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1.a) The major axis of the ellipse is 100 mm and the minor axis is 55 mm. Find the foci and construct the ellipse by “Arc of circles
method”. Also draw a pair of tangents from any point, P outside the ellipse.
b) The actual length of 500 m is represented by a line of 15 cm on a drawing. Construct a vernier scale to read upto 600 m. Mark
on it, the lengths, 549 m, 371 m and 402 m
2. a) Construct a hypocycloid with rolling circle of 50 mm diameter and directing circle of 175 mm diameter. Draw a tangent to it
at a point 50 mm from the centre of the directing circle.
b) A car is running at a speed of 50 km/hour. Construct a plain scale to show 1 km and to measure upto 6 km. mark also on the
scale the distance covered by the car in 5 minutes.
3. A pentagonal pyramid has an edge of the base in the V.P is inclined at 300 to the H.P., while the triangular face containing that
edge makes an angle of 450 to the V.P. Draw the three views of the pyramid, if the edge of the base is 30 mm and that of axis is 80
4. A line AB, 75mm long is in second quadrant with the end, A in the HP and the end, B in the VP. The line is inclined at 300 to
HP and at 450 to VP. Draw the projections of AB and determine its traces.
5. A thin rectangular plate of sides, 60 mm × 30 mm has its shorter edge in V.P and that shorter edge is inclined at 300 to H.P.
Project its top view if its front view is a square of 30 mm long.
6. A cylinder, 65 mm diameter and 90 mm long has its axis parallel to the H.P and is inclined at 300 to V.P. It is cut by a vertical
section plane in such a way that the true shape of the section is an ellipse having a major axis, 75 mm long. Draw its sectional
front view and true shape of the section.
7. A hexagonal prism is resting on H.P. on its base with two edges/sides of base parallel to V.P. One equilateral triangular shape
of size 20 mm is cut from the prism such that the axis of the triangle is perpendicular to V.P. & parallel to H.P. & passing
through the center of the height & width of the prism. Develop the surface of the prism. Take side of base 30 mm and height of
axis 80 mm of the prism.
8. A vertical cone 80 mm diameter of base and axis 100 mm long is penetrated by a vertical cylinder of 60 mm diameter and 100
mm long such that the top circular end of the cylinder contains the apex of the cone and a plane perpendicular to both HP and VP
containing the axes of both the solids and the axis of the cylinder is at a distance of 10 mm from the axis of the cone and is
towards the observer. Draw the top and front view of the solids showing the curves of intersection.
9.A square pyramid 45 mm base edge and 50 mm axis rests on its base on the ground such that two parallel base edges recede at
30° to the right of PP with the nearest corner of base 10 mm behind PP. The station point is 45 mm in front of PP and 70 mm
above ground and 10 mm to the right of the nearest corner. Draw the perspective projection of the solid.
10. Draw the elevation, top view and side view of the object shown in figure. All dimensions are in mm.