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Animated interactive of the history of the Atlantic slave trade.

20/02/2016 15:05

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JUNE 25 2015 1:35 PM

The Atlantic Slave Trade in Two Minutes
315 years. 20,528 voyages. Millions of lives.
By Andrew Kahn and Jamelle Bouie


Slaves disembarked

▶ Play

3.6 million


2.4 million
1.2 million
Mainland N. America







Interactive by Andrew Kahn. Background image by Tim Jones.


sually, when we say “American slavery” or the “American slave trade,” we mean the American colonies or, later, the United States. But as we
discussed in Episode 2 of Slate’s History of American Slavery Academy, relative to the entire slave trade, North America was a bit player.
From the trade’s beginning in the 16th century to its conclusion in the 19th, slave merchants brought the vast majority of enslaved Africans to

two places: the Caribbean and Brazil. Of the more than 10 million enslaved Africans to eventually reach the Western Hemisphere, just 388,747—less
than 4 percent of the total—came to North America. This was dwarfed by the 1.3 million brought to Spanish Central America, the 4 million brought to
British, French, Dutch, and Danish holdings in the Caribbean, and the 4.8 million brought to Brazil.
This interactive, designed and built by Slate’s Andrew Kahn, gives you a sense of the scale of the trans-Atlantic slave trade across time, as well as the
flow of transport and eventual destinations. The dots—which represent individual slave ships—also correspond to the size of each voyage. The larger
the dot, the more enslaved people on board. And if you pause the map and click on a dot, you’ll learn about the ship’s flag—was it British? Portuguese?
French?—its origin point, its destination, and its history in the slave trade. The interactive animates more than 20,000 voyages cataloged in the TransAtlantic Slave Trade Database. (We excluded voyages for which there is incomplete or vague information in the database.) The graph at the bottom
accumulates statistics based on the raw data used in the interactive and, again, only represents a portion of the actual slave trade—about one-half of
the number of enslaved Africans who actually were transported away from the continent.…imated_interactive_of_the_history_of_the_atlantic_slave_trade.html

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and Cuba. Included in your Slate Plus membership! Also on Slate: "Watch as 13. They are in the Caribbean. 19 2016 5:37 PM SLATE PLUS SLATE PLUS FEB. 20/02/2016 15:05 There are a few trends worth noting. NEWS & POLITICS THE ANGLE FEB.Animated interactive of the history of the Atlantic slave trade. and Cardenas. This hundred years—from approximately 1725 to 1825—is also the high-water mark of the slave trade. Malembo. not in the U. Angola. the map had located a port called “Spanish Americas” in eastern North America. and mostly to Brazil. Portugal reclaims its status as the leading slavers. and our nation’s leading historians on our foundational institution. Spanish transport diminishes and is replaced (and exceeded) by British. 19 2016 5:49 PM http://www.S. June 30.3 million people to the Western Hemisphere. 2015: The interactive originally displayed incorrect locations for Quilimane (also spelled Quelimane). The rest of the European nations. by contrast. respectively. sending hundreds of thousands of enslaved people to their holdings in Central and South America and the Caribbean. not Sudan and Spain. —Jamelle Bouie Slate Academy: The History of American Slavery Enroll now in a different kind of summer school. and—by the end of the century— American activity. respectively.000 to the West. have largely ended their roles in the trade. historians…imated_interactive_of_the_history_of_the_atlantic_slave_trade. as Europeans send more than 7. didn’t survive the journey. Vincent and Zion Hill. French.html Page 2 sur 6 . Inside the Slave Ship History of American Slavery. and death in the New World. Furthermore. Correction.000 Civil War Monuments Fill the U. 18th.slate. as Portugal brings millions of enslaved Africans to the Americas. As the first European states with a major presence in the New World.S. Europeans had enslaved and transported more than 12. Slate’s Jamelle Bouie. In the 1700s. and 19th centuries. At least 2 million. Map—and Read the Chilling Inscriptions" Correction. however. June 25. In the final decades of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. 2015: The interactive originally displayed incorrect locations for St. Ep 2: The Atlantic slave trade during its heyday and the remarkable life of Olaudah Equiano. The Portuguese role doesn’t wane and increases through the 17th. Spain also returns as a leading nation in the slave trade. sending 1.2 million people to forced labor. Portugal and Spain dominate the opening century of the trans-Atlantic slave trade. sending 400. For a time during this period. By the conclusion of the trans-Atlantic slave trade at the end of the 19th century. disease. Rebecca Onion. The revised map does not show this port or voyages to it.5 million Africans. British transport even exceeds Portugal’s. Dutch. and Canada. They are in Mozambique.

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