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Response

to Mike Adamss Natural News 2015 article, The 21


curious questions we're never allowed to ask about vaccines


The article was originally posted by Mike Adams at Natural News on Feb. 1, 20151 Note: The
article has multiple illustrations that relate to the questions.

In case you are unfamiliar with Mike Adams and Natural News, here is what they claim:

Natural News is a science-based natural health advocacy organization led by
activist-turned-scientist Mike Adams, the Health Ranger.

The key mission of Natural News is to empower consumers with factual information
about the synthetic chemicals, heavy metals, hormone disruptors and other
chemicals found in foods, medicines, personal care products, children's toys and
other items.2

Mr Adams claimed

What sort of questions are we not allowed to ask? Here are 21 censored questions the
obedient, pharma-controlled mainstream media will never dare ask:

Question #1) If measles vaccines confer measles immunity, then why do already-
vaccinated children have anything to fear from a measles outbreak?

The form of this question reveals the lack of education and the inability to grasp subtle
issues in immunology and vaccinology on the part of those who ask questions like this.

Vaccines are never 100% effective; no serious proponent of vaccines ever makes that
claim3. For that matter, neither is immunity derived from surviving wild measles virus.
Some people do not develop immunity.

The measles vaccine gives about 95% immunity with a single dose, and about 99%
immunity with the second dose. That means that in a population of 1,000 children who
have received one dose of vaccine, about 50 children will still be vulnerable to measles
infection.

Lets imagine all 50 of those children will be exposed to measles; about 45 of those children
will become ill. Of the 45 sick children, Of those 45, somewhere around 13 to 14 will have
complications, from mild to severe. Some will require hospitalization.

I think the prospect of hospitalization is something to fear, dont you?

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Question #2) If vaccines work so well, then why did Merck virologists file a False Claims
Act with the U.S. government, describing the astonishing scientific fraud of how Merck
faked its vaccine results to trick the FDA?

If thats not a leading, loaded question, I do not know what is.

Remember that anybody can litigate for any reason. The Merck mumps vaccine litigation is
complicated and nuanced4. The facts of the matter:

In 1971 the United States approved use of a combined measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)
vaccine made by Merck, containing the Jeryl Lynn strain of mumps vaccine. At the time, the
effectiveness of the mumps vaccine was found to by 95%. In 1978 Merck introduced the
MMRII, using a different strain of the rubella vaccine.

In 1997 the FDA required Merck to conduct effectiveness testing of MMRII.

In August 2010 Stephen A. Krahling and Joan A. Wlochowski, two former Merck virologists,
filed suit in the name of the United States against Merck., alleging that over the years the
effectiveness of the Jeryl Lynn mumps vaccine declined, and that Merck engaged in
in more or less dishonest testing practices to bump up the vaccines reported effectiveness.

Some commenters on the Merck litigation are claiming that the mumps vaccine doesnt
work5 Thats a completely false claim. What is true is that well-established that the
efficacy of the mumps vaccine may not be as high as it was found to be in clinical trials6. Its
also well-established that immunity to mumps conferred by vaccination may wane over
time.7

The lawsuit is continuing to grind on. In January The court recently ruled that discovery
(the process of gathering evidence), must be completed by March 1 2017; expert discovery
needs to be completed by October 31 2017.

For a complete discussion of the issues in the Merck mumps litigation, please see the
excellent article by professor of law Dorit Reiss

http://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/merck-mumps-motions-
whistleblowers-the-actual-story/






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Question #3) If vaccines don't have any links to autism, then why did a top CDC scientist
openly confess to the CDC committing scientific fraud by selectively omitting clinical
trial data after the fact in order to obscure an existing link between vaccines and
autism?

Another leading and loaded question. Adams repeats this insinuation again in question 19,
where the facts are discussed in more detail.

This is a complicated and convoluted story. The short version is that the paper did not deal
with clinical trials; no data was omitted; there was no fraud, and there is still no link
between vaccines and autism. William Thompson believes in a counter-factual claim, the
possibility that MMR could trigger autism in a subset of children.

However, those who continue to believe in the much-, debunked myth that vaccines can
cause autism continue to insist that the CDC is hiding something.

In February 2004, the CDC published a paper, Age at first measles-mumps-rubella
vaccination in children with autism and school-matched control subjects: a population-based
study in metropolitan atlanta.8; (DeStefano 2004) which looked at the age a childs first
MMR vaccination and the subsequent development of autism. The paper found no
association between receipt of the MMR vaccine and autism . A CDC researcher named
William W. Thompson was a junior author on the paper.

On August 8, 2014, a non-epidemiologist named Brian Thompson published a paper,
Measles-mumps-rubella vaccination timing and autism among young african american boys:
a reanalysis of CDC data9., which was presented as a re-analysis of the data set used in De
The paper was temporarily withdrawn on August 27, 2014, and formally retracted on the
paper on October 4, 2014.10

Note that Adams knew the paper had been retracted, yet somehow doesnt seem to think it
needs mentioning.

During the month of August, 2014, Hooker and disgraced former physician Andrew
Wakefield created a false controversy (a manufactroversy) over the contents of the
Hooker paper and the relationship they had cultivated with Thompson. Through a series of
videos Hooker and Wakefield created the false idea that there was a whistleblower at CDC,
eveuntually revealing his identity: William Thompson.

On August 27, 2014, William Thompson released a statement 11through his attorney that
read in part,


I want to be absolutely clear that I believe vaccines have saved and continue to save
countless lives. I would never suggest that any parent avoid vaccinating children of

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any race. Vaccines prevent serious diseases, and the risks associated with their
administration are vastly outweighed by their individual and societal benefits.


The entire convoluted story is lucidly laid out in an updated blog post:

http://www.harpocratesspeaks.com/2014/09/mmr-cdc-and-brian-hooker-media-
guide.html

The post includes a long list of links to the copious coverage of the issues and non-issues
surrounding Hooker and Thompson. We will return to this subject in answering question
#19.

Question #4) If mercury is a neurotoxic chemical (which it is), then why is it still being
injected into children and pregnant women via vaccines? Why does the vaccine
industry refuse to remove all the mercury from vaccines in the interests of protecting
children from mercury?

First, there never has been mercury in vaccines, ever. A mercury compound, thimerosal
(US spelling) was widely used in vaccines for its antibacterial and antifungal properties. Its
chemical formula is C9H9HgNaO2S. Thimerosal is "mercury" to the same extent Pepto
Bismol is a shiny rock of bismuth. It's a single atom in a larger compound.

Second, while mercury is neurotoxic, there is a fundamental principle of toxicology: the
dose makes the poison12. The amount of mercury in vaccines, even in the pre-removal
era, was (a) in a form that does not bioaccumulate (b) does not cross the blood-brain
barrier and (c) was far too small to cause any harm to the child receiving vaccines.

Third, In 1999, the FDA reviewed the use of thimerosal in childhood vaccines and found no
evidence of harm, but as a precautionary measure, recommended removing thimerosal
from vaccines routinely given to infants and children. 13

Fourth, there have been several studies that found no harm from the amount of ethyl
mercury children were exposed to by vaccination. I will discuss just two.

There was a study published September 2007 that looked specifically at neurological
effects of thimerosal in vaccines, Early Thimerosal Exposure and Neuropsychological
Outcomes at 7 to 10 Years14 , that found


Our study does not support a causal association between early exposure to mercury
from thimerosal-containing vaccines and immune globulins and deficits in
neuropsychological functioning at the age of 7 to 10 years.

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Aside: the lead author in that study, William Thompson, is also the subject of Adamss
questions #3 and #19. It seems that his whistleblowing is not related to thimerosal.

A second study published in Spetember 2010 looked specifically at thimerosal and raised
risk of autism, Prenatal and Infant Exposure to Thimerosal From Vaccines and
Immunoglobulins and Risk of Autism.15 That study found

In our study of Managed Care Organization members, prenatal and early-life
exposure to ethylmercury from thimerosal-containing vaccines and
immunoglobulin preparations was not related to increased risk of autism spectrum
disorders.


The only vaccines that children and pregnant women may be given that now contain
thimerosal are multi-dose influenza formulations. Single-dose formulations, without
thimerosal, are widely available.

Iida Ruishalme is a cell biologist and science educator who writes a blog, Thoughtscapism
(https://thoughtscapism.com/) Recently she wrote a thoughtful article, Mercury in
Retrograde16 discussing the difference between meythl mercury and ethyl mercuy, which
includes this delightful infographic

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At the time Adams published this piece, it had been clear for at least eight years that
exposure to ethyl mercury through vaccines pose no risk to children. Why is he still beating
this drum? Is it to build his business model of selling product through fearmongering?

Question #5) If vaccines are so incredibly safe, then why does the vaccine industry need
absolute legal immunity from all harm caused by its products?

Another mis-direction, creeping up on outright falsehood.



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The vaccine industry does not have absolute legal immunity from all harm caused by its
products.


In 1988, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660)
created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). The VICP was
established to ensure an adequate supply of vaccines, stabilize vaccine costs, and
establish and maintain an accessible and efficient forum for individuals found to be
injured by certain vaccines. The VICP is a no-fault alternative to the traditional tort
system for resolving vaccine injury claims that provides compensation to people
found to be injured by certain vaccines.17


The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (variously referred to as VICP, NVICP,
and the vaccine court) was created by Congress because at the time, vaccine
manufacturers were leaving the business, endangering the nations vaccine supply.

Professor of Law Dorit Reiss has written a series of posts outlining how the VICP works.

This post outlines the rationale and some of the procedures used in VICP:
http://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/national-vaccine-injury-
compensation-program-facts/

Vaccine manufacturers are still liable for harms caused by faulty manufacture and
improper labeling.

Question #6) If vaccines work so well to prevent disease, then why do some vaccines
(like the chickenpox vaccine) openly admit that they can cause the spread of
chickenpox?

This is Mr. Adamss contribution to keeping the shedding myth18 alive that live,
attenuated viral vaccines (like the varicella, or chickenpox vaccine) can shed and cause
diseases in susceptible individuals. Its theoretically possible, but in real life, happens
almost never. In other words, Mr. Adams is again promoting untrulths.

Vince Ianelli MD, a pediatrician, writes for About.com . He has written a post on the non-
issue of disease spread from vaccinated individuals:

http://pediatrics.about.com/od/immunizations/a/live-vaccines.htm

Roy Benaroch MD is another blogging pediatrician. He has a guest post on how vaccine
shedding is a myth.
http://www.riskcomm.com/visualaids/riskscale/datasources.php

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A ten year study follow-up study on the safety and efficacy for the varicella vaccine 19
showed THREE incidents of secondary transmission, of a test population of 16,683. That is
a 0.01978% chance of secondary transmission. To put that in perspective, your odds of
dying in a car accident in the next twelve months are 1 in 17,625 (0.01702), for a difference
of 0.0009%20.

In other words, Mr. Adams is lying. Please keep that last point in mind as you read the rest
of Mr. Adamss wild claims.

Question #7) If vaccines are so great for public health, then why do these historical
public health charts show nearly all the declines in infectious disease taking place
BEFORE vaccines arrived on the scene?

Another tremendous lie coated with a bit of truth. Mr. Adams is asserting that because
death rates from vaccine preventable diseases declined, therefore vaccines are useless.
But the numbers of people infected with these diseases did not decline until the vaccines
for each disease became available. And the diseases we vaccinate against are not harmless
or mild, even if you dont die. In a post on this issue, the surgeon-researcher who writes
Respectful Insolence wrote:

If you look at the history of any vaccine-preventable disease, you will virtually
always see that the number of cases of disease starts to drop when a vaccine is
licensed. Heres a chart showing this pattern for measles21:





The blogging surgeon-researcher goes into great detail about the intellectual dishonesty of
using mortality (death) tables, instead of the more accurate morbidity (disease incidence

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tables) in the aptly-title blog post The intellectual dishonesty of the vaccines didnt save us
gambit http://scienceblogs.com/insolence/2010/03/29/the-intellectual-dishonesty-of-
the-vacci/

Question #8) If vaccines are perfectly safe, then why did at least 13 people recently die
in Italy after being vaccinated?

First, no vaccine advocate has ever, ever argued that vaccines are perfectly safe. Its a
classic strawman argument.22

Second, the facts on the deaths in Italy, which occurred in November, 2014, The vaccine in
question was Novartis influenza vaccine, Fluad; most of the deaths were in people over 80
years old. 23 In that time frame, about 4,000,000 doses of Fluad were distributed in Italy; it
is not known how many were given to the very old (persons over 80). The Italian
government resumed distribution of Fluad in early December, 2014. 24

Please note that Mr. Adams was writing these questions a month after Fluad was found not
to be responsible for the deaths. Did he remove this question? No. Did he give any more
information? No. Is he a reliable source of information on vaccine safety and efficacy? That
is for you to decide.

Question #9) If vaccines are so trustworthy, then why did a pro-vaccine group in Africa
recently discover -- to its shock and horror -- that vaccines being given to young African
women were secretly laced with abortion chemicals?

Mr. Adams has crossed, again into writing outright falsehoods.

Let me remind you that Mr. Adams was writing in February 2015. The story about the
Kenyan Catholic Bishops fears about the tetanus vaccine was promoted in the United States
by a international Catholic health careorganization called Mater Care earlier in 2014. In
December, 2014 Mater Care took pains to acknowledge that it was wrong about the tetanus
campaign in Kenya.

http://www.matercare.org/news-publications/official-statements/official-statement-re-
tetanus-vaccination-programme/


4. The validity of the vaccine assays performed in the 5 laboratories in Kenya is
questionable for 2 reasons: the assays were valid for human serum and not vaccine,
and the substance they detected (which is not hCG) varied by a factor of 4000 times
between laboratories.

5. Even if the substance assayed was hCG, the levels were so minute that there is no
way this could produce antibody levels with a contraceptive effect. (6)

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6. If tetanus toxoid vaccines given to millions of women in many countries was
capable of causing infertility there would by now be ample demographic data to
confirm this. We know of no such data.


The medical blog Science Based Medicine covered this story on November 15, 2014.
https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/fear-mongering-about-vaccines-as-racist-
population-control-in-kenya/


In other words, theres no evidence to support the claims of the KCDA, and they
arent even plausible, given what is known about the history of vaccines using hCG
coupled to tetanus toxoid. Quite simply, such vaccine linking hCG to tetanus toxin
are basically history, long abandoned. They didnt even work very well as long term
contraceptive, with their effect fading after three months, much less as permanent
inducers of sterility. The Catholic Church and the Kenya Catholic Doctors
Association are thus engaging in fear mongering. They might believe they are doing
good, but they are engaging in activity that could very well lead to the preventable
deaths of Kenyan babies, as young women are frightened away from receiving the
tetanus vaccine by their rhetoric and highly dubious laboratory results.


The blog Rational Catholic covered the story on November 12, 2014

https://rationalcatholicblog.wordpress.com/2014/11/12/does-the-kenyan-unicef-
tetanus-vaccine-contain-hcg-and-make-women-infertile/


It is important to understand that this is not the first time these claims have been
made. The accusation that a tetanus vaccine was laced with HCG first appeared in
the 1990s. Countries such as the Philippines became suspicious of the vaccines
being administered and had them tested. These tests showed that the vials of
tetanus toxoid had low levels, below 5 mIU-ml, of HCG present. Anything below the
5 mIU-ml mark is not considered positive for HCG even if there is a quantitative
level given that is not 0. However, the testing methods used were the same methods
that are used on a blood test to determine pregnancy. Two preservatives in the
tetanus vaccines can create essentially a very low level false positive, so low level
that it falls below the 5 unit threshold that is necessary for a positive test result for
HCG.

And finally, Snopes, from November 14, 2014:

http://www.snopes.com/medical/disease/tetanus.asp

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Why do you suppose that Mr. Adams continued to flog this thoroughly debunked
fraudulent story?

Question #10) If vaccines are backed by solid science, then why do some vaccine inserts
openly admit they are backed by no clinical trials?

In Mr. Adamss document, the image is for a specific influenza vaccine, Flulaval, formulated
for the 2013-2014 influenza season.

First we will discuss influenza and the vaccines that prevent it; then we will discuss what
you can and cannot learn from reading product inserts.


Please consult this excellent primer on influenza and its vaccines. Influenza is not a


.... single virus that changes over time, but is instead a family of viruses that to a
greater or lesser extent co-exist and are constantly changing. Were it stable, your
immune system would be able to establish meaningful immunity. Until we discover
a way to make your immune system target a stable section of influenza, our best
hope is to constantly redesign our vaccines against a moving target25.


So the vaccines that prevent the flu are prepared in advance of any particular flu season,
and therefore cannot be backed by clinical trials. The disease isnt circulating. Mr. Adams
knows this, and is just promoting fear of all vaccines.

Secondly, all vaccines, including the annual influenza preparations, are studied for safety
and efficacy after approval, both in the US and internationally. Mr. Adams also knows this,
but refuses to acknowledge this. For example, one journal alone, the New England Journal
of Medicine, has published over 2,000 articles on the topic of influenza vaccine26 In the
US, the public partnership Vaccine Safety Data Link continuously monitors vaccines,
including the seasonal influenza vaccines, for safety and efficacy. 27

Mr. Adams is making an argument by vaccine insert, as he does in Q. #11, #12, #13,
and #16.

First, we have to address the idea that vaccine inserts as Mr. Adams calls them are
reliable sources of information about vaccine safety and efficacy. Vaccines Inserts are a
subset of the class of legal documents known in the United States as prescribing
information.

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In his excellent primer on the hows and whys of package inserts28, Michael Simpson writes,


Just spend more than a couple of minutes in discussion in any vaccine debate, and
youll eventually get someone pointing to a section in any of the many vaccine
package inserts (PI) as proof that it is dangerous, contains dangerous stuff, or is
just plain scary. Or that it doesnt work.


He goes on to write,


Before we start, vaccine package inserts are important documents, but only if the
information included therein is properly understood. It is not a document that
serves as medical and scientific gospel. But it is a document that can help clinicians
use vaccines (or frankly, any medication) properly.....


In general, package inserts are part of what is called the labeling of the drug, which
means all the verbiage that pharmaceutical company may say about the drug. It is
not just the printing on the vial or box, labelling encompasses almost everything
said about the drug, including advertising, PIs, and yes, the box and printing on vial.

You will hear FDA regulators and individuals in pharmaceutical companies refer to
labeling all of the time. Labeling is strictly regulated, because it establishes the
claims made about the drug or device, how it is to be used, and other pertinent
information. Even what sales reps say to physicians in a sales call is covered by the
drugs labeling.

In the USA, the Food and Drug Administration has established very strict rules in the
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) on what can be and cannot be stated in the
package insert. There is very little variance in format or quality of information from
one PI to another one even for very different classes of drugs. Amusingly, the
regulations even state the type and size of font used in the PI.


In summary, package inserts are tightly regulated legal documents, not medical research.

Question #11) If vaccines are so safe, then why does this vaccine insert admit that the
Gardasil vaccine causes "acute respiratory illness" in babies who consume the breast
milk of mothers who have been vaccinated?

Mr. Adams is misrepresenting what the PI says. The actual document reads,

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"a higher number of breast-feeding infants (n=7) whose mothers received


GARDASIL had acute respiratory illness within 30 days post vaccination of the
mother as compared to infants (n =2) whose mother received AAHS control.


Gardasil did not cause the babies illnesses. Acute respiratory illness means any
sudden onset of an illness that affects breathing. It can mean something as trivial as the
common cold, more serious infections such as respiratory syncytial virus29.

Except during the neonatal period, ARIs are the most common causes of both illness
and mortality in children under five, who average three to six episodes of ARIs
annually regardless of where they live or what their economic situation is .30

Note the number of infants: a total of 9 infants were in the study . Just by chance, many of
those infants would have an cold, the sniffles, or croup.

Furthermore, note that the HPV vaccines are recommended for girls between 11 and 14
years old. Very few girls in that age group will be breastfeeding infants.

Question #12) If vaccines are so safe, then why does this Gardasil insert sheet admit
that the vaccine causes "seizure-like activity, headache, fever, nausea and dizziness"
and can even cause those injected with the vaccine to lose consciousness and fall,
resulting in injury?

Relative to argument by product insert, please review Michael Simpsons excellent
primer, Argument By Vaccine Package Inserts Debunking Myths,
http://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/vaccine-package-inserts-
debunking-myths/

First, the insert does not claim that the vaccine causes these reactions, but are observed
following vaccination. Fainting (syncope) is common after vaccination, especially in young
women. 31

The CDCs Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) for July 26, 201332 reads
More than 23 million doses were administered nationally since the HPV vaccine was
licensed in June 2006. There were a total of 12,424 reports to VAERS of adverse events
following HPV vaccination through December 2008.

It goes on to report that of those 12,424 events, 94% of those were considered non-serious.
This includes syncope (or fainting) after needle injections, especially in pre-teens and
teens, local reactions at the site of immunization (pain and redness), dizziness, nausea,
headache.

To put that into a percentage form, of those 23 million doses, 5/100ths of 1% of doses
caused a reported reaction. Of those reactions, only 3/1000th of 1% caused a serious

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reaction (this includes life threatening, or results in death, permanent disability, abnormal
conditions at birth, hospitalization or prolonged hospitalization).

To put these numbers in perspective consider the risks from a popular over the counter
medication, and a popular recreational pursuit.

Consider that in 2006-2007 alone, over 10,000 children under the age of 6 were admitted
to hospital for adverse reactions to Childrens Tylenol33. If we are using the above scale for
too many adverse reactions, shouldnt Tylenol be banned?

Also consider that according to the American Association of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS),
246,875 medically treated trampoline injuries occur annually in the US. About 15% of
trampoline injuries involved young children under 6 years old.34 (that is over 37,000 per
year). Should we ban trampolines?

Question #13) If vaccines are totally safe, then why do vaccine insert sheets disclose a
long list of frightening and bizarre side effects associated with their vaccines?

Mr. Adams is again engaging in the strawman logical fallacy. No one argues that vaccines
are totally safe. And again, he is just asking questions in a way meant to mislead about
vaccine safety and efficacy.

Relative to argument by product insert, please review Michael Simpsons excellent
primer, Argument By Vaccine Package Inserts Debunking Myths,
http://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/vaccine-package-inserts-
debunking-myths/


The most misinterpreted misused section of all vaccine package inserts is Adverse
Reactions. The FDA states that the section should include events for which there is
some basis to believe there is a causal relationship between the drug and the
occurrence of the adverse event. The key word is believe, instead of based on
evidence.

And frankly, any reaction supported by serious and robust evidence would be in the
Warnings section, so the Adverse Reactions section is a laundry list of observed
events that probably have nothing to do with the drug (or vaccine) but remain there
so that the pharmaceutical company is covered in case of a lawsuit. Yes,
pharmaceutical companies are constantly frightened of litigation, and the package
insert is often the first line of defense against those frequent lawsuits.

I would argue that Mr. Adams knows these facts about the package inserts and what he
calls side effects, and is just engaging in misleading propaganda.

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Question #14) If vaccines are backed by so much "science" then why do they frequently
admit there really aren't any studies of the vaccine for the very groups of people who
are often injected with it?

What does the package insert Mr. Adams used as a springboard for this question actually
say?


Reproduction studies have been performed in female rats at doses equivalent to the
recommended human dose and have revealed no evidence of impaired female
fertility or harm to the fetus due to GARDASIL. There are however, no adequate and
well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies
are not always predictive of human responses, GARDASIL should be used during
pregnancy only if clearly needed.


Mr. Adams is using a very dishonest approach, painting all vaccines with a very specific
brushone specific HPV vaccine. Since mid-2006, the Advisory Committee on
Immunization Practices (ACIP) has recommended routine vaccination of adolescent girls at
ages 11 or 12 years with 3 doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine35. Very few girls
in the recommended ages are pregnant. Personally if I had to allocate increasingly scarce
research funds, a study on safety of HPV vaccines in pregnant women would be pretty far
down on my list.

Relative to Mr. Adamss claim that the CDC, or vaccine inserts, or some other entity
frequently admit there really aren't any studies of the vaccine for the very groups of people
who are often injected with it, lets look at vaccines recommended for children under the
age of 18 months, listed in order from the most recently recommended to the oldest.
I will list just a few studies showing efficacy for a few of the diseases for which
immunizations are giving to children under 18 months. Please note that the studies listed
are merely convenience samples, not the best studies for each disease prevented.


1. Hepatitis B studies showing evidence of efficacy in infancy Yeast-Recombinant
Hepatitis B Vaccine Efficacy With Hepatitis B Immune Globulin in Prevention of
Perinatal Hepatitis B Virus Transmission36; Efficacy and effectiveness of infant
vaccination against chronic hepatitis B in the Gambia Hepatitis Intervention Study
(1986-90) and in the nationwide immunisation program.37; Safety and Efficacy of
Neonatal Vaccination38
2. Rotavirus studies showing evidence of efficacy in infancy Effectiveness and impact
of rotavirus vaccines in Europe, 2006-2014.39; The effect of routine rotavirus
vaccination on healthcare utilization for diarrhea in US children40; Rotavirus:
disease and vaccine update, 200741; Dose response and efficacy of a live, attenuated
human rotavirus vaccine in Mexican infants.42

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3. Pertussis studies showing evidence of efficacy in infancy . Duration of pertussis


immunity after DTaP immunization: a meta-analysis.43
4. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) studies showing evidence of efficacy in
infancy Comparison of naturally acquired and vaccine-induced antibodies to
Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide44 Effectiveness and safety of
an Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (PRP-T) in young infants.
Kaiser-UCLA Vaccine Study Group.45


Relative to argument by product insert, please review Michael Simpsons excellent
primer, Argument By Vaccine Package Inserts Debunking Myths,
http://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/vaccine-package-inserts-
debunking-myths/

Question #15) If vaccines are so safe to give to pregnant women, then why do the
vaccine insert sheets openly admit most of them have never been tested for safety in
pregnant women? In fact, this vaccine admits "the effects of the vaccine in fetal
development are unknown."

Vaccines that are recommended during pregnancy: Influenza (inactivated only, not LAIV),
and the pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus vaccine. Vaccines that may be given if needed:
Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Meningococcal , and Pneumococcal may be given. Vaccines that
should not be given are HPV vaccnes (safety under study), the MMR vaccine, and the
varicella vaccine.46
.
In other words, some vaccines are safe in pregnancy, and some (influenza and Dtap) are
recommended in pregnancy to protect the health of the mother and baby. Each vaccine
should be evaluated on its own merits.

Mr. Adamss post specifically refers to the Varivax vaccine, which is a live attenuated
vaccine against varicella (chickenpox).47 The risks of wild varicella infection in pregnancy
to the mother and fetus48 are well-known49


If you develop chickenpox during pregnancy, you are at risk of complications such
as pneumonia. For your baby, the risks depend on the timing. If chickenpox
develops during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy particularly between weeks
eight and 20 the baby faces a slight risk of a rare group of serious birth defects
known as congenital varicella syndrome. A baby who has congenital varicella
syndrome might develop skin scarring, and underdeveloped arms and legs,
inflammation of the eyes, and incomplete brain development. If chickenpox
develops during the few days before you deliver to 48 hours postpartum, the baby
might be born with a potentially life-threatening infection called neonatal varicella.

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Given that the wild virus can cause severe harms, the precautionary principle50 would
suggest that giving the varicella vaccine, which has a very small risk, should be avoided.

Relative to argument by product insert, please review Michael Simpsons excellent
primer, Argument By Vaccine Package Inserts Debunking Myths,
http://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/vaccine-package-inserts-
debunking-myths/


Question #16) If vaccines are so safe to be injected into the bodies of children and
pregnant women, then why do their own insert sheets readily admit they are
manufactured with a cocktail of toxic chemical ingredients including "fetal bovine
serum?" (The blood serum of aborted baby cows.)

This is the toxins gambit and the Yuck factor gambit, all in one package. Its also repeated
in Question 20.

The blogging suregeon-researcher described the toxins gambit in 201251:


One such canard is what I like to call the toxins gambit. Over the years, weve seen
it used by such anti-vaccine luminaries as Jenny McCarthy, Dr. Jay Gordon, and
others. Basically, it consists of listing all sorts of scary-sounding ingredients that are
found in vaccines and then trying to argue that vaccines are horrific cesspits of
toxins because they contain trace amounts of formaldehyde, for example. Its a truly
stupid, brain dead gambit, but no matter how many times its slapped down, there
will always be some ignorant anti-vaccinationist who will resurrect it. (Its like a lot
of anti-vaccine misinformation that way, actually, but even more so.) Oddly enough,
I had thought that this particular bit of silliness had finally faded away because I
hadnt seen it in a while. Leave it to someone like Mike Adams,


Now, lets turn to fetal bovine serum. How is it used in vaccine manufacture? In the
manufacture of vaccines, the microbe may be grown in cells. These cells need a source of
nutrition, which in some instances may be provided by fetal bovine serum. Once sufficient
quantities of the microbe has grown, the serum is filtered or centrifuged out. Note that the
baby cows are not aborted. Mature, pregnant cows are slaughtered as part of the meat
industry; in the processing of the cow, any fetuses are removed.

Serum production begins with the collection of blood; material is then chilled &
centrifuged to extract the raw serum and frozen. To process the raw serum into a
finished product for the end customer, a sterile filtration then must be completed.

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52Serum is also available that has undergone heat inactivation or gamma irradiation

to reduce possible viruses.




An analogy might be consuming carrots or potatoes, which must be grown in dirt. Once
harvested, theres no dirt in the vegetable. However, if vegetables were required to be
labeled as vaccines are, dirt might well be on the ingredients list.

Question #17) If vaccines achieve absolute immunity, then why are as many as 97
percent of children struck by infectious disease already vaccinated against that
disease?

Another use of the strawman fallacy. No one argues that every vaccine give absolute
immunity to every individual that receives them.

In order to make this spurious argument, Mr. Adams cited a New England Journal of
Medicine article, Mumps Outbreak in Orthodox Jewish Communities in the United States53.
Yes, up to 97% of the boys who fell ill with mumps were vaccinated. But that is why this
particular outbreak is so interesting. What was different? The boys who fell ill were
spending up to 15 hours a day in small rooms, knee-to-knee with fellow students.

Lets look at the specific circumstances of the reference used:


The epidemiologic features of this outbreak suggest that intense exposures,
particularly among boys in schools, facilitated transmission and overcame vaccine-
induced protection in these patients. High rates of two-dose coverage reduced the
severity of the disease and the transmission to persons in settings of less intense
exposure.

The mumps spread only in a specific population (note that the affected were mostly boys,
not the girls in the community, who had different exposure risk), through population,
intense exposure, in a contained environment. Although many were made ill, the paper
observed that the vaccine coverage reduced the severity of the disease

The outbreak also did not spread much beyond the male yeshiva students, which opposes
the point Mr. Adams is trying to make.


The finding that transmission of mumps to non-Orthodox persons in the affected
communities occurred rarely and was not sustained in that population supports the
conclusion that intense exposure is necessary to overcome an individual person's
vaccine-induced immunity. Although Orthodox Jewish persons generally cluster
geographically and socially, they often interact with their non-Orthodox neighbors

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and others who work within their communities or visit their communities. However,
exposures in these settings would typically not be as intense as those in yeshivas.
Notably, a large mumps outbreak in Jerusalem, Israel, during 2009 was linked to an
importation from the U.S. outbreak. Orthodox Jewish adolescent boys, typically
yeshiva students, were also disproportionately affected in that outbreak, even
though their vaccination rates were high and they mixed regularly with their non-
Orthodox neighbors.


Whats the takeaway? The mumps vaccine declines in effectiveness over time. Particularly
close settings (such as those in yeshivas, or more recently, professional hockey locker
rooms54), can enable transmission of the disease. Maybe the takeaway is we need a better
vaccine.

Question #18) If vaccines are totally safe and effective, then why did this five-year-old
girl recently die from the very strain of flu she was just vaccinated against?

Another use of the strawman fallacy. No one argues that every vaccine give absolute
immunity to every individual that receives them.

Mr. Adams was referring to the tragic case of Kiera Driscoll55 , who was one of 26 flu-
related deaths in Clark County, Nevada between Oct. 1, 2014, and May 31, 2015. In the
county, there were a total of 583 confirmed cases of flu,; 55% required hospitalization56. At
least 4 other children died.

Its not known when Kiera was vaccinated. If it was less than 2 weeks before she fell ill, her
immunity from the vaccine would not be fully developed.

Secondly, as was widely reported, the 2014-2015 influenza vaccines were not as effective
as in previous years. MMRW reported57


The majority of circulating influenza A (H3N2) viruses were different from the
influenza A (H3N2) component of the 201415 Northern Hemisphere seasonal
vaccines, and the predominance of these drifted viruses resulted in reduced vaccine
effectiveness.

Less effective is not the same as completely useless.

Kieras father remains in favor of vaccines:


Driscoll told ABC News that Kiera got a flu shot, and they still want other parents to
vaccinate their children.

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"Vaccines help save lives, and they help keep other people from getting infected as
well," he said. "We always want people to be vaccinated."58



Question #19) If the mainstream media claims to report honest, unbiased information
about vaccines, then why was there a total nationwide blackout on the news of the CDC
whistleblower admitting vaccines are linked to autism?

This is the same issue raised in Question #3.

There was no blackout. The Hooker paper and Thompsons allegations were widely
discussed in the scientific and political blogosphere in August 214 and later. I compiled this
annotated list in September

http://leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk/2014/09/01/online-discussions-discussing-the-recent-
cdc-data-reanalysis-story/

There were 25 blog posts from science-based blogs and newsletters; another 50 from those
who believed there might be something to the vaccine-autism story. Hardly a blackout.

Mainstream media sources do not report when there no story to report. One disaffected
CDC employee believes that late receipt (after 24 months) of the MMR vaccine may raise
the risk of autism in African-American boys. Numerous studies59 have failed to find that
risk.

Secondly, events have moved on since Mr. Adamss February 1, 2015 publication. Note that
the paper that attempted (and failed) to show vaccines are linked to autism was
published and then withdrawn 5 months before Mr. Adams wrote this list of questions.

On August 25, 2015, Kevin Barry published a book, Vaccine Whistleblower: Exposing Autism
Research Fraud at the CDC, which consists of transcripts of conversations between
Thompson and Hooker.

Vaccine Whistleblower is mostly a collection of transcripts of four telephone conversations
recordedbetween Brian Hooker and William Thompson on May 8 (Transcript #1), May
24 (Transcript #1), June 12 (Transcript #3), and July 28, 2014 (Transcript #4).

The book was reviewed by a group composed of scientists, autism parents, and legal
scholars:

1. August 24, 2015 LB/RB, Matt Carey The Brian Hooker/William Thompson
conversations http://leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk/2015/08/24/the-brian-
hookerwilliam-thompson-conversations/

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2. August 24, 2015 Science Based Medicine (SBM), David Gorski MD Vaccine
Whistleblower: An antivaccine expos full of sound and fury, signifying nothing
https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/vaccine-whistleblower-an-antivaccine-
expose-full-of-sound-and-fury-signifying-nothing/

3. August 24, 2015 Science Based Medicine (SBM), Rene Najera (epidemiologist)
Vaccine Whistleblower: BS Hooker and William Thompson try to talk about
epidemiology https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/vaccine-whistleblower-bj-
hooker-and-william-thompson-try-to-talk-about-epidemiology/

4. August 24, 2015 SBM, Dorit Reiss, Professor of Law, Review of Vaccine
Whistleblower: A Legal Perspective
https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/review-of-vaccine-whistleblower-a-legal-
perspective/

5. August 27, 2015 LB/RB, Matt Carey The Hooker/Thompson conversations: were
significant analyses omitted from Hookers paper?
http://leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk/2015/08/27/the-hookerthompson-conversations-
were-significant-analyses-omitted-from-hookers-paper/

6. September 3, 2015 LB/RB, Matt Carey Heres a statement by William Thompson that
they wont be quoting http://leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk/2015/09/03/heres-a-
statement-by-william-thompson-that-they-wont-be-quoting/

7. September 4 2015 LB/RB, Matt Carey Another William Thompson quote they wont
tell you: I will say the Geiers were not right
http://leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk/2015/09/04/another-william-thompson-quote-
they-wont-tell-you-i-will-say-the-geiers-were-not-right/


Dr. Gorski summarized the book as follows:


The bottom line is that this book is nothing more than propaganda, and deceptive
propaganda at that. The sad thing is that a formerly reputable scientist, William
Thompson, provided the grist for the propaganda because he apparently has an ax
to grind against his former co-investigators. In any other organization besides a
government organization, Thompson would have been fired a long time ago for

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incompetence and being a troublemaker, and he would have deserved it. Instead,
Thompson has kept his job and is, of necessity, treated with kid gloves.

In August, 2014, William Thompson released papers in his possession relative to the
DeStefano 2004 to the offices of Rep. William Posey (R-FL). In 2015, Poseys office made
electronic copies of the papers available to Matt Carey and Dorit Reiss. These papers were
read by Carey, Reiss, and other knowledgeable parties. They concluded: no smoking gun.
No evidence that the MMR vaccine raises autism risk for anybody, let alone African-
American boys. No evidence of fraud. No evidence of scientific wrongdoing. Carey did,
however, have this blistering observation, in The William Thompson Documents. Theres no
whistle to blow.60

Also, consider this: before Thompson, Wakefield and Hooker didnt talk about the
issues of racial/ethnic minorities. For the most part, the entire autism is caused by
vaccines community have ignored minority communities. Why? Because they are a
clear example that the vaccine hypothesis is a failure. Prevalence estimates for
racial/ethnic minority groups have been typically much lower than for Caucasians
(Hispanics are diagnosed at a rate of 1/3 that of Caucasians in California. And this
has been consistent for over 10 years.) This presents a huge problem for the likes of
Hooker and Wakefield. If vaccines are a major cause of autism, why do minority
groups have such low prevalences? If they were honest about their own beliefs, they
would be calling for a study into the protective effect for minorities. But they dont.
More importantly, if they were real autism advocates they would be calling for
better diagnosis, better awareness, better services for these under served
communities. Instead they have just ignored these minority communities. That is,
until they could use them as part of their campaign against vaccines.

And they still arent calling for better services better diagnosis in these underserved
groups. Instead they are just trying to recruit as many parents as they into the
vaccines-cause-autism camp. Imagine being convinced, wrongly, that you
participated in injuring your own child. The charlatans who prey on our community
with fakeand sometimes abusivetherapies rely on the vaccine/autism idea for the
majority of their business.

The vaccines-cause-autism story is built on lies and it is very damaging. There has
been nothing since the Kanner/Bettleheim refrigerator parent idea that has
caused so much damage to our community. And that is the real story here. A group
of people perpetuating a failed idea by carefully crafting a story.


Question #20) Why does the CDC falsely claim all vaccines are completely safe and
effective when its own website still lists the toxic chemical ingredients used in
vaccines?

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The CDC openly admits that mercury, formaldehyde, MSG, aluminum, antibiotics and
other chemicals are still used in vaccines:

First misstatement of fact (also known as "lie") CDC has never claimed that "all vaccines are
completely safe and effective". The CDC is very clear that vaccines have risks, and do not
offer 100% immunity for every disease and every individual.

Secondly, this is a repeat of the toxins gambit. Lets take a look, one by one, at the
products that Adams wants his readers to be afraid of:

Aluminum gels or salts of Aluminum
Antibiotics
Egg protein
Formaldehyde
Monosodium Glutamate
Thimerosal

Aluminum ToddW, an expert on regulation of medical products (drugs, devices and
biologics, writes the always-informative blog Harpocrates Speaks
(http://www.harpocratesspeaks.com/). He has written a series on vaccine ingredients.
The entry on aluminum61 reads in part:

So how much aluminum is in vaccines? Why is it even used?

Some vaccines only use parts of bacteria or viruses, rather than the whole thing.
Because of this, large amounts of those parts are required to generate an immune
response strong enough to produce immunity. That is, unless an adjuvant is used.
An adjuvant is something that is added to a vaccine to boost the immune response,
meaning that less of the antigens (those bits and pieces of bacteria and viruses) is
required. Using an adjuvant like aluminum hydroxide means that less antigen is
needed to produce an immune response. That means a reduction in the side effects
caused by the antigen and the ability to produce more doses of vaccine without
needing to increase antigen production.

The biggest concern about the use of aluminum-based adjuvants is safety. If
aluminum is neurotoxic at high, chronic levels of exposure, does that mean it is also
neurotoxic at the amounts found in vaccines? The short answer is no. Aluminum
salts have been used in vaccines for about 70-80 years.

I would also recommend Iida Ruishalmes post on aluminum in vaccines.62

Antibiotics The Food and Drug Admiinistration writes63

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Certain antibiotics may be used in some vaccine production to help prevent


bacterial contamination during manufacturing. As a result, small amounts of
antibiotics may be present in some vaccines. Because some antibiotics can cause
severe allergic reactions in those children allergic to them (such as hives, swelling at
the back of the throat, and low blood pressure), some parents are concerned that
antibiotics contained in vaccines might be harmful. However, antibiotics most
likely to cause severe allergic reactions (e.g., penicillins, cephalosporins and
sulfa drugs) are not used in vaccine production, and therefore are not
contained in vaccines.

The Vaccine Education Center at The Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia is another
excellent source of information on all things vaccine. (http://www.chop.edu/centers-
programs/vaccine-education-center#.VsTKrpMrKN8)

They have published a table, Antibiotic content in vaccines licensed for use in the United
States64. For example, each dose of the Measles, Mumps Rubella (MMR) vaccine contains
0.025 milligrams of Neomycin . To help you visualize the amount, a US dollar bill weights
about a gram. Cut the dollar bill into 1,000 strips, then cut one of the strips (if you can see
them) into 1,000 pieces, and pile 25 of those pieces that is the weight of 0.025 milligrams.


Egg protein Another excellent source of information about vaccines is in the United
Kingdom, The Oxford Vaccine Groups Vaccine Knowledge Project
(http://www.ovg.ox.ac.uk/vaccine-knowledge-home) . Some vaccines, like the annual
influenza vaccines, are manufactured using whole eggs as a growth medium. Other
vaccines, like the MMR are grown in a medium that includes chick embryo cells,. In the US,
the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology has published a practice
guideline indicating that even persons with severe egg allergies can and should receive the
influenza vaccine, with appropriate safeguards. 65



Formaldehyde -- Iida Ruishalme is a cell biologist and science educator who writes a blog,
Thoughtscapism. Recently she wrote a thoughtful article, Should you worry about
formaldehyde in vaccines?66, including this informative infographic.

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Ruishalme concluded with:

If somebody is trying to make you scared of formaldehyde in vaccines, they are
disregarding a body of evidence showing the contrary. That is not a encouraging
starting point for a rational discussion, but then, scaring parents about vaccine
ingredients rarely relies on rational arguments it is an attempt to make our
emotions overrule the use of reason.

Monosodium Glutamate ToddW, an expert on regulation of medical products (drugs,
devices and biologics, writes the always-informative blog Harpocrates Speaks
(http://www.harpocratesspeaks.com/). He has written a series on vaccine ingredients. His
post on monosodium glutamate67 reads in part


In addition to its flavor-enhancing properties, MSG also happens to act as a
stabilizer. They help to prevent chemicals from interacting or separating out, as well

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as preventing oxidation or damage from light. It is this ability to keep things from
breaking down that MSG is added to vaccines, protecting them from being altered
when "exposed to heat, light, acidity, or humidity".
Now that we know why it is added to vaccines, which ones actually contain MSG,
and how much? Not many actually use it. Glutamate is added as a nutrient to the
growth medium for MMR-II and is not in the final product in significant amounts;
monosodium glutamate is added to FluMist (0.188 mg/0.2 mL dose); monosodium
L-glutamate is added to ProQuad (.4mg), Zostavax (.62mg) and Varivax (.5mg); and
potassium glutamate is added to RabAvert (1mg).

How do these discreet doses compare, then, to other sources and to what we know
about safe daily intake and metabolism?
1/2 cup of peas contains 48 times the glutamate in Varivax and 127 times the
amount in FluMist
One cup of breast milk contains 352 times the amount found in Varivax and
936 times the amount in FluMist
The safe, daily intake of glutamate is 12,000 times the MSG in Varivax and
32,000 times what is in FluMist
In short, the amount of glutamate, in any form, found in vaccines is miniscule
in comparison to other sources of the chemical, and it is a drop in the ocean
compared to daily intake.



Thimerosal Oceans of ink have been spilled over the issue of thimerosal, a compound that
contains one atom of mercury, and vaccines. The thimerosal issue was discussed at length
in my answer to Question #4.

Question #21) If the vaccine industry cares so much about children, then why does it
call for the arrest of parents and the breaking up of families of unvaccinated children,
begging for the state to seize custody of those children at gunpoint while incarcerating
the parents in prison?

This is just a flat-out falsehood. The "vaccine industry" has never called for the arrest of
parents.

Here is what did happen.

One USA today columnist, Alex Berezow (founding editor of RealClearScience, co-author of
Science Left Behind, and a member of USA TODAY's Board of Contributors) on January 28,
2015 (during the height of the Disneyland measles outbreak) published a column at USA
Today68, which included this passage:

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Anti-vaccine parents are turning their children into little walking time bombs. They
ought to be charged for endangering their children and others....Though jail sounds
drastic, it could be the only way to send a strong message about the deadly
consequences of failing to vaccinate children."

One columnist, during an outbreak of a vaccine preventable disease, making a one-time
statement, is not the vaccine industry. Mr. Adams published a fearmongering, honking
lie. Just like the rest of his 21 questions.

To summarize:

The article was a showcase of the Just Asking Questions gambit69.

When someone is just asking questions, that person is asking a question that he or
she really isnt interested in having answered. The question is nothing more than a
springboard from which to launch an evangelism attempt, an opening gambit....
being disingenuous and pretending to ask questions happens in a lot of arenas...

Indeed, the person asking doesnt really care a bit about what the target thinks; the
question is only being asked to frame a bit of imminent proselytization. Its a form of
abusive behavior as well as hugely dishonest...70

Or to put it another way,

One of the strategies of denying established science is to just ask questions... The
point is to undermine the science by probing for things that dont appear to make
sense, but not in a sincere attempt to understand. Rather, the idea is to ask
questions that have already been answered, or that are based upon false
assumptions or straw-man distortions of the science.71


I would also like to add, who says you aren't allowed to ask them, Mike? Your website gets
hundreds of thousands of views. You have just posted them yourself! Not allowed to
askin what universe?

Lets recall what Mike Adams says about himself and his website:


Natural News is a science-based natural health advocacy organization led by
activist-turned-scientist Mike Adams, the Health Ranger.

The key mission of Natural News is to empower consumers with factual
information

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How well does Mike Adams stack up as a scientist? How well does his article provide
factual information?



1

2 http://www.naturalnews.com/About.html

3 http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/whos-risk-measles-maybe-think/

4 http://blogs.wsj.com/pharmalot/2015/06/08/merck-is-accused-of-stonewalling-over-
effectiveness-of-mumps-vaccine/

5 http://www.ageofautism.com/2016/01/age-of-autism-weekly-wrap-mumps-vaccine-on-
trial.html

6 Vaccines: Expert Consult Online and Print, 6e p. 435) mentions that The effectiveness
of mumps vaccines determined in field studies (Table 22-9) is lower than efficacy
determined in clinical trials. Effectiveness of a single dose of the Jeryl Lynn strain of mumps
vaccine (given as a monovalent vaccine or as trivalent MMR) under conditions of routine
use is approximately 78% (95% CI, 75%-82%), compared with 95% or more demonstrated
in efficacy trials.

7 http://jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/197/7/950.full

8 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14754936

9 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4128611/

10 http://retractionwatch.com/2014/10/04/journal-makes-it-official-retracting-
controversial-autism-vaccine-paper/

11 http://www.morganverkamp.com/august-27-2014-press-release-statement-of-william-
w-thompson-ph-d-regarding-the-2004-article-examining-the-possibility-of-a-relationship-
between-mmr-vaccine-and-autism/

12 To master this concept, I recommend this teaching module from the National Institutes
of Health
https://science.education.nih.gov/supplements/nih2/chemicals/guide/pdfs/lesson2.pdf

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13
http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/SafetyAvailability/VaccineSafety/UCM09622
8#act

14 Early Thimerosal Exposure and Neuropsychological Outcomes at 7 to 10 Years
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa071434

15 http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2010/09/13/peds.2010-0309

16 https://thoughtscapism.com/2015/09/08/mercury-in-retrogade/

17 http://www.hrsa.gov/vaccinecompensation/index.html

18 http://www.thevaccinemom.com/2015/02/vaccine-shedding-should-you-really-be-
concerned/

19
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Susan_Galea/publication/5434064_The_Safety_Pro
file_of_Varicella_Vaccine_A_10Year_Review/links/54cbe2c30cf298d65659b59f.pdf

20 http://www.riskcomm.com/visualaids/riskscale/datasources.php

21 http://www.vaccines.gov/basics/effectiveness/

22 https://yourlogicalfallacyis.com/strawman

23 http://blogs.wsj.com/pharmalot/2014/12/01/italy-investigates-novartis-flu-vaccine-
after-12-deaths-are-reported/

24 http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-30316113

25 https://www.sciencebasedmedicine.org/an-influenza-primer/

26 http://www.nejm.org/search?q=influenza#qs=%3Fq%3Dinfluenza+vaccine

27 http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/ensuringsafety/monitoring/vsd/index.html

28 http://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/vaccine-package-inserts-
debunking-myths/

29 http://www.cdc.gov/rsv/

30 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11786/

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31 http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/fainting.html

32 http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6229a4.htm

33 Emergency Department Visits for Overdoses of Acetaminophen-Containing Products
Daniel S. Budnitz, MD, MPH, Maribeth C. Lovegrove, MPH, Alexander E. Crosby, MD, MPH,
published Am J Prev Med 2011;40:585-92 http://www.ajpmonline.org/article/S0749-
3797(11)00182-6/abstract

34 http://www.fscip.org/tramp.html

35 http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6229a4.htm

36 http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=366127

37 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24397793

38 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2739303/

39 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25795258

40 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22401632

41 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17270111

42 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17606534

43 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25560446

44 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8225608

45 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8337029

46 http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/downloads/f_preg_chart.pdf

47 https://www.merckvaccines.com/Products/Varivax/Pages/home

48 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22385673

49 http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/expert-
answers/chickenpox-and-pregnancy/faq-20057886

Response to Mike Adamss Natural News 2015 article, The 21 curious questions we're never allowed to ask
about vaccines Version 1.0 February 15, 2016 Page 31 of 32
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50 http://www.sehn.org/ppfaqs.html

51 http://scienceblogs.com/insolence/2012/10/26/the-toxin-gambit-resurrected/

52 http://cellculturedish.com/2014/03/serum-use-research-production-diagnostic-kits-
vaccines-biotherapeutic-molecules/

53 http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1202865

54 http://www.forbes.com/sites/tarahaelle/2014/12/16/nhl-mumps-outbreak-whats-up-
with-the-vaccine/#161e529d6757

55 http://abcnews.go.com/Health/year-girl-dies-catching-flu-vaccine/story?id=28526729

56 http://lasvegassun.com/news/2015/dec/24/clark-county-records-first-flu-related-
deaths-of-2/

57 http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6421a5.htm

58 http://abcnews.go.com/Health/year-girl-dies-catching-flu-vaccine/story?id=28526729

59 https://www.aap.org/en-us/Documents/immunization_vaccine_studies.pdf

60 http://leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk/2016/01/04/the-william-thompson-documents-theres-
no-whistle-to-blow/

61 http://www.harpocratesspeaks.com/2015/02/demystifying-vaccine-ingredients-
aluminum.html

62 https://thoughtscapism.com/2015/04/27/aluminum-in-perspective/

63
http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/SafetyAvailability/VaccineSafety/ucm18781
0.htm

64 http://www.chop.edu/centers-programs/vaccine-education-center/vaccine-
ingredients/antibiotics#.VsTFT5MrKN8

65
http://www.aaaai.org/Aaaai/media/MediaLibrary/PDF%20Documents/Practice%20and
%20Parameters/Influenza-vaccine-and-egg-allergic-patients-2010.pdf

Response to Mike Adamss Natural News 2015 article, The 21 curious questions we're never allowed to ask
about vaccines Version 1.0 February 15, 2016 Page 32 of 32
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66 https://thoughtscapism.com/2015/09/16/should-you-worry-about-formaldehyde-in-
vaccines/

67 http://www.harpocratesspeaks.com/2012/10/demystifying-vaccine-ingredients-
msg.html

68 http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2015/01/27/jail-anti-vax-parents-vaccines-
cdc-measles-disney-world-california-column/22420771/



69 http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Just_asking_questions

70 http://www.patheos.com/blogs/excommunications/2014/11/jaqing-off/

71 http://theness.com/neurologicablog/index.php/just-asking-questions-creation-edition/