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Table Of Content


Name Of Component
Name Of Tools
Working Procedure
Maintenance Schedule

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These types of bearings are usually lubricated with extreme pressure (EP) grease to assist in supporting the load. Molybdenum sulfide in solid (moly) is included in the grease to increase the load-carrying capacity of lubricants. but the theory and operation of these bearings can be complicated. Design and construction they may be quite simple. 2 . before usually reverse direction. does not allow the formation of a film full of liquid and thus a metal-to-metal does not occur in the bearing. Thus. Partial rotation on low speed. It concentrates on lubricant and grease lubricated bearings full fluid film journal. No rolling elements in the bearing. Low speed pin and bushing is a form of journal bearings where the shaft or shell generally do not make a full rotation. Pin and Bushing continue to operate in the boundary lubrication regime. shock loads and water and dirt contamination is often a major factor in their lubrication. Many applications of construction and mining equipment incorporating pin and bushing outside.Introduction Journal or plain bearings comprise shaft or journal rotate freely in the arm supports or metal shell.

or split for assembly around the shaft. or it may be an integral part of the shaft. The machine and bearing can be classified as horizontal or vertical depending on the orientation of the shaft. Professor Osborne Reynolds showed that oil. 2. This action sets up the pressure in the oil film which thereby supports the load. Radial loads are supported by journal bearings. 3. is dragged by the rotation of the journal so as to form a wedge-shaped film between the journal and journal bearing. It can be a separate part and attached to the shaft by a key and nut or shrink fit. The collar is called a runner in vertical machines. Thrust bearings support the axial loads. The bearings may be solid for assembly over the end of the shaft. Rotating collar The collar transmits the thrust load from the rotating shaft to the thrust shoes through the lubricant film.Name Of Component 1. Journal Bearing Or Shaft Based on his theoretical investigation of cylindrical journal bearings. because of its adhesion to the journal and its resistance to flow (viscosity). Hydrodynamic bearing Bearings transmit the rotating shaft’s loads to the foundation or machine support. Hydrodynamic bearings transmit (float) the load on a self-renewing film of lubricant. 3 .

The base ring (aligning ring) is keyed or doweled to the housing to prevent rotation of the bearing assembly. The loads transmitted from the shaft to the bearing through the lubricant which separates the parts and prevents metal-to-metal contact. The material is typically steel. As with the collar. segment. 6. I. or block) is loosely constrained so it is free to pivot. metallurgical bonded to the body. Base ring The base ring loosely holds and constrains the shoes against rotating so as to allow freedom to pivot. The lubricant also serves to carry heat caused by friction out of the bearing. 5. Lubricant The lubricant is another important “element” of the bearing.the Babbitt. Body The shoe body is the supporting structure which holds the Babbitt and allows freedom to pivot. It may be integral with the shoe body. The pivot surface is spherical to allow 360° rolling freedom. or be a separate insert. and pivot. body. The Babbitt is a soft material (compared to the shaft) which serves two functions: It traps and imbeds contaminants so that these particles do not heavily score or damage the shaft. III.4. Thrust shoe (journal shoe) assembly The shoe (also called a pad. 7. and contain features to adapt for misalignment and tolerance in the parts. The shoe has three basic features . Pivot The pivot allows the shoe to rotate and form a wedge. and so is usually referred to as an assembly. It may have passages for the supply of lubricant. the Babbitt surface must be smooth and flat in comparison to the film thickness. Oil seals 4 . Babbitt The Babbitt is a high-tin material. II.

sleeve and roller bearings. particularly in severe environments. Vital components of practically every type of machine and vehicle in operation.Often called grease. close spaces between stationary and moving components in mechanical equipment. helping prevent lubricant escape. Ellen keys 5 . fluid or dirt seals. close-fitting ball. Spanar 2. oil seals protect all types of precision-constructed. Name Of Tools 1. They also stop harmful contaminants from entering machinery.

Press the button to switch on the machine life. Press button servo to enable the spin shaft and bearings. VII. 3. 5. III. 1. Oil passes through radial slots in back face of base ring. Oil flows between shoes and into the films. Press button off to stop the machine from spinning In the event of an emergency while the machine is operating press emergency button to stop the machine immediately Oil enters annulus in base ring. oil is thrown off into space around the collar. II. 4. At the collar rim. Press the oil heater to view current temperature of bearing and shaft spinning.WORKING PROCEDURE Hydrodynamic journal bearings way machine operation: I. VIII. 6. VI. 6 . Press button oil pump for pumping lubricant entering on the bearings and shaft so that bearings and shaft spin smoothly. V. IV. Then adjust button to set the torque speed or slow down the machine shaft and bearings. Oil flows to inner diameter of rotating thrust collar. Oil flows through clearance between base ring bore and shaft. Press the hydrodynamic journal their bearings life machine to turn on the machine. 2.

This will. Don’t use solvents to clean the rubber shields! Doing so may cause the rubber to blister or swell from the solvents. Gently remove the non-contact rubber shield with a push pin or the edge of a small knife by prying the shield upwards from under the shield at the inner race. create more vibration and a slower bearing. so there is less of a chance the balls may all come together on one side of the bearing and then fall out of the races. When you remove the cage. Angle in the inner race so the running surface of the inner race aligns with the balls and pull to the centre of the outer race. Oil exits tangentially through the discharge opening. cause the entire bearing to fail. so handle them gently and don’t bend them or cut the seal. 1. To remove the ball retainer. then push the ball retainer out. It should pop up and out quite easily. You need a soft surface like a folded towel. you’ll need to reassemble the bearing from scratch. but you’ll get it. may fall completely out of the rings. 2. It’s easy. so don’t panic. make sure to remove both of them. If you pry them out. however. It will take you a few tries more than likely. the balls can all shift over to one side and in some cases. Be careful not to bend or tear the shield as you remove them.” We only recommend this if you are using the Bones Bearing Cleaning Unit or are an experienced bearing cleaner. Take the outer race and the 7 balls and place them on the towel. and at worst. How To Maintenance Hydrodynamics Journal Bearing. you will damage the ball cavities. Make sure the shields are completely clean and dry before re-installing. Make sure all the bearings are on one side like a crescent moon. We recommend ONLY pushing the retainers out. Bent shields don’t fit right and may allow contaminants into the bearing. Cleaning The Bearing.7. merely 100% disassembled! If your balls fall out of the races. and doesn’t mean the bearing is broken. ruining the surface of that cavity. somewhat common during bearing cleaning. Optional Cage Removal. You can clean your bearings more thoroughly by removing the ball retainer or “cage. This is. Just wipe the rubber shields down with warm soapy water and a lint free cloth. The Bones Bearing Cleaner isolates each bearing with spacers. 7 . and is how the bearings were assembled in the first place. Press down on the side of the outer race where all the balls are at. take a straightened paper clip or similar object and place it in the spaces between the ball seats. Pushing alternatively in several different spots is often helpful. at a minimum. If you have the labyrinth shield bearings.

We recommend 2 drops of Bones Speed Cream per bearing for bearings with steel balls. Do not be tempted to use your bearings without any lubricant because they “spin faster without lubricant. Keep replacing the dirty solution with clean solution until the solution no longer changes colour and you are satisfied with the smoothness of the bearing roll. only one drop per bearing is needed. cleaners. Be sure the Bones name on the shield is facing outwards. We recommend a can of compressed air to make sure all the dirt. etc. then press the rubber shields gently into place using your thumb and a rolling action. please revert to the instruction methods provided in the bottle. If you have the Bones Bearing Cleaning Unit. polypropylene. solvents. For Bones Swiss Ceramic Bearings. If you have removed the ball retainers. Dry your bearings. grease. 6. 8 . (We don’t recommend glass. check each bearing to be sure it spins freely. run your thumb around it to flatten it out. Spin each bearing for a couple of revolutions in your fingers to distribute the lubrication throughout the inner workings of the bearing.” which is NOT something you want to happen to you when you are skating! 7. because it is easy to break. Once you have all the retainers installed back into your bearings. Lubricate your bearings. gently snap the ball retainers back into place. If you have Bones Labyrinth shield bearings.) Wear suitable rubber gloves and eye protection. soak them in your cleaning solution in a polyethylene. use the paper clip to spread the balls out evenly and then insert the ball retainer so that each ball is over a ball seat. If there are. Reinstall your clean rubber shields. Reinstall your cages. Gently agitate the jar making the solution flush through the bearing. repeat your cleaning cycle or replace the bearing. so as to not get the cleaning agents in your eyes or anywhere but onto a cloth on your work area. 5. but be aware that some plastics may melt in some solvents. the shields are identical so follow this procedure for both sides of the bearing. Then. If not. or metal jar. Inspect the ring around the inner race making sure there are no dimples in the rubber shield.” Although this is partly true in a superficial way. so be sure to use one you know is safe. If you have chosen to remove them. Do so carefully. Place each one flat on the “open side” of a clean bearing where the balls are visible. Clean your bearings and your ball retainer. Remove the bearings and the ball retainers from the cleaning solution and dry immediately.3. riding your bearings without lubricant will cause them to fail quickly and may cause them to “freeze up. 4. have left the inner workings of the bearing and no water is left. Leave a slight coat from your fingers on the outer sides of the bearing to prevent rusting.

9 . quietly. Oil seal The oil seal is service every week to prevent the leaking. be careful not to use a tool that will put direct pressure on the shield or the inner race only. Be sure to check that your bearings are aligned properly so that your wheels spin freely. before using the bearing in your wheel. Reinstall your bearings. If they don’t. A proper bearing press or tool will only press on the outer ring of your bearing during insertion. If they still don’t spin smoothly and quietly. If the oil seal is leaking. Oil How to maintenance lubricating oil by changing the lubricating oil in every 3 month. Denting the shield will only cause friction and slow bearing down. and then replace that component or bearings as need be. and smoothly. you will have to back track to seat the bearings parallel and fully into the wheel. you will have to troubleshoot the cleaning process to find out which bearing component is incorrectly installed or worn out. Use a bearing press or your truck/axle to press the bearings back into your wheels. the seal is replace with the new one to avoid the loss and machine breakdown. When installing bearings into your wheels.8.

Maintenance Schedule Section What To Do Maintenance 1 Bearing Check & service / Oil Change Oil Seal Check Collar Check Shell & Housing Check & service Motor Check & service Bolt & Nut Check & service 4 7 10 13 16 / 19 / Every 3 month / W E E K / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / Discussion 10 / .

Oil -Synthetic oil should be changed because the oil viscosity rate are reduced when operating machine in a long time. Additionally. Firstly . Motor . motor a very thorough care needs.Bearing -Bearings function to launch the movement in hydrodynamic journal bearing. Bearing need maintenance about 9 weeks once to make sure the bearings are in good condition. the cleanliness of the internal and external motor.Shell and housing need maintained to prevent corrosion. In addition. the synthetic oil should be changed to avoid synthetic oils suffer from impurities. Things always happen on the bolt and nut is 11 . Additionally. Therefore. Maintenance should be done within 6 weeks once. The maintenance performed is check and service. synthetic oil should be changed within the next 3 months so that oil is in good condition. it facilitates the movement of the shaft. Lastly. the oil seal must also be converted to launch the round at shaft and bearings Collar -Collars need maintained to prevent corrosion. In addition. cable connection on the motor must be in good condition so if cable connection. Therefore. Hygienic dust and oils and impurities.Motor is a component of a machine that is very important in a machine. In addition. Oil seal -oil seal must be changed because. disconnect the motor cannot function. the binder bolt and nut site and other places on the motor should also be examined. Maintenance should be done within 6 weeks once. if not changed it can cause oil leakage in the machine. Shell & Housing .Bolt and nut is the connection between components and components. Bolt & nat . Bolt and nut is very important in every machine. it facilitates the movement of the shaft.

broken thread. Therefore. bolt and nut need maintenance every week to ensure damaged bolt and nut does not occur because it may be harmful Conclusion 12 .

It is found that COMSOL gives approximately identical solution for both short and long journal bearing. Reference 13 . Based on the results and discussion presented in the preceding following conclusions can be made for plain journal bearing studied. Journal bearing are considered to be sliding bearing as opposed to rolling bearings such as ball bearings. this analytical model is implemented in COMSOL Multiphysics software for more advanced design and analysis.Further it can be used to select lubricating oil for a particular speed and permissible limit of temperature rise. General governing Reynolds equation is derived and implemented for hydrodynamic plain journal bearing. Using COMSOL pressure distribution for plain journal bearing is simulated and compared with analytical solution. Journal bearing are widely use in gasoline and diesel fuelled piston engine in motor vehicle and allowed parts to move together smoothly. Furthermore. Using Reynolds equation analytical model is developed for infinitely short and infinitely long journal bearing to find steady state characteristics of plain journal bearing. hence COMSOL solution get validated with analytical solution and for CFD module has no problem to generate the so journal bearing. The pressure distribution of the hydrodynamic plain journal bearing lubricated with oil under steady state consideration has been analysed.

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