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About 80% of British plants

,
including many crops, use
insects to transfer pollen
between flowers.

Insect Pollinators

© www.teachitscience.co.uk 2014

Pollen fertilizes the flower
enabling the plant to develop
seeds and fruits

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The main insect pollinators are…

Honey bees

Bumble bees

© www.teachitscience.co.uk 2014

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Why are they important to us?

Hoverflies

Butterflies
and
moths

© www.teachitscience.co.uk 2014

© Busy bees, dcJohn, 2005
https://www.flickr.com/photos/dcjohn/23384053/

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Insects are responsible for pollinating
some important UK crops

oilseed rape

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© www.teachitscience.co.uk 2014

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A colony of honey bees has a
queen, male drones and up to
35 000 female worker bees

soft fruit

© Check Your Bees!! Don Hankins, 2008
https://www.flickr.com/photos/23905174@N00/2465770923/

orchard
fruit
© www.teachitscience.co.uk 2014

beans
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© www.teachitscience.co.uk 2014

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2008 https://www. …up to 50 000 colonies of bumblebees are imported into Britain each year. William Warby.co. 2008 https://www.com/photos/pondapple/6260451786/ © www.uk 2014 22854 11 © www. © Flower and Bumblebee. © Summer Farewell Blossom and Bee. digital cat.co.uk 2014 22854 9 © www.teachitscience. Bob Peterson. Julie Gibbons. 2011 https://www.teachitscience.com/photos/14646075@N03/2811990080/ © Polytunnel Tomatoes.co.flickr.co.The UK has wild populations of solitary bees and bumblebees but also… Whilst a queen bee can live for 5 years a worker will only live for about 40 days.5% of colonies in England and Wales were lost over winter  Between 2008-2011 beekeepers reported improvements in the health and vigour of their bee colonies © www.co.teachitscience.com/photos/organikal/4909527843/ © www.uk 2014 22854 10 Honeybees Has there been a recent decline in the number of pollinators in the UK?  The number of hives declined by 50% in England between 1985 and 2005 What do you think?  Between 2010-2011 the 17. 2010 https://www.teachitscience.flickr.flickr.uk 2014 © Running Bumblebee. In that time each worker will produce one teaspoonful of honey.teachitscience.co.uk 2014 22854 7 © www.uk 2014 22854 12 2 .teachitscience.com/photos/wwarby/2989235345/ 22854 8 The imported bees are used to pollinate greenhouse tomatoes and fruit such as strawberries grown in polytunnels.flickr.

Amanda Slater. 2013 https://www. Andy Rogers.uk 2014 22854 13 © www.uk 2014 22854 15 © www. Aussiegall. Runner beans.co. © Oil Seed Rape.flickr.com/photos/cobaltfish/9339353151/ © 455.co. What effect could this have on our food supply? © www.com/photos/jcapaldi/6151061542/  75% of UK butterflies show a 10 year decrease in their distribution or population (2011) © Bumble bee.  25% of species have declined since the 1980s  10% of the areas have gained species  10% of species have increased in number © www.uk 2014 22854 16 Teaching notes This can be used as a stand alone resource or with the other Teachit Science resources ‘Wind or insect pollinators’ (22853) and ‘Insect pollinators and world food supply’ (22662). Jim. InAweofGod’sCreation. 2011 https://www. Tess. This is useful as a starter and introduction to the topic and is ideal to generate discussion. Slide 3 – ask students to name the insect pollinators before revealing their names.flickr. 2007 https://www.flickr.flickr. 2014 https://www.flickr.teachitscience.co. Marilyn Peddle.uk 2014 22854 17 3 . Slides 11-14 – ask students to evaluate the facts given to say whether they show if insect pollinators have declined in number overall.com/photos/davenport/9386931968/  66% of common moths species have declined in number since 1970s.flickr.com/photos/pikerslanefarm/2480526989/ © Apple Blossoms.Bumblebees Hoverflies  50% of the areas which have been surveyed have lost species since 1980.com/photos/nhoulihan/3844381387/ © www.com/photos/23155134@N06/13969652002/  37% of these species have declined by more 50% © Soft Fruits.co. Oak Glen.com/photos/marilynjane/976578549/ © Hoverfly lollypop. 2008 https://www.teachitscience. Slide 5 – ask students to name the crops before revealing their names.co. 2013 https://www. 2007 https://www.teachitscience.teachitscience.teachitscience.flickr.uk 2014 22854 14 Image Credits Butterflies and moths © Honey Bee (Apis mellifera Linnaeus). 2007 https://www. the Photographer. Don Graham. Slide 4 – the question gives students an opportunity to discuss why they think insect pollinators are important.flickr.com/photos/aussiegall/681204297/ © Moth.