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09ME207

GAS DYNAMICS AND JET PROPULSION

Credits: 3:1:0
Objectives:
To learn about the basic concept and importance of Gas dynamics. To understand how
the flow takes place in flow and non flow systems. To understand the phenomena of
shock, Fanno and Rayleigh flow. To understand the thrust equation and how it used in
aircraft and rocket propulsion in an efficient way.
UNIT I
Gas dynamics Energy equation for flow processes, stagnation state, velocity of sound, critical
states, various regions of flow, Mach number, critical Mach number, Mach cone, Crocco
number. Effect of Mach number on compressibility, T-S diagram and h-s diagrams showing
nozzle and diffuser process.
UNIT II
Isentropic flow Isentropic flow with variable area Mach number variation, area ratio as a
function of Mach number, Impulse function, mass flow rate, flow through nozzles, flow through
diffusers.
UNIT III
Flow through constant area ducts. Flow in constant area ducts with friction, Fanno curves and
Fanno flow equation, solution of Fanno equation, variation of flow properties, variation of Mach
number with duct length, Isothermal flow with friction. Flow in constant area ducts with heat
transfer, Raleigh line, Raleigh flow equation, variation of flow properties and maximum heat
transfer.
UNIT IV
Flow with normal shock waves, governing equations, Prandtl-Meyer equations, impossibility of
Rarefaction shock, Mach number in the downstream, of the normal shock, static pressure ratio,
temperature ratio, density ratio and stagnation pressure ratio across the shock, entropy change,
characteristic of flow through convergent and divergent nozzle with various back pressures.
Normal shocks in Fanno and Rayleigh flow. Flow with oblique shock wages (qualitative
treatment).
UNIT V
Propulsion Air craft propulsion types of jet engines, energy flow through jet engines, thrust
power and propulsive efficiency, turbo jet components diffuser, compressor, combustion
chamber, turbines, exhaust systems. Performance of jet engine, thrust augmentation, turbo prop
engines, ram jet and pulse jet engines. Rocket propulsion rocket engines, basic theory of
equations, thrust equations, effective jet velocity, specific impulse, rocket engine performance,
solid and liquid propellant rockets.
Text Book:
1. Yahya, S.M., Fundamentals of Compressible flow with aircraft and rocket
propulsion, 3rd Ed,. Wiley Eastern, 2003
Reference Books:
1. Dr. Somasundaram S.L., Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion, Newnes Butterworths
& Co Publishers Ltd1999.
2. S.Senthil, Gas Dynamics and Jet Propulsion,A.R.S.Puublications,3rd Ed,2006.
3. Anderson, D. John Jr., Introduction to Flights, Mc Graw Hill, ISE, 2004.