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CHAPTER 5

INCOME TAXES

PROBLEMS

5-1 a. Nontaxable
b. Nondeductible
c. Nondeductible
d. Temporary difference – Future taxable amount
e. Temporary difference – Future taxable amount
f. Temporary difference – Future deductible amount
g. Temporary difference – Future deductible amount

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Pretax financial income P11,000,00
0
Add Nondeductible expenses (b + c) 600,000 + 640,000
40,000
Less Nontaxable income (a) (3,000,000)
Financial income subject to tax P
8,640,000
Add Future deductible amounts (f + g) 750,000 + 1,150,000
400,000
Less Future taxable amounts (d + e) 1,500,000 + (2,500,000)
1,000,000
Taxable income P7,290,000

Income Tax Expense – Current 2,551,500


Income Tax Payable 2,551,500
35% x 7,290,000

Income Tax Expense – Deferred 875,000


Deferred Tax Liability 875,000
35% x 2,500,000
Deferred Tax Asset 402,500
Income Tax Expense – Deferred 402,500
35% x 1,150,000

or one compound entry may be made as follows:

Income Tax Expense – Current 2,551,500


Income Tax Expense – Deferred 472,500
Deferred Tax Asset 402,500
Income Tax Payable 2,551,500
Deferred Tax Liability 875,000

5-3 (Luzon Corporation)


(a) Pretax financial income P3,000,000
Future taxable amount (1,800,000)
Taxable income P1,200,000
Income tax payable: 35% x 1,200,000
P420,000

(b) Income Tax Expense – Current 420,000


Chapter 5 - Income Taxes

Income Tax Expense – Deferred 630,000


Income Tax Payable 420,000
Deferred Tax Liability 630,000
35% x 1,200,000 = 420,000
35% x 1,800,000 = 630,000

5-4 (Visayas Corporation)


(a) Pre tax financial income P2,000,000
Future deductible amount
1,550,000
Taxable income P3,550,000
Income tax payable: 35% x 3,550,000 P1,242,500

(b) Income Tax Expense-Current 1,242,500


Deferred Tax Asset 542,500
Income Tax Payable 1,242,500
Income Tax Benefit-Deferred
542,500

5-5 (Mindanao Corporation)


Income Tax Expense – Current 1,820,000
Deferred Tax Asset 700,000
Deferred Tax Liability 209,000
Income Tax Expense – Deferred (Benefit) 491,000
Income Tax Payable 1,820,000
35% x 5,200,000 = 1,820,000
35% x 2,000,000 = 700,000
(35% x 500,000) + (34% x 100,000) = 209,000

5-6 (Samar, Inc.)


Income Tax Expense – Current (35% x 2,000,000) P 700,000
Income Tax Expense – Deferred (185,500 – 210,000)
(24,500)
Income Tax Expense – Total P
675,500
Income Tax Payable (see above) P
700,000

Deferred Tax Asset: 35% x (360,000 + 240,000) P


210,000
Deferred Tax Liability: 35% x 530,000 P
185,500

5-7 (Bohol Company)


Taxable income P11,998,000
Future deductible amount:
Book depreciation in excess of tax depreciation (430,000)
Nontaxable income:
Proceeds from life insurance policy upon death of officer
1,250,000
Pretax financial income P12,818,000

5-8 (Wall Services)

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Chapter 5 - Income Taxes

(a) Schedule of reversal of the temporary differences


2008 140,000 x 34% P 47,600
2009 320,000 x 33% 105,600
2010 240,000 x 32% 76,800
Total P230,000

Pretax financial income P2,200,000


Add nondeductible expenses
400,000
Less nontaxable revenues
( 140,000)
Financial income subject to tax P2,460,000
Future taxable amounts ( 700,000)
Taxable income P1,760,000
Tax rate x 35 %
Income tax payable P
616,000
Deferred tax liability (see above) P
230,000
(b) Income Tax Expense – Current 616,000
Income Tax Payable 616,000

Income Tax Expense – Deferred 230,000


Deferred Tax Liability 230,000

(c) Income from continuing operations before income tax


P2,200,000
Income tax expense:
Current P616,000
Deferred 230,000 846,000
Net income P1,354,000

5-9 (Daniel Company)


(a)
Straight Line SYD Difference
2007 500,000 800,000 (300,000)
2008 500,000 600,000 (100,000)
2009 500,000 400,000 100,000
2010 500,000 200,000 300,000

Carrying Amount Tax Base Difference


12/31/2007 1,500,000 1,200,000 300,000
12/31/2008 1,000,000 600,000 400,000
12/31/2009 500,000 200,000 (300,000)
12/31/2010 0 0 0

2007 2008 2009 2010


Taxable income 800,000 890,000 1,200,000 1,500,000
Future taxable amount 300,000 100,000
Additional taxable
amount (reversal) ( 100,000) (300,000)
Pretax accounting 1,100,000 990,000 1,100,000 1,200,000
income

(b) Deferred Tax Liability (Asset) at the end of each year is as


follows:
2007 300,000 x 35% P

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Chapter 5 - Income Taxes

105,000
2008 400,000 x 35% 140,000
2009 300,000 x 35% ( 105,00
0)
2010 0 0

(c) Journal entries to record current income tax:


2007 2008
Income Tax Expense-Current 280,000 311,500
Income Tax Payable 280,000 311,500
(35% x 800,000) (35% x 890,000)

2009 2010
Income Tax Expense-Current 420,000 525,000
Income Tax Payable 420,000
525,000
(35% x 1,200,000) (35% x
1,500,000)

Journal entries to record deferred income tax:


December 31, 2007:
Income Tax Expense-Deferred 105,000
Deferred Tax Liability
105,000

December 31, 2008:


Income Tax Expense – Deferred 35,000
Deferred Tax Liability
35,000

December 31, 2009:


Deferred Tax Liability 35,000
Income Tax Expense-Deferred (Benefit)
35,000

December 31, 2010:


Deferred Tax Liability 105,000
Income Tax Expense-Deferred (Benefit)
105,000

(d)
2007 2008 2009 2010
Income tax expense:
Current P P P P
280,000 311,500 420,000 525,000
Deferred (Benefit) 105,00 35,00 ( 35,00 (105,00
0 0 0) 0)
Total income tax P P P P
expense 385,000 346,500 385,000 420,000
(e)
2007 2008 2009 2010
Income before P1,100,00 P 990,000 P1,100,00 P1,200,00

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Chapter 5 - Income Taxes

income tax 0 0 0
Less income tax
expense (see above) 385,00 346,50 385,00 420,00
0 0 0 0
Net income P P P P
715,000 643,500 715,000 780,000

5-10 (Jude Company)


(a) Future taxable amount
Carrying amount of inventories > Tax Base P
100,000
Carrying amount of building & equipment > Tax Base
1,800,000
P
1,900,000
Future Deductible Amount
Carrying amount of accounts receivable < Tax Base
P200,000
Carrying amount of warranty > Tax Base
800,000
Carrying amount of unearned rent > Tax Base
500,000
P
1,500,000
(b) Income Tax Payable
P1,750,000
Deferred Tax Assets (1,500,000 x 35%) P
525,000
Deferred Tax Liability (1,900,000 x 35%) P
665,000

(c) Income Tax Expense-Current 1,750,000


Income Tax Payable 1,750,000

Deferred Tax Liability 735,000


Income Tax Benefit-Deferred
735,000
1,400,000 – 665,000

No entry is necessary to adjust deferred tax asset, as deferred tax


asset beginning is P525,000 which is equal to the required balance of
deferred tax asset.

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