You are on page 1of 52

# REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

## SREENIVASA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT STUDIES

Murukambattu Post, Chittoor 517 127 (A.P)
AFFILIATED TO JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ANANTAPUR,

Course material
For
Reasoning classes

SITAMS

Course Module :

Sub Module

Analogy

Page 1

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

MODULE OBJECTIVE:

ANALOGY

## NON VERBAL REASONING

Non verbal reasoning tests measure your ability to recognize patterns, analogies and classifications in
diagrams. They offer multiple choice questionnaires. You are not required specific language skills to solve
the problems. Even your acquired knowledge in some particular field is not tested.
The non verbal reasoning tests have been showing a high level of reliability and a good predictive
validity. They are considered culturally free IQ tests. They are not only used in job screening process but
also to recruit students for different academic trainings.

## What is non verbal reasoning?

Simply put non verbal reasoning is all reasoning that is not verbal reasoning and verbal reasoning is the ability
of reasoning by using concepts framed in words. So actually non verbal reasoning is a term which stands for a
broad range of reasoning skills like e.g. abstract reasoning, diaghrammatic reasoning, spatial reasoning,
numerical reasoning and many more.
Non-verbal reasoning involves drawing conclusions based on a set of facts either fictional or non fictional.
Exercises include activities like describing the similarities and differences between two pictures, finding the
shape that does not belong in a sequence of shapes, predicting what shape should next appear in the sequence,
and so on. Non-verbal reasoning exercises can also include numerical and aural activities, where non-speech
sounds must be matched, differentiated, or compared and contrasted and even some syllogisms can be
categorized as non verbal reasoning. Fibonicci contains a broad range of these non verbal reasoning problems
for you to practice:
abstract reasoning tests
spatial reasoning tests
instrument comprehension tests
number sequences tests

## Non verbal reasoning in everyday life

But also in the everyday life even though speech is the most obvious form of communication. Ones non verbal
reasoning skills are an invaluable asset, since people are constantly bombarded by non verbal impulses, signals
and gestures. Actually people use their non verbal intelligence much more then their verbal intelligence.
Almost everything you will encounter in life you will first judge by visual interpretation, because this is simply
the easiest, fastest and it can be done without drawing attention to oneself. So your first impression of
something or somebody is almost always based on your non verbal reasoning skills. For example if you try to
judge somebody on their looks you are actually using non verbal reasoning to do this.

SITAMS

Page 2

ANALOGY

## Non verbal reasoning practice

Non-verbal reasoning is also called fluid reasoning. It is an intentional cognitive process that does not occur
automatically. It involves the use of deliberate and controlled mental operations to solve novel problems.
Mental operations often include drawing inferences and forming concepts when language is not involved. This
of course can be practiced and non verbal intelligence can be trained. Fibonicci offers a wide range of
possibilities for you so feel free to pick a test in de top menu and enjoy your training! If you have problems

## Non verbal reasoning learning strategies

In this paragraph some handy advices are given to keep in mind when practicing non verbal reasoning tests.
The tips shown in this paragraph are made to make it easier to solve non verbal reasoning test problems.

## Learn strategies to increase understanding and retention of concepts

Self-talk, try to guide yourself through the problem verbally
Rely on your memory to learn problem-solving through repetition and rote recall
Learn problem-solving techniques in the contexts in which they are most likely to be applied
Learn and emphasize reading comprehension skills as early as possible so the student may rely on
Use repetition and review of concepts to ensure over-learning, then check that your memory for the
material includes comprehension
Structure and adjust the difficulty level of the practice test to your own level where possible

## Patterns in Non Verbal Reasoning Tests

This section of non verbal reasoning tests deals with the problems based upon
continuation of figures. The series of figures offered will show some kind of pattern depicting some
continuous change or movement step by step. You will have either to detect some figure out of
the pattern or select a figure from the other set of figures to continue the pattern to the next step.
Generally, the pattern items consist of two series. One series of figures is numbered as A, B, C, D
and E and is called the problem set. The following series contain five other figures numbered as 1,
2, 3, 4 and 5 and forms the answering set. You are required to identify a hidden pattern in the
problem side and choose a figure from the answer side to continue the pattern.

SITAMS

Page 3

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

ANALOGY
Analogy implies Corresponding. In the problems based on analogy, a pair of related figures is provided and
a similar relationship is to be established between two other figures, by selecting one or both of them from a
set of alternatives.

## TYPE:1 CHOOSING ONE ELEMENT OF A SIMILARLY RELATED PAIR

Choosing One Element of a Similarly Related Pair
This type of questions in non verbal reasoning tests are consist of four figures marked as A, B, C and D. The
figures A and B form a pair and C and D another pair with a question mark in the D. This set is called problem
side. You shall find five more figures forming a set marked with 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. It forms the answering side.
When you attempt such analogy items, you shall find the figures A and B related to each other with some
particular relationship. The figure C shall be a different figure and you would be required to find a figure for
question mark in figure D from the answering set while establishing a relationship similar to the relationship
between A and B.
A simple look at the answering side shall find the right solution if you have correctly established analogous
relationship between A and B.
(S.B.I P.O 1994)

A.1
C.5
E. 3

B.2
D.4

Answer: Option CExplanation: Clearly the right half of the figure is lost and the remaining portion is shaded
to get fig.(B) from fig(A).Similarly relationship will give fig(5) from fig(C).
(BANK P.O 1998)

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3
SITAMS

B. 2
D. 4

Page 4

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation: Fig.(B) is the water image of fig(A).similarly the water image of fig(C) is fig(2)
Example:3

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

(R.B.I 1999)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The figure rotates 90oACW and its black inverted image is placed over it.
Example:4

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

(RRB 2000)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The contents of the outer main figure rotate through 45oCW.
Example:5

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

## (S.B.I P.O 1998)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The figure rotates 90oACW and the arrow ahead shifts closer to the black circle.
SITAMS

Page 5

## TYPE:2 CHOOSING THE SET OF SIMILARLY RELATED FIGURES

ANALOGY

In this type of questions on analogy, a related pair of figures is provided followed by five other pairs of figures.
The first pair is unnumbered and depicts a particular relationship between the two figures. The five pairs are
numbered as 1,2,3,4, and 5.The examine has to choose one pair out of the five, which most closely resembles
the relationship indicated by figures in the unnumbered pair.

Example:1

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

## (S.B.I P.O 2003)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The number of sides in the figure increases by one.
Example:2

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

(R.B.I 2007)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The elements move in the sequence
The element that reaches the lower-right position gets laterally inverted; the element that reaches the lower-left
position, gets vertically inverted; the element that reaches the upper-left position, gets rotated through 90oACW
and the element that reaches the upper-right position, gets replaced by a new element having one more number
of sides.

SITAMS

Page 6

Example:3

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

ANALOGY

## (S.B.I P.O 2007)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The outer element disappears and the inner element gets enlarged.
Example:4

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

## (BANK P.O 2009)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The number of sides in triangle is one less than the number of radii of the circle in beside the
triangle which is a first pair .
Example:5

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

## (S.B.I P.O 2005)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: The figure gets rotated through 180o .
SITAMS

Page 7

ANALOGY

Example:1

1. A
3 C
5 E

## (R.B.I P.O 1994)

2 B
4 D

Explanation: The three scattered elements in fig.I are arranged in a single row to get fig II.
Example:2

1. A
3 C
5 E

2 B
4 D

SITAMS

Page 8

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation: Clearly fig I of pair (C) when placed at position I of problem set and fig.IV of pair(c) when placed at
position IV of problem set, set up the same relation between figures I&II and III&IV. This relationship can be described
as: the number of sides of the figure decreases by one.

Example:3

1. A
3 C
5 E

## (BANK P.O 2003)

2 B
4 D

Explanation: Fig 1 is laterally inverted and the arrowhead is converted to an arc,to form fig.II.

Example:4

1. A
3 C
5 E

2 B
4 D

SITAMS

Page 9

o

## Explanation: Fig 1 rotates through 90 ACW to form fig.II

Example:5

1. A
3 C
5 E

ANALOGY
(S.B.I P.O 1993)

2 B
4 D

Explanation: Fig.I gets vertically inverted and forms the upper element of fig II.A new element with two more number
of sides appears as the lower element of fig.II.

SITAMS

Page 10

TYPE:4

ANALOGY

## DETECTING THE RELATIONSHIP AND CHOOSING THE CORRECT

SUBSTITUTE
This type of questions contains figures A,B,C and D in the problem set and figures 1,2,3 and 4 in the answer
set.It is required to select a figure from the answer set which best substitutes fig.D of the problem set such that
element D is related to the element C in the same way as element B is related to element A. If none of the
Example:1

(RRB 1994)

Explanation: Fig(B) has the same number of sides as the number of arrows in fig(A).

Example:2

(R.B.I 1992)

Explanation: From fig(A) to fig(B):Each square is converted to a circle and each circle is converted to a square.

Example:3

## (S.B.I P.O 2006)

Explanation: The elements in fig (A) move in the sequence
SITAMS

to form fig.(B).
Page 11

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

Example:4

ANALOGY

(B.S.R.B 1995)

Explanation: The element in fig(A) forms the outer element in fig(B).A new element obtained by vertically inverting
fig(A) and reducing it in size,forms the inner element of fig(B).

Example:5

## (S.B.I P.O 1991)

Explanation: Here ,fig(A)is vertically inverted to form fig(B).Similarly,when fig(C) is vertically inverted,we obtain
fig(2).So, fig(2) must substitute fig(D).

SITAMS

Page 12

## TYPE:5 CHOOSING THE ODD RELATIONSHIP

ANALOGY

In this type of questions, five pairs of figures are given. The two figures in four out of five pairs related
in a particular manner. We have to select the pair which does not show this relationship.
Example:1

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

## (S.B.I P.O 1997)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: From fig I to fig II :The figure is divided into as many parts as the number of sides in the figure.

Example:2

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

(R.B.I 1993)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: From fig I to fig II :The figure gets rotated through 180o

Example:3

SITAMS

(RRB 1999)

Page 13

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

B. 2
D. 4

ANALOGY

Explanation: From fig I to fig II : The figure gets laterally inverted.

Example:4

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

(BSRB 1994)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: From fig I to fig II :The black portions of the figure turn white and the white portions turn black.

Example:5

A. 1
C. 5
E. 3

## (S.B.I P.O 2004)

B. 2
D. 4

Explanation: From fig I to fig II : The figure rotates through 180o

SITAMS

Page 14

ANALOGY

## PROBLEMS WITH SOLUTIONS

1. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:
2. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:
The upper element is converted to an element similar to the lower elements and each one of the lower elements
is converted to an element similar to the upper element.

SITAMS

Page 15

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

3. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
5

(B)

(C)

ANALOGY

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

E.
Explanation:
The figure gets vertically inverted.
4.Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:
Answser Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:Each one of the upper elements is replaced by an element similar to the lower element(s) and
each one of the lower elements is replaced by an element similar to the upper element(s).
5. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:Except for the dots, the remaining part of the figure rotates through 180o and shifts to the
opposite side of the square boundary.

SITAMS

Page 16

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

6. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

ANALOGY

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The combination of two symbols placed at the lower-right corner, rotates 90oCW and moves to
the Upper-right corner. Also, the combination of two symbols placed at the upper-left corner, moves to the
lower-right corner.
7. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The figure gets divided into eight equal parts.
8. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The inner element enlarges to become the outer element while the outer element reduces in size,
turns black and becomes the inner element.
SITAMS

Page 17

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

9. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

ANALOGY

Answser Figures:

(C)

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:
The figure rotates through 90oACW and the arrowhead shifts closer to the black circle.
10. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The figure gets rotated through 180o.
11. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The trapezium gets vertically inverted and move to the middle right position; the pin rotates
90oCW and moves to the lower-right position; the third element rotates 135oACW.
SITAMS

Page 18

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

12. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The figure rotates 45oACW; the circle changes colour (turns black if initially white and viceversa). The 'L'-shaped element shifts to the other side of the main figure.
13. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The rightmost element enlarges to become the outer element; the leftmost element becomes the
inner-lower element and the middle element becomes the inner-upper element.
14. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The figure gets laterally inverted.
SITAMS

Page 19

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

15. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The central element is enlarged and the number of sides in this element increases by one. The
upper element rotates 90oCW and is placed on the RHS inside the enlarged element. The lower element rotates
90oACW and is placed on the LHS inside the enlarged element.
16. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The pentagon gets vertically inverted. The lower half of the black element becomes white and
this element moves inside the pentagon and gets attached to its upper end.
17. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Answer: Option D Explanation: The arrow moves four spaces (each space is equal to a side of the hexagon)
in a CW direction while the line segment and the circle move two spaces in a CW direction.
SITAMS

Page 20

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

18. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The line segment moves four spaces ACW and the dot moves three spaces ACW.
19. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: Both the elements move to the adjacent side in a CW direction; the half-arrow rotates 90o ACW;
the semi-circular element rotates 90oACW and gets laterally inverted.
20. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure rotates 90oACW and gets vertically inverted.

SITAMS

Page 21

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

21. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:The figure gets vertically inverted.
22. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The black leaf rotates 135oCW and the white leaf rotates 135oACW.
23. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure rotates 90oCW and the stars disappears.

SITAMS

Page 22

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

24. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure gets vertically inverted and the two vertical lines inside the figure get rotated through
90o.
25. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure rotates 90oACW and its black inverted image is placed over it.
26. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The curved pin rotates 90oACW and moves to the adjacent side (of the square boundary) in a
CW direction. The curved arrow rotates 90o ACW and moves to the adjacent side in a CW direction.

SITAMS

Page 23

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

27. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure rotates through 135oACW and is placed inside another figure with one more number
of sides.
28. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure gets laterally inverted and the head of the arrow (the arrowhead may be a 'V' or an
arc) gets inverted.
29. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The two elements approach each other and get overlapped;
SITAMS

Page 24

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

30. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The elements move downwards along the diagonal and the lowermost element moves to the
uppermost position. The triangle and the half shaded rectangle get vertically inverted and the pentagon rotates
90oCW.
31. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: An element similar to but smaller than the outer element appears as the inner element and it
hides the parts of the line segments that come under it.
32. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: All the diagonals of the figure have been drawn.
SITAMS

Page 25

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

33. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The black leaf rotates 135oACW and the white leaf rotates 135oCW.
34. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure rotates through 180o and the head of the arrow attached to the main figure, gets
inverted.
35. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The line segment along one of the sides of the figure moves two spaces ACW (each space is
equal to a side of the figure) and the other element moves three spaces CW.

SITAMS

Page 26

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

36. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The four parts at the outer ends of the figure are lost.
37. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: One of the arrowheads moves from the lower part to the upper part of the figure above the circle
and gets vertically inverted.
38. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure rotates through 180o.

SITAMS

Page 27

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

39. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The lower element gets enlarged and becomes the outermost element; the upper element gets
slightly enlarged and becomes the middle element and a new element with one more number of sides than the
lower element appears as the innermost element.
40. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The LHS element becomes a closed figure by combining with three similar elements. The RHS
element gets reduced in size, turns black and moves to the centre of the other figure.
41. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Answer: Option B Explanation: In the upper and the lower elements, the white part turns black and the black
turns white. In the central arrow, one of the arrowheads from the LHS gets laterally inverted and moves to the
RHS.
SITAMS

Page 28

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

42. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The half-arrow rotates 90oACW and gets laterally inverted and moves to the adjacent side of the
square boundary in a CW direction. The bent pin rotates 90oACW and moves to the adjacent side of the square
boundary in a CW direction.
43. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The inner element gets enlarged, rotates 45oCW and becomes the outer element. The outer
element reduces in size, gets vertically inverted and becomes the inner element.
44. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Answer: Option C Explanation: The two elements interchange positions; the element that reaches the LHS
position gets vertically inverted and the element that reaches the RHS position, rotates 90oACW.

SITAMS

Page 29

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

45. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation: The figure rotates 90oCW and gets laterally inverted.
46. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Explanation:

The existing line segments that join the corners of the squares move to the adjacent corners in an ACW
direction and one more line segment appears in the next corner at the ACW-end. The shading inside the
innermost square changes from dots to slanting lines.
47. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

SITAMS

Page 30

48.

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation: The outer cup-shaped element of fig.I gets vertically inverted.
49.

Explanation: The lower horizontal line in fig.I is removed to form fig.II

SITAMS

Page 31

50.

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation: Fig.I gets laterally inverted;the circles get shaded and the two line segments get bent.Thus,fig II
is formed.

SITAMS

Page 32

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

EXERCISE PROBLEMS

1. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
2. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
3. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
4. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 33

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

5. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

ANALOGY

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
6. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
5
E.

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

7. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
8. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 34

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

9. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
10. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
11. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
5
E.

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

12. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 35

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

13. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
14. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
15. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
16. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
5
E.

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 36

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

17. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
18. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
19. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
20. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 37

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

21. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
22. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
23. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
24. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 38

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

25. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
26. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
5
E.

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

27. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
28. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 39

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

29. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
30. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
31. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
32. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 40

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

33. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
34. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
35. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
36. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 41

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

37. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
38. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
39. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
40. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 42

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

41. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
42. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
43. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
44. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 43

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

45. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
46. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

Answser Figures:

## (A) (B) (C) (D)

(1) (2)
(3) (4)
(5)
A.1
B.2
C.3
D.4
E. 5
47. Select a suitable figure from the Answer Figures that would replace the question mark (?).
Problem Figures:

(A)
A.1
C.3
E. 5

SITAMS

(B)

(C)

Answser Figures:

(D)

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)
B.2
D.4

(5)

Page 44

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

SOLUTIONS

ANALOGY

Explanation:
The figure rotates 90oCW; gets reduced in size and also gets enclosed in a figure with one less number of sides.
Explanation:

## The symbols move in the sequence

. Also, the arrow rotates 135oACW; the trapezium gets vertically
inverted and the pin-shaped symbol rotates 90oCW.
Explanation:
The upper element rotates through 180o and its head gets inverted. The lower element gets vertically inverted.
Explanation:
The figure gets laterally inverted.
Explanation:
The figure rotates through 90oACW.
Explanation:
A cone is introduced inside the figure. The arcs in the cone are parts of the main figure
Explanation:
The right half of the figure is lost and the remaining portion is shaded.
SITAMS

Page 45

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation:
The upper element moves to the lower position; changes its size (reduces in size if initially larger and enlarges
if initially smaller); gets laterally inverted and its circular part changes colour (becomes black if initially white
and vice-versa). The lower element moves to the upper position; changes its size (reduces in size if initially
larger and enlarges if initially smaller); rotates through 180o and its circular part changes colour (becomes
black if initially white and vice-versa).
Explanation:
The smaller element gets enlarged. The larger element reduces in size; gets vertically inverted; moves inside
the other element and gets attached to its upper end.
Explanation:
The figure gets laterally inverted.
Explanation:
The complete figure rotates through 180o and the element that reaches the RHS position rotates further by
90oCW.
Explanation:
The middle and the inner elements get enlarged to become the outer and the middle elements respectively. The
outer element gets reduced in size and becomes the inner element.
Explanation:
The number of arcs in the central element increases by one; the number of small ellipses increases by one and
these ellipses shift to the inner side of the central element.

SITAMS

Page 46

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation:
The two elements at the ends of the line segment, move to the centre of the line segment.
Explanation:
The RHS and the LHS elements interchange positions and the two central elements also interchange positions.
Explanation:

## The elements move in the sequence

The 'S'-shaped element gets laterally inverted; the rectangle rotates
through 90o, the '=' symbol rotates through 90o; the arrow gets vertically inverted and the circle gets shaded.
Explanation:
The outer element divides into two equal parts; the lower half is lost; the upper part gets shaded and moves to
the lower position. The inner element reduces in size; rotates through 45o; gets unshaded and reaches the upper
position.
Explanation:
The upper part of the figure gets vertically inverted.
Explanation:
The figure gets vertically inverted and enlarged.
Explanation:
The outer element rotates I35oCW and the inner element rotates 135oACW.
SITAMS

Page 47

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation:
The figure is rotated through 90oCW; the triangle is converted to an arrowhead and the zig-zag or the lines
inside the main figure turn outwards.
Explanation:
The figure is rotated through 180o and a new line segment is added to the figure obtained.
Explanation:
The figure is enclosed in a new figure with one more number of sides, in such a way that the upper vertex of
the two figures coincide.
Explanation:
The two partially shaded circles rotate through 180o.
Explanation:
The number of sides of the central figure increases by one and the number of line segments attached to the
central figure decreases by one.
Explanation:
As many pins are introduced inside the figure as the number of sides of the figure. These pins start from the
centre of the figure and have their heads pointing towards the sides of the figure.
Explanation:
The black leaf rotates 135oACW and white leaf rotates 90oACW

SITAMS

Page 48

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation:
The RHS element rotates 90oCW and moves to the upper position. The LHS element rotates 90oCW and moves
to the lower position.
Explanation:
The set of three pins gets vertically inverted and moves to the lower-right position; the triangle rotates
90oACW; the third element rotates 45oACW and moves to the upper-left position. The dot in this element
moves to the adjacent portion in a CW direction.
Explanation:
The arc gets divided at one place and the other element gets separated from the arc and gets divided at two
places.
Explanation:
The figure rotates 90oCW and the number of straight lines or arcs at the centre increases by one.
Explanation:

one.

## and the symbol at the encircled position gets replaced by a new

Explanation:
The contents of the outer main figure rotate through 45oCW.
Explanation:
SITAMS

Page 49

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

The upper part of the figure gets separated along the line and is lost.

ANALOGY

Explanation:
The figure rotates 90oCW.
Explanation:
The circles are converted to hexagons and semicircles are converged to half-hexagons.
Explanation:
The figure rotates 90oCW; the inner element rotates about the main line and turns outwards while the outer
element shifts inwards,
Explanation:
The figure rotates through 90o the two parts get separated along the dividing line; each part gets rotated
through 180o and these two parts are joined together by a black circle.
Explanation:
The figure gets laterally inverted and all the arcs get curved in the opposite direction.
Explanation:
The figure rotates through 135oACW.
Explanation:The arrow rotates 135oCW and moves a distance equal to one and a half sides of the square
boundary in a CW direction. Out of the two central elements, the outer element diminishes in size and becomes
the inner element, the inner element moves to the position of the corner element and the corner element gets
enlarged and moves to the central position to become the outer element.
SITAMS

Page 50

## REASONING AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE COURSE

ANALOGY

Explanation:
The upper-left and the lower-right elements rotate 90oCW while the upper-right and the lower-left elements
rotate 90oACW.
Explanation:
The arrow rotates 135oCW and the remaining part of the figure rotates 90oACW.
Explanation:
The number of sides in the main figure reduces by one; the two circles present inside it, move outside and
reach the positions on either side of this figure; a new black circle appears inside the figure.
Explanation:
The outer element rotates 90oACW; moves to the adjacent side of the square in an ACW direction and shifts
inside the square. The inner element rotates 90oACW; moves to the adjacent side of the square in an ACW
direction and shifts outside the square.
Explanation:
The upper and the lower elements interchange places; the element that reaches the upper position gets laterally
inverted; the element that reaches the lower position gets laterally inverted and its head also gets laterally
inverted; the line segment inside the square (central element) rotates 45oCW.
Explanation:

## The elements move in the sequence

the elements reaching the upper-left and the lower-right positions
o
rotate 90 ACW; the elements reaching the upper-right and lower-left positions rotate 90oCW; the central
element rotates 90oACW and gets laterally inverted.

SITAMS

Page 51

ANALOGY

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

SITAMS

A
A
B
A
C
A
E
C
D
E
B
B
D
D

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

D
A
C
C
A
A
C
A
C
D
D
B
D
A

29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42

D
C
B
C
E
B
C
E
E
D
B
D
D
C

43
44
45
46
47

D
A
D
D
C

Page 52