JeJl.HliM l1JlOCl'aCHHM CBOjCI'BOM paanuxyje OH (01'8[\) 01\ CHHa H Ilyxa. TaKO Aa Ben npx mronapaa.y pe-ru H.epoljeH. 01\MaX ce nOApa3YMeBa OH xao Orau 1i npOJ.t3BOAIlTeJb".I28

Orau, xao "j~nUHH Y3PO'IR::HK Ii aepobeu'', paha CHHa H npOH3BoIIH (£1C1topc0El) Ilyx a. Ilpesra TOMe, caojcrao pahara CURa Ii npml31l0AHTH Ilyxa jeey ceojcrsa ou OHUX 'nil. "Oe3Y3pOlrHR.X", xoja npananajy C3',..IO HnOC'faCH Bor-a Oua, Orau, xao ouej KOjR pat)a CHHa, H83Hoa CC Orau CRRa, M xao oaaj xojx npOlnBOAH (llpO~aAA"'V) Ilyxa, R.3I<B. ce np01<3BOAHTeJb (npO~OAt1i<;) Ilyxa. Ooa TpU csojcrua Oxeae Hnocraca, TO JeCT nepobesocr, pal)anl CHHa, [1 np0l1380AlfTH ,Ilyxa, jecy cnojcrua Cx.Kotviovll'tu, -rj. HenpH1IaCTRa. uenaprammanraa, He3aje,lJ,HU\IHa, -re npexa To~e H11 CHH lUI Ilyx He MOry HH I1Ma"l'll HUTH YlICC'l'BOntlTH y CBOJcrBY paJ)aJMl 11\ npOI13BobeH.>a.12<J Ha3UBU ']a llPBY Hnocrac "Oran" H. "npo~oAt1i<;" (llpO"3UOIl"TeJb) He oaua-raaajy "<6 ~ £<HLV aiJt6C;= xaxo Oajecre.mrrn HatIJIHlberoJ]ol"nOcTojalba", JIlKao W'fO TO 03Ha~laBa Hepofjeftociii R CtyEVVllolCt. Te OTYfJ.a Hrt: CBOje-rl30

:~~ ~~~:~~~'. ~~\. Cpo eft, rplllupujlJ 50iOC1(ma, OIOUO 2Y, 1(\ (Te0J10WKO III).

PG 36. 96A; "J.1Me Onn uujc (HMe) cyurruae ... Hit cnepru]e, Hero OUHOCU

127 ~~:~:: C:~·f.,~j~~~/:..a~~~g~36\~lmy.11J111 CltH npena O~y."

li~ ~,~~'C~~·B~6.i.; ~PC:. rl;~~;~I~. TDMO. CTp. 125, rue Bpujeueje HasonH: "D,aKJIe,

sao urro O'rlU.I. ueaa (caojcrao) na ce pabn IIml An ItCXOWt, jep cy TO caojcteeuocra npyrnx IllJItCY JajeAIIIt'lKC. TilKO It cenxoonnpyrux (nHQa) HHTII mta pabanl ce JIlITiI nCXOIl.UTJI: II sao urm Cau an]e II:J AYXA. TaKO Hit Ilyx lIt1je 11$ Cuna: 11 sao WTO Ilyx IUt "" KOjU Ha'lIl11 Ile~,a pa~albe, ,,!)(O Uti CHH lIit aa Kl)jH U<1'f1l1l ItCMtl «cxcbea,c: "I IWO IUTj_) je Ornu jeJ,l.lIIlo y:JpOK ami IIC It y~pOKon;l.l\, ,'<lKO Lo"J " CIIH u.o.yx jCAlluo ysposoeaaa."

130 Cnoao I~. u Ca. TpOjIIUH. 'rrutc, CTp. 366,

.134

Tpu (jO)f((lIlClCe I4fiodiwcll " H,UXl16t1 Ictlociii(I(,lw C(WjCIUIflI (123-\44)

O~Jl1Hcr8a Hiol CBOjcrHO nponaeoben,a auje ouo UlTO "ca-unsana Oua", Hero cy TO caao CBOjCTB3 Ko~a 03Halla~~!r "Aa OR JJ.pynlM3 naje _611h.e J1 ).~a Y3POK 6HHa npynoaa jeere On' .: KOHCTUTY'TRBHO CUUJCT130 Oua, aKO ce TaKO MQ)!·{C peha, rj. OHO lUTO ra "ca-unsaea", jec'fC "cavo (caojcrao) Hepo~eHOCT, xao UITO CBeTJoITeIbH cssarpajy" 132

Carnacao ca cueroora-ncna YllelbeM, Bpajesaje OHWC nona na aa lfflOCT3CH3 CBojCTB3 He ynorpeorsaua W3pa3 ·'<nu:na'tuco.", rj. KOHCTHT)'TIfBHa, Hero ·'xaPClK'tTlPlO'tl)..tt", -rj. "xoja xapaxrcpuury H3tIHH nocrojaisa" HnOCTaCH. Oao Ol:I 1:UJHJ1 11 3aTO UITO uexa OA caojcrana osna-raaajy "HaLIKH eI"JI1CTeH4l1.je", tGIO 1111'0 je TO "Hepobeaocr 38 04a. JoI pa~aTH ce It IiCX0,lUITI1, OHO npso 33 CUBa, a 0130 .npyro sa CBeTor3 Ayxa"13.,, AOK npyra cnojcraa I10KCl3yjy O,QHQC, rj. "OJl,HOC Qua npewa OHHMa KOjH cy 113 l-.bera"l14. OCHM rora, Cn3Ka OJ]. bO)KaHCKHX Hnocracn aaje casro cnojcreo. HlITJ1 cavo OJ],HOC, H 3aTO nasaaaae ceojcrasa TepMAIiOM "xapaK'tT1ptatlK6:" mrnena MHOrO a}leKB3THYje.

Beh CMO peKRH na OTa1\ paba Cnaa 11 H3"01\1I (tKnopWEt) Ilyxa. Ii /l,a "paharu" J1 "H3BO,n,lfTH''' jecy Hseroua unocracna ceojCT03. OSUM ce ncxasyje na OT81.( xao Hnocrflc paba CHHa Ii H3BO/l,H Caerora JJ.yxa, 8 He KaO EOIKanCKa CYWTliHa, jep cyumrsa, K30 HeW1"O 3ajC.1\IfHQKO CSllX TPHjy I1noCTacH~"HHTJi npOlf3BOAH HIlTI-I ce npOH3BOAH, JHfTH pal)a HHTU ce pat,a".13. C npyre crpauc, aKO 5« CYIllTIDIa 611JI8 ra xoja paha anl1 npoaauonn, OHA3 611. H C~_fH H Ilyx CBenJ pa~aJIl1 It npmt3BO/l,HJI.I1, 'tlHMe 6» aacrano cnauan,e, n TUMe YKJfnal-be, 1-1110CTaCH.HX caojcrasa no «ojuesa ce Jlnua pasnnxyjy. 3aTO HaW eorocnoe C opaBoM mune: "OT<lQ He paha K80 cyurrurra - oo Ka156 Quain, nero xao Orau ( ... ), if He xao cyurrnaa Hero xao npOH3BO~l{TeJh Orau npoasuoun Ilyxa Cuerora. 11 Ilyx, He xao CYWTHHa, Hero xao npOll3BOA (np6~A'l~HX ~ npOllCXOA) HCXOI~lI OA casrora 01.(8".116 Ilpeua TOMe, palj8lbe Cana IJ npouaaobea.e ,Uyxa He cnanajy y Clpl-1pOAH8 Ii aajenua-uca cnojcraa, Hero y JIHlIHa CBOj. C'J'08 OIJ,a: "TO naje 0.1\ npHvonHHX H 3ajcAHH1.IKlIX (csojcraea), Hero je JIH\IHO iii concrseno .. _n Mel)yniM, nOWTo je anocrac caeaa no ce611 HenpeHOCHBO aa npyrora - ix~la5010, (~HenpeAaTJbHBa), He MO>KC ce nax peha na EO)KaHCK8 cyurraua He y-recrayje, na naje npHCYTHa y EO)f(aI·TCKOM pal)alby II ucxoben.y Cuna a Ilyxa ou Bora 01\0. Pa~ajyhH Cuxa as Cede II >l3BOlle)", )J,yxa 113 Cefie, Bcr o-r-au

I l

I3J MCTo. 13211cro.

133 Hero. CTp. 367 134 Hero.

L\~ DODO ll. 0 Ca. Tpojuua, raao, crp. 205. Cp. Cnoeo 15, 0 Ce. TpojHIIIl. CTp. 277.

1)6 HCT'o.

137 Pacroncp 3. o Ceercerc Ilyxy.Ilena I. CTp. 4M.

Tpl! 6mluru(,xe l1i1oclTim:/l U H>UXClHfIUr/oct"iicrCHfI C(lojcii1tHl (121·144)

135

HX cHa6J~eBa CSOjUM EO>I<aHCTDOM, nasne jenDOM}J I.(CTOM CBOjOM EO)KaHCKOM CYWTHHOM, -re 3aTO CBCTlt 00.11 If roaope na Orau pal)a Cl-fHa U,J cyudlittHe 11 H3~OAI-I. Jl.yxa Caeror-a .1l3 CyWTliHC. Crcra je ytnneIh Jocarpa Bpajeanja, CIl. Fparopaje Flanana. C npasoa rouopuo ua cy .C~~H H CBeTH,ftyx 113 DO)K(lHCKe CYlU:rfj~e ana "KCX"tU -nlV na"tpn.,'1lv U1t60"tCXO'lV - no Hnocraca O'leBOJ.

Be1.JHl~ HatlHH auocracne Cr3UCTCHlJ,HjC CI-rHa jecre - Hserouo po~cH:te 0]1, oua. OBO CBOjCTDO .CHHOBO cnana Y"KaTeropnjy OHara "UlTO je 1-13 V3pOK3". Can, pal)aJyhH ce H~ Oua, clle QHO UlTO HMa, HeM a TO PaAI1 eerie, aeh paAII APyrora".i311 Crora lberono ~ocToja. a.e nperrrocraarsa nocrojasse Oua: "jep 3aTO UITO nocroja Orau, noe-raJ" eMR ( ... ) Ii aa-ro WTO Orau HMa ueW1'O, 11 Can UMa TO UITO 11M"". 'UI DBO, HapaOHO, He aaa-r» 1-1.<1 l1'3MCljy nOCToj8IL8 Oua H nocrojaisa CHua Ii Axxa HMa HeKO npCMCHCKO, HntJ 6l1JIO KaKDO npyro pacrojaise. J<1 Oryna ce c npasoss _CBa :pI-I EO)l{aHCKa JIHua uaaasajy npenee-raana H spexrencx» 6ecuo'teumu~~a. Kao np~H311- naaeau paljatbCM Ji3 Oua, elm y TOM C~tHCJIY ~Je GecnOllcra~42 auapxoc, Hero je, no pellHt..Ja CO. I pHr~pliJa Borocnoaa. "IIOQe1'aK R3 no-rerxa" - i1 EK t~, lxPXi'\, lxPX'l - nrro 3"3'111 na 011 liMa Oua xao CBOj unocracnu noxeras. n01.leTUI1 Y3POK MH npnatmn, a CaM jc uax Ou,y caeeuau.nox y onnocy ua cne CT~opel~o <?H je noujenaaxo ca Onea nouerax U upaanun caera - apXl\ rtov OAwV", rj, On je sajenso ca Oqello~ Tsopau Ii Casuaren- uenoxyrurc TDopeOHHe. Haurejs 6orOCJIOBY je, MeljynlM, fine n03HaT 6uro~JIQIlCKH cnop uol)eH y 14. sel<)' OKO OBara MeeTa CD. fpl{rOpHJa

us " ... K1DKC cc na IIpOI-l:JII}l;rm It) lbercee npupone. ,1JHt no Occeoj IIlIOCTncu." (Ancnuxru-rxa CnOB(I 11,65. Cl1rrPAMMATA I. CTp. L'7. ce. 1'8Kol)e CTp. 144.) - Flpeua TOMe, Bot- ic Orau Cana Cecr no npnponu, '11iMe ce yrapbyje llt:(."TBOpeHOCT Caaa. Axe 011 CUH 6 .. 0 creopen,e. Ta,n:[1 61' ~or 6nO C?-r:au CI1I!y no cHt.:pmjH, jep je It cua mopeauua creopeaa 110 eH_epolJu D(»)latJOJ. Om Je Me~YTlIM ')'iVVIWCl = nopon cave cyurrune Oxcae, 1]. BO)l(nll:K~ ~Hhc. 01'10 pn'JnHKOJl''JI-h(.'! II:tMel)y "6I1TIt"U "nenara", 11~)!e~y fiuhu II f!Ht:pWjc_lec-re npnc l)(nKl:IO aa CXBaTMbC ~, npaxna'raue uecrucpeuocra C~IH<l. ApIlJOIlL~1t uacy ~lOrnlt na cxaa'rc any pa:ulit"y It )<lTO cy roocpurm na ]e CItH CTBOpeJbC, Ma.Il3 cy cay CBOjy jepec CKpH08JIII 1f.:JpUOM: "<:,IH ce paba on crpaue Qua BO;bO"~ H xeeuea" (ICon (,·H. AliimwcllJa Benuxoi, Ilporue ApIIJltH~u.a Ill. 5Y, nan. BEOEC, T. 31). CTP, 297-2%). Y onroaop ua ~o Cs: A-r;IHaCI1JC !"OllOPII Ail Om "unie creopeu.e W\KH!lAHO uacrano m BOJbC (SO)l(l1JC), sao U1T(I J~ ro-raap.uero je no npaponn (~m:t) concraea« nopon cyurruue (~Q)lqc)" (np01'HB Apllj<lllaua III. tl3, BEnEC 30, 3111). Cp. r. f!>JiII/JORCKIl. nOJa", creapae,a "":°A

139 ~n:a~l";c~j~~~'f~i~~~~'~~~~: ~.o~. 253-257.

::y ~~~'(.'l-l. J./laAwOClIJW, Ta'lIIO "3nO"'~lbe Ilpaa. aepe I. 8. PO. 94. !B.2 A: "Jep nuje GWlO nexan 01.1.8 (cavor). HKTII je O~UIO Cnaa (caecr), tiCI'D y~eD.IiO K~ (~Q) Orau, yienao Tan (Ut-tu) If Om It) lbera pobeu.jep ce OTa1.\ 00) aua tie

1<12 c~~lp~l~~;~j:S~·~nCJIQ(!. CnOBO 40,43. PG 16. 4198.

136

Tpu n(J)I((lHcta: J1"ex:iliaC:1I1l tMW)IClI wi(J(:iufICHfI cfwjt:iiiffli (12..1.144)

130roCJloBa, Tj. OKO aspaaa "it £K t~<; apxf1<; apxi]".I43 I! JaTO Y TYMa1.JClbY osora MeCTa OH cncnyje xao jenaao ncnpanao npauocnasao rysea-rcn,c xoje je nao cu. Fparopaje Ilanassa a H JOU1 npe a.er-a HR3 npynrx 01'al..{3 Llpxue. To l'YMatlel-bc cc cacrojn Y TOMe 1\8 nOMeHYTO Mecro ca. Fparopaja EOroClIOB<'I HC 3na'lU 11 He MmKC HJ1_K8KO 3Ha'JJlrU oncrynan.e O}1. n.cronor - If xananoxnjcxor, H yonun-e rtpanocnauaor - cxaa-rau,a OMOHnpXltjl{ = .ieAHHOnpHHI(Ifn· HOCTIi Ol,a, -re CUH He MO)f(C 6IITH HM 3flMItWn.an K80 HCKH upyr-a "apXli" Y Caeroj Tpojmm, Hero xao "llpxi1" crnapanauxa npn cruapax.y cae-ra H -rcaeka. Crora Bpajennje npannnao nmne: "CnHa Ha:ll1BaMO 11 nouertcoxr Ii (nO[JeTKOM) H3 nOtICTKa. an» HIIK8/l8 (He xascesro) nua llOtIeTK8 - Oua H C~(Ha,·.14'" Ha OBOMe Bpajennje occtiaro aucacrnpa, jep, aKO 6n )f emf GHO no-rerax - apxil. rrj. nO'leTRK Y CRMOj Tpojmra. DRAa 6H 3ilHCT3 rperiano na je H Ifpoua- 110AnTen~ Cseror Ilyxa, xao WTO TllPAC Jlarnua. AmI, y TOM cny-rajy OU:CMO ID>f3nU nexonnxo arrconyrno uenpuxnarrsaaax TCaa, xao uno cy CJH~Aeke: H3Me1)y CHHa n Ol{U 6HJ10 (hI aaure 3ajeAHHtlKHX csojcraea aerona if3Meby Oua Ii Ilyxa; H 05paTHO: paanaxe HJMe~y Oua n Ilyxa Dane 0" Iipojnaje neronu 1I'3"e~y Olin (.f CURa. Tuxre 5n ce 60:>KaHCKa xapsronnja EO)KaHCKHX l1nOCTllCIf pa30pnn3, jep 6u Cuu "HMao seby l:tCTOBeTHQCT ('ta.'Ut6-nrra = HAeIlTIt~lUoCT) ca O~eM ueronn Ilyx Cnc'ru".145 OCHM Torn, npuaaaaaise CHua xao "no-rerxa'' YHYTap CReTe Tpojaue llOAMJ10 on y npnsnanaa,e aoa Htl<lell(J. y Bory, WTO jc npOTHOl:lO xpHwhaHCKOM M'OHO'reU'lMY·

Hnocracao CBOjCTBO CUH~ jecre "Ha.QnpeMCUO". "uauspesreHO" p:=t~albC OA Oua. no ytleT-bY cnerux Oraua, TO Hserono ue-mo CBOjcrBO ossoryhano je ),1 Hserono pabBH.e Y BpeMeHy, Hserono oeannoaea,e. Cror-a HaW DH.38HTHjCK11 tJorOCJ10B. sepnu yt·leHHK Oraua ~PKBC, mnue: CUR xao "Ha,1J;BpCMeHO - lx.Xp6vWC; - pobeuo Jluue (Flpooomov) y l3olKaHcKoj Tpojaua, npeuonpeheuo je An ce H y apeueay - XPOVlKW<; - pOAR" 4{). Oso upevencxo pa~aJbe CHua

143 SItAH uanpen,

144 Cnouc 19. 0 CD. Tpojuun. TaMO, crp- :\58. Cp. A. Pm)o(fllh. T6 Muc:m;plovl'iit; 'A'y(cr.~ TpUl~ ... , lJ..IIT . .o.CJJO. crp. 152-153. Cp. TOIKol)e TcOKIiUlU O.lllJHuclljal71.

145 ·~"~~~Th.rg~p~O~j~~~I~\~:'(3i5~cr.( iJ "co).01'·a •••• UlIT. neno. CTp. nO.

l46 Cnoac In. 0 CD. tPOjlll.(lI. -ravo, CTp. 305. Hllje neJ JI13'IeibIL T(I urrc JOCIfCp ynoTpc6JbaB<l OBACJa Cnaa aapaa "npOcooitov" =.nW{C, a lie uil(}ciltac. To 'lHHii. uejnepoeernaje.aaro lUTO roaopu 0 CUllY K30 0 I\CjCTDyjyhCM eKoHoMHjcKI-I ad extra Jep. no CXS<lTaH.Y ODor anaaumjcxor-reonorn. -repsum uli(J(:iU{lC aaure je OHTQ}lQWKOr It iileolluwlwf xapas'repa. !10K repMJUI 1Cp60wltov naa BIIWC 1o:3Pl'lKTCp ItKOIWMlljCKU (AOMO(.,.pojI1TeJbl:KIl) II -reoepauujcxn: "HnOCT<lC je nuue (ltp6crwnov) «oje ce CACTOjl-l "'3 cyumme It ceojcraaa. np600l1tOV je ono IJiTO CROjltM AejCT811M:'I " cc.OjCTRIIM<I npysca HilMIl jncI1), ~I OJlpc.i)eH)' npoiaay caojax canpnponmnca." (OIODO 1. 0 Cu. TpOjI1UII, raeo. cTp.l'l-9)

Tpu 6'J)ltilll('·K(: HrU)f,;mm:llll/f>lLtOHlJ miO(;rUm:ml C(wjeiUtill (123-144)

137

jacso je no ce6H na He cnana y yayrpaurn.e nune H ){(UBo·r CaeTC Tpojnue. HHTH npencrann.a HCKO noce6no, HaKHaJlRO lillOCTaCHO CBOjCTBO CJfHa~ OHO Mei)YTHM l1Ma 3H3tIaj aa JfnOCTaCHa cnojcraa yOIlII.1TC_ Ilpe cucra 3aTO WTO JIHue xoje ce ouunnohyje jecre Om, a He OTCH~ HIm Ilyx, Jcp, aKO 61f cc onannohanao He CHH. nero OTa~ HllU AYx, 1'4:l]la 6u 1\OWJlO ,1\0 CJUIDatba ceojcraua, jcp 6" ce OTH1\ rana nO;aUJhHBaO II sao Orau H xao CUll, HIUl Ilyx CneTH - xao )l,yx " DPOH3BOA (np6~1..l]).la) u xao CIIH. Crora jc y 130)KaHCKOM npCABe~IHoM casery npcnuaana-teao BpCMeHCKO paljatbC H onannoaen,e CIlH3, jep TaKO "cuaxo 0].1. Jlnua o-ryuaea cnoje CBOjC'TBO HenB~MeHJbUnHM. KaO H npe HO urro ce 3.6Hno o-roucueu,e Jloroca".

nepCOHanHC ocotnrse rpeaer Jlnua CBeTe Tpojuue, CSCTora Ilyxa, y cjcmny Ii xapsromqa ca nepcouanuaa ocofiaaaxra naejy OCTamiX Hnocracu, nonyrsyjy TajHY "Ha,o,6mKHHCKe Tpojune''. ITntlHH. nepconanan "Ha'IUH nocrojaa-a" Caerora Ilyxa jecre HCxoJjCH:.C - £nopEU01C;, H TO je Hseroso l'lflOCTHCHO ceojcrao, Hseroaa JU.1~JHa OC06HR3. Kao H Can, TaKO ce lJ CIlCTI1P.yX Y3DOAII KUjC/\HOM If jeUKHoM npUHUHOY - OU;Y. TC npeaa TOMe H Hserosa HIlOC'l'aCH8 csojcrua cnaaajy Y OHO "WTO je ~13 yapoxa", JlWIHo, IDlOCT3CHO acxohen.e Ilyxa 6HU" "najeuaora Oua" - £K uovou "to\) Da~p6<;,jep Ii OH "CIlC urro HMa, Ii casec Gahe (Cnoje). I1Ma 0).1, Oua, a He OA IIPyr)1e".I4H To acxoheu,e Ca. Ilyxa OA Oua jecre nOTnYHo Ii C(tI1PWCHO, TaKO ~a ce ~icKlby'l.Iyje H ca« nojav 6HflO xaxaor caupouaeomrrcn.a. L4t) Ilyx Cnens ,I.106Mja oa Oua nOTnY110 H caupureao 6mKClHCKO 6nhe 11 nocroja caMOCTanHO Ii caacceojao, K1l0 nocefina HIlOCT3C, y paanoj 1.1aC1'11 H cnana n BnHCTu H can« Boacaacrsa xao H OTa~ Ii Can. Hser-oaa HnOCTi:lCHa pa3JU1Ka 0/\ ocrana ABa 60>KaHCKa JII1lJ,a y TOMe je UJTO Orau nocroju o.YEVvli~<o>; = sepobeuo, am !'£vv1l1'P' = PO~~HO, a OH nocroja h-nopEUtCiJ<; -- HCXOJ,lHO. HCXOAeh~1. CaM Ta.l JIlfllHI1 }if JCAHHcroeHII J.l HenOHOI3JLi1BH Ha~U1H Iberouor ersacrnpan.a nenoasar Hal\'1 je 11 ocraje 3a Hac 1bY.ll.e ae-ma -raj aa, xao yocranoxt U J.JnQCTaCHJ1 HalUlH uocrojas,a CHHa 1'1 alta. 3HaMO casco ronuxo ua je 'fa APYK'IHjn H(\\IIiH na-rnor- nocrojae,a Hero WTO je KO,lJ, Oua »nu KO]J, CI1Ha, Tj. Hero WTO je Oxeaa seponeaocr HnK CHHORO pahaa,e. l1cxolje~bY Jl.yxa 3aje]\HJI1.IKO je ca pa~aJLeM. elma "tb a.{no:r6v = y3poKosa-

1<17 Cnouo 16.0 CD. Tpojunu. TAMO. CTp. 305.

148 Cnoeo lY. 0 Ca. Tpojaun. Ta1>IO,CTp. 3611. .

14~ .•... Ilyx cnnpurcn nponcxoan OIl Oua 110 unocracu ... Axe JC Ci"IOPUlcl! npoucxonehn onjennorn. ounn jc CYBOIUJIIO Hseroao npcucxohen,e OD, npyrora"

150 g~~~.c;q;~'~~p~jC Hucuu, Benexu Knraxercsa pe'l 2. PO 45. 17SC: "Mit CMO uay-rean na (je).Qyx bQ)Kjl1 ... CywTHHCK<l cana xojn ce carncnaea Cil~1<l"1<1 ceee Y nocconoj IIII0C"I"aCII:'

138

Tou (i{)XaHt:Kf! };friuc:ililJl:u 11 N,UXUHlI Wi(JCrUIICl-W c(lOjc.t1irm (123-144)

HOCT", u Y TOM cssacny 0110 WTO Ba>KH aa pabarsc naA<11 H aa licxol)eH:oc. Oaa 3aje.QHff1-IHOCT "npOY3pOKoaaHOCTlf" HHnomTO He :malJli 1\3 ce Hrtocracn Caxa H ,llyxa uoacroaebyjy. Jep 1'0 cy aue KOHKpeTHe H Mel}yco6ue pa3JUlKOU3He a pa3JUIlHJTe Hnocracn, '(JUju ce mf\lHU CAHOC CBOAU H3 DARoe 6HTH "paann-nrro npoyapoKOBaHO" - OIC«p6p~ aitta!". III

Ilyx Ceern, xao ucxoneba OA OQa, 11M3 11 Caoje "acxonene - £K7t0PEUlt1 - CBOjCTBO", KaQ IDTO 11 Cna, xao po~eHH OA Oua, lIMa cuoje "pobeuo ~ YEVVll't'i} - csojcruo''. Oran nax, Kat) Ibuxoc jennaa 'laje)~HUtIKl1 Y3POK, ,"IMa " csojcrao "HcxoAHTeIbcKO" (eK1t0peu'ttKljv = npoaseouehe) " cBOjCTRO "poA.jTeJbCKO" (')'EVVTJ",,-Ijv). )J." uc 611 Y uauress yMY 6mIQ uesor-cnajan.a itJtH cnanau.a oanxjeaasrxa CJlr1lIHnX uspasa. Bpajenaje npeuaaape: "Jlnuy O'lCBOM npnnaua pOJl,HTeJbCKO caojcrno, a JTHlZY CHHa pobeuo: xao WTO HC'l'O Taxo Ouy, K30 IIPPH3BoJ\HTeJbY, (npnnana) CBOjCTIlO I1cxoAHTeJbCKO (tK1tOp,EtltlKlj), a Plnocraca Ilyxa caojcruo acxonebe (tK1t6p'u- 0l9". ~2 Ounrnenao je na HCXOjlH'reJbCKO cnojcrno (Ona) He MO)f{e 6HTJ.I IIOMCToBe1ieHo ca HCXOAehuM csojcmosr ():(yxa), HnTl1 rtax pOAUTen..CKO ca pobelUfM, a paanaxa H3MCI)y OBliX J.HIa1.Ie je'JU'II{I{ CJllt1lHHX c13ojCTaB3 ynpaso je paanmca 1I3Me}jy Y3POKO (OT3L\) 11 ilpOY3POK060H02a (Cnu If Ilyx), .H3Me9y ai"na H a(fUxtCt. HapaBHO na ce rajaa OBl1X 6o~aHcKliX llDOCraCHHX caojcraaa CUCTOTPOjU'IHI1X JJHQa He ucupnrsyje YCK.HM nOn1\IKUM H <pHJIOCmpCKHM nojsioaava "y3pOK" II "npoyapoxoeaao", ami je HCMoh JbYACKor jC3HKa o~nU'JIeWIa KaA ce rOA pa.ql{ 0 rajsu )KuBor H Hcraunror Bora. To ce npuxehyje 11 y 60roCJ[oBJbY Jocarpa Bpnjeauja, Hacrojehn }J.3 HaM npeTl,CTaJ3H HeCIITmeFlOCT H aecaeumnocr nnocracHKX caojcrasa, OH, nojaunsasajyha rope cnOMHfb3H8 csojcrua. K"",e A' csojcrna 011' "U3BOAHTH" (Ayxa) II "pahara" (Caaa) lIMajy "no mroaopy ssasen.e nenoaarsa'' (evEp')'Elac; = aKTIIBHOCTH, nejcrsa), AOK caojcrsa "UCXO,D.HTH" (6YKOaJIHo: 6111'1t HCXOi)CH, H3BooeH - tK1topE'6~(H1al) u "pal)aTH eel> HMajy 3Ha~lelbC "nacasHOcrU" (1t6:tloUC;).1."l3 OBHM OH xohe na nonayue RCTUHY Aa Cas H Ilyx, K30 OH~I KOjH cY "y nacaauocrn'', He~fOryhe je na cay-iecrayjy ca Ouest y Hseronosr aKTY I1mf nejcrny pa1}al-ba H ucxobeaa onronapajyhax Jlnua, Tj. na nonpauoce Ce611 'lnl< jeAal1 npyrove y BmKaeCKOM any npoaannascen,a H3 Ona. Bpnjeanje mrure: "Cira

151 "Jep :sGor TC aajenanue (KOlVWv(Ct<; =- onurreue) Cuua 11 Ll)'X\J "111 Gn~1 HI!

Ha:HfBa~lO jelJ;IUlM npoyspoxoaaune (EV urnctov). Hero JJ.BOjllQ,OM (SUO). TO jeer CUllOM 11 ,QYXOM; OMU C)' ptl:JIlII\iU't'O ),:JpOKOnaHJ.l, -rj. KIlU nUpl)A, I! npOIICXU,q crtvvrUl(x K(X( np6f}Al1!lCt.), Mil, aKU xoheur (npcyapoxoeannaa) IIU pobeey II

1~2 ~~;~OI~~~{~.W~?t~~j~ ';a,.~oC~~~~t,. Ilene I, CTp. 437.

153 CoODO 3. 0 Ca. Tpojnun. TftMO.CTp, 42.

Tpl' 6mtCmtt'l(e MiI()ciTi{l(:u 1/ H1!tXO(J(lllIl()ciilfl('H£I CIWjl:(flllll (123-144)

139

ue capahyje - mJVEP')'Ef - Ouy Y pahan.y, H"Tn Ilyx CBOMe "3nOAHTC1bY y CBOMe HcxogefhY; HHTH oner Ilyx Ouy y pa~a",y Jloroca, Hl1Tff Jloroc TIPOH300AfiTeJbY y JUt'lHOM. nponcxobersy (npooSov) .D.yxa".l54 Ha oaaj u8q}1R Haw ausaarujcxa reonor noxaayje na je Orau '1e.u,HHH OTa~ JIoroca, u jC)J,IHlH npOM300~HTe1b Cncrora ).lyxa.15. ,nO,D.analbe onne aspaaa "jeanaa" Hml "113 jeuanora" - £K uovou ('tou n(l'tpo;) He npencrann-a HHKaKBO nona-rea,e, Hero Ta'lHO aspaxaea ApeBHY "UpaBY "epy Ilpxae.

y AaJLCM lt9HOWCFbY CBCTOOTa'IKor npaaocnaunor y~lCl-ba 0 CBeTOM Ilyxy, Jocmp Bpajesuje, aepaa TOM y'.eILY, rOBOp" 0 nnocrpyxo» npOH3Hna)KCJUY Ilyxa. Hnocracuo 11 6~THjHO, erJHCTeHl(HjaJIHO, Ilyx Cnern npOHCXO/11l OA jenaor Oua. TIOCTOjll, MC~Y'rIiM, H je)J.HO lberoao apyro "npOH3HJla)KeI-bC". Hseroao I1CxoljcH,e 1fnJl l"{p60S0~ no eacprnja, no 6J1aro.u,aTHOM napasaisy cae-ry H rnapawa. 000 npyro acxoben,c Ilyxa no esepruja, yve COC'flI OT(H, 6MBa "on One Il Carra", HnH "OJ], Oua Kp03 CIlHa", ana 6ana II "OA cauora Ilyxa" . Bpajeuaje naure: "legal! If UCTVl Ilyx, I1CXOAChH no unoeraca 0]1, cauor jenasor Oua, napyje CC no eueprHjH Jot OJ]. Cana If OA Cetie cavora, "' I1Ma no J],aJ3aH>Y H Ce6e caxora sao nOlteTaK,,,l~{1 OBO nanaue Ilyxa jecre OHO "nyaaise'', OHO "ynaxayhe'', 0 xojesr roaopn JeBaH!)eJbe no Josany (20.22): "VI AYHY Y IMiX Ii peve UM: npnMHTc Ilyxa Ceerora''. Haxana, MebYTHM, 080 "nyaarse" He MO)f{C 6IITH noacroneheao ca 1tl10CTaCHRM HCxobel'beM Cserora Ilyxa, jep, xao WTO CMO neh BH]I,emf nanpen ncxohetse 3H3lU1 nH'IlUf Ha~IHH nocrojatsa Ilyxa H npCTnOCT3Blha Jlanuoc-r Oua OPOH3BOAHTeJLa, AOK "nyeaiee'' lWI "ynaxuyhe" 03H3'IaBa AcjCTJ30, uencnau,e, uapnnau,e, paanaaaa,e. Crora lOCIlc:p 'JaKJbytJyje: "OHO, naxne, urro ce 0 Ilyxy CBCTOMC soue nyaaJ-be - 1tVEUOl<; - TO 03HR'Iana He HatlHH ersucresunje, Hero ycruapu naP1W<UhC J1 pa3ARl3aH:.C (UJlarOUBTH Ilyxa) TBapHMa.,,157

TaKO, Kp03 aaeenexa anocracna CBOjC'fB3 no:majy ce Jluna Csere Tpojnne, J,t TO, xac WTO Bern! Bpajeuaje: "OTaQ, caao K30 Orau JI npOH3BOAHTeJb; CUR, cawo xao CUll H Jloroc; Ilyx, caeeo xao )J.yX II TIpOHCXOA ("p6~),.TJj.l·a; H." jenao OA Tpn (Jlnua) He npBM8 HHKaKO 6HJlO KaKBY 38l-UlCaO ll3MeHe unu ceHKY npoueHC:,L~~ Illro je nax caaxa "H3MeH8 ana npoerena" BmK3HCKHX l1.nOC,.aCH anCOJIYTHO I1CK1bYl{eHa TO je 3aTO UITO cy IUlOC'raCHa CBO]C1'J3a ixKOtvfuVl)'tCX = uenapnnmnauraa. H!!J],C}bHfl3 ca 6ifno KHM ,!.\J_)ynrM. HeJajCjlHHtIHa. 3a'l'o je y npeTXOJ\HOMTeKCTY, a n yonwTe,

154 11 cr 0, (,IP. 43. 1~5 HCTO.

1:\6 ('.111)80 lX.ll Cs. Tpojm"II, raao, CTP, 344. 157 Cnoco 15.0 Ca. TpoluU.l1.t.,p. 265.

ISf( t.JIOUO Hiu Co. Tpojuuu, 'TaMO, CTp. 3115.

140

TpufiU.1ItIlHI.:1'C1! 11Iiu(:iiitIC:u II fbl/XOflflliiim.;iIiClCHucrwjr:tTilffl (J23-144)

caaxa on rpnjy Hno(""l'acl1 oxapaxrepxcaaa ca npcuaaapassess ")16VOV", 'Ii- CQ,Mo,jeouHo, l.Ht.Me ce "pasnuxyje OA naejy npyrax, a He cnaja (c FbllMa)",15') Ha ouaj H8tIHH, CBaK8 l1uOCTHC "110 TOMe UJTO ce Ha3MBa uovot;" (= jCfi,lUffi), no TOMe jenaao ana fI '1Ma AO'fHlJH8 H.nOC'l'aCIHI cuojcma. u Jep, CXOJl.HO npaeocnauaoj rpnjaJ].OJIOrJ.ljH, KaKO je napaxcana Jocnrp, "OHO UITO je CBojCTUO jenaor-a, neMoryhe je na TO J{CTO 6YAe C!30jCTBD Ii APyrora".Hll Crora, y crryxajy J~a CC Ma H jenao nnocracuo cnojcrno cnnjc H IIQMeWa ca HeKUM OJ]. l~PyrH~ cuojcrasa Jl.OJl.a3H no CJJHB,Ub8 Ii Mewalba CBllX, 11 concrneaax H 33JeAIDflIKHX, CBOJCTana Ii TaKO ce YHJIlWT3Ba xapseonuja Han.GO)f(aHCKe Tpojnue: "Jep aKO ce cnxjc Mnll jCAUO HJIlt cna cnojcrna xoja ce y TpOjHI~U carnenasajy, rana CC OHMax cnanajy y Iboj cna aajenaa-rsa If. noceona cnojccna, 6UJlO na ce H3Mel)y Oua 11 CMHa, H]HI Oua l::l. Ilyxa, unrr CUBa Ii JJ;yxa YBO,QI<f HeKO nnue, 11m:! UPCMC xoje paanaaja, ann nocroja aesu 113'llHH".i62 ,o;a ce o-ryaa, naxne, Tajna Cnere TPOjHIlC HeCJ1HBCHa H xepasnuojeaa, norpeclID je Aa 3ajcAHl1~IKa CBOjCTB3 OCTRIiY rrcpnsnen.aea, a nocefiaa, JIJ1lrHa caojcrsa aecnaeeaa M aeuosreuraua, jcp Tel( TaKO ce acnoaena npaBOCJlaBHH. nor-ear 0 Bory TpojH'411: "MH (npaI30CJtaUHH) Hl1Tlf pasnersyjevo sajenaasxa CBOjC1'83 (O:l Kotv6'tTl'tE~) y Tpojnun, HJ1TH oner Jll1lIH8 CBOjCTB8 (ai. (o16trrn:t;) cnajaao, Hero OHO WTQ je '3ajeAIDP·IKO ocraje Hepa3AeJbJ1BO, 11 OHO WTO jc noceriao ocraje aecnaeeno, H T"Me ce Hajno6o>KHHjH noraa'r lJYBa aenpaKOCHOBeH ... 16)

Pe3l1MlIpajyhH AO cana pe-reso, Bpnjeaaje aaopaja xoja cy TO 3ajeAHW·1Ka 3 xoja noceoaa, ocoeeua caojcrna. 3ajen.HHl.JKa cy:

"Sanaaca ce na avajy CrtMO l'pYl sajcnmorxa, He unme: OTi.\),.\ J{ CHl-I aaajy TO na He J.1CXOAe, Orau ~1 Ilyx TO ua ce He pabajy. CI,IH H JJ..yx TO WTO cy Y3pOKoa8Hn" .IM lllro ce nax THtle ocoocanx 1011'1 noce6- HUX ceojcraoa JOCHcp RaBOl,(H jenHO MeCTO Ii',) cs, ]08aHa Ilauacxaaa:

"Pa3JIHKY Hnocracn noanajesro y caxo -rPM csojcrna: (y cnoicrey) 6e3Y3pOQHOM H OQ'!HC'TBY (Orau), (cnojcray) Y3pOKOllallOM H canoncrny (OtA), (caojcrny) Y3pOKonaHOM H acxobersy ()J;yx)."'"

159 Cnoec 1':1. 0 Ce. TI?OjHl{lf, TaMO, CTp. 357.

160 "Jep xac W1'(l (CUO,CTDO) na]e Oran aepobeu. onuaja lbern 0A Cnnau Ilyxa. HfI ilCTH tln"!llli If. TO urroje OTRlIjeAlllul y~pO"HJHK, TO Fa pn'!JtElfljnol( QlHa u Ilyxa: «ao WTO YOCTfllIOM Ii TO WTO je CHiI jeJHllf.l1 pot)eu, Ii TO WTO je Ilyx Cnern jeALwJ.I uCXoAetH1. onaaja Cnaa OA Qua II Ilyxa, II Ilyxa Ceeror- pamaaja 110 IIflOCTaCK 0.0; Oua II Cuaa" (HCTO).

161 Dono IS. o Ce. TPOjIItVI, TaMO, CTp. 276.

162 Olano 7. 0 Cu. TpOJIlUI1, T<lMO, corp. 127. Cp. CnOB<) 6.0 CD. Tpojaua. TaJ.lO, crpcua Il[J.

: ~ ~;~:~ ~g~ oCC~:t~~j'~~;I~~~~~~~ ~~3.

165 Ta,(HO IW10)l{CJ.be npaaocn. eepe Ill. 49. PG 94. lOooB. Cp. 1. BpujeHuje, HCTO, c;Tp.33fl,

Tpn fio:JKOHcKt l1iim:l7111clIll N>!lXt)MI ttii(Jct7iauliI cflojC:lTi(l(I (12:1·144)

141

bUJJO KaKBO oncrynau,c OA oaor ra-mer noaaaa,a 11 fioroCJlOBC'fBOOHlha 0 HaBe)~eHIlM cuojcrunua Jl0I30A~f AU y}~aJbanaH .. a O~ npaeunuor norsaarcsor y-ren.a 0 Cseroj Tpojuux. ~aJ(aB je cny-raj yupaao ca 3anaAHUM nantHCKHM 60roCJtoBn~eM 0 TPOjliQH, U aaro ce Bpnjerrajc ocsphe na u.er-a If no OBOM mrrau.y. Cxsarajse 11aTHHCKHX cxonacravxax reonora, xoje je cynpcrao trartpen usaeTOM npal3lIJIHOM, npaUOCJ]<lBHOM CXaaTi:UbY, caCTOjM ce y TOMe urro orm CMa'rpajy na ce Tpoju-me Hnocracu paanrrxyjy Mel)ycoGHO jCAI1HO uo OJ.lH0C11M3 K3MCgy H.UX. UJH1 KaKO TO uenH JOCI!(~: "(OHl!) I1P~IXBH.Tajy jCAHHO paarmxy 1tPr6r; 'tl (Tj. paannxy OOIlOCQ, penouuje), H OCHM the. HeM::l upyre". M Ouo 3Hct'm na Orau jennxo xao Ponaren. 1-1 Ilponauonnrers pasnuxyje ce 0,0; Caaa J.i Ilyxa, -re cc raxo Hnocracx .ueTepMlfHMUlY v3aja~'fHIIM "UJ,lHOCOM cynpcruoem" (relatio oppo~i[ionis)lfl7 VI nperuapajy ce cauo Y yayrapcymraacxe onnoce. MCt)y'nlM, 110 npanOCJIaBHOM GorOCJIOnCKOM npenan.y, Hnoe-raeM HMCY caao yayrpaum,x 0HHOCli cynrraae Bo.)KaHCKe, Hero cuaka DO)l(aHCKa Hnocrac jecre, no H0CJ1011HHM pC1,.UlMa BpHjeHlIjesHM, "JTHtIHOCT (npocomov) xoja ce C3CTO)H In cyurnrae H ClJojcTlla·).lflX Ha caaj HalIHH, Orau ce pa3JJH.KYJe on CI1I-Hl Ii ,Uyxa no oJV-lOCY "rrp6r; "tl.", xao Ponurers Ii DPCH13Ro.n.aTeJb. ana ce OH paanmcyje H jour nnme on rora, HU npyre HatJ[{He, 11· OJJ, Cnna ce paanuxyje a xao E~3Y3PO~IHI'I11 flPOH3BOAJlTCJL. H on Ilyxa Ii K<lO Besyspo-rua II POA~fTeJL. Crora Haw 60rOCJlOB C npauoa -mpna na nocroje ·'I1ll.pyrn Ha~mRH. pamaxe y EO)f(aHCKUM (JlauuMa). KOjl1 ce He CaAP)I(e Y OlHIMH 1tp6~'tt". Sa'roje aa lhera naTHHCKO CXBaTa~bC jenaa norpcurua nouorapaja.jep "aarne aaje Hal)eHo WI Cueraren,u rouope, 6RJlO I-I3pll'llf'l'O I1nH 110 ceracrry, Hi.! je aa EO)l(aHCK~ TpOjHIW npaxnarn.ana jeAI1HO paannxn [10 (OAH?ClofMa) np6r; nit. I ~ 113 ceera ouora IJ,a ce 3aKJh},,-IHTl{ na OAf-lOCH TpOJHtUiHX Hnocraca jecy "OJ~HOCH paanaxe", a He "onaocn cynpoTHoCTlt",170

Haw IUI33H'fHjn.'li GOroenOB aacrann.a ua ouaoce Tpoja-ruux n'-IU.8 H3JHI:a::C 11 ananaayje jour OI.1W"pH~{je. CBaKo Jluue Cuere Tpojaue, eena OH, I1Ma ABa llMeHa: Orau ce He HH31wa cavo OTa~ Hero 11 TIP0M.3B011.HTCJl. (npOpOAEU<;), CHH ce He Ha3H13R cauo CaH Hero 11 Jloroc, " Ilyx CBeTR He uaaana ce cauo AYx Hero H FlponcXO)( (np6~Allf1a). Ona "MeHa noxaayjy aeCJll18CHH ",~HOC ceaxor ,a.OTHlIHor EO)l(aBCKOr J1H1:J;3 npeMa OCTanHM bO)KaHCKI1M TIHll,HMa.

:~~ ~~~~'~~t:t~~d(l/·fle. La Thcologiefurine de Iu r== x sion du Suint E.~iI~il. »Russtecr ChrelicUle«, 3·4 (1950), 212, rne Hn}la;.lIf.M,l Jt:JHC'l'C CIICMCHTe rpnjaacnoruxor y'ICH>:\ TOMe AKULI11CKor.

:~~ ~~~:~ la~ oCC~:f~~J~~~~~~I~~O~~~i)~33(i. .

170 Cp. V. Los.~ky, A l'image er a to re .... semblance ...• ua'r.neno, 71, 73, A. Pm)olwli, To MU<rtrlP10V nl~'AyIO:C; TplaSo~ .. , un-r. neno. crp. \491\ P. GwfokimOl', L'E s prit Saint duns fu tradition Onbodoxc. Puns 1969,41.

142

Tnu nO)IC(IH(.'Ke l1ii.oc,Twcll. /I H.IlXlltlt/ IlfioL'I7iIICHU l:lwjaftmJ (123·144)

TaKO je Orau sa CIIHa caao Orau, ana mrje npOH3BOJl,IHen.; 33 Ilyxa nJK jecre caao Ilpoaaaojurren, 3JUf nuje Orau, Cua ce aaanna Ca1'.10 CHHOM, xao CMn Oua KOjH ce paha aa jenaor jCJ],KHor Y3pOKa, ]lOK Hserono HMe Jloroc, no pC'Il1Ma JOCHcpOBHM, onsocn ce He casio npeua Ouy Hero 11 npCM8 Ilyxy, TaKO )~a MO>KeMO na '(<I)I<eMO "Jloroc Ilyxa''. Jloroc 60)l<j>l je Jloroc Oua no yapoxy l1fJOCTHClf. "no TOMe llJTO je H31-bCf'a"; Me~yTaM. ~-lO>Ke ce naana'rw u vflot-oc ,[(yxa" no Y3POXY jC,4HOCYUlTHOCTH: "He KaQ ua je 113 Hsera (Ilyxa), nero saro IlITO" Onaj (DIH) "Ma Caoje 6"lIe oryna onaxne H Ouaj (,D,yx) liMa Cnoje nocrojaa.e, 11 KBO canpapoaaa IbcMY. H caoecno-rerau, IIje/\H060lKaH (6~6t)Eo<;)", 111 Ha xpajy, Ilyx CDeTII je flpoUCXOA cauo y OJ~HOCy na TIpmt'JBOAHTe1ba, Tj. aa Bora Oua. ana OH ee acrospeaeuo uasuua H,aYXOM, 11 TO He caao ,l.l;YXOM Oue, Hero" AYXOM CIfMa (cp. PHMlb, 8,10), Bpajeuaje naure: "AYx ce lHl31-JDa H jCCTe Ilyx Oua, jcp jc H3 Ibera, a jecre H Ilyx CHHa, He K80 na H3lhera "Ma Csoje nocrojaise. Hero xao OJ]. Oua Kp03 Hsera npousaurao (Ox; 01' A 1)<0;; tK foil nClfp0<;) If xao jeasocyurraa l-beMY H jCAHocnalJaH."I72

11'1 rope xaaenenor npOU311J1a:m Aa ce CBaKO BO::Ki:lI-ICKO JTnue jann.a xao CpeAH>C Y ouaocy Ha ABa OC1'3n::i jC11.HOCYUJTH3 Jl aua, xao WTO nerm U naur uacau: "aanaaa CC nocrann.eao jl£O'OV (cpenise) ocrauoj AIlOjUl..lI1, H CYUJTlffiOM Jf OP;1I0COM AP}f{H ce OHI1X xojn cy ~'Iy ca CBaKe CTpaHC". llho ee, MCi,}YTJ1M, TUlle Oua, OH HMa OAHOC upesra J].BaMa JIHl.I;UM3, eoja cy H3 Hscra rtpomauma, "H no CyUl'fHHH u nOY3!?O}cy", ,J.lOK ce CUH n Ilyx OAHDce Mel)yco6ao casro "no CYUlTHHU·,.I7.,

PaAH Sorser- 11 npernennnjer 11 CJlWKOBl1Tlljer npencraun.au,a OBUX OAHOC(I Tpoja-nmx Jluua, 0 KOjUM3 CMO cana rouopana, 10- cllep Bpnjeaaje neje \laK H jeJ].HY rpculmtlKY cxesry xoja noruve Oil sexora Jeporeja. 3Ft xojera OH cuarpa na je TO "cncnrrenu Jepo'rej, y-raren, )])WHHcnja Apeouarjrra". Mel)yn·IM, y crnapnocra, 1'0 je GMO jepovoaax JePOTCj, xojn je >lUlUCO y 13. aexy n nncao AeJI3 IJPOTlffi IJanIHa.17 Ha uCHony cxe~fa Ollora JepoTeja HaW nacau

171 C[WeTHH(IKa pC'1 ('I CjellHibelhY upsaen.Jlenu I. crp. 4~7. - Hapua "Jlcroc Jlyxa'' :1.\1 BplljcHHja H~tlI eeae ell TPllj<ln,OJIOIIIKOM exeMoM KojYAlije (aunaneuocpcnuo UIoJ)t(c). Ynpaeo oea -ravxa y tf>erOnOM Y<JelbY. no naurea MHIU}bClbY. orxprsea HaM OeUl'ra'IKY J.:OIICTpYKlJ,Hjy OBe CXCMe 0 KOjOj je pC'I. CmIK<lKO je TCWKO yKIlOmtnl onaj ncroa V,1pUJ "Jlcroc Ilyxa'' y csnanny ucnuuy ca Y'IClheM. na rtptwcp, CIj. /)mfupltjll /-Im:KO;' (lCojc ce nouaun,u II )t0D. ("(1. J. Il« .. 4H1CICUHa): "'OUl, 6YAyf\u aa je m OQa, IIIlmll ce euusc H1I3l/NU Hwl1u jecliie (CIIU) .LI.yxa'" {O MUJI~ITUU fOcnULtlboj .... iurr. KOA werner Jaeger. Gregor von Ny ... s:t·S Lehre VOl\1 Helltzen Geist.Leiden. 1966. 134.

172 Canemu-nco CJIOBO ...• ";!MO, CTp. 4~. 171 11,,"1'0, crp. 4XK

17~ Hajennor "CICC'Tu Bpujennjenot-, scju hc:/'>to oneax lIaDecTII.1f3rneAa ImOlK l{ajc 11 1.111 CaM ilMao Hlutl:l1t! CYMJI>C OKO aYTCIITIi'IHOCl'lI ORe cxe~1e "lJeIHIKOJ' JcpOTejll": "'AKO ce llaK U~IC.O )'l:YWl1lfl nOpll'll!t'DO ('rj. cxeMY). l(uDAa TfI 'J'OOO>K

TPllfiOJN;{JH('·Kf J1l1vcl7l(lcli II /iJ!L"WOlf uii(lQ'iiuClm ceoiotasa (l23-144)

143

naje jeAHY OllaKDY cxevy, Tj, reouerpajcxy cnuxy (Kajy y (~01aTUnCKOM CHHMKY }.laJeMO HC! cnenehoj (''TpaHU): 3aMliWJh~Jyh.H jenaa ncha xpyr OR y theM}, yuprana urecr M.albHX xpyroua KOJH. CC CBaKR nporeace OJ]. ueirrpa AU ncparpcpaje (ne)KehH aa uiecr 3aMHUT1heHHX nonynpe-masa). OBHX wee-r Kl?yrOni:l, KOjif ce Mebyc~6Ho fJ,emIMH'IHO npoxcraajy, npencrann-ajy TpI1 nnua Cue-re Tpojnue ca FbWXOIlH'M AynmfM MMeHI1Ma: Orau ,1,1 TIpoH3IJO]:lI-ITe]b, em" u !Toroe, Ayx H opOHCXOA, TaKO "MaMO: A (UMpu) 01,0, B (Pf1'<;,) Caua, r ()<'x~u) Ilyxa Caerora. 3aTHM: ,IJpol13uOI,HTe!ba 11 (w~€)'<X), Jlorcca 'l' (",C), ilPOHCXOl1 X (XC)"II' Cxesra ona JlMa aa aanaTar< J].a nocasce cje,ll,IH-Lefba (1ft.; E:VWcrEl<;) H pa3miKOIlCtJi,a (tm; OIUKp(lEl<;) Tpoja-max !T1H,a, II TO Ha cneuehu H"!HH: (xpyr A) npencrann.a Oua xao Oua y )lHpeKTHOM onsocy npeva Cnuy (Kpyr B), AOK (xpyr 11) npcncrann.a Hsera xao ilPOH3BoI1HTcn,a y A>IPCKTIIOM onaocy npexa CB,AYxy xao npOl13BOAY (xpyr X), CaMHM TlIM co Oreu xao Orau (xpyr A) HC onnoca AllpeKTHO npessa Ilyxy sao Ayxy (xpyr T), HliTIl co sao OPOIl3BOAHTelb (xpyr Q) oaaoca WipeKTHo npeera Caay xao CHHY (B). To HCTO B3)f...'l1 H'Ja Cnna KaO Cmra (xpyr B) H xao Jloroca (xpyr 'I'),,, raxobe II sa C";"yxa xao Ilyxa (xpyr r) JI xao Opm13DOA (xpyr X), n ,'aKO uarsc. I ,

Ha raj H.Cl'IHH, Tpojauaa l-IMeHa HMajy Meby C060M xenocpeAaH oAHoe; "(:moolooV1Ut O"X-E'ttK6x;", KClKO oeJUI Hall nnca~, Tj.

IIllje OA UeJIIIKOl' JCPOTej(1. Hero je »oja l!Jllt HC]{Ora o~ hlojl1X TCOPllj~, OH.M:! KO Guo, aKO ocraje xpnulhnmlll, ItC MO}l{C nopauaru 1111 ICAIIO on, "Mella KOP OUO ca-oneaeajy" (!lCTO. C1V. 4Y9). - [(pUI! «oju JC npeJJ,JIO>i<.HO na oecr Jepo-rcja -rpeea noncToseTItTucajc-P0MOIIJXOM Jepcrejea HJ upeaeua Jluoncxor-caeopa oao jc PYCKIl apXItM,H1flPI1T II xacnaje enacxcn Apl:eH/Jjc [Apceuu«. 0 )1(11:$1111 II CO'IiUleI-lJIS[)( ncpnaouaxa 11ocllri>a BpHeHHIHI. T:lMO. CTp. 4(4), - 0 IHI'UIOCTII II AMy (lIW1' jepoeonaxa Jepo-rejo RUlUl Au(),mflul( L1.lIAflll7il1l1K:(JII.V1UJf.:, 'Op~650~o~ '~. Jlajnaar 1872, c-rp. 53-55. Tal(o~e V. I .. mlrtllll. Hierothec. Crubolicism. V (1962) 7H2-792: Th, !Vi;:}:I .. Hlerorheos Hieromormoos. L.:xicclIl fiir Theolngie und Kirche,1 V (1%0), 332-333: C. nllii(u)m1YArlL· .:' ·ll'p6'11r.o;;, .... THE. 6.728-729; G. PIll(/I~(i.J()seph Bryennios cue discussions surun cooctte (run ion .. LI.HT. neno. crp. XI-Xl. OpUrHH3J11l11 pyxonucn one Jeporeieee cxeue II.'UHl:ie ce Y DH6.1HIOTeu,u ce. Mapse y BetleQHju (Cod. Marc. 153 Iol. 207'. 208', 210') noll. mtCJ10BOM: "Hajaynpujer II uajceerujer Qua naurer jcponcnexa rOCnOJ'l,IIHn Jepcreja. Cnceo ynybeuo OHHMa ICOjH ra lUIeUeT:ljy IJi! ie IlpllPCl.IJ.Y Sm .. cancree ouprac rcoMcTpHjcKuM JUlHHjOMJ, II Aa [e 01\<1 [[8JnaO (Ouea) Ilyxa \I T<tKobe CIlHa (CIIHOM) Ilyxa"; -rasobe y pyx,onllCy d)lIopc'lmjcKe 6~IOllltOTeKC (Cod. Med. Laurent. foJ. ':Iif, 60'. 61) non ua3H80M: "Becena rrporna IlaTIIH:l" .. HHrepec3HTHO je npauernru na ce Y IIplIMepKY IIJ.ltUtb8 Bpnjeuujeaux ucna y EuCimtore!.l,H 8CYMOQII0IUl("'T'cI 'i Flapuay He aanaae oee BpUJCHIlJt.Be CXCMt.. Mil CMO HX Ilaw.nllu· CIIIIMHJI:-f y Hau.IIOltaJIHoj 6nGnilCyreU,II 'i ATUHIi.llIlP;llIit;KCMO IIX y:l onaj pan.

17~ CaReTIIlI'II(O CJtOBQ ..... Ilena I, crp. 4H9.

176 MCTO. CTp. 4n. - Aa 6n AOK3:JaOA:l tIIlTit ce n111111l311na "\'ltuAyxa".1Il11·n Orau ....OTal~ Ilyxa" Haw ce nncau noanea JlltpeK1'HO aa Smt:.kCHOI' AarYCTI-fHa. To cuaxaxo 'IHHU pana canax Jleraaa. 'mja cc rpujanonounca -recaornja ocnne,a H<l AurYCTIiHoBO y'leu.e. {BI1.j.lIIIICTO, CTp. 48~}

144

Tpli fiO:JtWH{:1;C Hriociuc/Cu ff 1VIIX(}(I(llIi'iocl1i{fCHtI C(WjCI7i.H(f (123-144)

OAROCHO (penauaoao) xopecnosjmpajy, TO jeer: OTOll xao Ornu upeera Carry H xao npOH3UOAI1'reJb npeaa llPOHCXOAY. GBa I1MCHa Mel)YTHM HMajy GAHOe npesra CaOMe y3pOKY: "ava.<pepov"Ccxt at- 1tCItW-;", r], uauone ce H OJ.lHDCe ce y3pO~lHO. TO jeer: CAH xao Can IIpCMa Ou;y H JJ.yX !GIO Ilpoacxon upena TIP0I13TJOAl1TeJl.y. Taxohe CC UJlHOCe pena,ltliOHO jenae npcsra npyrosee Ii JToroe It Ilyx, Ii Ilyx H, JTon~c. ~1II1 Je.o,HHO lOy 0AHOCY U8 CYIUTHHy",I77 TIpeJ\1a TOMe, Jloroc je Jloroc Ona xao Caora upauuana - "10<; Ctpxi'i~", ana jc II !Toroc)J.yxa "xao jennonpnponaora". Taxo je II Ilyx - .rlr,x Oua "xao Y3pOKa,", ami je It Ilyx Jlcroca "xao jenaocyurraora".' S

. Hanpen naseneae reopuje 0 cjennn.ea.y Ii paamrxoaarsy J.lMaJY xanaranao aaaneu,e aa Bpajeaujesy reonorajy 0 HCXOIjCILY Cnerora ):(YX(1, xao lUTO hel\'IO ,u:aIbC IHfACTH.

177 ltICTO. CTp. 494. J78 1'14...,.0. crp. 495.

145

3, CYillTHHA 11 EHEPfMJE

DPCM3 Y'leJbY Jocnrba Bpnjeuuja, xojn je BCPUli sacraun.a« nCllxaCTH'IKC reonornje cueror Fparopnja TIa][aMC, 1'eMOI 0 Cy1.UT~I· H.I-! 11" eucprujassa 60>KaHCKHM ueonnojasa je O,lJ. l..lCnOCHUr rpnjanoJlU1lJKOr rnrran.a. Crora OH TO rnrrau,e npoynaaa Y CKJlOny -rajne Cnere TPOjHU,C. rOOOpChH 0 rajua )KuDor H I1cTIHUlTor Bora Bpnjcuuje, OCUM TPUjlof1lHUX .l1Meua, 0 KOjID1t1 CMO Ben rOIJOpmlH. yuorpetin.ana If tnpa:s "ouo(a." (CYWTHHa) u "tvtP),£1a.t" (cueprnje. uejcrna), cxrarpajyha ua cy 'ru Mcl)yco6HO 01J.HOCHI:I (OX£'CtKO( = penauuoun) u3pa:m H.u.a orepauajy nBC crpaae jCHHe I1I1Cre craapa. KUAa rouopa 0 CYWTHllU Cuere, JCJJ,lIOCYW'fHC It )l.(HllO'I'BOPHC TPOjHl~C OH nonpasyaeaa Bora Y C(\MOMC cefia, uenpucryna-rnora cnery, ana HaM, CXOAHO OTKPIfl.JCli>Y, rosopa raxobe ua raj HCTH Bar nonasa Y lloJVlp ca CI3CTOM CBOjHM C11Jla""13 H eHepnt"jaM<I. ,UpynlM pC~UfMa, car naCHO ca npasocrranuaa ,u:OfMaTCKl1M npeuafi.l.~M, Bpnjeunjc npHXl3aTCl n nponosena ua y Bory pa3JHIKyjeMu c),lI.I.mw-ty 11 oella{"uHY CItJ1Y. Crura on uaaaaa Bor-a pa3J1WIHTO y UtJ,HOCY na Iberoey cyurrauy, CI pa3JHflIHTO y UllHOCY ua cncprnje. Y norpefirsaaajyhx uanaxurrcxe 1I3pa3C, J OCHCP Y O,UHOCy an EO)l{aHcKY cynrruny Ha3Hna Bora: "nancyurracrnena cyurrnna, KO· ja He nornana non .AeclmHuu,11jy", "caxiopoheno J\ofipo", "CClMOJ~{)· Gpo A06po" (ull'tCtynOov CtrxMv), "nnacr xoja CDe 06yxaa'l'"",', "ncnapcrtaso 110 npupoua", UTll.. Y ounocy uax aa eaeprajy OH Bora Ha3HI3U: "J.f3PClIlIB" II n03HaTJbllB (yvc.oo'COv),3 CBHM OUliM 113pa311Ma noxaayje ce ,~a je Bor no CYW'l'HHH Caojoj nenpacrynaa u nCCXBaTJbI1U, I~OK ce no CBOjHM lJ,ejC1'IHIMa, eueprnjaua. OR 0'1'xpaun ~ jaursa CIlCTY, TC je npeaa 'COMe n03HaTJhHB If n03HaT JbYAHMa. Bpajeavje I.IUWC: "Mn rouopnvo na Bora uosuajesso JlO (lberoate«) exepmjasra, AOK Iberosoj CYlUTHHI1 HHeMO y crau.y na co IIpHonlDKHMO",}f OUHM CBOjlU"l pe.maa Haw BU3a('rnljcKH Gor0.j CJ1UU caMO noaann.a, CKOPO HOClIOUHO, CBCTor Bacunaja Bennxor, To WTO ce Bur He jaBJb<l CBOjOM CYWTHHOM, Hero CBOjUM cueprnjaaa, jacuo noxasyjc Aa ce Y bury paanuxyje cyurruaa 11 euepraja, WTO jour He :m.a\H1 An je ,EO)KaHCKa eaeprnja onaojena on DO}K3HCKe cYLUTHHe. Hanpornn, OHa je, 1Il1IUe Bpnjcnaje. "ne CY"JTHlla ( .. ,) Hero jc OKO cyurruae ("Epi -n,v OUcrlC<V)", TO co crora 1I1l~t:.nma H}~CTe "cyurrxucxa" lI"J1P~lpOAHa" eaepruja - OU01oo011<; K<Xl <j>1)"'K11:

I Cnouu 1,0 Cu. Tpojmv-t, Ilena 1,4, 2 "11..,..0. crp. o.

J Hero.

4 Cli. 8ac:1UJllje 8f!JIIIKIl, Flncao 214, 1 PC 32. 8(il)AB. l. 8pUjf!kllfr. DO.lJl) 1. 0 ell .. 'l'pojlU!)l, TUM", CTp. (i. Cp. "ro!(O~C OIOlJQ(J DO'JK<lHCKoj e)lcprl1j.l.l1CJ1Il II, cip. 116. ::; Cnouc 0 6o)!('II/(.:J{oj ClIepntjll, 'rtIMO, CTp. 121.

146

CVWr1lWIlI II c,wpzuje(145·154)

0110 paanaxonasse Boxcaacse cyurraxe H Boxcaacxe CYWTHHCKC cxeprxje najc HaM npano If MoryfiHocT gel r0J30pIlMO na "jcnan H liCTH Bor jecre pa3ACJbHB H uepaanersuu ( ... ), cjenaisea Y pa3JUiKOlWiLY H pa3JUIKonaH y cjC,[{lIFbelhY; fie ncryna ).{3 ee6e y 1I3naCl~HMa aaa (exvEK'<POtt11tOV E(xU'tOU tv "[or~ 1r:po680u;)) 11 y HenOKpeTIIOCTIl cuaraanoxperas (tv 1!i ItK\Vl1o\~ ItElKtV'110V); nenen.aeo Acn,lIn H caeneno npauacraa (bAo"XEPWc; !lE"EXOI'£VOV = nOTnYHO :wjeAHH'laH)",6 Kao llITO ce H3 naneneaora BHAl"" aaaa JhyJ.tm,ia ce orxpaua nocedna, OC06UTU C!.HTHHOMH'lHH Ha~lliH er:JHC. rxpau,a Tpojusaoru Bora: HeCXna1'JbHBOra II nenpacrynxora y CYlO.THHH CBOjO~. a cXllaT1_bHuc:>ra H npacrynavnora y cueprujava If npOJC1llaM8 CBOJI1M. Bp"JclU1Je name sa TC!.K(30ra Bor-a, -rj. Sora xaxuora xpauihaau nosaajy: "Caa cneraren,a cuarpajy J.I yxe na je DO>KancKa. npnpona nenpn-racrna (Cx)1£i)£K"rOC;) cease] pol}eHoj (CT"OpeHO) npupona ( ... ),,, ucnonenajy {rj. npnaaajy) na ORO WTO jc,~~ Dory) npJI'.aCTHO (,6 !l£1EX6~£vov) jecre DO","HcKa euepraJa . Cac HaM 0130 aaje sa npano na MO)KCMO na K3::.KCMO na Eor npyra-raje [eciiie a npyra-mje aellyje, xao WTO TO neJIH Ii uaur Mynpa 60rOCJIOB Ii MOHaX JOCH¢>: "npyro je y Dora cyurraaa ... a apyro cHeprnja".ts

Y uuoj Ta'IK11 npaBOCJIaUHUr c.XBaT3H>a Bcra Jccatp Bpxjeauje aanas onronop ua m:lT,H-be 0 OUO>KelhY '[QOCKa. KaKO je Moryhe o6o>KeH::.c, H na na ce TY CTSapl-IO panx o 06mKeH,y Tf.mPH a na ce upn TOM ~le uapyum OCHOBHa AorMaTCKa I1CTl:ma u anC()JJYTHuj IIpHpOi\HO) pasnaun 1J)"cby THOPlla 11 rnapa? - TPOjH"Hll Bor, npKCYTaH y cnery 3ajCJI,H11'IKOM HCTflapHOM eHcpnrjuM DmK8HCKI1X I1~oCTacH, it aapo-nrro o~anlloJielheM Cnna Eomjer, raj Eor uocraje npH'I(1CTaH - J.l£I}e:1(1:0~ - on crpaae 1bYJU1, an» IICTonpeMeHO ocraje H:.HMa aenpa-racraa 11 Henrm:cryna1.IaH no Cnojoj CYUl1'l1HH. Kp03 o~o PCaRHO sajenroruapen,e (~le15-a;~c; -= npn-iacraje, naprnuauanaja} 1:IOBexa y uecreopeuasr eHepnljaMa Boacaacraa OCTBapyje ce cnacerse M oGmKefbe ~IOBeKa. TaKO je cnaces.e tIOBCKa, If npxynau cnacen,a - 06o:IKefbe, ycraapn 3ajC,llHl'l'tapcH>e y nemapHr1~ eueprujaua Cuere Tpojaue, a na npx TOM fiJI Y KOM cny-injy HHJe npapoaao yueurbe y ueupu-racraoj Boxaacxoj CYUJT>lHU. Jep, Y cny~I~jy KClAa Gu HCKoTsapHO 6Hhe 1fManO ynena y caesoj cyurrnau BQ)KJOJ. ouna 6u TO craopee,e uocrano 601' no npapon«, HJlIiI KaKO TO aenn Bpnjenaje, noerano (iii "ueo cane re UPHpo.ne".9 tuTO Oll nonuno nupexrno y na1ITe~13aM.

6 \..JlOBO I. 0 Ce. Tpojnuu, J].eJl3 I, 13. Cp. Clio Mll1a;u.11 Y!c!i(mej)HIfK. rJJl18~ Te0J10WICC I. 41<·41} PC 90.1 !OOD-IIOIA

7 C!IO!1Q 0 bmlo((UlCKoj eneprnja. )J.eJH11I, crp. 11 K

!'\ CnOBu 0 6~)t(aHcKoj cHcprnjn, TaMO. CTp. 113. co, T. <1>JlOP()(ICIW. J10jaM crnapan,a KOJ{ CR. A'rauecuja. ..• uur . nenu.crp. 2.W-260.

9 C!IOBO 0 6Q)t<~II'IC.KOi cueprujn. raerc.crp. Iii.

C.)wlTiwm /I f:Hl:pzllje (145·154)

147

nOll1TO jc, naxne, EmK3HCK3 CYWTUlIa HaMa n,ynUMa HCnpHc-ryrura, H MloJ 3ajeAHwTapel'LH y Bory J.1MaMO YAena cauo y IherOBHM HCTBapHlofM eseprujaaa, OJJAa Kalla K8)1{CMO ,Q8 HMaMO yuena y Ilyxy CneTOMC TO 3Hall~}l8 CMO Y1.IeCHlfll,U ae Hseronc npupone JUJU Huocracn AYX3 Hero Ibercae eaeprnje, J.beroBor Gnaro,q(tTHor ncjcrua, finarona'raa .. x napoua. Crora Ii 6ufiJntjCKll JI3pa3U xoju rouope na Mil npHMHCMO "Ilyxa npeMY.ApOCTH (.,.). II snatsa. Ii MohH" He oanauanajy npnpony lU1M ]ilnocTac Ilyxa CI3CTora. Hero Hseroee euepraje. Taxo 11C1'O, KUJJ.a cy anoCTOJ1H I3HAenn Aa aa H>HX CIIJ13311 Ilyx Caeru y DI1AY oru.eunx jC3MKa. aanenu cy, ycrnapu, jaun.un.e eaepraje Cserora Ilyxa, H He casso cyruraay una Hnocrac Hseroey.!"

AJlH,nO yueisy uauier riorocnoua.uaxo ce EO)K<lHCK<'I cyurruna H H.eHa cyurraacxa uejcraa - EmfGlHCKC encpraje Me.l)ycouuo paannxyjy, ORe cy unax nonjenaaxo caueune 11 catiecnovcrue.jep, "080 lLlTO Eor liMa, TO HMCI 01\ Beq}JOCTH, a He HaK.Hal\HO Cre1.JeHO, aaxo je TeK Y spCMeHY It He,AalJHO TO H3 1:IOneKOJby6.Jba OH npojauao OHHMa xojasia xobe"." Cnaxa eueprnja K'3p8)Kaa3 H jaun.a Y CBeT)' He~IHy DmtcaHCKY cyurnmy, ami TO He 3Ha'IH ACI ce nocrojajse re eacprnje IJpeMel::fCKH cnaja ca cnC!TOM. CHaKHKo ua jc crsapau,c cnera pesynrar 60)KanCKOr nejcruouarsa (60)f(anCKUX enepruja) y upexeay, [UHl cavo nocrojau-e THX aejcrana (xao CHJta, eaepraja) je llPCABt:!1.IHO, xao u nocrojaise Boscancxc npapone, xao U1'fO aenu Bpajeanjc: Eor "crnapa ~ CKOpO, If xana xobe, ami OA Be{lHOeCH 11M" crnapanaxxy Moll". I Ilpexra TOMe, cyurraua 11 caeprnje 60)KaHCKe canocroje 0)\ ne'rHOCTH H nCMoryhc je na nocroj H Boacaacxa CYWTHHa 6e3 euepraje, HJU1 60)l{aHCKC enepr-aje Ge3 upnpone. Y cny-tejy xana QUCMO npI1XUaTH:RH P;3 je EO)KaHCKH cyurruaa OA HeAejCTBeHe (av£vtp"(111OC;) DOCT8na AejCTBeHa (tv£p)'6C;). TO 6li oauauaaano naje "OA aecaupuiene npeutna y canpuieac'l'OO",LJ 'ntMe 6n ce YCTBapH noneno y n"T~Ube canpureucrao UenOKYOHe CBeTe Tpojaue. Crora Ham 50roCJTon 11 naure: "HY)KHO je J],Cl DO)KaHCKa eueprnja 6YAe caue-ma EmKaHcKl'lM nHll,HMa, jenaasa, a He H8XHalJ,HO creueaa, na He UHCMO 1l0MHCmm_M HeKClAa na HaM je Tpojnua uecanpuiea Bor. Jep, xao tIlTO je aessoryne J],8 5e'J npnpone nOCTOjR DO>K8HCKa eueprnja, raxo je nesroryhe i~a H npnpona 6YAe 6e3 cnepr-aje.v'"

nOWTO je naxne DO>K3HCK3 eaeprnja cane-usa Bowaacxoj CYUITHHH, TO 3HCI'III na OHa y Jhoj IIOCTojH. npe cruapan.a cuera, J.1

In \t1CT(),(Tp. us.

II Hero, crp. 117. Cp. Y:t Ae(;CT nornaan,a .. , Ul1T. ,QCJIO, ~). 6t<:a. 1211ero.

~; ~~~~ t:°;Ii7~'C~~~~I~~~:.t':;o~~~~a~I~~~;.~eno. cf1. flK

148

CYllIilimll.lll C!H£'pilljC{145·154)

crora ce He MO)f(e penn ",qa je 6u.no upCMCHa xaua OHa Hl1'je 6HJ1a y a.o]". OBO :3HfL"lH na xao UIl'Q je EO)f(aHCKa cyurrxxa ne'raapaa 11 uecasnaaa raxo cy If eueprnjc H3eHC nernapae 11 xecasnaae: "Hecaaaaaa je cyan-ana. HeC83}J,aHa je AaKJIe Ii CYLUT[{IlCKa euepruja cyruntHe.,,15 OIUl KOjU rouope ua je aecasnaaa caxro cyurraua DO)f(ja, a cue IUTO HHjccyrnTJ-n"la Hero je OKO cyurruae TO je casnauo, - raxna, npessa YlJe·lbY Bpajeaajesou, sacrynajy jepec EIllWMJijeny. jep y OJJ.HOCY aa TpojH'tlHa HIlOC'1'ClCHa caojcrna, -rj. na aeponesocr, P09t!HOCT H HCXO~eJbe, ORK Mopajy sacrynam arm Aa cy OHa accasIJ,URa, Y KOM cny-rajy ce -ra cnojcma noucroaehyjy ca Do))(aHCKOM CYWTl1HOM (ami 'rana Het.m eucre Tpojane), unu o6paTHO, aKO 'I'll cnojcrna HHCY WCTO llITO 11 CYWTUHa Hero cy OKO cynrnnre OHlJ,a cy OHCl caanaaa (y KOM CJIY~Ja.iy oner HCMa Cne-re Tpojanc). !6 CX(mHO TaKllOM CBHoMHjaHcKoM y~lel'hy, I_JCJUI JOCI:I(I), Bor 611 611.0 "cYUJTUHa neaejcrueua - ouoiu avevep'yrl't"o~ - HJlH Seacyurraacs.a encprnja . tV€P)CHxuvoumoc;. H TO He no npeuaaanaacetsy, Hero no nenocrarKY"·! XpuWhaHCKI1 Ear, MebYTHM, jecre necaanaa, H TO He cauo no CyllJ'rIllUf nero H 110 Cnojnu exeprajaua Ii no CoojHM 11110C'l"aCIHIM ceojcmnsra. Bpajeanje naure: My (npaOOCJ1aBllH) "oJtarotrecTHHO (euO'E~W<; = npaoocnaexo) nourrvjeeo jenaora no CytuTHHl1 necasnanor Bor-a, ana He C3MO no cyurraaa aecasnauor, Bern H. no CIHtM UpUpOAH1fM eHepnfjaMH H no HnOCTaC~l1:fM caojcrnava.jep Hl1 I1noCTacH xehe 6l1nt: necamane aKO l1110(.."T3CH3 c13ojCTn3 RRCY necaanaua, HlfTH he upnpoaa II CYIUTHHa OW1'H Iieca3~aHa aKO He 6yJ1.C YlMaJla YI ceojc cywnn·ICKC eneprnje HeCa3AaHC'·. J

Fonopehu Ii oUrOCJlOBcT6yjyhH YOCK H3 Snarcnarnor HCKyCTBa cnor, Tj. cpopMynHwyhn y pe~IHMa ono WTO je xao upasocnanIUl xpnurhaaaa 11 OOrOCJIOB AO)KH13ffiaUaO y cpuy ceo», JOCl-UP Bpnjeaaje He npouyurra na HCTaKHe 11 CO'fHPIiOJlOlllKC nocneaaue koje 51{ uacrynnne y cnynajy na ce npaxaara y-retee no KOMe cy 60)KaHCKe eaeprnje Ca3J1,aHe. Y TOM cny-rajy 611 060>KelbC rtonexa 611110 HeMoryhe, jep 6n lIODeR rana sajenau-rapao He y Bory (on -rera jenaao n nonaaa 060)KelhC) Hero Y HellCMY l'BapUOM, caanaHOM. Jl.an..e. Y TOM: cny-rajy 5H 5nna nopexayra H uenoxynaa-rajsa BO)f{aHCKOr osannoheu,a, Raja je ocaosa t1 TCMen.. cnacex,a pona IJ.YAcKor. A CBO KaKO: YKOJlH.KO ce npuxaaru na cy EO)l{aHCKe eneprujc Ca3J.l,aHC, oana 11:3 ror-a npOH3Hna3H" na je H r-nopa-rxa euepraja Cserora Ilyxa, KOjOM je Bor Jloroc AOOHO 'reno II o-roue-nro ce, 61m3 raeohe -reapaa, caanaaa, xao urro 0 TOMe mnue JOCH~): "AKO je OHa (Tj. eseprHja) ca3AaHa, OHlJ,ajc n OHO 6oroHOc-

l;'i CPOH(1 (l DO>K&HCKOj t:lteprltjl1, TUMO, crp. 11K 16 1·1"I.'1'O.crp . .119.

17 Hero. crp. 1.2U.

IK i-LcTo.crp.llt,)-12fJ.

CYWiUliHU 1/ (wepiujr:. (145-154)

149

1"10 reno (Jloroca), {-Imi 60Jhe peha uerroxynaa yaera npapona (JbYACKa). 61Ma ruopeaaaa TBaprrora."l'.J OoaKBHM cxuarareex O}\- 6mzyjc ce EO)KaHCTBO oaannoheaor Jloroca BO)Kjer-re npeMa TOMe 1-1 cnacen.e pona JbY.ACKOr, xojer je On yseo aa ce6e oeanxohersea 0)). ,IJ,yxa Cuerora 11 Mapnjc Iljece. 113 oaora jacao npoasnnasa na Ja Hamer MOHaxa 60rocnOB<I np06J1eM omKanCKRX cuepruja HJ1je HCKJ1 npo6nCM casio ¢mnococpCKe npnpone. ea npyrocrcneunss ~HHtlel-heM, Hero je TO CYUll'HHCKH TconOWKI1 11 COTHPFlOJIOI.UKl{ npotlnea. Tj. naraise castor xpumnaucxor oaha H IKHBOTa, jep ce O,l.\HOCH aa caery 'l'ajHY cnaceu.a Ii 060)Kelba, xoja je Y xpuurftancxoj uepw uerrrpanua. 3aTo Bpajeeuje nocrojano IlOHanILa H 110AIlJIHtt.H na je neortxonun "cMcrrpaTlf .BO)KaHcKY eueprajy secaanancer, 11 (cMaTpaTYI) ua je OHa MeWTO APYfO 0,1.\ jenxe npupone oO)f(aHCTBa Ii. 0)], Tpujy l1nocTacl-r",20

113 nocauatua.er aanarau,a BJ.I)l,enH CMOj uaxne, na "cnaxa cyurraua lJM8 H cuny (ouvaplv) Ii eHeprHjy".2 CYW'l'HHa, Cll118 H enepruja Me~yco6Ho cy noueaane, TaKO A8, KaKO aena Jocmp: "mITH 110CTujn caepruja 6C3 clue lf~ xoje llPO.H31iJIa3H, HI1TH CMJHl 6e3 CYlUTRHC, ami Hl-ITH cyW1'IIHa 6e3 cane xoja MO)l{e]l.ejCl'nOUaTlI" (Xrop{S ,flS tv£pyefv 6uva~tVT1S 6\lva~£ros)." Hau.eaaua na y BO>KalICKOj cyurranx nocroja CJ1J]a T1: eaepraja 60)KaHCKa He HaHO~ CH HHKaKSY WTeTY npOCTOTH BmK8HCKe npupone, jep on rora OHa He nocraje CJIO)KeBa, 0 TOMe nnure Bpajeuaje oaaxo: "EO)l{aHCTOO unje CJ10)!(eHO TM11e WTO ce Y }beMY carnenaua cuna H eaepraja C .. .), jep je (OHO) caMQHHKJIO (ail1ocpUES ~ caMonpupOAHO) H c'M("'"0- CTaCHO If casroeaepraja (a.U'tO£vEP'YEl.<l)" ,23 TO jeer EO)KaHCTOO HMa cae caxto H3 Ce6e H HeMi:1 ynena Hn y lieMY APyroM na 611 ce MOI'JI'O cMaTpanI c.nO}f{eHHM.24 YKUjlalbe pasnuxonaa.a J.l3Meby DO>KaHCKe CYWTJ-fHC H enepruje, na 6H ce -rodoace noxasana npOCTOTa EO)l(aHCTna, HHlleMY ycraapu He KOPHCTH, jep OHnR no TOj HCTOj nor-aua 68 rpeeano yKHHyTH 11 paanaxonan,c EO)l(aHCKe CYUJTIlBC 11 Tpl'ljy Hnocraca. Jep, "aKO HeCYMlbl1BO rrocroje pa3JIlPUlTO Ii EO)l{aHCK3 cyurraaa H OO)KaaCKe TPH Hnocraca. na unax TO He YKHAa bmKaHCKY npocrory, TaKO HCTO n nocrojarse P83JIIPUiTl1:X BO>KaHCKllX euepraja y cynrrarra Boxjoj He .nODOAU AO CJlO)KeH?C1'1l y EO)KaHCTBY. BpajeHH.le IlllWC; EO)KaflCTBO HID! 'JaTO tuTU Je

19 HC1·0,C1'p. 11\1. 2() I1CTQ.

21 OIOBO I. 0 Ca. Tpojnua.Ilena Lcrp. I~. .

22 HCTO. crp. 14. Cp. CJlOUO n fiO)l(allcKoJ elle~mJlI.AeJla U, crp. 12·1, 23 ('tIOUQ 0 liO)t;!AHCKOj eucpruje.rraao. CTp. l_!I,

"24 I4CTV ancao CPChCMO 11 KOA ("11. rpuin[Jlljll l7{L'lU.m:: "Cae W1"O Bor liMa., caer on Cepe liMa • lit! OS! npyrora: :JaTO y H:.CMY «eva CIlO:.<cHOCTU on Torn I III H;lJ ~f;lH:,C,·· (np01'I1B Fparopaca, I. KOAeKC COlcJ. Wo. rjl. 241:1. UUTaT npcM:t r. MUHJ"JJld)uc, 'H 1(Epi t1t:waellJr; roO 6.\,!)po:utoU 5d)cxmw.A.la r'pnjoprcu roo n(l.A(X~(~,l.J,I1T. sene, CTP, 2HY. npuu. :'\53.)

150

C:yWiUIlHlI II t?wpiuje (145~IS4)

ajno<pUE~ (= CaMOHHKnO, casronpuponao), (He 3Ha'lH na) ReMa klnocraca, HnTH nak 33TO WTO je CBaKQ Jlaue y lhCMY caxoanoCTaCHO, (He 3Ha'IH na) HeMa esepraje ( ... ), lUiTH TaKo~e saro ll1TO je OHO C.aMOCA1§'fHja - exUtOEVEPYEUX, (He '3Ha1Ili ~a) acryna 1t3 CBOjc npapone''. TaKO /..lOna3HMO AD ::WKJbYlu::a, Deft OARaHD nosuarora CBe'fHM OUHMa npe Bpnjeunja, na jc ueseoryhe na nocroj» "UC'3MnOCTaCH3 cyurnnra'' (ouo(cx lxVU7t6o't.uto:;), lWPJ "6C3- CYlllTHHCKa }[flOCT8C" (l.moot(l(Jl.C; C,xVOUOlOC;), 1'e je TaKO Ht.1Moryhe A8 nocroja Ii "DpHpo~a aeenepru-nta' (c.pU<JU; o.vEvepyrlW;:;; Henejcracna npapona). urro cse oncr He3Ha'IH yKlIJ.I,aJhe DmK3HC}.;:e npOCTOTC.

Kao W'rO CMO ueh HCTH~anM. Boscaucxe eueprnje cy CYWTHHCKC, npHpOJl.HC. ami OHt:! cy raxohe Ii anocracae, xao urro aenu Bpujeaaje: "l1Ma oaora WTO ce carnenaoa OKO CYWTHHe, If liMa ouora WTO ce ClWKO OKO cnaxe Hnocracn carnC.Aaoa.,,27 Goo He crnapa sexe nocctiae npotinesie.jep VlnOCTacr1 H"HCy caxro CBOjCTDa HHTH npoasanase U3 CYWTHHe, Hero cy CCiMmmocT8CIUl H3tIHH nocrojaa.a BO)KaHCKe cyurruae, 008KDO cxaaraue npencranrsa jCAHO O}\ OCAOBHHX YQea.8 co. KanaJ{OKHjcKHX Oraua.smja je aepau y-teaax II uaur IUI3aHTHjCKR 6orocnon. Taxo. na rip, CD. Fparopajc Borocnon I'()llOPH Aa Hnocracu noccnyjy EO)K8HCKY cyurrany !1 cymrana ce aanaaa y l1ooCTacHMa: ",ex tf; wv i) ee61T1~ ... ,ex tv o(~ ,', geo'tT1<;".2N M nocraca cy uocnoua omKaHCKC cyurnrae 11 THMe cy HOCHOqH H OCTBapHOU:}1 EO)}(aHCKHX eneprnja. 3a-ro u nena BpujeHHje nouaarsajyha LlocnOBHO cu. Fparopnja Ilarrasry: "Borocnoncruyje ce Orau a Cas 11 COeTl1 Ilyxa xao IBOOP EO>KaHCKH.X eHeprHja.,,2l) 3aTO ce omKaHCKe eueprnje srory aaauaarn 11 CYWTl-Il.JC.,K}i!M Ii HflOCTaCHltM enepmjassa. 11 TO 'He crnapa p33JnU{Y HUH pasueofiy Mel)y je]J.HHCTBemlM eacprujaaa jenaora EO}KaHCTBa, HliTH YHOCH CJ10>£(eHoef y Bury, jep je jeuna Ii Hera CYUlTHH<l ea CBojIfM eseprajaaa caojcrnexa TpHMa Hepa3f_telblHHiM HnocraCUMa. MHOWTBO CYWTliHCKltX ana nnOCTaCHHX eaeprnja, xaxo nenH BpHjeHujc, "HC urre'rn npocrora un CYlliTHHe HH CBaKc Oil nnocracu,,_31 OTYA8 ."pa3HOHpCHO(''''' He YBO~~ "cnO)KeHOCf",31 Hero BO>KanCTllO OCTaJC "POCTO If HeCJIOJKeHO.

Aa 6H 60Jbe H jecauje H3pa3110 HCTHHY 0 60)KaHcKoj npocroTH, Ham nacan ynorpetin.asa JJ3SeCHC npavepe, K80 WTO je npasrep

2.'1' Cnceo 0 Bccsaucsoj euepruja. J].eJlil II. c-rp.120. 26 HCTO.

i~ ~~~~~'K~ ~~~r~X~3: ea~1~ ~'4L7l'A,l~p. CJlOBO :W, 11, PG 36. 345D, BUill! J.

Mr:yemlm:ff. La ChriM duns 1:1 dlcologie byzantine. P~lr}s 1969,88, 103.

~~ 2t~~:IT!~ ~~T~)I~~11~~I~I~:~~~.12~BO, 11, 12. CV1rrPAMNJAT A 1, 8H.

311011.."'0,

J2 11(''TO,CTp . .1, 7.

CywiuwU/ If cHepluje (145-154)

151

orn,a. Oran, JtMa pa:3HC Cline, xao: ClJeTnOCJ1Y, roPY~lY HTA-, ami ~~ nnax HeCJIO:.KeH HCnIHTCTHllaH, Hero o-iynaaa CDOlY npocrory. TaKO Jot 1hYACKa~ywa, Ma]:la HMa MHorOCTpYKe eaepraje caoje. anax ocraje npocra H jegHOC1'80H8. Onaj npMMep ca JbYACKOM.D.YWOM He ynorpcon.ana Jocncp Y cMucny naje DO>KtlHC1'aO aarponowoprpao, Hero, xao UJTO caM K8>KC. jacao je Aa je pe-r 0 60>KaHCKOM caepiueucrsy Bora xao opHr~Ha~a~ xoje ce caopwel:lcTDO oll.p)K_ana H OAC,!~aUa y nyurn 'IODeKoBoJ. KOJa JC! caao CJLH'KaHRjCaBpweHHJera 130ra:'

Haxo cy 6mKaHCKe eacpr-aje ueonnojnue I<I HCOACJbHne OA BmK8HcKc cyurrane, HaKO cy npenaexne H HCC83f(8ne, OHe cy ynpa~ IJ() TC KUjHM8 ce Bor jaan-a y cue'ry, a -ro 3H3tIH Y np~McHY ,11 npocropy. Eacpruje cy OO>KallCKH "mnacua' . "p6000l, TJ. BOlK]a ncrynassa H ja01baH)a Ii nejcreoeauu, soja H~ yaoce npoveny Y Bora ann npojaan.yjy BOlKJY aKTI18HUCT II BOlK]Y n,y6aB 1I/106pOTy. aBO jaan.an,c Bora CBeTY Bpujeaaje caarpa 11 naauna "Kf,vwm.C; a.KivroroC; exyat}fuv" - "HeHCnpa:>KIbUBO np3)Kt-b~fhe (60)K3HCKliX) 1J,06apa''. OHUM Haw 60roCJIon H3HOCli YCTBap" )e,l1.HY.HOBY MH.Cao o 60)KaHCKUM eueprujasra, xoje ce ua -raj HatrHH J3SJha}y sao aenorpoum-ana 11 uencnpasosus« KtVW<JU; (:::: K3nUllafhe, npasosen,e, CIIHCXOpeH.e) 60)KaHeKe 1by6mm. fio;«aHcKc Ao6pOTe. 60}l(a!lCKe finarO}J.aTH H OCT8JIlIX 60>KaHCKliX ,I1.o6apa. EO)f{aHCK8 Tpojaua, xoja je "6eCn04(!THII KOPCH" u "fieckpajuo Aape)f(~HUI:f H3S0p" CBlIX 60)KallCKl1X notiapa. HeHCTOllltUmO UCTOW\18.1eTCJa (aK',E-: v6rrc.x; K£VOUto:t) TIfMe UITO. "no CBOjOj 001l>U" a He no CSOIO) CYUITliHlI, uran,e Y .COt{ cnoje aernapae H HeC33AaHe ruopa-nce gmirona'rae eHeprllje. '

IlpUCyCTSU OBliX TBOPfPIKHX. )f(l1BOTBOPHHX 11 finarona-rnnx HCTsapHHX euepraja Boxjxx Y ceery nocraje Oce~'JbHBO H AO~iBn.ana CC Kp03 ofiacjaa,e 6mKaHcKe CBCTnOCnl. Cuja-se It ~6aCJaBaree UO)l{aHCKOM csernourhy jecre DHAlhUllH. Hall}IH JaBJbRtba fiO)}(aUCKlfX cacprnja, 111lU, xao WTO TO aemr Cl3; Jonas neC'rOWIH.11K KOI'a AocnOBHO nOHaUILa HaW IU1ca~, ·'o6aCj31l.C! - fi .. A.aJl.\jIl<; - jec'l'~ lIeH3pel1HBO nejcrso (lXpPlltO, tvep,,(Ela), xoje ce 3aMl1lDJba uenoaaajao " BII,l(H aeBH}\JbHBO,,_J(1 BO>K.aHcK3 cBeTno~1 KOJa ce jaun.a xao ooacjau,c 6mKanCKHM eneprajaaa, y cnesry je nCl'OBeTHO ca H,ffil.lfa, Teje npeaa TOMe 11 TIl cuernocr raxobe "necasnaua", "60)KaHCKa", ORa je ycrsapa "aenun cjaj (aotpo.m1 = ~YFba, 6Jbecas} EmKaHCTsa".37 AKO 611 Ta eBeTJIOCT 6nna ruap, 1'J. TsapHa H ca'3,naHa, OH~a fin 61ofnO HeMoryhe Bld:)etf:.e Bora If ca~UlM Tll},{

33 Hero, crp. 12. Cp. C..,l1080 {I ~o;t.;attCKoj eueprejn.Ilenalt. CTp. 121.

34 0101100 GOiKallc.Koj clieprllJn, TaMO, CTp. 122·123.

~~ ~~,OJt~lf!;H°.n~~~ir~!~~~: 1a:~~6~~l~', ~~~ .. 7. PC ~8. 8138;,1. B,)lIjcHlljt'. CJlOBO 0

OO:.K;JIICKOj eHepmjlf. T,IMO, CTp. 123.

.17 CnoBO {I h(l:f{~lItCKOj cecprujn. cTJ" I:n.

I

'I

152

C)'!III7iIlH(I U wf,'pillj(f (145-154)

He?>.1Orytie 11 060)KC~be llOBCKa. AKO 6H nax Ta 60)K3HCK8 CReTnOC'r 5Hna HgeRTH\lHa ca EO)l(;:HlCKOM CYWTHHOM, OHAa 611 l"beHUM ooacjaH:.t:M 11Manu ycmap''1 1I3mm casse EQ)iGIHCKC CYUJTilHe. Crora Bpajennje c npasov saxrsynyje An 60)KaHCKH CBC],JIOC'r jecre BeTBaptl8 Ii GO)KRHCT.BClta, jep je "aeonen.uea O/~ BO)l(aHCKt:. CYlUTIIHC",_,K ce H pasnuxyje on EO}Kje CylllTIIHC xao cjaj H>CHHX

OO)KaHCKUX eaepraja. .

OOQ)J(cl-be 'IOUCKfl ce 11 cacrojn y 3ajeJ_(H.WHlPClhY H 6J[arOJ~aTHOj 6mKaHcKoj caernocru. TO jeer 3ajeJJ.HMQapCH>CM y caaeu cyurrane EO>KjC, 'JajeUIUPIape,I-LCM y eHcpzujlW{I CYWTHHC DO)l{jC. OBO 3ajCfl.mflrapeltoc je 6mK<tHCKH nap, OO)l(aHCKa onaroga'J' - "1.:6.Pu;. «ao W'rO nenu Haw 6orocnon: "Bcpyjesro }~i.l cc in1llHba (60)K8HCKi:l4 ofiacjt\J-ba anne jeJ\HHO CHJlOM 11" rinaronaby Cnecunaora Bora,"] To uapanao H3I1GKyjC UlfC{)Kl! creneu nyxouaor caspnreacrna \IOBeKOBor, jcp I1Ha~IC, xao UlTO nen» aaur nncau, "auje sruryhc npWMI1TH otiacjan.a Cnerora Ilyxa aKO je nyura saxaaheua :iKJITCjCKl1:M 6pKraMa H nOMpH\IeHa crpucr'aem UaCTUJIHM If3 -renecuor MYAPOllRJha",4H SmKaHCKY CI3CTJIOC'f 401H~K HeM::t "caes on eerie" (OL,W{}EV), jep 611 Y TOM cny-iajy GliO "npyr» our", Hero cc TC C13CTJIOCTH IIOoeK YJ\()C'r()j~H3a 6naro,nahy EO)KjOM, xana nocraue "6narop,ahy 6mKftaCKOM 6oronpHjcMJbl1B (~eoB6xoc;) U cae'rnoCHOI1PHjcMlbHB (q><otoo6x.oC;)", rana 6118a "on Dora ofiacjau ( ... ) H nncraje Il:pyra Gor,,:~1 Ilocraje Bor no 6naro,Q_anf, Bor no OOO)KefbY, He no npH])OJJ.H lIJHI CYlliTHH~1. Bpujeuaje ony aCTl1HY uepe npaUOCJIaOHe HOBO npaSOCJHIBHO HC'J...,),CTI30 cnacea.a y XPHC'l'Y omlfoAahy Ilyxa Cnerora H3pa:IKaI1a pe11HMa CUCTllX Ornnn. xao H:.HXOB aepn» YIICHI1K. TaKO OH CHOjMM pC~IHMa nouann.a CHeTe OI~e]..I uuure: "Bor KOjH jc no CYUITIUrn. 3<lHCTH cecrnocr. JIaJW3H. CC Y OHHMa KOjH y lhCMY spnaaassa »cuue, I-1CTHHCKH nocrajyhu CneTJIOCT. Kao WTO naxne CBlI CUeTItTe1LH 1uor 6oroJl~yGJba nocrajy no 3aje/J.HWlapelbY (Karel. J.lEi}E~tV) Cl3eTJIOCT y OHOMe KOjl'I je no CYLUTlfl:lJf CaeTJIOCT, TaKO OHaj KOjU je no cyurrann CBCTJlOCT uucruje H3 lIOIlCKOJbY4~Jba CBeTnoCT y OHOMe xoju je no sajenHI1'IapeH:.Y CSC-TRoer."

J~ Hero. CTp. 1.39 . . 19 Hcro.crp. i40, ~() I1CTO. CTp. 133.

41 CJlOBO 3. 0 Ca. Tpojnujt.rrnxto. CTp. 51.

42 Hero, crp. 5.1. - CJll1'IIIO OIlO,..\! rnune 11 1.:1;. CII..Mt:VH Hoe-II B(J~()I;/IolJ: "MI!

CRCI1.U'HlMO na jc Bor CBe'I'SIOCT.11 OIUI KOjH cy ce YlluCTOjIU1H na Iu sitAe cau cy Fn UI!I1CJlII sao CBCTJIOCT; II onu KOjtl c)' Iu npltWIIII' (y cece) npltMIl1!U cy Fu "<10 "neTIlOC1', jep npcn Ibm! IIAe nanpcn eucl'Jlo,,'1'l'JinficH>(;!!'QRe II llefl,lOryiie jc an co OH jlUH1 6e3 CBCTJTOl,.'1'.1: 11 (Jml t-;{)ju 1II1C), IU1J1.ClIIl CACTIlOC1' H:.crUD), 1111 lbern HHCy BlJ)J.eJIIJ, jcp jc OH t:!I\!'J'1I0Cr: il ouu KOjJJ IIncy npi1f1,j)UIII (y ceoI,.') C3CTJJOCT HIfCy JOUl A06IUIiI au 611flrOIl<lT. Jcp UIUl KOjt' C'I ~OG111l11 611nrOIl;}1'. AO{)UJlIt cy "lJeTJIOCl' 5O::<lotjy II ("aMor} Bora. IGIO !UTI) jt! C,1M<l CIICTlIOLT • Xpucroc pexnc: HnL'TIHmny ce 'f 1l.11Mn )! xcnnhy Y Ib!lMll." {Karnxean 2:-;, 11:>/1.

Cywilimm /I cl-ICpillje (145-154)

153

Fosopehn yae« 113 6naro,uaTHor HCKYC'l'Da U;PKIlC " CBOT COIl· CTBeHor, Ham nncau cojaura.aea tta ooacjajse 60>.KClHCKe CAeTJIOC'I'H, xao ofiacjarse Ilyxa Cneror, auje "orxpunen,e caec MHc.s:di" (voruurnov = nojaoua, CMOCJTa). Hero je TO HeUlTO MHoro saure on 'fora - "noysnaao t1 CT8JIHO otiacjatse HDOCl'aCHe CJlCTllOCTl1 y J~YlllaMa (coeTHx)".4., OOAt: I1jp83 "anOCTaCHa cnernocr" osaa-rasa An 60)KClHCK3 CBeTTIOC'f, xoja ce jaursa CBeTI1Ma xao WTO ce jaeana anocronnaa aa Tauopy I HJ1je caxro H npocTO ocnern.eu.e " npocuerrsea,e YMa -roeeicosor-, Hero je TO peanao H C'l'BapHO npHCYCTBO 11 nejcrao H jann.ae,e Y xonexy enuiiociimcne cane (t.VU1t6(ltCX'tO<; 6Uvo.Jlv:;) Ilyxa Caerora. Ila OHCMO 60]be CXl3a'fHnO H3pa3 "emrnocracnn" If cTnapHoCT xojy 'ra pe-r nspaxaua C060M rpeea Y3eTH y06'JHP TYM3'reH:.e pe-ix tvu1tomu'tOC; xoje aaje cseru MaKCIlM 11cnonCAIDIK: "Hapas tVU1t6cr'ta'tov noxasyje nocrojehe (to evvnopxrov), a nocrojehe je OHO UlTO y-recmyje y CYWTliHCKOj Ii npnponacj er'J"-CTCHI.{HjH (iJ1t6:P~E~= nocrojan.y)"." OIlO 3Hal.JH lI.a 6oa::aHCKe esepraje jecy - peanao nocrojeha C'fDapHOCT OO>.KaHCKa, ecem . rajanae 11 er3HCTeHTHe ClUTe H nejcrna OO>Kja. Ilpcsra TOMe, OHJi1 KOjU cy npWlacfHliql1 (sajeanu-rapa) 60.>KaHCKe ceernocrn 11 KpO'3 'J'y CaeTJIOCT cy YAemUitIapH 60>K3HCKe eraacTC!Hql1jC. OO)K(lHCKe pCaJ1HOC'nI. OHM cY sajenaauapa lUnal3e Cue'J'C Tpojauc, xao UJTO 0 TOMe ronopa Ham ficronpucuebexa MOHUX [1 oorocnce Jocncp: "OHM xoja cy AYXOHOClI,H, OlIlI aoce (y ceou) CnCTJIOCT, H «oceba cneTlIOCT, OH" cy y XpJiCTa ofiy=rena; a 06Y'JeIUJ y Xp:UCTa, OH}I ce ofina-rc y Oua ( ... ). Jcp OHH KOjl1 noce (y cetiu) Ilyxa BO)Kjer. uoce (y CC58) HeTpyne>KHOCT (I;«p~ap(J(a) jecre Bor.""

l1.3 nocnenrsax pe1IH JOCHCpa Bpajenaja, xoje cy carnacae ca y'reH,eM CneTJ1X Oraua, H uoceoao ca ytleJ-hCM Ii HCKYCTBOM OTa1\a HCHxaCTa 14, nexa, jacno ce BI-fAI1 na je orioscea.e -roaexa Moryhe jenmro aajenna-rapea-esr y HCTBapHI1M 60:a.;:3l:fCKH..>'i eneprajava, lHiMe ce 11 nOC1'I1)f{e caspmeao If IlOTnYHO cuacea,e xao peanuo y-reiuhe y nysohn 60)KaHCKOr )}GIUOTa H canpureacrea. Ko ce YJJ.OCrojao, AaKJ1e, npaxeuiha 11 aajennuuapeu.a Y 60)!(aHcKoj CneTJIO· ern, raj ce ynocrojasa n nosaaa,a bora H cjeAHlbelba ca BorOM. Takas ~rOBeK M CaM je "CBeTnoCT no 3aje~Hl:ftI3peH:.Y'.4(} (<p~ eCJ'tl Ka,o.llE~£StV) "liMa "BpeAHoCT H AOCTojaHCTBo ( ... ) Bora" (rnv "-Slav '0;; 8£0;;).'"

154

It/c.'Co9t'IVl! Cm:iUolu o.y.'w (154-227)

4. HCXO'BEffiE CBETOrA JlYXA

a) BpnjclmjeB CTaB npcM3 l\.O.ll,3TKY Fiiiaque y CIlMDony nepe

vb aanpen H3}lmKeHOr )i(HBOTa Jocuepa Bpajeuaja BHJ,ICJlIt:

CMO na je »cuueo 1:1 60rOCJlOBCTIJOBaO y apcMe nplmpcMe catiopa y ([)nOpeHll;Bjl1, apene xoje xapaxrepaure cnojeapcaa ,Ql.fjanor 1f3- Meljy I1CT01.IHC H 3anagHe Ilpxne. Caao no CC6H je pa3YMJbHBO.u;(l cy 360r rora Bpajeaaja 3(1HHMana yupano OHa AorMaTCKa run'alba xoju cy nenana Hcrox H 3anaA. OTYJl.a je naraa,e acxobersa Caerora Jl.yxa, KaQ rnaaau AorMaTCKU npo6neM euoxe, aayaeno CKOPO ncrerpanno MeCTO Y lberOBOM 60rOCJJOBCKOM ylre~y. Y6e~eH y O'J6U.'bHOCT Tor npofinesra H YBepeH y ancony'ruy npanunxocr npauocnaenor ytleJba 0 Hcxo~el-by Ayxa CneTOI'a, Bpnjeauje ce He ycrpy-rasa Aa 3aY3Me lIBpC'f If HenOKOne61bHB CT30 npUTUB naruuCKQr xouaveu,a y aOOM acoua n3)f(JWM xparubaucxoer AorMaTY, soeauen,a xoje je ycrsapu H MJa3BanO uepen H pacuen y. Ilpxnu XPHCTOBOj. Taxas }beron eras AUKTUpaJIaje caua HCTH.Ha IlpauoCJI3BJb3, xoja je, eepoaao je Bpajennje, 6Ma OCHOBHH npaauan 33 Ao6poHaMepaH II 06jeKTKBHH aajanor no AorMaTCKJ{M nHT3R>HM3. Jep, npanOCJIaORO yttCl-bC je 6H110 11 ocrano oao xoje je caM XPHCTOC np~ao, xoje cy anOCTOJIH npounrpnnu n YllJlTCJbli [(PK.BC cauyna- 11K. To Y'-lel-bc jecy C<!MC pe-ra XPHCTOSC, "a pe'IH XPH:CTOBP, Ii Hseronax cnY)I(HTe1b3, llliCTHM n)ITeM none K3 caaoj Mcnmu:" ,4~ TC crura If npanocnauno y-res,e. xao npenauaa,e C3MH.X pC'4.B 1::1 HaYKe XpUCTa I'ocnona, jecre jCAHHO IlpaSUl1HO U HCTlIHMTO tlyBal-b~ y-rejsa. OHO jc Cal\.13 "COCIDTCHa nepa" -{epo: 1tl(rtt~, KaKO je uasaua Bpajeaaje, "a Het.m ~pyre eepe .~I~~ He6~M. npauocnaane II ncrauare, Hero caeo Ii JeAMUO OBa: ana Je':VIH3 HCTliHlilT3 nepa - upaaocnanrse (6piX>00I;(ex) - HC npUMa naxaxuo Mefbal-be, He Tpnn OAY3HMal-be HH nonaaasee: "Ilpasocaaun.e. neJIU Bpajennje, K.~R aexo npeuasuo MCPHJIO, HC TpOD AU yaehax.e HlI CMathCH::.e. OA6paHY re sepe JOCHej> je CMaTpao xao Oi\6paHY casre Hcrane, K30 UITO cy Ii npe lhera TO aCTO 1.JHHIInn "xop anocrona, n ca J.bHMa cxyn MY1.teIHiKa, 11 call 360p npeuonocaax Ii ocranax yuaren,a, 11 yonurre cea ( ... ) xoju cy ce AenOM " peujy 60pllnn AO CMPT" 33 MCTlfHy".52 OH 3aTO 6paHH OBO "onWTC MUWJheFbC" KaTOnI1QaH-

:~ g~:~ I0~ oCc~:~O~~l~~·,f~~:,~·,~. ~.]. .. . .

50 Cnoeo H. a Cu. Tpojnua. -raeo. crp. 137. Cp. J. BpIIJt!HU}C. CJIOUO KOJC j"CIIO npeACTnBILtI an one KOj., cy CCll.p:mylIl1 lin AOA<lTO;K y CIiMBony SO)(nltCkH Oun Ii c.16opCKIIIIIlOceGHO llOAsprRsflRnuaTeMlt. xonexc Bcn.Jlnepe 1626. ~). 3S0B.

~i §~~~,~~.~ct:B~T~jiu~.ll~;:I: CT~.ll~~'. C~): ~~'OUO KOj~ jacao npeaerann.a ....

Ta~U). ¢. CTp. 3HtlB.

IJPlljt'HUjr:.H CUi/IH fipeJ,f(I ()l1nmTl,,'Y Filioqlle y CII.tllJlMY Hepc (154-172)

155

CKe QPKI1C, KOjC rpeoa ua ce qyBa HcnpOMCFbcRO. K30 WTO HaM je npeuao rOCUO,D. H lberona Y1.ICHI1IlU.

CoaKO "nunaaasse" mHi "O,u.Y3l1M,HbC", "MCtb3fuC" una "K03- pCH>C" jenaor AorM3T3 .QOBO)),H )),0 npOMcHC uenoxynae uepe n >KHBO'1'3 UPKBC, a OBI{ KOjH TO -uuse ornanajy O,D. Ilpxue, Mana CClMa QPKS3 He ry6n csojy nyaohy, CBOjy KaTOJlWHlHCKOCT 11" cnojy cne·rOCf. OTYA3, naTHHCKO aoaa-rea,e (I>UJHIOKOe, K80 AO}J.3'1'8K Y CHMcony nepe xoja je cynporaa pC'IHMa caaor Focnona H CaCll0\letbHMa Cl3e'fHX Oraua, UMaJIO je -rpur-e-mc 1I0CJIC)U.fl~e na >KliBOT Ilpsne: "Jep OHO U1TO je rOCHOA aa C'~Ge npehyrao, DB (Jlarmm) OTBOPCHO rOBOpU1'e, If ynonare AOAaTax KOjU 60)l(aHCT13CHI1 O~H HItCY nocrasana ( ... ),11 Taj AOA'H8K jc Y TOKY tlC'T'Hpl1CrO 11 TonHXO rOAHRa cBRMa HalllTeTI1O, a HI1KOMC naje xopacruc; nouenao jc Llpxsy Xpncrony, a aaje je cjeuaaao; y3 TO jour nor~OI'lhe H aapajane. H ~aBOmtMa he otI}frneT{HO 5HTH OA novoha." J Taxo, ,D,OAaTaK <I>H.JlllOKBe He cave W'fO p,OHOCH jeAHY AorMaTCKY pa3nKKY, Hero UMa l{ nocnennue exnacaorrourxe Ii AYXOBue npapo.nc. <{>HJlHOKBe npencrann-a aCHODHY AOrMfl.'l'CKY pa3nHXY 113Meby liCTO\IIDtX H 3amiAHIlX xpaurhana, Ii Mcby H,I1Ma naje Moryhe HHKaKBO 36mDKaSal-bC cse AOK IlOC'I'OjH 1'a pa3JIHKa.

Coe OBO JfMajyrm. y OIlAY, Haw Bln3HTujcKH )I'IH'fCn, " 60rocnoe He ycrpyxasa ce na rouopn je3HKoM Ht'THHe, Ma KOJll'lKO UCTH OBO OWTap, jep 311a na acrana jecre Xpncroc 1I oetlHH )f(JIBOT, Te ouaj KOjU OTnaA3 0,'\ UCTJiHe noapaxyje ce If OTIlaAa 0,[1, ne-mor )KHOOTa: "OTnaA3J'hC 0)1. 11CTHue, jecre novpa-reue 11 cnenoha YMa".54 Ilpna 6pMra Bpajenajeua cacrojn ce Y TOMe Aa AOK3}f{e Aa ,D,o)J,3TaK <.I>I1J1HOKOe y CI1MBony sepe jecre HeX3HOHCKH aK1', I1pOTIIBali Y1.ICH,y cserux Oraua: "AOA3TH HeUlTO y sepa jecre cynpor- 1I0 np~~al·bY CBIU caernx, H (npeACT8BJha) H3BpTaH,C npanocnaase ecpe". TaKBl1.M nOCTYUKOM ce anOCTonCKO-CDeTOOTalIKa nepa y CueTY Tpojxuy pa3apa H no6mKHOCT ce yaamraea: "KBapJ'lTH onpenne eepe anocrona a oraua osua-raaa YK}Jnalhc n06mKHOCTli.

5.1 Plt3rOUOp 3. 0 CBeToM Ilyxy. TaMO, CTp. 444. Cp. OIOBO xo]e jacao 111')t:A.l.."1'aBJb~L., TR~IO. $. 382a. - 360r rom Bpnjeuuje uaeonu HIl ApyroM MeCTY lin npaBI)CJH1BII3 xa'ronuuaucxn Ilpxea "3aKOIUlTo je it C npaeca 1l30nUI1na Jlaraae It'S ceeurreuux narrruxa H 11'1 mjenasmc. jep c)' jaeuo npec-rynumr l~pKBt:lle SUKOlie It lIPCKO cy JlOf(UJ1tl ,uOARTaK (y CUMBO)I). II npeapenu cy crpnuma OSVlY'leibn (eKckoMYHlIKruJ,uje) KOjt cy OLVI OA II Jl,O VII Cacopa na TO 11<111 0)IC11)1 ~t" (H ajoJla:.KCH IIj er y-nrren.a npanocnneu IIX xpuurbuu a, GoroMYAporrl KIiP JOCH!p:"t Bpnjcnaja OHI-lt.la KOj11 CMrtTpajy na je Mana «nu III1WTa Ttl na ce 1I0~Ullbl! nann y Flpeeocnaanoj lIPKBl1 aaxc OH ocmje xao ~t npe WH3M3TIIK, KOIICkC 154 Y APXIIBII CD. Ilerpa. Barnxau .(1): .1K4n.

~~ §~~~~.~)c~~'·'r~~'i~ft,~,l~~;~~f: ~.~~~~~'. eg' t~;OBO xojc.jnctec npeACTaBJI>a ...•

-raco, ql. 31\'2a. Cp. F; C1JJ70PO!JCKU, Cu. rparopuje nan:1MH It cneTOOTn'lKO npennrcc.uur. ACnO. CTp. 27-28.

156

J1c.rolj(,H,e CHeiiio1rr J1yw (154-227)

a yxnnajy je ORB' Kojn HcnoBenajy na rperia ca AOAClTKOM eepoearu y Ilyxa Cncrora. KOjU li3 Oua " CHua nCXOl{H,,:",t\ I1Cl'HHUTa }f nena;t(Ha nepa Ilpxue aapaaceaa je y Hasejcso-uapnrpanckosr cuxnony, KOjH je CaCTaDJbeH 011. ,UyXOM Cnertur nOKpC'fftHH.X CueTIIX Oraua H JaTO je y lhCMY aecpnxaarn.aao 6HJIO KaKBO nonauaH:le, onyaaaau,e una MI!H.HH>C, MaKap TO nonauarsc 11 5HJIO Y AYXY npaae acpe. Taxo, HHKaAa mljc y CIfMBon uepe Jl.oAHT JJ,OJ.l..3TaK "tK ~6V01J Toii nCL1p6<;", rj. na Ilyx HCXOlltI "lI3 jei)Ho; Oua", MaAa 0" TO 6nno nparJHJIHO " npaeocnanso, ami npaeocnanaa cy tI36CrnH /.ta TO y-mue, Hero cy raj 113pa3 ynorpeen.anaaa cavo xao nporuunex OHOj npOMCHH xojy je y uepn 113a38ao narancxa /.l0AaTaK (I>HJIHOKBC. 3aTO JOCI1CP Bpajeunje If acnu naniH~Ma Aa 1l.0AaTaK "In jenuor" (Ona) jecre "nnon Hallie APCKOCTH. Ii TO je J\0iJ,aTaK uaurera AOAaTKa; jep AH OJ.{ uncre y 60)f{aHCKH CHMBOJl )l,OAanl1 AOAaT3K Filioque, He GHCMO HJi MI1 Aownl~ aa 1'Y MllCaO,lla nonajeuo U3 ieOItOla Ol(a".57 Oeaj }l,O)l,aT3K, xojn 6" npaBOCJH'lBIH1 Mornll.o.3 nonajy Y acnoeenasse sepe y CUMBOJ1Y. HCMa xapaxrep xaapea,a H H3BpTau .. a uepe, Hero je TO AOj.(aTaK xepveueura-rxo-enonorercka. Jep, npaOOCJlaBIDI ae rpaxe HUWTa HOBO Y nepa, nero caao Tpa>.Ke 11.3 ce nnpcro .l.lP)I(U Ii" -ryna 60rOnpe,'.laHa HCTHHa. 3a FbHX je KPlfTCplfjYM npaue nepe jenaororacno ytJOH>C Ilpxne, GC3 nOf\3BaH.(\, ony- 3KMalh3 loJnJi Men,al-LB, Ii TO je cnrypan 'J'CMC}L je/\HHCTUa KaTOJllftJaHCKC U,PKBC.

CoaKO, xao [[ITO peKOCMo, MeH>atbC y aepn AOOO.!Ui AO npo.M:cHe Y lleJIOKYfiHoM reny Llpxae, a ouaj KOjH H3a3HB3 raxay I1pOMeHY aY'r~MaT~KI<{ omena OA U;pKBe H_ uanaaa ce BaH l-bC. 3aTO JOCI.Hp BpUJeH"Je c npaeou cuarpa na cy JlaTHHH, cOOjUM AOnaTKOM <1>,,naoxne, ornana on KaTonH1.13HCKe (Ca6upue) U:PKBC 11 npencraursajy C060>1 WM3MY II jepec: 'To (r], nonarax <~"JIHOK"e) jc nopoaano csaxe 6e33KoHe cxynoae (ncxpcx(J1JVcx)'W)11 = HC3aKOHH· TH I1pKBellU 360p), TO je yaeno caaxy jepec!"'" OHO IUTO je uena

56 MCTO, C'I'p. 143. - Oi. r,)uioplljr nllJl(l.'.W. roucpehn 0 Ll,Qrta'rKy y CltMUOJIY.

TIlKobe nil we: " ... nonamx KOjll III1je pexeu Kilt} UlTO roocpu Jlnroc. IIl1jC OTKpIIBe[l 'u'YXOM, Hllje Itlpe'ICII Y annucauuu pe,'lIlMa Cnerux anocrona" (AnO,iVIK71IlIKa cncaa I, J, 1, Cl1rrPAMMA TA, '1'.1, CTJl. 29). Cp . .I. BplijeNuje.

;7 ?a~~~~~j~~a~IQCr;re~~~n~;Y:·1i':~~' t ~~. 3~M·. Cp. Cnouo xoje iacuo

58 ~~~C;:-~~;c~~?ti'~l ~I~~~s;.i/<IQ. CTp. 3~2 .• Bpujcunjc ecpy]c IICCyMlloltDO An c)' J1aTJ-utlt jepernua H TO 11CC1'Q nonaun,a. Cp. C1)'A11ja II cjeJtlllLelLY Kanpaua. T<1MO. CTp. 1·25.· Taeoje .. mcmto u eN. MCIPKfI £¢~CKU, xoju, IlItwyhlt OOHItMa KOjl1 c'j OJ_lC1)'IUtJllI O~ npaaocnauae eepe. ,",,,:.;:e; "AKO l1aTIIIIH !HI y 'leMY He laC1ValbYJY on npaee aepe. onaa C.IO nx. ,1:JrllC.Il,<I. ylanyJ.t o,l;(nY'I1I11If on ccGe;:1 aKO lilt naK aacrpassyjy. II TO 0'"'0 60roc.nODlb3 0 Ilyxy CoeTOM~, - a noxynnru ua Ilyxa Ceerora aaj'tescc je OA C8Hjy OIiIlCHOt..-r"II, • onnn jecy jepermm " KRO jepcrnxe eMU IL'I: onccwm" (OkPY:":B3 IIOCJLaIlI1I~a npcruu rpKO.JI:lTlo!IIa. 4. PG

IJpllj("1IlIjCI1 cilitlll flpt:AIII {)m)i1iIiuy FiU(}{JIIl' y CJL~II~(ljIY eepe (154-172")

157

Llpxna Ca60pCKH oJ~nY'II1J1a, ITaTlfHU cy TO IlpOMeHUJUI c""m, 6e3 auaa.a H CarmlCHOCTI1 OCTi.UU1.X nOMCCHliX Ilpxasa, KaTOJIH'WHCKa sepa UPKllC aapaacaua ce jeHHOrJtaCHO caste 1m catiopnva, rue Cnera Onu. "CUll xao opraml Cncrora Ilyxa", H()rM3TCKlf IBpuscauajy II OAJ1Y'lyjy. "na 6H raso, 0110 lIITO Cn3KO nOCCOHO tllillH una np}f(M xao uorstar. TO 6HJlO O)J, caax janno IiClUlTaHO u ollpo6aHO, Ii OHAa uauun,c filiJIO npuxaahcao, a He o.nGa':ICHo,,:i!J Haxo AaKJlc y UpKDIf. na 6110 OH narpujapx u:nH nana, HCMa npano Aa I\OrMaTCKIi. onny-iyje caM "6C:3 C,lI')laCHOCTH CBllX, Hero ( ... ) na ClJeTO nJiCMU cxnara ()HaKO KaKO cy HX npasomn 60rOHOCHI-1 Oua, 11 na CC TaKlU1 He npnae caMH on eerie onmuue Myp,plol na ua xohe AU I{X Ty1\'Hl~Ie no cuojoj BOJbU".(1t1 CIlOjl1M Ao,[{aTKoM <!>umJOKue Jfa'raInl cy npespena anOCTonCKO-Cllt::l'OO'l'a1.lKO y-reu,e QpKBe )of H.,CHY ca60pHOCT, ca pa30pHJlM nocneaauaaa rora 'lIma 3(1 ,UorMitTCKH H KaHOJ{cKH nopcaax ~pKIJe. Bpajenaje He )KCJH:I H11 ua xoj« Hl1'lUR ACl onpasna TaKIJO noaamau.e Jlarnna, Hero }{M ca CTpo),OUJhy rouopn OHaKO: "To Wl'O rpeumre Y 1l0rMa-rcKOM yqCH:.Y, TllMC CC 1m uef oneajare on Bora; a aKO nnx (HeUITO) ycueuare, xau U1TO 1m ycreapn I{ MHcnHTe (na ycneeare), oner DaM ce ncuiana TO.u8 CTe ce euo uerupa croraae Ii l'OJIHKO ronana onsojuna On U.pKBe. HlljC](8U on. APCOHHX ca6opa. HUTH ujeJ,laH on Cncrax Oraua HHjC aauperuo aHctTCMOM OHaMa KOjU He y-re Aa Ilyx CUe-TU lICXOAH H 113 CHua. Mit nax, KOjH HHWTa HHCMO nOMt:punu (rj, npOMeHHnH) Y tioronpenaxoj nepa. MH csarna ycnenauo: jep OHJ.fMa xoju ce yCY9yjy lIa HeUJ1'O nonajy ynco je - onaajaise onBora, a OH}lM" wjH -iyuajy OAllYKC Oraua - lhHMR je uenan CUOM.CU.',(II Keto ,l(OKa3 naTHHCKor uana Bpajem-jc HaDOI1.IiI yuyrpaunsy Kpl-I3Y PliMCKC npxue (ARIUbOHCKO poncreo}, trJ.fjc Y3pOKe OR BUAlt y OHOM npBOM

T. 17,314). BIIAIiJePIIAl. N,llmc:j(6y.'t(J(luh). Teonoruja 1l1fjiulOra no ClI. MnpKY

:;9 ~~~~~~~·l~.l!r~~~::t~(~~~~:~~·l~. (11ii~'p~t~~~·u soje j;lCHO IlpeIlCT11I)1L:l. .. ,

'_·nMO, <I). 3HOu.

60 Paarouop 2.0 Cu. Jlyxy, 1'11MO. CTp. 436. Cp. CJIOBO «oje jucuo npencmen,a •..• 'rauo. (p. 3fOa.· OD.Il.e-:Jail<L>lC.fI.~IO Y711uaj Hwre Kaeacune na naurcr nLlCLI:l. Onn] ccnyucxx Sorocnce III ! 4. 8CKll caarpa Ita je ueonxonua c116oPHi\ Ci\rl1RCHOCT U.PKB¢ Ka.a.a ,-pe611 Ila ce npcrnucu jenaa noruar. nOce6Ho je <I)pa:sy ··6el carnacnocru CDIIX·· unur rurcau yaeo Jl0C1l0BII0 on, Hasa Kaeacune. urro JtoKa3yje ll.eC'OII )'1l111aj aa Bpujeuuja. BunK Hun KllflllCtUU/, 0 y:ipOltIlM,!

61 r,~~~~U~~~~~C~~A;xnl.~~~~~: ~~~~3~~ b~9;,~~:; ~~~)~e~hy nnurc JlaTIIllliMCI

CIl. Fpnrcpuje Flaaaua: "Knxc CI! ~It ycyl)yje1-e lUI "0 roaopa're, msna ucnpupoaan nona'ra« yeonehn y OAPCJl.OY sepc, xojy cy nanucanu u~a6p<Hu\ Oua. lajenHllllKl1 c16plliUl II Ilyxoa nOKpeT:HII1. II nrc,Qanll 1'0 xao CHMOOJI IU!Jm>IC.lle ecpc y Oua II Cnna It Ceerora .D.yxn U xao npoGln1 xaneu 411C1'OC' 5ol'Ono:JIl<llba " CIU)'PHO ucnoacnna,e CBUMa 011llMn Xlljll xobe .nil npnec Yllpaslbajy peujy IICTIIHCT' (AnOAIIKTlI'IKa cnoen. I, "PLIJIOI\ CJ.1rrPAMMATA I, "''P. 27.

ISS

11c.:wl}t:H.c: CHtdu(JiuP.y.m (154-227)

lIaAY, 'rj. Y 1.I.O)~aTKy <l>lfJIlfOKDC, jcp jenaa nan noenasa aa C060M II npyre ntUNlJe.62

Ann, aKO 6HCMO H npe'rnocraanna na je Y1.IeH,e 0 <I>HJIHOKSe ~lcnpanHO, xao lUTO TO TI3P.nc JlaTJ.1HH, unax HHKaKBO npaso OR" HHCY HMam1 At!. ynecy nonarax y CHMBon uepe. Ham eoroceou nonyurra ~laK 1-1 TY MOl'yhHoCT, HelKO je nacnrypuo YBepcH na je Y1.JeH>C 0 d>HJHI'OKSe norpcurao, 1-1 osna HCTY (MoryhuoC1') oGjeKTtUlHO npOY'IaU3. Oa nmue: "Jom YOCK MliOnl cyau.ajy na (TO y-ren,e) nOlIHSa H3 itC'l'I1HH, rum, AOllyCT~JMO, 6eJ cnopea,a, naje TO C(lCBHM ~ICTfnnITO H ueCYMJhMDO. llOUJTO, Me~ynlM, TO norpeca CHM TCMCJl:, nepe, nourryjesro ra hYT8JbeM; jep KOJll1KO y Bora nesa npehyraunx )J,OrM3T3, na anjenan OA xpmuhana lie nonnescc uexoj ocynn WTO 11X He nponosena ycpea Llpxana 51 jauno He acnoeena. Crora, 6al.\lfMO If TO (rj. OBO yuen,e) y oaaj 6e3A::I.H DO)KjHX CKpH· UCH"'X TajHu, 11 aexa Ta~iO ocraue senapaseeno (HeH3J1a'.UiO) ,ItO naxa caeorrurrcr OTKpl10efha:,63 1'13 HaBCAeHol~ MCCTa U3r;1C}l,a y npan Max Ita Bpnjeaaje JNnYlIlTa unax U3UCCHY ueponaraoby HCTIUIHTUCTH Y Y4etby U <Pl1nIlUKUe, ami nonaseha OA lnUbCHHl.(a,Ita -ro YllCtbe PYlUM jCAf1HC1'1l0 nepe 11 cruapa pasnop y QPKBH, upenyurra OHUMa xojn TO )KeJIe JJ..P>Kal-be Tor y-rersa y hyralbY, r]. y cnojeepcaoj TajHOCflI. Have ce tllUfil na je QOLle uocpena naure s.croua TaK1'lIK3 y-rarerse H nperonapa-ra 0 l\U{PY Y ~PKBH, Hero nn cmapna aepa H:.erOBa Aa 1'0 y-reu.c MO)KC 6HTH 11 nCl'}lHHTO. Y CBaxOM cny-rajy, BPI1jcHHje cvarpa JlOnaT3K ([JHn.HOKne cacuioa aeoupaunaaaa, na ~laK 11 y cny-rajy xaua 6" OHO aapaxcauano npaay oepy. OTKYHa Jlan1HHM8, mrra ce OH. npaso na AOJ.J;Ajy ftnll On,Y3l{· Majy 6uno nrra y CH.MBOJIY uepe? Ouarnenno, 1'0 J\Ona3Jt 011. nane pnsscxor. xao urro roaope CaMI{ JIanl.HJ.I: "),t8 ce nona aHO urro roeopauo.noaon.aaje anaer PUMCKor apxajepeja"." I1nu TO JiCTO

62 CaDe1·Ui!·IKocnOBOo cjeJlltlhelb), Ilpxaaa, Ilena J. CTp. 477·:<; '·KOIlB1l1.:ce UPKBil. paaneunna.u ucue nce uane cy Mel)yco6uo cynpornn.u onapnhnjy cc jeAafl on npyrorn H on CBIIX OHID( xoju r:y non Holn.la, H uonapraaajy [enau npyrcrn CT~KIWIIOM o,ll.1'lY'tel.bY u :lIUlTeMIt, .,". - Foaopenu II 0 I(pyi'IIM n:lut'lDliMaJl<lTltlIa, Bpajcuuje RCJI'II na TIIX nanoaa liMa MIlOfO, a noccouo uu6paja cennn cnenebnx:

"I. UI'rO Y}'U!CTll xaacunx xnetioea Y Ji;'IWUM rmryprujaemnpnnocsrrc GCcKB<lCHe. 2. WTO OHe xoje KPWT:JB<l.Te. KpWTaBa1'C: jeAIIlIM ncru .. ypeu .. cM. KlIKn lie rpcoa. :"1. urro caerpare Jla 3<1 CBaKl1 rpcx nocne CMpTii nocrojH O'IIICTIlTeJbIUl 0"'11,. 4. WTO OJHIKO, All He K3)KeM C YCpl)CM IUlll C peeuourby. jcnere ynaen.euo 1\ rneobc KpD. 5. WTO Y cyeory. :saje}.tllo ca JYAl!:jI1MrI, UClLTHTt!. 6, WTU I<.HlOHC CBeTHX Ano, .. rrona H nun O,U cCAaM encesseucsux caeopa jaauo lIU1ilU1ITalH\TC)I 7. W·I"<.l, 0<1I3pX COeI'3. COaK)! u.pKRCtm '11111 (tt~(·Wj.l(l'" n.OCTOjalll.~1'80) II onpourrej CnilKOI" rpexa. jaeno najere 3:1 IIOUlle OIlUM a KOjll TO -rpruce". (Pnarouop 1. 0 CDCTO~I D.yXy.1'<l.MO.C'Tp. 416. 0 IfCTOMe lI.Hj:llt TflKobe II CTp. 417-422.)

6.l Pauronop 3. 0 Cneroa ,Qy;(y. T:tMO. CTp. 444·445. Cp. Cnoao Koje jacno npcacrnan.a ..... mao. ¢. 3f12a-3~211.

M Paaroaop S. 0 CUCTI)M Ilyxy. rano, CTp. 444.

HPlljt'HUjCII nU(w1il't!.1W noilaiill(Y Pilioqlle)' ('''.111m.'!.)' /1(.',,1: (154-172)

159

J(pyra,,\{ pe-ursra: "Hasra TO uarnena Mana l1nYJ !lYJlUTCl aKO, Y OHOMe WTO )KCmt. OpXOBHH apxajepej AOAa HeWTO:.6·,

Bpujcaajc je noopo CXBanlO na je ca m1TalbeM AOJ],31'Ka (1)11- nnoxue Y CI1MDOn uepe TeCHO OC3aHa » eKJlYJCl10JlQWKet aonana JhrntHCKC upxae 0 npIiMaTy nane, xao Hacne,Q,HJfKY Anocrona Ilerpa. H 3aTO je npl1HybcH 1l.(I JIaTuRe noucern H(I npauocnauno cxnaran.e 0 AIiOCTOJlY Ilerpy. no OBOM cxaaraiey, Anocron IleTap naje ~MaO Hl-IKaK30 npasrar Mcby ocranav anocronaaa, uero je fiwo jeAH3K ca FhHMa, nor=nnsauajyna ce "OllUlTCM MJfUlJbefuY" ll,PKBC: ,,11 KOplf<pCj Anocrona Ilerap 6HIl8 nocnas on EbI.fX (Anoc'rona) y Cauapajy aajennc ca J003HOM, H xaua r-a Ilanne »cnpaan.a 011 TO npUMa, U KaLla ra xopn OH nynf, H cneayje OHOMC uno je ca60pHO pexao Boroopar (JaKOB); " "yo je (~ nOCJIYUl.O je) na. K3]J.a ce cna U.pKBa OKYJlH, na ce OTKP"jc BeK~Me O,U nOCJlCJ],IMIX (HeUITO), OH)l8 npua - Ol1tpfu'tOl - uexa hY'l'e.',t, Ilpessa TOMC, aKO nana ~en.H na 6YJ],e ,IlYXOBHH nonpaxaaanan AUOCTona Ilcrpa, OBJ),a HCKlt MaCT xojy je AO~HO OH Focrrona ynorperirsaea "aa caaana-se a He 11a pytuerse", 7 cehajyna ce yaex one Focnonu,c pC1.Hi: "AKO KO xobe na 6YAe UpOYJ aexa 6yne 1l0CJIe}.lJbH OJJ, eBIU H caliMa cnyra" (Mapx. 9,35). TeK xana 6Yl\c "cnyr-a cnyry oO)Kjnx", OHJ..la he MOrui Aa "~JlHMa nornphyje pCtu{ H na cue tJUIUI paJJ,H yrapheu,a Llpxasa". Y oopaTHoM cnyxajy. cllOjliM CAMOBOJhllHM nocrynuawa jCJ\HHO he !'?onpHHeTH "Mel-LalLY ocpe"N) Ii "paaapajsy ( ... ) jeAI1I1CTBa IJ,pKa8a". "

65 MCTO. CTp. 446.

66 HCTO. Cpo CnVHo xojcjacno npencraan.a ... , q). :lH2u. - Hoene ce Bpujenuje OW!')" OC1I31ha lUI H'1JHl Kaeacnny, KOjl1 CMil1-pfl ~11 je ueuoryhe mcuouara IHmCKI1 upmHlT Uri npejeacrey .H10CTOll1.1 Fle'rpa (D. NII.II KClfim;IIJW, 0 yJPOUlfMll pncrojau.a Llpxaea n Q IlPllM:l1'y nane. PG I·N. 692 [) II ,llrlJbt:). Clll'I'I~IO Bpnjeuujy rOI.JOpl1II eeroacaepeucnus. QIMC::Olll.lpXt-lenUCKOnCOJIYHCKII, KOJII. L1lTn enure, Tpa)l(ll OIJ. nane na QCT3HC eepau uepu It Y'IIITCJl>CKOM nacneby !lnOCTO/m ne1'P" (ounlt CU.IICOIl COIIYHCKIt. npOTHB cnax jcpecu. 23. PG 155, 121).

67 P'l'JrOBOp 3. 0 CBeToM ,D.yxy, Ilena I. C'Tp. 445. Cp. Cnono soje jacuo

npencrann.a ... , f~. 3H2B. Cp.rraxobe Hili" KtUl(lCIM(I, HCTO.

6~ Paaroeop 3. 0 CoeTOM Ilyxy, TaMO, CTp. 446. Cp. Gnouo xcje jacno

69 ~t~~rnll!ha ... , ~). 3~2B.

70 jtcro. CTp. 444. - Bpajermjeao cnajan.e IIItTnJbn<JlJIJlIIOKne('a mlTtlI.beM IHmCKOf nIHl~ta1'K IH.lKR3aJlO ce «ac cacnml onpaenauo Bet>. na ca60py y <lJnopeHu,ujll «oju je O!lp*au IlCKY rOl\HHy K.;JcHllje. Ha TOM caeopy ';"1 JlIt.1'm-lH HarJHtUI:\BMIt n8J11fU ayropnrer Y ycen.y, KOjllM au MO)t(c lUI peuraua caa JlOrM3TCKfl OHTiUh::t. ,.1;: npcaa TOMe II na ynece uonaras. q>llnl1.QKl'le y CII~IBOJl nepe. Fnanaa Sparn Jlmaun IIU TOM caeopy GltJ1fl je an HCTQ<lIIoj upxun 1I00Me'tHy m1nCK11 n]H1M<lT. jcp cy :itI:)JlII 1I.a 6il T<lKO, jC.QIIOM aa cearna. oGe:.tGCJtlIJIII ne CR~Hl nonaras (ImJ1I1ClKUe, nero II caaxy npyry 1I0S.IHy soja fill ce y IbllXOUOM y'tClhY nojaauna y 6YAyhIlOCTII .• Blf.ll.1I Al/gII.I·' Lddt. Ai m:p( ICpWtelo'U 5tunpaw,au:um::l<; I(a:t(~ 'tI)V ecvogov ti't~ q)hO:lp£Vn'a<;, IDe; lxn:uvTl')O'l<;' rrp6<; -niv ouuKliv eercptuv ti'\v i.J7rCp·,,'tt'l<; uMeVtlo.<; 'tfr~ ()(":01Jj.I£.Vlrl'\C; O"Uv600u I(nl niv l:tvu'toA.tKiJv

160

HCX()IjCff>t Ctlf.diiozu lly.tIf ("154·227)

vb .0,0 CaA8 aanosceaora nocraje jacao na je (l>tmliOKBe 6HJTO OCHOBlfH Y:3pOK pacuena H3Me~y Hcrosa H 3aIJana, H, KaD WTO npOp01IKH eenn Bpnjcexjc. OHO je 611no npenocybexo na 6YAC H y3pOK oucxoecxeu.a Tor pacuena: "TI1M pClrnMa (rj, AonaTKOM) or-no-te CDC 080 OACT)'naluC, II jour ynex je y onacaocra Aa CC TUM pe-nora nporerne aa cee neK0I3C",JITo3aTO WTO, AOKne N)A ocraje I~O.LIaTaK cj}HJUIOK.DC. }lHK8Kan nujanor ca JIanHu1Ma He MO»O:C Aa )l,OHCCe nnona una Jl.O.BCHC 11.0 cjeAltH~eH.a,jep cjeJJ.HI-bcn,e je "aajenH.M'IKO cxoben.e paanaojcuax cruapa'' Ii jep "OHO urro ce cjelVlJbyje. cjenau.yje cc ncno I..{CnOMC cjc/vm,anaHOMC, 11 naurra He~'Ia AS pasanaja 113Meby cjeAIIlt.aoaHlIx"," KaKO je OHAR Moryhe na 1<09C ,llO cjcAHlLefba 11 sajenuaue. xana pa3JUIKa ocraje Ii. 3a5JlYl1.a ce nponyacyje n AaJLc? 3a'1'o, senu BpHjCUHjC, "HeM8 HH jenxor-a OA npanocnanmrx KOjU OIl oaora KOjH HC~)KcnU:.Il.a oncryna on 3a6ny,u:e npncrac na yaae y ounrrea,e CBOjC".") Crora JOCH<P1 xojera uecya~6HlJO 6aInI pa31J,0p Ilpxac, BMH RaTltHlfMa: "YKnoHHTC ORO WTO eTC ua Jl.OA<InIt [rj. ([)j.JnHOKBC), xoje Ji cruapa can nepen, 11 0Jv .. sax lie ee, ouno na Mll hYTHMO Ami rosopavo, caM 0)). cc6e YKJlOHllTH oxaj 01~ nac HaMepaB3HlI nonarax, 11 DHAa he ce nonfaT KOJll je 3ajcAHW{KH cetera uacnocrana-ru xaxaa je 6HO OA nOt.lcTK3.,,7

Ham BH33HTIljCKH 60fOCJIOU HC 3an,OU01baBa ce C8l\1O na KOBCT3TyjC H H306ml\IH HClIpaUJ.1JTHOCT HOn8TKa cI>nnHoKoe, Hero uacrojn }l:J ce yaece .u.y6JbC Y caM np06JICM H o-rxpaje pasnore KOjH cy JWI3CnH AO Tara. OH 3Ha IJ,8 jenna norpeurxa Y fJ,Ofi\otaTCKOM Y\.(ClbY He caeao na HMa cnoje ItCM.HIIOIlHC nocnenaue, Hero -raxobe 3Ha 11 TO na 'raj nan Mopa IH • .taTI111 caoje Y3pOKe. Hero raxo JOCHq) 3Ha na, KClO UJTO cuaxa 60nCCT MO>Ke JIaKU.IC.na CC nc-rn aKO joj ce

I'}€.(opiuv nl~ nc.vt(1pxiCL~, "rpT\)'6pIOO:; nCtAO:~loo;".6I'\5-M6 ('~7K), CTp. 155-lS0. - a npaaocnaauon craey npeua nuncruy mlAII Ap.Ylwmu)pllili H:ol}2uje.

71 '&'~~~1~~rce~J~~~(n~~~:~p:2i~Tl_ W~ll~:'~~l>Clbt! Cit BplljeulljeM

aacryna l-! canpeucua riorocnoe }jfl(J()u,MUpJ}m:Ku: »Luque .. «ion de 1:J precession du Suint-Esprit a cle (qu'on Ie veuille ou non) l'unique raison dogmauqoe de 1~ :o:cpanaion entre I'orien! er l'occidcut .. (VI. Lassky, A l'Imuge et ~ la ressemblence de Dieu. LUI1'. Item), CTp. fJ7). - nO:IIIIlTII UJ)I(tICIIII ncrcpnxap B. 8. b(JJI(J},HJH, uacynpor TOMe, cerarpn na ItHje 4';IJlIIOKHe 6uJlO rn;)BIIII yJpoK pecuena. Hero je -ro 6110 pa3BIIT:lK pmrcxor npunara. BUAII 8. 601101110/1, K eorrpocy 0 !fJIIJH10KBC, C. - ncrep6ypr. 1914, CTp. 41.

72 Crynaja 0 qenauen .. y Klinpaua.,O.cJI;l II, crp. 5. 7J Hero. CTp. 3.

74 Puaroaop 2. 0 CBCTOM Ilyxy. Ilena I. crp. 433-4. Cp. Cncuo xoje jacuo npC_II,CTilRJL,il.,., (p. 3H3a .• HCKY ronauy pauujc. II ce. Tputopuie Ilanasca ce. CKOpO IICTIiM peuuera \I III IICTlIXllo6yn3, o6pahao JIRTUHI1Ma: "Bene 611 3RtlCTa uejupaeenuuje At) aac lilt PC'lit II~ yaocrojasuero .uOK He IIpeCTilHeTC en liOAIITKml y CBClUl'CHO~1 CllMDtlJIY. Tes KaAIl uauj nOll:n'aK 011 nperxonuo ltJ(5ulllt're,elm8 IX! MO)KC ncrpaacrearu na JIll je Ilyx Cl3eTlI I~ on CUlW ),1111( 1I11je II on CUlm" (AnoAIIKTll'IKll cnoea f. 4. Cl1rrPAMMATA I, CTp. 31).

8pUjCHftjCA nutlfl iipeAW ()I)()tliiiJ.:Y Filio'lll(, Y ClIMfl(/lIY (ICPC (1:54,172)

161

npm,a~y yspoun KOjH je aaasnaajy t TaKO H 1J,OIJ,(naK ej>HJlHOKSe, xao OCJlafiJheH)C 1I fionecr y npauocnauaoj nepa, MO>KC naxme ~a ce 1i3JTCInI aKO KOHCT3TyjeMo xoja cy yspoua 'rora. Crora OH uacroju na YI«DKe H3 yspoxe KOjH cy Jl aTUHe onsena Y TO na npeKUHY )J,OfMaTCKY CafJIDCHoC'r n upxuexy JajCJ\HlILzy ca I1CTO\tHOM l_~PKBOM IUTO je -rpajano "xnn.any 11 'rpM rOAHHe ''. 7~ Kao OCHOBY 1131HIJI~DK~lba 11 KOHC'nrrOGaJMI y'3pOK~ narnncxor HOB('J1ICH.a Y Y1ICI·hY 0 Ilyxy CBt:TOM, Bpujenaje Y3HMa npano y\IC~r.C UPKIJC. 1-1 TO KaKO Y {l,Or~IaTCKOM nOTJIeAY TaKO If y uorneny UYXOBHor )f(HUOTa, a 1aTliM Y3HMa Y ol.hap 11 aananau MeHTaJUl'reT 1.1 YOllWTC J~yXORRO C''J'aH.e sa Sanaay. OR uajnpe xoucrrrryje IVI jc jesxuxa !lCMOn, rj. HeJl,OBOJbIlOCT JlaTllHCKOf jC31-1'K3 l\OnpIfHena, xao UJTO l\C},1O JJ.~'"7~ IHI.n.eTI1, 1I0Me'l'!i>U U acjacuohn y 6orocno13cKoj TeP.MHHOnOrl1]1'J 0 acxobca.y Cnerora Ilyxa, ami 3a'i1'IM KOHC'raTYJe If AYXOBW;! paanorc, Jep, aanc'ra, KaKO je Muryhe lla jenan HCT11HCKH nYXORHi-l tlODCK nocne y pacxon J1 jepec? KaKO jc Muryhc na nonene y CYM·!bY pe-nt caaora Focnona II y-reree cnCTHX Oraua, axo ce He 60 H(wa3HO Y HlOCCHOJl,[ nany y AyxonHoM )KJH]OTY? Crora JOCl1<p Bpajeaaje cacaau C paanoroa CM<lTpa AO je "ronaxa APCKOCT", KUKO OM H83J1Ba )).O,JJ.aT8K (PHnfiOKBC, npOll3aUIJIa ,,"3 6e3YMJba ( ... ), li3 T8WTeCnB13e, H::l \.(ODCKOyro/PbI1BOCTH, H3 rOPAOCTH H HaJJ,MeHO~ CHI, 113 -rora urro CC HeKlI TPYJl.C Ail. csiarpajy ua cy OHH H3Ha.u CI3HX npyrax, He casio 113HaA canaunsux, nero 1'1 H3Ha,~ OIHiX KOj l'I cy uexana Cl'eKJlH nemnco ItMe y 60rOCnOBJby,·.77 Y';)11Majyhn Y 063n:p uerrrriauy 1\YXODHe ooneCTJI JTaTuHa, TO jeer lbHXOOY ropAOCT, naxuie OHA<:l MO)KeMO cxnaTHTI1 oemPIHHY lbJ.JXOBor nana Kp03 ouaj uoaarax Y Be~H, jep, KUKO BCnl1 JOCJ.1(P, "HHllITa TaKU He Hn~~pMa flYIUY 1-1 Op30 JC ncrynn.yje xac uanpenoaan,e y ropnocra". 3a uaurer npauocuaaaor 6oroCJIoua H nepaor ynennxa cuernx Orana, KOjl1 J.l caxt lIMa 60ra1'0 UYXOIlHO liCKYCTBO, npasa nepa ij anpan uyxonna ;.KHBOT YBCK noeroje 3ajCJ\HO Jf Me~yc06HO cy uoucaaau, jep, semi OH, "ou I1cKoapeHUX )).orMaTa IIHje Moryhe H3Auhn CC HMajyhli T3KaB HCTH (Tj. JlCKUapCH) >KIIBOT. HBTU je ssoryhe ocrara y snpanoj BCP" ;.t(HIlCnu 11CKBapeH )f(}fBOT. J ep JlCKBa1?eH >KH80T paha sne HOrM<iTe. Ji 3mf J\OfMaTH pabajy aao )KunO'l'".71J

Ann no MHlUJheI-bY Bpnjeaajeuov "rops Ii najropn y'1pOK oncrynaisa" Jla-exua jCCTC C-JTeAeb.1i pasnor: "crapan.e na CBaKH HatH-IH na ce JbYACKI1M C.HJIOrU3WtMCl 11 ~r.nxonOM CHarOM noxaayjy 60)f(aHCKe cruapI1".NI Pe-r je () cxonaCTH'tIKOM ua-nnry naraacxor

7~ Puaroeop S. 0 Cae1'OM Q)·X)'. ncn;) I. LIp. 44:\.

~~ g:~:~ ~i!~ 5:~~~~/4~·!;j~;:~;~I~o~/~;~·

781-1l.'To.

79 Crynnja 0 cje.l~IIIt..cli;,)' Kunpaaa.Ilcna 1I. crp.B. XU C;IlIUO S. 0 Caeroj Tpojanu. jlena I. CTp. 1<2.

162

llpHCTyna 60)KaHCKlfM n,OrM()'l'I1Ma, lUTO cy npauocnasna Ba3aH- 1'l1H1{l1 Ben 6Hn~ cxearnnn Y IlpeMe uaurcra J1HCl(a. GDH cy, !:IaHMC, IlUjMHM1 na naruacxa norpeuma Yllefha He nesce TOJH1KQ y norpeununs cxaarau.nva HojeJ.li1H11X uoraara. nero npe cucra y onurrev ua-nnry 1-Ia xoju OHU npaerynajy 6orocJJoll1bY y Llpxnn, Ouoj xoncrarauaju cy nonpaaene YUPUBO HCUXaC'I'll'IKC 6up6e, xoje cy CC, xao WTO cxro Be!; pauaje unnenn, if nojauane xao pcaxnaje npallOCJI8UHe r-pvxe reonornje nporuu sanaane cxonaC'Hl'JKe reonoruje. u ynpano ()BH cyKo6H »caxacru en cxonaCTwwpHMa 1I0Ka3anl1 cy BIOaHTHHlI,11M3 na je upauocnaeua ucpa 11 npanocnauna Ha'IHH GorOCJlOBCrI30Bal-ba jeAJ.lHH ucnpauair U MennmT. Bpnjcnuje je uepaa aacraen.au oaor HCllXaC1'HlIKor upenau,a, H Y AYXOBHOM }KHROTY 11 Y 6oroCJIoolbY. J.t 3aTO uacrojn l~a noxaace aa najseha paanaxa H3MCljy nCTOllHHX H 3anagHJ.IX -reonor-a jecre ynpaso paanasar Ha\IHH upacryna -rajIU:f fiorocnonn,a. I1cT01.JHI-J TeOJIO~H 6orocnoucTuyjy HH CUCTUOTatLKff Ha1.1I1H, a sananaa HII CXOJHlCTli(!lGI Halum. Casnauan,e ose paanuxe Y 60fOCn0I3Cl'BOnan.y jecrc nplJU' «opax xa yno3H8B8IbY oaora urro rpeoa sajnpe yllliHHTI1 JJ.a 611 ce AOTDJJO go nornyacr H HC'nlHilTor jeAIHICTllCl. Crora cy BH38HTJlHU.I1, BHAehu it cxuarajyhu aeanpasocr 6orocnoscxor nyxa sanananx -rconor-a, ycneu AOM~lmU.lHje paJJ.l:fOHa1Jl1- CTHllKHX apIfC'1'01·cnoDCKH.X enesseuara. 6HJlJt CIJeCHH na je C8MO KpO~ noaparax ua HCTUHCK11 UlloC'roncKO-CUe'l'OOTfI'lKI1 H<11.H1H MHWJhClf,i:t 0 ooJt<anCKRM CTOapJIMa - a Taj Halum ce cacrojs npe cnera y cruuan.y nyxonnor ncxycrna )f(JI80TOM y Xpncry ~ sroryhc AOJUf)],D nnOAOHOCHor nnjanora U:JMCi)y 11cToKa H 3alla;::t.1l.

Hapauuo, 1'1 Jlal'UIIH cy nOWTOBanH l{ yrrorpeorsaaana y~leJ(,e CSCTliX Orana, ann cy '1'0 Yllel-be nonnprauana jCAHOM pauuouamrCTJl'lKOM AYXY H HalIUHY MHU.lJhCH,il, npenarnauryjyha cave 3HHH:.C u pa3yM JhYACK11. Taxan Hatllm 6oroCJ1orJJI,a YMaJ-byje ynory Ilyxa Cacrcra y }fCHI10TY Ii suunn-en-y Ilpxne ~f Hseroay ynory AOHeKne 3aMelhyje JhygCKJI pa3yM, KOjH., KaKO BeJIJI Bpujeunje, xohe na "npaaauer CJlJlOrH3MHMa npoaepaaa 60>KaHCKe ,l(OrMaTe".!<1 Ami 60>KClHCKH norsrarn, aenu JOCM(~, HaMa cy npenaau AYX,OM CBeTltM '·ce.u.MOC'l'pYKO ( ... ) npouepcuu DO)f{3HCIiliM OI\KMa".K2 H OHli cy upana J1I1CTHHHTa uepa u:.PKHe uaure. Ilorxraru cy caaa HCTUH8, a HCl'l·m3 "He norpetiyje ucnpooanau.e (nponepy), lUITl1l1Ma Il01'pC~

XI 1-1"1'0 .• Hesonmco nCKOD.1 KaclIHje. ~ lK eesy. npnaccnaeua uorOCIIOU Eecrpa-mj Apl'CIiTUC cscnpac jc mrraucxy cxonaCTII1CY xno rnauna y:tpOK uoxenc Sunanue ~s Hero-rue npxae. B.E. Apzctiiiiuc. I:uvt<l)'),L<XJ('U't<l Anrtvcov. Jlajnuur 1760. crp. 171·2. Cp. K. Ware, $chol ... sticism :md orthodoxy: Theological Method as a F;u':lO( in the xchism, »Easrcrn churches Review«. 5 (1973)_ Cpnceu npcaom CX.OJHlCTI1Ka II Flpauocnnun,e: Teonouucu MCTO..Q ":10 -unntnau PClCKOJTil. ·l"feo.rLtlW~Ll nOI'Jlellll'·,.1. 1 ~7.1. \..''11). 2fll

• ~2 C.)I()I:IU 5. ° Ca. TpOJJIllH., D,eJl11 I. CTp. H3.

iJpujeHlljc(I C;t1if1if iipf.'.utl ()oi)m7il:.}, Filiofjlw y CIIAIIWIIY If('/H: (154~172)

163

fiy 'Ja HCK1'IM lHflUhea.eM,.2t3. Hero je ona "HCnOMCW<1Ha c H(~'-IliCTOTOM, S;~Bap HeCYMH:.I1Ba; Dna jc caaocynrro saaa.e K pa3YM H cncrJlOC'f' . AKO IhYACKlJ yM xohc ne crynn y npocrop HC1HYMHe l1CTHHC BO)Kje. onua TO 03HalIaHCl Aa llOBCK xonc na ce ycnne ua MCl.."fO Gora~ arm y TOM cny-rajy MU UHnH aepyjcao "He Bory, Hero lhYl\HMa".X: Taxse ynpano TC:n(H~C liMa sananua CXOnaCTJilIKfI reonoraja Ii JfI'l'O je ona nocrana npCTcpaHO clmnocmpCKa f1 pauaouanacl'~PIKa, jcp cue npeMe xohc na uarnpuponne Boscancxe cruapa nporyssa-ra <Pl,ffloco(lmjoM. Ami, C3MOM qm:nocoqmjoM uouex HC Mo»<e )10h11 }W HaTllpHpoMIfe HCTHHC. nu-ru MO)l(eMO OJ1TII nocaehcna 'v rajny Tpojnuc"," jcp je npCH,MeT (ImnocoqlH.jc 4 'to. ()Vto: (cruapa KOjC nocroje y OUOM CIleTY). p,OK jc Bor - "t),lnip TtCtv'tu ta QV'tCl (;::; J.13Han, cuera nocjojeher) J1 Tnopau je cncra". If xao TaKaB OJ( je T\liJl. 60rOCnOB1ba,N7 a He cimnocoqmjt:. TaKBO nax 6UrOCJI08~ R.C, xoje npCS(l3H:na3H n)YAcKyca:majuycJloco5HOCT, TCTHKO MO)KC ga AOCTHrHC go HCTHHCKor, xarnpnponuor auan.a, jccre npauoCJlClnJUi MCTOll. 6orocnoBJba cne'nrx OTaQ3 iJ,PKUI.!, KOjl1 ce YDeI< OCl1ClH)C\ Ii TCMe1T)1l H8 BCPUH crora aanexo emue y6e1jyje H ynepaua ueronn JbYJ\CKI.f pau.HoHaJTHI1 3aKJbytlaK II noxnanuan,a. "BCpUM naxne npnxuaraeo EO)f{aHCKC HCTliHe. a ue 3IHHbCM", nenH BpnjeHl1jC (noaanrsajyha Anocrona Flanna - 1 Kop. 2.5); "ClfJlOM Ilyxa Cuerora. a He AujaneKnplKOM MotlJf; 11 MH xoja )K(;;JJHMO na 6naro-recrnuo MHCJ1I1MO unme nfl3HMO ua BU>KaHCKa nHCM3 HcrOJlH na AOKa:.uWatbC pa3YMOM".XX Flpurieranaa,e CneTOMC nHCMY U nosuoat-by na ",era 11 H8 Csere One n BaCCJbCHCKe Catiope, TO je rapasuaja npasor ncaaae,a H ucnme, jep cc CaMO Y TOMe Hana311 npauo ncanau.e, n,OWTO je npasa HCTHIUl Y Ilyxy CBC'l'OM. "Jep urra [e, IUlT3 Bpnjeanje, TatLHuje O_Q nosuau,a Y Ilyxy? ( ... ) Illru je 'Ta~1HHje on ore HC'rH_Hc?,·~9· JT)Yll.CKa (imJJOcocpRja H ApHCTUTeJI umrn-a 3ajeHHJ1l1KU HeMajy "ca ltorMaTI1Ma lJ,PKBc Xpncroue"." 0110 ce uajjacmlje ali,!]." CpatHbll13aHooeM ,U13ajy pa3nI111"TllX HalllUJa

83 MCTo.

1:!4 MCTo, 1:11>. M. X5 Hero.

l:I(> Hero. f. ... rp. lJ2. Cp. Paaroecp S. OC!H!TOj 'rpojml,II.TaMo. crp. 457: " ... IIUTII eMU CUJIOn1JMHM<l ADm,11I no O!laro'lc:whll, IlllTII <':MO 1.t>ltMR nocaebeuu y mjny 'Ipojuuc".

R7 CIIUU{) 5. 0 elf. TpOjHllII, raao.crp. ~.n.· Hn A.PyI'OM uccry Bpnjeuujc nmue na jc "\JI1i\ (qll1!1ocollll1ja) Ao6pa.1l xopecua. Il npOllamrm puanorc (npuuuunc}, llnl! y OHOM~ lUTO ce :t(im~a 'I npapoun, AOK 1111.-0'1 Mot, una IICMtl 'I OIl('lMC lIJl'O jc IIJUilA npapone" (T:t"t(). CTp. k$).

88 YiCTO. CTp. X5. Cp. T~Kot)e CTp. n: ..... (litO llITO jc npC:;UIIIO DCp" Ttl mJa uepiIl\O:.lllilIlti nosaau,e ... II 0110 urro ce y eepu lIerpmf<yje 1"0 lie ncmrryjeuo na JIll ce cnnace en OnLLlTI1M (¢IlJ10t:0111CKHM) Lloj~I081!",a, aero nOK;tJyjeMo caao Ita lit! [e TO (;U('JHlCHO Cit ~orM'ITH~ta Iwju ce y U.PKOII ncnoeeaejy; etnxap ce J\cCJ.lJIO nn ce CUll q:lItJ10COCPCKII ,QOrt.taTII TJfMe Y"It~ajy, uaua je TO AOIJOJbIlO'·.

fl'J CJIOUO 5. 0 Cu. Tpojuua, TaMO, (,;1". K4 . 91) jtcrc. Cp. K. W(lI'C.I~HT. neno. CTp. 2[J1.

164

I1cr(J~eu.l' C(l{'iiiOill By.rn (154-227)

60rOClIOnCfBOnaJ.ba, eoje HaM najc Bpnjeuaje: "lbYACKH cnnornaM11, Kalla cc npuxieue aa 60)KaaCKe }J.orM3Te. HeKaJ\B n OOMBJ-byjyhH narnenajy HCTHHHTH, a HeKaJ,.l3 Gynyfiu IICTIlHI1TH aarneuajy na aaacy (u6Man.>yjY),J\OKCY ,QOKa311 CIlCTJITen~a aajcnrypauja ucruaa, U CHe'fJlOCl'CY eemeca noccoj 3CMJMl.,l1jl!}J.HOCTanHOCY H3H3]J. CB<lKC "jf.l6Jtyn.e. PaA03Hami C~1nOn13MU ycrnapa noupavyjy yM, J~OK rnpexe cuerux npocaerrsyjy nyiuy; c~mOrH3MH. cy '13MHCnI1U nponanacI~H aexana H :UHiX 11 HCDep~yh_Hx JhYAH, '~OK cy petHf Cserora fIHCMa OJIO{l Cscrora Ilyxa." j KaKO ORAa Mo:«eMO na cnaxy JbYACKY "HaJ13rJTCA pa300pHTY" (c:uAoyo<pavic;;;;: nora-my lIO InrnCAY) Milcan npaxnarano xao HCTHHUTI'1 AOfMfl1' UpKBe'! KaKO je Morylie ,-,a (3orooTKplilJt:HO 60rOCJIOBIbe nOTt{Hl-baSClMO eJmllocoqJJ1jH, Ha~ crojehn na "OHO LUTO je K3Han rtpupone ( ... ) AOKa3YjeM() npapouHHM, n OHO UJTO je 113HaAYMa .QOK8:3yjef\.W pa3YMo~:t?" 2 To ce AeW<1- ua cavo ouna xane Inry6HMo eepy y BO:>KaIlCKO Orxpuueu,e 11 Y YQCI-bC ceerxx Orana TC npnxaaraxro (~lIJIOCOq)l1jy Ii cxonacrauxy JlOrHKY xao HeOllXOHHe npenycnoae sa AOCTU3albe Y flCTHHCKO nO'3HaH.C. AJIH npanOCJI3SHii saajy na xpauihaucxa sepa "anje HM OJ.l, IbYIlH, lfH Kp03 !hy,ue, Hero je 0/-' caaora I'ocnona aaruer Hcyca Xpucra (cp. I'an. 1.1), jep ce OH H' ,eMJbM jauno II ca JbYI\Ii"a noscuneo (cp. Bapyx. 3,37),}J.a He 611. !bYAn- no CBOjUMMI:fWJbCl-MIMCl MHCnURH. 0 OHOMe KOjJ.l jecre, (IUueh" AOfl\IOM oae 3aMHCJUi xoje 11M }'\OJl33e OA nojennaax pa3M.HWJbalha".!)1 Xpncroc je :mTO H OTKP.HO HCTJlHliTY ncpy A8 OM JhYJl.H nepouana "Ail ce Bor aanc-ra jaBJ.{O Y TeJlY", Il na jc "C3}'1O OHa HCTHRHTa rajua no6mKHocTli ( ... ) «oja Hal\'l je npenana 01\ cauor Bora Jloroca, KOjH je CaM !Up·lHO rOBopHO An<.)CTOnHMa". 14

CnUM OBIfM AO cana pelleHHM JOCI1CP BpHjt!HHjC He MHCJlH aa caCBIiM Uf.\6aU)i lhYilCKY noruxy H ~mnacO(l)lIjy. Hero ){(CJlH An nOK3'Ke na je lhRXOI3R ynora npyrocrencna KtlA3 ce paAM 0 60- roorxpaaeuass AorMi.lTCKIIM ucruuaea. Kao npana npaaep OH na!lO,llU eOCTe One, -rc "eneTHOHHKC ~PKUt!", KOjH cy "rosopeha U Bory ynoTpeUJbaSanu CHJIOfJt3Me. Ii IH!'~IHUIH. ey 11X AOKa3HMa (0.ltOOEt~€'l<;)"Y.'i OHI! cy TO, Me~YTnM, lIHHHn.li caeco Y Kpn'fHtIHHM MOMCHTHt>.-1a xana je upanocnanua uepa 6lina y onaCHOCTU Act 6y,lIe nanpayra OA pa3HHX jeperuxa, KOjH cy je yupano JbYACK.ltM CHJlO-

:~~ ~~b:~ ~'I ~ oCc~~rJ;J~!~~~~;~~d;p~~o.

~ ~~~::"':r~~~~o je cmcsua uepa Bpujenujeaa y cnerc upenan,c UPKDC a<l OB caeno «crroncaa: ··Ja. uepyjre Mil, 1111 HeKOM npyroM -rceexy. nu ccGu CaMOMe HIlMaJlO ce ne 110KOpanaM (Tj. lie lJepyjeM). Hero peKaDHlII :J6ui(J.Io1 U cnojt>j foIynpocTu H pa~Y~ntOCTIi H ~IIJlby II nOHMUlh)' II pacyl)11DlllbY. icnnnc (;J1t:.lI,)'jeM ·m C1H!1"J1TeJl,HMa y GorocnOllCKItM O.IV1)'Ka~f3.li Bory CRUX." (Pnarceop z. 0 Cu. AYxy. 'rauo, CTR. 431)

1)5 Cnono 5. v CR. Tpojnun. TaM(), crp. ~J.

IlplljI!HUjl'(1 C.·maR Iipt'AIII (Jo()muK.Y Filiofju(! y CIJ,WfUJII)' 1I1!fJt: (154-172)

165

rIl~Ma.\m II 3aKJLyQU;lfM3 xuapana H nsupranu. Ann. 3a Oue, JbYACKiI pa3yM lfliTaAa aaje 6110 OAJIY~Jyjyhe Mep"'-JlO aa lhHXOIlO 6orocnourse, jcp, KHKO uenn JOCHcp, "OHM. ce lIncy cnY>Kllm.f ",HMa (CUJlOfH3MHMa) a ACl npn TOM He y3A~IWy, HUTIf cy AX cnarna (ynoTpe6.JhaBaJ1H), Hero C3MO y BpeMC tSopoe II nporaneha ce jeperaL\IIM<I; npI1M"H>yjyIi" jeUHY Apyry HYlKAY (HY>KHOcr) npcrua ORRX KOjH cy IiM H3:t{OCHJU1 UY)i</W, OHM cY liX (rj, nora-rxe 3aKJbYlJKe) H3peKnH"Yr, Ha HC'J'11 T::lKaB ceeroora-rxa Ha\llili .II Haw MYApH Y1IMTen, J.1 50rOCJlOB Jocnrp cy-rcrsyje ce ca HenpI1XUtlTJbHBJ.{M sa IJPHBOCJIaOHe mlTltHCKl1M Y'leHoeM Y BpeMeHHMCl npno KpnTl-fttHHM lei U;PKUY. Croraje caarpao sa npaOIlJIHO na H8 naTH.HCKt: Tcoplfje, «oje cy chine tlHCTO AHCKyp3HIlHe ruopcnnae, onronopa 11 CHJlOrIUMHMH,}l" 6u liM 1I0Ka3aO, xao IUTO heMO nan.e U}fll.eTl1,,llO:l pauaoHnmm CXOilaeTH'IKU MeTOj~, He caao IlITO je 'fy~ npauocnannora AYXY, Hero yC1'BapH HCTIDIY H He noxaayje. I1cTJlHa ce Hana311 Y CHCTOOT{l1IKOj MYApOC'l'H, TO jeer Y AYXY CeeTOMe xoja uapascana nor-sra-re IiCTHHC xpos MYAPOCT CIlCTHX Oraua, a Be Ca.D.P:>KH ce y JhYACKI1M paU:UOHamIHM 3aK1hY'JLI;MMa. KOHKpeTHO nax. na 611 11.0- xasao KaKO je <i)Hnnmme cynporno )..I.OrMaTcKoM npenaiey IJ,pKBe, H KaKO aa }bUM cnene ~lHore HeYMecHoC'HI Ii 6eCMHCJllfU.C, BpajeHHjcceHeYCTpYQal3a na ynorpeou canornsere.xcrrehn H3 ra] HallHH na nOfHKOM. nocpaaa nor-axy: "11 aKO Beh xohere nanac, Ka]( HJllIITa nennxo He cnpexana, pa3MO'fpHMO JlOrH~IKH (AOytKox;) rne BOA" TO ::tKO Gy)1,C npHxuahcHo·,Y7 On TaKolje ynoTp.e6Ibana npassepe Ii" cnnxe "ne pautt AOKa3a, Hero paAH jacHohc",WI JaCHO je AaKJIe AR Cl1JlOrU3MI1 II 33KlbYQU.H oaaxne upcre, KaAR ax ynorpetirsauajy CnCT11"TCJbH, aeerajy ynex florMaTCKH xapaxrep, Hero ce ynorpeon.auajy "T(\l<:THlIKH" (oiKP9\10IllK(1)(; == no cHl1cxol)el-bY), "pana npHMe.pa" 11 "noneMntJKH",~ na 611 TaKO AOnpHHCJIH nOTnYHl:IJeM cxaaraisy 60>KaHcKor yuen.a. Ilpesra TOM.e, rpeurxa Jlaraaa aaje Y ynorpetiu noruxe, Hero y onpanaa.y na npaxnare na je JbYACK3 nornxa orpauauena J{ nponasaa 11 JJ.a He MO)l{C na noerarne y 1103Hafbe xoje caeo AYx Cae-ra OTKpHB3. Jlaraaa Huey ycnena na CXBaTe rpaaaue Jby.o:CKC )JOn-IKe H l:ICTHIICKe reonoraje, AOK cy npasocnaaau Ao6po CXnanU111 orpaUlIQCHOCT 11 npona3HocT JbYAcxor pa:iYMa 11 3aTO cy ce A06pOOO1bHO ncr-ran.aeana JlHlJHOM 6naroJ\8THOM, ceeronyxoucxoa HCKYCTBY cne'rax Oraua, KOjU cy 6~iml H ocrana li.CTJiHCKI16oroc.noBH, xao WTO TO noxaayje HoHXOOO

')6 ~C'I·O. •

97 Cnoeo 11). OCB. Tpojauu. -rajao. CTp. 352. Cp. TaKOt)1: Cnoao S. 0 CD. TpOJItWI, 'r3MIl, crp. ~9: "A.rIH npemocrnaa.aiyhu JaJ(Jb),'I<tK KOjU nonoce OHtI ca cynporuc crpanc. 1I0f!H~·UajMo 0110 WTO C;! coaKOM HCOnXOJl.HOwhy cnenu It:J

~~11~~~.~ ~~~T~~ ~·lr;~:~:ox~:'l~t\I,~~:~~, ~lt!~~~~t~.~~;~~~~::~~~~ ~~~~I~I~~~:

9K Cnono 12. o Ca. TpOjlll~H, '1'ah10. crp. 220. 99 Cncuo 5. I,) CB. Tpojaua. TaMO, CTp. Y<l,

166

/1C:(OIjL'H.(! (;lfclTiofa lly.w (154·227)

"neynopenano OPJIltHCKO UOH3Walhe. H,f.fXOB aH~eJICl{}1 )KHIlOT. H CHn8 IMIX08UX qyneca",IOU 'fuUXOtlO CBeTO OJJarO,A3Tf-fO WCK}'C'fOO rurao je H caM JOCl1CP Bpajcaaje. H aero je cacuaw jacno nponoucnao .u.a nepa anura npasocnasua "uaje Y cuneromraa pe "Ill It Mpe)Ka~m cnnormaaa. Hero je y npam1nHOCTU CXI13T(UbH H Y craapnMa xoje cy no I1PHpOAH senpoaeun-une ( ... )".1111

KpHTHKyjyhH 1'aKO CXOJI3CTMlUf3aM YOllllI1'C, Bpnjeaaje xpnTI1Kyje Ji npe.uC1'81l11I1:Ke CXQnRCHIXe, uocetiao nax TOMY AKBHHCKOf. Y jeJ{HOM janHoM ~Hcnyry. KOj~1 je JOCl1cP "MaO ua oC'rpuy KpHTY ea MOHaXOM p,OMliHUKaHueM ("n3 pcna upOnOnClJ,HUKa") MaKCHMO~1 Xpaconeprov, OM jacac nosaayje -urcro CXOJ1RCTWIKH AYX Tor .. re AKBJfHCKOr aa ocncay caMHX lberOBI1X J~ena, xoja je J.f3rnefi8 Jocadi .v.o6po C103HanDO (HaBo.v.H "InK Ii OAJlOMKe ll.3 fbJ.1X). 12 Bpajeaaje HaBOAl{ Jf jeanor npyror sananaor fior-ocrtoaCKO!' nacua, 6naJ>KeHOr AnryCTILHa, ami, xao nfipojna npyrH B1l3aH-

:~ g~:'~H~;'~K~~:~~ci~.I.l.~~~~~~~~p~~h~36.

102 Bpujeuuje npacryna KpHTll1111 TOMe AKiJlIliCKOr H<I ocuoey n:lJI<lMJI'I'CKOr )"I~II.o<t: "Jn TOMY (AKlHIIICJ(or). - f1t:MOj ce (seorrora) )':sfiyl)uuQ'rli -, mlJ\IIM rnc 1\ y ~monlM npynlM CT8HPIIMO n".!VI Y OHO WT£) lie 'rpefiu II Y llIlOMe IUTO 'JOKJbY',yjt: 0 CoeTOM Ilyxy. II Y nornaaa.uva CBOIMM lIPOTl1U nne. OCOGHTO, A \I C.1MO je no ccen BHJJJIO (li) nena IbcnnHlx) IJ.a OH Ii Y ODOMt: nana Y xyJl>t!u .. a: jep roecpa Aa je bO)KallcK" cyurruua IHtJUl>llsa, II nneroucxc unejc npanaje GO)KaHcKoj npHpO!l,II,1I (roeopn) na je y Gory IIl,-Q CYW'OIH;"t, t::IUJ<l1I euepmjn. H OIlC1'TBpn:tA:I cy y 50ryCYWTIIHii 1I1llille H c ·TV, II '1'111).1.1 Go)+{allcKa nuua 1I~litjy 'leTUP" cDojC1'Ba.11 na Ilyx CDe"l1 IItxOIl)1 na Oua H nenocpcnuo It nocpenno. II "marc on CDe1'JI1'e]b:J. 011 GpuUle II:J caocpa i;ijCTHX. Jcp '1 nneuaecro» IIl1nm.y IIPUOI' nenu CSOjllX TCOJlOlm:lIlC (nenn) 1111 onaxo uenu: "TO nrrc nesu 11pCTf!OCTaBJhajy ll:3 CC SurDH"H (Cll:JeplJ,8DR) caeo ue"HM :spaxo.\1 (n():lcj.nht!M) l·bcrOBor cjaja, TO jc pneno ue IIpeTnOI.'TilSJl.oaTLI nn co Hseroun CYlU1'IIIB MO)KC;:

BUlleT"; Mit nax oepyjoMo na ona Kojlt cy nocrojna, I'JH::A.ajy OO;.K<lIlCKY CYUIT)Uly". 11 QlTeT uu l1t .. "I'OM vee .. ry: "HY)I(UO }C Ail cc Y 60)t(RIICKCM yny npernocraenajy ItAcjc ceern onoea L1lTO 601' noaaaje''. TaKO 1If.."·O y26,lIItntt.y lI.crODII)( {noaenyrax nena): "Y Gory lie Mil uese ClUlC. nnu eneprvjc. OCll~1 Hser-eee C'1WTltIIC". Y1 Y 3U. mrrau.y IbernBI1X tAcna):"y 6mkatlCKml t6Idm"Ja) jenuo IIC'I'O je cyurrana 11 nane". VI y 32. nJ1T8H.y T.txOi)C: "IICT je ooene)f(ja y 60",a IICK)I M (JlI1IJ,UMa): nepobe 1I0Cf, O'UlltCTIIO, CJ!IIOO(.;'TDO, aajcm 1M 'I KO U'JBoJ)e· ue U ncxobcue: on'rora cycnao "tm:p" peJlauuje{lxvCtIjlOP(lI).jcpHl!pobetioCT lIuje pennuaja: II 'leTHpiI cy l:,!MO ceojcrsa. jep :JnjeAHII'·UW lI:mot)ell>C naje @ojC1'lJO nOWTO npanana Jl,B1IM<l JlIIII,ItMa: "PII cy nOlI( 1111'111<1 06eneJKja. TO jeer alia xojn CIl'IHH.aBajy 1IH1.I,3: O·IJHH .. '1'UO, cuaoecrao. u JICxuJ)elb~: jep :mjclVllI'lKO 113BObeu.e 1\ uepobeeocr Iln:wuajy ce oeeneela J111lJ,a, anu He n JIH'llm". H one'r y 36. rnrrau.y: "nnnaaa ce Ilyx cneru Ail II nermcpenuo 1l::S Ona IICX()j.(II, nOWTO jc 'I~ lilel", II one'r nccpcnno. nourro [c 11:1 CI-Wtl·'. 11. oner ua ucroa Meery: "Ull .ll.y;t Cecru He HCXOAH ":I Caaa. TO ey najnpe yeenu uecrcpujnnnn; TOj jejepeca CJICnOBRO necropnjanau Teoaopnr (KllpCKII) H "lIIorll npyru en IvIIM. Me!)y KOjlt~1:l je II Jl3~taCKHH". Taxc ,u,tlKllC T01>1<l TnpJHI. Mellli nax. II CSlIKOt>! np.moc.nnSHOM.lIel1pIIJIIt'111 Ra lIaTO o6pahaM naifw,y" (Pa:!l'OSOp I. oCOeTOI>.t Ilyxy. Ilene I, c,..,.p. 414·415),· Cpo C n(liitl()oii,VJ1oc.'EAAllvlmi ~Et<UPpUat:IS 'd<O)J.IO"fI Kfuv ip-,mv ...• tUIT . .!.lellU. CTP, 141.

Bpujcnuje(1 c:iUlltl il/,t!..4W ()ouamJq Filillqut::)' CII,"WfJJlY eepe (154~ 171)

167

'1'lfjCKH nacua, ou cuarpa Aerycraxa 33 np3BOCJI~nno.r, oepy)yhB. JFl tht!rollo Y1.fCI·bC He OJ.J.CTyna OJ], upane uepe. BpHJeHH.Je aepyje A8 Aarycrna cneuyje upauocnaano npenan-e, nocefiuo 0 ucxobea-y CUCTora Ayxa:jep, aena, "rncAajyhw: aa asnaaax Ilyxa no enepruja ('rj. no 6narOAaTM) - n;v tVEPY11<lKilv"poo80V - ()H (Anrycrnn) ronopa na J],yx ucxoun H 113 C~IHa ( .. .}, a He (rouopn) 0 JHl'UIOM BcxoljeH)Y .uyxa".HlJ Onaxau C'ra~ Bpajemrjeu, Kao.UJlPyrHx BU3aHTl1jCKUX ooroCJ!OU() KOjH aacroje .Qa AOK,:\)KY na JC AnryC'THHOnO ytleH,c upanocnanuo. uoxasyje HeCYll-HbHBO noopo pacnonoscea,c n.axono aa jenaa HCKpeHH nnjanor ca 3ana,!J,HltM X~1liwb.aH.u.,II,-ta .M )KeJbY na ce JajeAHlt'l.IKH ca I-hHM3 YJ~y6e, y OHa TeWKa na'ran.a KOJa H.X pamersyjy. Me~yn-1M, uaxou KaCHHJHX npoyuaaatea, AOKH3ano CC ]J,a je AorYC'nlHo80 y-iea,e 0 acxoben.y Cacrora Ilyxa anax jcpera-nco. Iloxasano ce na OCHOBa CBI:iX AOrMaTCKJ1X rpcmaxa AnryCTJ.tHOI3HxjeC're n.erouo noucroaehunaa,e OmKl:lHCKe encprllje n 60~aHCKe CYWTl-Ule, llUMe je OH cc61n:?f.llllHO MoryhHocrH na

sacuyjc JCAHO npHBOCJlaBBO tiorocncusu,e. ,

ItIMajyhH aaucra HCKpeHY H Tonny )KelbY na ll.o~e UO cjenun,eI-La l.QJKaHa, Bpajeaaje je Y cnoje upeae yaeo axrueuor y.v.ena y -recnouncoxr ,D.nianory R3Me~y Hcroxa H 3ana,D,D, Ana, nyru "Ge3 pC3ynTHTil pasronopa 11 paCllpauc uonena cy ra na sepyjc }la 011 cjemoecn,c acrno 6UTil OC1'napeHO caao ca3u"BaI{,e::"rl~Hor cafiopa, KOjl1 Olf rpeoano ""3 cnaxn HallHH na ce OAP)Klt. Panarora li,HIbCl CMaTpao je xao HeonX01\HO na npCTXD,[(HD nporexne JCAaH flCPl10A I\mpa, H '3aTO je caeerouao. n cnojnM cyaaponnuunaa a " TIa'l"HHIlJlfiU "na ce Y3anYA Ml!l}yco5HO He npcnapy ripe HO urro ce caCTaHC cafiop". 106 Caoje neno Ii AcnaTHOCT oaje caurpac xao ueno MHI)()TOOpU.a H llepOBaO je Aa Tpe6a "CHHCXO,qlbHBowhy u. KP01'-

103 Cnoeo Jx. 0 Ca. Tpojlll.lH • Ilcna I.CTp. 340. - Ilpyru npaeocnaeuu O~1-111I.4PKOt:IIH

IUICUH, xojn co ycrpy-ranajy Ail Aerycruua npltX~aTe sao ~nw"HTHUKn Y'ICtl>i1 0 'I)I!JlItOKSe jecy: Cf:I('ifiu tPoiill.LJe (O Mncraror-ajn C6C1'ora Ilyxa • 71. PG IU2. MI2AI3); MUKW.U nlll1Hyr)uc (0 HC)(.O!)ClbY Cacrora ,UYXH CUJlOrltJMIt nporua Jla'ruun, PO 147. I no): 01, Mnplw £(/lel.:l.:u. (Hcnoocnau.e lipase eepe. 111!lo...:t:lloa y <1)lIpeHUI1 na ca60py KOj!! je I1P)KtIll ca Jlaraauna. 2. DOCUIlle.nL", rclutifs au concite de Florence II. Oeuvre .... umiconciliatres de Marc d·Cpnc. .. c. Tcxtc .... euilcs Cl tmduits paT L felil, Pari .... 192J. 438-439); MWTtpmpaH Kpr.lmol1yn (Hcncuenaisc ucpc I1CTo'IIIe KaTOIIU'iaHCKe II Anocrcncxe UPKIIC, KOA J.KIIJJ~lupr/(;, T{t llO)lllltlKa ',:n!' m:).Ij}oAl)(~ uvnuerc ..... 11, .. c"I'~. 5~(J). C:P. M. OI'QmH(J(;, 'H t.IrnOptO.\lO"lC; roil A)\ou nVEUI-!UtOC; Knt(1 tOV IEPOV o.'<lrrlOY,

l().l ~~~I;I.~~: p;!~~ll~;X?,~~~~~~~~~ .. a{l:\)I-l~UAU..-i)uEoAoy(a ... ,lJ,HT.Ite.nO, rue

110CTOjil noceaao uornaun,e 0 Aerycrwuy nOR aacncnoer: '·ABryC.TIlIl!t ~aG/lyne u Cuero] Tpojullu 1I0TOMaKa Il>pmIKOIl;}THII:l, PitMOIC;}TOnItKa II npOTCI."'TmmT:I". Cpo Tl"IKtl~eO/) u~m(Jitl,The fili?quc. Alhen. s. (6e:S,ntlTYJoln): crp. 2tl-28. H n. 7jJc.u6f!Aar:, lloWCltlKl) ti'K Op&OO~O\l KtLCOAIII."i'\C; EK'lCAl'IC"UXC; ...•

10j ~~;r~~~ i'.l~l~o~1rYxy, ,QCIHll, CTP, 426.

I(l(l "h .. ~ro.

168

Hcxol)eJn<' CfjdlivlllD.YXlI (154·227)

xourhy Ii jenrrocrauaourhy'' lIHHH1'ff cne ga 6n ce "paccjaaa uena Bcxja ( ... ) catipana y jeAHO" (1M. 11,52)"17 eMU'iVaO' je AU 6. nooaarcxe pacnpaee peeee'rane raj MHP, H 3a'1'O jc seponao ua 611 6H1l0 norpeeno npeeraru ca TeonOllIKJ{M ,UHjanorm.1 JAO C(i:mS<1 ca6opa, jep ce aua-te pacnpaeaxa AYXOBH Mel)yco6Ho pacnan.yjy, OR name: pa3l"'0I30p" "nocrajy Y3POK na ce Y0lH.UTC He HCJ,AaMO cjClI,l!HbCJbY Ilpxasa, re ~a cxaarneuia TO npecrajcsr aa caaa pasconapara 0 nor-aa-ruua". (II'! TaKO je Jocncp sahyrao 31"1 nysc rpa ronnne, )Kt:JleBI1 TaKO na "lie na nocona OHl1MCl IWjU cc )KCJIe C"a~aTI!" (C~. 2 Kop.12,60)II>! " "npe oxynn.an,a cafiopa ( ... ) npcDHpaTH cc:" u, Taj x.erce cran 6~m je crau Iby6anH npexa JiaTIUlHM.!\ xoje je »ceneo I~H BHAM KaKO ce npahajy npasoj BCPH, na 611 TaKO "CBH MJ.l 6HJm: jeauo CT8AO XPHCTOflO" (cp. JR. 10,16).111 Ami, ouarneaao, Jby6aa He MQ)l(e nocrojarn 6e3 liCTHH0. I1CTHHH je cynrrmra cnaxe uprutne, na npeMa TOMe Ii lby6UIlH.112 Bpajenxjc jc TO j\OOpO mao. 3aTO je 6HJlO J10fHYHO An H;.erOB aaaeneua crae 6y.o,e aa )-bera caao TeopeTCKU. Jep casta ra je UCTIiH3 n03Hl3an8,l],8 npeaaae hyran,e, nonrro, K3KO caM nenn, "npehyrxnaaru ncrany, 3H8'IH aaxonaaa-ra 3JIaTO". tn Kana nax hyrax,e npecrane Ii no-rue ce rOBopHTH I1CTHHa, OH)J.a rpefia peim "ueny HCTHUy". Os je raKo!je snao ,D,3 ~CTHHa npa!Jc oepe CTOjH lJ H3Ha,D, caMor MHpa, jep, no pe-unaa ca. Fpuropaja DorOCJlOBa KOjC. caw H3BOAH, "nocrnjn H sna CarJIaCHOCT Ii noopo necnaran,e; Moryhe je pa3Acm1TM ct: }~O- 6po, 1'1 6BTH jenaonyuraa (J-fCTm.HlCJleH) 3JIO (o..) Ii 60Jbe je pacrojan.e (pasanaxeu,e) "3 6ecrpaCHOC'l'U Hero JlH CTpaCHa (rj. rpeu.aa) carnacaocr".' 14 Taxo ce naui M1IPOn.yOHBU MOHax YCKOPO aparao najanory ca aanann.aunea. ami je sa thera ra] najanor- 6110 nnjanor IICTHHe y lby6aSH. OM je Hd ouaj Ha'lIUH nocrao 3al-ICTa Ylu·rreJb l1CTHHCKOr eKYMeHlf3Ma, ~aI1HO npe uaurer BpCMCHa, anu 'raj eKYMemnaM. no l·LeMy~ He rperia HH Y KOM cnyxajy, pann n:,y6aBH 1mB HCKor upyror unn,a, na >Kp'1'Byje H.Cl'HHy.

Me~YTHM, u y upeae Bpujenajeao, aa CXBaTalLa neKHX IIa I1CTOI-..)I, AorMaTCKa HCTHHa HCT011He UpKBe rpecano je na oyne )KpTBOBaHa pana ocraapeu,a nOJIH'l"HlIK11X uun.esa. KaKO TO scna Jocarp: npanpexrano ce TaJJ.a na cjenatserse Ilpxaua 5yne "6C3

107 Pa:Sr<)lIoJ_l 2. 0 Ca. Ilyxy. -raao. crp. 425. lOIS Ht."TO, crp. 427.

109 MCTO.429.

lin Hero. CTp. 426. J 11 HCTO.

! 12 Cp. (jPXU~f. iyciUuH. tloaoeuh, Ilpaaocnanaa upxnn B eKyl"H!IIII:.m~l. COIl)'H 11)74.

CTp.IYfl.

II? CrY.El.Uj.1 o cjeIl.llJ-bclf>Y Kunpaaa, ,D,f'.JI:l II. CTp. lu-t l.

114 C(lOe'rHlt"lKO cnonc .. " Ll<JJ1(l. I, CTp. 4S2. Cp. Orynuja o ciennuen.y Kanpann.

J1.eJla II, crp. 11. SUAIt Cf1. rpuzoplljl' 6010'·/l()fi. CIlOD.O 0,11. PO 35. 736 A8 II CI10UO 2, X2, PC l5. 488C.

169

3aje11.HWIKOr pacnpanrsaaa", Hero caxro npOCTl-lM !101'~mH,eH,eM pltMCKOM nann, C TUM uno OH "nonarax (y CHMBOJIY) OCTao HeHCupasn.ea, H cue one WTO je r(y:'~~,F!eMe!iY ~ l~pOKJle'rY WH3MY H3a3B3no ocrano 6" HeU3MeH:oeHO . . Bpl1JeHHJc JC fino -roeex nepe 11 npenaa.a il,PKIlC, <'I K<lO uno CMO BI:fAenH CTcapHO je »ceneo cjt::~nHbeJ-be Ilpxaua, ami caeo no6c,noM BeTHHe. xoja oner MO){{C 6HTH ocruapexa caao caOOpCKH.M nYTeM. 3aTo je aa oaa KBa rope rIOMCHYTil nacrojan.a ycrajac OAJIytJHO, H csreno I1JITao: KaKO je «or-yhc na nobe uo cje)J,HlbClha axo "6e36poj (paana-nrrnx) )lOfMa-ra croje J-!3MC~Y Hac,,?116 Cje!!I1l-bCH:>e 03Ha't'J3na "3ajenHfPIKO CXOije.H.C paannojeaax craapn". )7 AKO, naxne, pa3IT1fKe u 1l.8JLe OCTal-IY a Aa ce He YCKJ1aAe npeMa I~Yxy ncrane H npaeenaocra, OHAn cjef.l,lHuCFbe Helle 6HTI1 npaso, Hero I3CUlTa'IKO, H OHHa he, no pc-ruva Bpajeaajeaae. "GnTH pacuen ropa O.D, np.eTxOAI-IOr pacu,eIIU,1I paansajan,e, 11 paceuau,e, H 06MaHa. H HaUJ~ ]i.lUHO 1I0HH>Kefbe npcn naee, Ii nor-nuseise, H ae-rao poncruo, Ii npe31'Ipafbe CHCTliX O'raua, Ii (YOIllIlTe nehe UUTlI) HHWTa sapano''." Ko je, A3K.n:e, raj KOjH HM:<l ')'0 npallOl.l,a UpKI1Y uoaene AO raxsor- nccasocjenan.etsa? MmKJ.I,a uapcnu, HflM narpajapcn? AJ!H, sa Bpnjennja, HCTHHCKa npauocnausa ucpa ne aaancn lIY! O.JJ, uapena, HH OJI. narpajapxa, HHTH OH 6HJ10 sora npyrora. Jep, Kp03 HCTOpUjy I1HJJ,HMO WJ Kana cy rOA OlHI nOKYlllaB8Jl_H Jl,a 1f31\IeHe sepy nll~~1~nH cy jcpe'I~JflVI~', nox je uepa YBeK"OCT<l_PHT<l HenOKOJlc6JbJlBa. Crora BpH]eHJ1]e 11 caua npenynpebyje: "AKO HeKO OA aac 3(l)KeJUI na ce onpexae fJO- 6mKHOC'1'1l (to o-e~o:<; = npasocnann,a), 'raj he caM ee6e O)J.BOjln'H O,!J. uene aajenaaue llpaBOCJlaBHUX, .uOK he ce ~nH (npanocnanna) AP)I{(\TJ-I TC sepe cee no Xp~ICToBor AOJIaCKa".12.l J ocucp THKOIje. He nponyurra na TaKBC UO}~CeTH ua .n;eceTH xanca cu. Anocrona, npeMH KOMe "oaaj KOjl1 onnrrn ca nCKJhytJCHl1Ma 1-13 onurren,a, Ii caM

ll;; r'an-oaop 3. 0 ell. Hyxy.AenJ J, C1"p. 452. Cp. Ca~cTlHl'IKO cnoao .. " TaMO, corp.

4~1.

I l(i C;U1CTlll1'IKO CIIOBO ... , \.1(.,0. It7 HCTO.

llg Paaronop J, 0 CB. ,!l,)'xy. -rasro. crp. 452. Cp. CllHeTIHI'lKO cnouo ... , CTp. 4~1.

I t9 Pauroaop 3. o Cu. ,UY;(y, -rnuo, CTp. 45:\.. ..

12() MCTO. ODe neucncne pC'I;( 1f:Jpa:+:nnaJY Bpnjenajeey l.!Y?OKY RCP), Y

rlpauocnaen,e. Ptcry IJCpy napaacaea jaw Kapu.KTepI1CTlI'JlIIIIC 1\ cncnebe a.crouo MCC-ro: "Sap heeo MH nOJ],lIeT!l1'O ):I" H3SPWIIMO UPOMClIY eepe? II TO nOUITO CMO npoWJ1J1 KPO'.! 1'OJUIKe OflilCIIOC11f. It nOlUleJ11I 'r()f1IIKt! CTpaXOTe, 1,1 C:"lAll, tift c.npWO;:TKY ceera, II Y ODOj Ay6oKOj CT<'IpOC'NI. K:'lAll uuurra upyro lie 11'ICKyjCMl'I Hero na 11.0liHjCMOjOlU ucune aa tlnarc-reurhc U"l"pn~LC.bC·! ... OA uac je y cec-ry CKOp(~ cnc onyae'ro 3601' nOlSt);ttflOCTII (£Wt.~l'.ift~ = npnROCJlCl~a): rpancuu, lCMJbC.I1tIJl.,il. UIIHCll·PlIJlIl. BJ1;]CTI1, 1I0'Ht¢1·1I. mt<Uba. II Y"J TU C~IO JOUJ rmcranu I10ACMCX (;UlIMa Jl.y.u.IIM<l, II aap na cana on JhC (=: n060)KHOCTII, IljlI1BOCJI:\Snc uepe) OAc.-rymu1o? HHK:t.El.a, ol Focnonc ceux.uenonycru na ce 1'0 necu, nero y npaBOCJIaBIbY "p,um OfHl3Jl,CCllC HOC. canone oraua npallOCH<IBHIIlX" (Cnoeo 7. 0 Ce. Tpojuujr. -raMO, C1'j). 12Y-l~O).

170

rlf.:.m!Jeu,e ceemot« /I)'X(I (154-227)

aeryna U3 ODUlTelVa; H aKO HeKO. MaKap 11 Y Kyhu, MOJUJ ce ca OHU~I KOjl" je Ban onurrea,a, raxau ce ucaM ltCK1Ly'lcyje (M:) O[lWTe&a)".12!

AnH, CHO H3.o;ajCTlJo aepe Ii. upKBeHO nOTtIHH,aORlbe J1aTliHHMa pana ocraapes.a nOJ1HTJJ1-IKUX UHJhCsa nnje YCTAapu liMaJTO H3rnCAa.o.3 nOCTHrHe 01.leK~fDaI-H! PC3YJIT3TC. rj, J~06Hja'bc 110MOI\" n COJUfJlapHOCTH 3anaJ.\Ib3K8 npOT[fI1 OTOMaHCKe onaCHQCTH. To je nO'l'8p~HIHIJlO H pauxje J1CKYCTDO cre1.JCHO H:3 nonauiau,a narnaCKHX KpCTaIUa Y He TaKO nanaoj npoumocra. Oripahajyhx ce Y TOM ceracrry ua ORe KOjI1 cy neponana Aa he y6p33HO cje}J.HtbeH)e U.pKaOC\ peuncra npofinexr "ryPCKC onaCHOCTH. JOCli(~ UM je 3aTO rOBOpJ.1o:

"HIIKO trexa aac He aapa npa3HUM HaAaMa ua he HaM noCJTC xpaher HJIH AY)Ker apesseaa nona HTaJlUjaHcKa uojcxa xao noaob.jep aKO HeKRA aansraen H cryne y par paJ\" Hac, TO he 6H'rH (caMo saro) An uoxope rpan (~ll,apaIJjaA) >I na CBe uaure cpywe, H aepy, H uapou, H liMe aaure na yKllHy." 2 JC}l,UHHnyr. no FbeMy, KOjJ.t ocraje 11 KOjHM rpeea lihu jCCTC nyr aepe J.f nyr MytleUHllJTDa. 3aTo xpa6pH y-nrren, J ocacp uoanna pelJ1fMa auocrona Ilerpa caoje caora-racrueuake sa Taj nyt- "Ila ce ortpooanocr nepe aaure, xmoro upenuaje OJ!. nponann.anora anara, xoje ce xyura orlbcM, Habe ua xnany H 'TaCT I{ cnany, xana ce Hcyc XPUCTOC jana" (1 Fle'rp. 1,7). 110WTO je, nena nan-e JOCHcP, nevorybe Aa DOCTaRe~{Q CHROSH EO)l(jH "6e3 xapalUa", aaro I'ocnou H }.(onywTR nn "xao CUHOBH 6yneMo noxapaaa sa IlpeMe na 6H.CMO 611mT npafipojaxa C"fHOOliMa Hieroaror panaje KapalH1M, TC na He 6J.fCMO KaQ KQIlHnaA, 360r ncxapau.a, 6uJJl1 H36a'lelIll 1I3 Oueue xyhe" (cp. JeBp.12,5-11).'B

OsaKOHM CBOjHM craaoxJocadi Bpajeanje ce cranao ua -teno cnnx OHI[X KOjlt cy ce ycnpOnlIU1.JIH npeJ,J;Jl03HMa J1aTMHa Aa ce aero-rna XpH.WhaRH DOT'I1fHe PHMCKOj U.PKBU. AJIH, ou:na 6n nOTnysa aeupasna Aa 360r rora JOCHCpa CM~iTpaMO aerpnersanax 11 nCTOJJepaH'tHIlM It nponlBHKKOM cjeAHH.ea,a Ilpxasa. HanpOTRO. OH je caCUlIM uotipo aaao KaKall6H suauaj I1Mano cje,u,l{IUCfuC Llpxa- 0(\ aa cnacen.e n.yna, Ii 3aTO je rOBopno na, aKO ce sexuna OCTuapH cjenmsea.e, 6flhe TO "APym AOMOCTPOj (eKOllOMM\a cnacessa) BO>KjH, nocne npnor TCneCHQ[' nonacxa XPI1CTOllor". 24 Bpnjenajeuo UpOTIH3Jbe}he 6liJIO jc ynepenc caxro npOTHIl cnaxor xosmpoMI{CHor peureu.a, )\U.KTHpaHOra on crpase llMC'fO nonarasxux uan.eaa cje,rn1H~eH;.a. Crora je OB nplixoaT30 CBaKY "exonosrujy". -rj. CHHCXOAJblil30CT H TaJ...'THKY, xoja He OM 61ma npOTHIl npaaocnas~x aorsrara, 3a caoop xojn je -rpefiano Aa ce CaCTtlHC OH je

121 C1)'Auja o cjeAtrJLeH>Y Knnpana . .uCJHl II. crp. 23. Cp. numbe crp. 15 II '19·211.

rue nneonu a npyre CJlIt'IIIC K31l0He It aecra U:J Caerux Oraua. 122 C;IDCTtJlf'lXO cn0130 •..• Ilena L 'raeo. crp. 4N2.

12.\ Hero, crp. 4H:t

124 1'1l3N.lllOP 2. 0 CII. )1.yx)" T'HfO. CTp. 42\).

171

npcnnarao ABa pell1elba, soja 611 Morna 6RTH npaxuehena .. no exoaoxiaja", H311Me UIDf)J,3 Jlaraua npaxua-re na Ilyx CneTH I1CXOAH Ot' Yio\> - Kp03 CUHa, HapaSHO Y CMHcny npanocnasuor CXS3Talb3 i10C/llUbll C11H3, l11Hi nax na liM ce noasona na ynorpebn.aeajy ClIhtJ30n nepe CLl AOnaTKOM. <]}lofJlHOKBe, [UJI{ n01~ ycnonov Aa Taj cafiop 113}ln jC}J.«H tTtO.AfOC (nHcMeHY OUJIYKY) y KojeM 6« ce acncnenano HflOCTaCHO »cxobcu,e Ilyxa Cserora cauo 0.0 Oua, a cpopM)'nIi q>J.IJlHOKUe nano 611 co rana onroeapajyhe TYM.31IeFbc. JOCM<p Bpajenujc. urra name, naje ra-rau uaupr ropu-er nnaaa KOjlJ npeanasce: "M". cnertyjyha 0/,,( Oraua npCJ.I,a'1'HM HaM 6ornCIIOnnlHMa. AorMaTcKH oApe~yjeMo (80I'llo.1(l;o~£v = AC(~nHltWeMO xao norMaT) Aa )J.yx CneTH nW-JHO ucxonujenano 01.1 01..(8, TO jeer Aa Y3POK Cuoje Hnocraca HMa jeARHO U3 Oua; Mil TaKo~e csrarpaxo (801;«sO~tEV :;; cnaOKMO, ucnonenasro) na raj HCTH Ilyx Caer« CYUlTlffiC1UI ouou:oOiilc; je on Oua 11 Cana Ii Aa je On jeuae " xcre cyurraae ca fbl1.Ma J).BojlU..(OM, a na ce OJ.l, Qua Xp03 Csrna naje TBap'H no eacprnjn ( ... ).,,125 Onaj npennor, no H3PIl'lHTOj H"jaBK castor Bpajeanja, naje ce "110 cuacxohee.y ( ... ) t,mlbeH ca Ha,:{OM na caspmeuo cjenasse>he,·126 011 Ty, naxne, npHMefbyje "exoaossujy" (caacxoberse), jep uepyje na "Haj6oJb3 exoncaaje (CHHCXOAJbHBOCT) nocraje 33nCTa

J2:'i Caeeruu-rso enOBO ... , TaMO. CTp. 4H5, Cp. o. Putucsi. Joseph Brycnnios CI les discussions ... , uer. l~eJ10, CTp. 81. 0 MoryhnocTit jenner rnxeor ')'M3'IClbU ¢11!lIlOKIlC SHAlt O. Clemenl, L'essor du christiamsm orientale. Paris 1%4, 12-1\ 109·120. Haupeu uaaencaa ~)OpMyni'l Bpuje.ll11jCA:t, KOjy je on npeanoaaeo :JOOl' ueJnIKC upxucue uy:ti:1I.t:, O'Utrm:AHO je yruuana en noxyruai cnepeueucr umancxor TeOJl(;!!';) .hulII - Migu.d Gurt'i.t:l/o!.f-il 11<1 npouabe uexy KOMllpo"mcuy cllOpMyJty sa 33jetl.lut'lKI-l r:puXnrl1'JLHBO ¢opMym1clw .. e y·,elba 0 C». Ilyxy. 11:JIX13 eoju J. M. Garrigues ynorpetin.aaa "ouO"loo8fuc; rtpotcv" (::: CYIU·rIlIlCKIl IIPOIICXOLlChli) (T<lMQ, crp. 3(9) nornyno je nnexaaren Bpujenujeeoa It3pa:iy. AIlOiJIH:JY 1lQ)IH.Ulja J.M. Garrtgues-a BHnll KOLt C Afypm)uc, Filioquc i1 crrH1Umo. trov "EOI..O")'lKfuv olrupopfuv 010: rnv l;,U:lIiv Tl'It; 'EI(KAT]<fluc;, "9£0)..0'),,",,0.( McU'u:u I, Oep( 'A)"ou nvt:uJJa1"o~'·. Arana IY71. crp. :\3·50. - Hempen uaeencua qklpMy.na Bpujcuajeea CfoIaTp:t ce 011. crpauc ucrpaaarea-ra ucropu]e (l)JlopcHTHjcKor cafiopa K<IO ynpaeo ouaj CKpJIlJetUI npennor-soja (5n Bpujenuje HMao nn I-IJUeCe sac peuren,e aa cje,IHHbetbc. un je -rana caaean caeop pana jennucraa. Jep, 113 cabopy y t11nopellllHjll, caaeanc» nocne Bpujenajeee CMPTH, nojaauo ce uauecnu npconea. Kana cy II uauenene cnenehe pe-ru Jocmpa BPHjcllllja: "AKa GnarOBOJIH 601' An ce cacraue cndop. HMn", TtlMO pehn IICKY pe-r (= npeunor). xoja he Hac HCCy~tH.HBO II «eccncpuo CjC,iJ.lllllt'l1(· (v. Laurent, Le memoirex du grand Ecclesiarcbc de I'eglise de Consmnnncple Sylvestre Syropoufos sur Ie constle de Florence(1438- J4?o9}. Rornu 1971. H. 20. 408 . .0.0 OBO!' cy ~ak.'by,",Ka AOUlJllt nuojena Hny'l.HHK3 KOjU cy H:JY'laOamt JOCH~)n Bpujenuja:

PYCKIt enncxon Apceauje H rp'"lKII -reonor K. Ilaoeynacrnc, H ro caCUItM ... elClDIlCHO jcnau OIl. npyrcr-a. BUJVf APCCHf.J.II, a >KH3lnl 11 CO'lItlleUHKX uepououaxa MOCHtI>Cl Bpaensaa. TaMO, crp. 445.6, 11 K, DUOflYHllOWItC. To 51"1'0£\1 5lnA~o.t\K6\1 Q.n6ppT]1"ov 'tOU 'ICIXJl1ip 8pur.w(o\J, npalC1:lKa. ti'l~ 'AKao~~i«<; ·AO~v(i)v. 4 (1929). crp. 17J.IB4).

126 Caae'nneuco CJ1000 ... , Ilena 1, CTp. 41:15.

172

l4c:wljclbc CffCIUfli(l n.,YX(f (154-227)

HeKO npyro C'faapalbC,,127, ami non ycnosoei ACI He oncrymr oa aa-rena npessa KojeM "HcnpaUn~al-be nperxonn aajeuuaua, a He sajemmua HCnpaSJbaH.y,,12S_ TaKO. Y DRQM KOHKpeTHoM cny-iajy, eKoHoMlilja (cxacxoberse) He caao WTU He 6u. lUTC1'WIa cyurrnan cane craapu, aero 6u ynpaso 0 ~bOj H 1I0HHJla fipar-y, uasiebyha TaKO OHY ucnpauxy xoja jc nOTpc6HO H3 6Yfle Y'lHfbeHa.

113 cnera pe-rencra npounrnasu na Haw MOHax Ii 6oroCJ1ul5 jecre 3aHCTa He cavo uepno tle.uo Ilpauocnaaue o.PKHC Hero Jl npcaa PYKon0Jl.HTCJh nepnor uapona Boxjer-, noxeayjybu H peujy H )1(J1UOTOM CBOjI1M H Ta/lallIH)M.M J.t JlaHalJlHolH.-l xpHOJbamrM3 xoja je CTl1apHH nyr nepe M KaKaB je npann npanocnaaua CKYMeHJf3aM. Cneuehe srecro H'l n.eronax nena TO HaM jour jacnxje noxaayje:

"Hebevo cc onpehn ncpe (16 crtpo:S = no60lKHOC'l') KOjy cy HaM Ouu npenana; jep ce MU TaKO JlP>KHMO ocor on OT8l{a npcnaror HaM acnoeenau.ana, aKO Hac n OKPY)I{yjy MHore HeUOJbe, CMaTpaMO aa xpajn.y cpehy na caao ca TOM (BepOM) )I(}{BUMO, 11 na 360r n.e YMpeMO TO C1>1aTpaMO He MaJIOM 1J,oGltTlf. Jep xao UlTO M.HCRUMO TaKO It rOBopHMO na HaMjc jCAH.HO 6H'rHcafbC - uepa xaura, ca KOjOM Jl,8KJle »caneru jecre aajaeha CJlaB8, 11 pana l-be yapem ae-iaa je Jt06IiT. Y eoj cvo ce pomcm, Y n.oj ce xpcrann, Y n.oj CMO onrnjan», y l-boj )IOIllHMO, Ii Y rsoj beeo H ycnyru; a aKO upene noaoue. no XHJL.any nyra ne"m sa I-bY yMpeTH, H IUf.KO HaC He MO>Ke OABOjU:Tl'1 all Tor HCTHHl1Tor ncnoaenas,a. He nosiepaj neuae rpaxuue, HHTli MClbaj crape 3aKOHl1Te onpenrie; auaj na cc JleheMO UOKOPHTlii TBojeM Ayra'IKoM )"JeH,y; npcsupeuo TBOjy Y TOMe BeUlTY MYAPOCT; jeaaora y-nrrersa liMaMO - Xpacra, KOjl1 je pexao: Ilyx HCTHlIe OJ), Oua HCXOAH; oeneMO TOMe lUI J),OAanaTI1, mrr-a O,~y:HfMaTI;' OR Toral na He 5ncMo na -raj Ha~rnH on YMa n naaera oucrynuna." 29

6) Hcxo~e",e Llyxa Caerora COMO Oll 011..

flaTJ.fHCKO uoea-ien.e 0 (I>lIIlUOKDe narepano je HCl'O'IRe 60- rocnone Aa pasnujy npanocnasao y-ren,e 0 ucxoheu.y Caerora Ilyxa ca.JfO 00 Ol·fa. - £K J..lOVOU tau nu"tpOC; (ra-ras npeeon osor H3pa3a macae OH: 00 [eouuoia OL(a, 00 cauoia Ol~a). Ouo aapanHO, xao WTO eMO ueft peKJIH, HHjC pe-reuo Y CI1MBony uepe, Ami, TO y-reu.e TUlo .. re ire npecraje na npeJ],C'T3BJba TCMeJbHY MCTlfHY npauocnasae recnoruje 0 CBCTOMe Ilyxy, xojy cy CBU 11CTOllHU 6oro-

12? Crynujn 0 cjenilluelb), Knnpaaa. AeJHlII, CTp. 23.

12~ Hero. CTp. 22. - Omuupauje n (160M LIaR), Blff.lc·rlf )' OJlJIH'1II0 ... 1tt!J1Y n. iJ.f/J.fflmpuja CmUHU./lfl(lC!. r..o.~a6pllooo;o O(I(OU~EVlcrIl6, Euxaplcrn"a-1tlcrtl

129 C·;~:;~~~~~~~jlll~;,~i:li!Jla I, CTp. 147. Cpo Cnouo xoje jucuo IJpcw.:·raUJJ,,1 (1>·3M3a.

}lcml)('!hl' ily.w Cfleiiiolrl CtuUJ lJ() Uqn (172-2UI1)

173

cnoun nocne ceerot- <l>OT!lja nocefino narnauraeana H norspbauanil je cneTOOTa'JKHM. Y1IelbeM.1:\(J JOCII(~ BPHjcHI1je npaaaje noceriHy na)KI-bY TOM UH1.'ClI-bY, ocnaieajyhn ce npu TOM na nee OCHODae acruue: ua HCTIUIY 0 Mmmpxujl1 Bora Oua. H ua HCTJUIY 0 HCcaOlllUTHI)OCTI1 npyrove -to 0.1<0\ vcovnrov - HTIOCTaCHliX csojcraua. OnHM 11,DCMa I1C'J'lUlaMa o-iynana ce IlpHllOCJlaOHO rpajanonourxo 60roCJlol~)bC 0 npoacxobeu.y Boacancxax Jlat . ta CHHa H Ilyxa. Bunenn CMO uanpen najcBor OTa:u.jcAHHH Y3P011Hl1.KUjefJ,1IH11 H:iUOP DmKaHC'l'D<1 -re, npCM8 TOMe, xaxo np0l13IHWJaK CUHR, TaKO 11 npousanaaex Ilyxa jecrc COMO vi) 01.«(1. Hapanau, Hsaxon xa-rau IlpOU~ 311nruKeIVa OJ~ Otta jc pa3JlH1H1T, jep cy J{ HilOCTClCH3 cnojcrua Hsnxona p.13mltlllTa: "CHH UMa olt O11.a 6Hhe pal}aJbeM ("(£.VVll"t~i a Ilyx licxol)el-beM (eK1t0pEut&x;). ua APyru aenapcnaua H81IJlH." . 000 ncxobea-c Ilyxa Cserora 113 caerora Oua npencraarsa Herono nponanaxen,e no Glllly· Ko:{l' UltO:P~lV npoosov,

Ann, xao llJTO CMO H paasje pexnu, rp-rxn H3pa3 "OPOH3- nascen.c'' -1tpOOS~, Y OAHOCY Ha npOlicxo~efbe Uyxa CBeTOra "'Ma naa 3Ha11eJi:,a: 03H81JaUi'I ce TMM I1CTI1t..'1 H3pa30M 11 TO A(I. Ayx CUC'J'H tiponcxoou on Oua, xao H TO }1,a ce all oaje -maprosa Kp03 CJ1H:a. 0110 npuo npou:mna>KeT-bC jecre "i100CTaCHO If no ualiY" ("\:mocrlCX"tlKil KCXlKcx.t'f tmo:pstV") H je-AMRH YJpo'mUK tbera jecre Orau, aBO nax npyro npOH3J.UlH}I{eH.e aasuua ce "npenajnc n no eueprnju" (~IEmoOtlKli Ko:t mil' EvEP'Y'O:V) II Y3p<l'IHHK isera jccrc.« 0 'r 311 H. Cun H caa Ilyx CneTH.!32 OBO paannxonau.e, KOjC IIHCllJe npeacraun.a jeAHOrJ1aCHO YllelbC CBIlX CilC'l'HX Oraua MCJ'O'lHe upsue, jeere 4JYH.l\m.WHTanHO aa cno nan.e uanarau.e Bpnjeanjenc TCOJIOraje 0 ucxoben.y Cnerora Ilyxa. Y CKOPO CBHM cnojHM 6eceAaMil 0 Cueroj Tpojatns OH He npecraje J1,a uarnauraua 0130 pa:lJU[KOnal-be lllIa H3Jla>Kelba Cae-rora Ilyxa, TaKO na Kalla rouopu 0 HCXOi)CH~y Ilyxa casro on Ou,a Jocnqi cc YUCK nosuna H yxaayje na aBO pasnaxouan.e, Ono paanaxonae-c ycrnapn je APCBHO-UCTO\IHO. xananoKHjCKO. It uosaje nan&MHTCKO paanaxocan-e 1i3Mel)y EO>KaHCKC cyurruse U DO}KaHCKllX cnepruja. TUKOI)e je 3[\ Hamer U1naHTujcxor 6orocnoaa neova aaa-rajao TO WTO jacao Ii npeUH3HO nanaxce rconourse -repsraxe KOjH rosope 0 nponcxobersy Cnerora Ayxa. Taxo, no H,eMY SpllO naacan 1I3pa3 "t.K1topcilE1Ut" = LfCl"OVU noxaayjc npOH3Hlla}KelbC Ilyxa H3 HnOCTaCH Eora Oua u Mel 'raj Ha~nlH noxaayje 11 01'KpHn8 HaM npOH33na)KeH,C Ilyxa Cue-tor-a "Kcxt}' u1tap~tv" = no 6lihy, no er-aacreuuaju. a TOMe rraurc Bpajeazje.

lJO 0 U1rJ,IIlTlljCK""" mlCQIIMa KOjH cy 6pmlll.fllt npaUUCJlD8!1O ),'lelbe I) ncxobcrey Cae'rorn Ilyxa unnern KO.n, A. p,!WUiTIPI1KOii.VJ10C-" ·Or>O"'Oo~~ 'E)..).ilc; ...• un-r. neno.

I.ll CJIOI)O fl. 0 Cu. Tpojunn, JleJl:l I. crp. 11lC!. 1J2 C110110 4. o Cu. TpOJIIUII, 1'<l.MO. CTp. 69.

174

I1cwfjl'll.e CtWiUOlfl Jl.y:W (lS4·227)

"To lU'TO ce rouopa aa .llyxa Act lICXOOl1 - CK1tOPEU£1'o:t - on Ona, TO ce c~:N~pa, H jecre YMCCTO (uspasa) i1ociuoju -_ iJ~£a-tIlKE - O/~ Ona . . C npyre crpaae, 113pa311 xao WTU cy "npoeioiv'' ~ IIpmHnaaa, 111111 "O(Son:n" = naje ceo nnu Apyrl1 CJIWIHH JlOK33yjy. a TIIKO rpeoa l! Aa 6YAY cxnabcaa, "pasuaaan.e" (l-tw'xOOo"l(;) If "nap", "HUpH.I3CU-be" (Swp£6:) Ilyxa Cuerora y cxnony 60}f(ClHCKOr AOMOcrpoja cnaceu,a, kao uno semi Jocucp: .. A Tn'I'O ce ronopn t~a (JJ.yx) itpOUJJUlJU -rtposicnv -, TO CC K3)Ke yerecro iipOU3JllUJa ce (1tPOXE(tat) ooraTCTUO Iberouax napona npesra HaMa, Ii TO 6HBCl H OIl Qua 11 Caaa, H OA OQa Kp03 Cl1Ha."B4 Ono W30CTPYKO Jlp01l3JJa>KCll.e (npoodov) Coerora Ilyxa Bpujcnaje otienexcaua H pa3MH .. AP),rl1" H3pa3l'IMa. KOjM nMajy ueae ca JWOCTPYKI1M 3Ha~lCl-beM aapasa "7tp6ooo~'·. 3a HIlOCTaCHH "np6050C;" nponcxoheu,e Ayxa OR YW)· rpedrsana J13pa3e "HeCXUi::1TJhl:fDO ,-I HeH3pCIUIBO", "GC'3Y3P()11HO" 11 "(jO;.Ki.lHCKe je npapone", 1l.0K aa npenajan ''np608oc;'', -rj. aa finar'o~aTHO lf3nmKeJ.6e Ilyxa OH Y::UiMa nspase: "y BpeMeHY", "pana y3- pO,K~"l':t~Eor TO xohe pa.[lH ,lJ,06POTC", 11 "HI;:. 6e3 BOJbe caora KOjl1 }J31JC. An 6u nOTtlPAHO OBO AllOC1'PYKO :HIa~leJ-be npOH3HJI3)KCI'hC1 CrVftrora LJ;yxa HaUJ oorocnOB HanO,J)! xrsora ~1cc'r3 cne-mx OTa· ua II TyMa~JI1. pe-ru Cnacurersene y JH. 15,26: "Kaua J(o~e YTCWHTCJL, xora hy BaM nOCJH.lTH OA Oua.Ilyx HC'rl1HC KOjH OJ], Oua HCXO/l,li ( ... Y· xao pe-nt xoje noxasyjy nuocrpyxo aanaacca,e Ilyxa. Ha One pe1.Ui CnaCHTeJbCSC OH xaxe: "Kana je pexao "kora hy naM nOCJHlTH OA Oua'', 'fUMe je noxasao Aa JJ.yx CHeTl:[ HHje npornuaa (Hseay) -rj. CIIHY II An jc TO uanaacea,e (Ayxa) pana Hac, jep je nocnax HI:IMa; a snna je 3anlM J~OHaO "KOjI1 OA OQ3 ucxonx'', TI1Me je 6orOAO.T1If~IHO npenao O~aKJlC je OHO npeuce-nso H 6e3Y3pOtiHO JiCX0geH.e .EO)K8HCKOr Avxa.,,137

0110 pa3J1liKOB<lH.e l~llocTpyKor H3naCKa Ilyxa Cue-rot-a o-rynana, cIHIKaKO, uecnaeeaocr HnOCl'aCHI1X KapaKTep.l1CTHK3 EO)f{aHCKJ-lX JIuua,jep, aKO ce npcrnocraua I-Fl je cnan,e AYxa HCTO ca Hcxol)clbeM, a uran,e ce OA Oua ne CHMO Ilyx Hero 11. CI1H, OH}J.8 he "a cnau,e CHHa ~.) GUTll HeTO en l:bcroBHM pol)elf>eM U .I1C'1'O ca rrcXObeH>CM Ilyxa", 3 Te he Mel 'I'aj H3'lJJ.tH aacrara CJlHIHIH..e anoCTaCHI1X xapax'repacraxa. Y BC3H ea emU-heM bO}J(aHCKHX JJHl~a, Bpajenaje 11,aJhe ronopa na ce tnarse He cauo ,qyx Kp03 CHl:Ia, Hero II Can Xp03 Ilyxa, Ann, lIlaJbyhH aajenao ca Oue .. CHI,a y CBeT, Ilyx Cnera He yvccrayje y Iberono« unocrncuocr poben.y OH Ona, -rc npexia TOMe II Cnu, m8.fbyhH ca OI~eM Ilyxa y cser, He yncciayje y

I:n CIt080 11. 0 Co. Tpojnun. -raao.crp. 2117. 1J411'-TO.

1 ~5 CI!Q(lO 4. 0 Ca. Tpojuua. TiIMO, crp. fi4. 1:'16 BU,lUllfCTC1, CTp. 65-h9.

].17 !1-':TO, ctp. 09.

13$ Jl!CTO, CTp. 71.

J1cwf;ell,r.I1.vx(f CHCiTiOl!l C(I.IC(} tlV Oljll (172·201l}

175

Hserouoxt JillOC'l'aCHOM HaLJHHY nOCTojalba,13'J TaKO!)C je J1oTpe6Ho, no Bpajeanjy, narnacarn ua He caxro Orau n ClUJ uajy HaMa Ilyxa COCTora, Nero H cass )J.yx Aaje HaM a Cc6e cavora. Ha-raj Ha··IHH, aKO 6u ce uanan.e HaM(l Ilyxa CIH:!'l'Ura noacrouctmeano en HserolH1M HHOCl'aCHMM HCXOI)CtbCM, OH.1\a UHCMO AOWflH AO caCBHM upoTJfJ3JIOI'Iit:JHor 3aKlhY\IKa: H(\ Ilyx CaeTI{ npli.Ma CBOjc '-1.IlOCTaCHO nocrojan.c Ii 0.1\ Ce6~ cauora. Orynaje HCOnXOJlHO I~a ce paanasy]c 11 npaanaje pa'JJIJ1KU xoja nocroju 113Mel)y JTJ.II~a JI 6mlrOAa'l'KHX napoaa, a caMHM THM u pasxuxa H3Mel)y UelJHOr nOCl'?jml-:a ,!J.yxa H: pa3AaBUH.>a Hserone onarOAU'l'H aaaa Jot CUCTy. BpHJCHHJC nHlU~:

"Apyro je AaKJIe Jluue Ilyxa. a APYro je 6nanw."TIHl nap; npyro je l~aBaH)e ,Il,YX(I, a upyro HOC'TojaH,e (\'m;ap~li:;)". ) l'bmjyhu CBe ODD y nHfI,y, BCJUf nan,e Bpujenajc, uorpeono je na wapase KBO UITO cy: "uaje ce (Ilyx) He CflMO O}t Oua Hero H Oll. CHHa", HJTU"o]'t Qua Kp03 erma H3Jla3W (npotsvci), H 0/1. Oua Kp03 CHHa naje cc, H OLI 01\a Kp03 CHHa CC jall1ba",,ll.a CDC -re napaae CXB31'<lMO HH ce OJ~Hoce,:'tt1 xao IIa Jhme Ilyxa, Hero aa xapame (:;:;; 6narOJJ,<l.l'He naposc) . Bpajeaaje OR,Qe cryna, 'rj. Y130HH Hac, y nanClMHTCKO fiorocnoarse 0 ncxoben.y Cnerora Ilyxa, na OCHOBY, xao nrro C-MO seh pexn», pa3nIIK0I1aJh3 EO)KaHCKC cyurrune li encpruje. 0 ue My he AUlbe 611TH snure rosopa.

Fnanaa qUIL Jocsrpa Bpnjennja jecrc na nofiaje '1Una,!l,HO Y'IetLC o <I11lmofOKBC, OH3Ha AU TO Jla-rHHCKO Ylle.nc MUJKe ycncumo OTlOaprHYTH casto H3naraH.~eM npaaocnaaae -rpajanonoruje, OHaKO KaKO je OHa C8Ap)Kal:H\ Y CaeTOM nHCMY 11 CBCTOOTCl\lKHM TCKCTO· l:HiMa. 3aTO y fbcrOUHM .o.M:HMa Hana3111\W CKOPO cua rcononnca TYMa"ICJila u CBCl'Oj TPOjHU,U, L;l OIl HX onrosapajyhe ynorpedn.eua fJ,CI fiK noxasao acrauy npasocnanae uepe, TOMe nonpHHOCM VI H~erOBO n03HaUaJbC naTUHCKHX Y'leH~a 11. cTaBORa. JOCHcpA06po ana KOjC ynpaso MOMe.HTC npaaocnauaor y-ten.a 0 Cncroj 'Tpojauu nanana HOBO naTJf.HCKO y-ien,e II '3aTO 3Ha KOjHM npaBOCnamn1M TeOJlOWKHM craBOBHM8 -rpefia TO J1aTHHCKO y-teu.e KpaTRKOl3aTH Ii paaorinn-iaearx. Y Tl1M CBOjBM uacrojan.aua OB ce ynyurra y Ttyra-ise CJ.1J10rH3Me R :mKlbY1.1Ke, KOjl1, aana uMajy HpCJlHOCT no C!lOMe TeonOWKoM caupxajy, uuax naajy 14 li3DCCHY CX011a· C'l'I1<!HOCT. Ho, Bpajeunje TO 'nIHil 3aTO uno, xao urro CMO nclt Hi:H10MeHymof paaaje. }l{eJ1H)l;rI JIaTHHHMa onronopa ua HCTH iHPlHH 11 Aa aM uoxasce na HOBOYBt!,ueHo y-rerse 0 <P1WIotOKBC ne MO)f{~ HH CIUlOrlf3MHMa 6HTI1 ncrupbeao. OCHOBHU YCJ10ilIlJfH eras, xojera ce npa OHUMe rpetia HP){(a'fl.l,jeC're: O"IYll(lFbC HeCJI.uueHOCTH .Hno~ac· HHX cnojCl'a13a CBaKor EO)KaHCKOr JTI1Qa. TaKobe Je, no BpltJCHUJY, 3J

131.) Yh.,'O.

140 Hero, C1p. 72. l41 v1c'ro.

,

176

}tOKa3HHaH..e npanOCJJaOHHX nor-nona UeOMa Da:>KHO pa3JJHKOaalnC li3Mcby linOCT8CHnX H npUpOAHI1X cuojcrana y Tpojaun,

no ytlClbY JIaTl1Ha, Ha3HU npOlBBO.lVtTC1h (npO~OA..eU;;). Kat) J-I Caf\1O HMe Bor, He yxaayje ua jenuo Jlnue, 're IIpCMH TOMe ~t CBojCTOO nponauoben,a (ro rrpop~lV) HHjC nWlHo eoojcmo, a HOWTO I'mjc JUI~lHO OHAa "npxms-r» ,QBaMa m1411Ma",142 Ha OBO JOCHCp onrosapa AH caxio OWl I1MCmt xoja CC aauone HeOf~pC~CHO. cexro UBa He noxasyjy nunc, a 'raxuc lffo..rC je uanp. Boi. Mebynue, Hl1fJJ.e y Cnerost ITncMY HcheMo HafiH HMeHa "npOH30o}J,HTcn,", "Ponrrren,", "oaaj xoin npouanonu'', ""pO"3RCneHo" (np6p)"THJ.a), "npoacxobeao" (tK7tOP£OOPEVQV) UTA., xoja 6.1 51-Ina nauolycna ueonpcbcao, Hero aanportra "Han83HMO HX 6orocnuUCTBOOaI-W ca o)(pC~eHowr,y".14] rj. na ce npnnajy jCAHOM o.npel)clwM EO)fGUJCKOt.1 nJ..IU,Y. Hero TaKo, senu Aalhe naur 60focnOll, aKO CHOjCTBO npOH'3BOAUTH (1'Onpol3Ct.AAEl.V) uuje JIU'IHO Cf)OjCTOO onnaje OHO no "Y)f{AH nnn npnpO.LJ.HO 111lH eneprcrcxo. AKO jc TO csojcrao npnPOJ\HO, osna he Y TOM cny-rajy jCJ.\HO O/l. npoY3pOKORaHI1X EO)KaI·ICKl:fX nnua, TO jeer CIIH. 11Manf aa Cnoj Y3POK nuue. '1'j. GIla, IWK he npyro npoyspoxoaaao JIHUe, TO jCCT .£(yx Cueru, JIMaTlI 3a Cnoj Y31)OK He Jlaue Hero npnpouy. Ann, xao JIITO 3HaMO. npnpona "auxaua He MO)KC finTH Y3POK IU1OC'T'aCI1".144 AKO Dl1K CBOjCl'SO npoaanohersajecre eaeprercxo COOjCTBO, ouua he .D:yx Coe1'J16m'H CRMO tvtpyq~a (= pcayrrrar eaepruje), H TaKQ OH}]," cnana Y xarercpajy cxuopefLa_ OCID.{ rora jour, y cay-rajy J],<l np0113B0geH:.C (to 1tpO~aAA£1.v) Hl1je nWIHO CUOjCTHO Ona Hero je 3(ljCllH"J1IIKO Ouy n CUHY. OHlJ,a cnenn Ha je TO CUOjCTI30 :,iajCjl,HlilIKO Ii Ilyxy CBeTOMe, H 'l'a)J,a heMO HManr xao f1110CTaCHor Itpouauonaren,a H Ona 11 CUHa Ii J],yxa.14.'i 1-13 cuera oeora nocrajc jacso l\o:t ce Mopa ollyaanl pasnaxa H3Me~y npupOAHI1X 11 m1l1HHX ceojcrasa.a DBa pa3.!IHKa cc cacrojn y 'lUH>emlU,H na npupOAua cnojcrna, xoja upoacru-ry M3 aajenua -ixe CBIfM lli1J~UMa npnpone I1J1l{ cyurrune, sajeuna-rxa npnnanajy C611Ma Hnocracaaa nonjenaaso, nOK ua-iua HJlH llUOC1'aCHa ceojcrsa npunaaajy caaxo cnoxre nl1UY tum Hnocracu H crora cy TO uecaonurrasa (b:lCOtVWV11't'0l.) cuojcrna H1lJf OC06H.He caaxora noaaocoo Tpojuxaor Jlaua. Ha raj H3lIHH OTa~ Ii'MU csojcruo nponsaobeu,a (to 1tPOPaAA€tV) He xac llPliPOAHO CROjC'fIlO aero xao cuoje mlllHU, TC crora He MO::.Ke ce 1J,OnycTI:!TlI Aa 11 Cl1H GYAe npm13BOAMTen). Jcp, KaKO ne1H1 BPHjcH11je, "CHH aeua milmy l1)l,eHTHlIHOCT (1tpocroomKi)v taUtOtll!o.) Ctl Ol.\eM ( ... ) Hero CilMO

~J5 ~~~~~)dr~;.~<;t2t~~~~ci~~gl~'(;B. Ilyxy, 'rauo, Clop. 435·4:ltl.

144 CJJOBO I. l)CU. Tpojunu, T<lMO, CTp. 12.

145 CJIORO 15. o Cu.TpOjUUK,1"flMO.1."l'p. 2M?-K Cp. CrIQUQ 17, VC:ll. Tpojuun. T<lMQ, crp. J 14~::: 15.

i4cxoIjCH>C' JJ.yxa CtJt.'iiiOUI coso (}f) a'fll (172·2110)

177

I1)l,ellTJ1lIHOCT no cymTnUJ:I".146 Kao Ceojc npHpOJ\HO cnojcruo O'1'aL~ HMa csojcruo Aa CHepreTCKJ1 uiun-c JJ.yxa CUCTora, xao OJlarOJxaTHIt nap T~aplfMa. ann OH TU UM<l aajenao C~ Cn~(:~~ n .IJ:YXOM, jep: "HCMa HH jcnse pa3J1HK~ no CYLUTI1HH y TpOJlH~H .

Ilpessa TOMe. TO UJTO je Oruu yapo-nmx KOJn paha CHIUI 11 UPOHCXOAH. Cnerora Ilyxa, TO upencraarsa Hseroeo HCCaOl1l.UTHUO (((KOt vroV1l'tOV) I!1noC'l'aCHO CBOjCTBO 1'1 noxaayje Iberoue LlOcc.6He HflOCT(lCHC onnoce npeea CJ1HY M Ilyxy. Tu Hser-oua U,lI,HOCli jecy ncrocanau (b~oBuvo.~o.t). jep O',nUl, "ne l1ehMa paha a M?,'t4~ npoucxonn, Hero caupuieiro H IlO,OJCnHfIKO paha H npOUCXOJV'f . Oryna, JI[PIHH 0AHOCJ.i ce nosaajy cave K30 O)J,HOCH (UIO<.."T8CHltX Cl1ojCTl:H3a, MOK aKO ce YCBujl1' ytleIbe xoje Ilyxa Cuerora crann.a y 3aouCHOCT H on CHHOBor Y3pOKa OH,Q(l ce n1 mJlII-HJ OAHUC" C'I'ClUn.ajy na HUUO aajenauuxe CIHlM3 EO:>KaHCKC cYTUTHHe. AmI, onaxno CXOaTalbC AOIJO)..l11 AD CIDIl1aM,a anocracaax xapaxrepa Jlurta, H 'n1Me, KaKO aerur JOCllcP, "cue LUTO je Y EO)KaHcKoj TpOjHl~1I o~(~~ (3ajCIlHl1~IKO) H nocerino (OC06CHO) Snna ClII1BCHO 11 CMCllH~HO Crora U CBa mlTJfHCKa -rpajanonortrja, O/~ MOMeHTa KCl)J,H JC Y thy YHCTO ytlel-be 0 Q)H.JHIOKIlC KaO je)J,3H on rnananx CJ1eMeIHlTa, nornyuo je H3ry6lUIillIpaaOCJ1aBHH n npauouepna xapaxrcp,

Jla'fliH11 cy nOKymaJTH An liCX0gel~e Cne'l'~ra Ilyxa on ?~~~~1 ClII~a npOTYMa'IC Y CMIICJIY ucxohen.a xao OA JC)..lHOr Y3pOKa ,

:1~ f:t~~~~I.~~~.(2fi:~·:ro~~~;~;1~~~~~~l~~~I~~~i~;~~;aMIt~'HclKor ),'ICII>:l, IW KOjC~1 cy

npuponun cuojcrna yCT8ap!{ eueprn]c TPOjll'lI1(W:I Sora: "Jep 1(.;'10 urro IIIIOCT:U.::tln (ceojcrun) 1II1C)' +tnocrncu. 1JCI'O KUP:lKTq)Ul1.1Y Hnocmcu. '1",11'0 LI npupcnna (cuojcrua) !HIe), upapoua. ~cro K:lpaKTC]lIlUJy IIPllpUAY· .. J1aKJIC. Iq>lIpOAIICL nll)ba )I euepruja npmHl/1<lJY rl]n~pO~Ii .... nJm Itt! CtlMO IlPlll~l)JUI upnuanujy. nero c)' II In npupoue. ncx l!pllpoJ~a lie upnrmna 1II))l.l!, mrrl1 Je 113 nunse nnu 1l'J 611110 sojc npyre eucpruie'' (CII. rplliolnrjc: [Ii/Illum. Flncuo Ileuuny E!tCKOM, 4-5, CHrrPAMMATA TJ, C1'p. 377·.17K Cp. '1':lKOI}C 1~f(IUO nllt:I>t(l1 AKllHJ\HHY, 7, Cl1rrPAMMATA I. crp. 210 II Flucsro III AKIlII/UIIIY, TaMO,CTp.2HM. Cp.A. f'fu)mmll, T6 Mootitptov-rl'l~ 'AriCU;TpIl'_.d)O~ ... , 1I11T·Ac.nU,

141'1 of~~~tl'{~~ ·CD. TpoilllJ,U, Ilena I, CTp. 31H.

14Q Hero. CTp. J lB-31 Y. CV. y~ necernornaen.n .... TaMO, (t~· 50.... .'

15U OBH (JIOPMYJIU .. tunquum ub uno pnncrpc« cuarpn ce JHl JC- YIl0~e6}.Loeu'l llaJIl~e ()Jt crpaue AHJC'A.tfll. lin canopy y Bapuiy (lOYX..r.), y. nncrojarey na nu6uJI! l)nTy",6y npcua KUjOj ce «pes 1j)IIJUIOKlIC Yl101\1I AIl)flPXllJil Y 6o*all~o. (B11nu MAI/jll TaHililUlw)IIC, I1WtlotlKWV Wrxrov, II, KOHCraUTIlIIOIIOJJII.C 1~;')(J. Cp. C. SII/IIMII(.· 'H ArpEO'l~ -co" Filieqec. IVtT. n,CJlU, CTp. 325). Kacnuje JI! 'fU HC":" nononao Ii Bapnaau Kana6plljcKlI (uHAI! uanpen KOII Hac) II Til (I'lOP~tYJIO JC «oua-mo ywnn y 0MYKY 0 Ylllljll Ha cafiopy y l))nopeIiUlljn: "Of\Jlc~YJe~!o All csa lIL rr aua eepc 6ync OjJ. CUIIX xpuurhana eepounna II npllxaahel.IQ, If 1\01 1':lKO can ncnoeenaiy na ll,yx Cneru jeCTI! ee-mo «a 01.1,'" H 0111", II C~OJY CyW1'IIHY Il nocrojche 61'lhe caoje mHt yj~JJ.1I0 II:! Ouu 11 Cl1IlD, II 1I~ o6a~uoJfI~1; 11(!'1II0 xao HJ jenner upunuana H jC1UUIC'faCHC npojcxunje l1(.;XOWt ... " Mansi :1 J A. lO298. Cp.Jo.l·e/"I Gifl. The couslt orPtorcnce (rp'IKIL npeuon c eurn.). AT,IIrn Iy62, CTp.

178

J1c.mf)"H,(! Cm!f1i(J'i1l JJ.y:W (i54-227)

(tnnquam ab uno prlncipo) ell qH1beM lUI o.Qfinjy npcnau l'hHX ynepeny UlI'l'Y)f(OY 0 ).tJ.ljapXHjn (nnoaa-rannjy), rj, Aa ca ytlClltCM 0 cJ.>"mMOKne yuone JWa na-rcna Hl1H npuHI,(1111H y Cuero] Tpojnun, I·HJMC ce paacaja jenHlICT130 DO>KaI-lCTna. Ouo na'l'UHC}{O TYMa'leibe Bpajenaje xupaxrepnure xac npno aejacno n Heo.nPCJ}CHO, jep OHO OCraun.a upocropa sa tvffiOre MHcnH H KpHTllKC H8 H,crOB pasyu. Hajnpe, nJ.rfC1 CC JOCl1cP. urra '1'0 O:JHfI'IaRa "KClO OJ\jCJVWf Y3POKO"? - JJ.a )HI Bora, Oua, 11m! llP0113Bu,LlUTeJba (npopol-to:)'? AKO 03~ H(\l!aBfI Bora, ORAa ce Ilyx CBeTH HJ.13BOAM na CTBOpeH:.C, jep Bor I1nH fimtU1HCl'BP "jecre jenua nOTUYHO UC1'OIJCTHa CUJHl H eueprxja TplIjl' )111[(a",[" " erora cy "OTa~ " CUH, xao Bor (8t6<;), Y3- pOK" ."2 jenaao ClHlX craopea-a. AKO na« TO 03HO'tal3a Ou,a, OHJl,a 'rpefia Aa y ClIC1'Oj TpojH[(lIlfMaMO ABa Oua " ABa CHI ra (jep jc y TOM cxy-iajy Oran caM O-rRlI, Cnaa, a cana OI3).J,C ca CliHOM Orau Ilyxa; If y'J TO: a'{H je y npUOM cny-tajy caM CaH cauora Oua, a y .LIpyruM crryxajy Ilyx je CHH Oua H CHHa!). 11 KOHR\JlJO, nxo TO noxaayje IIPOH3BOAIITelba (npo~o).ia), oaua, !lOWTO je IIpoH3BoAwrelL }Uf.llHU ClJOjCTllO, acnana ~a cy OTalJ, 1-1 Ilyx no cyurrtrua jcnno, nox Orau Ii CBH "HMey cauo UO cyurraua jCAHO, Hero Ii no He'ICMY JlUtIHOMC", -re na raj Ua\JHH HMa~1O jenau IDJlIHOCTHl1 (1tPOO"Ol1tEluK!jv = nepCOHaJlHH) [",pa3 BOlKaHCKe cyurruae. WTO Hac oAnuA'" Y jepec Caeenujeny, b3 Kao npyro. rmra nan-e BPHjCv asje. KaKO Y 113pa3Y "xao Oil jeuaor yspoxa'' TpeGa CXIlClTH'rH caM -raj Y3POK? v Kao "6C3Y3PO'IIUi Y3POK", KOjM He 611 u.~taO "uajenan crapnja on ce6e Y3POK"? AmI, aKO ce ro Mo::«e pehn C3MO sa Ona, KHKO ce MO)KC peha Ii 3R CJ.1I1a? Jcp, Y TOM cnyuajy H CUll jc nOCe).ll:H1K ~ RaCJIenHHK Ovresor CBOjCT03 Ge3Y3p0LJ.HOCTH, a TI1MC ce yxnna aecaonurrnoocr ("C6 oxowtovnrov) .rrH'IHUX cuojcrana. LilJlll MO>Kna TO rpefia CXUaTl1nl y cstacny "na je (raj "jenaa y3pOK") H3 aa-rena ( ... ), na je Y3POK npeurao na n.cra"? Arm 6" ce Orau Ta,o.a

41'11.17. rpII10p1IY, LX(OEt~ Kai)oAlX'wV Kai ·Opt3oooswv. ,\.11'. ACJIIl, L"l'P. 52U, C. 511 .. 1fUHlc:.·H Ai'pC01r; to\) Filioque. lJ,IIT, A>:JIO, CTP, 324.

I~l UIUBU 1.~) CD. TPOjJIU,II, Ilona I, CTp. tt 1:i2 CnOJl,09. 0 CD. TpOJIU\lI, rnuo, CI'P, 353.

153 11t"'0, • C;IBCJlIijCBO Y'leibe yeuna y Cae'roj 1'pojlul,U nnua, JIIt'LIlOCTII, xoju C~, y TOM Y'lCll>Y rtpcrenpejy }' CnOJh[tUUbC rpopae mill MaCKo! (npocrwru:fa), en. ElimjJflNlfie KU/lll{Jt.:KU DelHI u TOMe KapaKTcplIC'IWlIIO: "On (Caeennje) II H..t:rOIJII CJlcnt)eHIILU: caeenninuun CMa1'p'.1;Y II Y"C na]c jeJ\tlH UL"l'U Oran.jenaa IIIICTII ClIlI, je.uaJl II IiC1'lI Jl.yx CIlCTU, T:J.KO All cy TO cauo ,'PI! unanna Y jcnnoj «nocmc«.;" (nAlitlp"OH 62, I PO 41. I052AB. Cpo c;UI'~1l1l .Ct~. AlTillH(fCI1c, np01'lHJ Apujauaua 4. BEnEC 30, 3IKi). CI'.1. JIIJIlYJlUC, Arm TO ttpOOOOnCLOV t';ir; to 1ip6owitO\l,;1 Ol>]Jf}OAt) tii~ 1tcm~p\):i'l~ "t:o)"oyt'ar; etc; n',v EV\,OHlV to\) npoownou, "XuptcrtTlpta EiC; ttJ.1i)v 'tOU Mntpo1io),(-;:o\l repov'tor; XaAlI:l100VOC; Mt:Aljto\'or;", COJIYII IY77, crp. 21)5. npltM. 16. Cpo ,'a,lw!)e .B. (/)(lH,VPllIKIIC:

I:ctIJEAID<;, THE, 1fJ, t 1116. Bunc, It IJ, JY..1ftW;, 0t:O),O)'lU Kat BtCl1tpoaroTLlKUI oxECEII;. ... car. neno. Cl'P, 4H,

179

nHtlI3BaO cnojcrna 6t!:iy:!pO'lHOC'TU (HenpOY3pOKOBaHOCTI1),jtp 6u TO CBOjC'TOO UpCJUJlO H(I neonpebcna onnrrn (3ajcHJHltJKn) Y3pOK. MJJH ~m)l(J.la nCTOBpCMeHO "1-1 xao 6e3~ta'H1JJaH (. .. ) H na lJa'JCJIa jCJ.\aH ncru (YJPOK)"'! Ana, y TOM cny-iajy Gu raj "je)l,3H Y'JPOK;~46Jjo H 6e3Y3I>O\Jal::l Ii npoY3pOKO(JHH, Ii n3 aexora Ii He 113 nexora.

OUHKtn1M pa3MaTpalbCM 1-1 mmnli30M naTHHCKe Te3C ll.a Ilyx Cuern HCXOjlli o.u, 01~a u CHfW "KHO OJ~ jeJ1.HOr Y:3POKtl". BpHJCIHIJt! 1I0K<:I'3yje na TflKO cxaa-raaa Ta resa IICCYMI-LJHJO yKI1Art Moaapxujy Qua u, aacynpor u-oj, "YBOAH AHjaJlY Jluua Y3pOtlJ{:~fa, H UY}KHO noxasyjc An cy yspox Ilyxa una J1l1l1,a, OTaI\ H CHH" .:" Y OB,;lJWUM cxnarau.y Jluue Caua. UCHM IfMt!IHl "Jlcroc EO)Kj~i" M "CUR OIleD", o KOjHM(I CMO Heh rOBOpHJlU, Ao6uja H npyra "HeyoGIPlajeHa HMcna", "<to urro cy: "cay"pO'lRllK IbcMY (Ol(Y) Ilyxa", "CanpomnoHHTCJL,", "npOY3pOKOB£lH on Ona" Ii ncroupesreno "canpoyspoKOBnH ca ,uYXOM H yspo-max Ibera (~!.xar. "HCrJOCpCI\HH Y3PU,~~~ He rnanau (KUpiw~) Y3POK", ft TaKO~l! uanona npOlBHoAIiTen, HTA. ella OIHt }IMeHa napaseanajy HeOUli'lRY uonorapnjy JlU'l'IUICKor y\leH~a ynencxcr ca <I)lIJJlIOKllC, a TJlMC 1-1 OCCMJtCJIeBe H uenpaxea'rn.une nocnenaue aa yt"JClbe QpKBC.

Y'fCH,e 0 <l>umIOKIJe MO)Ke 6)1'1'» 'I'yMa'teHO It sao Jalla,llHa 6op6a I1pOTHB apJljaRH3Ma. -ro jeer sno noxynraj n3 ce TliM cxsaral-bCM HCTilKHe Hnocrnc Bora CHH3. Am1, T(lKIlO 1I0C1'UOJb3H)e CUBa y ynory CalipOPI'3BOAJ.ITelba C£I Oue« YC:Bapu YM,ubyje ml'lHO~r Oua, jcp CC oana cuarpa na O'H~1l0 CIlOJ(.'TBO npoaanobeu-a UI1JC CRIlPWc}lO. nOWTO HM8 norpcoy "CtiUPOlt3Il01\IHeJba sa JlPOI13v Bo~elbC Ilyxa, HnH urro, Kp03 (upyro) JlH~" nponmoan Ilyxa [10 Ollfly (Kc(1.~' Un:ap~LV) ". 1:>7 Ami, npcsra TOM acrov CXIJaT.HbY TpCGa!1O 6.H OH]l" na 11 O'-leUO ceojcruo p(\paH>a 0Y.LIC raxohe Hecanpureao n ua HMa norpeny sa "capo.nnTCJheM.: H na KpO:S (npyro) naue 6ecno\.lc-ruo pa~a CHua no WnOCTaCH".I)X Ouarnenno, OBO

15' CnOHO 1,). 0 Cu. Tpojuuu. Ilcna I, L."1.V, 354. 155 Hero. crp. 354-5.

:~~ r;"~;~(I'7K'~~~, Tptljlt", .. , TftMO, crp. :l04. Cpo C)IO~O 19. o Ce. Tp'*i~II, TRI>m, c'I11. )61: "v.. IitnH je canpmcao OHO (JIIIUe) LU1'O on jerurorn IlpOIlCXOAlt, II OIiRa jc qJH1LUliO II,crOIlO IICXO!)O:Il>C on Apy:ora, IIJI1I_ jC uecaJl,pU1t:~'" lIP(U1cxo~o:hl1 II'J jcnnoru. ua ouna 011 apyrom noo"JIl canpureucreo, urro J~, rro-rnyno ryl)e

15!! ~~~l~'(fti~~Jl~'g~~~~~j:::~~~~~~~l'''~~l~~~:~~ ?B~;?~~~:~~j~)~;ltli>elJ"l\il na ce

Bpnjcunje lI:tJln:tH non. )"nlltajeM CIICTOI' 'I)O'ruJ:t y C1}()JII~1 CltJlorUCTII'IKII"I :taK1LY'IIUHUlII\Xnllu rpnnnoxne. To ce IHlJ.lH lIiIJ cncncticr MI!L.,'ll Ce. (/JlJmlfjlr. "AKO je lie npuuu,HnoM np~lpo~e,'ICI'(1I1plllmltr10~111I1ocrani ()Tau,y;,poK OIiIiX KUjll cy I!:t l-bCI";I, OIlWI, ~IIW jc CHI! y:'POK AYX:l, xao WT(l 1'(l~OplI.G{lro{)oplia (IHI}'Kit), lULl! he ce pehn na CIIHlJ,eJIII ca 01\eMYllllX-,<lC-, II:.! KOle"lI JC 011 nUGH.o (cuojcruo) ~a jc Y:JPUK, HIIII nax C~1I1 JlOII)'JbYJC Jhll\c O'II.~u('t, '"~I>IC ~ )'CY~~JY roncptrru Aajc .111111C O'lC[!O IlJlc nonyne (JUJU) IIcnOTnYHO 11 {111,tt,1 he ClIll Gil ru

180

11c:.rolj£'H,c C(u:iiioztl liys« (154-227)

cxnarau.e AOBO]tl1 Y CytlHbY Hll()CTac.HO canpurcncrso Oua H YOIHlITC cruapa 1l0M13TI-bY Y IHlOcraCHI1M ClwjcTBIIMa. Jcp, KaKO l3eJIJl BPHjeaujc. aKO 110 TOM cxnaraa.y "rpefia li Cuu }~a npOIr.JBOJIH Ilyxa.ua 611 ce uoxasana jCAH2KOCT CHHa ca OI~CM", OHl.\Cl 110 TOM I1C'l'OM cxnaran-y "Tpc6(! H Ilyx na paha CHHa, ua GI1 ce o-rynana je)J,HaKOCT Ilyxa ca OqeM",1:'l9 QIlO je yt.· .. rcapu yeobeu.e jeuaor HOBor npHI-TLI,lIria 3(.1 AOKa:W08lhC jemraxe 'IaCTH i'I jC/l.HOCYIUTHOCTI1 DO)KaHCKI:IX Huocraca: CUB aajcnna-rap» y .u.YXOUOM nocrojassy 113 Oua, Ii Ilyx 3aje,ll,Hl1QapH y CHHODOM nccrojarcy H3 01\(1, re ce TaKO 'Jajc.n.lm'lapeH.eM y OHOMe IllTO je Oveno npeHMyhcl'UeHO cuojcrno AOxasyje jenaaxa -racr DO)KaHCKlix Jlaua. I(-rO Ann, O'1.Hl'JIeJ].HO je Ita ce 'n'-KBHM cxnarau.eu ,[(0001.1.11 Y CYMH~y H ycrsapn nopa-re Ccll3PWCHerne Oua, H TO xao PO).l,HTt!Jba it KGlQ TIpmI3110}J.HTelha, IT ya ro ce y namoj Tpojm.l;li uepyje" nujapxaja a He acaapxnja''. ](,!

OCI1M -ror-a, Y3,l1,H3aJ-be Cxna aa Hl1BO y~PO\IHHKa He cawo UITO He ortpanaana sauanue Teonore Y H>lfXOBOM uacrojawy, Hero I1X OJ(1l0JVI 'TOMe An YHlD:K3aajy Hnocrac Cee'rora Ilyxa. Jcp ce THMe yC'f1~apIf YKJiI,lJ;a jCll.H3KOCT 'Iaet'l-[ EO)l{aHCKKX JlHJ~a H Ilyx CBCTH ce noxasyje xao I1..uOCT8C aertornyua y O)lHOCY aa OCTaJIe Hnocraca y CIlCTOj TPOjJ.lqR. To ce jacno MQ)Ke OJ.llleTH y CaM-OM nopevehajy 11IIOCl'aCHHX ouaoca 1:l3:l3BaHOM YBOgCfbCM. <I>HiIHOKUC. Hansic, auaMO,Qa je OTaTJ. 6eCnO~IeTHH llO'J(!T<1K (rrpanuan, sa-reno) II Aa jc Ilyx Ccern cawo non nO'ICTKOM (uno apxitv = non Ha1.IarrOM), J~OK ce CaH jaun.a 11 xao nO'ICTaK (llpXll = HR'IC1l0) 11 xac JlO)~ nO~leTK()M (i.m6 apxilv). Taxo, Orau u Caa cy 6m1)KH. If pa3JUIKa MeJ)y IhliMa je Malba on OHe Jl.1l0C'l'pyKC paanaxe kojy uaajy Mcl)y COGOM Orau 1:1 Ilyx. 113 ouora HY)I(HO npousnnasa na "II Can HMtt nehy liAeH'rul[HOCT 11 jeJl.HHCTBO ca Ol\eM trerona urro TO I1Ma Ilyx .. Cnc'f1f',H'2 lIllMe ce Ilyx CnCTH CUaf<aKO YMafbyjc. OBO oner PYI.UJ.1 H yxana jCAHaKoCTllaCTH - TI1V icctuncv - TpOjJ.llTHHX I1noC'raCH. Ty "nco-eaaujy" (paDHO'IaCTHOCT) aaur 6orocnoll, aajenao e1-1 p:mHjuM Onmra ll.PKBC. aspaacaea peujy "Bor", xoja 03Ha'HlDa jeAHaKOC't' Ha3I3aH>(\ H tTaC]'H 50)l{aHCKC: "Mil, xao urro rouopnxio E02 sa c13aKY

cmm neo Oua ... '· (Mucrnrcn-ja 0 Cu. Ilyxy, PC 102. 29~BC). Cp.lJ. iYIIIU/C, 1.\11,.. neno. CTp. 2911 M. Opt/mHo,', 'H t.K1tOpt::l)o:l~ '(ou 'Ay(uu n\'EU~HltOC; xnt6. tcv 'tepov ¢Q.)1:Iov. mrr, neno. c-rp. 51.).

IS':! Cnouo lll, 0 Cu. Tpojnua, Jlt:JH) I. crp. 3ilK Bunw TaKo!)e Cu. (Pm7iujl', Mncramruja 0 Co . Ilyxy. PG 102.281 BC-284A. Cp. Riclr(ml HflUKIi. Photius and rhe C:~l1)lillgians the.tnnitanon ccorrcvcrsy. Belmond M:L~S, 1975, 143.

16n Cp. Dono 10. 0 CII, TPOjIH.I,II, -rnao: "Iep xno urro Om, lI~llJlTIJ Ill) Tc6H :H1jCAHU'IaPIi ell OI~eM y IH'";1.·~)jalf,Y Ilyxa. :JaTO jc InCMY [cnnocynnnn 11 paeno-mc ... '1Ul, 01111.1\ he 1'('IIW CU:lKllKO HlIIl H Ilyx aajennu-rapu-rn y (uocrojau.y)

161 ~~:~~~)tI!nJ.1 ~C~.r~I~;S~t~::. ~~~~~~~~~35'3.UITll jCI\Ilt)C~,!I/TR11.·'

J(i2 Hero. C1'p, 35K

J.1C.rO~I..·'hf' Iiysu Clleiiioi(J cauo oc) 0/111 (1n-20D)

181

on UUO)l{anaHliX l1uOC1'aeH EO)l{aHeTOa. TaKO rosopaao 0 ail~YH~.{ Ilyxy 501 oo Soia, ami TIiMC H.I1aK HllCY TPH. H"HTJ.I f\B3 Bora.

1-13 pe-reaor-a je jacso l~a je Ham I3H3aHTH.1CKH npanocnauna GoroeJIOU Cf\eRI1M y npany xana Y'1CJbe () ncxoheu.y Cserora ,lJ.yxa It. on CHHa, -rj. <I>HlllioKne, CMa1'pa sa "HCKnapeHY 1'eoJ(orHj(. jep OHa "Caaa He nonacruyje ( ... ), YTellJHTCJha HUCKO crnnn-a; JOIlJ 601be peueao: OHa 060je "pc~a -II OHO llJ'l'O jC.3 y'pOKa {rj. Cnaa I! Ilyxa) " H,MXO" Y3POK (rj. Ol1a)"H~

Ol3aKBe nocnenuue norpClllHor yt.leH>a OKO (1)~JIMoKBe aacy caeeo reonomxa aprysrexrn naurer [(HClJ,a, Hero jero H CTIlapH3 'UHheHHu.a xoja ].1M3 noure nocnenaue aa )J{Hllo'r UpKBe. Jep, noHH)Kal1aH>e Hnocraca fuxa Ceerora npexc yaobetea <I)l{llHOKBC, HMa K30 CDOjy nOCJIC;J.MUY nonpaaan,c nneeaaronornje y 3anaAHoj U;PKlHi u jenaocrpaao HCTHQaH.e caae xpacronoraje, Mana raxua xpxcronornja He MO:>Ke OCTaTU 3Apa~a H nOTnYHf3 Jep np.cHH11IHf3 xpucronorajajc yuex Y nepaanen.nno; noneaanocru ca. Tpl1}an0J10- rHjoM Ii nHeI3MaTOJIOf~jo~. lUTO nnje cxynaj ?;:~3ana)l,Hoj -reonornjn, KaO WTO ce TO KOHCTaTYJe ca amrre CTpaHU .. OTYIl<l Je neb sexoIlHMa o-urrrrenna y sananaoj reoaoraja 11 UPKBH nonpcbeaa ynora JJ,yxa CSeTOl'a. Jep, cnaxo oncrynaisc on npaDlIJIHOr, upauocxauHOr Yl.lClha y nepl1 YBeK liMa cuoje JlOWC nocnennue 1:1 na ;.KUBOT upxnena, xojn )KHBOT 6M,Ba y ,o;yxy CneTOM, a "3~~3 Tor )KUnOTa UPKBC AYXOM CBCTHM H JecTe }],orMaTCKO y-ren.e.

JJ;a 68 oupauaana ceoje ytIelbe 0 unocracaov lIc~ol)elby Cue-ror-a Ilyxa H on CUHa Jlarnaa ce uoaexaa n03mmJ~ aa J~.Il.HOC),IJJTHOCf Oun Ii Caaa. Haroae. OR" Ka:>KY: Bor- H OTa~Je caM jeaau Y3POK Cane. a ,[(yxa je ()H one'!' jenau Y3POK "ann ca Hepa3AeJbH.BO ca lbl.fMe no npupoaa cjegllTLeHHM CH.HOM".161 Ha oeaj HallU.H Jlarnna eepyjy na He YBOAC l(lmpxlljy. Hero sene: "CMaTpaMO na je

lflJ 11'-1'(). - Foeopebu o pa35JtjaILY pnOIlIl'laCTHOCTlt 't'poju-urux ).1nOCTilCW yaobewesr Y'ICH.fI U cjmJllIOKSe, ceeru $OTlljC aeJlH All TtllmO, y'leibe spcba "jennoupnpcnnocr (lbItXOBY) }f PHBiI()'I"(..'TIIO~T 11>I1X013Y (TJ. BO:+:<lHCXI1X nnocrnc«) pa"JG111R y IlejelJ,lItlKOcT .. (Ml1CTarOr)IJa .... rc 102, :'.08B)

:~~ if~~~~i?~~ ~~·G~e~l:~t~~IO~:;:i~~cii~~~~~aTOJlOrUje lin 3;;n;;AY KOliCTIlTOS8He

cy H «nero paauje, a TaKo~e Il Bel l~pyrOM BaTHK'lI'ICKOM KO.UU.11Jl)' PlfMOKfl'I'OlIH'IKC IlPKBC, rne cy MIlOni 0.11 )"ICCHllK<L KOHCT"1'OH.~.nU .D.<I JC .El.yx Caeru GIIO »Le gruod meconnu« II crora cy ()C.C"'~Jllt nO'l'pe6~ sa (IK~e1'aU,eM ~a jeaaoj 1I0BOj TPlljU.D.OJIOrlljH. 131111.11 R. l.aurent, BL!<m du Concue. Pam 1%6,36/. Illro cc na« -nore npauocnaauux. Gpojll~ npaeocnaatm reonoaa [locc6~o llilrJlfllllflBnjy I( 1I0ll,BJHI'IC ItCpacK11j\1I80 Je]l,IIHCTDO }1:$Me~y xpIiCTOIiOrH]e, rU~CBMaTOJfOrlije H TPHjOl.f.tOllOI'lIje, .. 30: J. Itonoeun. B. Jlocsu. r. (I)JlOPODCKIl,

166 ijl~:~;j~t~~~;I~;..~I~:lFJet;~~lKo:( oucrt'a tOti 6p"oo6~0\l OO~lo:r~. ConYIl1.%3.

C'11.IX8-Y.

167 Paarceop L 0 Cneron .uyx)",UCMI I,CTP, 41:1.

182

jenaa llP01l3I301HneJb jenaora Ilyxa Orau H Cm:t".HI..'\ Ha OB<1KBY TBPAlhY pearyje Jocarp Bpajexaje 'fIiMC WTO, r<J""peJHI 0 sajenHJftIROCTI1 CymTIiHC Ii pa3HWHiTOCTH MnOCTaCH, xaxe na "MlI He HCIlOBeAa~iO HM pa3JlWlHl'OCT C:YJUTl1He HItT" HACHTI1l1ll0CT Jlaua y Bccsancxoj Tpojuua. nero npasanno cnauaeo IIJl,CHTHlIllOCl' CYIlJTI1He H pa3JH1lIHTOCT Jlaua". 10') AKO JIa1'HHH »cuonenajy na Otau II ClUJ, H nopen pa3J]J.flU1TO(.~·t1 csojax Hnocracn. HHaK OIUI KaO jenaa npuannn npoucxonc Ilyxa Cuerora, r]. oriojuna Ki.IO jeuuo Ha\leJIO, jep llM je CYlllTHH3 JajcJ.l.HH'JKa. ouna J13 Tor CTHna npoaannasa nporxspeuaa nosuunja nat KaKO nemr Jocnrp, "KOA tbl1X (J1aTHHU) ( ... ) HAeHTwlHocT je pa3JlHQl1TOCT 11 pa'3JlWlHTOCT je liAeHTHQHOCT; 1-1 CRe jc 1'0 Cc6H caMOMC Ii HACHTJ.PTHQ H upyrojaue". (711 Y3 TO joni.uourro je COOjCTDO npOlf3130AH'f1l Ilyxa yCTB(I~ pH JIWIHO caojcrao, a He cyurrancxo CBOjCTBO (Morml6uCMo pehn:

He cyurrnnano CBOjCTDO), jep "sa CYUlTHHOM cnene CYUJ'I'HHCKa, a He nIJlUJa (CBojC'J'Ba)",171 KaKO je onna Moryhe ua ce OTaD, H C"IH cxaarajy xao jenas TIPOH3BO)lHTeJb (npopol..£u<;) Ilyxa? Ycrsapa, xao UJTO je Bell pe-reuo, OBO je cano nOKYUJaj Jlaraxa ua H36erHY I.I.HaPXll.jy. ADOHa\HUIHOCT y Cuero] Tpojnuu, anH OHn y TOMe H.HKa~ KO He ycnesajy. Jep, y OJ\HOCY H8 Cana OT811 je jeAlIHll Y3POK, IIOK Y OJ],HOCY aa Ilyxa Y3POK Bliwe naje jC.A3H, Hero "Harx 060jHua (rj. OTaJ~ Jot C~tH). no cjCD:1Ht.eI-bY, nnn cnajau.y. J1J111 CTanUH..Y (ouvorpEaty:;; 3APY)f(elby)".17211lTa DHuJe, naTHUH 003KUJlM CXOa'f3l-bCM IIAY H uarse y 1I3BpTaJ·UY ~CTlfHC, jep canjmo[ ytleH,eM 0 (r~H]]HOKBC yuone H rpuapxajy H rerpapxzjy yTPOjH'lHO 6orocnonJbe. OgO co naxo AU saneru aKO Y3MeMO Y o6:mp ocnonue Tpujan0J10WKe nptrnuane, no xojaea ce EmK.a.HCKe MnoCTacH " l{3Me~y ce6e paarraxyjy M y O'~HOCy ua .60>KaHcKY CYUlHIJlY, Te ne MO>Ke nocroja-re LlllKHKB3 H,neUTJ:l'IHOCT H3Me~y cyun-anc fl Hnocraca, AKO, naxne, Ilyx acXOJJ.H H3 Oua, ueXOAH H H3 CHua, MCXOAH H 11:S cyurruae Hsaxoue, OHAa "HMaMO y TpojHI{J1 nojasy 'rpn Ilpoaaeonaren,a '[(yxa",l'n II To je rpaapxaja. Ann. nOUlTO jc eYl.UTHH3 3ajej\H}{1.IKa CSHM TpHMa nnocracaua, H, rora cneua j\a "H li3 Csoje cyurrane npoI1CXoAJ.1" ,Izyx CBCTU174 sao U3 qeTSpTOr npxxnana, a TO je oana rerpapxaja.

CXOQfIO nanpen 1I3J10)KCHOMC, Ilyx Cnern ce OBaK.BloIM cxnaT8f-beM nOTnYHO nnurana jennora TIPOl13uoJJ.IiTeJL3 no "nOCTaCH. Jep K3KO je Moryhe na je flPOH3DO,D.I1TCJb ,[(YX8 no lUiOCT3CI1 oaaj Ilposaeonuren, KOjH Huje JInu.e II C8Mi:lM THAi ce He y6paja Meby

168 Hero. CD. P. Evdokimov. L'Esprir Suint dam lntrndition Ortbodoxe. Paris 1969. :'17. 169 enOBD 17. 0 cs. TFDjll~Il,AC1L<l I, CTp. 326.

:;~ ~J~~~~~~: ;nCO:~p~j~lU~~:;!'~l~II~: ;~5.o. C1'p. 2OJ-4.

: ~~ t~l~~;l~. ~ C;T~J~I~;f~~~~~'o(.:~~:P~~~~6.

J74 Hero. crp. 32:\. Cp, ~OtlO 11. 0 Cn. TpojI1U.:I. T<lMO, CTp. 2113.

183

TpOjW1HHi:l Jlxua, uero ce cajso "rom-1M nojaonnwa" OAHOCH Ita ABa Jlliua?l7.i 3aTO C npaso« nena Bpajeaaje: "Jep 11 Heile 6IiTH Y3POK EO)KallCKOra lhll}a aHO urru lIpeTXOAHO auje caeso no ce6l1 Ca1.1OI-InOCTaCHO Jlnue.' 76

OnaKIlY caojy HenOWTe/WY KPHl'H.Ky ltaTUHCKHX noanuaja, .H yonurre cuoje npauocnanae 'fCOJ101IlKe c'ranone, Bpajeuuje 3aCHHua 1-11"1 HenpJll{OCI:IOBeHOM osyaan-y pasnaxe HflOC'l'aCHHX TpOjlilJHUX cuojcraua, jep: "CBaKO on Boxcaacxsx Jl aua, aKO 11 acryna sajenuo ca ApYI'liMa, ua cnaxa H<llUfH tJyua y OABOCY ua ocrano cuoje CIJojCTBO lICnOMew3Iw".177 Cret-a je HenpHXl1aTJMIBO CBaKO 36pajan.e rf cnajau.e nnajy J1111.~a y.ifWHo,jep EmKaHCK<l Jluua casro "cxsaraaa cuaxo 3(( ec6e uocefiuo'' ~1Ory uocrojarir xao Jlnua, K1l0 rtocefine Jlli'IH0C11·1, )J.OK na'nmcxo Y1IeH>C 0 Ony J{ Cuay xao 0 j~AHOM no CYlUTHH11 IIpoH3Bo.uuTelbY MO)Ke ce CXI18TJlTH jeAI1Ho xao "MOb. Jlnua, a He xao JlHne"."')

Yupano OBO CXBaTafhC II npencraan.a cnenehy naTHHCKY TIJpnJb.Y Y lMIXOBOM Y'IelhY 0 acxoben.y C[]eTOr Ilyxa on 01.I,a H CWt3. HlU1Me, OHJ1 'rnpue: "OTaI\ H eMH ( ... ) npOH3BOAC Cserora Ilyxa «no jeinca fiIf:01l3(JoOm71eIbCIW .. u <:lI.110Ac'· (x-U'h6 EV 'tfl1tpO~A.l1'tl K"li OUVO:IJ.El). HlI KaQ UJTO je '1'0 H3pJ.1\UrrO 1'0P1V1JI3 neneraunja xoja je 11'3 PUMa npacnena y Llapurpan u cn Bpajcanje« aonana pasronope 0 cjeAHlLel-bY Llpxana. OSUM Tnpljeu,eM ce xao Y3POK Cuerora Ilyxa YBOAR "poU3(lOOmUeJbCK(J CUJ'" (1) 1tpo~A.'1tl"'i 01>vcquc), re ce raxo anocrac, K30 Y3POK upyre HnOCTaCl1, npe'mapa ycrnapa y cuny. Am. TO jc TaKO O'IHrJlCI1Ha noxera,a y 60rOCnOBJbY o TpOj.H.IU1 A8 ce lOCHCI) Bpujennje c np3BOM mrra: "KaKO aaje (ieCMI1CneHO (&'t01tOV) je,ll.HOM rOBopHTH na cy nua Ilpouseonarersa, Orau 11 CHH. jep nocroja D1iWe cyojexara, a npyra nyr oner (rouupnra) J1,8 cy lfCTU OHKjCAHO npou3BOAUTeJbCKOM Cl1JlOM? (.,,). 3aTO HHKO HlfK8Aa HHje AO Te APCKOCTlt aourao na npOH'JBOAH.TeILCKY cuny ceaarpu ua-ienoja Ilyxa ( ... ).lep MH rOBOpJ1MO 1(3 je Hnocrac YJpOK Hnocrac», a He Cllna".IKl I'opa.a JIa1'UHCKH TUPAI-bH MO>Ke 6HTli cxsahena xac noxyuraj aa ce noacroaeru npoH3BoAHTe.1hCK(l Moh ca CaMHM npOII3Do1)eFbeM )lyxa, ann raj je uoxyuraj ynanpen ocyben H. aeycnex.jep je npyro npOfI3BOAHTeJbCK. Moh a npyro jc npoaaaoherse (t6 1tPOPciMEIV). Baeu UPOll3D0geH, ImH UPOIICXOI)CH (to1tpoPcilli""Cll), xao ocofiaua Cuerora Ilyxa.jec-

17~ Pecroucp :lu Cu. Ilyxy. 'raao, crp. 464. 176 ~h..·TO. corp. 46\.

171Io1c-ro,I.:T)).4M.

178 ~1c'1'O. crp. 46~.

179 Here.

:~y ~~::~{~~7.~; c~:1~r~~~;~,2'~~);O~~J~I:2i,·6.

184

N<:.wbt'NA' CIft'l7ioIn I!.y.m (.154-227)

ore JlTPIHO ~BUjcrBO, -re CXOAHQ TOMe H CROjC1'110 IlpO"-380/~HTU AYXCl, npesra K~~~MY ce OHO "GI1TIlllpOH'jHO~eH llAH?CU xao np~1>m y3pOK)' (CIlOMe), TaKolje Mopa 58TH ~JilIHO CBOJCTUO. TO JeCT JlH~nW cuojcrso 01.(1:1, a He cave je-AHa CWUI. Ta npOlJ30oJVITeJbRCI cnna, uems Bpnjcnnjc, ycrnapa "saraje cyurraua, HHTH oGJTH'-lje (JlOpcpft ::::; cpopesa), lU1TH npJ.l.pOn~\, HUTH xapaxrcp, HI1TH IIHJVlBli!~y'L HUTH (H10C1'aC, auru mrqc",Hb nero TO MO>Ke 6HTI1 casro 3ajcnmif'JKa CyW1'l1HCKH eucprnja nnu aejcrao cnnx TPHjy 11110C'raCI1 CBCTC Tp~~}In~c' MH 3Ha~w JJ,3 cc "HJ1lIJ'l'a nlfllHO He OJJ.I:IOCH na cynrruaCKO. TC CXOAHO TOMe npmf3110}lHTCJbHa cuna UH aa KOjJt HallHH He MQ)I(e npe}],CT3SJhaTM mrtll{() caojcrao, Hero, xao WTO eMU neh pexmr, oaa MO>Ke 6!1TH CHMO 3ajeAIUI\IK3 cana IHUt cuepruja JImJ.a CReTe Tpojnue, MO)Ke 611TH CrlMO Hsaxoua sajcnnuuxa CYWTl1HCK3 eseprnja, xoja je, CXOP;HO flCJlOxynHoM CUCTUUT<t~IKaM npCAaH:.Y, '1'UOpatIKH Upl1HL\Un Ii xaueno 11 Y3POK uenoxynne TBopeSBHC 11 COOKe mapa noceono. Bpajcuuje uaure: "TBOpe""He Cj' OA (tK) Bora, xao on (tIC) nejcrna (encprnje) Hserouor; jep TB~r" HHey TaKO OA (tIC) Dora, xao na cy ua (tK) CYOJTHHC !:heroae"." AKO cc uaxne npOH3B0j1U'I."CJbCKa cnna, Ma.ua jc oua Tl30patlKJ.1 npnnunn TDapJ.I,Y3MC xao cr-aacrenuajanms ({mcxpKHi\-r,) npI1Hl.(HII Caerora Ilyxa, OHAa npen C060M HMaMO cnaaaa,e " Meuml-bC yHyri:lp1'poju-ruux If nanr-pojacraux penauaja, TO jeer cnaaau,e H MewaFbe 'mCTe rconorajc (~Tpl1jaAonorllje) H exouosusje (ljOMOeTpoja), a caM nax JJ.yx CBC'ru CBOAIf ce na crenex C'1'IJOpeH)U. ~() llha I3Hwe, rope-a rnpmsa, xao YOC'I'cWOM Ii uehana JHITUHCK11X TBPJll-bH, CTHa· pa jeAHY nejacnohy OKO ntrrarsa Y3pOKa Ilyxa Cuerora, H Tel uejacnoha MO)Ke ce pH3nH~JHTO CXB3'l'HTH: Orau (.I CnH cy y Cneroj Tpojnua ABe pa:mHt1l1Te I1nOCTCl.CH, 're npeva TOMe FbUXOBa npoxsUOAHTe.1bCKa CMJ1a He MO)!(C cc nOHCTOnenrTH HH ca Ouca HH CH CHHOM. Y TOM cny-iajy Ilyx Csern HnH HMU casro jC,IJ,aH Y3POK - npmt3BOJ\lITCJbCKY CUllY II, cne]lCTBCHO, "ali aa KojH UalJJlH HU OA Oua na O,1l CJlHCI. J1WIlIO He lfCXOJ\J.f", ai7 mill nax aMCI. TpH Y3POK3 - Oua, CHHa H Hsnxony npOH3BOlll1TeJhCKY cuny. MebyrHM,jacHo je flO ~djw Aa cy 06a OBa cxjnaTaH,(] nOTnYHO -ryl)a IlpaBOCJ(aOHOM

'fpHJa.non01IJKO~: npenaJby. X8 .

HI2 CnODO 11,0 CD. TpojUllIl. TaMO.I..!p. 211'2. Cp. Y:t necc'rrtornnan-a .... l':1"tO, Gl. so. I!!) Pa:iroBof 3. 0 Co, Ilyxy.Ilena I, CTp. 462.

JR4 OIOBO ,I .0 CR. 'rpOJlllJ,Jl, raao, err. 2112. Cp. Y'J necer uornaun,a .... T;'~IO, 'V, su. tW'i CJIO~O \0. Q Ce. Tpojuuu. -raMO.T..!p. IK'i-6.

Ul6 Quo JC narnauraeeo l'I ce. MapKI) t(j)t:(.'fW IICKY rOj.uIIIY K:tCHHje: "Jep aKO je H<I ncm ua'um.1 'map II'J Oun II Cuna II Ceerorn Jlyxa II Ayx Ceernaa 01\<111 CHIHl. urra je 0HAfI/l.pyro uerunu TII:lPAYX C~e"JI?" (y BHwpumWN ()JlJ'0.80P lin Fnauc E.(I~ccJ(or (MarK::'), rn.}, PO 161, 144C).

: ~~ r~~~~~~1~. ~ r:~~r~~:t~f~~~;" ~J~ .. ~~~',

185

PC3J.IMnpajyhI1 cue aaupcn xaneneso. Bpujcaaje BeJUl: aKO ce uepyjc An cy OTH.U H CMU jCA811 y3pOK Ilyxa, OH,IJ,a 1I0CTOjc 'l'PH HlltIIIHa ua KOjC TO MOlKe 61ITH. CXBa'l'aHO: jenaa Y3POK y onnocy na Horxony '3ajC,IJ,HII'IK)' cyurrnuy Y XOM. cnyuajy ce »epuanen.aea cynrruua paauen.yjc.jena» Y3POK y O~HOCy aa Hsnxoay jenny unocrac, Y KOM ce cny-rajy Orau II CJ.1H noacrosehyjy no anccraca; un». nax.jeuaa Y3POK y OAHOCY na Ibnxoay OP0113BOAH'l'eJbCKY Moh, y KOM c~y\lajy "Ilyx (Cnern) HulCaKO He UCXO/.lH no Ol:1hy OJl, Oua Ii CHHa'·. Ub YiJ onor-a je O'TJ.JfJlejU-lO J1.a HORoyaelJ,CIiO ytlCtbe 0 <DHJlJ.IOKUe, ].I ]IonPIKH aaanusoeuao H HCMTHBHFlO, He MO)l(C ,Ua ce 01J.P>K.H" xao npaa» HorMaT upxue. Crora naui npanOCnaSHl1 6oruCJIOI3 He nponynrra IipHmncy na nOH0811 npany ncpy cnojy y TpojH"RII llorMaT Ilpxee: ··CaMO jc jenao naue Y3POK npyroj J~tlOjMlVI",l'}tJ 11 uepyjeuo na je "jenaa Y3PO\IH1'IK 060MR J]HQliMaQT.:H1, H cauo jc Orau Y:JPOK CIiHa Ii )].yxauJ\.Il.

Y cuoree TPOjlf'TROM 60rOCJJOBJbY lei cuojoj KpUTH11H naTIU:1- CKUX norpeuiaxa Bpujeaaje ce oceha .o,Y;.KHHM ua ]la l')'MlllJeJ.be 1131)CCHRX MeCTa Cue-rot-a Flacxia. ynpaso OHUX xoja cy norpeurao TYM,PlHnn TIa1'HHH unw naTHHoMlfcnenH 60rOCJlOBH C lI,WR)eM na ),.IOKa>KY cnoja cxaaran.a. Jlaruau cy, HaUMe: uacrojana JJ,a CDa OHa MeCfa y CneTOM TIHCMY xoja roaope 0 jeJ~HOCYWTHOCI'l1 Ona }oJ CIIHa upeacraue raxo xao Aa oxa GpOjHO noacrouehyjy Ou,a " Cana, TaKO na OHJJ,a Ihnx J1DojHlJ.a Mury '3aje.LIHO nu npOH3BOAe )J.yxa. Taxua ey xcera: "Ja caM y O'lY B OTal1 Y Mem," (In. 14,10), II "Ja J.1 Oraujenno CMO" (Jn. 10.30). AmI. no 'ryxra-reu-y Bpajenujcnoss, OBa MeC1'a HltK(l.KO He Mory 6wfU cxnahena Y CMliCJIY 6pojHor 1l0H.C1'0l3el'teI-60 Huocracn, Hero 'ra MCCTH uoxasyjy CYUlTHHCKO noncrouehcu,e. -rj. jC.QHUCYlllTHOCT Qua H CHua, 'rj. KaKO je call QTrlD. Y caenenoa CUHY u CaB CRH y cneuenoa Ouy, u na cy Oua jCAHO no BO)KaHCTBY, no cyurrnsa una npapona, no oomIlljy (1l0P(P1l = ~)OpMa 6nlia, rj, npapoaa), no Cl1mf H no nnaCTH.l'J2TaKO je Ii ca MeCTOM H3 PHMJh, 8,29: "xoje je (Bor) npenanao, re je M npenonpenao Aa GYAY ea06pa3H1' m.KY CHHa Hseronor", xoje, no Bpnjeaujy, HllJ(aKO He aspascaea na'l'HHCKO cxnaraise, no KOjCM. nOWTO je CIDI JTHK (£iKWV = CJUlKa) Oua a Ilyx cnnxa Caua, cnenu .na je CUH enepr-aja 04a, a Ilyx eneprnja CHua. Sa BPHjCH.JoIja aspaa "£iKmv" (JIlIK, CJfHKa) y Cneroj Tpojuun noxasyje jeAHOCYIUTHOCl', H 110111'1'0 K3)KCMO na je CUM cnuxa Dna no jeAHocywTUOCTi1 C lhm,tC11'aKO MO::.Ke~m peha na je If OT3U cnuxa Carta Jot CaB CJIHKa Ilyxa. t n Ha:.mn "£{KWV" (cmom, nHK), YOfiurre Y3CTO 3H3\JIoI "HeKY

liN Pnarooop S. 0 <...'0. Ilyxy. crp. 465.

J90 Pnarcnop 1.0 Ce. Ilyxy. Tar.1O. C1-p. 413. J'JI Pnsrosop Z.o Cu. Jlyxy, TaMO.t..'1"p. 441, t92 C}1t>1:l0 14. 0 Ca. TPOjlllJ,ll. T<lMU,C1-p. 260. Itt.' J.1CT(1. CTp. 205-6.

186

Mc:.w~CH>(, Ceemoto uvx« (154-227)

cn1l"IHOCT" a He HallHH ersscreaunje. Flocefiao uaic, uena JOCH<p. "KU'~ Borona-ranmrx nmra", E1K'WV noxasyjc "He npocro CJJlf"lHQCT (O).lOlO'tl1'tO:).Hero Hc"~()!1CTHOCT xoja ce H'}flIUM uc paanaxyjc ('lC(l't'0: 'to cmapaUct)('tov).I94 Jep je caapmcna CJHIKa H CJ.lH Oua, If Ilyx Cnau, a caupnreaa crrxxa jecre ona KOjUj ce acroueraocr HU·IIlM ue paanuxyje (iJ ixltapaAMxlCto<; O~OtOtll<;), a TO jc "ACHTH'IHOCT no CyillTHRH, xoja je nonjenuaxa 33 Oua 1-1 ClHIa 11 ,[(yxa".1\.15 Ilpessa TOMe, Hli Haoe,QCHO MCC1'O He MUiKe 6ilTH Y:.ieTO y «opucr y-rca,a 0 (lllmHOKBC. jep, KaKO c npasox npusselvyjc JOCHqJ, "3601' .rora WTO CC IIUMIIH,C ltMC CJ1I1KC ('t1i~ £(KOVOt;) Tl1J\.1C f-Ulje HeMHHOI3HO CUB Y3POK Ilyxa, Hero My je Gam 3001' 'rora jel~HocyurraH".I% 111;'1'0 3natJCFbe Bpxjcaajc naje H MCCTY PM, 8,9: "AKO KO aesra Ilyx XPHC'l'OD, raj Huje Hscrou." ORne ce J{a)Ke "Ilyx XpUCI'OU" 360r csojcrneuocra npapone, a IIC sfior' Y:1POK3, Kana ce rouopa 0 UJlHCKOCTii. H CIJOjCTIlCHOCTlf, OHAil 6nHCKOCT H caojcrsenocr CU:Ha It Ilyxa C8MO je npeva Ou,y HCTOllpeMC!JlO GJ1Y1CKOCT u no npaponn If no Y3POKY, jep Oua ce oaaoce npeea }beMY K30 npOY3pOK08(\HU npeva cnoxc Y3POKY, Y ouaocy uax HD 6mlCKoc'r H csojcrueuocr Ilyxa npexa Cnay I xao H CHua npesia ,[J.yxy, 'l'Y je nOCpC}lH 6nufKOc....,. II cnojcracnocr "caao no CYlUTHHH, aJ1ll He H no Y3POKy',.I!f7 TaKO . uaxne, jeJ],HOCYIUTHOCT EO)l(ClHCKHX 1UtHa oMoryhyjc TaKBe aspaae KHO WTO cy "Ilyx XpnCTOI3" 11 "AYx CHHa", 0130 jemm.en,e ~f jenaucruo 110 jCAHOCYUlTHOCTli Cnua J-I Ilyxa TOmlKO je CH<DKHO A3, KaKO uenn Ham 6oroCJloo, "Ouaj je cae y OHOMe H Onaj y OBOMe, If Osaj (Jlyx) sajeuao (UCTOBpeMeHO) en OHUM (CUllOM) - U)..lCX o:i}"[:4l- liMa 6Hhe n3 jenacr HCTor JIIHl,a (Oua), He onaojen UA Hsera (Carra) mr MecTOM, Hl:I. opeuenox, Hit CYW'l'IHIOM, HH. ,lI,OCTOjaucrnox, HH cnJIOM, lUi ]JOJhOM, Ull cucprajo«, TC CC crcra C npaeoss soee Hseron, Mana nn-mo - 1tPOQ"(JJ7llKCoc; - 1'13 Hsera He HCXOAH",I<)tl Y HCTOM CM.(.iCJlY H ca UCTJiM 3HallelbCM ryva-m JOCt1(~ HApyra MeCTa Caerora Tlncua, sceneha Aa noxaxe na "caa (MccTa) CBeTOra Ilncua ( ... ) HMajy jenau lI>Ilh: na npeucraee canpaponaocr

14)4 Sa npCDOLIODOrTI.!1l!ICOrMeCl1l KopllcntMonpCBOIJ, 8.8. GOJlOlIImlll,J1eKuullllo IICT'OPIUllJ,pCIIHd"r l..I,CpKBII, T.IV, C. - n~Tep(jypr 19IX,57-61. Cp.1I A.ietJiiluh. Co. Araaacujc OCJlHKU 1\ AJ1eKC<lIlJlPlljt::KII catiop 362. ronnue. "Tt!01l0IUKH nornenu''. 1-2 (1974), CTp. 24.

:~~ ~~~: ~lr~l~J~;lIjeao TYAla'ICIi>e ce iJl,lJ1C jacno m;1I'1I1.:I 11<1 lIaJl:lMIITCKO )"It:.II.t:..

Jep CR. rplItCJpuje nUA(lAW, nOOlijujyhlt CX.URTRH.8 namaouncnener narpujapxu JOU'HIII BeK3. rnture: "Jep je jenan Bee. jCJlll:l CJlIIKlt (£!K61V).jt!AIHI uorsa.jcnna encprujn Oua 1I Cnna. 11 CUCTOra ,UyX<I. il:lJCJIC, 'j"J o c rrano xann CC )<1 jenno 01\ OlUiX. JUIU:ll'aIKe nu IJPJ!UOl~a npyrcve, ouna je 1'0 no TlpUpOJllI ,I nc 110 unocraca (tpU(flKOV ron" tJA").' oUy. U1toO'!<.t"tl".-6v), II 'ro :10Kn"Jyje IUI'IIiM lie paanuxyjyhy cc III!TODenlOC'r, a He JUlKaKO 11<1'11111 TIOCTuj1Ul>a (to\l fP01tOU tl'lC; i.J1t{.tP~I'..O~J'

197 ~~~~~~I'l~~~a~;~:il~~,~~~)~c~t~1[f r. j(i5).

IC)~ VlI:1'O.

J1cxobeH>t.: l1y.'W Cfu'i1101tJ ,'([,I!() ()() 01((1 (172-2IJO)

187

- 'tT]V cru).upUi'o.v - xojy ~~ I1Ma npesta Ouy It CUHY, CI He na Cuaa nOKa>K), Y3POKOM Ilyxa".

Y QCJTOKYnHOM CBOM nacrojan.y An AOKa;.Ke T~a Ilyx CneTH ucxomr casro H3 Oua Haw oorOCJlOUCKH nacan cc, cacaWM npxpon- 110, o6pafia 11 clle]1.0QaHC'l'BHMa csernx Oraua Llpxue. Ilpoynaaajyha cnere Oue OR je, CarJlaCHO H.i1Ml:l, uourao 1.'aKoI)C].IO 3aK.1hY~JKa na H3p<l3 "£1C7t6p£uat<;" ;; l{cxobeH..c, KOjH ce ynorpeon-ana 3(\ ml\)HO l1cxoi)el»e CBC'l'OI~a Ilyxa 011. Ona, aKO ce raj H3pH3 Y3H.Ma C<JM aa cefie, onna on Hl1jeTOJUIKO jaca» xao H3pa3 aa Cuna HyEVV'l(n~":;:: pal)l:tlUe OJl Qua, Pa1ji.lH.c O,AMHX 11 senocpenxo ynyhyje xaury M"l1C(lO He! OQi:I If noxaayje onuoce Oua H Cnna, )l,OK ce H3paJ E"it6PEUO"U;;;; acxohea.e noxaayje KiW HCJ1&IJ01bHO onpehe» H t"TOI'CI upyxca xroryhnocru U 3H npyrc MHCJIIL C Tor paanora, BeJlH Bpajeanje. CBeT"1 Oua ynex ca "uajjacunjoes onpeheuourhy" rosope ouaxne Ilyx CDCTJf np0113HJIa3H: "JCAHU aene: JCJ],IHlH je QTm~ )'3pOK CH"a a Ilyxa; APyrn Bene: Jeuaa je Ilyx Cueru KOjlI HCXOAU cawo In Ona; rpehn oncr: Cane je 113 01..1,3 Ilyx, a HC Ii 113 CHHa; 'IC-rOPTJf nax: JeAHHH Orau HMa npOH3BOAche AcjCTUO; uera: Cne urro npanana Y3POKY, TO Tpe6a Ilpn]1,anl cauo Ouy; wet:;m CaMO cy O}~ Oua, xao 01\ )'Ma, It CIiH H }J;yx npoaaarumr", Ana, npoynaaajyhn CD(!TOOTaqxe -rexcrone, Jocmp HapaOHD cycpehe n li313eCHC -rcurxohe Y flOjCJllfHHM Oil. TUX 'reKcrona. Eno HCKHX o.u_ 1M'IX,

Kao 1111'0 je nO'3HaTO, naTHHCKH cy Iiorocnoua.na 61-1 AOKa3an.H cnojc ysen.e 0 <f>HnHoKue. KOpUCTJ1nU J13nCCH8 HCHODOJbHO jacna MeCT3 113 ca. Kapnna Anexcannpajcxor, sa xoja OHJ'I. cua-rpajy na tolOry onpaanurn fhHxony HOBlfHY y y\JCrby 0 AYxy CHCTOM. OruapHO, y llC:,lIlIMH cu. Kapnna MOry cc cpecrn TaKIUI H3ptl3H, xao WTO je 11<:1 npnsiep aBO Mec-l'O: "Bory ir Ou,y npanaaa. a T3Ko!)e J.f Cuny, Ilyx KOjH je cyuuiiuncxu: fl3 Otiojuiie (to o'ilatwliW<; tc; ix~4'O[V), TO jeer >13 011a KD()3 C"Ha (tK natp6; St' Yiou), npoasnasa ce - npoxeOfl£vov:<2<12

~~ U~III~'Cn~'Il~I'1~: 0 Cn. Tpojuun, T<lM(), CTp. 128: "Pn.bau,e" ('t6)\"~VVll"t6v) ,l{OHOCU en co6ml y YM Oua.nox ca )Icxol)elbeM uuje ,'aKO,"· Cp. VI. LIJ.frily, A J'image cr a Ja ~ .. ssembtance. 1,~11'. ACJJO, CTp. 711.

201 01000 7. u Co. TpOjHW1, TaMO. Cp. Flpenaaan.e 3. 0 Co. AYxy, TaMO, crp. 454·4:'\;. - Fvuopehn (1 Hf:KOM :tarHID.1l0~t npcecny IJ.t'JIII ca. A'rall,lcuja Bcnueor, rue ouaj (lCJ1Inm aneKcllllllplljCKIi OTll1.1, lJ,PKIlC mmonllo rouope na "Ilyx jcc -r e H:j Ona II Cuna. II tlJlje caanau, JI"j~ CT(lOPCII, IIHjC pOI)ClI, Hero acxoncba". Bpnjeneje uenn lJ,R ce T'j panu 0 lIeKoj 11:JMemt opnruaannorrescra (CnOBO 15. o Cu. Tpojunn. raac. crp. 2HO). - 0 'iJ:IJICH(inlKOO<HbY npcnona nena ca. Arauucaju IIlI 3anaAY Hl11l1l /11, JURit.'. Tbeologiu L10gmalicu chnsuancrum orientallum lib Bcctesia Cathclica disidenuun. II, 354. VIcTO 0111lH It KOn B. A/flUle,., Precis de Purrotogic. Paris IY61, 391-3')2,

2()20 nOK.Roll>eu.y II CJly*eH.Y y .QYXY Y IICTIIlUI, PG 68. I4HA. O~IJ.lH -rasohc C(I.

KIiPIlA AlfcKc.:mo)pujcNu, Paajaunsen,e 12. IIUrJJaBJb~I, PO 7f1, 3080:

"JcnmlopOWUI CHI! EO)l.;lIj$1 nOi..'"T<lOlUII -roucs. Ot:T:JO jc II TilA<i Gar, 6YIlyhil ClIC

188

Ht'xofjcH,e CHciiioil/ ilY:((f (154.227)

Oao K cnasaa Mecra crnapajy cnaxaxo Jf3neCBY reurxoby ],1 38 npaeocnaaaor 6orocnolla. Jcp, KOjC MeCTO MO)f(C I1MCtTH ouaj nacyc CD. Kapuna Anexcaunpujcxor ca 0133KlUlM 113pa31iM8 y onWTCM CKJlonYHnHOKJUtpy npanocnanac nncastarcnoruje? C1MO ce no Cc6H pa3YMe Aa npasocnaunn Iiorocnon lie MO)KC TpmKH'TI1 npano R npauanao TYMAtleJ-hC 080ra H cnn-nrnx MeCT3 I13tWH OKBHpa npauocnauue nIH!8MaTOJIOruje. Jep 611 ce y oopaTHoM cny-rajy uaruao y cynporuocra ca ~y6JbUM CM.HCJIOM cauor ytleH~a cu. Kapana, xoje je HeCYMH,HUO npaeocaaaao. To ynpauo pann H naur nasaarujcxa oorocnOB. OH je caCBHM y npany Kana oHoHja /(C1 y 0130MC MCCTY en. Knpuna UIi}~li aacrynan,e yueu.a 0 IfcxoJjelhY Cuerora Ilyxa OA 01(a )f Caaa, xao UITO TO Bl1)(e fli.l'I'UlUI.2tl.l Kana cc nofimoxe paseorpe nanenena li3p33H en. Kupuna, ua npna nornen H3fJIeHa na OHH He p-mry OHTII cxuahen» Y CMnCJJY na f'Ollope casto 0 jeAlioM UPCMCUCKOM IIJJlaCKY Ilyxa Cuerora xpoa CliH3 y OKBHPY bmKClRCKe eKOHOMJ.1je cnaceu.a. TaKBO cxuaran.c cnpe-ieno je OC()6~iTO peujy "OUOl(OOWl;" ~ CYUl'rHHCKI1, xojy cu. Knpnno ynorpeorsaaa osne 11 na u.pynlM MeCTHMa, MeljYTJiM, aKO ee DBa Mccra lIa)f(lbHBHje npoyuc noxaayjc ce An 11 ra MCCTa canpsce exoecaujcxe (~DMOCTpoj'1TeJbCKIl) xapaxrep, jep ce II y TUM Mec~ ']'HMa KOJl, ca. Knpnna pall" 0 npojaHIMl8al-bY jeHHoc~UTHOCTH EO)f(aHCKHX JTliqa y fbRXOIlHM cnon.anra.aa AejcTB11Ma. 14 Bpl1je·

UJ'fO H Otau, OCIlM (CDOjC1'OIl) Gl1nl OT<lU; H Inlajyhll xao ceom I1.),X<I CUeTOr<l, «ojn je II'J lbera H KOjil je CYWTlI1ICKB y IneM),. '11111110 je OO)Io(anCIHI 'IY)'.lU:' - Bpajeuujc flalJOAl1 H ApYI'a OIl.HOCH" MCL"Tn III (.'(1. K"pUII(f Allt.:Io:I:IIIU)pHjlX(lllI 1:/1. EfimjfflHuja KIlt/lfpe/wi y cnOMC HeIlJ"<lTO~t gcny "Y!i uccer nornaun.n u na ronnxc nparouopa noncau-rxo cnouo", mill. pyxonnc.qi. CJ('·67a. - B.IAII TaKoJ)!! A. 'r1:1I()opy,'H-.repitKnop£.uCJEWI;tO\l'A')\ov n\l~(ltll<;6~50:mco:Aiu.K\)piAAO\.l 'AA£~UVOpl,\'O:<; KUI 'Enupuv(O\l Ku:tpo1J. "ecoi.O)1'Q" (Anum), 44 (l~n), CD. 3-4. CTp. 563-)M2;45 (1974), CB, I .... rrp. KO-IOI .cu. 2. LTP, 275-30H II CD. 3, c -r p. 47N-510. rne tlDaj Ul'lltiCKH npodiecop 1f)f[OCIIII xoacnrapsuuecuacnopan MCC'l'aADQjHltC se/UlKUX Oraua UpKBe OkO KOjUX cy uacmnu npoGner.1I1 T)'MlI'lelL .. a, - Cp. II Ai, Jugie. Theoiogic dogmatica chrisuanorum .... I. Paris 1 ~2(l, 154-5.

203 WTO ce TH'le CD, Kupnnn AnCKc.luAPl1jcKor ne Tpe6a ·JaGoplllubanl "HlbCIIIU(}, na je ou, y nOJICMIIU,1I ca TCOAOPllro~t KllPCXltM, caC811M jacno ofijacnno one ceo]e uapaae. Ifcnooe)'.lajyhil HeADOCM'iCJIeHO na Ilyx Ceera HCXOJUt cnac 11:$ Qua. BUIl,II Jluoao (:11, KUPIIJllf JOBnHY AII'rlIOXlljCKOM (nIlCMO :W, PO 77, l8IA): "". Ilyx Sora It Oua, xojn IICXOItIl H1 lbera, nnn nuje ,.yl) nn CIlIIY no npunuany cyuuuue ..... Cp. J. B"lIfc'wj(~, C'...J10UO 7. c Cu. TPOjIUlH, Ilene I, C1.p. l21. Cp. T3Kol)e ce. KlipUlI AlIt!I\Com)pujC:I\fI, Onnea KOjU ce yc)'l)yjy 11<1 Iipaue

204 ~~'~~~~~~~?H~~~~~~~tl~!~io6'A y.'O\) nvrn~la'[~5100CJKaAln Kuplllo\l

'A4~avSpdClc;.", unr. neno, CTp. 280-281. • TyM<I'whH cncnehc MI!LTO II"J Co. KIIPftAll..' "KCUlD naxne CBCTII Ilyx JJ,01}e y nne noxaayjc uac CJIIL'lHIIMa (OVJlj.lOPqlou;) DOry, a rtpoucxonn WJ Oua 1\ CHua, O<!lU'!ICJJ,ItO je an npnnnua Gmf<nHcKoj CYlllTHHU, 6ynyhH CYLU"nlllCKJ1 y u-oj 1111:' u,e. «ao llITO ycc .... anoa 1\ lWX Kojn H:JJla"JlI lr.J 'IOHC'[[[jIlX YLTa, Mn.Q,1L Bor- .. ULlIO (MHOro) uanenuua nac" (Pusuaue, 33. PO 75, 585A). Jucmll Bpujellllje CM.1Tp'l JUl "Y'lIITen:. (Tj. CII. KllpIIJlO) ~UAt:: crnnnsa 111pa"J "npol~CXOI1H·· {to ~potlClV) He an unocrncuo

Ht:X(J!J('lb~ il,\'x[/ (.'fJ('mOlll t:fI.lfO (J() 01111 (172-21111)

189

auje HI1:lK uaure H.1lCl'OjHIJ.<l oua eeecra npOTY?l.HPIH Ii cxuaru l~pyruM nYTeM: OH uacroja 1\3 nOKlDl{C Aa OBH It:Jpa3H CR. Kupnna IiMajy ripe cseru :ma'IetbC nOTBpAe ftUrMa'ra 0 jeHH(lCYlllTHOeTH Tpoj II'I HI:f X YinOC"TaCJ.i. MCl}yTHM, OBAe rpcoa pehu H TO A3. 6C3 o6'3upa KUKBO he cc TYM;:l'tetbe j.l,HTU, rJIanUH upotine« y 1I0MCHYTHM MCCTIiMa jecre HC)101l0n..nOCT UOrOCJlOBCKOf jcsnxa CD. KllPHJI<:l.2{15 CncAYjyhx yrnaBHOM'l'CPMlfH01lofojy co. Araaacuja. xojaje narnauranao ua ce CHH.paba U3CYUIl71IJ.He Oua, tHfMejexTeuna Ha~mlCJ.I pa'JJIHKY InMel)y "Boscaucxor Githa" 11 "EmlCaHcKC aorse ''. ~()6 Kl1pHJJO je M1IM0J1UJ30 Kananoxnjcxe Oue I1lhl1XOllY npel.{H3HYTpojHlIBY TCpMlHwnOfu:jy. ~ OHH ey, HaMMe, narnauianann H3p .. n "1l3 Hilociiutc« Oncee" -, TC 3a1'O Hlije l.IYJl.O UlTO je KUJ~ u.cr-a nplfcyTHCl jC3WIK3 ucjacaocr .11 lICnpCI~11'3HOCT, Me~Y'l'HM, o6a oua naaeneua mpasa, Tj. ouaj H3 PC1.IHI1Ka a.neKC3HJUJ:HjCKH.X Oraua (uarnauranaa.c "Jf3 CYUITHHC") H ouaj »3 pe-muxa Kanancxujaua (uarnaurauau.e "113 HnOC'l'aC~I) xapaouuuao he nOI1C:.ia'fH H YKJIOfiUn1 y ceoje 'I'pOjWlHO (iorocnonn.e ell. I'PFlfOPHjC Ilanana, TaKO na he H,crOIl H3pa:J 3(1 TajHY 60)£{aHCKOr npOHCXOOCH>3 CIHta H Ilyxa OJ1, Oua fJlaCIITlI: "u:.s DO>KaHCKC rrplipoAc, ami no Hnocraca jenanor OI~a",2111

YlIl1WTe YJeBWlt, rnrran.e npauunaor l'YMa~Ie~ba OBH.X cnopHUX napaaa C8. Kupnna Bpnjenajc peiuaua Y CKJIOny CUOI' nacrojau.a ua aabe peureu,c nccar-rracaoc-ra Gorocnoecxnx TcpMuHa H3Me~y Hcroxa Ii Banana. OH cMaTpa, cne.u.yjyhu. y TOMe uouexne ca. I'puropaja Borocnona. na je -rperwusy ynory y pasnojy TeonOUTKor ynarsanan.a If paannajas,a HCToKa It 3allHIJ,a onarpana "YCKOCT naruacaor je3J1Ka" xojn He Mox<e na BCPHO npeuecc paallH'lHTe TCPMl-1UC "cyurruua" If "HnOCTac" Hero oria H3p,n<t npCDOl(11 jCAHoM peujy: substantio,lOX Jla'ruucxa [esnx HITO T3KO uuje Morao

npomunasceac Ilyxn. TO jeer ·J3 IICXOI)<:H.e ("(0 t.KJtOptVtl"o:I), UCl"() 1,\ CHepre1'CKO" (Cnoeo 15. 0 C8. TpOjH4H. Ilena I. CTp. 276. Cp. Y3 A.CCCT 1l0rJHUIJh:l .... TilMO, 4). (7).

20;Ci Cp. J. Mt!y~fldmff. La pmce, ... slon cu Saint Esprk chez tes peres orientaux. rurr. gene.

21)6 r.1:p!~~~Jf~~:~II, Flojn» CTu.'paH,a KO.ll. cu. Amnacaja, 11K'!', UC.llO, CTp. 253-254. 207 AnoAIiKTIl'IKH cnoea 11,()5.CHrrPAMMATA 1I,C11'. 137, Cp. TaKO~c 73, C1'j),

144.

20~ Peaeceop :l 0 CII . ..uyxy. ,IleJI4l I. crp. 449: ..... jenau (yuorpeen.aea) YMC""·O cyurrnee. KUAa O"llIa~:lna anocrac; )'.IP}II"II YMCCTO nnocracu. xana IHlKa3yjc CyW11lHy; 'I'peh,. caarpa an jc IIC'J'O It un je "J1I:l'lCU"C ocnuaora Ge:Jpll:lJlll'IHl>. a 3:1'·001111 ce6c OJ~Il.,jajy OA 11 cr UIlCICC -reonornje". - Cp. 01080 (), 0 Co. TpOjlUI,II. 'rauo, crp. l)~-99, Henl je mlWlbcu,eJ.lallllO npe BlmjcuHja HMnO" 1.:11. 1J(II.:IIJllljt! Belll{"", nHC~tO 214, 4. PG ~2, 789A. - TCpMl1l111 "ouO"io:" II "U1to(JtQOU;" GUJIII cy y npBHM xpilUlhancKIiM UeKOltl1M3 IICTOr4l :Jlfft\:eH>U, sao If y KJliICll'IHOj Fpuxoj. KlIp;UCTepnCTlt'IIIO je I>tCl:1'O KO,!l: CU. ArTifluol.:uja. rue 011 toDtW: "i1.rlOCTJC jc cyurruua (ouain t.afi), 11 unurrn npyrc lie osna-mna nero C,U1() fiuhc (aut6.,.6 Qv)., .. Iepnnocrac II CyUI'l'HWI [ecy Cr:J11"'I'CIllJ,nj<l (tHtUP{,I<;ccti\'). Jep jccre II nocroju'' (nl\CMO c.nIlCKUIlIIMn Ermrra II nauuje, PG 2{l. IO:l6B).

190

na O)WOjt.:::HO npCHeCC pa3JlliKY lf3Me~y pC't1H "£K'1tOpeU(Jl<;" (:;: HCxOl)~It:.e) . .H "1tpoo50(' (= npomaaaax). Ha raj HatIHH Jla'fHHlij nena Bp11JeHlfJe: "YMeC1'O 11a KalKY 11 tJcrtoPEuatii OUII rouope il1rpooooS; ysrecro £K1(OpEUEtal roaope to npoeioi'', ~~) OnHM. y rpllKOM jesnxy pa:mHtIHTHM aapamaa Bpajeunje xohe 1(a J]O)lCC'nr ua 1\Ba paaJUilUlTa rrponanacxa Ilyxa Caercra, TC CC TaKQ npaha ua TCMY paanaxouan.a 113l\U:::VY cyurrnue H 11JIOCraCH 11 H3Met;y filtTHjHor (tJ1tO:PKllK"~~) JJ UPCMCJ.iCKOr 113J1a}f(e}Ml JJ;YXH, 6C3 xoje pa3JHfKC, aKO ce lie ouyua, 3rufCT3 He MO>Ke ChtTU npenycnona sa "ncnmcxy reonornjy". Of! jour IHmO,l:(H 1.\3, OCHM l{cJ\ouon,HOCTI1 JI3nlHCKOr jeauxn. no YKHA8thCl paamrxe H3Met;y CYUJTlIBe Ii HriOCTaCH MO)Ke AOneCTH If norpeumo CXU3'raJ-bC ccaonne ClJeTOOTCI'fKe HC1'IllIC. CXOHHO KOjOj "y BO)f(ftHCKOj TpojHT~JI H11TH nOC1'ojH CYrJJTHHa 110 ce6H 6C:3 lHIOC1'aCH, HHTH HHOC'raC oe3 cyurrane, Hero ce Ii DO>KClH. CK(I cyurruua c03epu.ana Y I1.nOC'TftCI1MfI, U 060)f(aB3HC MnOC'l'acI1 cy y cym'rHHli",2H .0.0 yK11)(al'ha nax Pft3J1llKC 1I3MCl)y 6uTlIjHor a:maCl;:a H I3peMeHCKor R'3JlaCKa Ilyxa Cueror MO>Ke p,OBCCTIi sajenIHPIKO ·.3H~'IClhe peun "EK7tOpeUEtClt" n "itp6£10l", UlTO J1a1'lUHI npC"OAC jel1HOM pcnjy: "£srpxE'!!Xl" - proccdere (H3Jla311), AlUI. 3' upunocnanny !plIjaf(OnofHjy eYWHTRa II )HlOCTaC cy anconyrno pc131111~rnTH IlOjMOOH W crora xana cscrn OIll1 roeope na He MO)KC nOCTO]a1'l1 eYI1ITHHfl6e'3 HllOCT(tCI[ HUTH Hf10CTac6~3 cyurrnue, OMH Tl1Me .He »cene J,(a nOHC1'OnCTC CYWTJ1HCK3 H HI'JOCTaCH3 cnojcrua, Hero JenHOCTaOHO »cene na noxascy na HHTH je cynrnraa aennocracaa, rj, 6C31f1locracH3 mlU naHIUJOCT3CHa "-HTH cy 11nOCTaCH (jC~CYLUTlfHCKe (avOU01Q.l. = HecYlU'fHHCK<::).11111cJ'O TaKO BpajcmiJe aarnaruana ua cc U:Jpa3U "£1m0PEUEtCU" Ii "xpoeioi" He nOB. crouehyjy Mel)y COOOM, xao na uOKa3yjy "HCr.::O DpCMeHCKO HJII1 npocropao U311((JlCel-be· £S€l...e\)crtV",21~ HCl'O CXO.QHO CeeTOOTU'IKOM Y'ICH.y 1111011Mau,y: npna OJ{ rnx nspaaa, r], t1C1tOPeUE'tUl, noxnayje

Tt.'K ~'OKOM 4: .IIeKl'I Knnall,Ol(lIjoOl OUII o,;y noucnu YJ1C'lTpe()JbHUa11( OUI! H:Jp8:iC Y CU{)J~lIl1'pIlJal\OJ'OIlJKnM 6orm;JI()II!bY xeo l:ItCIIIIM pa3J111'IIITe. Buurc (J OBIIM T\:pMIlIIJJMt"I IJltAIl 1. :.i1l31t)'lfaC, 'Ano t6 npccoaetov c(~"to epcoronov ... , U,IIT. ncno. crp. 2Y4,7, II TflKo~e -uianax ll(."iUf)l(f, verite et Communion duns la

209 y,~;~~~~e3t.I~IC~~~lIn~;~,all~~li~lll~ JT7,~J4~'. (~~.n~~)~I:: n ~~7t8~~1~~{~;lH' T«~IO.

ctp. 20~·206 .. CJHI'1I1O cxna-rnu,e 0 1l01Ul1ln<lJbY TCpMIlH4l "el("n6pcuou;" II .. prot·es~1("I'Hlana:mJ.m u-umc KU.R lI/(/IJ·MiXlIl'I Ciu,.,.iXrtt's, Procccslon ct ekporesc ...• urrr. nerto, crp. 345·346.

210 Cnoao e. 0 Cn. Tpojuuu.Hena I, crp. W.

21 I Qou npe.llCTaulba C1"flS II cxaarnu,e Kiln;llloKl1jcKIJX OoJ'fllIa, ()COtil1TO cu.

BaCJ1nHjn Benuxor, KOj~II"OUOplt na cyurrmm IUlK31l.lll[C oocroia 6tl3l1nocraclt. a IInoCT'ilC naxjecre "~mWaa q)\joll:;" __ nocrojeha npupona'' (nIJCMO JH. 2.3 PO 32. J2R A). Cp. 1. :.JIIJ!tYJlflr.:, 'An6 t6 1'.pooron:eiov Ei~ to :cpooro1tov ..• nnr. nCJ1!."l,r;Tp.21J1J.

212 P;}JfOBOp 3. I) Cu. Ilyxy. Ilena l,efp.IIS!.

J k.W!)CHoI! l1.y.m CHcduola c(uw u() VU,t! (I 72·2()O)

WI

"aajnocrojauaje nocrojan.e" (\\1rO:P~tV uovurorcrnv) Ilyxa C.eTOra, nOK APyrH aspaa oaaauaua 6JTaro~aTHo aauaa,e Ilyxa, rj. HserOOHX Aapona: "Kana ce n060)KHO 6orocnclBCTuyje 0 ,ll,yxy YTeWtlTCJbY na OM 011 Ona IICXOAH (eK <oil rto:tp6S tJcrtopEur<o:t). oHJJ,a MH TU no6mKHO cM(\'I'pa,\w na je TO YMCCTO (na K.DKeMO) lJ,:t OH on casrora Oua JJOCTOjtI (U<pEonpCE = rtAO[(l 6uhe). 3aTO CC TO rouopa ca 0Apel)eHoruhy,li He noxeayje HeKH lberou uoxper 31Ui M3n:nat< OA I1C1.4era K3 !'!ClICMY, Hero (ce uenn) aa najnocrojaunjc nocrojau,c; AOK ce uspas npoeicn (= npouanasu) roaopx YMCCTO (Aa K,l)f{CMO) H.'3mma ce ·1tP0X,Ef'tCX\· 60ra1.'CT~q Hseroanx napona Ha Hac 0,[1. Oua Kp03 Caxa, Ii OA One H CJfHa".~1.>

Y 130311 ca rope pe'-remfM JocHcl> aauoua "Il1ffieHlH\Y A3 K01~ nojennsnx Oraua.uoceoao nax KUA co, Kapana Anexcaanpajcxor-, OIlWTa fior0CJ100CKa repvnaonoraja Huje Y CRHM CJlY'Ja_jCOHM8 JlOTnYHO R ra-mo onpeheua, Ann, no [·hcrooHM pe'HU.1(\, TO H HCMa OCOUl1'fn 3I{a~]aj xaua ee, 5e3 oosnpa ua nCKCHl.IKY aejacuohy H HCnpeI.Vf3HOCr, npa81HlHO npenaje acnpaenocr nojsrosa. Jcp, nena 011 aajeneo ca en. Fparopajeer EOI'OCnOOOM: "naje n060)KHOCl' (li>crE~ela = upanocnann,e) Y 3BYK~ ~e'J11, nero y npHOI-InHOCTH CXI38TaH.<l (VOTlJ..ul:rwv = nojvoua)". I Y TOM AYXY, na KJlC , Haw MOH3X Ty~1Cpm H cu. Kapana, MaAa TO H~erODO TYMa'IeFbe He upcnCTanJL8 n.erouo ucnouenan,e uepe. Jep, Bpnjeanje ocraje Be-peW 60rOCJIOIlcKoj TepMHH0J10ruja KauaAoKHjcKJ1X Oraua, Hnax, 360r uajanora KOjU nOAH ca flaTHHl-IMa OH je I1pJ.lHy"eH ua ce ocaphe H ua npyre xapaae npanocnasae sepe, TO jeer on aacroja na onpauna CBa npauocnaaaa rnenaurra KOA O'raua () CnCTOMe Ilyxy, ue3 o(hMpa Haje'3WIKY npCU;H3HOCT l1nH Henpe[(~13HOCrKOA ibUX. Y TOM CBUM aacrojatsy OH aajnpe UCTl1'le jenao nOlICTHO pa3nIIKOIl(lH,e H3Mel)y repsmaa "HnOCTaCHI1 npoaaunasak'' (U1tO(J1CXtlKli np6oOOS) II "CYUITIIHCKO nocrojau.e" (oumwollS \\7tO:P~";)' Ouo 3Ha'JU IJ,a xana rOBopHMO ,na ,Uyx Cnera lfCXOAH casro on Oua rpeoa na UMaMO y nnny Iberoso HUOCT3CHO npousnnaxea,e. Mel)YTflM, noCTOjL: HCKa~~a KOA aauecaux CI3CTHX O'1'<11..1,a ¥I npyra xspaan, 3<1 xoje 3anallHH Tcon03H cMaTpajy A3 Y lbUM':1 uanase nOTBPAY COQr y-rcn.a o <!JlInI'IOKDC. Bpajenaje noxaayje na JHlTUHCKli -reonoaa Ty HHCY Y

2U IoiCTll .• Haje [acao 11<1 sora cc onnccn 08a olll')'>KGa, 110lllTO ..-nKUO y-reu,e 0 ncxobeu.y 1-11111 npoJl:Hlna;4(ClbY KilO "pe)ICHCKO.\oI :l11Ii MCl:II(lM noxpery lie cgrcaapa PIiMOKCIl'Olllt'lI(OM y'teJl.>y nauac. Mcryhe je, Mel)yTI!M./~a cY Y 011(1 opeac uexu on Jhrruun In13JJl1 TflKIjO cxuaruu,c .• Hi! IIPYf'OM /t.Iecry Bpnjeuuje UCJlll:"npolr1llnn)[\eHoI!-(npooSo<;)jc:llljcItHII'IKO ... n IIC)':O~CH>C (CII.'1[6pC\lvl.;)jc noceauc (roIOV= oco6ello).jcp ce 0110 npenucyjc cauo IlnOCTliCHUM nocroiau.y

214 ~~~~~;.(~~j?:~J:f)~ ~;:~~~J~,16:o~~~~3',sf.l6~{6. 569. J. BIJ!ljCllujc, GlII1l~6.

o Ca. TpOjIlLU1, ,':U.IO. crp. 103·4. Cp y~ Il.CCCT JlOrJIHJJ.lbil ... , 'I'UMlI, (I), 51<1-52.

192

J1CX(J/JI:Hlt C(ICITwla P.yxa (154-227)

npany jep Tli CBeTOOTa~IKH aapaaa cc lie ouiroce crsapuo au "unoC'J'aCHO Mcxobefhc" Caerora ,Il,YXH Hero rouope casro 0 "cym-maCKOM nocrojan.y' lberoaoxs, TO jCC1' ronope ycruapn 0 jC()HOCYLUiUH.odiiu CBC'fOr J];yxa ca OU;CM 11 em·IOM. OBa l1CTHHCl 0 je.rV-IOCYUlTHUt."TJi Ilyxa ca Ouca 1I CHHOM, ITO Bpujeeujy, I1CKa3yje CC ROA HeKI1X OTaIJ,R lupa30M na Ilyx CaCTI1 jecre "OUOlwOO~ £~ a~q>OiV" :: "CYWTHHCKH U3 Ofiojnrte", ilJlH HJpa30M.l.ta je OH "H3 Oua ~I CHHa". Ana, aonajc 0AMf:lX Bpajennje, one uspaac lie -rpcria CXn<lTHTH,lI,a CC onnoce, jep CC CTBHPHO U He DAI-IOee. HCl "unocracuo ncxobcu.e" Ilyxa Cnerora . .upynlM pe\UlMa, na-ienao Tpe6a pehn ua ce '1'11 H3pa:m HI;: oaaoce Ha nnaa (lfiocl7iaCHo2 LiOCiTiOjflfu{f, tJH unan AlI~tHe ei3IlCmem~flje, -rj. uocrojuu,e K<lO noceoae nU\IHOCTH, Hero ce onuoce ua unau CYUUUWiCKOZ iioctnojase«, net nnau (hdUt no eYWTHHM. TUH3pa3U"IHIKJIe. He rosope o Plnoc-raca (JlH\IUOCTU) Ilyxa Caerora, Hero ronope o eYWTHHH Hserouoj Koja je, CHJJOM jeouocYIWUHOciIiu, opOjHO IiAeHTWIHa (Tj. jl!lI.H<.l U Hera) ca cyurruHOM Ona H Caua. OrYAa, "om. Bpnjcuaje, Y Y3pa3Y "ts Cx~<pOfv" = 113 Ofiojnue nujc tTI{ Y KOM cny-rajy pen 0 ncxobes.y Hnocracu Ilyxa, KaO i~a JJ.yx JIO Hnocracn HCXO.IJ,H II OA Caaa, aero 1l0MeH)'TIJ nspaa CIl. Knpuna rpetia 61~1~1 cxnaheu y CMJ.lCJlY AU je Ilyx CBeT~1 "113 cyurrnae Oua n CHRn", ' 11 TO Y CYWTlIHCKOM, eceHLlHJanHOM ct.Hlcrry, TO jeer Aa HMI:l ca IbHMa .IJ.HOjIiltOJ\,1 jCJtHY Ii ucry cynrrnny, n.;:1 kiM je naKIIC jeoHOC;YWITulH.

ITpeMH TOJ\H::, }J,uc cpopxeyne 0 KujuMa je AO CEl)J,3 OI1JlO pCtlli, TO jeer: "Oll 01(8 H CJ1Ha" H "caao OA Oua" O}~HOCt;! ce HH uua caCBHM pasna \11'11'(1 unaan Boacancxor 6l1ha. TC HX crora, miKu ce Mury CpCCTH xon jcnuor- If HCTor Iiorocnnua Llpxne, rpcda p,t'JJlJ1KOUaTH. Bpnjcauje 0 TOMe [(HUH! onaxo: "TaKO, HCTl'I TeOJIO'lli, 11 xana rneopena Ilyx Cneru HCXOJU1 CaMO O,U Qua, TO jeC'fJUltlfW iiociiioju, Of-m THMC otijaan.yjy nCTHHY, II oncr, xana craun.njy All OH 01~ Oua II Cnaa He lIDOCT<lCHO Hero CyutLUIIHCKU UAW iiuhe, OHH canpurerro

215 ., Hexana. rneilajyhll jCf\1I1l0 HOI tberoao IInUCT:ICll~) npo~t:mm:nKI.:I"'C Ii

oojauJbyjyhH Y3ptlK TOr (1I3.na~eH.:l.), tiorocnou» I-OOOpe na AYx CueTO! C.UIO UD Oua .ICXOJ\U. -rj. 11II()I..T3CIIO ... Hexana ImK. r;reJ\ajyhu castu na cyurrancxo nocrojane Ilyxa " Cl3ltM CHJIiIMti uucrojebu nn npencraac A3 je 011 jejl.ll11ocYJUTaIl II nnsuo-racma 11 caupnpona« Ouy II CUllY, eorocnoacmyjy ua BHUIC lIa'II!HaAll jc Jl.yx II] Oua 1\ CIlHIl, oj. CYUJTHHCKlI •.. Cnyurajyhu TO,lIeKH Olt OHliX HCUJTO npc pacxona lUll! m)CJlC pacxona.u HC MOI'yhll,l(tl cxua-re. IiJHI MO>Kml III! xcrcbu. na je cae TO pe-reuo JH cyurruny Ilyxa (Ceeroru). I.!X!HI'J'IIJltt cy. KuO urrunnje 'rpeonno. naco TO roeopu 0 ~bt!rOAt)j IIlIOL""rnCII.}J.a c)' IIj\K OTIII CXan1'IIJTIf na cc I·OfJIIIHlll<l JJ,yx CaCTI! jC(';TC n~ Oua II Om" IGtO jC1UiOCYLllTliH Ouy II Cmry II xao Ouaj KOjll IIPIlJl:IltJtl\)11 ('Ij~ Ol~a spoa CUBa K nnuu. a11l1 na IIC IIpOlll;:XOl\U OA OU;1l II CIUI<l, TO joe n- AD BCM:l (0).1 ~bllx) erancreuuujy Clluje IInOCTitcIJ, T.'J1il ne Oil mt 611J1l) pncueuu rnx It TOJ11tK;,tX U.pK:lml" (CJHlUU fl. o Cu. Tpojaua. 1<IMO. !;TP, HHI),

193

HC1'l1Hyjy.',2lt, vb oaora ce Bl1}1,U na BPl1.jCHUjc IlOHCKJlC npnxna'ra «ao npauunny cpopMynaU;Hjy:o.H AYx COCTJI jCCTC "OfJ, Oua H Cnaa", ami Uapi:IHHO He no HfJOCraCH. Hero 110 CyWTHHl1ltMa OIl~C OA l~,~~tj Ilyx "01J. Oua H CUH<t, He HIloC'r3CHo, HcrOCYllITlIHCKK (lMtl Gwhc . TI{Me C0. xao llJTO CMO neh pCKJIH, xohe flit aarnaca CYWTlUfCKU jervWCTBO Ilyxa ca OU,CM H CJlHOM, II uocetino jec)HocywtTiHoc;i[i .o;yxa H CHHa. nOUJTO cc, ).J,3KJ1C, y nOM~HyTI1M MCCn!M(J CBCT1tX Oraua Ka)Ke na Ilyx Cnern HMa npeuu Cl1HY "CyWili.IIHCIW" onnoc. rj. na MY.iC jennocyurrau, OHIFl ce Y TOM cjorcny MQ}KC peha )18 je "CYWTHHCKH H.3 Ibera, J.I CYUJTHHCK11 Y lbeMY, Jl CYWTlUlCKli CI1O]CTseH I:b~My".21~ Oao jacno noxaayjc na ORAe HHje PCl! 0 Ptuocracu CtIHCI. aero 0 lberouoj DO)J(aHcKoj npnpona, KOjOj ",Uyx I-JHje 1'yl)".2\I) HU31.le, K£lKO OM GHJIO eror-yhe pdu" "Ilyx je cuojcraen (rOlDV) OrnY"II" anjc PC'! 0 HCTOj upuponu.jep "H(lMO ua "OHO W1'O je uetlHjc (JIWTHO) caojcrueno, neacryhe je na TO nCTO Gy~e u upyrora: xao urro je O':lH.HCTBO csojcmeao Ony H uejacr-yhe Je na 6YAe cnojcreeuo 11 Cnny: H. CUH0l1CTI10 [c CllOjCfI3CHO CHlIY H HeMOryhe je na 5Y)J.e csojcrseno It ,lJ,YXy',.220 11:.1 cnera onoru ImA'i~y nn ,Uyx CBCTll, xao noceona nuocrac, He. nCXOAI1 ~3 011.£11;1 C,~Ha ... Jep Jocmp Heme H CmI EO>KjH aau CUOJC nOCTOJmbC (mv tl1tCtPC;LV = 6lthe) .. liI3 CYUlTIiHC Oua u Ilyxa", ann ce nu-mo paba ca~m OJ.( Oua. Bpnjeuaje 3HHCl'a npaxeara na CHH UMa C!r3JlCTeHl\Hjy "113 CYIUTHlie Oua Ii Ayxu", ami npKMehyjc.ll.a ceraxo UCU1TO 113Pl:ttIHTO HHf}~1! He HaUOHli 360r Tora na II(; OM. noumo AO norpctmror cxsa'ran.a na ce Jlyx cMaTpa y OAHOC), H(I CHH8 tbCrOBHM OU.CM. BPHjcEU1.je

21(, i1C'l'(I. (,:1V. Inn-lUI. Cp. CnOBO 11. 0 Cn. Tpojnnn. -raoo. I!TP, 211~.

217 !1C1·0.CTp. Illl.

21~ ClIl)~O I:'>, o CD. Tpojaun, TaMO, err. 276, 219 jtcro,

'220 Hero.

221 Jour J],<'IRiJO npe Bpujcuajn 113PC'ICHCl jc Y Bn:mllTJlju cxeamu,e 110 KOMe npanocnnnnu OA(}ill\Yjy ucxcheae CSCTora .[lyxa 11:.1 J.1I101.:r:lCIt Clitia .• n mJaK ~tllry Ail ronope na jc Ayx 113 cyurrnue CIHla. Cnuxue II:sp~le tlaJlftJIIMO oct! y 13. !ICKY KO.ll, nmlOjllljtl Kmlap<:KII'i: ." ... Foenpehu nax 1\.\ je n~~CUCTII Hyx IIJ cyurruue Cuue.ueneao ronoparnuajeuna I1nOLTnC11lH:Jt.:f't)HI!) (Oucxobeu.y en. ,LI.yxa. PG 142, 26'>C)_ M na apyron Mel.'}': "He crora urro ronopuero na ~Y H:J cyurruue lbcroee {Oueec) ellll II ~x. :.IflTO +bera IOua) ncnneenaao 11~ jc 011 npuuuun n Y:SpOK. Hero C1'Or<l UITO je OIiUPUPIl/\HO Ha~]I!JlO II Y·Jpo" Ouux KOjU cy In lbera nOCT:lJUt CYWTIIIICKII, occ-rpac)lo II unllupcMCKO. aa'ro C)' Olin (CHilli HYx) u3I-hel'OuecYWTl-iHc. KaKO heM~ OHna \I:Ja CIf";:! lJ,onm'I'C~1I peh~1 ,Qa noWTO jeJ],yx Hl Hserone cyurruue, aero JC tn lbera «co III y:SpOK<I! J1 61!:J rora uarneaabe K:tO napanoruaav -ra pe-t :IK() T:IKU r1ol)e "nIb\! H. nco CT313Jl>3 OHO 111 TO »uje AOCJleJl,ltO KaO nocnenno, 'UIMe. nOTKp:I.u,:1 a lie y6el)YJe cnymaona. Jep roncpuuc na .uyx lICXOll,tI CYWTllIICKII til Oua. !lUW'I'U J\vt:'ruJ~ IrJ cyurruue lberoue. Ilcurrc je IHLK cynrrann Oua 11 Cuua IlC upyru, nero JCjJ.un II ~ICTa. uyJKHO he~fO IICnOBClJ,aTlt na]e J.lyx II) IhC. AmI. 'ro 1111'0 je 01111:.1 CYIUTIIIIC.!\fl jc caMIiM THM I,! In Hnocracu (CIIHa), TO II" 1I(,;1I01IeAjt~1U nchc Hac y(ie/l.IITti 1JI1XaKDa pe·, (IIJ111 paaaor)." (1'flMO. 272AB)

194

11cxlJljeH,(! Cl1l!ilioilliI.)'Xll (154.227)

JtOCJIOUHO K(DK~: ..... 0 C11I-IY ce uarne He HaJIa3H na je pcxeno na je OH H3 cyurruue Oua H Ilyxa, He xao na je npchYTHHO get OH IUijC OTYJ.lCl, .DO)l(C cn-ryuaj! - jcp je TO ecnaxa jcpec CMa1.'paTYf ,.let je Cnu Apyre CYWTJ-lHe, (i He jeJ.ll~e ncre ca Ou.eM u 'uYXOM, - Hero na ce He uosrncnn naje Ilyx OT<H~ ~JfHaJ 3aTO je npehYTaHO}J,J ce Ka)KC J~a je CHH 1<3 cyurrnac Ayxa,,2 ••

Flpesra 'fOMe, H'3pa3 "6:H'I'H H3 HC1mje CYWTHHC" 11 w:~pa3 "GH1'Jf jcnac HCTe CYWTJ.iHC ca HeKliM" > IIJIH "(hiT" je.D,HOCYllITaH HCKOMe", CUii' TIT H3pa31I ronopc 0 jC)J.H011 n ncrox .. t, Oryna n uapaa nCl je Ilyx ''If'j CyW1'I.f.HC Caaa" He 3H'P.J11 ua OH npOH3HJ13'311 In IHiOCTHCH C(HIa, Hero sna-nt eRMO TO Jll:! Ilyx je "nnue l't OH, acre cyurraae KOjC. je II eM"," ,223 II 3Ha1IU "na ~~ 11 o~ jC~HC UCTe CYIIJTItHC ~a 060.lllUOM" (TJ. OqCM H CUHOM).- BpJ.-fJeHH]c! HaM sa ono j'K83YJe 11 npaeaepe 113 n-yncxor >KlWOTa: nonrro cy COI1 n-ynu Mel)yco6HO jenaocyurruu, MO}Ke ce OHAa pehu sa CBaKOr 'IOBCK8 na je OH H3 cyurruae npyrora 'IOUCKa, ami CC THMe Be onpebyjy HCKH CPO)~HHtIKf..! OP;HOCH npoucxol)efb8 jenuora 1'13 npyrora. TaKO: "Tlerap je as cyurrane Ilaunone, HJIlf HHjC 113 HIlOCTacn (JlH'lHOCTH) lherOIlC; jep jc CYIUTI:IHa sajennnuxa, a xnoerac (naunocr) jc OC06CHJ H OHa KapaKTcpl1UJC ceaxora nocetiao n paaneaja ra on OCTi:lJIHX jCAHOCYUITHHX (n~Y1V1). Taxche jc H Flaene H~ cyurruae Ilcrpoue. anu naje H3 rmQCHIC(1 {n.eroae), jep jc jCHHa H I1CTa cyurnma xoja jc, «ao HCKll KOPCH H n:mop, o6ojnu.y np0U:3HcJIa, ann OJU1 HJiCY npou- 3<11lIJJH jenau W3 JIPyrora.,,22..'i Ilpewa TOMe~ H3pa3 "}f3 cyun-aae", YROflliKO jc I1CTOr saa-ieu,a ca uapasou "jenue Here cyurraue", He MO)KC 03na'JaBUTH Y3POK nnocracaor nocrojan,a, jep: "BO)KaRCKa Jluua cy Mcl)yco6HO jC!},1:IOCYW'l'Ha, cum aucy Mei)ycu6no YJpOlU1H- 11" GCllHO J1PyroMC),,? OTYAa" 6,,1'" ca He!(If .. jenuocyurraa He 03Ha~IaBa,!l.a "np0I1CXUAJ{"3 geK'ora". JOC}uj) CTora mane: "OTaT~je

~~~ ~~~~ ~:1)~ ~I~t -t)1~ljC~~~~7~~ 1(~~~llrl~~~;UII' 'J<IMO, CTp. 327: "Hnje AaKJ!~ nero

1"(1BOp"nt na jc Ilyx CBCTI1 \I:J cyum-ue Ouau Caaa ~llta 011 ncxonn II:J Hnocracn Ol~U II C~lIm: lurnl jc HCTO MItCJUlTII.u.n, I<<IU UITO je peueuo na je Cun H:S cyurrane Oua II AR ce crrYAll. Hserono cahc JloJ(~nyje, T;IK() If Ja }).yx.'l Cecrcm. ncurro CC ,I H)CMY Sorocnoucruy]c aaie IIJ t.)'IUTItUe Cuua.na ce Jl3 Caua noxaayje 11 H:.CroBO nocrojan,c.' - Cp. TaKol}e II YJ necer nO(·JIHOJhil .. " T':IMO, ell, 52.

22'+ CJIOnu 15. (I,CH. TpOjltttll, TaMO, crp. 277.

225 CIIQUO 6. 0 C8. Tpojnua, c-rp. 1115. Cp. rnsobe It CTp. lin-IS, Cp. 11 Cnono W. o CR. Tpojuuu. TaMO, CTp. 1H6; Yl nece-r HOrI1<1lJJbll., .. (r, 52a, - CUi! U1J(t apryMCH1'au,ltja Bpnjcuujeaa nacroju jacuo All rtoxa'sce Ail c)' tI3J1a:m "JI:j, cyurrnne" II "jeAllc I1CTC cyurmec" YC1'BllPIl CIIHOHIfMII. CJIII'IaH nplIMCp, amr jomjaCHltjw, mlJlaJHMO KOJl,rpllzopllj(l KWf(l!'I.'IW1.: Xpnct-ocjc 110 souccuucruy "j~.u.HOCYWTali naaa )b)'~II"1a It lJ<lJ~rn;'l ce JI,:I jc I1J unurc uyurt-nne II IlpuPllAC, alltt ceojc nocrojau,c (i)mlPSlV) ueera to HIlOC1u.1CII caaeora OA uac. nourro je 011 jll Iljcnc Marcpe lI'j «oje jc B ysec lIiHL'IY npopony" (0 11cxol}elhY C8. nyxa, PO )42,272).

226 OI(Jbo6. o Cu. Tp(ljllll,lI. 'raeru. cTp.1U5.

195

cuny no CylllTWHH CBojcTBeH. ami HUjC 113 CJ.lHa; 11 eMH je no cyurrnHlt C(1ojcTBeH Ilyxy, ana iraje H3 ,lI,yxa.,,2Z7 Mebyrau, Y'3eTO ofiparHO: 11flOCTaCHO nponanaxcn.c '13 HCKOl'a YACK npeTI10CTanJ1.>8 JI jCJlHUCYIliTHUCT ca ~bHM: "Jcp aKU jc W,!KO no lUlOCl'<lCII H3 uexora, (JUAH je HY)KHO H.>eMY cecjcruen no CYIllTI1HH,,,22H

Ha OCHOOY oeora MO.IKCMO pehx na jc uaui 50roc.no3 1JPI1HI(HnujCJIHO carnacan C<'I clmpMynoM "0/1 Qua It Cnna'', ann rJO)~ yCJIO- 130M aa;

1. OBa ce cpopMYJJa Y nornynocrn 11 nCKJhY'IHBO O'~HOC11 na uueo "CYllIiUltfiCKOi tcocttiojau.a" (rfie; OU<Jlw8ou<; iHt6:p~£w<;)_ H cryna

2, cna -rpefia A" 6YHe cxnahena y CMHCJIY "UJ cytWlilme OI(lIli ellHu", H

3, Ita oua no CBOMe canpceajy naur'ra npyro He :m[tlll'T Hero OlllHTenpJ1XBUhCH nOrMal' 0 je()HOCYI.tI!TlHOCtTm Ilyxa ca CI1HOM H Oll,C!M .

Ila ce nax ue (111 nOMucnHJto na OBO nanpen Hal3eJ~CUO 03· IHPJana H lJOpeKJIO. Tj. mf'IHO nponcxobes,e CBC'I'Ora ..uYXrI, BpajeJIHje aa APyroMMeC'ry HeABOCMHCJleHO rouopa na, nu Cnojoj 11)Jl1pOAH 11 cynrruuu, Ilyx jc 6ecnO'''lC','aH - avo:pxov - M yonnrrc HC .I1CXOAu,jcP jc Hserona fimKaHCK3 npnpona H CYIUTI1HajcAHa H acra ca Ouess H CHHO": "110 npHpOAH Caojoj OH (Ilyx) jc 6CCJIO'leTaH - a.vapxov DV -, H llO H:.oj Ilyx Cnera HB In xoru He npOMCXD)J,H,jep [e jenaa flp'HJ)Ot~~l OU,a II Cnna 11 Ilyxa Cne-rora, HJi OJ~ xora He ·11cxoH~ha. ,;22

227 I-iCTO.

g~ ~~~~;l(J~'~;C~~OT~~j::;~:' ~~~~jljt~~·.TO~~~"l,.;J\;:~'~~lue o jC!lIllJOCYIJITlIOCTl-J

IIfUI[\'3H CC H Knit c«: Mm':uLlftI NClfOf-!C()HlIIW: "lJ!TO ce nax 'ftl'IC CIIIIOIICKI1X {nncrura) cninrjejurcr nanc. Hiley IX mm y napcsoet rpany (Llapnrpany) '~aKa"IIJIII:Ja T(I!lIIKO 1I0rnnUJI,a, KQnHKO 811 ruuuere, ncru ca:o.n):m nen. jCAHO 0 'J'COJIOL'uju: WTO je, uena, pesao "Ilyx Caem IICXOIJ.II H 011 Cuna", it Apyro u ouannobeu.y: WTO jo..! 11::11111.1;.;(0 "Focuon jc OUO (ic;J npilQT<\'IKOr rpcxa K:IO 'KniCK". H U!TO ce 'ru-te OpOOl' (nnran,a), OIl je uaaeo carnncne ca TUM 1f3peKC Pll~U:;KlI:< Orauc II jour Knpnnu AJteKc:mIJ~pltjCKOI'. (lJ uerone cucurrene pacnpaee KOjy je !lUIUICao ua CIS. jc.DIIUi)CJll!CTIl Jcaana. W.I 'Ier:l t:y ouu (PUMJhRUU) eerie 1I0K<l3!IJIIII-\:lIIl! '11l1lC ("'-110 cuu-rpajy} CllllU y:!POKOM J.J.y:m. jcp :JIICljy OU!! )(;[0 Y'JpoK Caun It Ilyxa, OUOI'a (Tj_ Cnua) 110 pobeu.y a Onora (Tj, gyxa) no IIC)(O!)ClbY. Hero .u..1 tH)I,;l",y 1{f1 VJ.yx) KPO] I--bCI\l (C~lIH1) IIpou:nma:m - npoitvCt\ - II TitMC Ita npClll..tlDc cjeUUlLi!lIUL"T It !1ell:SMC~LHOOC'!' cyurraue (HlHWUC)." (nI1Ct.l0 Mnpnay. PG 91. LHD-!36A), Beona je K:lpaKTcplICTH'UJ<l na, Kill1<1 cy na C<lGOpy Y 'i)popelll{uj.l npaeocnannu npcJ:lJIO>KiUIII Jl:lTIIHflMiI nn npltxs<ln:, cue uanpen uaneneue pe-ru CD. MflKCtiM>l sao norMa'r ~t 11<1 cnouenyrc aecrc nocrauc CpOpMyJI3 CilrJmCHOCTH, na'ranu TO nacy npuxaarann. Bunu Acrorum Gracccnu» concltil Florentini. 11, i.!tl_ J. {it'll. :N2-3Y).

196

113 cuera .uOCc:1Aa pcuenora nocrajc jacao JJ.a Bpnjennje KaTCrOpI{l[KH on.6au,yje CB3KY MoryhllocT cnnsan,a H3Meljy cyurrane H lIllOCT(lCI1. AKO 11 MQaceMQ peha na je ,[(yx CYWTl-IRCKH 1f3 Oua n CJlH3, ro HU uajMaH,e He KU3yjC}J.n casaa Ta jeAH3 cyurnora QQa II Cana jCCTC ~t3BOp H Y3IJOK Iberoaor anocracuor nocrojan,a. Jep. aKO 51'1 TClKO Ht~I1ITO :JaHCTCI GURU. ORAa 6u O'rau if C~iH Ol-Iml Y3POIlu u llyx UPgX3poKomlIm. If TO He CftMO JlQ auocracn Hero 11 110 CYUITUHH.· flPCMU TOMe, noacroueheu,e CYWTJJl:Ie Ii JHlOCT'dCJ.f HOHOAH AD uoacroseben.a cnnx cLmjCT3Ba y jCJlH02.11 it 130)lU no'rnyHOM HWtle3l:tyhy Tpoja-mnx JTUQa.2J2 3a'fo Jocal)) 'raKBO yueu-e HPOHH'IHO H3311Ba "HonOM TCOnO[ujoM 0 Han6o::fC<lHCKoj TpOjHuu .. 2.l\ II C npauou jc CM<'lTpa sa nOTnYHO 1)'~y npanocnaauo» 'l'pHjaHOJ[UUIKUM y-ren.y. To uax un-o BPHjcHHje CHltC:<.OfU1 AO TC Mepe.o.H upnxnara CI)OpMyny "OA Oua H ClLHa" npencrann,a cavo n.eroso ycn06HO CfH1.CXO~eJ-hc, AOK y CYIUTlfHH HU Mano He Met-ba It.crorm HenoKoncGnJH130 OeHOGHO yucpcn,e 1\3 Ilyx CneTU xao Hnocrac nCXO}lR ca.MO ou Oqa. jep "61:11'11 npm{3IloJ~HTCJb" Ilyxa jecre JIR'rHO cuojcruo caao Oua a He cnojcruo younrre Tpajy nHI.~a BO)l(anCKC cyurrune, lUIIl npyr-ux Ilaejy BO)KllHCKKX l1n0C1'l.lCH.2.14

JeA<lRAPyrHTeKC1' U3,1.lCJIct CueTHX Oraua aa KOjH ce noaaaajy 6paHiiOllH JIaTIlHCKor norxaru 0 Rcxol)ClbY CRCTOffi Ilyxa on Oua (oj CHHa jccre jenao TCLUKO H cuopno MCt.'TO KO,£{ CA. Fpuropaja Hacxor: "( ..• ) I1cnonenajyhn HcnpOMeHJbHBY HC'fOBCTHOCT npapoue, M,W lie nopiorexo pa3JHIK)' no y3pOKY II npOY3pOKonUHOCTl1, y lJeMY cxnaravo na ce jeauuo pasnuxyje jenno on; npyrora. TC uepyjCMO na jc jCHHO Y3POK H npyr-o je 11'3 yapoxa, Y oHOMe nax W'l'O jc HJ Y3POKH oncr APYry pasnaxy pa3YMCBat.1O: jenuo je (r]. elm) ucuocpenuo - npocr£xw<; -"" I'Ipuor-a {rj. H3 OQa). a npyro (r], Ilyx) je Kp03 HefiucpeuH.oia [.13 Ilpuora - Sla toiJ npocrex.fu<; £K 'lOU 7tpo:rtQU, TaK(J Ita ocraje H sa Cmra HCCYMihHua JeAliBOpOJVlOeT (to ~OVO')'EvtC;). >t3aAyxa HeCY'''baMO naje OH 0/\ 01(" (£I(to;:, no:tpOS dvo.t). nourro CIIHOf10 CtocpeaHlIlIlzTitw - 't~~ tOU YIOU J.lE(n'lEta~Ii H,eMY cassoxre onysaen JeAHHup0,l\UOCT H Ilyxy Ceeroac He cnpe1Iaoa npHpO):{HIt OAHOC (OXeOEro:;!: IlP>Katbe) cn Ol\t:M".2]5 Kao

no CnO{lO II. II Cu. TpojltlJ.u,J1.em'll. crp. 21)2.

231 BII/HI HCTO. crp. 2U3: "Oraua Om It COCT.I Ilyx Guht! aaxne 11 Q'!lIl1CTOOM II CUllonr.."TBOM 1111t:X(~bcl!'CM, It CUJlM yonurrc.jcnuc u ncro."

232 filiAl! ltCTQ, crp. 2U2: ..... He C.UIO WTO he Ilyx CueTH GUT!! jcnno nero ca 'JajelUHl'lKUM CyWTItliOM Tpojul{C, Hero he II CIIII 6wm jcnno IICTO ca B.OM, OJ II Oraunc no IIYiK/l.l16It'nljc,U.llulll,."1'UC:'I.lbOM. Ilpeent-roere. J.1/111 he TllOjm-ltl6unt

2J3 ~RI.~~~cJ;:Y~'~:~~::~r~;!'1)~~~);.'5~:~ "'MOjeJ\IIO JlIlCfO.'·

2.\4 CnODo 11. o Cu. Tpojuuu. ,.'I),IU, f..'Tp. 205.

235 e,l. rp"loIJllj(! HIIOW, Au.nillUijy - ~a Hue), TJ111 Sura. PG 4.'i, LU BC. Cp. J. 1JIJllj(,~l/Ije. Cnouo 21. (I CII. Tpc.)jull.u. UCJIOl. 1. .11)4. Bunn .1. Ttxeoou. Histoire des dcgmcs 11, Paris 1909. C1']). lIJ91.

ML'Wfjell>c.a.y.m CtU!ilioIlI (·U.J<4,O I)() 01111 (172-2UII)

UlTO ce lH1,!l,H H3 osora MCCT3, CB. I'paropaje HHCKIt roscpn 0 amy Ii 0 AYxy CneTOMC, aa Koje yrtorpecn.ana uspase: "jeuao je uenocpenno aa Ilpsora, a npyr-c je Kp03 HcnOCpe,!l,1I0 H'j Flpaora". OK(l ouora MCCTa nomoia ce 6op6a H3MC9Y npaeranaua Y'IClb3 0 <1>11- J1JtOKBC H npasocnaanax 6orocnoua. OOH nOCnC,IJ.!-LU cy, npHpO,UHO, sacrojana Aa nosseuyron MeCTY .n;ajy npanocnasao -ryaasen,e, cuaKaKO H3 OCHODY onnrrerrpajanonourxor yuea.a Hcro-unsx Oraua H HHpaBHO CaMQr cu. Fparopxja Hncxor. Jour je y 13. IlCKY narpajapx Fparopxie Kanapcxa nporyMa'lH.O OBO MeCTO '('8!(O na je pa'"Mi~o Y'lelbe 0 "npocnjan.y" (tKAo:J.l'V'<;) AYxa Cserora Kp03 CHan, ,6 ocnarsajynn ce ynpano ua pe-ns cs. Fpnropnja HncKor.2.17 Bpnjeaaje eel cuoje crpaae naje narepecnm-ac, ami paanasuro o.n; noaeuyror-, ,.YMa'ICH,e xoje ce ocnan.a na naaa Ben nosnary 'rpojH'IHY cxevy jepouonaxa Jeporeja.

Jocmi) nanonn na nocroje 'l'pH MorynHOCTH na CXnaTHMO pe-r "npoa£xfi)~1> - "uenocpeuuo" y HaaeUeHOM' TeKCT}'. rj.na 1'0 "HeI10- Cpe,IJ.HO" cXnaT11MO: nmr [10 MeC'ry, liJHI no BpCMeHY, I1ml no nanauy, Ilpna aorybnoc'r CXB8T3Fba ornana caaa no cefiu.jep Y DOfY HeM a nuxaxeor aecnor pacrojarsa - "fiO)f{aHCTBO je 6ecKpajHo 11 neodyxIHITn.11Bo". TaKO HCTOTpe6a On6aQHTI1 H APYT'Y »ror-yhaocr. -rj. HeKO UPCMCHCKO TYM<l'ICfbe peun "npooex.fut.;". jep: "OHO UJTO je no-n-o, xao ee-ruo, H(1KaKBY npeMeHCKY npc.l1crany He npmsa: DO>K8HCKa nax Jluua cy cna caoecno-reraa u cane-rna: raao HItUlTa BeMa I3pCMeHCKH npc, IBtTH I10cJJe",23~ Flpeesa TOM~. pex "1tpOaEXWC;" ocraje na ce cxaa'ru casro no nauauy (tp01tl~), TO jeer K30 YK<I',Ul8alhC na pa:lmn::y y IH1'IHHY nponnoiaxersa uaa DO>KaHCK3 Jlnua, 'Ii. Cana H Ilyxa, OA Bora Oua: "jep je 1'0 TaKO pexeao 33 pa3JJJl'lHTOCl' upoasnacxa IIuQl:I, rtourro ce jeuuo 0)\ OHUX KOjl1 cy 113 yapoxe (Tj. 1<3 Oua) 30Be CiIH, a upyro Ilponaaon ("P<,!~A1WO:); jep npyre pasnaxe OCI1M oue He~{Qryhe je 3aMUCm[nr',.2:W Kao 11 pnuaje Fparopnje Knnapcxn TaKO caaa 11 BplljCHI1jC KaTCrOpH'IKU O/\UHja 11 casry MoryhuoCT Ty~HP(eH:>a osor aecra Fpuropaja Huexor Y xopacr naTUHCKOf J,lOfM3Ta. 3aUlTlITIrnI~H naruacxor- y~reH>a o q)HJIHOKOe TyMU'Qe one MeCTO TaKO uno J.i3pa3 "n:pooexi'i><;" CXBarajy Y CMI1Cny npoasanassen,a CHua 0,1\ Oua, a H3pa'3 "Ola. tOu "pocreXW<;" Y CM.HCRY I!cxol}elba AYxa " 011 Cnna. Y casroj CT.apH lTaTl1HCKO TYMatleH>e He onroaapa .o.yxy H cMHcny ODor MeCTil cu. Fparopaja HUCKor, jep OH mrrJ~e He rOBOpJ1 0 Hcxo~elby ).l;yxa If on

i~~ ~~;'~f~~'~::;;::kf~~f~Z:11~~J~~~'!!~;O~ ftYeX~. ~o~!ra;~~-trt01'l1a Enncetujn,

'2:\3 6.~I:l~it~~~. T ojlil(J.1. Ilena 1,394.

231) Hero. crp. 395.· eN. BlI(:wwjf! BC'AWW KalKe KapaKTCpUC'T1I'1II0: "To je npyrn Jla'lHI1 eraacrcnunje" - illor; 'tp01tOC; U/i6:P~£I1lc;. (0 CD . .nyxy, I'll, 1S, 46, PG ~2. 1528: cp. ("(I • .I!J(ItlHllfwuuwH, TU'1HO nanoxcue npaa. eepe. T, 8, PG Y4. 816C.

197