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Name ________________________

Forces and Motion

Date __________

Interactive
Transparency

Use with Unit B, Chapter 2.

Imagine you are test-driving this new car. Explain how the cars motion is affected
by different forces.

Scott Foresman 5

Write about how Car 1 is affected


by inertia.

Write about how Car 2 is affected


by gravity.

Write about how Car 3 is affected


by friction.

Notes for Home Your child has learned about the effects of inertia, gravity, and friction on motion.
Home Activity: Discuss how inertia, gravity, and friction affect a recreational or work related activity
you pursue.

Unit B Physical Science

Chapter 2 Investigating Motion

Using Interactive Transparency 6

Big Idea
Inertia, gravity, friction, and other forces
affect the speed and velocity of an object.

Glossary
inertia
friction

speed
weather

gravity

ESL/ELD
Hands-On Activity
To prepare students for the Test Drive
activity, have them use a book as an
incline and roll three common objects
down the incline. Objects could include a
rumpled ball of paper, a paper clip, a
pencil, and an eraser. Before they roll an
object down the incline have them predict
which will be fast, faster, and fastest
among the three objects they use.

Teach and Apply


q Make a copy of the transparency for each
student. Let students use their own copy as
the lesson develops.
w Cover all the images on the transparency
except the car going up a parking ramp.
Discuss how car 1 will be affected by gravity
and friction while going up the ramp.
e Focus on the image of car 2 coming
down a hairpin curve. Discuss how the car is
affected by inertia and friction.
r Emphasize the effect of the gravel road
on car 3. Discuss how car 3 is affected by
inertia and gravity.
t Have students, working individually,
write about how car 1 is affected by inertia;
car 2 by gravity; car 3 by friction.
y Discuss students responses.

Have them compare reality with their


expectations and note any surprises. Ask
them to account for differences in speed.
Then ask students to vary the incline of the
books they use as a ramp. Encourage them
to speculate on how the degree of the
angle will affect the motion of the object.

Organize students into small groups.


Each student should share an experience
of a fall from something with wheels such
as a bike, roller blades, etc. Ask them to
describe the fall and what they think
caused them to fall. Suggest that speed,
unseen objects on the path, inexperience,
or faulty equipment might have
contributed to the fall.

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Scott Foresman 5

Cooperative Learning

Forces and Motion

Interactive
Transparency

Use with Unit B, Chapter 2.

u
Compile a chart or
graph to represent
student analysis.

q
Give a copy of
the transparency
to each student.
Name ________________________

Date __________

Interactive
Transparency

Use with Unit B, Chapter 2.

Forces and Motion Answers will vary.

Imagine you are test-driving this new car. Explain how the cars motion is affected
by different forces.

e
w
Uncover the car
going up the
parking ramp.
Discuss the
effects of gravity
and friction on
car 1.

Write about how Car 1 is affected


by inertia.

Write about how Car 2 is affected


by gravity.

Uncover the
image of the car
coming down
the curve and
discuss the
effects of inertia
and friction on
car 2.

Uncover the
rural road scene
and discuss how
car 3 which is
traveling on a
gravel road,
would be
affected by
inertia and
gravity.

Scott Foresman 5

Write about how Car 3 is affected


by friction.

Notes for Home Your child has learned about the effects of inertia, gravity, and friction on motion.
Home Activity: Discuss how inertia, gravity, and friction affect a recreational or work related activity
you pursue.

Scott Foresman 5

t
Have students
explain in writing
how car 1 would
be affected by
inertia; car 2 by
gravity; car 3 by
friction.

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