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The Genesis
October 2015-Issue-I
Current Affairs
NobelPrizesPhysics,Chemistry,Medicine,Literature&Peace

India,States

8,11

World

13

Sports

16

Economy

18

Corporate

20

CyberBuzz

23

Science&Technology

24

People
Faces:ShashankManohar

15

BusinessBiography:FredDeLuca

19

Nobel Prizes: 3
The Nobel Prize in Physics has
been awarded to Takaaki
Kajita
and
Arthur
B.
McDonald for the discovery
of neutrino oscillations, which
shows that neutrinos have
mass while the Chemistry
Prize went to Tomas Lindahl,
Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar
for mechanistic studies

Knowledge Corners
RecentReleases:ForgingCapitalisminNehrusIndia&NoRegrets

29

GD:BCCImustbebroughtundergovernmentregulation

26

Crossword

27

Sudoku

35

Doyouremember?

28

CorporateKnowledgeQuiz

31

PointCounterpoint

34

Business Biography: 17
The sandwich shop opened
by Fred DeLuca at the age of
17 to help pay for college
fees has grown into fast food
giant Subway - one of the
worlds biggest restaurant
chain by locations with more
than
44,000
outlets
worldwide

Ahmedabad CO & Centre: 101, Suyojan Towers, Nr. Hotel President, Off. C.G. Road Ahmedabad 09:079 26464053/26420509
Vallabh Vidya Nagar: 3rd Floor, Diwaliba Chambers, Near ICICI Bank, Bhaikaka Statue VV Nagar 388120:02692-326065/230826
Baroda: 316, Atlantis,Opp Vadodara Central, Sarabhai Road, Vadodara 390016:0265-2341992, 9033100222
Mumbai: Vashi: :022-65652221/7666587770; Vile Parle (W): :022-65568888/65567788; Borivali: :022-65354535/65354515
Rajkot: 3rd floor, Kings, Opp Punjab Honda, Near G T Seth School, Kalawad Road, Rajkot, :02813051475
Gandhi Nagar: 302, Swagat Rain Forest - I, Block A ,Nr. City Pulse, Gandhinagar 382007:079 - 23600050/32449313
Surat: UL/45-48, Pooja Abhishek, Opp S.P.B. College, Athwa Lines:0261 - 313 4418/3992675
Bhopal: RMJ Educational Services, 174, Modi Complex, M P Nagar Zone II, Bhopal 462011; :0755 - 4009501
Jaipur: 302, Ganga Heights, Opp. Apex Mall, Lal Kothi, Tonk Road, Jaipur:01414044315
Kanpur: 117/H-1/368, Ist Floor, Above SBI Bank, Pandu Nagar, Near Neer Ksheer Chouraha, Kakadeo, Kanpur 208025; :8808017100, 8808011100
Thane: 501, 5th Floor, Thakor Niwas,Opp. Thane Station (West), Near Thane Post Office, Thane (W) 400 601:022-25444600/41009898
Rajahmundry: 46-7-26/1,Sri Sai Venkateswara Complex,Opp: Green Park Restaurant,Danavaipet, Rajahmundry 533101:0883 - 6557777
Bangalore: No. 23, 1st floor, Vasavi Plaza,Near Cool Joint,11th main, 4th block Jayanagar,Bangalore 560011.:080-41310888/41550888

Whether you prevail or fail depends more on what you do to yourself then on what the world does to you. Larry Collins

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October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

Takaaki Kajita and Arthur McDonald win Nobel Physics Prize

The discovery that neutrinos switch between different flavours has won the 2015 Nobel Prize in physics.

Takaaki Kajita of Japan and Arthur McDonald of Canada


won the Nobel
Prize in Physics on
October
6
for
discovering
the
chameleon-like
nature of neutrinos,
work that yielded
the crucial insight that the tiny particles have mass.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the two
researchers had made key contributions to experiments
showing that neutrinos change identities as they whiz
through the universe at nearly the speed of light.
Neutrinos are miniscule particles created in nuclear
reactions, such as in the sun and the stars, or in nuclear
power plants. There are three kinds of neutrinos and the
laureates showed they oscillate from one kind to another,
dispelling the long-held notion that they were massless.

First proposed by the Austrian Wolfgang Pauli in 1930,


neutrinos are among the 17-odd irreducible building
blocks of the world around us.
Theyre also wallflowers in the world of sub-atomic
particles, rarely interacting with the other matter around
them.
Scientists estimate that a neutrino is capable of passing
through a light-year (about 10 trillion km) of lead without
hitting a single atom.
Yet these ghostly particles are ubiquitous. Though we
may not be aware of them, many billions of them flow
through our bodies every second.
There was a quarter of a century between Paulis original
proposal and the actual discovery of neutrinos by the
American physicists Frederick Reines and Clyde Cowan.

The discovery has changed our understanding of the


innermost workings of matter and can prove crucial to our
view of the universe, the academy said.

But in another demonstration of the adage that good


things come to those who wait, neutrinos appear to be
absolutely vital to understanding many other mysteries in
modern physics - perhaps even why the Universe looks
the way it does today.

Kajita, 56, is director of the Institute for Cosmic Ray


Research and professor at the University of Tokyo.
McDonald, 72, is a professor emeritus at Queens
University in Kingston, Canada.

The prevailing theory of particle physics, known as the


Standard Model, assumes that neutrinos, like photons, are
massless. But flavour flipping depends on the particles
having mass.

The winners will split the 8 million Swedish kronor


(about USD 960,000) prize money. Each winner also gets
a diploma and a gold medal at the prize ceremony on
December 10.

The discovery of neutrino masses and of neutrino


oscillations are the first cracks in the Standard Model of
particle physics.

Kajita and McDonald made their discoveries while


working at the Super-Kamiokande detector in Japan and
Sudbury Neutrino Observatory in Canada, respectively.
Kajita showed in 1998 that neutrinos captured at the
detector underwent a metamorphosis in the atmosphere.
Three years later McDonald found that neutrinos coming
from the sun also switched identities.
McDonald said that the eureka moment was when it
became clear that his experiment had proven with great
accuracy that neutrinos changed from one type to another
in traveling from the sun to Earth.
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The ability to change stripes may also be the key to


understanding why the Universe is predominantly made
of matter and not its shadowy counterpart antimatter.
The Big Bang is thought to have generated equal amounts
of matter and antimatter. But when a matter particle meets
its antiparticle, they disappear in a flash of energy.
If antimatter and matter had kept on colliding, the
Universe might consist of photons and little else.But the
shape-shifting behaviour of neutrinos and anti-neutrinos
might have tipped the scales in favour of matter.Perhaps,
just like a comic book superhero, the humble neutrino
saved us from certain annihilation.

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar win Nobel Chemistry Prize

The 2015 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded for discoveries in DNA repair.Their findings have
provided fundamental insights into how cells function, knowledge that can be used, for instance, in the
development of new cancer treatments.

Tomas Lindahl and Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar were

Cigarette smoke contains small reactive chemicals,


which bind to the DNA and prevent it from being
replicated properly - so they are mutagens. And once
there is damage in the DNA this can cause diseases
including cancer, said Prof Lindahl, who for 20
years ran the Clare Hall laboratories in Hertfordshire
- now part of Cancer Research UK.
To address those defects, a host of molecular systems
continuously monitor and de-bug our genetic
information. The three new laureates mapped in
detail how some of these mechanisms worked.
In the 1970s, scientists had thought that DNA was a
stable molecule, but Prof Lindahl demonstrated that it
decays at a surprisingly fast rate.

named as the winners of the 2015 Nobel Prize in


Chemistry on October 7 in Stockholm, Sweden.Their
work uncovered the mechanisms used by cells to repair
damaged DNA - a fundamental process in living cells and
important in cancer.
Prof Lindahl is Swedish, but has worked at UKs Francis
Crick Institute for more than three decades.The prize
money of eight million Swedish kronor ($970,000) will
be shared among the winners.
The Nobel Committeesaid the recipients had explained
the processes at the molecular level that guard the
integrity of our genomes.
Each day our DNA is damaged by UV radiation, free
radicals and other carcinogenic substances, but even
without such external attacks, a DNA molecule is
inherently unstable. Thousands of spontaneous changes to
a cells genome occur on a daily basis. Furthermore,
defects can also arise when DNA is copied during cell
division, a process that occurs several million times every
day in the human body.
The reason our genetic material does not disintegrate into
complete chemical chaos is that a host of molecular
systems continuously monitor and repair DNA. The
Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 awards three pioneering
scientists who have mapped how several of these repair
systems function at a detailed molecular level.

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This led him to discover a mechanism called base


excision repair, which perpetually counteracts the
degradation of DNA.
Understanding the ways in which DNA repairs itself is
fundamental to our understanding of inherited genetic
disorders and of diseases like cancer.
The important work that Lindahl has done has helped
scientists gain greater insight into these essential
processes.
Turkish-born biochemist Aziz Sancar, professor at the
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, US, uncovered
a different DNA mending process called nucleotide
excision repair. This is the mechanism cells use to repair
damage to DNA from UV light - but it can also undo
genetic defects caused in other ways.
People born with defects in this repair system are
extremely sensitive to sunlight, and at risk of developing
skin cancer.
The American Paul Modrich, professor of biochemistry at
Duke University in North Carolina, demonstrated how
cells correct flaws that occur as DNA is copied when cells
divide. This mechanism, called mismatch repair, results in
a 1,000-fold reduction in the error frequency when DNA
is replicated.

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

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3 scientists win Nobel Prize for medicine

The Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine has been split two ways for groundbreaking work on parasitic
diseases.

Three scientists have been named winners of this years

chloroquine were failing because the parasite that causes


malaria - Plasmodium falciparum - had learned how to
evade their attack.
Disheartened by the lack of effective drugs to tackle this
mosquito-borne disease, the professor turned to traditional
medicine to hunt for a new option.
She found that an extract from the sweet wormwood plant
Artemisia annual was sometimes effective - but the
results were inconsistent, so she went back to ancient
literature, including a recipe from AD350.

Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine William


Campbell and Satoshi Omura for their work on a therapy
against roundworm, shared with Youyou Tu, for a therapy
against malaria
Their researchhas led to drugs to treat diseases affecting
more than 3.4 billion people around the world. One of
them, malaria, most people have heard of. But the other
two illnesses, onchocerciasis or river blindness and
lymphatic filariasis or elephantiasis - both caused by
roundworm parasites - are lesser known.
People catch these worms from bites from infected insects
such as flies or mosquitoes. Left untreated, the worms
grow and multiply, causing disabling symptoms in their
host.The drug ivermectin kills the first larval stage of the
parasite - the babies of adult female worms
William C Campbell discovered this by studying bacteria
living in soil samples obtained by Satoshi Omura from a
Japanese golf course in Ito City, in the Shizuoka region.
One particular strain of bacterium, Streptomyces
avermitilis, caught his eye because of its potent antiparasitic properties.Working with drug company Merck
and Co, he then set about purifying this agent.
Since 1987, Merk (MSD) has given ivermectin away free
to those countries that need it most. Last year, it donated
more than 300 million doses to treat river blindness and
elephantiasis.
Meanwhile, Chinese scientist Youyou Tu had been
focusing her attentions in the 1960s and 70s on finding a
new treatment for malaria.The staples quinine and
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This ancient document - Ge Hongs A Handbook of


Prescriptions for Emergencies - recommended a handful
of qinghao [the Chinese name for the plant extract]
immersed in two litres of water, wring out the juice and
drink it all.
This she did (with a few tweaks), testing it on herself as
well as animals in her lab.She said: During the Cultural
Revolution, there were no practical ways to perform
clinical trials of new drugs. So, in order to help patients
with malaria, my colleagues and I bravely volunteered to
be the first people to take the extract.
After ascertaining that the extract was safe for human
consumption, we went to the Hainan province to test its
clinical efficacy, carrying out antimalarial trials with
patients, she wrote in Nature Medicine.
Her discovery eventually led to the creation of an
antimalarial drug - artemisinin - that is still relied upon
today. The WHO credits the expanding access to
artemisinin-based combination therapies in malariaendemic countries as a key factor in driving down deaths
in recent years.
Between 2000 and 2013, malaria mortality rates
decreased by an estimated 47% worldwide and by 54% in
Africa. Among babies and children under five, the main
target group. death rates have declined by 53% globally,
and by 58% in Africa, although the disease still killed
453,000 in 2013. But artemisinin-resistant strains of
malaria are emerging. As of February 2015, artemisinin
resistance had been confirmed in five countries
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar,Thailand and Vietnam. And
so the quest for new drugs continues.

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

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Svetlana Alexievich wins Nobel Prize for Literature

The Swedish Academy described her work as monument to suffering and courage in our time

Belarusian writer and journalist Svetlana Alexievich has


won the 2015 Nobel Prize for literature. The
prize committee called her writing a
monument to courage and suffering in our
time.
The award - presented to a living writer - is
worth eight million kronor. She becomes the
14thwoman to win the prize since it was first
awarded in 1901. The last woman to win, Canadas Alice
Munro, was handed the award in 2013.French historical
author Patrick Modiano won in 2014. Alexievich, 67, is a
political writer who is critical of her home countrys
government.
Announcing the prize in Stockholm, the chair of the
Swedish Academy, Sara Danius, said Alexievich had
spent nearly 40 years studying the people of the former
Soviet Union, but that her work was not only about
history but also something eternal, a glimpse of eternity
and a monument to suffering and courage in our time.
Danius said she was very pleased Alexievich had won the
prize, calling her work absolutely brilliant.
It has been half a century since a writer working primarily
in non-fiction won the Nobel - and Alexievich is the first
journalist to win the award. Her best-known works in
English translation include Voices From Chernobyl, an
oral history of the nuclear catastrophe; and Boys In Zink,
a collection of first-hand accounts from the SovietAfghan war.
By means of her extraordinary method - a carefully
composed collage of human voices - Alexievich deepens
our comprehension of an entire era, the Swedish
Academy said.
The author was born in 1948 in the Ukrainian town of
Ivano-Frankivsk, to a Belarusian father and Ukrainian
mother. The family moved to Belarus after her father
completed his military service, and Alexievich studied
journalism at the University of Minsk between 1967 and
1972.
After graduation, she worked as a journalist for several
years before publishing her first book U vojny ne
enskoe lico(Wars Unwomanly Face, 1985) which
saw her credited with devising a new kind of literary

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genre.The book is based on interviews with hundreds of


women who participated in the
second world war. Its an exploration
of the second world war from a
perspective that was, before that
book, almost completely unknown. It
tells the story of the hundreds and
hundreds of women who were at the
front in the second world war.
Almost one million Soviet women participated in the war,
and its a largely unknown history. It was a huge success
in the Soviet Union when published, and sold more than
2m copies. Its a touching document and at the same time
brings you very close to every individual, and in a few
years they all will be gone. The book set a template for
her future works, constructing narratives from witnesses
to the worlds most shattering events.
Alexievich has written short stories, essays and reportage
but says she found her voice under the influence of the
Belorusian writer Ales Adamovich, who developed a
genre which he variously called the collective novel,
novel-oratorio, novel-evidence, people talking about
themselves and the epic chorus.
On her personal website, Alexievich explains her pursuit
of journalism: I chose a genre where human voices speak
for themselves. She has previously won the Swedish
PEN prize for her courage and dignity as a writer.
Alexievichs new book, Second-hand Time, is
scheduled for release in 2016. Reviews suggest its an
oral history, as are all her books, about nostalgia for the
Soviet Union. She went around Russia interviewing
people after the fall of the Soviet Union, in an attempt to
surmise what the collective post Soviet psyche is. As with
all her books, its really harrowing a story about loss of
identity, about finding yourself in a country which you
dont recognise any more. Its a micro-historical survey of
Russia in the second half of the 20th century, and it goes
up to the Putin years.
Alexievich was the bookies favourite to win the award,
according to Ladbrokes. She beat other hot favourites
Japanese novelist Haruki Murakami and Kenyan novelist
Ngugi Wa Thiongo. She is the 14th woman to win the
Nobel Prize for Literature in its history. A total of 112
individuals have won it between 1901 and 2015.

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

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National Dialogue Quartet wins Nobel Peace Prize

Tunisias National Dialogue Quartet has been credited with aiding the countrys transition to democracy

democratic development in Tunisia with great moral


authority. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to this
Quartet, not to the four individual organizations as such.
The Arab Spring originated in Tunisia in 2010-2011, but
quickly spread to a number of countries in North Africa
and the Middle East. In many of these countries, the
struggle for democracy and fundamental rights has come
to a standstill or suffered setbacks. Tunisia, however, has
seen a democratic transition based on a vibrant civil
society with demands for respect for basic human rights.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee decided on October 9


that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2015 is to be awarded to
the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet for its decisive
contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in
Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011.
The Quartet was formed in the summer of 2013 when the
democratization process was in danger of collapsing as a
result of political assassinations and widespread social
unrest. It established an alternative, peaceful political
process at a time when the country was on the brink of
civil war. It was thus instrumental in enabling Tunisia, in
the space of a few years, to establish a constitutional
system of government guaranteeing fundamental rights
for the entire population, irrespective of gender, political
conviction or religious belief.
The National Dialogue Quartet has comprised four key
organizations in Tunisian civil society: the Tunisian
General Labour Union (UGTT, Union Gnrale
Tunisienne du Travail), the Tunisian Confederation of
Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA, Union
Tunisienne de lIndustrie, du Commerce et de
lArtisanat), the Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH,
La Ligue Tunisienne pour la Dfense des Droits de
lHomme), and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers (Ordre
National des Avocats de Tunisie). These organizations
represent different sectors and values in Tunisian society:
working life and welfare, principles of the rule of law and
human rights. On this basis, the Quartet exercised its role
as a mediator and driving force to advance peaceful

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An essential factor for the culmination of the revolution in


Tunisia in peaceful, democratic elections last autumn was
the effort made by the Quartet to support the work of the
constituent assembly and to secure approval of the
constitutional process among the Tunisian population at
large. The Quartet paved the way for a peaceful dialogue
between the citizens, the political parties and the
authorities and helped to find consensus-based solutions
to a wide range of challenges across political and
religious divides. The broad-based national dialogue that
the Quartet succeeded in establishing countered the
spread of violence in Tunisia.
The course that events have taken in Tunisia since the fall
of the authoritarian Ben Ali regime in January 2011 is
unique and remarkable for several reasons. Firstly, it
shows that Islamist and secular political movements can
work together to achieve significant results in the
countrys best interests. The example of Tunisia thus
underscores the value of dialogue and a sense of national
belonging in a region marked by conflict. Secondly, the
transition in Tunisia shows that civil society institutions
and organizations can play a crucial role in a countrys
democratization, and that such a process, even under
difficult circumstances, can lead to free elections and the
peaceful transfer of power. The National Dialogue
Quartet must be given much of the credit for this
achievement and for ensuring that the benefits of the
Jasmine Revolution have not been lost.
More than anything, the prize is intended as an
encouragement to the Tunisian people, who despite major
challenges have laid the groundwork for a national
fraternity which the Committee hopes will serve as an
example to be followed by other countries.

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

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Current Affairs: India


HAPPENINGS
HRD Ministry approval must for tie-ups with foreign institutions: All major Central educational
institutions will now have to take the HRD Ministrys approval for signing MoUs with foreign partners in case the
agreements have financial implications on the government. Institutions coming under the MHRD should seek prior
approval of the Ministry before signing MoU with foreign institutions in case it has financial implications on the
Government of India, the PMO order said in September. The order further said the decision for mandating the approval
was taken as the PM had expressed his displeasure about the practice of institutions delaying the process of taking the
post facto approval.

Shyama Prasad Mookerjee RURBAN Mission approved: The government approved a scheme in
September to spur social, economic and infrastructure development in rural areas. The government has earmarked over
5,000 crore rupees for the scheme named as Shyama Prasad Mookerjee Rurban Mission. Under this mission, 300 Gramin
clusters that will include Gramin Panchayat and nearby villages will be developed with an expenditure of over 5,000
crore rupees. The Cabinet also gave approval for 150 days employment per household under Mahatma Gandhi National
Rural Employment Guarantee Act in the drought hit areas of the country.

AWARDS
National Tourism Awards 2013-14 were presented in New Delhi in September. List of Awardees includes:
Best State/UT for Comprehensive Tourism Development in Rest of India category: Gujarat (first), Madhya Pradesh
(second), Rajasthan (third) Tourist Friendly Railway Station: Railway Station HabibganjMP Best Heritage Walk:
India City Walks for Mehrauli Archaeological Park, Delhi Best Heritage City: Heritage City Gwalior, MP Rural
Tourism Project: Rann Utsav, Gujarat Best Tourism Film: The Great Backwaters of Kerala Submitted by Kerala
Tourism Best Tourism Promotion Publicity Material: Gujarats 50 Golden Destinations Best Film Promotion
Friendly State/Union Territory: Gujarat Most innovative use of Information Technology/Best Website: Deptt. of
Tourism, Govt. of Kerala/Portal

Saakshar Bharat Awards: President Pranab Mukherjee presented the Saakshar Bharat Awards 2015 on the
International Literacy Day in New Delhi on September 8. As many as 11 Saakshar Bharat Awards were presented to
States, Districts, Blocks, Gram Panchayats, State Resource Centre (SRC) and Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) for best
performance in the field of adult education and skill development. The awardees are: Best Performing State-Tamil Nadu;
Best Performing District- 1. Bastar, Chhattisgarh, 2. Dharampuri, Tamil Nadu 3. Haveri, Karnataka; Best Performing
Gram Panchayat-1. Palamalai, Salem District, Tamil Nadu 2. Giroud, Raipur District, Chhattisgarh 3. Poosarlapadu,
Srikakulam District, AP 4. Ankireddygudem, Nalgonda District, Telangana 5. Khanggabok Part - II, Mayai Leikai,
Thoubal District, Manipur; Best Performing Resource Support Organisation 1. State Resource Centre (SRC), WB 2. Jan
Shikshan Sansthan, Allahabad, UP.
FICCI Water Awards: In a bid to recognize efforts and leadership in the area of water efficiency, the India
Industry Water Conclave and the 3rd Edition of FICCI Water Awards was launched by FICCI in association with HSBC
in New Delhi in September. The award giving ceremony was attended by JyotsnaSuri, President, FICCI and Naina Lal
Kidwai, Chairperson, FICCI Water Mission amongst others. Some of the award categories were industrial water Use
efficiency, community initiatives by the industries and initiatives by NGOs. The top three award winners in category of
Industrial Water Use Efficiency were bagged by ITC Munger, Ambuja group and Infosys Limited. Ambuja Cements Ltd
and Ultratech Cement Ltd were winners among the category Community initiatives by the Industries.

VishwakarmaRashtriyaPuraskar: The Minister of State for Labour& Employment (Independent Charge)


BandaruDattatreya gave away VishwakarmaRashtriyaPuraskar and National Safety Awards for the Performance Year
2013, in New Delhi in September. VRP is awarded in recognition of outstanding suggestions given by a worker or group
of workers and implemented by the management in the form of cash prize and a certificate of merit. The NSA is given in
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October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

recognition of outstanding safety performance of industrial establishments, construction sites, ports and installations
under AERB.

Gandhi Peace Prize 2014: President Pranab Mukherjee presented the Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2014 to
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in New Delhi in September. The award was received by A. S. Kiran Kumar,
Chairman, ISRO on behalf of the organization. The Gandhi Peace Prize was instituted by the Government in 1995 on the
occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. This annual award is given to individuals and institutions for
their contributions towards social, economic and political transformation through non-violence and other Gandhian
methods. The Award carries an amount of Rupees one crore in cash, a plaque and a citation.
Royal Aeronautical Society medal: Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister G. Satheesh Reddy has been
conferred the prestigious Silver Medal of the Royal Aeronautical Society (RAeS) in London in September. RAeS has
been honouring outstanding achievers in the global aerospace industry since 1909, when Wilbur and Orville Wright came
to London to receive the societys first Gold Medal. Reddy, an eminent missile scientist, has made pioneering
contributions to navigation and avionics technologies.

PERSONSINNEWS
APPOINTMENTS: P. V. Chandran of the Mathrubhumi group was elected President of the Indian Newspaper
Society (INS) for 2015-16 at its AGM held in Bangalore in September. Hormusji N. Cama, Managing Director of
Bombay Samachar, the oldest continuously-published newspaper in India from 1855, was elected Chairman of the Press
Trust of India at its AGM in New Delhi in September. IPS officer Binita Thakurwas appointed as Director of
NATGRID (National Intelligence Grid), a robust intelligence gathering mechanism set up to track any terror suspect and
incident, in September. Agriculture expert Professor Ramesh Chand, who headed a government panel on Minimum
Support Price and has been working as Director of National Institute of Agricultural Economics and Policy Research
(NIAP) in New Delhi since 2010, was appointed as one of the full-time members in the NITI Aayog.

RESIGNATIONS: LokJanshakti Party (LJP) LokSabha MP from Vaishali in Bihar, Rama Singh, tendered his
resignation from the party and has quit from all the posts. The resignation of the Director of Nehru Memorial Museum
and Library (NMML), Prof Mahesh Rangarajan was accepted by the government in September.
OTHERS: Finance Minister ArunJaitley received a cheque of Rs.100 crore for the Swachh Bharat and NamamiGange
projects from the spiritual leader Mata Amritanandmayi, in Kollam, Kerala in September.
BhubaneshwarsAnanyaSritam Nanda, 14, won the Indian Idol Junior title in Mumbai in September. The National
Investigation Agency (NIA) declared a cash reward for information on S.S. Khaplang and included the 75-year-old
Naga militant leader in a list of wanted terrorists in September.
OBITUARIES
Lance Naik Mohan NathGoswami, a Special Forces Commando of the Army, eliminated 10 militants in a short span of
11 days before he laid down his life while battling militants in Handwara Jammu & Kashmir in September. Music
director AadeshShrivastava passed away in Mumbai at the age of 49 on September 5. Samajwadi Party MLA from
Bikapur seat in Faizabad parliamentary constituency, MitrasenYadav died in Lucknow on September 7 at the age of 81.
Veteran Congress leader and former MP from Jammu Poonch parliamentary constituency, Janak Raj Gupta, passed
away in Jammu on September 13 at 79. Well-known Mohiniyattam dancer and Padma Shri-awardee choreographer
KalamandalamSatyabhama died in Palakkad (Kerala) on September 13 at the age of 77.

EXTERNALRELATIONS
CHINA: After a fresh face-off, the armies of India and China had two meetings at two places in Ladakh in September
during which the two countries agreed to maintain peace and tranquillity along the 465-km long Line of Actual Control
(LAC) in the Ladakh sector. The meetings of senior officers of Chinese Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) and the Indian
Army took place in Chushul, located 202 km southeast of Leh and Daulat Beg Oldi (DBO), 250 km northeast of Leh.
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CAMBODIA, LAOS: India and Cambodia signed two MoUs, one relating to Tourism and another an umbrella
project under Mekong Ganga Cooperation initiative during the visit of Vice President M. Hamid Ansari in capital Phnom
Penh in September. During his meeting with Prime Minister Hun Sen, Ansari emphasised Indias growing economic ties
with CLMV countries, i.e. Cambodia, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Vietnam. Later Ansari also
visited Laos, where he met President ChoummalySayasone and Prime Minister ThongsingThammavong in capital in
Vientiane.

SRI LANKA: In his first overseas trip after assuming the top office for the fourth term, Sri Lankan Prime Minister
RanilWickremesinghe came on a three-day visit to India on September 14-16 where he held extensive talks with the
Indian leadership including on the fishermen issue.
NEPAL: Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar met senior leaders of Nepal including CPN-UML chairman K P Sharma Oli in
Kathmandu as special envoy of Prime Minister Narendra Modi in September and discussed the latest political situation in
the country amid protests by Madhesi groups over the countrys new Constitution. Jaishankar also called on President
Yadav and Prime Minister SushilKoirala and meet UCPN-Maoist chief Prachanda as well as senior leaders of the
Madhes-based political parties, who are launching agitation over the issue of adopting a federal model in the new
constitution.

PAKISTAN: Amid a growing war of words and firing from across the border, a 15-member team of Pakistani
Rangers led by Major General Umar Farooq Burki, Director General, held talks with the Border Security Force (BSF)
headed by DG Pathak in New Delhi in September. During the conference, discussions were held on important issues like
cross-border firing, infiltration and smuggling etc.

BANGLADESH: In a first of its kind, India will conduct a joint marine research with Bangladesh in its Exclusive
Economic Zone (EEZ) to understand the ecology of the Bay of Bengal that affects the climatic conditions of the region.
A team of scientists from the CSIRs National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) will head to the Bay of Bengal in
October-November along with its Research Vessel (RV) SindhuSadhana.
INDONESIA: India and Indonesia have signed a pact for repatriation of each others wanted prisoners and cooperate
in all criminal matters, including gathering evidence. Under the agreement, India will execute summons to an accused
person or to any person requiring to attend and produce documents or a search-warrant issued by an Indonesian court.
Indonesia will reciprocate with similar action if there is any request from any Indian court.

AUSTRALIA: A key Australian parliament panel has overridden expert criticism to back a deal inked with India in
2014 under which New Delhi can import uranium from Canberra for its nuclear power plants, triggering relief in the
foreign policy establishment in New Delhi in September after months of tense waiting. The inaugural Bilateral Maritime
Exercise between India and Australia, AUSINDEX-15 as conducted off the East Coast of India at Visakhapatnam in
September.
GERMANY: An English news channel of Deutsche Welle (DW), Germanys Public Service Broadcaster, was
launched at an event in New Delhi by German Ambassador to India Martin Ney and PrasarBharati CEO JawharSircar in
September. The German broadcaster said that the cornerstone of the channel will be news from Europe and the world,
along with a programming focus on regional news and events from Asia.
BELARUS: India and Belarus have set a trade target of USD 1 billion by 2018, besides agreeing to enhance
cooperation in sectors including pharmaceuticals and energy at the meeting held in Minsk in September between
Commerce and Industry Minister NirmalaSitharaman and her Belarussian counterpart VitaliMikhailovichVovk.
Sitharaman also called on President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko.
BRITAIN: The Indian Navy and Britains Royal Navy hold KONKAN series of exercises in UK in September.

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Current Affairs: States


KARNATAKA
With support from Janata Dal (Secular) and Independents, Congress clinched the coveted Bangalore Mayor post as it
edged out BJP by a slender three vote margin in the keenly contested city civic body poll in September. At least two
passengers died and seven people were injured after nine coaches of Secunderabad-LokmanyaTilak Terminus Duranto
Express derailed near Gulbarga on September 12.Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar commissioned INS Vajrakosh,
the latest establishment of the Indian Navy, in Karwar in September.Noted Kannada writer ChandrashekharPatil,
popularly known as Champa, returned the prestigious Pampa Award conferred on him by the Karnataka government in
2009, protesting against what he said was an effort to stifle the voice of dissent and freedom of expression in
September.

TAMILNADU
The Department of Posts launched a savings scheme in Tamil Nadu for the male child PonmaganPodhuvaippuNidhi
on the lines of the successful SukanyaSamriddhi Account scheme in Chennai in September. CM Jayalalithaa has
launched the Amma Baby Care Kit scheme in September, wherein the government will provide accessories meant for
the newborn and its mother.

ANDHRAPRADESH
CM N. Chandrababu Naidu formally interlinked the waters of the Rivers Godavari and Krishna at the Ibrahimpatnam
Ferry village, which is located about 20-kilometers from Vijayawada, on September 16 thus fulfilling a long cherished
dream of farmers of the Krishna and Guntur Districts. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation will implement the ambitious
Vijayawada Metro Rail Project, the CM announced in September.

MAHARASHTRA
Chief Minister DevendraFadnavis announced the setting up of a Japan Desk, a one-stop shop in the state for all
Japanese companies, in September. Ahmed Javed was appointed the new Mumbai Police Commissioner while incumbent
Rakesh Maria was promoted and posted as the Director General of Police (Home Guards) in September.Senior Congress
Leader and former Maharashtra LokSabha MP BalkrishnaRamchandraWasnik passed away on September 10 in Nagpur
at the age of 86. Voicing concern over heavy bags carried by school children, the Bombay High Court on September 23
asked Maharashtra Government to issue a circular within a month fixing a date for implementing recommendations of an
expert committee that looked into the issue.The World Bank has assured support for developing Mumbais mass transit
system during the meeting its MD MulyaniIndrawati had with the CM in Mumbai in September.

GUJARAT
The state Government announced a MukhyamantriYuvaSwavlambanYojana for meritorious students of the non-reserved
categories in September. Students, who secure 90 percentile in 12th Standard and whose annual family income is below
Rs. 4.50 lakh are eligible to get various benefits like 50 percent waiver of fee, scholarships, hostel expenses etc.
Meritorious students pursuing his Medical and Engineering and other higher studies will get 50 percent assistance with
maximum limit of Rs.2 lakh per year under this scheme.

MADHYAPRADESH
The government constituted a one-member commission to enquire into the Petlawad explosion incident when At least 89
people were killed and nearly 100 injured after a massive blast caused by mining explosives stored in a building ripped
through a crowded area in Petlawad town in Jhabua district on September 12. The state government launched M-ShikshaMitra mobile app to provide various services and teaching-related work to teachers in simple and easy way in September.
The Tenth World Hindi Conference concluded in Bhopal on September 12 where a resolution was passed to organize the
Eleventh edition in Mauritius in 2018. Also US based Hindi Sangam Foundation will be organising the Third
International Hindi Conference at Rutgers University, New Jersey in March 2016 to promote Hindi in America. Home
minister Rajnath Singh felicitated 38 scholars with Hindi Samman on this occasion.
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UTTARPRADESH
Eminent writer KashiNath Singh, best known for his novel KashiKaAssi -- an adaptation of which has inspired the
Bollywood film MohallaAssi, was awarded the Bharat Bharti award by the CM in Lucknow in September. PM Modi
launched the Rs.45,000 crore nationwide Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) in his parliamentary
constituency of Varanasi in September to ensure 24-hour power supply to every house.

BIHAR
Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that Bodh Gaya would be developed as a spiritual capital of the Buddhist
world in his address at the concluding ceremony of a three-day International Buddhist conclave there in September.

RAJASTHAN
The Rajasthan government has announced a new informer scheme to contain illegal sex determination tests in
expecting mothers at private clinics or hospitals under which a cash reward of Rs 2 lakh will be given to informer (40%),
decoy woman (40%) and her accomplice (20%). The state Assembly passed a bill amending the Right to Education act,
to do away with the no detention policy up to class 8 in government recognized schools.Eminent Dogri poet and the
recipient of SahityaAkadamiPuraskar, Capt. (Retd.) Randhir Singh popularly known as KunwarViyogi, passed away on
September 16 in Jaipur at the age of 75.

DELHI
The AamAadmi Party (AAP)-led government said it will install CCTV cameras in all classrooms of government schools
of the national capital.

JAMMU&KASHMIR
Jammu & Kashmir government approved a social assistance scheme for girl child LadliBeti in September which will be
implemented in six districts with low child sex ratio. The state will contribute Rs 1,000 per month towards the birth of
every girl child for the next 14 years and the she would receive a sum of Rs 6.5 lakh upon reaching the age of 21.

PUNJAB
To commemorate the 150th birth anniversary of leading freedom fighter LalaLajpatRai, popularly known as Punjab
Kesari, the Punjab government announced that his birthplace at Dhudike village in the states Moga district would be
given a complete facelift. The AAP, which has all four of its MPs in LokSabha from Punjab, suspended Dharamvira
Gandhi (Patiala) and Harinder Singh Khalsa (Fatehgarh Sahib) from primary membership of the party and initiated
disciplinary proceedings against them.

WESTBENGAL
Sixty-four secret files relating to NetajiSubhas Chandra Bose that could help throw light on his mysterious
disappearance--an enduring enigma for seven decades --were released in Kolkata in September by the state government
in the presence of Boses family members who have been demanding that information on the leader of the Azad Hind
Fauj (Indian National Army-INA) be made public.

MEGHALAYA
Chief Minister MukulSangma launched the Meghalaya Livelihood and Access to Markets Project (Megha LAMP) aimed
at providing market linkages to farmers and improve their earnings in Shillong in September.

MANIPUR
The Manipur government has handed over 336.93 acres of land to the Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports for
building a National Sports University in the state in Thoubal district.

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Current Affairs: World


HAPPENINGS
More than 1000 die in Haj tragedies: A massive construction crane crashed into the Grand Mosque in Mecca,
Saudi Arabia in stormy weather on September 12, killing at least 87 people and injuring 184. Saudi Arabias King
Salman has sanctioned the construction firm Binladin Group for the crane collapse. The construction firm belongs to the
family of the late al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. On September 24, more than 1000 people including more than 50
Indians were killed in a stampede at the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia. Mina is where pilgrims carry out a
symbolic stoning of the devil by throwing pebbles. The stoning ritual is done over at least two days. The incident is the
deadliest disaster at Mina since 1990, when 1,426 people died.

Germany and Czech Republic tighten border controls: The German Railway company Deutsche Bahn
halted train services with Austria after Berlin announced that it was reinstating border controls as the authorities buckles
under the strain of a record refugee influx. Germanys Vice Chancellor has said that the country is at the limit of its
capabilities as more than 13 thousand migrants arrived in Munich on September 12. Even, the Czech Republic said that it
will boost controls on the border with Austria over the refugee crisis. Meanwhile, Hungarys Prime Minister Viktor
Orban has welcomed Berlins decision to reinstate border controls as a necessary move in the face of a record migrant
influx.

Nepals Constituent Assembly endorses new constitution: In a landmark step to culminate a prolonged
transition after Nepal became republic in 2008, the countrys Constituent Assembly on September 16 endorsed a muchawaited new constitution of Nepal with an overwhelming two-thirds majority. President Ram BaranYadav unveiled the
Constitution on September 20 in Kathmandu. This is the first full-fledged constitution in the Himalayan nation. Earlier,
the country got an interim constitution in 2007 following the peoples movement in 2006 that toppled the 240-year
monarchy.

Japan allows its military to fight abroad: Japans Parliament passed contentious security bills into law in
September, in a move that could see Japanese troops fight abroad for the first time in 70 years. The new law loosens postWorld War II constraints on use of force by the military to its own self-defence only. The legislation sparked debate
about whether the nation should shift away from its pacifist ways to face growing security challenges. The law will allow
the military to defend Japans allies even when the country isnt under attack. They will also be able participate more
fully in international peacekeeping.
UN General Assembly opens 70th session: The UN General Assembly (UNGA) opened its 70th session on
September 15. The 70th session, a regular yearly event, was declared open by President MogensLykketoft of Denmark.
The UNGA unanimously adopted a document for reform of the Security Council. It will boost Indias bid for a
permanent seat in the revamped world body. External Affairs Ministry spokesman VikasSwarup described the
development as significant and said now text-based negotiations can be commenced after more than two decades of
discussions.
Swiss select new national anthem: The Swiss public have voted online to choose the song they would like to see
replace their current national anthem in September. The winning song - whose English translation is Hoisted up there in
the wind, our red and white flag - was composed by Werner Widmer. The result concludes the competition that was
launched in 2014 to replace the current national anthem, known as the Swiss Psalm, which is often criticised for its
overly religious lyrics.

PAP retains power in Singapore polls: Singapore Premier Lee HsienLoongs Peoples Action Party (PAP)
retained power after scoring a landslide victory in general elections in September. The PAP won an absolute majority of
83 seats in the 89-member Parliament. The opposition Workers Party won six seats. The PAP has increased its
percentage of the votes to over 70%, up from 60.14% in the 2011 general elections, when the party won 81 of the 87
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constituency elected. Politics in the city-state since its independence in 1965 has been dominated by the ruling PAP
founded by Lee Kuan Yew, father of Lee and it has won every election.

AWARDS
Venice Film Festival: Director Lorenzo Vigas Spanish movie From Afar bagged the coveted Golden Lion award
for the Best Film at the 72nd Venice Film Festival in September, becoming the first Latin American film to receive the
honour. From Afar or Desdealla, the first ever entry from Venezuela to the festival, follows a wealthy middle-aged
man who falls for a street thug, changing both their lives. It is based on a story by writer Guillermo Arriaga. Pablo
TraperosEl Clan (The Clan), an Argentine true-crime thriller that has broken box-office records in its homeland,
took the Silver Lion for Best Direction. French drama LHermine or Courted won FabriceLuchini the Volpi Cup for
the Best Actor and the film also received the Best Screenplay award for Christian Vincents work. Actress Valeria Golino
received the Volpi Cup for Best Actress for her role in the Italian movie Per Amor Vostro (For your love). The Grand
Jury award, often considered as the runner-up honour, went to Charlie Kaufman and Duke Johnsons American animated
film, Anomalisa.

CPJ Awards: Paraguays CandidoFigueredo Ruiz is one of the media professionals being honoured by the Committee
to Protect Journalists for their commitment to defending freedom of the press, the New York-based organisation said in
September. Also selected for the same honour are cartoonist Zulkiflee Anwar Ulhaque of Malaysia, Zone 9 group of
bloggers in Ethiopia and a journalist collective from Syria Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently. The prizes will be
awarded at a CPJ dinner in New York on November 24.

Asia Game Changer awards: ICICI bank CEO ChandaKochhar is among three Indians selected for this years
Asia Game Changer awards given by Asia Society to honourtrue leaders making a positive contribution to the future of
Asia. Indian-American actor AasifMandvi, 49, and designer KiranBirSethi, 49, also made it to the list besides Kochhar,
53. Champion boxer and philanthropist from the Philippines Manny Pacquiao is the 2015 Asia Game Changer of the
Year for using his sport and his star power as forces for good, Asia Society announced in New York in September. The
other seven honorees include 2014 Nobel Laureates in Physics and inventors of a new energy- efficient light source - the
blue LED Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura for lighting our world in a ground-breaking and
sustainable way.

Champions of the Earth award: Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina was awarded the annual Champion
of the Earth award by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in New York in September. According to
UNEP, she has proven that investing in climate change is conducive to achieving social and economic development. The
other winners are the National Geographic Society (Science and Innovation); Brazilian cosmetics firm Natura
(Entrepreneurial Vision); and South Africas Black Mamba Anti-Poaching Unit (Inspiration and Action).

PERSONSINNEWS
OBITUARIES: Jackie Collins, the renowned British-born novelist who penned best-selling novels such as
Hollywood Wives and The Stud, died Los Angeles on September 19 at the age of 77. Spains Carmen Balcells, a
literary agent who represented some of the biggest names in 20th-century Spanish language literature including Nobelwinning authors Mario Vargas Llosa and Gabriel Garcia Marquez, died in Barcelona on September 20 at the age of 85.
Frank D Gilroy, whose play about a veterans fraught return home, The Subject Was Roses, won him a Pulitzer Prize
died in Monroe, New York on September 12 at the age of 89. Max Gesner Beauvoir, the supreme chief of the voodoo
religion, died at the age of 79 in the Haitian capital Port-Au-Prince on September 13.

APPOINTMENTS: Malcolm Turnbull was sworn in as Australias new Prime Minister in September after an
internal revolt in the ruling Liberal Party forced Tony Abbott to quit. Former Egyptian oil minister Sherif Ismail took
oath as the new Prime Minister in September after President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi accepted the resignation of the cabinet
headed by PM Ibrahim Mehleb.

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Faces
Shashank Manohar: Shepherding the gentlemans game

The challenge for the new BCCI president is to make the BCCI transparent and tackle conflicts
of interest

Lawyer-turned-administrator Shashank
Manohar, 58, was on October 4 elected
unopposed as the BCCI President for a
second time after a gap of four years
and vowed to clean up the mess in the
Cricket Board by announcing a slew of
reforms to restore the credibility of the
game. The reforms announced by him
includethe appointment of an ombudsman to deal with
contentious issues like conflict of interest.

interest that became the central focus following the 2013


Indian Premier League spot-fixing scandal. His 11-point
agenda shows that he is well aware of the challenges the
board faces.

DecrepitBCCI

His other priorities include independent auditing of state


unit spending of annual BCCI grants, greater transparency
by putting up the BCCI constitution online and a
commitment not to use arbitrary powers as chairman.

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is a


cosy club of insiders. It is as corrupt an institution as any
in India. If cricket is no longer a gentlemans game, then
those who run the game in India reflect the games fallen
state.
The board owes its standing to the commercial pull
cricket enjoys in the country. But the riches have also
made the administration complex, with vested interests
adding to the problem.
Even Manohars rise to the top cannot be counted as a
democratic success for the BCCI, nor can it be put down
to meritocracy. Its obvious that powerful politicians are
still the ones pulling the strings. Only that can explain
how a board that seemed riddled with factions till a few
days ago can suddenly be united, and end up with an
unopposed candidate. The BCCI can only claim to have
embraced true democracy when the president is picked on
the basis of who he is and what he has done for the game,
not who hes being backed by.
There are formidable obstacles to the cleaning -up job that
Manohar faces. The presence of factions that made
possible his presidency will also hamper Manohars
activities to change things for the better in the BCCI.
There are too many vested interests and too many
individuals trying to vicariously fulfil their political
ambitions.

Agenda
The Nagpur lawyer has vowed to make BCCIs
functioning transparent and root out the conflict of

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Manohar said he wants to have discussions with central


government authorities to find out whether an
investigating agency can be attached to the BCCI. The
move has been planned as the BCCI does not have
investigating powers on matters of corruption.

Manohar announced the hiring of M/S Gokhale&Sathe, a


reputed firm based in Mumbai as BCCIs advisor on
Direct Tax matters and as an Internal Auditor, in
replacement of a Chennai-based firm.
His other important decisions included central contracts
of women cricketers, common auditor to monitor
expenses of all the state units and putting BCCIs balance
sheet on the Board website to promote transparency. This
is the first time that the opaque board has agreed to open
itself for outside scrutiny.
Manohar has the reputation of being honest. He is also
known to be a person who speaks his mind without caring
too much for niceties. His reputation is certainly better
than that of his predecessors but Manohar did not have a
blemish-free tenure in his first stint as BCCI President. It
was during his earlier term that the IPL kicked off and the
controversial decision to tweak the BCCI constitution to
allow N. Srinivasan to own a team also took place under
his watch. As a legal expert, he could have seen the
conflict of interest issue inherent in allowing Srinivasans
India Cements to own the Chennai Super Kings.
Manohar has signalled his intent for ushering in reform.
As someone who argued last year that the Boards
reputation is the lowest that it has been in the 80 years
since it was founded, Manohar knows how high the
stakes are as millions of cricket lovers watch. Its up to
him to deliver now.

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Current Affairs: Sports


CRICKET
BangladeshreplaceWestIndiesin8team2017ICCChampionsTrophy
Bangladeshs breakout year in one-day cricket has earned
them a place in the ICC Champions Trophy for the first
time since 2006, the International Cricket Council
confirmed on September 30, 2015. Bangladesh has
replaced the West Indies among the eight sides to contest
the 2017 tournament, which will be played in England. An
excellent show in the 2015 World Cup saw Bangladesh
defeat England to advance to the quarter-finals. Since,
they have won One-Day International series against
Pakistan, India and South Africa, helping them jump from
ninth to seventh in the ICCs ODI rankings.
The West Indies have not played a one-day match since the World Cup, with a lack of matches denying them a chance to
rise up the rankings, with September 30 the cut-off date for qualification.
The 2017 Champions Trophy will be a 15-match tournament, with teams split into two groups of four. The top two teams
in each group will advance to the semi-finals.
The ICC also confirmed the cut-off date for direct qualification to the 2019 World Cup, also to be held in England. The
top eight ranked sides in the ODI rankings on September 30, 2017, will automatically qualify for the tournament. The
teams ranked 9-12 will have a second chance to qualify, playing off against other associate sides for the final two places
in the 10-team tournament.

PERSONS IN NEWS: Former India captain SouravGanguly, 43, was appointed the president of the Cricket
Association of Bengal (CAB), following the death of JagmohanDalmiya in September. Former Sri Lankan cricketer
RoshanMahanama (49), who has refereed in 58 Tests, 222 ODIs and 35 T20Is to date, has decided to step down from
the elite panel of ICC match referees at the end of the year. Former England cricketer Brian Close, who made his debut
against NZ in 1949 and went on to play 22 tests, passed away on September 14 at the age of 84.
TENNIS
India fail to enter Davis Cup World Group: Czech Republic
defeated hosts India 3-1 in the Davis Cup World Group Play-off tie in New
Delhi in September when Yuki Bhambri lost to Jiri Vesely 3-6, 5-7, 2-6 in
the fourth match of the best of five tie. The inconsequential fifth match was
not played. Bhambri had lost the first match to Lukas Rosol 2-6, 1-6, 5-7.
SomdevDevvarman levelled the tie 1-1 by beating Jiri Vesley 7-6(3), 6-4, 63 in the second match. Czechs went 2-1 up when their doubles pair of Adam
Pavlasek&RadekStepanek beat Leander Paes& Rohan Bopanna 7-5, 6-2, 6-2
in the third match. The result means that India will remain in the AsiaOceania Group 1 for next years competition
while the Czechs regained their place in the elite-16 nation World Group.
Belgium to face Britain in Davis Cup final: Hosts Belgium entered the Davis Cup final by defeating Argentina
3-2 in the semi-final 3-2 in Brussels while Britain got the better of Australia 3-2 in Glasgow to set up title clash in
November. While David Goffin (2 singles) and Steve Darcis (1 singles) won for the Belgians, Argentinas wins came
from Leonardo Mayer (Singles) and Carlos Berlocq and Leonardo Mayer (Doubles). At Glasgow, Andy Murray won 2
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Singles and the Doubles with his brother Jamie. Australias two wins came from Bernard Tomic and Thanasi Kokkinakis
in Singles.

BADMINTON
Korea Open: Indias Ajay Jayaram lost in the final of BWF World Superseries
Korea Open Badminton to World No.1 Chen Long of China Jayaram 21-14, 21-13 at
Seoul in September. Other title winners were South Koreas Sung Ji Hyun in
Womens Singles, South Koreans Lee Yong-Dae&YooYeon-Seong in Mens
Doubles, Indonesian pair GreysiaPolii&Nitya Kris Maheswari in Womens Doubles
and Chinas Zhang Nan & Zhao Yunlei in Mixed Doubles.

MISC: SainaNehwal presented her racquet, with which she became the first Indian
to win a silver medal at the Badminton World Championships, to Prime Minister
Narendra Modi on the occasion of his birthday (September 17) in New Delhi. Sports
equipment manufacturer Yonex founder Minoru Yoneyama was conferred the Badminton World Federations highest
honour - the Presidents Medal - for his truly exceptional contribution to the sport in Tokyo in September. The Sports
Ministry has included womens badminton doubles players JwalaGutta&AshwiniPonnappa in the TOP (Target
Olympic Podium) scheme which provides funding for training in preparation for Rio Olympics 2016.

FOOTBALL
The Indian football team has climbed up a place to occupy 155th spot in the latest FIFA rankings released in September
while Copa America runners-up Argentina continued to be at the top ahead of Belgium, in second position, and thirdplaced World Champions Germany. The 2022 Football World Cup in Qatar will start on November 21 and finish on
December 18. FIFA confirmed in September. Mizorams Government Chawngfiang Middle School lifted the 56th
Subroto Cup Sub-Junior(Under-14)Boysfootball trophy, beating Esteqalal School from Afghanistan 3-2 in the final at
Ambedkar Stadium in New Delhi in September. Former India footballer and member of the 1962 Asian Games gold
medal winning squad Prashanta Sinha passed away in Kolkata on September 22 at the age of 77.

EVENTS
The Olympic Council of Asia has included Kurash, a folk wrestling style practiced in Central Asia, in the sport program
of the 2018 Asian Games in Indonesia at its General Assembly meeting in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan in September.
Veteran Indian sports administrator Randhir Singh stood down as Secretary General of the Olympic Council of Asia
after occupying the post for 24 years. The South African city of Durban has officially been announced as host of the 2022
Commonwealth Games in September by the Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) while the 2018 Games will be
held at Australias Gold Coast.

MISC
LevonAronian of Armenia won the Sinquefield Cup Chess tournament in St. Louis
(USA) while Indias ViswanathanAnand finished ninth in September. Indias
Spaniard Borja Golan defeated Indias SauravGhosal 11-6, 11-4, 10-12, 11-5 in the
final to win the USD 35,000 CCI Open Squash Championships in Mumbai in
September. Indian Air Force (IAF) beat Army XI 21 to lift the 24th All India
Baba Farid Gold Cup hockey title at Faridkot in September. Formula 1 team
Ferraris Sebastian Vettel won the Singapore Grand Prix race at Marina Bay on
September 20 followed by Red Bulls Daniel Ricciardo in second and his Ferrari
team-mate KimiRaikkonen in the third spot.PankajAdvani won the IBSF World Billiards Championship by beating
beat Singapores Peter Gilchrist by 1168 points in the final at Adelaide (Australia) in September.JyotiGawate and
Bhanupratap Singh won the Womens and Mens races respectively at the Airtel Hyderabad Marathon on August 30.

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Current Affairs: Economy


Full MAT relief for FIIs: Foreign portfolio investors (FPIs) and foreign institutional investors (FIIs) have been
exempted from paying minimum alternate tax prior to April 1, 2015. Finance minister ArunJaitley said in September that
the government had accepted the recommendations of the Justice A.P. Shah panel and would now amend section 115JB
of the income tax act. Pending the amendment, the government will issue a circular directing income-tax officers not to
collect MAT from FPIs. In the last budget, Jaitley had exempted FIIs from paying MAT with effect from April 1, 2015,
necessitating the case for MAT prior to this date.
Over 300 cities identified for Housing for All scheme: The Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation ministry
government has identified over 300 cities and towns across nine states for implementing the Housing for All initiative,
under which two crore houses are targeted to be built for the poor in urban areas by 2022. The selected cities and towns
are in Chhattisgarh (36 cities/towns), Gujarat (30), Jammu and Kashmir (19), Jharkhand (15), Kerala (15), Madhya
Pradesh (74), Odisha (42), Rajasthan (40) and Telangana (34).

CBDT issue guidance notes on FATCA implementation: Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has
issued guidance notes on implementation of reporting requirements for the US law FATCA. Under Foreign Account Tax
Compliance Act (FATCA), foreign financial institutions that fail to give information about their American clients to US
authorities would face 30 per cent withholding tax. The Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) between India and US,
signed as part of FATCA implementation, requires the Indian FIs to provide necessary information to Indian tax
authorities, which will then be transmitted to the US automatically.

Economic growth down to 7% in April-June quarter: The GDP growth slowed to 7% in the April-June
quarter of 2015-16, from 7.5% in the January-March quarter of 2014-15, according to data from the Central Statistics
Office (CSO). Meanwhile the fiscal deficit in the first four months of current financial year stood at Rs 3.85 lakh crore,
or 69.3% of Budget estimates for 2015-16, as government stepped up its expenditure. The fiscal deficit during April-July
2014-15 was 61.2% of the Budget estimates. The fiscal deficit -- gap between expenditure and revenue -- for the entire
current fiscal has been pegged at Rs 5.55 lakh crore, or 3.9% of the GDP. The fiscal deficit was Rs 5.01 lakh crore, or 4%
of GDP, in 2014-15.

TRAI proposes compensation to consumers for calls drops: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India,
TRAI has proposed that service providers should compensate mobile subscribers for call drops and poor quality of
services. The Telecom regulator released a paper, stating that any call which gets dropped within five seconds would not
be charged, and in case a call gets dropped any time after five seconds, the last pulse of the call should not be included
for the purpose of charging. TRAI Chairman Ram Sewak Sharma also floated a consultation paper seeking public view
on the proposal.
Spectrum trading allowed: The Government approved telecom spectrum trading norms in September, allowing
mobile operators to buy or lend airwaves from one another. The telecom companies will now be able to trade un-utilised
spectrum, in all bands. Spectrum trading will be allowed only between two access service providers. Only outright
transfer of right to use the spectrum from the seller to the buyer shall be permitted. This will be is especially helpful for
those companies that had bid and won airwaves but couldnt expand their customer base. The move is likely to ease the
recent spurt in call drops.

Defence industrial licence validity extended: To improve ease of doing business and boost defence
manufacturing, government decided to increase the validity of industrial licence to 15 years with a provision to further
extend by up to 18 years. The Commerce and Industry Ministry said in September that this is being done in view of the
long gestation period of defence contracts to mature. Currently, the initial validity of industrial licence for defence sector
is seven years, further extendable up to 10 years. In 2014, the government raised the foreign direct investment policy in
the defence sector to 49 per cent, from the earlier 26 per cent.

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October 2015-Issue-I

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Business Biography
Fred DeLuca: Food fiesta

The sandwich shop opened by him at the age of 17 to help pay for college after graduating high school has
grown into one of the worlds largest fast food franchisees

Subway co-founder Fred DeLuca died on September 14 at


the age of 67. DeLucas death came weeks
after the 50th anniversary of Subway,
which is the worlds biggest restaurant
chain by locations with more than 44,000.
Subway, which sells made-to-order
sandwiches,
including
foot-long
submarines so called for their oblong
buns and salads, beverages and desserts,
grew phenomenally in the 1970s, when it began using
franchises to expand. It undercut its competitors with
relatively low start-up costs, lower prices and marketing
that emphasized fresh ingredients and lower-calorie,
reduced-sodium foods.

StartingSubway
DeLuca was born in Brooklyn on October, 3, 1947 to
Salvatore and Carmela Ombres DeLuca. His father was a
factory worker.After he graduated from high school in
Bridgeport Connecticut, DeLuca had planned on
becoming a doctor. That was why he started the sub shop
with Buck to support his college education.
He only opened up the sandwich store after his job at a
hardware store failed to provide him enough wages to pay
for school. I knew nothing about making sandwiches, nor
the food industry, DeLuca recalls in his bookStart Small
Finish Big: Fifteen Key Lessons to Start and Run
Your Own Successful Business.
It wasnt intended to support me forever, DeLuca, who
gave up plans for a medical career and received a degree
in psychology from the University of Bridgeport in 1971,
wrote in his book. At a family barbecue Buck, a family
friend and nuclear engineer with General Electric, and
DeLuca talked shop about the sandwich venture.Buck
provided start-up money and became a full partner. Thats
when DeLuca rented a small store for $165 a month in
downtown Bridgeport where he built a takeout counter
and opened on August 28, 1965 and sold a various
assortment of Italian subs.
His first sandwich shop, named Petes Submarines to
acknowledge the loan Buck, was not a success. Its name
had to be changed after his local radio advertisements,

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delivered in his native Brooklyn accent, confused many


listeners, who thought he was saying
Pizza Marines.
The name was changed to the snappier
Subway in 1968, and the pair decided to
fuel growth by franchising, or letting
others open Subway stores in exchange
for fees.

Legacy
Today Subway has more locations (44,268) than
McDonalds(36,000) and KFC (18,000)combined.
The gregariousDeLuca was hands-on chief executive,
personally signing company checks, making corporate
decisions, traveling the country in an old car and stopping
at Subway outlets incognito to sample the food and
service and talk with franchise owners and customers.
In a statement, the company said DeLuca was an
extremely ambitious businessman and bright and
analytical thinker who thought of Subways worldwide
workforce as members of his extended family.He was
always very proud of the work of his HQ staff, the
statement said, and thousands of developers, franchisees,
Sandwich Artists, suppliers and partners who he often and
affectionately called The Greatest Team in Franchising
History.
While DeLucas success story was often portrayed as
inspirational, Subways extraordinary growth was
achieved with aggressive, sometimes questionable, tactics
and despite sometimes unflattering publicity.
Subways business tactics drew lawsuits, government
investigations, run-ins with regulatory agencies, disputes
with landlords and complaints by franchisees of being
misled or defrauded. Over the years, the fast food giant
settled many claims, paid fines and reviewed and
modified some of its business practices. But it also
produced thousands of success stories among franchise
owners, many with no previous commercial experience,
who profited from the companys training, marketing and
guidance.

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Current Affairs: Corporate


RANKINGS&INDEXES
Hurun Reports India Rich List: The population of the super-rich continues to grow
in India, reveals the latest edition of Hurun Reports India Rich List 2015. There are 296 high
net-worth individuals (that is, whose assets are valued above Rs. 1,600 crore). Reliance
Industries boss MukeshAmbani continues to be the richest Indian with assets valued at Rs.
1,60,951 crore followed by pharmaceuticals tycoon DilipShanghvi of Sun Pharma and
Britain-based SP Hinduja. Others in the list include DhirajRajaram of data analytics firm Mu
Sigma, Sameer Gehlaut of India Bulls, BalakrishnaGoenka of Welspun, AnkitBhati&Bhavish
Aggarwal of Ola Cabs. Indu Jain (Bennett, Coleman & Co Ltd) is the richest woman in the
list.

Global Innovation Index: India has slipped to 81st position in the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2015 report, a
decline by five positions as compared to 2014. Switzerland topped the GII followed by the United Kingdom and Sweden
securing number two and three positions respectively. The GII, co-published by Cornell University, INSEAD and the
World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), surveyed 141 economies around the world, using 79 indicators to
gauge both innovative capabilities and measurable results. Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) was a knowledge
partner in the initiative.

BrandZ Top 50 Most Valuable Indian Brands: HDFC Bank Ltd retained its top position in a list of Indias
50 most valuable brands released in September. The bank has a brand value of $12.6 billion, according to the BrandZ
rankings compiled by research agency Millward Brown and commissioned by WPP. Airtel is No: 2 followed by State
Bank of India, ICICI Bank Ltd and Asian Paints Ltd. The valuation methodology combines financial data with the
perceptions of Indian consumers.

Fortunes Most Powerful Women in Business: PepsiCo CEO IndraNooyi is the sole Indian-origin executive
in Fortunes list of 50 Most Powerful Women in Business, which has been topped by General Motors CEO Mary Barra.
India-born Nooyi is ranked 2nd on the list. The list also includes IBM CEO GinniRometty on the third rank, Facebook
COO Sheryl Sandberg on 8th, and Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer at 18th.
Fortunes Most Powerful Women in Asia-Pacific: Indian Bankers have been ranked as top two in a list of
most powerful women in Asia Pacific prepared by the global magazine Fortune. ChandaKochhar, 53, who heads the
countrys largest private sector lender ICICI Bank has been ranked at the top. She is followed by Arundhati
Bhattacharya, the Chairperson of the countrys largest lender State Bank of India. State-run oil marketing company
Hindustan Petroleum Corporations CMD Nishi Vasudeva made it to the list at fifth rank. Countrys third largest private
sector lender Axis Banks MD & CEO Shikha Sharma comes in at the ninth spot in the list.

HAPPENINGS
GM fined $900 million over faulty ignition switches: General Motors Co on September 17, 2015 agreed to
pay $900 million and admit to misleading the government and the public about the safety of its vehicles to end a U.S.
criminal investigation into its handling of defective ignition switches linked to 124 deaths. The ignition switch defect
caused some Chevrolet Cobalts, Saturn Ions and other GM vehicles to stall, preventing airbags from deploying during
crashes.

Wipro to provide ambulances for Delhi: The AAP government signed an MoU with tech giant Wipro in
September for procuring and maintaining 110 modern ambulances, besides setting up and operating a modern control
room, under its Home to Hospital Care Scheme to provide free ambulance services in the national capital.
HCL, Wipro get contracts from EPL clubs: Wipro bagged contract to become a digital partner of a English
Premier Leagues Chelsea Football Club as its official digital and IT partner in September. Also HCL Technologies,
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bagged a three-year contract to enable Manchester United in the clubs digital transformation journey. As part of this,
HCL would create a United Xperience Lab to be housed within Old Trafford stadium. Meanwhile Infosys signed a deal
with ATP, the governing body for professional mens tennis, to become the Global Technology Services Partner and
Platinum Sponsor of the ATP World Tour.

Sony, BBC to set up Sony BBC Earth: Multi Screen Media Private Ltd, part of Sony Corporation, has entered
into a joint venture with BBC Worldwide to set up Sony BBC Earth -- a new premium factual channel -- in India. Sony
BBC Earth will combine information and entertainment in real surroundings and would cater to Indian audiences looking
for thrill and adventure of exploring natural environments. MSM comprises of Sony Entertainment Television, Sony
MAX, SAB, Sony Pix and AXN, among others.
Bharat Dynamics test fires Amogha: Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) announced that it had successfully testfired an indigenously developed second generation, 2.8 km range, anti-tank guided missile called Amogha-1. The test
firing was carried out on September 10 at Babina Army Range in Madhya Pradesh.

Federal Brands sues Levis India over Live In jeans: Federal Brands, the owner of Live In jeans, has filed a
suit against Levis India for infringement of copyright and sought damages of Rs 75 crore after the US apparel company
launched a global marketing campaign - the Live In Levis Project. The suit is listed in the Bombay High Court,
according to the courts website. The Indian denim maker sought the courts intervention to stop Levi Strauss & Co from
using the prefix Live In.

PERSONSINNEWS
APPONTMENTSPublic Sector: State-run power equipment maker Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL)
appointed AtulSobti as its next chairman and managing director in September. Durgapur Steel Plants CEO P.K. Singh
was appointed new Chairman of the Steel Authority Of India Ltd (SAIL) in October. D.K. Likhi was appointed Chairman
and Managing Director of Hyderabad-based Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited, a Mini Ratna PSU under the Defence
Ministry, in September. Prabhat Kumar Singh took over as the new Managing Director and CEO of Petronet LNG Ltd,
Indias biggest liquefied natural gas importer, in September.

APPONTMENTSPrivate Sector: HT Media Executive Director BenoyRoychowdhury was appointed as the


Chairman of Advertising Standards Council of India (ASCI) in September. Realty major DLF announced appointment of
its two whole-time directors Rajeev Talwar and MohitGujral as co-CEOs of the company in September.

BRAND AMBASSADORS: World No. 1 ranked Badminton player SainaNehwal has been roped in as the brand
ambassador of Edelweiss Financial Services which has Rashesh Shah as its Chairman & CEO. Hollywood star Hugh
Jackman has landed a new role as a global ambassador for his native Australias national airline Qantas.
OTHERSI: Kumar Mangalam Birla has purchased the iconic Jatia House in the plush Malabar Hill area in
Mumbai for a whopping Rs 425 crore -- making it the priciest property deal in the megapolis. Cyrus Poonawalla,
chairman of paediatric vaccine maker Serum Institute of India belonging to the Poonawalla Group, has purchased
Lincoln House at Breach Candy in South Mumbai for a whopping Rs 750 crore from the US government in September.

OTHERSII: Paul Polman, the CEO of Unilever, is the winner of this years United Nations Champions of the Earth
Award in the Entrepreneurial Vision category in September. Fred DeLuca, the CEO and co-founder of Subway who
helped build his sandwich shops into the worlds largest restaurant chain, died at age 67 on September 14.
SanjeevBikhchandani, founder and promoter of Info Edge, which runs portals naukri.com and jeevansathi.com, has
transferred 12,900 personal shares to employees in September.

LAUNCHES
GADGETS: Apple announced the launch of 12.9 inch iPad Pro, the largest iPad Apple has ever made, along with
iPhone 6S, iPhone 6S plus in September. Micromax subsidiary Yu unveiled its 4G device Yuniquepriced at Rs 4,999 on
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e-commerce portals in September. Domestic handset-maker Lava launched the Pixel V2 smartphone at a price of
Rs.10,750 in September. Samsung launched phabletGalaxy Note 5 starting at Rs. 53,900. Indian handset-maker Intex
Technologies launched Aqua Glam - a new smartphone exclusively for women - at a price of Rs.7,690 in September.
Micromax co-founder Rahul Sharmas Yu Televentures has launched a portable printer called YUPix compatible with
Android and iOS smartphones and priced at Rs 6999. Motorola launched smartphone Moto X Play for Rs 18,499 in
September. Philips Lighting has launched its Philips Hue web-based LED lighting solution, which allows users to
control home lighting anytime, anywhere, in India. Navigation technology company MapmyIndia launched a match box
size equivalent GPS enabled tracking device, SafeMate, in September that continuously transmits the live location of
person to be tracked on mobile phone and computer.

AUTOMOBILES: Automaker Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) plans to roll out Jeep brand next year in India. The
company plans to showcase Jeep in the Auto Expo in 2016; both Grand Cherokee and Wrangler brands would be
launched. Tata Motors-owned Jaguar Land Rover launched its latest SUV, the seven-seaterDiscovery Sport in
September in four variants with a starting price of Rs 46.1 lakh. Mahindra & Mahindra (M&M) launched compact SUV
TUV300 at an introductory price starting at Rs 6.9 lakh in September as it aims to take on the likes of Ford EcoSport and
Renault Duster. Maruti Suzuki India launched a limited edition version of its popular model WagonR, named Avance,
with prices starting at Rs 4.30 lakh in September. Mercedes-Benz launched its new sub-brand Maybach inIndia.
FINANCIAL SERVICES: Axis Bank launched LIME, a mobile phone application offering wallet, shopping,
payments and banking facilities in September. Public sector lender Indian Bank launched IndPay, a mobile application
service that enables its customers to operate bank accounts from anywhere, anytime, in September. Infosys launched two
new financial products -- Finacle Payments Bank and Finacle Small Finance Bank solutions -- to tap opportunity in the
newly announced payments banks segment in September. SBI Card rolled out an online specific credit card branded
SimplyCLICK in association with seven partners including Amazon India, BookMyShow and Cleartrip in September.
FOOD: Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), the owner of brand Amul, re-launched its wheyprotein based sports drink Stamina in PET bottles in September to compete with Gatorade of PepsiCo, Glucon D
Isotonik of Heinz India and Lucozade from Glaxo SmithKline. Coca-Cola is rolling out its Fuze range of tea, a $1 billion
global brand, in India in a move aimed at widening its portfolio of healthier beverages to compete with Hindustan
Unilevers Lipton ice tea, which is sold in a tie-up with PepsiCo. Creating a new category of branded sugar to expand its
portfolio, E.I.D. Parry (India) Ltd has launched Parrys Amrit in September.
E-COMMERCE: E-commerce giant Amazon.in announced expansion of its consumer electronics store in India in
September with the launch of AmazonBasics. Times Group launched a realty and property news channel Property
Now in September. Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Dharmendra Pradhan on August 30 launched Sahaj, the
online release of new liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) connections, through the portal mylpg.in.

HOTELS & FMCG: Budget hotels marketplace OYO Rooms has launched a new brand called OYO WE, a
Womens Exclusive for women travelers with all-women staff and special amenities for women. Luxury chain ITC
Hotels was the first to conceptualize Eva rooms exclusively for women travellers in the 1990s. Arvind Lifestyle signed
deal to launch cosmetics brand Sephora owned by LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton in India in September.

MERGERS&ACQUISITIONS
FOOD: The Minneapolis-based General Mills, which owns brands like, agreed to sell its Green Giant and Le Sueur
vegetable businesses to B&G Foods Inc for about $ 765 million in cash in September. FMCG major Hindustan Unilever
Ltd (HUL) sold the bread and bakery business under Modern brand to Everstone Groups Nimman Foods Pvt Ltd for
an undisclosed sum in September.

VEHCILES: Hero Cycles bought Delhi-based Firefox Bikes in September for an undisclosed sum to expand its
presence in the countrys premium cycle market. JK Group announced a deal to acquire BK Birla flagship firm Kesoram
Industriestyre manufacturing plant at Haridwar for up to Rs 2,200 crore in September.
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Cyber Buzz
Office2016launched: Microsoft has released its
latest Office 2016. Microsoft had
added real-time co-editing to its Web
apps in 2013. It has now added it to
the desktop app so the users can
collaborate without opening their browser. Skype for
Business is now incorporated into the apps so the users
can video chat, instant message or share files within
documents themselves. Also, Office 2016 has added
search and integrates with Cortana to provide contextual
results. The users can ask about their calendar for the day,
search in documents and more. Outlook now with a new
Office 365 Groups feature allows the users to see shared
inboxes, calendars and notebooks within the app and the
app has received a big performance bump for live
search which is much faster. In addition, a new app,
Office 365 Planner is included with Office 2016 which is
a task tracking style app for getting projects done on time.

Wikipedia blocks paid edits: Wikipedia said


in September that it has blocked more than 300 accounts
being used by people being paid to create or tweak entries
at the communally sourced online encyclopedia.
Investigations revealed 381 accounts being used at the
English version of Wikipedia for black hat editing in
which people took money to promote outside interests
without disclosing they were on someones payroll.
Wikipedia is powered mostly by volunteers and bars paid
advocacy that is not disclosed. Along with blocking the
381 sockpuppet accounts, Wikipedia editors deleted
210 articles created by people using those accounts.

Cyberbullying expert gets FB grant:


Sameer Hinduja, an Indian-American cyberbullying
expert has received a grant of USD 188,000 from
Facebook in September to study cyberbullying and dating
violence among teenagers in US. The overarching goal of
this study is to illuminate the nationwide prevalence,
frequency and scope of cyberbullying and electronic
dating violence among a population of youth in US.
Hinduja is Co-Director of the Cyberbullying Research
Centre and a professor of criminology and criminal
justice at Florida Atlantic University.

Jawboneintroducesnewdevices: US-based
Jawbone has introduced three new devices, priced
between Rs 4,999 and Rs 14,999, that will be available
through e-commerce firm Amazon. The company said its
UP app and Smart Coach system can help people better
understand their health and well-being by tracking sleep,
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activity and nutrition. The UP app, powered by Smart


Coach, turns user data into personalised guidance, giving
them actionable insights and challenges to help improve
their sleep, activity and diet.

Instagram opens for advertisers: Popular


photo-sharing platform Instagram has opened up its
platform for advertisers. Starting this month it will allow
advertisers, large and small, to run ads on the platform in
India. This will allow Facebook to further increase its
reach to garner better revenue from advertisers targeting
mobile users. Instagram will offer a new suite of features,
including more action-oriented ad formats, landscape
images and videos, and the ability to reach the right
group, leveraging Facebooks ad management
technology.
FB launches Mentions for journalists:
Facebook has released its live streaming app called
Mentions an iOS app, which will now be available also to
the journalists with verified Facebook profiles or pages.
The iOS app was exclusive earlier only for the celebrities.
The social networking portal said it wanted to make
Facebook a better experience for journalists whether it is
used for newsgathering or better connecting with their
readers or to drive distribution to their content.
MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS: Snapdeal has
acquired Reduce Data, a Silicon Valley startup, for an
undisclosed amount to strengthen its discovery platform
in September. Bangalore-based table reservation platform
Dineout has acquired inResto Service. Car portal
CarDekho has acquired Times Internet owned auto portal
Zigwheels.
Doctor
discovery
platform
Practo
Technologies concluded a deal to acquire healthcare
startup Qikwell Technologies. Payments services
provider Suvidha Infoserve (founded by Paresh Rajde)
acquired AasaanPay (founded by Sainath Gupta, Pruthvi
Sabbu and Shashank Sahni), the first Indian mPOS
(mobile Point Of Sale) platform.
HindiTwitterMooshaklaunched: A Hindi
networking site Mooshak envisaged on the lines of
popular English social media platform Twitter was
launched in Bhopal in September. This new networking
site is targeted at Hindi language buffs. The word limit on
Twitter is 140, while in Mooshak it is 500 words.
Mooshak can be accessed on smart-phones by
downloading it from Google Play Store or visiting its
website of the same name.

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Science & Technology


MdoseDiclofenacbantosavevultures

PSLVC30placesAstrosatinorbit

The Centre has banned the sale of multi-dose vials of


common painkiller diclofenac over its reported misuse in
the veterinary sector, which resulted in vultures deaths.

ISROs reliable work horse Polar Satellite Launch


Vehicle (PSLV), in its 31st flight (PSLV-C30), launched
the indigenous 1,513 kg Astrosat into a 650-km orbit on
September 28. Along with Astrosat, six satellites from
international customers were launched in this PSLV
flight.

Acting on a recommendation from the Environment


Ministry, the Health Ministry banned the sale of
diclofenac vials containing more than one dose, said an
Environment Ministry official. Only single-dose vials
will now be available in medicine shops.
Though use of diclofenac to treat cattle was banned in
2006, the ministry fears multi-dose vials available in the
market for human use could be widely misused for
veterinary purpose. This, in turn, has a severe impact on
the countrys vulture population.
Populations of three vulture species declined markedly in
the Indian subcontinent since the mid-1990s as they were
killed after ingesting diclofenac. The Bundelkhand region
continues to be one of the problem areas.
The scavenger birds ingest the drug when feeding on
carcasses of domesticated ungulates treated with the drug
shortly before death.
Diclofenac is harmless to cattle, but fatal for vultures.
Studies have shown the drug causes kidney and liver
failure in them. All the vulture species are now
endangered.
A 2011 Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) study
showed the proportion of cattle carcasses in India
contaminated with diclofenac declined by over 40 per
cent between 2006 and 2008 after the ban. The drugs
concentration in the carcasses also came down.
Another BNHS report in 2007 showed the population of
oriental white-backed vultures in India dropped by an
average of more than 40 per cent per year from 2000 to
2007, and 99.9 per cent since 1992 to just about 11,000.
The populations of long-billed and slender-billed
Vultures also fell about 97 per cent over the same period,
to around 45,000 and 1,000, respectively, in 2007.
A new research by conservationists from Cambridge
University, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and
BNHS documented signs of change.
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The PSLV-C30 rocket had a precise lift off at 10 a.m.


from the first launch pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre
(SHAR) in Sriharikota (AP).
The successful launch was also a milestone for ISRO,
which has now over 50 foreign satellites into their
intended orbit. Apart from Astrosat, the PSLV-C30
carried LAPAN-A2, a micro-satellite from Indonesia;
NLS-14 (Ev9), a nanosatellite from Canada; four Lemur
nano satellites from the US. Till todays launch, ISRO
has so far launched 45 foreign satellites on a commercial
basis.
AS Kiran Kumar, Chairman, Indian Space Research
Organisation (ISRO) said that It took nearly a decade to
develop a full-fledged astronomy satellite as multiple
research institutions were involved in the programme
along with ISRO. Astrosat is Indias first dedicated
astronomy satellite or a space observatory to look at
objects in the sky from multiple wavelengths. Astrosat
now joins the elite group of three other space
observatories Hubble of the US, Spektr R of Russia and
Suzaku of Japan in astronomical observations.
In contrast to the satellites launched by India so far,
Astrostat is the first one that is dedicated to space
observation and unlocking the mysteries of the universe.
India has ground-based telescopes such as the Giant
Metrewave Radio Telescope near Pune and the Indian
Astronomical Observatory in Ladakh. However, without
a space telescope, scientists so far relied on resources of
NASA and the European Space Agency to study
radiation bands that carry information about neutron
stars, newly born or exploding stars and the spiralling hot
gases around black holes. Now, the indigenous Astrosat
will help in understanding high energy processes in
binary star systems containing neutron stars and black
holes, estimate magnetic fields of neutron stars and study
star birth regions and high energy processes in star
systems lying beyond the galaxy.

October 2015-Issue-I

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RECENT RELEASES
ForgingCapitalisminNehrusIndia

NoRegrets

The
prospects
for
industrial development
in the early years of
independent india were
plagued by a number of
interrelated
issues.
indian industrialists of
the post-independence
era had either evolved
from the ranks of
merchants
and
moneylenders of the
colonial period or from
wartime speculators and
hoarders. in general,
their interests lay in
short-term speculative gains rather than in sustained
industrial growth.

The dramatic build-up to


the
overnight
nationalization of fourteen
banks
in
a
single
legislative sweep sets the
stage for No Regrets. In
this book, bureaucrat
extraordinaire D.N. Ghosh
offers
an
eyewitness
account of perhaps the
most important event in
Indias banking history
post-Independence, baring
the manoeuvrings behind
the enabling ordinance and
the pickle over fair
compensation for the dispossessed bank owners.

In addition, the impoverished condition of the peasantry


resulted in the prospects of attractive returns through the
diversion of urban resources to the rural moneylending
market. let alone preventing fresh industrial investment,
this diversion bled the industrial sector of funds to cover
even the replacement costs of plant and machinery.
finally, because of the nexus long established between
some sections of the owners of capital and the congress
party, decisive corrective intervention by the government
after independence became a problematic political task.
In Forging Capitalism in Nehrus India: Neocolonialism
and the State (1940-1970), Nasir Tyabji examines the
processes by which these problems, exacerbated by
colonial nonchalance, were comprehended by the
political executive in independent india, and shows how
measures of social engineering were attempted in order to
reform the more extreme cases of capitalist cupidity.
Tyabji is an economic historian with interests in the areas
of technology, innovation, and the social aspects of
industrialization. After some years spent at the Madras
Institute of Development Studies, Chennai, and the Nehru
Memorial Museum and Library, New Delhi, he taught at
the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
Subsequently, he moved to Jamia Millia Islamia, New
Delhi, and retired as the Director and Professor from the
Centre for Jawaharlal Nehru Studies. He continues to edit
the centres journal History and Sociology of South Asia.
www.endeavorcareers.com

But thats not all. Years later, Ghosh enters the portals of
the State Bank of India as its chairman, at a time when
the stirrings of change have just begun to be felt in the
Indian economy. Anticipating the future, he goes for a
paradigm shift: to rid profit of its dirty word tag and
place it at the core of the banks operating strategy.
Gradually, he takes SBI into the capital markets,
establishes its credit standing globally, launches Indias
first mutual fund and, above all, cajoles the trade unions
into accepting full computerization.
Post-retirement, Ghosh steps into the corporate world.
During this period he deals with scarcely veiled threats
from a mighty corporate house and even finds himself
verbally assaulted by the promoter of an erstwhile bank.
In between, the could-have-been-academic tills the soil
for certain reputable management institutes (IIM-L) to
bloom and grow even as he sets up the credit rating
agency, ICRA.
Full of untold stories, No Regrets is an honest-togoodness account of a glorious career spanning over six
decades and covering some epochal events whose
reverberations continue to be felt in the corridors of
bureaucracy, banking and business to this day.
An authority in banking and financial history, D.N.
Ghosh was associated with the evolution of banking in
India for over three decades as a policy maker and as
administrator.

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

26

Group Discussion
BCCI must be brought under government regulation
FOR

AGAINST

The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is


neither greater than the government nor is it above the
law and the Constitution. The revenues coming from sale
of TV rights, sponsorships and ticket sales has made
cricket Indias only sport that is a money spinner. The
Board has shown itself to be an unreliable custodian of
these funds. The BCCI and its self-serving administrators
have been sullying the image of the sport by their
unethical conduct and getting away for years.

The BCCI has been projected as the source of all ills


plaguing the administration of the game in the country.
Controversies such as spot-fixing and betting will
continue, no matter who is in charge of administration of
the game. The problems facing the Boards functioning
should be resolved within the four walls of the board. The
men who matter there are wise enough not to let others
put question marks over the future of a body that has put
Indian cricket on the world map.

The cabal of politicians, cutting across party lines,


holding top positions in the BCCI and its state level
affiliates are the root cause of this problem. The huge
sums of money and influence involved in the
management of the sport have created a fertile ground for
political interference. These politicians gang together and
thwart any attempts to bring transparency in the
administration of the game. Many of them own large
stakes in the teams playing in the lucrative IPL.

In terms of finances, the BCCI is not facing any problem.


It has given players around the country the best possible
facilities in the world and the players have responded in
the best possible manner. As a cricketing nation, we have
won the 50-over and the 20-over World Cups. This shows
that the board has been running the game well. Then why
should there be any talk of the need for the government to
take control?

When there was calls for bringing the BCCI under the
purview of the Right to Information Act, senior ministers
manning top positions in the Board opposed the move
tooth and nail. As a first step in the cleansing operation,
the government has to intervene and the BCCI should be
immediately brought under the RTI.
The accounts of the BCCI must be subjected to
independent audit. The Board has been known to have
evaded tax and violated RBI norms on Foreign Exchange
Management Act.
The action for reform is unlikely to come from the state
cricket associations which are at the beck and call of the
Board that that has been doling out huge sums money to
them annually for development of the sport in their
respective states. Their spending has never been subjected
to any scrutiny. At least six state associations are battling
charges under the Prevention of Corruption Act.
Obviously, these associations cannot think of opposing
the BCCI which shields them from any blame.
The BCCI selects players to represent India, and it uses
the countrys flag and anthem. It discharges functions that
are normally carried out by a sovereign state. Yet, it
refuses to play by the rules. Who has given it such
privileges?
www.endeavorcareers.com

The credibility of cricket in India had taken a beating


because of a few who betrayed the noble principles of the
game during the last IPL. Its not just the players but also
few administrators as well who networked with bookies
to make a quick buck.But the BCCI has been hard on
those indulging in bringing disrepute to the sport. Justice
has been swiftly meted out to the guilty and they have
been barred from the game for long periods. It promptly
slapped life bans on S. Sreesanth and Ankeet Chavan for
their involvement in the IPL spot-fixing scandal. In the
betting case the law has started taking its course. What
else could the board do to check corruption?
In fixing the match fixers the board has hit the nail on the
head. Money lures youngsters into wrong deeds, but from
now on all will know the consequences. Its hard to put a
lid on every bad deed. People may be ambitious about
higher earnings, but you cant go over to the wrong side
of the road to earn a quick buck.
For now, the BCCI has got its act right with regard to
handling the men who had been caught red-handed. The
fixing saga shall peter out eventually and the justice will
prevail. There is no need for the government that
doesnt understand or know about the sport and has a
poor record of managing other sports to enter the fray
and take on the job of the BCCI. After all cricket is the
only sport where India calls the shots on the world stage.

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

27

Crossword(Solution on page No: 35)


ACROSS
1. Capital of Rajasthan (6)
4. Akbars grandfather (5)
7 & 47 across: He bagged a 2.4
million dollar contract with the
Kolkata Knight Riders (6.7)
13. Swindle or double-cross
(3,4)
14. Place where theres a
spring (3)
15. Withdraw, fall back or
rescind (7)
16. Liver secretion or illtemper? (4)
17. Assoc in App Science (3)
18. One of top 16 at
Wimbledon, e.g. (4)
21. Avoid humiliation, preserve
esteem? (4,4)
23. Thick slice of bread (8)
27. Where a trapped person
finds himself? (2, 1, 6)
29. Carnivorous arthropod with
segmented body (9)
31. The passing of a bill into
law (9)
32. The____: on the eve of
should we say? (3, 6)
33. Sad, pitiful or lamentable
(8)
37. An area for graves or tombs
(8)
42. How Mrs Hubbard found
the cupboard (4)
ACROSS
43. Also know asin short? (1, 1, 1)
44. A mark left after an injury has healed? (4)
47. See 7
48. Air Pollution Index (3)

ACROSS
49. Undistinguished descendants of the great (7)
50. Ex-India all-rounder Salim _ (6)
51. Adorn with precious stones (5)
52. Feeling concern or interest about (6)

DOWN
1. Delayed bodily effects due to long journey by plane? (3.3)
2. Sacred painting, mosaic, etc. in an orthodox church (4)
3. Put to use or make use of (7)
5. Alleviate, diminish or ease (7)
6. Collected or piled up (7)
8. Simple and natural? (7)
9. Abound or surround in great numbers (4)
10. More friendly, informally speaking? (6)
11. An excessive accumulation of serous fluid (6)
12. Played quickly (music) (6)
19. Palindromic Indian language (9)
20. Person or thing one particularly dislikes? (4,5)
22. Madras city as it is now called (7)
24. Barred as born a year or two too soon? (7)

DOWN
25. Dried, evaporated or ventilated? (5)
26. Yellow fever bug (5)
28. Frequently (3)
30. In-flight entertainment (3)
34. Pagan (7)
35. Not belonging to us? (6)
36. Travesty (7)
37. A highly poisonous substance (7)
38. Great numbers or religious ceremonies? (6)
39. Russian empress (7)
40. Implored or beseeched (6)
41. Oh my _feet: my legs are paining a lot? (6)
45. Mid-East VIP (4)
46. Lines or curves satisfying a given geometric condition (4)

www.endeavorcareers.com

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

28

Do you remember?
(All questions based on content of previous issue; Answers on page No: 30)

1. Who

19. Who was appointed the new Chairman of the National

2.

20. Scientist S.A.V. SatyaMurty was appointed as Director

3.

4.
5.

6.

7.

8.

9.
10.
11.

12.

13.
14.

15.

16.

17.
18.

replaced Martin Winterkorn as CEO of


Volkswagen in September?
Who was the designer of Beetle car at Volkswagen?
His surname is one of the brands at Volkswagen.
Under the One Rank One Pension scheme for the exservicemen, pension will be revised after every ______
(3/5/7/9) years.
Expand the abbreviation MCOCA.
How many additional days of work will people in
drought-hit areas get under the MGNREGA scheme
due to monsoon deficit in various parts of the country
(10/25/50/75)?
Who organised a 574-km long ultra marathon from
Pathankot to Ghaziabad to commemorate the Golden
Jubilee of the 1965 war in September (Army/Navy/Air
Force/BSF)?
What is the slogan for the portal launched by HRD
Minister for promotion of a National Apprenticeship
Scheme in September?
The Supreme Court imposed a fine of Rs 25,000 on
Ministry of Woman and Child Development in
September for not appointing Chairperson of which
organisation related to children?
Which is the first railway zone to eliminate all
unmanned level crossings from its region?
Whose term as Chairman of the Law Commission
ended in September?
Who is the author of 1965, Turning the Tide: How
India Won the War? It is the official version of the
war launched by the army in September.
Engineers Day was observed on September 15, 2015
in honour of ____ (Sir C. V. Raman/Vikram
Sarabhai/P. C. Mahalanobis/Sir M. Visvesvaraya).
Hindi Divas (Hindi Day) was observed on ______,
2015.
National Nutrition Week was observed from ________
to _____ with the theme Better Nutrition: Key to
Development.
Which honour was bestowed on Indian-American
author JhumpaLahiri by US President Barack Obama
in September?
Who received KK Birla Foundations Bihari
Puraskar-2014 for his book Muanjodaro in
September?
Who took over as the new Union Home Secretary in
September? He replaced L.C. Goyal.
L.C. Goyal took over as the new head of which
organisation related to international trade in
September?

www.endeavorcareers.com

Highways Authority of India (NHAI) in September?

21.

22.

23.
24.

25.
26.

27.
28.

29.
30.

31.

32.

33.

34.
35.

36.

of which organisation in the field of atomic energy in


September?
TrilochanMohapatra was appointed as Director of
which organisation in the field of agriculture in
September?
Abhilash Bhardwaj was appointed as Chairman of
which organisation in the field of atomic energy in
September?
Wilfred De Souza died on September 4 at the age of
88. He was the former Chief Minister of which state?
Mahendra Pandya passed away in Vadodara on August
28 at the age of 89. He was a well-known ____
(musician/doctor/lawyer/sculptor).
Which is the first monument in the world to get an
official twitter account in August?
Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh laid the
foundation stone for the National Research Centre on
Integrated Farming (NRCIF) in which district of Bihar
in August?
The movie Manjhi - The Mountain Man is based on
the life of ______ Manjhi.
Which Chief Minister launched the Rajiv Gandhi
Illuminating Scheme for Hill Town Advancement
(RISHTA) in August? Virbhadra Singh
Which Chief Minister claimed his state as Indias first
totally digital state in August?
Sanat Mehta died in Vadodara on August 20 at the age
of 90. He was the first Chairman of which important
infrastructure project for Gujarat?
Which state will develop NakshatraVatikas in
government schools to educate students about
constellations and medicinal properties of trees?
Which state saw the inauguration of Centre of
Excellence for Vegetables developed with assistance
from Israel in August?
Who were fined Rs. 60 crore by the Supreme Court for
the Uphaar Cinema fire tragedy case of 1997 that
killed 59?
Which island was renamed as Abdul Kalam Island by
Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik in September?
Which states Karunya Benevolent Fund provides
money for treatment of poor people from the sale of
lottery tickets?
Which Chief Minister launched the Indira
AmmaBhojan for providing subsidised food to people
in August?

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve


37. BhamashahSwasthyaBimaYojana is health insurance
38.
39.
40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.
49.
50.

51.
52.

53.

54.
55.
56.
57.

scheme for the poor run by which state?


The Sentinel Group of newspapers is based in which
state (Goa/Haryana/Assam/Gujarat)?
Which Chief Minister appointed former JNU VC Prof
Amitabh Mattoo as his Advisor in August?
What is the female buffalo calf cloned by Karnalbased National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) in
August named?
Which
Chief
Minister
launched
GramaJyothiprogramme aimed at comprehensive
development of rural areas in August?
Which state has been chosen to host the proposed
National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation
(NOTTO) by Science and Technology Minister
HarshaVardhan in September?
Which Chief Minister announced the creation of new
districts Biswanath, Charaideo, Hojai, South SalmaraMankachar and West KarbiAnglong in August?
Which film festival was organised in Bhubaneswar in
August by the Federation of Film Societies of India
(FFSI)?
Where was the two-day meeting of the G20 Finance
Ministers and Central Bank Governors held in
September?
Which is the Best Country was for older people to live
in the Global AgeWatch Index 2015 compiled by
HelpAge International in September?
The three day international _____ Economic Forum
was organised in the Russian city of Vladivostok in
September.
Which Observer State was allowed to raise its flag in
front of UN buildings for the first time in September?
France has decided to refund $1 billion to Russia for
not delivering which class of warships?
South Korea and USA organised an exercise in
September to hone their response to potential
biological attacks. What was it named?
What was the joint air drill launched by Chinese and
Pakistani forces in September named?
Which Asian country will rejoin the Organization of
the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in
December?
Which famous square in Beijing was the venue of
Chinas military parade to mark the 70th anniversary
of its victory over Japan in World War II?
What was renamed as Denali by the US President in
September?
International Day of Charity was on ____.
UN Day for South-South Cooperation was on _____.
International Day of Democracy was on _____.
www.endeavorcareers.com

29
58. International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.

66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.

74.

75.
76.

77.

78.

79.

80.

81.

Layer was on _____.


International Coastal Cleanup Day was on _____.
International Day of Peace was on ____.
World Maritime Day was on ____.
World Tourism Day was on _____.
World Rabies Day was on _____.
World Heart Day was on _____.
Who is known for international bestsellers like
Awakenings and The Man Who Mistook His Wife
for a Hat: And Other Clinical Tales. He died on
August 30 at age 82.
The UNESCO King Sejong Literacy Prize is
sponsored by which nation?
The UNESCO Confucius Prize for Literacy is
sponsored by which nation?
Who is known for the international bestseller Your
Erroneous Zones? He died on Sept6 at the age of 75.
Which two countries are the winners of UNESCO
King Sejong Literacy Prize in September?
Which three countries are the winners of UNESCO
Confucius Prize for Literacy in September?
Who is the author of novel In the Light of What We
Know?
Who became new Prime Minister of Trinidad and
Tobago in September following polls?
US President Barack Obama appointed diplomat Jim
OBrien to the newly created post of the Special
Presidential Envoy for _____ Affairs in August.
Guatemalan President _____ resigned in September
after the countrys Parliament stripped him of his
immunity from prosecution to stand trial for
corruption.
Worlds shortest man died on September 4 at the age
of 75. Who was he?
Which Director, known for horror movies like
Nightmare on Elm Street (1984) and Scream
(1996) died at the age of 76 on August 31?
Which were the top three countries in medals tally at
the World Athletics Championships that ended in
Beijing on August 30?
How many medals were won by India at the World
Athletics Championships that ended in Beijing on
August 30?
Who created the only World Record at the World
Athletics Championships that ended in Beijing on
August 30?
Which famous boxer announced retirement after
winning his 49th consecutive bout in Las Vegas in
September?
Who won the Mens Singles title at the US Open?

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve


82. Who won the Womens Singles title at the US Open
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.

tennis in September?
Who won the Mens Doubles title at the US Open
tennis in September?
Who won the Womens Doubles title at the US Open
tennis in September?
Who won the Mixed Doubles title at the US Open
tennis in September?
Who won the F1 Italian Grand Prix at Monza circuit
on September 6?
The Commonwealth Youth Games were organised at
which Pacific Island country in September?
Which is the only non-European city in the list of five
shortlisted by the IOC for 2024 Olympic Games?

30
89. Which Chinese city was named host of the 2022 Asian

Games in September?
won the 26th Asia Womens Basketball
Championship in Wuhan (China) in September?
Which regulator merged with SEBI from September
28?
Who is the head of the Seventh Central Pay
Commission?
JagmohanDalmiya was elected the President of BCCI
for the first time in in which year?
Which economist is the author of An Upstart in
Government?
Which economist is the author of The Country of
First Boys?

90. Who
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.

Do you remember? Answers


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.

Matthias Mueller
Ferdinand Porsche
5 years
Maharashtra
Control
of
Organised Crime Act
50
Air Force
SashaktYuvaSamarth Bharat
NCPCR
West-Central Railway
Justice (retd.) A.P. Shah
NitinGokhale
Sir M. Visvesvaraya
September 15
September 1 to 7
National Humanities Medal
Om Thanvi
Rajiv Mehrishi
ITPO
Raghav Chandra
IGCAR, Kalpakkam
IARI, New Delhi
AERB
Goa
Sculptor
TajMahal
East Champaran
Dashrath
Virbhadra Singh
OommenChandy
SardarSarovar
Narmada
Nigam Ltd
Madhya Pradesh
www.endeavorcareers.com

32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.

Gujarat
Ansal brothers
Wheeler Island
Kerala
Harish Rawat
Rajasthan
Assam
Mufti Mohammad Sayeed
Swarupa
K. Chandrasekhar Rao
Kerala (Kochi)
TarunGogoi
Kalinga International Film
Festival
Ankara
Switzerland
Eastern
Palestine
Mistral
Able Response 15
Shaheen (Eagle)-4
Indonesia
Tiananmen Square
Mount McKinley
September 5
September 12
September 15
September 16
September 18
September 21
September 24
September 27
September 28
October 2015-Issue-I

64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.

September 29
Oliver Sacks
South Korea
China
Wayne Dyer
Mozambique and Sri Lanka
Chile, Slovakia, Madagascar
Zia Haider Rahman
Keith Rowley
Hostage
Otto Perez Molina
Chandra BahadurDangi
Wes Craven
Kenya, Jamaica, USA
0
Ashton Eaton (USA) in
Mens Decathlon
Floyd Mayweather
Novak Djokovic (Serbia)
FlaviaPennetta (Italy)
Pierre Herbert, Nicolas Mahut
Martina Hingis, SaniaMirza
Leander Paes, Martina Hingis
Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes)
Apia, Samoa
Los Angeles
Hangzhou
Japan
FMC
Justice A K Mathur
2001
ArunMaira
AmartyaSen
THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

31

Corporate Knowledge Quiz


(All questions based on content in this issue& previous issue)
(Answers Key on Page No: 34)

1.Rashesh Shah is the promoter of which financial


services company?
a) Muthoot
b) Bandhan
c) Edelweiss
d) Indiabulls
2. Who among the following purchased Lincoln House in
Mumbai for Rs 750 crore ($113 million) from the US
government in September?
a) Nusli Wadia
b) Kumar Mangalam Birla
c) Adi Godrej
d) Cyrus Poonawalla
3. SBI and _____ are the first two banks identified as
Domestic Systemically Important Banks (D-SIBs) by RBI
in September.
a) Axis Bank
b) ICICI Bank
c) HDFC Bank
d) Kotak Mahindra Bank
4. Who was the worlds largest seller of cars in 2014?
a) Suzuki
b) Volkswagen
c) General Motors
d) Toyota
5. Which IT company has agreed to provide 110 modern
ambulances to the Delhi government under its Home to
Hospital Care Scheme in September?
a) Wipro
b) TCS
c) Infosys
d) Tech Mahindra
6. Which IT company has signed a deal with ATP, the
governing body for professional mens tennis, to become
the Global Technology Services Partner and Platinum
Sponsor of the ATP World Tour?
a) Wipro
b) TCS
c) Infosys
d) Tech Mahindra
7. SoundLink is a trademark owned by which audio
equipment company?
www.endeavorcareers.com

a) Bang &Olufsen
b) Bose
c) Harman
d) Blaupunkt
8. Which of the following is not matched correctly?
a) Bolt, Zest Tata Motors
b) Grand Cherokee, Wrangler Ford
c) Ciaz Maruti Suzuki
d) Camaro General Motors
9. Which of the following agreed to sell its 19.9% stake
in Suzuki Motor Corp valued at $3.8 billion following a
decision from arbitrators in August-end?
a) Toyota
b) Ford
c) General Motors
d) Volkswagen
10. Cheerios, Betty Crocker and Pillsbury are brands
marketed by which foods MNC?
a) Cargill
b) GroupeDanone
c) ConAgra
d) General Mills
11. Indian IT company Wipro bagged a contract to
become a digital partner of which English Premier
League club in September?
a) Liverpool
b) Manchester United
c) Arsenal
d) Chelsea
12. Nishi Vasudeva is the CMD of which PSU?
a) BPCL
b) ONGC
c) GAIL
d) HPCL
13. Finacle is the core banking solution of ___.
a) Wipro
b) TCS
c) Infosys
d) Tech Mahindra
14. Which Maharatna PSU selected AtulSobti as its next
chairman and managing director in September?

October 2015-Issue-I

THE GENESIS

Endeavor Careers Dream Endeavor Achieve

32

a) BPCL
b) SAIL
c) NTPC
d) BHEL

a) Luminous
b) Kent RO Systems
c) Ion Exchange
d) Eureka Forbes

15. Which Maharatna PSU selected P.K. Singh as its new


Chairman in September?
a) BPCL
b) SAIL
c) NTPC
d) BHEL

22. Gadgets 360 is the ecommerce venture of which


media group?
a) Zee
b) NDTV
c) Times
d) India Today

16. Which of the following launched Gear S2 smartwatch


in September?
a) LG
b) Samsung
c) Lenovo
d) Apple

23. Indu Jain is the wealthiest Indian woman in Hurun


Reports India Rich List. She owns one of Indias leading
companies in which business?
a) Steel
b) Media
c) Shipping
d) Chemicals &Fertilsers

17. Which real estate company appointed Rajeev Talwar


and MohitGujral as its co-CEOs in September?
a) DLF
b) HCC
c) Gammon
d) Unitech

24. Which taxi service was co-founded by Bhavish


Aggarwal and AnkitBhati in 2010?
a) Meru Cabs
b) Uber
c) Ola Cabs
d) Taxi For Sure

18. Which bank launched a mobile app IndPay that


allows its customers to operate bank accounts from
anywhere, anytime?
a) Indian Bank
b) IDBI Bank
c) IndusInd Bank
d) Indian Overseas Bank

25. The BrandZ list of 50 Most Valuable Indian Brands in


Septemberis an initiative of which advertising group?
a) WPP
b) JWT
c) Ogilvy & Mather
d) Omnicom

19. Who was fined $900 million by USA for defective


ignition switches in its vehicles that caused 124 deaths?
a) FiatChrysler
b) Volkswagen
c) General Motors
d) Ford Motor Company

26. Which job search


SanjeevBikhchandani?
a) Naukri.com
b) Monster.com
c) Shine.com
d) Jobsahead.com

20. What is the online release of new LPG connections


launched by the Petroleum & Natural Gas Minister
Dharmendra Pradhan on August 30 named?
a) Saral
b) Sahaj
c) Swayam
d) Saksham

27. Mary Barra topped Fortunes list of 50 Most Powerful


Women in Business in September. She is the CEO of :
a) FiatChrysler
b) Renault
c) General Motors
d) Ford Motor Company

21. Which water purifier company had to withdraw its


adDoctors 1st Choice RO Purifier in September after
ASCI raised objections?
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portalwas

started

by

28. Which private sector bank launched mobile app


LIME offering wallet, shopping, payments and other
banking facilities in September?
a) Axis Bank

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d) CNBC

b) ICICI Bank
c) HDFC Bank
d) Kotak Mahindra Bank
29. Which social networking portal released its live
streaming app called Mentions for journalists in
September?
a) Twitter
b) Instagram
c) Google+
d) Facebook
30. Which is the energy drink brand marketed by Glaxo
SmithKline in India?
a) Stamina
b) Isotonik
c) Gatorade
d) Lucozade
31. HT Media Executive Director BenoyRoychowdhury
was appointed as the Chairman of which of the following
in September?
a) Press Council of India (PCI)
b) Directorate of Advertising & Visual Publicity (DAVP)
c) Advertising Agencies Association of India (AAAI)
d) Advertising Standards Council of India (ASCI)
32. Which of these luxury automobile brands is not
owned by Volkswagen group? It is owned by Fiat group.
a) Bentley
b) Bugatti
c) Maserati
d) Lamborghini
33. Which Indian company launched compact SUV
TUV300 in September?
a) Force Motors
b) Mahindra & Mahindra
c) Tata Motors
d) Ashok Leyland
34. Who launched Fuze Tea brand in India in September?
a) PepsiCo
b) Starbucks
c) Coca Cola
d) Nestle
35. Property Now is a real estate channel launched by
Which of the following in September?
a) Bloomberg
b) Zee Group
c) Times Group
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33

36. Avance is the limited edition version of which of its


models launched by Maruti Suzuki India in September?
a) Alto
b) Ciaz
c) Swift
d) Wagon R
37. Which of the following has decided to relaunch its
luxury car brand Maybach in India?
a) Mercedes
b) Porsche
c) Rolls Royce
d) BMW
38. Which Indian handset-maker launched Aqua Glam - a
new smartphone exclusively for women - in September?
a) Lava
b) Karbonn
c) Spice
d) Intex
39. Which of the following was the first to conceptualize
Eva rooms exclusively for women travellers in the 1990s?
a) ITC Hotels
b) Oberoi Hotels & Resorts
c) Taj Hotels Resorts & Palaces
d) Leela Palaces, Hotels and Resorts
40. Which of the following successfully test-fired antitank guided missile Amogha in September?
a) BrahMos Aerospace
b) Tata Advanced Systems
c) Hindustan Aeronautics
d) Bharat Dynamics
41. India was ranked 81stin the Global Innovation Index
while Switzerland was first. Which US University
published he index in September in tie up with INSEAD
and the World Intellectual Property Organisation?
a) Wharton
b) Cornell
c) Harvard
d) Princeton
42. Paul Polman is the CEO of which leading MNC
company in FMCG business?
a) Reckitt-Benckiser
b) Unilever
c) Sara Lee
d) Procter & Gamble

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34
47. Who acquired Firefox Bikes in September?
a) Atlas Cycles
b) Hero Cycles
c) Avon Cycles
d) TI Cycles

43. Who purchased the iconic Jatia House in the Malabar


Hill area in Mumbai for Rs 425 crore in September?
a) NusliWadia
b) Kumar Mangalam Birla
c) Adi Godrej
d) Cyrus Poonawalla
44. Which food brandwas sold by Hindustan Unilever Ltd
(HUL) to Everstone Group in September?
a) Kissan
b) Annapurna
c) Kwality Walls
d) Modern

48. Which of the following acquired BK Birla flagship


firm Kesoram Industriestyre manufacturing plant at
Haridwar for Rs. 2,200 crore in September?
a) Apollo Tyres
b) JK Tyres
c) CEAT
d) MRF

45. HCL Technologies bagged a contract to become a


digital partner of which EPL club in September?
a) Liverpool
b) Manchester United
c) Arsenal
d) Chelsea

49. Which famous food company was founded by Fred


DeLuca? He died at age 67 on September 14.
a) Taco Bell
b) Pizza Hut
c) Subway
d) Dominos

46. Who is credited with reviving Volkswagen after


destruction of its factories during WWII?
a) Henry Ford
b) Ivan Hirst
c) Will Durant
d) Alfred Sloane

50. Which of the following launched an online specific


credit card branded SimplyCLICK in September?
a) MasterCard
b) SBI Card
c) Visa
d) RuPay

Answer Key
1.

2.

3.

4.

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6.

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50.

Point-Counterpoint

Air India will launch a direct flight to San


Francisco from December 2 this year. It
will fly three times a week.

I cant fathom how the decision to start a


new long-distance, non-stop flight to the US
has been taken when its (Air Indias) other
three flights to the country are piling up
huge losses year after year.
Jitendra
Bhargava,
Ex-Executive

Narendra Modi, during his recent visit

to the US

Director, Air India

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Sudoku

35
(Solution below)

II

Solutions
CROSSWORD

SUDOKU I

SUDOKU II

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