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FOREWORD

Many majestic mature trees are the natural heritage of Chandigarh and serve
as important green landmarks for our city of gardens. They help to create a
sense of permanence and identity to the place we live in. Just as our Garden
City, it takes decades and in some cases, more than a hundred years for
these trees to mature gracefully in our landscape.
As Chandigarh progresses, there is a danger of losing these mature trees. In
view of this concern, the Heritage Trees Project was planned with an
objective to conserve and to educate the community on the importance of
protecting our tree wealth.
This Project plans to prepare after every five years a list of trees that because of their age, size, type, historical association or horticultural value are of special importance to the City. The Mission of the volunteers of
YUVSATTA is to preserve, manage, enhance, and expand a vital collection of
plants in an active, urban setting.
From December, 2005 to February, 2006 volunteers of YUVSATTA
went from sector to sector, village to village and to every nook and
corner of the city, meeting residents,

students,

teachers and

Government officials collecting data on Heritage Trees and Heritage
Tree sites in Chandigarh. After three months of extensive hardwork it
is soul-satisfying to see the magnificent results. One can never
imagine that there are more than 1000 trees in Chandigarh that can
be termed as Heritage Trees or part of Heritage sites. These are rare
assets for any urban city.
As planned and envisaged the Project Heritage Trees serves to identify,
recognize and conserve the majestic individual trees in the city landscape.
The criteria adopted for identification of a Heritage tree was by virtue of its
age i.e around 100 years, aesthetic value, historical significance, cultural
reasons, social & educational value, trees that are landmarks of a community
and inhabitation, trees in a notable grove, avenue, or other planting, a rare
species, or provides a habitat for rare species of plants, animals or birds etc.
Most of the selected Heritage Trees selected are of good quality, relatively
free of damage and are also sufficiently well suited to preservation. Once
endorsed as a Heritage Tree by the Department of Environment, Chandigarh

Administration, the selected trees can be included in HERITAGE TREES LIST
of Chandigarh for the purpose of promoting its conservation and educating
the community to conserve, respect and love mature trees.
As Heritage Trees are a part our Natural Heritage, a special care programme
can be put up to conserve them. For example, volunteers of YUVSATTA would
be seeking sponsorship for installing lightning conductors on some of these
trees to protect against damages by lightning. There is also an urgent
need to motivate concerned officials to adopt other measures to
prevent soil compaction or excavation around the root zone.
Heritage trees can be inspected and maintained by volunteers of YUVSATTA
through a regular tree care programme. For the trees that need extra
protection, members of YUVSATTA can mobilize people to recognize the value
of these trees and safeguard them.
A ‘Heritage Trees Fund’ needs to be established in Chandigarh. The Fund
can be used to implement a conservation programme to safeguard our
Heritage Trees and to promote appreciation of our natural heritage. Various
programme initiatives could include installation of lightning conductors,
interpretive signage, and putting in place a nomination scheme for the
community.
Currently, volunteers of YUVSATTA under the Greentire programme are
conducting countryside guided bicycle tours. After the identification of
Heritage Trees in Chandigarh guided bicycle tours for students of Botany,
eco-activist, domestic and foreign tourists and youngsters of different
educational institutions of the city can also be arranged.

parmod sharma
coordinator, yuvsatta &
convernor, committee for heritage trees,
chandigarh administration.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We gratefully acknowledge all those who responded with positive
support and with suggestions distilled from their experience. In truth,
while preparing this report, so many people have contributed so
extensively in our findings that we are sure that everyone will benefit
immensely from this humble effort. Those who contributed the most
understand that footnotes were omitted not because we think every
information is original, but rather to keep the text readable when we
owe so much to so many.
We could not fail to mention, however, our deep debt of gratitude to
Shri Ishwar Singh, IFS, DCF cum Director, Department of Environment,
Chandigarh Administration under whose overall guidance and
supervision this report was prepared. A man of action he was always
very encouraging and looking forward.
Mr. PJS Dhadwal, Addl.
Director, Department of Environment, Chandigarh Administration was
also very kind and helpful and saw us through the formalities of the
Project.
We thank all the members of the Heritage Tree Board constituted by
YUVSATTA for their continuous support to strengthen the initiative. We
want especially to thank Dr. Satish Narula who patiently read various
drafts of this report and gave us the benefit of his criticism. In
particular, we want to thank S. Harjit Singh, SDO, Deptt. Of
Horticulture, Chandigarh Administration and Dr. RK Kohli from
Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh who shared their
wisdom and technical information with us.
We will also like to take this opportunity to pay our regards to the wise
men and village heads from various parts of the city, priests of various
Temples and Gurdwaras who painstakingly recounted the history of
their share of heritage trees.
We will be failing in our duty, if we don’t acknowledge the important
role played by our friends in media like Vijaya Pushkarna from The
Week, Mr. Parmod Pushkarna, a senior Photo-journalist, Payal Pruthi
in The Tribune and Bhupinder Kohli & Vandana Shukla in the Times of
India, who through their comprehensive news features made it
possible for us to take the eco-message of Heritage Trees to masses at
large
Finally, we want to thank our young volunteers who met the test of
time and with their active participation and support made compilation
of this report in a short duration of three months possible. These

torch-bearers are Pooja, Ashish Rampal, Rahul Mullick, Anil, Canadian
brother-sister duo Andre & Anita de Costa and Kristeen from Be the
Cause, US.
Vikramjit Singh

CHAPTER – I

INTRODUCTION

MYTHOLOGY & TREES
In many ancient cultures, trees are held sacred. It is as though sanctity stems
from their ever-renewing force of life and growth. But nowhere else in the
world do trees receive veneration and love as accorded to them in India.
The Indian region ’s reverence for trees goes back to prehistory, to the animist
beliefs of primitive peoples. Later it is evident in the seals of Mohenjo-Daro &
Harappa, one of which depicts a horned goddess in a peepal tree. In other
seals, woman and trees merge, seemingly in a common assertion of their
fertility. Over the millennia tree-worship has continued unabated in countless
shrines and sacred groves across the length and breadth of the region.
Like the forest canopy a vast body of mythological and religious lore
overspreads trees in India. Some were so greatly esteemed that they were
believed to personify no less than the supreme being. Shiva himself is
sthanu, the trunk and the ber is sacred to him. Vishnu is said to manifest
himself in the Peepal, which is also the tree under which the Buddha
attained enlightenment. The tongues of bells in Buddha temple in
Myanmar are shaped like peepal leaves.

Other trees are associated with specific gods. Thus Krishna recalls the
Kadamba under who’s boughs he played the flute and into whose branches he
escaped after stealing the clothes of Gopies. He is also associated with
Paarijat. The Mango is the abode of Kama-God of love. The Banyan is the tree
of Savitri who reclaimed her husband from the hands of death and hence is
the patron of Hindu wives.
Arising in the fertility cults of remote antiquity, the connection between trees
and the sacred female was absorbed into Hinduism. Trees sheltered female
deities and contained their essence and divinity. The Atharva Veda equates
plants with the mother goddess.
The Ashoka dispels sorrow, the Neem bestows happiness, and the Mandar
gladdens the sun. Women unable to conceive must pray to the peepal to be
blessed with offspring. The Amla is also sacred, as is the Kikar, sometimes
seen dense with clay pots tied to its branches to placate the gods. In the
Himalayas, the Deodar Tree of the gods, is worshipped.
All in all, the Indian association with trees is a dense matrix, as many-stranded
and inter-woven as the roots of the banyan. It is an acknowledgement that
man and tree are closely connected in their life and fate, an aspect of the
wider interdependence of man and nature. Yet, somewhere in this complex
coexistence, humans have turned exploiters. The 20th century has seen a
grave annihilation of these very trees and forests, a plunder so terrible
that vast tracts of precious forests have disappeared over the years. Tree
cover in the Indian subcontinent has declined drastically during the last
century. This is the time to rekindle some of the religious, emotional and
reverential bonds that India has very clearly witnessed in the past, a time for
man and trees to become friends once more. This would be the ultimate
manifestation of the human belief in the essential unity of all living things.

THE NEEM TREE
Neem (Botanical Name: Azadirachta indica) is a tropical evergreen tree native
to India and Burma and growing in Southeast Asia and Western Africa. It can
live up to 200 years. The neem Tree has been used for at least 4000 years in
India. The leaves were strewn on the floor of temples at weddings to purify

the ‘brush’ is used to clean their teeth with great efficiency. neem products are popular. neem branches were used to fan the air during wedding ceremonies. They feed their children neem leaves and oil to treat or to prevent a variety of illnesses including intestinal worms. They put fresh leaves under their mattresses and in stored grain to repel insects. Therefore. Adults eat neem leaves to control diabetes. encephalitis and meningitis. Neem toothpastes provide an easy and effective way to use neem’s cavity and gum disease fighting properties without having to hunt down a suitable neem twig. shining and easy to manage. Twigs of the neem tree are used daily in India.and bless the area and the couple. Neem touches the daily life of almost every Indian. Pakistan and Bangladesh by about six hundred million people as a natural toothbrush. Villagers with easy access to neem trees have developed many innovative uses. external fungi. Centuries of proven effectiveness against many diseases have given neem an esteemed place in the culture of India. Neem is dedicated to the Goddess Neemari Devi. It is a common practice for villagers to wash wounds in water boiled with neem leaves. Soap made from neem has antibacterial properties and leaves the skin cool and refreshed. to wealthier individuals who purchase manufactured neem-based toothpastes. After chewing the end of the twig to make bristles. . ulcers. Neem shampoo controls dandruff and itchy-scalp while keeping the hair looking healthy. epilepsy. Neem leaf extract and neem seed oil have also been shown to be effective at reducing cavities and healing gum diseases such as thrush and periodontia Even in major Indian cities where modern medicinal products are easily obtained. A material in the twig called ‘Datun’ is under study by several major American university dental schools to try to isolate the active compounds that prevent cavities and gum diseases by those who use neem twigs for dental care. when a manufacturer applied for government approval of a new neem capsule to be used to treat diabetes. from the poorest peasant who snaps-off a twig to use as a toothbrush. it was granted in under 24 hours. used to cover the body at death and to burn the funeral pyre. A paste made from neem leaves is used to treat scabies. malaria. soaps and medicines. smallpox and head lice. headaches and fevers.

The Sarira Sthanam recommended that newborn infants should be anointed with herbs and oil. topical medicinal powders incorporating neem leaf extracts or powdered neem leaf are common throughout India. most of which continue to vex humanity. Face packs and bath salts with neem leaf powder are used to refresh the invigorate the skin after a day in the dry heat of India. There are baby powders. neem came close to providing a cradle-to-grave heath care program and was a part of almost every aspect of life in many parts of the Indian subcontinent up to and including the modern era.D. foot powders and deodorant powders that are noted for their ability to protect users from the discomfort and suffering that fungal infections can inflict. Medical practitioners on the Indian subcontinent had been studying and documenting the effects of hundreds of botanical compounds for more than 2500 years.) and Sushruta Samhita (approximately 300 A.000 B. Ayurveda. and the foundation of the Indian system of natural healing. This was the high point of the Indian Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in north-western and western India that date to that period found several therapeutic compounds. These books have been traced to earlier works dating to 2. eczema.C. Among the most ancient surviving documents that have been translated are the Charaka-Samhita (approximately 500 B. and 1. A mixture of neem and tulsi powders in corn starch is used as a baby powder and by adults to prevent prickly heat and other skin rashes. Egypt. gathered in the ruins. body talcs. Based on the proven ability of neem to prevent fungal infections.). Mesopotamia. including neem leaves. The first indication that neem was being used as a medical treatment was about 4. As the child grew it was given small doses of neem oil when ill and bathed with neem tea to treat cuts. Greece and Rome.500 B. acne and other skin problems better than almost any other known product.500 years ago. Long revealed for its many healing properties. laid on a silken sheet and fanned with a branch of a neem tree with ample leaves.Skin creams incorporate neem oil can control psoriasis.C. rashes and the lesions of . carefully complied Indian medicines were also brought back to Persia. In these ancient texts neem is mentioned in almost 100 entries for treating a wide range of diseases and symptoms. As early explorers travelled to India to trade for gold. silks and spices.C respectively.

The juice of ripe fruit is used for powder or churan. The ones selectively bred in orchards are large and deliciously sweet. Unripe fruit is used for making vinegar. Its bark is light grey in color and fairly smooth in texture. It tends to have a straight bole when coming up on rich soil and favourable climate. The fruit is widely used as cattle feed. The jamun twig is also used as a rough painting brush. Daily brushing with neem twigs helped keep both child and adult free of cavities and diseases of the gums. It grows naturally in clay loam soil in tropical as well as sub-tropical zones. The wild fruit is called “kath-Jamun” or “Woody Jamun” and are small and tart in taste.L. diuretic and gives a smooth effect on the human digestive system. The jamun tree tends to grow an umbrella like crown with dense foliage. pink when attaining near maturity and shinning crimson black when fully ripe.Chicken Pox. The seed as well as the bark have several applications in Ayurveda. The jamun bark acts as tonic. but a crooked one when in dry terrain and unfavourable environment. ovoid. The juice is also criminating. Its habitat extends from Myanmar to Afghanistan. but slightly sour. The foliage serves as fodder for cattle. Common names of the jamun are java plum. beautiful evergreen tree common to the Indian subcontinent. Unani and Chinese systems of medicine. The seed is also rich in protein and carbohydrates and also contains traces of calcium. The scientific name of Jamun is Eugenia jambolana or Syzygium cumini. astringent and anti-pyretic too. THE JAMUN TREE Jamun is a large. The berry is oblong. especially during drought. Diabetic patients can take jamun fruit regularly during the season of its availability for a temporary relief from the illness. jambul and Indian blackberry. This gives a pleasant and cool shade during summer. It is widely cultivated in Haryana as well as the rest of the Indo-Gangetic plains. It belongs to the myrtaceae plant family. medicine against diabetes and as antidote on a kind of soft food poisoning. green when just appearing. It is popular as a roadside avenue tree as well. The twigs form good ‘Datun’ (tooth brush). . black plum. Jamun fruit appears in May-June. The jamun tree is useful in many ways.

family. maturant. dysentery. The banyan often grows to a height of over 21 meters and lives through many ages. vulnerary. vomiting. Birds drop its seeds into the top branches of other trees. lessens inflammations. The bargad tree grows in a peculiar way. sticky latex is used to prepare birdlime. A specimen in the Calcutta botanical garden has a main trunk 13 feet (4 m) in diameter. inflammation of liver etc.000 smaller ones. Eventually. inflammations and leprosy. which take root and become new trunks. useful in piles. The seeds sprout in the treetops and the bargad tree begins life as an epiphyte on the host tree. it is astringent to bowels. 230 trunks as large as oak trees. These trees like to have plenty of space in which to spread themselves out.BARGAD or BARH – BANYAN TREE Barh or Banyan. vaginal complaints. BARGAD tree has large leaves and small blossoms followed by cherry like scarlet fruit which furnish food for birds and monkeys. Fruits are used to prepare Sharbat traditionally. India and tropical Africa send down from its branches great numbers of shoots. A single tree thus may spread over a large area and look like a small forest. According to Unani system of medicine. useful in treatment of biliousness. its latex is aphrodisiac. fever. The habitat is monsoon and rain forests and is often planted throughout the forest tract of India. leaving the younger trees to support the tree. ulcers. gathering its nourishment and water from the air and branches develop. The mature barh’s canopy may cover an area more then 1. This tree is considered to be scared in some places in India. gonorrhoea etc. which hunters use in capturing birds. drought resistance and withstands mild frost. Moraceae is a remarkable tree of Haryana. grows on the banyan tree. and more than 3. We don’t see many banyan trees in our cities nowadays. Medicinal Uses and Properties: According to Ayurveda. The stems below the canopy form a kind of columned room. It’s original trunk may decay. the barh kills the host tree by strangling it. (Ficus bengalensis). It is hardy. useful in syphilis billiousness. but it is not good to eat. The wood of the banyan tree is soft and porous. nose-diseases. The fruit. It’s white. In time. much like the edible fig. The aerial root is styptic.000 feet in diameter. tonic. but in our . These supports then enlarge into trunks and develop new branches. the lateral branches send roots down to the ground.

grows happily out of walls of monuments. refreshing shade on a hot summer’s day. and roadside banyan can often be seen with their beautiful supporting roots cut off. While the leaves are young and coloured a coppery green. many parks have banyan trees. The smooth. They are dark and shiny green. THE SACRED PEEPAL TREE The peepal (Ficus religiosa. heart shaped and tapered at the end. with its many holes and burrs. each leaf is simple. like the bargad. borne on a long stalk. people often miss noticing the tip. No other tree . and harbour numerous birds. For this reason this noble tree deserves our love and care. whitish-grey bark covers the gnarled and knotted trunk. private corners suitable for a variety of tenants. the peepal canopy is often flattened at the top except that the tree is so large. Numerous stout branches grow out from the same point and spread in all directions. flying foxes-and many of these interesting creatures actually live in the tree which is full of dark. The leaves of the peepal tree are its most picturesque feature. No other tree provides so much cool. About 15-20 centimetres long and 10-12 centimetres wide. After all. it attracts a large number of visitors-birds. insects. Reaching 18-25 metres in height. Apart from people. growing out in the manner typical of all figs. its wide-spreading branches can often be really extensive. banyan trees don’t have much of a chance. the veins become whitish. The banyan is also very hospitable. The banyan is rather like a hotel or boarding-house in which a number of different families live next door to each other without interfering very much in each other’s business. insects and small arboreal animals.overcrowded cities. squirrels. Avenues of banyan trees are not as common as they use to be. the peepal. Family Moraceae) tree is always distinct from all other figs because it has very glossy leaves that taper out for at least 3-4 centimetres at the tip. where there is barely enough living space for people. Therefore.a sad spectacle. a full-grown banyan tree takes up as large an area as a three-storey apartment building! Of course. and every village has at least one. The tree is found all over the subcontinent. and prominently veined with a lovely pattern. Another keystone species of the region.

Water runs off more easily from a point than from a blunt end. the ‘tree of wisdom’.C. THE MANGO TREE The Mango Tree (Botanical name: Mangifera indica. the peepal is especially sacred. and sometimes there are no male flowers at all. To fell a peepal tree is looked upon as a great sin. and lay on its roots a coin and sweets. and it must now be 2257 years old. its branches Shiv Mahadeva. anyone who planted a peepal is said to receive the blessings of generations to come. Peepal trees have very long lives. The peepal has its own resident wasps that effect pollination and aid the formation of the figs that are borne in pairs at the leaf-stalk junctions. In rural areas. is still alive and flourishing.” says the Vishnu Purana. native to India. There are some ancient peepal in Hardwar which are even older than the present town. The evergreen dropping leaves resemble those of the peach tree. Its roots. When it rains. one can see the water drip from the points. “As the widespreading peepal tree is contained in a small seed. The flowers are not visible. “So is the whole universe contained in Brahman”. being enclosed within fleshy cup-like structures called receptacles. . family: Anacardiaceae) is an evergreen tree. when the new moon falls on a monday. The male flowers are few and found near the mouth of the cup. it is believed represent Brahma. and the sooner a leaf dries the better it is for the tree.has a leaf which tapers to such a perfect point as the peepal. And it was beneath a peepal that Gautama Buddha gained enlightenment. To the Hindus. The rishis of old times chose to sit and meditate under these trees. This tree came to be called the Bodhi. probably as old as the eleventh century Mayadevi Temple. who pour water on it’s trunks. the peepal is still worshipped by women. it’s bark Vishnu. widely found in South Asia. On the other hand. heavy crown and a spread of 125 feet. Records of its growth were carefully preserved over the centuries. The mango is a tall tree growing up to 100 feet with a dense. A peepal tree taken from India to Sri Lanka is 288 B.

punctuated with clumps of native trees and a few odd hamlets. Within each fruit there is a large flat elongated fibrous stone containing a single seed. Langra. mulberry. The location of the city site was apart of the erstwhile Ambala District. ivory coloured and very numerous. in one of the notes recorded: “This piece of land {present site of Chandigarh} is dotted with trees and gardens and a large number of mango trees. The kikar is the most generally useful timber tree throughout the district. Aamrum in Saskrit. the then Deputy Commissoner.” . Mango in English and Spanish. this rural landscape underwent a transformation and has now turned into an urban settlement of nearly 10 lakh people. when the choice for the location of the capital project was under discussion. tasty and very colourful fruit. good mango groves are common in all tehsils. Called Am or Aaam in Hindi. compiled and published under the authority of the then Punjab government. Safeda. the present site of Chandigarh was merely a large expanse of dusty croplands. Mango tree is long lived. farash. Due to superb. Dr M S Randhawa . The flowers of mango are small. Ambala District. taste and quality. Alphonso and Amrapali. The famous Indian varieties are Duseheri. forms. the wood being the great demand for household and agricultural implements…” In the year 1948. juicy. The colourful. scent. shisham and dhak. Ambala as the name suggests. gives the following description of the existing trees in and around the capital project site: “Trees can be grown well in all parts of the district. kikar. mango is known as the ‘King of fruits’. it has a great variety in species. Chausa. There are over 500 named varieties of the mango. With the building of the city. size. which are yielding a rich crop. flavoured fruit is known all over the world. The area was dotted with groves of seeding mangoes. they are lanceshaped and slightly curved. juicy. color. is Amb-Wala. some specimen are more than 250 years old and are still bearing fruit. Manja in Dutch. the commonest being the mango.Coppery to purplish-red at first but become green at maturity. The 1892-93 gazetteer of the Ambala District. especially in Kharar and in many villages they are a considerable source of income to the land owner. ber. Kalm. which means land of mangoes. NATIVE TREES OF THE CITY About 50 years ago. The fruit clusters hang outside the foliage canopy. tasty.

Thanks to the vision of the founding fathers of the Chandigarh capital project. is a tree no one in Chandigarh could miss.5 foot wide and . (3) SECTOR 8 A huge PEEPAL tree stands majestically in the long park at the backside of Community Centre (City club) in Sector 8-B. (2) SECTOR 7 One of the widest NEEM trees of Chandigarh is in Sector 7-C in front of SCO-21. most significantly being the Chandigarh trees preservation order. these native trees also lend historicity to the skyline of this otherwise young city. CHAPTER II HERITAGE TREES 100 YEARS OLD AND MORE (1) THE LAKE PEEPAL On the walkway of Sukhna Lake in Sector 1.5 foot diameter and its canopy. although most of which is leaning towards the lake side is about 20 metres. This tree is 4 feet wide and an amazing hollow exists in the centre of the trunk. The tree is a 5. that form the backdrop of the city. These majestic. lopping or willful destruction of trees in the city area. a large number of old trees in the open spaces have been preserved. On account of this timely action. like the blue Shivalik Hills. The site has become a resting point for anyone walking down the lake. Ageless. A widespread PEEPAL stands in the centre of the road just about 250 metres away from the main entrance. 1952–which prohibited the cutting down. gnarled or bending trees are a constant reminder of the city’s roots in the past. The huge tree has a 5. The canopy extends 15 metres. though wrinkled. like “vintage grandpas “of the city landscape. several laws are enacted.

It has 14 large branches of about 2 feet width going in all directions. an old man of the area working with the nearby school recounts the tales of some old men of the village who used to frequent this place. One is just outside the Convent School building and the third is inside the school along the boundary wall. The size of the tree needs to be seen to be believed. Sardar Mohinder Singh ji. Behind the Carmel Convent School is a large MC park amidst houses. The largest PEEPAL stands right in the centre of the park. opposite house No. . the tree overlooks the park like a grandfather over his children.5 feet. Three huge PEEPAL trees exist here alongside where the pond once was. Perhaps it is in its last days. (5) THE GRAND OLD PEEPAL TREES OF KALIBARD VILLAGE Perhaps the largest PEEPAL trees of Chandigarh is in Sector 9-C. (4) SECTOR 9 In Sector 9-B. Although just 2 feet wide at the trunk. This PEEPAL is also 9 feet in diameter but is drying out. It is 9 feet wide and has a canopy of 40 metres and a height of 20 metres. or pond of Kalibard. 101 alongside a sector road is a 6 foot wide PEEPAL. This park was once the ‘toba’. It is almost round in silhouette. Standing in the open ground. He estimates the tree to be around 250 years old. each with a diameter of at least 1. which was once Kalibard village. its hollowed in many places and is largely defoliated. This grand tree has a 30 metre canopy and a height of at least 20 metres. An old ‘Sareen’ tree stands nearby. Although it is 20 metres high.has a sprawling 30 metre wide canopy. The tree has 8 large branches. A few main branches have fallen off. The other two PEEPAL trees are alongside. it has significantly less foliage than its brother in the park outside. the tree has a very old look.

5 ft. The next big landmark in PEC campus is the PEEPAL in the park of the campus of “ Commonwealth Youth Program” (CYP) center. (7) SECTOR 12 THE HUGE BANYAN OF SHEHZADPURA (PUNJAB ENGINEERING COLLEGE DEEMED UNIVERSITY– PEC) Behind the college of Architecture building in PEC campus one thing no one can miss out is this centuries old BANYAN . (9) TREES OF HIMALAYA HOSTEL IN THE PEC CAMPUS : The Himalaya hostel is the main boys hostel of PEC. It has a dia of 5. the landmark of the village which was once brimming with life in this area. The tree is 18 metres tall and has a canopy of 20 metres. The tree is adorned by large brass bells . The tree is estimated to be 150 yrs of age. It is close to the CYP center described in # 17 above. (8) GRANDEUR OF SHEHZADPURA : Shehzadpur was the village which inhabited the area of PGI and PEC. standing in the lawns of the . ie SHEHZADPUR. and thus giving support to the heavily spreading branches.5 foot wide PEEPAL. Around the tree in the park are 10 more young mangoes. The area around is free of construction and the tree is revered and frequented by devotees. ie: one of the largest canopies found. has a canopy of 35 meter and its aerial roots are grounded at more than five places a little away from the main stem. Here one find a numbers of trees more than a 100 yrs of age. According to a few estimates the age of the tree is in the range of 250 grand years. It has open ground space around to grow and is frequented by visitors who pray and frolic in its shade. The hostel premises boasts of three large trees . and a spreading canopy of 35 m . This huge and magnificient Borr measures 7 ft in dia. two Peepal and a Bargad. Although the campuses of these institutions are full of buildings and roads these trees have been well protected and clear ground area has been left around to cater to their growth.(6) SECTOR 10 In Sector 10-A at the entrance gate of Hotel Mountview stands a 5. red scrafs and murtis of gods.

The aerial roots of the Bargad have taken . and spreads for 25m and another nearby (to the west) has dia of 4 ft. Nearby is a BARGAD which is a three in one tree. No one can miss this tree. All the three are in the range of a 100 yrs.PEC : In the campus of the North hostel of PEC.hostel. One measures 5 ft. have a combined dia of 10 ft and a canopy of 25 m. The combined dia is about 8 ft.5 ft dia and a canopy of 30 m. It boasts of many open spaces and large playgrounds all dotted with these large trees. The tree stands in the corner of a ground and gives a majestic look to the viewer who spots it from the campus buildings about 200m away. Right at the front gate is a 4. Although many would have faced the axe when the buildings were constructed most of the old and revered trees and places of worship are intact and brimming with activity till date. (10) PEC CAMPUS : Near the boundary wall adjoining Nayagaon is another PEEPAL measuring 5. Again like the PEC campus the PGI campus is blooming with old and new trees of various species. (12) THE TREES OF PGI (VILLAGE SHEHZADPURA) : The present building of the Post Graduate Institute of Medical & Educational Research is in the land of village Shehzadpura. (11) PEEPAL TREES OF NORTH HOSTEL. It is worth mentioning here that the Punjab engineering campus is one among the richest spots in the city from the Heritage trees point of view. The first striking example is a twin BARGAD and PEEPAL standing like a king alongside the eastern road outside the AC unit of the kidney ward. Near the tree is coming up a BORR tree which is comparatively quite young. Both of them stand alone in the huge ground and are a sight to watch.ie three trees conjoined at the stems. diameter PEEPAL with a canopy of 15 m. another in the backyard has a dia of 6 ft.5 ft.and a canopy of 30 m. It is recommended that the campus be declared as a heritage spot and the open spaces be preserved for posterity. All the spots are near to each other and if a tour of all of these is taken it would make just a Km in distance. in the open ground therein stand two beautiful PEEPAL trees of amazing beauty and design.

The tree is a good 7 feet wide. G-10 of P.U. and is claimed to be 250 yrs old.root at more than 10 spots thus making a beautiful spread and enhancing the beauty. The other two trees have a dia of 3 to 3. many huge branches on one side have dried out and the bark has turned dark. Its canopy is however small. stands a 4 feet wide mango with a 20 meter canopy. The canopy is a good 25 m. staff colony. in open space. The estimated age is 150 years. one is the holy PEEPAL and two old BARGAD trees. and are comparatively quite young. There are numerous mango and peepal trees here. The central tree of Bargad has a dia of 5+ ft. This place boasts of three old trees. A fabulous PEEPAL tree stands guard just outside House No. This is an original mango of the village amidst other younger ones planted in the hostel.5 ft. .5 of P. On one side is the road and the other is bounded by the wall of the AC plant. A chauntra is built around it and little open space exists around it. (16) At the ever buzzing students’ centre at the PU Campus the grace of the place is in fact lent by the dozen old mango trees here. (14) THE TREES OF PANJAB UNIVERSITY CAMPUS.U. (13) THE BARGAD OF “GUGA MARHI” OF PGI : Outside the South wall of PGI in the corner near to the PGI roundabout is the much revered Guga Marhi Pir Mandir.5 feet wide neem tree also stands nearly. The tree has a defoliated old look.. The thickest among these is a 4 feet wide one between the Students Center and the Department of Botany. about 15 m. VILLAGE KANJI MAJRA The present campus of Punjab University falls in the land of village Shehzadpura and Kanji Majra. A 2. (15) In the backyard of hostel No.

This particular tree has numerous hollows in it but is however heavily foliated. which is a macadamized road. (19) In Sector 17-B plaza. One of these has a 5.5 ft. The canopy of this bargad spreads to 15 metres wide. It cannot be missed by anyone passing by. But any further growth is not possible due to lack of space and due to the fact that it stands in a place where there is concrete all around. 11 feet in diameter. (18) SECTOR 17-THE GRANDEUR OF VILLAGE ROORKEE: The present Sector 17 is in the land of what was the village of Roorkee.5 feet and above with the largest among them a 4 feet wide mango at the park entrance.(17) SECTOR 15: Perhaps belonging to village Kanji Majra. The village was probably famous for its peepal trees which are still found in abundance in the premises of the Sector 17 plaza. Here there are 11 trees of size 2. Underneath the tree is a scooter parking place. One beautiful tree is in the lounge of the bus stand and space has been cut out to accommodate the tree. The planners of the city accommodated these trees by leaving the trees between buildings and in plazas resulting in a good blend of greenery and concrete. The aerial roots have been cut short and unable to reach the ground. . By far the largest tree of Sector 17 is located in the scooter parking place by the bus stand. Two PEEPAL trees stand nearby.5 feet.wide trunk and another 4. (20) SECTOR 18. adjacent to the DC office and extending into the plaza behind the banking square in another set of huge PEEPAL trees. Their canopies extend up to 25 metres wide. a cluster of mango trees exists in the southern end of Sector 15-A MC park. The tree is a huge ‘BARGAD’ of approx.

the trees’ branches have been cut off and it is surrounded on all sides by floor or road. (21) An old 5 feet wide PEEPAL stands near the Sector 17/18 roundabout.5 foot diameter and a canopy as large as 30 meters. (22) SECTOR 19 . This road was built in the British era and parts of it are more than a hundred years old. . The huge tree has a 6. Behind the Sector 19-D market. in an area which belonged to village Roorkee. relatively young is 4 feet wide. A BARGAD nearby.In Sector 18-A. near the electricity department office are 5 PEEPAL trees. Also passing through this village was the Old Ropar road. The tree has a 20 metre wide canopy and hosts a tea shop beneath it. the road which linked Kalka to Ropar.THE TREES OF VILLAGE NAGLA: ‘Nagla’ was the village at the present site of Sector 19. the one inside the department building has a 5 foot diameter and a height of over 20 meters. in Sec-18 D.5 foot wide PEEPAL. outside the electricity office stands a 5. The lone tree of ‘Vatika School’ playground welcomes the incoming students and guests like a grand old man. Because it is inside the building. The age of the tree should be in the range of 150+years. (23) THE GRAND MANGO OF VATIKA SCHOOL: Perhaps the largest mango tree of Chandigarh exists inside the premises of ‘Vatika School for Deaf & Dumb Children’ in Sector 19-B. It is in open ground.

dark decaying skin and numerous hollows at the branch ends. one of them a huge 4 feet thick. (28) SECTOR 22-VILLAGE BHIJWARA. The PWD office is flush with old mango & bargad trees. It lies in open space and people can be found sitting on the ‘Chabutra’ built (25) around it. wherein the bargad has eaten away and encircled the host mango tree and the extent of entanglement needs to be seen to be believed. there are 3 MANGO trees in the garden. It is indeed an old tree with thick branches. This tree (# 443) has a 4 feet diameter and a canopy of 30 meters. THE MANGO TREES OF PWD B&R OFFICE. The most beautiful sight is presented by a unique ‘BAROTA’ and ‘MANGO’ twin tree. 20 meter high tree presents a majestic sight. The tree has a canopy of 25 meters and all open space inside the campus.(24) Behind the market showrooms in Sector 19-C. The area around might have been a village common ground as two . The age is also known by the deep crevices and hollows that exist inside thr trunk and branch stub ends. No wonder the bargad is also called the ‘Strangler fig’. (27) Outside the entrance of ‘Brahmrishi Yoga College’ of Sector 19-A. A huge MANGO tree stands near the old Bhijwara fruit and vegetable market (Sabzi Mandi) in Sector 22-C. (26) In the PWD inspection bunglow of 19-B. SECTOR 19-B. Inside the premise of this barrack type building are 5 mango trees with average width of 4-5 feet making all of them 100 years or older. starts a lone PEEPAL tree of 5 feet diameter. a huge PEEPAL of 6 feet thickness stands as a reminder of the grandeur of village NAGLA.

SCHOOL : A giant ‘PEEPAL’ stands right in front of the building of GMSSS-23A. It has a height of 20 meters. Its width is 4 feet and canopy 20 meter. This tree probably of village Bhijwari has a diameter of 5 feet and is estimated to be in the range of 100 years. The tree is surrounded by Mandir building on one side and road on the other. The beautiful tree is bound on all sides by road and the school building. The tree has a width of 5 feet and a 22 meter canopy. (31) 1062. (29) In Sector 22-C. a huge mango tree of 4. MODEL SR.old Sheesham trees nearby and another old mango stands at the entrance of the Government school nearby. (32) A 5 feet thick PEEPAL stands outside the Sanatan Dharam Mandir of Sector 23-B. 2647.5 feet in diameter stands in a park. (30) An old NEEM tree stands near the roundabout in Sector 22-D opposite the SCO No. SECTOR 23.THE PEEPAL OF GOVT.No. Two Jamoas of the same age stand near the tree. The tree is heavily branched and contains numerous hollows attracting birds and animals alike. (34) SECTOR 24-THE MAGNIFICENCE OF INDIRA HOLIDAY HOME: . It belongs to village Kailard. (33) A majestic peepal stands at the entrance of the government nursery of Sector 23-C. There are two more peepal trees in the vicinity. opposite a coal depot. near H.

was a huge Chhappar or pond and trees all around. SEC 24B: This is a historical temple of village ‘Kailad’. Here you can find four very old trees of the erstwhile village Kailard and this place is very near to the Pracheen Shiv Mandir described above.5 feet diameter NEEM nearby. There is open space all around and children’s’ programmes are held here. wide and the other 3. The beauty of this place is amazing. (36) In the Ram Darbar colony . The temple priest Bapu Ram Ji is 90 years old. squirrels. The place should be declared a heritage site and proper boards should be erected to educate the children. (35) THE HUGE PEEPAL OF BASANTI DEVI SHEETLA MATA TEMPLE. some of whom come here at dusk and dwell in the various hollows and crevices of the holy tree. There is free space all around and the aerial roots have space for proliferation. Right in the centre of the temple at the entrance is a huge PEEPAL. (37) SECTOR 27. 27 huge branches emanate from the trunk and distribute uniformly in all directions. It has a canopy of 15 meters. Its width is 5. Nearby is another NEEM of 3 feet diameter and another ‘BARR’ of 3 feet thickness. its parks and school.5 ft. The park at the backside is a great eco-spot. reportedly 200 year old. The bark is knotty and dark with age.5 feet and canopy 30 meters. The main attraction is a 9 feet thick BARGAD along the northern boundary of the home. two huge mango trees exist at the south end of the MC park. .Indira Holiday Home in Sector 24-B is a great attraction for small children for its toy train. One is 4 ft. This is one of the largest BARGAD in town. The tree is a favourite haunt of parrots. Hukam Chard. The other magnificent tree of the park is a 3. The tree has five huge main trunks and a canopy of 30 meters. At one time the area was infected with the disease ‘MATA’ and people of all places flocked to the temple for ‘treatment’. is an old as the Temple. now houses. doves and crows. his son recounted that the place in front of the temple.

In the campus of Community Centre.5 feet thick with a canopy of 30 meters +. In the Sector 28-C MC park and in the south end near Government Model School in Sector 28. (39) SECTOR 28-THE GRAND OLD BARGAD OF GURDASPUR VILLAGE: The present day Sector 28 once was the village of Gurdaspur.B exists in what is now a small park amidst houses. Gurdaspur village must have been famous for its mango trees. The centre of the village and a well existed in what is now the Government Model School of Sec 28-C. (40) SECTOR 28. The tree has five main branches each 2. 1142) stands a PEEPAL 5. There are so many mangoes around here. almost ball like spherical silhoute with a diameter of 5. A Guga Marhi Temple is situated across the school in the ITI complex. a width of 6 feet and widely distributed and rooted aerial roots at least atleast at four places.5 to 3 feet wide. Here there are on both sides of the road 10 MANGO trees with average width of 3 feet. Nearby in the campus of the Government High School there are three more mangoes averaging 3 feet in thickness. (38) The Old ropar road site of Sector 27. one huge PEEPAL of 6 feet width and 5 similar SHEEHAM trees. . The tree is on an open ground and is witness to the various games children of the school play the whole day. Sector 27-D. there is a 4 foot thick mango with a very stately trunk and a canopy of 25 meters. (41) Among the houses of Sector 28-D in the electricity department colony (near H. no. The tree has reached a height of over 20 meters.5 feet and a 30 meter canopy adorns the place. a huge PEEPAL tree. The grand tree has a height of nearly 20 metres. Inside the school campus is a grand old BARGAD with a huge 35 metre canopy. (42) SECTOR 30.

An earthren Thada is built around some large trees and a concrete bench to sit is constructed in a circular fashion around the trees.In Sector 30-D near the roundabout. Visitors to the Temple adjacent revere the Peepals. Inside the campus of Government Model School in Sector 34-D and adjacent to Radha Madhav Temple four PEEPAL trees and one ‘PILKHAN’ tree lend their shade to the numerous students of the school who play there at break time. Alongside the Government Model School is the Sector 33-C Municipal garden. (45) SECTOR 33. In the Northern part of the garden is another group of 7 mango trees. (44) One of the city’s largest mango trees exists in a park west of Sector 32-B Government Hospital. All the trees are in open grounds.5 feet. some of them are 3. The college management has taken good care of the trees. One of the trees is a good 4 feet thick indicating a good 100 years in age. Some trees over the years have died due to termite attack endemic to the area and have been felled. 4 feet diameter and a widespread canopy of 30 meters stands majestically.5 to 3. The tree is 15 meters tall and a canopy of approximately 25 metres. Some of these are more than a 100 years in age. The grace of the village was due to the mango and peepal trees. Its 5 huge branches spread out like an old man embracing all passers-by.5 feet in diameter. A similar scene is there in the premises of SD College of Sector 32-C. (43) SECTOR 32. In the southern part of this park can be found 5 huge old mango trees. (46) SECTOR 34-THE TREES OF VILLAGE MADHREYAN: The present Sector 34 was the land of village ‘Madhreyan’. a huge MANGO. Just near to the hospital boundary there is this huge tree of 4. Just outside the college gate is another group of 4 mangoes.5 feet diameter with massive branches emanating from the trunk. Here there are 28 huge mango trees of size 2. with many hollowed branches and sparsely foliated. All lie in open space. .

(48) THE GIANT MANGO OF SECTOR 35. Two grand specimens of this village exist in small park opposite House Number 1155 in Sector 36-C. The whole park is occupied by the canopies of these huge trees. A majestic IMLI tree stands in a group of smaller Imlis in the leisure valley park of Sector 36-A near to the Central Forensic Laboratory.5 feet wide with a canopy of 30 metres. There are very few aerial roots on this bargad. In Sector 35-A. Two mango trees stand in between the two trees. At the northern corner of the gurdwara is an old ‘BARGAD’ tree about 5 feet wide.(47) GURDWARA SHRI TEGH BAHADUR SAHIB This gurdwara of Sector 34-D lies in the land of village Madhreyan and is an old historic gurdwara. It has obtained a mature height of 20 meters and a canopy of 15 meters. opposite the Sector 35-D market place adjacent to the MC park wall. Its numerous branches spread out in all directions like the arms of an octopus. The tree is 4 feet in width and emerges straight from the ground with a prefectly round trunk up to a distance of 10 feet. a huge mango tree stands guard. Villagers call such a tree as ’Barotti’ or female bargad. The Southern tree. A short distance to the North is a huge Peepal 4. from where the dozens of . (49) SECTOR 36-THE TREES OF ATTAWA VILLAGE: The land of Sector 36 lies in the erstwhile village of Attawa. Its canopy spreads to more than 25 metres. The tree has free space all around. one of the largest mango trees discovered in UT. A young PEEPAL stands nearby to lend company. But alas. there is no space around for the tree to prosper any further. It has a trunk 5 feet wide with thick branches extending like huge arms to all sides. the bargad has a 6 foot diameter. all concretized. set beautifully admist a marble platform. (50) SECTOR 36. Interestingly one is a ‘BARGAD’ and the other a ‘PEEPAL’. On one side is the Gurdwara building and the other is a parking place and road.

5 ft. They have a scaly dark bark and trees have number of hollows in them. The shade of the tree spreads up to 20 meters. It was developed by Shyam Singh who built a grove of mangoes. a 4 feet wide peepal tree stands. Jamuas and Jamun trees. the place came into existence in 1836 in the village of SHAHPUR. . In the west end of the school ground stands a 150 yr old MANGO which is in fact a trio. In the same park at the Northern end twin mango trees stand.5 feet. (51) In the leisure valley for Sector 36-D near the southern-end tubewell. Thus there are now 11 mango. Another unique feature of the tree is its surface roots. A dhuni of Shri Gorakh Nathji is lighted continuously for 25 years. The place is under the “ Abdoot Bharatvarsh Jogi Mahasabha” headquartered in Haridwar and the present caretaker is their appointee.e. i. 50 trees are 30 to 40 years old. It is indeed a huge tree with a 25 meter canopy and a height of 20 meter. SECTOR 37-THE HUGE MANGO OF GSSS 37-D : The sector 37-C GSS School exists in the area of village Shahpur. One trunk of which is no less then 4 feet wide and the other is 2. The old jamua and mango trees are 2 to 2. These are visible for up to a distance of 5-6 meters away from the trunk. Many of the existing trees were planted around the year 1900. The Temple occupies ~ 5 kanals area. (52).SECTOR 38-THE JAMUAS OF GURU GORAKH NATH TEMPLE. The rest of the approx. in thickness and do give an old look. 7 jamua and one jamun of that period. Functions are held at Mahashivratri and Navratras. three mango trees together. As per the present priest-Mahant Thikar Nath ji. In sector 38-B near to the record room building of Punjab and adjacent to the PWD open store exists a green space dotted with 100 or more trees and in the center of which is this Temple. (53) .branches shoot off.

SECTOR 38-A. The canopy is now small due to age.5 ft. These are old trees with reducing canopy and decaying bark. It has a width of 4 feet and is planted in an open space in the complex but . In the gurdwara complex in a corner alongside the Kheda is one of the oldest and widest BARGAD Trees of the city.(No 53) and another with a width of 4 ft. The tree is in an open space alongside a sector road.. and a canopy of 25 m. The same were upgraded in 1946. the tree is no less than 150 yrs of age and was planted by a resident of the Shahpur village. (55) TREES OF MC PARK . Tara Singh recounts that here was a well existing from the times of the Sikh Gurus and these trees are from that era. The committee members recount the details of the place. (opposite # 1554) stands a huge mango tree of dia 4. A marbled Chauntra is built around the tree which has on one side a building and other is open space. S. The historic gurdwara and village KHEDA existed here since the inception of the village some 350 years back. (56) THE BARGAD OF HISTORIC GURDWARA SHAHPUR. The holy BARGAD & PEEPAL duo have a combined width of 8 feet. which once inhabited the area of Sector 38. SECTOR 38 A : Inside this long park alongside the boundary wall of Vivek High School there exists an old village site abounding in mango trees.2 ft. the lonely Fig tree of the park. In the middle of the park stands a GULAR with a width of 4. Another bargad of same age stands at the North end of the gurdwara.: The homes and land of village SHAHPUR existed in what is now the sector 38. In a group of 9 mango trees near the tubewell there stands one with a width of 5 ft.(54) HUGE MANGO OF SECTOR 38 : Near the entry to GHS 38. profusely branched and looking majestic. According to Sardar Tara Singh of Shahpur Gurdwara.

These are revered sites installed at the time of INCEPTION of the village . indicating it to be in the range of a 100 yrs. an octagenerian recalls that the tree was planted by Late S. The place lies in an open area of 3 acre approx with wild growth in its periphery. Vishnu and Mahesh are worshipped and believed to be ever present at the village Kheda.which is mostly a cemented floor. BABA NIHALEWALA: This is a 40 yr old Gurudwara in Sector 39 C. This is contrary to usual practice wherin the Peepal tree is revered so much that none of its parts are harmed. The deities Brahama. The Kheda is even considered a living deity presiding over the village as an elder and is visited by all at occasions of festivals / marriages and offerings made. (57) SECTOR 39-GURDWARA NANAK SAGAR. Near the langar hall stands a 3 feet dia MANGO which was planted about a hundred years ago. S. Himachal. The Kheda exists in the center of the village and is now surrounded on all sides by cluster of homes and a completely concretized environment. BARHEDI : WE all know the story of the village Khedas. Gurdwara gatherings are sometimes held under the shade. Chotta Singh in place of the original tree which expired. each with a dia of 2. Herein in the eastern corner of the plot stands a majestic PEEPAL with a huge spreading canopy of 20 meters and a thick trunk measuring 5 feet in dia. At the Kheda site there is invariably planted a BORR or PEEPAL and most of the times also coexist side by side a Temple or Gurdwara.THE KHEDA OF VILL. This practice is followed in the whole of North India comprising states of Punjab. . Near the peepal on the Gurdwara boundary stands a twin jamun tree. Adorned in the Kheda is a 100 yr + PEEPAL tree of 6 feet dia. The tree has enough free ground space around to spread. and Uttar Pradesh. Old residents and the Gurdwara managers claim it to be in the range of 150 yrs. Its branches have been cut off at many places so as to prevent it from encroaching upon houses. Haryana.5 ft. in the land of old Barhedi village . Sukhjit Singh . (58) SECTOR 41. VILLAGE Barhedi in sector 41 is 400 yrs old and that also is the time of installation of the village Kheda.

. perhaps belonging to the same historic Bagh is a grand 4. The Northward tree has a dia of 4. dia BORR tree planted by late S. Just outside the Gurdwara. nearby the ‘Gurdwara Bagh Shaheedan Sahib’.5 foot thick near the Radha Krishan Temple. Bishen Singh and claimed to be 100 yr old. The tree was destroyed by lightning. Descendants of those old mangoes still exist in the open spaces of the large campus of this ‘Gurdwara’. As the name suggests the place was a ‘Mango Bagh’. A platform is built under the tree where the village elders can be found playing cards and gossiping. These trees are estimated to be between 100 to 150 yrs. there are old sheesham trees as well. A historic Gurdwara exists in Sector 44-A. There are two handsome 100 yr + MANGO trees just alongside the wall of Sec 43 high school boundary wall . (61) SECTOR 44 & 45-THE GRANDEUR OF VILLAGE BURAIL: Burail was a large and great village on the land of now Sector 44 and 45 and parts of 51. the Sikh Army Chief had a war with Moghuls and won the Burail fort. Most of the tree trunks lie inside the Sec 43 neighborhood park . Baba Banda Singh Bahadur.(59) SECTOR 41-ANOTHER KHEDA: This other Kheda also exists in the village of Barhedi nearby the earlier one and near the village Gurdwara. old. (60) SECTOR 43. Some more mangoes exist alongside in the park indicating it to be a mango orchard of the village. All the trees grow in open space. The country’s largest mango tree existed right in the heart of this village few decades ago. It is adorned by a 3. Apart from mangos.5 ft. Their canopy extends to about 15 meter. It existed in an acre of land and all paserbys and saints used to rever the tree. feet +and the one south ( marked #9 on it) has a dia of 4 feet making both of them 100 yr+.5 foot grand mango and another 3. It is the place where in 1769 AD. There are about 8 large trees of an average width of 3 feet. Some of the trees have dried up.

The king of Mani Majra had a stately fort for himself. It is perhaps the largest bargad of the Union Territory. (64) In the food and supply office of Mani Majra township alongside the nallah which flows from outside the town is a PEEPAL 6 feet . The height however is 15 m. well guarded by a boundary wall and beautiful enough to attain heritage status . It has no aerial roots and the huge trunk is one single stem. A lot of Biodiversity exists. The tree is in open space. the remains of which still exist undisturbed in the middle of the old village. the only impediment in its growth is the temple hall which has been constructed just alongside the tree. Some idols of gods are placed nearby. one finds the open spaces of Sector 44 full of mango and Khajoor (Palm) trees. It adjoins the Sector 26 timber market. more open spaces should be protected and converted to biodiversity parks & jungles so as to act as lungs of the city.5 feet diameter and a 25 metre canopy.In keeping with the history and grandeur of village Burail. The tree has 8 large branches. The leisure valley nallah passes through the village and on its banks stands a huge ‘BARGAD’ tree. A Hanuman ji idol with year 1473 inscribed on it is installed in the Temple. The tree is believed to be 200 years old and has a 6 main branches each 2 feet diameter spreading out in all directions making a canopy of 25 metres. (62) SECTOR 52-THE GRANDFATHER OF KAJHERI: Kajheri village is on the outskirts of the UT adjoining Mohali township.. The tree has a 6. these southern sectors are home to high rise apartments. resulting in a large population. The village land has only recently been acquired by the administration.A Pracheen Shiv temple. The tree is a ‘BAROTTI’. A few old ‘khajoors’ (or palm trees) stand nearby. perhaps witness to the whole history of the village is situated in the city. The village has now lost its original character and grandeur and is now known for its colonies and slums and for a big motor repair market. Unfortunately. (63) THE TREES OF MANI MAJRA: Mani Majra is an old and famous village at the eastern outskirts of Chandigarh main city. To mitigate efects of the same. Just along the wall of the complex is a grand BARGAD tree with a width of not less than 10 feet.

The tree has a canopy of 30 metres. almost 5 ft. The total forest land adjoining the village Toba is in 4 to 5 acres.thick. a man made forest of jamoa trees at the western outskirts of the village. Village elders recall Maloya was such a big and famous village that the Dusehra festival was celebrated here and people from nearby 20 village used to come to see it. The famous part of the village which makes this place a green paradise is the BAIRAGIYAN DA BAGH. Inside the campus of Sarkari Swastha Kendra next to the Gurudwara is a remnant of the good old times. The tree’s many branches have fallen off in storms and has gone weak with age. So dense is the tree cover and so closely packed are the trees that the trees have been able to attain a width of 1. This place is near the famous “Rana ki Haweli” of Mani Majra (65) BARGAD OF VILLAGE PALSORA : A 150 year old BARGAD tree exists in village Palsora of UT adjoining Mohali. There are about 500 Jamoa trees and others like palm. An old Jamun tree although only 3 ft. (66) THE GREENERY OF VILLAGE MALOYA: The village Maloya makes up the South western boundary of UT. sheesham and old mangoes.5 feet. Although the village habitation area is all let out to migrant population the green spots around the village are still intact and such jungles are perhaps not to be found in other privately owned land in UT. The tree is 100 year old as per the claims of village elders. Once the tree was situated alongside a Dharamshala and the village central spot but now due to massive construction and commercialization the tree is strangled amidst houses. a PEEPAL tree . Many of its branches have been cut off. (67) THE GRAND MANGO OF MALOYA : . Earlier the village was known as the land of Bairagis or saints. The elders claim the forest is about 70 years old. thick exists inside the village Gurdwara. wide and a 20 m canopy.

one of which is claimed to be 200 yrs old .Part of land of village maloya falling west of the Patiala Ki Roa choe has been aquired by Admn. (69) THE KHAJOOR TREES OF DADU MAJRA: In the land of Dadu majra village in a corner of the vacant ground alongside sector 38-W . As is well known all Indian villages have a rain fed pond called the CHAPPAR or TOBA . A round platform is built around the tree and the surrounding free space is concretized to serve as a site for festivals and marriages. (68) THE ANCIENT BARGAD OF DADU MAJRA: Dadu majra is one of the villages in the periphery of UT whose land has been acquired for the capital project. and an Anaj mandi has been made here. Although the dia. On this small piece of land stand a dozen KHAJOOR TREES . is an old MATA RANI TEMPLE . The village homes like many other villages of UT stand as such and so also the village Mandirs and Gurdwaras and the ponds. and has 15 large branches of a foot width each extending into all directions. This is the oldest mango tree discovered in the city. The beauty of the tree’s trunk encircled artistically by the tree’s own prop roots is to be seen to be believed. the bark is rough. The tree is 5 feet in diameter. the Dudhadhari Ashram. Here is situated among mango orchards. A fire some time back destroyed a part of the tree. Built around the tree are houses and a Vishramgrah. About 60 acres is lying vacant in the southern corner. The village Panchayat is fighting hard to stop complete demolishment of the place and want to preserve it. . The chappar of Dadu majra is adorned by a majestic BARGAD which the residents claim to be 300 yrs old. The place was discovered to be sacred by Shri Dudhadhari Maharaj of Haridwar in 1978 and built an Ashram here. A 500 years old mango stands in the center of the Ashram. now abondanod and partially demolished by the Admn. dark and has a scaly look. of the trunk is not more than a foot. a religious place.

Both the tree and the Kheda are said to as old as the village itself. The peepal is about 5 ft. Both have a trunk dia of 3 feet and should be in the range of 50 to 60 years. It is one of the villages aquired under UT. A unique feature of the tree is that its huge trunk leans form the vertical a few degrees (72) THE GRANDFATHERS OF VILLAGE KHUDDA LAHORA. ie a good “350” years of age. . thick . one inside a tubewell complex. and S. it has a spreading canopy of 15 – 20 m . two wise old men of the village vouch for the fact about the ages of the tree and recount that the same was planted at the time of the installment of the village before the British came to this part of India. Near the tree also is an old well about 150 years old around which is built a Platform where the village elders sit and gossip. S. Right in the center of the village there is a large open space with the village Gurudwara and the age-old village KHEDA as the central theme.Nasib Singh (85) . (71) Near the open air stadium of Khudda Ali Sher village is an old mango said to be in the range of a 100 yrs. that is the houses and some nearby farms are intact and under the plough. Karam Singh(96). It is now bounded on one side by the Gurudwara building and on the other by open space that is the village center. At the gurudwara entrance in an age old PEEPAL.Not far from the mandir site in another corner of the ground stand two BARROTAS about 20 m apart. Although its trunk is 3 ft. But the village heartland. (70) THE GRAND OLD PEEPAL OF KHUDDA ALI SHER: Khudda Ali Sher is a beautiful village in the northernmost corner of Chandigarh. in dia and a large trunk has been severed off in 1972 to make space for the Gurdwara. The village adjoins the forest land of “Sukhna Wildlfe Sanctuary” and its own farms are adorned with old and young mango and sheesham trees.

Presently the tree is mostly surrounded by houses all round. The tree surely gives a grand old look. Its 18 thick branches spread out in all directions and . The tree is estimated to be 150 years old by the elders. The tree estimated to be 120 years old is home to various birds and squirrels. near Perrch village on the road to diameter. the land north of it is still under the plough and the fields extend up to Perrch village of Punjab. (74) In the cultivated land of Khudda Lahora. It is 5 feet thick with a good 15 by 15 metre platform built around it. a green grace to the otherwise concretized Chandigarh. Near the haveli is the oldest banyan tree of the village and perhaps of the UT. set beautifully Perch. Prem Singh. (73) THE GRAND OLD ‘BARGAD TREES’ OF ‘PANDITAAN DA BAGH’ In the centre of the village was the ‘Panditaan da Bagh’ which is now no more a garden but all houses.75}.Village Khudda Lahora was on the Northern border of UT. A huge hollow exists right in the middle of the trunk. [Namely S. The tree 6 feet in amidst undulating green fields is a travellers delight. 75.Chandigarh is unique in the sense that it has the largest number if very old trees amongst the villages of the UT. Alongside the toba is a huge 5. is a 150 year old BARGAD. Although the 450 years old village is now a congested place let out to migrant labour and others. Many branches have fallen out or been cut due to the construction that has come up on all sides. and Shri Ram Swaroop Shastri. An old ‘Panditaan di Haveli’ exists and in its frontyard is a grand old BARGAD. The tree is located on what was the Shahjadpura. This is a 7 feet wide ‘BAROTA’ in the centre of the ‘Bagh’ which is now but a small common place for get togethers and festivals. It is now filled up and used as a common ground.5 foot thick PEEPAL. The elders of the village estimate that tree is 400 years old.Mullanpur road and said to be the resting place of Raja Bhagwan Singh of Mani Majia when he used to cross over from here. A toba or pond existed some years ago in the Northern corner of the village.

About 20 MANGO trees. Sarangpur village has a good mango belt. On the village outskirts is the Gurudwara and Kheda. . of the village the tree was planted by Baba Dhanu Ram. Alongside amidst houses is a 120 yrs BARGAD tree . a village resident. The tree has a 30 metre wide canopy. gives an old look by the condition of its bark and trunk. Adjacent to the Southern village chappar is an old PEEPAL tree 150 years of age. wide and has a 20m. The tree although not very thick or wide in canopy. Many of the trees are 100+ in age as related by S.5 and 3 feet in thickness stand just inside the gate No. (76) THE PEEPAL OF KAIMBWALA: Kaimwala village exists intact today on the Northern boundary of UT. CHAPTER III TREES LESS THAN 100 YEARS BUT HERITAGE SITES (1) SECTOR 3. The tree is 5 ft. North of the village is the famous Sukhna Wildlife sanctuary in the Shivalik foothills.almost touches the ground at many places. (77) BHAGWANPURA. 2 of the botanical garden. Being amidst houses some of its branches have been eliminated. But most of this has been aquired by UT and has come inside the adjacent botanical garden. canopy. Amar Singh of the village. According to Bachan Singh. (75) VILLAGE SARANGPUR. averaging 2. 77 yrs . Towards the North-East of UT is village Bhagwanpura .

near the motor service station is a 4 foot wide BARGAD with a canopy of 20 metres. In Sector 6. (5) SECTOR 7. (4) SECTOR 6-TREES OF RAJ BHAWAN. It has hollows in many places and white patches have emerged with age. Red flowers bloom in the spring season. (3) A row of 3 PEEPAL trees stand in front of House Number 7 in Sector 5. In the park are to be found a variety of trees. More than a dozen trees of village ‘Kalibard’ still stand. The tree has little canopy. 3 PEEPAL Trees. the bark gives it an old look. Although the tree is just 3. (7) SECTOR 10. In the same campus stands a 4 foot wide BARGAD. a NEEM. adorns the place. The trunk has grown in width due to the proliferate aerial roots. They are about 25 metres tall. Behind the showrooms of Sector 10-D near the Verka booth. (2) SECTOR 4. Two 3 feet wide PEEPAL trees stand nearby. The trees measure 3 feet in width and have a height of 15 metres+. a twin PEEPAL of combined 5 foot dia. but the canopy is only 15 m. The tree is revered by .5 feet in width. (6) SECTOR 8. and are said to be some 70 years old. in the parking area adjacent to Punjab Raj Bhawan a huge 6 feet wide BARGAD welcomes one and all inside. In Sector 8-C in front of the City Club stands an old looking BARGAD tree. SIMBAL TREES OF KALIBARD (SECTOR-4) A cluster of beautiful ‘Simbal’ trees stands in the common park in Sector 4 opposite the Rock Garden. three PEEPAL trees and an old NEEM tree with 3 feet wide trunk. All trees are relatively young. the Peepla Trees have attained a size of 3 feet across. In front of Punjab Raj Bhawan gate is a small park in Sector 7-A. one BARGAD and a few SAREEN trees. delighting visitors with an explosion of colour. The tree has cemented parking all around and no place exists for the roots to attach to the ground.Inside the MLA hostel complex in Sector 3.

Some of them are still locked up between the building of the college. It has a diameter of 3. The benjamina fig is also known for its shiny and beautiful leaves which are dark green in colour and droop from the branches. (iii) One Ginko biloba tree. THE BOTANICAL GARDEN OF GOVERNMENT COLLEGE. The average diameter is 2 feet.No286. Chandigarh.5 feet and has reached a height of 20 meters. It has a huge campus and a large numbers of mango trees existed in the land. One such MANGO stands in the lawn near Music deptt. A cluster of 10 mango trees exist in the south-western corner of the college in an open ground. Cycus revoluta & Cycos rumphis.. green coloured figs line the branches everywhere. (9) SECTOR 11 . Lovely. Idols of gods are installed on a small platform built around it. (i) 20 meter tall bamboo’s of species Dandrocalamus & Gigantochloa (ii) 2 species of Gymnosperma trees i. (8) A large ‘FICUS BENJAMINA’ fig tree adorns the leisure valley of Sec 10-B. In the eastern corner of the campus in the playground stands a 3. . This tree is a native of China and is called a living fossil because it originated long back and it survival to-date is a wondrous fact. (iv) One tree of species Cunninghamia.. It is situated along the western boundary wall of the park opposite H. It is adorned by some rare and beautiful tree and shrub species. Most of the trees are 50 years old. The rotting bark and hollows speaks of its age. (10) 11.THE TREES OF GOVERNMENT COLLEGE FOR MEN.e. The beauty of this particular tree is that it is on top of a slope and the whole slope is carpeted with its hundreds of intertwining roots which come down and enter the earth. a combined thickness of 6 feet and a canopy of 30 meters. SECTOR A botanical garden was established in the college around the year 19561960. some of which are listed below. The tree is a 3 in one. round. This Government College of Chandigarh came up in 1952 in the land of village Shahjadpura.5 foot wide mango with a huge canopy of 25 meters.passers-by and shop owners of the area.

SECTOR 14. About 10 trunks arise from the main trunk at 1 meter height from the ground.(v) A 40 year old Camphor tree (Botanical name-Cinnamomum camphora). (12) THE MANGO TREES OF PGI NURSERY: The nursery of PGI is brimming with old and new mango trees. The ground below is macadamised road. One among them is a 6. (13) PGI CYCLE PARKING: A beautiful site exists at the old cycle parking of PGI. A most beautiful sight that exists right in the heart of the campus is a row of 12 PILKAN trees. of 4 to 5 ft. is under numerous old trees which provide the natural shade. Due to age the trees are loosing their foliage. Two of them are more than 3 ft. The canopy is 15 m. PILKAN and SILK COTTON all of whom are in the range of 40 – 60 years. which is adjacent to the Red cross canteen and shopping complex. thick . The parking in an area of 20 x 20 m. The botanical garden of Panjab University campus is the pride of Chandigarh. Birds do not nest in this tree due to the heady smell of camphor emanating from the leaves which could result in the birds’ loosing consiousness. (11) THE PILKANS OF PEC. They are adorned profusely in the winter months with the round berry like fruit particular to the Ficus family. (vi) Two examples of Oak trees (Botanical name-Quercus robus). Also in the nursery are two PEEPAL trees of 30 to 40 yrs age. or Ficus infectoria. Notable amongst these is a ‘Ficos krishnea’ tree. The trees have a dia. The garden planted about 40 years back boasts of a number of asian trees some of which are rare. It also houses the Horticulture deptt. (14) PANJAB UNIVERSITY CAMPUS. Most of them are in a straight line at the back of and along the main teaching block of the campus. PILKAN. dia. and canopies as large as 35m. The other trees in the area are BORR.5 ft. adjacent to the coffee house. This tree is one feet wide and six meters tall belonging to the . have an old look with dark scaly bark and numerous hollows in it .

In Sector 17A behind the ‘New India Insurance Co. It is indeed a unique design. mostly above 2.ficos family it bears aerial roots. All of them have been alloted ground space around them before cemented floor starts. The lovely leaves originate as a cup like feature and then expand into full leaves. exists in the huge plaza ground behind the estate office in Sector 17-B. Here there is a cluster of old trees. a spectacle to see. If one holds the tree trunk with one’s hands it can be compressed. In block E-1 of the housing colony of Panjab University campus inside a common park land there are 2 jamoa trees and 6 mango trees averaging 2. The place is frequented by a lot of birds and small animals. (18) THE TREE PARK OF SECTOR 17 A grand tree park. adjacent to the Sector 15/16 roundabout. Spread over an area of several acres are 7 huge PEEPAL trees of the village Roorkee. An old tree park exists in Sector 15-C.’ offices is a cluster of 3 BARGAD trees. Although young in age their growth is stifled due to cement floor all around. 5 mango and 2 Peepal trees. All aerial roots have been cut off. It is also a medicinal tree. . There are four such trees in the garden. The trees through the years have lent their shade to lakhs of visitors who also come to Sector 17 to visit the hundreds of Government offices situated here or to do shopping. (15) SECTOR 14. These trees have a spongy bark which was used in earlier times as a paper for writing. These peepal trees are of average 4 feet width and have wide canopies. (17) SECTOR 17. (16) SECTOR 15. The other rare species are the BHOJ PATRA TREES (Botanical name: Betula utilis).5 to 3 feet in diameter.5 feet width including a sheesham.

(22) SECTOR 19. Here in the foreground of the school are 3 PEEPAL trees averaging 4 feet width and 2 BARGAD trees. Secondary School of Sector 18-D. (24) SECTOR 21. (23) Another point of Old ropar road exists in Sector 19-D near the 19/18/21/20 chowk.Nearby in Sector 17-B. On the Madhya Marg in Sector 19-A is the Shri Kali Mata Temple. opposite the UTI office is a 4 foot wide bargad tree. The trees give an old weary look and the old fallen branches have developed hollows in them making a haunt for parrots. Here stands a SHEESHAM of 3 feet diameter and a few mango trees.5 feet in diameter. Remnants of another part of old Ropar road exist in Sector 21-B. (19) The Sector 17 plaza in front of the Neelam theatre boasts of 5 PEEPAL trees although many of them are young in age. This is now a park and here stand four magestic SEESHAM trees of . (21) SECTOR 19. The tree has attained a good height of 20 metres. They lend good shade to the children on the ground. Inside the school campus one can find 5 MANGO & 4 SHEESHAM trees with an average width of 2. squirrels etc.5 feet. They average 2. diameter BARGAD whose widespread aerial roots have grasped the wall and are all extending outwards. (20) SECTOR 18. along the old road site. A group of PEEPAL trees exists inside the grounds of Government Model Girls Sr. Three large trees exist outside the school campus too. The Old Ropar road passed through the Government Model School 19-D. The tree canopy is 25 meters. About 15 meters apart along the road were planted mostly mango and sheeham trees. opposite # 1038. On the Northern boundary wall of the Temple in an 8 ft.

This is one of the oldest sectors and this is also an old Gurudwara. Neem and other trees which attracted hundreds of parrots who had made these trees their homes. (28) SECTOR 22 . Now also. many birds house in these trees. It is the numerous branches and the hollows which attract birds.TREES OF VILLAGE BHIJWARA: Many beautiful trees exist in the park opposite Sector 22-D Gurudwara. The largest mango is a 3 feet diameter tree in one corner of the park. The tree is carefully enclosed inside the temple walls and is revered by residents and passer-bys. Village Roorkee was one of the oldest villages uprooted for Chandigarh. bargad and such trees which live long enough to make hollows. The Triveni. Open . Here there was a cluster of Mango. (27) A beautiful TRIVENI is planted in the Triveni Mandir behind the market of Sector 22-D. They have a large canopy and old scaly bark. Also in the park are 4 PEEPAL trees of diameter 3 feet. The area once came under the old Ropar road. A BARGAD of diameter 4 feet stands in the park (tree marked as Number 3909).average diameter 2. Parrots as we know do not make nests but only occupy the tree hollows which are only to be found in mango. In Sector 22-A. along the boundary wall of the petrol pump are five peepal trees with an average diameter of 3-4 feet. (25) THE MANGO TREES OF VILLAGE ROORKEE. which is mostly a PEEPAL tree has a diameter of 4-5 feet and is less than 50 years old. peepal.5 to 3 feet. These are bordered by either road or the Petrol Pumps’ floor on all sides. The parrot park of Sector 21-A is a good example of the greenery of Roorkee. It has a huge 30 meter canopy and a grand height of 20-22 meters.. It was part of present Sector 21. Also these trees provide fruit to the birds. The birds used to leave at dawn and be back at dusk. (26) SECTOR 22.

Sector 23 is amongst the greenest sectors of the city. Although hundreds of tumblers of water are offered daily by way of Puja. (31) A huge BARGAD tree adorns the front yard of Shiv Temple in Sec 23-D.5 foot wide PEEPAL. (29) In the old Sood Dharamshala of Sector 22-D inside the campus in the garden stands a 4. all have a diameter of about 2. one due to the fact that it is an old sector and the planted trees have attained age and other that the Ottawa choe of leisure valley passes through the sector and the shores of this choe is a jungle indeed. if proper steps are taken to clean-up the water of the Ottawa choe which passes though the leisure valley.ground for growth is available to all trees. The tree growth in blocked in the western side by the Dharamshala building but free on the other. it would definitely become more attractive for birds. The tree has a 20 meter canopy and a ‘thada’ is built around it. but has reached an amazing width of about 4-5 feet and canopy of 25 meters. including the Peacocks and small animals. (32) BIODIVERSITY OF SECTOR 23. Unfortunately all the trees are surrounded by macadamised road on all sides which allows very little rain water percolation underground. The tree is surrounded on all sides by concrete flooring and road. And care should be taken to maintain its status. These trees are of the village Bhijwara which once occupied the land of Sector 22. . Only about half a metre of free space is provided around the trees which is insufficient.5 feet. It is a biodiversity hot-spot within the city premises. Chandigarh. The tree is relatively young (about 40 years old). the aerial roots seeking ground at other places have been cut off. Its numerous aerial roots come along the stem and look neatly packed around. Nearby are planted five Peepal trees of the same age. (30) PEEPAL TREES OF SECTOR 23-C MARKET PLACE In the central parking place of Sector 23-C Market are eight Peepal trees.

The tree trunk is 5 feet in diameter and has intricate patterns of prop roots around the trunk. It has a canopy of 25 meters. sheesham and sareen. These are relatively young. In the long park of Sec 24-A right in the midst of the residential quarters is a cluster of 250 trees of various species mostly mango. (37) SECTOR 26. The village of ‘Kailard’ is known most for its mangos. There is undisturbed environment. There is an old well there and the main attraction is a 90 year old twin bargad/ peepal tree. The Pracheen Shiv Mandir (Temple) of the sector was the ‘Kheda’ of the village. But the tree has neither great height nor a wide canopy.) the whole place is situated in a small . There are five other trees in the campus of the mandir. (34) SECTOR 24-THE MANGOES OF ‘KAILARD’. And if such an environment persists the birds will definitely come in. peace & quiet all around. jamoa. The present Sector 24 is located in a place which was once the land of village ‘Kailard’. is 2 feet and at least ten mango trees have a diameter of more than 3 feet.(33) SECTOR 24. (35) A giant PEEPAL with a diameter of 4. The tree has not proliferated because it is surrounded on all sides by concrete floor and many of its branches have been cut off to accommodate the building and flooring. near the PWD workshop and Sub divisional office (Electricity deptt. In sector 26 timber market area. It has a diameter of 2. This site has the potential of becoming ‘Parrot Park’ of the city. The tree is well maintained and has free space around for growth. (36) An old NEEM stands outside the gate of “Working Women’s’ Hostel” of Sector 24-A.5 feet stands in front of house number 2560 in Sector 24-C.THE TWIN BARGAD/ PEEPAL OF PRACHEEN SHIV MANDIR.5 feet and an old looking dark bark which has knots in it. The average dia.

in 29-A.5 feet wide and a peepal 3. are four old mangos which are 3 feet wide and another BARGAD with a width of 4 feet. (38) THE YOUNG PEEPAL TREES OF INDUSTRIAL AREA – I. dust. The amazing part is that the whole of the area is full of PEEPAL trees. Notable among these is a 4 ft. (41) SECTOR 29. The mini jungle is full of shrubs. are in their infancy (some 30 years also) and lend an unmatched grace to the otherwise congested and busy Industrial area.5 feet thick in an open space. these could have been planted by the owners or are coming from the original village of this area. wide Bargad in front of the entrance gate of the Ordnance cable factory. One would expect an Industrial area of a city to be full of smoke belching factories.variegated jungle. jamoa and bargad. These trees planted along the roadside by the horticulture deptt. The place is neatly planned with a grid of roads and lanes and there are no major encroachments on the roads or parks. Only two branches now remain of the tree which are green and bear leaves. Here there is also a old British-era Power house building. near healthclinic on the roadside there is an old mango tree 2. The area is rich in biodiversity and should be maintained for conservation. Inside the Ordnance cable factory housing complex. (42) SECTOR 30. trees of peepal. Two more old mango trees adorn the park. mango. . There are many trees in the premises of the factories. heat and what not. in the hundreds. opposite # 3048 in the MC park stands an old stem of fallen down mango tree of 4 feet thickness. (39) SECTOR 28. In Sector 28-D. (40) Inside the ITI complex in Sector 28-C. But not so in the well planned industrial area phase-I of Chandigarh.

THE MANGO ORCHARDS. Here are 20 mango trees with the largest tree of 3. The practice must be stopped. 33. (47) SECTOR 35. Anne’s School of Sector 32-D are 14 mango trees varying in girth from 2 to 2.5 feet. Remnants and parts of these orchards are still there to see. In a small children’s park in Sector 29-C is a cluster of 9 old mango trees with an average diameter of 2 feet. (46) SECTOR 33. This was probably a village site for festivals. The area is left abandoned and people from all around have made it a malba throwing ground. Many of the trees still have much foliage.The land of Sector 30 and parts of Sector 29 were once the village ‘Kanthala’.5 feet. Many trees are now drying up due to termite attacks or other parasites. 45 and 51. It comprised parts of Sectors 32. The average width of the peepal trees is about 3. Another grove of mangoes trees exists in the Government Senior Sector School of Sector 33-D. One such park is adjacent to the SD College of Sector 32C. They vary in thickness from 2 feet to 3. (43) SECTOR 32 . 44.5 ft.5 feet. Burail village as everyone knows was a large village and known for its mango orchards. . Here 22 old mango trees adorn the backyard playground blessing the students with their graceful shade. (44) Inside the premises of St. (45) Another group of mangoes exist inside the Doctor’s housing complex in Sec 32-D. In this open space are 7 big mango trees varying from 2 to 3 feet in diameter. The planners of Chandigarh were wise enough to accommodate these trees in parks and college grounds. The trees provide a fantastic shade for parking as well as for the playing children. In an open space of approximately 10 acres adjacent to Kisan Bhawan in Sec 35-A there can be found some old PEEPAL trees and many sheeshams. width.

are 6 majestic MANGO trees almost in a line. The trees provide wonderful shade for weary travelers who choose to sip a cup under them . Under these trees now sit a number of smalltime vendors dispensing tea and snacks. . approx 20 m which gives away their age. The campus is abounding with tress of peepal. A part of the tree trunk is not visible. (50) Opposite the sector 38-D market alongside the road in sector 38-A. one of which measures 3. kachnar and many more. All the trees have the mandir floor to one side and the road to the other side. (52) OLD CRPF CAMP SECTOR 39-A. in diameter.5 ft.MANGO BELT OF SHAHPUR : Sector 38 has a lot of open spaces the land of which is lying fallow and with beautiful wild growth. One of them has a width of 3. One such piece of land in 38-B behind the Vivek High School has a MC dumpyard in it. Here opposite the sector 39 police station is the campus of the CRPF battalion (approx. The place is visited frequently by the national bird Peacock which flies from the nearby sites of village Maloya. (51) Another group of six MANGO trees exists in Sector 38-A in a park opposite #146. From the bark texture and look these seem to be old trees of this area which might have been a common village mela ground given the fact that very nearby in the gurdwara are centuries old bargads described in Chapter 1. The beautiful site which is almost a jungle is vacant and brimming with avian life and flora of all kinds. 4 acres) which had been stationed here for many years but now has vacated the place. Another peepal tree is there alongside the mandir wall. A peepal tree 4 feet thick stands just alongside. There could be around 300 trees in this area many of which are more than 10 yrs of age. amrood(guava). mango. In this plot stand 2 PEEPAL and 7 midsize MANGO TREES.5 ft.(48) On the premises of ‘Shri Sanatam Dharam Raksheshwar Shri Ram Mandir’ of Sector 35-C. (49) SECTOR 38 . The mangoes are very tall. a BARGAD tree is planted in the mandir corner.

It is recommended strongly that the flora & fauna of the place be maintained and the site should be converted to a biodiversity park. This will not only benefit the environment but also the residents of the area which include the nearby Police colony residents. In the grounds of Government High School Sector 41-B. They vary in diameter from 1 to 3 feet. has a park adjacent to it in an area of half an acre. Shri Sanatan Dharm Sabha. (54) SECTOR 41-THE TREES OF OLD ROPAR ROAD. A 200 metre stretch of road still remains in the school premises. The biodiversity of the place should be maintained and garbage etc. in sector 40.THE PEEPAL TREES OF RADHA KRISHNA MANDIR: This Temple also housing the Ananta Mata Bhawan. (55) VILLAGE BARHEDI (SECTOR 41): In the southern corner of the village in sector 41-D adjacent to # 3044 and the village of Barhedi exists a cluster of trees and proliferate shrubs including a peepal and a banyan of 30 to 40 yrs age. should not be allowed to be thrown at this site. sareen. In 42-D there is a beautiful cluster of MANGO trees which is now an open park in about 2 –3 acres land.5 ft. The beautiful site must be protected. There are mango. sheesham and ber trees. dia mango with a canopy of 12 m. The small area is surrounded by a cluster of dwellings on all sides and there is a possibility of encroachment in future. All the trees are about 20 year old. This park is beautified by a plantation of 16 PEEPAL trees. This site can also serve as a small botanical garden for educational purposes. This site is a feast to the eyes and gives a very good view. No fewer than 100 trees populate the area. Some places like this must be left untouched by . Amidst these trees stands a 3. This must have been a village mela ground in the past and must be preserved as such. The area is now almost a small jungle. used to pass the Old Ropar Road. (53) SECTOR 40 . Two Gulars exist outside the Temple. (56) SECTOR 42.

THE WELL OF GOVT. COLLEGE FOR GIRLS. (57) SECTOR 42. In Chandigarh one can see lot many Peacocks at this place too. Here exists about 10 old and huge “BERIS” and this lovely site consisting of an abandoned well surrounded with 4 young banyan trees right on the walls of the well. This place of rare beauty exists where no one knows it . GIRLS COLLEGE “ in Sector 42-D. This area can also be maintained as a good store-house of biodiversity. These and many more useful plants which are normally found growing everywhere in the countryside are getting rarer and difficult to find in the cities.. There are a number of such sites in Sectors 42 and 43 and the Administration must protect these for their value in Biodiversity and beauty. types of which vanish when these biodiverse places are converted into planned parks which then contain one or two types of domestic grasses only. The college has a big area alongside as fallow and is covered with thick undergrowth of grasses.5 ft. and their aerial roots have found ground at many places. There is a beautiful PEEPAL alongside an internal road next to “Sita Mata Mandir “ in 43 C. DATURA. and ARINDA which are widely used in everyday remedies in households. .5 ft.in the “ GOVT. (59) SECTOR 45 .the MC so that their biodiversity is maintained.SAMADHI OF BABA DUDHADHARI JI. of approx 2. (58) SECTOR 43. and a 15 m canopy. These sites are abundant in traditional medicinal plants such as AAK. These spaces contain grasses and shrubs of various varieties and thus maintain and support an ecosystem containing various insects and birds too. On one side runs the road and nearby is the wall of Sector 43 high school. It should become a must-see heritage site for the so many students of the college. An iron grill should be erected along the well wall to protect from any accidental fall. The beauty of the place must be maintained but a small bridal path can be developed which will lead to the well. They have a dia. It has a diameter of approx 4.

The trees which exist here are young neem. A little further in Sector 53 is another orchard of ber trees.5 feet in diameter. . 50 and 51 are overcrowded with triple story apartments and little to no greenery within them. (60) SECTOR 46. poplar. 44. The whole land is full of trees and many species of mango. 48. In the campus of Ashiana Public School in Sector 46-A there stand 6 large mango trees with an average diameter of 2. These village lands can be developed into forest lands and act as lungs for the south of the city. (61) SECTOR 47. peepal and khajoor trees. The place is frequented by parrots and other birds. ber trees etc. sareen. Alongside the road dividing Sectors 53 and 42 is a grove of old mango trees measuring on an average 2 or 2. eucalyptu. All of it has been acquired by the UT for some works to be carried out. 49.3 feet diameter stand in the playground. The land of village Kajheri comes under Sector 53. 46. The greenery of these sectors should be maintained and enhanced so as to provide a green belt to the congested southern sectors. 5 mango trees of 2. There is presently no construction in the sector and the land is lying fallow. The place is now a children’s playground where school kids enjoy the thick shade of these trees.In Sector 45-B in the land of village Burail in the open space in front of ‘Sanjay Public School’ is a patch of land completely planted with trees alongside the Samadhs of Baba Dudhadhari and his associates. There are a hundred trees here along the leisure valley choe.5 feet. The area was under the plough a few years ago but is rich in biodiversity. A mango grove exists in the backgrounds of Government Primary School of Sector 47-A. a Baba who lived and passed away on this land. Sectors 43.5 . 45. (62) SECTOR 53. 47.

(65) VILLAGE SARANGPUR. near the village pond/toba.(Mani Majra ) The tree is 4. This was part of the tilled land of village Kajheri. age 85. peepal. The place is the home of a number of bird species and parrots too frequent the area in search for fruit. On the southeastern corner of the of the village proper. An old ‘BARGAD’ tree stands here testimony to the development of the village. the residential areas of which are still intact. There are also jamun. there exists the village Gurdwara. and Pulsora. a Shivji ka Mandir and the village ‘kheda’. The lone tree planted in open land has plenty of space to spread. for enhancing the greenery of congested South Chandigarh as well as for preserving the avian life of the city. On the western rim of UT’s village Sarangpur is the newly established Botanical garden. The tree is about 4 feet thick. palm and other tree species in the hundreds. Amar Singh. These sectors now contains abandoned orchards of mango ber and nashpati trees.55 and 56 at the south end of the city has been acquired recently by UT administration for its various plans.5 feet diameter PEEPAL tree stands with a 30 meter wide canopy.5 feet in diameter and is said to be in the range of 100 years. (64) MANIMAJRA. . An old PEEPAL stands in the middle of the road opposite the town’s community centre in Govindpura.(63) THE ORCHARDS OF SECTORS 54/55/56. of the village estimates the trees age at 90 years. The fruit trees of these sectors must be preserved. A “Talaab” used to exist here some 20 years ago which has since been filled up to accommodate houses. Shrubs abound and there is thick undergrowth at many places. Sector 54 . a 5. Also.

23. The Admn. 55 & 56.CHAPTER IV RECOMMENDATIONS In the Indian culture. 7.: Platform. 19 . 1. When children will swing and play under these trees they will respect their importance and beauty all the more.e. Installation of lightening conductors to save from possible lightening 4. the open spaces in sectors . 54. For the individual trees of age a hundred years and more as described in Chapter 2 the following recommendations are made for their upkeep and protection. Ensure that the branches of the trees are not cut off by villagers or public for undue purposes. Also our countryside and forests are very biodiverse providing us with food. village Maloya etc . can help the village committees to preserve these areas by providing them with funds and land. Installation of a signboard in Hindi / Punjabi highlighting the history of the tree. 2. these are the leisure valley areas of sectors 10 . i. We have to continue to maintain these gifts of nature. 6. 42 & 53 . The original village ‘Kheda’ sites exist in the city.26. These are invariably associated with trees and places of worship. Construction of an Earthen platform. Various sites described in the chapters are mini jungles and full of biodiversity. the tree parks/clusters in sectors 21. Ensure that the inhabitants do not cut off the aerial roots of trees like banyan & pilkhan and enough ground space is provided for these roots to take root in the earth. To name a few. 39. Such sites are found all over the UT. attack. around the trees so that the tree is dignified and people can sit underneath and enjoy the shade. 36. 3. Installation of wooden swings hanging from thick branches of some of these and other trees. 16. Also to ensure that no artificial lighting exists near these trees during the night time as this interferes with the life of resident birds. 24 . 27. 5. trees and shrubs are held sacred. the trees and orchards of sectors 53. Nowhere else in the world do trees receive so much veneration and love as accorded to them in India. fodder and medicine.

43. peepal . 38. ber and Nashpati trees. There are also jamun. These sites are also abundant in traditional medicinal plants widely used in everyday remedies in households. Jalmurgi etc are rarely found in the premises of the city sectors. These sectors now contains abandoned orchards of mango. A plan should be chalked out to bring these birds back into the city scene by providing them a natural habitat. Shrubs abound and there is thick undergrowth at many places. 3. palm and other tree species in the hundreds. College campus etc which are full of biodiverse tree/ shrub growth . Preservation of these mini-jungle sites as such and to give them a status of biodiversity park. botanical garden or as may suit the requirement. 44. For the greening of South Chandigarh the action plan should include conversion of acquired land of sectors 52 to 56 into protected forests. This will ensure further tree and shrub growth as well as the very important aspect of wildlife preservation. specially in the southern sectors which are already overcrowded. This will also be in concordance with the “National plan for greening of the cities”. that are normally found growing in the countryside but getting rarer and difficult to find in the cities. (Off course they are abundant in the reserved forests and village sites). For these heritage sites which come in both chapters 2 & 3 the following recommendations are made. Take the example of heritage state Rajasthan where there are the most per-capita birds in the country. pigeons and sparrows. It is an example of Peoples’ participation in wildlife preservation worth emulating. Punjab Engg. 1. reserved forest.42. It is suggested that these sites should not be developed into housing colonies/other construction. . The national bird “Peacock” as well as very many related types of jungle fowl. sites for which already exist but are to be protected. These places are the home of a number of bird species and parrots too frequent the area in search of fruit. the distributed parts of Old Ropar road. types of which vanish when these biodiverse places are converted into planned parks which then contain one or two types of domestic grasses only. Even in the congested city dwellings in the state are to be found the Peacock. These spaces contain grasses and shrubs of various varieties and thus maintain and support an ecosystem containing various insects and birds too. 2.

4. The tourism potential of these sites should be looked into. Heritage tours for students and adults can be organized to inculcate in the citizens the spirit of culture and tradition. ----X---- . The various literature published by the Admn. can include some of these sites. The curriculum of Environmental education recently started in schools countrywide should include these tours.