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Introduction

:
Dealing with asphalt in many ways and relying on its properties to use in
daily life it's important to deal with good manufacture asphalt. So tests performed
on asphalt to be sure that good asphalt is used, one of these tests is ductility of
asphalt that is done to check asphalt ability to work conveniently.
Define other tests to use it as a limit not to be crossed while working with asphalt
such as flash and fire point.

Definitions
Ductility : The distance at which asphalt will elongate before breaking when
two ends of briquette specimen are pulled apart.

Flash point: The temperature at which the asphalt will flash when a flame is
passed above it.

Fire point : The temperature at which the asphalt will ignite.

Objectives:
o1To be familiar with ductility of bituminous materials and flash and fire
points.
o2To determine the ductility, flash point and fire point of asphalt.
o3To compare results with specifications.

5. 3. The excess asphalt cement is removed by a spatula or a straight-edged knife to make the surface of the sample just level. 4. The sample is left at room temperature for 30-40min to cool down. Sufficiently flood asphalt cement is poured into a mold until it is more than full level. 8. 2.Procedure: For ductility test: 1. Salt should be added to the water in order to ensure that the specimen is fully covered under water. 6. It is placed in a water bath for a period of time of 30min at 25c. Record the distance that specimen had elongated before it cut or separated . The mold with the sample is kept at 25c in a water bath for 85-95min. the plate of the mold is removed and the two ends 7.

5.38 318 321. Working in flash and fire points tests needs to be very cautious since we deal with hot asphalt and flame. Heat the asphalt for a degree below 150*C Pour the asphalt in Cleveland cup to the mark Put the cup with thermometer in the asphalt on a heater Record the temperature at which the asphalt begin to flash After 5 sec temperature will be fire point Results In ductility test: group I & II get 73 cm and 96 cm (respectively).5 Discussion: Results show that approved measures are close which mean that test was succeeded and the asphalt is notgood to use in field since its below 100 cm which is the ductility limit for using asphalt while asphalt below this limit cannot be used. 3.For flash & fire point test: 1. 4. and for group III & IV get 37. Salt should be added to water in the testing machine to avoid contact of sample while testing with the bottom of the testing machine.5 cm and 75 cm so the result is 70.4cm. that there was a thick parts in the line of sample elongation that may affect the results. . It was noticed while testing that samples may not having a gradual increase in diameter from the center of the sample to its end. And in the flash and fire points test: group I & II its C & for group III & IV its 2 (More details of the results are in table . Ductility Flash point fire point 1 73 318 321 2 96 318 321 Average 70.1) Group No. 2.

errors during the test. "Ductility of asphalt" section 4 . o The flash and fire points help in determining the type of asphalt to be used. Reaching the fire point means after this point the asphalt will became just like any fill material (useless). o Each zone has its own kind of asphalt properties due to different in temperature.03 .5(MS-5) o ASTM . Errors such as: o Personal errors o Machine not calibrated o Not adding salt causing the specimen to hit the bottom.2(MS-2) o The Asphalt institute “ A brief introduction to Asphalt and some of its uses” Manual series no. Conclusion: Dealing with asphalt and flame should be done with caution. Flame. T 48 . Vol 04. Samples of ductility were notgood to use. o o o o References: o The Asphalt institute “ Mix design methods for Asphalt Concrete and other hot mix types” Manual series no. 1990 . pp o AASHTO T 51. Fire & flash points & ductility are clearly defined.Results showed that flash and fire points are high compared with room temperature. USA .