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A solution contains a valuable material M in water. M is recovered from the solution using solvent S. If 9 kg of

S is used per kg solution, and the distribution equilibrium X/Z = 3, where X = kg M/ kg water and Z= kg M / kg

S. What will remain in the solution after extraction using (a) single batch equilibrium stage and (b) two

successive batch equilibrium stages using fresh solvent for each step?

Answer:

Basis: 10 kg feed

Extract Solvent

1 kg M/ 9 kg S 9 kg S

Solution Extractor

Raffinate Raffinate

5 kg (M+water) 3 kg M/ kg water

Kg M/ kg S

Solution:

Solution + solvent = M

From distributive equilibrium: 3 kg M + 1 kg Water from raffinate + 1 kg water from extract= 5 kg feed (Lo)

5 kg (water + M) + 9 kg solvent = 14 kg mixture (Lo)

Mass of raffinate = 1 kg Water + 3 kg M= 4kg raffinate (L1)

Mass of extract = 9 kg S + 1 kg M = 10 kg extract ( V1)

Fraction of M in extract: 1 kg / 10 kg = 0.1 ( Ya1)

Fraction of M in raffinate: 3 kg / 4 kg = 0.75 ( Xa1)

Mass fraction of solute M in feed = required (Xao)

Xa V1 L1 xa1

0.75 10 kg (M+S)

Fraction remaining in the solution= 0.8214-.75= 0.0714 = 7.14% fraction remaining in the feed

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