Second Exam D.E.3 Applic - Notes

© All Rights Reserved

31 views

Second Exam D.E.3 Applic - Notes

© All Rights Reserved

- Phys111a Lab 103
- IBC 2006 SEISMIC PARAMETER for staad
- Saddle Loads
- Physics 6a
- Mental Model to Explain Many Business Models _ the Odd
- signature assignment 1010
- 1972 Habraken Supports
- Thomas Townsend Brown
- Peka Hooke's Law
- Jai ho - 3.docx
- Physics Test Review Questions
- King chpt01-2e861300rdz
- Mechanics.pdf
- Quantum Mechanics
- Quiz 1
- rPt Physics f 42009
- ANEXO GRADERIAS.pdf
- Tata-Groups Placement Paper Contributed by Alwin
- UVCE (roberts1982)
- mech1nonu.docx

You are on page 1of 2

AND DECAY

Mathematical Formulation:

For problems in growth and decay, the

time rate of change of a given quantity A is

proportional to A. When transformed to a

mathematical statement, this gives us the

differential equation:

dA

kA

dt

+k

k>0, law of

exponential growth

-k

k<0, law of

exponential decay

Some problems which involve the law of

exponential growth\decay includes:

a. Law of Radioactive Disintegration

b. Population Problems

c. Interest of Money

d. Growth of any self-generating population

S1000= So e-0.001026(1000)

S1000= 0.358 So or about 35.8% of the

substance is left

Solving for the half-life (time it takes for 50% of

the substance to disintegrate):

0.50 So =So e-0.001026 t

t = ln 0.5/-0.001026 676 years

APPLICATION TO MIXTURE PROBLEMS

Mathematical Formulation:

If we consider a tank containing some substance

Q. The time rate of change of this substance Q is

equal to the amount of substance coming in per

unit time (inflow) minus the amount of the

substance coming out per unit time (outflow).

Inflow

GROWTH PROBLEM:

If the population of a city doubled in the past 25

years and the present population is 100,000, when

will the city have a population of 500,000?

Solution:

Let P = population at any time t

dP

dP

dP

kP

kdt

kdt

dt

P

P

ln P kt c P e kt c e c e kt

P Ce kt

Imposing the boundary conditions, we can solve

for C and k:

at t=0 (present time), Po=100,000:

100,000=C

at t=-25 (25 years ago), P-25=50,00:

50,000=100,000e-25k

k=ln 2/25 0.02773

Thus, P=100,000 e

0.02773 t

500,000=100,000 e0.02773 t

t=ln 5/0.02773 58 years from now

DECAY PROBLEM

If 5% of a radioactive substance decomposes in 50

years, what percentage will be present at the end

of 500 years?

1,000 years? What is the half-life of the substance?

Solution:

Let S = amount of substance at any time t

Imposing the boundary conditions, we can solve

for C and k:

at

t=0, S=So (initial amount of

substance):

So=C

at t=50 , S50=0.95 So:

0.95 So =So e50 k

k=ln 0.95/50 -0.001026

Thus, S=So e-0.001026 t

At the end of 500 years:

S500= So e-0.001026(500)

S500= 0.599 So or about 60% of the

substance is left

Outflo

w

In mathematical equation, this gives us the

differential equation,

dQ

Inflow Outflow

dt

If the inflow is expressed in terms of concentration

Ci at a rate ri, assuming that the concentration

inside the tank is kept uniform at any time equal

to C(t) and is allowed to flow out of the tank at a

rate ro, then this equation becomes:

dQ

ri Ci ro C(t )

dt

Example 1:

A 100-gal tank initially contains 25% dye solution.

A 40% dye solution is allowed to enter at a rate of

10 gal/min and the resulting uniform mixture is

removed from the tank at the same rate. Derive an

expression for the amount of dye in the tank as a

function of time.

Solution:

Let D = amount of dye at any time

dD

Inflow Outflow ri C i ro C(t )

dt

gal

gal D

10

0.40 10

min

min 100

dD

D

4

dt

10

ds

dt

d 2 s dv

dv

a 2

v

dt

ds

dt

as linear differential equation in standard

form:

dD D

1

4 where P (t )

dt 10

10

Q( t ) 4 .

and

used depends on the needs of the given

problem.

dS

dS

dS

kS

kdt

kdt

dt

S

S

ln S kt c S e kt c e c e kt

Example:

The acceleration (in m/s2) of the particle at

any time t is defined by the formula a(t) = 6t

+6. If the particle starts from rest at the

origin, find the velocity and the position of the

particle after 5 seconds.

S Ce kt

(t ) e

P ( t )dt

10 dt

e 10

Therefore:

D(t )

t

De 10

b.

(t )Q(t )dt c

t

the following manner:

is proportional to the net force acting on the body

and has the same direction as the force.

4e 10 dt c

De 10 40e 10 c

D 40 ce

Second Law of Motion

t

10

Example 2:

contains a 150-L mixture of water and 25

lbs. of durian extract. A durian solution

that has 2 lb./L concentration of is

allowed to enter the tank at a rate of 10

L/min. In the resulting uniform mixture is

removed from the tank a rate of 5 L/min,

determine the amount of durian (in lbs.)

at the time of overflow.

At the time when overflow starts

to occur, inflow rate is reduced to 2 L/min

and the concentration of 2 lb/L is

maintained. Also the outflow rate is

lowered to make the volume inside the

tank to be fixed at full capacity without

spillage (due to overflow). Derive an

expression for the amount of durian

extract (in lbs.) as a function of time. Let

t = 0 be the time when overflow starts to

take place.

This

statement

maybe

F ma m

a.

Problems in Motion

particle

is

frequently

encountered

in

mechanics. If we let s be position vector of a

particle at any time, v as the velocity vector

and a as the acceleration vector of a particle,

then the three vectors are related in the

following manner:

to

dv

d 2s

dv

m 2 mv

dt

dt

ds

mathematical equation:

Mechanics Problem

A 0.5-kg block is initially at rest at x=0

when a force P is applied at an angle of 60 O

as shown. P is non-uniform and is applied

such that its magnitude increases as the

displacement along x increases. The

relationship between the force P and x is

given by P = 4x + 8. Also, the horizontal

surface offers a constant friction of 2

Newtons. Determine the particular solution

x(t).

P

60O

APPLICATION TO MECHANICS

transformed

- Phys111a Lab 103Uploaded byyb1996
- IBC 2006 SEISMIC PARAMETER for staadUploaded byutoy032367
- Saddle LoadsUploaded byAnthony Dudley
- Physics 6aUploaded byLinda Huang
- Mental Model to Explain Many Business Models _ the OddUploaded bynabs
- signature assignment 1010Uploaded byapi-283261340
- 1972 Habraken SupportsUploaded byjosefbolz
- Thomas Townsend BrownUploaded byMagelican
- Peka Hooke's LawUploaded byZaiwati Othman
- Jai ho - 3.docxUploaded bydeepanshu sharma
- Physics Test Review QuestionsUploaded byGisele Phalo
- King chpt01-2e861300rdzUploaded byKayal Sabaradnam
- Mechanics.pdfUploaded bygloriafindelin
- Quantum MechanicsUploaded byAretusa
- Quiz 1Uploaded byChristian Malacapo Mortel
- rPt Physics f 42009Uploaded bysazliman
- ANEXO GRADERIAS.pdfUploaded byklanpunk
- Tata-Groups Placement Paper Contributed by AlwinUploaded byAbhishek Kumar
- UVCE (roberts1982)Uploaded bySana
- mech1nonu.docxUploaded byAsnor Randy
- IPhO_2000Uploaded byGustavo Oliveira Silva
- Midterm II 07Uploaded byAlex
- CSC SAFE Reaction (Soil Pressure) DirectionUploaded bypenghz
- Chapter 10 - GravitationUploaded byAshok Gupta
- lesson plan: workUploaded byJuvi Mae Laurito Burgos-Obenza
- Quasi StaticUploaded byAndy Vallee
- LP WORK FinalizedUploaded byJosal Mariano Jacinto
- 1_2_02Uploaded byAli Enes Öztürk
- Coexmetest 2012-16-4thsemUploaded byRon Dat
- Analisa Gangguan Sutm 20 Kv Penyulang Senggiring 3 Di Pt. Pln (Persero) Area PontianakUploaded byYanuar Diputra

- MTAPGrade 6 Individual ORAL With SolutionsUploaded bymikee_tej
- Practice Math Challenge Questions for Grade 7 Part 1Uploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- MTAP Elimination 2017.pdfUploaded byAldrin Duana
- AlgebraUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- ES21_ApplicationOfDifferentialEquationsUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- Another Approach to RanksUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- Fourth Exam Fourier - NotesUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- Third Exam - NotesUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- ES 21 Second Exam D.E.2 - NotesUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- ES 21 Second Exam D.E.1 - NotesUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- ES 21 First Exam NotesUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- MTAP Grade 6 National 2014Uploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- MTAP Grade 6 Regional IndividualUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- MTAP Grade 6 EliminationUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel
- EE158 Notes 1 - IntroductionUploaded byGil Kenneth San Miguel

- 519_transmission Line Theory by VishnuUploaded byMayank
- Lagrange EquationsUploaded byBlueOneGauss
- biodataUploaded byvinkumar_hbti
- Yu.M. Bunkov- ^3-He Experiments: Insights into Cosmology and Atomic PhysicsUploaded byQMDhidnw
- PHY_101_51_syllabus_052Uploaded byCeline Cole
- Syllabus for SSC JE - ElectricalUploaded byashikshareef
- ELCBUploaded byNuha ZaDa SanjaYa
- Bond Graph Modeling and Control of Induction Motor Used in Ladle CranesUploaded byIJAERS JOURNAL
- 1-03-001-14Uploaded byumashankarsingh
- EE2403 Special Electrical MachinesUploaded byvasanthavanan
- staticsUploaded byJm Beja
- City of Logan - Hihg Volume Supplemental ServiceUploaded byGenability
- KHUSUS - PERPINDAHAN PANAS 2016 - DTM.pdfUploaded byRomulus Situ Morank
- Part 02 Question (493 - 506)Uploaded byRAJDEEP DAS
- calorimetryUploaded bySharad Srivastava
- Lightinig Protection AircraftUploaded byelectworld
- Power System Stability Analysis Using MatlabUploaded byAryan Pratap Singh
- WindLoad Analysis BNBC 1Uploaded byTanvir Shahrier Mahmud
- 13.4Uploaded byMohammed K Hawa
- Lecture 1 NotesUploaded byrobbie_delavega7000
- Lecture9_Heat_Transfer_Multiphysics.pdfUploaded byali
- Vector Mechanics for Engineers - 9th EditionUploaded byJames Macpherson
- Resistor ManualUploaded byKalidass Back
- APGENCO APTRANSCO Electrical Engineering Question PaperUploaded byAjay Varma
- Diagnostico Parte 1 MalibuUploaded byHugo Armando Escamilla Lozano
- 11.1 DDZ1513 Single Phase Keypad Prepayment Energy Meter（Plug-In Module Type)Uploaded byhjayekoue01
- Mechanics 3 Revision NotesUploaded byDexter Fung
- Chapter19 StudentUploaded byPuteri Nur Shaheerah
- Analog AssignmentUploaded bySiti Sarah
- Flight Mechanics: Flight PerformanceUploaded byMohd Azri