An MU professor started discussing sex in his class early on. 50 cents

columbia’s morning newspaper
Thursday, August 7, 2008

City weighs benefits of new system
The Community Issues Management system could improve resource allocation.
By KOURTNEY GEERS Community leaders met Wednesday night to gain a better grasp of “the major goal for 2009” for the Columbia/Boone County Health Department in the proposed fiscal 2009 budget. The goal is not a simple one and required a lecture-style crash course to understand the Community Issues Management system, also known as CIM, the city is considering adopting in order to improve its ability to use resources where they can make the best impact. The system was developed at MU’s campus by a group led by Christopher Fulcher, codirector of the Center for Applied Research and Environmental Systems. Four cities in the U.S. have found their own uses for the complex, Web-based system that allows various data to be aligned with maps and sent representatives to Columbia to present some of CIM’s uses. Some of the uses they have found for the program include community development, improving community health by understanding and assessing the social and environmental factors that may affect the health of residents, and increasing the number of tax returns for a targeted area. “CIM provides public and nonprofit organizations and communities with facilitation technologies that improve choice-making,” Fulcher said in his presentation. The program is in use in Tucson, Ariz.; Detroit; Lehigh Valley, Pa., and Charleston, S.C. The cities worked with organizations, such



The final installment of a four-part series on the lives of female wrestlers. Read the entire series online at

gaining strength


the scale is the first opponent wrestlers meet. In order to get to what really matters — the matches, the women must meet weight, which can be a struggle in itself.

Popularity of paper ballots up

Electronic ballots have been ditched for fear of glitches.
The Associated Press SAN DIEGO — Come November, more Americans might cast their ballots on paper than in any other election in U.S. history. That wasn’t supposed to happen. If everything had gone according to the government’s $3 billion plan to upgrade voting technology after the hanging-chad fiasco in Florida in 2000, that sentence would read “electronic machines” instead of paper. Instead, thousands of touchscreen devices are collecting dust in warehouses from Cali- BY THE fornia to NUMBERS Florida, where offi- 57: Percent of cials wor- voters that live in ried about an area relying on h a c k e r s paper ballots. and fed up with techni- 3 Billion: Dollars budgeted cal glitches have for a government r e p l a c e d plan to upgrade the equip- voting technology. ment with scanners that will read paper ballots. An Associated Press election research survey has found that 57 percent of the nation’s registered voters live in counties that will be relying on paper ballots this fall. The number of registered voters in jurisdictions that will rely mainly on electronic voting machines has fallen from a high of 44 percent during the 2006 midterm elections to 36 percent. Much of the rest of the electorate consists of voters in New York state, who will be using old-fashioned pulllever machines. Because of growth in the electorate over the past decade, expansion of absentee voting rules, and expectations of high turnout for the contest between Barack Obama and John McCain, some experts are predicting a record number of Americans will cast ballots on paper this year. “More people will be using computer-read paper ballots than at any other time in the nation’s history,” said Kimball Brace, head of Election Data Services, a consulting firm. “As you get more registered voters and more people in the pool, it exacerbates this bigger issues of paper.” In 2000, about 97 million registered voters lived in counties that relied on some form of paper ballot, Brace said. That figure is expected to top 100 million this fall, according to the AP data.

Please see CIM, page 3A

An official at the Women’s College Freestyle Nationals writes “59” in black marker on Missouri Valley College wrestler Samantha Fee’s arm. Fifty-nine was Fee’s weight in kilograms at weigh-in.

MU professor to be honored
He will receive the Priestley Medal for his work with boron.
By JUSTIN MYERS An MU radiology professor has been selected to receive the American Chemical Society’s highest honor for his contributions to understanding the chemistry of boron, the fifth element on the periodic table. M. Frederick Hawthorne, who is also the director of MU’s International Institute of Nano and Molecular Medicine, will receive the 2009 Priestley Medal at the society’s semiannual national meeting in March. The award is named for Joseph Priestley, who is credited with discovering oxygen. Hawthorne is in good company; past Priestley recipients include Linus Pauling, who won a Nobel Prize for his work on chemical bonds, and Glenn Seaborg, another Nobel laureate who led the team that discovered plutonium. Pauling also won a Nobel Peace Prize. “It (the Priestley Medal)’s the most important award one can get in the field of chemistry short of a Nobel Prize,” Robert Churchill, MU radiology department chair, said. Recipients are invited to deliver an address at the meeting when they receive the award, and

Athletes A wrestle with weight

mberlee Ebert is calm the day before the final collegiate wrestling meet of the season. Her blue eyes are not glaring on this Friday afternoon in mid-March. The Missouri Valley College sophomore is not thinking about her rival, Oklahoma City University’s Ashley Sword. The 24-year-old veteran, known as “Mama Sword,” dominated her one month earlier, but Ebert has shrugged off that match for now. Her current opponent looms ahead of her. The scale. Ebert is not worried about making weight, but her teammate Samantha Fee is anxious. The light auburnhaired sophomore is minutes away from breaking her fast. She will soon face the five seconds that have plagued her for the past week. Fee and her teammates are weighing in for the Women’s College Wrestling Association Women’s College Freestyle Nationals, the culmination of the women’s collegiate wrestling season, which started in January for Valley. Winners will be crowned in 10 weight classes Please see WRESTLING, page 7A


Please see CHEMIST, page 3A

Please see VOTING, page 3A

MU vet invents Lameness Locator to help treat injured horses In the equine veterinary industry, lameness in horses has been assessed subjectively for centuries, said Paul Schiltz, a veterinarian for Equine Medical Services in Columbia. Each vet has his or her own opinion about what’s wrong with a horse — and they often disagree. But Kevin Keegan, professor of veterinary medicine and surgery at MU, has a solution to this problem with the technology he has created that is going commercial in the next couple of weeks to months. In the late 1990s, Keegan began working on the Lameness Locator with a simple goal: to develop an objective way of detecting lameness.


Loni Taylor runs with American Thunder. The Lameness Locator measures acceleration and velocity at different points on a horse’s body to help vets pinpoint problems.

“Each practitioner says something different when observing, so we need a way to teach our students exactly what to look at,” said Keegan, also director of the E. Paige Laurie Endowed Program in Equine Lameness at MU. Through a lameness evaluation performed by multiple vets, he found, for example, that in looking at a horse’s front legs, these vets agreed only 25 percent of the time. Keegan then began observing horses on treadmills and putting markers on their bodies to record movements and transmit them to a computer. He attended MU engineering meetings and developed rules and equations to analyze the movements, pairing up with MU engineer

“It’s a new approach to a very old problem. Depending on the price, I don’t know any lameness clinic that wouldn’t want one.”
Veterinarian for Equine Medical Services


professor P. Frank Pai, who has worked with airplane vibration evaluations. The Lameness Locator is a spinoff of Pai’s work with airplanes. The locator analyzes vibration damage to see where the horse’s movement is off,

Keegan said. But the invention wasn’t practical for other industry professionals. It was then that Keegan began collaborating with Yoshiharu Yonezawa, an electronics engineering professor from Japan, Keegan said. Keegan and Yonezawa worked intensely on decreasing the size of the sensors and the number of other instruments and wires they put on the horses to record the movements, he said. One of the first steps was to use fewer sensors. Their previous work showed they needed only four markers to determine the lameness: on the top of the head, the right front leg, the top of the pelvis and the right hind

Please see HORSES, page 3A


Mexican-born killer put to death in Texas
HUNTSVILLE, Texas — Jose Medellin, a Mexican-born condemned killer whose case drew international attention, has been executed over the objections of an international court and the Mexican government, which contended he was denied access to legal help from his consulate. — The Associated Press

Outside today
This morning: Partly sunny. Temp: 84° This evening: Partly cloudy, with north wind around 6 mph. Temp: 64° Page 2A

Getting it right
The Missourian’s policy is to check all local stories for accuracy before publication. If you are a source of information, and we don’t double-check it with you, let us know. If you spot a mistake, let us know that, too. Call Tom Warhover at 573-882-5734.

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THURSDAY, August 7, 2008 — Page 3A

Voting: Officials worry ballot switch will cause extra stress
CONTINUED from page 1A The return to paper creates extra stress on an alreadystrapped election system. Cash-poor counties will have to spend tens of millions of dollars printing ballots. Voters, many of them first-timers, may wind up confused by the ballot formats and frustrated by long lines of people waiting to use the scanners. And counting all the paper could hold up the results of the election. “After 2000, there was a widespread revulsion about paper — everyone had the mental image of the guy cross-eyed looking at the punch-card ballot,” said Doug Chapin, director of the watchdog organization Electionline. “But there’s no silver bullet. You’re trading one set of problems for another.” All states but Idaho have junked the punch-card ballots that caused so much trouble in Florida. But many plan to use paper ballots that require voters to fill in ovals with a pen. The ballots are then read by digital scanners. Unlike touchscreens, paper can’t malfunction or be hacked into. But it has to be printed, shipped and securely stored before and after Election Day. Counties already paying to warehouse electronic machines will have to buy reams of card stock, print extras in multiple languages, pay for delivery and eventually destroy the unused ballots. In counties that are on their third system in three presidential contests, officials are retraining workers in how to use the equipment and demonstrate it to voters. Broward County, Fla., which was caught
in the punch-card maelstrom in 2000, has produced guides showing voters how to feed their paper ballots into the scanners. Other counties making the switch, including some of California’s largest, are planning to collect ballots at polling places and pay workers overtime to feed them into industrial-size scanners at central offices. None of that is likely to prevent voters from making other sorts of mistakes, such as filling in the wrong oval or using the wrong color pen. “A lot of officials are in damage-control mode because they’re going to try to limit the problems of switching to paper,” said Mike Alvarez, an expert in voting technology at Caltech in Pasadena. “You will have ballots not showing up, being printed wrong, the litany of mistakes voters make with these ballots, and then there’s incredible pressure in a crowded polling place for people who are trying to make their decision.” As Brace put it: “Paper is traditionally the device that the public is really good at screwing up.” In 2000, about 61 percent of registered voters lived in counties that relied on some form of paper ballot, whether punch-cards or fill-in-the-oval forms, according to Election Data Systems. Only 13 percent of voters lived in counties that used touchscreens or other evoting devices; the rest used pull-lever machines. With fewer than 100 days until Nov. 4, the first concern for many election officials is making sure they will be able to get all their ballots printed between the time the national, state and local slates have been selected and Election Day. California, the nation’s biggest electoral prize with more than 16 million people registered to vote, abruptly outlawed most electronic machines last summer, creating a potential crunch in the highly specialized ballot-printing industry. San Diego contracted with a Washington state company after local businesses said they couldn’t produce the 3.5 million extra ballots in the two-month window. Many paper ballots may wind up in the shredder. Last week, Ohio’s secretary of state ordered all 53 counties using electronic machines to print paper ballots to accommodate voters in November who opt out of e-voting. A similar order during the primary resulted in the pulping of more than a million unused ballots after only 14,484 voters asked for them.


Loni Taylor places one of three sensors on Goldie. The sensors transmit information used to determine lameness in a horse before symptoms are present.

“You will have ballots not showing up, being printed wrong, the litany of mistakes voters make with these ballots, and then there’s incredible pressure in a crowded polling place for people who are trying to make their decision.”
expert in voting technology at Caltech

Horses: Tool saves vets’ time
CONTINUED from page 1A leg. A year ago, they stopped using the locator on the right hind leg because it was transmitting the same information received from the right front leg, Keegan said. The equipment, now wireless, measures the acceleration of the head and pelvis and the angular velocity of the front leg. If they’re sound, the data looks like a symmetrical sine wave, and if they’re not, Keegan and Yonezawa measure the shape of the signal. A lame horse has a disruption in the shape, Keegan said. A frequency analysis, which pinpoints the location of the lameness, is performed. With the Lameness Locator ready to go for a wider market, Keegan needed funding. He started a business called Equinosis and got a license. His
company raised money from Angel Investors in Columbia, and production will begin in the coming months with 100 units this year for vets across the country, Keegan said. A price has not yet been set. “I’ve been impressed,” said Schiltz. “It’s a new approach to a very old problem. Depending on the price, I don’t know any lameness clinic that wouldn’t want one.” Schiltz said it will benefit vets when they’re observing subtle lameness that isn’t visible by simply looking at the horses. He said that because lameness is a specialty in equine vets, another big advantage is that vets who don’t look at lameness every day could have a way to evaluate the horses without relying solely on their experience. It would also be a great teaching tool, Schiltz said. Tom DiSalvo, co-owner of the thoroughbred racehorse American Thunder, didn’t know about the Lameness Locator before bringing his horse to the MU Equine Clinic from Illinois, and he is impressed. “I think the system is great,” said DiSalvo. “It helps Dr. Keegan focus on the problem and save time in diagnosing.” It will also help vets locate multiple problems that might have been overshadowed by an obvious lameness in another area, Schiltz said. All of the lameness will be shown at the same time, he said. “It would be useful for any vet practice that deals with lameness, but the limiting factor will be the cost of the equipment,” Schiltz said. “I think it’s such an applicable program that I would be able to justify buying it even if it’s not cheap.”

Mike AlvArez

CIM: System would cost $75,000; cost would be covered by grant
CONTINUED from page 1A as the United Way and other human service groups, to apply CIM data to improve community services. This is similar to the prospective plan for Columbia. Stephanie Browning, director of the Columbia/Boone County Health Department, said the about $75,000 system has yet to be purchased by the city but would be covered by an infrastructure grant from the Missouri Foundation for Health.
Some in attendance asked about the practicality of such a system for the average person and about how much time using the program would require of staff. “Our challenge is to make it really understanding for the folks in our community so they can use this tool in a unique way and make a difference in their community,” said Dan Duncan, senior vice president of external relations with United Way of Tucson and Southern Arizona. For now, however, the representatives from the cities are focusing on sharing their knowledge over the course of three days of discussion. “For us, it’s not just where we put money, it’s how we engage residents and the community to get results,” Duncan said. “We really absolutely need to learn from each other how to do that — it’s a key component of CIM.”

Chemist: Professor wants to expand cancer treatment to different tumors
CONTINUED from page 1A Hawthorne said he’s already thinking of what to say. “I want to use this as a means to explain to the people out there the unique properties at MU,” he said. He cited MU’s emphasis on collaboration, which he calls an “unusual and very favorable situation in which to accomplish new and difficult research goals.” “You just don’t find it better than this,” he said. Hawthorne’s colleagues describe his personality as warmly as they do his accomplishments. “He’s one of the most enthusiastic, upbeat, curious people you’ll ever talk to,” Churchill said. Calvin Lewis, an undergraduate student who works in Hawthorne’s research group, described him in an e-mail as “an outstanding role model.” “Because of Dr. Hawthorne’s kind heart, he gave me the chance of a lifetime,” Lewis said. Most of Hawthorne’s work has focused on the basic chemistry and applications of boron,
which he said was “a relatively unknown element” when he started his career. Hawthorne said the element can be used to make all kinds of small structures and devices, including molecular motors, which he called “really kind of cute and possibly useful in many ways.” Another use of boron that interests Hawthorne is a type of cancer treatment known as boron neutron capture therapy. In this treatment, boron atoms are brought into cancer cells but not into healthy cells. The boron atoms split apart and kill the cancer cells when exposed to neutrons — subatomic particles found in the nucleus of an atom. Hawthorne didn’t have access to a suitable source of neutrons, though, until after he came to MU and such a source was built at its research reactor. Hawthorne said he has high hopes for the treatment, which so far has mainly been studied for use with brain tumors, to be used in other parts of the body. “One of my main purposes in being here is to open up boron neutron capture therapy to apply it to all sorts of tumors,” he said. Eventually, Hawthorne said, he hopes to commercialize the technology. “I would like to see this happen in Columbia and the state of Missouri,” he said. Hawthorne arrived at MU in 2006 after spending 44 years in the University of California System, where he taught at the Riverside and Los Angeles campuses. Before he lived in California, he went to school in Kansas and Missouri. He went to high school in Rolla and studied chemical engineering for three years at Missouri University of Science and Technology, which was then known as the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy. “This is also like coming home, in a way,” Hawthorne said. Hawthorne said he has received more than 100 e-mails congratulating him since the award was announced. “It was and still is very exciting,” he said.

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