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Name: Meor Muhammad Fitri bin Meor Ahmad Bajuri

ID number:55214114449

Bag Filter
The Baghouse is a generic name for Air Pollution Control Equipment (APC) that is designed
around the use of engineered fabric filter tubes, envelopes or cartridges in the dust capturing,
separation or filtering process. (Bag House, 2005)
Most baghouses use long, cylindrical bags (or tubes) made of woven or felted fabric as a filter
medium. (For applications where there is relatively low dust loading and gas temperatures are
250 °F or less, pleated, nonwoven cartridges are sometimes used as filtering media instead of
Baghouses are very efficient particulate collectors because of the dust cake formed on the surface
of the bags. The fabric provides a surface on which dust collects through the following four
mechanisms. (Robert Noyes, 1991)

Inertial collection - Dust particles strike the fibers placed perpendicular to the gas-flow
direction instead of changing direction with the gas stream.

Interception - Particles that do not cross the fluid streamlines come in contact with fibers
because of the fiber size.

Brownian movement - Submicrometre particles are diffused, increasing the probability of
contact between the particles and collecting surfaces.

Electrostatic forces - The presence of an electrostatic charge on the particles and the filter
can increase dust capture.

A combination of these mechanisms results in formation of the dust cake on the filter, which
eventually increases the resistance to gas flow. The filter must be cleaned periodically.
Pressure drop is a good indicator regarding the amount of dust that has collected on the filter
media, and if continually monitored and logged, the condition of the bags themselves. New filter
bags have the lowest pressure drop because of the inherent permeability of the media. As the
bags develop a dust cake, some particulate embed themselves into the interstices of the filter
media, and the pressure drop will increase accordingly. It is the filtering of the airstream through
this accumulated dust cake that provides high efficiency collection of fine particulate. (SLY
Clean Environment Technology Ltd, 2015)

2015 ] Noyes. Robert (1991). [Online] May 2005. . Noyes Publications. YouTube Channel SLY Clean Environment Technology Baghouse and Scrubber Spring 2012 CAPCA presentation (2012) Video. (2015) Dust Collector Maintenance [Online] May 2015.html. Available From http://www. (2005) What is a Baghouse.htm [ Accessed: 27th September 2015 ]. Bag [ Accessed: 26th September 26.baghouse. [mp4] : YouTube Channel https://youtu. Presented by Steve Klocke. Handbook of Pollution Control Processes.Name: Meor Muhammad Fitri bin Meor Ahmad Bajuri ID number:55214114449 Reference      Bag Filter working animation (2015) Video. Available from: http://slyfilters. [mp4] .