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Fourth Semester

English
Course Material

Unit
Title
1
Tourism and transport
2
Consumer society
3
Meals and eating out
4
Global issues
5
TELC tests
6
ECL tests

Page
2
11
20
26
30
47
1

My best friend, Samuel and me have been bitten by the travel bug, so we decided to go to Italy during the
summer. Sam suggested going by car, but I tried to convince him that travelling by train, or plane is much
more comfortable. Besides, I know he drives at beak neck speed and I'm often carsick, so I told him I would
rather go on foot, but not in his car! Anyway, we set off on a warm summer morning and saw lovely towns,

little picturesque villages, all the beauty spots in Italy, I must say, including the mountains. I can hardly find
words to describe the view from the peak; breathtaking, magnificent or maybe stunning? Well, I did in fact
find some words in the end! It was a really scenic journey. It was the first time I had ever been abroad and I
really enjoyed every minute of it. Interestingly enough, I was not at all carsick. Yes, as you may have guessed,
he convinced me to go in his car and I finally gave in.
1. A beautiful szra milyen szinonimk tallhatk?
2. Hogy van az angolul, hogy beadja a derekt? (segtsg: angolul derk nlkl van!)
3. Ha gyalog megyek, akkor NEM *by foot, hanem ______ a kifejezs, amit hasznlok!
4. Az abroad sz eltt helyes a _______ prepozci.
5. Ha a kocsiban hnyingernk van, akkor angolul________ vagyunk. (a tengeri beteg ember pedig: ________).
6. Ha be vagyunk szva, utazni akarunk minden ron, akkor megharapott minket a(z)________ (angolul:
_______)
7. Elindulni angolul a_______ kifejezssel lehet.
1. Match the expressions in the box and translate the text below the box with the help of them.
1. sling

a) make it possible for sb to do sth

2. enable sb to do sth

b) the way the backpack is packed

3. weight distribution

c) the tradition of a country

4. pack/unpack

d) cheap

5. off the beaten track

e) a holiday organized by a travel agency

6. peak season/off-peak season

f) an important fact

7. (the) customs

g) you don't have to pay for it

8. (a) custom

h) the office on the border of two countries

9. cut-price (tickets)

i) throw

10. package (tour) holiday

j) far from everything

11. free of charge

k) main season/season without many tourists

12. a key factor

l) put things into/take things out of a suitcase

Az egy dolog, amit ki nem llhatok az utazsban az a be s kicsomagols. ltalban csak bedobok valamit a
htizskomba, s aztn azon mrgeldm, hogy megint nem figyeltem az egyenletes slyelosztsra. (Meg
persze elkpzelem, hogy a vmosok mit fognak szlni a vmnl, ha megltjk a rendetlensget). De ha kszen
vagyok a pakolssal, mr csak az indulssal trdm. Inkbb a holt szezont kedvelem s soha nem tudnm
elkpzelni, hogy trsas tra menjek olyan emberekkel, akikhez semmi kzm. Mivel dik vagyok, krlnzek,
htha tallok olcs jegyet, ami gyakran megesik, ha az utols pillanatra hagyom, vagy ha olyan helyet vlasztok,
ami a vilg vgn van. Nem csoda, hisz a legtbb turista csak a fbb helyeket nzi meg, s egyltaln nem
rdekli egy-egy orszg szoksai. Szmomra azonban fontos tnyez, hogy annyi helyet lssak, amennyit csak
lehet. Hallottam, hogy van egy szervezet, amely lehetv teszi emberek szmra, hogy ingyen eltltsenek egykt napot egy kedves csaldnl.

Picture description/topic based on visual stimuli


(5-8 minutes)
The pictures are selected and provided by the interviewer. If necessary the interviewer can help the
candidates with questions.
TRAVELLING/TRAFFIC

Olvassa el az albbi szveget, vlassza ki a hrom varici (a,b,c) kzl a helyes vlaszt
s rja a jobb oldalon lev tblzatba! (10 pont)
The inside story of air travel
Depending on what computer system (1) , check-in staff can
talk to each other via simultaneous email. So when they seem
(2) a very long time to type your rather short name into the
computer, they are probably sending one of their colleagues a
message usually about you or about someone in the queue behind
you. These messages (3) from 'Have you seen this incredibly
good looking woman / man?' to 'I've got a really difficult passenger
here does anyone have a seat next to a screaming child?' So you can see, it really (4)
pay to be nice to the person at the desk.
Some airports are (5) for losing passengers' luggage. Heathrow has a poor reputation
most airports lose about two in every thousand bags, but Heathrow loses eighty per thousand,
which means for every five hundred people who check in, forty won't get their bags or
suitcases at the other end! This is mainly because the transport times between the terminals
are so tight. When the airport is busy, which it always is, there (6) being transported
between the terminals and (7) which a lot of the transferred luggage gets left behind.
There is a sensible drinking (8) on all airlines, which means that we are (9)
passengers if they start getting noisy, but some air crew think that if you give them enough to
eat and drink, they will eventually fall asleep and give you no trouble at all. And, as every
flight attendant knows, a snoring plane is a happy plane. That's the reason, of course,
(10) they like to turn the heating up halfway through a flight...
9

Vlasz
1.

A)

2.

A)

does the airline


use
taking

3.

A)

4.

B)

using the airline

C)

the airline uses

1.

B)

to be taking

C)

being taken

2.

spread

B)

widen

C)

range

3.

A)

does

B)

is

C)

should

4.

5.

A)

B)

legends

C)

reputable

5.

6.

A)

B)

is so much baggage

C)

is so little luggage

6.

7.

A)

8.

A)

9.

A)

10.

A)

notorious
are so many
baggages
such little time to
do it that
politics
not supposed
serving
why

B)
B)
B)
B)

so little time to do
it that
police
to supposed not
serve
what

C)
C)
C)
C)

very little time to do


it which
policy
not supposed to
serve
when

7.
8.
9.
10.

Listening Comprehension Task


You are going to hear some pieces of advice about how to travel in a romantic way. Your task is to
give short answers to the questions below. First, you will have some time to study task, and then you
will hear the recording. Then, after a short pause, listen to the recording again. There is an example
(0) that has been done for you.
Romantic Travel Resolutions
0. What should be at the centre of your travel plans? (3 things)
fun, fantasy and festivities
1. What should you leave home on a real vacation? (2 things)

2. How can planning be made interesting?

3. What things can help you to visualise the place you want to visit? (2 things)

4. What adventurous activities should water-lovers try? (2 things)

5. Whats the basic rule for a monthly mini-vacation?

6. Which days are the best for cheap short getaways?

7. How many festivals should you go to?


10

11

12

13

14

15

How to live with just 100 things


(1) Huge consumption is practically an American religion. But as
anyone with a completely full closet knows, the things we collect
can become oppressive. With all this stuff piling up we can barely
free up space on a countertop. Which is why people are so intrigued
by the 100 Thing Challenge, a brand new movement in which otherwise normal folks are
pledging to gradually decrease their possessions to a mere 100 items. "Stuff starts to
overwhelm you," says Dave Bruno, 37, an online entrepreneur who looked around his San
Diego home one day last summer and realized how much belongings his family had. It was
weighing him down. Thus began what he calls the 100 Thing Challenge. (Apparently, Bruno
is so against to a lot of things that he can't even refer to 100 things in the plural.) In a country
where clutter has given rise to professional organizers, Bruno's blog became something of a
cult, inspiring others to launch their own countdown to clutter-free living.
(2) Bruno keeps track on his blog (guynameddave.com), of what he has decided to hold on to
and what he is preparing to sell or donate. For instance, as of early June, he was down to five
dress shirts and one necktie but uncertain about parting with one of his three pairs of jeans.
"Are two pairs of jeans enough?!," he asked in a recent posting.
There are other dilemmas as well. One of the trickier questions is what counts as an item.
Bruno considers a pair of shoes to be a single entity, which seems sensible. Cait Simmons, 27,
a waitress in Chicago, takes a different approach. Although she has pared down her footwear
collection from 35 to 20 pairs, she says, "All my shoes count as one item."
(3) Daniel Perkins, 34, a graphic designer in New York City, isn't working toward a
quantitative goal but says he and his wife have instead pledged "within a year to have only
things that we use daily in our apartment." But what about Christmas ornaments? Family
heirlooms? Those skinny jeans you hope to - but will probably never - wear again? "It's a very
emotional process," says professional organizer Julie Morgenstern. Her new book, When
Organizing Isn't Enough: SHED Your Stuff, Change Your Life, lays out a plan for clearing
out both physical and sentimental clutter. "Often these are things that represent who you once
were," she says. "But once their purpose is over, they just keep you stagnant." SHED, by the
way, is an acronym for "separate the treasures, heave the trash, embrace your identity from
within and drive yourself forward."
(4) Organizational consultant Peter Walsh, who characterizes himself as part contractor, part
therapist, isn't surprised that getting rid of things and getting organized is so popular these
days. Between worrying about gas prices and the failing economy, people's first reaction, he
says, "is often, 'I need to get some control over my life, even if it is just a tidy kitchen
counter.'" Walshs job is to help homeowners get rid of their unnecessary belongings. The
weekend-long project would end with a huge garage sale. For homeowners, it tends to be a
slow and painful process, though.
(5) Bruno hasn't set an end date for his project, which so far has cost his guitar, an iPod and a
baseball jersey signed by Pete Rose. Yet he's still not sure he can let go of all but 100 of his
own possessions. His current count of 97 items doesn't include his toy trains, woodworking
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tools and a few other things he says he still needs to think through. But his daughters' doll
collection remains off limits. Turns out that clearing the clutter makes you focus on what
really counts.
1. Choose the correct answer or ending to the sentence.
The name 100 thing challenge unusual because
A) a 100 is a lot.
B) it is singular.
C) the word challenge is unusual in this context.
Bruno started this blog when
A) he felt that stuff was overwhelming him.
B) he was short on money.
C) he ran out of storage space.
People nowadays increasingly want to get control of their life because
A) they worry about so many things.
B)there are a lot of other things they cant control.
C) their kitchen counter is full.
What does clutter represent?
A) A lot of money wasted.
B) Lack of control over your spending.
C) Who you were once.
2. Are the statements true (T) of false (F) or not mentioned (N) in the text?
Brunos initiation inspired others too.
Professional organizers help people get rid of old things and its usually ends in a garage sale.
There is an online debate about what counts as an item.
People are so obsessed with getting organized that Morgensterns book is a bestseller.
A waitress counts a pair of shoes as one item.
Bruno gave away even his daughters dolls.
Walsh lives in Chicago.
It is usually hard for people to get rid of their belongings.
3. Explain with the help of a monolingual dictionary, if needed. What do you think it
really means?
(S) separate the treasures,
(H) heave the trash,
(E) embrace your identity from within
(D) drive yourself forward.
4. Find the word that the descriptions mean. The number in brackets shows you the
number of paragraph in which you can find the word.
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a situation that is oppressive makes you unhappy, worried, or uncomfortable (1)


a long flat surface on top of a piece of furniture, especially in a kitchen (1)
to make a formal, usually public, promise that you will do something (3)
something that is based on or relating to your feelings rather than on practical reasons (3)
5. Fill in the summary of the text with the appropriate word based on the text.
Bruno _________ a blog in which he aimed to get rid off all his possessions but 100. The
initiation soon became a ________. Decluttering even gave rise to a new industry of
professional __________ and even inspired a _________ of how to get rid of belongings.
According to an organizing __________ it is no wonder in an age when people worry about
things which they have less and less __________ over such as increasing gas prices and
worsening __________.
Olvassa el az albbi szveget, vlassza ki a hrom varici (a,b,c) kzl a helyes vlaszt
s rja a jobb oldalon lev tblzatba! (10 pont)
Real-life shopaholics
Three years ago, Melinda hit rock bottom. The 48-year-old Toronto
woman (1) $73,000 in personal unsecured (2) through
her six credit cards and she had little to show for it. Granted, her
closets and drawers were bursting with clothes that she had planned
to donate to charity, yet simply couldnt (3) with . But she was
becoming alarmed that she could no longer afford (4)
groceries unless she charged them. When her truck, which she needed to (5) her job as
an office manager at an accounting firm, became unsafe to drive, she knew that she had
reached the end of the line.
Melinda is unquestionably a shopaholic. While the word may seem cute, in reality it means
much more than most people bargain for: Shopaholism is a serious (6) , and sufferers
(7) to become the unexpected victims of the current economic crisis.
While we may think of shopaholism as a female trait, experts say the condition affects the
sexes almost equally. A 2006 Stanford University study revealed that 5.5 percent of American
men and six percent of women exhibited compulsive-spending behaviour. However, those
(8) medical treatment for the condition are usually female, says Richter.
Male and female shopaholics also differ in what they tend to spend their money (9) .
Both men and women buy products to attract the opposite sex and ensure their genes are
passed on, but for men, the items are status-related; women buy products that (10) them
more physically attractive.
Vlasz
1.

A)

had racked up

B)

had saved

C)

collected

1.

2.

A)

credit

B)

debt

C)

debit

2.

3.

A)

separated

B)

part

C)

share

3.

4.

A)

buying

B)

to buy

C)

buy

4.

5.

A)

commute to

B)

transport to

C)

travel between

5.
18

6.

A)

infection

B)

epidemic

C)

condition

6.

7.

A)

have the potential

B)

are possible

C)

have the right

7.

8.

A)

who seek

B)

people find

C)

to take

8.

9.

A)

onto

B)

to

C)

on

9.

10.

A)

get

B)

have

C)

make

10.

Listening comprehension task


You are going to hear someone talk about identity safety. Your task is to give short answers to the
questions below. An example has been done for you.
ID safety
0. How do data prove that identity fraud is a booming business?
In 2007 there was a _______________66% rise in reported cases______________________.

1. How many people fall victim to such a crime yearly?


It is estimated that about _______________________________________________________

2. When is it advisable to cut persomal information into pieces?


You should shred sensitive information ___________________________________________

3. How often should we check our credit reports?


Authorities recommend to check them ____________________________________________

4. What do people tend to use for passwords and PINs?


They use ____________________________________________________________________
5. How can thieves get hold of your identity?
The may have access to them if __________________________________________________

6. How do lenders check your real address?


They use ____________________________________________________________________

7. How should we treat cold calls and e-mails for special details?
We should __________________________________________________________________

19

20

21

22

23

Picture description/topic based on visual stimuli


(5-8 minutes)
The pictures are selected and provided by the interviewer. If necessary the interviewer can help the
candidates with questions.
EATING HABITS

Olvassa el az albbi szveget, vlassza ki a hrom varici (a,b,c) kzl a helyes vlaszt s rja a
jobb oldalon lev tblzatba! (10 pont)

How to Live to 100 -- and Beyond

There are some 70,000 of them in the U.S. alone - people 100-plus years
old, who (1) the fastest-growing age group of Americans and whose
numbers have (2) in just the last two decades. Clearly, these
"centenarians" (3) "over the hill," but how did they survive the
mountain of age-related threats to reach the 100-year milestone?
Thomas Perls, M.D., founder of the New England Centenarian
Study(4) to unlock the secrets of the very old. "We have ingrained
in us the idea that the older you get, (5) , and so people would think these 100-year-olds must
have (6) age-related disease under the sun and must certainly be on death's doorstep," says Perls.
In fact, he explains, quite the opposite is true: These oldest Americans are still alive because they
(7) these lethal age-associated diseases, such as cancer, heart disease and Alzheimer's.
Centenarians probably lack genes that predispose them to numerous deadly diseases, explains Perls.
His genetic research could "dramatically change our lives within the next seven to 10 years," he says.
From his research could come (8) drugs that counteract disease-causing chemical pathways,
making today's preventive surgeries seem primitive.
While Perls continues his search for the genetic "booster rockets" of the super-survivors, he
encourages people to take their longevity into their own hands: Exercise, eat right and don't smoke, he
says, and you (9) increase your chance of living in good health at least into your 80s. And, try to
be as positive as possible. As a rule, (10) live to very old age "are engaged with life every day
and don't have doubts about the value of life."

24

Vlasz
1.

A)

account

B)

make up

C)

consist

1.

2.

A)

tripled

B)

threefold

C)

threefolded

2.

3.

A)

safely can called

B)

can safely be called

C)

can be safe called

3.

4.

A)

was working

B)

had been working

C)

has been working

4.

5.

A)

the sicker you get

B)

you get sicker

C)

the more sick you are

5.

6.

A)

every

B)

all

C)

each

6.

7.

A)

diverted

B)

neglected

C)

avoided

7.

8.

A)

the increase in

B)

the development of

C)

improve of

8.

9.

A)

greatly

B)

hardly

C)

fairly

9.

10.

A)

they who

B)

those who

C)

that who

10.

Listening Comprehension
You are going to hear an interview with a famous chef. Your task will be to fil in the gaps. First, you
will have some time to study the task, and then you will hear the recording. Then, after a short
pause, listen to the recording again. There is an example (0) that has been done for you.
Finnish Chef Jaakko Sorsa

Secret of success

The job

likes (0.) what he does

overcomes difficulties because (1.) ______________________________

involves endless (2.) ___________________________________ and

(3.) ___________________________________

hardest part is to (4.) _______________________________________

represents (5.) _____________________________________ with an

FINDS

urbanite twist

design was influenced by (6.) ____________________________________

ingredients, mainly Finnish (7.) ___________________________________,


delivered by Finn air

Kitchen slang

cremation means (8.) _____________________________________

clear commands as sometimes they have


(9.) _________________________________ at the same time

25

26

27

Read the following text and answer the questions


Britons 'in favour of wind farms'
Three-quarters of Britons believe wind farms are necessary to help meet demand for
energy, a survey by the British Wind Energy Association suggests. The body claims the vast
majority of the public feels the need for clean sources of renewable energy. The study also
suggests 70% of those polled would support the creation of a wind farm in their area. But
opponents of wind farms say they are unsightly and point out that wind is an unreliable source
of power.
Two surveys have been merged into the study: one by World survey on behalf of
BWEA, and one by ICM Research on behalf of Greenpeace. Both polls were carried out in
the month of August, each involving 1,000 adults.
Chief executive, Marcus Rand, said: "Time is running out on climate change and wind
power is essential to averting its potential impacts. "Britain has the best wind resource in
Europe - it's everlasting, on our doorstep and ready to use now. "By embracing wind, we will
increase our nation's energy security and create thousands of new jobs in Britain, but we need
to act now."
The chair of campaign group Country Guardian, Angela Kelly, told BBC News
Online: "Most of the public have not studied the facts. "But the more the public discover the
truth about wind farms, the less they want them.
"The Achilles' heel of wind power is you cannot predict it even 10 minutes in advance,
so it has to be backed up at all times by a secure supply of electricity and you cannot afford to
shut down any existing power plants.
"We already have more than 1,100 wind turbines in this country and they do not even
produce enough juice to run one factory. "The power generated is at such a high cost that it is
only economically viable by virtue of a package of subsidies that, according to official
figures, will be worth 1bn in 10 years' time. "This must be found from the consumer to boost
the profits of a few multinational corporations and shrewd investors." Ms Kelly added: "I am
not prepared to see inappropriate and unnecessary industrialisation reduce the UK's unique
and varying landscape to a common denominator of cloned mechanical monsters."
TV presenter Chris Tarrant added that the campaign aimed to challenge the myths and
prejudices about wind turbines, and show that the majority of the public welcome the spread
of this clean source of energy. Members of the public will be able to sign a petition at the
Embrace The Revolution website, and the names of every supporter will go on four new
turbines to be set up in 2005. The architects behind the London Eye, David Marks and Julia
Barfield, said they believed the current wind turbine technology represented "the best
environmentally sustainable and economically viable source of renewable energy". "That is
why we are actively exploring ways to incorporate wind turbines within landmark buildings
that we are designing today," they added.
TV botanist David Bellamy recently led a march in south Wales to oppose plans to
build wind turbines on a mountain. The protest was led by campaigning group Save Our
Common Mountain Environment (Socme), which claims that wind farms will push up energy
prices and that they ruin landscapes and kill birds and bats. They also say that wind is an
28

unpredictable and therefore unreliable source of power, and that turbines can be damaged or
even knocked down by storms.
But some local communities have reacted positively to the introduction of the turbines.
Margaret Munn, a councillor in Ardrossan, Ayrshire, said her community had
"overwhelmingly accepted" a new wind farm. "Instead of spoiling the landscape, we believe it
has been enhanced," she said.
"The turbines are impressive-looking, bring a calming effect to the town and, contrary
to the belief that they would be noisy, we have found them to be silent workhorses."
Story from BBC NEWS: http://news.bbc.co.uk
I.
feladat
Olvassa el a Britons in favour of wind farms cm szveget, majd jellje be a tblzatba a
plda (0) szerint, hogy a felsorolt emberek tmogatjk vagy ellenzik a szlenergiaermveket!
Nevek
Tmogatjk
Ellenzik
0
Marcus Rand
X
1.
David Bellamy
2.
David Marks
3.
Julia Barfield
4.
Margaret Munn
5.
Angela Kelly
6.
Chris Tarrant
II.
feladat
Olvassa el ismt a szveget, majd vlaszoljon a krdsekre rviden (3 4 szval) a
megadott plda (0) szerint!
Krdsek
Vlaszok
Who took part in the study?
0. BWEA and Greenpeace
How many people were questioned in the
7.
surveys?
What is the most serious argument against
8
wind power stations?
How do architects plan to design new
9
landmark buildings?
What will happen if somebody signs the
10.
petitions at the Embrace the Revolution
website?
Why can wind turbines improve the
11.
landscape?

29

TELC test 1
Reading Comprehension
Part 1.
First read the ten headlines a-j. Then read the five texts 1-5 and decide which text goes best
with which headline.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)

Respect of Cultures and Languages


Women to Learn Male Speech
Anorexia a Genetically Transmitted Disease
Using the Internet for Commercial Purposes
DIY Changing the Film Business
Girl Talk, Guy Talk
Hollywood Actors disking Studios Money

h) Interpreting the Most Popular Job in the EU


i) Internet Penetrates European Households
j) MEDIA BRINGS EATING DISORDERS
1. A decades worth of research has shown that men and women in our culture use distinctive
styles of speech and also tend to play different roles when talking with one another.
Sociologists who have studied the roles of men and women in conversation have found that
men often shift conversations to their preferred topics, whereas women are more apt to
respond supportively. In fact, men often interrupt outright and they do this far more frequently
than women do, several studies have shown. Women tend to ask more questions, make
statements in a questioning tone and use more question tags, hedges and qualifiers in their
speech. Gender differences in speech may simply reflect power relations between men and
women: If females are more polite and less aggressive than males in their language practices,
if they are more supportive and less dominant, this is hardly shocking, for it simply reflects
the reality in every other sphere of life.
2. Internet penetration in businesses is far higher than the household rate. According to a Euro
barometer survey, almost 90% of firms with more than 10 employees have an Internet
connection and more than 60% have a web site. A notable exception is Portugal, where only
two thirds of all businesses have an Internet connection. On average, around 20% of European
companies buy and sell over the Internet, with Germany, Ireland and the UK spearheading the
sales part and Denmark and Finland strong on the online purchasing side. In six Member
States, more than 30% of all firms purchase some or all of their supplies via the Internet with
Finland and Denmark above 40%. At the other end of the scale, only 5% of Portuguese and
10% of French enterprises use the Internet to purchase their supplies.
3. Fiji, a nation that has traditionally cherished the fuller figure, has been struck by an outbreak of eating disorders since the arrival of television in 1995, according to a recent study.
Researchers from Harvard say the western images and values have led to an increase in
disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. In 1998 38 months after the station went on air a
survey revealed that 74% of teenage girls felt they were too big or fat. 15% of the girls
reported they had vomited to control their weight. Anne Becker, an anthropologist from
Harvard, said: Nobody was dieting in Fiji 10 years ago, the teenagers see TV as a model for
30

how one gets by in the modern world. Many groups say the worldwide increase in eating
disorders is down to prevalence of images equating a slim figure with beauty. But some doctors have questioned whether such disorders are caused by culture or are transmitted from
generation to generation in genes.
4. In less than two months, 10 new states will join the European Union. The number of
member languages will jump from 11 to 20 and, with it, the demand for linguists at
headquarters in Brussels. The EU would like to enlist 180 translators 20 for each additional
language but the Union has found only 63 so far, despite the lure of $ 48,000-a-year salary.
Naturally, the smallest languages pose the biggest problems: the last hunt for Maltese
interpreters failed to identify a single candidate. (Malta has about 400,000 people.) The
workloads daunting too. Last year EU translators had 1.4 million pages to comb through; that
figure is forecast to rise to 2.3 million by next year. And there are about 11,000 meetings
annually that require simultaneous interpretation. The EU wants 360 extra interpreters to
handle those duties. Why not muddle along in the most-spoken tongues? National pride, says
spokesman Erich Mamer. You are never going to force a Polish farmer to talk to the EU in
English.
5. Jesus movies probably wont be resurrected in Hollywood. Despite the phenomenal success
of Mel Gibsons The Passion of Christ the film is now on track to earn $400 million in the
USA most industry sources consider it a singular cultural event that cannot be repeated. In
general, a studio pays for a movie and gives a major star 25% of the films ticket sales. The
studio keeps the rest, including all DVD revenue. Gibson flipped that model on its head,
paying for (and therefore owning) his movie himself and giving Newmarket Film Group 10%
of the gross. That decision could ultimately put as much as $300 million in his pocket. If Passion inspires discussion within the industry, its going to be about how films are marketed
and distributed and the extent to which artists of stature take more of an economic risk in an
effort to control more of the upside.
Reading Comprehension
Part 2.
Read the following text, and then choose the answers to questions 6-10.
The Harp: Symbol of Ireland
The Irish Harp is the official national emblem of the Republic of Ireland, borne on all
Governmental publications and engraved in the seal of the office of the President and Irish
coinage.
The model for the artistic representation of the heraldic harp is the 14th century harp now
preserved in the Museum of Trinity College, Dublin, popularly known as the Brian Boru
Harp. The Harp in general is seen in countless cultures over the centuries and is reputed to
have its origins in Persia. Evolution of materials, playing methods and the impact of disparate
cultures have given rise to a plethora of types and sizes of harps.
The roots of the Irish Harp can be traced as far back as the twelfth century. It was an
important part of the Gaelic aristocratic culture and harpers were highly respected. The harper
was the term given to the player of this instrument in Ireland, not the term harpist associated
with the classical instrument. One legend surrounding how the Harp became synonymous
with Ireland relates to an ancient king of Ireland called David who took the harp of the
Psalmist, King David, as his badge.
31

The first Harp appeared on Irish coinage with the 1543 issue of Henry VIII. Medieval Irish
harps had to withstand the outdoor elements, being hauled by harpers from one noble house to
another to perform in the great halls of castles packed with merry-makers and flaming open
fires.
The great exodus of nobility The Flight of the Earls and the dissipation of the ancient
Gaelic order, resulted in the decline in the harping tradition. With the change of the social
order the harper was now an itinerant musician who would travel a large circuit, stopping at
whatever great house would offer a welcome. The image of the famous Irish composer and
travelling harper, Turlough OCarolan (1670-1738) the blind harper, lingers in many an Irish
persons mind.
The last assembly of harpers in Belfast in 1792 succeeded in attracting only 11 players from
the whole country despite generous fees being available to those who attended. Edward
Bunting, the organiser, attempted to write down as much music as possible from this event
and is an invaluable resource of what the ancient tradition must have been like.
The 1970s saw a revival of harp playing and today Irish Harp summer schools, festivals,
concerts and competitions take place in Ireland as well as in Europe and the USA. The
numbers of harp albums now on sale testify to the interest in this Gaelic tradition. The Irish
Harp Orchestra, founded in 1992 as the Belfast Orchestra, offers harpers of all ages the opportunity to perform and continues the work of promoting and celebrating the traditions of
Irish Harp playing.
Now decide which is the correct answer a, b or c to the items 6-10 and mark your answers
on the answer sheet.
6. The Irish Harp
a) originates from the 14th century.
b) can be seen on Irish coins.
c) was restored and protected by Brian Boru.
7. Harpers in Ireland
a) were members of the aristocracy.
b) also played classical music in castles.
c) were held in great esteem by the nobility.
8. According to a legend
a) the harp was a present from King David, the Psalmist.
b) the Irish king, David, chose the harp as his emblem.
c) the harp was put on all coins by Henry VIII.
9. The Flight of Earls
a) caused the disappearance of the harpers.
b) affected the social status of the harpers.
c) was caused by the break up of Gaelic society.
10. In Belfast in 1792
a) harpers were paid for attending an assembly.
b) Edward Bunting organised a successful event for harpers.
c) most of the traditional music played by the harpers was noted down.

32

Reading Comprehension Part 3.


First read the ten situations 11-20 and then read the 12 texts a-l. Decide which text goes best
with which situation. Each text can be used only once.
In some cases there may not be a suitable text. Then mark it with an X.
11. You travel a lot and need proper insurance.
12. You want to take your mum out on her birthday, to a special place for an afternoon, where
you can enjoy some luxury.
13. You want to surprise your best friend on her wedding with special pictures to
commemorate the day.
14. You have just arrived in a foreign country on business and you need to find out about
telephone connections to the area network.
15. You are organising a quiet holiday with friends and family some of you are keen
anglers, but the children enjoy riding their bikes.
16. You want to arrange a car for your father, who is a pensioner, to drive through the
countryside.
17. Your friend in Brussels would like to learn more about traditional Irish culture especially music.
18. You want to makeover your look for your best friends wedding.
19. You are planning a weekend get-away, preferably in the countryside to enjoy wildlife.
Your special interest is ornithology.
20. You want to buy your friend a good book as a birthday present and wonder if you can do
it online.
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34

Language elements Part 1.


Read the following text and decide which word or phrase a, b, or c is missing in items 21-30.
Mark your answers on your answer sheet.

The language business


Those who thought that the British -21- the particular gene which allow them to learn foreign
languages easily are -22- a surprise. The surge of business interest in learning is astonishing
UK course organisers, at least in the commercial centres in the Midlands and the North of
England, where the demand -23- courses is increasing by 50 to 100 per cent annually. -24commercial language school Linguarama in the corporate power centres, a culture change is
on the way.
There is no doubt what has caused the change. The sudden fear of foreigners walking all
over the home market has -25- minds wonderfully on irregular French verbs and German
sentence structures.
The closer British companies relate to Continental ones, -26- as buyers, sellers, partners or
rivals, the more important a much higher degree of language skill becomes. The wide-awake
companies are taking the problem seriously. In a survey of 18 major multinationals conducted
-27- of PA Consulting Group, it -28- that seven, or 39 per cent, had specific intentions either
to start language training or increase what they already did.
The time when the language requirement really hits home is -29- when the company
suddenly sees the need to expand overseas often -30- a panic measure to defend its home
market or else it becomes involved through acquisition or merger.
21. a) missed
b) lacked
c) had

25. a) considered
b) concerned
c) concentrated

29. a) either
b) neither
c) also

22. a) in to
b) in for
c) to get

26. a) if
b) which
c) whether

30. a) like
b) such
c) as

23. a) for
b) on
c) to

27. a) in the interest


b) on behalf
c) in the view

24. a) According to
b) In accordance with
c) Accordingly

28. a) was founded


b) were foundings
c) was found

Language elements Part 2.


Read the following text and decide which of the words or phrases a-o is missing in items 3140.
James Joyce: the centenary of Bloomsday

35

Ulysses, James Joyces great masterpiece, is -31- as one of the most famous and celebrated
works in modern literature. Considered shocking at the time, Ulysses was written over a
seven-year period in three different European cities and has survived bitter -32-, legal action
and persistent misunderstanding. It is the story of Leopold Blooms one-day odyssey through
the streets of Dublin. As the title suggests, its an -33-, loosely analogous to Homers
Odyssey.
James Joyce was born in Dublin on 2nd February, 1882. He was educated at Jesuit schools
and took a -34- in modern languages and philosophy at University College Dublin. A selfimposed exile from his native city, Joyce first left Ireland for Paris in 1902 on a tenuous
proposal to read medicine. After a year of near -35-, he was recalled to Dublin to the deathbed
of his mother. In October 1904 he departed once again, this time in the company of a young
woman from Galway, Nora Barnacle.
In literary -36- it is believed that on the 16th June, 1904 James Joyce and Nora Barnacle
first walked out together. According to Joyces biographer, Richard Ellmann, To set
Ulysses on this date was Joyces most eloquent if -37- tribute to Nora. It was the day upon
which he entered into relation with the world around him and left behind the loneliness he had
felt since his mothers death. James Joyce died in Zurich on 13th January, 1941.
Unlike the vast majority of Irish emigrants who abroad extrolled the beauties and joys of
their homeland, Joyce was an ironic -38- with a weary and bitter view of Ireland:
No one who has any self respect stays in Ireland, but flees afar as though from a country
that has -39- the visitation of an angered Jove.
Bloomsday, 16th June, 1904, is celebrated all over the world by Joycean -40- and fans of
Ulysses. In June 2004, several hundred international academics converged in Dublin to
celebrate the James Joyce Symposium and the centenary of Bloomsday.

a) undergone

b) epic

c) degree

d) scholars

e) recognised

f) realised

g) circles

h) invited

i) patriot

j) starvation

k) controversy

l) heroic

m) indirect

n) domestic

o) contradictory

Letter writing
You have two different tasks to choose from. Decide quickly which letter you are going to
write as you only have a total of 30 minutes to complete the task.
We are looking for expert
1. An application for a course in response to an advertisement cooks for cookery courses in
London
or
These one-day Saturday cookery
2. A letter asking for more information
courses take place once a month
Skills involved
Situation 1.
Vegetarian cooking
Teaching
Youd like to take a job as a cooking instructor in England.
Payment 800 per occasion.
Location: Cookery School 111
Little Portland Street, Oxford
Circus, London Wl

36

Write a letter of application to the firm above. At least two of the following points should be
mentioned in your letter plus one other aspect:

Your experience in cooking


Your experience in teaching
Your reason for applying
Ask about other courses

You decide to apply for the job. Write the letter using a suitable greeting and closing formula.
Before starting the letter, decide on the order in which you think the three points should be
included as well as an appropriate introduction and close. Include your address and the
address of the company, also the reference line, date, salutation and closing formula.
You have 30 minutes in which to write the letter.
Please write 150-200 words.

TELC test 2
Reading Comprehension
Part 1.
First read the ten headlines a-j. Then read the five texts 1-5 and decide which text goes best
with which headline. Mark your answers on the answer sheet in the boxes 1-5.
a) Paddling through Atlantic
b) Fatal accident in London
c) HUNDREDS OF SWAN CARCASSES FOUND
d) Climate changes in Canada
e) Migratory swans will be surprised
f) Aphrodite turns heads
g)
h)
i)
j)

SUMMER IN RECORD BOOKS AS A DRY ONE


Teenager sleepwalks up 130 ft crane
New record done
Greek goddesses visit New York

1. THE Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) is set to haze Judson Lake
as part of a new scientific experiment to try to stop the mysterious deaths of hundreds of
Trumpeter swans annually.
The majestic migratory swans will encounter a loud and wild surprise when they arrive in
Abbotsford from Alaska about mid-October. Instead of cool breezes stirring the peaceful
grassy reeds along the shoreline, the swans will find their roosting spot at Judson Lake ablaze
in shining lights, an air boat skimming the shallow waters to scare them away as well as other
noisy devices.
Kraege said the experiment is part of a large international task force investigating the
massive swan die-offs from lead poisoning in Whatcom County and the Fraser Valley. More
than 2,000 Trumpeters have died from lead shot poisoning since 1999 in the Fraser Valley
and Whatcom County, Kraege said, noting that 400 swans died last fall and winter.
Kevin Sinclair, who lives along shallow Judson Lake, calls it a death trap for the swans,
because the muddy bottom is polluted with lead shot. Two people will be working at the lake
37

24 hours a day, seven days a week, to keep the birds from the wetlands. The $40,000 project
is called the Experimental Management Hazing of Judson Lake and takes place from midOctober until January. Kraege said the swans have plenty of other roosting spots to choose
from when they cant land at Judson Lake. The latest effort is part of an ongoing international
investigation on the Trumpeter swan lead poisoning.
2. SUN-WORSHIPPERS and gardeners already know it, but this summer was one of the
driest and sunniest ever in the Lower Mainland. And Environment Canadas meteorologists
have the proof. Vancouver International Airport recorded 326.6 hours of sunshine in August
22 per cent more than the average 268 hours for the month. For the past three months from
June through August, its been about 15 per cent sunnier than usual. Vancouver had so much
more sunshine than normal 121 extra hours that its the equivalent of having an extra two
weeks of summer. The dry spell has also been impressive.
Although June was about average in Vancouver, just 38 per cent of the normal rainfall was
received in July and August. July saw 25.2 mm of rain, while just 4.8 mm fell in August.
Those months normally record just under 40 mm each.
No records were set for the dry spell they belong to summer months in 1951 and 1986
when only trace amounts of rain fell. Average maximum daily temperatures in Vancouver
were slightly above normal in July and June. Further up the valley, at the Abbotsford airport,
its a similar story. Just 26.7 mm fell in total in July and August about 27 per cent of
normal. Those months normally record about 50 mm each. Abbotsford recorded generally
warmer than normal daily maximum temperatures. Julys average maximum temperature was
24.7 degrees Celsius, versus a normal of 23.4. Augusts average was 25.1 degrees, versus a
23.8 normal.
3. ITS an adventure that, on the surface, has little comparison to the daily life of regular
people. For Julie Wafaei, the first woman to cross the Atlantic Ocean using only human
power, her expedition symbolizes something that everyone can relate to. It shows how a
formidable task or difficult goal can be achieved if its simply broken down to conquerable
steps.
I think that applies to a lot of things in life, said Wafaei this week. Hopefully, she adds,
shell carry that lesson with her into the future.
Its just one of the lessons that she and fianc Colin Angus are starting to share following
the completion of an epic journey on May 20 this year Angus having completed the worlds
first man-powered circumnavigation of the world, and Wafaei being there most of the way.
It took Angus and Wafaei five months to cross the Atlantic Ocean using only their own
strength heading through the most severe hurricane season recorded. Despite their plan to
avoid hurricane paths, they were still hit by two. While an average count is around 11 tropical
storms through their route, there were over 25 during their journey.
That kind of experience creates a unique connection with the ocean the part of the journey
that she had been most enamoured with when the expedition was being planned.
Youre spending a very long time out there so you see it in a very different way ... you get
quite intimate with the ocean, said Wafaei. Its also a unique consequence of global
warming, she said, and just one of the examples Wafaei and Angus will share when they start
a speaking tour that will take them across Canada. The opening of their tour, and debut of
their documentary on the trek, will be on Oct. 4 at 7 p.m. at the Palace Theatre in Courtenay.
Tickets cost $10 in advance, $12 at the door. Along with those presentations, Wafaei and
Angus are doing separate motivational speaking engagements one locally with Wafaei, for
example, is a talk with the Comox Valley Womens Business Network this week.
4. PASSERSBY in South London thought they were witnessing a suicide attempt when they
saw a young girl climbing up a massive crane at 2 oclock in the morning. They called 999
38

and within minutes rescue workers were headed up the 130ft crane in pursuit. However, the
fireman that reached the girl, found that she was fast asleep and quite unaware of her
precarious surroundings.
The teenager had not only climbed the crane whilst asleep, but had crawled a further 40ft
out on to the counterweight section of the crane where she finally fell asleep on a narrow
beam. The fireman, frightened to wake her in case she became frightened and fell, searched
the teenagers mobile phone, found a number for the parents in its memory and had them call
her and wake her.
5. NEW YORK A nude torso of Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love, went on public
display in New York last week for the first time outside her mythical birthplace. The alluring
marble sculpture dates from the first century BC. With her classic figure and glowing patina,
Aphrodite Anadyomene, or Aphrodite emerging from the sea, literally came out of the
Mediterranean. The one-metre-tall torso was recovered by divers in 1956 at Na Paphos on the
southwest coast of Cyprus.
Bathed in soft light and surrounded by 88 other relics, the goddess is displayed at the
Onassis Cultural Center in Manhattan in the exhibit From Ishtar to Aphrodite: 3200 Years of
Cypriot Hellenism. Though her head, arms and lower legs were lost, this weathered Aphrodite
is comparable to the Louvres famed Venus de Milo. Venus is of the same century as
Aphrodite, but from the Aegean isle of Milos. The relationship between the narrow shoulders
and long, broad hips reflects that mannerism of Hellenistic sculpture in the Cypriot
Aphrodite, the exhibits catalogue notes. Aphrodites right arm probably once held the end of
her tresses. Small rivet holes at the back of her hips suggest that a drapery could have covered
part of her hips.
The works dating to 1450 BC include Bronze Age swords and spearheads, bracelets and
other gold jewellery, ceramic amphorae and cups, silver coins and limestone busts. The relics
were mostly recovered from archaeological digs in Cyprus and, though breathtaking in
quality, arent even the most renowned from the eastern Mediterranean island, the organizers
said.
A cast bronze tripod stand 38 centimetres high, with bovine feet and a bulls head
adorning each leg typifies a design invented in Cyprus, where copper mining enabled a rich
tradition of bronze work.
Reading Comprehension Part 2.
Read the following text, and then choose the answers to questions 6-10.
Therapy Dogs Lending a Helping Paw to Students
Kerri Fivecoat-Campbell
It isnt unusual for Ellen Knight, a school counsellor at Basehor Elementary, to receive
requests such as the note handed to her by a group of students during recess. Scrawled on the
piece of paper: We would like to know if we can read to Bailey? Is this a good time? Bailey
is one of the official school therapy dogs used in the small, rural district for everything from
lessons to teaching social skills and responsibility to comforting students in a time of grief or
personal crisis.
Dogs base been used in the classroom for many years, said Sarah Holbert of Canine
Assistance, Rehabilitation, Education and Services Inc. (C.A.R.E.S). In the late 1980s and
early 1990s similar organizations started training and providing social dogs to live in facilities
mostly in skilled care facilities and group homes for the elderly. Research suggested that
dogs lowered blood pressure, and senior citizens who owned dogs lived longer with fewer
39

health problems. People suffering from Alzheimers disease could also relate to dogs; many
recalled the best friends of their youth and became happier when given access to a dog once
again.
When C.A.R.E.S. was founded in 1994, they recognized that there was a need for dogs that
were trained beyond simply being social dogs. We train them in a professional therapy dog
program, said Holbert. Our dogs are trained on the same level as service dogs. C.A.R.E.S.
is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing trained service dogs and to do that, Holbert
explained, all dogs must be tested for temperament, spayed or neutered, pass physical exams,
and test negative for heartworms and physical abnormalities.
The dogs enter the program as early as possible and go through many months of training.
The average age for a dog to actually be assigned to an owner is eighteen months. We never
let them go before twelve months, said Holbert. They just need that time to grow and
mature. When the dogs graduate from the program, they are trained to help support people
who might have to lean on them while getting up after falling; they are taught sign language
to assist hearing impaired; they know forty-three basic commands and are even trained for
basic search-and-rescue, not only for emergencies but also to play hide and seek with the
children.
Once the dogs are certified for work, theyre ready for potential owners, who are required to
use them to work in a facility to minimize the problems encountered by so many facilities
years ago. Owners must also complete a rigorous one-week training program. They must pass
a public access test and be certified, which includes C.A.R.E.S. trainers observing the owners
working with their dogs in the schools.
Henry Woolf visited an alternative school in 1990 where therapy dogs were being used. His
visit convinced him of the positive outcomes of therapy dogs on students who were having
problems in school. In 2004, he decided to get a therapy dog from C.A.R.E.S., Inc. after going
through the owner-training program. He ended up with River, a black Lab.
The first time Woolf met Mandy (not her real name), it was in truancy court. The junior
high, special needs student had been absent over forty days during the school year until that
point. The judge asked me if I had a plan to keep her in school, said Woolf. I told him I did,
but I couldnt tell her because then she would know the plan. Woolf had previously
discussed with the girls mother his idea to use River with Mandy. I then told Mandy that I
had a surprise for her, but I wouldnt tell her what it was until she showed up for school, said
Woolf. When she came into school the next day, I introduced her to River and told her that if
she didnt come to school to care for him, he wouldnt get walks, water or love. Mandy
showed up for the rest of the school year, with the exception of two days. It was Mandys
responsibility to take River for his walks in the halls and give him love and attention.
For schools that use therapy dogs, the list goes on. Therapy dogs have been used in lesson
planning from math to social studies. In math, they might weigh the dog and then convert his
weight from pounds to grams, said Holbert. The most popular lesson in which to use therapy
dogs is in teaching young children to read. School officials say the dogs are perfect listeners.
They are not judgmental; they dont care if you dont get the words exactly right, said
Knight.
Holbert said for children in special education the dogs provide unconditional love and
support and even friendship to students who usually dont have a lot of friends. Also, if the
dogs are made part of their classrooms, it instills a sense of pride and self-confidence in these
kids, said Holbert. It opens up dialogue and other children do want to talk to them and be
their friend because they are so special as to have the dog.
Now decide which is the correct answer a, b or c to the items 6-10 and mark your answers
on the answer sheet.
40

6. Therapy dogs can


a) cheer up children.
b) ease childrens sorrow.
c) feel childrens grief.
7. In a survey dogs were considered to be able to
a) help their owners live in a healthier way with fewer problems.
b) cure certain diseases such as high blood pressure.
c) cheer up people suffering from Alzheimers disease.
8. Dogs training starts as early as possible and lasts
a) 12 months or more.
b) until they learn to do their jobs.
c) 18 months.
9. Not only dogs, but their owners are trained to
a) give basic commands and use sign language.
b) pass an exam.
c) know their dogs better.
10. Therapy dogs can help
a) childrens mental and physical development.
b) children entertain themselves.
c) shy children make new friends.
Reading Comprehension Part 3.
First read the ten situations 11-20 and then read the 12 texts a-l. Decide which text goes best
with which situation. Each text can be used only once. Mark your answers on the answer
sheet 11-20.
In some cases there may not be a suitable text. Then mark it with an X.
11. Your colleague is going to retire in three weeks and you would like to buy him a unique
present He likes and collects old things like call-ups and kits.
12. You are going to move to Nigeria for a year and you wouldnt like to take your 12-yearold daughter with you. You are looking for a school for her in Great Britain.
13. You work as a full-time secretary but you are underpaid and need some extra work.
14. You are a mother of three (3, 7, 11) and want your children to go to the same school.
15. You would like to renovate your old mansion and need some information on how to repair
doors and windows.
16. You are spending a few days in Britain and are interested in Sir Horatio Nelsons most
famous ship.
17. You are an unemployed accountant and looking for an odd job.
18. Your 11-year-old daughter is interested in the French language and culture and you look
for a school where she can improve her speaking skills.
19. Youve inherited a house in bad condition in the countryside. You would like to sell it.
20. Your son is a fan of the Royal Navy. Hes interested in everything in connection with it. If
you are in Great Britain dont miss visiting this place.

41

a,

Robertsbridge Community College


Knelle Road, Robertsbridge
Required for session in May and June

EXAMINATION INVIGILATORS
New posts created as a result of changes to teachers pay and conditions. The work will be
hourly paid at a rate of 7.4520 per hour Prime duty will be the supervision of students
undertaking external examinations and you will be working as part of a team supervised by a
member of the teaching staff. Ideal part-time work for ex-teachers, retired civil servants, exbank employees, etc., i.e. any well-educated adult with previous good work experience.
Information: 01580 880360
b,

PERIOD OAK
S. BARLOW LIMITED
Oak frame construction once a dying art is now enjoying something of a renaissance. As more and more people
look to build their own bespoke homes the beauty and quality of an oak frame is quickly becoming realized.
Another plus is the durability in design which ranges from the traditional, such as Wealden Hall Houses, which
were traditionally built within the Weald of Kent and East Sussex in and around the 14th and 15th centuries and
were said to Express the quality of life in a prosperous age. Period Oak creates each bespoke frame using
traditional handcrafted methods handed down from the builders of the original I4lh and I5th century homes which
can still be seen today. The quality and craftsmanship of these beautiful buildings is a real inspiration to each one
of our 10-strong team.

c,

Take Off to the Fleet Air Arm Museum


THE Fleet Air Arm Museum in Yeovilton, Somerset is a must see when in the
Southwest! The Museum houses the largest collection of naval aircraft anywhere in
Europe and it includes eight aircraft which cannot be seen anywhere else in the world.

Situated alongside Europes largest Naval Air Station you are likely to see Sea Harriers and
helicopters going through their rigorous training procedures (dependent upon operational
demands).
Inside the museum you will have the opportunity of going on-board Concorde and being
transported by a simulated helicopter flight to the replica flight deck of the aircraft carrier
HMS ARK ROYAL.
A combination of two enormous projection screens, coupled with ten real aircrafts, put you in
the heart of the action as powerful jet fighters take off and land around you. Youll experience
the thrills and sounds of a working flight deck, and even see a nuclear bomb.

d,

550,000
CASH BUYER
This fit, fit, fit couple have run
out of space for all their bicycles and
urgently seek a delightful new home
almost anywhere in the Hcadcorn,
Goud hurst, Hawkhurst, Witters ham
neck of the woods. They need a home
for three children and their chickens!

They need a characterful detached house in a


semi-rural setting, perhaps at the edge of a
village and with a maximum of 10 acres to play
in. Useful, too, if there were a handy railway

e,

850,000+
CASH BUYER
Bond Street Fashion Director who
works jolly hard six days a week
spends any spare time she has
renovating period and character
country properties with her partner
who is a brilliant builder.

They are now looking for another project


anywhere in Kent or East Sussex that has
potential. If you have a run-down property or
former farm buildings, nursing homes, etc.
that would lend themselves to a sympathetic
42

station - out of the sound of trains, and away


from road traffic.

f,

conversion, they have the money and vision


available immediately. They are willing to
wait for you lo find your onward move.

Portsmouth Historic Dockyard


HOME to three historically significant and well-known ships
HMS Victory, HMS Warrior and the Mary Rose.
Two museums - The Mary Rose Museum and the Royal Naval Museum - are open to the public. A multi-million
pound interactive showcase, ACTION STATIONS, detailing the modern-day navy, is the most recent major
addition.
The eyes of the world will be on Portsmouth during 2005, the bicentenary of The Battle of Trafalgar, arguably the
most famous sea battle ever and led by HMS Victory. The Battle took place on the 21 st October 1805 off the coast
of South West Spain and is one of the most decisive in history. Make this the year to visit the Portsmouth Historic
Dockyard and realise, there is so much more to see!

g,
Antique Sale
Wednesday 26th April at 11 am
Antique and fine furniture, silver, plate, jewellery, ceramics, metalware, clocks, rugs, etc.
To include: 2 large oak refectory tables, a large Victorian oak breakfront library bookcase, a
Regency table piano by Broderip and Wilkinson Georgian and a Victorian chest of drawers, a
collection of military uniforms and swords and much more:

View this illustrated catalogue from Thursday at www.burstowaridhgwett.co.uk


Viewing on Tuesday 25th April 9am-7pm and morning of sale from 9am
ABBEY AUCTION GALLERY
Lower Lake, Battle,
East Sussex
Tel: 01424 7723

h,

i,

Battle Abbey School is a thriving co-educational boarding and day school for children aged
from 5-18. It is located on two sites - the Preparatory School stands in its own attractive,
spacious grounds in central Bexhill-on-Sea, and the Senior School is located in Battle, within the
stunning surroundings of Battle Abbey and overlooking the famous 1066 Battlefield.
The Preparatory School in Bexhill-on-Sea, (01424) 219674, has superb facilities, including a 25-metre
indoor swimming pool and a brand-new astro turf multi-sport pitch.
Continuity of education is one of our key attractions, and pupils may apply to join us at any time
during their school career, with Preparatory School pupils transferring at 11, subject to academic
attainment, to a guaranteed place in the Senior School.
In 2004 and 2005 100% of our candidates obtained 5 passes at GCSE at Grade C and above. At ALevel there has been a similarly high pass rate with 50% of grades at A or B. Places have been gained at
many of the top universities, including Oxbridge. Please telephone (01424) 772385 to make an
appointment to visit the Senior School in Battle, and (01424) 219674 to visit the Nursery and
Preparatory School in Bexhill-on-Sea.
www.battleabbeyschool.com

Success and happiness


High academic achievement goes hand in hand
with a happy family atmosphere. At Button
Valence Preparatory School, children are
encouraged to develop their individual talents to
the
full,
contributing
positively
and
enthusiastically to school life.
By encouraging the children to experience a
wide range of academic, sporting, musical and
cultural activities, we prepare them for entrance
to our senior school, Sutton Valence, or other
secondary schools, both independent and

j,

LAMBERT FOSTER
Auction Sale
Finest Quality Luxurious Decorative
Individual Hand-Knotted
CONNOISSEUR & DECORATIVE
PERSIAN & EASTERN CARPETS
A collection of outstanding merit and variety
representing most of the major knotting
regions to be sold mainly under pressurised
disposal instructions with numerous items to
43

maintained.
Children enter Kindergarten at the age of 3,
based in o high quality, purpose-built unit which
opened in 2001. Teaching and care standards
are high and founded upon the need for young
children to learn through play and the exploration
of their surroundings. Progression through the
school is seamless and by the time they are 7
our children are academically well-grounded,
articulate and confident and ready to tackle the
wider curriculum and challenges provided further
up the school.
From ages 7-11 children are taught in o
purpose-built classroom block where specialist
subject teaching becomes an integral par! of
their curriculum.
Choosing the right school for their child is one
of the most important decisions parents have to
make. We would welcome a visit from you so
that you can absorb the special family
atmosphere and ethos and see what we have to
offer.
Please
contact
Mrs
Anne
Leckie,
Headmasters Secretary to arrange a visit.
Telephone: 0122 84117
Email:annefi&svprep.svs.org.uk
www.svs.ora.uk

l,

be sold
WITHOUT RESERVE
in all sizes, from room sizes, oversize,
scatter rugs & runners
on
SATURDAY 29th APRIL 2006
Sale starts 11.00 am (view from 09.30 am)
St Mildreds Church Hall
Church Road, Tenterden

k,

NATURAL FARMS LTD


Confident person required to present
and sell our delicious pies in a variety
of interesting locations. You will hold a
driving licence and have a passion for
good food. This part-time position will
include weekend work.
Please phone and tell me why this job
is for you!
01580 830090 Ask for Tony

Claremont School is set amidst 100 acres of beautiful countryside on the outskirts of St.
Leonards-on-Sea. It caters for children from 1 to 13 years of age, is open from Sam to 6pm
daily, and accepts only day-pupils
Traditional family values are very important at Claremont and consequently there is no boarding
and no Saturday school. There is a maximum of 18 pupils per class and high staff: pupil ratios
throughout. The curriculum is broad and includes Art, Music, Drama and Sport. The school offers a
daily transport service to and from Hastings, Bexhill and surrounding areas. The school also owns
a large property in N. France, where all children from year 3 upwards have the opportunity of
applying their linguistic skills, whilst enjoying the local French culture.
In the Nursery School children follow the 6 Early Learning Goals, and in addition are offered
French, Music and Drama classes. Entry to Claremont Prep School is via the Nursery where
preparation for the transition takes place in the spring and summer terms.
OPEN DAYS - Friday 12th and Saturday 13th May
This is an opportunity for prospective parents to view the whole school including the Nursery, as
well as a chance to meet staff and pupils. (No appointment necessary.)
Telephone 01424 751555 for further information or visit our website www.claremontschool.co.uk
Visits can also be arranged at short notice with the Headmaster.

Language elements Part 1.


Read the following letter and decide which word or phrase a, b, or c is missing in items 2130. Mark your answers on your answer sheet.
Dear Mum and Dad,
Its great to be in Cornwall, -21- having spent such a long time stuck in London. Ive spent
this week -22- all the things I -23- enjoy.
On Tuesday, Mark and I spent the whole day horse riding. We -24- all the way out to that old
Barn -25- the river and then we had a picnic. On the way home, Mark fell -26- his horse three
times. The last time -27- happened he fell straight into a stream. He says he will never go
riding with me again!
44

Weve -28- to the beach two or three times. The weather isnt so bad so we are able to go
swimming. The only problem at this time of year is that the beaches are so crowded that its
almost impossible to find -29- to sit.
Last night a group of us went to Exeter. We had a beautiful meal in a restaurant near the
cathedral. We all ate far too much.
Im on volume 4 of Harry Potter, so with one more volume -30-, I expect to finish by the end
of the month. As you see Im having a lovely time.
Best wishes,
Susan
21. d) while
e) after
f) as

25. d) by
e) at
f) along

29. d) somewhere
e) nowhere
f) everywhere

22. d) to do
e) doing
f) do

26. d) off
e) down
f) over

30. d) goes
e) to go
f) will go

23. d) very much


e) very
f) really

27. d) that
e) this
f) it

24. d) rode
e) cycled
f) walked

28. d) been
e) gone
f) travelled

Language elements Part 2.


Read the following text and decide which of the words or phrases a-o is missing in items 3140.
The Stone of Eloquence
Blarney, of course, is as old as our race but it is only within comparatively modern times that
it got its own shrine in Co. Cork, where the Blarney Stone is the great symbol of the peculiar,
charming quality of the Irish. It is situated in the Castle of the same name a few miles from
Cork city and every year -31- seventy thousand people climb 120 feet to the dizzy battlements
to look -32- eloquence. At times the medieval winding stair of the Castle is jammed with
people going up and down. As they stand on each others feet, poke cameras in any available
eye, dig elbows deep into ribs, it is -33- how eloquent they can become and they speak of
each other with a -34- that is admirable even if the choice of language is occasionally
deplorable.
The stone -35- is a block of limestone about four foot, one inch long, one foot, one inch
wide and nine inches -36-. There is a chip missing in the front, removed, it is believed, by one
of Cromwells cannon balls when his army besieged the place.
The value of the stone has been estimated at about ten million pounds and it couldnt be 37- more if it was made of solid ruby. The value is calculated on the quite vast sums that have
been offered for a brief loan of the thing.
The question of sale or loan is now academic as Sir George Colthurst, who died in 1951,
made the Irish Government one of the trustees of the stone. It is unlikely that any politician
would run the -38- of annoying the public by allowing the precious relic to leave Ireland even
for a short period.
45

There are -39- stories about the origin of the stone. It is said that it is Jacobs Pillow brought
back from the Holy Land during the Crusades. Some knight packed it -40- with his spare suit
of armour and when his wife was unpacking she asked what it was. The ancient knight said,
more or less, that if he could get a few more stones like it he might build a castle. It is also
said that it is a part of the Stone of Scone or Stone of Destiny which is now incorporated in
the Coronation Chair at Westminster.

p) fluency

q) risk

r) in

s) surprised

t) tall

u) some

v) deep

w) after

x) several

y) lots

z) surprising

aa) to

bb) for

cc) itself

dd) worth

Letter writing
You have two different tasks to choose from. Decide quickly which letter you are going to
write as you only have a total of 30 minutes to complete the task.
Situation 2.
You see the following information in the British Museums Whats on Magazine.
Friends events
Join the British Museum Friends and enjoy a programme of special activities for members including
lectures, evening openings and days out to areas of specie/ interest. Friends also get First View and
free entry to exhibitions courtesy of the museum and an annual subscription to the British Museum
Magazine.
55, 50, 40 concessions or direct debit
Telephone 02073238195/8605
friends@thebritishmuseum.ac.uk
www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/friends
Young Friends
Join the Young Friends of the British Museum and enjoy ReMUS the magazine for Young Friends,
sleepovers in the Museum and other special events for members aged 8-15.
Telephone 020 7323 8605 for details.
First Thursdays
Visit during the evening of the first Thursday in the month and enjoy free gallery talks, lectures, music
and entry to special exhibitions. The restaurant, cafes and shops in the Great Court remain open.
Prehistoric Britain
The evening events include a lecture and gallery talks about prehistoric Britain and the Roman
occupation.
Thursday 6 May, 17.30-20.30
Lecture 18.30; gallery talks 18.30 & 19.30
Classical myths and legends
The evening will focus on classical mythology starting with a lecture and supported by gallery talks
throughout the Museum.
Thursday 3 June, 17.30-20.30
Lecture 18.30; gallery talks 18.30 & 19

46

You and your friend are interested in the cultural events organized by the British Museum and
would like to join the British Museum Friends Association to be able to get enough
information about their programmes. However, you would like to have more details first and
have decided to write to the secretary of the Association to express your interest and ask for
more information. Your letter should contain at least two of the following points and one
other aspect:
Ask about annual membership fee
Explain why you would like to join
Ask more info about the events of the next 3 months
Mention your own interest
Before starting the letter, decide on the order in which you think the three points should be
included as well as an appropriate introduction and close. Include your address and the
address of the school, also the reference line, date, salutation and closing formula.
You have 30 minutes to write the letter. Please write 150-200 words.

ECL test 1
Part 1
Read the paragraphs below and answer the questions on the following page with a short
sentence, as in the example. You do not need to write complete sentences.
Self-Defence for Women
An Attitude for a Fighting Chance
We live in a society where the statistics showing the frequency of violent attacks on women
are comparable to statistics showing the frequency of car accidents. Every day in tahe world,
hundreds of women are kidnapped, raped or murdered. As a result, women are flocking by the
thousands to schools and clinics of self-defence in search of the know-how that will give them
a fighting chance. Nine times out of ten, however, these women will find under-qualified,
money-craving martial artists or out-of-work police officers who will teach a series of blows,
throws and hand-reversals that will supposedly prepare them to walk the streets without fear.
After the cheque is signed, they are slapped on the back and sent out into the world equipped
with the skills with which even they can escape unharmed from the most dangerous
situations.
But are these women really any better off?
Thanks to the under-qualified instructor, a key element of practical self-defence never even
enters discussion in a majority of these programmes: without the proper mental attitude even
the most crafty self-defence technique will be rendered useless. The key to acquiring the
proper mental attitude lies in a common sense investigation of the realities involved.

47

Two key elements are necessary to create a self-defence situation. First, there must be one or
more attackers whose goal is to kill, injure, abduct or otherwise harm an innocent defender.
Second, it is common sense that the attacker will have a substantial advantage. If an attacker
is not physically stronger, if he is unarmed, if he does not have the help of companions, or if
he does not attack from behind without warning, (or some other element to give him an
advantage) he would not attack in the first place and there would be no need for self-defence.
Coming to grips with the fact in a real self-defence situation the defender must, by
definition, be at a disadvantage provides several important attitude adjusters.
The student of womens self-defence must come to understand the fact she should be scared

Example
According to the text what happens to women nowadays?
hundreds of women become victims of crime
1 Why does the author compare the frequency of violent attacks on women to the frequency
of car accidents?
...
2 Why are women going to self-defence schools?
...
3 In the second half of the first paragraph, what is the author very critical of?
...
4 According to the author, what is the most important part of self-defence instruction that is so
often forgotten about by under-qualified teachers?
...
5 Why should a woman go deep into the realities of a violent attack?
...
6 What are the two defining elements of a self-defence situation?
...
7 Why is it common sense that the attacker in a self-defence situation will have some kind of
advantage?
...
8 What change should be done in the attitude for a fighting chance?
...

48

Reading Part Two


Read the following instructions of the action to be taken in the following emergencies.
Read them carefully. For each instruction put an X in the table if the information is
included. The same answer may be needed more than once for either the treatment
instructions or the emergency. The first (0) has been done as an example.

0. Do not touch
someone.
1. Avoid giving too
much to drink.
2. Put a blanket
under them.
3.
Open
the
windows and doors.
4.
Protect
the
patient
from
sunlight.
5. Drink sterilised
water.
6. Observe the
victims breathing
carefully.
7. Do not apply
medication.
8.
Restrict
the
circulation of the
blood.
9. Do not take away
any clothing.
10. Allow air to get
to the wound.

Heat
Burn

Electrical
Burn

Shock

Snake
Bites

Upset
Stomach

(A)

(B)
X

(C)

(D)

(E)

Exposure
(to the
elements)
(F)

Carbon
Monoxide
Poisoning
(G)

A Heat Burn
Do not remove any clothing from an area which has been burned as this may lead to infection
of the burnt area. Do not wash or apply any cream or paste. Apply a dry dressing which
should be left exposed, but protected from sunlight. The belief that air must be completely
excluded from a burn is wrong, as is the practice of applying ointments to the burn. Do not
prick blisters.
B Electrical Burn
If possible, turn off the electric current, or remove the victim from the current. Do not touch
him directly or with anything metallic or wet while he is still in contact with the live outlet.
49

C Shock
If the burn victim is in shock, lay him on his back and make him comfortable and cover the
burn with a dry dressing. He should be protected from chilling. He should be allowed to sp,
but not gulp. If necessary, give the liquid by the spoonful to avoid gulping.
D Snake bites
The victim should be put on their back and movement of any sort should be prevented. A
tourniquet should be applied round the limb between the bite and the heart, and tightened until
the veins stand out. If the limb becomes blue, loosen the band a little. In the meantime, raise
the bitten limb to reduce circulation.
E Upset stomach
If the person is sick repeatedly, do not let him eat any solid food for 24 hours. He should drink
only boiled or bottled water. If he has to go to the bathroom constantly, he should be given an
alkaline mixture, such as kaolin, obtained from the chemist. He should take one tablespoonful
every four hours.
F Exposure to the Elements (weather conditions)
A person suffering from severe and prolonged exposure (from the elements) should be
admitted to hospital as soon as possible. In the meantime, place blankets both under and over
the victim to prevent chilling. Do not apply artificial warmth.
G Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Get the victim out of the poisonous atmosphere, or if in a car, open all windows and doors
after turning off the engine. If he is still breathing, it is sufficient to watch him to ensure that
breathing continues until medical help arrives. If he is not breathing, apply artificial
respiration at once.
Writing Part 1
A large part of the scientific world believes that human cloning is the next natural step for
us to take, and that it will help to find cures for many diseases. Do you think that research
into cloning should be allowed to continue? Give reasons to support your answer in respect
of the following:
finding cures for many diseases (stem cell research)
cloning people/animals should we allow this?
physical/psychological effects of cloning
respect/ethical issues playing God; value of human life
Write your essay in about 200 words

50

ECL test 2
Reading Part 1
The followings are parts of an article. Find the continuation (A-E) of each fragment (1-5).
1. There are an estimated 300,000 travellers in
Britain, made up of several culturally distinct
groups. The closest to traditional gypsies are the
Anglo-Roma. They came to Britain around 400
years ago having migrated from the Indian
subcontinent via Europe.
2. There are several other traveller groups in
Britain. The best known are the Irish travellers,
sometimes known as Tinkers because of their
traditional expertise at working tin.
3. The gypsies have been getting bad press lately.
Over the summer, a series of traveller invasions
around Britain hit the headlines.
4. There is a further group known as new
travellers: people who are not born on the road,
but take to it for personal or economic reasons.
5. The travellers say that the system and public
opinion is biased against them. Since they are
often obliged to stop on land without proper
facilities, such as drains, bins or lavatories, a
certain amount of mess is inevitable.
6. Residents complained that the 50 odd
travellers dropped litter, let their children run
wild and even defecated in public.
7. Things could be improved through better siteprovision. According to the Governments own
research, up to 2,000 new permanent sites and
2,500 temporary sites will be needed by 2007.
8. In the past decade, a new wave of Romany
gypsies has arrived in Britain, fleeing war or
prosecution in countries such as Kosovo, Bosnia
and Romania.

A. The Commission for racial Equality has


described discrimination against gypsies as the
last respectable form of racism, witnessed by
the No Travellers signs that still hang on the
doors of rural shops and pubs.
B. When they apply for planning permission to
put in such facilities they usually get turned
down, so they must either break the law or live in
dirt and mess.
C. The most high profile was at Pondbury Prince
Charless model village in Dorset where a
dozen caravans suddenly appeared in front of the
neat, neoclassical homes.
D. Like other asylum-seekers, they have tended
to settle in cities.
E. Because of their dark skin they were mistaken
for Egyptians, hence the term gypsy is derived.
The Romany language that they brought with
them is unique to gypsies and is still spoken
today.
F. Opponents say gypsies have no right to special
provision from the Sate especially when
everyone else in society has to make their own
living arrangements.
G. Some of the Londoners became travellers and
never went back into permanent housing. Their
modern equivalents are mostly young homeless
people and New Age travellers who are
disillusioned with mainstream society.
H. Many are descendants of people who were
made homeless by the 19th century potato
famine; others are said to be descended from a
class of wandering poets. They have their own
language, known variously as Shelta, Gammon or
Cant.
I. The newcomers were so unpopular that they
provoked the countrys biggest ever council tax
revolt: 1,000 local inhabitants threatened to
51

withhold tax payment until the travellers were


there.

Reading Part Two


Read the text below and then finish the sentences with words according to the text. An
example is shown as (0) below.
Wind Farms
Members of ecology groups and representatives of the renewable energy industry heard some
very good news this week. The British government announced plans to invest 6 billion in
developing wind power. This could create 20,000 jobs and, at the same time, provide energy
for one in six households by 2010. The government announced that a second set of licences
would be granted to companies wanting to develop offshore wind power. They said that this
was part of the governments plan to generate 10% of the countrys electricity from
greenhouse gas-free means by the end of the decade.
The licensing authority hopes to attract 6,000 megawatts of offshore capacity. The cost of
developing 6,000 MW is expected to be about 6bn and to create 20,000 jobs in the
engineering and construction sectors.
The British Wind Energy Association (BWEA) welcomed the news. We are sixth in the
world in the use of wind power behind countries such as Germany, Spain and Denmark, but at
the same time we are the windiest country in Europe. We have the best offshore expertise and
workforce, and all of this can be used to make Britain the world leader in this industry, said
Alison Hill, a BWEA spokeswoman. But the organisation also warned that there would be
problems connecting remote wind schemes with the national grid. There might also be
additional costs because of political uncertainty, and there could be opposition from the
Ministry of Defence to plans to build turbines. The BWEA wants the government to confirm
recently published government plans for the UK to obtain 20% of its electricity from
renewables by 2020.
At the same time as the plans to develop wind power were announced, it was learnt that the
cost of decommissioning the countrys nuclear power stations could be double the original
estimate, costing British taxpayers 3.2 billion. British Nuclear Fuels (BNFL) said that it
could not put a definite cost on the decommissioning of all eight plants because it had only
worked out the costs for the first two.
Stricter regulations and the fact that the original estimates were made 10 years ago are
believed to be the causes of the rapidly rising costs. BNFL originally earmarked 380m to run
down Hinkley Point nuclear power station, closed in 2000, and Bradwell, which was shut
down last year. It has now been forced to put aside a further 415m.

52

Example
0. The 6 billion investment in developing wind power
will create 20,000 jobs and provide energy for one in six households.
1. The investment is part of the governments plan
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Most jobs would be
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3. Although Britain is the windiest country in Europe,
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4. Britain could become a world leader in the use of wind power because
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5. Plans to build turbines
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6. Renewables might provide
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7. The cost of decommissioning nuclear power stations
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------8. The rising costs have been caused by
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------9. BNFL cannot state the total costs involved because
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------10. Whilst only two nuclear power stations have been closed
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Writing Part 2
Write a letter to your local county council complaining about the dangerous stretch of road
where you live. Write a letter with the following aspects:
Describe where the road is and what is nearby.
Who is at risk and from what (cars, lorries, heavy traffic)?
Speed limits in the area too high.
No Zebra crossing points.
Problems with the pavements.
Suggest traffic calming measures (speed limits, speed humps, pedestrian safety).
Write your letter in about 200 words

53