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Evaluation Form

Jordan University of Science and Technology


Department of Civil Engineering

Course No.: CE 441


Course Name: Pavement Lab
Topic: CKE MS-2.

Evaluation Elements
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Title Page
Abstract
Introduction
Objectives
Material Used
Laboratory Work
Results and Discussions
Conclusion
Acknowledgement
References
Tables with Titles
Figures with Captions
Appendix
Spelling, Punctuation &
Clarity Sentences
15. Overall Effectiveness &
Formatting
Total

.T.K.N.N

Student Name:
Student No.:
Lab. No.:
Due Date:
Section:
Day:

Points
Value
5
5
5
5
5
5
20
10
-5
5
5
5
10
10
100

.
11
.
1
monday

Points Received
2
3
4

1. CKE MS-2 (Centrifugal Kerosene Test) (Hveem).


2. Dynamic Creep.

Introduction:
This method covers the procedure for measuring the Asphalt Content in
Bituminous Mixture in (Hveem) Method, which is another method of mix design
beside (Marshall), but much faster than the Marshall Method (1/4 Hour).
This method covers the procedure for measuring the resistance to
permanent deformation, which usually known as Creep. This test is a British
Standard test, and not included in the ASTM, it is used to measure the
deformation (strain) changes during long period of time, to see how much the
asphalt bituminous can sustain in the road.

Abstract:
In the CKE Test, Kerosene is added to the aggregate and put in the
centrifugal machine, then Kerosene Absorbed percent is determined, and
entered in some charts to find the Asphalt Content needed for that mix.

Objectives
1. To be familiar with these tests.
2. To determine the Optimum Asphalt Content that can be used in the
Bituminous Mixture by Hveem Method.
3. To compare the results with the specifications.

Material Used:
For CKE MS-2 Test:
Metal Cone.
Centrifugal Machine.
Kerosene.
100 gm of Fine Aggregate.
100 gm of Coarse Aggregate.

Laboratory Work:
* CKE MS-2 Test:

2
A. Determining Asphalt Content in Fine Aggregate:
1. 100 gm of Fine Aggregate is brought (Passing Sieve #4 (4.75
mm)).
2. The aggregate is put in the Centrifugal Machine, and some
Kerosene is put on it for 5 minutes minimum, in order to be
absorbed.
3. A Filter is brought, and weighed and then put between the
machine body and the cover.
4. The machine is turned on for 2 minutes with a speed of (45
rpm) (Round per Minute).
5. The resulted aggregate is weighed and the absorbed Kerosene
is calculated.
6. The calculated Kerosene is entered in the charts, and then
Asphalt Content is determined.
B. Determining Absorbed Oil in Coarse Aggregate:
1. 100 gm of Coarse Aggregate is brought (Passing Sieve 3/8"
and retained on #4).
2. The Cone is brought and the aggregate is put in, then the
bottom hole is closed by the finger. After that the oil is put on
the aggregate for 5 minutes.
3. The finger is taken off, and the oil is going out for 2 minutes.
4. The aggregate and the absorbed oil is put in the oven, and
dried for 15 minutes.
5. The aggregate and the absorbed oil are weighed, and then the
absorbed oil is calculated.
To determine the Asphalt Content in Fine Aggregate:
% Kerosene Absorbed is entered in chart (4-2) to find Surface
Constant for Fine Aggregate (Kf) (if S.G is more than 2.65,
correction is needed by equation).
% Oil Absorbed is entered in chart (4-3) to find Surface
Constant for Coarse Aggregate (Kc) (if {S.G < 2.6} or {S.G >
2.7}), correction is needed).
The Surface Area of Aggregate is entered in chart (4-4), and
(Kf Correction) is found.
Chart (4-5) is used to find (% Oil Retained) by using (S.G and
Surface Area).
Chart (4-6) is used to determine Bitumen Ratio by using (Oil
Ratio and Surface Area).
Some tests must be done after determining the Asphalt Content:
1. CKE and Oil Retained Test.
2. Stabilimeter Test.
3. Bulk Density Determination.
4. Swell Test.
5. Cohesiometer Test.
6. Kneading Compactor.

Results:
% Kerosene Absorbed = 0.50%.
% Oil Absorbed =
Optimum Asphalt Content =

Discussion:

The errors in this experiment can be summarized as the following:


The devices may not be adjusted correctly.
The devices may not be calibrated or zeroed.
The human errors in taking readings.

Conclusion:
1. The Universal Testing Machine has very large number of tests that
can perform.
2. The creep test is very important in determining the possibility of
rutting depth to occur.
3. CKE Test is important to determine the Optimum Asphalt Content
needed for the mix to make perfect mix to occupy the
specifications.
4. Hveem Method is faster than the Marshall Method of Mix Design.

Appendix:
A. For Fine Aggregate:
Filter weight before use = 9.5 gm
Filter weight after use = 10
Thus: Weight of ingredients = 0.4 gm.
Original Weight of Fine Aggregate = 100 gm.
Weight of Fine Aggregate + Kerosene imbedded

= 100.5gm

Weight of Kerosene Absorbed = 100.5 100 = 0.5 gm


% Kerosene Absorbed = (.5/100)*100% = 0.50%.
B. For Coarse Aggregate:
Original Weight of Coarse Aggregate = 100 gm.
Weight of Coarse Aggregate + Oil imbedded =130.5gm
Weight of Oil Absorbed =3.5gm
% Oil Absorbed = (3.5 /100)*100% =
%.
C. From Charts, Optimum Asphalt Content =