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Ecological Threat

Debates on pollution and general degradation of world’s ecology first began in the
nineteenth century in England, brought up by a phenomenon of smog. Still, although population
of the largest cities choked on this mixture of smoke, fog and coal powder, those debates did not
attract much of public attention. Nowadays, however, ecology has become a matter of major
concern. Global financial crisis of 2007-2010 has finally thrown light on other three crises that
the world is facing today: alimentary, sanitary and water crises. And these crises are much more
menacing to the entire human race.
Alimentary crisis is brought about by degradation of soles resulting from global warming,
its exhaustion due to wrong use and direct contamination by industrial wastes. As a result, about
a fifth of the world’s population suffers from famine.
Water crisis is also directly related to intensification of industrial activities that lead to
pollution and reduction of water resources. For example, specialisation of Tunis and Morocco in
textile production has drastically augmented their water consumption in 1980s. Today, having
their water sources deployed, both countries have to renounce cultivation of a large part of their
fertile lands in order to provide potable water for population, which brings about alimentation
crisis as well.
Industrial wastes also have their part in this drama, deteriorating the whole amount of the
most important natural resources – air, water, land. Although most of the world’s leading
industrial countries have agreed on reductions in emission of greenhouse gases during Kyoto
conference, some of them, like Spain, prefer to buy their neighbours’ emission quota rather than
to modify their production system. There is no need to remind the effect of greenhouse gases on
the world’s ecology.
The last among the listed, sanitary crisis, results directly from malnutrition, as well as
degradation of water and air quality. Combination of all those factors leads to the general
weakening of a human body’s resistance to maladies. Public health organisations claim that over
90 per cent of world’s population suffers from chronic illnesses. Also, according to the statistics
of World Healthcare Organisation, the quantity and variety of fatal illnesses has redoubled since
1900.
However, there is a silver lining in this murky cloud. The world governance seems to no
longer turn a blind eye to ecological problem. Maybe ecological threat will finally make
mankind forget the quarrels and disagreements and unify us against the disaster that does not
recognise any borders or social differences. Only together can we protect our future against the
disastrous consequences of our past.