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Personality and stress

1. Find out your personality!

The Big Five Personality Test
(Adapted from http://personality-testing.info/printable/big-five-personality-test.pdf)

The scores you calculate should be between zero and forty. Below is a description of each trait.
• Extroversion (E) is the personality trait of seeking fulfillment from sources outside the self or in
community. High scorers tend to be very social while low scorers prefer to work on their projects
alone.
• Agreeableness (A) reflects much individuals adjust their behavior to suit others. High scorers are
typically polite and like people. Low scorers tend to 'tell it like it is'.
• Conscientiousness (C) is the personality trait of being honest and hardworking. High scorers tend
to follow rules and prefer clean homes. Low scorers may be messy and cheat others.
• Neuroticism (N) is the personality trait of being emotional.
• Openness to Experience (O) is the personality trait of seeking new experience and intellectual
pursuits. High scores may day dream a lot. Low scorers may be very down to earth.
2. Let’s practice about:
Present perfect: Read the situations and write sentences. Use the following verbs:

Arrive / Break / Fall / Go up / Grow / Improve / Lose
1. Tom is looking for his key. He can’t find it.

He has lost his key.________________________

2. Margaret can’t walk and her leg is in plaster.

She_____________________________________

3. Last week the bus fare was 80 pence. Now it is 90.

The bus fare _________________________

4. Maria’s English wasn’t very good. Now it is better. Her English_________________________
5. Dan didn’t have a beard before. Now he has a beard. He________________________________
6. This morning I was expecting a letter. Now I have it. The letter___________________________
7. The temperature was 20 degrees. Now it is only 12. The________________________________

Past perfect
1. You went to Sue’s house, but she wasn’t there.
(She/go/out) _____________________________________________________________________
2. You went back to your home town after many years. It wasn’t the same as before.
(It/change/ a lot) __________________________________________________________________
3. I invited Rachel to the party, but she couldn’t come.
(She/arrange/ to do something else) ___________________________________________________
4. You went to the cinema last night. You got to the cinema late.
(The film/already/begin) ____________________________________________________________
5. It was nice to see Dan again after such a long time.

a. T/F Summer holidays stress workers out From http://www. f. T/F d. The study. Hundreds of managers worry about returning to ninety e-mails. I offered Sue something to eat. T/F c.BreakingNewsEnglish. T/F b. questioned 2. Around four in ten managers do not find holidays relaxing.and upper-management positions actually work while they are on vacation. The researchers discovered that 80 per cent of those surveyed answer work- . Change partners and share what you heard. Many in lower. The article says it is harder for people to totally disconnect for 2 weeks. but she wasn’t hungry. What makes you stressed? Complete this table and talk about it with your partner(s). It takes the average worker over 48 hours to get into holiday mode.html A new report reveals that going on summer holiday may be more stressful than working. It found forty per cent of managers do not come back from a holiday feeling relaxed. Stress How to deal with it English Partners Family People Technology Shopping 4. by the UK’s Institute of Leadership and Management (ILM). (She/just/ have/ breakfast) __________________________________________________________ 3.com/1007/100723-stress. New research shows it is less stressful to take no holidays. Reading exercise Read the headline. T/F T/F T/F h.500 of its members about attitudes towards long summer breaks. g.Personality and stress (I/ not/see/him for five years) ________________________________________________________ 6. T/F e. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F). Very few managers answer e-mails while they are on vacation. Change and share again. A worrying finding was that many workers came back from a holiday more stressed than when they left. Long flights and packing suitcases are the biggest causes of stress. Many British workers worry about job security while on holiday.

f. Over 90 per cent of managers worried about returning to hundreds of e-mails. T/F h.Personality and stress related e-mails. 5. 2 questioned b. 6. cut off g. reveals a. 8. main f. feeling relaxed unwind hundreds of e-mails economy with work than working mode summer breaks times stressed 7. While technology means that it is easier than ever to work remotely. around 50 per cent make and take business-related phone calls and 10 per cent go into the office. 6. it takes two days and seventeen hours into a holiday to totally unwind. j.” The study also revealed that on average. 9. more stressful attitudes towards long come back from a holiday came back from a holiday more returning to the weakened global cut off contact Uncertain economic totally fully get into holiday a. said: "Gone are the days when people cut off contact with work for a fortnight over the summer and made a complete break. d. 5. 4. Phrase match: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible. It takes the average worker over 48 hours to get into holiday mode. 3. 1.html . unwind i. h. when what they really need is time away from the office to rest and re-energise. attitudes c. Penny de Valk. T/F f.com/1007/100723-stress. b. 4. returning e. 9. 8. Long flights and packing suitcases are the biggest causes of stress. fully j. Many British workers worry about job security while on holiday. Ten per cent of managers said it took them up to a week to fully get into holiday mode. Information technology and the weakened global economy are the main causes of managers being unable to de-stress while on holiday. major connected de-stress surveyed disconnected shows from afar totally opinions coming back 6. c. Uncertain economic times also mean that many UK employees are keeping one eye on their job at all times. 10.) 1. 2 3.BreakingNewsEnglish. remotely h. chief executive of the ILM. g. it also makes it extremely hard to switch off. g. 7. 10. T/F The article says it is harder for people to totally disconnect for 2 weeks. 7. i. T/F Summer holidays stress workers out From http://www. 5. related d. e. Synonym match: Match the following synonyms from the article. STRESS DISCUSSION STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B) a) What did you think when you read the headline? b) What springs to mind when you hear the word ‘stress’? c) What kinds of things stress you out? d) Do you think holidays are stressful? e) What do you think of managers who can’t stop working even when they’re on holiday? f) What are the best ways to reduce stress? g) Is stress dangerous? h) Should bosses tell managers to totally disconnect while on holiday? i) Should workers get paid if they answer phone calls and mails on vacation? e.

Ten per cent of managers said it took them up to a week to fully get into holiday mode. Many in lower. 5. it also makes it extremely hard to switch off. STRESS DISCUSSION STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A) a) Did you like reading this article? b) Does information technology add to or reduce your stress? c) Do you find it hard to switch off from e-mail and computers? d) What should companies do to make employees take a proper break? e) How long does it take you to unwind? f) What do you know about stress and its dangers? g) What would you say to someone who worked while you were on holiday with them? h) Do you ever worry about a full e-mail InBox? i) What questions would you like to ask a manager who works on holiday? . 9. 6. Uncertain economic times also mean that many UK employees are keeping one eye on their job at all times. feeling relaxed unwind hundreds of e-mails economy with work than working mode summer breaks times stressed 7. 1. The study. Synonym match: Match the following synonyms from the article. c.” The study also revealed that on average. reveals a. 4.and upper-management positions actually work while they are on vacation. questioned 2. 8. 6. Phrase match: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible. 5.Personality and stress A new report reveals that going on summer holiday may be more stressful than working. fully j. around 50 per cent make and take business-related phone calls and 10 per cent go into the office. more stressful attitudes towards long come back from a holiday came back from a holiday more returning to the weakened global cut off contact Uncertain economic totally fully get into holiday a. 7. unwind i. 2 questioned b. it takes two days and seventeen hours into a holiday to totally unwind. b. chief executive of the ILM. 10. returning e. 4. when what they really need is time away from the office to rest and re-energise. e. g. related d. 9. 8. Over 90 per cent of managers worried about returning to hundreds of e-mails. Penny de Valk. f. j. 7. attitudes c. h. It found forty per cent of managers do not come back from a holiday feeling relaxed. main f. i. remotely h. said: "Gone are the days when people cut off contact with work for a fortnight over the summer and made a complete break. major connected de-stress surveyed disconnected shows from afar totally opinions coming back 6. While technology means that it is easier than ever to work remotely.500 of its members about attitudes towards long summer breaks.) 1. 10. cut off g. by the UK’s Institute of Leadership and Management (ILM). A worrying finding was that many workers came back from a holiday more stressed than when they left. 5. 3. Information technology and the weakened global economy are the main causes of managers being unable to de-stress while on holiday. The researchers discovered that 80 per cent of those surveyed answer workrelated e-mails. 2 3. d.