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INTERNATIONAL HANDBOOK OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Springer International Handbooks of Education


VOLUME 18

International Handbook of
Higher Education
Part One: Global Themes and Contemporary Challenges

Edited by

James J.F. Forest


U.S. Military Academy,
West Point, NY, USA

and

Philip G. Altbach
Boston College,
Chestnut Hill, MA, USA

A C.I.P. Catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.

ISBN-10 1-4020-4011-3 (HB)


ISBN-13 978-1-4020-4011-5 (HB)
ISBN-10 1-4020-4012-1 (e-book)
ISBN-13 978-1-4020-4012-2 (e-book)

Published by Springer
P.O. Box 17, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
www.springer.com

Printed on acid-free paper

First published 2006, reprinted 2007

All Rights Reserved



C 2007 Springer
No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted
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or otherwise, without written permission from the Publisher, with the exception
of any material supplied specifically for the purpose of being entered
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART ONE: GLOBAL THEMES AND
CONTEMPORARY CHALLENGES
Acknowledgments
1
2
3

4
5

6
7

xi

Introduction
Philip G. Altbach and James J. F. Forest

The Academic Profession


Jurgen Enders

Accountability and Quality Assurance: New Issues


for Academic Inquiry
Elaine El-Khawas

23

Curricula in International Perspective


Lisa R. Lattuca

39

Doctoral Education: Present Realities and


Future Trends
Philip G. Altbach

65

Higher Education Finance: Trends and Issues


Arthur M. Hauptman

83

For-Profit Higher Education: U.S. Tendencies,


International Echoes
Kevin Kinser and Daniel C. Levy

107

Globalization and the University: Realities in an


Unequal World
Philip G. Altbach

121

vi

10
11

12
13

14
15

16
17
18
19

Table of Contents

Governance and Administration: Organizational and


Structural Trends
Barbara Sporn

141

History of Universities
Harold Perkin

159

Internationalization: Concepts, Complexities


and Challenges
Jane Knight

207

Higher Education Management: Challenges and Strategies


George Keller

229

Reflections on the Transition from Elite to Mass to Universal


Access: Forms and Phases of Higher Education in Modern
Societies since WWII
Martin Trow

243

The Private Fit in the Higher Education Landscape


Daniel C. Levy

281

Beyond Private Gain: The Public Benefits


of Higher Education
David E. Bloom, Matthew Hartley, and Henry Rosovsky

293

Research and Scholarship


Grant Harman

309

Student Politics: Activism and Culture


Philip G. Altbach

329

Teaching and Learning in Higher Education


James J. F. Forest

347

Rhetoric or Reality? Technology in Borderless


Higher Education
Svava Bjarnason

377

About the Editors

393

About the Contributors

395

Table of Contents

vii

PART TWO: REGIONS AND COUNTRIES


Preface to Volume Two

xi

SECTION 1
REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES
20
21
22
23

24
25

26
27
28

Higher Education in the Arab World


Linda Herrera

409

Higher Education in Central and Eastern Europe


Peter Scott

423

Higher Education in Developing Countries


David E. Bloom and Henry Rosovsky

443

European Integration in Higher Education: The Bologna Process


Towards a European Higher Education Area
Hans de Wit

461

Higher Education in French-Speaking Sub-Saharan Africa


Juma Shabani

483

Latin American University Transformation of the 1990s: Altered


Identities?
Marcela Mollis

503

Higher Education in Scandinavia


Evanthia Kalpazidou Schmidt

517

Higher Education in Southeast Asia in the Era of Globalization


Molly N. N. Lee

539

Higher Education in Sub-Saharan Africa


Damtew Teferra

557

SECTION 2
NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES
29
30

Argentina
Ana M. Garca de Fanelli

573

Australia
Simon Marginson

587

viii

Table of Contents

31

Brazil
Simon Schwartzman

613

Canada
Glen A. Jones

627

Chile
Jose Joaqun Brunner and Anthony Tillett

647

China
Ruth Hayhoe and Qiang Zha

667

Egypt
Iman Farag

693

France
Christine Musselin

711

Germany
Barbara M. Kehm

729

India
N. Jayaram

747

Indonesia
M. K. Tadjudin

769

Iran
Abbas Bazargan

781

Israel
Yaacov Iram

793

Italy
Roberto Moscati

811

Japan
Akiyoshi Yonezawa

829

Kenya
Charles K. Ngome

839

Korea
Namgi Park

867

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45

Table of Contents

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47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

ix

Mexico
Hugo Casanova-Cardiel

881

The Netherlands
Egbert de Weert

899

Nigeria
Munzali Jibril

919

Poland
Wojciech Duczmal

935

Russia
Anna Smolentseva

951

South Africa
Chika Trevor Sehoole

971

Spain
Jose-Gines Mora

993

Turkey
Hasan Simsek

1003

United Kingdom
Michael Shattock

1019

United States
Peter D. Eckel and Jacqueline E. King

1035

About the Editors

1055

About the Contributors

1057

Index

1069

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
Each chapter in this Handbook is the product of thoughtful research and analysis,
and we offer our sincere thanks to the authors for their hard work and commitment to
excellence. Thanks to their efforts, this collection will clearly serve as a central resource
for many years to come. A particular word of appreciation is owed to Harold Perkin, a
British social historian who passed away on October 16, 2004 at the age of 77, shortly
after submitting his chapter for this publication. We are honored to present his final
research product in this volume, and extend our sincere condolences to his family.
We are also grateful for the generous encouragement we have received from our professional colleagues and friends, many of whom continue to inspire us and our research.
Finally, and most importantly, our families have been constant sources of support and
understanding throughout the long and sometimes tedious process of editing. And to
the next generation of higher education students and scholars, we send our best wishes.
James J. F. Forest, West Point, NY
Philip G. Altbach, Boston College, MA
June 1, 2005

James J.F. Forest and Philip G. Altbach (eds.), International Handbook of Higher Education, xi.

C 2006 Springer. Printed in the Netherlands.