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# 1DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM

CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
CC505 : STRUCTURAL
ANALYSIS
DETERMINE THE REACTIONS FOR
PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM

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2DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM CONTENT NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 TOPIC PAGES Introduction 3-5 Objective 6 Theory 7–8 Apparatus 9 Procedure 10 – 11 Result 12 Calculation 13 Discussion 14 Conclusion 15 References 16 Page 2 .

Page 3 . the software displays theoretical force and deflection diagrams. The beams may be classified in several ways. reducing the time required for students to obtain. and the other end ‘B’ is free.3DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM INTRODUCTION The Continuous and Indeterminate Beams Virtual Experiments Software enables computer simulation of experiments working with or without the Structures teaching hardware. It enables students to apply uniformly distributed loads to the beam. figure shows a cantilever with end ‘A’ rigidly fixed into its supports. tabulate and graph data. This allows students to realistically. process and present results. but the commonly used classification is based on support conditions. allowing students to visualize . The length between A and B is known as the length of cantilever. During experiments. On this basis the beams can be divided into six types : (1) Cantilever beams (2) Simply supported beams (3) Overhanging beams (4) Propped beams (5) Fixed beams (6) Continuous beams Cantilever beam : A beam having one end fixed and the other end free is known as cantilever beam. It expands the scope of experimentation beyond the limits of the hardware. edit the cross-sectional shape of the beam and Young’s modulus of the material. efficiently and conveniently investigate and compare the properties of a wide selection of beam types under varying applied loads.

A propped cantilever is a statically indeterminate beam.4DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM Simply supported beam : A beam having both the ends freely resting on supports is called a simply supported beam. Overhanging beams : A beam for which the supports re not situated at the ends and one or both ends extend over the supports. For such beams the reactions at the two ends are vertical. Such a beam is free to rotate at the ends. when it bends. is called a propped cantilever bema. The reaction act at the ends of effective span of the beam. Propped cantilever beams : A cantilever beam for which one end is fixed and other end is provided support. Figure show simply supported beams. Such beams are also called as restrained beams. is called an overhanging beam. Figure represents overhanging beams. as an end is restrained from rotation. Page 4 . in order to resist the deflection of the beam.

It is statically indeterminate beam. is called a fixed beam. Page 5 .e.. Such a beam has four reaction components for vertical loading (i. while all the other supports are called as intermediate support. It may or may not have overhang. is called as continuous beam. In these beams there may be several spans of same or different lengths figure shows a continuous beam. The supports at the ends are called as the end supports. Continuous beam : A beam having more than two supports.5DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM Fixed beams : A beam having its both the ends rigidly fixed against rotation or built into the supporting walls. a vertical reaction and a fixing moment at both ends) figure shows the fixed beam.

6DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM OBJECTIVE 1. 2. 3. To determine the reaction and fixed end moment of cantilever beam with supported. Page 6 . To determine the deflection at mid span of a propped cantilever beam. The object of this experiment is to determine the deflection at mid span of a propped cantilever beam.

If either or both ends of the beam project beyond the supports.A support will develop a reaction normal to the beam but will not produce a couple. The complexity of its behavior under load depends on how it is supported – at one or both ends – and how its ends are attached to the supports.7DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM THEORY 1. General A beam is a member which has the primary function of resisting transverse loading.overhanging. Beam is one of the simplest structures in design but one of the most complexes to analyze in terms of the external and internal forces acting on it. A cantilever beam is one in which one ends is built into a wall or other support so that the built-in end can neither move transversely nor rotate (Figure 3) Page 7 . and cantilever beams .A beam supported by a support at the ends and having one span is called a simply-supported beam (Figure 1). it is called overhanging beam (Figure 2). Three basic beam types are the simply-supported .

9DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM movement(Figures 1 and 2). Deflection of Cantilever The deflection under the load for a cantilever loaded at the free end is given by APPARATUS Propped cantilever beam apparatus. 4. Specimen.iii) A fixed-end support is one which prevents the beam from translating or rotating at the point of support(Figure 3). Spanner Page 9 . Weights. Hangers. Dial gauge. Vernier Caliper.

10DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM PROCEDURE 1. Tighten screw at reaction support as it will be copulate with role. Tight the screw at clip plat properly. Looked at the enclosure for the arrangement of experiment. 3. Another than that. With put the balancing load at left side at pincers plat to straight the aluminum rod at moment support. L. 4. Put another ending between two roles pin up to reaction supported. and we must make sure the support have been fixed tightly. We put another beam between two pincers plat at moment support. 7. 2. Loosen the screw so that the aluminum rod can move left or right. We fix the support at the base within the length must equal to the length of beam. 6. 5. Page 10 .

at the end of rope digital meter was recorded. Determine the location which the load to be put. 9. Put down the load to the beam. aluminum rod move to left showed the beam move in clock wise. At support A. Zero the dial gauge at the support A. Move the string to the end of aluminum rod to pulley at the right support A & put load hanger at the end of the string. 15. For the Zero the digital meter reading with press the button “Tare”. Fix the load hanger at the location. 16. Look the reading of dial gauge. Ensure the aluminum rod still in vertical position. 13. We put the load hanger at the end of string to ensure the reading will zero. 12.11DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM 8. The value of the value of the beam. Page 11 . 14. 11. 10. Joint the turn on the digital meter at the support. increase the load and the step are repeated. Do the displace of beam from the entire load hanger and zero the dial gauge.

RB (Theory) = V (N) . W (N) Load at pulley.12DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM RESULT Beam = 1000 mm \ 1m The load distance from the support B = 440mm \ 0. RB (experiment) = V (N) Reaction at support B.44m Fixed end moment (experiment) = ( H * 220 ) Nmm Load. H (N) Fixed end moment (Nmm) MF MF Page 12 Reaction at support B.

This will affect the load at the pulley. 2) Transition of Fix end moment and support reaction of the pin will change the load if the distance from support B convertible. we found that the relationship between the fix ended with load moment and support reaction of the pin is connected.13DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM (experiment ) (theory) QUESTION 1) Based on the experiment is conducted. fixed and moment and reaction at Page 13 . If the load is placed on the pin support increasing the weight of the fixed and moment produced will also increase and vice versa.