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Statement of the Problem

Until now there had been no studies that examine the confluence of themes found
in a kalinga peace pact celebration as they relate the role of music in the
construction of place.
This thesis analyzes one peace pact ceremony. It will examine how this ceremony
provides contexts for social processes of making music and place.
Theories of place creation from anthro, ethno and geography will supplement
ethnographic writings in kalinga as well as my own field research data
Significance of the Study
This ethnographic study attempts to get beyond consider imposed boundaries
drawn by non-kalingas and focus instead on meaningful place constructions by the
actual residents of these areas.
Territorial boundaries are defined by each group, as are other significant, intangible
terms. As mentioned above, place and music “happen” at a bodong celebration. It
is where culture is “created, negotiated, and performed” (Solomon 2000, 257). An
analysis of this place-making process through musical performances based on the
questions below promise to yield valuable insight into the process of constructing
locally meaningful places.
Research Questions:
Main: How is a sense of place constructed for the Mangali and Sumadel people
through music performances at their peace pact celebration?
Secondary: What are the musical markings that signify differences between the
performances of the two cultures groups?
How do text from the songs performed at the celebration help the sumadel and
mangali people construct contest and negotiate ideas of place?
How do mangali people talk about and classify their music genres and instruments?
In what ways do the Mangali people perceive of the musical sounds that fill or
otherwise interact with their physical landscape?
What can an analysis of this celebration reveal about the ongoing sustainability and
effectiveness of the bodong system?
Chapter Summaries
I - Set the stage for the rest of the thesis by stating the problem of this study,
naming its significance and specifying the research questions
II - Survey of the literature relevant to this thesis divided into themes. To this day,
little has been written that relates kalinga studies to theories of place construction
III - explicated the my research methods, including the pilot study

tempo and dance steps. so I have chosen to present relevant description of the proceedings in the eight selected musical scenes. rhythmic and melodic motifs. Recommendations for future study are also offered to conclude this chapter. The remaining sections of this chapter summarizes the study’s findings. Also the dance steps are different for each place. These were evidence in a difference in rhythmic patterns. In summary. This final chapter will converge on the comprehensive lessons learned as a result of this study. The rest of this chapter summarizes the result of this analysis. The near continues activities of those three days would be impossible to document extensively. Possible format for Summary of Findings. dance steps. Following the summary of these markings I discuss the central role of the gangsa in forming mangali organology and how mangali musical instruments create an effect that is sent out in the soundscape. I conclude with some remarks about recommendation for future research. emphasizing the “musical markings” of place found in instrument use. This chapter also reviews conclusion about kalinga construction of place and its implications for the future of bodong and other traditional cultural practices. This thesis has attempted to demonstrate how musical performances in one bodong celebration formed a social construction of place. data was collected at_______and was comprised of observations. Quote: In this scene I attempted to show how the mangali detected differences between their tadok style and that of the sumadel. explore the implication of this research and propose avenues of examination for future researchers. (At the end of the first section) V – Concludes with an attempt to answer the question above. Chapter 4 analyzed eight different scenes from Sumadel-Mangali peace pact celebration. Pseudonyms were created to ensure that all participants’ identities were protected. The tempo of the sumadel playing starts significantly faster than mangali style but it slows during the performance. interviews etc. and lyrical content of the participants.IV – Analysis of April 2005 Mangali. A qualitative study employing a multi-case study methodology sought to answer the following research questions_________________ To answer these questions. the sumadel have two interlocking patterns of tadok compared to three by mangali players. Finally. Feb-June (2016) 9 June-Nov (2016) 9 . Discussion and conclusion This study examined the________________.sumadel peace pact celebration. address the implication for the study’s participants and the research community as well as offer a discussion emerging from the findings. supplemented by relevant data from participantobservation and ethnographic interviews.

Nov-Feb (2016-17) 9 Feb-June (2017) 9 June –Nov (2017) 9 Nov-Feb (2017-18) 3 (compre and proposal maybe) Feb-June (proposal) (2018)-Dissertation June –nov –mid (2018) – Dissertation I Nov .Feb (2018-2019) – Dissertation II .