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PT.

PLN (PERSERO)
INDUK PEMBANGKIT DAN JARINGAN
JAWA, BALI DAN NUSA TENGGARA

PEKERJAAN PAKET 7
PERALATAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK
PLTA AMPELGADING

NOMOR KONTRAK :

219.PJ / 120 / PIKITRING JBN / 2007

JUDUL :
VOLTAGE DROP
AND CABLE SIZING STUDY

DIPERIKSA :

DISETUJUI

KONSULTAN

TANGGAL :

A
REV.

PROKITRING

TANGGAL :

30/05/2008 ISSUED FOR APPROVAL


TANGGAL

PIKITRING

DESKRIPSI

TANGGAL :

SDP

CHM

PH

DIBUAT

DIPERIKSA

DISETUJUI

KONTRAKTOR :

PT. INDOKOMAS BUANA PERKASA

REVISI

HALAMAN

1 DARI 9

NOMOR DOKUMEN : PPTL-AG-EL-CN-2001

PEKERJAAN PAKET 7
PERALATAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK
PLTA AMPELGADING
PT. PLN (PERSERO)

DATE:

30/05/08

REVISION:

PAGE:

2 of 9

VOLTAGE DROP AND CABLE SIZING

PPTL-AG-EL-CN-2001

PT.INDOKOMAS BUANA PERKASA

TABULASI DARI HALAMAN YANG DIREVISI


REVISI

HALAMAN
A
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

CATATAN
1

40

PEKERJAAN PAKET 7
PERALATAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK
PLTA AMPELGADING
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DATE:

30/05/08

REVISION:

PAGE:

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VOLTAGE DROP AND CABLE SIZING


PT.INDOKOMAS BUANA PERKASA

PPTL-AG-EL-CN-2001

DAFTAR ISI
HALAMAN

1
2
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8
9

COVER
HALAMAN TABULASI
DAFTAR ISI
INTRODUCTION
DESIGN CONDITION
SAFETY CURRENT CAPACITY
VOLTAGE DROP
MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE
TABLE OF CABLE ELECTRICAL DATA
EXAMINATION AND SAMPLE CALCULATION
EXPLANATION OF CABLE SIZING TABLE
CALCULATION OF CABLE SIZING

1
2
3
4
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5
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6
6
7
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9

PEKERJAAN PAKET 7
PERALATAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK
PLTA AMPELGADING
PT. PLN (PERSERO)

DATE:

30/05/08

REVISION:

PAGE:

4 of 9

VOLTAGE DROP AND CABLE SIZING

PPTL-AG-EL-CN-2001

PT.INDOKOMAS BUANA PERKASA

INTRODUCTION
This document covers the selection of each power circuit corresponding to the rated current
under consideration of short circuit current (minimum conductor size) and voltage drop depend
on cable length, complying with the requirements of IEC-502 where applicable and related IEC
standards corresponding to the insulation used and voltage level

DESIGN CONDITION
In general condition, power cable conductor size will be determined in accordance with the
following consideration.
2.1 Current rating
Basic terms to be used for calculation as follows.
(1) Ambient temperature in air. 40oC
(2) Ambient temperature in underground... 30oC
(3) Maximum continuous temperature
for XLPE insulated power cable. 90oC
for PVC insulated power cable.. 70oC
(4) Maximum permissible temperature at short circuit
for XLPE insulated power cable. 250oC
for PVC insulated power cable.. 160oC
(5) Derating factor (installation method)...... 0.7
(6) Total derating factor... 0.64
Derating factor (installation method) x derating factor (ambient tempeture)
In this case, ambient temperature is 40oC, and formula of derating factor ambient temperature
is as follow.
T=
where ;
Ta
Tb

T maxTa
T maxTb

: Ambient temperature.
: Basic ambient temperature for XLPE cable...
: Basic ambient temperature for PVC cable.
Tmax : Allowable conductor temperature for XLPE cable.
: Allowable conductor temperature for XLPE cable.
From above mention
T=

T=

90 40
90 30

70 40
70 40

= 0.91

(for XLPE cable)

=1

(for PVC cable)

40oC
30oC
40oC
90oC
70oC

70 40
70 40

PEKERJAAN PAKET 7
PERALATAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK
PLTA AMPELGADING
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DATE:

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PT.INDOKOMAS BUANA PERKASA

PPTL-AG-EL-CN-2001

CALCULATION FOR SAFETY CURRENT CAPACITY


Formula of safety current capacity is as follow
J = I x T x F..
Where :
J
I
T
F

(1)

: Safety current capacity


: Current carrying capacity
: Derating factor (ambient temperature)
: Derating factor (installation method)

VOLTAGE DROP
4.1 Calculation formula of voltage drop is as follow
(1) Three phase A.C circuit
V = 3 x I x L x ( R cos + X sin ) ( 2 )
Where ;
V
: Voltage drop (V)
I
: Circuit rated current (A)
: A.C resistance of conductor at actual temperature (/km)
R
X
: Reactance of conductor (/km)
L
: Cable length (km)
Cos : Power factor
Sin :

1(cos)2

(2) Single phase A.C Circuit


V = 2 x I x L x ( R cos + X sin ).. ( 3 )
(3) D.C Circuit
V = 2 x I x L x R
where ;
RD; D.C resistance of conductor at actual temperature (/km)

(4)

4.2 Allowable voltage drop


Refer to general specification 6.31 of contract document, Overall voltage drop rates shall be
not more than :
5% for DC Circuits
4% for AC Circuits at full load
8 % for AC Circuits at maximum transient current

PEKERJAAN PAKET 7
PERALATAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK
PLTA AMPELGADING
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DATE:

30/05/08

REVISION:

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VOLTAGE DROP AND CABLE SIZING


PT.INDOKOMAS BUANA PERKASA

PPTL-AG-EL-CN-2001

MINIMUM CONDUCTOR SIZE


The results which refer to the technical specification are summarized as follows.
Application
20 kV system

Minimum conductor size


35 sq-mm
95 sq-mm
150 sq-mm

6.6 kV system

500 sq-mm

400 V system

95 sq-mm

TABLE OF CABLE ELECTRICAL DATA


The tables that containt of the electrical data for 12/20 kV XLPE insulated PVC sheathed power cables,
3.6/6 kV XLPE insulated PVC sheathed power cable, and 0.6/1 kV XLPE insulated PVC sheathed
power cables which are conformed to IEC pub 502 are attached hereinafter

PEKERJAAN PAKET 7
PERALATAN PEMBANGKIT LISTRIK
PLTA AMPELGADING
PT. PLN (PERSERO)

DATE:

30/05/08

REVISION:

PAGE:

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VOLTAGE DROP AND CABLE SIZING

PPTL-AG-EL-CN-2001

PT.INDOKOMAS BUANA PERKASA

EXAMINATION AND SAMPLE CALCULATION


The sample calculation shall be shown below.
7.1 From Generator to 6.6 kV Switchgear
( 1 ) Calculation data
Capacity of load
Voltage
Rated current
Derating factor (installation method)
Derating factor (ambient temperature)
Total derating factor
Power factor
( 2 ) Cable data
Length
Resistance
Reactance
Cable cross section
Current carrying capacity

6050 kVA
6600 V
529.9 A
0.7
0.91
0.64
0.8

40
0.05
0
500
877

m
/km
/km
sqmm
A

( 3 ) Study of safety current capacity


J IxTxF
877 x 0.91 x 0.7
558.6 ( A ) > 529.9 ( A )
( 4 ) Study of voltage drop
Allowable voltage drop ( % )
Allowable voltage drop ( V )
V

3 x 529.9 x 0.04 x (0.05 x 0.8 + 0)


1.47 ( V )
1.47 / 6600 x 100 = 0.02 %
<4%

OK

4 %
264 V

OK

( 5 ) Study of allowable cable length


L

264
3 x 529.9 x (0.05 x 0.8 + 0)

7.2 ( km )
7200 ( m )

> 40 m

OK

The selected cables are fullfilly the requirement and applicable for the Ampelgading powerhouse.

EXPLANATION OF CABLE SIZING TABLE


CALCULATION OF CABLE SIZING

NO.

CABLE NO.

FROM

generator #1

TO

6.6 kv swgr #1

SAFETY

POWER

TOTAL

POWER

VOLTAGE

CURRENT

CURRENT

FACTOR

DERATING

( kVA )

(V)

(A)

(A)

6050
(1)

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20)

6600
(2)

529.9
(3)

FACTOR

558.6
(4)

CABLE
KIND

0.8
(5)

0.637 N2XSRY
(6)

(7)

QTY

QTY

1
(8)

CORE

3
(9)

POWER : Load kVA


VOLTAGE
RATED CURRENT : Required load current
SAFETY CURRENT : J = I x T x F
POWER FACTOR
TOTAL DERATING FACTOR = DERATING FACTOR (INSTALLATION METHOD) x DERATING FACTOR (AMBIENT TEMPERATURE)
KIND OF CABLE
NUMBER OF CONDUCTOR FOR EACH PHASE
NUMBER OF PHASE IN THIS CIRCUIT
NUMBER OF CABLE CORE
CABLE SIZE : If (4) > (3) and (20) > (18), this cable size is satisfied
CABLE CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY
CABLE RESISTANCE
CABLE REACTANCE
DESIGN LENGTH OF THE CABLE
ALLOWABLE CABLE LENGTH
VOLTAGE DROP OF THIS CABLE ( V )
VOLTAGE DROP OF THIS CABLE ( % )
ALLOWABLE VOLTAGE DROP ( V )
ALLOWABLE VOLTAGE DROP ( % )

1
(10)

LENGTH

SIZE

CCC

DESIGN

(SQMM)

(A)

/km

/km

(M)

500
(11)

877
(12)

0.05
(13)

40
(14)

(15)

VOLTAGE DROP

ALLOWAB
LE
(M)

7200
(16)

CABLE
(V)

1.5
(17)

(%)

0.02
(18)

ALLOWABLE
(V)

(%)

264
(19)

4
(20)

9 CALCULATION OF CABLE SIZING


CALCULATION OF CABLE SIZING
SAFETY
NO.

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2
3
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7
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10
11
12
13
14
15

CABLE NO.

FROM

generator #1
generator #2
6.6 kv swgr #1
6.6 kv swgr #2
transformer #1
transformer #2
20 kv swgr
20 kv swgr
switching str #1
switching str #2
turen dep #1
turen dep #2
20 kv swgr
ss transformer
generator set

TO

6.6 kv swgr #1
6.6 kv swgr #2
transformer #1
transformer #2
20 kv swgr
20 kv swgr
switching str #1
switching str #2
dead end pole #1
dead end pole #2
20 kv inc cubicle #1
20 kv inc cubicle #2
ss transformer
400 v swgr
400 v swgr

POWER

VOLTAGE

( kVA )

(V)

6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
6050
300
135

6600
6600
6600
6600
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
20000
400
400

CURRENT CURRENT
(A)

529.9
529.9
529.9
529.9
174.9
174.9
174.9
174.9
174.9
174.9
174.9
174.9
8.7
400
195.1

POWER

TOTAL

FACTOR

DERATING

(A)

558.6
558.6
558.6
558.6
238.9
238.9
238.9
238.9
307.7
307.7
307.7
307.7
122.9
416.6
215.9

CABLE
KIND

FACTOR

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8

0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637
0.637

N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XSRY
N2XY
N2XRY

QTY

QTY

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

CORE

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
4
4

LENGTH

SIZE

CCC

DESIGN

(SQMM)

(A)

/km

/km

(M)

500
500
500
500
95
95
95
95
150
150
150
150
35
95
95

877
877
877
877
375
375
375
375
483
483
483
483
193
327
339

0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.247
0.247
0.247
0.247
0.159
0.159
0.159
0.159
0.668
0.247
0.247

40
40
53
53
40
40
40
40
446
446
200
200
20
60
80

VOLTAGE DROP

ALLOWAB
LE
(M)

7200
7200
7200
7200
13400
13400
13400
13400
20800
20800
20800
20800
99500
100
200

CABLE
(V)

(%)

1.5
1.5
1.9
1.9
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
17.2
17.2
7.7
7.7
0.2
8.2
5.3

0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.09
0.09
0.04
0.04
0
2.05
1.33

ALLOWABLE
(V)

264
264
264
264
800
800
800
800
800
800
800
800
800
16
16

(%)

4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4