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# ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION BASICS

 The e.m.f is induced in the coil, when the there is a change in the flux linking with the coil.
 This e.m.f. exists so long as the change in the flux exists.
 Stationary flux will never induce any e.m.f. in a stationary conductor, even though it is strong
( the e.m.f. is stronger when the magnet is closer to the conductor [see fig.(a) and fig.(b)] & it
is strongest (Em) when the conductor is perpendicular to the magnetic field).
Example:

fig.(a).Stronger e.m.f .induced in
comparison of the position in fig.(b)

fig.(b). Lesser e.m.f.induced in
comparison of the position in fig.(a)

G  Galvanometer
AB  Initial position of the magnet (closer to the conductor coil) in which the e.m.f. induced is
stronger than in position CD
CD  new position of magnet moved away from conductor coil causing lesser e.m.f. to induce
than that in position AB.
Flux Direction

Lenz’s Law:
It states that ,
the electromagnetically
induced current
always flow in
such a direction
that the action
of the magnetic
field set up by it
opposes the
very cause
which produces it . Thus,
a minus sign is
given to the
right-hand side
expression (i)

Conductor is perpendicular to the flux
induces strongest flux in the coil
 The magnitude of this induced e.m.f. (and hence the amount in the deflection in the
galvanometer ) depends on the quickness of the movement
 It is also found that if the conductor is moved parallel to the direction of the lines of flux (so
that it cuts none of these lines), then no e.m.f. is induced.