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Evaluation Form

Jordan University of Science and Technology


Department of Civil Engineering

Course No.: CE 441


Course Name: Pavement Lab
Topic: California Bearing Ratio
Test (CBR) and striping
Test.

Evaluation Elements
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Title Page
Abstract
Introduction
Objectives
Material Used
Laboratory Work
Results and Discussions
Conclusion
Acknowledgement
References
Tables with Titles
Figures with Captions
Appendix
Spelling, Punctuation &
Clarity Sentences
15. Overall Effectiveness &
Formatting
Total

Student Name:
Student No.:
Lab. No.:
Due Date:
Section:
Day:

Points
Value
5
5
5
5
5
5
20
10
-5
5
5
5
10
10
100

9
.
1
.

Points Received
2
3
4

1. California Bearing Ratio Test (CBR) (ASTM D1883 87).


2. striping Test

Introduction:
The California Bearing Ratio (CBR) is one of the aggregate tests, which
measure the strength of the aggregate relative to a standard aggregate, which
is a high quality crushed lime stone (California's Aggregate).
Striping test is quick test and it could be done in field.

Abstract:
In the CBR test, the strength of aggregates used as subgrade or base
course is determined. The CBR test measures the shearing resistance of a soil
under controlled moisture and density condition. The test yields a bearing ratio
number that is applicable for the state of soil as tested. The CBR value was
found 39.74%.
In the CBR test, a standardized piston used to penetrate through a soil,
and the load is measure versus the deformation, which will give a curve used to
find the CBR.

Objectives
1. To be familiar with the quantitative extraction of asphalt from bituminous
concrete mixture.
2. To introduce the method of evaluating the relative quality of subgrade,
subbase, and base soil for pavement.

Material Used:
* CBR Test:
1. Aggregates & water.
2. CBR compaction mold.
3. Collar.
4. Spacer disk.
5. Compaction hammer.
6. Expansion measuring apparatus with dial gage reading to 0.01 mm.

2
7. Surcharge weights.
8. Compression machine equipped with CBR penetration piston.
:

Laboratory Work:
* CBR Test:
1. A soil sample is brought from the field.
2. The sample is divided into two equal parts, and then sieved on
(3/4"). The retained amount is weighed and thrown away. The same
amount of the thrown weight is taken from the second part from
(Passing 3/4" and retained on #4), and this amount is put on the
first part.
3. An amount of water is put on the sample to make is SSD condition
(as found in Optimum Moisture Content test).
4. The mold is brought and assembled over a plate, and the filter is
put, then the sample is put in that mold with 3 or 4 layers
(according to the specifications) and pressed (56) blows.
5. Two samples are made, the first one is put in the water for (96)
hours, and the second one is tested directly.
6. The mold then is put in the CBR Testing Machine, and a specific
weight is put over the soil sample in the mold (Surcharge).
7. Pressure weight is put on the sample (which has 19.35 cm2 area),
then the machine is turned on and (15 readings) are taken for each
penetration, noticing that some water will be pumped out of the
sample which has to be cleaned out in order not to affect the results
of the test.
8. The results must be changed:
- The penetration must be changed to (mm).
- The load on Piston must be changed to (KPa).
9. The readings of Penetrations and Stress are drawn and connected
with best fit line, and then CBR is calculated at (2.5 mm) and (5.0
mm) penetration, where:
CBR

Test Unit Stress


* 100%
Standard Unit Stress

Standard Stress at (2.5 mm) Penetration = 6.9 MPa or 1000 psi.


Standard Stress at (5.0 mm) Penetration = 10.3 MPa or 1500 psi.

Results:
CBR (2.5mm) = 39.733 %.
CBR (5.0mm) = 265.378 %.
Thus the average CBR = 152.556 %.
Average Engler viscosity for the oil used = 17.05.

Discussion:
* CBR Test:
From the result shown in the appendix, we found that the CBR value was
35.99%, and base on the AASHTO standards classification, the value 35.99%
site in range 20-50%, and the layer which have this range consider as a layer
has a good rating, and may be base or subbase. And note from the AASHTO
that as the value of CBR increase the aggregates be excellent.
According to the standards, the sample must be immersed in water for 4
days, to be sure that it is in saturation condition, while in Arab countries, this is
very conservative, since the rain fall is very low comparing with Europe and
America, beside the fact that the water table is very low, for this, the road
material is very rare to reach the saturation condition, this will lead to
unrealistic load design, which is not economic.
We note from the result, that the CBR at the penetration of (5.0mm) (0.2")
is larger than for penetration of (2.5 mm) (0.1"), and based on the standard the
test which the value of CBR at the (0.2") penetration larger than for (0.1")
should be redone again, and if the second trial give the same results, the value
of CBR at (0.2") penetration should be used.

Errors in this experiment may be due to:


1.) The number of blows may be not exactly 56 blows
2.) The sample for the CBR test was immersed for a few hours, but based on
standards should be immersed for 4 days.
3.) The hammer may not distribute the load on all the surface of the sample.
4.)Errors in balance, since this experiment depends largely on the weights

Conclusion:
a. As the CBR value increase, the type of the aggregates used is excellent.
b. The values of CBR for the aggregates used in subbase differ from the
values of CBR for aggregates used in base course aggregates, where the
value for base course is higher than for subbase course.
c. The CBR values used in design.
d. The Engler viscosity is an empirical measure for the consistency of a fluid
material compared relative to water.

Appendix:
Table 1: CBR Readings:
Penetration of
Dial Reading

Load Machine
Reading

20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300

13
26
45
67
95
130
179
230
283
325
380
428
473
517
550

Penetration
(mm)
0.502
1.004
1.506
2.008
2.51
3.012
3.514
4.016
4.518
5.02
5.522
6.024
6.526
7.028
7.53

Sample of calculation
(At 100 penetrations = 2.51 mm):
Penetration (mm) = 100 * 0.001 * 25.1 = 2.51 mm.
Stress = (95/0.251)*10-3 = 37 MPa.
(At 200 penetrations = 5.02 mm):
Penetration (mm) = 200 * 0.001 * 25.1 = 5.02 mm.
Stress = (325/0.502)*10-3 = 64.7 MPa.
1192
* 100% 39.733%.
3000
11942

* 100% 265.378%.
4500

CBR( 2.5 mm )
CBR( 5.0 mm )

Stress (MPa)
0.258964
0.258964
0.298805
0.333665
0.378486
0.431607
0.509391
0.572709
0.626383
0.64741
0.688156
0.710491
0.724793
0.735629
0.730412

Group

I
II
III
IV

Limestone

Valley Gravel

95

90

95

85

80

70

85

90

95

75

85

80

95

90

95

90

85

95

88

95

85

100

85

90

95

80

93

90

80

90

95

93

95

85

85

85

90

85

90

85

80

80

95

95

---

75

75

---

Basalt

Granite

55

70

60

20

25

25

50

75

65

20

20

25

45

50

60

20

20

30

60

55

50

10

20

60

60

55

20

40

35

65

45

45

20

18

17

60

55

55

35

40

45

80

25

---

20

10

---

Result for striping Test.

References:
1) ASTM, D 1664 80, page 461 464.
2) Engineering properties of soils and their measurements, by Joseph E.
Bowles, Page 217 226.
3) ASTM, D 1883 87, page 532 538.