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Confidential

Service manual
TM-U230

Issued Date

Issued by

English
401334602

EPSON

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual


CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT

BY USING THIS DOCUMENT, YOU AGREE TO ABIDE BY THE TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT. PLEASE RETURN
THIS DOCUMENT IMMEDIATELY IF YOU DO NOT AGREE TO THESE TERMS.
o

This document contains confidential, proprietary information of Seiko Epson Corporation or its affiliates. You
must keep such information confidential. If the user is a business entity or organization, you must limit disclosure
to those of your employees, agents, and contractors who have a need to know and who are also bound by
obligations of confidentiality.

On the earlier of (a) termination of your relationship with Seiko Epson, or (b) Seiko Epsons request, you must
stop using the confidential information. You must then return or destroy the information, as directed by Seiko
Epson.

If a court, arbitrator, government agency, or the like orders you to disclose any confidential information, you must
immediately notify Seiko Epson. You agree to give Seiko Epson reasonable cooperation and assistance in the
negotiation.

You may use confidential information only for the purpose of operating or servicing the products to which the
document relates, unless you obtain the prior written consent of Seiko Epson for some other use.

Seiko Epson warrants that it has the right to disclose the confidential information. SEIKO EPSON MAKES NO
OTHER WARRANTIES CONCERNING THE CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION OR ANY OTHER
INFORMATION IN THE DOCUMENT, INCLUDING (WITHOUT LIMITATION) ANY WARRANTY OF TITLE
OR NON-INFRINGEMENT. Seiko Epson has no liability for loss or damage arising from or relating to your use of
or reliance on the information in the document.

You may not reproduce, store, or transmit the confidential information in any form or by any means (electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without the prior written permission of Seiko Epson.

Your obligations under this Agreement are in addition to any other legal obligations. Seiko Epson does not waive
any right under this Agreement by failing to exercise it. The laws of Japan apply to this Agreement.

Rev. C

Confidential
Cautions
o

No part of this document may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of
Seiko Epson Corporation.

The contents of this document are subject to change without notice. Please contact us for the latest information.

While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this document, Seiko Epson Corporation assumes no
responsibility for errors or omissions.

Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein.

Neither Seiko Epson Corporation nor its affiliates shall be liable to the purchaser of this product or third parties
for damages, losses, costs, or expenses incurred by the purchaser or third parties as a result of: accident, misuse, or
abuse of this product or unauthorized modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product, or (excluding the U.S.)
failure to strictly comply with Seiko Epson Corporations operating and maintenance instructions.

Seiko Epson Corporation shall not be liable against any damages or problems arising from the use of any options
or any consumable products other than those designated as Original EPSON Products or EPSON Approved
Products by Seiko Epson Corporation.

EPSON and ESC/POS are registered trademarks of Seiko Epson Corporation

ii

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Contents
CONFIDENTIALITY AGREEMENT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
For Safe Repair and Maintenance Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii
Key to Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii
Safety Precautions on Maintenance/Repair/Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii
Modular Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
Precautions in Handling the Protective Coating of the case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ix
Aim of the Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ix
Manual Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ix
Chapter 1 Product Configuration
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-1
Specifications and configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Repair of Options and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-3
Chapter 2 Features and General Specifications
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Printing Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-2
Character Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
Autocutter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-4
Paper Roll Supply Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Receive Buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
Ribbon Cassette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-6
External Dimensions and Weight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-6
Environmental Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-9
Hardware Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-10
Main Unit Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Paper Feed Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Carriage Motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Print Head Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Home Position Sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-11
Paper End Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-12
Paper Roll Near-end Detector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-12
Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-13
Interface Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-13
Power Supply Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-13
Drawer Kick-Out Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-14
Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-16
RS-232 Serial Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-16
RS-485 Serial Interface (Option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
IEEE 1284 Parallel Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
Buttons and Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-24
Power Switch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-24
Panel Button . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-24
DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-25
Panel LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-27

Rev. C

iii

Confidential
Self-test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Operation When an Error Occurs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Receive Error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buffer Full Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Detectors and Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hexadecimal Dump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performing a Hexadecimal Dump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-27
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-28
2-29
2-29
2-29

Chapter 3 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles


Printer Mechanism Operating Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Mechanism Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Head Unit Movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wire Movement When a Single Dot is Printed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing a Character (9x9 font) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper Feed Mechanism Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper Loading (Semi-automatic Loading) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper Feeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Feed Mechanism Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Feeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Detection Mechanism Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Home Position Detection Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper Detection Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper Roll Near-end Detection Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autocutter Mechanism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Switch Mechanism Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching from Black to Red . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Releasing from Red to Black . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Circuitry Operating Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hardware Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Principles of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control Circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CPU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Various Detector Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Host Interface Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drawer Kick-out Drive Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIP Switch Read Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Mechanism Driver Circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Head Driver Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Carriage Motor Driver Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Autocutter Driver Circuit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-1
3-2
3-3
3-3
3-4
3-5
3-6
3-6
3-7
3-7
3-9
3-9
3-10
3-10
3-11
3-12
3-12
3-12
3-13
3-13
3-17
3-17
3-18
3-19
3-24
3-24
3-25
3-26
3-28
3-28
3-29
3-30

Chapter 4 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance


Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Precautions in Handling the Fine Coating Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing Roll Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Ribbon Cassette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing Paper Jams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Power Button Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
When to Clean the Fine Coating Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

iv

4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-5
4-7
4-11
4-12
4-12
4-13
4-13

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

How to Clean the Fine Coating Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13


Removing Dirt, Paper Chips, and Dust from Inside the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13
Standard Lubrication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Lubrication Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-14
Tool List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-15
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
Self-test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1
Initiating the Self-test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1
Self-test Standby . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1
Ending the Self-test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1
Troubleshooting Flowcharts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-2
Troubleshooting Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-9
Error Types and Countermeasures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-15
Chapter 6 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment
Precautions in Handling the Protective Coating of the Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-1
Small Part Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-2
Screw Illustrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-2
Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
Removing the Power Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-3
Removing the fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-4
Removing the Main Circuit Board Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-5
Removing the 7320 Autocutter Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-7
Removing the Print Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-9
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Sub-assembly A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Paper Feed Frame Unit Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-13
Main Assembly 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-19
Ribbon Switch Lever, Ribbon Release Spring, Ribbon Release Lever,
Ribbon Intermediate Gear, Ribbon Transmission Gear,
Ribbon Take-up Assembly, and Ribbon Drive Plate Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-19
Main Assembly 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-20
Tension Plate Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-20
Main Assembly 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-21
Paper Feed Frame Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-21
Main Assembly 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-22
Carriage Motor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-22
Main Assembly 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-24
Carriage Sub Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-24
Main Assembly 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-25
Carriage Shaft Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-25
Main Assembly 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-26
Adjustment Roller Shaft Holder Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-26
Main Assembly 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-27
Carriage Guide Shaft Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-27
Main Assembly 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-27
Belt Tension Spring Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-27
Main Assembly 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-29
Sensor Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-29
Main Assembly 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-31
Carriage Motor Heat Sink Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-31
Main Assembly 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-32
Print Head FPC Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-32

Rev. C

Confidential
Main Assembly 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print Head Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Assembly 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Left Cover Fixing Plate and Right Cover Fixing Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Assembly 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Frame Earth Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Assembly 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ribbon Frame Assembly, Ribbon Frame Spring, and Ribbon Frame Fixing Plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Assembly 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thumb-Screw and Head Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Platen Gap Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TM-U230 Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Horizontal Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-34
6-34
6-36
6-36
6-37
6-37
6-38
6-38
6-39
6-39
6-40
6-40
6-42
6-60

Chapter 7 Installation
Installation and Positioning of TM-U230 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Precautions in Handling the Protective Coating of the Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selecting a Place for anInstallation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environment Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIP Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Settings for Horizontal Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Location of the Rubber Feet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Orientation of NE Detector Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching Switch Panel for Horizontal Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Attaching the Power Supply Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assembling the Power Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vertical Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Horizontal Installation and Wall Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wall Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notes on Wall Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Host PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drawer Kick-out Connector (Marked DK) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7-1
7-1
7-1
7-1
7-2
7-3
7-3
7-3
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-6
7-6
7-7
7-8
7-8
7-8
7-11
7-14

Appendix A Parts List


How to Interpret Reference Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alphanumeric List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reference Number List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A-1
A-2
A-2
A-6

Appendix B Overall Exploded Diagram


Printer Mechanism Unit Overall Exploded Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case Unit Overall Exploded Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply Box Exploded Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

B-1
B-2
B-3
B-4

Appendix C General Lubrication Points Diagrams


Printer Mechanism Unit Lubrication Points Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
Case Unit Lubrication Points Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-2
Appendix D Circuit Diagrams
Main Circuit Board Diagram (Outline) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1

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Main Circuit Board Diagram (1/4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-2


Main Circuit Board Diagram (2/4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-3
Main Circuit Board Diagram (3/4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-4
Main Circuit Board Diagram (4/4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-5
Main Circuit Board Diagram (type: EA, EB, EBA, EBB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-6
Switch Panel Circuit Board Unit Diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .D-7
Appendix E Parts Layout
Main Circuit Board Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-1
Switch Panel Circuit Board Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .E-2

Rev. C

vii

Confidential
For Safe Repair and Maintenance Work
Key to Symbols
The symbols in this manual are identified by their level of importance, as defined below. Read the
following carefully before handling the product.

WARNING:
You must follow warnings carefully to avoid serious bodily injury.

CAUTION:
Observe cautions to avoid minor injury to your self, damage to your equipment, or loss of data.

Note:
Notes have important information and useful tips on the operation of your equipment.

Safety Precautions on Maintenance/Repair/Inspection

WARNING:
Be sure to use the designated type of fuse for the circuit board. Use of a different type may result in fire.
Remove the power cord and all other cables from this product before disassembly or reassembly to
prevent electrical shock.
To prevent the possibility of electrical shock, do not perform maintenance, repair, or inspection during a
thunderstorm.
Shut down your equipment immediately if it produces smoke, a strange odor, or unusual noise. Continued
use may lead to fire or electric shock. Immediately unplug the equipment.
Only disassemble this product as described in this manual. Do not make modifications to the unit.
Tampering with this product may result in injury, fire, or electric shock.
Be sure to use the specified power source. Connection to an improper power source may cause fire or
shock.
Never insert or disconnect the power plug with wet hands. Doing so may result in severe shock.

viii

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TM-U230 Service Manual

CAUTION:
Parts on the circuit board may become hot during operation. Therefore, wait approximately 10 minutes
after turning the power off before touching them.
Note that the print head and motors become very hot during normal operation, creating the danger of
burn injury. Be sure to wait for about 10 minutes after turning printer power off before beginning the
maintenance, repair, or inspection.

Rev. C

ix

Confidential
Modular Connector
Use the modular connector specifically designed for the cash drawer for this product. Do not connect this
connector to an ordinary telephone line.

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Precautions in Handling the Protective Coating of the Case


This printer is housed in a plastic case (*) with a special coating; simple cleaning is enough to remove dirt
easily so that the exterior of the printer remains in good condition. Like As with other plastic cases, handle
the protective coating with care, as described below.
(*)The protective coating is not applied to the installation surface of the metal plate, the power supply box,
and inside of the case.

Rev. C

Do not scratch the surface with hard objects; otherwise the case may be damaged and dirt may
become difficult to remove.

Do not use any type of abrasive agent (Scouring powder, scouring pads) to clean the case;
otherwise the surface of the case may be damaged, and dirt may become difficult to remove.

Never clean the case with disinfectant, bleach, alcohol, benzene, thinner, chlorine, or ketone;
otherwise the dirt may become difficult to remove. Also, they may cause the case to discolore,
dissolve, or deform.

The label may come off of the protective coating of the case.

xi

Confidential
About This Manual
Aim of the Manual
This manual was created to provide the information on printer maintenance and repair required by
technicians who handle this work.

Manual Content
The manual is made up of the following sections:

xii

Chapter 1

Product Overview

Describes the product and options.

Chapter 2

Features and General


Specifications

Describes the specifications required in carrying


out maintenance and repairs.

Chapter 3

Mechanism Configuration
and Operating Principles

Provides information on the mechanism assembly


and circuits required to perform maintenance and
repair.

Chapter 4

Handling, Inspection, and


Maintenance

Describes handling, inspection, and maintenance


items and procedures required in maintenance and
repair.

Chapter 5

Troubleshooting

Describes troubleshooting procedures (specific


problems and remedies).

Chapter 6

Disassembly, Assembly, and


Adjustment

Describes the disassembly, assembly and


adjustment procedures for the product.

Chapter 7

Installation

Provides procedures for installing the product.

Appendix A

Parts List

Contains a list of spare parts.

Appendix B

Exploded Diagrams

Disassembly diagrams for the product.

Appendix C

General Lubrication
Point Diagrams

Lubrication point diagrams for this product.

Appendix D

Circuit Board Unit Circuit


Diagrams

Circuit diagrams for the product.

Appendix E

Parts Layout

Provides parts layout diagrams of the circuit


boards.

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Revision Table
Rev.

Page

Description

Rev. A

All pages

Newly authorized

Revision Table i

Confidential
Rev.

Page

Description

Rev. B

Chapter 6-32

Added the explanation about Print head FFC assembly. (See below explanation for detail)
This manual was changed to explanation below.
Print Head FFC Assembly
1. Insert the FFC under the arm of the base frame assembly.
2. Pass the straight side of print head FFC through the slit in the base frame assembly.

3. Confirm that the right side of the black line on the FFC locates on the left side of the
arm. If not so, adjust the position. (See the above figure.)
4. Pull out the print head FFC from the back of base frame assembly.
5. Adjust the print head FFC from the back of base frame assembly.
6. Pass the end of print head FFC through the guide of base frame assembly.
7. The projections of print head FFC must be held with the arm of base frame assembly.
Print head FFC processing
Hook

Reason of change;
To use the parts FFC, PRINT HEAD in common with other models TM-U200.
Appendix A

Added the patrs below in the Parts List.


SCREW, HEAD COVER (Reference number; 532)
FFC, PRINT HEAD B (Reference number; 538)
Reason of change;
To use the parts in common with other models.

Appendix D

Added the main circuit board diagrams (type EBA, EBB).


Their type board is interchangeable with previous type.
ROM size onthe circuit board (type EBA); 4Mbit
ROM size onthe circuit board (type EBB); 8Mbit

ii Revision Table

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Rev.

Page

Description

Rev. C

Chapter 6
Appendix A
Appendix B-2

Added the part (CUTTER,A,ASSEMBLY (146)).


Reason of change;
To be added the parts newly.

Revision Table iii

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iv Revision Table

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Chapter 1

Product Configuration
Features
Developed as a high-performance, low-cost design concept, this printer is a light, highly reliable, 1-station
printer; a user-friendly total solution for all your kitchen printing needs.

Rev. C

Compact and light weight

High-speed printing through logical seeking control

High reliability and long service life through use of stepping motors for carriage feed and paper
feed operations

Users can create their own formats, since the paper feed pitch can be set as desired

Complies with ESC/POS for versatile control

Selectable character fonts (7 5 9 font, 9 5 9 font)

Semi-automatic paper loading supported

AC adapter type power supply makes a compact configuration

Equipped with ASB (Automatic Status Back) function that automatically transmits changes in
printer status

Print color can be switched (black or red) (2-color print specification)

Built-in Autocutter unit

Equipped with Autocutter control commands to save paper

Receipt buffer with a maximum size of 16 KB

Vertical, horizontal, or wall-mounted (WH-10) installation

Protective coating of the case exterior

An internal buzzer notifies the operator when the printer runs out of paper (connected to the paper
out LED)

Product Configuration 1-1

Confidential
Specifications and Configuration
Table 1-1 Specifications and configuration
Product name

Specification code

Font

Interface specifications

Power supply box (PS-180)

TM-U230

011

Aiophanumeri
c

Serial interface (UB-S01)

Provided

TM-U230

012

Aiophanumeri
c

Serial interface (UB-S01)

N/A

TM-U230P

011

Aiophanumeri
c

Parallel interface (UB-P02)

Provided

TM-U230P

012

Aiophanumeri
c

Parallel interface (UB-P02)

N/A

Repair of Options and Accessories


Options
Table 1-2 Option specifications and repair method
Category

Model name

Specification

Repair method

Purchase method

Interface board

UB-S01

RS-232

Replace with new product

Purchase as service part

UB-S02

RS-485

Replace with new product

Purchase as option

UB-P02

IEEE 1284 (bidirectional


parallel)

Replace with new product

Purchase as service part

UB-U01

USB (with downstream


HUB)

Replace with new product

Purchase as option

UB-U02

USB (without
downstream HUB)

Replace with new product

Purchase as option

UB-E01

Ethernet

Replace with new product

Purchase as option

WH-10

Replace with new product

Purchase as option

Wall mount bracket

1-2 Product Configuration

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Accessories
Table 1-3 Accessory specifications and repair method
Category

Model name

Specification

Repair method

Purchase method

Roll paper

76.0 mm 0.5 mm

Replace with new


product

Purchase as consumable

Special cassette ribbon

ERC-38 (B/R)

Replace with new


product

Purchase as consumable

Interface board set screw


(serial interface only)

Hexagonal millimeter
screw

Replace with new


product

Purchase as service part

Power switch cover

Replace with new


product

Purchase as service part

Power supply

PS-180

Replace with new


product

Purchase as service part

Power supply box

One upper case


One lower case
Two screws for securing
the upper and lower cases
Two screws for securing
the power supply to the
printer

Replace with new


product

Purchase as service part

Switch panel sheet (horizontal)

Replace with new


product

Purchase as service part

Rev. C

Product Configuration 1-3

Confidential

1-4 Product Configuration

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Chapter 2

Features and General Specifications

POWER LED

Power switch

ERROR LED
FEED button

PAPER OUT LED

Flash memory

Power supply connector

Drawer kick-out connector


Frame ground screw
Interface connector
Frame ground screw
DIP switches

Figure 2-1 TM-U230 appearance

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-1

Confidential
Features
Printing Specifications
Printing method:

Serial impact dot-matrix

Head wire configuration:

9-pin serial type

0.353 mm
(0.014")

0.29 mm (0.01")
(wire diameter)

0.317 mm (0.012")

Figure 2-2 Dot configuration

Dot pitch:

0.353 mm (1/72")

Dot wire diameter:

0.29 mm (0.01")

Printing direction:

Bidirectional with logic seeking

Printing width:

63.34 mm (2.49")

Line feed:

4.233 mm (1/6"): default setting


Programmable in units of 1/144 inch by using commands.

Paper feed method:

Friction feed

Paper feed speed:

Approximately 4.17 inches/second (25 lines/second) during


continuous paper feeding

Characters per line:

See the table on the next page.

Characters per inch:

See the table on the next page.

Total dot count (horizontal


direction):

7 x 9 font: 400 half-dot positions per line


9 x 9 font: 400 half-dot positions per line

Print speed:

Approximately 3.5 lines/second (40 columns, 16 cpi)


Approximately 6.4 lines/second (16 columns, 16 cpi)

NOTE: If the print duty ratio is too high, the operation of the print head is stopped by the duty limit. In such circumstances, the print speeds
shown above cannot be guaranteed.
cpi = characters per inch.

2-2 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Character dimensions, characters per inch, characters per line


Character Structure
Horizontal x Vertical

Character
Structure
Character Set

Character
Dimensions
WxH

Dot Spacing
Between
Characters

Characters Per
Line (cpl)

Characters Per
Inch (cpi)

Aiophanumeric

1.2 x 3.1 mm
(.047 x .122")

3 half dots

40

16

Graphics

1.7 x 3.1 mm
(.070 x .122")

40

16

Aiophanumeric

1.6 x 3.1 mm
(.063 x .122")

3 half dots

33

13.3

Graphics

2.0 x 3.1 mm
(.079 x .122")

33

13.3

Aiophanumeric

1.2 x 3.1 mm
(.047 x .122")

2 half dots

42

17.8

Graphics

1.6 x 3.1 mm
(.063 x .122")

42

17.8

Aiophanumeric

1.6 x 3.1 mm
(.063 x .122")

2 half dots

35

14.5

Graphics

1.9 x 3.1 mm
(.075 x .122")

35

14.5

7x9

9x9

7x9

9x9

NOTE: The default font is 7 x 9; the dot spacing between characters is either 3 half dots or 2 half dots, depending on the setting of DIP
switch 2-1.

Character Specifications
Character sets:

Alphanumeric: 95
International: 37
Graphics: 128 x 8 pages

Character structure:

7 x 9 with 400 half-dot positions per line


9 x 9 with 400 half-dot positions per line
1.24 mm (0.049")
1.59 mm (0.063")

0.353 mm
(0.014")
2.4 mm
(0.094")

3.1 mm
(0.122")

0.159 mm (0.006")

Figure 2-3 Character size (7 x 9 font example)

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-3

Confidential
Paper
Paper types:

Paper roll:

Plain paper

Paper roll width:

76 0.5 mm (2.99 .020")

Paper roll maximum


diameter:

83 mm (3.27")

Paper roll core:

Paper rolls with the paper taped or glued to the core cannot be used.

Normal paper:

Thickness:
Weight:

1 sheet: 0.06 to 0.085 mm (.0024 to .0034")


52.3 to 64 g/m2 (13.9 to 17 lb)
(45 to 55 kg/1000 sheets/1091 x 788)

Print area
Cutting position (auto-cutter)

27mm

(*1)

63.34mm
5.9mm

6.76mm
Maximam of 200 dots, 400 position

76mm

Figure 2-4 Print area


(*1)

Values for the print area are calculated (between dot centers) with the wire diameter ( 0.29 mm [.011"]).

Autocutter
Partial cut is executed by a command. (A partial cut leaves one point uncut.)

Paper Roll Supply Device


Supply device:

Drop-in loading

Receive Buffer
Either 16KB or 1kB, selectable by DIP switches.

2-4 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Electrical Specifications
Input conditions
Input voltage (rated):

90 (100 -10%) VAC to 264 (230 +15%) VAC

Frequency (rated):

47 to 63 Hz

Input capacity (rated):

100 VA

AC switch:

Not provided

Power LED:

Not provided

Output conditions
Output voltage (rated):

24 VDC 5%

Output current (rated):

2.0 A

Output power (rated):

48 W

Output peak current:

4.5 A (300 ms, duty 1/6)

Power consumption (except when driving drawer kick-out):


Operating:

Mean average 38 W

Standby:

Average 3 W

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-5

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Environmental Specifications
Temperature:

Operating: 0 to 50 C (32 to 122 F)


At 34 C (93 F) or higher, there are humidity restrictions; see the
figure below.
Storage: 10 to 50 C (14 to 122 F), except paper and ribbon

Humidity:

Operating: 10% to 90% RH (non-condensing)


Storage: 10% to 90% RH (non-condensing), except paper and ribbon

34 C (93 F), 90%

90

Relative Humidity [% RH]

80
40 C (104 F), 65%
60
Operating Temperature Range

40

50 C (122 F), 35%

20
10
0
0

10

20

30

40

50
Environmental Temperature

Figure 2-10 Operating temperature and humidity range

Vibration resistance:

When packed:
Frequency: 5 to 55 Hz
Acceleration: 2 G
Sweep: 10 minutes (half cycle)
Duration: 1 hour
Directions: x, y, and z

Impact resistance:

When packed:
Package: EPSON standard package
Height: 60 cm (23.62")
Directions: 1 corner, 3 edges, and 6 surfaces
When unpacked:
Height: 5 cm (1.97")
Directions: Lift one edge and release it (for all 4 edges)

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-9

Confidential
Ribbon Cassette
Ribbon cassette specifications
Model number

Color

Ribbon life (*1)

ERC-38 (P)

Purple

4 million characters (with continuous printing at 25 C [77 F])

ERC-38 (B)

Black

3 million characters (with continuous printing at 25 C [77 F])

ERC-38 (B/R)

Black and
Red

Black: 1.5 million characters (with continuous printing at 25 C [77 F])


Red: 750,000 characters (with continuous printing at 25 C [77 F])

(*1)

Ribbon life is based on the following conditions:


Character font:
7 x 9 font (with descenders)
Print pattern:
ASCII 96-character rolling pattern. See the specification published by EPSON for the print
pattern example.
NOTE: Malfunctions and other problems may occur if a ribbon cassette other than the specified one is used.

External Dimensions and Weight


Height:

259.5 mm (10.217")

Width:

166 mm (6.535")

Depth:

168 mm (6.614")

Weight:

Approximately 2.7 kg (5.952 Ib)

Figure 2-5 Appearance (with power supply cover removed)

2-6 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

Confidential

(when the cover is open)

TM-U230 Service Manual

(when the cover is open)

Figure 2-6 Appearance (with cover open)

Figure 2-7 Appearance (when inserted in power supply cover and placed on a table)

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-7

Confidential

Figure 2-8 Appearance (when inserted in power supply cover and wall mounted)

Figure 2-9 Appearance (when inserted in power supply cover and installed horizontally)

2-8 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

Confidential
Hardware Configuration

Carriage motor

Print head unit


Home position sensor

Paper feed motor

Paper end detector

Main circuit board

Interface circuit board

Paper roll near-end detector

Figure 2-11 TM-U230 main unit configuration

2-10 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Main Unit Specifications


Paper Feed Motor
Type:

4-phase, 48-polarity, PM-type stepping motor

Drive voltage:

24 VDC 10%

Winding resistance:

58 2.9 at 25 C (77 F), per Coil

Current consumption:

Peak: 1.1 A in worst case


Average: 200 mA at 24 VDC, 25 C (77 F), 600 pps
350 mA maximum

Carriage Motor
Type:

4-phase, 48-polarity, PM-type stepping motor

Drive voltage:

24 VDC 10%

Winding resistance:

39.5 1.9 at 25 C (77 F), per Coil

Current consumption:

Peak: 1.5 A maximum


Average: 400 mA at 24 VDC, 25 C (77 F), 952 pps
600 mA maximum

Print Head Unit


Number of solenoids:

Winding resistance:

19.2 5% at 25 C (77 F), per Coil

Drive voltage:

24 VDC 10%

Home Position Sensor


Type:

Photo sensor

Voltage:

5 VDC 5%

Output level:

ON (0 V) when the carriage home position is detected

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-11

Confidential
Paper End Detector
Type:

Microswitch

Voltage:

5 VDC 5%

Output level:

ON (5 V) when paper end is detected


OFF (0 V) when paper is detected

Paper Roll Near-end Detector


Type:

Microswitch

Voltage:

5 VDC 5%

Output level:

OFF (0 V) when a paper near-end is detected

2-12 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Connectors

Frame ground
screw

Interface
connector

Frame ground
screw

Drawer kick-out
connector

Power supply
connector

Figure 2-12 Connector panel (serial interface)

Frame ground
screw

Interface
connector

Frame ground
screw

Drawer kick-out
connector

Power supply
connector

Figure 2-13 Connector panel (parallel interface)

Interface Connector
See the interface section.

Power Supply Connector


This connector is used to connect the printer to an external power source.
Pin assignments:

See the table below.

Power supply connector pin assignments


Pin Number

Signal Name

+ power supply

GND

NC

Shell

Frame GND

NOTE:Be sure to ground the frame ground (FG) screw on the board at the bottom of the unit. Ground wire terminal hole diameter: 3.2 mm
(.13"). Ground wire thickness: AWG 18 or equivalent.

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-13

Confidential
Drawer Kick-out Connector
A pulse specified by the ESC p command is output to the drawer kick-out connector. The host can
confirm the status of the input signal by using the GS a, GS r, or DLE EOT commands.
Drawer kick-out connector pin assignments
Pin Number

Signal name

Direction

Frame GND

Drawer kick-out drive signal 1 (*1)


(See "Drawer kick-out drive signal," below.)

Output

Drawer open/close signal (*2)


(See "Drawer open/close signal," below.)

Input

+24 VDC

Drawer kick-out drive signal 2 (*1)


(See "Drawer kick-out drive signal," below.)

Output

Signal GND

(*1) Drawer kick-out drive signal


Output signal:

Voltage = Approximately 24 VDC


Current = 1 A or less

Output waveform:

Outputs the waveforms in Figure 2-14 to pins 2


and 5 of the connector. t1 (ON time) and t2 (OFF
time) are specified by ESC p.

t1 x 2 ms

t2 x 2 ms

Figure 2-14 Drawer kick-out drive signal output waveform

(*2) Drawer open/close signal


The host computer can check the drawer open/close status with the DLE EOT, GS a, and GS r
commands.
Input signal level:

LOW = 0 V
HIGH = 2 to 5 V (at connector pin 3)

CAUTION:
To avoid overcurrent, resistance of the drawer kick-out solenoid must be 24 or more.

2-14 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

NOTES:
o

Two driver transistors cannot be energized simultaneously. (Two drawers cannot be opened simultaneously.)

The drawer drive duty must be as shown below:


ON time
(ON time + OFF time)

0.2

Be sure to use the printer power supply (connector pin 4) for the drawer power source.

CAUTION:
Do not connect a telephone line to the drawer kick-out connector; otherwise the printer and the telephone
line may be damaged.

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-15

Confidential
Interfaces
RS-232 Serial Interface
Data transmission:

Serial (compatible with RS-232)

Synchronization:

Asynchronous

Handshaking:

DTR/DSR or XON/XOFF control

Signal levels:

MARK = -3 to -15 V: Logic 1/OFF


SPACE = +3 to +15 V: Logic 0/ON

Baud rates:

4800, 9600 bps

Data word length:

7 or 8 bits

Parity settings:

None, even, odd

Stop bits:

1 or more

Connector:

Female D-SUB 25-pin connector

NOTES:
o

Handshaking, data word length, baud rate, and parity depend on DIP switch settings.

Data transmitted from the printer has 1 stop bit (fixed).

2-16 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Interface connector pin assignments


RS-232 interface connector pin assignments and functions
Pin number

Signal name

I/O

Function

FG

Frame ground

TXD

Transmit data

RXD

Receive data

RTS

Same as the DTR signal

DSR

This signal indicates whether the host computer can receive data. SPACE indicates the host
computer can receive data, and MARK indicates the host computer cannot receive data. When
DTR/DSR control is selected, the printer transmits data after confirming this signal (except when
transmitting data by DLE EOT and GS a). When XON/XOFF control is selected, the printer
does not check this signal. Changing the DIP switch setting lets this signal be used as a reset
signal for the printer. The printer is reset when the signal remains MARK for
1 ms or more.

SG

Signal ground

20

DTR

1) When DTR/DSR control is selected, this signal indicates whether the printer is busy. SPACE
indicates the printer is ready to receive data, and MARK indicates the printer is busy. A busy
condition can be changed using DIP SW 1-8 as follows:
DIP SW 1-8 status

Off line

Printer

ON

OFF

1. During the period from when power is turned on (including


reset using the interface) to when the printer is ready to
receive data.

BUSY

BUSY

2. During self-test.

BUSY

BUSY

3. During paper feeding using the paper FEED button.

BUSY

4. When the printer stops printing for a paper-end.

BUSY

5. When an error has occurred.

BUSY

6. When a temporary abnormality occurs in the power supply


voltage.

BUSY

7. When the receive buffer becomes full. (See Notes.) (*1)

BUSY

BUSY

2) When XON/XOFF control is selected:


This signal indicates whether the printer is correctly connected and ready to receive data.
SPACE indicates the printer is ready to receive data. The signal is always SPACE except in the
following cases:
o During the period after power on until the printer is ready to receive data.
o During self test.
25

INIT

Changing DIP switch setting enables this signal to be used as a reset signal for the printer (see
the DIP switch settings in the Buttons and Switches section of this chapter). The printer is reset
when the signal remains SPACE for 1 ms or more.

NOTES:
o
o

Rev. C

(*1) The receive buffer is full when the remaining space in the buffer is between 1/4 to 3/4 of buffer capacity.
The printer ignores data received when the remaining space in the receive buffer is 0 bytes.

Features and General Specifications 2-17

Confidential
Switching between online and offline
This printer does not have an online/offline button. It is automatically set to online/offline status under the
following conditions.
The printer goes offline when:
o

Between the time when power is turned on (including reset using the interface) and when the printer is
ready to receive data.

During the self-test.

When the cutter cover is open.

During paper feeding using the paper FEED button.

Between the time when the printer stops printing for a paper-end and when the online recovery wait
time finishes after loading paper (if an empty paper supply is detected by either the paper roll end
detector or the paper roll near-end detector with a printing halt feature enabled for low paper by ESC
c 4).

When an error has occurred.

The printer goes online when:


o

The printer automatically goes online when the mechanism has been initialized and the printer is
ready to receive data.

The printer automatically goes online when the self-test has been executed.

The printer automatically goes online when paper feed stops after releasing the PAPER FEED button.

The printer can be returned to online status after loading paper by entering the (GS z 0) command.
The default setting varies with the printer type.
Default: t2 = 0
The printer can be returned to online status by pressing the FEED button while the PAPER OUT LED
blinks after paper has been loaded.

2-18 Features and General Specifications

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TM-U230 Service Manual

XON/XOFF transmission timing


When XON/XOFF control is selected, the printer transmits XON or XOFF signals as follows.
DIP SW 1-8 status

Printer status

ON

OFF

XON
transmission

When the printer goes online after turning power on or after reset using the
interface.
When the receive buffer is released from the buffer full state.
When the printer switches from offline to online (*1).
When the printer recovers from an error through a command.

Transmission
Transmission
------Transmission

Transmission
Transmission
Transmission
Transmission
Transmission

XOFF
transmission

During an error condition.


When the receive buffer becomes full (*2).

Transmission
----

Transmission
Transmission

(*1) XON is not transmitted when the receive buffer is full.


(*2) XOFF is not transmitted when the receive buffer is full.
NOTE: The XON code is 11H and the XOFF code is 13H.

Serial interface connection example


Host

Printer

TXD

RXD

DSR

DTR

CTS

RTS

RXD

TXD

DTR

DSR

FG

FG

SG

SG

NOTES:
o

Set handshaking so that transmitted data can be received.

Transmit data to the printer after turning on the power and initializing the printer.

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-19

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RS-485 Serial Interface (Option)
Refer to the Appendix for details.

IEEE 1284 Parallel Interface


Complies with the standard described in the IEEE 1284 specification by the Institute of Electrical and
Electronic Engineers, Inc.

Specification
Data transmission:

8-bit parallel

Synchronization:

Externally supplied STROBE signals

Handshaking:

ACK and BUSY signals

Signal levels:

TTL-compatible

Connector:

57RE-40360 (DDK) or equivalent (IEEE 1284 Type B)

Reverse communication
(Printer to host):

Nibble or byte mode

Reverse Mode (Data Transmission from Printer to Host)


Status data transmission from the printer to the host occurs in nibble or byte mode. These modes allow
data transmission from the asynchronous printer under control of the host. Data transmissions in nibble
mode are made via the existing control lines in units of four bits (a nibble). In byte mode, data
transmissions proceed by making the eight-bit data lines bidirectional. In Centronics-compatibility mode,
transmission in both directions (forward and reverse) concurrently fails to proceed, causing half duplex
transmission. The IEEE 1284 nibble/byte modes are under development in draft form and may be subject
to change.

2-20 Features and General Specifications

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Interface connector pin assignments


IEEE 1284 interface connector pin assignments and functions
Pin number

Source

Compatibility Mode

Host

Strobe

Host Clk

Host Clk

Host/Ptr

Data0 (LSB)

Data0 (LSB)

Data0 (LSB)

Host/Ptr

Data1

Data1

Data1

Host/Ptr

Data2

Data2

Data2

Host/Ptr

Data3

Data3

Data3

Host/Ptr

Data4

Data4

Data4

Host/Ptr

Data5

Data5

Data5

Host/Ptr

Data6

Data6

Data6

Host/Ptr

Data7 (MSB)

Data7 (MSB)

Data7 (MSB)

10

Printer

Ack

PtrClk

PtrClk

11

Printer

Busy

PtrBusy/Data3,7

PtrBusy

12

Printer

PError

AckDataReq/Data2,6

AckDataReq

13

Printer

Select

Xflag/Data1,5

Xflag

14

Hostr

AutoFd

HostBusy

HostBusy

15

NC

ND

ND

16

GND

GND

GND

17

FG

FG

FG

Logic-H

Logic-H

Logic-H

GND

GND

GND

18

Printer

19-30

Nibble Mode

Byte Mode

31

Host

Init

Init

Init

32

Printer

Fault

DataAvail/Data0, 4

DataAvail

GND

ND

ND

33
34

Printer

DK_STATUS

ND

ND

35

Printer

+5V

ND

ND

36

Host

SelectIn

1284-Active

1284-Active

NOTES:
o

Overscored signal names are Active LOW signals.

If a host does not provide for the signal lines listed above, two-way communication fails.

For interfacing, signal lines must use twisted pair cables with the return sides connected to signal ground level.

Interfacing conditions must all be based on the TTL level to meet the characteristics described below. In addition, both the rise and fall
time of each signal must be 0.5 s or less.

Data transmission must not ignore the ACK or BUSY signal. An attempt to transmit data with either the ACK or BUSY signal ignored
can cause lost data. (Data transmissions to the printer must be made after verifying the ACK signal or while the BUSY signal is at a
LOW level.)

Interface cables should be as short in length as possible.

NC: Not Connected


ND: Not Defined

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Features and General Specifications 2-21

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Reception of status from the printer through the bidirectional parallel interface
In bidirectional parallel interface operation, printer status transmission is available using the two-way
communication facility of the IEEE 1284-compatible nibble/byte modes. In this case, unlike in RS-232
serial interface operation, real-time interruptions from the printer to the host are disabled, and so you must
pay attention to the following.
o

The maximum capacity of the printers internal buffer is 99 bytes (except ASB status). Status signals
exceeding this capacity are discarded. To prevent possible loss of status, the host must be ready for
data reception (Reverse Mode).

When ASB is used, the host is preferably in the wait state for data reception (Reverse Idle Mode).
When this state is not available, the host enters Reverse Mode to continually monitor data presence.

When ASB is used, preference is given to ASB status for transmission over other status signals. Any
accumulated ASB status signals left for transmission from the last to the newest ASB status
transmissions are transmitted together at one time as one ASB status showing the presence of change,
followed by the latest ASB status.

Example: In the normal (wait) state, the ASB status is configured as follows:
First Status

Second Status

Third Status

Fourth Status

0001 0000

0000 0000

0000 0000

0000 0000

In a sequence of operations including near end detection and the paper FEED button being pressed and
released, the following pieces of data are accumulated.
First Status

Second Status

Third Status

Fourth Status

0001 0000

0000 0000

0000 0011

0000 0000

Near end
detection.

0101 1000

0000 0000

0000 0011

0000 0000

Paper FEED
button is pressed.

0001 0000

0000 0000

0000 0011

0000 0000

Paper FEED
button is
released.

When ASB status is received following this, a total of eight (8) bytes of ASB will be transmitted as
follows: Accumulated ASB (++).

Accumulated ASB (++)


+
The latest ASB ()
Fourth Status

First Status

Second Status

Third Status

Fourth Status

0101 1000

0000 0000

0000 0011

0000 0000

First Status

Second Status

Third Status

Fourth Status

0001 0000

0000 0000

0000 0011

0000 0000

2-22 Features and General Specifications

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Notes on setting DIP switch 1-8 to ON


The printer mechanism stops but does not become busy when an error occurs, printing stops for a paper
end, or paper is fed using the FEED button.
When setting DIP switch 1-8 to ON to enable handshaking with the printer, be sure to check the printer
status with GS a and the ASB function. In this setting, the default value of n for GS a is 2. The printer
automatically transmits the printer status, depending on online/offline changes.
When using DLE EOT and DLE ENQ, be sure that the receive buffer does not become full.
o

If the host cannot transmit data when the printer is busy or if an error occurs, DLE EOT and DLE
ENQ cannot be used when printer is busy, because the receive buffer has become full.

With a host that can transmit data when the printer is busy, if the printers receive buffer becomes full
while the host is sending bit-image data, a DLE EOT or DLE ENQ command transmitted during
sending of bit-image data is processed as bit-image data, not as a command. Secondly, any data
transmitted when the receive buffer is full may be lost.

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Features and General Specifications 2-23

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Buttons and Switches
Power Switch
Type:

Rocker switch

Function:

The power switch turns the power on or off.

Note:
Turn on the power only after connecting the power supply.

Panel Button
The panel button is enabled or disabled by the ESC c 5 command. This button is inactive if it is disabled.
Feed (FEED) button:

Type: Non-locking push button


Function: Feeds paper based on the line feed amount set by ESC 2 and
ESC 3.

Note:
The ESC c 5 command enables or disables the panel button. When disabled, the button does not
function. However, when the cover is open, the panel button is enabled regardless of the ESC C 5
setting.

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TM-U230 Service Manual

DIP Switches
RS-232 and RS-485 interface model
The DIP switches are located at the bottom of the case.
DIP switch 1
DIP Switch

Function

ON

OFF

Default

Data receive error

Ignored

Prints ?

OFF

Receive buffer capacity

Data buffer 1KB

Data buffer 16KB

OFF

Handshaking

XON/XOFF

DTR/DSR

OFF

Data word length

7 bits

8 bits

OFF

Parity check

Yes

No

OFF

Parity selection

Even

Odd

OFF

Baud rate selection

4800 bps

9600 bps

OFF

Busy condition

When the receive buffer is full

When the receive buffer is full


in offline status

OFF

Function

ON

OFF

Default

Print column selection


7 5 9 font/9 5 9 font

42CPL/35CPL

40CPL/33CPL

OFF

For internal use only (*1)

Fixed to ON

ON

I/F pin 6 reset signal

Used

Not used

OFF

I/F pin 25 reset signal

Used

Not used

OFF

PAPER OUT LED lighting status

Blinking

On

ON

For internal use only (*1)

Fixed to OFF

OFF

For internal use only (*1)

Fixed to OFF

OFF

Internal buzzer

Disabled

Enabled

OFF

DIP switch 2
DIP Switch

(*1) Do not change the setting of DIP switches 2-2, 2-6, and 2-7.

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Features and General Specifications 2-25

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IEEE 1284/USB/Ethernet interface model
The DIP switches are located at the bottom of the case.
DIP switch 1
DIP Switch

Function

ON

OFF

Default

Auto line feed

Enabled

Disabled

OFF

Receive buffer

1KB

16KB

OFF

Undefined

OFF

Busy condition

Receive buffer full


Scanning data

Offline or
Receive buffer full
Scanning data

OFF

Function

ON

OFF

Default

Print column selection


7 5 9 font/9 5 9 font

42CPL/35CPL

40CPL/33CPL

OFF

Internal use (*1)

Fixed to ON

ON

Undefined

OFF

Internal use (*1)

Fixed to ON

ON

PAPER OUT LED lighting status

Blinking

On

ON

Internal use (*1)

Fixed to OFF

OFF

Internal use (*1)

Fixed to OFF

OFF

Internal buzzer

Disabled

Enabled

OFF

3-7
8

DIP switch 2
DIP Switch

(*1) Do not change the setting of DIP switches 2-2, 2-4, 2-6, and 2-7.

2-26 Features and General Specifications

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Panel LEDs
Power (POWER) LED:

Paper roll near-end


(PAPER OUT) LED:

Green
On:

24 V power supply is stable.

Off:

24 V power supply is not stable.

Red
The LED blinks or
is on continuously
(*1)

Paper roll near-end is detected.


(The LED can be set to flashing or to on by switching
the setting of DIP switch 2-5.)

Off:

Adequate paper remains on the paper roll (normal


condition).

(*1) Use the FEED button to turn off the PAPER OUT LED and the internal buzzer.
Error (ERROR) LED:

Red
On:

Offline (except during paper feeding using the FEED


button and during the self-test).

Off:

Normal operation.

Blinking

Error state. (Refer to Error Types and


Countermeasures in Chapter 5.)

Self-test
The printer has a self-test function that checks the following:
o

Control circuit functions

Printer mechanisms

Print quality

Control ROM version

DIP switch settings

See Chapter 5 for instructions on running a self-test.

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Features and General Specifications 2-27

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Error Processing
Printer Operation When an Error Occurs
The printer executes the following operations upon detecting an error:

Serial interface
o

All mechanical operations stop.

DTR signal is set to MARK (only when DTR/DSR is selected and DIP switch 1-8 is OFF).

The ERROR LED blinks.

XOFF is transmitted when XON/XOFF control is selected (only when DIP switch 1-8 is OFF).

Parallel interface
o

All mechanical operations stop.

The BUSY signal is set to HIGH (only when DIP switch 1-8 is OFF).

The ERROR LED blinks.

Fault signal is set to LOW.

Data Receive Error


If one of the following errors occurs, the printer prints ? or ignores the data, depending on the setting of
DIP switch 1-1:
o

Parity error

Framing error

Overrun error

Buffer Full Printing


When the printers buferis full and it recerives more data, the printer processes one line of data in the print
buffer, and automatically prints the processed data and feeds the paper one line.

Detectors and Printing


When the printer detects a paper near-end, it stops or continues printing, depending on the ESC c 4
command setting. The roll paper detector always halts printing when there is no paper.

2-28 Features and General Specifications

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Hexadecimal Dump
This function prints data transmitted from the host computer in hexadecimal numbers and in their
corresponding ASCII characters.

Performing a Hexadecimal Dump


Open the cover, hold down the FEED button and turn on the power; then close the cover. This causes
"Hexadecimal Dump" to be printed on the paper and subsequently received data is printed as
hexadecimals and characters. You can also use the GS (A command to start a hexadecimal dump.
NOTES:
o

. is printed if no printable ASCII character corresponds to the data received.

During the hexadecimal dump, all commands except DLE EOT and DLE ENQ are disabled.

You can print data insufficient to fill the last line by taking the printer offline. (See Switching between online and offline earlier in
this chapter.)

Sample hexadecimal dump


After printing ends, turn off the power and press the PAPER FEED button three times or perform a
hardware reset to terminate the hexadecimal dump.
Hexadecimal Dump
To terminate hexadecimal dump,
press FEED button three times.

1B 40 1B 21 30 41 42 43 : . @ . ! 0 A B C
44 45 46 47 0A
:DEFG.
*** completed ***

Options
o

RS-485 serial interface

IEEE 1284 compatible interface board (bidirectional parallel)

RS-232-compatible interface board

USB interface board

Ethernet interface board

WH-10 wall mount bracket

Rev. C

Features and General Specifications 2-29

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2-30 Features and General Specifications

Rev. C

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Chapter 3

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles


Printer Mechanism Operating Principles
The M-U200 printer mechanism mounted in the TM-U230 is composed of six mechanisms: print, paper
feed, ribbon feed, detector, autocutter, and ribbon switch.
Note:
Although the M-U200 printer mechanism mounted in the TM-U230 has the same configuration and
operating principles as the mechanism in the TM-U200 series, the TM-U200 series mechanism assembly
cannot be used in the TM-U230. It differs in the following respects:
o

Platen gap adjustment value (the adjustment width is slightly wider than that used in the TM-U200
series).

Spring force of the ribbon frame spring (stronger than the spring used in the TM-U200 series).

Figure 3-1 M-U200

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-1

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Print Mechanism Unit
The print mechanism unit consists of the parts shown in the figure below.
Carriage shaft
Print head unit
Print head ground
plate assembly

Belt tension
pulley

Paper feed
frame assembly

Carriage
guide shaft
Carriage sub
assembly
Belt
Print head FPC
Carriage motor
assembly

Figure 3-2 Print mechanism unit

3-2 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Print Head Unit Movement


When the carriage motor is driven and the carriage motor gear moves in the direction of arrow B (forward
rotation), the rotational power is conveyed to the belt drive pulley, then the belt. Next, the carriage sub
assembly, which is fixed to the belt, moves in the direction of arrow B.
When the carriage motor gear rotates in the direction of arrow A (reverse rotation), the carriage sub
assembly moves in the direction of arrow A.
Carriage motor gear
Belt drive pulley
Belt

Carriage sub assembly

Figure 3-3 Print head unit movement

Wire Movement When a Single Dot is Printed


When the specified print head drive pulse is input to the drive coil, the iron core is magnetized, and the
actuating plate is pulled in the direction of arrow A. This action pushes the wire toward the platen. When
the wire strikes the ink ribbon and paper against the platen, a single dot is printed. (The platen is the
portion of the paper feed frame being struck by the wires during printing.)
When energizing of the drive coil is completed, the wire and actuating plate are returned to the standby
position by the wire return spring and actuating plate spring.
Wire return
spring

Actuating
plate

Ink ribbon

Paper roll

Wire
Wire guide
Iron core

Platen

Drive coil

Figure 3-4 Printing

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Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-3

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Printing a Character (9x9 Font)
A character is printed by energizing the print solenoids with respect to the carriage sub assembly portion.
(The reference timing for the print solenoids is the carriage motor phase switching signals.) The print head
unit moves 0.317 mm (0.012) (in approximately 1.05 ms) each time the carriage motor rotates one step
(7.5).
To print the character 2, print solenoids 2 and 9 are energized first using the same timing as the carriage
motor phase switching signal. Then, print solenoid 8 is energized at TnH (being delayed a half dot). The
remaining print solenoids are energized correspondingly, and the character 2 is finally printed.
TnH(4)

TnH

Carriage motor phase


switch timing

Print solenoid

Tn

Tn+1

Tn+2

Tn+3

Tn+4

Tn+5

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Figure 3-5 Print timing chart

3-4 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Paper Feed Mechanism Unit


The paper feed mechanism unit consists of the parts shown in the figure below. Paper feeding is performed
by driving the paper feed motor (stepping motor).
Paper hold roller
Paper hold
spring

Paper feed
roller assembly
Upper paper guide
Paper feed motor

Paper feed
frame assembly

Paper hold
roller shaft

Paper feed
reduction gear

Figure 3-6 Paper feed mechanism unit

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Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-5

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Paper Loading (Semi-automatic Loading)
When the paper roll is manually inserted into the paper feed roller, the paper detection switch in the paper
path detects the paper, and semi-automatic loading is executed. (Semi-automatic loading is the function
that automatically feeds paper to the top of the paper feed frame assembly when a paper roll is inserted in
the paper path after the detector detects no paper.)
Paper

Paper feed
frame

Paper hold
plate spring

Upper paper guide


Guide roller
Upper case

Paper hold roller

Paper feed roller

Base frame assembly

Figure 3-7 Paper loading

Paper Feeding
Paper feeding is performed by conveying the paper feed motors rotational power from the paper feed
motor gear through the paper feed reduction gear, paper feed gear, and paper feed roller.
Since the paper feed roller and paper hold roller are pressed together, paper advances to the top of the
paper feed frame assembly because of the friction between the rubber of the paper feed roller and the
paper hold roller.
During printing, the paper feed motor is driven after each line is printed, causing the paper to be fed a
specified amount. While the FEED button on the control panel is pressed, the paper feed motor is driven
and the paper roll is fed.

3-6 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Paper roll

Paper feed roller


Paper feed
motor gear

Paper feed
reduction gear
Paper hold roller
Paper feed gear

Figure 3-8 Paper feeding

Ribbon Feed Mechanism Unit


The ribbon feed mechanism unit consists of the parts shown in the figure below. The printer feeds the
ribbon automatically as the carriage motor rotates.
Ribbon cassette
Ribbon intermediate gear
Ribbon frame
assembly

Ribbon take-up
assembly
Ribbon drive
plate assembly

Ribbon transmission
gear

Figure 3-9 Ribbon feed mechanism unit

Ribbon Feeding
When the carriage motor rotates forward and the carriage motor gear rotates in the direction of arrow A,
the ribbon intermediate gear and ribbon drive gear rotate in the directions of arrows B and C, respectively.
This causes the ribbon drive plate to move in the direction of arrow D, with the ribbon intermediate gear
shaft in the center, until the ribbon drive gear engages the ribbon transmission gear.
Since the ribbon transmission gear and the ribbon take-up gear are always engaged, the ribbon take-up
gear rotates in the direction of arrow E.

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Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-7

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When the carriage motor rotates in the reverse direction and the carriage motor gear rotates in the direction
of arrow F, the ribbon drive plate moves in the direction of arrow G, disengaging the ribbon drive gear
from the ribbon transmission gear.
Therefore, the ribbon take-up assembly rotates in the direction of arrow E only when the carriage motor
rotates forward. Then the ribbon feed and ribbon hold rollers in the ribbon cassette, which are engaged
with the ribbon take-up assembly, rotate and the ribbon is fed.
Carriage motor gear
F

Ribbon intermediate gear


Ribbon feed roller
Ribbon take-up
assembly

B
Ribbon drive
gear
C
G

D
Ribbon take-up
gear

Ribbon drive
plate
E
Ribbon transmission gear

Figure 3-10 Ribbon feeding

3-8 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Detection Mechanism Unit


The detection mechanism unit consists of the home position detection, paper detection, and near-end
detection mechanisms.

Paper detector

Home position sensor

Figure 3-11 Detection mechanism unit

Home Position Detection Mechanism


The home position detection mechanism consists of the detection protrusion at the left side of the carriage
sub assembly and the sensor sub assembly at the left side of the base frame. It determines the home
position, identifies the carriage position, and detects carriage sub assembly operation errors.
The sensor sub assembly consists of an LED and photo transistor. When the carriage sub assembly moves,
the detection protrusion passes between the LED and photo transistor and blocks the optical axis of the
photo transistor, changing the output level of the photo transistor.
The change in the output level is used as a signal to detect the movement of the carriage sub assembly.
Printer side
The light is
not blocked

The light is blocked


+5V
High
A
Low
GND

Signal level at A

Carriage sub assembly detection protrusion

Figure 3-12 Home position detection diagram

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Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-9

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Paper Detection Mechanism
The paper detection mechanism is located in the paper path. The mechanism provides paper end detection
for the paper roll and semi-automatic loading by detecting presence or absence of the paper roll when it is
inserted. Since the paper detector switch sub assembly is a micro switch, it is always ON when the paper
roll is loaded.

Paper Roll Near-end Detection Mechanism


The near-end detector assembly consists of the near-end detector lever and a microswitch sensor and is
located on the right side of the lower case. This detector senses the amount of paper left on the paper roll.
The tip of the near-end detection lever is always pressed against the edge of the paper roll by a spring
inside the microswitch. Therefore, when there is a large amount of paper remaining on the roll, the nearend detection lever is pressed against the side of the paper roll as depicted by the solid lines in the figure
below. This keeps the microswitch turned on. When the amount of paper left on the roll decreases below a
predetermined amount, the tip of the near-end detection lever no longer presses against the side of the roll
and moves in the direction indicated by the arrow into the hole in the center of the roll core. This turns the
microswitch off and generates a signal indicating that the paper roll is near its end.
Lower case
Paper roll

Microswitch

Near-end
detection lever

Paper roll center

Figure 3-13 Paper roll near-end detection mechanism

3-10 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

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TM-U230 Service Manual

Autocutter Mechanism
The printer executes a partial cut (one point left uncut) by driving the cutter motor.
When the motor is energized from the standby state, the wormwheel rotates in the direction indicated by
arrow A through the gears from the motor. The resulting motion of the wheel pin through arm slot C
causes the arm to move in direction B. This, in turn, causes slot D to move the movable blade drive pin in
direction E to make the blade execute a cut. If the motor continues rotating, the wormwheel makes one
rotation and it makes the movable blade return to the standby position and the cutting is finished.
Wormwheel

Wheel pin

Movable blade drive pin

Slot D

Arm

Movable blade

Figure 3-14 Autocutter mechanism

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Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-11

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Ribbon Switch Mechanism Unit
The ribbon switch mechanism unit consists of the carriage motor assembly, carriage sub assembly, tension
plate assembly, tension belt pulley, home position detector assembly, ribbon frame assembly, ribbon
frame spring, ribbon switch lever, ribbon release lever, and ribbon release spring. The mechanism unit is
placed at the left and right of the carriage sub assembly, whose position is controlled by the number of
carriage motor steps, using the home position as the reference position. It switches between the black and
red ribbon in the ribbon switch and ribbon release areas outside the printing area.

Switching from Black to Red


When the carriage sub assembly (print head unit) moves in direction E and reaches the ribbon switch area,
the ribbon switch lever is pushed by the ribbon switch section and moved to position A (shown by the
dotted lines). The ribbon assembly frame is pushed upward by the push face for the ribbon frame. The
detent face for the ribbon switch falls into the ribbon switch lever hole in the ribbon frame assembly and
the ribbon frame assembly is set to the red position.

Releasing from Red to Black


When the carriage sub assembly moves in the D direction and reaches the ribbon release area, the ribbon
release lever is pushed by the ribbon release section. Then portion C pushes the ribbon frame assembly
upward. At this time, the detent face for the ribbon switch is released from the ribbon switch lever hole in
the ribbon frame assembly and the ribbon switch lever is returned to ribbon switch lever position B
(shown by the solid lines) by the spring power of the ribbon release spring. When the carriage sub
assembly moves in the E direction, the ribbon frame assembly and ribbon release lever return to their
original positions because of the spring power of the ribbon frame spring.
Ribbon release range

Ribbon switch range

Ribbon release lever

Ribbon switch lever

B
Ribbon release section
Ribbon switch section
C
Ribbon switch lever hole
Push face for ribbon frame
Detent face for ribbon switch

Figure 3-15 Ribbon Switching

3-12 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Electrical Circuitry Operating Principles


Hardware Configuration
Component connection diagram
The electrical circuitry of the printer consists of the main circuit board and the interface circuit boards
(UB-S01/RS-232, UB-P02/IEEE 1284, UB-S02/RS-485, UB-U01/UB-U02, or UB-E01). The figure
below is a component connection diagram for the electrical circuitry.

I/F circuit board assembly

Print head

AC adapter

Drawer

CN2

CN1

CN2

CN4

CN7

Main circuit board

CN1

Host interface

CN5

Carriage motor

CN13

Switch circuit board


CN13S assembly
(with cover sensor)

CN11

CN8

CN9

CN6

Roll paper near-end detector

Various sensors

Auto-cutter

Paper feed motor

Figure 3-16 Component connection diagram

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-13

Confidential
Circuit board block diagram
The main circuit board unit contains the following electrical circuits:
o

Power supply circuit

Reset circuit

CPU [internal RAM: 16K bits (2K x 8 bits)]

Memory [Flash memory: 4M bit (512K x 8 bits) (8 Mbit/16 Mbit selectable)]


[S-RAM: 1M bit (128K x 8 bits)]

Operation panel control circuit

Drawer kick-out driver circuit

Print head driver circuit

Paper feed motor driver circuit

DIP switch read circuit

Various detector circuits

Carriage motor driver circuit

Autocutter driver circuit

Buzzer driver circuit

The switch board is equipped with the following electric circuits.


o

LED circuit

FEED button

Cover sensor circuit

The interface circuit board contains the following:


o

Reset circuit

Host interface circuit

3-14 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

The figure below illustrates the circuit block diagram for the printer.
Printer mechanism

CN5
CN4
Connected to the
host interface

Host
I/F
circuit

Connected
to the drawer

Paper feed motor


drive circuit

Flash
memory
or
S-RAM

AB

Drawer
kick-out
drive circuit

CN7

CPU

HP,RE,A/C,NE

Print
solenoid

CN8

Home position sensor

Various detector
interface circuit

XIN
14.74MHz

CN1

Paper feed
motor

Print head unit


drive circuit

DB

DC24-30V
PS-180
AC
etc.
concentric
plug

Carriage
motor

Carriage motor
drive circuit

CN6

Interface
circuit
board

CN2

DIP
switch

Reset
circuit

Paper detector

+5V
+24A +24B +24C

Power supply circuit

CN9

Power
switch

Auto cutter
drive circuit
(attached)
Buzzer drive
circuit

Operation panel I/F circuit


Main circuit board

Auto-cutter
Auto-cutter unit

CN11
Near-end detector

CN13

Operation panel
POWER, ERROR,
CN13S PAPER OUT LED FEED button,
Cover sensor
Switch circuit board assembly

Figure 3-17 Circuit board block diagram

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-15

Confidential
Memory Map
The following parts are mapped on the printer memory map:
o

CPU

Flash memory (program)

S-RAM
S-RAM
external program memory
Program,
receive buffer area
(1)

Program area
(2)

Flash memory
external program memory

Internal memory

Program,
Character
generator area
(1)

(For multi-lingual)

Internal RAM (2KB)

Character
generator area
(2)

Internal I/O (96bytes)

(For multi-lingual)
Character
generator area
(3)

CPU (Internal memory)

RAM (External program memory)

(For multi-lingual)
Character
generator area
(32)

Flash memory
(External program memory)

Figure 3-18 Memory map

3-16 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Principles of Operation
Power Supply Circuitry
The power supply circuit is compact, uses a switching method, and is attached to the main circuit board.
The following sections describe printer power supply circuitry. The following table shows power supply
voltages and their usages.
Power supply voltage usage
Voltage

Usage

+5 V

Logic circuit
Operation panel circuit
Cover sensor

Interface circuit board


Various detector circuits
Buzzer

+24 V

Printer:
Carriage motor
Print head
Drawer kick-out drive

Paper feed motor


Autocutter

Filter circuit
The +24 V (24 to 30 V) DC power is input from CN1 through the filter circuit, which reduces outside
noise and keeps internally generated noise from flowing through the +24 V power line.

+24 VDC circuit


The +24 V power from the filter circuit is input to printer power and the +5 V regulator circuit. Printer
power and drawer drive power are regulated by series of regulators (U2 to U4).

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-17

Confidential
+5 VDC control circuit
The +5 V regulator circuit switches the +24 V power input and converts it to +5 V. The switching
regulator IC (U1) switches the +24 V input, smooths it via C1, and outputs +5 V. Power for the RS-232 is
generated by the internal charge-up circuit on the RS-232 interface driver.

Figure 3-19 Power supply circuit diagram

Control Circuitry
Reset circuit
The reset circuit is used to prevent the CPU from operating erratically and the print head from printing
unexpectedly during the period of unstable voltage immediately after power is turned on. To accomplish
this, the OUT terminal output (pin 5) of the reset IC (U9) is supplied to the CPU (U5) as the RESET input
signal (pin 21).
The reset IC (U9) monitors the +5 V voltage. When the voltage is 4.5 V or more, reset is released for the
CPU and other components, and the printer becomes ready.
In addition, the C terminal (pin 5) of the reset IC (U9) is connected to the reset signal (DSR signal or pin
25 input signal) from the host interface via DIP switches 2-3 and 2-4. If a reset signal is applied to this pin,
reset IC output goes LOW and the CPU and other components are reset.
The reset signals differ, depending on the interface specifications:

3-18 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

RS-232 serial interface:


1284 parallel interface:

Two signals can be selected (DSR signal or pin 25 input signal). IEEE
Pin 25 must be used for the RESET signal. DIP switch 2-4 is fixed
to ON. The printer can be reset with the Init signal (pin 31) from
the host.

CN4
NRESET

29

5
6
7
8

RM200

4
3
2
1

U5
+5V

1/16W

+5V

R50

D26

7
1
2
5

R49

C42

C28

U9
IN
NC
NC
C

OUT
NC
NC
GND

6
8
3
4

R44

21

nRESET

C27

C26

+5V
C101
DSW2
3

DM111

1
2

4
3

QM201

DSR_RESE

28

#25_RESE

27

Figure 3-20 Reset circuit

The CN4 PIN29 is the reset control signal wire for the interface board (on-board circuit).

CPU
The printer uses an external 8-bit and internal 16-bit CPU, with an external clock of 14.7 MHz. The CPU
(U5) controls the internal processing of the printer according to the printer control program written in
Flash memory (U101).
CPU pin functions

Rev. C

Pin
No.

CPU Function

Signal Name

I/O

Level

Description

P57

ELED/DSW9

I/O

TTL

ERROR LED. LOW: on. DIP SW 2-1 is read when P100,


P101 are LOW.

NMI

NMI

TTL

Not used (connected to +5 V directly).

P100

AC1/DSEL

TTL

Autocutter drive (1) and DIP SW read selection.


LOW: read (read once after initialization).
HIGH: break status when used as motor control port.

P101

AC 2/DSEL

TTL

Autocutter drive (2) and DIP SW read selection.


LOW: read (read once after initialization).
HIGH: break status when used as motor control port. This
pin must change at the same time as P100.

AVCC

AVCC

(+5 V)

Analog/digital converter standard voltage.

AVSS

AVSS

(0 V)

Analog/digital converter GND terminal.

P60/AN0

V DTC

Analog

+24 V power voltage detection.

P61/AN1

HD TEMP

Analog

Head temperature detection.

P62

NE

TTL

Paper roll near-end detection.


LOW: no paper; HIGH: paper present.

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-19

Confidential
CPU pin functions
Pin
No.

CPU Function

Signal Name

I/O

Level

Description

10

P63

DK S

TTL

Drawer open/closed. LOW: open.

11

P64

RE

TTL

Paper roll end detection.


LOW: paper present; HIGH: no paper.

12

P65

HP DET

TTL

Carriage home position sensor.


LOW: home position.

13

P66

DET

TTL

Host interface DET.

14

P67/AN7

AC RST/COVER

TTL/Analog

Autocutter position detection (reset).


Cover open/close detection (*1).

15

VCC

VCC

(+5 V)

Main power terminal.

16

P70

RTS

TTL

Host interface RTS. LOW: on.

17

P71

MCE

TTL

S-RAM/Flash memory CE signal. LOW: active.

18

P72/RXD1

RD

TTL

Host interface RD. LOW: on.

19

P73/CLK1

CLK IN/DTR

I/O

TTL

Host interface CLK IN/DTR.

20

P74/TXD1

SD

TTL

Host interface SD. LOW: on.

21

RESET

RESET

---

CPU reset input. LOW: on.

22

CLK

CLK

TTL

Not used. Open.

23

VSS

VSS

(0 V)

GND terminal.

24

X1

X1

---

Connected to ceramic vibration generator. f=14.74 MHz


0.5%.

25

X2

X2

---

Connected to ceramic. f=14.74 MHz 0.5%.

26

EA

EA

TTL

External memory access. Fixed to low.

27

A16/DSW11

P75 (A16)

TTL

External memory address A16 (software).


2-5 DIP SW read (when P100 and P101 are low).

28

A17/DSW12

P76 (A17)

TTL

External memory address A17 (software).


2-6 DIP SW read (when P100 and P101 are low).

29

A18/BTDET

P77 (A18)

TTL

External memory address A18 (software).

30

P80

WDTOUT

TTL

Watchdog timer error (and hardware limited time power


supply switch). LOW: error (reset).

31

P81/INT0

CLK IN

TTL

Connected to pin #19.

32

P82

PF SW

TTL

Paper feed switch. LOW: active.

33

ALE

ALE

TTL

Address latch enable signal. Latches address on bus AD0


to AD7 at fall.

34

VCC

VCC

(+5 V)

Main power terminal (+5 V).

(*1) The states described in the following table are invoked depending on P23 status and whether a switch board is connected or not.

3-20 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Switch board

P23

Connected

Cover open/close detection

Autocutter location detection

Not connected
Autocutter location detection

CPU pin functions

Rev. C

Pin
No.

CPU Function

Signal Name

35

AD0

AD0

36

AD1

AD1

37

AD2

AD2

38

AD3

AD3

39

AD4

AD4

40

AD5

AD5

41

AD6

AD6

42

AD7

AD7

43

A8

A8

44

A9

A9

45

A10

A10

46

A11

A11

47

A12

A12

48

A13

A13

49

A14

A14

50

A15

A15

51

VSS

52

I/O

Level

Description

3-state

TTL

Address/data bus.
Transmits address (lower 8 bits) and data.

TTL

Address bus (address upper 8 bits).

VSS

(0 V)

GND terminal.

P20

CR A/DSW1

I/O

TTL

Carriage motor driver control 2-2 phase excitation. All


terminals on (LOW): hold.
DIP SW 1-1 read when P100, P101 are LOW.

53

P21

A20/DSW2

I/O

TTL

External memory address A20 (software)


DIP SW 1-2 read (when P100 and P101 are low).

54

P22

CR C/DSW3

I/O

TTL

Carriage motor drive control, 2-2 phase excitation, all


terminals on (low): hold
DIP SW 1-3 read (when P100 and P101 are low).

55

P23

nCR C/DSW4

I/O

TTL

Cover open/close and autocutter location detection


selection
DIP SW 1-4 read (when P100 and P101 are low)

56

P90

PF A/DSW5

I/O

TTL

Paper feed motor driver control 2-2 phase excitation. All


terminals on (LOW): hold.
DIP SW 1-5 read when P100, P101 are LOW.

57

P91

RES/DSW6

I/O

TTL

DIP SW 1-6 read

58

P92

PF C/DSW7

I/O

TTL

Paper feed motor drive control, 2-2 phase excitation, all


terminals on (low): hold
DIP SW 1-7 read (when P100 and P101 are low).

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-21

Confidential
CPU pin functions
Pin
No.

CPU Function

Signal Name

I/O

Level

Description

59

P93

A19/DSW8

I/O

TTL

External memory address A19 (software)


DIP SW 1-8 read (when P100 and P101 are low).

60

RD

RD

TTL

External memory data read signal.

61

WR

WR

TTL

External memory data write signal.

62

P32

DKD1/MSEL

TTL

Drawer kick-out driver signal 1. LOW: active.

63

P33

DKD2/LSEL

TTL

Drawer kick-out driver signal 2. LOW: active.

64

P40

HEAD8

TTL

Print head #8 driver signal. LOW: on.

65

P41

HEAD7

TTL

Print head #7 driver signal. LOW: on.

66

P42

HEAD6

TTL

Print head #6 driver signal. LOW: on.

67

P43

HEAD5

TTL

Print head #5 driver signal. LOW: on.

68

P44

HEAD4

TTL

Print head #4 driver signal. LOW: on.

69

P45

HEAD3

TTL

Print head #3 driver signal. LOW: on.

70

P46

HEAD2

TTL

Print head #2 driver signal. LOW: on.

71

P47

HEAD1

TTL

Print head #1 driver signal. LOW: on.

72

P48

HEAD9

TTL

Print head #9 driver signal. LOW: on.

73

P51/T04

+24VCOM SW

TTL

Head, autocutter, drawer kick-out power switch. LOW:


drive.

74

P52

CRCOM SW

TTL

Carriage motor power switch. LOW: motor drive.

75

VCC

VCC

(+5 V)

Main power terminal (+5 V).

76

P53

PFCOM SW

TTL

Paper feed motor power switch LOW: motor drive.

77

P54

CLK REQ

TTL

HOST interface CLK REQ.

78

VSS

VSS

(0 V)

GND terminal.

79

P55

CTS

TTL

Host interface CTS. LOW: on.

80

P56

PLED/DSW0

I/O

TTL

PAPER OUT LED. LOW: on.


DIP SW 2-2 read (when P100 and P101 are LOW.)

Flash memory (4 , 8 or 16 Mbit)


The printer control program and the character generator data are written in Flash memory (U101). The
control program controls the basic operations of the printer. All CPU (U5) operations follow this program.

RAM [CPU internal 2KB or external 1M bit (128KB)]


RAM is used as temporary storage for the following:
o

Data received from the interface (receive buffer)

Pattern data to be printed by the print head (printer buffer)

Data used by the CPU (U5) during processing (flags, pointers, etc.).

3-22 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Operation panel

(PAPER END)
(ERROR)
(POWER)

RED

D11S

RED

D13S

Main circuit board

AC_RST
RM202

5
6
7
8

+5V

L208

L207

4
3
2
1

C205

L206

1
L204

L202

2
L203

2
1

L201

C200

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

CN13

SW2
PALED
ELED
PWLED
GND
CVSEN
+5V
COVER

Switch
cable
assembly

SW2
PALED
ELED
PWLED
GND
CVSEN
+5V
COVER

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

CN13S

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Switch circuit board

SW2S

GREEN

D12S

R1S

R2S

Note).
About the logic signals by cover status
At the open : High
At the close : Low

U1S
(CASE COVER
OPEN/CLOSE DETECTOR)

The operation panel is located on the switch circuit board that is connected to the CN13 connector on the
main circuit board via a harness. The panel houses 3 LEDs (POWER, ERROR, PAPER OUT), 1 button
(FEED) and the cover open/close photo sensor. The POWER LED is driven when it is supplied with +5 V
power by the power supply circuit. The ERROR and PAPER OUT LEDs are driven by the CPU (U5).
Switch detection is also performed by the CPU (U5).
The cover open/close detection signal also operates as the autocutter blade location detection signal and is
input to P67/AN7 of the CPU (U5). The CPU switches P23 logic to detect cover open/close or autocutter
blade location as required.

3
2

C207

5
4

55 nCAC/DSW4
P23

P67/AN7

14 AC RST/COVER

R208

D200

4
DM211
1

R211
32 PF SW
P82

80 PLED/DSW0
P56/INT3/TI2

ELED/DSW9
1
U5

P57/TO3

+5V QM200

U202A

6
3

R55
1

QM109
5

4
3

+5V

R15

R54
+5V

R56

U202B

10
R40

L205

C17

R41

+5V

Figure 3-21 Operation panel circuit

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-23

Confidential
Various Detector Circuits
When the printer detects paper, the paper detector at the paper inlet turns the input signal to the CPU (U5)
LOW. This detector also functions as the semi-automatic loading detector.
A home position sensor is provided to detect the print head position. The input signal to the CPU (U5)
becomes LOW when home position is detected.
A near-end detector is detects the remaining amount of a paper roll. The input signal to the CPU (U5)
becomes LOW when a paper near-end is detected.
The parts of printer mechanism

U5
+5V

R40
+5V

+5R

SENSOR
P64/AN4
P65/AN5
P62/AN2

10

CN8

RE
HP DET
NE

11
12
9

5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

REC
HPC
NEC

1
2
3
4

RM205
+5V

1
2
3
4

+5V
H.P
GND
R.E

RM203
1/16W
5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

C44
C22

C46

C23

N.E SEN.
CN11
1
2

1
2

N.E
GND

Figure 3-22 Various detector circuits

Host Interface Circuit


The printer has universal interfaces for connection to the host computer. See Table 1-2 on page 1-2 for
information about the available interface boards.

3-24 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Drawer Kick-out Drive Circuit


Activating the DKD1 and DKD2 signals from the CPU (U5) causes transistors array Q111 to turn on. This
causes transistor Q114, Q115 to turn on, and the drawer drive signal is output. The drawer status signal
DK_S, which indicates whether or not the drawer is open, is input to the CPU (U5), allowing the host to
check the status via the interface.
The +24 V drawer power supply is supplied via the regulator IC (U2), which cuts off the supply in case of
excessive current.

Figure 3-23 Drawer kick-out drive circuit

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-25

Confidential
DIP Switch Read Circuit
Software selection
There are 12 switches in DIP switch bank 1 and 2 switches in DIP switch bank 2 that are status-readable
switches. Each signal is input to the CPU. The signal is read as LOW when the switch is on, and HIGH
when the switch is off.
CPU (U5) pins 52 to 55, pins 56 to 59, and pins 1, 27, 28 and 81 are also used for the carriage motor drive
circuit, paper feed motor drive circuit, operation panel control circuit and external memory address bus.
The pins are used to read DIP switches temporarily immediately after the printer initialization (or the
power is turned on).
For the use only
pull-up resistor of
internal side on transistors

+5V

8
7
6
5

DM207

1
2
3
4

10K

10K

10K

10K

10K

10K
QM101

QM101

QM103

QM103

QM109

QM109

10K

8
7
6
5

RM205

R205

U5

RM6

1
2
3
4

1
2
3
4

8
7
6
5

RM105

3
DM208

DSW2

#8
P76
P75

28
27

A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11

P56
P57

80
1

PLED/DSW0
ELED/DSW9

3
DM209

#1
DSW1
P93
P92
P91
P90
P23
P22
P21
P20

59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52

A19/DSW8
PF_C/DSW7
RES/DSW6
PF A/DSW5
nCAC/DSW4
CR C/DSW3
A20/DSW2
CR A/DSW1

#8

DM210

#1

R29

QM112
FMG9A

+5V
Q117

AC2/DSEL

P101

AC1/DSEL

P100

Figure 3-24 DIP switch circuit (software selection)

(*1): Resistance between E and B is used for pull-up resistors in the transistor.

3-26 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Hardware selection
o

Reset circuit
DIP SW 2-3 and 2-4 allow you to select reset signal from the host interface. (See the description of the
reset circuit).

Communications mode selection switch


DIP SW 2-7 switches the communications mode used between the interface board and the main board.
ON: Asynchronous serial signal (9600 bps, 8-bit, no parity)
OFF: Clock synchronized serial communications (Max. 1.25M bps)

Internal buzzer ON/OFF selection


DIP SW 2-8 can be used to turn on and off the internal buzzer sound.
ON: buzzer off
ON: buzzer on

U5

P56

PLED/DSW0

80

D202

QM109
BZ1

Q201
BZOFF

+5V

R212
CN4
CLKREQ

BZOFF
CLKREQ

13
DM111
3
nRST

#8

DSW2

DSR RSTO
#25 RSTO

2
#1

DSR_RESET

28

#25_RESET

27

Figure 3-25 DIP switch circuit (hardware selection)

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-27

Confidential
Printer Mechanism Driver Circuits
Print Head Driver Circuit
The head driver signal is output from CPU (U5) pins 64 to 72. Receiving this drive signal, transistor array
QM1 and QM2 and transistor arrays QM3 turn on, off, and drive the head.
Power supply time to the head is adjusted by the supplied power voltage. The CPU (U5) changes the
power voltage between analog and digital at AN0 (pin 7) and decides and controls the head power supply
time according to the internal time table.
To prevent damage to the head during excessive printing, a heat sensor has been installed in the print head.
An analog-digital conversion of the partial pressure difference between the heat sensor and R18 is carried
out in AN1 (pin 8) of the CPU (U5) and the temperature is calculated. If the head is overheating or
working improperly, the ERROR LED flashes.

Figure 3-26 Print head driver circuit

3-28 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Paper Feed Motor Driver Circuit


The paper feed motor (stepping motor) possesses an accurate angle of rotation and permits speed control.
It is driven with 2-2 phase excitation. By turning P53 of the CPU to LOW, +24 V (labeled +24C signal in
the figure below) is applied to the COM terminal of its coil, and it is made to run by changing P90 and P92
to HIGH and LOW. Its speed is determined by the speed of changing P90 and P92 between HIGH and
LOW. At the end of paper feeding, P53 of the CPU is once again set to HIGH.
+5V
Q113

R102
+5V

+5V
6

4
P90/M10

P92/M12

56

58

PF A/DSW5

PF C/DSW7

1
2
3
4

RM103

8
7
6
5

5
4

5
4
DM122

QM4
MP4101

1
2
3
4
5

2
3

HN2D01FU
DM205
6
1

1
QM103

DM204
1

CN6
1
2
3
4
5

Paper feeding motor


PF A
PF C
PF COM
Rotor
PF B
PF D

10

U5

nPFCOM

2
3

D10
4

PF_B

DM206
3

PF_D

+24C

+24C

+24C

Figure 3-27 Paper feed motor driver circuit

Carriage Motor Driver Circuit


The carriage motor (stepping motor) possesses an accurate angle of rotation and permits speed control. It
is driven with 2-2 phase excitation. By turning P52 of the CPU to LOW, +24 V (labeled +24B signal in the
figure below) is applied to the COM terminal of its coil, and it is made to run by changing P20 and P22 to
HIGH and LOW. Its speed is determined by the speed of changing P20 and P22 between HIGH and LOW.
At the end of paper feeding, P52 of the CPU is once again set to HIGH.
+5V
Q200

R206
+5V

+5V
6

4
P20/M00

P22/M02

52

54

CR A/DSW1

CR C/DSW3

1
2
3
4

RM104

8
7
6
5

5
4

1
2
3
4
5

2
3

DM202
6
1
5
4

1
QM101

QM3

DM201
1

DM120

CN5
1
2
3
4
5

Carriage moving motor


CR A
CR C
CR COM
Rotor
CR B
CR D

10

U5

nCRCOM

2
3

D9
4

CR_B

DM203
3

CR_D

+24B

+24B

+24B

Figure 3-28 Carriage motor driving circuit

Rev. C

Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles 3-29

Confidential
Autocutter Driver Circuit
Rotating the DC motor counterclockwise or clockwise causes the autocutter to execute a partial cut (one
point left uncut). Transistor array (QM100) has a full-bridge configuration and controls motor rotation,
clockwise and counterclockwise.
The autocutter blade location detection signal is also used as the cover open/close signal and is input to
P67/AN7 of the CPU (U5). The CPU switches P23 logic to detect cover open/close or autocutter blade
location as required.

+24A

+24A
+5V
C107

C106

U5
4
P100

P101

AC2/DSEL

AC1/DSEL

QM100

QM108

DM129
4

RM204

5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

7
3

8
4

QM113

10

1
9
5
1

R34
100K
C21

8
7
6
5

C20
2

1
2
3
4

ACS

Auto cutter mechanism


1
2
3
4

CN9
1
2
3
4

AC M1
AC M2
GND
AC RES

1
1

2
2
SW SPST

RM203

U202B
4

+5V

5
8

DM211
1

R211

RM202
4
3
2
1

+5V
5
6
7
8

2
U202A
R208

P67/AN7 14 AC RST/COVER

COVER
C200

+5V QM200
3

C207

1
P23

55 nCAC/DSW4

D200

Figure 3-29 Autocutter drive circuit

3-30 Mechanism Configuration and Operating Principles

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Chapter 4

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance


Handling
Safety Precautions

WARNING:
o

Do not use of this printer when it is giving off smoke or a strange odor as this may lead to a fire or
shock hazard. Turn off the power and disconnect the power cord immediately.

Do not modify the printer or perform any disassembly operation not described in this manual. This
could result in a fire or shock hazard.

Use only the designated power supply. Use of a different power supply could cause a fire or shock
hazard.

Do not connect or disconnect plugs with wet hands. This may cause a shock hazard.

Never drop or push objects into the product through openings. This could cause a fire or shock
hazard.

If the printer is exposed to water or other liquid, turn off the POWER button and disconnect the power
cord immediately. Continued use under these conditions could result in a fire or shock hazard.

Do not connect the power cord to an overloaded wall outlet. This may cause a fire hazard. Connect
the printer directly to a wall outlet. (Do not use a power strip.)

Handle the power cord with care. Incorrect handling may cause a fire or shock hazard.

Rev. C

Do not modify the power cord.

Do not place heavy objects on the power cord.

Do not bend twist or pull the power cord excessively.

Do not route the power cord near heaters.

Remove any dirt or dust from the power plug before connecting.

Be sure to fully insert the power plug.

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-1

Confidential
CAUTION:
o

Connect all cables only as described in the manual. Incorrect connection could cause damage or a
fire hazard.

Do not install the printer on an unstable surface (such as an unsteady table or a leaning surface). The
printer could fall or be overturned and cause injury.

Do not install the printer in extremely humid and dusty locations. Operation under such conditions
could damage the printer, or cause a fire or shock hazard.

Do not stand on the printer or place heavy objects on it. The printer could fall causing damage to the
printer or injury.

For added protection of the printer, disconnect the power plug from the wall outlet when the printer is
not to be used for an extended period of time.

Be sure not to touch the print head or motors when you remove paper jammed in the printer. Or wait
till the print head and motors have cooled down before clearing a paper jam. When the printer has
been used for an extended period, the print head and the motors are very hot and could cause burn
injuries.

Precautions in Handling the Cases Protective Coating


This printer is housed in a plastic case (*) with a special protective coating. Simple cleaning is enough to
remove dirt easily so that the exterior of the printer remains in good condition. Like other plastic cases,
handle the protective coating with care, as described below.
(*)The protective coating is not applied to the installation surface of the metal plate, the power supply box,
and the inside of the case.

Do not scratch the surface with hard objects; otherwise the case may become damaged and dirt
may become difficult to remove.

Do not use any type of abrasive agent (scouring powder, scouring pads, etc.) to clean the case;
otherwise, the surface of the case may be damaged and dirt may become difficult to remove.

Never clean the case with disinfectant, bleach, alcohol, benzene, thinner, chlorine, or ketone;
otherwise, the dirt may become difficult to remove. Also, they may cause the case to discolor,
dissolve, or deform.

Label may come off of the fine coating of the case.

4-2 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Replacing Roll Paper

Use the designated type of roll paper. (See Chapter 2 for information on roll paper specifications.)
1. Turn on the printer.
2. Open the roll paper cover.
3. Take out the roll paper and cut the paper along the dotted line in the figure below.

Cut

Roll paper cover

FEED button

Figure 4-1 Cutting roll paper

4. Press the FEED button to remove the cut paper.


5. Use a pair of scissors to cut the front end of the paper off squarely.

Figure 4-2 Shape of roll paper front end

6. Load the roll paper in the printer. At this time, be sure to orient the paper correctly. (See Figure 4-3.)

Rev. C

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-3

Confidential
7. Hold the front end of the roll paper with both hands and insert the roll paper into the paper insertion
slot as far as it will go. The roll paper is now automatically fed.

Paper insertion slot

Figure 4-3 Loading roll paper

8. Close the roll paper cover.


9. When the PAPER OUT LED starts to flash, press the FEED button. The printer is online when the
PAPER OUT LED stops flashing.
Note:
The printer is offline as long as the LED is flashing.

4-4 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Replacing the Ribbon Cassette
Use the EPSON ERC-38 ribbon cassette.
1. Open the roll paper cover.
2. Open the cutter cover.
3. Raise the autocutter lock lever and open the autocutter.

Lock lever

Figure 4-4 Autocutter lock lever

4. Take the ribbon cassette out of the printer.


5. Turn the knob on the new ribbon cassette in the direction indicted by the arrow on the cassette to
remove any slack.

CAUTION:
Do not turn the ribbon cassette knob in the opposite direction. Turning the knob in the
opposite direction may damage the ribbon cassette.

Figure 4-5 Removing ribbon slack

Rev. C

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-5

Confidential
6. Insert the ribbon between the print head and the platen, as shown in the figure below, and press it in
until it clicks into place.
7. Turn the ribbon cassette knob 5 to 6 times in the direction of the arrow to remove any slack in the
ribbon.
Note:
Make sure that the ribbon is inserted between the print head and the platen and that there are no
creases or folds in the ribbon.

Figure 4-6 Installing the ribbon cassette and removing ribbon slack

4-6 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Removing Paper Jams
Paper jams in the vicinity of the print head
1.

Turn off the power and open the roll paper cover.

2. Take out the roll paper and cut the paper along the dotted line in the figure below.

Cut

Roll paper cover

Figure 4-7 Cutting roll paper

3. Open the cutter cover.


4. Raise the autocutter lock lever and open the autocutter.
5. If possible, pull the jammed paper in the paper exit direction to remove it. If the paper cannot be
pulled out in the direction of the paper exit, try the following procedure.

Rev. C

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-7

Confidential

Figure 4-8 Removing jammed paper

CAUTION:
Do not remove jammed paper by pulling it against paper feed direction.
6. Take the ribbon cassette out of the printer.
7. Loosen the screw that secures the print head cover. Loosen the screw until it tilts.
8. Remove the print head cover.

CAUTION:
The print head becomes hot during printing. Perform this procedure when the print
head has become cool.

4-8 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

Figure 4-9 Removing the print head cover

9. Remove the jammed paper.

CAUTION:
Do not remove jammed paper by pulling it against paper feed direction.
10. Perform steps 7 and 8 above in the opposite order to install the print head cover and secure it with the
screw.

CAUTION:
Be sure to properly secure the cover with the screw.
11. Install the ribbon cassette in the printer.

Rev. C

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-9

Confidential
Paper Jam in the autocutter
When the autocutter blade is visible through the slit, a paper jam may have occurred in the autocutter.
Insert a screwdriver in the hole on the side of the autocutter to turn the gear and return the blade to a
position where it cannot be seen from the slit (indicated by the bold dotted line in Figure 4-10).

Slit

Figure 4-10 Normal autocutter position

4-10 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Installing the Power Button Cover

A power button cover is provided to prevent someone from pressing the power button inadvertently.
Install the cover over the printer POWER button as shown in the figure below.
When a power button cover has been installed, insert a ballpoint pen or the like in the holes provided to
turn the printer on and off.

Figure 4-11 Installing the power button cover

WARNING:
Should an emergency arise when the power button is installed, immediately disconnect the AC adapters
AC cable from the power outlet. Continued use under these conditions could result in fire or shock hazard.

Rev. C

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-11

Confidential
Inspection and Maintenance
Perform inspection and maintenance procedures described below properly to allow this unit to operate for
the years of trouble-free operation for which it is designed.

Maintenance Procedures
The inspection procedures described here are divided into two types: daily inspection that can be
performed by those who use the unit on a daily basis, and periodic inspection, to be performed by
individuals who have a more detailed technical knowledge of the unit.
Daily inspection
Setup

Inspection item

Action

Check for proper connection of cables.

Reconnect any cables that have come loose.

Check for proper installation of roll paper and


ribbon cassette. Is the ribbon passing along the
proper route?

Correctly install roll paper and the ribbon


cassette.
Replace the ribbon cassette, if damaged.

Check the ribbon for damage.


Open the roll paper cover and make sure there are
no large pieces of paper or other foreign matter
present.

Clean out any paper or foreign matter.

Checkpoints

Standards

Remedies

Dust, paper particles, or dirt on


and in the printer

No dust, paper particles, or dirt should be allowed


to build up on or in the printer.

Clean the printer thoroughly with a vacuum


cleaner.

No small pieces of paper should be left in the


paper path.

Remove any pieces of paper from the paper


path.

Lubrication

See the Lubricants section.

Lubricate the points listed in the Lubrication


Points section.

Operation check

When each printer component is checked, no


abnormalities should be found.

Check the printer following the


Troubleshooting flowcharts in
Chapter 5.

Shape of the springs

No spring should be bent or deformed.

Replace any deformed springs.

Ribbon cassette

The ribbon cassette should be properly installed


in the printer.

See Replacing the Ribbon Cassette in this


chapter.

Paper particles, paper scraps,


foreign matter

Periodic inspection

4-12 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Cleaning
When to Clean the Cases Protective Coating

It is recommended that the case of this printer be cleaned approximately once a week.
If the case is left uncleaned for a long period, dirt deposited on its surface may become impossible to
remove.

How to Clean the Cases Pretective Coating

WARNING:
To avoid electric shock, be sure to disconnect the power cord from the electrical outlet.
Use a dry cloth to wipe away dirt. If the dirt proves difficult to remove, slightly moisten the cloth with
water or a mild detergent solution.

CAUTION:
Do not scratch the surface with hard objects; otherwise the case may be damaged
and dirt may become difficult to remove.
Do not use any type of abrasive agent (scouring powder, scouring pads, etc.) to clean
the case; otherwise the surface of the case may be damaged and dirt may become
difficult to remove.
Never clean the case with disinfectant, bleach, alcohol, benzene, thinner, chlorine, or
ketone; otherwise the dirt may become difficult to remove. Also, they may cause the
case to discolor, dissolve, or deform.

Removing dirt paper chips and dust from inside the printer
Wipe off stains with a clean, dry cloth. If the stains do not wipe off, use a neutral detergent.

CAUTION:
Check the amount of lubrication in each cleaned area and lubricate as needed. See
Lubricants below.

Rev. C

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-13

Confidential
Lubricants
Lubrication is critical to retaining the printer at its initial performance level throughout its product life, as
well as avoiding potential problems. Always lubricate at prescribed intervals, using the correct lubricants.

Standard Lubrication
o

During disassembly and reassembly, clean the parts first, then lubricate them. See the lubrication
points table in this chapter and the lubrication and adhesive points diagrams in Appendix C.

Lubricate or overhaul after every 7.5 million lines printed.

Lubricants
The types of lubricants used greatly affect the printers performance and durability, and a lubricants lowtemperature characteristics require special attention. EPSON has conducted thorough analyses of the
technical data and wide-ranging experimentation on different lubricants. The EPSON selection of
lubricants prescribed for use with the printer is based on the results of such research. The prescribed
EPSON lubricants are available in 40 cc (40 gr) metal cans or plastic containers (the smallest unit of
supply).
The two types of lubricants used with this printer are G-31 and O-10.

Lubrication Points
The following table describes the lubrication points, type, and class. The numbers in the following table
correspond to the numbers in the lubrication and adhesive points diagrams in Appendix C.
Lubrication points
No.

Lubrication point

Lubricant type

(1)

Contact points between the carriage shaft and carriage sub


assembly (2 points)

O-10

(2)

The point of contact between the paper hold roller and the
paper hold roller shaft

G-31

(3)

Both ends of the guide roller

G-31

(4)

Both ends of the receive roller

G-31

(5)

Switching points of ribbon switch lever

G-31

(6)

Switching point of ribbon release lever

G-31

(7)

Ribbon intermediate gear shaft

G-31

(8)

Two shafts of base frame assembly

G-31

(9)

The two points of contact between the cutter assembly plate


and autocutter assembly lock lever

G-31

(10)

The point of contact between the cutter plate spring and


cutter plate shaft

G-31

4-14 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Tool List
The required tools for this printer are as follows:
o

Brush #1

Cleaning brush

Phillips screwdriver No. 1

Phillips screwdriver No. 2

Phillips screwdriver No. 2 (with long handle)

Flatblade screwdriver

Pliers

Retaining pliers #2.3

Thickness gauge (0.50 mm, 0.55 mm, 0.60 mm)

Tweezers

Slanted blade cutter

Lubricants and adhesives list


Lubricants and adhesives
Type/name

Quantity

Grease/G-31

40 gr (1.4 oz)

Oil/O-3

40 gr (1.4 oz)

Rev. C

Handling, Inspection and Maintenance 4-15

Confidential

4-16 Handling, Inspection and Maintenance

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Chapter 5

Troubleshooting
Use the following to troubleshoot and repair the printer:

Self-test
This procedure tests control circuitry (other than serial communication and parallel communication send /
receive control) and the printer mechanism.

Troubleshooting flowcharts
When the source of the problem is not clear, use the flowcharts to find and replace a defective component.

Troubleshooting table
Follow the steps outlined in this table to repair a defect whose symptoms are known.

Self-test
Initiating the Self-test
1. Insert the designated ribbon cassette in the printer and close the cutter cover.
2. Load roll paper.
3. Turn off the printer.
4. Turn on the printer while keeping the FEED button depressed. The self-test starts, and status
information is printed.

Self-test Standby
1. When status information printing is complete, the following is printed:
Self-test printing. Please press paper FEED button.
The PAPER OUT LED flashes alternately to indicate the standby condition.
2. Press the FEED button to continue the self-test.

Ending the Self-test


The printer prints *** completed *** and ends the self-test. The printer automatically becomes ready to
receive data after the self-test.

Rev. C

Troubleshooting 5-1

Confidential
Troubleshooting Flowcharts
If the source of a problem is not clear, use the flowcharts below to find and replace the defective
component. Normally, perform servicing by component replacement. Repairs of the PCBs and other
components should be performed only by technicians.
Start
Power on

Is POWER
LED lit?

No
1

Yes
Is ERROR
LED flashing?
No

Yes
Take steps described in
Error types and
countermeasures.

END

Is PAPER
OUT LED lit?

Yes
Is paper roll in
near-end condition
or not inserted?

No

No

Yes

Replace or insert paper roll.

Semi-automatic
loading executed?

No

Is self-test normal?
3

Yes
Execute the self-test

No
4

Yes
Does autocutter
perform normally?

No
5

Yes
Host sends print data

Is printout
normal?
Yes

No
6

END

5-2 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

1 POWER LED does not light


1

Is power supply
cable connected
properly?

No
Connect power supply cable properly.

Yes
No

OK?
Yes
End

Does external power


supply have proper output
voltage rating? (approximately
+24 V in no-load
condition)

No
Replace external power supply.

Yes

No

OK?
Yes
End

Has fuse F1 on
main PCB blown?

No

Yes

Make sure main PCB does not


have any damage such as burns.

Replace Fuse F1
(See Replacing the Fuse in Chapter 6.)

No

OK?
Yes
End

Replace main PCB.

End

Rev. C

Troubleshooting 5-3

Confidential

2 PAPER LED is lit.


2

Has the
near end sensor
been installed in the
correct vertical or
horizontal location?

No

Install the near end sensor


in the correct location.

No

OK?

Yes

Yes
END
Is the paper
roll near-end sensors
continuity normal?*

No

Replace the nearend sensor.

Yes

No
OK?
Yes
END

Replace printer mechanism


assembly.

Yes

OK?

No

END

Replace main PCB.

END

5-4 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

3 Semi-automatic loading is not executed.


3

Yes

Is paper jammed in
the paper inlet path?

Remove the paper.


No
No

OK?
Yes
END

No

Is connector CN6
attached firmly?

Attach connector
firmly.

Yes

No

OK?
Yes
END

Replace printer mechanism


assembly.

OK?
No

Yes
END

Replace main PCB.

END

Rev. C

Troubleshooting 5-5

Confidential

4 Self-test is not normal.


4

Does the printer not


perform at all?

Yes

No

Replace printer
mechanism assembly.

OK?

Is the output voltage


of the regulator circuit on
the main board within
(*)
the specified range?

Yes

No

END

No

Replace the main PCB.

Replace the mechanism.

No

OK?
Yes

Replace main PCB.


END

END

END

(*) Confirm the voltage at each terminal in the table below:

Checkpoint

Specified value

Pin 3 of U2, U3, U4

Approx. 24 V

Pin 4 of U200

Approx. 5 V

5-6 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

5 The autocutter does not perform correctly.


Disassembly of the autocutter unit
is prohibited. If you disassemble it,
performance cannot be guaranteed.
5

Is there
a paper jam in
the autocutter?

Yes

Remove jammed paper.


Yes
Turn on the power again.
No

OK?
Yes
End

Replace the autocutter unit.

OK?
No

Yes
End

Replace the main


circuit board.

End

Rev. C

Troubleshooting 5-7

Confidential

6 Data from host is not printed normally.


6

Set DIP switch 11 to OFF.


Send data from host to printer.
(*)

Yes

Is ? printed?

Are serial
interface parameters
set to identical values at
host and printer?

No

No
Make settings identical.

Yes
No

Does
interface
cable match
specifications?

No

OK?
Yes

Replace with a proper cable.

End

Yes
No

OK?
Yes
End

Is
interface PCB
connected to the
main PCB
firmly?

(*) Dotted line indicates


the process of checking
problems for the serial
interface.

No
Connect the interface
PCB firmly.

Yes
No

OK?
Yes
End

Replace interface PCB.

OK?

Yes

No

End

Replace printer
mechanism assembly

End

5-8 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Troubleshooting Tables
The tables contain the following columns:
o

Problem
This is a symptom that can be verified.

Probable causes
This is a listing of one or several possible causes that should be examined.

Levels
Level A

The problem can be corrected by persons familiar with the printer who have general
knowledge, but special technical skills are not required.

Level B

The problem requires thorough knowledge and familiarity with the printer as well as
technical skills and experience.

Checkpoints
These are one or more areas in the printer that should be checked.

Actions
These are the steps to correct the problem. If the problem persists after taking these steps, check the
other possible causes listed.

Table 5-1 Troubleshooting table for printer operation failure

Rev. C

Problem

Probable causes

The POWER LED


does not light when
the power is on.

The AC adapter may be


bad.
The fuse may be blown.

Levels

Checkpoints

Actions

Check output voltage of the AC


adapter (approximately
24 V).

Replace the AC adapter.

Check if fuse F1 on the main circuit


board assembly is blown.

Replace fuse F1. (See


Replacing the Fuse in Chapter
6.)

Check if fuse resistor (R114) on the


main circuit board is blown.

Replace the main circuit board.

Break in Power switch set


cable.

Check cable continuity.

Replace the power switch set


cable.

The main PCB may be bad.

The cause is none of the above.

Replace the main PCB.

Troubleshooting 5-9

Confidential
Table 5-1 Troubleshooting table for printer operation failure (continued)
Problem

Probable causes

The printer does not


print the self test.

The main PCB may be bad.

Checkpoints

Actions

Check the self test using another main


circuit board unit.

Replace the main PCB.

Cover open sensor damage

Check cover open sensor continuity.

Replace the power switch set


cable.

The FEED button may be


bad.

Check the continuity of the FEED


button (SW2).

Replace SW2.

Break in Power switch set


cable.

Check cable continuity.

Replace the power switch set


cable.

The printer mechanism


assembly may be bad.

The cause is none of the above.

Replace the mechanism


assembly.

An incorrect interface
cable may be used.

Check if the interface cable matches


the printer specifications.

Use the correct interface cable.

For the serial interface


models, the printer DIP
switch settings do not
match the host settings.

Check if the printer DIP switch


settings match the host settings.

Change the printer DIP switch


settings or host settings so that
they match.

The main circuit board unit


may be bad.

Check the printer using another main


circuit board unit.

Replace the main circuit board


unit.

The mechanism assembly


may be bad.

The cause is none of the above.

Replace the mechanism


assembly.

The PAPER OUT


LED does not
correctly indicate
the status of the
paper roll.

The near-end detector


assembly may be bad.

Check the signal of the near-end


detector assembly.

Replace the near-end detector


assembly.

The printer is not


initialized (home
position detection
error).

The connector is not


inserted correctly.

Check if the pins of CR motor cable


are inserted in connector CN5 of the
main circuit board unit.

Reinsert the connector.

The carriage motor


assembly may be bad.

Check the continuity of each terminal.

Replace the carriage motor


assembly.

The carriage motor may


be bad.

The cause is none of the above.

Replace the carriage motor


assembly.

The home position detector


assembly may be bad.

Using an oscilloscope, check if the


detection signal is output when the
print head unit passes above the home
position detector assembly.

Replace the home position


detector assembly.

Data from the host


is printed
incorrectly.

5-10 Troubleshooting

Levels

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Table 5-1 Troubleshooting table for printer operation failure (continued)


Problem

Probable causes

Semi-automatic
loading is not
executed. (Paper is
not fed.)

The paper supply operation


may be incorrect.

Levels

Checkpoints

Actions

Check if the paper roll meets printer


specifications.

Use the correct paper roll. (See


Paper in Chapter 2.)

The paper path may be


incorrect.

Check if the paper supply path is


blocked by paper particles or foreign
materials.

Remove any pieces of paper,


paper particles, or foreign
materials.

The connector is not


inserted correctly.

Make sure the PF motor cable pins are


inserted in connector CN6 of the main
circuit board.

Reinsert the connector.

The paper feed motor may


be bad.

Check if the motor rotates during


semi-automatic loading.

Replace the paper feed motor.

The paper hold roller


assembly may be worn.

Check if the paper hold rollers are


worn or damaged.

Replace the paper hold roller


assembly.

The gears may be worn or


damaged.

Check if the paper feed reduction gear


and paper feed gear are worn or
damaged.

Replace any worn or damaged


parts.

The paper detection switch


assembly may be bad.

Using an oscilloscope, check if the


detection signal is output when roll
paper is inserted.

Replace the paper detection


switch assembly.

Table 5-2 Troubleshooting table for bad printing


Problem

Probable causes

The printer does not


print. (The carriage
motor operates, but
nothing is printed,
or the print color is
light.)

The ribbon in the ribbon


cassette may be bad.

Dots are missing


continuously. (A
specific dot is not
printed.)

Dots are missing


occasionally.

Rev. C

Levels

Checkpoints

Actions

Check if the color of the ribbon is


faded or the ribbon is wrinkled or
torn.

Replace the ribbon cassette.

The platen gap may be


incorrect.

Check the platen gap (standard: 0.55


mm 0.05 mm).

Adjust the platen gap. (See


Adjustments in Chapter 6.)

The common wire of the


print head unit may be bad.

Check the continuity of the common


wire.

Replace the print head unit.

The head flexible plastic


cable (FPC) may be bad.

Check the continuity of the common


line.

Replace the head FPC.

The head FPC may be bad.

Check the continuity of the head FPC.

Replace the head FPC.

The drive coil of the print


head unit may be bad.

Using a meter, check the resistance of


the corresponding drive coil.
(Standard: 19.2 ohms 5%)

Replace the print head unit.

The dot wires of the print


head unit may be bad.

Check if the dot wires are broken.

Replace the print head unit.

The head FPC may be bad.

Check the continuity of the head FPC.

Replace the head FPC.

The print head unit may be


bad.

Check if there are paper particles or


ink on the tips of the dot wires of the
print head unit.

Remove any paper particles or


ink, or replace the print head
unit.

The print head unit may be


worn.

The cause is none of the above.

Replace the print head unit.

Troubleshooting 5-11

Confidential
Table 5-2 Troubleshooting table for bad printing (continued)
Problem

Probable causes

The character width


is incorrect.

Paper particles or foreign


substances may be
attached to gears, belt
driving pulley, or the belt.

Paper is not fed.


(Printing is
performed on one
line.)

Paper is not fed.


(Printing is
performed on one
line.)
(cont.)

The paper feed


pitch is not
uniform.

5-12 Troubleshooting

Levels

Checkpoints

Actions

Check if any paper particles or


foreign substances are attached to the
belt driving pulley, belt tension
pulley, and belt.

Remove any paper particles or


foreign substances.

The gears, belt driving


pulley, or the belt may be
damaged or worn.

Check for wear and damage in the


belt driving pulley, belt tension
pulley, and belt.

Replace any worn or damaged


parts.

The operation of the paper


supply may be incorrect.

Check if the specified paper roll is


used.

Use the correct paper roll. (See


Paper Specifications in Chapter
1.)

The paper path may be


incorrect.

Check if the paper supply path is


blocked.

Remove paper particles and


foreign substances.

The connector is not


inserted correctly.

Make sure that the PF motor cable


pins are inserted in connector CN6 of
the main circuit board.

Reinsert the connector.

The paper feed roller may


be bad.

Check for wear and damage on the


surface of the roller.

Replace the paper feed roller.

The paper hold roller


assembly may be worn or
damaged.

Check for wear and damage to the


rollers of the paper hold roller
assembly.

Replace the paper hold roller


assembly.

Gears may be worn or


damaged.

Check for wear and damage to the


paper feed reduction gear and paper
feed gear.

Replace any worn or damaged


parts.

Paper feed motor assembly


may be bad.

Check the continuity of the PF motor


cable assembly.

Replace the paper feed motor


cable assembly.

The paper feed motor may


be bad.

The cause is none of the above.

Replace the paper feed motor.

Operation of the paper


supply may be incorrect.

Check if the specified paper roll is


used.

Use the correct paper roll. (See


Paper in Chapter 2.)

The paper path may be


blocked.

Check if the paper supply path is


blocked.

Remove paper particles and


foreign substances.

The connector is not


inserted correctly.

Make sure the PF motor cable pins are


inserted in connector CN6 of the main
circuit board.

Reinsert the connector.

The paper feed roller may


be worn or damaged.

Check for wear and damage on the


surface of the roller.

Replace paper feed roller.

The paper hold roller


assembly may be bad.

Check if the paper hold roller


assembly rotates smoothly.

Clean and lubricate the paper


hold roller assembly or replace
it.

The paper hold roller


assembly may be worn or
damaged.

Check for wear and damage to the


rollers of the paper hold roller
assembly.

Replace the paper hold roller


assembly.

Gears may be worn or


damaged.

Check for wear and damage to the


paper feed reduction gear and paper
feed gear.

Replace any worn or damaged


parts.

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Table 5-2 Troubleshooting table for bad printing (continued)


Problem

Probable causes

The printer prints,


but the ribbon is not
fed.

The ribbon cassette may be


loose.

The print color is


mixed. (Half of the
character is black
and the other half is
red.)

Color does not


change. (Black to
red or red to black.)

Rev. C

Levels

Checkpoints

Actions

Check if the ribbon cassette is


installed correctly.

Install the ribbon cassette


correctly. (See Replacing the
Ribbon Cassette in Chapter 4.)

The ribbon cassette may be


bad.

Check if the ribbon is fed by rotating


the ribbon-tightening knob.

Replace the ribbon cassette.

The ribbon drive plate


assembly may be bad.

Check if the ribbon drive plate


assembly moves smoothly.

Replace the ribbon drive plate


assembly.

The clutch portion of


ribbon take-up assembly
may be worn.

Check whether the ribbon moves


smoothly when you turn the upper
portion of the ribbon take-up
assembly.

Replace ribbon take-up


assembly.

Gears may be worn or


damaged.

Check if the ribbon drive assembly,


ribbon intermediate gear, ribbon
transmission gear, and ribbon take-up
assembly are worn or damaged.

Replace any worn or damaged


parts.

Check if any foreign substances are


attached to the gears.

Remove the foreign substances.

The ribbon cassette is


floating.

Verify that the ribbon cassette is


mounted correctly.

Mount the ribbon cassette in the


correct position. (See
Replacing the Ribbon
Cassette in Chapter 4.)

The ribbon is placed


incorrectly.

Verify that the ribbon is not placed


between the print head mask
assembly and paper feed frame
assembly.

Place the ribbon between the


print head unit and print head
mask assembly.

The ribbon frame assembly


is deformed.

Verify that the ribbon frame assembly


is not deformed.

If deformed, replace the ribbon


frame assembly.

The ribbon is defective.

Verify that the color of the ribbon is


not blurred, or the ribbon is not
rumpled or worm

Replace the ribbon cassette if


the ribbon is worn or the print
color is light.

The ribbon release spring


is unhooked or damaged.

Verify that the ribbon release spring is


not unhooked or damaged.

If the spring is unhooked, hook


it back on. If it is damaged,
replace it.

The ribbon frame spring is


unhooked or damaged.

Verify that the ribbon frame spring is


not unhooked or damaged.

If the spring is unhooked, hook


it back on. If it damaged, replace
it.

Troubleshooting 5-13

Confidential
Error Types and Countermeasures
Follow the flowcharts on the next page based on the ERROR LED blinking patterns in the table below
and repair the printer. The printer does the following when an error occurs:
o

All operations stop.

The printer goes offline (when DIP SW 1-8 is off).

The ERROR LED blinks.

ERROR LED blinking patterns


Error

Error Description

ERROR LED Blinking Pattern

Action

160 ms
(1) Head high-temperature error ( 1)

Print head temperature is too high.

Action 1

(2) Home
Auto cutter
error
position
detection error

There
an abnormality
the
Home is
position
cannot beindetected
auto
cutter.
due to
a paper jam or other problem.

Action 2

Memory or gate
(3) High-voltage
error
array read/write
error

Read/write
check
has failed.
Power supply
voltage
is too high.

Action 3

(4) High-voltage
Low-voltage error
(4)
error

Power
Power supply
supply voltage
voltage is
is too
toohigh.
low.

Action 4
3

(5) Low-voltage
CPU execution
(5)
error
error

CPU issupply
trying to
execute
an low.
invalid
Power
voltage
is too
address.

Action 45

(6)
(6) Print
CPU head
execution
error
temperature
detection error.

CPU head
is trying
to executeisanout
invalid
Print
temperature
of
address.operating range.
normal

Action 46

error
(7) Auto-cutter
Thermistor error

Abnormality
occurs in the
There
is an abnormality
in auto-cutter.
detecting
the print head temperature or the print
head rank can not be read correctly.

**
Action
47

( 1) This error can occur for a short time during normal printing, when the print head
reaches
a high temperature. No repair
Approx.
2.56 sec
is necessary in this case.
(*1) This error can occur for a short time during normal printing, when the print head reaches a high temperature. No
repair is necessary in this case.
** See troubleshooting flowcharts.

5-14 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Action 1

Action 1

Wait for the print head temperature to drop.

Has the
printer recovered
from the error?

Yes
END

No

Replace main PCB.

OK?

Yes

No

END

Replace printer mechanism assembly.


END

Rev. C

Troubleshooting 5-15

Confidential

5-16 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Action 2
Action 2

Are there
any chips of paper
in the home position
sensor?

Yes
Remove paper.
No

OK?
Yes
END

No

Is connector CN5
inserted firmly?

Insert the connector


firmly.

Yes

No

OK?
Yes
END

Replace printer
mechanism assembly.

OK?

Yes

No

END

Replace main PCB.


END

Rev. C

Troubleshooting 5-17

Confidential

Action 3
Action 3

Turn the printer power off.

Does external power


supply have proper output
voltage rating?
(approx. 24 V)

No

Replace external
power supply.

Yes
No

OK?
Yes
END

Replace main PCB.

OK?

Yes

No

END

Replace printer mechanism assembly.


END

5-18 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Action 4

Action 4

Replace main PCB.

OK?

Yes

No

END

Replace printer
mechanism assembly.
END

Rev. C

Troubleshooting 5-19

Confidential

5-20 Troubleshooting

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Chapter 6

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

CAUTION:
Wear a grounded wrist band when handling the internal circuit boards to prevent
damage from static electricity.
When removing an internal circuit board, place it on an anti-static rubber sheet or
similar surface to prevent damage from static electricity.
Be careful not to subject the circuit boards to shock or vibration, because this may
damage them.
Do not touch the circuit board or cable terminals with your hands to prevent
contamination that may result in a manifunction.

Precautions in Handling the Protective Coating of the Case


This printer is housed in a plastic case (*) with a protective coating; simple cleaning is enough to remove
dirt easily so that the exterior of the printer remains in good condition. As with other plastic cases, handle
the protective coating with care, as described below.
(*)The protective coating is not applied to the installation surface of the metal plate, the power supply box,
and the inside of the case.

Rev. C

Do not scratch the surface with hard objects; otherwise the case may become damaged and dirt
may become difficult to remove.

Do not use any type of abrasive agent (scouring powder, scouring pads, ceramic, etc.) to clean the
case; otherwise the surface of the case may be damaged and dirt may become difficult to remove.

Never clean the case with disinfectant, bleach, alcohol, benzene, thinner, chlorine, or ketone;
otherwise the dirt may become difficult to remove. Also, they may cause the case to discolor,
dissolve, or deform.

Label may come off of the protective coating of the case.

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-1

Confidential
Small Part Specifications
This section uses abbreviations for small parts, such as screws and washers. The following is a list of these
abbreviations and illustrations of the screw types.
SCREW (S1)
SCREW (S2)
SCREW (S3)
SCREW (S4)
SCREW (S5)
SCREW (S6)
SCREW (S7)
SCREW (S8)
SCREW (S9)
SCREW (S10)
SCREW (S11)
SCREW (S12)
SCREW (S13)
E-RING (E1)
E-RING (E2)
E-RING (E3)
E-RING (E4)
E-RING (E5)
NUT (N1)

C.P.T-B SCREW, 3X14, F/NI


C.P.T-BT.SCREW, 3X12, F/ZN
C.P.(O).SCREW 3X6 F/ZN
C.P.S.SCREW, 3X6 F/ZN
C.B.S-TITE SCREW, 3X5, F/ZN
C.B.S.SCREW, 3X6, F/NI
C.B.T-BT.SCREW, 3X10, F/Zn
C.C.S.SCREW M3X6, F/ZN
C.P.S-TITE(S-P4), 3X8, F/Zn
C.P.P-TITE, 3X10, F/ZN
C.B.B-TITE, 2X8, F/ZN
HEXAGON LOCK SCREW
C.P.T-B SCREW, 3X10, F/ZN
RETAINING RING TYPE-E (1.5)
RETAINING RING TYPE-E (3) F/UC
RETAINING RING TYPE-E (4) F/UC
RETAINING RING TYPE-E (2.3) F/UC
RETAINING RING TYPE-E (2.5) F/UC
H.N.-1, 3, F/ZN

Screw Illustrations
Head (top)

Head (side)

Body

Washer (assembled)

C (Cross)

P (Pan)

S-tite

(O)

B (Bind)

T-B

C (Cup)

B-tite

P-tite

6-2 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Disassembly

The disassembly procedures for major parts and units are described below. Parts not described here can be
disassembled by performing the assembly procedures in the reverse order.
Before you start a disassembly operation:
1. Turn off the printer.

Removing the Power Box


Remove screws to detach the power box.
C.P.T-B screw,3X14,F/NI (S1)

Power box

C.P.T-B screw, 3X14, F/NI (S1)

Rev. C

Power box

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-3

Confidential
Removing the Fuse
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Remove the circuit board plate from the printer.

C.B.S.screw, 3X6, F/NI (S6)

Circuit board plate

Fuse

3. Use tweezers to remove the blown fuse.


4. Replace the fuse with a 125 V, 2.0 AT Littelfuse 154002T.
5. Attach the removed circuit board plate.

6-4 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Removing the Main Circuit Board Assembly
1. Remove the power box and the circuit board plate.

C.B.S.screw, 3X6, F/NI (S6)

2. Remove screws and the I/F circuit board assembly.

C.P.(O).screw 3X6 F/ZN (S3)

I/F circuit board assembly

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-5

Confidential
3. Disconnect the cables in 8 locations.
4. Remove 5 screws.
5. Perform steps to (see illustration below) in indicated order to remove the main circuit board.
Press the circuit board lightly downward.
While performing step , slide the circuit board in the direction of the arrow .
The main circuit board can be removed when it clears this metal bracket.

Screws

Connectors

Connector

3
1
2

Connector

Screw

Connectors

Screw

Connector

See the "Assembly" Section for information on assembly procedures.

6-6 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Removing the 7320 Autocutter Set

Note:
In the following procedures, the reference numbers are provided within brackets after the part name.

1. Remove the roll paper cover (142) and the cutter cover (141).

Cutter cover (141)

Roll paper cover (142)


location

Roll paper cover (142)

Cutter cover (141)


location

Figure 6- 1

Note:
No screws are used. Remove the roll paper cover (142) and the cutter cover (141) by bending the
parts sideways.
2. Remove 1 C.B.S-tite screw, 3X5, F/ZN (S5) and the cutter plate cover (110).

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-7

Confidential
3. Remove the connector from the cutter plate cover (110) slit and remove the autocutter cable assembly
(133) connector from the 7320 autocutter assembly (111) cable connector.

Auto cutter cable


assembly (133)

Cutter plate cover


(110)

7320 auto cutter assembly


(111) cable

C.B.S-tite. screw,
3X5, F/ZN (S5)

Cutter plate cover (110) slit

Figure 6- 2

4. Remove 2 E-rings (E2), the cutter plate shaft (125), and the 7320 autocutter assembly (111).

Cutter plate shaft (125)

7320 autocutter assembly


(111)
E-ring (E2)

Figure 6- 3

6-8 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Removing the Print Head

Note:
In the following procedures, the reference numbers are provided within brackets after the part name.

1. Remove the roll paper cover (142) and the cutter cover (141).

Cutter cover (141)

Roll paper cover (142)


location

Roll paper cover (142)

Cutter cover (141)


location

Figure 6- 4

Note:
No screws are used. Remove the roll paper cover (142) and the cutter cover (141) by bending the
parts sideways.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-9

Confidential
2. Remove the C.P.T-BT screw, 3X12, F/ZN (S2) and the main case (131).

Main case (131)


C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12,
F/ZN (S2)

C.P.T-BT screw, 3X12,


F/ZN (S2)

Figure 6- 5

Cutter plate shaft (125)

7320 autocutter assembly


(111)
E-ring (E2)

Figure 6- 6

Note:
Place a thick paper box under the lower case (on the mechanism assembly side), and place the main
case (131) so that the cables in the switch cable assembly are not exposed to excessive tension.

6-10 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

3. Remove the C.P.(O).screw 3X6 F/ZN (S3) and the cutter fixing plate (121). (3 screws)

C.P.(O).screw 3X6 F/ZN (S3)

Cutter fixing plate (121)

Figure 6- 7

4. Loosen the thumb screw M3X8, F/ZN (532) and remove the head assembly cover (534).

Head assembly cover (534)

Thumb screw M3X8, F/ZN (532)

Figure 6- 8

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-11

Confidential
5. Remove the ribbon frame spring (537), the ribbon frame fixing plate (521), and the ribbon assembly
frame.

Ribbon frame fixing plate (521)


Ribbon assembly frame (536)

Ribbon frame spring (537)

Figure 6- 9

6. Remove the C.P.P-tite screw, 3X10, F/ZN (S10) and remove the print head assembly (517) from the
print head FPC (538).

C.P.P-tite screw, 3X10, F/ZN (S10)

Print head assembly (517)

Figure 6- 10

6-12 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Assembly

Assembly work consists of pre-assembly and assembly work. First perform a pre-assembly to group the
parts into units before doing the main assembly work. Check the part configuration and installation
location in exploded diagrams provided in the appendixes.
Some parts must be lubricated after assembly. Lubricate according to the instructions given in the
assembly remarks column. Also see the instructions provided in Chapter 4, "Lubrication Points" and in
Appendix C.

Sub-assembly A
Paper Feed Frame Unit Assembly
1. Apply G-31 to the middle of the paper hold roller shaft.
2. Pass the paper hold roller shaft through the paper hold plate spring and paper hold roller.

Paper hold roller shaft

Apply G-31

Paper hold
plate spring

Paper hold roller

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-13

Confidential
3. Hold the paper feed roller assembly at the angle shown in the illustration and insert the thin end of the
shaft into the paper feed frame assembly. Then move the roller assembly into place.

Paper feed frame assembly

Thin
portion

Paper feed roller assembly

6-14 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

4. Attach the paper feed reduction gear to its shaft, as shown in the second illustration below. Make sure
the reduction gear is closer to the frame than the roller assembly gear.
5. Next, insert the J feed roller shaft holder (right) into the frame as shown in the illustration.
(Paper feed
roller assembly)

J feed roller shaft holder (right)

6. Fix the J feed roller shaft holder (left) onto the paper feed roller assemblys shaft, insert it in the
frame, and lock it with the Ering RE (2.3).

RE (2.3)

J feed roller
shaft holder
(left)
Paper feed
reduction gear

Note:
The right J feed roller shaft holder, which is fixed to the paper feed roller assembly, is inserted into
the frame first; then the left J feed roller shaft holder is attached.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-15

Confidential
7. Attach the paper feed motor to the paper feed frame assembly with a screw.
Paper feed motor

CCS-tite (M3x6)
[0.69 to 0.88 N m
(7 to 9 kgf cm)]

Paper feed
frame assembly

8. By fitting the U-cut portion of the upper paper guide to the shaft of the paper feed roller assembly,
attach the paper guide to the paper feed frame assembly. Press the paper guide until it clicks.
9. Check that the 2 dowels on the paper feed frame are in the rectangular holes on the upper paper guide.
Dowels
Paper feed roller
assemblys shaft

Rectangular
holes

U-cut portion
Upper paper guide

6-16 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

10. Insert the ends of the paper hold roller shaft into the paper feed frame assembly, as shown below.

Paper feed
frame assembly

Paper hold roller


shaft (assembled)

11. Hook the paper hold springs to the paper feed frame assembly and paper hold roller shaft. Hook the
spring on the paper feed motor side first. (If you hook the other side first, the paper hold shaft is hard
to hook.)

Paper hold spring

Paper feed motor

Paper feed
frame assembly

Paper hold roller shaft

12. Check that the corner edge of the paper hold plate spring is placed on the paper feed frame assembly
as shown in the illustration below.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-17

Confidential
13. Check that the paper hold plate spring is not deformed.
Paper hold plate spring

Corner edge
Paper feed
frame assembly

Main Assembly 1
Ribbon Switch Lever, Ribbon Release Spring, Ribbon Release Lever, Ribbon Intermediate
Gear, Ribbon Transmission Gear, Ribbon Take-up Assembly, and Ribbon Drive Plate Assembly
1. Place the ribbon switch lever by fitting its hole onto dowel A of the base frame assembly. While
rotating the ribbon switch lever, make sure that the protrusion part does not catch and moves freely.
2. Hook the ribbon release spring to the notch of the ribbon switch lever and hook B of the base frame
assembly.
3. Fit the holes of the ribbon release lever to 2 shafts of the base frame assembly; then secure it with the
E-ring RE (3).

6-18 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

4. Check that the ribbon switch lever and ribbon release lever are attached in the proper directions.
Notch

Ribbon release lever

Ribbon switch lever

RE (3)
Ribbon release spring

Base frame assembly

5. Attach the ribbon intermediate gear to the base frame assembly.


6. Attach the ribbon transmission gear and ribbon take-up assembly together to the base frame assembly.
7. Attach the ribbon drive plate assembly to the base frame assembly and fix with 2 E-rings RE (2.3).
RE (2.3)

Ribbon drive
plate assembly
Ribbon take-up
assembly
Ribbon
transmission gear

Ribbon
intermediate gear

Base frame assembly

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-19

Confidential
Main Assembly 2
Tension plate assembly
1. Insert the tab of the tension plate assembly into the base frame assembly; then slide the tension plate
in the direction of arrow 2 to lock it.
Tab
Tension plate assembly
2
1

Base frame assembly

Main Assembly 3
Paper Feed Frame Assembly
1. Place the paper feed frame assembly (sub assembly A) on the base frame assembly so that portion A is
aligned with portion B.
2. Press down the paper feed frame assembly until the tabs on the paper feed frame assembly lock into
the rectangular holes in the paper feed frame.

6-20 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
3. Attach the screws.
CBT-B (M3x10)
[0.49 to 0.69 N m
(5 to 7 kgf cm)]

Paper feed frame assembly

Rectangular hole
Portion A
Paper hold
plate spring
CBT-B (M3x10)
[0.49 to 0.69 N m
(5 to 7 kgf cm)]

Portion A

Tab

Base frame assembly

Portion B

4. Check that the paper hold plate spring is not caught on the base frame assembly.

Main Assembly 4
Carriage Motor Assembly
1. Fit the A corners of the carriage motor assembly under the B corners of the base frame assembly.
Then slide the carriage motor assembly in the direction of the arrow to fit the other two corners of the
carriage motor assembly under the tabs of the base frame assembly.
A corners

Carriage motor assembly

B corners
Tab positions

Base frame assembly

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-21

Confidential
2. Hook the paper feed motor cable to hook A on the base frame assembly. Make sure to route the cable
as shown in the illustration.
3. Route the carriage motor and paper feed motor cables outside the base frame as shown in the
illustration.
Paper feed motor cable

Paper feed
frame

Hook A

Carriage motor cable

6-22 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Main Assembly 5
Carriage Sub Assembly

1. Fit the belt over the carriage motor sub assembly gear and the tension plate gear.

Carriage
sub assembly

Belt

Tension plate
gear

Carriage motor
sub assembly gear

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-23

Confidential
Main Assembly 6
Carriage Shaft Assembly
1. Pass the carriage shaft through the paper feed frame assembly and carriage sub assembly. At this time,
hook the paper hold spring feet to the carriage shafts dowels, as shown in the illustration.

Paper hold
spring hook
Carriage
sub assembly
Carriage shaft
Paper feed
frame assembly

2. Check that the paper hold spring hooks are hooked in the correct direction. (The direction is different
for the right and left springs.)

6-24 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Main Assembly 7
Adjustment Roller Shaft Holder Assembly

1. Attach the adjustment roller shaft holders to the carriage shaft as shown in the illustration.
Adjustment roller
shaft holder

Carriage shaft

2. Push the adjustment roller shaft holders and turn them 90 degrees in the direction of arrow C. The A
portion points straight down.
3. Check that the adjustment roller shaft holders click into place.

Carriage shaft

Adjustment roller
shaft holder
Portion A

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-25

Confidential
Main Assembly 8
Carriage Guide Shaft Assembly
1. Insert the carriage guide shaft through the base frame assembly and carriage sub assembly and lock it
with the E-ring RE (2.3).

Carriage guide shaft

Base frame assembly

Carriage sub assembly

RE (2.3)

Main Assembly 9
Belt Tension Spring Assembly
1. Hook the belt tension spring to the hooks on the tension plate assembly and paper feed frame
assembly.
2. Push the carriage motor assembly in the direction of the arrow to make sure the motor is properly
placed. Then attach the screw.

6-26 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

3. Be careful not to move the tension plate assembly when securing the screw.

CPS-tite (S-P4) (M3x8)


[0.49 to 0.69 N m
(5 to 7 kgf cm)]
Tension plate
assemblys hook
Belt tension spring

Carriage motor assembly

Paper feed frame


assemblys hook

4. Move the belt tension spring from the paper feed frames hook to the base frame hook.
Base frame hook

Belt tension spring

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-27

Confidential
Main Assembly 10
Sensor Assembly
1. Insert the sensor portion of the sensor assembly into the base frame assembly; then attach the board by
pushing it in.
2. Press the board down to attach it completely.
3. Attach the paper detector switch to the base frame assembly.

Paper detector switch


Sensor assembly

Base frame assembly

4. Make sure the sensor board is not damaged.


5. Hook the sensor assembly lead wires to the base frame assembly as shown in the illustration.

6-28 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

6. Position the paper detection switch sub assembly lead wires as shown in the illustrations, and make
sure that the lead wires are as close as possible to the base frame surface.
Paper detection switch sub assembly lead wires

Sensor sub assemblys lead wires

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-29

Confidential
Main Assembly 11
Carriage Motor Heat Sink Assembly
1. Attach the carriage motor heat sink to the carriage motor assembly, and turn the heat sink in the
direction of the arrow until it stops.
2. Check that surface B of the carriage motor heat sink and surface A of the paper feed frame are the
same height. If not, adjust the heat sink to make the surfaces the same height. Check that the motor
cables are not caught on the heat sink.
Surface B
Carriage motor
heat sink

Motor cables

Surface A
Carriage motor
assembly

Paper feed frame

6-30 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Main Assembly 12
Print Head FPC Assembly

1. After folding the projections of print head FPC, insert the FPC under the arm of the base frame
assembly while fitting the projections with the arm.
2. Fold the straight side of print head FPC. (See the figure.)
3. Pass the straight side of print head FPC through the slit in the base frame assembly.
Projection

Print head FPC

Straight side

Base frame assembly

Arm
Armsection

4. Pull out the print head FPC from the back of base frame assembly.
5. Adjust the print head FPC from the back of base frame assembly.
6. Pass the end of print head FPC through the guide of base frame assembly.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-31

Confidential
7. The projections of print head FPC must be held with the arm of base frame assembly.
Print head FPC threading
Hook

Print Head FFC Assembly


1. Insert the FFC under the arm of the base frame assembly.
2. Pass the straight side of print head FFC through the slit in the base frame assembly.

3. Confirm that the right side of the black line on the FFC locates on the left side of the arm. If not so,
adjust the position. (See the above figure.)

6-32 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
4. Pull out the print head FFC from the back of base frame assembly.
5. Adjust the print head FFC from the back of base frame assembly.
6. Pass the end of print head FFC through the guide of base frame assembly.

7. The projections of print head FFC must be held with the arm of base frame assembly.
Print head FFC processing
Hook

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-33

Confidential
Main Assembly 13
Print Head Unit
1. Attach the print head FPC to the print head unit.
2. Place the print head FPC under the hooks on the carriage sub assembly, and then secure the print head
unit to the carriage sub assembly with the screw.
3. Place the print head FPC under the hooks on the carriage sub assembly, and then secure the print head
unit to the carriage sub assembly with the screw.

Print head unit

CPP-tite (M3x10)
[0.49 to 0.69 N m
(5 to 7 kgf cm)]

Carriage sub assembly

A
Print head FPC

O-10 application points


Hooks

6-34 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

4. Make sure there is space between the slanting edge of the print head FPC and slanting side of the
carriage sub assembly, and between the FPC edge and portion A. If there is no space, the print head
FPC may not be inserted into the print head unit firmly. Remove the print head unit and insert the print
head FPC again.

There must be space

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-35

Confidential
Main assembly 14
Left Cover Fixing Plate And Right Cover Fixing Plate
1. Attach the dowel of the left cover fixing plate into the hole in the paper feed frame, and secure it with
the screw.
2. Attach the dowel of the right cover fixing plate into the hole in the paper feed frame and secure it with
the screw.
CCS-tite (M3x6)
[0.69 to 0.88 N m
(7 to 9 kgf cm)]

Left cover fixing plate

Right cover fixing plate

Paper feed frame

CCS-tite (M3x6)
[0.69 to 0.88 N m
(7 to 9 kgf cm)]

6-36 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Main Assembly 15
Ribbon Frame Earth Plate
1. Put the ribbon frame earth plate in the carriage guide shaft.

Ribbon frame earth plate

Carriage guide shaft

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-37

Confidential
Main Assembly 16
Ribbon Frame Assembly, Ribbon Frame Spring, and Ribbon Frame Fixing Plate
1. Apply G-31 to the switching point of the ribbon frame on the ribbon switch lever. (A line of
lubrication: length 4 mm x wide 1 mm)
2. Apply G-31 to the tip of the release point of the ribbon frame assembly on the base frame assembly.
(A point of lubrication: diameter 1 mm)
3. Apply G-31 to each ribbon frame assembly mounting shaft (left and right) in the base frame assembly.
(A line of lubrication: length 2 mm x wide 1 mm)
4. Attach shafts (A) and (B) on the base frame assembly to the ribbon frame assembly.
5. Attach the ribbon frame fixing plate into the groove in the right ribbon frame assembly mounting shaft
(A).
6. Hook the ribbon frame spring to (C) on the base frame assembly and (D) on the ribbon frame
assembly.

Ribbon frame fixing plate


(D)

Ribbon frame assembly

Ribbon frame spring

Apply G-31

(B)

(C)

Base frame assembly


Apply G-31

6-38 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

(A)

Apply G-31

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Main Assembly 17
Thumbscrew and Head Cover

1. Place the thumbscrew into the hole in the head cover and secure the E-ring RE (2.5) in the center of
the thumbscrew.
2. Insert the tab on the head cover into the left cover fixing plate first, and then rotate and secure with the
thumbscrew while aligning the dowel.

Tab

Thumbscrew

Head cover
RE (2.5)

Left cover fixing plate

Dowel

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-39

Confidential
Adjustment
Platen Gap Adjustment
1. Turn the thumbscrew in the direction of the arrow to remove the ribbon frame assembly from the
printer and remove the manual cutter.
2. Move the print head unit so that it is 1 to 2 cm (0.39 to 0.79) from portion A of the paper hold plate
spring and insert the scaling gauge between the print head unit and platen.
3. Measure the space and if the value is out of the standard range [0.55 mm 0.05 mm (0.022
0.002)], turn the adjustment roller shaft holders to get a value within the specified range.

6-40 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
4. Perform the adjustment at 2 positions.

Ribbon frame assembly

Thumbscrew
Portion A

Scaling guage

Paper hold
plate spring
Wide
Narrow

Print head unit

Platen

Adjustment roller
shaft holder

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-41

Confidential
TM-U230 Assembly
The following sections provide procedures to assemble the TM-U230 printer.
Note:
In the following procedures, the reference numbers are provided within brackets after the part name.

1. Insert the hook in the top half of the, M-U200 mechanism assembly (139) in the hole in the upper
plate (112). Slide the assembly upwards taking care not to pinch the harness of the mechanism
assembly between parts assembly align it with the dowel, and secure with (C.P.(O) screw 3X6 F/ZN
(S3) and C.B.S-tite screw, 3X5, F/ZN (S5)). (1 of each)

Dowel

M-U200 Mechanism
assembly (139)

Upper hook

Upper plate (112)

Dowel

C.B.S-tite
screw, 3X5, F/ZN (S5)

Upper hole

C.P.(O) screw 3X6 F/ZN (S3)

Figure 6- 11

2. Lubricate the bearings at both ends of the roll paper receive roller (132), using G-31 lubricant in
4places.

6-42 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
3. Attach the roll paper receive roller (132) to the lower case (119).

Lower case (119)


G-31

Roll paper receive roller


(132)
G-31

Figure 6- 12

4. Place the lower case (119) and M-U200 mechanism assembly (139) horizontally, align the lower case
with the dowel on the mechanism assembly, and secure with the C.P.T-BT Screw, 3X12, F/ZN (S2).
(2 screws)

M-U200 Mechanism
assembly (139)

C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12, F/
ZN (S2)

Roll paper receive roller


(132)

Print head FPC (538)

Dowel
Lower case (119)

C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12,
F/ZN (S2)

Figure 6- 13

Note:
Take care not to pinch the print head FPC (538) connected to the M-U200 mechanism assembly
(139) when performing this procedure.
5. Lubricate the bearings at both ends of the roll paper receive roller (132) using G-31 lubricant. (4
places)
6. Attach the roll paper receive roller (132) and the power switch cable assembly (204) to the roll paper
holder (122).
7. Attach the N.E. detector lever (106) to the N.E. detector holder (105).

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-43

Confidential
8. Connect the microswitch (107) to the N.E. cable assembly (205), attach it to the N.E. detector holder
(105) and secure the parts with a C.B.B-tite screw, 2X8, F/ZN. (S11). (1 screw)
9. Use the N.E. detector adjustment screw (109), hexagon nut (N1) and E-ring (E1) to attach the N.E.
detector assembly (1002) to the roll paper holder (122).

Roll paper receive roller (132)


G-31

N.E. detector adjustment


screw (109)
C.B.B-tite screw, 2X8, F/
ZN (S11)

Power switch cable


assembly (204)

N.E. cable assembly


(205) cable

Microswitch (107)

Hexagon nut (N1)

G-31

E-ring (E1)
N.E detector
holder (105)

Roll paper holder (122)

N.E detector lever


(106)

N.E detector assembly (1002)

Figure 6- 14

Note:
Use a coin to turn the N.E. detector adjustment screw (109).

6-44 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

10. Taking care not to pinch the power switch cable assembly (204) and the N.E cable assembly (205)
cables, insert the 2 upper hooks on the roll paper holder (122) in the 2 holes in the lower case (119),
slide the holder toward the top of the printer, align it with the dowels and secure with C.P.T-BT.
screw, 3X12, F/ZN (S2). (2 screws)

Two upper hooks


Roll paper holder (122)
N.E. cable assembly (205)
cable
Power switch cable
assembly (204) cable

Lower case (119)


Two upper holes

Figure 6- 15

Roll paper holder (122)


C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12, F/
ZN (S2)

C.P.T-BT screw, 3X12,


F/ZN (S2)
Dowel
Lower case (119)

Figure 6- 16

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-45

Confidential
11. Loop the N.E cable assembly (205) cable one turn around the protrusion on the roll paper holder
(122).

N.E cable assembly


(205)

Roll paper holder (122)

Connector side cable

Roll paper holder (122)

Figure 6- 17

Note:
Do not pull the connector side cable so much that the connector is exposed to excessive force.
12. Attach the rubber feet (127) on the lower case (119).

Rubber feet (127)


Lower case (119)

Figure 6- 18

6-46 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

13. Align the manual cutter (511) with the paper feed assembly frame (527) dowel and secure with C.B.Stite, screw 3X5, F/ZN (S5). (1 screw)

Dowel
Paper feed assembly
frame (527)
C.B.S-tite. screw,
3X5, F/ZN (S5)

Manual cutter (511)

Figure 6- 19

14. Attach the cutter,A,assembly (146) to the 7320 autocutter assembly (111).
15. Align the 7320 autocutter assembly (111) with the right and left cutter assembly plate (113) dowels
and secure with C.B.S-tite, screw, 3X5, F/ZN (S5). (2 screws)
16. Lubricate the autocutter assembly lock lever (114) mount on the cutter assembly plate (113) using G31 lubricant in 2 places.
Note:
Lubricate the contact points between the cutter assembly plate (113) and the autocutter assembly lock
lever (114).
17. Attach the autocutter assembly lock lever (114) and the autocutter lock lever spring (103) to the cutter
assembly plate, and secure with 1 E-ring (E4). (1 ring)
18. Align the cutter support plate (117) with the hole in the cutter fixing plate (121); insert the cutter plate
spring shaft (126) with the right cutter plate spring (123) in the right hole in the cutter fixing plate and
secure with E-rings (E2, E3).
19. Align the cutter support plate (117) with the hole in the cutter fixing plate (121); insert the cutter plate
spring shaft (126) with the left cutter plate spring (124) in the left hole in the cutter fixing plate and
secure with E-rings (E2, E3).
Note:
The right cutter plate spring (123) and the left cutter plate spring (124) are special parts. Note that
normal operation cannot be guaranteed if the locations of the springs are reversed.
20. Attach the cable clamp (108) to the cutter fixing plate.
21. Attach the cutter plate spring (118) to the cutter fixing plate and secure with, 1 C.B.S-tite. screw, 3X5,
F/ZN (S5).
Lubricate the cutter plate spring (118) with G-31 lubricant.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-47

Confidential
22. Align the cutter support plate (117) with the hole in the cutter assembly plate (113), insert the cutter
plate shaft (125), and secure with 2 E-rings (E2).

Cutter,A,assembly (146)
7320 autocutter
assembly (111)

Cutter assembly plate


(113)

E-ring (E2)

Cutter plate shaft (125)


E-ring (E2)

Autocutter assembly lock


lever (114)
G-31
Autocutter lock lever
spring (103)

E-ring (E4)

Cable clamp (108)

C.B.S-tite screw, 3X5, F/ZN


(S5)
G-31
E-ring (E3)

Cutter fixing plate (121)

Right cutter plate spring (123)


Cutter plate spring shaft (126)
Left cutter plate
spring (124)
E-ring (E3)
Cutter support plate (117)
E-ring (E2)
C.B.S-tite screw, 3X5,
F/ZN (S5)

Cutter plate spring (118)

Figure 6- 20

6-48 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

23. Attach the cutter fixing plate (121) to the upper plate (112) and secure with C.P.(O).screw 3X6 F/ZN
(S3). (3 screws)

Upper plate (112)

C.P.(O) screw 3X6 F/


ZN (S3)

Cutter fixing plate (121)

Figure 6- 21

24. Connect the 7320 autocutter assembly (111) cable to the autocutter cable assembly (133) cable.
25. Attach the connected connectors to the cutter plate cover (110) slit.
26. Position the 7320 autocutter assembly (111) cable and the autocutter cable assembly (133) cable in
respective cut-out portions.
27. Position the dowels, attach the cutter plate cover (110) and secure with 1 C.B.S-tite screw, 3X5, F/ZN
(S5).

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-49

Confidential
28. Pass the autocutter cable assembly (133) cable through the cable clamp (108).
Cutter plate cover
(110)

Dowel

Connect the 7320 autocutter


assembly (111) cable to the
autocutter cable assembly (133)
cable.
Cutter plate cover (110) slit

Pass the autocutter cable


assembly (133) cable through the
cable clamp (108).

Cut-out portions

C.B.S-tite screw, 3X5, F/ZN


(S5)

Figure 6- 22

29. Pass 7 cables and lead wires to the back of the printer.

Power switch cable


assembly (204) cable

Autocutter cable
assembly (133) cable

N.E. cable assembly (205)


cable

Detector assembly (515) cable

Print head FPC lead


wire

Paper feed motor


cable (black)

Carriage motor
cable (red)

Figure 6- 23

30. Attach the guide roller (102) to the main case (131).

6-50 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

31. Attach the K-12 rubber feet (130) to the main case (131) and secure with 2 C.P.T-B screws, 3X14, F/
NI (S1).

Guide roller (102)

Main case (131)


K-12 rubber feet (130) and
C.P.T-B screw, 3X14, F/NI
(S1)

Figure 6- 24

32. Connect the switch cable assembly (206) to the switch circuit board assembly (203).
33. Connect the switch spacer (129) to the switch circuit board assembly (203).
34. Align the switch circuit board assembly (203) with the main case (131) dowel and secure with 2
C.P.T-B screws, 3X10, F/ZN (S13).

C.P.T-B screw, 3X10,


F/ZN (S13)

Switch cable
assembly (206)

Switch circuit board


assembly (203)

Switch spacer (129)

Main case (131)

Dowel

Figure 6- 25

Note:
Attach the switch circuit board assembly (203) to the main case (131); then press the FEED switch to
make sure it works normally.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-51

Confidential
35. Pass the switch cable assembly (206) cable to the back of the printer.

Power switch cable


assembly (206) cable

Same location as the detector


assembly (515) cable

Figure 6- 26

36. Raise the autocutter assembly lock lever (114) and open the 7320 autocutter assembly (111).
Note:
When doing so, lock the 7320 autocutter assembly (111) in a tilted position. It is not possible to insert
the main case (131) when the autocutter assembly is opened too wide or when it is closed.
37. Attach the main case (131) to the lower case (119).

Lock the 7320 autocutter


assembly (111) in a tilted
position.

Lower case (119)

Main case (131)

Figure 6- 27

Note:
Take care not to pitch cables or lead wires when performing this procedure. Normal equipment
operation cannot be guaranteed if cables and lead wires are damaged.

6-52 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

38. Turn the printer over on its back to check that the main case (131) and lower case (119) surfaces are
properly aligned and are not offset with respect to each other.

Main case (131)

Check that no cables and


lead wires have become
pinched.

Lower case (119)

Figure 6- 28

Note:
In performing this procedure, check that no cables and lead wires have become pinched. Normal
equipment operation cannot be guaranteed when cables and lead wires are damaged.
39. Turn the printer back over to its normal position and secure it with 4 C.P.T-BT.screws, 3X12, F/ZN
(S2).

C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12, F/
ZN (S2)

C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12,
F/ZN (S2)

Figure 6- 29

40. Insert the main circuit board unit (201) at an angle and push it down toward the bottom of the printer.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-53

Confidential
41. When the drawer kick-out connector and the power supply connector are fitted together, press them
together until you hear a clicking sound. Then secure with 2 C.P.(O) screws 3X6 F/ZN (S3) and 3
C.P.S screws, 3X6 F/ZN (S4) (5 screws in all).

Power supply connector


Main circuit board
unit (201)

Drawer kick-out connector

Push toward the bottom of


the printer

Push down

Figure 6- 30

C.P.(O) screw 3X6 F/ZN


(S3)

C.P.S screw, 3X6 F/ZN


(S4)

Figure 6- 31

Note:
In performing this procedure, check that no cables and lead wires have become pinched. Normal
operation of equipment cannot be guaranteed if cables and lead wires are damaged.
42. Connect the N.E. cable assembly (205), power switch cable assembly (204), detector assembly (515),
autocutter cable assembly (133), and switch cable assembly (206) lead wires to the CN11, CN12,
CN8, CN9, and CN13 connectors, respectively.
Note:
Each of the 5 connectors have a different configuration.

6-54 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

43. Connect the carriage motor cable (red) to the CN5 (RED) connector, the paper feed motor cable
(black) to the CN6 (BLACK) connector, and the print head FPC lead wire to CN7 connector.
Detector assembly (515) lead
wire

Power switch cable assembly


(204) lead wire

Autocutter cable assembly


(133) cable

Power switch cable


assembly (206) lead wire

N.E cable assembly


(205) lead wire

Print head FPC lead wire


(538)

Connect the paper feed cable


(black) to CN6 (BLACK)

Connect the carriage motor cable


(red) to CN5 (RED)

Figure 6- 32

Note:
One end of the carriage motor cable has a red line, and one end of the paper feed motor cable has a
black line.
Note:
Insert the print head FPC (538) vertically. If the print head FPC (538) is inserted at an angle, it will
be exposed to unnecessary load, which may cause the print element to come off making it impossible
to operate normaly.
Note:
Normal print operation cannot be guaranteed if the print head FPC terminals are reversed.
Note:
When routing the N.E cable assembly and the power switch cable assembly lead wires, twist the two
wires together.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-55

Confidential
44. Insert the RS-232 I/F circuit board unit (202) into the main circuit board unit (201) and secure them
with 2 C.P.(O)screws 3X6 F/ZN (S3).

Main circuit board


unit (201)

RS-232 I/F circuit board unit


(202)

C.P.(O) screw 3X6 F/ZN (S3)

Figure 6- 33

45. Align and fit the circuit board plate (115) onto the lower case (119) dowel and secure with 4 C.B.S
screws, 3X6, F/NI (S6).

Circuit board plate (115)


C.B.S screw, 3X6, F/NI
(S6)

Lower case (119)

C.B.S screw, 3X6, F/NI (S6)

Figure 6- 34

6-56 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

46. Attach double-sided tape on the portion of manual cutter (116). The double-sided tape is required to
maintain the waterproof characteristics of the printer.

Guide paper (120)

Double-sided tape
Manual cutter (116)

Figure 6- 35

47. Attach the manual cutter (116) to the cutter cover (141).

Cutter cover (141)

Manual cutter (116)

Figure 6- 36

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-57

Confidential
48. Align the guide paper (120) with the cutter cover (141) dowel and secure with 2 C.P.T-B screws,
3X10, F/ZN (S13).

C.P.T-B screw, 3X10, F/


ZN (S13)
Cutter cover (141)
Dowel
C.P.T-B screw, 3X10,
F/ZN (S13)

Dowel

Guide paper (120)

Figure 6- 37

49. Attach the cutter cover (141).

Cutter cover (141)

Cutter cover (141) mount

Figure 6- 38

Note:
No screws are used. Fit the cutter cover into the cutter cover (141) mount while bending the mount
sideways.

6-58 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
50. Attach the roll paper cover (142).

Roll paper cover (142) mount

Roll paper cover (142)

Figure 6- 39

Note:
No screws are used. Fit the roll paper cover into the roll paper cover (142) mount while bending the
mount sideways.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-59

Confidential
Horizontal installation
When you install the printer horizontally, three procedures differ differ from vertical installation (standard
orientation). You need to use the following three procedures:
o

Change the location of the rubber feet (130).

Change the location (orientation) of the N.E detector assembly (1002).

Attach the switch panel (137) for horizontal installation.

Follow the procedures below.

1. Attach the rubber feet (130) on the back of the printer.

Rubber feet (130)

Figure 6- 40

2. Position the printer horizontally.


3. Open the roll paper cover (142) and use a coin to loosen the N.E detector adjustment screw (109).
4. Turn the protrusion on the N.E detector holder (105) to change the position of the N.E detector lever
(106).

6-60 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

5. Adjust the detection position of the N.E detector and close the roll paper cover (142). See the
"Installation" Section of Chapter 7 for information on how to adjust the N.E detector.

N.E detector holder (105)


protrusion

Roll paper cover (142)


N.E. detector adjustment screw
(109)

N.E detector lever (106)

Figure 6- 41

6. Clean the surface of the switch panel (128) attached to the roll paper cover (142) with alcohol.
Note:
Do not touch the switch panel (128) surface after cleaning. Touching this surface may lower the
strength of the adhesive.
7. Remove the seal covering the adhesive surface of the switch panel (137).
Note:
Do not touch the adhesive surface of the switch panel (128). Touching this surface may lower the
strength of the adhesive.

Rev. C

Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment 6-61

Confidential
8. Attach the switch cover (137) on the switch panel (128) attached to the roll paper cover (142). Press
down the switch panel (137) with sufficient force equally across the surface of the panel.

Roll paper cover (142)


Attach the switch panel (137) on top
of the existing switch panel (128).

Figure 6- 42

6-62 Disassembly, Assembly, and Adjustment

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Chapter 7

Installation
Installation and Positioning of TM-U230
Precautions in Handling the protective Coating of the Case
This printer is housed in a plastic case (*) with a protective coating; simple cleaning is enough to remove
dirt easily so that the exterior of the printer remains in good condition. As with other plastic cases, handle
the protective coating with care as described below.
(*)The protective coating is not applied to the installation surface of the metal plate, the power supply box,
and the inside of the case.

Do not scratch the surface with hard objects; otherwise the case may be damaged, and dirt may
become difficult to remove.

Do not use any type of abrasive agent (scouring powder, scouring pads, etc.) to clean the case;
otherwise the surface of the case may be damaged, and dirt may become difficult to remove.

Never clean the case with disinfectant, bleach, alcohol, benzene, thinner, chlorine, or ketone;
otherwise the dirt may become difficult to remove. Also, they may cause the case to discolor,
dissolve, or deform.

The label may come off of the protective coating of the case.

Selecting a Place of Installation


This printer can be installed vertically (standard installation), so that the paper exit faces the front, or
horizontally, so that the paper exit faces upward. With the optional wall mounting bracket (Model No:
WH-10) the printer can be wall-mounted.
Note:
Since vibrations are generated during paper cutting, take suitable measures to secure the printer.
o

Installation on a table (vertical or horizontal installation)

Regardless of installation method chosen, the tilt of surface selected must be 15 or less.

Attach the supplied switch panel sheet for horizontal installation when the printer is to be installed
horizontally.

Adjust the N.E detector and attach the rubber feet as required by the chosen method of
installation.

Environment Specifications
See page 2-9.

Rev. C

Installation 7-1

Confidential
External Dimensions
See page 2-6.

Vertical installation

Horizontal installation

Figure 7-1 Desk installation

Wall mounting

Use the optional wall mounting bracket (model name: WH-10) when the printer is to be wall
mounted.

When the printer is wall mounted, adjust the N.E. detector in the same way as for vertical
installation.

The power supply box can be attached below the printer if necessary.

Figure 7-2 Wall-mounted installation

7-2 Installation

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
DIP Switch Settings
Make DIP switch settings using the following procedures.
1. Remove the circuit board plate. (See page 6-6.)
2. Set the DIP switches. (See page 2-5.)

Settings for Horizontal Installation


Perform the following procedures when the printer is to be used in a horizontal installation.

Changing the Location of the Rubber Feet


Remove the rubber feet (K-12 type) from the bottom of the printer and attach them to the back of the
printer.

Attach

Remove

Figure 7-3 Reattaching rubber feet

Changing the Orientation of N.E. Detector Assembly


Perform the following procedures to change the orientation of the N.E. detector assembly.
1. Place the printer horizontally and open the roll paper cover.
2. Use a coin to loosen the N.E. detector adjustment screw.
3. Turn the protrusion on the N.E. detector holder to change the position of the N.E detector lever.
4. Tighten the N.E. detector adjustment screw, check that the N.E. detector lever operates normally and
close roll paper cover.

Rev. C

Installation 7-3

Confidential

N.E. detector holder


protrusion

Roll paper cover


N.E. detector
adjustment screw

N.E. detector lever

Figure 7-4 Changing the orientation of N.E. detector assembly

Attaching Switch Panel for Horizontal Installation


1. Clean the switch panel attached to roll paper cover.
Note:
Do not touch the switch panel surface after cleaning. Touching this surface may lower the strength of
the adhesive.
2. Remove the seal covering the adhesive surface of the switch panel for horizontal installation.
Note:
Do not touch the adhesive surface of the switch panel for horizontal installation. Touching this
surface may lower the strength of the adhesive.

7-4 Installation

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

3. For horizontal installation attach the switch panel on top of the switch panel attached to the roll paper
cover. Press down the switch panel with sufficient force equally across the surface of the panel.

Attach the switch panel for horizontal


installation on top of the existing
switch panel.

Roll paper cover

Figure 7-5 Switch panel attachment

Attaching the Power Supply Box


The location of the power supply box varies with the method of installation.

WARNING:
Use only AC adapter designated by EPSON. Using a non-standard power supply may
cause a fire or shock hazard.
When you are using an EPSON AC power supply or the equivalent, immediately turn off
the printer and disconnect the power plug when you notice an abnormality.

CAUTION:
Always disconnect the power plug from the wall outlet when connecting or
disconnecting the AC adapter. Otherwise you may damage the AC adapter or the
printer.
Make sure the rated voltage of the AC adapter matches the voltage of the wall outlet
before connecting the AC adapter. Do not plug in the AC adapter if the voltages do
not match. Otherwise, you may damage the AC adapter or the printer.
Note:
To remove the DC cable connector, make sure the power supply power cord is unplugged; then grasp the
connector at the arrow and pull it straight out.

Rev. C

Installation 7-5

Confidential
Assembling the Power Box
1. Place the AC adapter in the upper adapter cover. Bundle up the DC power supply cable and place it in
the upper adapter cover.

DC power supply cable

Upper adapter cover

Figure 7-6 Power supply box assembly (1)

2. Place the lower adapter cover on the upper adapter cover. In doing so, pull out the DC power supply
cable from the DC power supply cable exit in the lower adapter cover, so that around 15 cm (5.905)
of the cable protrudes from the cover.
3. Secure the covers with the screws.

Pull out around 15 cm


(5.9) of the power cable.
Power supply box

DC power supply cable exit


in the lower adapter cover

Figure 7-7 Power supply box assembly (2)

Vertical Installation
1. Check that the printer POWER switch is off and that the power supply cord of the AC adapter is not
plugged into the wall outlet.
2. Connect DC power supply cable of the AC adapter to the DC connector on the printer.

7-6 Installation

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

3. Attach the power supply box to the rear of the printer and secure with 2 screws.

Screw
DC power supply cable

Power supply box

DC connector

Figure 7-8 Attaching the power supply box for vertical installation

Horizontal Installation and Wall Mounting


1. Check that the printer POWER switch is off and that the power supply cord of the AC adapter is not
plugged into the wall outlet.
2. Connect DC power supply cable of the AC adapter to the DC connector on the printer.

Rev. C

Installation 7-7

Confidential
3. Attach the power supply box to the bottom of the printer and secure with 2 screws.

DC power supply cable

DC connector

Power supply box

Screw

Figure 7-9 Attaching the power supply box for horizontal installation and wall mounting

Wall Mounting
An optional wall mounting bracket (model name: WH-10) is required to wall mount the printer.

Notes on Wall Mounting


o

Cut printing paper may stick to the case due to static electricity (however, this does not affect printer
operation).

Installation

CAUTION:
Before starting any installation work, turn off the printer and all accessories connected to
the printer, and disconnect all cables connected to the printer.

7-8 Installation

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Installing the wall mount

CAUTION:
The weight of the printer is listed in Table 7-1. Use screws that are long enough to
properly support the weight of the printer and that suit the type of wall you attach the
mount to. It is recommended that you use screws with a 4 mm diameter.
Secure the mount to the wall using all the 10 screw holes.
Table 7-1 Weight of printer and accessories
Weight
TM-U230 printer
AC adapter
Power supply box

Approx. 3.5 kg (7.72


lb)

TM-U230 printer

Approx. 2,8 kg (6.17


lb)

Select a location for wall mounting that will provide sufficient space around the printer when the roll
paper cover and cutter cover are open.

Attach the wall mounting bracket using all 10 screw holes.

Since no screws have been supplied with the wall mounting bracket, select screws that suit the wall
where the bracket is to be attached.

Holes for screws in the wall


mounting bracket

Holes for screws in the wall


mounting bracket

Figure 7-10 Screw holes in the wall mounting bracket

Rev. C

Installation 7-9

Confidential
Attaching the hangers

o
o

Note:
There are holes for 4 screws in the hangers (The number of the type of screw to be used is stamped on
the hanger). Use the correct screw holes.
In attaching the hangers to the printer, use the 4 screws supplied with the WH-10 wall mounting
bracket.

1. Place the hangers on the printer (one at the center and the other at the bottom of the printer).
2. Use the screw holes in the printer marked "2" for the top hanger. Secure the hanger using 2 of the
supplied screws.
3. Use the screw holes in the printer marked "1" for the bottom hanger. Secure the hanger using two of
the supplied screws.

The 2 screw holes


labeled "2"

Hanger

The 2 screw holes


labeled "1"

Hanger

Figure 7-11 Attaching the hanger

CAUTION:
Make sure that all 4 screws are properly secured.

7-10 Installation

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Attaching the printer to the wall

CAUTION:
Check again that the wall mounting bracket is properly secured to the wall before
attaching the printer.
1. Insert the hangers in the groove in the wall mounting bracket.

Figure 7-12 Attaching the printer to a wall

Connecting a Host PC
Turn off both the printer and the computer before making any cable connections.

Serial interface connections


1. Connect the interface cable connector to the interface connector on the connector panel.
2. Secure both screws for connectors equipped with screws.

Figure 7-13 Tightening connector screws

Rev. C

Installation 7-11

Confidential
Note:
Your printer has inch-type hexagonal lock screws installed. If your interface cable requires
millimeter-type screws, replace the inch-type screws with the enclosed millimeter-type screws using a
hex screwdriver (5 mm).
Inch-type screw is marked with a line

Inch screw

Millimeter screw

Figure 7-14 Inch screw and millimeter screw

3. If your interface connector has a grounding wire, attach it to the printer using the screw labeled FG.
4. Connect the other end of the interface cable to the host PC.

Connecting to a parallel interface


1. Connect the interface cable connector to the interface connector on the connector panel.
2. Close the tabs on both sides of the connector to lock it.
3. If your interface cable has a grounding wire, attach it to the printer using the screw labeled FG.
4. Connect the other end of the interface cable to the host PC.

Connecting to a USB interface


1. Attach a locking wire saddle as shown in the figure below.
2. Pass the USB cable through the locking wire saddle as shown in the figure.
Note:
Passing the USB cable through the wire locking saddle as shown in the figure will keep the
connection from coming loose.
USB upstream connector
UB-BOARD

Locking wire saddle


USB cable
USB downstream connector
(USB HUB: only for UB-U01)

DM connector

Figure 7-15 Attaching the locking wire saddle

3. Connect the USB cable from the host PC to the USB upstream connector.

7-12 Installation

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

4. A total of 2 USB devices can be connected to the USB downstream connector to a printer equipped
with UB-U01.
Note:
The UB-U101 hub is a power supply hub. Consequently, a bus power supply hub (including UB-U01)
or a bus power supply function with a current consumption exceeding 100 mA cannot be directly
connected to this connector. (A UB-U02 can be directly connected to a UB-U01 hub.)
5. Install a UB-U01/02 device driver on the host PC.
Note:
Consult the local EPSON Service Center for information on how to obtain device drivers and
instructions on how to install them.

Connecting to an Ethernet interface


Names of parts
Ethernet interface terms are given below.

10 BASE-T Ethernet
interface connector

LED (green)

LED (red)

Do not press the


LEDs.

Switch
Holding down this switch when
the printer is powered up returns
all settings to their default values.

Figure 7-16 Names of parts

Interface cable connections

CAUTION:
Connecting devices directly to LAN cables that are installed outdoors will expose them
to damage from power surges caused by lightning and other inductive sources. It is best
to make sure that devices without proper surge protection are cushioned by being
connected through devices that do have surge protection. Otherwise, it is better not to
connect them to outdoor lines.
1. Make sure both the printer and the host PC are turned off.
2. Press in the 10 BASE-T cable plug into the 10 BASE-T Ethernet connector until you hear a clicking
sound.

Rev. C

Installation 7-13

Confidential
CAUTION:
Never connect a customer display connector cable, drawer kick-out connector, or a public telephone
line to the 10 BASE-T Ethernet connector.
Note:
Consult the Advanced Point Support representative for advice on how to set up the Ethernet interface.

Drawer Kick-Out Connector (Marked DK)

CAUTION:
Connect a drawer that matches the printer specifications. Using an improper drawer
may damage the printer as well as the drawer.
Do not connect a telephone line to the drawer kick-out connector (marked DK). Such a
connection may damage both the printer and the telephone lines.
1. Connect the drawer cable to the drawer kick-out connector (marked DK) on the connector panel.

Drawer kick-out connector

Figure 7-17 Drawer connection

7-14 Installation

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential
Appendix A

Parts List
How to Interpret Reference Numbers
All TM-U230 parts are identified by reference numbers. Reference numbers take the following four
forms.

Number of
digits

First character

Example

Meaning

2 digits

Numeric

01, 05

Refers to packing material.

3 digits

Numeric

124, 566

Refers to a service part.

4 digits

Numeric

1005, 1008

Refers to part not provided as a part. This symbol is used in this manual.

Undefined

Alphabetic
characters

S12, E2

Refers to a small part.

Rev. C

Parts List A-1

Confidential
Parts list
Alphanumeric List
Supplied as a
Parts?

Name in Service Manual

Name in Price List

Qty

Page

ref. #

7320 auto cutter assembly

AUTO CUTTER ASSEMBLY,TYPE 7320

B-2

111

Yes

AC adapter

AC ADAPTER,P

B-3

138

Yes

AC cable

AC CABLE,USA

B-2

145

Yes

adjusting roller shaft holder

SHAFT HOLDER,ADJUSTING ROLLER

B-1

509

Yes

attachment bag

BAG,ATTACHMENT

B-4

03

Yes

autocutter assembly lock lever

LOCK LEVER,AUTO CUTTER


ASSEMBLY,AA

B-2

114

Yes

autocutter cable assembly

AUTO CUTTER CABLE ASSEMBLY

B-2

133

Yes

autocutter lock lever spring

SPRING,AUTO CUTTER LOCK LEVER

B-2

103

Yes

base frame assembly

---

B-1

1001

No

belt tension hold plate

PLATE,BELT TENSION HOLD

B-1

535

Yes

belt tension spring

SPRING,BELT TENSION

B-1

506

Yes

C.B.B-tite screw, 2X8, F/ZN

C.B.B-TITE,2X8,F/ZN

B-2

S11

Yes

C.B.S.screw, 3X6, F/NI

C.B.S.SCREW,3X6,F/NI

B-1

S6

Yes

C.B.S-tite. screw, 3X5, F/ZN

C.B.S-TITE.SCREW,3X5,F/ZN

B-2

S5

Yes

C.B.T-BT.screw, 3X10, F/Zn

C.B.T-BT.SCREW,3X10,F/Zn

B-1

S7

Yes

C.C.S.screw M3X6, F/ZN

C.C.S.SCREW M3X6,F/ZN

B-1

S8

Yes

C.P.(O).screw 3X6 F/ZN

C.P.(O).SCREW 3X6 F/ZN

B-2

S3

Yes

C.P.P-tite screw, 3X10, F/ZN

C.P.P-TITE,3X10,F/ZN

B-2

S10

Yes

C.P.S.screw, 3X6 F/ZN

C.P.S.SCREW,3X6 F/ZN

B-1,2

S4

Yes

C.P.S-tite (S-P4), 3X8, F/Zn

C.P.S-TITE(S-P4),3X8,F/Zn

B-1

S9

Yes

C.P.T-B screw, 3X10, F/ZN

C.P.T-B SCREW, 3X10, F/ZN

B-2

S13

Yes

C.P.T-B screw,3X14,F/NI

C.P.T-B SCREW,3X14,F/NI

B-1

S1

Yes

C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12, F/ZN

C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12, F/ZN

B-2

S2

Yes

cable clamp

CABLE CLAMP YMC-05-0

B-2

108

Yes

carriage assembly

CARRIAGE ASSEMBLY

B-1

516

Yes

carriage assembly motor

MOTOR,CARRIAGE ASSEMBLY

B-1

513

Yes

carriage guide shaft

SHAFT,CARRIAGE GUIDE

B-1

508

Yes

carriage motor radiating plate

RADIATING PLATE,CARRIAGE
MOTOR

B-1

510

Yes

carriage shaft

SHAFT,CARRIAGE

B-1

507

Yes

caution seal

SEAL,CAUTION

B-2

101

Yes

circuit board plate

PLATE,CIRCUIT BOARD,AA

B-2

115

Yes

connector plate

PLATE,CONNECTOR,BA

B-2

140

Yes

A-2 Parts List

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

Supplied as a
Parts?

Name in Service Manual

Name in Price List

Qty

Page

ref. #

cutter,A,assembly

CUTTER,A,ASSEMBLY

B-2

145

Yes

cutter assembly plate

PLATE,CUTTER ASSEMBLY,DA

B-2

113

Yes

cutter cover

COVER,CUTTER,AA

B-2

141

Yes

cutter fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,CUTTER,AA

B-2

121

Yes

cutter plate cover

COVER,CUTTER PLATE,AB

B-2

110

Yes

cutter plate shaft

SHAFT,CUTTER PLATE

B-2

125

Yes

cutter plate spring

PLATE SPRING,CUTTER

B-2

118

Yes

cutter plate spring shaft

SHAFT,CUTTER PLATE,SPRING

B-2

126

Yes

cutter support plate

SUPORT PLATE,CUTTER,AA

B-2

117

Yes

detector assembly

DETECTOR ASSEMBLY

B-1

515

Yes

E-ring (E1)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(1.5)

B-1,2

E1

Yes

E-ring (E2)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(3)F/UC

B-2

E2

Yes

E-ring (E3)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(4) F/UC

B-1,2

E3

Yes

E-ring (E4)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E (2.3) F/UC

B-1

E4

Yes

E-ring (E5)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(2.5) F/UC

B-2

E5

Yes

guide paper

PAPER GUIDE,AA

B-2

120

Yes

guide roller

ROLLER,GUIDE

B-2

102

Yes

head assembly cover

COVER,HEAD ASSEMBLY

B-1

534

Yes

head cover screw

SCREW, HEAD COVER

B-1

532

Yes

hexagon lock screw

HEXAGON LOCK SCREW

B-2,3

S12

Yes

hexagon nut

H.N.-1,3,F/ZN

B-2,3

N1

Yes

J feed roller shaft holder

J FEED ROLLER SHAFT HOLDER L

B-1

530

Yes

K-12 rubber foot

RUBBER FOOT,K-12

B-2

130

Yes

laminate bag

BAG,LAMINATE,400X500X0.5T

B-4

04

Yes

laminate bag

BAG,LAMINATE,200X250X0.5T

B-4

07

Yes

left cover fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,COVER,LEFT

B-1

518

Yes

left cutter plate spring

SPRING,CUTTER PLATE,LEFT

B-2

124

Yes

lower adapter cover

COVER,ADAPTER,LOWER,AA

B-3

136

Yes

lower case

CASE,LOWER,AA

B-2

119

Yes

main case

CASE MAIN,AA

B-2

131

Yes

main circuit board unit

MAIN CIRCUIT BOARD UNIT,AA

B-2

201

Yes

manual cutter

MANUAL CUTTER,AA

B-2

116

Yes

manual cutter

MANUAL CUTTER

B-1

511

Yes

mechanism assembly

MECHANISM ASSEMBLY M-U200

B-2

139

Yes

microswitch

MICRO SWITCH D2A-1120-(SE)

B-2

107

Yes

N.E. cable assembly

N.E.CABLE ASSEMBLY,BA

B-2

205

Yes

Rev. C

Parts List A-3

Confidential
Name in Service Manual

Name in Price List

N.E. detector adjustment screw

Supplied as a
Parts?

Page

ref. #

SCREW,DETECTOR ADJUSTMENT,N.E. 1

B-2

109

Yes

N.E. detector holder

HOLDER,N.E.DETECTOR

B-2

105

Yes

N.E. detector lever

LEVER,N.E.DETECTOR

B-2

106

Yes

N.E.detector assembly

---

B-2

1002

No

operation label

LABEL,OPERATION,AA

B-2

143

Yes

pad assembly

PAD ASSEMBLY

B-4

05

Yes

paper feed assembly frame

FRAME,PAPER FEED ASSEMBLY,B

B-1

527

Yes

paper feed assembly roller

ROLLER,PAPER FEED ASSEMBLY,B

B-1

529

Yes

paper feed motor

MOTOR,PAPER FEED

B-1

531

Yes

paper feed reduction gear

GEAR,PAPER FEED REDUCTION

B-1

528

Yes

paper hold plate spring

PLATE SPRING,PAPER HOLD

B-1

524

Yes

paper hold roller

ROLLER,PAPER HOLD

B-1

523

Yes

paper hold roller shaft

SHAFT,PAPER HOLD ROLLER

B-1

522

Yes

paper hold spring

SPRING,PAPER HOLD

B-1

525

Yes

parallel I/F circuit board unit

PARALLEL I/F CIRCUIT BOARD


ASSEMBLY,C

B-2

202

Yes

power switch cable assembly

POWER SWITCH CABLE


ASSEMBLY,AA

B-2

204

Yes

power switch cover

COVER,POWER SWITCH,BA

B-2

134

Yes

print head assembly

PRINT HEAD ASSEMBLY Ab

B-1

517

Yes

print head FFC

FFC,PRINT HEAD B

B-1

538

Yes

print head FPC

FPC,PRINT HEAD B

B-1

538

Yes

ribbon assembly frame

FRAME,RIBBON ASSEMBLY,D

B-1

536

Yes

ribbon drive assembly plate

PLATE,RIBBON DRIVE ASSEMBLY

B-1

512

Yes

ribbon frame earth plate

EARTH PLATE,RIBBON FRAME

B-1

520

Yes

ribbon frame fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,RIBBON FRAME

B-1

521

Yes

ribbon frame spring

SPRING,RIBBON FRAME,A

B-1

537

Yes

ribbon intermediate gear

GEAR,RIBBON INTERMEDIATE

B-1

501

Yes

ribbon release lever

LEVER,RIBBON RELEASE

B-1

503

Yes

ribbon release spring

SPRING,RIBBON RELEASE

B-1

505

Yes

ribbon switch lever

LEVER,RIBBON SWITCH

B-1

504

Yes

ribbon take-up assembly

RIBBON TAKE-UP ASSEMBLY

B-1

533

Yes

ribbon transmission gear

GEAR,RIBBON TRANSMISSION

B-1

502

Yes

right cover fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,COVER,RIGHT

B-1

519

Yes

right cutter plate spring

SPRING,CUTTER PLATE,RIGHT

B-2

123

Yes

roll paper cover

COVER,ROLL PAPER,AA

B-2

142

Yes

roll paper holder

HOLDER,ROLL PAPER,AA

B-2

122

Yes

A-4 Parts List

Qty

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

Supplied as a
Parts?

Name in Service Manual

Name in Price List

Qty

Page

ref. #

roll paper receive roller

ROLL PAPER RECEIVE ROLLER

B-2

132

Yes

RS-232 I/F circuit board unit

RS-232 I/F CIRCUIT BOARD UNIT,BB

B-2

202

Yes

rubber foot

RUBBER,FOOT,AA

B-2

127

Yes

switch cable assembly

SWITCH CABLE ASSEMBLY,CA

B-2

206

Yes

switch circuit board assembly

SWITCH CIRCUIT BOARD


ASSEMBLY,AA

B-2

203

Yes

switch panel

SWITCH PANEL,AA

B-2

128

Yes

switch panel

SWITCH PANEL,BA

B-2

137

Yes

switch spacer

SPACER,SWITCH,AA

B-2

129

Yes

tension plate assembly

TENSION PLATE ASSEMBLY

B-1

514

Yes

thumbscrew M3X8,F/ZN

THUMB SCREW,M3X8,F/ZN

B-1

532

Yes

U230 corrugated pad

CORRUGATED PAD,U23O

B-4

06

Yes

U230 individual box

INDIBIDUAL BOX,U230

B-4

02

Yes

U230 outer box

OUTER BOX,U230

B-4

01

Yes

upper adapter cover

COVER,ADAPTER,UPPER,AA

B-3

135

Yes

upper paper guide

PAPER GUIDE,UPPER

B-1

526

Yes

upper plate

PLATE,UPPER,BA

B-2

112

Yes

wire band

WIRE BAND

B-2

144

Yes

Rev. C

Parts List A-5

Confidential
Reference Number List
Supplied as a
parts?

Name in Service Manual

Name in pricList

Qty

Page

ref. #

caution seal

SEAL,CAUTION

B-2

101

Yes

guide roller

ROLLER,GUIDE

B-2

102

Yes

autocutter lock lever spring

SPRING,AUTO CUTTER LOCK LEVER

B-2

103

Yes

N.E. detector holder

HOLDER,N.E.DETECTOR

B-2

105

Yes

N.E. detector lever

LEVER,N.E.DETECTOR

B-2

106

Yes

microswitch

MICRO SWITCH D2A-1120-(SE)

B-2

107

Yes

cable clamp

CABLE CLAMP YMC-05-0

B-2

108

Yes

N.E. detector adjustment screw

SCREW,DETECTOR
ADJUSTMENT,N.E.

B-2

109

Yes

cutter plate cover

COVER,CUTTER PLATE,AB

B-2

110

Yes

7320 autocutter assembly

AUTO CUTTER ASSEMBLY,TYPE 7320

B-2

111

Yes

upper plate

PLATE,UPPER,BA

B-2

112

Yes

cutter assembly plate

PLATE,CUTTER ASSEMBLY,DA

B-2

113

Yes

autocutter assembly lock lever

LOCK LEVER,AUTO CUTTER


ASSEMBLY,AA

B-2

114

Yes

circuit board plate

PLATE,CIRCUIT BOARD,AA

B-2

115

Yes

manual cutter

MANUAL CUTTER,AA

B-2

116

Yes

cutter support plate

SUPORT PLATE,CUTTER,AA

B-2

117

Yes

cutter plate spring

PLATE SPRING,CUTTER

B-2

118

Yes

lower case

CASE,LOWER,AA

B-2

119

Yes

guide paper

PAPER GUIDE,AA

B-2

120

Yes

cutter fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,CUTTER,AA

B-2

121

Yes

roll paper holder

HOLDER,ROLL PAPER,AA

B-2

122

Yes

right cutter plate spring

SPRING,CUTTER PLATE,RIGHT

B-2

123

Yes

left cutter plate spring

SPRING,CUTTER PLATE,LEFT

B-2

124

Yes

cutter plate shaft

SHAFT,CUTTER PLATE

B-2

125

Yes

cutter plate spring shaft

SHAFT,CUTTER PLATE,SPRING

B-2

126

Yes

rubber foot

RUBBER,FOOT,AA

B-2

127

Yes

switch panel

SWITCH PANEL,AA

B-2

128

Yes

switch spacer

SPACER,SWITCH,AA

B-2

129

Yes

K-12 rubber foot

RUBBER FOOT,K-12

B-2

130

Yes

main case

CASE MAIN,AA

B-2

131

Yes

roll paper receive roller

ROLL PAPER RECEIVE ROLLER

B-2

132

Yes

autocutter cable assembly

AUTO CUTTER CABLE ASSEMBLY

B-2

133

Yes

power switch cover

COVER,POWER SWITCH,BA

B-2

134

Yes

A-6 Parts List

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

Supplied as a
parts?

Name in Service Manual

Name in pricList

Qty

Page

ref. #

upper adapter cover

COVER,ADAPTER,UPPER,AA

B-3

135

Yes

lower adapter cover

COVER,ADAPTER,LOWER,AA

B-3

136

Yes

switch panel

SWITCH PANEL,BA

B-2

137

Yes

AC adapter

AC ADAPTER,P

B-3

138

Yes

mechanism assembly

MECHANISM ASSEMBLY M-U200

B-2

139

Yes

connector plate

PLATE,CONNECTOR,BA

B-2

140

Yes

cutter cover

COVER,CUTTER ,AA

B-2

141

Yes

roll paper cover

COVER,ROLL PAPER,AA

B-2

142

Yes

operation label

LABEL,OPERATION,AA

B-2

143

Yes

wire band

WIRE BAND

B-2

144

Yes

AC cable

AC CABLE,USA

B-2

145

Yes

cutter assembly

CUTTER,A,ASSEMBLY

B-2

146

Yes

main circuit board unit

MAIN CIRCUIT BOARD UNIT,AA

B-2

201

Yes

parallel I/F circuit board unit

PARALLEL I/F CIRCUIT BOARD


ASSEMBLY,C

B-2

202

Yes

RS-232 I/F circuit board unit

RS-232 I/F CIRCUIT BOARD UNIT,BB

B-2

202

Yes

switch circuit board assembly

SWITCH CIRCUIT BOARD


ASSEMBLY,AA

B-2

203

Yes

power switch cable assembly

POWER SWITCH CABLE


ASSEMBLY,AA

B-2

204

Yes

N.E. cable assembly

N.E.CABLE ASSEMBLY,BA

B-2

205

Yes

switch cable assembly

SWITCH CABLE ASSEMBLY,CA

B-2

206

Yes

ribbon intermediate gear

GEAR,RIBBON INTERMEDIATE

B-1

501

Yes

ribbon transmission gear

GEAR,RIBBON TRANSMISSION

B-1

502

Yes

ribbon release lever

LEVER,RIBBON RELEASE

B-1

503

Yes

ribbon switch lever

LEVER,RIBBON SWITCH

B-1

504

Yes

ribbon release spring

SPRING,RIBBON RELEASE

B-1

505

Yes

belt tension spring

SPRING,BELT TENSION

B-1

506

Yes

carriage shaft

SHAFT,CARRIAGE

B-1

507

Yes

carriage guide shaft

SHAFT,CARRIAGE GUIDE

B-1

508

Yes

adjusting roller shaft holder

SHAFT HOLDER,ADJUSTING ROLLER

B-1

509

Yes

carriage motor radiating plate

RADIATING PLATE,CARRIAGE
MOTOR

B-1

510

Yes

manual cutter

MANUAL CUTTER

B-1

511

Yes

ribbon drive assembly plate

PLATE,RIBBON DRIVE ASSEMBLY

B-1

512

Yes

carriage assembly motor

MOTOR,CARRIAGE ASSEMBLY

B-1

513

Yes

tension plate assembly

TENSION PLATE ASSEMBLY

B-1

514

Yes

detector assembly

DETECTOR ASSEMBLY

B-1

515

Yes

Rev. C

Parts List A-7

Confidential
Supplied as a
parts?

Name in Service Manual

Name in pricList

Qty

Page

ref. #

carriage assembly

CARRIAGE ASSEMBLY

B-1

516

Yes

print head assembly

PRINT HEAD ASSEMBLY Ab

B-1

517

Yes

left cover fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,COVER,LEFT

B-1

518

Yes

right cover fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,COVER,RIGHT

B-1

519

Yes

ribbon frame earth plate

EARTH PLATE,RIBBON FRAME

B-1

520

Yes

ribbon frame fixing plate

FIXING PLATE,RIBBON FRAME

B-1

521

Yes

paper hold roller shaft

SHAFT,PAPER HOLD ROLLER

B-1

522

Yes

paper hold roller

ROLLER,PAPER HOLD

B-1

523

Yes

paper hold plate spring

PLATE SPRING,PAPER HOLD

B-1

524

Yes

paper hold spring

SPRING,PAPER HOLD

B-1

525

Yes

upper paper guide

PAPER GUIDE,UPPER

B-1

526

Yes

paper feed assembly frame

FRAME,PAPER FEED ASSEMBLY,B

B-1

527

Yes

paper feed reduction gear

GEAR,PAPER FEED REDUCTION

B-1

528

Yes

paper feed assembly roller

ROLLER,PAPER FEED ASSEMBLY,B

B-1

529

Yes

J feed roller shaft holder

J FEED ROLLER SHAFT HOLDER L

B-1

530

Yes

paper feed motor

MOTOR,PAPER FEED

B-1

531

Yes

thumbscrew M3X8,F/ZN

THUMB SCREW,M3X8,F/ZN

B-1

532

Yes

head cover screw

SCREW, HEAD COVER

B-1

532

Yes

ribbon take-up assembly

RIBBON TAKE-UP ASSEMBLY

B-1

533

Yes

head assembly cover

COVER,HEAD ASSEMBLY

B-1

534

Yes

belt tension hold plate

PLATE,BELT TENSION HOLD

B-1

535

Yes

ribbon assembly frame

FRAME,RIBBON ASSEMBLY,D

B-1

536

Yes

ribbon frame spring

SPRING,RIBBON FRAME,A

B-1

537

Yes

print head FFC

FFC,PRINT HEAD B

B-1

538

Yes

print head FPC

FPC,PRINT HEAD B

B-1

538

Yes

base frame assembly

---

B-1

1001

No

N.E.detector assembly

---

B-2

1002

No

U230 outer box

OUTER BOX,U230

B-4

01

Yes

U230 individual box

INDIBIDUAL BOX,U230

B-4

02

Yes

attachment bag

BAG,ATTACHMENT

B-4

03

Yes

laminate bag

BAG,LAMINATE,400X500X0.5T

B-4

04

Yes

pad assembly

PAD ASSEMBLY

B-4

05

Yes

U230 corrugated pad

CORRUGATED PAD,U23O

B-4

06

Yes

laminate bag

BAG,LAMINATE,200X250X0.5T

B-4

07

Yes

E-ring (E1)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(1.5)

B-1,2

E1

Yes

E-ring (E2)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(3)F/UC

B-2

E2

Yes

A-8 Parts List

Rev. C

TM-U230 Service Manual

Confidential

Supplied as a
parts?

Name in Service Manual

Name in pricList

Qty

Page

ref. #

E-ring (E3)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(4) F/UC

B-1,2

E3

Yes

E-ring (E4)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E (2.3) F/UC

B-1

E4

Yes

E-ring (E5)

RETAINING RING TYPE-E(2.5) F/UC

B-2

E5

Yes

hexagon nut

H.N.-1,3,F/ZN

B-2,3

N1

Yes

C.P.T-B screw, 3X14, F/NI

C.P.T-B SCREW,3X14,F/NI

B-1

S1

Yes

C.P.P-tite screw, 3X10, F/ZN

C.P.P-TITE,3X10,F/ZN

B-2

S10

Yes

C.B.B-tite screw, 2X8, F/ZN

C.B.B-TITE,2X8,F/ZN

B-2

S11

Yes

hexagon lock screw

HEXAGON LOCK SCREW

B-2,3

S12

Yes

C.P.T-B screw, 3X10, F/ZN

C.P.T-B SCREW, 3X10, F/ZN

B-2

S13

Yes

C.P.T-BT screw, 3X12, F/ZN

C.P.T-BT.screw, 3X12, F/ZN

B-2

S2

Yes

C.P.(O).screw 3X6 F/ZN

C.P.(O).SCREW 3X6 F/ZN

B-2

S3

Yes

C.P.S.screw, 3X6 F/ZN

C.P.S.SCREW,3X6 F/ZN

B-1,2

S4

Yes

C.B.S-tite screw, 3X5, F/ZN

C.B.S-TITE.SCREW,3X5,F/ZN

B-2

S5

Yes

C.B.S.screw, 3X6, F/NI

C.B.S.SCREW,3X6,F/NI

B-1

S6

Yes

C.B.T-BT screw, 3X10, F/Zn

C.B.T-BT.SCREW,3X10,F/Zn

B-1

S7

Yes

C.C.S.screw M3X6, F/ZN

C.C.S.SCREW M3X6,F/ZN

B-1

S8

Yes

C.P.S-tite (S-P4), 3X8, F/Zn

C.P.S-TITE(S-P4),3X8,F/Zn

B-1

S9

Yes

Rev. C

Parts List A-9

Confidential

A-10 Parts List

Rev. C

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Appendix B

Overall Exploded Diagrams


Printer Mechanism Unit Overall Exploded Diagram
S10

517
538
S8
518
516

S5

530

514

512

E4

S8

520

S7

525
507

519
511

506

S5
E4

509
501
502

531

504
E2

508

503

505

S7

523

528
522

524
525

527
509

534
532
1001
536

E4
535
533

S9

E5
513
537

529

515
510
521

Rev. C

526

Overall Exploded Diagrams B-1

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Case Unit Overall Exploded Diagram


146
131

S5
141

S13

120

110
111
144

133

S2

S6

E2
115

S6

S2
116
C

125

E2
102
113

114

134
D

S5

203

103
E4

S13

S4

201
206

S5

127

S6

S3

S2

101

130

129

S1

130

S2

132
A

108

S3

S1

S4
121

E3

S3
C

123

143

127

S3
126

142

132
119

139

118
S5

128

145

126

117

137

112

124 E3

E2

132

S3

132

205

109

204

202

S11

S3
107

202

1002
138

140
N1

S2
S2

E1

122

S3

105

S3
S12

S5

S4
S2

Rev. C

PARALLEL

S3

S3

S2

106

SERIAL

Overall Exploded Diagrams B-2

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Power Supply Box Exploded Diagram

S2
S2

136

138

135

S1

S1

Rev. C

Overall Exploded Diagrams B-3

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Packing
06
07

AC Adapter

04
03

Power supply cover

A
Roll paper
Ribbon casette

View from A

Manuals

Printer

05

01

Rev. C

02

Overall Exploded Diagrams B-4

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Appendix C

General Lubrication Point Diagrams


Prnter Mechanism Unit Lubrication Point Diagram

O-10

G-31
G-31

G-31
G-31
G-31

G-31

Rev. C

General Lubrication Point Diagrams C-1

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Case Unit Lubrication Point Diagram

G-31

G-31

G-31
G-31

G-31

G-31

C
B

G-31

G-31
G-31

G-31

G-31
G-31

PARALLEL

Rev. C

SERIAL

General Lubrication Point Diagrams C-2

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Appendix D

Circuit Diagrams
Main Circuit Board Diagrams (Outline)
+24B
DSR RST
#25 RST
CLKREQ

+5V
Q200

nRST
1

7
1
2
5

RM6
4 A19/DSW8
3 A18/BTDET
2 A17/DSW12
1 A16/DSW11

C42

IN
NC
NC
C

R44
QM201

6
8
3
4

OUT
NC
NC
GND

C27
RES/DSW6

C28

ALE
RD
WR

33
60
61

A20/DSW2
A19/DSW8
A18/BTDET
A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11
MCE

29
28
27
17

+5V
5

PCE2
C15

C105

+5V
PCE1

U203
2

C18
A17/DSW12

+5V

I/F BOARD
A16/DSW11
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A20/DSW2

CN4
SG
NRESET
DSR_RESET
N25_RESET
HOST_CTS
RD
SD
SG
PG
+24V
+24V
PG
DK_P
DK_G
DK_2
+5V
SG
CLKREQ
CLKIN/DTR
RTS
DET
CTS
HOST_RTS
PG
+24V
+24V
PG
PG
DK_S
DK_1

30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

#RST
RM200
5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

RES/DSW6
RD
SD

WR
+5V

+5V

C41
A19/DSW8
A18/BTDET
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2

RM201
4 CLK_REQ
3 CLK/DTR
RTS
2
DET
1

5
6
7
8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

A16
BYTE
VSS
D15/A-1
D7
D14
D6
D13
D5
D12
D4
VCC
D11
D3
D10
D2
D9
D1
D8
D0
OE
VSS
CE
A0

48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25

R105
C24

DSW11

C40

A0
AD7

C25

AD6

+5V

U201
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

AD5
A14
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
AD0
AD1
AD2

AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
RD
PCE2
A1

NC
A16
A14
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
D0
D1
D2
GND

32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17

VCC
A15
CE2
R/W
A13
A8
A9
A11
OE
A10
CE1
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3

A15

A15
A14
A13
A12

50
49
48
47

A11
A10
A9
A8

46
45
44
43

A15
A14
A13
A12

A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0

2
5
6
9
12
15
16
19

Q0
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q5
Q6
Q7

D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
OC
G

3
4
7
8
13
14
17
18

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

1
11

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4

42
41
40
39

AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

38
37
36
35

RES/DSW6
RD
CLK/DTR
SD

10

18
19
20
31
13
77
79
16

DET
CLK_REQ
CTS
RTS

AD[0..7]
C104

DK2/LS

A[0..7]

DKS

25

X1

59
P93/M13
58
P92/M12 57
P91/M11
56
P90/M10

A19/DSW8
PFC/DSW7
RES/DSW6
PF A/DSW5

55
P23/M03
54
P22/M02
53
P21/M01
52
P20/M00

nCAC/DSW4
CR C/DSW3
A20/DSW2
CR A/DSW1

#RST

Q114

P.G +24IN

4 RD
3 CLK/DTR
2 SD
1 RES/DSW6

5
6
7
8

+5V

RM5
3
2
4
1

DKD1/MSEL
DKD2/LSEL
DK S

6
DET
7 CLK_REQ
RTS
5
CTS
8

62
63
10

PFCOM
CRCOM
+24COM SW

R112
2
2

Q115

CN2

DM133
6

R118

P.G
DK2/LS
+24AD
DKS
DK1/MS

10K
10K

DKD1/MSEL

DKD2/LSEL

80
1
32

PLED/DSW0
ELED/DSW9
PF SW

DM202
1

CN5

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4

7
P60/AN0
8
P61/AN1
9
P62/AN2
11
P64/AN4 12
P65/AN5

P72/RXD1
P73/SCLK1
P74/TXD1
P81/INT0
P66/AN6
P54/INT2/TI5
P55/WAIT/TO1
P70

WDTOUT
+5V

+5V

30
2
22
26

R13

QM3

CR B

CR D

DM203
1
3
2

+5V

PF MOTOR

R102
QM4
+5V
6

DM204
1

PF A/DSW5

1
2
3
4

8
7
6
5

D50

1
2
3
4
5

+5V

R46

CN6

DM205
1

DM122
4

1
2
3
4
5

PF A
PF C
PF COM
PF B
PF D

Page D-4

D10

PF_B

AVCC

DM206
1
3

R18

PF_D

C29

VDTC
HD TEMP
NE
RE
HP DET

+24C

+24C

R19
HD T
+5V

AC RST/COVER
AC1/DSEL
AC2/DSEL

14
P67/AN7
3
P100 4
P101

C19

+5V
+5V

DM130

R8
AVCC

AVCC

AVSS

GND

P32
P33
P63/AN3

C30

C33

HEAD1

HEAD5

VCC
VCC
VCC

P53/INT1/TI4
P52/TO5
P51/TO4

ELED/DSW9
C32

VSS
VSS
VSS

P56/INT3/TI2
P57/TO3
P82

C4

HEAD6

1mm

5
6
7
8

PLED/DSW0
BZOFF

78
51
23

4
3
2
1

+5V

+24DT

DM134
4

RM101

QM104
75
34
15

+5V
5

HEAD2

QM1

HEAD
CN7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

1
Q101

QM105

+ 2n4C+R2nC
4PC
OFM
C O MHEAD4

P80/WDTOUT
NMI
CLK
EA

DM131
1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

FG
#2
#4
#6
#8
COM(#4,6,8)
#9
COM(#1,2,9)
THEM1
THEM2
COM(#3,5,7)
#5
#7
#1
#3

+5V

Q13

R28

R113

CR A
CR C
CR COM
CR B
CR D

1
2
3
4
5

Q113

R45

AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

1
2
3
4
5

DM120

DM210
6
1

Q34
DK S

HEAD3

HEAD7

QM2
1

DKS

F.G

RM102
R29

QM112

+5V
Q117

AC2/DSEL3

QM106
+24A

D108

4
3
2
1

AC1/DSEL5

HEAD9

5
6
7
8

+24

WDTOUT

DM132
1

R59

U2-U4
with heat sink

+5V

HEAD8
+24DT

QM115
3

+24DT
QM107

+5V

R5
nCRCOM
nPFCOM
+24A
+24B
+24C

1
+24A
HEAD COM
A/C COM
DKD COM

U2
+24DT

Q1

2
D47

VIN
SW

C14

VOUT
GND

SEN

3
4

PF SW

PF SW
L201

+5V
C45

+5V
ELED/DSW9 3

DM128
1

PLED/DSW0

1
2

D202
R41

L206

R55

R56

VOUT
SEN

5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

(ERROR)

(PAPER)

(FEED)

C46

R17

CN11

10

1
2

N.E
GND

7
3

RM204

L208
AC1/DSEL

1
2

QM100
6
1

DM129
4

1
C11

N.E SEN.

+24A
C106

QM108

+24DT
BZOFF

C12

+5V
H.P
GND
R.E

C44
C22

C107

AC2/DSEL

1
3mm

C7
(POWER)

1
2
3
4

RM203

nCAC/DSW4

L207
SW2

D11

1
2
3
4

+5V

NEC
C17
D12

C6

CN1

Q201
D13

D6

1
2
3
4

RM205

+24B
CR COM

SW

REC
HPC
NEC
ACS

4
3
2
1

C23

BZ1

VIN

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

SW2
PALED
ELED
PWLED
GND
CVSEN
+5V
COVER

R15

R54
5
2
F1
125V,T2A

DC.CON.
1
2
3
SH

L205

C205

U3
nPFCOM

+30V
GND
N.C
F.G

1
QM109

+5V

QM110

J1

1
2
JST

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

nCRCOM
R7

5
6
7
8

CN13
2

CN8
RE
HP DET
NE

PFCOM

GND

SW1_I
SW1_O

4
CRCOM

D3
CN12

1
L204

+5R

SENSOR

Operati on
Panel
& Cove r

2
L203

POWER SW

L202

C16

R6

+24COM SW

R40
+5V

nCRCOM
nPFCOM
+24A
+24B
+24C

D4
4

10

C39

5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

2
C20

C10

AUTO CUTTER

8
4

QM113

9
5

D200
nPFCOM

GND

P.G

CN9

4
1

L1

R209

SW

VOUT
SEN

+24C
PF COM

DM211
1

+5V

1
2
3
4

AC M1
AC M2
GND
AC RES

+5V
RM202

3
5
U202B

4
3
2
1

VIN
GND

1
2
3
4

C21

U4
5

ACS

R34

AC_RST/COVER

D5

R211

C9

F.G

2
U202A

C8

5
6
7
8
C200

1
7
C207

Page D-5

Page D-3

RM103

HEAD9
HEAD1
HEAD2
HEAD3
HEAD4
HEAD5
HEAD6
HEAD7
HEAD8

72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64

CR MOTOR

R101
+5V

QM111

6
SG
5
DKD 2P
4
+24V 3
DKD SW
2
DKD 1P
1
FG

QM101

QM103
P50
P47
P46
P45
P44
P43
P42
P41
P40

D15
DK2/LS

DKD

76
74
73

8
7
6
5

HEAD[1..9]

A11
A10
A9
A8

+5V
R117

DSW1

C31
RM105

1
2
3
4

+5V

DK1/MS
DK1/MS

CR C/DSW3

DM209
6

PF C/DSW7

U7
20

WR
A13
A8
A9
A11
RD
A10
PCE1
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3

CTS
R52

P77
P76
P75
P71

C208

A 1A61/ 7 / D S W 1 2

A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
A19
NC
WE
RESET
NC
NC
RY/BY
A18/NC
A17
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1

X2

Page D-2

U101

ALE
RD
WR

24

CR A/DSW1

RD
WR

X1

RESET

A19/DSW8#8
PF_C/DSW7
RES/DSW6
PF A/DSW5
nCAC/DSW4
CR C/DSW3
A20/DSW2
CR A/DSW1
#1

U5
21

DM208
1

RM104

C26
A[8..20]

DSW2

BZOFF
#8
CLKREQ
A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11
#25 RSTO
DSR RSTO
PLED/DSW0
ELED/DSW9
#1

+5V

+5V

10

R205
5
6
7
8

DM201
6
1

R212

DM111
3

A20/DSW2

DSR
# 2 5RST
#RRSSTT

+24
D9
R206

D26
U9

3
R50

10

+5V

R49
+5V

C101

DSR OR #25
+5V

+5V

DM207
1

10

+5V

#RST

R208

+5V
3

QM200
2

J2
1
4

U200

R201

COMP

R202

OSC
SS

7
C2

FB

IN

C202

BOOT

5
(Fusible resistance)

GND

OUT

8
4 1mm

L200

D201

C1

R203

R210

+5V

R114

SW1

+5I

C204

C201

C209

R204

C203 C206

Rev. C

Circuit Diagrams D-1

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

MMain Circuit Board Diagrams (1/4)


DSR RST
#25 RST
CLKREQ
+5V

#RST

C101

R49
DSR OR #25
+5V

+5V
+5V
R50

nRST

D26

A20/DSW2
U9

R205

7
1
2
5

RM6
5
6
7
8

DSR
# 2 5RST
#RRSSTT

4
3
2
1

C42

A19/DSW8
A18/BTDET
A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11

IN
NC
NC
C

R44
QM201

6
8
3
4

OUT
NC
NC
GND

C27
RES/DSW6

C28
C26
U5
A[8..20]

21
RD
WR

ALE
RD
WR

33
60
61

A20/DSW2
A19/DSW8
A18/BTDET
A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11
MCE

29
28
27
17

A15
A14
A13
A12

50
49
48
47

A11
A10
A9
A8

46
45
44
43

+5V

PCE2
C15

C105

+5V
PCE1

U203
2

C18
+5V

A17/DSW12

I/F BOARD

U101

CN4
SG
NRESET
DSR_RESET
N25_RESET
HOST_CTS
RD
SD
SG
PG
+24V
+24V
PG
DK_P
DK_G
DK_2
+5V
SG
CLKREQ
CLKIN/DTR
RTS
DET
CTS
HOST_RTS
PG
+24V
+24V
PG
PG
DK_S
DK_1

30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

#RST
RM200
5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

RES/DSW6
RD
SD

A16/DSW11
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A20/DSW2

+5V

WR
+5V

C41

RM201
4 CLK_REQ
3 CLK/DTR
RTS
2
DET
1

5
6
7
8

A19/DSW8
A18/BTDET
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

A16
BYTE
VSS
D15/A-1
D7
D14
D6
D13
D5
D12
D4
VCC
D11
D3
D10
D2
D9
D1
D8
D0
OE
VSS
CE
A0

48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25

R105
C24

DSW11

C40

A0
AD7

C25

AD6

+5V

U201

AD5
A14
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
AD0
AD1
AD2

AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
RD
PCE2
A1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

NC
A16
A14
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
D0
D1
D2
GND

32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17

VCC
A15
CE2
R/W
A13
A8
A9
A11
OE
A10
CE1
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3

A15

P77
P76
P75
P71
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8

U7
20

WR
A13
A8
A9
A11
RD
A10
PCE1
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3

A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0

2
5
6
9
12
15
16
19

Q0
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q5
Q6
Q7

D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
OC
G

10

3
4
7
8
13
14
17
18
1
11

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4

42
41
40
39

AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

38
37
36
35

RES/DSW6
RD
CLK/DTR
SD

CTS
R52

ALE
RD
WR

C208

A 1A61/ 7 / D S W 1 2

A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
A19
NC
WE
RESET
NC
NC
RY/BY
A18/NC
A17
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1

RESET

DET
CLK_REQ
CTS
RTS

AD[0..7]
C104

DK2/LS

A[0..7]

18
19
20
31
13
77
79
16

DKS

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

P72/RXD1
P73/SCLK1
P74/TXD1
P81/INT0
P66/AN6
P54/INT2/TI5
P55/WAIT/TO1
P70

DK1/MS
RM105

DK1/MS

#RST

Q114

P.G +24IN

5
6
7
8

+5V

RM5
4
3
2
1

3
2
4
1

RD
CLK/DTR
SD
RES/DSW6

6
DET
7 CLK_REQ
RTS
5
8
CTS

DKD1/MSEL
DKD2/LSEL
DK S

62
63
10

PFCOM
CRCOM
+24COM SW

76
74
73

P32
P33
P63/AN3

+5V
R117
R112
DK2/LS

2
Q115

DKD
SG
DKD 2P
+24V
DKD SW
DKD 1P
FG

6
5
4
3
2
1

P.G
DK2/LS
+24AD
DKS
DK1/MS

DM133
6

R118
1

CN2

P53/INT1/TI4
P52/TO5
P51/TO4

D15

10K
10K

DKD1/MSEL

WDTOUT
+5V

+5V
+5V
R13
R28

R113

80
1
32

P56/INT3/TI2
P57/TO3
P82

DKD2/LSEL

QM111

PLED/DSW0
ELED/DSW9
PF SW

30
2
22
26

P80/WDTOUT
NMI
CLK
EA

Q34
DK S
DKS

F.G

C39

D108

Rev. C

+24A

Circuit Diagrams D-2

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Main Circuit Board Diagrams (2/4)


+24A

D108
WDTOUT
R59

U2-U4
with heat sink

+5V

+24DT

QM115
3

+24DT

2
R5
nCRCOM
nPFCOM
+24A
+24B
+24C

1
D4
5

+24A
HEAD COM
A/C COM
DKD COM

U2
+24DT

Q1

2
D47

VIN
SW

+24COM SW

SEN

3
4

PF SW

C14

VOUT
GND

C45

C16

+5V

R6

CRCOM

POWER SW

DM128
1

ELED/DSW9 3

PLED/DSW0

nCRCOM
5

R7
D3

PFCOM

CN12
1
2

5
QM110

J1

BZ1

U3
R54
nPFCOM

JST

2
F1
125V,T2A

VIN
SW

SEN

Q201
D13

D6

C6

CN1
1
2
3
4

3mm

C7
(POWER)

+24DT

1
2
3
SH

VOUT

+24B
CR COM

DC.CON.
+30V
GND
N.C
F.G

QM109

+5V

GND

SW1_I
SW1_O

1
2

BZOFF
C12

C11

R17

C10

GND

P.G

nPFCOM

L1
D5
U4
1

SW

VOUT
SEN

+24C
PF COM

4
R211

VIN
GND

C9

F.G

C8

R208

+5V
3

J2
4

U200

R201
C2

COMP

R202

FB

OSC
SS

IN

C202

BOOT

5
(Fusible resistance)

GND

OUT

8
4 1mm

L200

D201

C1

R203

R210

+5I

+5V

R114

SW1

C204

C201

C209

R204

C203 C206

Rev. C

Circuit Diagrams D-3

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Main Circuit Board Diagrams (3/4)


+24B
+5V
Q200
DM207
6
1
2

+24
D9

DM201
1

6
R212

+5V

RES/DSW6

25

X1

59
P93/M13
58
P92/M12 57
P91/M11
56
P90/M10

A19/DSW8
PFC/DSW7
RES/DSW6
PF A/DSW5

55
P23/M03
54
P22/M02
53
P21/M01
52
P20/M00

nCAC/DSW4
CR C/DSW3
A20/DSW2
CR A/DSW1

CR A/DSW1

CR C/DSW3

1
2
3
4

8
7
6
5

CR B

CR D

DM203
1

DM210
1

3
2

+5V
Q113

PF MOTOR

R102
QM4
+5V

+5V
6

DM204
1

RM103
PF A/DSW5

1
2
3
4

8
7
6
5

DM205
6
1

+5V

R46

D50

7
8
9
11
12

DM122
4

1
2
3
4
5

10

1
2
3
4
5

PF A
PF C
PF COM
PF B
PF D

D10

PF_B

AVCC

DM206
1
3

R18
R45

P60/AN0
P61/AN1
P62/AN2
P64/AN4
P65/AN5

QM103
HEAD9
HEAD1
HEAD2
HEAD3
HEAD4
HEAD5
HEAD6
HEAD7
HEAD8

CN6

HEAD[1..9]
72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64

QM3

DM120

DSW1

PF C/DSW7

P50
P47
P46
P45
P44
P43
P42
P41
P40

CR A
CR C
CR COM
CR B
CR D

1
5

1
2
3
4
5

QM101

1
2
3
4
5

DM202
6
1

DM209
6

CN5
9

X2

CR MOTOR

8
2

RM104

A19/DSW8#8
PF_C/DSW7
RES/DSW6
PF A/DSW5
nCAC/DSW4
CR C/DSW3
A20/DSW2
CR A/DSW1
#1

24

X1

DSW2

#8
BZOFF
CLKREQ
A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11
#25 RSTO
DSR RSTO
PLED/DSW0
ELED/DSW9
#1

DM208
6
1

+5V

DM111
3

R206
1

10

+5V

PF_D

C29

VDTC
HD TEMP
NE
RE
HP DET

+24C

+24C

R19
HD T
+5V
C19

+5V
+5V

DM130

R8
AVCC

AVCC

GND

C31
AVSS

C30

C33

HEAD1

HEAD5

1mm

4
3
2
1

+5V
HEAD6
C4

5
6
7
8

+24DT

78
51
23

+5V

ELED/DSW9
HEAD2

PLED/DSW0

QM1

HEAD

CN7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

10

C32
VSS
VSS
VSS

75
34
15

DM134
4

RM101

QM104
VCC
VCC
VCC

AC RST/COVER
AC1/DSEL
AC2/DSEL

14
P67/AN7
3
P100 4
P101

BZOFF
QM105

Q101
6

DM131
1

R101

+ 2n4C+R2nC
4PC
C O MHEAD4
OFM

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

FG
#2
#4
#6
#8
COM(#4,6,8)
#9
COM(#1,2,9)
THEM1
THEM2
COM(#3,5,7)
#5
#7
#1
#3

+5V
Q13

QM2
1

HEAD3

RM102
R29

QM112

+5V
Q117

HEAD7

2
QM106

Rev. C

AC2/DSEL3

DM132
1

4
3
2
1

5
6
7
8

+24
A

Circuit Diagrams D-4

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Main Circuit Board Diagrams (4/4)

HEAD9

HEAD8

3
10

AC1/DSEL5

+24DT
QM107
+5V
nCRCOM
nPFCOM
+24A
+24B
+24C

PF SW
L201
+5V

L202
1
1
L204

R41

L205

L206

D202

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

C205

5
6
7
8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

SW2
PALED
ELED
PWLED
GND
CVSEN
+5V
COVER

REC
HPC
NEC
ACS

4
3
2
1

1
2
3
4

RM205
+5V
4
3
2
1

C44
C22

C46

N.E SEN.

+24A
C107

C106

CN11
1
2

NEC
2

AC2/DSEL

QM108

10

AC1/DSEL

1
2

N.E
GND

6
2

7
3

RM204

L208
1

DM129
4

(FEED)

QM100
4

(ERROR)

SW2
1

(PAPER)

nCAC/DSW4

L207
2

C17
D11

+5V
H.P
GND
R.E

C23
4

D12

1
2
3
4

RM203
5
6
7
8

R15

R56

R55

CN8
RE
HP DET
NE

CN13
2

+5R

SENSOR

Operati on
Panel
& Cove r

2
L203

R40
+5V

nCRCOM
nPFCOM
+24A
+24B
+24C

5
6
7
8

4
3
2
1

2
C20
1

AUTO CUTTER

8
4

QM113

9
5

D200

CN9

4
1
R209

ACS

R34

AC_RST/COVER

1
2
3
4

1
2
3
4

AC M1
AC M2
GND
AC RES

C21
DM211
1

+5V

6
4

5
2

+5V
RM202

3
4
3
2
1

3
8

U202B

5
6
7
8
C200

1
7
2
U202A
4

C207
QM200
3

2
1

Rev. C

Circuit Diagrams D-5

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Main circuit board diagram (type EBA, EBB)


DSR RST
#25 RST
CLKREQ
#RST

+5V

C101
+5V

R49

DSR OR #25
+5V

+5V

+5V
R50

DM111

nRST

D26

A20/DSW2
R205
5
6
7
8

RM6

4 A19/DSW8
3 A18/BTDET
2 A17/DSW12
1 A16/DSW11

7
1
2
5

C42

U9
IN
NC
NC
C

R44

6
8
3
4

OUT
NC
NC
GND

QM201
C27
RES/DSW6

C28
C26
U5
21

A[8..20]
RD
WR

PCE1

I/F BOARD
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

A16/DSW11
A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A20/DSW2

#RST
5
6
7
8

RM200

4
3
2
1

RES/DSW6
RD
SD
+5V

WR
+5V

C41

5
6
7
8

RM201

U203
2

3
+5V

A17/DSW12

SG
NRESET
DSR_RESET
N25_RESET
HOST_CTS
RD
SD
SG
PG
+24V
+24V
PG
DK_P
DK_G
DK_2
+5V
SG
CLKREQ
CLKIN/DTR
RTS
DET
CTS
HOST_RTS
PG
+24V
+24V
PG
PG
DK_S
DK_1

C18

DSR RST
#25 RST

CN4

+5V

A19/DSW8
A18/BTDET
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2

4 CLK_REQ
3
CLK/DTR
RTS
2
1
DET

A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8
A19
NC
WE
RESET
NC
NC
RY/BY
A18/NC
A17
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1

48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25

A16
BYTE
VSS
D15/A-1
D7
D14
D6
D13
D5
D12
D4
VCC
D11
D3
D10
D2
D9
D1
D8
D0
OE
VSS
CE
A0

A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11

C24

A0
AD7

C40
C25

AD6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

AD5
A14
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
AD0
AD1
AD2

AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0
RD
PCE2
A1

U201

32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17

VCC
A15
CE2
R/W
A13
A8
A9
A11
OE
A10
CE1
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3

NC
A16
A14
A12
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
D0
D1
D2
GND

+5V

A15
WR
A13
A8
A9
A11
RD
A10
PCE1
AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3

20
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0

2
5
6
9
12
15
16
19

Q0
Q1
Q2
Q3
Q4
Q5
Q6
Q7

D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
OC
G

3
4
7
8
13
14
17
18

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

1
11

50
49
48
47

A11
A10
A9
A8

46
45
44
43

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4

42
41
40
39

AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

38
37
36
35

RES/DSW6
RD
CLK/DTR
SD

10

18
19
20
31
13
77
79
16

R52

AD[0..7]
C104

DK2/LS
DKS

DET
CLK_REQ
CTS
RTS

X2
P93/M13
P92/M12
P91/M11
P90/M10

P77
P76
P75
P71

P23/M03
P22/M02
P21/M01
P20/M00

A15
A14
A13
A12
A11
A10
A9
A8

P50
P47
P46
P45
P44
P43
P42
P41
P40

A[0..7]

AD7
AD6
AD5
AD4
AD3
AD2
AD1
AD0

P60/AN0
P61/AN1
P62/AN2
P64/AN4
P65/AN5

P72/RXD1
P73/SCLK1
P74/TXD1
P81/INT0
P66/AN6
P54/INT2/TI5
P55/WAIT/TO1
P70

P67/AN7
P100
P101
AVCC

24

25

X1

59
58
57
56

A19/DSW8
PFC/DSW7
RES/DSW6
PF A/DSW5

55
54
53
52

nCAC/DSW4
CR C/DSW3
A20/DSW2
CR A/DSW1

72
71
70
69
68
67
66
65
64

HEAD9
HEAD1
HEAD2
HEAD3
HEAD4
HEAD5
HEAD6
HEAD7
HEAD8

7
8
9
11
12

VDTC
HD TEMP
NE
RE
HP DET

14
3
4

AC RST/COVER
AC1/DSEL
AC2/DSEL

AVCC

GND

DK1/MS
RM105

5
6
7
8

#RST

+5V
Q114

4 RD
3 CLK/DTR
2 SD
1 RES/DSW6

3
2
4
1

RM5

DKD1/MSEL
DKD2/LSEL
DK S

DET
6
7 CLK_REQ
5
RTS
8
CTS

+5V

2
1
Q115

P.G
DK2/LS
+24AD
DKS
DK1/MS

76
74
73

AVSS
P32
P33
P63/AN3
VCC
VCC
VCC

P53/INT1/TI4
P52/TO5
P51/TO4

R118

DM133

DKD1/MSEL

80
1
32

PLED/DSW0
ELED/DSW9
PF SW

75
34
15

+5V

C32
VSS
VSS
VSS

R112
DK2/LS

DKD

62
63
10

PFCOM
CRCOM
+24COM SW

R117

6
5
4
3
2
1

A15
A14
A13
A12

X1

ALE
RD
WR

U7

D15

SG
DKD 2P
+24V
DKD SW
DKD 1P
FG

29
28
27
17

CTS

DK1/MS

CN2

A20/DSW2
A19/DSW8
A18/BTDET
A17/DSW12
A16/DSW11
MCE

RESET

C208
R105

U101

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

33
60
61

+5V

PCE2
C15

C105

ALE
RD
WR

P56/INT3/TI2
P57/TO3
P82

C4

78
51
23

DKD2/LSEL
WDTOUT
+5V

+5V

QM111

+5V

30
2
22
26

R13
R28

R113

Q34

P80/WDTOUT
NMI
CLK
EA

DK S

DKS

F.G

C39
AC2/DSEL
D108

+24A
AC1/DSEL
WDTOUT

R59

U2-U4
with heat sink

+5V
3

QM115

+24DT
R5

1
4

+24DT

U2
5

+24DT
D47

C14

VIN

VOUT

SW
GND

SEN

nCRCOM
nPFCOM
+24A
+24B
+24C

+24A
HEAD COM
A/C COM
DKD COM

3
4

PF SW
C45

C16

+5V

+5V

Operation Panel

R6

PF SW

2
1

Q1

+24COM SW

D4

CRCOM

PFCOM

POWER SW

1
2

nCRCOM

R55

2
1
2
3
4

2
1
D6

U3
5

R54

VIN
SW
GND

VOUT
SEN

+24B
CR COM

R213

Q202

D13
C6

C7

QM110

J1

F1
125V,T2A
or
250V,T2A

R15

R56

C17

R214

GREEN
(POWER)

D12

D11

RED
(PAPER)

RED
(ERROR)

+24DT
1

1
2
3
SH

L205
R41

QM109

+5V

BZ1
1
2

DC.CON.
+30V
GND
N.C
F.G

1
+5V

D3

nPFCOM

CN1

PLED/DSW0 5

R7

1
2

DM128

CN12
SW1_I
SW1_O

ELED/DSW9 3

C12

C11

R17

BZOFF
D202

C10

D200
GND

P.G

nPFCOM

L1
D5
U4

2
1

VIN
SW
GND

VOUT
SEN

+24C
PF COM

DM211
1

+5V

RM202
5

U202B

4
3
2
1

R211

5
6
7
8

C9

7
2

F.G

U202A

C8

C207
R208

+5V
3

J2

2
1

4
+5I

QM200

SW1

+5V

R114

U200

2
(Fusible resistance)

R201
R202

C2

5
3
7
2
1
6

IN
OSC
COMP
SS
GND
BOOT

FB
OUT

8
4

L200

D201

C1

R203

R210

C202
C204
R204

C201
C209

C203 C206

Rev. C

Circuit Diagrams D-6

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Switch Panel Circuit Board Unit Diagrams

PANEL SW
CN13S
SW2
1
PALED
2
ELED
3
PWLED
4
GND
5
CVSEN
6
+5V
7
COVER
8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

R1S

R2S

SW2S

Rev. C

D13S

D11S

D12S

GREEN
(POWER)

RED
(ERROR)

RED
(PAPER END)

U1S

Circuit Diagrams D-7

Confidential

TM-U230 Service Manual

Appendix E

Parts Layout
Main Circuit Board Unit

Rev. C

Parts Layout E-1

Confidential
Switch Panel Circuit Board Unit

E-2 Parts Layout

Rev. C

Confidential

EPSON

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION

Printed in Japan