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2DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM CONTENT NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 TOPIC PAGES Introduction 3-5 Objective 6 Theory 7–8 Apparatus 9 Procedure 10 – 11 Result 12 Calculation 13 Discussion 14 Conclusion 15 References 16 Page 2 .

Page 3 . the software displays theoretical force and deflection diagrams. The beams may be classified in several ways. reducing the time required for students to obtain. and the other end ‘B’ is free.3DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM INTRODUCTION The Continuous and Indeterminate Beams Virtual Experiments Software enables computer simulation of experiments working with or without the Structures teaching hardware. It enables students to apply uniformly distributed loads to the beam. figure shows a cantilever with end ‘A’ rigidly fixed into its supports. tabulate and graph data. This allows students to realistically. process and present results. but the commonly used classification is based on support conditions. allowing students to visualize . The length between A and B is known as the length of cantilever. During experiments. On this basis the beams can be divided into six types : (1) Cantilever beams (2) Simply supported beams (3) Overhanging beams (4) Propped beams (5) Fixed beams (6) Continuous beams Cantilever beam : A beam having one end fixed and the other end free is known as cantilever beam. It expands the scope of experimentation beyond the limits of the hardware. edit the cross-sectional shape of the beam and Young’s modulus of the material. efficiently and conveniently investigate and compare the properties of a wide selection of beam types under varying applied loads.

A propped cantilever is a statically indeterminate beam.4DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM Simply supported beam : A beam having both the ends freely resting on supports is called a simply supported beam. Overhanging beams : A beam for which the supports re not situated at the ends and one or both ends extend over the supports. For such beams the reactions at the two ends are vertical. Such a beam is free to rotate at the ends. when it bends. is called a propped cantilever bema. The reaction act at the ends of effective span of the beam. Propped cantilever beams : A cantilever beam for which one end is fixed and other end is provided support. Figure show simply supported beams. Such beams are also called as restrained beams. is called an overhanging beam. Figure represents overhanging beams. as an end is restrained from rotation. Page 4 . in order to resist the deflection of the beam.

It is statically indeterminate beam. is called a fixed beam. Page 5 .e.. Such a beam has four reaction components for vertical loading (i. while all the other supports are called as intermediate support. It may or may not have overhang. is called as continuous beam. In these beams there may be several spans of same or different lengths figure shows a continuous beam. The supports at the ends are called as the end supports. Continuous beam : A beam having more than two supports.5DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM Fixed beams : A beam having its both the ends rigidly fixed against rotation or built into the supporting walls. a vertical reaction and a fixing moment at both ends) figure shows the fixed beam.

6DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM OBJECTIVE 1. 2. 3. To determine the reaction and fixed end moment of cantilever beam with supported. Page 6 . To determine the deflection at mid span of a propped cantilever beam. The object of this experiment is to determine the deflection at mid span of a propped cantilever beam.

If either or both ends of the beam project beyond the supports.A support will develop a reaction normal to the beam but will not produce a couple. The complexity of its behavior under load depends on how it is supported – at one or both ends – and how its ends are attached to the supports.7DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM THEORY 1. General A beam is a member which has the primary function of resisting transverse loading.overhanging. Beam is one of the simplest structures in design but one of the most complexes to analyze in terms of the external and internal forces acting on it. A cantilever beam is one in which one ends is built into a wall or other support so that the built-in end can neither move transversely nor rotate (Figure 3) Page 7 . and cantilever beams .A beam supported by a support at the ends and having one span is called a simply-supported beam (Figure 1). it is called overhanging beam (Figure 2). Three basic beam types are the simply-supported .

The three basic types of supports for beams are roller. the loads being vertical. I) A concentrated load W [N] is one which is considered to act at a point. although in practice it must really be distributed over a small area (Figures 1. The two types of loads for beams are concentrated and distributed loads. Types of Load A beam is normally horizontal. I) A roller support is one which exerts a reactive force having a known line of action (Figure 1). 2 and 3).8DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM 2. or may vary from point to point along the beam (Figure 2).ii) A pinned support in one which allows the beam freedom to rotate but prevents it from any linear Page 8 . 3. pinned and fixed-end. other cases which occur being locked upon as exceptions. Types of Support The deformations and stresses which result in a beam owing to a particular load (concentrated load) or group of loads (distributed load) are dependent on the manner in which the beam is supported. The rate of loading may be uniform.ii) A distributed load w [N/m] is one which is spread in some manner over the length of the beam.

9DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM movement(Figures 1 and 2). Deflection of Cantilever The deflection under the load for a cantilever loaded at the free end is given by APPARATUS Propped cantilever beam apparatus. 4. Specimen.iii) A fixed-end support is one which prevents the beam from translating or rotating at the point of support(Figure 3). Spanner Page 9 . Weights. Hangers. Dial gauge. Vernier Caliper.

10DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM PROCEDURE 1. Tighten screw at reaction support as it will be copulate with role. Tight the screw at clip plat properly. Looked at the enclosure for the arrangement of experiment. 3. Another than that. With put the balancing load at left side at pincers plat to straight the aluminum rod at moment support. L. 4. Put another ending between two roles pin up to reaction supported. and we must make sure the support have been fixed tightly. We put another beam between two pincers plat at moment support. 7. 2. Loosen the screw so that the aluminum rod can move left or right. We fix the support at the base within the length must equal to the length of beam. 6. 5. Page 10 .

at the end of rope digital meter was recorded. Determine the location which the load to be put. 9. Put down the load to the beam. aluminum rod move to left showed the beam move in clock wise. At support A. Zero the dial gauge at the support A. Move the string to the end of aluminum rod to pulley at the right support A & put load hanger at the end of the string. 15. For the Zero the digital meter reading with press the button “Tare”. Fix the load hanger at the location. 16. Look the reading of dial gauge. Ensure the aluminum rod still in vertical position. 13. We put the load hanger at the end of string to ensure the reading will zero. 12.11DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM 8. The value of the value of the beam. Page 11 . 14. 11. 10. Joint the turn on the digital meter at the support. increase the load and the step are repeated. Do the displace of beam from the entire load hanger and zero the dial gauge.

RB (Theory) = V (N) . W (N) Load at pulley.12DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM RESULT Beam = 1000 mm \ 1m The load distance from the support B = 440mm \ 0. RB (experiment) = V (N) Reaction at support B.44m Fixed end moment (experiment) = ( H * 220 ) Nmm Load. H (N) Fixed end moment (Nmm) MF MF Page 12 Reaction at support B.

This will affect the load at the pulley. 2) Transition of Fix end moment and support reaction of the pin will change the load if the distance from support B convertible. we found that the relationship between the fix ended with load moment and support reaction of the pin is connected.13DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM (experiment ) (theory) QUESTION 1) Based on the experiment is conducted. fixed and moment and reaction at Page 13 . If the load is placed on the pin support increasing the weight of the fixed and moment produced will also increase and vice versa.

However.14DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM support. we found that the weight of the support pin can be balanced by placing the burden on ad load pulley and unbelievably heavy reading load between the two is about the same and are not too different. 4) During the experiment determine the reactions for propoped cantilever beam is carried out. the reading load balance at the pulley will change if the load distance from support B changed. state the relationship between the fixed end moment and load. 3)Based on the experiment that was conducted in 19Disember 2013.state the relationship between fix ended moment with load and reaction of pin support. When the load is added. for reading and experiment results are good and perfect and we have to take readings each experiment and the results. Page 14 . Moreover. DISCUSSION 1. there are some mistakes that often occur. Due to these problems. and we also have to take an average reading of each reading the resulting balance for each different load. Among these are easily swayed table during the process of the experiment is conducted. it will affect the load balance the appropriate distance so that the load can be accommodated and not an error. Besides digital reaction machines were not on the figure zero. the needle meter manual reaction must also be set to zero before the process of putting the burden on the beam is carried out. For a beam loaded with a single point as above. For the above beam which loaded with one point load . the fixed end moment is increasing constantly. When a load is to be stabilized.

the slope point is not taken accurately CONCLUSION The importance of the study are as follows: I. III.give your conclusion. State the sources of error and suggest the reaction that can be taken to solve it. 3. II. 4. From the experiment result .15DETERMINE THE REACTION FOR PROPOPED CANTILEVER BEAM 2. This study can also be applied to the related fields of industry heavy building structures. Identifying the suitability of the apparatus and the bending moment for the activity teaching and learning. Can make an accurate calculation of the capacity of the beam Page 15 . Comment on accuracy of result obtained in this experiment.the screw at the fixed end support is not tightening properly . Can help the process of teaching and learning in subjects mechanics two solid which can make smaller groups during conducting laboratory experiments. The accuracy of result obtained is slightly different.the reading of the distance of load from support not taken accurately . . bridges and so on. How the transition of fix ended moment and reaction of pin support if the load if acted far from the pin support? Will the relationship between the reaction and load be linear if the beam is loaded with more than one with different magnitude of load because it will cause the reaction increasing not in constant. IV.