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XLIX
A.ln"

No.1

SDfI-}\foXTHLY

~fun j.

GU;, - Januarj 1, 1927

COYTENTS
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"[ will stand upon my watch and will set my loot
upon the 'TU{(('1', and tnll u'atGh to see what lIe will
say unto )ne, lind HIHlt an'<H'er I shall make to them
that oppose me."-Habakkuk 2: 1.

~-~

.pon the earth distress of nations with perpl("xity; the sea f\nd the waves (the restless, discontented) roaring; mfOn's hearts failing them for fear and for JonJOn....
• he thl:'~'" cn"ting upon the earth (soclety)~ for the powers of the heavens (ecc1esUtBtlCSffi) ",hall beshakell. . . When ye see these thmgs "'legln to come to p' "'., th~.
"ow tha' the fuWldow of God is at hand. Look up. 11ft up Your he..da. rejOlce. for vonr redewotlOll drawetb IlIj<h.-M..tt. 24:33; Mark 13;~II: Lllk. :'<1.26-""

THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION
HIS journal is one of the prime factors or instruments in the syf-.tenl of HllJle Illstruction, or "Seminary Ext0nsion", now being
presented in all parts of tile ciyilized worhl by tile WATCH 'l'OWBP. BIBLE & TI:ACT :SO('JJ:TY, chartered A. D. HiSel, "For the Promotion of Chn~tiall I~llowledee·'. It not only bcrves as a clu:-3s room \,here BIble :-.tudl'nts may llleet In tile :::.tl1dy of the dhine 'Vortl but
also as a channel of l'OlllIllUlllCution through ,,·hich they Illay be reached ,vith annOl1Hel'rllCld", of the :::-;ocicty's conventions and of the

T

coming of Ib IJavelIng reprc;':,cntatives, Ntyled "Pilgrinl,s", and refre::::.llel1 with reports of its (onventions.

Our HHH'f'an Lessons" are topical rehearsals or reviews of our Sorictj"S Vllhlbhcd ~ll DICS rl1o",t entertainin~Iy arr:ln~ed., and very
helpful to ail ,,110 would ment the only honorary degree whicll the SocIety accord" nz., ·Veil" Del J/lImtcr (Y. n. :ll.), \\1Iir-1l translateu
into I:n!,lJ,h i, JI ""ster of God's II-ord. Our tr('atment of the International Sunday :School Lessons is speciall,' for the older BIble
students and teachers. By some this feature is considcred indispensablc.
TIll, journal stands firmly for Ule defense of the only true foundation of the Christian's hope now bein~ so generally repudiated
-redemptIon tlliOUgll the precious blood of "the luan CIll'l~t Jesu~, who gave hinlself a nH~.sn,.n [:l correspoll(hllg price, a bub:..tltute] for
all". (1 Peter 1: JD; 1 TinlothJ· ~: G) Building- up on tIllS Rure fUu;HlatlOn the goltI, sih"er and precious foitonps (1 ConntlilHlll-i ~1: Il1;); 2 l'clpr 1: 5-11) of the 'YoI'd of God, its further llll~sion is to "make all see what iR the fpllow:-.lllP of the np.;s1rry \yhich . . .has
been hid III Gou, • . • to the intent that no,v Iui.l-;llt be made li:nown by the chunh the 1nnnifold \visdonl of God"-'·\\"I11(.11 In other a:;cs
"nlS llot Blade known unto the sons of !lIen a~ it is now reyea10d".-Ellllcsians ;3: 3-9, 10.
It stunl1s free from all pnrtie:-i, ~ect:-; and (,feed" of Illen, 'Y!lile it ~('>E'ks Inore and more to bring its flTE'ry llttflranec into flliL'st
snlljcctlOll 11) tIlc' ~\\ III of God III Chrbt, as ('\J>l('~"'l'd HI the IIn]y Senptul'es. It is tllll.s free to elt'clare lHJldiy \\ll:tt~()(,\-f'r the Lord
h(llh bpok0n-iltCol'ding- to the dinne ,ybdOln gr.lntpd unto th 10 undelstand IllS utrCl\lllC(':-;. Its attitudE' is lIot t!ogIlldll{', lmt ('Oll!](;('llt;
fur we kI10\'; "liPl eal we aflil'Iu, trt':.uling' ,n tll lillplldt faith ul)on the snre piombt':-. of GOl]. It 1" held as a rl'n~t, to be u;:,cJ only l~l his
seryice; 1:I.. ' I\('e our d('ci::-wJl:-. I'pla1i\p 10 "hat lIla~ find \\h(lt Illay not appear In Hs columns J11U-.;t be ut'eordiIl~ to OUf' Jllt.l!.:.mcllt ('f lliS
good ple:l:-.ul'C'-. lJ,(.::' h::':ldlln~ of 111:-; \\TorJ, for thp l1pllnild'ln:; of lll" }I("ople- In graC'e an<l kno\'ded.:;:e. All(l we not only indtp but urge our
readers to IH'O,"8 all Its utterances b,' thc lufallJble Word to whlcl! referl'IH·e is coustantl,. made to iadlitate buch testmg.

TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH
trhat the tllurch is "the temple of the living- God", IH'('ulIarly l'hi:;; '\Orknlan~lllp" ; that its construction has bCf'n in progress throur;l:out
the ::::<' . . ]>('1 a:.2,('-pvpr ~llH'e Chrif't hpC'ame the world's Hedeemer antI the Chief COfner Stone of his tenlple, thlop:..:-h ".. IudI, \\I1('ll
fiUI:--ll<-'J, Cud ~ blc . . "lll~ shall eDIIle "to all IH'oplc", and they l1n<1 accc~s to hilll.-1 COl inthwns 3: IG, 17; Lpllesiuns ~: ~O-22;
GC1W,,\'" :2): 1 l ; (;::datians a: 29.
That llle3-111illle 1h(' chisf'lin~, f.haping-. and polIshing of cons('crated believers in Christ's atonem.t?nt for Rin, progr('~ses; and "\\h0'11 the
last oi tlll'''''c "lhing ~toBe')", "p}et't and lll'",<'iolls;' ~hall lIan.' been Illude r(~ady, tile t!"l'pat l\IU:-itt,l' \Yorklllan \ \ l l l brulg all t(;:;pther

in the

rp'UlT0ction: and thc tpmple shall be filled with his glory, and be the meetlllg place bet,,'een God and men throughout
13: 5-S.
lrhat the ,m,b of hope, for thc ehurch and the world, lIes in the fact that "Jesus Chn~t, by the "racc of God, tastcd death fOl' crcry
nlall." "a r[llbOm 10r all:' alHI will bC' "the true lIght wlIieh lightcth every wan that comrth into the 'World"., "in due timc·'.IIebre\\::) :2. t); John 1: D; 1 TilllOthy 2: G, G.
the

fIl"'[

::\IIlI(,I1IllUllL~-Ht'\elation

That tlJe hope of the ('!lurch IS that <.:lle llH1Y be like her Lord, "SCf> hinl as he is," be "partakers of the divine nature',' and share his
glory as hIS JOl11t-heu.--1 John;):.2; Jollu 17: ~4; Homans B: 17; 2 j'etcr 1: 4.

lrhat the pre,ent mie'JOn of the dlllrrh is the perfecting of the saints for the futnre work of sPrvire: to develop in l]('rself e\ ery
grace: to be r;'od's

WltlH':-'~

to the \\ arIll; anu to prepare to bc kIngs and priests in the next

agp.~Ephesi.ll1::) .j. 1~;

l\latthew :!4:

14; Hevelation 1: 6; :20: 6.
lrllat the hope for the world lies in the blessings of knowledge and opportunity to be brought to all by Christ's ?\lillenni,,-l kino;doTll, the
rpstltution of all that was lost in :edam, to all the wlllm!!: and olJedlPnt. at the hands of tllelr Hedeemer and IllS gloriued churdl,
when all tile WIlfully wicked WIll be destroyed.-Acts ::I: 19-23; Isaiah 3;).
. PUBlISHE.D BY

1927 INTERNATION.\L CONVENTION

\VATCH TO\VER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY
18 CONCORD STREET I:1 I:1 BROOKLYN, NY, U·SA
I-'OnEIG~ OI,'FICE8: BI'itish: ;)'1 Craven Terrace, Lancaster Gate,
LOlluon ,Yo .2; ()anad~un: 38.. 40 In\ in Avenue, r.roronto, Ontario;
t! ""tlala8Z1l1L' 40;) ('oHms St., lIIelbourne, Australia; South Aflwan:
6 Lelie St., Cape ~'own, South Afnca.

PLCA5E

ADDUE~~

THE SOCIETY IN EVERY CASE

YLAltLY SUDSCIUPTION PUICE: GNITED STATES, $1.00; CANADA
A~D !\IISCELLA~EOCS !;""'OREIGN, $1.50; GREAT BRITAIN, AUSTRALASIA,
AND SOUl'l{ AFRICA, 78. American remittances should be illade by

Expre," or Po,tal ?\loney Orders, or by Bank Draft. Canadian, Britisll,
South AfrIcan, undAustrahlSlun rClllrttanccs should be made to b;'anch
offices only. Hcmittances from scattered foreIgn territory may be made
to tllc Brooklyn oflice, but by Intel·natwnall'osW.I\loney Ordcls only.
(Fol·eign transTations of this journal appear in several lang"ages.)

EDITOnIAL CO?\IJ\!ITTEE: This journal is published under tile
supenision of an editorial committee, at Ipast three of whom have read
and approved as truth each and e,·ery article appearing in these columns. Tile DaInes of the editorial committee are: J. F. RUTH EllFOltD,
W. Fl. VAN AIoWI,RGH, J. HE}[ERY, R. II. BARBER, E. J. CO\\'ARD.
U'ERMS TO THE LOnn'S poon: All BillIe Stndents \\ho, by

The general convention of the Intprnationnl Bible Rt\Hlents
Asso<,iation for H)=:!7 will be helll .July ]8th to =:!Gth. at
Toronto, Canada. Announcement is made now to ppJ'lllit the
friends throughout the earth to get ready. Brethren al'e
expected from many <,ountries.
Toronto is the capital of Ontario and has a populntion
of more than five hundred thousand, with another hUlldrerl
thousand in the vicinity. It is a railway center. It is only
a short distance from Niagara Falls. The city has provir1ed
its beautiful fair grounds and all its buildings for the
convention. One of the buildings has a seating capacity
of ten thousand. The grounds are situated on the lake
front, segregated from the busy travel, and in a yery
pleasant location. It is expected that the entire proceerling-s
of tile convention will be bJ'Oadcast from our own statio:l,
remote control being installed at tlie eonvention auditoriUJ.J.
This will be the only large cOJ1yention during the ypur.
All classes desiring to hold lor'al conventions slIould notifv
the SOCIETY as early as possible so 11mt pilgrims may be
routed in that way if at all possible.

J:eason of old ag-e or other infirmity or n(}YeI'RHy, are ullahle to

pay tor tllis journal. will be supplied free if tlley send a postal
card each ]\la>' stating their ca'e and requesting sucll provisioll'.
\Ve are not only willing. but anxious, that all such be on our list
('ontinually and in touch with tile Berean studies.
]VotllP to S'lllJ'wri'fJcrs: We do not, as a rule, SPill.! a card or acknowledgment
for a renewal or for a new sUb'3cription A renewal blank (rarrVlng notlre of expira~
'Lion) V;lU be sent WIth the jonrnal one month brfore the Rub<;rnptlOll e"{pires Change
of address, "hen reC1u~ted, may be e'\pected to appear on acldre<;" lahel WIthIn one month.
Entered all Becond Claw'! Matter at BrooUvn. N

Y. PostofJire

Act of M"rch ,'Jrd

1879.

II

RADIO PROGRAMS

The following stations are broadcasting the kingdom mcssa~e:
WEBn, New York City, 1] 6.4 meters, Sun., Tues., Thurs., I"ri.
'YORD, Batavia, Ill., 275 meters, <laIly.
CKCX, Toronto, Ont., 2!J1 meter" daily.
CIH;C, Saskatooll, Sask .. :130 metcrs, Sun., Tue., Thursday.
KTCL, Spattle, WasIl., 3050 met"rs. Slll><lav, 9 to 10 p. m.
JIKQ. Spokane, ""'ash., 384.5 DIeters, SUllda~v, 9 to 1ft p. m.
KFWlIl, Oakland, Calif., 207 meters, :SUIl., Mon., Thurs, Sat.

1.8SA, BEREAN BIBLE. STUDIE.S
ByMeansof

"The Watch Tower"

"TT01inp...,,, 1 nto the Lord"
'" ~!,j)" ] ~), 1(J:!()
1-1 f)
Week of .Tan :!
• ~O--lO
, \\"eek of J~II. (J
I

L

,reek of Jan.

I
~eI'\-icc" I

"Sacrifice and
Z June 1, lS2G

\\'eek of .Tau. ]r,
'Yep1\: of .J ,jIl,:!3

~n

.

~ :;0"--1H

.
..

1-1:5

1. 1(),34

'I
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BETHEL HYMNS FOR JANUARY

Sunday
;\Ionday
TuescL1Y
WerlllC's(lay
'f1l1lr,~rlay

FI·jrtlY
Sat.

:1 =:!D2

2]1
3

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4 1G:;
5)()1
6 89
7 8~
8 130

9 =:!().l
1.0 00
1.1. =:!()8
1.2 D6
1.3 311
1.4 21
1.5 G-!

1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
20
21.
22

G8
~

6
149
190
2GG
238

23
24
25
26
27
28
29

281

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2;')4
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30 124
3:1 2Gl

&tM!ATC FID\;VER
AN D H[:~?p~LD OF CHR~STS PRESENCE

Vol. XLIX

JANUARY

1,

H)~7

No.1

JEHOVAH AND HIS WORKS
"0 Lord, how manitold are thy lL'orks! in wi;;dom hast thou JIIade them all: the earth
Psalm lO,j: 24.

W

ITH approval and commendation many clergymen amI others quote from Popc', philosophic
poem these \\'orc1-: "'1'11(' proper ,t1HI.r of mankiml is man." That i'o-calletl plnloi'ophilnl -latcmellt
is not true. It has scrn:c1 a, a n1('am of deception for
many years. It is rr srrmple of worldly \\'i,c1olll. In the
sight of Gorl, ,,'orldIy ,,'i,"llom is i()(lll,hm',s. The tnlU
Chri,tian must look at it from the same ric\\ point.
It lwo ever bcen the mle among the \\'orldly-\\'ise to
ignore the Creator and magnify the crratnre. (nomans
1: 25) 'I'his is further eyide1JCC tlwt man has been ovcrrcached by the cunning influcnce of the Deyil.
2 The policy of Satan has e\"('r bcen to tum the minds
of men away from Gall, awl one of his ways of doing so
has been to magnify the name of man. But the time for
tht~ change has come, amI that change \\'ill cause men to
ma,yntfy the name of the Cre'ator. "For it is written,
I \~~l1 destroy the wisdom of the \\'i,e, a11(1 will bring
to nothing thc undehtanding of the prudent. "-here is
the wise? where is the scribe? \\'here is thr ,Iispnter of
this world? hath not GOll malIc foolish the wisllom of
this world ?"-1 Corinthirrns 1: 10,20.
3 The proper study of mankind IS ,Tl'111J\'[lh GOll and
his works. Such course alO118 leads to life. "This is life
eternal, that thry might know thee the only true God,
and Jesus Chribt. \dlOm thou ha~t sent." ( John 17: ;3)
J choyah God is the source of lile, His works mark out
thc way and the means of attaining 11fe.-Pro\'crbs
8 : 22; John 14: 6.

1,

fll'! of thy riches."-

to which nonc ran approach. Ko man Iw:, :::cell him n0r
ran see him, (1 Timothy G: lG) (;od I~ ilj(' l';llll" 1,y
\\'hieh he is knowll jj] C01'li'. i ,-m ,,-,til hi' I rl'i;lw,l.
(Cclle-is l: 1) He is the' OIIC \\-lJ" liliidc h;IYI'11 and
carth. (l,~njah -12: ;-,) H(, ,,"W':I',- n ,-;'o,J'lLil 1 \'1,11' all
creation. \\ liill' hr net, thr, t' ':1 hi- ,1:,1\' C011!1.11"JOIJCU
represl~lltltl\e) llC i, the ;':1', dl ('l,'alo!'. WlG:lO:\I

The \yisc1om 01' God

c~llrc'~l'(l

in his creation,
'rk:" from thl" hegmnillg of the \\'orltl." (.'tds 1.): 1e:) There is no limitation to his knO\\ lllge, anll hi' il )1)11 ies that knO\\ lcd:;H
al\rnys in the rig11t \\'ilY. It i" illllhl..:,..:,])Ie for Jllm to
make a mistake. PI)",c'c"ing t11r \H-tlom to know e\'erything in aehane'e, J1<' llkl'l\-i:,,' La:' the wi,'dolll 81111 nb:!ity to wlthhohl IrolJl Im;bcH nll thj](!~''': that 1](' doc's net
want to 101m\" lU!til Jus due tUlle to know them. He
is above, brJl1rr awl l,.'yolld all lJlS wI)]'k:,. ITl" majesty
he rcyeals oubllle 01 himsdL For n mall tIe Ill' wraps
himseH with the light; hr o-tn hh,,:, out the hcnycns like
a curiam, and thp]'('ll1 mnke:, hi:' i:l"djll!!- place.
6

1-

"-;:~nO\nl 1l1Jto (;"c! ani all Ill,

\\1

7'l'Ill're i:i nOlW to ,C:'J\l.' (;'Jd ill\'1CI'. (lsa:a:l -10:14)
"The eounsd of the Lurd ~tiI]jdl,th 1',1' e\er, t:)(' thoucrhts
01 his heart to all gelll'l'atiunc." (I"alm ;j;j: 11) c So
C'OlJl)lldd.r is his ,\-i,dulll ('~lll'I':'''ed 111 hi:, 1\ uj'k:, that
''\\-l':lt''oe\('r Cod llol,tli It ~hall Ill' for 1'\ r: ll<'tllJll~ can
bl: ]Int to it, nor am' thing i akcn [rom if'. (Lc d",,',a~tes
;j: H) In his O\nl due tll11C Ill' n'\Tnl, th,' deep and
:::ecn't thing-s of hi,: ]1bn. al1(1 nntll then 110 man can
fllld them oUt.---]);IIlIt'! :2: ;2'2; Eccl(',:ia~tl's 3: II.
, It· 1S \\'OI'~e thm f,)ojhhne:'S to try to nlll ahead of
.]lh'l\ah. H,; 111111illi'J''; ihe ~LlrS ami caUs thelll all by
111111Il'. (P,-alm l·t:: -1) 'rhe wry hai]'- of \'<lur head
a]',' lIumh,'rl'd. awL nut ewn 11 sllarro\\ 1 ,iii..; td the earth
\\'ithuut Ins lIotlce. PbHhl.'\\' 10: '2'1. ;):1) '"The Lord
uy \\'lsdol1l hath fOll111kd the earth; by 11l1dC'rstanding
hath he e"tabli"lll'd the heaH'n,:. D.r his knowlcdge the
depths are broken up, awl the Cl01111s drop down the
de\\"." (ProYCl'bs 3: 19, ;20) Ii I": no 'IHllJ(lC'r that the
wisdom of imperfect man is foc.:li,,];nl.'s~ III the "ight of
God.

WHO IS GOD?

How can man study God.? The Etemal One rc\ cals
himself through his ,\:onl allll through hlo works. The
Bible is thc ,rord of God ancl is wnHl'll for the instmetion of man. COlll.:eming himsclf God cau"ell to be
writtcn in his ,,-ord that he is "from en~rlai'tijjg-to ewrlasting". (P6alm 00: 2) ",rhose name alonc is J ehovah." (Psalm 83: 18) That llame significs self-existing and eternal One. It was the name by which he declared himself to his chosen people and signified his
purpose toward them.-Exodus 6: 3-8.
6 J ehO\ ah is the immortal One, dwelling in the light
3

4

The

WATCH TOWER

JUSTICE
9 Law is a rule of action, commanding that which is
right anu prohibiting that which is wrong. \Ylth man
law aha j;;,tice are not "ynonymous terms. The laws are
not always auministered or eyen maue in harmony with
justice. \Vith God law and justice are always equal.
Justice means that iyhieh is right. God is always right.
His la,,'s or rules of action for the goyernment of Ius
creatures are always right and true. In justice he executes his law. "Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy
fnee."-Psalm 89; 14.
10 God is no respecter of persons,
His law awl his
judice arc aclministered the ,oame to all, and alll'ays
without partiality. (1 Peter 1: 17; James 3: 17) He is
absolutely unchangeable, ami therefore always and for
ever depenuable. (J\Ialaehi 3: 6) IIavmg made a promise to uo anything he is certain to rany It out. His
\Yord is neYer void; it always accomph,jws his purposes.
(Isaiah 46: 11 ; 55: 11) He ahyays j uuges righteou ,ly
amongd his creatures. (Isaiah 11: 4) His judgments
are alll'ays true. (PrO\'erhs 19: 9) "Righteous art thou,
o Lord, and upright are thy judgments." (Psalm 119:
1:;,) "Thy rightcolE'llcSS is like the great nlOulltallls;
thy judgments are a grrat cleep: 0 Lord, thou preecnest man and Ueast."-l'calm ~)G' G,

POWER
11 The "power of God is wlthout limitation.
\Yhcn
we speak of the holy ~pirit we undrn·tand that it means
the imisible power of God exercioccJ accordmg to his
pleasure. God has but to will, and his power is exercised. The waters stood round about the earth and
above the earth, enclosing the neil' earth in a canopy.
On tl18 earth it was dark. "The spint of God moved
upon the face of the watc>rs. And God said. Let there be
light: and there was lJ 6 ht." (Genesis 1:2,3) Thus he
e,J::ercises his power. It is but necessary for him to will
a thing to be done, and it is donl'. t\othing can with·
stand Jehovah. 1\1en build gowrnments and nations and
boast of their greatness, aml otbor mOlt sing the> prni-os
or the builders. What man docs. ",hen compared Inth
the power of God, is as nothing.
12 "Behold, the nations are as a drop o[ a bucket. and
are counted as the small dust of the balance: behol(1, he
taketh up the isles as a I'ery little thin~, . . . ,'\11 nations before 11im are as nothing; and they are conn ted
to him less than nothing, and vanity. To Il'hom then will
ye liken God? or ivhat likeness will ye compare unto
him? . . . It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the
earth, and the inhabitants thereof [)re as grasshoppers;
that stretehcth out the heavens as a curtain, and
spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in." (Isaiah 40:
15,17,18,22) He has complete and absolute power
over all matter and things, and makes one creature to
honor and another creature of less honor.-Rom. 9: 21.

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LOvg
13 It is written in his \r ord:
"God is love." Loye is
the perfect and complete expression of unselfishness.
En>ry act of God tall anI his creatures is for the good of
such creatures, and is uns~liishly performed. His love
for IllS creature- is exercised regardless of whether there
is a response or reciprocity When the creature comes to
know his God and appreciate him, he reyels in his lo\'e
and in h1s kindness be,t(l\\'ed upon the creature. Resting in the lo\'e of God and under his protecting care
the creatnre is at perlpd peace and ease.
l { "How excellent is thy lovingl:in(llless, 0 God! therefore the ehil(lrcn of men ]lnt their tnl:,t under the
fohadow of thy wings." (Psalm 3G: I) "Because thy
lom1g-kindnpos is better than life, my lips shall prai,e
thee.') (P"altll G3: 3) "God commendeth his love to,,'ard us, ill that. I"hile we "'ere nt sinners. Christ died
for Ui'," (Romans 5: 8) Ill' stooi)s to aid the erring one
and be,toll's his loying kindness upon all.
13 The \Ylsdom, justice, 100'c and po\\'cr of God are
ah"ays exercifoed in equal mIll eAact balance. These attnbutes of the Di\'ine One are made manifest in his
manifold \Yorks.
CREATIO~

\Yhen man begins to learn something of God, and
is properly exerci ~ed thereby, he has reyerellCe for his
great Creator, Such reYCfence really" mm'ks the h('O'innillO'
b
0
of wisdom in man. "'l"dom realh' means to hal'e correct knoll'ledge and thc1~ to appl y that knowlec1ge in the
right II'a)', Irhich is according to the di\'ine rule. (Psalm
111 : 10) The man of wisdom lI'iIl ,.:eek out the works of
J ehol'ah God. "The ,,'arks of the Lord are bO'reat , sourrht
0
out of all them that haye pJra,~ure therein."-Psa, 111: 2.
11 As the stu(lcnt reyerentlally seeks to know the Iyorks
of J ehoyah his pleasure there'in groll's. His efforts are
rewarded, becau,oe 1t 1S only to those \rho reyerenee the
Lord that he reyeals his deep and seerd things. "The
,ccret of the Lord is Iyith them that fear [reyerence]
him; and he Il'iIl shell' them his cOI'enant." (Psalm 25;
H) Is It not appro]Jriate thl'n that lI'e, no student, of
his Word, Iwgll1 ll1n Il'lth a study of ,lehoyah and his
works, and that throughout the ycar we keep this uppermoi't JJl our IIlWrl,:IS The natural wall callnot underotand and appreciate
the woU'Lr~ of Cod's en'ation, It is onh Irhen one has
become jni'tlfied and beGotten of the spi;'it of God tha.t
his minll begins to open to an underotanuing of the
precions thin,,;s tha.t God has created and now holds in
resenation for them that lOie him, (1 Corinthians 2: 9,
10,14) The true Christian rlelights to seek out and
study the works of J chol'ah. Then he begins to walk in
the light of the Lord, which light shines with increased
brilliancy as he advances along the pathway that God
has prepared for those who delight to do his will.
19 There must haye been a time when God "'as alone,
because there was a time when he began his ,,'orks of
]r,

J.\S:C.\IlY

1,

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'fheWATCH TOWER

creation. The time of thetl k'ginning is nowhere revealed
to man. The fir~t one created, "the beginning of the
creatlOn of God" (Revelation 3: 14), was the Logos,
,rho thereafter was the spokesman and representahve of
(\;(1. That time, though unknown to us, was many long
('cntur;r's ago. Concerning that great event the Logos
11ll1lse1f, ~}Jeaking, says:
21i "The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his
\rav. lJcfore his works of old. I \ras set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth \\ as.
Whl'll there were no depths, I was brought forth: when
t:lOre were no fountains abounding WIth water. Before
the mountains \\"l're settled, before the hl1ls was I
urou" ht forth: while as vet he had not made the earth,
1,01' the fiel d", nor the l~ighe"t pll rt of the dust of the
\ orld. Whcu he prepared the heavens, I was tlwre:
v'he'n he set a compass upon the face of the depth;
\\ hen he ei,lablishecl the clouds above; when he
strengthened the fountains of the deep; 'rhen he g,we to
tllC sea his ul'cree, that the waters should uot pass his
COlJllllaUument; \rhen he appointed the foundatIOns of
tbe earth: then I was by hIm, as one brought up with
him, awl I ,niS claily his delight, rcjoicillg always before him."-I'1'O\"('rus 8: 22-30.
21 Thcn the Logos, as the active agent of the great
Crcator, proccede(l \vith the creation of all things that
wcre created. (John 1: 1-3) Next came the cl't'ation of
spirit creatl1l'es. [bide from the Logos. Among theoe
created ones was Lucifer. who was conspicuous for his
beauty. He was a pm·t of the holy organization of God.
lfe was clothcd \nth authority to do work ill the name
of his Creator. He was perfect in all his appointments
aud ways, and thus he continued untillawlcs::;ness found
a place in him.
22 Then came the creation of the cherubim, the seraphim, and the host of angeLi, each of whom was assigned to his respective dIlty. The Logos occupicd a
confidentwl rclatioll8hip to the great Creator and was
always the delight of the Mighty One, and it reasonably
follo~vs thcrefore that he would be takell into the secret
purposes of Gocl in the creation of things. Innumerable
planets \\'ere made; the sun amI the moon and the
stars; alld then came the time for the creation of the
earth.
2;) It is not UlHeaoollUble to us that God would inform
the beloycd Logos of his purpose in creating the carth.
'rhe record 110('s show that he conver~ed with the Logos
concerning the ('rent ion of man. God created the enrth
for man amI intended that man should reside thereon.
(Isaiah 45: 12-18) It is rnbollable then thnt he would
tell his belaYed Logos that he was about to create man in
hIS own image and lil~ene3.s, to be the king of earth.
24 The Scriptures indicate that some information as
to mall'S creation ,ras gin'n out in hea\'en; because it is
recorded that when Clod laid the foundation of the earth,
which ,ras to be man's future home, the morning stars
sang togcther and all the sons of God shouted for joy.

(Job 38: 4-7) The two Morning Stars, the Logos and
LucifE.'r, joined in a duct of praise to the great and
mighty J ehonth; and the chorus of millions of beaut!·
ful voices of glorious angels joined in the glad refrain.
Why was this praise given? E"idently it was then made
known that there was to be a departure from the creation of inanimatc things, and that now there was to be
the creation of an animate and intelligent earthly crea·
ture who should be made ruler and be given dominion
over thc earth.
25 'Phen the grcat Creator fUl'llished the plans and
specifications for building Adam. All the minutire were
\\'orked out. J<:\ er,r bone, each and e\'NY sil:ew and
nerve, was assigned to its respective pln('l' : and ew'n the
hairs of the head were numbered, 'l'Iwu the Logos
carried out the plan by taking t1w dements of the ('arth
and therefrom making man in the image and lIkeness
oI God, and into whose no~trils God then breatheu the
breath of life and man became a sentient being. God
was pleaseu with this \\'ork and pronounced it "very
good".
20 There is no sham, imitation nor imperfection in tha
works of Jehovah. They arc true works, and always bear
the closest search and scrutiny. All of his 'I'orks are
perlect. (Deuteronomy 32: 4) It follows therefore irhat
all the \I'orks of creation accomplished by the Logos have
God's approval. The BIble is a record of hjg \I'orks.
It was written by holy men of old, who by God's in·
visible power \I'ere inspircd to \nlte. ThercIore the
words of the BIble disclose the works of Jehovah.
27 X ow the time has come for God to more fully reveal
his works to those \\ ho dl1igcntly seek to know them, and
thus he does. In recent years the great God has opened
widcr the door of lll1clel'danding, that the vision of his
people may be gl'cntn and that they may behold more
of his grpat and marvelous works. 'rhe confidence of tha
Lord's children in tlw great Crentor therefore continues
to grow stronger. "For the word of the Lord is right;
and all of his works are done in truth." (Psalm 33: 4)
"His work is honom able and glorious: and his righteousness endureth for ever. He hath macle his wonderful works to be remembered: the Lord is gracious and
full of compassion, . . . He hath shewed his people the
power of his worb, thnt he may gire them the heritage
of the nations."-Psalm 111: 3, 4, G.
OBJECT

LESSO~

Bd,,'een the date of the creation of man and the
:present day many manclous things have transpired.
:JIony of them hare been recordcd in the Wonl of God.
l\Iony of these cvents huve bcen attcnded with much
sorrow and with some joy. What things have transpircd and have been rccorded in the Word of Goo. were
there recorucd for the benefit of the Christian, that he
might learn the needed lessons.-Romans 15: 4; 1 Corinthians 10: 11.
2D The first sin committeu of which there is a record
28

8

Cfhe

WATCH TOWER

made was the dHoyal th011ght in the mind of Lucifer,
when he resolved to be like the :Most High God. (Isaiah
14: 13, 14) That is the time when iniquity was found
in him. (Ezekiel 28: 9) It was prc~umptuous on the
part of Lucifer to think of putting himsrlf in a position
to \I'hich God hall not assi,2'nec! h1111. To accomplish his
selfi,h and \I'icked purPOSl~ LucIfrr was willing to disrupt the s\yeet anll beautiful rrlation,hip betwrcn man
and hi, en'ator, turn man a\\'ay from God, anll cam'e
him to bccome a slan~. .\hoyc all, Lucifrr was \I'illing
to be disloyal to J eho\'ah. Since his first disloyal act he
has ever attemptell to turn God's creatures am:!1 from
their Creator.
30 The fin,t law which God gave to his chosen people
'Was: "Thou shalt ha\'e no otlwr gods brfore me." (Exodus 20: 3) God's "ll'i<clom and loving kindnrss caused
him to make that law. Mall's only place of safety is to
haye Jehovah for his Goe!. '1'0 go in the \1 ay of the evil
one means complete destruction. The disloyalty of
Lucifer was the great elTor of the \I'icked one. God
would have his people now lrarn that lesson fully, lest
thry should fall into the same pit. "Ye therefore, be10\ ed, seeing ye know these things beiOTe, heware lest
ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked,
fall from your mnl stedfastncss." (2 reter 3: 17) 'l'his
warning is to those ill present truth.
3! The greatest and most important lesson thercfore
for the creature to learn is absolute and complete loyalty
to the great Jehovah God. Ohject lessons of disloyalty,
and with dire results, are set forth in the Word of God
as object lessons for the new creation. The stully of
"ma.:nk:ind" by man tends to disloyalty to God. The
study of God and his works tends to loyalty and faithfulness.
NEW CREATION

When finished, that which will most completely reflect the glory of God is and will be the new creation of
which Christ Jesus is the crowning glory. The new
creation in fact is The Christ. 'rhe body members are
but a part of him. The question is not 'Yhether you
have been begotten to the divine nature and thereby
called to an heavenly calling; but now the question is,
Will you be faithful unto the end and receive the crown
of life? Who will have an abundant entrance into the
kingdom of the Lord? The ans,,"er is, Those who lo\'e
God and who for that rrason arc faithful. These he
will presene amI bring safdy into his house of glory.
83 The new creation is the work of Jehovah God.
The members of the boely of Chrid arc taken from
among mrn. God "lyill use the new creation to establish his kingdom of righteousnrC'C', \I'h1C 11 "'ill supplant
the kingdom of the evil one. Of CO\ll',e the Dpyil e11ligently puts forth e\'Cry efIort to lll'lllg about the destruction of those who are prospectiYe mem1)('rs of the
new creation and therefore of the kingclom of rightronsness. Satan works in diyers and nmnrrous \I'a\" t\) accomplish the destruction of the Christmn. One ul his
32

BnOOKLYN,

N. Y.

favorite mrthods is to tum the mind of the crratllre
away from the great Creator. This he does by inducing
the crC'ature to laud, magnify or worship anyth in!) other
than God, anll to forget God. Hence the dully of God
anll his works is the only safe course for man.
HERO WORSHIP A SNARE

Many creatnres worship the DenI. It is the poliry
of the DC'Yil to induce others to \I'or~hip some el'l'at\ll"',
in order that their minlls may he tnrned away from .Tehoyah God. The ChriE-tJan bhoulcl allrays keep tim fnet
in mllld. To aceompbh his purpo,e the Deyil not only
resorts to fraud but induces othrn to hc'come hY]Jocnte::;.
lIe began this practice in the days of Enos, "lrhen he
inducc'd men at that till1r to call thl'm,clYes bv tIll' name
of the Lord, who in trllth and in fact were tl;e dupes of
the Deyil. (Gellesis 4: ;2G, margin) '1'he cunnil1g and
wicked policy of the Deyil IS here disclosed.
35 Nimrod ,,"as one of the "'iekclle,,t men that rwr
liyed on earth. Ill' ,,'as an indrument of the Dc\ 11.
Students of the DIllIe are some\rhat aCC]1\aintrd with the
wicked conISe of .Kimrod. "He was a miE,hty huntl'r
before the Lord: ,,"hen'fore it is said, Ewn as Rim]")II
the mighty hunter vefor!) the Lord." (Genesis 10: 9)
This statement of the Scripture does not mean i ]'at
Nimrod "lmlkrd in the preSl'nre of the Lord, or before
the Lord in honor; but it does mean that he was pr('ferred hy tho people helore or instead of the Lord God.
The wild beasts were a terror to the prople. Nimrod became a great hunter and slayer of these bea,ts; and
through Satan's deceptiYe mal1lpulations the people worshiped Nimrod above JehoHlh God. To them he was a
mighty hunter and protector, to be preferred before, or
instead of, the great J rhovah.
36 At all times the Devil has practised this method
of deceit upon mankind. No people nor organization has
ever been free therefrom. Not even those of prebent
truth have escaped this snare' of the Devil. Of course the
Christian coulll not so clearly see the Devil's methods
until he had a clearer vision of Satan's organizatIOn.
Now being privileged to have this bettcr understanding
it behooves him to studion,ly avoid eYerything that
tends to aid Satan in his wicked "lvork against those who
love righteoumcss.
37 The Christian is righteous and godly by virtue of
being in Christ. "The Lorll hath set apart him that is
godly for himself." (Psalm 4: 3) When a man is begotten and anointed of the holy spirit IlC is ,a nctified or
set aside for the usc of the Lord. The subtle and deceptive poliey of the Devil is now to devise ways and
means to turn the mind of that one to anything or any
creature or object, anel (Ilcay tJ'orn Jehomh God. This he
accomplishrs inc1ireetly, altd by frand and drceit.
~s It is only neccs,'al'y to glance at the history of the
Papal sy,tem to bee that tl1C' proplc of that system have
at all times heen incluced to honor, worship and magnify
the Hames of men rather than the name of Jehovah God.
34

to turn man away from God. "Thus balth t. neither Id the mighty mnll glory in hi. that he ullderstandeth and knoweth me. Let not the wi. Men should yir\\' themsrlws in the right light. nrc recorded with rever[. 47 Since the Loro. You are God's building. Let no man glory in men. and not think too highly of themselves. but God that giYeth the increase. takes himsplI too spriollsly. When compared with the greatness of God and his higher creation man is a vrry insigJlificant thil1~. the moon and the star~. If he has a clear undrrsta11dl11.'~ of the truth. Jw is not entitled to any creo. Luther. saith the LOl'll. eyen as the Lord gave to every man? I have planted.teu \\ ise men will appear among you and tell you what tn do.JAmJABT 1."-l Corinthians 3: 5-7.." (Proyerhs 16: IS) The worship of he]'o '8. hut God gave the inn·rase. and who is ApoIlos. but ministC'rs by whom ye bdicved. the work of thy fingers. •. The names of Arius. We are mt>rc!y laborers with yOll and with God. 9. by in(lllcing man to reyerence some otlwr man. the Lord uses him. whrthrr in the church or out of it.) recei.it or glory therefor. 40 "The irar of m~. Some said: 'I am of ApoUes'. It is the enemy's scheme to turn man away fr'lI11 God. that they are vain."-Jcremiah 9: 23. For this reaWll they have exposed themselves to the snare of the lkvil." (ProYl~rbs 'W: 2. brcomcs prowl. ~rembers of the Papal system. It is un. neither he that watereth. that I am the Lord which exercise lovingkindness. he bpgins to think more highly of himself than he should think.llc~.' This condition caused the apo~tle. that thou visitest him?" (Psalm 8: 3.eceive him'·elf. that he may be wi"c. 41 Satan began to operate this scheme in the early days of the church. It is not an unusual Cling for some man.4) This i8 a proper view of the maHer. If any man among you scemeth to be wise in this world.ll brillgdh a snare: but \rhoso pllttdh his trust in the Lad shall be safe.:t ian glory in his own wi. have afterwards been canonized as saints and thereby made objects of worship by the deluded people. and no man is so wise that he is entitled to the glory and r('\.. The Lord 'Z knml'eth the thoughh: of the wise.:e mun glory in his wi8dom. And again. :For we arc labourers together with Goo: ye are God's husbandry. and ethers said: 'Paul is the mighty one who brou~ht me into the tmth. ::Uany have Jmt their trust in these nwn imtead of trusting in the Lord. ~cme of his special admirers giye him IUuch glory and honor. even though vrrv wicked in their day. God.clight.'rs the plaudits of the others usually beconll's impressed with his own imjJortuncE'. Members of the Protestnnt church haYe stood in great f~ar and revrrrnee of these men and their memories. ~elf-constih. \r('~lev. 3~ The same condition has exi"ted at all times in the rl'otestallt SYbtem. thereby many fall into the Devil's snare. . Men are never so wise that tlwy can glory in thrir own wisdom. more than the ordinary ability. to write to the church at Corinth and say to them in substance: 'Apollos and I are merely ministers being used to brin~ the truth to you. and their sayings arc quoted as authority. that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man. Apollos watered." This means that II :revprential f('ar of the Lord is the brginning of wisdom. even thongh hOllest and sincere.he Lord. For the wisdom of this world is foolibhness with God: for it is written.:. . ano. The congregation at Corinth was di~'ided because of trouble.t is from the FmJ1e original root from which comes the word ipar in the text: "The fear of the Lord is the brginning of wisdom. 43 Thf're is nothing that lIlan has done or ran do thut is worthy of glory. 46 Let no Chri.. is surely of the Deyil. H This course persi~tr(l in results in <1"filrment of the temple of God.'es it gladly from his hrethren.l!e to magnify the names of men.) The word "fear" used in this te}. 'Vhen David thought upon the mighty creation of God he rxclaimed: "When I ('onsidrr thy hpa\. . Such wisdom as they manifest is foolishncss in the sight of God. p: ):t brfore u fall. what is man.dom. '1'he Devil himself induces this to keep the people in his snare. the grrat Creator.e1'('llce of other men. might. under inspiration. is the ])evil's schrme to turn away the minds of men from God. and righteous11ess. even though in (]irect contradiction to the Word of God. He possesses. ye are God's huilding. and all haughty. 43 The church has never been free from this subtle influence of the enemy. (1 Corinthialls :l: 11) The one wh. and expresses it for the benefit of ethers. is rntitlrd to all honor and glory. he loves the adulation and rp('('i. Cahin. No truly great men have ever lived on earth since J rsus' time. possibly. The IHloration and wor~hlp of men. prominel1t amongst the brethren in pres('nt truth. and llumerous others. and the practice of calling them great h('roes. he shows much devotion to the Lord.ens. and makes himself all (a"y victim of the Deyil"s scheme. HrJ1rp it is Wr'tt'l1: "Pride goeth before de~t ruction. He taketh the wise in their own craftiness. 24. judgment. which thou ha~t ol'llailH'd. let him heeome a fool. ano. 1921 'l"hcWATCH TOWER Some of the leaders in this great system. 18-21. arc induced to worship images and men.' 42 "Who then is Paul. to he exalted amollgbt his brethren. has been pleased to permit the . and his brethren ha\'e their minds upon him as a grrat rxample and forgd to look to the Lord.. Let no man o. Therefore let DO man glory in men: for all things are yours. nor deceive himsdf 1101' be dpepiH'd hy glorying in some other man's wisdom or greatness. and to pray to Mary and to address her as "the mother of God". So then 11cither is he that plallteth any thing. It is God who giYes you the knowledge and the increase. and the :reverential frar or dIT"lld of man is a snare of the Devil. in the earth: for in these things I o. let not the rirh mall glory in his riches: uut let him that gloridh glory ill this. hut do not be deceived by them.

the hills and the mOlllltaim. 52 Some of the class whom Dayid represented arc now on the earil1. but ahLlys praising J ehoyah God. and likewise turns his face from those who are hero worshipers. fillrd \nth wonder and ecstacy in the presence of its adorable father. and seemingly he heard them sweetly singing anthems of praise to the glory of the great Creator.. He \\"as conscious of the fact that it was the mighty anrl loving Creator who had provided the high and rugged hills as a refuge for the wild bea~ts. they excl'aim: "0 Lord. long uH'el by 111m to rldalll(' thc name of Jehovah God. also the cxpulsion of Satan from heaven am! the hastening' of the develo]1lllcnt of e\ ents \I'hen Satan . hurrying on to be met and embraced by the majestic waves of the great deep blne sea. because they are earnestly desirous of being in harmony with his holy will. In many respeds he is a type of the church. to do . thou art very great: thou art clothed with honour and majesty. 53 They sec that JehO\ah is the only trll:' God. which \rillreJleet his glory and be his means of blessing all the families of the rarth. reyerence and wond('l'ment loye and praise. waving their mighty arms and joyfully clapping their hands to tIle praise and honor of their great .~hariot. and that the day of deliverance is at hand. symbols of perfect manhood and eternal life. will guarantee to such an abundant entrance into his everlasting kingdom. the Chl'1:-tHl1l o• The erC'ation of Gael so impressed Tlavid that he forp. lift up his standard for the people and point them to the way that leads to life and endless joy. namely. and is bringiug to a ncar complehon. 4U'IrJwn David behelel the mighty creation of Jeho\ ah he \ras overwhelmed. that Jesus is the King of kings. that he has begun. '" e <10 not find him lauding and magnifying the name o[ ~':llle one among"t men \rho ha(l preceded him. WIth the passing of the tribulatIOn on earth. the moon and the stars. In their boughs the wild birds hacI come to make their nests. the riYel's and the mighty derp. which God had hung in the heavens. TlC'yil's po\\"<:rflll organization. he cried out: "Bless the Loru. that he has made man to be king of the earth. His thoughts were only of his grrat ~Iaker ancI IllS mighty \\'orks. who stretchc~t out tol ~ heavens like a curtain. 54 Filled with :nre. to nurture their young and to dwell in seeunty and in lJ('aee. and to deelare hIS name and his glory in the earth. 'IYho coyerest thyself with light as with a garment. they may d\vell in his house and behold his beauty and continue to learn of him for ever.ot hllll"rl£ as he re:1< h'c d his adoration and devotion to the Etemal One.l(lness of . 51 Then David forgot himself as a mighty warrior and as the anointed king of God's chosen people. It is vlta11)' es"entlal that they do love each . 57 The mewlwrs of the church arc commanded to love one allother. who walketh upon DROOKLYN. (:Uaithew 2·1: :i()) One of tlll'''l' \HJnrL'r" is the.'garcled the great Creator. and continuing thus faithful to the end. and like silent sentinels stand as watchmen guarding the entrance to the promiseuland. the crO\\"ning feature of hi" \I'ork. where the lofty mountains lift their hoary heaus heavenward. 56 In obedience to the divine command let the Christians magnify the name of Jehovah Gad. As his witnesses the great Jehovah God bids these faithIul ones to go and tell the glad news to the sorrowing world. awl the innumerahle stars.) the go. They see that it is their privilege now to be his \l'iinesses.ball be shorn of his PO\H'l' anrl can no longer bJmd mankind t. how nl<111iiold arc thy works! in \I'isdom thou bast made them all."hat "oever the great God has for them to do. the new creation. 0 Lord my God. Like a little child. nor the meek little lily that sweetly blossoms beside the babbling brook. of 1911 to 1918. 50 Turning his face northward the Psalmist beheld the great evergreens of Lebanon full of sap and vigor. the moon. the Slln. lIe considered the sun. 55 The new creation now sees that God resists the proud ones who pose as heroes. Studying Jehovah Gael and his mighty works and ultimately. TIlC'Y ""ant to pursue the right and the safe course. He took a right view of matteTs and is an C'x<lmple for thosC' \rhom he represented. David knew that he could not crrate even a blade of grass. So doing. who layeth the beams of h is chambers in the watrrs. the wings of the wind. The Chrii'tian should follow his example. He saw the domestic flocks feeeling peacefully in the sheltered places along the green valleys. He sa\\" the mighty fountains spring out from the mountain side and ripple down the valleys. they haye seen some of thc grC'at \Hl11dcrs in lll·awn. and to advise mankind that he is God. AnotlH'r or the \\'OI](l('rs is the birth of the kingdom of God. Y." (Psalm 104: 24) This text chosen for the year seems a fitting one for the members of the body of Christ this side the yail to keep before the mind. The study of God and his works is the safe course for man. 48 The Lord used David and caused him to write for the benefit of the church.s '[he WATCH TOWER Christians now on earth to have a clearrr vision of the Devil's organization and his wicked methods of operation. 0 my soul. \\"ho maketh his angels spirits: his ministers a flaming fire. greater is the responsibility of each one to look well to his own course and sec to it that he does nothing to aid the Deyil in his fight agaimt the new creation. 'They see that he shO\\"s his fayor to the obedient ones.T cho\uh. From the high lulls of J n:dea he lookeel far to the east. His \yorels of adoration give some conception of what was in his mind and how he r. 'IYith their Jaers turncd heaYell\v~rd thev mark the divine plan unfolding before their eyes and "majestically progTcssing in ohedience to Jehovah's will. that he has made the plands. by his grace.:\Iaster Maker. These arc entering 1!121 \\"lth a keen drsin. who maketh the clouus his ."-Psalm 104: 1-4. ~. bringing themselves into harmony with his expressed will.

save in the matter or settling diopuies amoJ]g~t themselves. nor direction iur commullal lill'. rp~t U]lOIl u~ now'! n 4:j-47. 58 The propcr "tudy of nn111kil1d is God and his \yorks.S.3.. 'VhCll dill <:-iod's creath'e work begin? Paraphrase Proverbs 8: :2~-31).\ olll'~ Ill. HOI' for better relationshilJs with the Homans. thl!ir gOH'l'llOrS. but a s\rord. "Think not that I am come to scnd peacc on earth: I came not to send peace.:\or did he give guidance for the Jews as to ho\\' they might rearrange their national life to adYalltage. 2 In his ministry Jesus gaye no particular instTIlctions to his follmH'rs as to bow tlwy should conduct themse]yes III the particular c1J'Cmmtallces of life. "-lInt .- "Let us love one another: for love is of God. \1 hosl' millli is "tn}'l'(1 on thee: becanoe he tlll. That means that each one will unselfishly \yateh for the interest of his brethren."-l John W HEN Jesus was on earth he said about domestic happiness."y are equal. .teth in the". The anointed "Scn-allt CIa.'ahne. no\\' ('an man study Gou? 'Vhat may \ve know of his wisdom'! n 4-8. and the elIect in the heart of those who receive it is to bring that "peace of God.illll'l n . and the daughter against her mother..nlhl b~' \yo.s" mll"t cd tlll' example. III~ (.lcllt'd (jhl'htinlls ill this IT~pC'(·t ': ~ .l~i(lll '! IT :2H. '''bnl ('ollllll'lII11. he must have contemplated many a home \yhere father and mother and children would be his disciples. 'Vhnl IS h'YP': Citl' Rcriptnrcs nllCl E'xamples showing Gou's 1<)\'. :llld how much llid IIp kll"\\' of th"m COlll[HU'pc1 with .!Ial the new Cre:llwtl knows nhout thun 1l0W'! n 26-27.\l.ify and wor~hlp Jehovah GO(!." -IsaJah 26: 3. 'Ylmt eYl'l1tnally wIii lI10st fnlly rd1E'('t till' glo]'y of God. (Philippians 4: 7) Of conrse Jesus did not contemplate a violent division in every family. n 11.JpllOnlll's attributes alld sllll\\ li.nv th. Of what dill the \york of creati'On consist prior to the erC:l tion of tIl\' earth? n 1D-22. at Pentecost and im.4. the Lord gaye no particular guidance for his cl111reh. . and the daughter in law againot her mother in law. much less did he make any attempt 10 reform the world." (Matthew 10: 34. SII1Il1l1:lI'IZC . 'Yhat is til<' PIII'PO~p of the Dible's III~joric rpC'onls? When dId sin beglll': "'h~' did Go(l cOllllllallc! tlwt he alone slr. How dups .t.J ehovah is e." (Luke 2: 14) It is certain that the essencc of Jesus' ministry is peace. For I am come to set a man at variance against his father. Ha~ IWI!lkllltl l'\PI' ill>('11 fr('l' fl'OIlI 11pl'O \Yol'ship? IToII' has ~(l1all l)\'lil'1'('. If one loves adulation amI willingly receives it from his brethren. and where his lJence would dwell. 3 Furthcr. :2-1." (Proycrbs :2D: (3) "Thou \\'ilt keep him in perfect prnce. It is the solemn duty of ('ach onc to e11('omaO"e ev('ry other memlwr with wh~m he comes in contnet t~ mag1. 1D27 other.].J'ANLAny 1.ec1" (2 l'elcr 3: 17). 3. Honor tlw Crcntor and not the cr. Stand "houlder to shoulder [ll1d help ('aeh othCT to . jo!. atld \\ho \\ill l':IIIIClp"IP tll(. Tru"t ye in the Lord for ewr: for in the Lorii .J"hoyall exercise his power? Parnpllrase Isniah 40: 1:J:C2.lid Ill' ~o exultingl~' pnll ~t' Ilw llalllC or tile LUl'll'! n 48-.~G-3D. lwYp tl1C'Y rc('ch'e.rk o[ ."ll. "Ye arc my \ritne"scs tlwt I am God.l from the Lord allu how aI'e thl'.'. \\'Imt lms eHery been Satau's poliQ' and purpose '! n 1-3. and why dIll OJ(' SOliS of God ~llOUt for joy at that time? Who Wl're l11C "lIlo]'lIillg ~tars" that sallg together on that 00c.'n!illl! 111'111 \\ or~llljJ ': n 40-4:c." The true Christian \yill magnify the name of Jehovah and not give glory to his creatures. MAKING OUR HOMES CHRISTIAN --FEBRUARY 13-EpHESIANS 5: 25. :ltld llOW lIl:ly it he aYoidell? n 28-:)1. 12.. the~l' ': \Vbut I:> the jJl'lIjlcr l:iludy of man1. becfllbe . Delillp law amI justil:e. 'Vhat may we know of Gou's jU~llCC? n D.Tl'hoyah? n 3:c.th in the Lord ~hnll be safe. 6: 4 ..10. n 13-13. l'saimi~t now tiltillg'ly \'OICCS their at- n titude" n :':C"j4. ~ The ministry of the apostles. good will toward men. Why is rev('rence for God the beginning of wisdom? Who only cnn appreciate God's wonderful works? 16-18. 35) Yet '\\'hell he was born the angels sang of him as God's Messcnger of Peace: "On earth peace.3.Tpho\'nh h[l3 told us to do so. he is not safeguarding his brethren's interests. '''lwt \\ ond('I'~ (10 tlll' I )nnd cla~s 1l0W behold? '''hat exChllll:IIII':' of UIl. However. (haiah 4'2: :5-8) "Whoso trll. Of WItOIlI I~ lJ. .'. 'Yhat h llH':1I11 h.( nd a t~ pe ': How amI \Yh~' . QUESTIO~S 9 CfheWATCH TOWER FOR BElmAN STUDY Cite nn ('xnllll'l" o( worldly philo~oplly tllnt llns mi~le(l many ('h!'i~tinn~.'as God's PUl'PO~l' in creatillg the earth. which passeth all understanding". Ror did he give any direction for the l!ations amongst whom his disciples were soon to IJe sent.dly llllllll'l' '!J('1\11'(' 11)(-1 Lord"'! ~ .-hi]1('d') 'Ylmt is "the CITor of the wicl.3.lil ('rcnlpd? How do \ye know that he was (Tp"tpc! 11<'1'[('( I ': How dill Ole pcnlnnst sing of Goc!'s "ol'k~. He sowed the seeds of truth and gare the IJi illclLJTes of cOllCIuct. How \Yas nl.J!. but he knew that sharp divisions would arise between thosc who would receive his message and those who would receive it not.:J-.lIl]1 ': \1'110' \Y:l~ 11](' \\ i<'k".:JS. but he gaye no gni(lance as to how home liie should be conducted.o~tll' 1'alll r"huke Ole Conllthian church ('Olll'.tall(1. it: 7.(':lIIlI'p~.l'l'III': How docs Satan seek: to th\Y:lrt tllis Cl'llWlllI. 'Ylwn Hnd \Yh~' did SMan o!'i"lnatc lln)()cl'isy atlWlIg men allll Ilel'O wur.erlasting str"'lgth.g \\'(.) It is evidcnt from all this that J ('sus did not contemplate the establishment of a Chrbtian com· mumt)'.l :\'i!llrod called a Illlf.. Sho\\' bow tlie [('llI]ll" or (:od may lwcomc defilclL Is thE're anyl !Iillg' lllan can do tliat is \\ onh~' of g-I'OI'Y': \VlIy does ~IH'('I"i j'(-"I(()II~ibilit~. it is to bc noted that. (See Matthew 18: 15-18.\ "tI!l' fcar o[ lIl:lll hl'illg('111 a sllare"? Uo\\' did OIl' .:.

husbamb. 9 Paul I'roc('r. Th:Te might be 1m illg loyal submission to the Head. 8 'rhere is no evidence that raul any more than his Master expected to sec a Christian community establi"hed. therefore. the apodlc 1mls thc diseipl('s to redeem thc time.) TlJ(Tl' is lunch more 111 this than the Ulllon of mall anll woman in marital relationship for the prolJUgation of clllluren. (Acts 2: 41) This great llwrement would ccrtainly lllean that many husbands and wives. niug with the wives he bids thrm to 8ubmit tl!em~2lves to their own husbands as unto the Lord. Further. and inlleed might be oppose(1 to him. and 'I'ith comiderahle measure of particularity he d'H'lls on the need of the disciple to he clean III hJJllSclf.':icripture is takrll.1P':1IS 11tHI his ellllrch. in both cases the head is the sayior or caretaker of the body. as closely as pO""'ible. and so it hecame necessary to giye some dlreetion for theoe. his hridl'. and the church also finds expression for its loye. 7 Thc Epistle to the E lIhei'ialls touches the highest points of Chri. and the ]wlieYing . To the Lord and in their standing before him there i" no clifference malle between male and female. rt'sultcd in a gr0at incr~ase in the Humber of belieyers. In those days the' world was ]l~gtlll) and the standal'll of lllorahty was vcry low. whIle giYing iw.1 So \ritl! the cl!iidrcn of that fir. awl to submit themselves one to another ill tile L'ar of Goel. The wife might not be of the c·mne minll a" her husbanll.ailun beca1Lse of its tClldcney to injure thc milld. or princely Lealler.'orld to be conwrtrd to the tl'achings of Christ by the miniotrv of . chtlllF'n..tiall lif(~ nlld pXI)(~rienee. between Chri. There is no suggestion of woman's inferiority. N. In this case Paul's injunction could not apply.:age must be in the light of the fact that Paul is addre. shows exists behn'en the Lord and IllS church. thousands then ]wlicyed in Christ becauso of what they saw ani! heard. fathers and mothrrs of chilllren. or the . them to hc filled WIth the ~pint. The pagan conwrt lleede(l training in the Christian hfe. true disciples 811Oul(110\ e theIr wiYes as their own bodies.truction as to Chrisban home life. thongh added kno\l1edo'e of God w01lld incrcasc their lu\(' for hnn." alJd to ayoid all llncleanlless and loosene:. lIe .r uu ion. he bid. ] t is of suc:h homcs that Paul writes ill his EpioUc to the Ephesians. a closl.. begin- BROOKLYN." (Ephesians 3: 31.. for right living ill the morc hlllnall side of his life and its experJ('nees. 12 Jt is impossible hOl\'ever to consider raul as "aying that unl]:>r all circumstances a husbaml mll.. 10 He next bids hu"ballds to loye their wi\'es as Christ 100wl the church and ga\'c himself for it. now Christian. G After speaking of the nee(1 for the samts of Goll in Christ Jesus to \rnlk .p:'aks to Wl\'e8. It is ill this relatiomhip pa1'ticulnl'ly that Chnst's loye for the church finu" outlet. 1mt it is the rc1ationohip which the cllill'ch has to Jesus \yhich must detenniue the sit nation. ill the passage from which to(lay'" portion of .rls to ad(lress the brethren 11articularly in relatiOn tl) their honle liL'. he is not merely the Head of the church his bally.J ew also Ilel'ded reminding that though the hm cOWI'ant of Sillni . he quotes God's ordination of marna"e at the beginninO' o 0' when Gou "aid. F.Jeslls. n. and that these would assnreelly make an attcmpt to train thcir chihlren in their newfound faith and hOjJc.0 L'aring parellts under the la\\' had a" mnch obhgation to train their chiluren as thcy ha(l as disciples oJ: .. and hy the relatiollShip which he ren'aled of his loving deyohon to IllS Father.:sing true Christians only. \\ hich set a true uniOll of hu~band amI wifc Oil the Inghei't pos81ble plane of commUlllon. Also the rdahom:lllp between hue-ballet and wife could Ip as illeal ill the older days as in the neIL nut the home llEe was ~anctifi('ll by the added knU\decJge which Jrms brought. giving thallks ab'ays unto Gall. but that of the marriagc union brings a grcater possibility. "as Christ d:.oldd be one flesh.Ji<lin.'ith raeh othcr ill lo\'e.". Y. Paul brillgs this union iuto prominence becauoe. GOlt.tian principles. awl they hrain shall hecome one flesh.t and his chJll'eh.-See Eph.10 '[he WATCH TOWER mediately after.u hath loyed u. 21. yet the truths which it embodied \\"ere unchangecJ. 1. for the first time III his writings.st pair. He is not merely their Lord and Ca. and shall clcaye to his wife. "l'nilllb awl ll:iloter".t loye Ins \vife as hill1:3elf. . he woulll make use of it tu sl!llW the close relntionship which exist. coulLl ill ibcH bl) mure deYOllt because of acceptance of Jeslls than such a hom(~ had be('1l in the days of the 111\\' and the prupht't:. yet it is in this epistle morc than m any other than Paul dwells upon the disciple's need for carc in his Christian course.-Ephesians 3: 3. and by this rel11tionbhip which Paul nOlI'. The union herc contemplated is that of a close copy of tllO original union which God presented in Adam. but in sen ice for God it has plea~ed the Lord to make a difference. and he and they are one in the most absolute sense pOSSIble to human life alld thought. [j: 20.\'as no longer operative to the bcllell'r in Christ.s of com er. In support of IllS \Iords. would jointly bccome disciples. as the truth sprrad abroad in the earth the same thillg wonW in a mrasurc happen alUOllgbt the Grntile~. E"e \\ as formed ont of Adam. and if there is an agrcement to marriage of two who are already "in the Lord" the aboye differellce is to be maintaincd. that anv consideration of this pa~. the t \nlin \\. 5 It should not he thought that any . and the reason he adyanees for this is that the husband is the head of the wife in the same way that Chrbt is head of the church. and is making no attempt to reg ulate an on1inary worldly home on general Chl'i. "}'or this eau"e ~hall a mall Il'11 ve his fatlwr an(l lUother. that thouO'h 0 separate they might be con"illcrcrl as one. Nor can it apply if the wife does not s'lbmit herself as enjoined by Paul. It is clear. the church is marriell to 111m.1 e\rish hon1('.. the id('al union of marring'e woull[ be that. iatlnl'".

who hall hpl'n inactive.:~ he j"ecein'd. is a great responsibility. H. Chrd loves and clwl'i6hes the church. :llld ask an interest in ~'our prayers.S FOR BEREAN STUDY If Jesus is the Prince of Peace why dlll he say. We wdul. But if the Christian father and mother truly recogllizc that their joint life is to be livcd in consecration. have also held cannls"ing parties on the one·day aIJ]Joinlments. Palll "a}'. without respect to the relationship intended by God anu described by the apodle. Daily we remember . Several ot the classes.:pise the growing knowledge and intrlligenee of their ch]lfll'rn. This has gin'n us both the ]Jri\ ile:. Paul reminds his hearers of the fir6t (and only) commandment of the law \I'hich is accompanied by a promisr. Y'Our brethren in Chri'it.I'OU nt the tlll'lJlle of graef'..f it our own f'.Yild. misunderstanding the announcement about pli- grims canvassing lluring the two-day appointments.tian parents mmt not provoke their eh]ldren to wrath. HAZLETT. J.' 1. and said he intends to keeIJ on in the c'1ll\'n"sing work.. that this is a great m}>tery. we mav consi(ler that haYinf-i the church given to him he mu~'t b0in~ of his love to tIle church. 'What is the purport of Paul's instruction in today's study." It is man ifest that a cluld cannot under all circum"tanecs be exped('d to obey ncry commanll givcn by a parent who is Engollly. and their training to maturity that thry also may takc their place as the fathers and mothers of the next generation. It is part of God's gilt to Jesu'i an(l the chureh. by unanimous Yote clireited us to convey to you a messag-e of appreciation and lo\'e. ./ and that the church would call for and receive some of that loY(' and attenbon .tratlOn. testified that he had formerly had no intention of canvassing. It is impossihle for 116 to consider that the love of Jesus for his Father could eyer lessen. Tnol::i. On the other hand there is today a marked disrespect for parents.e of an earlipl' start... and a desire to liye before him to his praise. and the rising generation has no reverence or respect for \I·hat has gone before. 18 One of the marks of the present clay is that of disobedience to parcllts. In Ephesians 6: 1-4 was the apostle giving instructions to thl' world? Is his advice thei'e good for the world? What is one of the marks 'Of the present day mentionel[ in this lesson? U 14-1D. One e!Ller from a nearby dnss. and in the epistle generally? Was he trying to establish Christian communism or reform the world? IT [)~8. it is impos:'ible but that sel flslmcss should rule. or to such relationship between children and parents as he 13 110 ~ 11 says should exist. It is not sufficient that parents provide a Christian home for their children. there is every reason for expecting the ideal to be closely approximated. and as those who may receive the truth in the love of it. following the illll. In t'he eyes of their ehil<lren parents are not always wise. 17 The tcndency of the prcsent day.cs eyen in the first two houses.trllct his disciples or the Jewish people as to their home 'or national affairs? IT 1·3. At the conclusion of it all seemed more than ever to be imbuPd with the spirit of service and the determination to be loyal to the Lord and his arrangements unto the end. 'rhe objective is to nurture them in the chastening and admonition of the Lord. but they arc hard for fallen human nature.e. Chri. QUESTIO:\. and thou rum'ed live long on the earth. He made sal. "I came not to send peace. and thcre is ever the tendency in parents to de. but that when he sa\\' the pilgrim start out he thought he would go along.5. and is contrary to all experience inclleative of what is goocl for the child. It is frequently found in human experience that the son and the daughter . but a sword"? Did . On the one hand it is an ob· senable fact that parents of today take very little con· trol oyer their chill1rcn. Bnt in the eyes of the Lord no child who despises his parents may expect to be plrasing to God.. liyed as though one had the right to do what he would with it. We rejoice to send ~'ou this message. or for \1'11<1 treason? 'What is the "mystery" of Ephesians [): 32? IT 9-1:1.. and appreciated tl1e muny bJf''isin. 5: 32.·ent love which we are endelH"Oring to proye day by day by zealously and loyally engaging in the work as mapped out. The filth commandment was.p to tell you of the beautiful spirit which pre\'ailed throughout this entire convention. proles"ing to act on the theory that the clllill ~houl(l haye its liberty and learn to express iLel£. If We i.. . may be said to be in entire opposition to such unity in the marriage tie as Panl speaks of.yell with thee. and to add t. E. It is a foolish pxpl'l'iment.\RY 1.vho consi8tently give respect to their parents rarely go wrong in: later 11£e.lesus inc. \\'. and yet.yhic!l otherwise would bl~ glwn entirely to the Father. Too frequently a marriage is the union of h\'O lives for companionship. and can be gained only where thel'e is a strong iletermination to sene the LOl'd. What effect did Christian faith have upon Jewish homelife? U 4. (Ephesians G: 1-4) He "ays. 19 The conditions outlined by Paul as cOl1llucive to happmc:. anct at this convention some of the "first fl'uits" wpre visible. 'Honour thy father and thy mother that it may be .JANV.-Eph.\'hich is really to allow the cllllll to run . and indeed the spirit of the times. there must be constant watchfulness and care in training if the best is to be gained. 1927 CfheWATCH TOWER A" tlw true husband can awl does love a true wife. and is it applicable to the worldly? Can it apply where one of the twain is not a Christian? Does he urge wifely sulllnission on grounds of inferiority. 14 Paul now proeeed~ to enjoin obedience in chil<lren to their C!lridian pal'Cllts. \Yisc. "Obcy your parents in the Lord. 16 The bringing of children into the world.s in the home are simple.l lil. What is his argument respecting til(' marital relationship. AN INTERESTING LETTER BY EXAMPLE AS 'VELL AS PRECEPT DEAR BROTHER RUTHEllFORD: Three hundred brrthren assembled in local conventi'on at ""ausau.

and glorify your Father "I\'hich is in heaven." and "Ye are the light of the world". That this is the ultimate end of the \"I-ark of God through Clmst there can be no qucstion. but it is that appointed perioll of years known as the millennial reign of Christ."-l Corinthians 3: 9. involves a direct contradiction between these words in the Sermon on the Mount and his further statement. 9 This purpose . and he likewise knew that his message."I<hat the rrsults of its faithfulness on the part of the church will be. "We are G(AL fdlo\\. V. 3 The four "l'erses from Matthew (chapter 5:13-16) are generally taken as the guide to God's purpose in the church. "He hath purposed in himself that in the dIspensation of the fulness of times he might gather together in one all things in Christ."-Matthew 5: 16.y 20-~IATTHEW [): 13-16." (Ephesians 1: 9. whether they be things in heayen or things on earth. even in him. 8 Jesus foresaw the action of truth among men. ACTS 2: 42-47-- "We are God':) feliolD-u'orkcrs. would not be acceptable to the Gentiles. "When the Son of man cometh. a royal priesthood. a guide and a refuge to all mankind. 2 There is allloug~t the elel'gy as much diversity of opinion about colahoring with God as there is a diversity of churches. 12 . 7 Paul says that there arc appointed times. bet"lyeen the two ad\<cnts. . 6 But if world comersion be not the end of the prr:lChing of the gospel by the church. especially amongst the clergy.SERVING IN AND THROUGH THE CHURCH --FEUHLU. arc more familiarly rendered in the Authorized Version." In these days this is a much-used text in religious cirell's. this te. and how will nwn get the light of the glory of God and magnify his llame? rrhese questions can be answered only by a knowledge of the dinne plan. other tllan these in which the discipll's of Jesus are now mini. It was reserved for the Apostles Peter and Paul to show that God. corresponding to Israel's priesthood. when his church will be established in power in the earth.yell as Jews. and which are on earth. corresponding to Israel. 'fhat is to be understood by J ems' words? How are Ius disciples. shall he find faith on the earth ?"-Luke 18: 8. "Ye are the salt of the earth. and to briug them into fellowship with the apostles anu haye them all one in Christ Jesus.-l Peter 2: 9. but the claim that the lIltentiOll of Jesus' words that this was to happen before his return. "What is the object of the labor? What is Gou doing? there is no reply. and in this way they say that they arc helping in the general scheme of things and bringing nearer the time when all men will be of good wilL Many of those who preach these things are themselves doubUul as to the personality of God. and they arB kings. nOlle understands. and when the kingdom of heaven is set up for the partielilar purpose of hriuging all things into one harmonious" hole. P AUL'S words. Generally.. keep some ideal of kindness before their minds.c are also to be a priesthood unto God. have interpreted these words as meaning that the light which Jesus was then lighting should by them be given to the world. He says of God. and would shine forth until all men were lit by it. "That they may see your good IVorks. and glorify your Father "I"I'hich is in heaven. throngh the holy spirit. ignoring the tcnor of the Scriptures as well as -the direct statement of Jesus. He very well knew that the truth which he preached to the J e"l\'S would not be acceptable to them. had been separated from the other nations." taken for our golden text. who was a priest upon his throne. that is. ~ The churches oi Christendom. lIe added that men do not light a lamp and put it under a bushel. 5 Jesus' added words. "Let your light so shine before men. be kindly in their actions one to another.. R. cOl'l'esponding to ~Ielchisedec. He knew that God's purpose was to gather out of the world a people who would cOl'l'espond with Israel '1'ho.. both which are in heaycn. the church. "'Ve arc labourers together with God. that they may see your good works.ras noi understood by ally of the disciples nntil a considcrn hIe time aiter Jesus had retul'lled to heaycn.-worker. and then he said. 10) "The dispensation of the fulness of tunes" is not included in this present age. the question is.tenllg and serving in hard~hIp aud misunderstanding. the salt of the earth? How is the church of God a city set on a hill. and in preparation for it. Thus these are a holy nation. as a nation. But if these leaders al'l~ m:ked." appear on first consideration to gi"l'c support to their claim that the eiTect of the bright shining of the truth eoneerning J ems would be to bring men into the light of truth and cause them to glorify God. in whleh God will bring all things together in one in Ch]'i~t.. intended to form a new nation called from Gentiles as . and a statement of . and would rather consirler him as merely a great force than as the living God and Father of Jesus Christ. but place it where it may so shine as to gi"l'e its light to all in the house. Jesus said to his disciples. also that they shonld be as a ('ity set on a hill.'\t is made to mean httle more than that men should have good desires. or what the enu is to"lnll'd which his proyi(lenees arc mO"l'ing.. "l1'hat he is doing by his ch111'ch.\'hich the disciples were to carry abroad and which would be continued by his faithful ones until the time of his retnrn. tlley are priests. or most frrqueutly. On thrIr own showing the leaders of organized Christianity r10 not know what Gorr" purpose is for his church. '1'he. X ouc knows.

but .rords. 1D27 'l1leWATCH TOWER 10 This high cnlling is something oyer and above anything that the Bible intimntes would eyrr be offrred to the human family at large. which they shall hdl\)lll. Realizing that they were calle\l to he apart from the WOl'lll they concluded that they Wl~re call1'd to liye togd her. and that a . He well understood that the light would become dimmed. they mny hy your good "lrork". How shall Ive explain Matthew [j: l:j~1G. n11l1 though a great evil f:. 13 We may then ask.--p.\'ould ultimately be to the glory of God.us' preaclling llming llis mi:ih. and speaking of the di:ociples of CI~ri8t. They did not then ~ce that .\"ith natural Israel OI'er a long period. glorify God in the day of yi:. Paul admonish the church to 110hl forth (he \\"onl of life (Philippians 2: H~16) priOI' to the coming of the millennial day? n 12-15.'ent there were many chapters of human history to be written. by means of per~ecution. eyen as he had dealt . 13 It i8 appnrent that the corruption of the \101](1 so rampant in Paul's day \I'as checked by the fact or the coming of Jesus and ]. is a share in his own glory in heaven. he says: "Whereas they sprak against you as evil doers.y the teaching of the apo~tks anel the spread of the truth. and it 60 happens that at the time when God has gathered his .essions sold thc])]. Like his Master hr knew that the good . but that each true disciple should be a light. . QUESTIO~S FOR BEREAN STUDY Can we be fellow-workers with God if we do flot know wll(. haye had their effeet.t of a crooked and perverse nation. But this L.'orks which the di.nd did it have the Lorll'~ blessing? Has the c]lIll'('h collecth'ely or individually bome light to the world throughout the age? n 16-18. yet the light of trnth "lrhieh has shonc. IS God did not intend that his chun:h should be one great light. without rebuke. indeed there is a corresponding length of time in the h\~o ages during which each of these I~raels has been the recipient of Cod's fayor. the circUJllttanceg of their separateness from their fello\\'s began to be forced upon them. Rut that which i~ offered to these who are the salt of the earth. and \\'hen God ll1tended that all should then come to the light? Two features of the plan of God here come to mind. 11 The Apostle Peter throws much light upon these wOflls of Jesus. 12 Paul also giles further light on Jesus' .. The sahation of men consists in deliyerance from the thraldom of eyil. and to man's return to evrrlasting joy and happiness on Pluth. Apparently many left their regular occupations alHl .\"hich he held up would serve to guide the world. in the dny of yisitation.rhat Co(l intrndrd I\"ag a Ulllty of bpirit and of faith and hop('.'nt time meeting together. the cDlnmunity was brokrn up and scattered abroad. and the communal lJlall wag dropped.Yith the same thought in mind. namely. Writing to the Philippians.!e of oil failrd not and whose flame Derer dimmed. and an aHem pt was made to do this.JANUARY 1. eyen as to natural hrael before they were hani~hed for a time. ." (1 Peter 2: U) It i:i erickllt that Peter had not UIHlcrstood Jesus to mean that thr good works aml the righteous liying of the di8eiple:i of J e~m \\'ould eaw'e men to glorify God.-hn of organiled religion has ari:'l'n which has p(. Thus while the church has been slowly developing. and whose light is to shine before men. Late-r. Dill the Llbciplcs understand the rL'al llUI'pose of J.d out their lifl'. The fruitage of the earth must come to the full. that ye may be blameless amI harmless. 14 Well-nigh 1900 years ha\'e gone to the development of spiritual Israel. U 9~]l.age for touay's stUlly takes us from Jesus' \I~ords to the life of the early church. .l rach \\'a:" to realize as he kept in touch with his living Head that the holy spirit uf God would keep him as a wen erC'l' supplied with water and as a lamp whose SOUl'<. Also. in the mid. that the Lord's people 'were to liye amongst the GenhIes (meaning thereby those ""ho "lrere not Jews nor of the church of God). the nations at earth haye also come to full deyclopment or their pol icies. among whom ye shine as Ii bo'hts in the world' holding forth the word of hfe.t would do as they lin.!\ell in the milltt of evil ~urroundings.:.itation. It is evi(lent that God had determined that a long period must elapse during which spiritual Israel . 17 But the hard practical fads of life \\'ere soon fore('<1 upon them. anu the pOl. from the time of Jesus' first ad.l the trnth.t llis work consists of? lIo\\" are our goWen text nnLl tOL1:ly'S ~\Tip(ure reading usually explainC'd in Christcn(lOIlI'! n 1-1. Then those who had pos:.ricked rule \Hmld obtain among men. the sons of God.'er of the truth as "salt" to prcserve the race from destruction. \Vhy Llid the C'arly Christians enter into a comlllunal :llTa!l~e ment. rejoicing with each other in their new lif(~. not practical Christianity amI was ncyer so intended by the Lord. 16 Our pa:. ~Pl'\ lllg the Lord amongst those who lwtc(l righteousness.~ 13 appointed number of spiritual I~rael. and they had all things in common. "lrould not be lost. and in the sentenee of death being annulled through the ransom provided. It ~pcedIly [mmght its lwtllral consequences-dIssention and misundcIAanding. Why llill St. He knew that the hope for the \\'orld was the return of the Lord. f.\"ould be gathered. the same may be said of the nations of earth.1'w1'1e.try? When nnll by whom diU the church ha YC this purpose rcyeale(l to them? Expl:lin fully. bearer who should carry the message 01 truth and live it out amongst it~ fellows." (Philippians 2: 14-1G) But Paul did not expect that the word of life . he says: "DG all things without murmuriEgs and disputings.Yhat ad \ an tage has there been in God's ~ell(ling the hght of truth so long a hme before the dunax of the ages should come. and the money was put into a common fund for the sustenance of all. Each VI a~ to be an example of how the grace of Gou can keep a lllan <. an. "'hen after Pentecost the brethrrn realized thernsches.'c..ciples of Chri. p:lrticul:lrl~' the latter ycrse? U G~8.

Paul \rns not tolLTant tINanI those \1'110 had caused this trouble in the cll\ll'ch.' Snmon on the :\1 o11Dt lI'ere for or arc appl .nth the pmpose of supporting ullY moyement for the lwttermcllt of the general con11l1l111ity. Xc It her the epl:-tle. The Galatian people had no part nor lot in them. 3 The follower of Jesus must seek to keep himself from all evil things.rorlers greatest city. but rather el'CI! reprove them. It is a common obsrnation that family quarrels are ever sharper than those between mere acquaintances. 7 It . and for "Chrii'tian" people. awl . 8 They disagreed over matters of doctrine and dropped into much argument and consequent dissention. to consider the epistle as addressed to the peoples of the country at large is to show a misconception of the apostle's purpose.ras not s~fficient. Paul in his letter to the Roman church does not hesitate to tell of the degradation into which the worlu had fallen.'e no fello. "Thou . (See Galatians 1: 4.-G~HATIAXS 5: 13-23-- "Have no fellowship 1uith the unfruitful 1&'orks of darkness. then he gaxe the brethren needed adnce in respect to the1r conduct toward each other. but I'nthl'r e\'en reproye them. nor J e'\t'. as from the things of the world." expresses the Christian's pers<lllal attitlldr-the prohibltion must Le put on himself by himself.'" lo\"e sen'e one another.pn'" our c11. wl11eh in turn brought bitterness of spirit. certainly from those things most frequently seen in association with indulgence in alcoholic liquor.c:·cther. saye that oi t]le kingdom of heayen \rhell it should be established.tle to the C.trong drink hy legi. the . whether of one country or another. "1:'e arc the salt of the earth. but had allowed themselves to be misled by some . and lI'hich was seen in the drpths of its ugliness in Rome. he gave advice neither to the people at large nor to their rulers. "I would they were even cut oJI \Ihich trlJllhll' you.1'01'1(1 II-as then so del'lv. 9 First Paul set the doctrilwl matters in order. large or I'mall. but to witness to it of righteousness and of judgment and to the truth of the kingdam of heaven which God will establish through him. i'n~·jng. As 0111' :.rhom Paul wrote knew the law (I[ Sinai. or the forceful rcpression of enl by any gowrnment.Jewish teachers who lI'ere opposed to Paul's doctrine. that is..IOll to inllilige the fle:. T HIS study. if true. Thev let themselves bclie\'e that faith in Christ . The New Testament lWH'r eontemplatcs the Chri~tian's taking part in any attempt to enforce right('o11i'lH'SS. They were flattered by being told that they had something to do for their own sahation." (CaJatullls 5: 13) Those to .lyen 8hould be 8et up. lYe have to e-. Each company. ." -Ephesians 5: 11. in auy 14 place. w(']'e of OIH: heart and mind. "'l'hc end oi the commal1(lmc-nt is lo\·e out of a pme heart. 4 The church of Christ. but it was the Christian community. Lut God never intel1l1ell that.tudies haw a1rc'.d's purpose thnt they shOlll(l Ii\'(: to.eated that unless an arresting elc'mcnt hall heen introuuced it could hardly have lasted the 1000 .Jme un occa.~ their proJlP1'ty with each other.'hich God intended shoulu pass before the kingll. and from the depraved minds of men. though none was so well qualified to do so as he.'as as a mimature I:-raeL a people separated to GO(l.\"orld. the lwlle\er:. :-l]. as its title ill<lieates. 2 The golden text. in the faith of Jesus Christ woulu meet together and form an eeclesia or church.tlc Paul calls "the present evil II-arId".\'US to the Galatian believers that Paul's wonlg were audres~rd. "1~." (1 Timothy 1: 5) It commanded. h~'rau. those \rho. amI from the evil rule of the course of this world. and he soon scattered them.~m of hr. but that they must alw reverence the law and accept literal circumcision as a necessity to salvation and to pleasing Gael. and which will enforce a righteous government in the earth. Jesus made no attempt to amend the social state of the people amongst whom he lived. The corruption of the . the company of true believers in whom resides his spirit. and ill l'1lpport of the pro111lJition of .h. "Ha. 'rhese unfl'llitful works of darkness are those things which have spl'llng from the causes of evil in the . 6 It is a common but really serious mistake to cOll~ider the epistles as being wriitel~ for the gm (lance of age. of true relationship between man and man and between man and Gorl.-curs . Hence Jesus said to the clml'eh.. at t!w first thought thnt it \1 as (..'ship \rith the unfruiUul \l'Orks of uarkllcss." But there lI·a~ neYer uny question of using the "salt" as a remed~al mea8ure to restore the earth from corruption. 10 The danger of liJwlty to a lllllH[ not dl'eipllllcu is that it may bce. preserving mankind from further evil. 'rhat law th01]O'h it had no power to help yet embodied the principl. were to be as salt in the earth.cable to such. 5 In his epi8tles Paul had a community in mind.lriJl. or enon for those who form the nom]] al Christian cOllg·r~g·atiollS. and Christian:s hving as a brotherhood find that differences allowed to enter in become as sharp as family flual'rcls.]eral commum1l'. But the Christian is to be as separate from the course or governance of the world. They had received the tl'llth of the gospel yery gladly.]ation. both the words of Jesus and those of his apostles are mtl'ndell on]y for his footstep followers. 'l'hese Galab1l1 brethren were not li\ ing right..a]utwns.e they were not written ."--GaL 5: 1'2..:-ent from this use of these verses from the l':pl.) The church was not left in the world by Jesus to alter its course and to set it right.\"ho. The C1uibtiun shoulll haye for ]11~ lall'. which in his epi::. tOlranl nghteouSlless and toward God.MAKING THE COMMUNITY CHRISTIAN (TE~IrERANCE LESSON) --Fr:mmARY 2.1(lv shown. is set in its series as a temperance lesson...

'Yhat pro\'ision is made for the Christian who blunders? Do nil Christians walk aftel' the ~pjl'it? What is mcant by crucifying the flesh 1 ~ 14-17. "Ye cannot do the things that ye ":ould. and many who have held this interpretation have thereby excused themselves for their failing to overcome when tempted.t. 'fhc ovrrromrr is conqueror over the world. says Paul. .g support le/. Crucifixion was not always so quid~ a dpath as it was in the case of Jesus. 1:. 5: 16. and the spirit against the flcsh. the agony lasting for days. 1101' does earnestness in telling others of the truth eOl1cerning Jesus Christ deliver any from this bondage. He showed the way to overcome the power of the fleshly mind which."-UaI. A clear understanding of doctrine alone does not prevent this. the flesh and the Devil.. he lllll. their old l:ature. Here he has pknty of eX('j'(.) That God has mnd:l sufficient provision in the grace which is in Christ . Did st. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY Does today's Scripture readill. 1) He "uiu tbis becausc they divided themseh'es into 11 parties and disputed amongst themse1vrs. the Jk"hly mind.rradlltiOI1? How was the church to be "the salt of the rlll'th"'! Were they to ~tl\j)Ii~h Christhln ('onnllllllisln 'I ~ 'l-Il. 18 This stndy provides spccial warnil1gs.b1a live pl'OhihlHOll ngninst intoxicating drink? "What at tit Ill)" IllIHt Cbristians take l'p\ative t1wreto? ~1-3.-2 Cor. aud there will be 110 d ubidy as to the results. n 11-18. 'f11E'se things are inwlflCient in themselves to enuble one tD OYercome the pull of the old nature. and to doing those things which Paul here calls the works of the flesh. FIW111CJ]tly the crucified were tied to the cross.. he is understood by many to mean that it i. It is <'vide-Hi that some Christians 0. they were ready to "bite and devour" each other. 'Vhat was the lmrpose of l'alll's :I<!moIJitioIJ 1"0 Ihp Galatians'! Is "Chl'istialJ liberty" e\"el' banl·ful? ~ 7-11).:. 17 This in some l11faRure illustrates the cl'llciJixion of the fleshly mind of those who come to God through Christ.Cllg to the Corinthians Palll says of some thcre whom he called saints because they had gi\'Cll th~'lll~dves to God.!. 19 The prohibition which the Christian must strive for is that of the suppressi011 of the evil which is in him by nature. without let or hindrance. and as much scope for his cncrgirs as he needs to deVl'lop his lifc.19. that is. But it can be crucified in the sense or ('()\mt ing it dead.t put forth e11'orl to live according to the spirit. and the way tQ the degradation of the flesh was open.. the senunt of Uo<1 would 1'rcfe1' to be free to serve without these J:indranccR. 1 John 2: 1. to overcome them. and abo to the I'pirit of evil which will allow even followers of Jesus to hite and devour one another.:elf apparently loss of time and energy.·ss he overcome'! J'. Paul take cognizance of the world's <f<'. and these are contrary the one to the other: fO that ye caullot do the things that ye would" (GaIat!ans 5: 17). but it never need have the victory.. 1 : 17. He must ke<'}) himself "\\JlSpott<'<t" from the world.1 e. How Il1I1Y fleshly-miIHh'dn. The disciple not only must live in the sp:l'it. llS whercby the di. Indue time the kingdom of God II ill prohihit everything that is an injury to mankind." may be understood as meaning that the necessity f'. that is. according to the will or intention the old nature is put to death-in intent. impossible for the disciple to overcome all the time..:C :1'1<1 endeavor. "\Valk in the Spirit. that is. 11 TI:c Galatians allowed their fleshly mind. He may help his neighbor to a better manner of life by example and precept. and doing nothing to keep it alive. and in order that he may become strong in the service of the Lord. But the evident intention of the passage is to state that if the diSCiple walks according to the sl)i1'~t the i1esh Wl1l be unable to assert itself to stop him.1. What special warnings does this study prodde? IT 18.xplain fialaHans G: 17. It cannot be slain outright.tNUAIlY 1. (See Hebrews 4: 16. for OWn the \\'ork of restoration of the human family must go on apace. that the flesh must sometimes be too strong for the sp:1'it. and (Jod has provided an A<}yoeate for him. but }Je may not join any organizations for the suppression of t he rampant evils of the world. if yielded to. and it will a~Rert itself. 16 When Paul says. But thrre must be pllrpO. "1'hey that arc Christ's have CTIlCifie<l the flesh wjth its affections and lust.:ciple may continue to walk in t1w :-pirit and thus mamtain constant victory over the will cf the old nature is certain.i~e. where he may find help for every need. but must u'ulk in the spirit. 'l'hry forgot their spiritual calling. for even tho:-:e in Galatia who had the right understanding of the doctrines were not free from the chastisement of Paul's words." he do('s not mean that the fle~h.0 not walk ~[ter the . :. 12 Inasmuch as Paul immediately gO<. and."-Leviticus 19: 18. for that would be to destroy the body in which it yet dwells. He hecomr~ suhjret to those things which lower a man. "For Cle fl<':J'h lusteth against the spirit. dies at the time of consecration. }'8ving to nndergo the experience of the conflict is in it.:pir. But the fight is a necessary part of his training for the development of his life. It is d ar that the believer who does not walk after the ~pinj is in danger of letting himself down to the PO\\"Pl' of the will of the flesh.vaturaIIy enough they in turn charged Paul with doing this very thillg. leads to shameful conduct toward one another and to the defilement of both body and mind. as is shown hI' the fad that the thieves crucified with him were k i)Jc<i ill order that they might be removod that day. .WATCH TOWER shalt IO\'(l thy neighbour as thysel£. 1927 n. "1 could llot speak unto you us unto spiritual. '{'he way of escape and of con<:ue"t is by walking in the spirit. The throne of gra('e is evcr open to him. hut as unto carnaL" (1 Corinthians 3... t~nd yc shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. bnt a loving and gracious provision is made for him. they walked and talked according to human passion. la Paul's words. that he may always find acceptance amI assurallce and clf'ansing from any guilt which may b~ npOll him.rl'.'s on to say. It rral1y lives as long as the Christian lives. 14 That the disciple will repeatedly blunder is certain. that woul<l he to contradict himself.

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BROTHER W...4 'l\unpa. Pn __. OkIn " " " Du..' B. WILLLUIS MAC~lILLAN 8.:31 :21 SPrIngfield. :! Lookout.... 9.2 'YC'!IIJ.. Planl. Ya.. }-IoJl(~\\ BROTHER H..)." 211 Corpus Christi... •. \':1 . C. Tex.'~ _oJ Patukn...e.tol..._. Y.."S \Volf Crel'k. tt 25 26 27 28. ..... \Y... .. W. 3.... Pa•.. ~11"L 26 C i l't'llWood.... 1.s-." 1 (j Altoona... . Tex.__ . 1.Feb. .. . r(:ll~... " BROTHER C.. III ~•. 20 21. _. "-Id.. . 2-1... _. Tex ~ Jan. _.. 31 Lor::lln." 27 ]\J-ahaffe.... •••••••••... ~ask . Ill.•.to\v.... ..) B. 30 9 10 11.. 1 n S\ l'al'u-. 'rex. . 30." Hoellester....l'11(1.. Orc .:2.-..n.. Miss. ~~ \\"al"rlown. 2 '.. Tex.: 2') ._... C..\ lllc.. " S...\ 1I1e.'alil. ant Jan.'.. L'1l1\'-. ant...31 R POLLOCK Oaldanll. __ . . Jan.. ~. .. •.. ell. Ind.nlle. _...• " 23 Il~:~(f~l. ~ . Y.10 1 6 17. Tex. _ .Jan. 30. ~..8 Toledo. rrex. H.•.2 3. Tex. Ark.. " 21 l\la-. " ]S 10.'. E.. Tex.__. Kun.. Fort Worth.... Tex.... BROTHER II... Tex. Peter. :'111:.•. .• ~\Yem. . " " " ::... _ " 3. " 2G.•.. 1~. I t 7.•• Feb. 3. Y•. . Fla _ " 2H. L.•• " 9.• Ora ngl:'.• 28 " 30. Ind.. Tex " 30. . Ill. " " Ueed.. '> :J 1 Wllburtol1._Jan.. .. ~l i~::..Tan. 1.. " ..Feb. . __ . " .. BROTHER H...... Onto ~." 23 Ind..• " 31 Glo\ en. __ . S\veetwatel'. In<1.... DRAPER Okolona.. 1'n.~~~~~i~' yh~' _.:th"e'-'toll.. lIIWll. Va... Ore. H.) 1 OIlUl:-. Go..." Phil"dc11'lJia.... ..... .ton.lllan... h Eikhart.. ESHLEMAN Canton.._ Tan.. 20 SImcoe.. M.e••\.. Pa Feb.:... rr~x ~ . Tex. . :.) 2G..~l'x.. ... F('b.l:. l)ort . It 3 4 6. u . Y.••. 28. Feb. l)jll'~.••• " EUgl'lte.... 1~~' . 111(1.. are. :: 'a.•• " 3...~\l'cola. ~1.. .. 'ylll 1St on. 1.. '. .••••••••••• " 11:111\ llle.• " . Va. ~ .. 7 8 9..~b.... Catilal'll1cR. l\L ...OCK Mansficl(l._.. Fla..xtcl' Spllngs.. Fall-'. O.! t.. Okla Feb. "!\ Y. Pa... " :2:1 C!plllll'llP.. Gal\'C'l.... :: 24. Orc Ho:-. Fla Jan... ~7 1\ri(lllJ. " 2U. Fla•..Feb. Jan.. ..:27 1o'1"r.. I'a A.. .:W " 31 Pf>tersbur~..3.•.lilo11... O _.an City....r~'~·'ti.. "20. J.. " Gary. HAZLETT '}nthric." Charleston. 30 Cana )ol!arie._. Onto __ Feb. WATT Utica. . 30 nl'111n:-. " 20.. 1.. _.. HERSEE Courtland. 8ask " 4.. L. " 6 7 .. Tex Jan.".. Onto . .. ~ .. " Iud..•••. l\IrKI:ll~<:.. ..bUl'g. O ~ .. I!) ' \ 00:-. 26.. 1 l l'itt:-.. Onto . 'r0X• • __ ••_.. }Il.• " BROTHER R... l\IcCnrtain.•. " Ure. .. . W. ~. Va ~It...RIL-\I Ya. 28. 1. ~ S\\ eetwuter.. 4 BROTHER H. ~. " 3U... Y.) Niagara Falls.. 'V... Hask•.'I.3 4.hurg. 27.. .International Bible Students A~sociation Gasses Lecfurel3 dnd Studie5 by Trcweling Brethren BROTHER T. Te\. 31 CleanvateY l .. " 1\1:1('1.. Okla. rL'ex•••. ~_ Feb..... 2 Sandusky.Cevl}le.~:..T"J1.. Fd)... 19.. Y. 21...••• " 1...• " 6 Danhury.. -'10. 1-':"111"'1.\J111ene. O . Ore ::'\Ial'"hIJ(~ld..... C. Y.('('.• " nl('hmond. AlJI Jene.IHll'gh. CUTFORTH N'plson. Onto " 21..----.ll C1ty... 27 •.." Luthert>burg. Ill. _.. Ya••• " :. (. Yn." __. ~. DINGUS :. .\ cr.. 'rex•. Jdn.:31 Feb.2 J()hll'~town.. ::\10.. RICE A ubnrn.1" ?\[('Ale~tcl>.... . C!arinc. Ind -" " _.''\... . 'rex Croshy. Tcx. 1. Va..6 Grp011ville. 01. '... ::::::::::::::::~:" ~i • Jan.. O. 13. 'V.. 1'la ' . N.lon.• " 7.Uta Jan. ~.6 UHOTHER ~ Ashland.. 31 :i\I('(~e(-'~ l\Iills... Y \\'(-'kh... .... H.~_.• :Beaulllont. O BROTHER V. Orc.. 2 =".~:: 2:) E'mpol'la...Feb... 1.-.. Ind.. .~rthur..hen. 1... 10 Dayton. E." 27 24 St.. Va. . Ya.. to J..rex...8 BROTHER G. Fla." . Fla.""orth 'fl'._..11 5. J~~ll. O.3 Toronto. 24 BROTHER EI PaRo.lll Antonio.. 2:1 D!tllas.•.) 2li ~7 ~'l 30.ham.sil:o.•." 17 Halri..30 __ 1"01J. BARKER Norfoll" Va Jan..4 Sc-l1enectady.-.. lla All1:11H ~l. Tex _ 2'~ Jan. nC'HUlllont....8 9.• n G. J II. 11on. N.. Tpx --.ilLllHl..2 :South Bend.. .. Va. Ill.. .. Pa . H...••.. 'Tellll... .1 BROTHER J. _ HaIllllwlH!..{ Waco.. . _ " 6.••••• \\"('[...•••••• ~ ~Toplin... ~ TeX .. -...•. On t. Elkton. 1. IS 19.. 27 Bpilllillonl... 9 Lateland...] G 17.ii'la.'3 U ~\lartin....2 Oldsnlar.. N." 30 Clarksdale.. C arrett. l\IiSR..:..y(1. 1\10. . .. 23. T"x r.. D.. 8 CortlalHl... T('x. 18 SufIolk. !i"'la.. tJ 'Yelland.Feb.13 a .:::: ~ !. :31 " Brockway..:l~~blllg. /{o(']" W." 21 Fort '. HERR :!l Almn.•.O~· . _ " " 1 2.. Pa. 19.~:·.).. " Dh uk. ..lJl\ Va••••__ " HIe. " Clarwll. Ind ~....•. Feb. 1.'" :: Jan.sa.• CanJ-'ouyille. ~o :'lIed ford.ton. . G 7 8.. " St.. TelYll I~()alIOke. Brownsville.-""pol't.... Creek.. O . .:!7 " 2S.... B. LJ.ha11.. Ill " ':lndalia.. • ~... Tex. •.. Ill.. Te'( Fcb. O . Alia. :2. Y•....• n 1:1 14.• 2-:1. BROTHER W.::::::: FreL1erH... In(l. Tex.. •••. Fa.. Tpx. J. }Io . .. 1\10. John:--tIJ\\ll.. \ a.. !lall l._.-.llll'l1. 2. :!1 Lnwrel..lan<l.. ..30 31 Wichita Falls...10 m~OTHER BROTHER A..._..__ . 7." ~..2. 2l .1() 11 13..Feb. Pa..••. ROBIE 20 Cle\ eland..Jan.) ~... .30 h. 6 Feb.) .utawney.. Tex " w ••• .. Tp'( Ban.. Tex.23 Hogue Hh \'1'... _. :?-! " 2G.•••••• Al \ In. ~ " 3 SW1lt Current... . BOHNET Snyder. Jan... ~ljl..l1 'Yaldo.. l\ll. l'a " 28..•. 20.uuland.'( .... Alta.•'.lyn. ..••••• " 7.... ::\h'lllphis.n l\laplp el ('pk. PIX). C \y' '! (..•• L\'lH'hlJurg. 1....<I1cllle Hat.. X.Tan...Jan.. Tnn 20..4 l\lll'hu. )(\"..' " 21. " \\'a~lllIlgton. " Home.. _'... ~ ..S 9. Jan..... N..

.: :: :: :.. 3 MAIUNG THE 'YORI.:. .~lclCn. and lrh"t "n"u'pr 1 shall make to them that oppose me.. XLIX No.~.__ .D CURIS'l'IAN i:~~~A~R..• '27 THB CHRIS'l'IAN'S HOPE -----.::.19 ]f) "~~~~~~~.ill stan!! "pon my watch and will set my foot upon the 1'ol£PI'... 1927 CONTENTS TUE GREAT MULTI'l'TJDF1 .of'-lsaial] VOL.:: : ~~ "1 ". •• S"D" ..::.~.~::~:T~~~=.. "9 ~1 UNTELLABLE BLESSINGS (Lettpr) __."-Habakkuk 2: 1..x:~E: 1\ .WiJ~1lll9~~'lt ~ftlij~ ni~llyt t> Qe1ifomiVtlSl ~~btaullldQl. 2 SEMI-MoNTHLY Anno Mundi 60:ia-January 15..------------..•::.----.. ... and u'ill watch to see what He will say unto me..~~.~.----------.

m. It is expected that the entire proceedings of the convention will be broadcast from our own station. Tues. KTCL. treading with implicit faith upon the sure promises of God.elation 1: 6.. Verb' Dei Minister (V..'1 18 1. M. . Batavia. Spokane. D. Sun.. (Foreign transfi'ltions 01 th~ Journal appear m Beflera' Jan{fllages. will be supplied free if they 'Send a postal card each May stating their case and requesting such provislono. 9 to 10 p. COWARD. silver and precious stones (1 Corinthians 3: 1115. T TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH That the church is "the temple of tire living God". Toronto.. 416.-Revelation 15: 5. !rhat meantime the chiseling. Saskatoon. Fri. F. God's blessing shall come "to all people". send 8 card of acknowledgment for a renewal or for a new II1lbserlptlon. and polishing of consecrated believers in Christ's atonement for sin. Australia. 2' Canaclian: 38-40 Irwin Avenue.." shall have been made ready. hence our decisions relative to what may and what may not appear in its columns must be according to our judgment of his good pleasure. sects and creeds of men.. when all the Wilfully wicked will be destrolled." be "partakers of the di. ' 1-32 Week of Feb..4 1. 20 .. 2 Peter 1: 4. at Toronto. This will be the only large convention durIng the year. GREAT BRITAIN. daily. And we not only invite but nrge our readers to prove all its utterances by the infallible Word to which reference is constantly made to facilitate suclr testing. It is only a short distance from Niagara Falls. Toronto. Canadian. for we lmow whereof we affirm. That the basis of hope. CKcr. One of the buildings has a seating capacity of ten thousand. Ontario. • .ery utterance into fUllest subjection to the will of God in Christ.1.. Galatians 3: 29.) EDITORIAL COMMITTEE: This joornal Is published under the supervision of an editorial committee.-Ephesians 3: l>-9.-1 Corinthians 3: 16. that all such 00 on our list l'ontinually and in touclr with the Berean studies. WORD. Canada. $1. RUTHEIU'ORD. at the hands of their Redeemer and his glorified church. lt not only serves as a cla. trERMS TO THE LORD'S POOR: All Bible Students who.I. viz. 33-5lS The general convention of the International Bible Students ASSO<'iation for 1927 will be held July 18th to 26th. RKQ. to all the willing and obedient. 22 23 24 25 26 151 18 270 72 310 216 26 2'1 62 28227 . I. progresses. to be used only in his service. 6. peculiarly "his workmanship".. Lancaster Gate.. tasted death for ever1/ man. Remittal1'Ces from scattered foreign territory ma~' be made to the Brooklyn office. Enteredos8eoondClas8MatteratBrooklfln. 20: 6. a substitute] for all". styled "Pilgrims". 394.Hebrews 2: 9.ttie. Change of address.-l John 3:2. 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0he

JCH TOWER
PRESENCE

AN D HERALD OF CHR~STS

Vol. XLIX

JANUARY

No.2

15, 1927

THE GREAT MULTITUDE
"After this I behe7d. and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the !Jamb, clothed with white robes,
and palms in their hand8."-Revelation 7: 9.
5 The Prophet Isaiah seems to refer to the same class
when he mentions those to whom God becomes a crown
of glory and a diadem of beauty in the close of the age:
{(In that day shall the Lord of hosts be for a crown of
glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the remnant of
his people, and for a spirit of judgment to him that
sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn
the battle to the gate."-Isaiah 28: 5, 6.
6 Those found to be overcomers are made to sit down
with the Lord on his throne and are given power over
the nations. (Revelation 2: 26; 3: 21; 20: 6) Then the
vision discloses another company without number,
which is described as "a great multitude" which stand
before the throne. The question is propounded: "What
are these . . . and whence came they?" And the answer
is given: "These are they which came out of great
tribulation.';

J

EHOVAH gave unto his beloved Son, Jesus Christ,
a revelation of things which must come to pass, and
which he was to show unto his servants. This reve]l1tion Jesus Christ gave unto John, a servant of the
Lord, in sign or symbolic language. John seems to have
pi< 1ured or represented the members of the body of
Christ, and particularly those found faithful at the end
of the age.
2 The Book of Revelation has always been difficult to
understand. The reason for this seems to be that it is
prophecy, and prophecy can be understood only when
fulfilled or in course of fulfilment. It is evident that
the Lord intended his chmch to understand it in his
own due time. As the prophecies of Revelation are unfolded "the servant class" might expect to have some
understanding thereof. Being a part of the Word of
God it of course must be found strictly in hannony
with other parts of Jehovah's Word.
J Many of the prophecies, in both the Old and the
New TeDtament, show that the world comes to a final
end amidst a time of great tribulation. The seventh
chapter of Revelation refers to that time of great tribulation and declares that before it comes God will cause his
servants to be sealed in their foreheads. By this we understand that the faithful servant class would be given
a clearer meutal vision and a deeper heart appreciation
of the divine plan as the church reaches the state of
completion this side the vail. The increased knowledge
would bring increased faith to those who love God and
would give these a full assurance of God's protecting care.
4 The Revelator declares that the sealed ones number
one hundred and forty-four thousand, divided into twelve
companies. 'fhis is understood to mean that the members of the body of Christ number one hundred and
forty-four thousand, and that these members shall receive the divine nature and shall reign with Christ during the Millennial Age. It seems clearly to include all
those whom the Lord Jesus finds faithful when he comes
to his temple and who thereafter continue loyal and
faithful even unto death. Such are the recipients of
God's favor and recc~ve his care and protection in the
day of vengeance.

HUMAN OR SPIRIT BEINGS?

Because the 144,000 members of the body of Christ
receive the divine nature and are assigned to twelve
tribes, and because it is stated that the great multitude is
from all nations, kindreds, peoples and tongues, the
argument has been advanced that the great multitude is
that throng of people who will be resurrected to human
perfection and who will live on earth for ever. Is the
great multitude made up of human beings or beings
possessing the spirit nature? This question we must determine from the Scriptures.
8 The fact that the 144,000 members of the body of
Christ are divided up or assigned to twelve divisions,
according to the names of Jacob's sons, does not mean
that these are taken from twelve an.d only twelve different nations or people. God organized Israel into
twelve tribes. In his covenant with that people he pro~­
ised that if they would be obedient to him he would
make of them a kingdom of priests and an holy nation, a peculiar treasure unto him above all other pe~
pIes. (Exodus 19: 5, 6) It is quite evident that had
Israel been faithful to the Lord and her covenant the
entire number of the W-ngdom class would have been
taken from the twelve tribes of Israel. Satan the en{IDV:
1

~,

19

CfheWATCH TOWER
working through the priests and other members of the
clergy of Inael, turned the Israelites away from God and
away from his anointed King. There was only a remnant of Israel who accepted Christ and who were made
a part of the 144,000, even as the prophet had foretold.
-Romans 11: 5; Isaiah 1: 9.
v Jesus came to Israel and offered himself as King, but
was rejected. After Israel, under the leadership of the
clergy and rulers, had rejected the anointed King he
said unto them: "The kingdom of God shall be taken
froIl). you, and given to a nation bringing forth the
fruits thereof." (Matthew 21: 43) St. Paul's argument
is that only a remnant of Israel' after the flesh was
selected, that all the other branches were broken off, and
that in their places other branches were ..grafted in.
(Romans 11: 5-24) The apostle's argument very plainly
shows that the favor of being members of the kingdom
class was taken away from the Jewish people and given
to peoples of other nations, to those of the Gentiles who
met the requirements of God; and that therefore these
were selected and are to be assigned to the twelve tribes
of Israel, as the Revelator shows.
10 The nation which brings forth the fruit of the kingdom is made up, as the Scriptures show, of those who
a:'e spirit begotten, who accept Christ Jesus as the
anointed King, and who faithfully serve him and show
forth the praises of God even unto the end. (1 Peter
2: 5-10) In selecting these God is no respecter of persons. In the acceptable day whosoever makes a consecration to do the will of God and is accepted and begotten
of the holy spirit, and who thereafter faithfully performs his covenant, has the assurance that he shall have
an abundant entrance into the kingdom of God.-2
Peter 1: 5-11.
11 The promise is to all who meet the requirements;
and in selecting them God makes no distinction between
Jew or Gentile, bond or free. (Galatians 3: 27-29) What
God does and is doing is that he takes those whom he accepts as members of the body of his beloved One, and
then he assigns them to their respective places in one of
the twelve divisions of the kingdom class. It is not improbable that the Lord assigns each tribe to some special
work in his great plan, because he sets the members in
the body as it pleaseth him.-1 Corinthians 12: 18.
11 The facts show that those who give evidence of being members of the body of Christ have been taken from
various peoples, nations and tongues on earth. Of those
who compose the little flock a specific number is named;
but the great multitude is without number (Revelation
7: 9), being merely described as coming from every nation, kindred, people and tongue. This would in no wise
prove that the great multitude is a human class, but on
the contrary all the facts and the scriptures bearing
upon the matter under consideration show that those
who form the great multitude constitute a spirit class,
born on the spirit plane.

DROOKLYN,

X. Y.

TDE CALL
13 The Scriptures show that during the Gospel Age
there is but one call, and that is to the high calling.
(Ephesians 1:18; 4:4) Jesus stated that "many he
called, but few chosen". (Matthew 20: 16) The call
takes place at the time of consecration, justification and
acceptance by Jehovah. All who are called are begottcn
of the holy spirit, and these have entered into a covenant to do the will of God. At the beginning there is
no division between the little flock and the great company class, God does not arbitrarily assign some to one
class and some to another. In the atonement day sacrifice this is shown in the manner of selecting the Lord's
goat and the scapegoat.
14 Those who faithfully perform the covenant which
they have made shall have an abundant entrance into
the kingdom and shall constitute the kingdom class.
Those who are negligent and indifferent or fearful ccncerning the performance of their covenant are describ d
as 'blind and unable to see afar off'. (2 Peter 1: 9) The
blind ones undoubtedly constitute the great multitude
class, who are pictured by the prophet as sitting in darkness, for the reason that they have disregarded the Word
of God. They not only are blind but are brought low
and are held in prison and must go through great tribulation. (Psalms 107: 10-16; 142: 5-7; 102: 19, 20; 79: 11)
Many 0.£ these blind ones have been and aTe workers in
the denominational system, but they work not according to the rules nor in the way that God has provided
that they shall work. (2 Timothy 2: 5) The fiery test
comes upon them for the purpose of testing their work;
and their work is destroyed, as the apostle states, yet
they are saved as by fire.-1 Corinthians 3: 12-15.
11 The facts show that there are now more than 144,000 persons on earth who claim to be consecrated to the
Lord, and who are with the denominational systems.
These have conceived it to be their work and duty to
convert the world and to set up the kingdom for J ehovah. They are like a woman who has birth pains and
yet brings forth nothing. They have been subject to
a lord other than Jehovah. The clergy have ruled them,
and have done so under the supervision of their overlord
the Devil.-John 8 : 44.
18 The sincere saints in the denominational systems
come to see their condition, which is represented by the
words of the Prophet Isaiah: "0 Lord our God, other
lords beside thee have had dominion over us: but by
thee only will we make mention of thy name. . . . Like
as a woman with child, that draweth near the time of
her delivery, is in pain, and crieth out in her pangs; so
have we been in thy sight, 0 Lord. We have been with
child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought
forth wind; we have not wrought any deliverance in the
earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen."
-Isaiah 26: 13,17,18.
17 These see that their work is in vain, that they have

.JANUARY

15•. 1027.

neWATCH TOWER

accomplished nothing, that they have been misled by the
clergy, their lords, and by their overlord the Devil; and
they come to a determination to abide by Jehovah's Word
and it alone. It is certain that all such who have been
begotten by the holy spirit must either die for ever or
live for ever, and those who live must live as spirit beings. Not all who shall have part in th.e resurrection
shall be of the same class, because "one star diftereth
from another star in glory. So also is the resurrection
of the dead".-1 Oorinthians 15: 41,42.
18 The Psalmist desctibes a class as constituting the
bride of Ohrist, and then another class who are not of
the bride but who a:'e companions to the bride. These
also are called virgins, which means that they have been
purified through the washing of the Word and of the
blood of. the Lord. This larger company is described by
the prophet as entering into the palaA2e of the King, but
they are not a part of the toya1 family. (Psalm 45: 14,
15) Of necessity such must be spirit beings and not human beings, because human being& cannot be of or associated with the heavenly kingiliml. class.
19 The Revelator describes such as a great multitude
before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with
white robes and having palms in their hands. This
scripture shows that the great multitude is made up of
spirit beings, because human beings cannot stand before
the throne of the Lord. The palm is a symbol of martyrdom. A martyr is one who becomes a witness by reason
of giving up his lif~. Other scriptures show that the
great multitude d'Oes bear witness unto God by reason
of the kind of death that the members thereof shall die.
It is by their death that they testify that they are for
Jehovah.
20 The vision of Revelation shows this great multitude
class standing before the throne, singing praises to Jehovah and to the Lamb, Ohrist Jesus; and there is associated with them at that time the angels of heaven.
The angels here mentioned. are undoubtedly spirit beings; and those who associate with these angels in giving
praise to God and to Ohrist, as described by the Revelator, of necessity must also be spirit beings.

21

approval by him. Those who died in the faith prior to
our Lord's coming to his temple are shown in Re'relation 6: 11 as being given white robes, that is to say, approvaL; and then they are told that they must rest until
their brethren finish their course. Jehovah furnishes
the robe of approval, the robe of righteousness; then
Ohrist Jesus uses it as a covering to those of the temple
cIa&S who are approved.
22 Wherever used in the Scriptures a robe is a symbol
of approval. When picturing the approval of the bride
of Ohrist it is the approval of a body collectively. But
the approval of the great multitude is the appronll of
many individually; therefore the latter company is'represented as each having a robe. After coming to a knowledge of the fact that they have been approved by the
Lord the great multitude are shown as rejoicing. '1'hey
have learned of the loving kindness of God and his beloved Son; and they are then pictured as standing before the throne, singing the praises of Jehovah and of
his beloved Son. In this song of praise the angels of
heaven join with them.
GREAT TRIBULATION

But how do these obtain God's approval, seeing
that they were negligent in the fulfilment of their individual covenants to do the will of God? The context
of Revelation 7: 9 discloses that St. John wondcl'eu as
to their identity; and the answer is found in tb Ian...
guage of one of God's prophets, which prophet appears
to be Isaiah. The language of the scripture imlicabs
that the question had been propounded to one d the
elders, or prophets. Then the elder repeats the que~,tion :
"What are these which are arrayed in white robes? and
whence came they?" (Revelation 7: 13) The proplJ.et
is then represented as saying: 'You do not know who
these are? Then I will tell you. 'These are they which
came out of great tribulation and have washed the;r
robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
Therefore they are before the throne of God and servl)
him day and night in his temple'.'
24 Be it noted that these are approved by the Lord
and become servants in the temple, but are not a part
of the temple class. The time and conuitions under
WHITE ROBES
which the approval was received by them are shown to
21 In the vision given St. John the great multitude is
be during the time of great tribulation. 'rhis approval
shown sta.n.ding before the throne of God and clothed is evidenced by the robe that each one is represeuted as
with white robes. What could these white robes repre- wearing, and the approval is because of faithfulness in
sent? They could not be the same as the robe of right- the time of great houble.
eousness mentioned by the Prophet Isaiah (61: 10) ;
25 The World War was the beginning of sorrows upon
because there the word «robe" is in the singular, whereas the nati-oIls, which compose Satan's earthly organization.
each one of the great multitude is described as being ar- The war then suddenly ceased; and God, through Ohrist,
rayed in a robe; hence the white robes here mentioned sent forth his servants to declare the message of the
are numbe:dess. The robe of righteousness is God's mark kingdom; and when that is done the end must cOme.
of approval, given to the body member& of Ohrist when (Matthew 24: 14) That final end of Satan's organiza~
he comes to his temple; that is to say, those whom the tion is marked by great tribulation such as the peoples
Lord finds faithful when he comes to his temple he of earth have never before known and never will know
<lOVeES with the robe of righteousness, showing their again.-Matthew 24: 29,22.
23

22

IfheWATCH TOWER

26 The elder who gives the answer to John in Revelation clearly seems to represent the Prophet Isaiah, for
the reason that Isaiah tells of the great tribulation and
declares who will be involved in it. It is the great battle
of Armageddon. It is during that trouble that the Lord
treads the wine-press and crushes out the grapes of the
vine of the earth. (Isaiah 63: 1-6) In that trouble all
of Satan's organization shall fall. The Lord planted the
church a tnie and noble vine; but under the leadership
of men who became false prophets, namely the clergy,
there developed a false system which turned the Christian arrangement into a degenerate plant of a strange
vine. The vine of the earth is Satan's organization, of
which ecclesiasticism is a part; and it must be crushed
and will be crushed, in the day of God's wrath.-Revelation 14: 18-20.
21 The great multitude is now being held in the ecclesiastical systems as prisoners. Those who remain
there will partake of her sins and suffer her plagues.
(~eYelation 18: 4) It is the duty of the church, "the
servant" class, to send to these prisoners the message
concerning God's kingdom, whether they all come out
of the prisons or not. Those who take their stand on
the Lord's side will be the object of persecution and oppression by the Devil's representatives.. Then will be
their crucial test as to whether or not they will stand for
the Lord or give way to the Devil's organization. That
which will enable them to stand in this test will be their
faith in the blood of the Lamb, shed for the salvation of
mankind. T4e blood of the Lamb and their faith therein will bring the approval of God to those who stand
the test, and this approval is symbolized by the white
robes which they are represented as wearing.
28 This great tribulation class is not of the bride of
Christ which, together with the Bridegroom, is designated Zion. Being spirit-begotten ones, once anointed
but having lost their anointing, they nevertheless are a
part of God's organization, symbolized by the city of
Jerusalem. Because they take their stand on the side of
the Lord in the time of great stress they become targets
for the representatives of Satan, and are therefore pictured by the Prophet Zechariah as a part of the city that
goes into captivity. The tribulation is shown by the
prophet to begin when all of the Devil's organization is
gathered for Armageddon. The day of the Lord is the
day of his wrath, and that is the time when Armageddon
is fought. "For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the
houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the
city shall go- forth into captivity, and the remnant of the
people shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the
Lord go forth, and fight against those nations, as when
he fought in the day of battle." (Zechariah 14: 2, 3)
This prophecy shows that the part of the city that goes
into captivity is the great company class, whereas the
faithful "remnant" are kept by the power of the Lord.

BnOOKllllN. N. Y.

19 The Scriptural picture of the great company class
is a general one and represents specifically those of the
consecrated who are in the denominational systems at
this time. There are doubtless other consecrated ones,
outside of the denominational systems, some who have
once been brought to a knowledge of present truth, but
who fall back into the great company class by reason of
their indifference or negligence in representing the Lord.
The general twofold picture given in Revelation is (1)
the little flock, constituting the kingdom class; and (2)
the great multitude, constituting those who will be servants of the Lord in the temple but not a part of it.

WAS SAMSON A TYPE?

The Bible gives at some length an account of the
birth and experiences of Samson, including his tragic
death. The entire account should be carefully read in
this connection. (See Judges 13th to 16th chapters inclusive.) The question often arises among Bible students: Was Samson a type, and if so of what? Strictly
speaking he was not a type, but it seems quite clear that
Samson foreshadowed or illustrated some particular part
of the outworking of God's plan.. It has been suggested
by some that he represented the socialists or the anarchists who will destroy the social order of mankind.
That conclusion does not seem to be warranted by the
Scriptures, and by the known facts. Samson seems to
have foreshadowed the great trioplation class, the great
multitude. In support of this the following is submitted
for the consideration of Bible Students:
81 St. Paul, in the eleventh chapter of Hebrews, names
a number of men who received a good report from God
because of their faith. Among the ones there mentioMd
is Samson. It hardly seems probable that God would use
a man whom he approved because of his faith to picture
a faithless, unbelieving class such as socialists or anarchists who have no confidence whatsoever in God. It
Samson is a type of anything, or if he foreshadows anything, it would be reasonable that God would use him
to foreshadow some class in the outworking of his plan
that would manifest faith in God. In describing those
who were faithful St. Paul, amongst other things, said
of them: "Out of weakness [they] were made strong".
(Hebrews 11: 34) Samson, once weak, was made strong
in his death, and became a witness for God by the manner
of his death. Even the circumstances of his birth marked
him as an instrument for God's use.
12 The wife of Manoah was barren. The angel of the
Lord appeared unto her and told her that she would conceive and bring forth a son, and that "no razor shall
come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazarite unto
God from the womb; and he shall begin to deliver Israel
out of the hand of the Philistines". (Judges 13: 5) She
told her husband Manoah; and at his request and prayer
to God the angel again appeared unto Manoah and hili
wife and confirmed what had been said to the woman
about the child's birth. In due time Samson was born.
80

JANUARY

15, 1927

neWATCH TOWER

33 The word Nazarite, here used, means one who is
censecrated or separated from others. The understanding 1&, then, that from the time of his birth Samson was
separated as a consecrated one unto God, to represent
Jehovah God. Before the foundation of the world God
foreordained that he would take from amongst men
those who sh<lUld constitute his church. (Ephesians 1:
4, 5) All who are called to be of the church are called
in one h{)pe of membership in the body of Christ, and
none are called to the great company. All who are
called must be consecrated unto God and separated from
the world, therefore all such must be N azarites in spirit
unto God. This includes everyone begotten and anointed
of the holy spirit. Samson, being a Nazarite, would foreshadow all such.
&4 The name Samson means "brilliant light, {)r sunlight, or that which reflects light". From the time one
is begotten of the holy spirit he becomes a light-bearer
and reflects the light of the Lord, more or less. The
name Samson therefore would foreshadow the light-bearing class or consecrated Christians.
55 The hair is a covering for the head, and grows out
from the head. The facts show that the strength of
Samson was in his hair. The strength of every Christian
comes from and through his Head, Christ Jesus. (2
Corinthians 12: 9, 10; Ephesians 6: 10) When the highpriest of Israel was anointed, the anointing oil was
poured upon his head, and of course upon his hair, and
ran down upon his beard. (Psalm 133: 2) Ail who are
begotten of the holy spirit and inducted into the body
of Christ receive the anointing of the holy spirit through
the Head, Christ Jesus. When Samson's hair was cut
off he lost his strength. When a Christian loses his
anointing he is separated from the body of Christ as a
member thereof, but he still may be a Christian if he
has faith in the great ransom sacrifice. As his faith is
weak, so is he weak. If his faith grows stronger, he may
grow stronger.
36 The prophecy concerning Samson was to the effect
that "he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of
the Philigtines". But be it noted that he did not finish
the work of deliverance from the Philistines, who represent the nevil's organization. In like manner great
numbers of people have become Christians, and for a
time have taken a bold stand for the Lord and have begun a good work of delivering God's people from the
Devil's organization; then they lose interest, manifest a
lack of faith, yield to other influences, and discontinue
the work. Samson in this respect would picture a class
who once started to follow the Lord and then became
lukewarm or fearful
57 Concerning Samson we read:
"And it came to
pass afterward, that he loved a woman in the valley of
Sarek, whose name was Delilah." (Judges 16: 4) Samson entered into an illicit relationship with this woman
01 Sorek. The word Sorek means a ville, and would

23

therefore well picture those members of the conseCrated
who become a part of the vine of the earth. Delilah
seems to well represent the ecclesiastical systems which
constitute a part of the Devil's organization and over
which the Devil is lord. Many Christians have yielded
to the flattery and influence of ecclesiasticism and have
entered into illicit relationship with such systems.
38 The Scriptural account is that the "lords of the
Philistines" said to Delilah: 'Entice Samson and find
out wherein his strength lies, that we may bind him
and afilict him; and we will pay you well for it.' (Judges
16 ~ 5) The lords are the chief ones in the ecclesiastical
systems, the clergy; and their overlord is the Devil.
They have always sought to destroy the power and influence of the zealous and active Christians who are
working for the Lord. For some time Samson withstood the enticements of Delilah; but finally he yielded
to her pleadings and diplomacy, and disclosed to her
wherein lay his strength. Delilah was faise to Samson,
and for pay betrayed him to the Philistines. The ecclesiastical systems have been false to the great number
of true Christians therein; and for pay, to wit, to gain
favor with the Devil's orga.ni7.8.tion in order to obtaia
power and influence, they have betrayed these true Chri~
tians into the hands of the Devil and his {)rganization.
59 Delilah accomplished her purposes by causing Samson to ileep upon her knees; and while asleep she had
his hair cut off. Then the Philistines came upon him,
took him in custody, and put out his eyes. Great numbers of Christian people have been lulled to sleep by the
pleadings and diplomacy practised by the Devil throl.\gh
the ecclesiastical systems, and thereby have been removed
from the Lord and have lost the strength of the Lord.
Having lost the anointing they have had the eyes of their
understanding put out. They have become blind, becanse they ha.ve disregarded the Word of God, having
yielded to the influence of those in the ecclesiastical
systems.-Psalm 107: 10-16; 2 Peter 1: 9.
40 When the Philistines had put out Samson's eyes
they made him a prisoner. There is a great multitude
of Christians who have been made blind to God's plan
and purposes by the fraud and deceit practised upon
them in the ecclesiastical systems, and by the work of
the clergy in particular, and have become and are now
held as prisoners in the prison-houses of the ecclesiastical
systems. These prisoners realize that in the systems there
is no truth, and they pray and cry unto the Lord.Psalm 102: 17-20.
41 The Psalmist, later describing the great company
class., says: "For he [GodJ hath broken the gates of
brass, and cut the bars of iron in sunder." (Psalm 107:
16) The Philistines held Samson in fetters of brass and
iron and caused him to grind in the prison-house. Then
in the course of time Samson was released, amid destructive conditions. The record further reads: "Howbeit the hair of his head began to grow again after he
was shaven." (Judges 16:22) This seems to indicate

24

CfheWATCH TOWER

that Samson began to recover his strength. This would
also indicate that the class whom Samson represented
would eventually begin to recover the strength they had
lost.
42 We are now at the end of the age. The remnant of
the Lord, otherwise described as the temple class or "the
servant" (Isaiah 42: 1), now begin to recognize from
the Lord's Word that there is in the ecclesiastical systems a great number of people who love the Lord and
who have faith in the blood of Christ Jesus; that these
are prisoners in the prison-houses of the ecclesiastical
systems (Isaiah 49: 9) ; that these are blind and sit in
darkness (Psalm 107: 10-14; 2 Peter 1: 9) ; and that
it is now the duty and privilege of "the servant" class
to carry the message of truth to these prisoners in the
prison-houses, that their blind eyes may be opened.Isaiah 42: 6,7.
43 It is the Word of the Lord that brings strength t<>
those who are weak. It is said of the prisoners that
"they shall feed in the ways, and their pastures shall be
in all high places". (Isaiah 49: 9) The food without
doubt must be brought to them from the Lord in his
own good way through those who are witnesses for the
Lord. As this great multitude sees the truth and feeds
upon it the members thereof will grow in faith and
strengt.f). As these begin to take their stand on the side
of the Lord they will of necessity become the targets
of persecution by the systems, and especially by the
prison-keepers thereof.
44 It was about the time that Samson's hair began
to grow that the lords of the Philistines gathered themselves together to offer a great sacrifice unto Dagon their
god (Judges 16: 23) and to have a festival of rejoicing;
which, however, ended in disaster. Now the Devil is
gathering together his forces for Armageddon. The great
company class, beginning to learn of the truth, shall see
and understand that the Devil's organization is to be
destroyed.
45 Meanwhile the Philistines, particularly the high ones
amongst them, were using Samson for sport and making
sport of him. (Judges 16: 25) Likewise the clergy nOw
delight to make sport of any true Christian; and, judging from this, as their prisoners take their stand on the
side of the Lord these clergy will use them for sport and
will oppress them.
46 The record is that Samson called on the Lord and
said: "0 Lord God, remember me, I pray thee, and
strengthen me, I pray thee, only this once, 0 God, that
I may be at once avenged or the Philistines for my
two eyes." (Judges 16: 28) Similarly the great company, as prisoners, are represented as crying to the
Lord thus: "Help us, 0 God of our salvation, for the
glory of thy name; and deliver us, and purge away our
sins, for thy name's sake. Wherefore should the heathen
say, Where is their God-? let him be known among the
heathen in' our sight, by the revenging of the blood of
thy servants which is shed. Let the sighing of the

BROOKLYN,

N. Y.

prisoner come before thee; according to the greatness
of thy power presefYe thou those that are appointed to
die; and render unto our nrighbours sevenfold into theip
bosom their reproach, wherewith they have reproached
thee, 0 Lord."-Psalm 79: 9-12.
47 Again their prayer to the Lord is recorded: "1
cried unto thee, 0 Lord: I said, Thou art my refuge
and my portion in the land of the living. Attend unto
my cry; for I am brought very low: deliver me from
my persecutors; for they are stronger than I. Bring my
soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name: the
righteous shall compass me about; for thou shalt deal
bountifully with me." (Psalm 142: 5-7) Even as God
heard Samson and granted him strength, so does the
prophet show that he now hears the prayers of the imprisoned multitude and that "the Lord looseth the
prisollers".-Psalm 102: 19,20; 146: 7.
48 Samson knew that the Philistines would die. The
great company class know that the Devil's organization
must die. Samson with renewed strength determined
to die by pulling down the building wherein he was held.
The great multitude of Christians, as they feed upon
the Word of God and grow stronger and learn that the
harvest is past and that they cannot be of the kingdom
class, will take a determined stand on the side of the
Lord, knowing that by so doing they will be pulling
down the Devil's structure on their own heads. But they
resolve to die as witnesses for the Lord. In the very
final and crucial test they prove their faith in Go'd and
suffer martyrdom. They die in the great time of trouble
or in the time of tribulation. Note the Revelator. says
that they, as a great multitude, stand before the throne
of God; that they are clothed with white robes, representing that they are approved; and they have palms
in their hands, representing that they fall as martyrs to
the cause of Jehovah.
DUTY OF TIlE REMNANT

From the arguments heretofore submitted in THE
TOWER, based upon the Scriptures, it is clear
that the Lord God has commissioned the remnant to
speak to those who form the great company class, to
carry to them the message of truth, and to bid them as
prisoners in the ecclesiastical systems to come forth
and take their stand unreservedly on the side of the
Lord. Seeing that it is God's due time to have this
done let every child of the Lord who is really devoted to
God and t<> his cause gird up his loins and, with the
song of deliverance upon his lips, proceed to carry the
message to those who are held in the prison-houses.
50 The Lord God will have this message carried to
those who are his. The question for each one of us is:
"What part shall I have in this blessed work?" To enable the great company class, who are pnisoners, to grow
strong they must get some knowledge of the Devil's
organization and of the Lord's organization, and of,
God's means of bringing deliverance to them. Let the
49

WATCH

lANUARY

111, 1921

IfMWATGH TOWER

message of deliverance be carried far and wide to those
who are hungry to know the truth!
QUESTIONS FOR aERJUN STUDY

Whom did John represent? Why is Revelation so hard to
understand? When and by whom should it be understood?
'Vho are "sealed in their foreheads" and what does that
signify? 11 1-4.
What is the crown of glory and diadem of beanty mentioned in Isaiah 28: 5? Who will be on the throne and
"\\lho will be before it? 11 5,6.
Will the great multitude have spirit nature? Why are the
144,000 declared to be in twelve divisions? How were
the natural branches broken off (Romans 11: 5-24), and
who constitute the new branches grafted in? 11 7-11.
Why is the tribulation class described as innumerable? Are
any called to be of that class? How then is the class
made up? 11 12-14.
What has been the futile ambition of Christians in the
denominational systems, anu how do they now feel?
(Isaiah 26:13,17,18) 11 1fi-17.
'Who ure the companions of the bride, und why are they
called virgins? (Psalm 45: 14,1;5) Why is the great
multitude rf'presented in Revelation as having palm
branches? Who were associated with them in singing, and
what do these facts prove as to their nature? 11 18-20.
"-hy are they represented as wearing v;hite robes? How do
these garments differ from the robe of righteousness?
What does a robe symbolize in Scripture? n 21,22.
Bow and when does the great multitude obtain God's approval? 11 23, 24.

What is the tribulation out of which they come, and who
is represented by, the elder that answered the Revelator
respecting them,? How is the period of tribulation other·
wise pictured in Ren lation? 11 25, 26.
Whut is our present responsibility toward the great compuny? What does Zechariah 14: 2, 3 show concerning
them? 'Vhal illform:ttion do we have as to who will constitute the great company and the little flock respectively?
11 27-29.
Was Samson a type? Did he foreshadow the faithless
radicals of our day? 11 30,31.
What were the circumstances of his birth? Why was he
culleu a Nazarite? "Vho are Nazarites today? ~ 32,33.
What does the name Samson mean, and what is the significance of his strength being in his hair? 11 34,35.
Why was it prophesied that "he shall begin to deliver
Israel"? ""'h\) was the woman that caused his downfall,
and where was she from? What does this mean? Who
were back of the scheme, and what did they do with
Samson after his hair was cut off? Apply the picture.
n 36-40.
How does Psalm 107: 16 agree with this picture? Why is it
menthJl1ed that Samson's hair began to grow again '! How
shall the Samson class receive strength? 11 41-43.
What did the sacrifice unto Dagon, and the Philistines' merriment over Samson, for(~shadow? How doe:; Salllson's
prayer parallel with that of Psalms 70: 9-12 and 142:
5-7 '! 11 44-47,
Did Samson know th:lt he was pUlling down the building
on his own heall? What did tim; illustrate? 11 48.
'Vhat now is the manifest duty of the remnant class? 11 49,50.

SHARING THE GOOD NEWS
--MARCH 6-AcTS

8: 4-8; 2

CORINTHIANS

5; 14-20--

aYe shall be my witnesses."-Acts 1: 8.

T

HE scriptures set for this study tell of the spreading of the gospel from Jerusalem, and state it as
a ministry of good news intended to bless the
world. The study calls attention to the words of Jesus
as he led his disciples to Bethany and gave them com~
mission as his witnesses; it carries on to the preaching
of the gospel in Samaria, and to Paul's declaration of
the authority and the ministry itself as God's instrument
for the reconciliation of the world.
2 For true cooperation with God it is necessary to
have a proper understanding of the purpose of Jesus
in sending his disciples into the wbrld to preach the gospel. The thought which has ruled Christendom since
her various churches were established, and the theory
upon which they have operated, is that the apostles were
sent out to begin a work which should through them
spread throughout the world and ultimately bring all
men to a knowledge of Christ. Organized religion still
professes to hold this idea; it is the denominations' justification for their existence.
3 That God intended to have all men know of his
purpose toward them is certain. Paul says of this, "God
• . . will have all men to be saved, and to come unto
the knowledge of the truth" (1 Timothy 2; 4); but
that...h e intended to have this work accomplished by the
church while yet he allDwed evil to rule in high places

ought never to have been conceived. It is one of the
snares of the evil one into which organized religion has
fallen. The disciples and the church which followed
them were to be witnesses, and were to be in the world
something like the prophets of Israel were to that people-witnesses for God. Also the witness of the church
was intended to bring a measure of responsibility upon
men; for by it God, who hitherto had not spoken to men,
now commanded all men everywhere to repent.-Acts
17: 30.
• The apostles were appointed by Jesus to carry on
his work. It should ever be remembered that Jesus was
God's Apostle, sent into the world to represent God, to
fulfil the prophecies spoken long before (See Romans
15 : 8.), to declare that the kingdom of heaven was about
to be established, and to confirm the same by marvelous
works, thereby proving that he came from God. His
ministry was, however, limited to his own people according to the flesh; he was sent only to the lost sheep of
the house of Israel. Therefore Jesus made no attempt
to tell other peoples the ~essage he had from God. And
to his own people his ministry was limited to three and
one-half years, during which a considerable amount of
his time was spent privately and not with the multitudes.
5 Since Jesus came to enlighten the world-as John
says, "That was the true Light, which lighteth every

none other can have a share. as Jesus had indicated.. Men are alienated from God.t a desire to be in harmony with his will. Samaria was stirred much as J emsalem had been. then of the provision which he has made for their acceptance. All who have seen the love of Christ are constrained te> follow Paul in his seryice for Christ. His ministry is to restore mankind to himself. ciliation. In other words. that God intended to establish righteousness in the earth."-2 Timothy 2: 12. begotten of God's holy spirit. They are away from him. because we thus judge. for the great increase in the number of believers. Jesus had God's name to set forth."-2 Corinthians 5: 14. and Jesus himself said. then were all dead: and that he died for all. yea.aks to the world. gave them all a busy time. 5. God will have men know of his good will. "I am the light of the world" (John 1: 9. Yo. therefore when he appointed the apostles they were really his representatives to continue his message in his way. alienated in mind and desire. 35. both in message and in lire. 12 The salvation of the believer from the guilt and power or sin is not the special question in the roregoing text. they were continually conscious of having the power of the holy spi. That there is a propitiation made for sin by the sacrifice of Jesus is certain. different terms. and the ministers have the Word of Recon. No doubt their readiness to accept the truth was partly due to the ministry of Jesus begun at Sychar. the point of the argument is that believers in Christ receive life as in advance of the day of ~ salvation. with perhaps goodly stores in memory. and then to these the words of their Master were added. and rose again.-See 2 Corinians 5: 1&-19. and in his spirit. He who is called to be a minister for God must be a new creature. They had the Old Testament Scriptures to refer to. U But the Lord did not let this condition continue for long. 15. A gl'eat work was now begun. that if one died for all. And there are two things to be noted: It is the ministry of reconciliation wherein God syE. He speaks not for himself but for all. that men themselves had responsibility toward God. there are the work and the authority. they were qualified to represent him as he had represented God. Therefore. but unto him which died for them. They realized that the Lord was with them. 11 The next portion of our study takes us to Paul's statement respecting the ministry. 6 Besiues this witness to God's purpose. It is not without significance that this first preaching of the good news to othcr than Jews is described by Luke in many BRooKLYN. necessarily speaks of God's attitude toward sin. because God has a ministry for them. Naturally enough they found much work in J erusalem. And the disciples. He had truth to proclaim. we shall also reign with him. (1 Corinthians 11: 1) God had charged Jesus with a mission for which he was responsible. N. began a sharp persecution which drove many of the disciples out of Jerusalem. 10 The account of this ministry in Samaria is given in the 8th chapter of the Acts of the Apostles. 8: 12) -it was necessary that his ministry must go abroad among all me~l. and Paul judges that there is an obligation upon all these to realize that that life should be lived in the service of the ministry. and many Samaritans listened to their word and believed in Jesus..26 'I?teWATCH TOWER man that cometh into the world".. not to bring the ministers into prominence but to show the high place which the ministry itself holds. There are obligations upon all such. Some went to Samaria. He is a God of love. the essence of which was that the rule of sin over men must come to au end. 1~ 25. (1 John 2: 2) But it is God himself who has prO'Vided it all. but is given that it may be devoted to the service of God. and God blessed their ministry. As God's method of reconciliation is based upon an atonement for man's sin Paul. He was sent to declare who God is. Then came the necessity to see even to the domestic affairs of the believers. 14. if they repent and manifes. and is gracious and comp:1ssionate toward those who have erred unwittingly or unwillingly. and that all men mnst conform thereto or suffer the consequences of their disobedience to God. (John 4: 39) Thus.. even toward those who have knowingly transgressed against him. even for those whose minds were alienated from him. each intended to indicate or emphasize Some particular phase thereof. 7 The apostles became the treasurers of the truth. its calling and authority. The malice of the Jewish leaders. :tli The teachers of Christendom have led men to believe that God's attitude toward the world is one of sustained anger because of sin. "For the love of Christ constraineth us. for the truths which Jesus spoke were brought to their mind by the holy spirit. the spreading out of the good news was first to Samaria.-Acts 1 : 8. as Jesus devoted his life.Tit to enable them to do their .-See Acts 8: 4. and those who share in his ministry will share in the glory which God has given to him. the ministry and the Word. "If we suffer.-Colossians 1: 2l. though they were imperfect.·ork. S For a time the apostles served in Jerusalem. were to be witnesses for Jesus as he was for God. whetted by the bl{)ou' of the martyr Stephen. in the proclamation of his message of salvation.12. and they have taught that he is vengeful and would not be appeased unless sat~ isfied by the blood of a victim. they neither want him nor the truth. Paul says that God was not charging the world's sin against it. that they which live should n{)t henceforth live unto themselves. and God would have them reconciled to himself. And coupled with this was the message that God was doing this in love for the whole world. Those who believe in God through Christ find life. and it is manifest therefore that the propitiation . 13 Paul raises a high platform for the Christian ministry. Theirs is not life to be enjoyed in itself. and the fact that many of them altered their manner of living. (2 Corinthians 5 : 19) First.

V. Whoever. As no human institution can confer these blessings. he says that men are first to be saved and then brought to a knowledge of the truth. delivered from the power of evil." (2 Corinthians 5: 20) The common thought respecting this word ambassador is that Paul uses it in the modern political acceptance of the term. its institutions. but the death of Christ and the life value of that death offered in heaven make sin atonement. During the ministry of this good news. to reside among them while representing his home government. 16 The world's sin is not forgotten. "We are ambassadors for Christ. whereas the clergy would bring men to the truth that they may be saved. but with no authority to direct the course of this world. and has sent its "ambassadors" to many nations. "God will have all men to be saved. While God cares for the world of mankind.16. 11 Paul says of God's ministers. How are we "ambassadors" for Christ. or to regulate anything save those things which belong to the church of God. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY What is the "orthodox" purpose of preaching the gospel? What is God's purpose? 11 1-3. Paul says. Why were the apogtles appointed? What work did they do following Jesus' ascension? II 7-10. and the living millions. but that is not correct. he has no relationship whatever with the world as such. is the enemy of God. have put forth special missionary efforts for the conversion of the "heathen". • During the past one hundred years the church systems.-Isaiah 55: 11. jgnorant of God through lack of knowledge as well as through the misdirection of false teachers. But God has provided a day. Neither the records of the words of Jesus nor the words or epistles of the apostles give warrant for the commonly held thought that the work begun by Jesus. Paul's argument in 2 Corinthians 5: 14-191 II 11-14."-Matthew 28: 19. MAKING THE WORLD CHRISTIAN --MARCH 13-MATTHEW 28: 16-20. 18 This world has been ruled by Satan. he is friendly to them. it will accomplish that to which it was sent. 2 That it is God's pwpose to eventually have all men enlightened by the message of Jesus and made acquainted with his own purpose through him is clear. "Know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? 27 whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world. he purposes to do it-he will have all men to be saved. An ambassador nowadays is appointed only to a friendly nation. 3 Paul states the matter in the reverse order to that commonly understood by evangelists and others. What is St. leaving only when the friendly relationship is disrupted. It is evident that he and they have different conceptions of God's purpose. 1927 'IRe WATCH TOWER is not to appease his wrath. therefore. are unfriendly to him. but rather that he may be just while yet providing a way for the erring children to come back to himself. will accept it will thereby find his sin forgiven and he himself acceptable to God. R. Nor is God limited to a good desire in thi s.. conceiving it to be their duty to carry the knowledge of Christianity to all men and thus save the world. but in no sense are they sent to settle down or to try to bring perfect relationship between the authority of Christ and the authorities of this world. and all with clear knowledge at liberty to accept his truth. and make disciples of all the nations. and to come unto the knowledge of the truth" (1 Timothy 2: 4). With money in plenty and . is to make the'world Christian. those who have the spirit of God and the spirit of Jesus. r ROUGHOUT this series of studies we are reminded of the fact that the common conception of the purpose of Jesus in sending out his disciples into the world is very different from that which the Scriptures themselves convey. are of human design and without relation to God's will or pleasure. ful world? What is the truth on this point? II 15. Paul sees the dead millions who have not known God saved from the bondage of death. with no sanction from God. The divine ministry does not fail. for they are to be raised that they may have their opportunity. it follows that no human institution can make a man a minister of God. ACTS 16: 6-16-- "Go ye therefore." (James 4: 4) What Paul means in 2 Corinthians 5: 20 is that Christ's ambassadors go from him with authority to speak' 'on his behalf. its organizations. and what Is our duty as such? II 17-19. and the dead shall have as full a chance as the living. whether political or ecclesiastical. the god of this world. in the interval of time between the two advents. now opening. but it has done so entirely on its own authority. Its institutions.JANlTABT 15. What do the clergy insist is God's attitude toward the sin. James says. The Roman Catholio church has claimed to rule in the kingdoms of this world. only a comparatively few have heard and accepted the doctrine of grace. 19 Jesus sent his messengers with authority to speak for him. (Matthew 18: 18) In this ministry only those who are new creatures in Christ Jesus are entitled to serve. For what reasons was Jesus sent into the world? II 4-5. and Paul's own word for knowledge means accurate knowledge. in which all men who have not heard shall hear and have a full opportunity of accepting salvation by Christ. continued by the apostles and by the church.-John 5: 25.

That there were many in the nations of the worJd who would turn to God as they heard of him is manifest both from the fact of Cornelius and the many others who) since have become lovers of Jesus and God. but if held as applicable to the past or the present they are irreconcilable. went here and there proclaiming the message of love and of res. I't is manifest to any candid observer that tlw power of the churches is broken.ponsibil. are constantly losing force. and how would they be brought into unity that they might be as one people? Of the considerable number of Israel who heard the teachings of Jesus. and these became the nucleus of'the new nation. 6 The missionary effort abroad is. The world. Now he said. the Christian world becomes less Christian and more pagan every day. both are true to Scripture. whether Israel according. then the swaying of the great empires. Y. and are ashamed both of the Bible and of their own creeds. "All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. theJ Lord should return. 9 The days of election were not yet past. first amongst the pea. is to be done for all the people. the new nation. and that all the sp. but many have tak-en the work merely as a great adventure. and unbelief is rampant. now west. and at its worst becomes a danger to the peopl"e. All those of spiritual Israel are invited to be priests unto God. has now been brought under the power of the modernis. At home the churches. both are included ill the dIvine plan. and. N. there were some ready to listen and to enter into true discipleship. its thom:ands of young men and women members are Christian in name only. 15 When after his resurrection Jesus gave his disciples instruction. now south. But mainly they would be gathered.28 VaeWATCH TOWER IOAIly h~ers the work was begJln. Here is seen the harmonization of the two "orthodox" but contradictory dogmas of election and free grace.itself only those of good will. "Go ye therefore. rather the arrangements which God makes for the church are for the purpose of getting it ready for its ministry in the day when a great work. 14 In these elections there is no question of the people being neglected. 7 The Student Christian Movement. 12 God had prepared the field for this sowing and reap. They do not indicate a purpose to have the world brought to a knowledge of the Lord. never making any attempt. not in pow-er.persion of the Jews. Therefore he means that he was now eligible to receive that pO\rer. ministers of righteousness. 11 God sent his Word abroad among: alL petlples. to oonvert any village or town into which they went but trying to catch the Bar of those who had "ears to hear". by means of the message of God's lov€ which the apostles. The elect are to be God's ministers. the missionary effort for the conversion of heathendom to the status of organiY. spiritual: Isreel. chiefly £mm those of the west. The dis. for God was-not seeking individuals as SUOh' but all those who were ready to give their heans to him. and teach all nations"? (Matthew 28: 19) Is not this commission intended to instruct the disciples. 13 The purpose of the el~ct. to the flesh or this new Israel a-ccording to tHe spirit.ity. he assumed a different attitude than previously. sharers in the work of the 11elchisedecftn priesthood to be established on the return of Christ. and have become explorers. There was no semblanoe of any purpose or method of election. now east. but a change in God:s plan. . for he had not yet been received into heaven. These were the fnithful Jews.wial efforts tliey may make cannot keep them from. The apostles. and who later listened to the preaching and teaching or the apostles. are hypocritical. likfJ Livingstone. well knowing that it would draw to. which to many seemed to r>romise so much. amongst the nations. They left the knowledge of Jehovah wherever they went. have enjoyed travel. is more heathen today than ever. at its best." (Matthew 28: 18) But that he had not then the power of the kingdom is clear. 8 Row then are we to understand the words of Jesus. ples of the east. and those who should believe through them.-Acts 15: 14. while at home organized religion at its best is little more tlian a moral force. 5 But despite all the missionary effort of Christendom the end they would gain has steadily receded from them. and when he shall set up his kinguom their message will go freely and in power to all men. God visited the Gentiles to take out a people for his name. ing. and all true believers were to carry abroad until.ed religion is a failure. had done this work. out of the Gentiles. to seek to bring all the world to the knmvledge of Christ Jesus ? We answer that in view of other teachings of our Lord these worda cannot be thus interpreted. his special people. it is seen tliat he was also gathering a priesthood. now little more tlian an educational movement. was that God might have servants. Jesus had witnessed to Israel and they were now about to be cast' off because of their sin in crucifying him. who see that the clergy as a class do not keep their vows of consecration. Whence would these be gathered. with all the strength of their organizations and with money in nlenty. falling. oarrying Jews here and there. there was only a remnant of faithful ones who accepted J'esus as God's messenger. Besides the fact that God was gathering a true Israel.t.-Isaiah 11: 9. Hitherto everything that God had revealed about his purpose and intention in dealing with the human family had been given to them and to their fatliers-to Israel only-whom he had made his elect. Wherever Paul went amongst the Gentiles. 10 Others were to be gathered into this class from BIlOOE:LYN. for God now purposed to gather to himself a people who were to be known as spiritual Israel. those who were to enter into the faith and form. when he said. Some of the missionaries have been imbued with a true desire.

' if it were not so. 1921 and.king. whose life must be beset with trIals and difficulties which arise because his consecration to God compels him to take a course contrary to that taken by his fellows. a business woman. sel. Angry at losing their source of income they created a storm in the town. 3 . This Jesus needed. What has been Christendom's special effort during the past century. endeavored to discount Paul's preaching by causing her to call aloud to the people that Paul and his companions were the messengers of God. his service for God. Then there will be no opposition of Satan."-John 11. not only by an evil spirit. Explain Matthew 28: 18. 1 JOHN 3: 2. and because he must by his conduct witness against all unrighteousness. 29 19 Satan got busy and. After a time Paul commanded the demon to leave her. with the immediate result that Paul and Silas were cast into prison. Foremost amongst the little company was Lydia. and what happened there? What will be the world's attitude toward the truth in ttiQ Millennium? U 17-20. "Go ye therefore. "If in this life only we have hope in Christ we are of all men most miserable". for I go to prepare a plaDl for you. and the discipIe is like his Master. and God sent the answer by Paul. THE CHRISTIAN'S HOPE --MARCH 20-JOHN 14: 1-3. his future life.16. for no nation has accepted the truth. and the little company was left to carryon the work of the Lord. What is the common conception concerning this matter? U 1-3. Sabbath by sabbath they met for prayer by the riverside. That he did not expect otherwise is clear from his words. which under ordincq circumstances and within the limits of righteousw. but the poor woman was controlled. knocking. Jesus must be greatly disappointed. 2 CORINTHIANS 5: 1-10. "Thou wilt shew . 2 The disciple at Christ. How did God prepare the world for the SOWing of the gospel? How and why has he carried on an election? 1112-14. If the common interpretation of the purpose of this ministry be true.- "In my Father's house are many mansions. could not maintain the strife against these adverse influences unless he received the strength and stimulus of "the hope D set before him". 32) The Christian gives up to t:n service and ~se of God his life. ''When the Son of man cometh. I would have told you. who not only aided Paul and his company. and he says that then the rule of life wou~d be." (Matthew 28: 20) That end has now come. and though there is much profession of Christiani-ty in some nations the true followers of Jesus are very few.s would be his to enjoy. how he must live. The Lord had a little company of people in Philippi ready for the truth.: 2. 3 Considering these things Paul says. But our present lesson considers the Christian's hope. using a young woman who was well known to be under demon influence.. "even unto the end of the age. including Jesus himself. as in anticipation. 20 When the truth is to have a free way in all the earth the people will be ready to accept it. That Paul and those with him came to a right conclusion in interpreting the providences of God is certain. Why did Paul go to Philippi." (1 Corinthians 15: 19.JA1WARY IfheWATCH TOWER Hi. and what has it accomplished? 11 4-1. on the north-eastern coast of the lEgean. The method used shows that the Lord would have his people exercise their judgment in watching his way for them. But God does not arrange for such a consecration without providing a corresponding reward. but they were asking. and what he must do. They concluded that the vision was further guidance for them. 17 The remaining part of our study is of Paul and his company as they left Asia to preach the gospel in Europe. 18 The circumstances of the entrance into Europe of the truth are interesting. the time of trouble will have done its work in their hearts. and his conduct amongst his fellows-those things which are usually called the practical side of the Christian's life. resulting in the knowledge of the Lord covering the earth "as the waters cover the sea". Traveling across Asia Minor they were led from point to point till they arrived in Troas. URING the past few weeks the series of studies has been of the things which make up the disciple's life. he commissioned his disciples to act on his behalf. and teach all nations"? What did he expect would be accomplished thereby? U 8-11. that the Psalmist speaks when he says. There Paul saw in vision a European calling to him to come over and help them. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY Explain 1 Timothy 2: 4. but they had to leave Philippi. for tomorrow we die. but helped the others to receive the message. By the special intervention of God they were delivered from it that same night. also verse 20. "Let us eat and drink. 16 Jesus eaid that he would be with his disciples always. and they immediately took ship and made for Philippi in Macedonia. but by some men who made profit out of her. When and why did Jesus say. ·It is for all the consecrated. 11 ]5. shall he find faith on the earth?"-Luke 18: 8. though not because they have been praying for it.-Habakkuk 2: 14. for the Christ will break down every opposition in order that the work of the kingdom may go forward. Probably they did not ignore the synagogue service..

as if all men of good-will have this hope of heaven. we groan that we might be "clotlied upon". it is the reward for faithfulness even unto death. and where thieves do not break through nor steaL" (Matthew 6: 20) None may expect to keep steady in the storms of this worIJ who has not his anchor fast within the vaiL-Hebrews 6: 19. Jesus. Although content to be away from the Lord because it . said to his disciples. "I go to prepare a place for you. The apostles." (Psalm 16: 11) God discloses a way of life. as if it were the "old man" of which Paul in another place speaks and which he says must be crucified. 1-10) Paul speaks of the present life of the disciple as lived in the earthly house of our tabernacle. but the body of the consecrated believer is his necessary servant of the spirit. their work done. which in itself is altogether outside human nature. lIe is "at home" in lt in the same sense that the Israelites in the wilderness were at home in their tents. fell asleep. When Jesus said to his diBciples. 6 This hope of the Christian. it is the outward man. his disciples did not then understand. but Paul suggests that that eternal dwelling house can be given only if the tent is in occupation. . Then he continues. to wit. is counted holy in the sight of God. though it might please God to remove the tent before the permanent dwelling could be given. freedom from the present limitation. that is. and the joys which await those who faithfully walk therein. waiting for the adoption. an house not made with hands. but both he and they come back to the earth for pffecting' humanity's salvation. which serves as a tent-dwelling for the inner man of the spirit. knowing the trials and difficulties of discipleship." meaning that he was going to heaven to find that place. namely. This is no mere desire to die and to have finished with the burdens and trials and limitations of life. the spirit organism. " that where I am there ye may be also. though it is to perish. 13 The believer. (Matthew 10: 39) This Psalm does not (as is commonly supposed) speak of a natural order of events. 12 The body of the justified believer is not to be considered as the enemy of the spirit. He is at home in the body. 5 Because of the persistent wrong statements of orthodoxy it is constantly necessary to state that while the reward of the disciple OJ' Je~ns is to be in heaven. we have a building of God. whlle they daily marched toward their permanent home.-2 Corinthians 5: 6. But each must remain faithful in the tent even unto the end. little flock." (Luke 12: 32) He bade them lay up treasures in heaven. at the right hand 0f God. The exaltation to God's right hand is the special blessing for Jesus and for those to whom this heavenly hope is revealed. nevertheless the salvation of the human family in general. He who thus loses his life on earth for J e. "Even we ourselves groan . for he must walk by faith. it is God's own assurance. "where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt. 7 This stuJy carries us on to Paul and his second epistle to the Corinthians. is to be realized on earth-in their restoration to perfect human conditions. says. ." (2 Corinthil. is his anchor in the storms of life. (Chap. or because we are impatient with its limitations. not by sight. and not until the return of Christ could they live again and enjoy the blessings of life and service. K . with an incorruptible spirit bvdy. his rewa-rd in heaven and his joy of unlimited service for God. To wish to die would be as if he wished to fold his tent before it might be God's pleasure to give him the et8rnal dwelling.. which Gw will effect by Jesus. that immediately his tabernacle should be dissolved he would have the use and enjoyment of his heavenly building. which is to be the abiding home of the spirit. having neither tent-dwelling nor eternal building. . "Fear not.80 rrneWATCH TOWER me the path of life: in thy presence is fulness of joy. Therefore it longs to be clothed upon with the habitatIon from heaven. is absent from the Lord with whom he longs to dwell. Ylho also hath given unto us the earnest of the spirit. which. I Paul expresses the thought in other words when he BROOKLYN. "We know . but not because by it we suffer hardships. The experience is nec(. and that if the conditions of the covenant are complied with it will be duly realized. Because he has' this earnest the believer is always confident. eternal in the hravens" (2 Corinthia.lls 5: 5) That the disciple may have an assurance of this great hope. for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom. (Romans 6: 6) The "old man" is the will of the flesh. a dwelling in every way congenial and harmonious with the new mind. is the olljeet of God's work in them. (Romans 8: 23) To the Corinthians he says. the reJemption of our body" . but because the spirit longs for the fuller unlimited life. He knew that he might be unclcthed by death. their tents were dissolved.-Revelation 2: 10. vs.. but when the holy spirit came they knew the purport of the Master's words. Thi~ indeed happened. (2 Corinthians 4: 16) But this will be dissolved. but to have mortality swallowed up by immortality and incorruptibility. 5. The new creature quickened of God can take more scope than that which can be given by the human organism. Jesus takes his disciples to heaven for the realization of their hopes. S In the present earthly dwelling we groan. 10 Paul docs not express the idea so commonly taken from this passage.us' sake shall find it. something in the hand to hold as his bond. The holy spirit is a witness that the new life has begun. (Romans 8: 11) Since it is his only posBible present habitation the di~cipIe is at home in the tent.ns 5 : 1). he gives the spirit as an earnest. 'llhis gift of immortality.1". He desired that mortality might be swallowed up of life.ssary. at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. our human organism. . thongh at home'. . 11 "He that hath wrought us for the selfsame thing is God. for even though it be but as a traveler's tent it is his present horlle provided by God.

for we shall see him as he is. H To realize such desire there must be constant endeavor to be acceptable to him. Orthodoxy. John is definite. must be changed from natural to spiritual. Like all other writers of the New Testament. SHULL. t he is like. glorious spirit.-Sce 2 Corinthians 7: 1. that everyone may receive the things done in his body. no human mind. the Lord. we shall be like him. malice. when he shall appear. and how de his words refute "orthodoxy"? IT 15-17. He says. we may have confidence. his desire rather is to be with the "Lora. "Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord.o· hmJ the hope purifies himseli.' What he said is that he hd to meet that judgment and thaty wanting to be acceptable to the Lord.lQusy. from mortality to immortality. he says that everyone' wb. in· formation and encouragement to all God's faithful people May God continue to enel:gize the minds and hearts of aU those who in any way have the privilege of dispensing these preeious truths. What transformation does the Christian hope producel IT 18. Your brother in present kingdom joys. it affected his course and urged him to fidelity. It remains then that the faithful disciple. namely. C. but in respect to our work for him-according to the things done in the body. anger. whether it be good or bad. is now a glorious spirit being in the image of God.. He cannot come to his disciples in the flesh. from corruptibility to incorruptibility-1 Corinthians 15: 53. Then in the pa. is quite away from the 31 Sc:ciptures. "We know that.. he would willingly have it the other way."-1 John 3: 2. 18 John continues and says. jen. as well as from the things that defile the spirit. "Every man that hath this hope in him puriiieth himself. according to that he hath done. even though quickened by the holy spirit. In order therefore to serve Goa aright. and not be ashamed before him at his coming". John state the Christian's hope. QUESTIONS FOR BIilREAN STUDY What important thing dominates the ChristlaIYs life? Wa! this also true of Jesus? IT 1-3." It is impossible to think that the purity and holiness of that life in the immediate presence of God can be: attained apart from an endeavor to live now in harmony with that hope. To whom does Psalm 16: 11 apply. How does St. . too first-born among many brethren. God is the Father. 11) So-calleti evangelists have used this text as if Paul said. for the Lord is a. that we are "at home in the body" while absent from the Lord? How can the Christian realize his hope? IT 11-14. But the reunion cannot take place in the fullest sense until the tent-dwelling is dissolved. (1 John 2: 28) He speaks of the love which God hath bestowed' upon us that we should be called the sons of God.JANUARY CfheWATCH TOWER is. 19. But Jesus. 1927 is God's will for him. and as strength for the way. He bids his little children abide in him "that. nevertheless there will be something much greater when he is fully born into the family of God-"It does not yet appear what we shall be. when he shall appear. and how have such promises been misapplied by Christendom? Why are the)! given? IT 4-6. John keeps the high calling of God in Christ Jesus before the disciples. Contrary to the Bible Christendom declares that the resurrection of Jesus was only the reunion of his spiri t and body. can conceive wh. where he had gone to prepare a place for him. the Christian must ever keep his hope set before him. and that the glory of God now is that he is man and God. What is the Christian's present and future dwelling? "Why do we now "groan"? How has Paul's argument in. Jesus in his glorified condition is in the form of a human being." (V. and he is responsible for cleansing himself from both the things which defile the flesh. 11 No human eye can see God.-Ohio. WATCH TOWEl\ I am filled with profound thanksgiving for the untenable ble:. 'Knowing therefore the terror (~ternal torment) yet to come. The Apostle Paul says the same thing when he urges the disciples to purify themselves from all filthiness of flesh and spirit and to perfect holiness in the fear of. we persuade men to flee from it. untrammeled with such limitation as a human body must have. but the consecrated follower of Christ receives power by the spirit of God to overcome the desires of the flesh. as in preparation. and Jesus the elder Brother. in order to see God and to enter into the family relationship. as orthodoxy teaches. This is not a judgment as to our acceptance on the merit of his atonement." (2 Corinthians 5: 10) Only then can we be sure of the fullest acceptance. He who has this hope will also keep himself from the contamination of the world. in this as in nearly all other things. Each issue is a veritable mine of instruction. the spirit"? What i.ssage set in this study he IlRYS that though the present privilege of being a son of God is great. as a close examinatiOn. put to death in the flesh and raised in spirit. is my earnest prayer. each to be like Jesus. B.the "old man" of Romans 6: 6? 'Why does the apGstle sa. even as he is pure.. 19 By nature every man is defiled. I5 Our study now takes us to the first epistle of John. therefore it is neeessary for them to be freed from the flesh to join with him in the spirit realm. What does he mean by "the-earnest oj. AN INTERESTING LETTER UNTELLABLE BLESSINGS DEAR BRETHREN: In sending in my twentv-seventh yearly renewal to headquarters for THE. Paul speaks of this as a thing to be feared. envy. we persuade men. "for we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ.sings it has brought into my life." though by this we see that each member of the divine family will be like God the Father. 16 If. as well as that he will refuse the temptations of the Devil which bring pride and self-will. 1 Oorinthians 5·: 1-10 been misunderstood? IT 7-10. we would then know what both he and God are like. he endeavored to meet his responsibility by being a faithful servant.

Chaplin. 20 22 24 2528 BROTHER H.. Ala.. ~. 6 5. 'I. 14 115 Mechanicville. R.. 'rex.a. 1 ~ Feb. __ Feb. .." 1! 1·1. N.lan<l.. Palm Beach.. ----.. N..lle... " 23. I'a P!tt~burgh. 1~ 20. . 11 Eugene. '['e. . ... H.. Y. . \ a. . 13 h<!ll:--. .9 " 11. 115 ". 11 13 15 17 18 F"b 20 ")1 'l') - O BROTHER R. ~-l: . :\lnrt111~\ ille. Alba. __ 20 Troy. 2 " 3 " 4 " 6 7 BROTHER a Feb. DUllue"ne..__ _." 18 Ayon Park. Feu. Bonham. Tex.16 Dayton. . 6.. X.. N. Tex. __.. Y. 22 Yiveroy. Arcadia. 14. Fla . .. Ind. J. Fcb.8 " 9 Oak Ridge. 8. I. I' .._. Tex. McKeesport..•_. __ -_. . 1(i. Onto O·. " 8 Weatherford. Va CharlottesYille. Feb.. 15 Kewanee.8 Saratoga Spl'ln. Crosby. 6. " 9. . Mo. \ ~l. Canton. \\-. '-a Clifton Forge. 0. Va 'Vaynesboro. 1~ Urbana.: 1~ 14. 13 " 14 & MURRAY Dallas. Tex Paris. 'rex. Ill.'ex.. 16 BROTHER A. Moose Jaw. . 10 " II. 2S. __ 22. L. :\. ROBIE nock I... Tex.. 18.. 'Te:\. H. F?. l\Id. Tex Sherman. Moline. S.. Ore. Brownsville.. 15 Salem. O. 1'1 17. _ eO_A. \ a. O. Ore. . 13 Dam'ilIe.8 Lakeland. N. Amsterdam..24 ~2 ~. 9 Havre De Grace.7. 17 Da"enport. "a.t:'''::::::::.C'llvIlle. 21.. 1\10.. Ala.----_. 18. ~ Auuul'll. 8 " 9 " 10 14 20 Elkton. Fla. '":-1. Corpus Chn" tI. 13. " 11.I. Cardin. 7. \Y. Y Feb. 20 W. Ind..s blJ Trdveling Brethren BROTHER T._ Terrell. '1·--···----···· " 10. n. ClaJ'k~hdr~~." 22 Key West. TOUTJIAN . Pll Canonsuurg. " ~ . . 16' 17 Greenwich.. 2_ 21 BROTHER G. 21. .. Tex. Sask " 27. Onto Feb. : ~_ . Fla . . HAZLETT Charleston. 4 Swen~on. Te:. 17 _. _ " 16. F?~'i Peona._ _" 17 en rthage.. Beaumont. \'a Ellwood Citv. IHl' Defwn('e.. '23 24 25 _ BROTHER H. F''. tf 23.. Pensacola. BARKER Ruther Glen. 27. Tex. Snsk __ _" 23 Kheul\·e.:: Texarl. Mo. 22 BIWTHER J. ... . Elkview. C. Ga. Ont. !\lercedes.ter ~111'111:"':--' "'. Feb.. 1" 2~ Washington.:: 11.'ast :\]ollJ1e.. Feb. .. Y. 6 " 7.. Tex. Al\ ortlton. Tex Houston. THORN . . Knoxyille. ... .20 ~earchmollt. 16 Greemille._ N!D. Kingsville. Pa. . Y.· 10.~b. W. W. 111'1.ebb ell) \10. Ill. Onto Maclennan. . __ . 7. 10 13 15 17 18 Francesville. 16 _. Pa. . Tex...0 •• Fen 7.. 1'a.Fr')... 16.. Y. WILLIAMS MACMILI. .. O Yan \Vert. Tex. 11 ••• _. 17. lU.. Ala. Ind.. Tex. Feb... J. ._ Feb.. . 17 'Vanelmla. _" 13 Feb. Va \Yallalc. 14. 98 Barrie. N.. ':. Kokomo.. _.. Ill. Fa.25 mWTHEH A.9 " 10 ' f II.. Tex•.. C Feb. DINGUS Tampa. Valparaiso. " n'" la ~. Sask. ..:: 1 J op lin. HERR i' ig 20 22 24 25 20 ..9 " 10. " 20 Anniston. Va. __ . I'a. . ---" 14. .. Okla.25 . Culyer... Onl " 21 White Hi\er. .. Sask." _" 16. Ore _. E. O ~d~~~!to~. Tex. " 21.. Fla. Va Apple Groye....A~ l\[obile. 2 3. 18 __ " 20 BROTHER J. .. Ind. HERSEE I'~?b.:'. Va. . 'V. BROTHER W..16 "J. 11 13.. __ H 24._. __ Heaters. CUTFORTI1 Herbert. \\'. \Yinnsboro. ~~ 1 "Ii 20 21 Ha}.. 18 Atlanta.1 Ticonderoga.__ " \Vabash.. Ya. B~'OTHER Blo0!1lington.Jmrg. Onto Bra('ebri<1~e. Saok Fcb..11 13 Bradentown. " 9 Fort Edward. Tex. 0. Va.7 " 8. Prllleetoll. Tex 100. ." 11 Glens Falls. O.b._ . Toledo. On. Eugene. Pa.International Bible Students AS'sociation Classes IJecturel3 dnd Studie.9 7.Yo r... . La. :: 14...t . . W.. Tex. 13 Dallas.. 21 Piedmont.. C. Ala. Roseburg. Marie. 21. . 10. Driscoll. Peru.. Regina. Coco. n 10 . S... New Orleans.10 Fort Worth.'1 "hut g.. POLLOCK OaklaIi'd.. 13 " 14. __ Freep6rt. Pa New Brif!.I'·en.IH(}ll.. _. . 14 " 15.0." Sara~ota. Wytheville. Md._.. 1... 15 " 16._ Kew KCllS1UgtUll. H..\1. Wheaton.Us. 4 "6 _. 6.. 17 18 20 21. 20 Assillluoia. Feu. Tex.. 17 Mazenod... Y.Feb.. Va nenlson.. B. 13 14 15. Ja('kRonYille. ... De Kalb. C 15.ana. O " 17. " __ . S:tok.. Ind. Ill. Logansport.... '-a. 1(.. Tex. RICE . 7 8. ~prill'giH~Jd.. Houston. . . Ia. ESHLEMAN n.. 1. S. Marshlield... Onto . Tex. I-la. 14 Charlotte. ... BROTHER . Ore " 13 Albany. .. \\".1. 14 15. Fla...5 Punta Gorda. Y. Onto 2a Port Arthur. O... Feb. Carthage. " 23. ... _. l"ltro. Alice.10 II. 18 Feb... Va Roanoke. . Ellzabcth.27 Kenora. . 28 BKOTHER V.. McAllen.. W. _ Feb.. Galveston.. N. Tex. SaRk. Ill. 1\10 ~2 ~J 24 m:OTBER J. 'Y '·a. ~af'k " 25 Hoehe l'ercec. Fla. M.. Mo Feb.7 " 8 9. 17 Independence.. Ure.1 Clark'bnru:. . . 6 7 Rault Ste.. " ' 18 GranVille. Y.~~. rex _. Onto Orillia. Ind..j. \ a. Fla.. . 22 23. Ind Knox. BOHNET Rochester" Tex. " Sin~ms: Tex._" 20 J a:::. .. " 1-1.._. Ill.~ West Palm Beach.. Fla. Tex Feb.. 18 Pierce City. . Ill I. Fla.. Tex. . ]~la. Fla Miami. . !\lar. North Bay.. 8 9..__ . WATT BROTHER W. Ind _ . .. Tex " II. A. lIUlld. " 18 BROTHER C.. 25. Ore. E. Ill. Grand S"line. Mo. _ _.. . _.115 __ 16 _. Peru. Fla. 6 Abilene. L.. :>10. 1'<1.. Hammond.23 Pell City. .. Ore _ FOO._.__. . N. . . Reedsport.''':::::::::::::::::::: ig: tt Gr(. N. Va Fredericks Hall. Ind.. _~. 10 Richmond. Waynesboro. Y 10 \Yarrensburg. Wolfe City.. Ore. Victoria.. Ill. " " 14 Joplin.ver. Va. 10.. 1 2 3. . F. Sask Mossbank. Gary.

~I .•••.. _.... An '!G __ ~~ ~ :..•...•.vers .__.. XLIX No.•..•...__ ....\...•.__ 'Yhy the He corn _ _.••••••••• _•••••••• __ .•....__ __ Iliq J!'oI1o.. _.•.'" _0_'_ .. 0 Anno Mundi 6055-February 1..__ _.._. "1-.•. _.. 1 "1 will stand upon mll watch and wUr set my foof upon the Tower.:UES'l'ING (Lf'l {(II') QrrI~S1'JOXR . _. __ ...j .-'. 41 ...•....•....9 of Giving tl1e \Titncc::s: _ :~7 __ "". __ l~onct-Scryan t~ :i:i :17 _ _:~" _:.... and what answer 1 shall make to them that oppose me.... _:~ <..q ·ro Perfect PatteI'll S'l'I'DIES IN THE CITl~r~'J'TA:K LTFJ'] PETER nECO~fB"3 A DISCTPLI~ 01' FOOD PAIl EXCIJLLENCE Ix n..•.-OTICE .. and wm watch to see what He wUI say unto me... _ Hobe Yen.........~1tlCDj)1Jilj)~1Jil9~~1t ~1f1tIly®NU~llyt? O)e)ljfombug ~tlWiaN~alBoP'-~aiaIJ VOL.._ l\fCnTI. _.. ~o:1 ft XD ti'RP'V._ _.••_._._ ...••."-Habakkuk e: 1.••• _••.••.l.Tr:sus _-l:~ __..'\T ..__... _ _ __ ... 1927 CONTENTS '1'1-1'<. __ _ IfJ27 _ Fon lIIF"roRIAL .••_.... A s a S01'\":111 t .•......us Garments I:-:TEHNA'l'IOK1\L CONVhl'i: J ION " .....__ '\-itnC<::C: for the Truth .........

The city has provided its beautiful fair grounds and all its buildings for the convention. April 15th. and presented the value of his human sacrifice!s the redemptive price for man. South Africa. GREAT BRITAIN. BROOKLYN. 1~27 Week of March 20 ~ 1·2'\ Week of March 27 \. from amongst men the members of his church. It is free frvm partit's. Aust'"allUlian: 495 Collins S1. It is a railway center. TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH seiectin. that the Lord Jesus has returnt'(l and is now present. COWARD H. created perfect man for the earth and placed him upon it. and its columns are not open to personalities. S. send a card of acknowl- edgement for a renewal or for a new subscription..\". . $1. J. sects. :b}" the WUCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY for the purpose of aiding the people to understand the divine plan. that the mission of the church is to follmv in the footst€'ps of h€'r Lor(l C'hriHt Jesus. by reason of old age or other infirmity or ad. AUSTRALASIA AND ~OUTH AFIUCA. Notice to Subscribe. Cape Town. N. m. N.nd in a ~ery pleasant location. It is expected that the entlre procee<lI. that by reason of Adam's wrongful act all men are born sinners and without the right to life. that the reign of Christ will afford opportunity to every man to have a fair trial for life and those who obey will live on earth for (I\-er in a state of happiness. RUTHERFORD W. segregated from the busy travel. but confidently invites a careful examination of its utterances in the light of the infallible Word of Goll. at Toronto. through Christ. Postoffice.ront. THAT THE HOPE of the Iwoples of earth is restoration t>o human perfection dming the reign of Christ. F. It gives announcement of the visits made to Bible classes by traveling speakers. It adheres strictly to the Bible as God's revealed Word of Truth. THAT JEHOVAH is the only true God. April 15th. British.00. It is only a short distance from Niagara Falls. This will be the only large convention during the rear. Brethren are expected from many countries. :! )-. One of the bUildings has a seating capacity of ten thousand. E. Y.-enne. Y. as a rule.•• 'II 24-46 "The Winepregs" Z September 1. Toronto is the capital of Ontario and has a population of more than five hundred thousand. South Africa: 6 Lelie St. that Jehovah has placed Christ Jesus upon his throne and now cOlllInands all nations and peoples to hear and obey hi111. All ciasses desiring to hold local conventions should notify the SOCIETY as early as possible so that pilgrims may be routed in that way if at all possible. Please address the SOCIETY Ll1 every case. Announcement is made now to permit the friends throughout the earth to get ready. grow in his likeness. E. Melbourne.4 . VAN AMEURGH J. that all such be on our list contlllually and in touch with the Berean studies.. Hea(] and bOlly. the Maker of heaven and earth. that Jesus the didne arose from the dead. J.L CO lIMITTEE . announces conventions. remote control being installed at the convention aUditorium.-ersit.V.anch ojJ<ecs ollly. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: UNITED STATES. VAtI AMBURGH Becy President & Treas.•. Act oj JJlarch 3"d.THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION T HIS journal is pUblished.g: We do not. CANADA AND l\!ISCELLANEOUS FOREIGN. THAT for many centnries God. F. RCTHERFORD E. ' 1-23 Week of March 13 . !lr by Bflnk Draft. THAT JESUS was made a human being in orner that he might become the Redeemer of man.guages. CanadIan: 38-40 Ir\\'in A. and gives the reports thereof. has been PUBLISHED BY WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 ADAMS STREET· . Allnouncement is made at this time that the brethren may baogin to make preparations.:. when requested. which constitutes tllP liody of Clu'ist. Canadian. H..4 217 21 120 1. Hemittances from scattered foreIgn terrItory luay be made to the Brooklyn office.50. 1879. which marks the beginning of Nisan at sundown on that day.e to b.d Service" Z August 15.. and is from everlasting. London 'V. The grounds are situated on the lake . that the Logos became a man. about 6 p. which is Friday. postal card each May stating their case and requestlllg such provlslOJ}" We 3.5 218 22 233 2 30 9 277 16 185 23 267 3 63 10 275 1'1 81 24 189 4289 11 286 18 282 25 41 5 61 12 73 19 56 26 219 2'1 59 28231 29 27 30317 31 328 1. OFFICERS :T. are unable to pay for this journal. a. U. seveml lm. and creeds of men. and ultimately be glorified with Christ J€'sus in his heavenly kingdom. EDITORIA. Entered. be mad. 7s. with another hundred thousand in the vicinity. 1927 6 293 1. HDIERY FOREIGN OFFICES: British: 34 Crayen Terrace. give testimony to the name and plan o{Jehovah God. BEREAN B/8LF STUDltS if 8yMeansof I "The Watch Tower" "The Servant ar. m. It does not assume a dogmatic attitude. American remittances shOUld be made by Express or Postal Money Orders. Australia. may be expected to appear on address label within one month. that he gave bis .!. THAT THE WORLD HAS ENDED. The method of calculation is as follows: The new moon nearest the spring equinox occurs in the morning of April 2nd. A renewal blank (carrvin'" notice of expiration) will be sent with the journal one month b'efore the subscription expires. will be supplied free ~f they send 3..3 164 20 79 7 287 1. but by International Postal Money Orders only. The International Sunday School lessons are treated in harmony with the Scriptures.bllt anxious. Counting fourteen da}'s thereafter the fourteenth 'Of Nisan begins at sundown. 1927 Week of March l\ . as Second Class }j{ail Matter at nrooklyn. THAT GOD created the earth for man. 248 8 271 1. South African and AustralaSIan remittances should.re not only willing. constitutes the "sc'eu of Ahraham" through which nil the families of the earth shall be blessed. Lancaster Gate. MEMORIAL FOR 1927 The memorial of our Lord's death will be celebrated in 1927 on Friday. A. Canada. that the Logos was the beginning of his creation. clothed with all power in heaven and earth. Ontario.ngs of the convention will be broadcast from our own statlOn. that he is now the Lord Jesus Christ in glory. 1927 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION 'The general convention of the Intcrnational Bible Students Association for 1927 will be heid July 18th to 26th. Toronto.8S'A. (Foreign translations Of this journal appear ill. after 6 p. 2. thnt Christ. ascended into heaven.to everlasting-. Change of address. It does not indulge in controversies. that man wilfully disobeyed God's law and was sentenced to death. $1.life a sacrifice for man and thereby pl"Oduced the ransom pl'lce. BARBER Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday I) I BETHEL HYMNS FOR :MARCH. It provides srstematic Bible study in which all its readers may regularly engage. It stands firmly upon the great ransom sacrifice as the fundamental doctrine by which all doctrines are measured.) TERMS TO THE LORD'S POOR: All Bible Students who.

D Satan the enemy has forced the peoples of earth illto involuntary servitude.yas ever on the alert and active to do Jehovah God's will. shall be your servant. 1927 No. He . another as a steward. Anv one who aets in behalf of. That is especially true at this time. One becomes the servant of God by will- . One who has no freedom of action. and encourage them to continue joyfully in the service of the Lord. is a servant. As The Servant of Jehovah he is the greatest of all. One of his subtle ways is to instil selfishness and pride in tha heart. is the bondservant of his master. If of IllS own volition he billlls hImself to anoth'T. He was and is the greatest of Jehovah's sons. and then be diligent to walk in his step~ The Scriptures prove that Jesus Christ. and ahYil)'s the delight of his Father. 8 'Yhere one aets under the directiou or COlltr01 of another he is a sen-ant of the one "lihom he srrves. and that what is true of the Lord Jesus must be true of all who are ultimately members of his body. 2 It seems strange that at this stage of the development of the divine plan there should be some who claim to be begotten of God's holy spirit and yet who at the same time make strenuous objection to the service of the Lord.-Romans 8: 29. He was also at the same time the Servant of Jehovah. XLIX FEBRUARY 1. are known and understood in the light of the Scriptures. 4 When one seeks to honor himself he is selfish. DEFINITION T A servant is one who works for or serves another. operating either directly or indirectly from the enemy. God llever compels anyone to become his servant. and he that shall humb le himself.ras the 80n of God. 01: he J'UY be C0Jn pclled to fill the posiLoll of a bond-sen-ant. that he diel not exalt himself but joyfully humbled himself unfler the mighty hand of Jehovah. shall be exalted. r ". He was always in harmony with Jehovah. 12. It means that he is turning away from God and to'ward himself. Such is manifestly the result of a wrongful influence.TOPRESENCE ER 0k ~TC AND HERALD OF CHR~STS Vol. was at the same time the bond-servant of God. In doing the divine will he therefore served his Father. who is by force or coercion held under the control of another. a Some who claim to have been begotten to sonship and anointed of the Lord deceive themselves into believing that they must· be honored amongst the brethren now. that which is transpiring now is not at all strange but rather to be expected. And whosoever shall exalt himsc7f. a ')bVlutely n:greeing to do the will of the other. 1 35 5 The Christian should keep before his mind the beloved Son of God and the COUN? that he took. the Son of God. It is also hoped that this may aid those who are in the right way. The method of the Devil's attack is diverse. 'Yhether he rellders the srn-ice yoluntarilv or inyolulltarily. 6 From the beginning the Logos ."-}. They not only refuse to do anything in the service of the Lord but they discourage others from so doing. God foreknew and foretold the same in his Word. ()n~ mav yoluntarily become the sen-ant or ~]aY(' of an()th~r. however. \Vhen selfishness is invoked to clothe one with honor he thereby dishonors God. The matter is discussed here with the hope that some who have been stumbling may be benefited and fully restored to the Lord's favor. We do well to keep always in mind that he who is begotten of the holy spirit is the object of Satan's attack. One may become the servant of the Devil by coercion or compulsion. shall be abased. Noone could ever be accepted into the kingdom of heaven unless he is like that beloved Son and Servant.3 THE SON AND SERVANT "But he that is greatest among you. and even speak harsh words against some of the brethren who are engaged diligently in giving the witness to God's holy name. but he "lyho voluntarilv betol1lcs the servant of God is bound to perform the duties which the will of God imposes upon him as such servant.HE words of this text were spoken by the Son of God. and that their chief duty is to merely wait until God needs them in heaven and takes them there. and who is compelled to render service according to the will of another. he tilereby becomes the voluntary bond-sen-ant of him whom he undertakes to serve. in either case he is a sen-ant.fatthew 23: 11. 'When the facts. voluntarily or by compulsion. agellt or represelltatiYe. that he pcriormed every part of such service as a bond-servant.

"-John 5: 19. and when born as a man child he was a human Son of God..~ill not go away from thee. and thrust it through his car unto the door. His covenant at the Jordan to do the will of his Father then and there made him the voluntary bond-servant of his Father. thy law is written in my heart. physically. Life means existence. and the right to exist. When he arrived at the age of thirty ycars he was a perfcct man mentally. Y. and after hearing those terms they said: 'All these things we agree to do. what the law says: 'I will not go away from thee. But if at that time. But he was not willing to do anything that might be selfish. but the will of the Father which hath sent me. the servant refuscd to take his libcrty. I . were duty-bound to fulfil that covenant in every manner. then he is bound to carry out the obligations that are laid upon him by reason of his covenant. to keep that law perfectly. mentioned above (Denteranomy 15: 16. 18 As a perfect man Jesus was a Son of God. 30. Under the terms of the COWEallt they were dutybound to do and perform. As a Son in both instances he had the right to live. morally and in every way. under the terms of the la:\~. Being the only perfect One after Adam. because I love thee and thy house. The Son can do nothing of himself. when set free. That ceremony symbolically represented that from that time fonrard he would hear whatsoever his Father might command him. Although he was a Son. The nation of Israel would learn the same lesson. one of his titles is "The Son of the man". Verily. these also doeth the Son likewise. his existence. \ras given to him on the human plane instead of the same thing on the spint plane or as a spirit being.' By the terms of that covenant all the nation of Israel became the sen-anb of God. with the right to live on the human plane. yet he voluntarily became the senant of J eho\'ah God. 17. ~ ow he was born a human Son of God. Instead of taking a selfish course he said to Jehovah. 17). 11 What could have been the purpose of putting this provision in the law? The illllividual Jew would realize that having voluntarily become the bond-servant of his master he was duty-bound thereafter to render complete servicc to the master and to safeguard every interest that the master might commit to his keeping. because he already had the right to life. God was pleased with his beloved Son in so doing. I say unto you. in substance. the law provided a ccrtain ccremony to be performed which beund him for evel' to his mm. . in God's sight.ter. having entered into covenant with God. but he proved by keeping the law that a perfect man can keep God's law. when he was thirty years of age. Having complied mth the terms of the law perfectly he was entitled to be completely free from that law. but on a far greater scale. Every righteous creature that exists has life. ."-Deuteronomy 15: 16. That title means that the perfect man Jesus was entitled to everything that Adam was entitled to as a perfect man. Being a perfect man he was able to keep the terms of the law covenant. N. What good things then did this provision of thc la\\' foreshadow? 13 Jesus was born as a human Son of God. Where one loves another and. hence it irl written: "And. Moses laid before them the terms of the law covenant. He might have elected to remain for ever a man. verily. and . I judge: and my judgment is just: because I seek not mine m\'l1 will. The Logos BROOKLYN. "And it shall be. if hc say unto thee. then thou shalt take an aul. voluntarily binds himself as his senant. Every unrighteous creature is. die as a spirit being. 16 'Vhen Jesus came to the Jordan to be baptized he signified that he was surrendering himself to God to do \\ hatever might be his will. bnt bound himself to his master. and thereafter he refused to exercise his will in any way contrary to his Father's will. 14 The child Jesus was born under the law as a member of the nation of IsraeL He was duty-bound. (Luke 3: 38) Prior thereto he was possessed with the right to live on the spirit plane. 15 The Jewish ceremony."ould do it. together with the right to existence. because of his love and confidence in that one.'The WATCH TOWER ingly entering into a covenant with God so to do. . because he has no right to live. I can of mine own self do nothing: as I heal'.. 10. namely. and did so.'-Psalm 40: 8. because he loveth thee and thine house. He did not. and that on the seventh year he should go free. 17 It is recorded of Jesus: "Then answered Jesus and said unto them. because he is well with thee. and have filled the earth with a perfect race of people and have exercised his rights in harmony with the divine la\v. 10 An illustration of this is given in the law that God gave to Israel through . that the people. When they failed or rcfused to do the will of God they \vere subject to the punishment prescribed by the law of that. cov<mant. He did not gain the right to 'live by keeping the law. If one Hebrew became a senant of another. at all times had the right to live. This is . would therefore represent the perfect man Jesus entitled to be free from the terms of the law by reason of keeping it. And also unto thy maidsenallt thou shalt do likewise.!\Ioses. and will do. a voice from heaven. when the Logos. but his life. He was the spirit Son of God. saying. Jesus at all times had the right to live. then the law provided that he should serve for six years. without life. I delight to do thy holy will. Antitypically Jesus there submitted to having his ear pierced to the wall. and he shan be thy servant for ever. under the terms of that law covenant. Hebrews 10: 7. 12 As the mediator between God and Israel. but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth. because he has the right to live. that is to say. and entitled to his freedom. The apostle says of these statements in the law that they foreshadowed better things to come. He arrived at complete manhood.

He 'was put to the test and proved his faithfulness. It was the purpose of Jehovah to make him the Author of eternal salvation to all who believe. and the day of vengeance of our God. 25 A servant must be humble. He had good cause to fear tl:at he might fail to meet some part of the requirements of that covenant. Jesus stood before Pilate. through his prophet. What he did in the way of healing was merely examples of what he will do when his kingdom is in full operation. He taught them that God is the only source of life. by his life. He did not seek to exalt himself at any time. his Son. He took upon himself the form of a servant and performed the duties of a bond-servant. and as a bond-servant. Had he attempted self-exaltation he would have violated his covenant. that I shoulil bear witness unto the truth.FEBRUARY <rheWATCH TOWER 1. and that he must absolutely perform the will of his Master. and which was and is the divinely provided means for bringing lasting comfort. and comforting those that mourn. announced the commission of authority of his Anointed One. and the opening of the prison to them that are bound. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice. 9) That suffering was not for the purpose of perfecting his character. hear ye him. 19 Jesus was the most highly honored of all the sons of God. therefore it is written: "Though he were a Son." (Matthew 2: 1'1) God was now pleased with his beloved Son because he had willingly made of himself a bond-servant of his Father.. 27 'l'he covenant which Jesus had entered into with his Father was a covenant of sacrifice and by sacrifice. and being made perfect." (John 18: 37) Thus he testified that his chief purpose upon the earth was to be the witness of Jehovah. who was now his bond-servant.. and take up his cross. clothed with full right and authority to represent his Father." (John 4: 34) By his own words he thus d~clared himself the bond-servant of the One who sent him. not to do his own will but to do the will of his Father. He gave this witness by the course he took-by his words. During the three and one-half years of his work as a bond-servant of God he gave witness to the truth. and to make him Head of the kingdom. His Father now must put him to the test. because he loved his Father. and this covenant he was performing fully and completely. This entailed upon him suffering." (Matthew 17: 5) By that we understand that God was pleased with his beloved Son. in whom I am well pleased. Immediately after his covenant he devoted forty days time in the wilderness to the study of the Lord's plan. (Luke 4: 16-21) Here the Lord Jehovah had declared his will concerning his Son. to comfort all that mourn. must prove his loyalty under the most adverse conditions. to proclaim liberty to the captives. and knew that his failure would mean extinction. Jesus was completely submissive to his Father's will. He ilid tell them. peace. and in answer to Pilate's question as to whether or not he was a King. and for this cause came I into the world. he saiil: "To this end was I born. saying. 26 It was the will of God that before giving to his beloved Son this great honor. in whom I am well pleased. Thereafter he went about healing the sick. opening the eyes of the blind. must carry out and perform. but was for the purpose of demonstrating his loyalty while acting in the capacity of a bond-servant. and that those who would hear and obey his voice would likewise be of the truth and witnesses of the truth." -Isaiah 61: 1. This commission the Lord Jesus. 2. He Clame down from heaven. Thereby he proved that he would be loyal when exalted to the highest place in God's universe.-John 14: 12. as The Servant of God. and was heard and assured by the Lord Jehovah that he was faithful. . To be humble means that one must be wholly and completely submissive to I the will of his master. and then began his ministry. The chief thing that Jesus did was to tell the good news to the people concerning the kingdom which his Father had appointed for him. because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek: he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted. 21 When Jesus began his ministry he applied this prophetic statement to himself. He said: "If any man will come after me. 23 In obedience to his Father's will when the Logos left the heavenly courts he became a man. let him deny himself. he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him." He told his followers that the course he was taking everyone must take who woulil be associated with him in his kingdom. health and life to the people. 1927 my beloved Son. What then was the will of God concerning him? WITNESS FOR THE TRUTH As a Son of God. (Hebrews 5: 7) Having fully performed every obligation laid upon him by the terms of his covenant he was made per£ectl and 24 . performing the duties of a servant.hen he caused to be written: "'l'he Spirit of the Lord God is upon me. and that his beloved Son would tell his followers of the course that they also must take in order to be pleasing to God. (John 6: 38) He said: "My meat is to do the will of him [my Father] that sent me. yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered. AS A SERVANT God. 22 But these things were incidental to our Lord's main work. On the mount of transfiguration his disciples heard the voice of Jehovah out of a cloud. and bound himself for ever to do his Father's will. and by his death. to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. Therefore he cried unto God. "This is my beloved Son. and follow me." (Hebrews 5: 8. 8) Even though he was at all twes the Son of the great Eternal God 20 31 he was now the bond-servant of his Father. (Philippians 2: 7.

so Here Jesus expressed his willingness to be received back with his Father. was required to fully comply with this rule. When that d\vine will required him to give his testimony by walking into the jaws of an ignominious death he did not falter. That he might emphasize the rule. shall be abased. In no other way could one follow in the footsteps of Jesus."John 17: 4. These also must become bond-slaves and fully perform the duties laid upon them. because God is the Head of Christ. and his words apply to all who should thereafter become his disciples. He becomes the servant of Christ."-M:atthew 20: 27. As a bond-servant he completely submitted himself to his Father's will. then with stronger reasoning would God require all others who would share with his Son in glory to prove their loyalty under adverse conditions. He said: "Whosoever will be chief among you let him be your servant. During all that time he did nothing to indicate that he was seeking a place of honor. As Jesus said so must his disciple: "Of mine own self I can do nothing. He had been a true and faithful bond-servant.88 rneWATCH TOWER 'Was rewarded by being made the author of eternal salvation to all who should thereafter believe upon him. it was also Jehovah's purpose to exalt him to the divine nature. o Father. and he that shall humble himself. (Romans 8: 14. with the glory which I had wit. 82 But why make a record of it? In order that those who would become members of Christ's kingdom might know what is required. and to the hope of life on the divine plane reserved for them in heaven. S5 Such do not stop to consider the obligation that must be performed by the bond-servant of Jehovah God." Jesus of course was chief amongst his disciples and amongst all of the kingdom class. that at his name every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that he is Christ. as a perfect man he would thereby have provided the ransom price. without suffering at all.J. and dream about how wonderful it will be for them to be in heaven. into the same position that he had occupied before he began his service on earth. 1 John 3: 1) But while such are sons they must also be bond-servants. When he had completed 'the work which God had given him to do he did not even then claim a high place in the universe. He said to his Father: "I have glorified thee on the earth: I have :finished the work which thou gavest me to do. but the Christian. They seem to think that God is working hard to gGt them beautifully developed. It is true that all who are begotten of the holy spirit are called to the heavenly calling. Jesus. voluntarily and for ever. They acquire the thought that all that the Lord requires of them is to profess to be a Christian. He was speaking to his disciples. But something is required before one can realize that hope. If God would require his beloved Son to become a bond-servant and to completely prove his loyalty under adverse conditions in order to be exalted to the divine nature. He could be ransomed only by the perfect man Jesus voluntarily going into death.h thee before the world was. 5. because Christ Jesus is his Head. and symbolically he says: 'By my consecration I have agreed to be the bondservant of my Master. thereby makes himself the voluntary bond-servant of Jehovah God through Christ Jesus. 84 Some who have long been acquainted with the truth seem to overlook the most important things that are required of a Christian. God's rule is that no one shall be exalted to the position of kingship and immortality without first proving complete loyalty and unselfish devotion to him under the most adverse conditions. Then. Y. leaving us an example. ransom means an exact corresponding price provided. WHY THE RECORD 31 'What was the purpose of God in causing to be made the specific record of the course of his beloved Son as a bond-servant? Did that have anything to do with providing the ransom price? Certainly not. But. Had Jesus died instantly. having agreed at the time of his consecration to do the will of God. whatsoever that might be." The picture of the boring of the servant's ear with ap awl (Deuteronomy 15: 16. As a bondservant the will of the Christian must be to do the will of God. then meditate upon some part of his Word. glorify thou me with thine own self. even as Jesus was a Son and a Servant at the same time. to the glory of Jehovah. in order to take them to heaven. though the doing of the will of God causes him . and at the same time he was a servant of all and served all.' As such servant he must do the expressed will of Jehovah. shall be exalted. and true witness for his Father. What is required of those who are thus called? The answer is: "For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us. and he also becomes the bond-servant of God. as a bond-servant. 17) now applies to Jesus' disciple. The perfect man Adam had sinned and was put to death. 12) he was declaring the divine rule with reference to exaltation. 23: 12. He is a free man then. 29 That the Lord Jesus spent his earthly faculties and energies in service there cannot be the slightest doubt. BOND-SERVANTS 86 All who are begotten and anointed are sons of God. -Philippians 2: 8-11. that ye should follow his steps."-l Peter 2: 21. BROOKLYN. N. HIS FOLLOWERS 83 When a man is justified by Jehovah that means that he has a right to live as a human being. He had been a faithfu. And for this reason Jehovah exalted him and gave him a name above every name. he then said : "And whosoever shall exalt himself. as stated. And now. 28 At the time Jesus spoke the words of the text first quoted herein (:M:atth?w 23: 11.

The commandments of God are not always the same at all times. . but who have been blinded to their privileges. 42 The Lord Jesus is the great Master. God's ::itandard must be lifted up before them. 43 Again it may be asked. 39 Satan the enemy has turned the minds of the people away from Jehovah. prepare ye the way of the people. 37 What would deter anyone from doing the will of God when the doing thereof would bring mental or physical suffering upon him? The answer is found in one word."-Isaiah 43: 10. he must perform his covenant. go through the gates. keep my commandments. employing the language of St. My desire is to get rid of all these troublesome things and go to heaven and see the Lord. Now the time has come to lleclare the day of the vengeance of our God. Is it the will of God that this means be employed to give the witness to the truth? In arriving at a proper answer to that question let us look at the facts and conditions as they now exist. Love is the expression of unselfishness. having been held as prisoners and are yet thus held. and is now present conducting his work. 'fa such Jehovah says: "Ye are my witnesses. that such a witness must now be given. is a condition p:vecedent to having the Lord's approval. and does not believe the same to be the Lord's will. the highway. I have been a Christian a long time. once hearing the message of truth. has the Lord permitted a greater number of books containing the message of truth to be placed in the hands of the people than at any other time? 'fhe only answer is. unless he wishes them to be used for that purpose? Why. But the Lord Jesus employed every faculty and means then at the conlmand of man to giYe a witness to the truth. that I am God. . lift up a standard for the people. it was not then God's due time to hayc books printed and published. Selfishness.ye hear is not mine. gather out the stones. . Sclfishness is the very opposite of love. There are many people on earth whom God would now have to hear the truth. and that he will vindicate his holy name and make for himself a name in the earth. The people 'must be pointed to the highway that leads to life. I will not humiliate myself by going from door to door and asking the pC'ople to buy books. and why has he permitted his people to control and use a number of radio broadcasting equipments for proclaiming the truth? The only answer is. COMMANDMENTS The proper course of a Christian therefore is to ascertain what are the commandments of God concerning him. 'fhat the people might know the truth.. There are millions of people who know something about the Lord. and then do those commandments and do them joyfully. and. form. . and tell the people of my experiences in the truth. and their privilege of giving a witness to the prisoners. The radio is furnishing the means of reaching them where they otherwise could not be reached. but the Father's which sent me. during the period of the Elisha work." 41 'fHE WATCH TOWER has no desire to compel any one to sell books. being yet present with you. and they are the ones to whom the commandments of God now apply. and we will come unto him.4 Thus the door is opened for the Lord's servants to 40 . That by this means the witness might be given.' (Romans 12: 1) With each one the controlling question concerning books should be. These things have I spoken unto you. 1927 suffering in the flesh or suffering to his feelings. This is a reading age. We must give him credit for doing his work in his own good way. Ye are my witnesses . and my servant whom I have chosen. One might remark. But THE WATCH TOWER. It is manifest that since the Lord has permitted his people to see these truths at this time." That is true. does say: 'Brethren. your reasonable service as the bond-senant of the Lord is to employ all of your faculties in his service according to his "'ill. and many who claim to be God's children mock his holy name. 88 89 MEANS OF GiVING THE WITNESS A faithful baud-servant of the Lord will avail himself of every means that his Master has pravided for giving the witness. "If ye love me.Matthew 24: 14. cast up. Why has God made it possible for his consecrated people to ha\'e IJrinting and manufacturing plants for the publicatlOn of the divine plan in baal. cast up. therefore he commands his wltnesses thus: "Go through." (Isaiah 62: 10) The doctrines which ha\'e furnished stumbling stones for the people must be removed from the people's minds. "The Lord Jesus did not sell books. and the Lord God commands his Bond-Servant class to do this work. Now the . Some who profess to be fully consecrated to the Lord are saying: "I will not sell books. . His way is God's way.vodd must be told that Jehovah is God. Paul. He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and the word which." (John 14: 23-25) Jesus was laying down the rules that must govern all who become a part of The Senant class. 12. he will keep my word~: and my Father will love him." (John 14: 15) The keeping of God's commandments by the bond-servant.FIWltUAltY rrheWATCH TOWER 1. for their benefit and to magnify his name. I will preach from the platform occasionally. This is the good news of his kingdom that must be declared to all nations as a witness. under the terms of his covenant.'as not Gall's llue time. "If a man love me. and make our abode with him. Why has the Lord brought the radio into action at this stage of his work. When Jesus was on earth it was not then proper to declare the day of God's vengeance because it . they are ready to read and learn more about it. saith the Lord. . All those therefore who are in Christ and yet on earth are bond-selTants.

rests upon us. Jesus said: "He that is not with me is against me.rrhe WATCH TOWER go amongst the prisoners and tell them more and induce them to read."Luke 11: 23.Jehovah's sons? Can anyone be great in God's sight who is opposed to any part of the Lord's service? VI'hy do some in the church disdain some forms of service for the Lord. To some it may be more humiliating to go from door to door and talle to the people than to stand upon a platform and address a~ larger company. 19. because one who loves the Lord perfectly is unselfishly devoted to the Lord and has no fear."Mark 10: 45. but 'rhat is the Lord's will? If it is the will of God tl'at the trstimony D"ust be given in this way the bond-eervant has no alternative. so are we in this world. to a degree at least. It is his priYilege to joyfully do the will of his Father. "Hear ye him"? 11 18."-1 John 4: 17. must be likewise a part of that righteous Servant and follow the same course that he followed." -1 Peter 5: 5. thus to do. are in Christ Jesus. but on your part the Lord will be glorified. N. when he said: "Whm. One of the titles given to the Lord Jesus for his service was "The Faithful and True lFitness". then happy are we. Why was Jesus called "The Son of the man"? 'Why was God well pleased with his beloved Son? What did hQ mean by saying. that leads to glory. THE \YATCH TOWEll urges the brethren to participate in giving this witness. and what does such attitude signify? How may we avoid Satan's snares along this line? n 1~(). 48 The chief duty and obligation laid upon all true Christians now on earth is to be faithful and true witnesses of Jehovah. 6. . Dees not that show a disposition to self-exaltation? Docs not that. that we may have boldness in the day of judgment: because as he is. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY 'Why is Jesus the greatest of . The world will speak evil of you. Christ Jesus. 50 We are now in the day of judgment. Humble yourselV2s therefore under tte mighty hand of God. If this method of witnessing is pleasing to the Lord. (Isaiah 53: 11) All who BROOKLYN. becam:c it is expressly the will of God concerning his people now. that they might know that Jehovah is God and that his kingdom is at hand. Ko gr~ater honor can ever be conferred upon any man than to be called the faithful and true witness o(the Lord. Those who have tne spirit of the Head. Those who continue to love him he will preserve and deliver. If one finds that he does not wish to engage in this manner of giving the testimony it would be much better for him that he does not oppose or discourage others who are engaged in the 'rork. In corroboration of this tIl" apostle sa~'s: "Be clethed with humIlity. and giveth grace to the humble. It may entail some suffering mentally and physically. shall be abaseJ. Christ Jesus. For three and one-half years he endured the contradiction of sinners. and to give his life a ransom for many. because the Lord is in his temple. and that he wid12S to hear nothing about the service of the Lord. judging his people and judging the nations. for Ged reSL tdh the proud. ye are the sen ant of God. was impressing upon his disciples.oever shall exalt himself. 4a Reloved in the Lerd. The Lord has thrown around those who love him his shield and protection. and patiently and persistently went about to give the witness concerning his Father's kingdom. That covenant requires the servant to now be a witness to the Lord and for the Lord. As a bond-serrant let each one faithfully perform the obligation of his covenant. but to minister. and grant to them an abundant entrance into his kingdom. Then in order to emphasize the lesson Jesus said: "For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto. If the Lord has chosen to send his message out in the form of printed books then the obligation rests upon the bond-servant to do his part in putting this message into the hands of the people. He does however require each bond-servant to meet his covenant. Everyone who loves the Lord will be eager to freely declare the message of truth concerning his kingdom. then he who discourages others or opposes this method of "'itnessing is against the Lord. If. Y. in giving the witness for the Lord. the Son and Snrvant of God. "-hat is my Father's will? This . The Lord Jesus was the righteous Servant of Jehovah God. and he that shall humble himself. Did the Logos sacrifice his life when he became flesh? Did Jesus gain life by keeping the law? How was his course foreshadowed by the aforementioned provision of the law? 11 13-17. 46 The LDrd does not compel anyone to place books in the hands of the people. a)·d now also collcdinly. 45 Suppose one is anxious to get rid of the toils of this life and be exalted in the kingdom. and who are pleasing to the Father. His beloved and perfect Son voluntarily humbled himself and became a bond-servant. When one is deterred by fear and reproach then he is not perfect in love. 23.As a bond-servant he implicitly carried out his Father's will." (Matthew 23: 12) A full and complete submission to the will of God is here stated as a condition precedent to being exalted. and in due time you will receive hIS complete approval. that 'he may exalt yeu in due time. we are reproached. . \Vhat is a servant? Can one become a bond-servant voiuntarilJ'? Does God compel anyone to serve him? 11 7-9. will do the same thing. 'What was the Mosaic law relative to voluntary servants. and upon the church now. and what lessons were thereby taught to the Jews? 1I9~12.ras the lrsson that Jesus. for this is evidence that the spirit of God. show selfishness? The proper attitude of the servant is. Only selfishness will cause anyone to fear. "Herein is onr love made perfect. as members of the body of Christ. shall be exalted. PERFECT PATTERN 41 It is certainly the will of God that his servants on earth now should look to and copy the perfect pattern. now are ye the sons of God.

17 apply to the disciple as well as to the Lord Jesus? ~ 33-36. Also the holy spirit was given to quicken the mind of each disciple.. (Matthew 26: 39. and how did he follow that rule himself? Dill he ask a rewai'll for his serYipe? ~ 2il-30. It now began to be seen that they had been specially given for the purpose of giving instruction for those whom Jesus was calling to himself. Though it is common to apply that name to all people of the we<'tern nations where the "Christian" religion is accepted. 3 The first study of the snies . There would have been much less hypocrisy abroad in the world. This way is through trial and difficulty. it is manifestly incorrect to do so. "-h't special mf'ans is the Lord now pleased to use to diss! minate his mf'ssa~p'! TIow do we know this? Should we det>m it to be a humiliating or an honorable service to represent the King. R. 2 Corinthians 12: 8) But there is no recorded in- . whether apostles or not. there was now given to the disciples the privilege of prayer in a way not hitherto available.ot all? Wh'1t (lid he declare before Pilate to be his great mission? ~ 20-2-1. it was the law of love.42. It was indeed in great measure by those Scriptures that Jesus himself was guided. Here is the came of orgallized religion's lack. They had no successors in that office. He only is a Christian who thus follows Christ and endeavors to further the work which Jesus began to do. and it would have been well if the name had been confined to the true disciples. REVIEW: STUDIES IN THE CHRISTIAN LIFE --MARCH 27-- "If ye love me. The law of Israel could not help. Did the ransom require a prolonged course of senltude on his part? Why is his course as a bond-senant recorded? ~ 3]. It was therefore neces- sury to set a standard of living. save as there is open and expressed profession by following the teaching of Jesus. 2 The followers of Jesus were first called Christians in Antioch. Can one be a bond-sel'Yant without sf'r. After becoming justified what Is then required of the 4] Christian? Does the pictnre of Denteronomy 15: lG. 1027 rrheWATCH TOWER Where Is rE'Corded Jesl~s' commission of authority? 'What was his chief work whpn on mrth? 'Vhy did he heal some of the sick and f'.ing? 'Vhat did Jesus do to earn the title "The Faithful and True 'Vitness"? To "'hat time does 1 John 4: 17 apply? Explain fully. 'These and the other apostles were called to do a special work for him. and it was by them as well as by the words of Jesus that the early church found its instruction.·as of Jesus calling some fishermen of Galilee to be his disciples. for they would have realized their separation to Jesus. and special access to the Father was given to the church that they might pray in the name of Jesus.and bear the kingdom message ro those who sit in darkness? ~ 40-4-3. but hastens to destruction. and any lack of attention mud mean corre~pondin. 6 Besides the gift of the understanding of the Word of God hitherto withheld. It is by them and by the added words of the apostles that the church has ever been guided. The apostles were to be fishers of men.-hat Jesus taught or said has no bearing whatever in their counsels or purposes. and as when Paul prayed thrice and could not have his request. T HE lessons for the last quarter haYe provided a study in the life of a Chnstian.one to draw back from doing the f'xprpsscd 'Yill of Gorl? 'Vhat are God's commandments for thf' Chri"tian now? ~ 1-:7-39. and now it has light neither for itself nor for others. and in a measure each disciple is called to the same work. and it would have been well for all men. This is not to be understood as a liberty given to· any individ'ual member to selfishly ask what he would. No nation is Christian. for all are gmuned by might and policy. ye u'ill keep my comrnandments..exaltation. Kor may the term Christian be properly applied to members of religious congregations.FEnRUARY 1. gracious. 4 The followers of Jesus were to be a people apart from their fellows. though many have claimed to be such. Though apart from the course of the world they were not to consider themselves as aloof from the world. it was a gift to the church. ~ 46-50. Their lives were to conform to his in manner of service to God. 5 With the coming of Jesus the Scriptures assumed an importance not hitherto discerned. he said that they should become "fishers of men". Jesus therefore gave the standard of the Sermon on the Mount. But there is no suggestion that they were set to catch in the gospel net all the fish of the human sea.32. It would have been well for the disciples. but it has his assurance that if faithful the disciple will have a place with him at God's right hand.'l: loss or even disaster. as when Jesus prayed thrice and his request could not be acceded to. compassionate. This is the lamp of truth by which the Christian must walk. V. How was Jesus' great humility exemplified? "-hy did he need to suffer? ~ 25-27. of reciprocity and of mercy."-John 14: 15. and ready to do good to all-to the evil as well as to the just. and the thought of . But all believers in Jesus. The individual Christian findR his prayers sometimes declined. What rule did our Lord announce concerning. it has disregarded the 'Irord of God. are by their union with him set apart for God and are privileged to follow Jesus in the way of sacrifice. The children of God were to be like their Father in heaven. indeed it rather retarded progress. 44. "-hat would cause an:.

but the light in them has become dark. the Lord said that his disciples arc "the which the apostle could leave behind. in each member. Those who are husband and wife.waters covel' the sea. means used. failing and darkness is covering the earth. It is at this time. partly endeavored to set up a kingdom which they hoped he to prove loyalty. There would have 8 The follO\rers of Jesus (like their :Master) are been a set purpose to com"ert those in authority. (Acts 15: 14) have led the people astray in this. salt of the earth". His disciples the world..N. were led of the holy spirit. is to be married to the Lord. in that they are have thereby fallen into Satan's trap set for them. They are also what the church organizations have tried to do. That dispersion seemed to be the Lord's Thus the disciple of Jesus is not to think of himself as indication to the apostles that their witness should begin only a Ica1'11er. guid~ neither themselves nor others. though im12 That it was never the Lerd's purpose to have the perfect. Jesus was perfect when he re.'The V7ATCH TOV'JER TIIWORL'i. can follow his Master in resisting Satan. the Apostle Paul. This indeed is lust of the flesh. and that as at the first. the endeavor to scatter the 9 Dy the illustration of the relationship of man and truth abroad in the world must have appeared tQ be wife Paul calls attention to the very close relationship a very weak one. The fierce but in his going away he was as a man going to a far attack on the church through Saul was the immediate ccudrv "'ho left his interests in the care of his servants. Further. he strength given by the spirit. and the pride of !ife. partly for the development of his life. and the knowledge of the has a people faithful to him. the to get hold of the ma""es of the people. (Matthew 5: 13.or a scholar. arrangements "'ould have been made. However it was chiefly by the "'hich the Lord has given into his care.."hirh shall bruise the serpent's head. Also in them it T Further."ife as the bcdy subservient to the ment must have been a test of faith. they have considered N or during all the long centuries which have passed themselves as a light set to illumine the world and has it pleased God to have his Word proclaimed to all. as to the lust of the eye. they have therein.the truth abroad in the earth quickly. to clear to all that God was making no attempt to convert bring the world out of its degradation. both work really began. Y. the ~. about through the dispersion of the brethren.been God's p1ll'pose. They can the earth. and tested and tried as to their fidelity. he has responsibility. lead it to God. 14) The leaders of Christendom was gathering out a people for his name. That light is now shining Word. in conference in Jerusalem. In times past God had brought his people into tests that they might prove their faith and develop his disciples await his rcturn from heaven. be faithful. and they have led the people into errol'. after Jesus had met him and turned him disciple is responsible and is called upon to give an to see the truth. for to go abroad. There were no head. plain that the Lord was not making any effort to spread but there mmt even now. l ! Christendom rejected the word of Jesus which bade them.nor to have endeavor made to set truth in high places in ness. indeed this is part of God's plan for salted. stance of united prayer which was not responded to. that even a fallen man can resist the Devil. in order tempted as Eve was. departly by this means God demomtrates who arc to spite Christendom's c'laim to the contrary. ~. The follower of Jesus must be tempted. should live with the ideal ever set 15 The means used for spreading the gospel were slow.. pulsed Satan: but the fcllower of J ems. accounted stewanb-particularly in this. Indeed to many the slowness of the movefor the body. Adam and will shine until its light eOYers the earth as the was perfect and yet f?ll. viz. where many belieYed each disciple is expected to make some incrrase of that and tumed to Christ. Had this form the seed . having given all things to God 14 Except to the apostles and to those who with them there is nothing left that he may claim as his own. as a city set on 11'hen. Also gospel proclamation convert the world is certain. it was seen that God a hill. it came heaven. consecrated to God. It was when it is united in one. and the has sent the light of truth. that the witness was carried into the account for many things which he might consider as "regions beyond". that the 1\1as13 The truth begau to spread from Jerusalem. or the truth which he gave them. personal to himself. when faith is and partly to manifest the power of the grace of God. for there was no organized effort to which exists between Jesus and his followers. Jesus showed that his follmrers must expect is true that the salt has lost its savor and it cannot be to be tempted. that the brethrer. It began in Samaria. might acknowledge. as the message seemed heaven-blessed only to the few who they are one in Christ-the husband as the head to Care received it. We must suppose that the disciples spiritual union is illustrated by marriage. before them that they are as one in God's purpose. There is nothing to indicate that he might get well instructed in the truth.-Isaiah 11: 9. though t2r commits to them the int2rests of the kingdom of not by an organized movement of the church. The early church got settled on this matter were also to be the light of the world. felt that they were under the care of the Lord. Jems rEtains his headship over the church. that God for God is demonstrating that by his grace. their start on the work. nor was there reading matter 10 Further. 1\'ithout doubt corresponding Genesis 3: 15. Even after Paul's ness to such union as though the marriage had already conversion he was in loneliness many years before his taken place. ready means of transit. The church. Romans 16: 20. . It should be expected them.

QUESTIONS ]WR BEREAN STUDY What is the meaning of the term Christian.John 2:1ir[ :l11ything to his disciples to tell them of .Jona : thou shalt be called Cephas. provides the ministers for that ministry.J olm then directed attention to him. He was and is a loved apostle.John. 19 But he who has this hope must cleanse himself from the de61ements of the flesh and spirit.29-31-- "And Jesus said unto them. Come ye after me. knowing Peter's earnestness. saying. Peter was the most forceful personality. 19. his ardor in all things he did and his great love for his Master. 18 Our lesson calls attention to the fact that this great place of honor and service is the Christian's hope. "We have found the Messias. His large measure of human nature. and with Jesus are to reign as his joint-heirs. They are to be the priests for the people.John 1: 41) Peter immediately returned with Andrew. "Thou art Simon the bOr. or that then . and the voice from heaven had spoken. and that he may keep himself pure for companionship with the Lord. But Andrew his brother. aged by service. 5.FEBRUARY 1. "purifieth himself. with its advantages and its disabilities. But when some weeks later Jesus returned to the same parts. God has appointed the whole period of a thousand years of Christ's reign upon earth as the time for the full proclamation of his gospel." (. the course of consecration entails much suffering. 1927 trheWATCH TOWER 16 But the ministry of reconciliation which ultimately shall bring all men into the knowledge of the love of God was then begun. went for him. and this is also the meaning of the name Peter. says John. These. became the leaders of the early church." (John 1: 42) Cephas means a stone. both through the persecution of those who misun- derstand and through the malignancy of the Dey:l."-l John 3: 3. Jesus saw too that Peter . He that hath this hope.Tesus went to John to be ba})tizcd John's disci}J[cS kncw anything of him. the latter was not then the aged man whom artists portray. When Je· sus and Peter first met. He lived till "old" in the service of his beloved Master. though evidently he was a disciple of . even as he is pure. . Peter was not then present . But he saw Peter's heart.-l Peter 2: 9. he should more proba. The life of the disciple on earth is like that of his Master. with which is associated the joy of the remedial service of bringing mankind into harmony with God. but of some there iB so much said that it becomes comparatively easy to visualize them. How and for what purpose is the Christian being fitted? n 17-19. and died at the hands of cruel men." . and they have it only when the kingdom is established under Christ.J csus and of what h~ had seen and heard when thc visible evidence of the holy spirit had fallen in the shape of a dove. It is a blasphemous claim. of . Jesus saw in the hardy fisherman one who was very pliable to outside influences. How did the truth begin to be spread abroad. and as Peter had already shown his desire to honor God by becoming a disciple of John. there is the present joy of harmony of spirit with God and of the consciousness of his care and blessing.ith them.. 1: 17. But the reward for the sacrifice is great. are being fitted for service with the Lord in the kingdom. 11 The Roman church has claimed that its priests have power to make sacrifice for and to forgive sins. and what has it accomplished? n 13-16. excepting Judas.-John 21: 18. 3 'l'here is no reason . PETER BECOMES A DISCIPLE OF JESUS --APRIL 3-M:ARK 1: 14-19. and Jesus beholding him said. bly be considered as a strong healthy man even younger than Jesus. only those whom God has gathered out have that service. W ITH this lesson a series of studies in the life and writings of Peter is begun. so that there may be now nothing in himself to hinder his service. Of the band of twelve men whom Jesus called that they might be with him in his ministry and who.. have ever endeared him to the church of Christ. and how is it grossly misapplied? Did the apostles have any successors? Are all Christians "fishers of men"? n 1-3. trained in the school of Christ and with the love of Christ constraining them. and also the future joy of unlimited service for him. and how? n 6-8. and for the operation of those remedial measures which shall restore all the willing of mankind to the glory and honor of a perfect human being.. Te whom was the Sermon on ihe Mount addressed? For wh()ln were the Scriptures specially written? How do we know this? n 4. It is twofold.for thinking tlwt "'hcn . Simon means. Is the Christian's prayer always answered? Why does God allow his people to be tempted. "One who hears or obeys. The first phase of its preaching. 2 It has not been the good pleasure of the Lord to give the church familiar particulars of the outward appearance of those who were called to be his chief servants. What human institution pictures the relationship of the church to her Lord? How have Christians been "the salt of the earth"? What has been their mission? n 9-12. which has lasted all the time that Jesus has been away. as Jesus had indicated."-Mar7. and I will make you to become fisne1's of men.

and said that he 'rould make them fishers of men. but.ras married-to enter into the service of the Lord under his direetion. The Lord does not call everyone to leave the ordinary occupations of life to be set apart to be fishers of men. and each one has the privilege of doing something to bring others into the light of truth. he made one which might have taken him very far from the Lord. but the fact remains that there is a corresponding experience for everyone who becomes a disciple of the Lord."-:Matthew 19: 27.'The WATCH TOWER had such qualities within him as could be hardened into a set purpose for righteousness. The boats being unused Jesus asked Peter. N.ras while this stress of emotion was on Peter. 8 Peter's home was in CapernalUl1. who was sick with a fever. We know one incident.yas soon to produce. they were not at the first with him all the time A considerable period passed before Jesus definitely called these four men to join him as his disciples. to launch out into the deep and cast the nets into the sea. tion it surely would have been stated. The little fieet of ships had been out all night and had caught nothing. and had fullest opportunities of seeing that he had a diYine mission. Peter discerning his foolishness and rebuking himself." (Luke 5: 5) Apparently one net was all that Peter thought would be needed. 10 The individuality which was so pronounced in Peter. we have forsaken all. and followed thee. and.. they had just gotten a miraculous draught of fishes. or to Peter and Andrew leaving the little combination of fishing business of which Zebedee was the head. Partaking of their hospitality that day must have been a happy experience in the fisherman's home. and perhaps a little condescendingly. that Jesus. fro him Jesus . In the divine order it came about that this man had much to do with the establishment of the church of God. of becoming a fisher of men. and of learning from him by his life something of what that mission entailed. 0 Lord. called him and the others to join him and explained that he would make them fishers of mell. and later we know that their mother was in friendly relationship. and it seemed as if both the net and the special haul would be lost. Y. who naturally would be the manager. said: "Behold.yas a test. much as Jacob was amol'gst the worthies of old days. The fishes filled it. "Nevertheless. and in the phase of God's service which is now open to his people. he said. 12 It . especially with all the crowds of people about.. Both Jacob and Peter drike a responsive chord. and while the vision of apparent prosperity was before them. how after a miracle wrought in the synagogue in Capernaum one sabbath morning Jesus went to Peter's home and there healed his wife's mother. where Jesus did so many miracles and where after his rejection by his townsmen of Nazareth he also made his home. men whose faults lay close to the surface. 11 When Jesus had done speaking.hose hearts were right toward God. Peter. was disclosed from the time of his call and in the circumstances which caused the miracle of the great draught of fishes. it was sanctified by the beloved Master's presence. 9 Nor could there have been opposition on the part of Zebedee to the course his two sons had taken. But his love and his loyalty. and the grace of the Lord. 13 This phase of consecration and discipleship should ever be kept before the minds of those who are brought into the truth.ras one who would not understand the ways of fish. saved him from the natural consequences of his impulsive errors." (Luke 5: 8) It is almost as if he 'rould have had the Master step out from the boat into the water. but . ignoring Peter's declaration that he was a sinful man. as our studies will remind us. They had seen him from the first days. :referring to this. and while it was before their eyes Jesus called them to come to be with him. thinking that it was not likely that fish could. 11 At the present time. Peter told Jesus that th"y had toiled all night and had caught nothing. l\Ien of active life would be attracted by the possibilities of such service. It is easy to imagine Peter. at thy word I wil11et down the net. and which the opening of the new age . and without hesitancy they accepted the call. in spirit if not in facts of ordinary life. every man feels that these men were so much like himself. for the loan of their boat that he might address the crowd from it. 1 Their call . Without hesitation the four of them left their means of livelihood and their home ties. He who sees the privilege of consecration to God according to the truth revealed in Christ Jesus is separated unto God. Peter made many mistakes. He became God's Ile:rvant for the unlocking of the doors of opportunity which the passing of the age was giving. S In general characteristics Peter was amongst the early band of those whom the Lord drew to himseH and who were so faithful to him. No doubt the departure of these four young men made a great difference to Zebedee. be caught in daylight. but had there been opposi- BROOKLYN. The thought of such a great work as gathering the hearts and minds of men into the truth which they already perceived in Jesus must have appealed to these men. passing along the lake side. That Jesus was in friendly relationship with the families of these disciples is implied rather than stated. -Matthew 20: 20. the experienced fisherman. was followed by crowds of people who were excited by his mission and who followed his every movement. that they might be with him and help him in his ministry. though it is probable that Jesus meaut that the nets of more than one boat should be cast. Jesus. so far as that was possible-for Peter . and whieh in the divine providence was made much use of in Jesus' ministry. there is a greater . said: "Depart from me. as if to reward the brothers for the use of their boat he bade Peter. 6 Though Peter and Andrew and James and John were with Jesus from the beginning. 21. for I am a sinful man.

not only consecration to give the hcart to God. first. the article entitled "The Temple of God". They are trying hard to terrorize the people with the threat of hell if they do not obey. but work for willbg hands and feet. a manifestation of his rather's blessing on it. H. 17 The light of the kingdom giving clearer interpre- tation of the Scripture is confirmed to the Lord's servant. and to remain faithful and fixed upon the rock of truth. 5) . It is again a t~me when the Lord calls men and women to him for direct service. Soon the way of life will be onB of obedience to law. It is beyond all question of a doubt not only that the Lord came to his temple in 1918 but that he thereafter encircled his saints with the robe of righteousness that they might "greatly rejoice in the Lord". had been cast into prison for his fidelity. lived in faith in the promises of God. But they hesitated not. but we may well think that much of this evidence was for the confirmation of the faith of his disciples. Love for God. Was it difficult or eaSy to remain an associate of Jesus at the first advent? How is it today? U 18. as yet it is to the law of love. There can be no doubt but that the "leprosy of Uzziah" Is upon Babylon. and trusted their future in the hands of God. of those men who were soon to be sent into the '\'orld as his apostles. confirm the Christian. and these are so clear that thE'Y correspond to the miracles of the first advent. The manifestation of the truths long hidden in the Word of God. But the call means sacrifice now as it did then. "When these things begin to come to pass. to the doom of the Devil's system." It is all very interesting and encouraging to us and shows that many forces are contributing. for Jesus said this when he asked that his works should \\'itness to him as One sent of God. 1(. I remain Yours in the service of our King. 19 Such faith has ever been rewarded. MeanWhile it is most apparent to God's people who are awake that he is pleased to use us that the heavens may be planted and that the foundations of a new earth may be laid. I am more than delighted in the wonderful truths that are constantly coming forth. Among other things she said: "The priests of this district are in great fear. I was prompted to tell you how much I appreciated it. (John 14: 11) Also he wrought miracles to confirm the faith of John the Baptist (Matthew 11: 4. What did Jesus see in Peter? How was he similar to Jacob? When was he called? 11 4-6.~ STUDY Who was the outstanding personality among the original twelve apostles? '"Vas Peter an old man when he was called? 'Yhen did John the Baptist evidently acquaint his disciples with Jesus? 11 1-3. and ere long the King of glory will fully manifest_himself to poor humanity. into the light of present truth. for your redemption draweth nigh. and threaten various punishments. because he sees that the prophecies are being fulfilled. in the fact of the gift of the holy spirit.lo . \Vhat miracle did Jesus perform in Peter's home? 'Vas Zebedee's household in sympathy with Jesus? Narrate the circumstances of Peter's call to diScipleship. Assuring you again of my fond Christian love for you. uncertainty and darkness. then look up. h1 these days of the Lord's second presence there arc outward evidences that the Lord is wOTking with his people. PHILBluCK. served up to us by our most gracious Lord through you dear brethren. 15 The ready response of these men must have brought great joy to the hEart of Jews. 18 It was no light thing which Jesus presented to these men. Jesus said. to bring their fellow men out of the sea of this world's trouble. She purchased a HARP and three booklets and showed considerable interest as I explained the set. especially the ~'oung people."-Luke 21: 28. Just this morning while canvassing amid Ii strong papal district I met and talked with a fine intelligent woman whose interest In the papacy is rapidly wun- ing. and that there was possible danger to them and perhaps to life itself in their openly avowing themselves as disciples of Jesus of Nazareth. and will continue to be rewarded until the time for such is no more -a time not far hence. They had faith in Jesus and in God who had sent him. It is truly food par excellence.-Ma&. Also they must have known by this time that Jesus was no favorite with the authorities. Strengthened with these things he is enabled to do the Lord's work even under the most difficult cir· cumstances. ~'hey listen to the wails of the priest and then proceed to make dates with each other at church regardless of what he says. through whom they had been blessed' and by whom they had been brought into relationship with Jesus.Ii'EBRUARY 45 'rheWATCH TOWER 1. distress. AN INTERESTING LETTER FOOD PAR EXCELLE~CE DEAR BROTHER RUTHERFORD: After I had studied THE 'VATCII TOWER of Aug. 1921 similarity to the original call than has been possible during the long period of the Lord's absence. L. 19. his cause and his people seems enhanced. for in a measure it was a confirmation of his ministry. But there is an even greater confirmation for the servant of the Lord. 11 7-12. for already John the Baptist. and lift up your heads. and yet the people show small alarm. and with praise to our loving Father for the ever-dawning light of present truth. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAJ. We' know that the miracles \\Tought by Jesus were intended to call the attention d the people to the fact that God had visited his people and had once again sent a Messenger to Israel. for with those who see these truths and rejoice in the Lord's service the fellowship and true mutual love was never so sweet. rrhis is clearly borne out. and the corroboration which comes through the political and religious facts working out in the events of the day. Is every disciple expected to be a fisher of men? Why did Jesus perform miracles? How is our faith confirmed now? 11 13-17. because the day of the kingdom of heaven has come. to be saved to the extent of coming into the knowledge of Jesus Christ.

having palms in given unto everyone of them. until the throne. class. between robe and garments? Having in mind now that a robe represents appro. religion and undefiled before God and the Father is Now the scripture says that to these were given white this. says: "Pure that he had kept the faith. clothed farmer wear the garb of the merchant. Because in this great tribulation they remain faithful to the Lord thcy each are provided with a robe. This aptheir fellow servants also and their brethren. who have had the Lord's Answe1': There is no scripture in the Bible with approval would be included in the class mentioned. them white in the blood of the Lamb. Question: If only the prospective members of the which symbolically represents that they have been faithbride of Christ receive the robe of righteousness when fuL Therefore they stand before the throne and before the Lord comes to hI'S temple. had the Lord's approval. To visit the fatherless and widows in their afllicROBE AND GARMENTS Q 46 . 1927." going through the great tribulation their abiding faith Answer: It will be observed from the context that in the blood of the Lamb wQn for them the Lord's the speaker is here referring to those who were slain for approval. He said that they A shepherd docs not dress like a banker. this approval is represented by the white robe given to A garment is a cloak or covering by which one is each and everyone of them. d 'th th Id H d t h t e wor." having on a long black coat. His countenance is different. (Y.al. How did they finish footsteps of the Master. you Question: What explanation then would we give to would conclude that that man is engaged in or has to do Revelation 7: 14. and his face and fingers were black. The reference to one having his robe spotted. is not difficult for other people to see that he is different from men of the world. You would say that SIT. should be fulfilled.the faithful Christians who had died prior to the Lord's ceived the approval of some higher one who has author. the Word of God and for the testimony which they held. and note where he saw them. and represents approval. you would say. 9) bly ask then. since the day of Pentecost until the coming go to the Lord and have these spots removed? of the Lord to his temple. that they should rest yet for a little season. and his vest likewise buttoned in the rear. You will probawith white robes and with palms in their hands. and they other people. They are the servants of the Lord before them. Answer: As used in the Scriptures a robe sym. Herein it is called the course. It is a means or mark of identi. with mechanical work of some sort. how would we explain the Lamb as approved. in speaking of a true Christian.ATCH the two men? By the garments they are wearing. covered their covenant.we would understand this scripture to mean that all bolically represents that the party wearing it has re. The Apostle Apostle Paul testified just before his death that he knew James. If you were to see a stranger walking on the until the others of their brethren have likewise fulfilled street and he was clothed in. All the faithful a Christian may get his robe spotted but that he may Christians. and he looks different from when the great tribulation comes upon them. and made them white in the blood of the his neck. He can identify himself as a Christian are compelled to take their stand either for the Lord because he recognizes that he has the testimony of the Jesus Christ and on the side of Jehovah or for the Devil Lord through hI'S spirit that he is the Lord's. e oes no ave 0 their course? The inspired writer says. These are they he is a mechanic. and it was said unto their hands. Stated briefly. which reads: "And white robes were robes and are messengers of peace. they will stand on the Lord's side. How would you distinguish between the great company class.coming to his temple. and that they should rest for a little season until UESTION: Will you please show the distinction their fellow servants should !Ie killed as they W~l'e.INTERESTING QUESTIONS robes. 'These came h e IS no mlxe WI out of great tribulation and washed their robes and made wear some special kind of clothing to designate him. nor does a stood before the throne and before the Lamb. How can a garment be used in connection The fact that they stood before the throne and before with a Christian to identify him? The answer is. And he said to me. of TOWER of January 15. but that they must wait for marked or designated. and as such they are approved.' Otherwise stated. thou knowest. If walking along the same street you which came out of great tribulation. robe faithfulness unto death. a blue jumper. and who had maintained that ized or granted to him the robe. If the Lamb shows that at the fulfilment of this vision all a man is faithful to the Lord. as explained in THE W. which reads: "And I said unto him. and have ·washed saw another man wearing his collar buttoned behind their robes. great mu Ititude which comes up through great tribuMen in various paths or walks of life are distinguished lation. and it and his organization. with grease. and is walking in the of them have finished their course.their complete glorification and union with the Lord fication. The writer of Revelation had a vision of this or designated by the clothing or garments they wear. hence they are said to wear white Revelation 6: 11. He then shows that these have died a sacrificial death Question: Is it a proper statement then to say that because of their devotion to the Lord. That man Answer: It is manifest that this scripture describes is a clergyman. and Lamb. his very appearance shows that · t . that should proval they obtain only by reason of the fact that when be killed as they were.

In the 16th verse. except those who have the faith like nnto Abraham.: tOOlstep folltr. thev. . Th. Soon Armageudol1 r. In harmony with this the Apostle Paul states that which is required of all whom the Lord 'rill approve. but he takes hold of the seed of Abraham. and becanse of their iniquities. Question: In Hebrews 2: 15 we read: "And deliver them who through fcar of death were all their lifetime are the ones here referred to subject to bondage. but it does say "the garment spotted by the flesh". Jesus became a man Hnu by his death provided the ransom price. yet if he manifests that he has a good heart and his identification is marred by the flesh. these are sons of Ablaham. but he docs rake hoJd of or select the seed of Abraham. . and one who is truly following in the Master's footsteps keeps himself aloof from such. and they draw near unto the gates of rkath. but he selects irom alllOltg t men those who have the faith such a" AbJ'all~lJit paJ and who prove their faithful devotion unto the LurJ even unto ueath. that in selecting this class he does 110t lay haLl of or select angels. and that llOt keeping it they should die. would keep the covenant they should live. according to the DIAGLOTT.hoyl'l"!.I'd or liberated. Again referring to the definition of garment.' new. DIAGLOTT) This does no1 meiW ib:ct t. Abraham believed God (lllC it was cou11ted to him lor riSihteowme"s. and destroy the DeVIl. hating even the garment spotted by the flesh"? L:lnswer. . that is to say. that is to say. and to keep himself unspotted from the world. by which it may be determined whether he is following after Christ or following after the world. establish IllS kingdom. God made a covenant with that nation and -Pl'omi~ed that if. but govern yourself toward him in proportion as he shows a disposition to desire the mercy and help and blessing of the Lord. and the J Jord God has seleded nobody to be . he says: "Beside~. and his identification as a Christian is in doubt.ill be fought and the Devil will be restrained. those who have th. A'1d he says to those who are really following in the footsteps of the Master: "Keep yourselYes in the love of God.)e~' of his bngdom. now therefore have compassion or mercy upon others. To love him means to unselfishly watch for his interest and to help him. Hate the outward appearance.'· (G"latians 3: 7."--Psalm 107: 11'.ve explain the statement of Jude 23.1tan from heaven. are afflicted: their soul abhorreth all m~l1lne[' of meat. pulling them out of the fire. which reads: "And others save with fear. At the same time he must love his brother who is eonseerateu and begotten of the holy spirit.-2 Corinthians fi: 16-18. and a prospective mem. ancl at th~ conc]nr." that are in fear of death and were all their lifetime ' ' 110 47 subject to bondage? Docs this mean those who C011stitute the great company class? Answer: It does not seem consistent with other scnptures to apply this text to the great company dass." Clearly vvhat the apostle here means is this. visible and invisible.h. 'I'ho are these then that he will liberate. do not be governed by it. cntaillly. A man may be begotten of the holy spirit and anointed. For this wonderful work that the Lord will Jo ill thl' ~l dlennial Age he has not selected angels :18 m~ml)('r:' of his body to work with him.':'ation. and is separate and distinct therefrom. In other scriptures the apostle bas called attention to the fact that the Loru is selecting members of his body to be associated with him in the great work of restoration. Question: How then would . Briefly then. who has the power of death. lor this reason be compassionate with him anu help him insofar as it is possible. and yet so yield to the temptations of the flesh that his identification might be in doubt. Be sent his word and healed them." Otherwise stated. because of their transgression. nor does it say "the garments".W'{ are the natural descendants of AbrClhmn. then the J e\'iS \Yill be l'C'lc'a. that Jesus became a man in order that. The admonition to the Christian is to take his stand firmly on the side of the Lord and remain there. . covenant will be put into op. The nation of Israel. Even though a brother has yielded to the flesh and gone astray. ] 8. He lws now excluc1('r! ~. but that they are the children of Abraham because they arc faithfnl. The word "world" means the Devil's organization. 1921 tion. JI'\\ S [11](1 Gentiles will be blessed. he through death might provide the ransom price. . Jude here is speaking of some who are thus stumbling because of the flesh. yet who still have g00d hearts. and will accept J ems :1~ the ]\I~s3j. The Apostle Paul says: "KllOW yOll. he does not touch the unclean thing. Lhat those of faith. You yourself must have mercy from the Lord. In the preceding verse the apostle states that Jesus partook of flesh and blood that he might destroy the DeVIl. and make a difference between erring brethren and men who are sensual and have not the spirit of the Lord.joJl of that reign of blessedness the Devil will be cl". he does not in any way take hold of angels. It will be noticed that the language here docs not say that it is the robe that is spotted by the flesh. Undoubtedly the prophet of the Loru refers to the same class) \"hrm he says: "Fools.F'l<:nRUARY 'TheWATCH TOWER 1.~ faith like unto Abral1ilm.vcr of his beloved Son. who have hee11 in iear of death and who all their lifetime I':ere hela in bondage? Who has ever been in bondage and in fear of death? The answer is. . When the Lord has establli::hecl his kingdom. that there may be no question about his identification as a Christian.W. And now if you see that your brother is marred by his fleshly tendencies." (1 : 2 i) Be it noted that it here says to keep "himself unspotted from the world". help him get back into the right way. looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life. we understand it to mean that which distinguishes one from another or idcntifies one.. The garment of a Christian therefore would represent his outward appearance. and dcltvered them from their c1estructiol1s.

25 lIlc. " S Dauphin.. 'VaIden._._.vc.. E. 22 23. S l'oillt )Iul'lon... .. Va South Boston. Feb...._.-bow. St. :t\1ar. • _ 2 Seddon. Ind. 15 16 BROTHER H. 1 2 Fort Scott.. TOUTJIAN Monett. 111. ~Jan __ u __ " 28 _. . Ala.. Pa. Md.\llgllstn. l\foFlfall... lIIo... RICE BROTHER G... Ind Mar..enclen('e... §~ 24. Sask......_.22 23 BROTHER J.. 23 Baxter Springs..:!:J :!:! 24.r. l\ld Fl'ostiJurg. Fla.1a. ._. Ala•.T loo... 1.. Dandllc.. 01-.2 " J " 4. H.... Ia \\·aucoma... 1.. 1\10. Pa.. ~3 " Hllhll'.. Fla...3 BruwnsVIlle._..2:3 l\I('~Iinnville.. ~~ (." 23 Marion. •._ _ Feb. 2R Mar. 18 " 20 .port. 2 °8Lincoln. lIIo. Saslr.... ~Ian....ton.Jl :\Iar. " 15 rTarplay.• •." :2-4: Springfield.. 1 23: 27 GriJfton.Feb._. 0':-1\\ ~ln.__. .. 4 6 Fort Pierce..." __ " 9 Atlanta... 1\1d. Sask. 2 i. _.6 Wmmpeg. 1 Leeds._ __ Feb. Fau'bank.•.__. 11 K~no~a...•••. E... _. 'rex. F.. Pa. 22 23._.. 10 j\[elboume... TeA._ Ve1'ona.. . 2·1 " 25 " 27 "a.. lao Feb. Ga. ESHLEMAN Defiance. I~ankakee. __ E~ 'Yheelll1p..l . Fla Mar... Ind.. 1I1dIe~hen.. •••• " 7. 2R. _. Feb.. " 22.. DINGUS We"t Pulm D'eh. Sask.... O .g':-i. 'l'ex...6 7.. . 21. . M. 'a.l:'alrn B'ch...'u. Tex. Ore. 'rex Hearne. ~T~L . BIWTHER H. Dl-. Sask. " lilt._.__. 3. __ Feb. . .. " 24. __ Mar.._on " 17. 7. 11 13 FreepOl t...... N. H 1\~e" bnrgh. .__. 1\. -".. E..10 :IS eodesha.. ... __ 1II. Ga _ .._ __.. Kans.:: I. l\.17 l\ oiJ!eo \'ille. N. 2. Y...... BROTHER A. Ya. Lake Park.. lIIo ---- _ _... l<\. Mo . Feb.. """ . ____..•.. . __ Stottville. Tex... Mar. Tex. Va.. " 8. 8 San AntonIO. lao ..25 Joplin. Tex. .. " " 2:!.. 23... JJ 4.. Ill.lo. 17 Mazenod.. ~ " :: " (. O.. 7 _. 3 Corpus Cristi. __ .2 1I1ar... Chttttanooga.. Kans lilaI'. Ind.__. .luc Island..• " AUl'Jan.._..Mar. Ore..Mar. Ill..• " 14.. 3 A~toria.. ... G _. 4 Alabama City.• " 10. 1\: Y _ 'Yater dIet... o.. .. -''. ~avapn:Jh.e. Pa.. \Vubh•.. l\lar. . 1 Ol'lanllo. . Feb. 'a. Hurt.. _._ BROTHER G. " 21 Guthne. I~~~~i)l~: ~~~: ::~::::::::::: San Antonio. la. Fla. 1Ifar. Poughkeepsie.. 27 Harlingen... 20 Anniston.a~k )l. 1 0' 2 u 3 •• _ ••••••• 'Vinllll)(~g-.. Granville.4 Chica:. _...__. " Elllabeth.._ Tl'chel'lle.. ._.. . WATT 6 7. JJ 13 Elwood. ~~ l\lcKce:o. !lIar. 'V. 1\10 l\rar. Ind Richmonu.. Delray. .• " " 1. Ind.. Ala. Wellt .. .. Va.:\'1un !\lar. .. Lon:l('UJllllg'.. S.8 Quay. 10 GIlhert Plaij~. -_•••• " l\l(\ulltain Grove.. 2... Ala. " 4 Kans.. 2..15 Big ~anrt~'. Ala. MURRAY BOH~El' Fort Wayne. " Urbana. __Mar.' '-' ')4 ]\Ionoll~ahela.2 " 3 •••••. Mich..14 BROTHER W. i ~­ 1(.. Y. . St.••. Ill. O. O.:ans. MACMILLAN' Keysville. Asheville.s. Ill. .. _Feb.. N. _. lIIo. Pa Mar. " 27 J Kelso. are. _ " A\u.\lJen.. 28 Thornton. N. Ill.• 2".. . la.L. . W. Va..10 11 13.. 2. Ore.. Ga _ Feb.. . . 22 E:ey ~Ve~~." 2S 1 1.Ia.. 2"{. 18 BROTHER R. N. Ia ___ . Yn.. l\Ii< h. 28. Man.8 9. " 4. Tex. Ill _ " New Ca. n Ph. ~... Fla.. rex...Feb.•• " Roanoke. J." 7 3 n BROTHER H... 9' BROTHER V.. Tex ::IIar. 14 Moose Jaw.. " 6-8 Colfeynlle... l\Iar...8 .... " 27 __ 1<'eO.. 2 Birmingham... .. . ~Io •..UlHl. _.. 8 l\lar. .. " D. Incl.. TCA.. " Cahool. '27- Corsicana. W.•.a. O PIqua.. ..•. __.. 13.10 Led\:rone... Pa. Ia. 27 Piedmont.__. Sask... 20 21. Ind Ih'['!fo1'd. Va. . . 2-1.._.. Streator.. C... Mar. Scl~k O. Ala. CUTFORTH Roche Perree. . Tex. Fla. 1 2 3 4 ' 6 7 BROTHER J. SII8k. " 9...-o... Y••••.. Md. Elma. R08elanfl._. _ . " 17 18 20 21. Petersburg..stle... ~j Green dlle.. THORN 4 Lebanon. Y .-) LandIng. 15 TJ!llvl1..__' .. " l() 12..:!J Fa~-0tte. 1\10.. ..•.15 Daytona.. N. 11 AnUCl'SOll.__..._ Mar. J.14 BROTHERM..Mar. 20 Falb City.. 1 Yancouver.... 22. Tex. 15.25 27 King. POLLOCR BROTHER H. 28. .••Feb.. . Regina.. Feb.. 10. 21 Canlln.. __ ..••..__ . Tex 0. Ill. " 11. . H. Feb. 7. N. 1 LogansJ)ort.13 TItusVIlle..:rrkl'.6 HH'l'.. 13 1. ROBIE Mercedes. Ind. WILLIAMS Atlanta. Va. " Cre.. N.. " 11 Feb. __ __ _. ]. . Mal'. . H... " 14 Utopia. tJ Lynchburg. Man... Tex.. PINNOCK BROTHER C.10 11. _.... _. 4-.}r.H e\ au.\Iar.. lIlo Feb. HERSEE 1 Onto _ M. O•... S. " 11. Farmland. _ Kerens. . .. 2T . ..APER Webb City.13 't 8.. SuJlley... 1 " 2 Dayton.._" 21 27 :28 Leba non. . Va _ Chatham... 3 BROTHER A. __ Feb. __. W'''h. . __ . Mar. " 22. :-'p1'illgtieJ<!.10 Sintaluta.International Bible Students Association Oasses Lecture~ dnd ptudie~ blJ Trdveling Brethren BROTnER T... Ga. ~ 2.HERR 25 ~~ Three Riyers.. H.• " 9. _ _ . . Duquesne...... 1G Dallas. Dentley\'ille. Batada.~b. ~\'" "a... ~¥ l\IWllll..6 POl'l. O.. Ind J\luiicie. Kans.. N. Ill Aurora.•.8 Portage La Prairie. j\"eevu\va.. 7 G. L0111~ • . 21. . .._ " 21... Ind Tole.elwood... Ill. Fla••. 2.lIlar. ~Iar. Fla.. 1110.. Knoxville. Fla. 27 ] :. .. " 4._ Little Hock._.llpP'." Liberty...)') A then. O '1'1' -.1ll.....towll. .Mar.Feb.• " Sprln~tield. 2... 24. O...JUl'lf'. O.. Va. Pa l\lOllCb:::. Bil'lningh:ull. Ia I'h.. :!:l <)4 ..\. East Radford. Brandon..__ Ashton. R. . 2 3. _ " 1 3 4 6 1 BROTHER J.... 21 . l'a. 17. Ala.lll." " 9._. ----. __.!dan'l1..... 'rpx. Y Albany. O.. .. Y.. .. W. l(ans. . 01'e.. _. 9 Par~olls. ... Dam-ille. _ " Detl'OIt. \Yul.:23 l'ol'tland Ore. Fla.. Ill.....9 10 11 13. Tex. Ind . " 27 Pittsburg... C..s. 20 Van ""ert. __ " 21. 8._." 7 ilend... .. O. .. Joliet.. HAZLETT :Fairlllont. Y ~1rov.. Y. . BARRER PulaskI._ " 18. __. 'rex.. N.. 6 ~la tltis._ •• nlar...__ Rochelle. 27 5.. Man. Ala. Tenn..23 Pell City. Ore....16 Mossbank... 1\10. 21.... Ilpplcr. :: 23. . Kans. Pa. () l\iall. Ya. 20 Assinibola. 4. __ 7 "n ..••••.. Dubuque. 'l'C'.6 Brilliant. Texarkana..:ranlpa. Tljlpe<:anoe Cl t. . . . Ill.._ .Feb.. 28.._.en.18 BROTHER W.. ~lleh. Oelwein. O. 14. \Va~h " 4." 7 . . " 10-13 SnlJinul..••. .. Mun. Fla. Man.__. "_'__ 9..\ a. Ark....:\10. Y••••_ . Fl]a. __... \V. la.. L.. . . . " :MOllI'Oe. BROTHER S. B. Ala..r. Pa. .. . C..._e_.13 14. ]~eb..

tlCS::. 62 Those Coming into the Truth Sll1('e lOU..1l1 to rollie to 1)35'1.4 SE~!T-MONTHLY Anno Mundi 6055-Febl"uary 15.""V"".ling to t\e 'thing'.. .'::3~I{)X "'_"_" •. the sea and the ._.STIONS Upon the f<ll'th di<. (j1... ::\1.WilSU. rCJOl<:e.flU. Lulie 31' ~:l-:n . _ . 1'c::11lle": (j2 "The Joy of the Lord" __ ..__ ~ _.. ~4: 0.3 NOTlIIKG I:QUALS SEll"lrE (Letter) G3 INTER:<ATIOKAL CmlVEKTlOK Fon Hl27 50 l'>lE'JOIllAL FOH I!l:!7 50 PETr:nJs GREA'l' INTCW:STDIG CO~Fr.... "' .:J-f .'. ...1 bt' <'ll'lli:t l .. llG 58 IN 1'nUST GO 62 HTlus GeneratIOn" of 1\I.ll'ing..3 J")--! 36 . f'!1'11il'" lH"'I' ttl(> ('fllth· for tIll' pml(' S nf f1'(· hpwen" ". • • \\)'I'n ~i:" ~ee llH'~C thIng" tW~. _- __ .1.. thpn 101m\ th'lt :11" 1\1 1" / n of Gw] 1I' l" It un. . 1927 CONTENTS SEnVAI>T--GOOD ""n Jehovah's Servant EnL """"'" ~ __ .. COIning to His r..tl'e8~ of nations: with pCfP1e\:ity.r~rnpl(' Evil Servant Light ttoIll the ']'Qll1ple PEl GIl'S LESSON __ ..••. _ His Goods .uthcw 2-1 . rncn·s hearts failing them for fear and for 111. ]l~t up .1rl.Ulls@i"-IzaiaIJ VOL..:.1.~. 62 \Yllat Is It to "Inqulte in lli:-.1.YoUI' beaus._. l1b(onfcnted) 1 Oi. fp] your Iedl'l1l}. 51 __ [)~ .• __ J( ~~ ~ QU..~' l. _ .~n~mi1l1lS WWll~fl~9Wlil. XLVIII No. 1:3 2n.'c:.l t1l{mcth lllgh --<\Litt.••..ltlCfry1MJ~1Ji)9~~i&~ ~flt~~Hi~1ht? Q<. (..__ .

7s.e to ranch offices oltly. It is only short distance from Niagara Falls. whicb marks ess or Posrol Money Ordel'8..ire. as a rule.40 K65 do with CQflcm'dtwce . but by International Postal loney Orders only. Canada. may be e"peeted to appeal' on address label wllhm one nonth. (Fot'eiy_ translations ot this jOflrnal appear in several lanf}ua[Jes. THAT THE HOPE of the peoples of earth is restO\'atioll to human pel'fection dnl'ing the reign of Christ.Journal one llonth before the subscl'iption e''l.:eness.Re~rl a card of aeknowl: Id"ement for a renewal or for a new sUbs~rlptl~n. N. and creeds of men. THAT GOD created the eaeW foe mal{' created pCl'ie~t mall for the earth and placed him upon It.35 P130 do Full Leather..Students who. announces conventions.afford opportunity to every mall to have a fair trt~ll for life and those Wl10 obey will lh'e on cal·th for ever in a state of happiness.. One of the buildings has a sel1ting ~pacity f ten thou>.._. m.. R. m.. tbat man WIl· fUlly disolJeyed God's law and was sentenced to death. Hem] and Dorl._. .65 P135 do with concordance . has been PUBLISHED BY WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 ADAMS STREET· ' .. that thl: reign of ClIrist "'ill.4._.. and is froUl everlasting to everlasting. London W. If does not indulge in controversies. Lancaster Gate. Announcement is made at this time that the brethren may begin to make preparations. VAN AMP-URGH J.__.herhlty. U. grow in his lil. .tuuics.\LA:::.Irooklyn office. le~rrYin~ notice of expitation) will be sent WIth the . constitutes the "seed of Aumham" through which all thE families of the l':trtll shall be blessed._ . . 'v. F._ . CQunting fourteen days thereafter the fourteenth of Nisan begins at sundown._. FOREIGN OFFICES: British: 34 Cran!ll' Tllrrace. EDITORIAL COUMlTTEE W.THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION WATCH TOWER BIBLE ~ND TRACT SOC1KTy'for the purpose oj aiding the people to understand the divine plan. tJwt Cluist. that the mission oj the church is to follow in the footsteps of her Lor(] Cilrist Jesus. and gives the reports ther~f. national Sunday School lessons are treated in harmony with the Scriptm·es.Jesus the divine arOse from the dead. .00..luly 18tl1 to 20th.f thcy send. Y AN AUUUl\Gll Scry & Trcus.Y. N. al'e ullalJle to pay for Utis j~ur"al.Change {)f add".._. 5.and. $1. that he gave l1is life a sacrifice for man and tllereby pl"Oduced the ransom price. segregated from the busY travel. Ontario.. T HIS journal is pUblished by the TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH THAT JEHOVAH Is We only true God. Please address the SOCIETY ill eYet''y ease. . give testimony to the namE' and plan of Jehovah God. 5.f more than five hundred thousau(l.:._.uinox occurs in the morning of April 2nd. South Africa. It iE tree from parties. .._. We ~re not only wHUn:...__. Mail Matter at Brooklyn. about 6 p. Amerkan remittllnC<'s "1". Bretllren are \xpected from muny countries. that nil SHell be on our UHt contmually aud in totleb with the Dercan ._.ltstnllll3ian: 495 Collins St. und presented the value of his human sacrifice as the redemptive price for man..5."tal .__..'aveling speakel's.__.. HE~fEllY 1.. It is a railwuy center. Prcsifif>nt RUTUEltFORD E.s fullows: The new moon nearest tile spring eq. that by reason of Adam's wrongfUl act all men al'e born sinners and witllOut the right to life. Toronto. J. liDd its eolumns are not open to personalities.. It is ellpected that the entire proceedings f the convention will be broadea:st froUl our own statiQll. by reason of bId affe or other infirmity or a. The grounds are situated on the lake ront. BARBER RUTHERFORD COWARD E. Toronto is the capital of Ontari0 and hus a population . Therefore the Bible has become a reproa~h in the eyes of many people.. ly invites a careiuI examination of its utterances in the light of tbe infallible Word of God. April JiJth. Canadian. ascendcd into heaven... that the Logos was the begi\llling of his creation._ . BROOKLYN. It provides ssstematic Bible study ill whiclJ aU its readers may reguhltly enga~ It gives announcement of t11. at ~oronto. will be bupplied free i.• Cape Town._. nntIsh. THAT THE W(}RLD HAS ENDED~ that the Lord Jesus ha~ retumed and is HOW vresent.he lI1ad._. THAT for many centuries God.50.. It does not assume a dogmatic attitude.57 K70 dl> Fun l~atheT . that he is now the LOi'U . Tile city has provided ts beautiful fair grounds and all its bUildings for the onvention. tllllt the Logos became a man. AVS'IIl. The method of cakulation is n.__.. It is the Word of God. 1927 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION The general convention of the lnternalional Bib1e Students ~ssodation for 1927 will be held .. _. Canadian: 38-40 Irwin A\"~nue. . outh Afriettn and Australasian rQII11ttanres "houl" ..ct ot Marcl' 3rd.. K75 do with concordance _. _when 'equested. the Maker of heaven and enrth.: . sects. French "Morocco . South Afnca: G LeUe St. E. CANADA A':'>D MISCELLANEOUS FOREIGN $1."'!l'd each May stating their case and rellueNtlll~ suell prOYISlOll.ld be n~mle bv.f€SUs Christ in ~lory. which is Friday._4. . Melbourne.20 For Patent Inlle:x: add 50¢ to above prices . Announcem('nt if> made now to pennlt tbe friends throughout the earth to get ready. OF1"lCRR8 J. A reJ?ewal blan!. through Christ.85._. and the people should be induced to love it.. 2. . S. t trF:R~lS TO THE LOUD'S Po on : All nible.__..'. . H._. ~""- remote control being installed at the convention auditorium. There seemed no good reason why the Bible should not be bound as other books ure bound.. . A.1. April 15th. that Jehovah has placed ClItist Jesus upon his throne and now commands all nations and peoples to hear and obey him._. .. All classes desiring to 1101<1 IOc'lll conventions should notify the SOCiETY as early as possible so that pilgrims may be routed in that way if at all possible._$4. and in a very leasant l~lltion.) MEMORIAL FOR 1921 The memorial of our Lord's death will be celebrated in 1927 on I!~riday.HN. F.3. THAT JESUS was made a human being in order that be might become the Hedeeuwr of man. ._. BIBLES The Bible because of its binding has always been associated WIth the ecelesiastics..3. selecting from amongst men the members of his ellUl'Cn which constitutes the body of Christ.. GREAT BUI'r. that .. This will be the only large convention during the year. 'iJntered a8 Second alas. The Inter. Y. BeloW we give a list: P120 41 x7~. It adheres strictly to the Bible as God's revealed Word of TrutlL It stands firmly upon th( grent ransom sacrifice as the fundamental doctrine by wblch aU doctl'ines are meHsured.e visits made to Biblf classes by tl. 1819. . clothed with all power in heaven and earth.00 P125 do with concordance .IA AND SOUTll AFRICA. with another hundreu housand in the vicinity. Remittances fl'6ln b':attereu foreIgn terntory ay be made to the 1. ! IyEARLY SUBSCRIPTION FRI~E: UlI"lTVD STATES. r-'otice (I) Subscribers: We do not. and ultimately be glorificll with Christ Jesus in !Jis heavenly kingdom. The SOCIETY has arranged to furnish Bibles in plain binding at moderate Pl'ices.V.80 KoO 41 x ui French Morocco . the beginning of Nisan at sundown on that day. or loy Bank Draft. uut confident. but anxious. PQstoflice• •1. after () p. Australia.

and shows the onelleES of the latter. for authority. and are counted as members of his body-not being considered as individuals. the apostle states that God ''hath put all things under his feet. The apostle. to wit." (1 Corinthians 12: 13. These facts show the oneness of Christ. "But now hath 51 . There Jesus was anointed of the holy spirit. This oneness God began to foreshadow in the ceremonies provided for the Israelites. whether we be bond or free. 'l'hese are all one in Christ. signifying that they looked to their head.&tJvVATCH TOWER AND I~ERALD OF CHRiSTS PRESENCE Vol. 133: 1-3) The antitype of this began with Jesus' baptism at the Jordan. ran down upon his beard and his garments. and all action must be taken in harmony with the Head. poured upon the high priest's head.-John 17: 16-21.17. 7 It is made plain in the Scriptures that all are called in one hope of their calling. XLVIII 15. That seed is composed of Jesus Christ the Head. Since then all who have received an anointing from God have received it through Christ Jesus. This anointing signified that he was commissioned as God's representative. to give them meat in due season? Blessed is that servant. T HE greatest promise to man is." That promise involves the ransom sacrifice. and the church making up the members of his body. covering his body. even all ye are called in one hope of your calling. (Psa. 14) This arrangement is made by Jehovah. which anointing came from Jehovah through the beloved Son. The anointing constitutes the authority to act. whom his lord. he spoke only of one seed. in connection with his statement of the function to be performed by each member of the body. and that they would be controlled by his mind and his will and not by their own. -Colossians 3: 15. and that if they would share with him in his kingdom they must share with him in his suffering and death. In the institution of men to serve in the priest's office Aaron and his sons were selected and brought before the Lord. and he sets the members in the body for his purposes.46. he prayed that they might be made one. thus saying in effect that all the underpriests received their authority through the head. but many. and that all those who are begotten and anointed of the spirit are one body and one spirit. For those who were faithful to him and for all those who should afterwards believe on his name and be faithful.nd wise servant. 3 The anointing oil. The anointlng oil was poured upon the head of Aaron. whom his lord hath made ruler over his household. "In thy seed shall all the famBiC's of the earth be blessed. and gave him [Christ] to be the head over all things to the church. their Head. 23). . 10~ 16.-Galatians 3: 28. and are therefore one. At Pentecost the disciples received the anointing of the holy spirit. and explained that this symbolized the breaking of his body and the pouring out of his life. shall find so doing. is used to illustrate the body of Christ." (Ephesians 4: 4) Again. which is his body" (Ephesians 1: 22. 1927 FEBRUARY No. because without "the seed" the ransom price would not function. and one spirit.-1 Cor. and was about to take his departure. The Christ.4 SERVANT-GOOD AND EVIL "Who then is a faithfttl a. Later the apostle defined the meaning of this memorial. I Jesus had been on earth for three and one-half years. and that the drinking of the blood represents the sharing of the members with the Head in a soonficial death-that all are of one bread and that aU are of one body. For the body is not one member. whether we be Jews or Gentiles. (Leviticus 8: 12) The sons were required to wear bonnets. the Head. when he cometh. and "Ye are called in one body". 6 When Jesus instituted the memorial of his death he invited his disciples to eat of the bread and partake of the wine. "There is one body. 8 The human body. and have been all made to drink into one spirit. God ditl not say that the promise involves "seeds". and declared that the bread represents the common union of the body members with the Head and with each other. the high priest. and not upon the heads of his sons. "The seed" is God's Anointed One."Matthew £4: 45. says: "For by one spirit are we all baptized into one body. with its various members each performing its proper function under the supervisioll of the head. He had laid the foundation of the church and had selected his disciplell from out of the world. ALL IN ONE 2 The Scriptures abundantly testify to the oneness of Christ.

Revelation 19: 11-14) These scriptures prove conclusively the oneness of ClJrist. 19) Jesus dilected his disciples to go forth and fulfil this commission by preaching the gospel of his kingdom. (Psalm 110: 3. Jehovah God is Master over all. and will hold thine hand. and commanded that they should go forth and preach the same. and bring from the prison houses the prisoners who are there held by their prison keepers because of fear. and to liberate them who are held in darkness. identifies the one commissioned in Isaiah 61: 1. (Matthew 10: 7. and will keep thee. Each member of the body is commissioned to do his part of the work here designated. under the supervision of the Head. The Christ therefore is his elect. Hebrews 10: 12.r esus applied the terms of this commission to himself. JEHQYAH'S SERVANT A servant is one who is commissioned and empowered to work for or serve in behalf of his master. and an alien unto my mother's children. to wit: "I the Lord have called thee in righteousness."-Isaiah 42: 6. This they were to do both while he was with them and after he was taken away from them. 12 When Jesus ascended on high he was commanded to sit down and remain inactive as against the Devil until God's due time to make the enemy his footstool. but thou observest not. 15 Concerning this Servant.2."-Isaiah 42: 4. to open the blind eyes. and give thee for a covenant of the people. they constitute therefore a part of The Servant. by reason of the fact that he is a member of the body of Christ. Now ye are the body of Christ.10) When Jesus had finished his earthly ministry he committed to his disciples. This elect or chosen one. 11 The Lord . it is the chosen seed of promise through whom the blessings of God shall come to the people. When the Lord comes forth to judge and to make war these faithful body members are shown as following after him as his willing supporters. and this work is set forth by the terms of the commission. It is upon this elect Servant that the Lord God puts his spirit. Christ Jesus. 10 When Jehovah anointed his beloved Son with his spirit he thereby commissioned him to do a specific work. and who is always acting in harmony with Jehovah's will. as his elect Servant.l1y things. and those who thereafter should become his disciples. "Who is blind. Then it was that the body members on earth were permitted to have an understanding of the Devil's organization. Luke 9: 6. and the harmonious action always of Jesus Chri"t the Head and his faithful members. let not those that seek thee be confounded for my sake. 16 Having identified his Servant as his beloved elect. for a light of the Gentiles. Christ Jesus himself is called God's "righteous servant". That One is his beloved Son Christ Jesus. 14 The "elect of God" means the chosen one or selected one to carry out God's purposes. to proclaim liberty to the captives."-Isaiah 61: 1. as my messenger that I sent? who is blind as he that is perfect. BROOKLYN. 17 It is this Servant then that must bear the light of truth to the nations of earth. and members in particular.-Matthew 28: 20. to bring out the prisoners fr<lm the prison. he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. lS Then the Lord shows the absolute devotion of his Servant to the cause of righteousness. %.body members do they must do in the name of the Head. then Jehovah more specifically defines the duties of that Servant."-Psalm 69: 5-8. (Psalm 110: 1. The Lord is well 18 . . and it is to this Servant that the Lord God commits the authority of judgment. mine elect. through his prophet. That elect or chosen one is thus composed of Christ Jesus the Head and those members of his body who shall prove faithful. N. There is One whom ~ehovah has commissioned to carry his plan into operatIon. till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law. as it hath pleased him. . whom I uphold. the interests of his kingdom. be ashamed for my sake. Let not them that wait on thee. but he heareth not. and the opening of the prison to them that are bound. It is he who planned and is executing and carrying out his plan in regard to the redemption and deliverance of man. in whom my soul delighteth. God through his prophet says: "Behold my servant. . Because for thy sake I have borne reproach: shame hath covered my face. 13) When the due time came for him to act God sent him forth to perform his duty against Satan. 27. Everything must be done. however. and the day of vengeance of our God. "a God. a Lord God of hosts. the composite body. 2. is The Servant of the Most High God. "He shall not fail nor be discouraged. as distinguished from the Lord's organization.'fhe WATCH TOWER God set the members everyone of them in the body. thou knowest my foolishness. and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house. 0 God of Israel. but my servant? or deaf. to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. as one body. to comfort all that mourn. and open the eyes of the blind that they may understand. 9 So completely is the oneness of Christ recognized in the Scriptures that the Lord Jesus speaks of the weaknesses of the body members as though they were his own weaknesses. and blind as the Lord's servant? Seeing m3. (Isaiah 53: 11) When the body members are added to him and become a part of him. to wit: "The spirit of the Lord God is upon me j because the Lord hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek: he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted. opening the ears. that they might see the beauties and glories of God's plan." (Isaiah 42: 1) 'rhus the Lord. I have put my spirit upon him. 7. All the work that the. and to appreciate the privilege of allying themselves with the Lord. I am become a stranger unto my brethren. and my sins are not hid from thee. This prophecy undoubtedly applies to the Lord Jesus and to the members of his body."-l Corinthians 12: 18. (Luke 4: 18.

(Matthew 25: feed in the ways. speaking to Jesus and for the members of his body. These scriptures further committed to them as God's watchmen. and he shall choose thee. He then related and give thee for a covenant of the people. to far country who. by the Lord Jesus related to the kingdom of heaven. the beloved One of God. to a servant of rulHis disciples had propounded to him a question coners. Servant. to establish that which is known as the parable of the talents. represent BRANCH. as it is writclare my name that I am Jehovah God. resents the full devotion to the Lord and the spirit of 22 Seeing then that The Servant of Jehovah is The that one possesses. and in a day ruled their question in order that he might use the of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee. 24 Here the prophet of God not only shows that the has turned a deaf ear to every word of enticement. He the earth. in this text is Christ. when the Lord shall bring again Zion. and the Holy One cerning his second coming. and use their best endeavors to as God's elect Servant.' (Isaiah 43: 10. calls his serthem that are in darkness. 1927 CfheWATCH TOWER 63 pleased for his righteousness' sake. SpeaJring of eth. thy fellows that sit before thee: for they are men won. to him whom the nation abhorreth. to him whom man despiseth. the Redeemer of 25 Almost all the parables or dark sayings proclaimed Israel. and is in proportion to one's being filled with the spirit of the Lord. because of the Lord that is faithful. All of 118 The human body is used to picture the body of Christ. 26 The goods mentioned in this parable undoubtedly fact that each member of the body on earth is an amrepresent kingdom interests. of course. and his Holy One. and reckoneth with them. Go forth. The feet of a body of necessity are the members t'hem collectively had possession of his "goods". writing concerning his SerHIS GOODS vant. princes also shall worship. sus was crucified he said unto his disciples: "I appoint and sometimes it is applied only to the members of the unto you a kingdom. with the 12) This applies likewise to the Head of the faithful voice together shall they sing. they are also the servants of Christ himself. They watch for identify the Lord Jesus Christ and his body members the kingdom interests.A complete consecration to the Lord. that saith unto Zion. They shall vants and delivers unto them his goods. and the Apostle Paul."-Isaiah members of the body. feet of him that bringeth good tidings. before he departs. For this reason Jehovah is pleased with his righteous Ser. that pubwould terrd to turn his mind away from God. and the spirit of the Lord. the lord of those servants COlndoubt as to who constitutes his Servant. occasion to teach important lessons. Ability here mmns says: "Hear now. makes it so clear that there is no 28 "After a long time. after calling attention to the who is their Head. a joyful submission dered at. through his prophet."-Isaiah 42: 19-21. 52: 8. applies this same prophecy to the body members. according to their several ability. Thy God reignall times has been faithful and true to his Father. 21 This prophecy clearly applies to the Lord Jesus. He eth !"-lsaiah 52: 7. he will magnify the the last members on earth who represent The Christ. the measure of one's consecration. 0 Joshua the high priest. God. but no doubt the Lord overIn an acceptable time have I heard thee. the Lord Christ. ten: "Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice. and make it honourable. thou. He at lisheth salvation. and represent all of his kingdom interests. for they shall see eye to eye. for behold. which nearest to the earth.proclaiming the message of his kingdom. Therefore we may properly say that ability rephere designated as Jehovah's Servant. Thus saith the Lord. in proportion as llach one has devoted himself to the Lord. Then the prophet says to this safeguard those interests. and their pastures shall be in all high 14-19) The Christ collectively is The Servant of Jehovah God.faithful members on earth are a part of the body of vant. and this righteous Servant magnifies Jehovah's Christ."-Isaiah 49: 1-9. and that The Christ is composed of Jesus and the 27 Talents and goods are both valuable things and faithful members of his body. the import of it." The parable showa that . Just before JeChrist and the members of his body collectively as one. and the body members are a part of that places. in different proportion therefore represent kingdom inFEET OF HIM terests committed unto them individually. he says: "How beautiful upon the mountains are the law. Shew yourselves.FIilBRUARY 16. 2) Again J ehoyah on his departure he gives to the various members talents God. that publisheth 19 'l'he faithful Servant of the Lord Jehovah has always been blind to every temptation or allurement that peace. represents himself as a man about to travel into a that thou maye:st say to the prisoners. says: "Thus saith the Lord." (Zechariah 3: 8) The Branch mentioned man's ability. Such ability increases more and more. They did not understand of Israel. 20 Again God's prophet." (Luke 22: 29) The ((talents" given to his servants body of Christ yet on earth. I will bring forth my servant the to his holy will and a loyal devotion to him. using this figure. but shows that the interests of the kingdom are law and makes it honorable. we find it proper to apply the term "-Servant" to Jesus Christ alone or to Jesus therefore represent kingdom interests. that bringeth good tidings of good. to cause to inherit the desolate heritages. This they do by harmoniously Servant: 'You are commissioned as' my witnesses to de. as my Father hath appointed unto me. The Lord then shows that bassador of Christ. Kings shall see and arise. (2 Oorinthians 6: 1.

(Matthew 13: 30) The fact that a great harvest work progressed from about 18'1'4 forward is the best evidence of the Lord's presence at that time and since. would not have permitted his house to be broken into." 80 The proof is quite clear and convincing that the second presence of our Lord dates from 1874. One who takes a course of action in harmony with the divine rules is wise. The lesson being taught thereby is that the good man should have been watchful. From that time forward the Lord has been doing a preparatory work." (Matthew 24: 27) The word here translated lightning means bright shiner or sun. Jesus had already stated what would be the evidences of his presence. One of the titles given to the Lord Jesus is The Faithful and True. to safeguard and mind the interests of the kingdom of heaven committed unto him. The faithful servant is one who is diligent in using all the faculties with which he is endowed. It was after that time that the work of the . causing one's pathway to increase in brightness. Who is the faithful and wise servant here mentioned? The wise servant is that servant who uses the knowledge he has derived from the Lord according to God's will. is from the Greek word parousia. and shineth even unto the west. shall find so doing. and that from that time forward the Lord Jesus has been gathering together those who have made a covenant with the Lord God by sacrifice. that the question propounded in Matthew 24: 45 does not relate merely to the evidence of the presence of the Lord. of necessity must relate to the time when the man who has been traveling in a far country returns to his servants and arrives at where they are. even so now The Scnant mud be watchful. and they do synchronize. The parable then shows that when the Lord does come and take account with his servants he finds two classes. relates to a "faithful and wise servant". referred to in the beginning of Matthew 24th chapter. suddenly comes to his temple. That also synchronizes with the time when the Lord began the fulfilment of the parable of the talents. is the same as the time related to the fulfilment of the prophecy concerning the details. The Lord then gives an illustration of how the good man of the house. 83 The important question now under consideration is. It will be observed. HIS COMING 211 The text first hereinabove cited. 36 Let us now consider the words of the Lord Jesus. 24: 42. whom his Lord hath made ruler over his household. translating literally the Greek word "coming" where it appears. represented by all his goods. be a fiery time. Y. 84 The presence of the Lord. Who then is a faithful and wise servant. for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come [arrive]. as related to that question. Then to his disciples he said: "Wateh therefore. the Son of man cometh [arrives]. had he known just when the thief would come. it seems. shall find so doing. From 1874 forward the truth has been gradually unfolded. however. The light upon the pathway of the Christian has increased more and more as the perfect day has approached. (Psalm 50: 5) Jesus declared that he would be present in the end of the age and 'londnct the harvest work. But the word used with reference to his coming when he finds his Servant faithful and wise is from an entirely different word. and that it Will BROOKLYN. and the harvest work has progressed. Jesus stated that one of the signs of his presence would be this: "For as the lightning cometh out of the east. 87 It does not seem reasonable to apply these verses to the time of the presence of the Lord in 1874. COMING TO HIS TEMPLE 83 The Scriptures show that at the end of the day of God's preparation the Lord Jesus."-Matt. the light has increased. and under consideration in this article. and means to arrive. to wit. As the sun arises in the east and travels gradually toward the west. During this preparatory work the great tl:uths that had long been hid from God's people by reason of the action of the enemy were restored to his people.-Proverbs 4: 18. whom his Lord. N. as God's Messenger. even so has it been during the presence of the Lord. and the fulfilment of the parable of the talents. 3'1. The scriptures relative to the Lord coming to his temple show that he comes for the purpose of examination and judgment. One of these classes he calls "good and faithful" and the other class he calls "wicked". He then adds: "Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not.neWATCH TOWER the tirr'~ must come when the Lord would return to take a~!lcunt with his servants to whom he had committed the kingdom interests. which would mean a gathering work. 82 The best proof of the time of the fulfilment of a prophecy or prophetic utterance is the physical facts showing its 'fulfilment. or parousia. erchomai. must of necessity synchronize. so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Among other things." This arriving (erchomai). when he cometh [arrives]. Therefore the coming to his temple. and all of the opportunities he has. The question is pl:opounded: "Who then is a faithful and wise servant?" And then the statement is made: "Blessed is that servant. 46. There was no one in 18U feeding the household of faith meat in due season. The context shows that he comes for the purpose of judgment. It will be found that the time. Proof has heretofore been submitted in THE WATCH TOWER which it is believed conclusively shows that the Lord came to his temple in 1918. whom his Lord when he cometh. to give them meat in due season? Blessed is that servant. So far as the facts show there was no one at that time who was specially examined and found approved and made ruler over all of the Lord's goods. (Malachi 3: 1-3) The parable of the talents shows that the Lord comes to take account with his servants.

I will malce thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lwd." H Surely those whom the Lord found faithful when he came to his temple were blessed. the irresistible conclusion is thai the scriptme applies in 1918. that he shall malce him ruler over all his goods. behold. 5) The inference must now be drawn that when the Lord comes to his temple he finds a faithful and wise Servant class. joyfully proclaiming the message of his kingdom. and these have appreciated the fact that the joy of the Lord is their strength. To them God has giyen 11 clearer vision of his plan than they had before. 88 The scriptures heretofore cited prove beyond a question of a doubt that God's chosen Servant whom he approves and in whom he delights is The Christ. and the finding that these facts exactly fit. Verily I say unto you. This has encouraged them to greater activity and loving zeal for the Lord. Well done. and declaring tha. 25: 20. 44 There was a wide distribution of some free literature in the latter part of 1917 and the beginning of 1918.FlilBRUARl' 15. he came to his temple to take account first with his senants.t . and I am going to make you ruler over many things. and he expresses his pleasure in them and appoints unto them greater things. In harmony with his prophecy there have come flashes of light from the temple.' This corresponds exactly with what Jesus said in Matthew 24: 46. 47: "Blessed is that servant. and since the Scriptures definitely locate The Servant as The Christ. b:tifyillg that Jehovah is God. there were a few consecrated Christians throughout the earth who stood firm for the Lord and for his cause. His lord said unto him. made up of those whom he finds faithful at the time he comes to his temple. His household consisted of all the spirit begotten ones. It was put out by the SOCIETY. The consecrated Chri&tians were being persecuted by the Devil's organization. 407 Jesus said that he would make them 'ruler over all his goods'. It seemed to be the Lord's will that this work should go on. It brought much persecution upon the Lord's people. Lord. and the 42 Devil and his angels on the othe! side. but because of your faithfulness I will make you ruler over many things. and this added to the persecution of those who were faithfully striving to serve the Lord and watch for his kingdom interests. In harmony with the parable. There followed a fight in heaven-the Lord J esllS on one side. and particularly the work of l'p. suppoxted by his angels. after the Lord came to his temple and began taking account with those to whom he had committed kingdom interests."-Matt. At the same time they were putting forth their hest efforts to serve with meat in due season all those who believed in the Lord. To rule. With no boasting these can truly say that they are blessed of the Lord. 1927 'The WATCH TOWER harvest appeared. "And £0 he that had received five talents. his kingdom interests committed to them.". (Acts 9: 4. There was a wide circulation of Volume Seven of STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES. made up of members who have acted wisely and who are faithful. and each one had been faithful in proportion to his ability and opportunity. because gi\'en wider opportunities of service. Now let each one answer the question for his own satisfaction: Who on earth are now earnestly and zealously looking after the kingdom interests by proclaiming the day of God's vengeance. shall und so doing. It was as though he had said to them in audible phrase: "You have proved your faithfulness under adversity. THE FACTS One of the best evidences of the correct understanding of a scripture is the application of the facts to the scripture.toration of the truths concerning the ransom. 39 The parable of the talents shows that when the Lord comes to his temple he does find a class to whom he has committed kingdom interests. thou deliveredst unto me five talents. These had been faithful in looking after his goods. You have not accomplished any profit to me. In 1914 the Lord took unto himseli his great power as King. came and brought other five talents.-1 Peter 4: 17. 21. saying. that is. Enter now into the joy of your Lord. and that the Scriptures often speak of the body members as the Lord. It would mean then that those faithful ones are designated by the Lord to look after his kingdom interests on the earth. illuminating the minds of the faithful ones. that '}'he Christ consists of Jesus and the faithful members of his body. that is to say. restitution and the second presence of the Lord. because they are a part of the Lord. This literature specifically declared the prc"cnce of the kingdom. I have gained beside them five talents more. as stated here." 46 Since that time those who have loved the Lo-rd and have had his spirit have gone forward. The kingdom interests seemed to demand it. means to be appointed as a convoy or guard or escort. the \\'ilr furnishing a pretext for this wicked persecution. and to all such the Lord said: 'You have been faithful. then the irresistible conclusion is that "the faithful and wise servant" mentioned by the Lard is a class. and were putting forth their be~t efforts to declare the message of his kingdom. Since the words of the Master show that he refers to the time when he arrives to take account with his Servant. The Devil was cast out. 43 There was much distress and perplexity on the earth at that time. when he cometh. It caused a division. whom his lord. Since Jesus speaka of his body members as himself. Then the Lord came suddenly to his temple. Judgment must be~ gin at the house of God. 40 There wer-e some who had five talents and some who had two. holding up the standard for the people. ~ otwithstanding this. because they are the household of faith. thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things. 45 After the persecution of 1918 those who had stood firm for the Lord were more highly honored by him than ever.

and appoint him his portion with the hypocritf's: there shall be weeping and gnashing of tecth. Rnu to eat and drink with the drunken: the lord of that senant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him. It is clearly manifest from the scriptures hereinbefore cited that the elect Servant of God is Christ. He never made that claim himself. many of them at least. and a dark time was on the church. and since. 25: 26. sleep in 54 . And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. • Take therefore the talent from him. sage of his kingdom. the kingdom of heaven is at hand? All who answer truly must admit that there is but one small body of Christian people on earth. and to look after my household under my supervision. . which was the beginning of 1918. and in an hour that he is not aware of. and in an hour that he is not aware of. 51 Call to mind now the facts. who had taken a different course. That the Lord used him more wonderfully than anyone on earth since St. the Lord has never promised to make one man the cnstodian of all of his interests on earth. • . He judges us by our faithful devotion to him. 53 The facts show that the controversy and trouble and smiting began in 1917. were the objects of the assaults of the others. and who still remained faithful to the Lord. but does haye reference to the feet members of Christ on earth -those who are blind to everything except to the will of the Lord. 48 There seems to be no ground. Y. walking together as one. The parable of the talents shows that some of rrhat Servant class. and when the division came at the temple judgment he said to the faithful members on earth: 'To you I will commit the duty to guard the interests of my kingdom..CfheWATCH TOWER BnOOKLYN. 52 The "drunken" mentioned in the above text of necessity must be that class mentioned by the Apostle Paul as dnmkcn on the false doctrines of this world. the night. "For they that sleep. It is only the wise and faithful that God has promised shall be preserved in this time of stress. That would be doing violence to the scripture. and to such the Lord said: "Thou wicked and slothful servant. That Brothcr Russcll was greatly used of the Lord no one can doubt who knew him. were found to be unfaithful. before the Lord came to his temple. and that these are working harmoniously together to this end. 67 The Lord is no respecter of persons. for concluding that "the faithful and wise servant" refers to any individual person. together harmoniously proclaiming the mes. that is to say. The evil servant clearly does not refer to an individual human being. and shall begin to smite his fellowservants. LIGHT FROM THE TEMPLE 49 All who were begotten and anointed of the holy spirit and thereby in Christ constituted a part of The Servant class. and they refused to do any more. Jesus the Head and his body members. "There is no more work to be done". If any Christian becomes unfaithful he withdraws himself from this fuvored Servant class."Psalm 31: 23."-Matt. . when the Lord came to his temple. Paul's day there can be no doubt. All the kingdom interests are the Lord's. The words of the Master are: "The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him. and who are harmoniously lifting up their voices together in declaring his message of the kingdom." specifically applies to Hl'OU1Cr Russell. My lord delayeth his coming." Thos~ who tumed away from present truth in 1917. and collectively acting as his Servant and as his representative on earth as part of God's grf'at elect Servant. all ye his saints: for the Lord preserveth the faithful. 30. but does refer collectively to those who were found unfaithful when the Lord arrived at his temple. 28.' This is both consistent and reasonable. within the meaning of the Scriptures. Some have claimed that the scripture. "The faithful and wise servant. They were not content with this. there began to be a division amongst the Lord's people who claimed to be consecrated and in present truth. This evil servant class. EVIL SERVANT What is here said is no reflection on anything that has heretofore been written. and give it unto him which hath ten talents. 56 In addition to this. and are diligently endeavoring to feed the prisoners who are also of the household of faith. All tlre members of the body of Christ now on earth are one. how that in the latter part of 1917. and they that be drunken are drunken in the night. but went about saying all manner of evil against their fellow servants and smiting them. and that there is none other so doing. N."-Matthew 24: 48-5l. 55 To say that "that faithful and wise servant" specifically applies to one individual and to none other would imply that a large proportion of the body members of Christ could not be classed either as faithful or wise. and that Christ Jesus speaks of these faithful members as a part of himself. those who had bcen fellow servants with them. and shall cut him asunder."-l Thessalonians 5: 7. . Some said. The same class of Christians collectively are feeding each other upon the Word of God. "But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart. But that does not at all affect the explanation of this scripture. "0 love the Lord. This should be a great encouragement to everyone who can now examine himself and see that he is faithful to the Lord and is diligently trying to serve him. 50 Undoubtedly then the evil servant is made up of that part of the Servant class who were found unfaithful when the Lord came to his temple. in substance if not in terms. began to sleep so far as the work was concemed. and they oppose those who have called attention to the fact of the Lord's coming to his temple. do not believe that the Lord has come to his temple.

What question is propounded in the main text under consideration in this article? When did our Lord's second presence begin? What did he then do? How is his presence described in Matthew 24: 27? Explain fully. and to that system no interests of the kingdom are committed. And the many glad responses Make each Id. from this time forward. now. or kingdom interests. II 29-32. When. The words of the Lord in this text were prophetic. The goods of the Lord are all his interests. 61. it is manifest that this scripture could not be unnerstood prior to 1918. 2 shoow the oneness of the Christ! How has this commission been carried out? II 10-12. since 1918. No man is responsible for the interpretation of scripture. and enter into the joy of the LOTd. and fellowship with the world. and has given promise to shield and protect and preserve such against the wiles of the enemy in this hour of stress. HolY has Matthew 24: 43-47 been applied heretofore by some'! Did Brother Hussell so apply the passage? What would such limited application imply respecting all other feet members of Christ? Summarize. The Lord does not interpret his Word in advance. Whoo is the evil servant of Matthew 24: 48-51? What similar fact does the parable of the talents show concerning this? What are the physical facts in the case? IT 49-33. 60 With these physical facts with which we are all familiar now in mind. we're sending forth the message Through the marv'lous Kingdom Voice. What impoortant lesson for the church is contained in this text which a too limited applicatIOn might cause us to ignore? n 60. have every reason to rejoice. and then later permits them to see 'what part they have had. and who. constitute the evil servant class. THE MARVELOUS KINGDOM VOICE "Oh. to give them meat in due season?" (Matthew 24: 45) The answer to this is. Summarize the Scriptural facts hitherto reviewed in this study. and show how they are used in Matthew 24. 1027 CfheWATCH TOWER 58 Furthermore. whom his lord hath made ruler over his household. In what three ways is the term Servant used in the Scriptures? II 18-22. 01 Those who were once anointed and therefore in the Servant class. The kingdom now is here. find the testimony that they have been faithful to the Lord. As we hnald wide the message. To What do the parables and dark sayings of our Lord generally refer? What is the setting of the parable of the talents? 'What are the "goods" and the "talents"? When the lord of the parable returns what two classes does he find? II 25-28. Those found faithful when the Lord comes to his temple. II 38-41. That Christ our King begins his reign. While sighs give place to mirth. Continued faithfulness unto death is required of each one who remains in this wise and faithful Servant class." . What would constitute a servant wise and faithful? Why does it seem nnrt'asonable to apply erchornai to the beginning of the harvest? II 33-37. 59 It is after the Lord comes to his temple that the faithful ones receive the robe of righteousness and the garments of salvation.vhen a prophecy is fulfilled or in course of fulfilment. have refused to participate in announcing the kingdom. How does Isaiah 61: 1. and what does it mean? II 1-5. upon examination of themselves. II 6-9.ndred heart' rejoice 1 For the broken-hearted listen To the comforting refrain: The kingdom now is near at hand. (Imiah 61: 10) Those who.2? How does he otherwise define that Servant's duties? II 13-17. if th3 coming melltioned in the above text refers to the Lord's coming to his temple. the tidings now are speeding To the farthest ends of earth. Send it circling through the air. He permits his people to fulfil or have part in the fulfilment of a sCTipture. What two main facts are emphasized in Isaiah 52: 7? II 23. How may we know when a scripture has been correctly applied? What was our Lord expected to do when he should come to his tempie: What are the facts? II 42-46. It is not of private interpretation.FEnnUARY 15. and then explain the meaning of the Servant of Matthew 24: 46. To those who continue faithful he has promised to grant an abundant entrance into his everlasting Kingdom. What main fact was the memorial intended to emphasize? How else is the oneness of The Christ illustrated in the New Testament? Explain Psalm 69: 5-8. Full many a heart is gladdened. on earth. and . The King has come to reign 1 57 "Yes. is faithfulness in performing his or her part of the covenant with the Lord. it may be understood. The Lord has made this faithful and wise class ruler over all his goods.i. They can see that the evil servant class is not appointed to look after any of the kingdom interests. and the te~t applies after~ he comes to his temple.24. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY What is the greatest promise made to man? What seed Is referred to therein? How was the oneness of The Christ foreshadowed in Israel? When did the antitypical anointing begin. particularly the parable of the talents. IT 54-59. 48. 47. let us read this scripture and answer the question: "Who then is a faithful and wise servant. and who are now entrusted therewith? II 47. let all such rejoice and hope to the end that there shall be granted unto them an abundant entrance into his everlasting kingdom. Seeing that the Lord has committed his work to those who are faithful and who love him. Therefore it now more cleaTly than ever appears to us that the obligation laid upon each one of the Servant class. the Scriptural proofs of the true application. 'rhey can see that the nominal church is completely cast off. and that they are now faithfully trying to keep his commandments. Who is Jehovah's elect and righteous Servant? How does the prophet identify the one commissioned in Isaiah 61: 1. how and why was the Lord to come 00 his temple? Explain the words parousia and erch01lUJ. and who engage in smiting their fellow servants. How is the Servant a ruler over all the Lord's goods? What are the goods. Why is the servant said to be "blind" and "deaf"? How do we know that Isaiah 49: 7-9 applies to the body members? Explain Zechariah 3: 8.

be not afraid. "I thank thee. In their alarm they thought that it was a phantom. But thottgh the other shore was only a few miles away they could not make headway. But soon they heard the voice of the Lord. Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight. T HE incident of Peter's cry to his Master as he was sinking in the lake. It was one of the outstanding days of Jesus' ministry. But this was a miracle witnessed by a whole countryside. they started to go across to the other side of he lake. he began to sink. as manifesting acceptance of his Father's will. we do not know. and adding. be not afraid. These were occasions when Jesus must nccus get close to his Father. 7 Jesus on the mountaintop may have been sheltered from the wind." Jesus said. and. but we do know that he saw the disciples in the stress of the storm. looking at his feet instead of at Jesus. recorded in the passage set for today's study. Lord of heaven and earth. Be of good cheer. and they were afraid. because he had made as if he would haYB passed by them (See Mark 6: 48. It is evident that Jesus had not gone with the disciples to this other side of the lake to stay. 1I The people followed him. the disciples were then to take boat and go across to the other side. occurred a long time after the call of the apostles. getting away from the people he went to his Father in prayer. The disciples rowed hard against the storm. which a boy had brought. and also that of the people's. G While Jesus retired to the mountain the disciples dealt with the people. expecting to reach there before the night clo8ed upon them. it is I. Early next morning. cried. they toiled all night. When meeting with some disappointment among the Pharisees in the south he turned to his Father in acceptance. as the Master had instructed them. and then the disciples reminded him both of his own need for food. accepting his Father's providences.: 27. in his familiar tones speaking to them and saying. but under the unusual conditions fear seized upon him. it is I. for here was a ready road for glory of a certain kind.PETER'S LESSON IN TRUST --APRIL 10-:M:ATTHEw 14: 22-33-- "But straightway. "0 thou of little faith. and inasmuch as the people were ready to follow him as their leader in revolt against the Roman power. with five little barley loaves and two fishes. who was also walking on the watcr but apparently not toward them. Jesus. He fed a multitude of five thousand men besides women and children. and hast 1'e- vealed them unto babes". "Lord. "Come."-Matthew 11. and instead of getting the rest he desired. where Jesus then was. Jesus spake unto them. which was not so densely populated as the western or Galilean side. with the people all excited because of the miracles he had been doing and because of the wondrous words which they had heard fall from his lips. Jesus found himself encompassed with thomands of people who craved to hear him and to see miracles wrought. always blflanced because of his loyalty to his Father. some in boats. He talked with them well on into the day. after a very busy time of mini~try ill Capernaum. "Even so. ':Lord. But the Master bade his disciples dismiss the crowd. and many times that night their lives must have seemed to them to be in peril. bid me come unto thee on the water. and fearless of the storm. It is hard to suppose that Peter the fisherman was unable to swim. put himself into the safest possible position. saying. if it be thou. Then he wrought one of his greatest miracles. impulsive. while he himself would go up into the mouutain apart. or that under ordinary circumstances he would have been fearful of putting his swimming powers to the test. Taking ship across the northern part of the little sea of Galilee he made for the eastern shore. 26) rrhese words indicate that our Lord had been working along a ccrtain course which his Father had now indic<lteu he should no longer follow. but with a little hesitancy about its being the Lord. But a storm arose. before the day broke but just at the break of dawn. where he would meet them later.). or they themselves would have had some provision. and under certain atmospheric conditions winds rush down the steep mountain side and churn the lake surface into fury. evidently one of the squalls to which the lake was tmbject. wherefore didst thou doubt?" (Matthew 14: 27-31) The accounts read llA iT 58 . a Now still further excited by the great miracle the people were ready to make Jesus king. After walking a little space Peter suddenly realized what he was doing." Without hesitancy. is mountainous." (Matthew 11: 25. with few to witness and not many to hear. save me!" 9 Jesus put forth his hand and took hold of Peter. then. But he left the neighborhood of Cap€rnaum." S Peter. Jesus. because thou hast hid ~hese things from the wise and prude'1lt. 5 There were occasions in our Lord's life when he needed to adjust himself to the circumstances. 0 Father. and he said.. "Be of good cheer. it became for Jesus that which might have been a test. now they were afraid of this because he was not with them. Some o£ our Lord's miracles were wrought in the quiet of a home. saying. Accustomed as they were to the fact of supernatural forces when in company with their Lord. sought a little time of rest for himself and his disciples. The east side of the lake. 4. and said. the disciples saw an appearance on the water. but many walked and ran round the northern end of the lake. Peter leapt over the side of the boat and began to walk toward Jesus.

There is no need to think. 18 The Lord's presence is now thus discerned. wherefore didst thou doubt I" It may be said that it was because of Peter's impulsive nature the incident happened. calmed their fears by his pres· ence. comforting them. The readiness of the Lord to answer prayer has comforted and cheered and blessed many of his people who have called to him in distress. How much further than the sun from the earth is the throne of God we do not know. endeavoring as it were to row to the other side.FEBauAR~ 15. But how glad the Lord's people have bepn that it did happen. were all types or illustrations of things in the kingdom of heaven. where the Lord said he would meet them. a little more rowing and they were on the farther shore.000 miles per second. 12 It is a gracious provision which God has made for his own that the prayer of his child carries quicker than light. for the instance shows that when God's children make mistakes through their 5lJ impulsiveness. 11 It follows. saying. their long night of toil in rowing. . 16 It is not possible for Christians to get the intended value and comfort out of these illustrations unless there is a correct understanding of the manner of Jesus' return. Light travels at 186. Then when faith and strength were almost spent. but there was no further rebuke from the Lord. that our Lord's return must be in such manner as to enable any human eye to see him. as if he had been trying the disciples. not in sudden emotion. 11 What then is the value of this incident? Undoubtedly it must have had a great effect upon Peter's life. But as a test of faith it could hardly have been the greatest that Peter was ever called upon to bear. a concrete instance of immediate help. and even though the Lord has been in heaven. 1 Peter 3: 18. at the time and place where he intended that he would meet them. as well as Peter's venture. and in the ful:filment of those things which would to them manifest his presence. as unthinkingly or as impulsively as Peter they may have cried to him. and though. lS The graciousness of God in his dealings with his children is illustrated by Jesus' readiness to help Peter. which in after life must often have stood him in good stead. What did Peter say and do? Why did he begin to sink? . Together they walked to the boat. Was Jesus ever disappointed? What does Matthew 11: 25. and surely unknown thousands of Christians have been helped by it. and as they c1imb~d over the side the wind ceased. yet the response sometimes has been as quick as it was in Peter's case. and those who thus see him realize that the beloved Master is once again with his disciples. but not as expected by Christendom. 10 This passage is given as Peter's lesson in faith. and the light of the sun takes eight minutes to reach the earth. he went up into the mountain (heaven) to be with his Father. It holds that the resurrection of Jesus was a reunion of his spirit and his fleshly body. and what effect did it have on the people? What did Jesus then do? 11 1-4. and in later days have been of great value to him. "Of a truth thou art the Son of God. not out of sudden experiences such as Peter's impulse to go across the water to the Lord. that a further miracle was wrought and that the boat was thereby carried to the shore. yet God in his grace is ready not only to condone but to use the incident for the advancement of his kingdom I l4. It was a great lesson. 1927 rrneWATCH TOWER it was Peter's impulsive love which now took Jesus to the boat.-John 14: 19. Then the time will have come for the full ministry of his truth to go forth to the world. that he is a spirit being. and that his presence on his return would be discernible only by those who perceived him through his truth. The apostles little knew that the incidents of that day. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY When did the incidents mentioned in this lesson occur! What miracle did Jesus perform at this time. The great tests of faith. or those which from time to time have been experienced in the lives of Christians-are those which arise out of the conditions of life and purpose. For actual purposes the Christian is as if he were in the presence of God. 15 Jesus broke the bread of life when he was here upon earth. and he lands with them on the other side of that long dark night of toil and waiting. \vhether in the days that were then past or later during the Gospel Age-whether such as that which came to Abraham when he was called upon to offer his son as a sacrifice. his appearing to them just as morning was breaking. yet we may say that the incident was brought about and the miracle was wrought chiefly for the church of God. and'thereIore that he must be in human form for ever. as has been suggested. and will be with them in this special manner till the time when they will be changed and made like him and see him as he is. but the prayer of his child reaches him. or those tests which came upon Jesus. Jesus appeared to them. it has tied itself so fast to its misconceivetl dogmas and interpretations as to prevent itself from walking in the light and perceiving the progress of truth. an object lesson. and the rest and refreshment they had in his presence. ere the morning of the new day broke. blessing them. His disciples have been tossed about on the sea through the long Gospel Age. the miracle of feeding the multitude." There was no further trouble. Then those who were III the boat worshiped Jesus. according to orthodoxy. except his exclamation. for its blessing and full deliverance. the storm ceased. Jesus retiring for prayer. "0 thou of little faith. 26 indicate? What happened during the night when the disciples were on the lake? Why were they afraid when the Master finally appeared? 11 5-7. But all the scriptures show that this is not the case. They come in heavy pressure. Peter's faith failed him.He has already returned. and his answer comes back so quickly as to eliminate time and space.

but he replied in a sentence which has been made a part of the divine revelation. "Whom do men say that I. How quickly the response came from Peter we may nof know. but made extraordinary by the truths which were then disclosed."-Luke 10: 2. the Son of the living God. "The harvest truly is great. the Son of man. 18. has a very important place in Jesus' ministry. The question was put to disclose which of the disciples had most of "the spirit amI was therefore the fittest for the purpose in view.00 crhe WATCH TOWER What lesson was in this for Peter and for the other disciples as well? Was this the greatest test of faith that came to them? What constitutes the maximum test of faith? 1) 8-10. BnooKLYN. or were the brightest. it is when there is a measure of ability and also a good measure of the holy spirit that one is best fitted for God's service. It should be remembered that Jesus had not given his disciples much instruction about himself.Jesus' question concerning himself. and that it would now be proper that the disciples should know which of their number was to be chief spokesman when he must go from them-not to be their head. but my Father which is in heaven."-Matthew 16: 16. save of this incident which is recorded in today's portion of Scripture and which is often called Peter's great confession. II When Jesus heard Peter's response he said. or which must be stated to them for their future guidance and which. It was an ordinary incident. the Son of the living God. Thus for the double purpose of giving the disciples a rest. uttered bore immediate and important results. It should be remarked that it was not great because Peter intended it to be so. But they were silent. he saw that the time had come for some hitherto hidden things to be made plain. There was nothing specially or openly arranged. and that he might have a quieter time with them. 5 The question was not put to discover which oi the twelve was the brightest and had learned his lesson the best." (Matthew 16: 17) As Jesus himself was the only "llesh . for they must have formed a conclusion as to who their Master was. "Blessed art thou. There was however still much for him to do j for there were many places which had not yet had the Ildvantage of his witne_ss and ministry. Y. it \Va ~ simply that they did not understand and therefore they could not state the matter as Peter did. and probably the answers were not of special interest. nor in any way to be their ruler. Simon Bar-jona: fOT flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee. would be brought to remembrance. Other tests would disclose those who had most ability. the most northern part of the land of Israel to which he travel~d. When therefore Jesus put the question."er their questions so far as it was convenient and proper to do so. Apparently. even as earlier he had served in . Jesus went north to Cresarea Philippi. Its time was probably about six months before the end of his ministry. T HIS incident of . and be always ready to ans. 8 It cannot but be noticed that much of the information conveyed in the Gospels came from the Lord's answers to Peter's questions. though each could gladly acknowledge the peculiar and honored place their Master had in the service of God. though no doubt his manner stopped many questions which would come into their minds. Jesus had proclaimed the message of the kingdom in all Galilee. It was in l'efenmce to the last phase of his work. Jesus asked a question on a matter which had not yet been declared. 11 We have no record of anything which was done or said there. when the holy spirit came.Jerusalem and Judea. "Whom say ye that I am?" a question which would remind each one of them of his personal responsibility. I There were still many truths in which his disciples needed to be instructed. but the labourers are few. the words then. with his church in mind and a realization that preparation for it was his responsibility. and the sh{)rtness of time remaining. that he said when sending Qut the seventy. 1) 11-16.. '''fhou art the Christ. 6 Jesus approached his qu€stion indirectly. but for due order. How do we now discern the presence of the Lord? ~ 17. His method was to let them see him working. N. nor to have charge over them. Surely all could answer this question with one consent. 4 The time had now come for Jesus to declare himself to his disciples in a fuller manner than he had hitherto done. Ought not all the disciples to have been ready to say this? They were not ready." 7 We may ask. He said. "Whom say ye that I am?" it may be said that he wished to discover into whose heart and mind the truth and the fact of himself as God's Messenger had entered deepest. am?" (Matthew 16: 13) The disciples answered him according to what they had heard. and Peter's answer. His public work was now therefore well on toward completion. But now he asked them. What is the value of this incident to us now? Was it t~'Pi­ cal? What error of orthodoxy has blinded Christendom to the meaning of this picture? Explain the picture. PETER'S GREAT CONFESSION --APRIL 17-MATTHEW 16: 13-24-- "Thou art the Christ. In the service of the church it is not ability alone which is most serviceable to the Lord.

The Romish church foolishly interpreted Jesus as saying that Peter. 13 Jesus went on to tell his disciples of the death he must die in Jerusalem. and then he shal~ reward every man according to his works. But he who. and would endeavor to save his life. He therefore said to Peter. for Jesus. for it was direct evidence to him that the hearts of these men were being prepared for their acceptance of God and the blessing of the holy spirit. as Peter wished Jesus to do. but they could serve with willing heart. shall certainly find it. as if he were the agent of his great enemy. Hitherto he had not spoken so plainly of this to them. namely. that Jesus is the Anointed of God. But Peter evidently was the readiest instrument in the entire band of disciples. (See Matthew 4: 8-10. shall be bound in heaven. being imperfect. 16 Jesus was speaking primarily of this matter in relation to himself. a piece of rock. his own life.son of the living God. namely. The Protestant phase of Christendom has determined that the Roman church hilS wrongly used this passage. «The Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father. Not until this devastating error is discarded will any now be able to get into full relationship with the Lord. first. and he who knows the heart and loves his disciples will then give a corresponding reward. was himself to be the rock foundation of the church of God. "Pity thyself. it follows then that the blessing of knowledge which Peter had received was of God directly. but he having now given them this knowledge they ought to be prepared for further. and said. at Cresarea. in doing so." Peter would make himself as a stumbling stone unto his Master. alike with Rome. but who shrinks from the death of self-will. with his angels. It is the rock truth of Peter's declaration which is the foundation. impulsive. He said. "Get thee behind me.) So it is with the disciple. the Son of the living God. And surely this declaration by Peter brought great refreshment to Jesus. He put Peter aside. "\Yhat is a man profited if he ~hall gain the whole world and lose his own soul ?"-MaUhew 16: 25. He told them that the leaders of the people would kill him. now openly rebuked the Lord for saying this. he used his authority. 10 After Jesus had expressed his pleasure in his Father's blessing upon Peter. even though unpleasant. IT This great truth. Satan. that he is the Christ. a totally different thing. but he would lose his own soul."-Matthew 16: 19. will certainly lose it." (Matthew 16: 22. also saw that which proved to him who should be his mouthpiece to the church in Jerusalem.FEBRUARY 15. following the Lord in the way of consecration. 12 Peter used the keys of the kingdom. he declared that he would build his church upon this truth. I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of hf'uven: alld whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth. Lord: this shall not be unto thee. but that the life of the loved disciple might be restored. 18 Jesus concluded his talk with his disciples with a. U Peter. He said that everyone who would be his disciple must take up his cross and follow him. and all his church through them. truths. is that which all must confess. and his power to loose was seen in the raising of Dorcas from the dead. "What shall a man give in exchange for his soul?" and. but that he who would lose his life for Jesus' sake should find it. JesWl could not have been accounted worthy to have the glory of the kingdom unless he had been faithful in every particular." (Matthew 16: 27) Just as he himself had the assurance of the Father that his life of suffering. and may be said to be the first flashing of the great light which was to come upon the church at Pentecost. and have Titiated the truth then declared as the foundation of the church of Jesus Christ. and next. He said. so those who followed him would each be rewarded according to his works. which would be the confirmation of all his ministry. margin) Jesus knew this suggestion 61 was of the Devil. that the great place which God had for them in association with himself could be reached only through death. . thou art an offence unto me. which meant that his great WOl'k was to he done after his resurrection. at Pentecost. 26. he might gain the whole world. There is no reason for thinking other than that if any of the other disciples had been the first to give Jesus this answer in this outstanding way he likewise would have been singled out for favor even as Peter was. when Cornelius and hIS household were admitted into the divine family. when the door of the kingdom was opened to the . could not possibly render such perfect service as he did. yields up everything he has and holds his life and all that it means as a wave offering before the Lord. even as Satan had suggested. They persist that the foundation is that he is God the Son. shall be loosed in heaven. 1927 CfheWATCH TOWER and blood" who could have revealed it. whose name means a stone. and wh-atsoever thou shalt loose on earth. His power to bind on earth was shown when Ananias and his wife were smitten with death. whiCh Peter had so clearly stated. "And I also Eay unto thee. The disciples. 11 Peter himself got a double favor. and he had not done so. he did not want to lose his Master. 15 Jesus now warned the disciples. He who by the grace of God in Christ has been justified. if he should save himself from the death which he knew was his Father's will for him. th<e . . should be rewarded. If he should do as Peter desired. hut that he should he r~ised on the third day. In the case of Dorcas he appears not to have prayed for guidance. should lose it. and then he added. have perverted Jesus' words from their plain meaning. . In the case of the two deceivers Peter did not ask divine guidance. that he who would save his life. but they. that Jesus is the Son of God. statement that each disciple must face a judgment on his return. having seen by his answer an indication of Peter's receptiveness and the Father's blessing upon him. shrinks from the cross he must carry. culminating in the cruel and shameful death of the cross. . Jews.

It is written that God said unto him: "Sit thou at my right hand. 13) The footstool of the Lord is the earth. What rebuke came to Peter soon after his confessiop. BROOKLYN. to wit." This then would be 8. He was then clothed with all power and authority in heaven and earth. What was the Master's purpose in now asking. The irre. 18. to behold the beauty of the Lord. in all the ages to come. that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life. his grandeur. That was a long way off. after the Lord began his . 261 11 13-16." What did he mean by "this generation" ? Answer: It could hardly be said that he meant any human being living on the earth at that time. He did this in order to produce the ransom price for the redemption of the human race. referred to those who are faithful. then why are those who are doing the work of the Lord today having so many adverse conditions under which to work? Answer: There is no place in the Scriptures that in· dicates that the Christian will have a good. N. This scripture is one of the proofs that the members of the body of Christ. the Devil. his glory. sistible conclusion therefore is that Jesus referred to the new creation when he said: "This generation shall not pass until all these things be fulfilled. 12." (Psalm 110: 1. and to see his loving countenance. INTERESTING QUESTIONS Question: In Matthew 24: 34 Jesus said : "Verily I say unto you. Jesus and his body members. What service has Peter rendered the church throughout the four Gospels? What was the Master's reply to Peter's confession. It was not the will of God that he should do so at that time. Y. who were with him for three and one-half years. and when did he exemplify his authority to bind and to loose? ~ 11. What could he have meant? At the Jordan Jehovah started a new generation. How have Catholicism and Protestantism misapplied the foundation truth of Peter's confession? Who will receive the Christian's final reward. Question: If we have entered into "the joy of the Lord" and have his protection as long as we are faithful. fession? When did he use the "keys". and will all receive exactly the same honors? 11 17. but the labourers are feW"? Why did Jesus go to Cresarea Philippi. because that was Jehovah's command. When one is anointed of the holy spirit his hopes are for heavenly things. Eleven of these we have every reason to believe constitute." What does the expression mean. and what happened there? 11 1-3. Before the Logos became Jesus he observed for centuries how Lucifer opposed his great Father. The Psalmist says: "The Lord shall send the rod [authority] of thy strength out of Zion [his organization of which Jesus is the head saying] : Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. and then died in the place or instead of the sinner. Then Jesus was resurrected from the dead. The depths of divine wisdom are so great that no creature can ever completely fathom them. "To inquire in his temple"? Answer: 'l'he Prophet David here was speaking for the class whom he represented. next to Jehovah. What double favor came to Peter as a result of his cou.62 'The WATCH TOWER QUr:STIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY When and why did Jesus say. "The harvest truly is great. speaking to the church of CQurse. and Itmong the things that he will do especially while there [s to behold the beauty of Jehovah. that will I seek after. The great desire of his heart is that he might see the Lord. until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The joy of the Lord does not mean ease and comfort for the human organism. and what did he mean thereby? 11 8-10. No generation of the human race has ever existed as long as a thousand years. and for our sakes became poor. But the Lord Jesus must be inactive as against the Devil until his Father's good time. In 1 Peter 2: 9 the apostle. Question: Psalm 27: 4 reads: "One thing have I desired of the Lord. and how death had come upon the human race as a result. till all these things be fulfilled. He had the power to destroy God's enemy. will be seeking more knowledge and tnore wisdom from the great Giver of every good and perfect gift. a part of that new creation. (Job 2: 1-4) Jesus knew that the time must come when the Devil would be excluded from heaven. strong indication that some members of the new creation will be on the earth at the time of Armageddon. Hebrews 10: 12.'e that I am?" What was the response? What had been Jesus' method of teaching his disciples? 11 4-7. exalted to the highest position in God's realm. 'fo inquire within his temple means that lhose who dwell in his temple for ever will be for ever searching the unfathomable riches of the wisdom of Jehovah God. a new creation. Jehovah God. He became a man. how he mocked him and ridiculed and blasphemed Jehovah's holy name. (Isaiah 66: 1) For a long while the Devil had had access to heaven. It follows then that Jesus must have meant something else. easy time in the end of the age. He took upon himself a bondsman's form. What does the joy of the Lord mean? Let us review the situation that this present joy may be clearly discerned." (Psalm 110: 2) This we understand began in 1914. To see the Lord he must dwell in the Lord's house for ever. merely because he has entered into "the joy of the Lord". and to inquire in his temple. "Whom say . The Logos saw how Satan had been the cause of sin entering into the world. Jesus selected twelve disciples. He left the courts of heaven and his limitless riches. immediately. and why? What was Jesus' meaning in Matthew 16: 25. He was giving testimony concerning things that were to transspire at the end of the world. This generation shall not pass. of which Christ Jesus is the Head.

while later than 10: 80 the church prople are hard to find. That thrills his heart with joy. declaring to the peoples of earth that Jehovah is God and that Christ Jesus is King. There seems to have been considerable misconception of what takes place when the Lord comes to his temple. Having now entered into the joy of the Lord the Christian may know that he will have tribulation." Questiotl1s: Is it possible for anyone to be of the temple class who has come to a knowledge of the truth since 1918? Answer. that now it is the privilege of the Christian to be Jehovah's witnesses. as set forth in J02l 2: 28. But even amidst his trials and tribulations his heart is thrilled with joy. (Psalm 11: 4. because now the Devil makes a special fight against those who keep the commandments of God and who have the testimony of Jesus Christ. This was n town of churches. As shown by the parable of the Pounds and Talents. and that all their joy would consist of being in heaven and having an easy time. DAVIDIAl'i. eight years old. He sees that soon the church will enter into complete glory. But when we went from house to house we found some very dear people who have left the churches and who are langUishing without any guide. While the Christian is performing these blessed privileges and duties he is opposed by the Devil. and that is when he sees the great privilege of being a witness for the Lord amidst this wicked and perverse generation. because he knows that the day of delivcran-ce is at hand. Your brother in his service.n the church-goer~. many who do not go to church. With Christian lne. happy are ye. remember always: "The joy of the Lord is your strength. and there will be changes. eleven years old. work it makes enthusiasm catChing and everybody goes. I am going to make you ruler over many things. After centuries of waiting he would now say: "The time has come for me to oust the enemy from heaven. but with joy press on in the performance of the duties which the Lord gives him to perform. and then on to 10: 30 we catch ev~. 1927 'TheWATCH TOWER action against Satan to oust him from heaven. My boy. My little girl. 1 Peter 4: 17) The judgment began when he came to his temple in 1918.29." (1 Peter 4: 14) L€t no Christian be discouraged because of trials and tribulations. in substance: 'You have been faithful over a few things. Since 1918 a great number have come to a knowledge of the truth and show evidences of being begotten of the holy spirit. But we find many poor people at home. D. canvasses whenever Eihe can. to gather unto myself my bride. The best success is had Sunday mornings if we com. Enter now mto my joy. he came first to take account with those who had consecrated themselves to do his Father's will and to whom therefore were committed the interests of the kingtlom. then rejoice and be excepding glad. and has already disposed of about eighty books. has learned his canvass. but there is nothing that equals thi8 branch of the service. I have had many privileges speaking in public. He comes to his temple for the purpose of judgment. If you have the witness of the holy spirit that you are the Lord's. NOTHING EQUALS SERVICE DEAR BRETHREN: The Fresno class went on a "drive" last Sunday morning. 5. To those whom he found faithful he said. Having entered into the joy of the Lord. (Hebrews 12: 2) The Christian must do likewise. Yes. He will have to work under a handicap because of adversity. . The Scriptures indicate that some were found faithful. for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of. the name of Jehovah magnified. I am learninlr that when aU the elders participate In this. mence canvassing about 8: 80 sharp. (Revelation 12: 17) Of course there will be many adverse conditions surrounding the Christian. Practically everybody went. It is the same in other places.. This is the joy of the Lord into which he is invited to now enter. and judgment must begin at the houee of God. Now the Christian can see that he enters into the joy of the Lord to some degree on this side the vail. even our boys and girls who have read and understand considerable of the Truth.' Since then those of the temple class have hud a clearer vision of God's plan and purposes and a great amount of joy. Thereafter was the pouring out of the holy spirit. and the people blessed. (Revelation 12: 7-9) Now . I remain. because every one who is received of the Lord must pass through tribulation. and that then the people will be released from bondage. etc. Many people are impressed with the$e children When they knock at the doors and offer a reUgions book.-hen the time came for the Lord to begin action against Satan it mu"t have been a time of special joy to him. and has disposed of a number of books. In former days the Christians thought that the chief thing for them to do was to prepare to go to heaven. and go on with the work that the Lord has given you to do." In 1918 the Lord came to his tcmple. He sees that now the time has come for the establishment of the kingdom.-Cal. and in a short time we disposed of about 150 DELIVERANCE and other books. and above all to vindicate the namr of my Father and e~ tablish his righteous kingdom on earth. Wh2D this joy was set before the Lord he despised the shame. One lady was glad to purchase six books from her. Hence it is written: "If ye be reproached for the name of Christ. we could not get anybody out.FEBRUARY 15. But this tribulation of itself is a testimony from the Lord. by some going out and others coming in. the Devil restrained. Thereafter began the Elisha work. This judgment was then for the purpose of testing those \rho were already consecrated and anointed of the holy spirit. If you have come to a knowledge of the truth since 1918 there is no reason to be discouraged.. and though in late years we advertised and advertised. until the kingdom class is completed. six cars full. but on your part he is glOrified. while this wicked world is passing away. The examination of the temple class continues and will continue.

" Joseph..'al1'n. ~lich . lIIass. :)S -. ." 2:i Altoona. C " 17.... Fla lIlar. Ala. 1110..TIAN BROTHER H. DINGUS Melbourne. 31 BROTHER S.... 29..•_ " 22 23 24 27 BROTHER H.. L..____" Easthampton. _ _ • • IJ 25 27. Man. . Tex. • 14. lIlich 1I1ar..24 25.. . 13. 2·[ Heroert... Ore Hermiston. Tex.. Wash V. E. 11 ('uUman. . Md lIag-e... . Ind Ka. 21 ... Lo\cltldy. .20 Greensboro. Sask _.24 Tarpley. 17 11) 20 21. 1I1ar...18 I... la.. 2!1 LanSll}!!. 22. Sanford...llmbia. . 23 Alol1::-. .. Pa. ClllJtOll. Ind. 1110 Boll\-Dr. Pa Lebanon. _.a.. 10. Ill... Cedar Hapids.. C. Pa. N. . . Lawrence. 7 Wapakoneta. CUTFORTH Minncdosa.T.11 13 14... :: 17..e•• " 27 3() ...__•• " BurJIngton. ... 22 24 _" 25 27 ~8 .Mar. Fla. . Ind.. Bastrop..ellublicn. 22 Comfort. Fret-man. " 13 AOwns. Fla. . 27 Palatka.29 30 29 30 BROTHER G. 1I1ar...•_ e ••••• _. KanR.. " Madisonville... .Mar. 15 :F'o~toria. Pa. O. Ore. Iowa CltV. 11. L. " 21.. B. BOHNET lIIarcell'''..r~town. H.. Ia " " " I:ull'ch. N. 22. lilaI'._ " ')') :n Niles. Ind.. lIlo..._••. Ore ukiah.... . O. _..21 Mar.." Houston._.. Ia... _. O i\Iar. 22 Apopka. " ~ 2 3 4 6 27 BROTHER A... Albany. " 25._ ft 20 Tl1Sr1l 1008a.. 21 Muscatine. Tex.. WILLIAMS BROTHER W.29 30. Tex. Fla. 2·1 BIWTHER A. -. Spnngfield. 27 Webb..• " Tox. " " " . . San lIiarcos.•_ Phihpoburg.•. " SelnlU. . lI1ar.Mar. Va _._. 1I1an. BROTHER G._.. Ind J a~onville.. . 1(J _. ~la.. ~i'o:":::: Independence. __ . la. f)~ ~5 ')~J 2-1... .:\Ian.\ 11. Tex..31 Jola. .. lIIar. Pa.30 31 Linton. BROTHER V..27 28... Pa. •\ Ill\1l1 fnVl1.T..__ lbkallJOo. i~ Peudleton. Mar e . Out.28 29.. Y Batavia. " :3ealy. 23 Nicktown. Ore.. Ala. Hi.llhl. Pa.2-1 27. H.' __. \\'e'ton.9 7 10. " 17. Va. RICE Imllanapo!is... lIian. 1I1ar._ .21 1I1ar.lr.... Brooklyn. 17 18 20.an. 25 Swift Current. Mass.. " Albany. 16 17. Gordo.. Ia Ollll.. 1\11('11. 1I1an HapHl CIty. Fla... O . lIlar. _. 25 ..\ZLETT Cumbcrland. Pa. Ore La Graudc. Dugger. " 21. 1I1ar. S..__. 24. O ----...._. l\l. 23.. " _. l\lau Crandall... \\'"oster O. O .._. Tex. Tex 1I1ar. 10 .. 23 " 22 ::lCd. Ala. Ala..... h"nR... 16... N."' ." BROTHER C._.\la.. 23.. O . D. 1I1ar. 23 J:(. " 2'.. J~anHas City.. DRAPER Jndepe~dence. N. I~. Va Mar. Ala _. MURRAY BROTHER ~ 17 Coldwater. 31 BROTHER .. 15. A cton." Kenora....... . 25 Gardner. Va _.\J Y. 22 Pomona.. 24 SomerRet. Va _.._ " 21 22 23. C )lar. Va.. 25 San Antonio. I'a.. ....11 FlIldlav. 17 ]g 20.Mo. 31 ----- BROTHER .. lI[~r.. Tex.24 Otta \Va.. ]-'It.. Tex _ _. 13 Titl1::-n-llle. 1110 Ash Grove... HI 001\1. M.18 20 Chnton.. .. H.. 1\la8s. . 2H Pnll""tlne. Sask lilaI'.T. ... 18 Bandera. Ala.. 20 Danville.. 21. " Hichmond. Ia... Pa .. " Korfolk.2S 29. Notasulga. Ia ~'farcngo. " 27 Klugsuury. Pu. 1-1 Tlmn.. .. Sask... ~Ildl. Kan::. WATT BROTHER 1\'1. 30.... O. ~[ich lIlar..2'.. Ia la. __. . Ill Freeport. ~[JCh. .. Brandon. . Elyria. " 23. _... N. 24 "5 ' 21 2R... " 17. Y. 15 " 16 Buena Vl~ta. Fla 1\1ar.. 17 Fremont. 23. . 21 31 l'orta. \Voodland.•.1:-.. 23 " 21. . C. .._ 14 15. Whiteland. . 1110. Y Mar. E. Wash. r"-co !\ n I{.. ~loulton... lII._ _.. _ ])a YC'll(lOrt. N. Kans. O. S]lringfield...13 14 15.. Pendleton. . Y S~yracuse. Decpwater... Mar... 18 20.__ Ia. Petersburg. H.._.. " 17.hvllle.]r· 8. _....... Ia.' _ ~7 28.. Sask." 20 l>lPP Creek.. " Montgomery.15 20. N. 1I1ass. n<lr.• 23 2-1: 27 South Fori'..I. Y Erie. Ind. ROBIE Kcrrville. O _~. N. Kans. \Veillll~toll. 1\10. Johnstown. 30 31 ~Ial'qlH.. Fla.. Ore Pomeroy..__ _.30 31 Port Jcrvis. " 28.. N. . 9 10 13 20 21 H"lyo!w..28 " 29 " 30 " 31 Apr. 15 16. i>. .21 28.. C.....ll Grove. " .._. " Grcenheld.:30 It l'lar. 20 21 22 23. I7. Pa. 1'leNlIlt Hill..hlllgton.. !(ans U 29. Ashlan'l..... 16 Winston-Salem.. 1\10 IIarnsburg. 2.. l.. Tex. " 1u.__.. 20. .. Tex _.. 15 Daytona. 13 . 18 Nonvalk. ::lunheld.. lIlo. Ala.. Tex.. Cordova. _••_ ~:-._.~.. Tex. 21 MAC~IILLAN Lynchhurg. 23 24 25.<myrna. 1110..15 16... W.. 20. Va _.." Greenfield. Ala. III. 27. Mo. Tex.29 30. III Z.. " 8.._•••. R. ... ~lo.... 1I1ass. 24." 20 Grand Island. Kans .Jl'lldngham. 1I1ass.. 14.. 4 6. BARKER ong Island. Orange.. -. Tex. 15 rru·~(. 30. Ia.~cl..... 2" Battle Creel. Ala. OXdrift..31 BROTHER W • .. 29. Fla. _ . I a. 23 Dpdifl'. ~lnr. Ont. Tex. l\lan " ~5 \\'1l111lpe!. )lar. Waul.field... O..30 31 BROTHER R. 2R.:!7 CentI'opolis. . Ya. . 18. ._...9 Boaz. Coni. Kans . Y. . PI:"iKOCK ~Iar.10. Ore. lIlarengo. l\licll. :!5.. . Co .l:t. " --'24 A.. Paol a. TOUT. Ill.22 2:J.. CI e lline. ...." ynchburg. Ore Heppner.. H.tl Luna. O.21 22. ] S 16 17 20. Eai--1oll. 1I1ar.__.. ' " 8. . n:lllOll. ::lulli\'an.... ~a 'k. Ala.. 2~ Maple Creek." Pltt:"lJl'ld. .. l'a Connellsville.." 27 BROTHER H... ._ Elgin. H..T. . n 11. Pa. .20 30. HERR Geneva.. SaHk . ....e La 1'r:Ilrie. 21 Cllaplin. a KiIcll)}."" . 22.:\lar... 1I1a[·. ESHLEMAN G.on City.. Charlotte. III 1I1ar. " 14.. ' __. 21 28 29 3Q...!. Fla.. E.... 11.. . Kans. HERSEE ARRiniboia. " O. 16 ]'o.29 Gonzale". 18 " 20. tI 2'0 1 }lending'. THORN ~[an. .. Y...1I1ar....International Bible Students Association Oasse9 Lecturel3 dnd ~tudlel) blJ Trdveling Brethren BROTHER T. Garnett... Tex.. t... POLLOCK BROTHER H.. 21 !L'hl'ee RIven::..31 . . Ind.• " Sll1'll1'gfleld.. 1\. . N.. 22. lR Btnrgis. 24 Orlando. .ew :. 111. 25 NOrmallL:ee.." Va.. III.. Sllellburg. .__ lI1ar. S~uldy fUdge.." 2lJ Fnlrchancc.. Pa. i\lich South Bend.29 Green Cove Spr..~ fa " ... ----- . . 18 20...>·ton.. [in._. " 14... Ind._ " Northport. __.ss..! \'iclcr". Pa.t Greensburg.... 14.. Thayer... Pa. . 1I1ich. 1I1ass. 22 _•• __ .. . HOl'ktord.. Fla.' __ '. InrI.. 1 ARheville. K('o~allqllu...

."'" t.•..•..•. ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::~~ A He..••••••••••••• _..••••.. lift up your beads.@I1l»~t~f~1ij®Nu~t1 a.•.•••.•. Upon tbe eartb distre" of nations wltb perplexity...ESTINO LETTERS . men's bearts railing tbem for fear and for looking to the thinKS coming upon 1J'1f' earth~ for the powe"s of the heavens shall he shaken.•..•. for your redemption draweth nigh....•.. tbe sea and the waves (tbe re<rtless...•.. discontented) roaring.•..••.•••••.:Ii 6055-l\'Iarch 1...Ulli~lPJl-IiaiaIJ No.ns ..•..••.'EXTANCE •.1ellt. Luke 21: 25·31.."onK Fulfilment in lIIinia tl1l'e 67 69 X~r....••.•••.•••.••...•.•. 24: 33... i.r:i)'. .••..•••..•••••••• 77 Hegarding the Scape~oat 77 !N1·EP. rejoice. Mark 1? ~ 29.....•.•••••....T AH '.•.IIE TRANSFIGURATION ...•. 79 THE CALENDAR .•..•.... ..••.. .•. 5 VOL..-Matt..~lctCll)l@1]@11lil/.•..••••••••• 66 MEMORIAL FOR 1927 66 ttl will stand upon my watch and will set my foot upon the Tower.01'1< . When ye see these things begin to come to pass.•. .•.. and tchat anstcer [ shall make to them that oppose me!'-Habakkuk 2: 1. XJXITJ Anno Mu"..•••. then know that the Kingdom of God is at hanr!..:Nl~.••.•..~l j~.•••• 70 The Elln of the \.. and will tcatch to see what He will say unto me. 192'l CONTENTS THE ELI.•..•••••_ ••• 73 PETEn's DlcNIAL AND TIE...•.•.titutioll \.l.••.••.•••••..75 QUESTIONS AND ANswT.e:nomU1lllSl ~Wll$itUMl1llll& ~ wrftSn.•.."or]n 71 Anointill/'( of Elisha 72 PETER AT 1....

that Je~ns the divine arose from the dead. YEARI. created perfect man for the earth and placed him upon it. A.. COWARD R. It does not assume a dogmatic attitude. and its columns are not open to peroonalities. RUTHERFORD W. when requested. by aU the consecrated. S. about 6 p. that he gave his life a sacrifice for man and thereby produced the ransom price. AUSTRA. that he is now the Lord Jesus Christ in glory. Change of address. Act of March 3rd. 1879. ascended into heaven. It gives al1Jl'(}uncement of the visits. Australia.. "To the pure all tbings J. It provides systematic Bible study in which ail its renders may regularly engage.:. send a card of aclmowledgement for a renewal or for a new subscription.me a man. 'rhe method of calculation is as follows: The new moon nearest the spring equinox OCC1lrs in the morning of April 2nd. which marks the begInning of Nisan at sundown on that day.SIA AND SOUTH AUi:ICA. AmeI'!can remittances shouid be made by E. Canadian. that Christ. N. We ~re not only wiIIinl:.NADA. Y.. Notic6 10 SubscriberS': We do not. llt26 Z October 15. U. "Oh Lord. are unable to pay for this journal. and gives the reports thereo!. 1926 Week of April 3 ••• ' 1-21 Week of April 17 ••• ' 1-2~ Week of April 10 • • • "Jl 22-39 Week of April 24 . The International Sunday Scb~~l lessons are treated in harmony witb the Scriptnres. and creeds of men. PQS'to!flCC. may be l'xpected to appear on address label within one month. $1.T. and it was approved.23-45 I J . E. Melbourne. It does not indulge in controversies. The climax of his earthly creation was reached when he made Adam and Eve. Counting fourteen dUJ's thereafter the fourteenth of Nisan begins at sundown. Announcement is made at this time that the brethren may 1Je. as a rule. April 15th. how manifold rue thy works. Z. through Christ.1 10146 4 310 11 ]22 Ii 216 12 2 6 219 13178 7 270 14190 1171 8 151 15 160 2 16 9 325 16167 1927 17285 18265 19 24 20328 21 268 22221 23 44 24181 25 81 26278 27 58 28 73 29332 30204 I..BS·A. gin to make preparations. Canadian: 38-40 Irwin Avenue. It never occurred to us that anyone would find cause for offense therein. which is Friday. clOtllOO with aU power in heaven and earth. that the mission ot the cl:mrch is to follow in the footsteps of her Lord Christ Jesus. Lancaster Gate. THAT for many centuries God.. but confidently invites a careful e:ll:l1mination of its utteraneeslD the light of the infallible Word of God. but by InternatiQ'lWl Postal Money Orders only. 312-. that Jehovah bas placed Christ Jesus upon his tbrone and now comm:mds all !. VAN A~I:&UltGll J •• HmlEBY FOREIGN OFFICES: Britisk: 34 Craven Terrace. THAT THE HOPE of the peoples of earth is restoration ro human perfection during the reign of Christ. BARBEit Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday BETHEL HYMNS FOR APRIL.•• .TES. YAN AMBUItOR .. April 15th. 7s. are pure. and is froIn everlasting to everlasting. in wisdom has thou made them all. Australasian: 495 Collins St. H. give testimony to the name and plan of Jehovah God.THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION HIS journal is published by the WATCJI ToWEll BUlla AND Tu. that by reason of Adam's wrongful act all men are born sinners and without the right to life. The Photo-Drama exhibited on the screen the ('reation of Adam anll Eve. that the Lord Jesus has retumed and is now present. BEREAN BIBLE STUDlliS I GyMeansof nThe Watch Tower" "A Stone of Stumbling" "The Stone of Zion" Z November I. OlIUlS THE CALENDAR The Divine Plan is progressive.. T TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH THAT JEHOVAH is the only true God. PreM. Mail Matter at Brooklyn.LA. be founu more appropriate to the 1927 year text than the (rowning of GoLl's earthly crcntion? The picture for the calE'ndar for 19::7 S~'Ile<1 to be appropriate and for this reason il was selected. OFF/OEM F. South Africa." If the mind is occupied in giving glory to the great Creator instead of magnifying the creature the thoughts will always be pure. GREAT DRI'l'AIN. Jehovah occupied more than forty thousand years in the creation of the earth and all things thereof. the Maker of heaven and earth. constitutes the "seed of Abraham" through which all the families of the earth shall be blessed. has been PUBLISHED BY WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 ADAMS STREET •. THAT THE WORLD HAS ENDED. EDITORIAL COillMITTEJiJ W.. and ultimately be glorified with Christ Jesus in his heavenly kingdom. or by Banll: Draft.ftmdamental doctrine by wbfeh all doctrines are measured..e and requesting such provisio. sects. It is free from parties. thllt the Logos was the beginning of his creation. grow in his likeness. A renewal blank (carryill'!:' notice of expiration) \ViII be sent with the journal one month before the subscription expires. THAT JESUS was made a human being in order that be might become the Redeemer of man. cape Town. N. RUTHERFORD E. South African and Australasian remittances should be made to brancA offices unly. Please address the SOCIETY in every case. announces conTentions..• BROOKLYN. and presented the value of his human sacrifice as the redemptive price for man. MEMORIAL FOR 1927 The memQrial of our Lord's death will be celebrated In 1927 on Friday.lations and peoples to hear and obey bim. and propel'lr so. m.. British. Hcmittances from scattered foreign territory may be made to the Brooklyn office. It stands firmly upon the great ransom sacrifice as the. wiII be supplied free if they send a postal card each :May l'Itatlng their cas. PrMidmt Secy . • (Forcfgfl Ironslatwna of this Journal appear in 8Cveral languages. F. It adheres strictly to the Bible as Goo's revealed Word of Truth. AND MISCELlANEOUS FOREIGN. that the l"ei~n of Christ will afford opportunity to every man to have a fair trial for life and those who obey will live on earth for ever in a state of happiness. London W. J.00: CA. by reason of old age or other infirmity or adversity.." Could an~'\hin. Ontario.5C. Toronto. thnt all such be on our lIst contlDually and in touch with the Bel'ean studies. yet some have become ofj'"nde<1. press or Postal Money Orders. South Afriea: 6 Lelie St.Y SUBSClUr'J:lOII PRICE: 'UNITED STA.CT SocIETY for the purpose of aiding the people to understand the divine plan. after 6 Po m. made to Bible classes by traveling speakers.Y. Head and body. $1. Entered as SecOoJld selecting from amongst men the members of his church" which constitutes the body of Christ. that the Logos beaJ. that man wiIfully disobeyed God's law and was sentenced to death. THAT GOD created tbe earth for man.) TERM!! TO THE LORD's POOR: All Bible Students who. but anxIOUS. E.

4 The name Elijah means "Jehovah is my god". etc. for example. at which the anointed may drink with ever increasing joy. and restore all things."-l. and was therein a type of Christ Jesus. Proverbs 4: 18. The. But I say unto you.Jw himself offering his own beloved Son as a great sacrifice that man might be ransomed from death. Ci but he uses men as his witnes~es. to wit.york to be done by those who recognize only Jehoyah as the true God. 12. Elias truly shall first come. Moses did not look like the Messiah. that the Prophet Elijah foreshadowed some of that work up to a certain point. S The purpose of this article is to show that God foreshadows certain work to be done by members of the new creation while on earth. 1 Moses led the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt. By that is meant that God. The first commandment of that covenant was. but it does mean that Abraham repr~~:entea: or foreshadowed God doing a cprtain work. 6 Abraham is properly said to be a type of Jehovah. and by this God intended to foreshad. because Moses was a 1mman being and Christ in glory is a divine being. UnS . The concln~ion that one man foreshadows another man is not only unreas()nable but unscriptural." (Exod. Of course that does not mean that Abraham wa~ a replica of the personality of God. The Lord God at different periods in the hi~tory of man has had some faithful one on the earth to be his witness. Nothing can be gained by that. and they knew him not. but rather to foreshadow a work that would be done.~WATCH TOWER PRESENCE AND HE~ALD OF CHRRSTS Vol. but did not foreshadow another individual. Satan the enemy had been the cause of this. and through his instruments had caused them to worship anything but the true God. Elijah was one of these. But Moses represented or pictured the Messiah doing a cprtain great work. The infcrence to be drawn is that Elijah then would be giving a witness to the name of Jehovah wnile others opposed. 1927 N\). and Elijah foreshadowed a greater witness to be given afterwards. The Lord is his own interpreter.AH WORK "And Jesus answered and said unto them. That Elijah the prophet likewise was a type or foreshadowed something we may be quite sure. "Thou shalt have no other gods before me.-Romans 15: 4. 20: 3) The Israelites had yielded to the influcnce of the Devil and had turned their'minds away from the true God. 2 The Word of God is an inexhausti " le fountain of truth. T HE Bible is a statement of the divine plan. To know him and his beloved Son means life. It was written for the benefit of God's people. and who give testimony to his name alone. 9 Whether Baal be one of the names given the Devil himself or whether it represents his instruments is not material so far as this argument is concerned.{atthew 17: 11. but have done unto him 1vhatsol!ver they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. As the anointed class see new beauties of the great divine program gradually unfolding they are comforted. delivering the peoples of the world out of Satan's empire. ELIJAH WORK The nation of Israel wa's bound by the terms of the law covenant. XLVIII MARCH 1. Some have unreasonably concluded that during the harvest period there have been a second Moses and a second Joshua and a second Elijah. unfolding thereof is the meat in due season for the household of faith. and he permits his people to see the truth in his own due time. And now those who consecrate themselves to the Lord drink at the fountain of truth and walk in the way that leads unto life everlasting. that thereafter the work was finished and was foreshadowed by an~ther whom the Lord used. Such unfolding is progressive. Abraham offered his beloved son Isaac as a sacrifice. ti THE ELIJ. and where one man was used in times of old it will be found that what that man did foreshadowed something else to be done. did not use Moses and Joshua to foreshadow other men. He was a type or representative of a . He was not a type or picture of some individual. That Elias is come already. and does not properly hallor the Lord. God does not honor men ap such for the purpose of magnifying their names. When members of the house ot sons are for ever in the house of the Lord they will continue to learn of the wonders of the great Jehovah God. 5 It does not seem reasonable that God would use one man to represent another man.

Then it was that Elijah with boldness responded that the king himself was resp<Jnsible for the absence of rain. 14 Now the issue before all the people was.nguage of the prophecy that the work to be done would be in the nature of a witness. He told Elijah that he. and that such work must be done before the great and terrible day of the Lord. let it be known this day that thou art God in Israel. and put no fire under it. The Lord then directed Elijah to a place of protection. they fell on their faces: and they said. and that I am thy servant. and that thou hast turned their heart back again. lest I come and smite the earth with a curse. slaughtered a bullock. He did this the second time and then the third time. Elijah was dead. Elijah. would do the same thing. (Hebrews 10: 1. that he. and then called upon Baal to conSlUlle their sacrifice by fire. and that the experiences of Israel were for the benefit of those upon whom the end of the world should come. the king's most trusted servant."-Malachi 4: 5. had forsaken the Lord and turned the minds of the people away from the true God. and had four barrels of water poured over it." -1 Kings 18: 36-39. For three and one-half years there was a sore famine upon the land of Israel. because he as the ruler of the people. It is manifest from the la. that this people may know that thou art the Lord God. and Obadiah yielded to his request. and told him to go and tell the king that he. This frightened Obadiah. had returned. Then the fire of the Lord fell. They met. 12 Elijah then made a bold proposition to Ahab. Elijah taunted them. 0 Lord. It reads: "Behold. and the prophets of Baal to the number of 450 were assembled. THE ISSUE 10 Elijah told Ahab the ruler that for three and onehalf years there should be no rain. Elijah. together with his consort J ezebel. as the king's most trusted servant. his wrath would then be expressed against the people. and that then each one should call upon their respective Gods to consume the sacrifice by fire. They cried aloud and cut themselves with knives until the blood gushed out. 1 Corinthians 10: 11) That prophecy there enacted must have a fulfilment some day. He told that king that he should summon all the prophets of Baal. which work was foreshadowed by what Elijah did. to wake them up and make them understand that he is the only true God. and that it was their duty and privilege to return to the terms of their covenant. and licked up the water that was in the trench. Y. for the purpose of turning the minds of the people back to Jehovah. placed it upon the altar. he is the God. He repaired the altar of the Lord with twelve stones. . he is the God. and consumed the burnt sacrifice. and the stones. Who is God? At the time of the evening sacrifice Elijah prayed and said: «Lord God of Abraham. At the end of the three and one-half years God sent Elijah and told him to appear before Ahab the king. N. the Lord. and of Israel. and that I have done all these things at thy word. He dug a trench around his altar. And when all the people saw it. 11 The meeting was arranged between the prophet and the king. and on that occasion Ahab accused the prophet of being responsible for the great drouth. until the water ran about and filled the trench. ANOTHER PROPHECY 16 The last message which God sent to Israel. 13 These prophets of the Devil builded their altar. and that now if he should go and tell the king that Elijah was home and then Elijah should disappear again he would be in danger of being put to death by the king. and the chief purp<Jse of its fulfilment must be to bear testimony to the name of Jehovah God and turn the peo~ Ie to him. and still their sacrifice remained unconsumed. just prior to the coming of the forerunner of the Messiah. 6. Hear me. The tIme had come for Jehovah God to have a tremendous witness given to Israel. Hence it is manifest that t:1e message of the prophecy conveys the thought that a work must be done. had hunted throughout the land for Elijah. On the way he met Obadiah. and that whichever sacrifice was consumed by fire the God of that one should be acknowledged as the only true God by the people. It follows. and that they should build an altar and place upon it a slaughtered bullock. '1'he Lord. and the dust. near. It follows also that unless the work done should be successful in turning the minds of the people to the Lord. Isaac. hear me. 'Then Elijah called the people to come BROOKLYN. It foreshadowed something to transpire on a far greater scale. of course. whom they had agreed to serve. Of course the fire did not come down. one for each tribe of Israel. The king assented to this proposition. was sent by Malachi. The fact that the Israelites had turned to the worship of Baal was conclusive proof that their minds had been turned away from the true God.68 lfheWATCH TOWER doulJtedlyBaal represented Devil worship. and the heart of the children to their fathers. and the wood. I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord: and he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children. We have the testimony of the Apostle Paul that the things of the law foreshadowed good things to come. J ezebel's prophlts of Baal held sway in Israel. 15 'l'hat experience there enacted by Elijah was a prophecy. Elijah assured Obadiah that he would certainly appear that day. He put wood on the altar and toon placed the bullock in pieces on it. that such work must be done by some one in harmony with Jehovah. and seemingly all Israel had turned to idolatry. 17 At the time that the above prophecy was given. where he remained during that period of the drouth and where he was fed by God's gracious provision.

The prophecy of Malachi concerning the Elijah work shows that it must have a fulfilment in completion before the \Lord comes to his temple. as the record shows: "Then went out to him Jerusalem. The fulfilment of Malachi 3: 1 we believe is clearly shown to have taken place in 1918. which work was a restitution work. and they knew him not. that would indicate that the complete fulfilment would also be a failure. in which the whole world will be involved. COMPLETE FULFILMENT Elijah foreshadowed a work which was to be done by those in harmony with the Lord and which must be done in connection with the announcement of the second preseuce of Christ. 20 The Lord comes to his temple for the purpose of judgment. "But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees come to his baptism. These fathers in Israel had prophesied concerning the coming of the kingdom of God. 21 This is proof that John was doing a preparatory work. is Christ the Messiah. Many of the people responded. It was. 'l'hat day of trouble was also a miniature fulfilment of the prophecy. confessing their sins. it will be conceded. 24 The prophecy of Malachi leads to the conclusion that some day it must have a complete fulfilment. That would not mean at all. then came also the pious frauds. According to the prophecy of Malachi that must be a restitution work.-John 8: 44. so he did not mean that John the Baptist was Elijah resurrected from the dead. and in due course of time the great and dreadful day of Jehovah came upon Israel. That Elias is come already. and all Judea. and while there this bad woman caused his head to be taken off. make his paths straight. That John did a work. cannot be questioned. 1921 Cfh~WATCH FULFILMENT IN MINIATURE It is not unusual to find that a prophecy relating to the coming of Christ has both a miniature fulfilment and a fulfilment in completion. The Devil had done this by causing the people to follow the clergy.1Lutcn 1. Prepare ye the way of the Lord. Then John was put into prison. Since the miniature fulfilment by John was apparently a failure. The voice of one crying in the wilderness. saying. and John told them that they were a bad lot. But I say unto you. The Devil had turned the minds of the people away from Jehovah.. that the work of Jehovah God would be retarded in the least. that such witness must be given during the time of a restoration work." (Matthew 3: 5. but on the contrary that God's purposes would be fully accomplished. It will be observed that the prophecy of Ma!achi (4: 4-6) was given in connection with the coming of the Messenger of the covenant to his temple. When Jesus did begin his ministry these representatives of Baal opposed him. and were baptized of him in Jordan. that is to say."Matthew 17: 11-13. preaching in the wilderness of Judea. that shortly thereafter would come the great and terrible day of the Lord. He said to his disciples: "Elias truly shall first come and restore all things. The work of 25 . a miniature fulfilment of the prophecy of :M:alachi. and only a small remnant of Israel turned to Jehovah and accepted Jesus as the Messiah. and that work was the fulfilment of the prophecy in miniature. turning the minds of the people of Israel back to Jehovah. At that time Israel had forgotten her proper relationship to Jehovah God.·ork of John the Baptist was a failure. because Jesus said so. however. If there was any question about that matter the ·words of Jesus settle it. and all the region round about Jordan. who posed as representatives of the Lord but who in truth and in fact were the representatives of the Devil."-Matthew 3: 1-3. the nature of which was to turn the minds of the Israelites to Jehovah God. and when he was presented to Israel as their King he was rejected. but it scems manifest that there must be a complete fulfilment on a far greater scale. a restoring of the Israelites to the childlike faith manifested by Abraham and the other fathers in Israel. but the rulers and the priests and all the members of the clergy took a different course. 20 John the Baptist began his work six months before the beginning of the ministry of Christ Jesus. 18 TOWER 22 Many of the Jews heard the words of John. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of t"hem. and saying. but he did mean that the work which John did was foreshadowed by Elijah. and that nation suffered destruction in a time of trouble such as the people up to that time had never known. The work of John the Baptist was progressing until he boldly told Herod of his illicit and wrongful relationship with Herodias. he said unto them. and whatever restoration work is done must be done before that time of judgment. 0 generation of vipers. and were ready to receive Jesus when he came. but have done unto him whatsoever thev listed. 6) When the honest people of Israel came to John to be baptized. 10 John the Baptibt was dead at the time Jesus spoke these words. and that was the work foreshadowed by Elijah. "In those days came John the Baptist. The Messenger of the covenant. that some one in complete harmony with God must first give a witness as foretold by the prophecy. namely. For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias. It must be in the nature of a restoration work. who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come?" (Matthew 3: 7) At the same time John indicated that this work was to be followed by the wrath of God. however. believed them. Without a doubt John the Baptist fulfilled this prophecy of Malachi in miniature. Repent ye: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. and that if the witness and restoration were not completely successful in turning the minds of the people to Jehovah then he would smite the earth with a curse. even as he had done in the days of the Prophet Elijah. who were in fact the priests of Baal. his brother's wife. 23 Seemingly the .

During his ministry there were fulfilled the words of the prophet: "Gather my saints together unto me. was the ecclesiastical. 28 A RESTITUTION WORK In harmony with the words of Jesus Elijah must now do a restitution work. and with the first intimation of it they began to proclaim the good news. The great fundamental doctrines. the seed of Abraham. This work of restoring the truth and gathering together the Lord's people and turning the minds of many Christians to the Lord was therefore the antitypical work of Elijah. The name of God was pushed aside. At the time of the Lord's second coming the children of God were in captivity to the Babylonish system. and the work of the faithful Christians on earth at the time of the Lord's second presence ful£ls that prophecy in completion. the doctrines of consecration. the enemy and god of this world. and Brother Russell was the most prominent amongst them. They were controlled by Satan. 86 Pastor Russell was not Elijah any more than John the Baptist was Elijah. (Luke 11: 52) Some of the great fundamental truths of the divine plan were thereby entirely obliterated from the minds of Christian people. J ezebel was his evil wife and ruled with him. For more than forty years he constantly proclaimed the truth of God's plan. justification. This element rules. whereof we are glad. spirit begetting and anointing were made clear to the people of God. At the second coming of the Lord the ruling factors of the earth were made up of the commercial and political powers. ARAB AND JEZEBEL Ahab was the ruler of Israel. These together constituted the antitypical Ahab and Jezebel of all Christendom. As a young man he began the proclamation of the truth concerning the Lord's second presence. and by which the glad tidings were brought to the truly consecrated in Christendom. The fire was taken out of hell. 88 Christians had been in captivity in Babylon up to that time. and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen. That was done under the Lord's supervision. just as Jesus had foretold. foreshadowed by J ezebel. About the beginning of the Lord's second presence a restitution work began. acting with the rulers. which had long been hid by reason of the machinations of the Devil working through his earthly priests. The Lord hath done great things for us. 29 The ecclesiastical systems claim to represent God. the work of John the Baptist fulfilled Malachi's prophecy in miniature. Russell. fully consecrated to do God's will. must do before Christ comes to his temple.rneWATCH TOWER 70 John the Baptist began before the Lord began his ministry. This is shown by the words of the prophet: ''When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion. Therefore the conclusion is that the work done by John the Baptist was a miniature fulfilment of the prophecy and indicates what the Lord's faithful witnesses. 87 It was the thought of almost everyone when the . foreshadowed by the priests of Baal. No man has ever so fully exposed the false and God-dishonoring doctrines taught by the antitypical priests of Baal as did Brother Russell. Charles T. The Ahab side of the alliance was not particularly interested in Christianity. 84 As the light of truth began to increase in the minds of these anointed ones there followed a great campaign in which Brother Russell was the leader. as the instrument for the blessing of mankind. but Pastor Russell. and Brother Russell was the most prominent one. Then was our mouth filled with laughter. and they greatly rejoiced. During the work which progressed. those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice. and which covered a period of forty years approximately. as the same were understood by the apostles. but in truth and in fact. As these great truths were restored to the consecrated they broke away from their captivity. of course. 85 It was truly a time of gathering together of God's people and of restoring to them the great fundamental truths of the divine plan. the true saints or wheat class were growing side by side with the tares.-Matthew 13: 30. that was and is a misnomer. 80 Associated with the Abab element."-Psalm 126: 1-3. In other words. Since Jesus says that this must be a restitution of all things. but yielded to the importunities of the ecclesiastics because the ecclesiastics demanded some part in the governm!'Jnt. was understood. did a great work in the name of the Lord. during his second presence. engaged in the Elijah work. These priests had taken away the key of knowledge of God's plan. because the Lord used him to take the lead amongst the Elijah class. there was restored to God's people an understanding of the great ransom sacrifice. The Lord hath done great things for them. The commercial and political elements working together at the second coming of the Lord constituted the antitypical Ahab. and while the governments of earth claimed to be Christendom. or any other religion for that matter. 27 Otherwise stated. they represent the Devil.Ld through his visible representatives on earth-those Bl BaOOKLYN. Earnest Christians were looking for the second coming of the Lord. N. r. During the time of his ministry the consecrated ones on earth did a restitution work. began to be restored by the anointed ones of the Lord. 82 'l'he most prominent among those doing this work was that faithful and devoted Christian."-Psalm 50: 5. however. The beginning of the Lord's ministry corresponds with his taking his power in 1914. it must mean that the work must result in restoring to the people of God that which was taken away by reason of the influence of Satan the enemy working through his priests. we were like them that dream.. illicitly associated with the ecclesiastical leaders. by a. together with his brethren in Christ.

The work of restoring the truth was complete. as follows: 46 We believe that the Times of the Gentiles ended just on time. Aftel' Elijah had reached the wildel'Dess. 1915. 1914. Not all of the professed Christians would turn to the Lord and to the faith of Abraham. The perplexity and diBcouragement of the Elijah class that followed 1914 seem well to fit the picture. Lord God! . At that time. because so angry. (1 Kings 19: 1-18) The wind rending the mountains represents the present war. '1'he prophecy of our Lord was to the effect that the war should be quickly followed by famines. The people in g-eneral were not under the same kind of restraint as previOUsly.cneWATCH TOWER MARCH 1. in truth and in fact. 1921 truth first came to them that all who claimed to be Christian would readily accept it. but not for any specific length of time. which will bring the blessings to the world. The Elijah class at the end of 1914 felt secure in the protection of the Lord. after his experience with the priests of Baal and after his fleeing from Jezebt>l. yet perplexed and not knowing just what to expect. But they soon changed their minds. Hore!' the Lord gave him tlnee witnesses. Elijah went again into the wilderness and was there nourished for a time. and a great and strong wind rent the mountains. her family. the truly consecrated ones on earth. but the war might continue While the earthquake is on. ""\11. but an especially prOVided food for a time. her kind. and he said. it was not the previous nourishment of the 1260 days by the ravens. When the facts fit the prophecy we may un~ derstand that we have the proper interpretation of it. 47 While Elijah was in the cave "the Lord passed by. This made J ezebel (ecclesiasticism) very angry. This exposure was so complete that the clergy had their influence with honest people practically destroyed. 44 When Elijah got to Mt. The priests 'Of Baal never regained their influence. It was nation against nation and kingdom against kingdom. following the social revolution. Some paragraphs in THE WATOH TOWER at the beginning of 1915. but the work of restoring the faith of professed Christians was not complete. But the Lord strengthened him and gave him a special food. We know of no way of understanding a prophecy except by taking the facts as they have occurred and applying those facts to the prophecy. which seem to relate to the point under consideration. in the strength of which he went to l\It. the like of which was never before in the world. there was an inclination on his part to feel discouraged. This is indicated by the following words appearing in THE WATCH TOWER for February 15. 4-G Probably the Lord did not· intend for every feature of the picture made by Elijah to be fulfilled. This l'eprt'sents wide-spread anarchy. That he was discouraged is clearly indicated by the Scriptures. which discourses exposed the false ordination of the clergy and their unlawful relationship with the ruling factors of the world. They were at war over a month in advance of the time."this signifying his discouragement. the nations were already angry. representing the llivine power. 'fhe antitypical Elijah class. the Messianic kingdom. 45 The Scriptural account pictures Elijah seeking shelter in a cave. Only a comparatively small number of those who professed to be Christians accepted the truth as proclaimed by Brother Russell and his associates. priests of Baal. Some parts may have been put into the picture for the purpose of concealing other parts.vas not in the earthquake: and after the earthquake a fire. but the Lord . however. The hand of justice is now doing the breakingthe nations shall be broken as "a potter's vessel". and brake in pieces the rocks before the Lord. The whole catacl~-sm of trouble may be upon the world during the next ten months. which will prevail in the world. THE END OF THE WORLD 119 Zealous members of the church tenaciously held to the truth that 1914 would mark the end of the world. This will not come as soon as the war begins. 'l'he great earthquake symbolically represents a social revolution. and she threatened to destroy those (the antitype of Elijah) who had exposed her illicit relationship with the antitypical Ahab and who had destroyed her priests.-Z-2-1-1915. or it may be longer deferred. follow: 42 C<>ming back to the picture: Queen J ezebel represented her daughters. and by him and his assistants and associates were freely distributed throughout the earth. when it was due for our Lord. 71 and again he fled into tlie wilderness-not for a specified time. 43 To our understanding this food especially provided for Elijah. but the Lord was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake. to overthrow the founda~ tion of the governments. The third demonstration was a great fire. and the kingdom was not set up. as shown in Volume II of STUDIES IN THE SCIUPTUllES. \Ve believe that the time for the setting up of the kingdom was on September 21. Horeb. and they reasoned that that date would also be the time for the complete exaltation of the church.. 'And we believe that by this spiritual food we are now brought to the time when the kingdom is to be established. The Prophet Elijah represented the true people of God in the present time. but threatened him. but the Lord was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice". 41 When Jezebel made the threat against Elijah he fled into the wilderness. 48 The World War that began in 1914 was the antitype of the great wind. and which we believe is due to come very soon. 'J'hen aftpr the tire Elijah heard the "still small voice". at least insofar as the facts do fit. namely.12. This was not all. The queen did not persecute him. which consumed evel'ythillg befure it. A cave represents a place of security.-l Kings 19 :11. It was shown that while these men claimed to be priests of the Lord they were and are. This mountain represents the kingdom of God. represents the special mcssagb that is now feeding the people of God.. The yeaI 1914 came and passed.to take up his great power and reign. pestilences and earthquakes. This is well known by a number of God's people yet on the earth. The Elijah class . and that it would mark the time of the complete overthrow of Satan's empire and of the establishment of Christ's kingdom. were discouraged and perple-xed. 38 Many discourses were prepared and published by Brother Russell.

49 It was when Elijah heard "the still small voice" that he wrapped his mantle about his face and went out of the cave. They had restored some of the professed Christians to the faith of Christ and the apostles. God said: "Thou shalt anoint him to be prophet in thy room. ANOINTING OF ELISHA 51 God directed Elijah to go and anoint Elisha." It was after that that Elijah. and the still small voice. Jehovah commanded him to arise and eat. Fire is a symbol of destruction. and restored them to their proper relationship to God under their covenant. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY What is meant by "meat in due season"? After the church is glorified will they continue to increase in knowiedge? 11 1. until the time that the Lord came to his temple. the mount of God. amongst those who professed to be for the Lord. Elijah and ElIsha walked on together until Elijah was taken away. 12 Anointing means to clothe one with authority to BROOKLYN. What is the purpose of this article? What does the name of Elijah imply? Does God ever use one· imperfect man tQ . . to wit. The command of the Lord to him was to get out of the cave and go and stand upon the mountain. And it shall come to pass. the mount of God. calm voice that Elijah heard was the voice of the Lord from behind. Elijah?" The human voice is the most musical sound that ever falls upon human ear. N. Y. act. But the turning of the people was not complete. "This is the way. Therefore Horeb. It was at that time that he assembled his servants. So he departed thence. and cast his mantle upon him. which symbolically said: "I am going to testify some more. . great revolutions such as the world has never known. went on up Horeb. He was in the cave when he had the experience concerning the wind. or in fulfilment of the prophecy. the earthquake. The language of the scripture therefore shows that Elisha was clothed with the authority to do the work in the place and stead of Elijah. The "mount of God" here symbolizes the kingdom of God. so Elisha must carry on the work of testifying to the name of Jehovah even after Elijah wa. . shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room. Fire does not necessarily symbolize anarchy. and in 1918 he presented himself as King to the temple class. U It will be further observed that after Elijah did eat he went on and came to a cave and lodged there. to wit.2. and the Lord asked him: "What doest thou here. and this he did. and the inference of the prophecy of Malachi is that b. and he did arise and eat and then went on in the strength of that meat unto Horeb. and said to Elijah: "And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat. and found Elisha the son of Shaphat. This would seem to clearly imply that since Elijah gave a witness to the name of the Lord. 53 It will be observed that at the time Elijah was discouraged. and Elijah passed by him. and he with the twelfth. Famines and pestilences are destructive."-1 Kings 19: 16. But the voice of the Lord would be more beautiful than that. representing the kingdom int~rests. from the Scriptures. in the strength of the meat that God had given him.s done. The World War. the mount of God. directing Elijah what to do.ecause the minds of the people had not all been turned to the Lord the great and dreadful day of the Lord must follow. thus representing to him that he shou~d get back into the kingdom work. It was at that time that he was laid in Zion as the Chief Corner Stone. That is what the small voice meant to him-"Here is something more for you to do." Then it was that he wrapped his mantle about his face and went and stood in the entrance of the cave. that Elijah represented the anointed ones of the Lord doing a specific work in the name of the Lord up to a given and certain time. The famine and pestilence that followed the World War were far more destructive of human life than was the war. 19. the earthquakes and the famine and pestilence were not an expression of "the wrath of God/' indicated by the Scriptures. and him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay. It seems certain. saying. in which the earth must be smitten with a curse." (Isaiah 30: 21) That voice was from the Lord. He also saw a terrific destruction of faith in the Word of God. 17. to take account with them as to the manner in which thev had handled the talents. In 1914 the Lord Jesus began his activities in ousting the Devil. which was also the same time that Elijah was taken away-representing the completion or end of the Elijah work. that him that E'scapeth the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay. In 1914 the antitypical Elijah class had restored all the great fundamental doctrines which had been taught by Jesus and the apostles and which had been taken away by the Devil's priests.'T2 trhe WATCH TOWER saw the earthquah. Elijah was told that he must go now and anoint Elisha. The still. 50 In 1914 the work which John the Baptist long ago had done in miniature had now been done by the anointed class of the Lord on earth in completion. the fire. 55 In the next issue of THE TOWER we will consider the Elisha work. The antitypical Elijah sawall of this. 'l'hey also saw famine and pestilence. walk ye in it. and that Elisha represents the anointed ones of the Lord doing a work in the name of the Lord after the Elijah work is done. particularly represents the time of the Lord J eSllS' coming to his temple for the assembling of the temple or kingdom class." The word "room" means in place or stead of. of Abelmeholah. who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before him. John the Baptist turned some of the Israelites back to the Lord. After the anointing of Elisha. The Lord was telling the Elijah class that there is still some more work to be done.

that of bearing the cross in like manner as he was to bear it even unto death. discerned to be Moses and Elijah. Was the incident prophetic? II 11·15. "Verily I say unto you. When Jesus told his disciples of his coming death at Jerusalem. and the glory to follow.. who talked with Jesus. It is not easy to determine where the transfiguration took place. 1921 <[he WATCH TOWER reprl'Sellt or typify another imperfect man? Whom did Abraham and Moses typify. Hermon was the place. When did the antitypical Elijah reach the mount of God? Why was he directed to leave the cave after viewing the three witnesses and ro go and stand upon the mountain? II 53. whether on Mt. and as only a week passed between these two incidents it seems plain that they are intended to be connected. 3 Six days after Jesus' ackno\dedgment that he was the Christ.-See Deuteronomy 19: 15. That there be some of them that stand here. They .17: 11? What constitutes the antitypical Ahab and Jezebel? II 25-30. not far from Clesarea. Why did Israel turn from God to worship Baal? What punishment therefor did Elijah announce to King Ahab? What happened at the end of the three and one-half years? Why was Obadiah frightened? II 8-10. Mark 9: 1) This relationship of suffering and glory is ever found in the New Testament in closest association. and did his work 73 fully restore faith throughout the earth? What did the antitypical Ahab and Jezebel do with reference thereto? II 36-88. What was Elijah directed to do with respect to Elisha? Whom does Elisha represent? II 51. He had just made a great declaration. though Jesus must have been encouraged by it" we may take it that the incident was not specially for him but was more particularly for the sake of others-those who were to fonow and who had not the clear lillderstanding which he had.MAItC!! 1. II 31-35. Hermon. 52. What date marked the end of the world? What other events did the Elijah class expect at that time? How may we know a prophecy is correctly interpreted? What seems to be pictured by Elijah's discouragement and his special nQurishment just prior to his ascent to Horeb? II 39-43. James and John. When. When was l\Ialachi 3: 1 fulfilled? What work was to be done before that time according to Matthew . He had already told them of his death. namely. Now he spoke of the cross which his disciples must bear and of the glory to follow for them. PETER AT THE TRANSFIGURATION --APRIL 24-MARK 9: 2-10. ONE of the Gospels record anything said or done in Jesus' ministry between the confession of Peter in Clesarea Philippi and the transfiguration of Jesus. on one of the mountains of Galilee. Evidently Jesus kncw that this witness was to come. into a mountain apart and 'vas glorified before them. we do not know. with his angels. and revealed to them the cost of discipleship. ani! how? II 3-7. hc took three of his disciples. "His raiment was white and glistering. Peter. and quite outside the frequent miraculous works which Jesus did. perhaps his Father had directcd him. why and how was the world to be smitten with a curse? II 44-50. What is the significance of Malachi 4: 5. Luke says. G "Vhen the four were up the mountain Jesus began to pray. 2 PETER 1: 16-18- "There came a voice out of the cloud. Jesus had just spoken of his own death and resurrection. There was suffering for him as well as for them. ·What three witnesses were given to Elijah in a cave at Horeb? What would his seeking shelter in the cave represent? Explain the meaning of the three witnesses and of the "still small voice". "Then Jesus added. What restitutiQn work began with the Lord's second presence? Explain Psalm 126: 1-3 and 50: 5 in this connection. and as he prayed the fashion of his face changed. Perhaps Mt. 6? How did John the Baptist fulfil this prophecy? Did he completely fulfil it? II 16-24. Who constituted the antitypical Elijah. for it is necessary that his disciples pay the same price for the life which they shall und if faithful to their covenant. Jesus followed his Father's direction given through Moses-that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word should be established. and there would be something fitting in this location for such a scene-the glory of the whiteness of N the raiment of Jesus would merge into the absolute whiteness of the pure snow which always covered the majestic slopes of Hermon." (Matthew 16: 28. which shall not taste of death. and then he shall reward every man according to his works". 5 Did Jesus necd this witness? Without doubt it was intended for his personal assurance as well as for others. and now they were to see something of the glory he woulLl have in his kingdom. till they have seen the kingdom of God come with power. or further south. and nothing happened by chance. No man had been called to walk that way before. Weare told something of what they said. but here was something extraordinary. it was about what was to happen to Jesus in Jerusalem. However. What charge did Ahab make against Elijah. and what was the prophpt's reply and proposal? Narrate what follQwed. 54. There was nothing trivial or unimportant in that life of ministry wholly given to God. he also spoke briefly of the glory to be his when he would come "in the glory of his Father. now his Father would give him a taste of the glory which was to follow his suffering. 4 The three disciples were chosen that they might be witnesses of this manifestation. therefore God would help him."-Luke 9: 29. and his raiment became whiter than any earthly power could make it. Then there appeared the figures of two men."-Mark 9: 7. This is my beloved Son: hear him.

nothing could be more sure." as if he meant that the Scriptures were more sure than the fact of the transfiguration. had an exodus. similar but in a far grander sense than in the cases of Moses and Elijah. It said. Moses. "What shall I say? Father. and is also an anticipation of what the glory of Christ and his kingdom is to be. but for your sakes. both of tnese men were taken from their work for God while yet they were ablebodied. he says. SeEling that it is llllIDifest that Jesus could have had the heavenly glory come upon him a:PlIJJt from them2 We suggest that these two men. having been removed from their service in an unexpected manner" the deaths of both thus represented a nemoval from their w0rk but not the end 0:£ it. but we may say that he also experienced a personal one. 30~ 15 It callDot be determined whether or not the transfiguration actually took place in the daytime or during the night. ." Jesus said. Yo which is reserved in heaven for the faithful.). first at Jordan" now on the mount of transfigul'ation.and Elijah. even. both were there to testify 0:£ J. It means t" at that which they represented did not die. the word of prophecy made more sure to us! 12 Peter is not advancing the possibility of any doubt or self-deception in this vision which they saw. and the prophets. '1'his is."John 12: 27. Were Moses and Elijah actually there. they were dead. penect man J'esus was crowned with glory and honor. and will glorify it again." He determined to say. he said. (See Matthew 3: 17. for he tells us that Jesus. 9 Why ilid Moses and Elijah thus "appear" to Jesus." but. "This voice came not because of me. Ma. But a more critical rendering gives Peter's words as if he wrote. 28.-See Hebrews 2: 9. He too.nd! of the inheritance BBOOKLYN. future gIQry. God arbitrarily concluded their work. I have both gl0rified it.my beloved Son. Elijah shared in the same kind of experience.O'l''I!. Matthew's recGrd af the ineident ought to have prevented any such interp:cetation. 14 The voice which came from heaven was not for the benefit of Jesus. or decease. as it was to be in the case of Jesus. in whom I am well pleased." On the IUlSt occasion. God took him. He says: "We . This does not mean that Moses and Elijah did not die. for the voice was not addressed to Jesus. The passage has been seized upon !to prove tha.ww and the prophets teld of the sufferings of Chrie t -Moses by the types of sacrifice and sin-offering.rk 9 : 7 . In: Tater days. "Thou art my beloved Son. The first witness was to John. we are not told. and then their removal was neither by disease. in order to reptesent the law and the prophets. nor by accident. as if they had «orne dire<. save me from this hom:: but for this cause came I unto this hour. rw e have by this manifestation of glory to which God made us witnesses. But that inference cannot be sustained. Perhaps he was now to know more assuredly by this vision that his death would be an exodus arranged by Jehovah.vision to no man. How long the vision lasted. N. sruid: "Tell the." On the mount of transfiguration. "This is m." (2 Peter 1: 16. notabLy Isaiah.74 -neWATCH TOWER did not speak of his dying. Both the l. (2 Peter 1: 16) Then. the Word of God given through the prophets was confirmed by what they saw. it waBo addressed to his disciples. of man be risen: again. In each case the voice and the witness were for the sake of others rather than for Jesus himself. John 12: 28. The fact of the transfiguration was established by the mouths of three witnesses. by direct word. . The law was suspended. he said that he was an eye-witness to the majesty of the glory of the LOljd in the kingdom. ood the three apostles found .-Luke 9: 31. or did they only "appeal:" to @e thene? Almost alii: clergymen claim that these two men were there in person. rather. that is. "This is my beloved S('Jn: hewr him.y beloved Son. glorify thy name. the written and the spoken Word of ancient days. S We ask. the same words. :from the dead. 11.: but the law and: the prophets as sueh surely had but an exodus-their service continues. "hen Peter wrote his epistle to stir ap the minds of the brethren and to remind them of 1dre' glorious hope or the church a. nor by enemy power. Jesus had said that he was to be killed. according to the Common Version. and adding. saying. It was a vision. Neither could the Word of God be made more sure. The vision is thus a confirmation of the prophecies. lllltil the Son. Also in the fact that both of them had had an «exodus". "Father. when coming Qown the mOUJ1troin. lO. it did not say. but sin<re the apostles were heavy with sleep it would. They spoke of his exodus which he was to accomplish. Moses not only experienced the exodus of Israel out of Egypt. "We have also a more sure word of prophecy. Both of these men. For he received from God the Father honor and glory. Then came thene a voice from heaven.t from heaven to be with Jesus on the mount. and later in his last hours. to which he auf]: others had attested.esu&." On three occasions J eSllS had this kind of witness.. were eyewitnesses of his majesty. was to be taken away according to the will of God while yet well able to serve. or departure. appearelJ. when Jesus was baing the fact of his <fuath. but the glory whICh here came 1lpon him was a representation of his. saying. the prophets served their daly and passed. 17) Already as a." 'Matthew 17: 9) Moses and Elijah were not there. as those words are ordinarily used and understood. the outstanding figures of the 0ld Testament. Then the transient glory suddenly vanished.t the dead are not dead but continue to live. DMI@l!. T Under the circumstances the statement is important. when there came such a voice to him from the exceHent glory. God spoke to the three apostles. appear as if it occurred at night. however.. as in the £l3rd Ghapter (1)f his prophecy. 13 That the transfiguration was intended as a mark oT God's favor on Jesus is shown by Peter's words. "Hear him.

But by nature he was self-willed. 66-71. 2. as Jesus had. brings upon his followers. This was a manifestation which might not be communicated to others. so great as to break down that stronghold of self-will and selfassurance in which he resided. must lead him astray. that it was possible for him to be of great service in the ministry which Jesus had begun. But they are not the losers thereby. but because he always wanted to get something out of every occasion. rather he would have them strong like himself. (See Luke 9 : 33. LUKE 22: 61. to serve him at all costs. mean that the W'Ord is more reliable than the transfiguration witness? With what "honour and glory" was Jesus there crowned? For whose benefit was the voice from heaven? On what other occasions had this same testimony been given aUdibly? n 11-14. 2 It should never be understood that the discipline which God brings upon his children. 19 Peter's ever-ready characteristic is shown in his interjection." (Mark 9: 5) Luke says that he said this because he wist not what to say. and for those of that company of twelve who were to have the chief places in the future ministry of representing the Lord. and what was its purpose? n 3-5. such as this vision. 4 Our lesson today is of Peter's great failure. PETER'S DENIAL AND REPENTANCE --MAY 1-MARK. whom he sent among men to reveal himself. in season and out of season. The contrast of the drab surroundings with the very vivid scene which they had just witnessed would cause them to see themselves as very ordinary men. These see the glory of God and have his glory manifested upon them.14: 53. and it is certain that after Pentecost each would help the others to keep it in mind. inevitably. 54. The vision was real to them. 2. as we have seen. he was impulsive-but the Lord loved him. a sacrificeI' of his material interests. should be risen from the dead. "Master. 3 In all the discipline which comes upon the Christian it should be understood that the purpose is to develop the will. and to those who see light in his light the opening of the Scriptures as now seen by the power of the spirit. A loving disciple. and nothing could be more sure. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY What phase of his experience did J('sus stress to his disci. and are no mere vain imaginings. and one for 1I10ses. he was slow to learn the necessary lessons of restraint. It was a fact. Does the apostle. It becomes necessary for God to give such an experience as will once for all break down self-confidence. and why did he make it? n19. if he was to be preserved for his Master there was apparently only one way of breaking down his impulsiveness and selfassurance.me WATCH TOWER MARCH 1. it was rather for the future. and hitherto the taking of his own way must . (See Isaiah 60: 1. or which Christ. and which therefore was not intended for the then present work of Jesus. and why? Why did they speak about Jesus' exodus? How do we know that Moses and Elijah were not actually there-? n 6-10. especially after Jesus laid a strict embargo upon the three. the Head of the church. HE Apostle Peter was so unusual in general characteristics. Where and how did the transfiguration take place? Who witnessed it. In Peter the Lord has given us an example of how self-will must be dealt with when it is so set as to become positively dangerous to spiritual life. and thus taking out of the way the greatest hindrance in his service for the Lord. The trouble is that man T by nature is self-willed and wants to have his own way."-l COrUnthians 10: IS. 1921 themsE'lves still alone with their Master on the mountain. which. 18 But there are things which are greater than outward demonstration. and withal had such a disposition of heart and mind. it is good for us to be here: and let us make three tabernacles: one foJ:' thee. the life's purpose. he was yet a server of himself. a talkative-man who must and will speak. and the absolute corroboration of the prophecies in the constantly moving events of these days. yet not because he merely wanted to hear himself talk or have others hear him. ever ready to serve his Master and. in 2 Peter 1: 16. conformed to the pattern and example which he has given us in Jesus. for that is very frequently the ground out of which self-will grows. it could never be forgotten. cident? Do the Scriptures thus frequently link suffering with glory? n 1. God would not have his children weak in will or purpose.) To them 75 these things are gloriously real. and to have it strong to do the will of God. are the sure proofs of the divine presence. 16 Probably but little was said about it by anyone.) Peter must say something. Peter was no babbler. telling them that they were not to speak even to the other disciples of what they had seen till he. What was Peter's proposal on this occasion. to do something to improve an opportunity. and one for Elias. Who besides Jesus appeared in the picture. Jesus. 17 It is not the good pleasure of God to give to any of the disciples of Jesus at this time outward demonstration of his care for and presence with them. pIes in C::esarea Philippi? What is the next recorded in. 62-- "Let him that thinketh he stamdeth take heed lest he fall. Did the transfiguration occur in daylight? What effect did it have upon the three disciples? Why do we not have such manifestations today? V 15-18. is intended to break their wills.

. and mixed in the crowd in the oourtyal'd. 9 Soon they left the upper room to go forth to Gethsemane. led by Judas. Humanly speaking. Jesus said.sheIIDan days. for when Jesus. "But aiter that I am risen. and Peter realized. began to curse and swear and said that he did not even know Jesus. instead of watching with him they fell asleep. 5 "When: th~ hoor of Jesus' heaviest trial lItppl'OQched he warued his disciples of the danger which they were m. clear from what was said when Jesus was about to start fo~ Bethany in order to raise Lazarus from the dead. and the sheep shall be scattered. 12 When Jesus was in the hands of the mob and it was apparent that he would not resist them> the disciples we:re seized with fear and all ran away. reference made wan BOOOKLYN. Slashing at the head of the high priest's servant Peter sliced off his ear. but because Peter had an llnpmtant part to play and a great lesson to learn. about as grains of corn are tossed in a sieve.-Matthew 26: 74.In the garden Peter was a witness of the sufferings of his Master. to the sword.-See John 18: 10. N. but using his old name Simon rather than the one Jesus preferred to k:oow him hy (as if there was still much of the old nature left). I will go before you into Galilee. restored the ear to the head.. came to arrest him. Peter. because it W8S written. should be shmvn his own nakedness. passed by. "I will smite the shepherd. (Luke 22: 28-30) Then he frankly toid them that all of them w0uld he offended because of him that night. and certainly not upon the high priest-it only emphasized their wickedness. under severe test. that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted. and as hands were laid on Jesus he began to use his sword. show itself in abiect cowardliness. As the end of his ministry came on. "Did not I see thee in the garden with him ?'. portion of his life's plea&lUres. Now in the face of opposition Peter was all alert. said. "Peter. as he himself says. he lost control of himself and. the cock shall not crOow this day. and that inside that of self-assurll. that their mes were in da. "Simon. And Jesus said. (1 Peter 5: 1) But whethe:r he specifically referred to the sufferings which Jesus endured in his last hours. Where he went we do not .. and which high blessing was theirs because they shared with him :ill his trials. strengthen thy orethren. so full of self-assurance.7r (Luke 22 = 81. and healed the wound.. but with his usual readiness of apeech and gQod intention he said. 11 When Jesus had entered into the deep and the waves of sorrow had gone over him. because the night was cold.. and the warning words oi . Mark 14: 27) But that he expected to gather them to himsel£ again was shown when he said. I will not leave thee. Satan hath desired to have you. Peter said bluntly. 10. I am ready to go with thee. before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me. apparently dropping into an old habit of his early :fi." It was necessary that Peter. he turned.Tesus met with no response from his heart. and 8. the Father delivered him from all his fears. James and John apart. we are told about him. Y. The Lord immediately stopped Peter's ardor..i. to ~are for themselves-caused two of them to say that they had at least two swords among them. and he also said? "Though all men forsake thee [meaning the:reby his fellow disciples]. He left the other apostles and followed the Lord at some distance. 6 After partaking of the Passover SUppeT. 14 It was just about this time that Jesus. and to disbelieve that he was the One sent of God. ''Lord. S Jesus' words to Pete:r ought to have made Peter somewhat :reserved. Some words of J esua--saying that sooo he :would be unable to care for them." (Zechariah 13: 7. for there was much work yet for him to do. and as they told him that his Galilean accent betrayed him. They could learn of his agony only by some special revelation. Jesus told his disciples that they were entered into the c(}venant whieh God had made with him.OOe there was a pitiable weakness which would. both into prison. and SOQll a kinsman of the servant to the high priest whose ear Peter cut off. He went out into the darlrnesa and wept bitterly. "1 am not. (John 18: 26) Then the company began to accuse him. seeking their sympathy.WATCH TOWER have fonned.1esson." (Luke 22: 33. 34) It seems as if Peter did not really believe the Lord. that he may sift yon as wheat: ht I have puyoo for thee. and the eyes of the Master met those of his fallen disciple. being heavily laden with sorrow. took Peter. iJ2) The Master knew that Satan would attempt to B\)ize the coming opportunity to destroy the disciples of Jesus. As his disciples fuey must perforce bear some of the trQuble which Wa& about to fall upon him. behold. to make certain that no hurl should come to his Master. 7 Speaking to Peter. Simon. his last meal with them. what he had done.s. Almost immediately the rabble. he would have tossed them." Then he went to warm himself at the hrazier which the aoldiers had. He knew this. 13 Peter got into the high priest's palace. as if they wculd need. (John 11: 16) But in giving his warning he referred more specially to their <lange:r from temptation to desert him. and to death".nger by reason of their associatioo with Jesus is. it was when his loved Master and Friend most needed his help that Peter failed. by the noise and commotion. apparently being taken from one place to another.»-Mark 14 =2'8. helped by John. Jesus knew that Peter had not learned h. Wh~t happened to each of them we are not told. and as if his attention was called.. although that miraculous act of mercy apparently had no effec-t upon the rabble. we do not know. Just then the cook crew. had been careful to keep one for himself. a maiD. who was already there (John 18: 15). The door maid recognized him and charged him with being a disciple of Jesus. or to those which his life of ministry necessarily brought him.

As individuals they get into the prison of these ecclesiastical systems. INTERESTING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS UESTION: In November 15th WATCH TOWER. article on "Liberty for the Prisoners. told of power for right living as well as power for the service of God. did more than anoint for service. Who are the prison keepers then that hold the prisoners there? Clearly they seem to be the clergy. my people. he would probably have fought till he was cut down."-Revelation 18: 4. and an haughty spirit before a fall.ane. that ye be not partakers of her sins. especially in a crowd. The true disciple ever seeks to take heed to his ways and to keep a lowly mind. 17 Peter was not craven-hearted.19. went out to sell his Master. and saw his behwed Master on the cross. nor the questions and taunts of the soldiers and servants." (Proverbs 16: 18) Pride of heart opens a door for one of the enemy's most seductive temptations in his endeavor to destroy the sons of God. They are concerned about pleasing worldly institutions composed of men prominent in Christendom. Judas' act was a calculated effort of a disappointed. Why did Peter carry a sword? To what sufferings does 1 Peter 5: 1 refer? Was Peter fearful as the mob gathered in Gethsemane? What miracle did the Master there perform? n 9-12. But he had not courage to stand against the sudden question of the maid at the door. his failure was that of one who had not learned to take himself in hand-he had trusted in his own strength in vain. His self-assurance had miserably failed him." paragraph 22. but Peter might have had a word of comfort for him. and it may be taken for granted that many a time he needed to keep the old will of the flesh in subjection. 18 Our golden text. :For one thing the holy spirit. His was a mistake of self-assurance. and remain prisoners because they do not obey the commands of. Is this unusual? n 16. a wicked man and out or a malicious heart. The symbols of fire which then came upon them. But though Peter was then blessed with the aid of the spirit of holiness he still had need to watch himself that he might overcome his old natural impulses. but he lacked quiet courage. justified. It was not the will of God that Jesus should be saved from that shame and agony. the Lord and come out therefrom. The scapegoat represents that class of Q consecrated. 16 That night another of Jesus' disciples went out into the darkness. 15 Peter would have saved Jesus from the cross could he have done so. Both his attempts were wrong. it is pointed out that nothing was done with the scapegoat "until the conclusion of the sacrifice of the Lord's goat". and in his own way he had tried to do this-once by asking his lfaster not to follow the road to sacrifice (Matthew 16: 22). and why did he now address him as Simon? 'Vhat was Peter's response and Jesus' prophecy? n 5-8. malicious spirit. Peter went out to bitter weeping. These because they have the knowledge of the Lord are lifted into a plane of life beyond the ordinary man. their opposition would have roused him. but for a very different reason rrbm that which actuated Peter. One of the commandments given is: "Come out of her. Describe the strange complex 'Of courage and cowardice which Peter displa~·ed. are we to understand that the antitypical Lord's goat has now been sacrificed? If not. so does rear. 17. What great lesson should we get from Peter's experience? What effect did the experience have upon Peter himSelf? If 18. which came upon him in common with the others. instead of which he had with passionate words denied any knowledge of or association with him. "Pride goeth before destruction. perhaps outside the city and down again toward Gethsem. and unless they balance themselves in the grace of God are necessarily more than liable to be stumbled. Judas. "Let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. Had it been a matter of fighting. No doubt he would have been able to publicly stand against the leaders of the people. and that ye receive not of her plagues. In view of this. He had provided himself with blazing courage for a great struggle. W 13-15. Since he says that he was an eye-witness of the sufferings of Jesus it may be that when the morning came he followed the crowd to Calvary. having been led there by the clergy class. and by applying these to the prophecy we interpret it. We see the facts in fulfilment of prophecy. 19 After Pentecost Peter was an altogether different man. Courage manifests itself in different ways. Contrast Peter's attitude with that of Judas. perhaps to his lodgings in the city. spirit-begotten ones who do not willingly and joyfully present themselves as· living sacri~ fices unto the great High Priest to be sacrificed by him as members of the Lord's body. What was Jesus' final warning to his disciples? What did he especially say to Peter. But he who clothes himself with humility may rest assured in his Father's care.lURCH 1. Now in other paragraphs of this article the impression is given that the antitypical scapegoat is now in the wilderness. 1t21 crhe WATCH TOWER know. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY Wha t hindered Peter in his service for the lJord? Did Jesus seek to break Peter's will? What is the purpose of Chris· tian discipline? W 1-4. how can the scapegoat now be in the wilderness? Answer: It is impossible for a picture to show every detail of a reality. for he has already learned the need for watchfulness. The . and then by attempting to deliver him from the rabble which ·would take him." is from Paul's first letter to the Corinthians. When and why were the disciples later seized with fear? Explain Peter's Htions in detail. and the sound as of a rushing mighty wind.

although they are afraid to flee from it. Any one who loves the Lord truly will obey his commandments. because he knoweth that he hath but a short time. and there was none to help. The commandments at this time are so clear and unequivocal that everyone who is awake must know about them. To be more specific. Question: In what way will the "prisoner" class be forced to fulfil their consecration that they may be brought to birth on the spirit plane? Answer: The Devil is now gathering his forces for Armageddon. and contemned the counsel of the most high: therefore he brought down their heart with labour. having great wrath. The only conclusion then that can be properly drawn from the apostle's statement is that the converse of his statement must be true. The witness must be given that Jehovah is God. because cast 'off by the Lord and there is no truth there. Not that he expects that his time for existence is short. This is indicated by the scripture: "Woe to the inhabiters of the earth. and this they will do rather than give allegiance to the Devil's system. when the scapegoat is to be made ready by being washed in the blood of the Lamb. but rather that the time in which to now gather his forces for the great battle is short. These prisoners will then wake up to the fact that they have been made blind and lulled to sleep and put into prison because they have permitted themselves to be wrongfully influenced by the antitypical Delilah. He proceeds to tell the consecrated what they must do in order to be received into the kingdom of the Lord. and such conditions arising will force the prisoners to take their stand upon the side of the Lord. In doing this they will. some of the temple class will remain in the flesh and see the great trouble before they pass into glory. or includes. pull down the wrath of the Devil's crowd upon their own heads and thereby suffer destruction of the flesh. It seems certain at the same time that there are some of the anointed ones yet on earth. Does it then follow that the sacrificing of the Lord's goat is now complete? By that is meant. even as Delilah of old indirectly caused the BROOKLYN. He is undoubtedly egotistical enough to believe that he can win the fight. being bound in affliction and iron: because they rebelled against the words of God. The Scriptures show that the prisoners have a desire for righteousness and do not sympathize with the Devil's organization. and cannot see afar off. He is not telling these to "develop character". (Zechariah 14: 1-3) That being true. We know that the ecclesiastical systems are in a wilderness condition."-2 Peter 1: 9. the turning of the minds of the people away from God. Question: Can we generally and Scripturally conclude that those claiming to be in present truth who do not at this time heartily and joyfully engage in the witness work are of the great company class? Answer: In this connection first consider the statement in 2 Peter 1: 4-11. By that is meant that those who fail or refuse to perform their part of the covenant will not have an abundant entrance into the kingdom. In so doing they fulfil their sacrifice by being forced into it by reason of existing conditions. but he is stating specifically what each one must do to make his calling and election sure. By that he means that if you expect to make your calling and election firm and absolutely certain. This picture seems to merge into another. This gathering of his forces evidently means. There are some scriptures that clearly indicate that during the great tribulation. Now as the day of the final conflict approaches the prisoners will be forced to take their stand on one side or the other. The apostle is there addressing the spirit-begotten anointed class. IiI. Types and shadows cannot be taken to absolutely prove a doctrine. concerning such Peter says: "But he that lacketh these things is blind. Such is the statement of Jesus. Is every one that must be of the body of Christ completely sacrificed before this takes place with reference to the prisoners? Has the second presentation of the blood been made at the mercy seat in heaven. We know that the prisoners are those consecrated and spirit begotten ones who remain in the ecclesiastical systems. Who then is the man in readiness that induces the consecrated to go into the wilderness ? None fits the picture so well as the clergy. 'l'hen they cried unto the Lord in their trouble. like Samson. if brought to life on any plane will be of the great company class. Y. Therefore we must conclude that the picture does not always show a completion of one thing before another part is fulfilled. and of the sea! for the Devil is come down unto you. as shown by the type? That does not seem at all to be necessary. the scapegoat mUBt be in the wilderness while some of the body members are still in the flesh. and who fail or refuse to obey his commandments. It seems clear therefore that those who have opportunities to participate in serving the Lord. blindness of Samson."-Psalm 107: 10-14. of course. The only safe way to interpret a prophetic statement is by applying the facts as they occur. and they become the prison keepers. The prison keepers are there with them. He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death. and he saved them out of their distresses." (Revelation 12: 12) Satan knows that his time is short.78 cneWATCH TOWER ecclesiastical systems are in a wilderness condition. The 'standard of the Lord must be lifted up. there is something/ you must do on your side of the covenant. they fell down. as follows: "Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death. The good news . Then he plainly adds that those who do these things will have an abundant entrance into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. and hath forgotten that he was purged from his old sins. The apostle's words here are in exact harmony with the prophetic words describing the great company class. The consecrated ones who are now prisoners will necessarily become the objects of scorn to those who oppose the Lord. and brake their bands in sunder.

MR. but especially for the an-angements yon have made in giving the pil'grims m~re time and opo }l€lrtunity to have a share i. Still more wonderful does this book appear to me as it is seemingly the important second fulfttm. Address: --. has proven again its validity here. and that too in written form. but not as overcomers. He has prepared them by trouble to receive hill salvation. have asked me repeatedly to convey to you their sincere gratitude for ~'our loving thoughtfulness in increasing their joy in the Lord through the visits of a German pilgrim. and are simply waiting to get (l]l the earth and go to hea. Canada.: The German classes in the U. al1Q r am."THEl:FmID: When you finished J:OUJ: B. OJ: 1m} b~moaning their :fiate. 1921 'The. "after seventy [jubilee]. I am very happy indeed not only to serve the friends with the Word but also to be an encouragement in the service. blilt who are foldiNg their handS' and are at elillse. Your excellent eXpmmding. with goods amI with other free-will offerings. I remain. the Lord may graciously 79 give life. The account in Second Chronicles. We want to also express our gratitude to yO'U £01' your seryice. doubly blessed by their enthusiasUc testimonie~ of the blessings recerved. God promises to preserve only those who love him and who are faithful. Answering this question specifically then. Jew 01' Gentile. which is an exact &e<r0nc1 fUlfilment: "Eyerybody. years [including theiJr cydes of forty-nine ~'eal's eliIIehJ" were accomplished.ble questions and answers over WBBR tonight. lov:i:ng.\:\ESE 1. (Psalm 31: 23) To those who do not actively participate in the service as opportunity comes. be· loved Gentile. JAl'. could have written th~ ~k with more wisdom in respect to Jewish prejudices or point of view than you. Yours ~J:!' the lJorn's sel'VLCe. unless they awaken from their lethargy allld become active and zeal(liUS the chances are that they will not beoHhe little flock. in the exact fulfilment of this prophecy. S. New York. and then wo tun~d back onto WERR.RO'fHER R{.g at CKCX.MABcn 1. JAPANESE AWAKENING TO THE TRUTH DEAR BROTHER ItDTHERJo'O]tl'l. The.ven. 2 Chronides 36: 22. and then switched over and heard a brother speakin. We first tuned in on 'YBBR and heard Brother Barber's wonderful discourse. B. in the fall of 1925. M. and the love to Jehovah our God and his great cause. as various versions put it. but al'e not personally acquainted. dear Brother. mttloos overcomers will be granted "an abundant entrance" into the kingdom and be a part of the royal family. WATCH TOWER concerning the kingdom must be declared as a witness to the nations. A. We are so glad to hear about quick activity of the Lord'll work in Japan. LEONARD STAMPs. 23 and Ezra 1: 1-4.ecy cannot be understood until it is fulfilled or in course of fUlfilment.el1t of Jeremiah 29: 10-14. In the joy of our Lord. At this same time I would like to express my own appreciation not only of the great privilege of this service and of the share of the work I also have at Bethel. kiJrrgdom. B. by his grace Sincerely your brother and feflow servant. I try to show them how to work after the example of the Apostle Paul-to be a Jew to the Jews in order to win them for the truth-and the :flriends are greatly ~urp1"ised how easily COMFORT FOR THE JEWS can be sold to the Jews. God's time has come to awaken our Japfruese naHoo for the truth. which will no doubt have a far greater circulation than in any other language. enlightened by God. keep the battle up against the Dragon. S. to lead the Lord's people to hold high the banner o.n the spreading of the kingdom news from house to house.ul«1 like to say that the "'iil}dish translation of this book increases the impression of the English original that it was written with wisdom £1"OID above. in verse 14. have done. Then we tuned in on Chicago and heard a discourse from WORD. In view of the fact that quite a number in present truth fail or refuse to participate iJn the service.i. that is. Your Brother and Sister by his grace.f t1DJe. Rut beeause we are thankffllll we are sending this letter t6 Y01Jl. and ta make way f(»1' tbe· people by clearing away the stones of error that the great enemy and his emissaries have rolled before the feet of the people. that it shOttld haTe a greater fulfilment at the end of the seventy jUbilee cycles. Each Station came in very clear. INTERESTING LETTERS ENCOURAGED BY THE LORD'S GUIDANCE DEAR BROTHER RUTHEBlfOllD.-Ala. CLASS IN SEATTLE. who desires to support the rpbuil(ling (»f Palestine through the Jews may send his Yoluntary contribution to the Zionist Organization. HEARING MESSAGE FROM AFAR D!:AR. that yoo may bravely fig11t allil de the Lonl's wo-rk. that ]l'ropJiJ. M.-lVa8~ . and it is ol~e of my heal't's gl1eatest desires to. Similarly.s in Jewish territory. we kmeH !lnd thanked the LtM-d fW' th& blessings we had received from him. to.-Pilgrim. there is the following postscript prOVidentially placed on the last page. In all cities where there is a goodly amount of Jews I have worked with the friene. referring to Jeremiah's -prophecy. not known to them thus far. We will always pray for you and Brother AkflShi.Ugrim work adds to the blessings of the trip In almost every class I have been able to encourage IS0me friends nho have never thus tar taken part in the canvassing. Jeremiah's prophecT shows. rhus Lhrough this blessed arran~ement each pilgrim trip really becomes a little campaign against the enemy. Therefore. shows that in the second and greater fulfilment a proclamation to the Jews. which brillgs to them the "hope of a happy end". pft Oetobei-. Only the faithful. This part of the p. moved by the love for the children of Abraham." My attention was drawn to this latter point by another Jewish broth!'r who had noticed how the Lord had gUided ~'ou in this matter. IJ'RESCHEL.y name.coore out and try it. was to be expected. We know y'Ou b. your Fewresetltative in JapaD. I do not believe that a Jew in the truth. In verse four this aCC0unt gives a seeming postscript to the proclamation of King Cyrus-an invitation to both Jews and Gentiles to assist in the work of the return oj' the Jews to their homeland. until time for J'our questions and answers. in the Yiddish edition oj' COMFOUT FOR THE JEWS.grace of our Lord Jesus be with you all. Also we are thinking that sucll condition is verification for Chdst's kingdom coming. Toronto. there appeared without tlelay. I wo. with gold. P'l'aying the Lord's j}lessing npon the D'l-essage. Al\'D lURS. At this tlpportunity. 1925. the book CO~IFORT rOR THE JEIVS.

J.14 Bellefonte.•__ " 3 Gary.._.. Mnss." Chal'lton.Hlc._...... la .__••_._ __ " l{eu Oak. Indianola.'. 13 ~Iontleello. lIlURRAY PaJt"'tlne. O. WILLIAMS Columbu~. 14.. H.. ~urnh3m.. _ " 11 :.. IV 1(0) al Oak. \. •••••••. _ _ _ •..." 11... Wls..J TrdVelinq Brethren BROTHER T.is..~...._ _.. " 5._••_ Apr.. BARKER v.. _.. Ind . 1. • 13.Apr.•_•. Ind..."llnllll. 17 ~Iillord. II Broaddur.. 6.... 12. .. 12 HuulJuJlJh." 13. THORN Apr. . 10 __ 11 _. In. --. 5 Rnclne.. _ . 8._. E..4..1nu. . 11 12 .. _ 11... " 11.. _ _ " Ill. 1>larlOn.p... OkDluJ.__ " 8 Fitchhurg.Apr... Wash... Kaa.. N. Conn.International Bible Students A~sociation Classes LecturelS &ld ptlidic~ bt. " 13.. 3 horwIch... Henderson..••_ _ BROTHER J.6 Lowell.. .. ... 13 Y. 1>10.6 I'la _ __..__.. --. 14 MUIX:hester.Apr. .Apr.'ew Londo.:t. Wis.\nn Arbor.l Ind. .. -1 " ...r. slue. Ia. Ala. l'a..aukee. 6 . __. 10 Wheehn~... RICE I'nnama City. !'reSl"otr. Dul'ton. 4 Oayton. E.. _--. II ~Iillhn.. 1 3.. _ _. II. POLLOCK nOH~ET . Elyria.Apr. O. ---Ap.. Ia Omaha. I..r._ 7. _ _. Okln.. .GUS Jncl.... l'e:t. 11 Madl"on... _ _ _ :: 4.. HAZLETT :t.14 'I (q. lao _. -1. Apr._. COUU lUiI'Il!s.. . 12 Shreyeport. 4 :\cw BROTHER G. __• " 14 tiunllUr)'._.• " \ lUCennel:i. 1-1 De I..._. :llich AlulOU. . 6. __ Delawnre. Ap. . Te:t. .. 10 Hosl\'n. lian. O. Wash._. Kan..._ SVrlngtJeld.. Mo. Mich . 12 :\ashu8.. 12 I'oIH e 1)" L"ou._... Apr.. 2U Apl.. Wis. 10 ESnLE~lAN Columbus.l..r. :: 5...l. 7. 7. n. Lnterprise. "1& 14 LnullIclaw. " 17.10 De._.. 1'Icusant Gav. J.... Conn._. ind... . __.Apr. :110. 6 i. B. Elba. O.r. Ia. )1".a._••_ 6. ~lass... . Altoona. Ala.. 12." 11....•. La. . II. 1\Iolne. Bue:.:... _ . . Ind. . La. . Tex... O. Newark. Mlell BROTHER H. 1. 3 FJ.•..L. 1 3 4 6 ~ LewiSTown. lnd. . 3 Corsicana. 1\. 3 "'est ClJelmslord. _ . Jackson. :llllh _. .. . \\'ash i::iUIlIl.. . _ _. 110. :\f_~hr.. O. 7 Alaeon.... 3 'Cnlon Springs.~ ~Ioin.. 1 "·alt~burl':. . n 8.Apr. ' 14 l\ewburyport. _ " 3·6 SalJetlla.Ap... " 12.Ap. IS • U " 13..Apr. Ala.. BROTHER A.. " 11. CI Dothan. '~all"._. rJa " 13.__... O. :110. 11. l'n. Fla .. _" He"erl>. ..._ 14.\. 5. A....••.\UUUrIl. Coles tiummH._. Cleanullel.... TOlJTJI. " II.. " 10 LOl'nnsport. L'lnsin. 6...._... _ _ 'IL 1. H. Alexnndria. FIn 1 3 6 7 S PI~OCK BROTHER G... ---Ap. 8. 8 Lawrence. Ind. 'I'ex. l\lll'lt _ _••_ " 11 13.__..:ee. TeL _ _. IS " 11 . 1:1. Joseph.·. _ _ .__ 5 Ill._.Apr. Wis. 4 _. R.. Mass.. C... Ill. S. Ala. I'll. \\'ash. <. .n. 'Iex..'~ .. Mass... ullluk ~Vt:. 1\11('h..."l Kansa... 'flO L. E. 10 . WATT Fitchburg. Yakulla. 1\~b _. Jo'rederlcl<ton..Jo~hen. Wis. 'I'c".oom'i1lp.\llch Apr.Apr._" 4 Lufkin. I'a.. C.7 Waukesha... DlL\PER Len"enworth. HIckory. 5 _... 11 " 11.Apr. lia:1.. 10 !lUll1Ja:tall. H. Wia.._ _ .Apr. City. _ _._ 4 Charlton Cit\'... "ash." 4.. Wash. .. Iuu. 14 Slke. Ukla. 3 Chilllcotl1e.1:1 Monroe.ha.. Mass..aslunJ':ton._._ _. 13 :'lcClure. :"elJr \\ lu.1 I:~uI on!.Apr.8 Cent er. 11 IJu.1' MexICO. 3 Kelf's. ... DI.:... BROTHER W. Mass. 1. _. . Tc::.. '" _ .... BROTHER H. :llass.. Klrl. 10 ~lolltI':Ower.. Mo. ~L BROTHEI~ 10 X." 13.. O. 1. Pa. 1i 1 1) mouth._ .. Ind. I.. • . 8 BROTHER . 17 BROTHER J.. 8 10 ~taJlton. 3.. . _.. lIllch. 13.. 11 Hllverhlll.. ·WIS _••_.. 7._. '. iii. HERR Lakemllls. S.. _. Pa. U. 7 10 BROTHER Y.. I'a. III BROTHER J. .. . 10 AII:lloll'hIUJl... _=. AlaaL " 10. ~" "l. Mass. MOo ... l'u. Ala. ---Apr.. I~ tialew... :11o... Olllaha. n.8 BROTHER J... (j "'orcester. 11 12 13 11 :Cllell. Pa.ullup. 8. Ia.. Tex.r.. •••_. T.. Ill••_ _...:1 Dallas.A. _._ BROTHER H.. 1-1 15 G.. Apr.. 1 alia.. Yernon. :llass._ •.._•.r.Apr.. _. ~olille.. ... .. .3D.1 Jeftel'son Cltl'.. Wash.. I._ " 12.A..o._. ... O... I'lL .. 1 St. __.. Masa." 7..m".1~ I'u. 10. __.Apr.l I{u~k..bur." 1. 7. II Tre"at. & L ROBIE Denison.. Le~lIc. .--.\1 Wn~h l.Apr...)1l\ IlIc. N. Red Oak.. .. Oa._.. ]. 7 Terre TIaute.-rus._ . _ ••_.pr. :: 18.... Mt. _.-"cbr. 11 Bytl"ld._ _ •._ " 4 CllJca.. _ _. 8. Tex.vI.. 3 Keno:. I'l' BROTHER lL S... 11 3 5 G 8 TIouston. I'Ia..•••_._ ....ra~ll.-\.).pr....1al"lllUU. 14. Xehr.lUun.

udeh to SPA what He will say unto me. for th.. rejoice.. ·94 .. AN~"'ERS ·· 89 91 ·•. When ye see these things begin to come to pass.•.. .~~~~.··..••. then know that the Kingdom Gf God is at hand._. Luke 21: 25·31.vateh and 'Dill Bet 111Y foot upon the 'L'olrer.. 911 _ •_ _••82 "1 u'ilZ 8tand upon my .· ·. ..·. 1927 OONTENTS THill ELISHA WORK ._..··· ··········..~~ Elijah Takl'._. lift np your heads. and 'rill .. 11 SEMI-MoNTHLY Anno Mundi 6055-March IS. men's hearts failing them for fear and for 100ldng to tM things coming upon the earth.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::~~ The Lord In His Temple PETER AND THE RISEN LORD PETER AT PENTECOST INTERESTING QUESTIO~S AND The Melchlseclec PrleR.__.t~s@r'-liaiaIJ for.. discontented) roaring. XLVIII No..thood Those Appointed to DIe INTERESTING LETTERS ('ONVENTION NOTICE .•..·.~'fcrcfr)iWil@1UiJ9«@1i»@l~~1f~Uy~~n~1J)lt't> ~1if<§lmumJSl wnw~~llro-~~ftSn.85 ¥.. powers of the heavens shall he shaken. Mark 13: 29..s p~~~ioe~t.. .83 God's Witness .._••_.•..···.-Matt._•••••. the sea and the waves (the restless.. .. Look Up. ancl "'1Iat mt'wer I shall make to them (Jpon the earth distress of nations with perplexity. ········~i ···. 24: 33.n Away · ·····-_·_ · · ·····84 Fiery CharlOt 85 Picking Up the Mantle .•.::. for your redemption draweth nigh.

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and he sent his messengers to inquire of the Devil's priests as to whether or not he should rccover. and restoring to the consecrated all the great fundamental truth'" which had been taken away from them. says that Q3 he is. by his course of action. and doing it in a time of peril. XLVIII MARCH N'O. Afterwards Elijah regained his courage and went on with his work. and the experiences through which he passed. then there should follow a period of testifying of the good news concerning the kingdom. They continued in their idolatry. Elisha's name means that very thing. Because hlll desires to preserve himself from rebuke. earthquakes and other evidences of his presence and the end of the world. and that while so doing it these anointed would fully appreciate the fact that the Lord God is their shield and that he is their salvation. The slaying of the priests of Baal seemed to have little or no effect upon the rulers of Israel. 'The apostle. and then fearlessly slew all of those prophets. (2 Kings 1: 2-16) God then directed Elijah to again make a demonstration by which the rulers must understand that Jehovah is the only true God. There is nothing in the experience of Elisha to show that he ever feared anything. 80 aftJ those in whom the love of God is perfected have no fear. then God would smite the earth with a curse. that we may have boldness in the day of judgment: because we in this world. 22) Since Elisha was anointed to do a specific work. show that after the war. we believe the Scriptures show. was foreshadowed by Elisha. It seems that Elisha pictures a work of the anointed which is done without -. reproach 01 injury.r9hMlATCH TOvVER PRESENCE AN D HE~ALD OF CHR~STS Vol. and restoring some to the faith of the apostles. that Jehovah is the only true God. Later. he became fearful and fled. that is to say. there would be a great time of trouble. (Matthew 24: 21. and this boldness means giving the testimony without hesitation and without fear. during the time of the Lord's judgment upon the church and upon the nations. Perfect love is the complete expression of unselfishness. I The faets and circumstances surrounding Elisha. tI S3 . 8 During the most of Elijah's experience he was bold. pestilence. in the text first above cited. when J ezebel got after him. Elijah continued to testify. that when such work is completed. as set forth in Matthew twentyfourth chapter. in the day of the Lord's judgment the class that shall be perfect in love at that time must have boldness in testifying to the name of the Lord. and not individuals in the church. 1927 THE ELISHA WORK "Herein is our love made perfect. it seems certain that Elisha pictures the anointed of God doing a work in the name of the Lord as his witness.4: 17.-ay. GOD'S WITNESS After the anointing of Elisha he arose and went after Elijah and ministered to him.ear. and there is nothing more said about Elisha until the time Elijah was to be taken U\. and that therefore they would not fear. I 15. Elijah pictured a work of the church for a time certain.)}-l John . This work. Re will have no fcar. says the apostle. of Elijah. or stead. 'Vhy should anyone fear? The answer is. T HE name Elisha means ((God is my salvation". and that work consisted of giving the 'Witness to the name of Jehovah as the only true God. the famine. and that it shall be the last. to wit. Therefore he who is perfect in love will have no fear. The inference to be drawn from the words of the Prophet Malachi is that if the fathers were not turned to the children and the children to the fathers. Elisha was anointed in the place. then he and Elisha walked together until he was taken away. seem to clearly testify that during a certain period of the church's experiences. He was fearless to make the proposition to the king eoncerning the prophets of Baal.. Elijah continued his work. It seems therefore clear that both Elijah and Elisha represent the work of the church. then would follow the expressed wrath of Jehovah and a time of trouble on earth such as was never known. there must be a witness given in the name of the Lord. Then. and that this must be done fearlessly. Later the king of Israel was sick. t The words of Jesus. because he realizes that God is his salvation. Therefore selfishness is the cause of fear. He did this by causing fire to come down from heaven upon the messengers of the rulers.

Being a true witness for Jehovah. U Elijah wrapped up his mantle and with it smote the waters of the Jordan. he used the message of truth to testify. which declared for Jehovah and that the judgment is at hand. This was quickly followed by the distribution of free tracts in great quantities. On the contrary they were exactly in accord and working together in harmony. and the horsemen thereof." and was telling the people that the god of this world is the Devil and that its end has come. and the distribution continued till the Elijah work ended. A. the mantle would seem to represent the message of God. Y. so that they two went over on dry ground. And Elisha saw it. that Elijah went with Elisha from Gilgal. It was a whirlwind that took Elijah away. and that the kingdom of heaven is at hand. That is the organization which has been used during the harvest period to carry the message of truth to the people. (2 Kings 2: 5) Having reached the Jordan together. there appeared a chariot of fire. Volume Seven.Volume Seven of STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES and made a wide distribution of it amongst the people of Christendom. and talked. but the line of division between the two works was now being drawn. FIERY CHARIOT 12 After Elijah and Elisha had crossed the Jordan. Horses symbolize doctrines. used the message of truth to do the work that God had committed to him to do. and loyed each other devotedly. and wrapped it together. formed into books and tracts. "And it came to pass. "Elijah took his mantle. "Jehovah is my God. The SOCIETY seems clearly to fit that symbol. the Elijah class. that the first public lecture ever given on the subject. D. "This man who wears this mantle is identified as an approved witness of Jehovah." was delivered to a public audience. when the Lord would take up Elijah into heaven by a whirlwind. and a stream or quantity of water such as the Jordan would symbolize an aggregation of people.114 TheWATCH TOWER 'The rulers of earth were exceedingly sick about the latter part of 1917 and the beginning of 1918. journeyed from Gilgal to the Jordan river. went forth with . The message published magnified the name of Jehovah God."-2 Kings 2: 8. while robe more particularly is a symbol of approval. A garment symbolizes a means of identification or distinction. as they still went on. The nations were told in that message that the kingdoms of earth were certain to go down completely and would never recover. A fiery chariot wouL! indicate destructive conditions in the vehicle or organization. It therefore well symbolizes the vehicle or organization used by the Lord to carry forward the message of truth. Elisha refused to be separated from Elijah." Truly that is what Elijah was. Jordan means "judged down". my father! the chariot of Israel. do the facts fit the prophetic symbols ~ . A whirlwind symbolizes great trouble. Therefore the mantle must properly be said to symbolize that Elijah. and parted them both asunder. The antitypical Elijah was maintaining the true meaning of his name. ELIJAH TAKEN AWAY 9 The next Scriptural account showing Elisha and Elijah together is stated as follows: "And it came to pass. MANTLE 10 The mantle which Elijah wore is defined as a garment or goodly robe. and they were divided hither and thither. How. The great war had reached a climax. then. 1918. Antitypically. behold. It was about that time that the anointed of the Lord. The arrest of the Lord's people began the very next day. that. and rent them in two pieces. and by this message he was identified as the approved witness of God. and they were inquiring whether or not the world would ever recover completely from the catastrophe. for a short time they walked and talked together. and horses of fire. both evidently representing the same class. "THE WORLD HAS ENDED-Millions Now Living Will Never Die. prepared for the purpose of laying upon the peopIe. It was a fiery chariot that separated Elijah and Elisha. "The Fall of Babylon" tract. Elijah's mantle therefore would seem to say. There is nothing to indicate that there was any trouble between Elijah and Elisha. My father. and these were laid upon the people." Then together the two. And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes. then. and marked the end of the antitypical Elijah work during the second presence of the Lord. BROOKLYN. 14 Antitypically therefore the two men at this point must picture identically the same class of anointed ones of God. Waters symbolize people. 12."-2 Kings 2: 11. The smiting of the water therefore would seem to say that the time had come for the delivering of a message to the peoples of Christendom. under the title "The Fall of Babylon" and KINGDOllI NEws. which should constitute a warning of judgment upon them. Elisha knew that Elijah was going to be taken away shortly. N. 8 The message of truth as contained in these instruments was doubtless the most scathing and fiery assault that had been delivered against the ecclesiastical system and her allies during the period of the Lord's second presence. The ruling elements were burning with anger. and he cried. It was on the 24th day of February. The chariot is a means employed to move substances forward. and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heayen. 13 The taking away of Elijah marked the end of the specific work which he had undertaken to do. the approved witness of God. and smote the waters. and the issues of KINGDOllI NEWS contained just such a message. That smiting of Christendom with the message of truth fanned the fire already kindled against the anointed of the Lord.

Every effort on the part of the Lord's truly anointed 19 to turn the hearts of the peoples of Christendom back to the faith of their fathers had ended." (2 Kings 2: 9.10) Whoever would manifest that spirit would be identified as the Ehsha class. it marked the end of the work which Elijah was commissioned to do. It was a period of inactivity. my father I the chariot of Israel. But the Lord soon made it clear who should give the witness. He was taken away in a whirlwind. Elisha saw Elijah no more. it shall not be so. many of them cried out: "My God. it took a little time to identify the class that would go on with the work. About that time several companies were formed. and since Elisha was anointed in the place and stead of Elijah. If this work is to be done. however. Antitypically this means that the Elijah work was finished at a time certain and reported to Jehovah in heaven. And he said. The period of inactivity of the church ended in 1919. Then and there Elijah was taken away. separating brethren. have they fallen to the ground?" They were in distress. 24." (John 3: 13) Elijah was a type. That does not mean that the individuals were taken away. Ohio. Heaven means that which is high and lofty. 16 While this fire was in the chariot. 23 Following the fiery trouble of 1918 it was a little difficult for a time for some of the consecrated to determine who was on the Lord's side and had his favor. and that work had been completed. who love the Lord and his cause better than they love their own lives. that Elijah said unto Elisha. Subsequent facts show that conclusively. Elijah was gone. That distress was indicated by Elisha's taking hold of his own clothes and tearing them in two. then it follows that the work of Elisha must be chiefly that of testifying to the name of Jehovah and announcing the day of his vengeance and lifting up his standard. Thou hast asked a hard thing: nevertheless. that the people might see that the day of deliverance and blessing is at hand. but the work of the Lord was not done. 1921 THE FACTS In the spring of 1918 the faithful ones of the SOCIETY were diligently engaged in pushing forward the work of distributing the hterature in the form of tracts and books above-mentioned. H The scripture states that Elijah was taken up into heaven by a whirlwind. Never before had the brethren. resulting in disrupting the work and the imprisonment of many of the brethren. The doctrines and statements of truth contained therein formed an excuse for a fiery trouble that arose within the ranks of the SOCIETY. prior to that time. let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me. who is going to do it? ELISHA'S REQUEST 22 The facts that transpired following 1918 seem well to fit the picture of Elisha. 18 When Elisha saw that Elijah was being taken away he cried: "My father. must go on. From September first to the eighth of that year there was a general convention of the consecrated held at Cedar Point. 20 The work of giving the testimony to the name of Jehovah and concerning his kingdom. when they were gone over. but if not. perplexity and uncertainty. The work of testifying to the truth having been brought to a sudden halt in 1918. There were Judases then within the ranks of the SOCIETY. "No man hath ascended up to heaven. That marked the end of the Elijah work. That part of the work had been committed to Elijah. and nothing more was seen of him. "And it came to pass. there came upon those who were doing the Elijah work a great trouble. as well as the restoration of the fundamental truths. if thou see me when I am taken from thee. the unholy alliance-big business. and all held vague ideas about what should be done. His standing there indicated a time of inactivity. the SOCIETY and the truths it has taught. because Jesus declared long thereafter. And ~lisha said. saw the trouble of 1918. Some of these companies claimed to be exclusively the little flock and said that others made up the great company. Keeping in mind that the mantle of Elijah was a goodly robe. and went back and stood by the bank of the Jordan. and therefore that it identified him as the approved witness for the Lord. my God. and who he said would hate and would betray their brethren. well represents the period of time from the spring of 1918 to the autumn season of 1919. but. we notice that Elisha "took up the mantle of Elijah that fell from him" and used it. Ask what I shall do for thee. and the horsemen thereo£. I pray thee. big politicians and big preachers -seized upon the opportunity to act. While this fiery trouble was on.'rheWATCH TOWER lURCH 111. made up of men and women all of whom claimed to be consecrated and in harmony with present truth. even as the Lord had foretold there would be. That time certain was during the fiery experiences of 1918. before I be taken away from thee. Then and there it was seen that there must be some more work . 'What would the members of the church on earth now do? 21 Since Elijah finished the work of restoration but did not finish the work of giving the testimony. The spirit of Elijah would identify the class to do the work." When the Lord's consecrated anointed ones. enjoyed such sweet fellowship. since Elijah was a type of the work. as the Scriptures and the circumstances seem clearly to prove. in the nature of a criminal prosecution by which the work of the SOCIETY was suddenly stopped. it shall be so unto thee. What now would be done? Elisha's standing by the River Jordan for a time.-Matthew 24: 10. hence antitypically Elijah was done. 15 PICKING UP THE MANTLE Elisha then took up the mantle of Elijah that fell from him. We know that he was not taken to the presence of Jehovah as a man.

and duri. and to print and manufacture books and magazines and tracts by the millions. THE FACTS It was at the above-mentioned convention in 1919 that the Lord's people began to see the distinction between Elijah and Elisha. When a whole army. his kingdom interests. that Christ Jesus is his King on his throne. Y. and appreciating the fact that "the joy of the Lord is their strength" they fearlessly push on with the work. THE LORD IN HIS TEMPLE The Scriptural proof is that the Lord came to his temple in 1918. and to put them into the hands of the }>eople at a nominal cost. IT In 1922 the organization began systematically to advertise the King and his kingdom. prompted by an unselfish devotion to the Lord. in the temple of the Lord and having their minds more fully illuminated.II1 people bave been informed concerning Jehovah 20 BROOKLYN. have increased in the spirit of the Lord and have entered into the joy of the Lord. it shall be so unto thee. upon examination of the consecrated. Then it was. if you discern me.' The words "if thou see me" clearly mean. another general convention was held at the same place. God and his King and his kingdom. New plans were announced to do this work. How aptly the name Elisha ("God is my salvation") fits the temple class I It is into the hands of the temple class. 1922.ng the past several months the SOCIETY has employed a number of radio ltations to herald the message of truth far and near. 'If you discern that the Lord was doing a specific work up to a certain time and that it was interrupted. and the brethren from that day forward worked together harmoniously as the newed the witness in the Lord's name. It should be expected then that the Elisha work would be marked with a double amount of enthusiasm and zeal and loving devotion to the Lord's cause. Furthermore. The Lord has privileged his people to build and install printing and book-manufacturing plants in various parts of the earth."-2 Kings 6: 16. with chariots and horses. 'That is a hard thing. SOCIETY and re- DOUBLE PORTION U The request that Elisha made of Elijah was that 'When Elijah was taken away he might receive a double portion of the spirit of Elijah. that the Lord commits all his goods. 82 But we must remember that both Elijah and Elisha were types. It is since that time that a great illumination has come to those doing the Elisha work. Christendom is cast off for ever. They represented a work that is to be doni under certain conditions. but when threatened by a woman he fled because she had the king behind. The members of the Elisha class. since the Lord has com. Elijah was fearless most of the time. At an evidence of his fearlessness and trust in the Lord he said to his servant. that he brought the temple class under his robe of righteousness and gave to them the garments of salvation. 1I8. the first work being represented by Elijah and the latter by Elisha. to wit. he comes to judge first his own house and . The church had a similar experience during the World War. and they manifested a double amount of the spirit that had been manifested prior to that time. N. God's people had seen the distinction between the Elijah and Elisha work. The antitypical Elisha must show the same spirit. All of the truly consecrated who have been in the truth for some time can testify to the increased zealous devotion to the Lord manifested by those who have seen the distinction between the Elisha and the Elijah work. to his temple. Since then the work of testifying has moved grandly on. his King and his kingdom. since 1922 the radio has come into use. The spirit of Elijah was the spirit of love for God and an unselfish devotion to his cause. and that the Lord has begun his reign. and that such would be without fear. that the kingdom of heaven is here. 28 During the past five years there has been given on the earth a tremendous witness.' The word "double" here used does not mean a duplicate but it means twice as much. has there been any attempt made by Elisha to turn Christendom back to the faith of Jesus and the apostles. but if thou see me when I am taken from thee. It is since 1922 that the Lord has poured out his spirit upon all the church.IfheWATCH TOWER done in the name of the Lord. Now. and the annual report for 1926 shows that the work during that year surpassed anything that has ever been done in giving the witnesll concerning God. rounded Elisha at night he was absolutely fearless. During the period of time elapsing between these two conventions the Lord's consecrated people had pushed on with the work of organization in preparation for still greater work. In September. were sent by the enemy and sur. even as the Prophet Joel testified that it would be done. Not until 1922 was there a real organized movement to get on systematically with the work. That is. 29) Class organization work has been perfected as never before. for they that be with us are more than they that be with them. Christendom has re-o pudiated the Lord and his kingdom completely by adopting the Devil's substitute for the Lord's kingdom The work of the Elisha class is to testify that Jehovah is God.her. since the time of the end of the Elijah work. the antitypical Elisha. 119 WHY FEARLESS n The experiences of Elisha show that he was absolutely fearless. and they are to lift up 8 standard for the people and carry the message to the prisonel1J that are held in bondage by the ecclesiastical systems. 80 Never. you shall have a double portion of my spirit. and that both represented a work to be done by the same class of people. To that request Elijah made reply. but that the Lord still has another work to do. (Joel 2: 28. "Fear not.

go through the gates. yet they do not fear. and to whom he says: "In that day shall the Lord of hosts be for a crown of glory. then that day shall come and shall be marked with a time of trouble such as the world has never Imown. the Elisha class fear not what man or Devil can do against them. that bringeth good tidings of good. when he says: "0 love the Lord. 1 John 4: 17. cast up the highway. reflected from the temple. and for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment. He is laying the foundation of the new earthly government. but through Christ they shall be triumphant. and with ecstacy he exclaimed: "How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings. They are lifting up the Lord's standard."-Isaiah 28: 5. "If God be for us. all ye his saints. work. are given to the anointed ones who are the temple class. who can be against us?"-Romans 8: 31. We are therefore in the day of God's judgment as indicated by the apostle in the text. To them he now says: "And I have put my words in thy mouth. Now the church. to destroy them. the antitypical Elisha class. These have walked with the Elijah class. There is no fear in love. that saith unto Zion. saith the Lord. Among these promises are the following: "I will greatly rejoice in the Lord. and say unto Zion." (Isaiah 43: 10. he shields and protects them from all harm. pointing out to the people the way to rehun to the Lord. 39 "The great and dreadful day of the Lord" is rapidly approaching. (Zechariah 3: 9) From time to time flashes of light. that the people might see how to come to his kingdom and receive his blessings. unto the residue of his people. and'lay the foundations of the earth. He is commanding his people to bear witness to the fact.81 'I1teWATCH TOWER M&RCR 15. (Matthew 24: 21. symbolized by Jerusalem and sometimes called Zion. gather out the stones. and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand. They are the ones to whom the Lord addresses himself. 38 God has planted the heavens by ousting Satan and putting his King upon his throne. prepare ye the way of the people. 22) But in that great and terrible assault of the enemy the remnant of God's people."-Isaiah 51: 16. These are the ones who constitute the remnant of the Lord. that publisheth peace. Their fearlessness is due to the fact that they know that Jehovah is their salvation. therefore have boldness in the proclamation of the tmth." (Isaiah 62: 10) In obedience thereto the Elisha class bends its efforts toward the kingdom. (Zechariah 14: 1-3) All of the consecrated on earth. and failing to see the Elisha. Thou art my people. 40 The Elisha class. 6. cast up. lift up a standard for the people. that publisheth salvation. 3d Loving the Lord more than they do their own lives. Thy God reigneth I"-Isaiah 52: 7. are the feet of him who bring the message of peace and salvation to those who have a heart's desire for the blessings of the Lord. ENCOURAGEMENT 34 The complete light of the divine truth is shining upon the Perfect Stone laid in Zion. is commanded to he fearless. and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels. and that will be the end. the final end will come. through all of his instruments. the Elisha class. including those prisoners in the prison houses. and agail'1st the Lord's brethren who are . (Revelation 12: 17) They know that the Devil seeks every opportunity. They claim as a class the promises that the Lord makes to them. but perfect love casteth out fear. 12) They hear the commandments of Jehovah and joyfully respond thereto. and that he has granted unto them the garments of sahation and clothed them with the robe of righteousness. that I ma~' plant the heavens. they permit their minds to be turned against that which the Lord is doing. and that when this witness is done. Satan's earthly organization is about to fall. that I am God. having the privilege of being witnesses for the Lonl. OFPONENTS 41 It seems clear from the Scriptures that when the Elisha work is! in progress there would be some who claim to be consecrated to the Lord but who would be opposing the Elisha work. he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness. my soul shall be joyful in my God: for he hath clothed me 'with the garments of sahation. as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments. and that he goes forth to war with the remnant of her seed who keep the commandments ot God and who have the testimony of Jesus Christ. The forces are gathering for the great and final conflict. The Prophet Isaiah had a vision of these as the feet of him. for the Lord preserveth the faithful.' The Elisha class appreciate the fact that it is their privilege to be the commissioned and approved witness for God on the earth. the Elisha class appreciates the fact that the Devil has been cast out of heaven. By the Lord's grace they are gathering out the stones that have stumbled many Christiam. but failing to discern when Elijah w~ taken away. are a part of God's organization. 36 To the Elisha class God is now saying: "Go through. and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate. and while this is being done. and that that is their chief business. When the testimony is given to all nations as a witness."-Isaiah 61: 10. 37 At the same time that this work is in progress. 1927 then the nations. 35 'l'hese realize that they have the testimony of the Lord that he is their salYation. casting up the highway." (Psalm 31: 23) With them it is as the apostle says: 'You are in the day of judgment. and for a diadem of beauty. As the name implies-"God is my salvation"-they truly say. and these are permitted to see and understand the precious promises that speciiically apply to the church at this time. when he says: "Ye are my witnesses. shall not be cut off.

No instrument can perfectly represent a trained human voice. 1'\ ow as new creatures. that the King is in action. with the voice together shall they sing. therefore engaged in the Elisha work. and granted unto them the garments of salvation. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY "That does the name Elisha signify? What did the Elijah work consist oft Was it expected to avert the smiting ot . to give the message of truth to the people. and have opposed the latter. that the Lord has come to his temple. Each one had to make a sacrifice in order to be begotten by the spirit of the Lord. ye that tremble at his word. They see that the Lord is in his temple. the day of the vengeance of our God must be declared. and that upon that Stone is shining the full and complete light of truth which from time to time is being reflected from the temple into the face of the BROOltLYN. because it is in perfect attune with the Lord. 43 Then the prophet adds : "A voice of noise from the city. They have therefore not received a double portion of the Lord's spirit. Their meat and drink is to know and to do the will of the Lord. and they shall be ashamed. the standard of the Lord must be lifted up for the people. who are doing the Elisha work. they have no fear. and by his grace they keep his commandments. 45 Their hearts are filled with joy. 44 Then there comes a voice of the Lord from the temple. 48 But who are going to carry them into the hands of the people? Only the sisters? The answer is that the Elisha class will do this work. that cast you out for my name's sake. They see eye to eye concerning the great truths of the Lord's plan that he is unfolding. "I want to get rid of this world and go home and rest"? Why has the Lord pennitted his people to build and equip printing plants. God. Jesus said: 'If you love me. they must go into the hands of the people as a witness. through his prophet. that the Chief Corner Stone has been laid in Zion in completion. gives forth the most harmonious sound that human ear has ever heard. They are his watchmen. that he has covered with the robe of righteousness those whom he found faithful. Let each one who claims to be consecrated to the Lord ask himself: Am I obeying the Lord. They break forth into joy and singing together. Those who are proclaiming this.88 'The WATCH TOWER engaged in the Elisha work. and am I proving my love by keeping his commandments? Those who are keeping his commandments are joyful. he will delight to seize the mantle. says: "Hear the word of the Lord. and of them the prophet says: "Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice. that he has poured out his spirit upon his people. faithful. the message of truth. obedience i~ required. A w'itness for Jehovah must be given to the nations. that he is God. On the other hand an untrained and cracked voice is merely a noise. said. to bear the message in printed fonn. the people must be told that the kingdom is at hand. that the Devil has been cast out of heaven. So the prophet says that there comes from the city. ~. for they shall see eye to eye. Such is the condition of the Elisha class. and his commandments are a joy to their hearts. watching and safeguarding the interests of the kingdom-represented by his goods. do I love him." (Isaiah 52: 8) These are the ones now to whom the Lord has committed all his goods. and by saying. regardless of their previous standing or position in the body. when trained. and the joy of the Lord is their strength. and represents discord. as shown by Isaiah 52: 7. The voice is a symbol of a message of truth. a discordant sound f mt is not in harmony with what the Lord is doing. a voice of the Lord that rendereth recompense to his enemies. This is beautiful and harmonious. No. who have opposed that work. are the feet of The Christ. and my Father will love you. pilgrims or colporteurs. but being wholly devoted to the Lord. when the Lord shall bring again Zion. to be acceptable to the Lord. OBEDIENCE 46 To the Lord obedience is more acceptable than sacrifice. and together they lift up the voice and lift it up with gladness. Your brethren that hated you. This is the message proclaimed by the Elisha class. 49 The radio now pierces the prison walls and commands the attention of the prisoners. Noone who is really of the Elisha class will need to be asked to go. workers in 'the office or treaders at the mill. as indicated by the prophecy.' The commandments now given to the Elisha class are so clear and convincing that there can be no doubt as to what shall be done. and hurry on and use it in every possible way to smite the waters. sad countenance. But how is it to be done? 47 Can this work be done by folding the hands? Can it be done by merely addressing a few fro111 the platform occasionally? Can these commandments be met by maintaining a long. and why has he brought together his consecrated to manufacture books containing the above message? Are these to be thrown aside and not used? All will answer. and these have not been privileged to see and appreciate the light that comes from the temple because they have not discerned the distinction between the Elijah and the Elisha work." (Isaiah 66: 6) The human voice. No longer thinking of self. and the Elisha class is commanded to do this work. whether that class be made up of women or men. that is to say. Then follows the little army of the Lord. N. a voice from the temple. you will keep my commandments."-Isaiah 66: 5. a voice of noise. They are also called the watchmen. and I will love you. claiming to have been in present truth. Let the Lord be glorified: but he shall appear to your joy. made up of the Elisha class. 42 The facts plainly show that since the beginning of the Elisha work there have been certain ones. from those who claim to be of God's organization.

"-l Peter 1: 3. 3 How many of the other disciples knew of Peter's fall we do not know. and the latter's reply? When did this begin to be ful1jJJell. it is certain that they did not expect that Jesus was to be raised.·as Elisha now to do? If 19-21.MARCH 15. PETER AND THE RISEN LORD --UAY 8-JOHN 20:1-10. 'Yhat happened between the king and Elijah after Elisha's anointing? How was this fulfilled? Narrate the taking nway of' Elijah. and how? What has dearly ielentified the Elisha class? U 22-28. who according to his great mercy begat us again unto a li'L'ing hope at the resurrection of Jesus Christ tram the dead. ing. and how is U being obeyed? U 34-36. found the tomb open and the guard set to keep it gone away. 2 During that sabbath day the little band would meet together to comfort each other. But whatever they thought. V. bitterly weeping because of his fall. but hesitated at the entrance. while the disciples probably met in their upper room. very early in the morn. 31-33. and how? Was Elisha urged to take up the mantle of Elijah? Will the Elisha class need urging? How is the Lord now piercing the prison walls. \I"ho loved him. but the disciples treated what the women said as if they were idle imaginative tales. to their amazement. with some measure of impatience born of desire to do something for the body of Jesus. 21:1-23-- "B!essed be the God and Fath~r of OUT Lord Jesus Christ. Peter would be comforted by the remembrance of his Master's words. Should the Elisha class have expected opposition from some who had walked with them? Why would such oppose the Lord's work now? What are the facts? U 41. But to the disciples he made no appearance. lee. it docs not expose them. 'Vhat \yas Elisha's request of Elijah. ·Whnt was the Lord to do when he would come to his temple? What has been the experience of the Elisha class since that time? How does the Elisha work specifically dilIer from that done by Elijah? U 29. The women.wordswhich showed him that though Jesus knew that Peter would deny him he would nevertheless not cast his erring disciple off. John outran Peter. What did Elisha's standing at the Jordan lllustrate? What . 11. Probably the other disciples did not know of Peter's fall until all was over.I!J'S mantle represent? What did his smiting of the waters of Jordan signify? U 10. 30. His sin against the grace of God in his denial of his beloved Master and friend. "I have prayed for thee. Peter on coming up went into the tomb. for John. but Mary lingered at the tomb. She ran to tell Peter and John. 4 On the first day of the week. How is Isaiah 61: 10 being fulfilled at this time? Whaf command is now givpn to the Elisha class. and then perhaps by Peter's own telling.. Later on in the day the Lord appeared to Peter. the body of the beloved Master was gone! 6 They went away. What dill Elij. (See 1 Corinthian. and Jesus appeared to her. U 12-18. and they both ran to the tomb. Peter must have suffered most. 'Yhat is meant by the chariot of fire and the whirlwind? What did Elisha say as Elijuh was taken away? Apply the picture. They went. 42. N OTHING is recorded in the Gospels to tell what happened to Peter after he went out from the high priest's courtyard.t . and what are we expected tq do in connection therewith? U 46-49. Was Elijah ever fearful? Was Elisha ever fearful? What woulll cause a Christian to become fearful? ·What makes the Elisha class bold? U 3-5. would well-nigh weigh him down. would hardly tell the others of Peter's grievous deflection. But of all the desolated company who waited over the sabbath in uncertainty and. What does the Lord require of his people? What are they now specifically commanded to do? Who will do it. in the case of the women particularly." (Mark 16: 7) He knew then that his Master had not repudiated him. Peter must have been comforted when he was told that the angels had said to them. to ask her to let Peter in. ·What Is the "voice of noise from the city" and the "voice from the temple" (Isaiah 66: 6)? Why do those of the temple class now lift up their voices with special gladness? U 43-45. who perhaps were not with the others. mandments of God? How has God now planted the heavens und laid the foundation of the new earth? Why has the smiting of the earth been delayed this long? Who is now fulfilling Isaiah 52: 7. Then he appeared to the women as they went. antI there discovered that what had been told them was true. It was after the walk to Emmaus and before he met with all the company. spoke to the damsel who kept the door. "Go and tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before them into Gall. Love hides thl3 sins and defects of others. and how? U 37·40. and his remembrance of the last look he had from the Lord. instead two men in shining apparel appeared to be in charge. and that they were to go and tell this to the disciples. for the next day's great events took them all by surprise. it is almost certain that John heard Peter's denials or knew of them.. Is there a present peril for those who now keep the com. Peter in his self-assurance risked danger to his faith. They thought that the women were merely excited. 2. for it was through John's help that Peter gained admittance to the high priest's palace. These told the women that the Lord was risen. who surely heard his last denial. U 6-D. John.. the faithful women were at the tomb. 1927 'The WATCH TOWER the earth with a curse? When was the Elisha work to be accomplished? \Vho constitute that class? U I. 5 Mary Magdalene was one of the women early at the tomb. who was known. R. that thy faith fail not" (Luke 22: 32).

Here they irere again all th2 lake. "Feed my lambs. Peter hastily picked up his outer covering garlllC'nt. Peter could never have had satisfaction if there was not an act of restoration. intended to confirm his faith and to assure him of his 11aster's care for him. They atl~ t(l~cther. neither for Peter's sake nor for the \I'ork's sake. A stranger might have been expected to a~k if they had fish for sale rather than food to eat. As Jesus spoke to him he turned and. Peter got converted and used his natur~ abilines in the service of the Lord and his sheep. "If I will that he tarry till I come. 12 The Lord then indicated that Peter should have a 10TI6' time of seniee. But again the Lord put the question to Peter. They toiled all night but caught nothing. Then he bade them cast their net on the right side of the bod. curiosity and impulsiveDess were to remain with him through his days. and carry thee wilither thou wouldest not" (John 21: 18). "Feed my sheep. and . Waiting there was tedious to Peter. anu as if thcy needed a second call to join the Lord. what is that to thee? Follow thou me. and doing nothing hurt him.'auld have been impossible to keep his 1apse a secret. three times the Lord put the question of love to Peter. IG But if Peter's readiness. spcaking to him by his old name of Simon. "'hat . The time had now come when the Lord would rehabilitate Peter. and the church he iras to scrve would eyer have been doubtful were it not certain that the Lord had receiycd Pder back. N.) "nat was . "When thou shalt be old. haye ye any meat?" It surely seemed rather singular. and the others agreed to go with him. seelllg his friend John. as he hau done" he11 at the time of Peter's assurance he told him that batan had desired to have him. such as his Master had been to all and especially so to him." (2. but it accomplished its purpose. addressed himself to Peter. 22. and another shall gird thee. Peter avowed his love and said that the Lord knew it.:ms : : 1{)) It was partly to gi\"e Peter all assurancc that he irould newr agalll make such a n11Stake that the Lord told him that he should die faithful. and now they were not II ble to ura\\' the net in because of the multitude of fishes. lcft the others to drag the net to shore. "Lord. 13 This study. the most forceful man amongst them. they were to be brought into subjection to his new mind. . "For goJj~' . and again Peter avowed his lo\'e and devotion. for it . Peter's attention must be averted from himself so that he might become a caretaker of the sheep. He said to Peter.'l'o\'" of t~e world worketh elf atL.. son of Jonas. BROOKLYN. 10 In his self-assurance Peter had avowed to the Lord that though all men forsook him he would not do so.:hall happen to this man?) He hardly spoke kindly of his belayed friend John.'as given the added blessing of being caretaker in some special way over his Master's sheep. S011 of Jonas. but turned him whollv to the Lord. "It is the Lord ~" Impulsive as eyer. He again avowed his loye. S In the morning as the~r were approachin~ the shore a stranger called out: "Children. No. and what shall this man do?" (or. It was a painful process. as if he from the shore had seen some movement of fish. as if Peter needed to question his sincerity. apparently taking Peter a"ide. It is .'onh han." as if there were a progression of 5ervice for l'eter. Peter's 0\1'11 bittcr regret was sufficient.." Perhaps the one thing that had prevented Peter from receivinlY' o in humility • all that the ~Iaster had for him was a lack of care for those who were called to the Lord. But answering him they called out. not because he had turned away from his Master's call. thou shalt stretch forth thv hands.Simon. They obeyed him. on tiro occasions and had not referred to the matter of the denial. and his own profession in his avowal should be fulfilled. he said. and they discerned once again that their great Provider. Thus Peter was reinstated into his place of senice. and a night's fishing could make little difference to their Master-he would not come in the night..aid to Peter is not related. 14 But it is to be noticed that besides this tll'ice-repeated qUCStiOll \'. This time the Lord said. for Peter had gone back to the boat that ni~ht merely to occupy his hands."-Y. o When Jesus met all the disciples there was no reference to Peter's deflection. lovest thou me?" This grieYed Peter. the bhcpheru of the sheep. and into the seJ. He said. said the Lord.:orroll' \Iol'kdh n'pentan('(~ to salratlOn not to be rcpcmed of: L:n till' ~o. Then the Lord. Cormt1u. Jesus mildly rebuked him and said. On the second time of Jesus' meeting his disciples he directed them to go to Galilee. "Simon. l~ But Peter was unchanged in characteristics. h11n and Peter and J ames and Andrew to him to become fbhcr. of men. because it seemed to show a lack of confidence. himself being present.: beell interpreteu as if he me:int~ Do you loye me more than this fishing tackle? But. while gi\'ing its fine illustration of the love of Jesus and of his watchful care over his own. L 11 To Peter's surprise and pain the L<>rd said a third time. So Peter mid. v \"hen they got to the shore they found that the Lord already had a fire and food cooking for them. But that could not be. "Feed my sheep. also shows that some actions of those remonsi!Jle Il\' reason 0: I:nowled~e cannot be Jlassed by· unnoticed. was taking care of them. John discerned the similarity between this and the time irhen Jesus calIcO. Probably it was only a bricf appearance. Then. hich made it appear as if Jesus had some doubt of Peter's sincerity. that nothing was to be said about it. and Jesus a[Tam replied..00 'fheWATCH TOWER 15: 5. there was no other punishment. Without doubt thIS incident not only gave Peter his old standing amongst the disciples. lo\"est thou me more than the"e?" (lur Lord's . Peter' might have thought that because the Lord had met with the disciples." Three times he had de~led the Lord. He was still the leader. "1 go a fishing". that interpretation could surcly not be right. he went to go to the Loru. for he said.

and they considered the break in their numbers through the deflection of Judas. they would not have talked in that way. such as Psalm 109: 8. Apparently it was necessary that as men this fact should be assured. If the disciples had believed in the soul's immortality. ~ They would talk of the things which they knew from the Scriptures. The Lord did not appear to them many times. The appearance of Jesus would have been considered as similar to the appearances of angels. PETER AT PENTECOST --MAY 15-AcTS 2 - "Repent ye. the appearance of their Master could not have been considered as very unusual. you. not for filthy lucre. and how did he he had denied the Lord.-1 Corinthians 15: 6. in the case of either Jesus or anyone else.-John 19: 26. "I go a fishing"? Teil what happened the next John's care as a mother to him. "What is that must have suffered when he heard Peter deny that he to thee?" Did Peter learn the needed lessons from his exknew his Master. Not once in all the apostles' references to Jesus after his resurrection is there any suggestion that they had any such thought as that their Lord had taken his body of flesh to heaven." meaning that Jesus' mother was henceforth to be What did Jesus say when he appeared to Mary? When did Peter say. reminding them of the that Peter had not fallen from grace in his heart. they were not expected to go before the world to witness to the resurrection on evidence discernible only to the spirit. not by constraint. they proceeded to elect another in the place of J udaa. and though they had no commission to act and did not understand what the spirit was to be to them. 5. a There is no reason to believe that the disciples thought that Jesus had taken his body of flesh to heaven. sus' death and resurrection? Did the disciples expect that 1T What influence the much quieter and steadier John Jesus would be raised on the third day? Did they know had on Peter at this time we can only surmise. What question did Jesus thrice put to Peter. very probable that they lived together. This they did. and that every day some new phase of truth would be seen. which they decided must apply to this particular case. in the act and attitude of blessing. for John had a When and why did the women go to the sepulchre? What did they see and hear there? Did the other disciples behome in Jerusalem. Luke says that the proofs were infallible. he began to ascend. There is no question of John's forgiving Peter because Who was the other outstanding apostle. 192T CfheWATCH TOWER 91 he who writes to the faithful. and chief Shepherd and urging the elders to care for the -that it was the outward. unwieldy human nature side of sheep. Then he told them that they should remain in Jerusalem till they received the holy spirit. which was his Father's gift to them. John took her to his own home. On the fortieth day he led his disciples from the upper room in Jerusalem to go as far as Bethany. and as there would have been no need to talk about infallible proofs of the resurrection. John was wise enough to know and Peter regard each other? V 17. is a doctrine of demons intended to mislead men as to the purpose of God. "Feed. I In the purpose of God it was appointed that Jesus should return to heaven to continue his ministry only after forty days had passed after his resurrection. but every appearance was a special occasion. evident that they loved each other sincerely. "the flock of God which is among the man that had at the moment gotten the upper hand. but of a ready mind. making every day profitable. The dogma of the resurrection of the body. for it was from these that they were to get their instruction. Apparently both the women who had been witn Jesus and some of the other 500 who were ardent believers and lovers of Jesus met with them. and from that hour morning. and ye shall receive the gift of the huly spirit." he says. but QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY willingly. 18. and John What special lessons may we get from this study? What had Peter said when Jesus rebukingly replied. and the conviction of the disciples was absolute. and at last. was near the cross Jesus said to him. We may suppose that the disciples now met each day onward. 27. V. They saw passages. and why1 18 These two apostles were very unlike. When Jesus was dying and John lieve their story? What did Peter and John do? n 4."-Acts 2: 38. for the time was in the fine weather of the spring season. It se€ms of Peter's denial of his Master and chide him for it? n1-3. R. "Behold thy mother. and saw his beloved friend fall so low. He gave them their commission."Which of the disciples evidently suffered most between Je1 Peter 5: 2. and a cloud coming down received him and took him out of their sight. periences? V 13-16. but it is very How did Jesus then comfort Peter? n 9-12. The cloud itself was an unusual occurrence. casting lots be- . On each occasion he had appeared! in a different form. and collectively they served to convince the disciples that their beloved Master was alive. such as had frequently happened in Israel. taking the oversight thereof. T HE forty days between the resurrection of Jesus and his ascension were days of suspense and surprise for the apostles.MUCH 111. n 6-8. and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ urnto the remission of your sins.

N. It was the beginning of a new life. 14 Then Peter called upon them to repent and accept Jesus as the One sent of God. These henceforth constituted "The Twelve". By it they received quickened powers of mind. Suddenly there came a sound as of a rushing mighty wind. The holy spirit could not be given until the ransom price had been paid and sin atonement begun. He now showed that other scriptures were being fulfilled in the life and death and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth. so that they were no longer natural men but were enabled to liye unto God in the spirit. A great concourse of people came together. Indeed it may be said . T The report of this soon spread abroad. and he should immediately amend his ways. 8 Probably it was the latter remark which aroused Peter. They were amazed. they wanted to express themselves and found themselves speaking in languages to which they were strangers.Joel 2: 28. for Joel had foretold that God would pour out of his spirit upon all flesh. for the day being the feast of Pentecost. 6 On the fiftieth day after the resurrection. By it they were begotten to membership in the new creation. Probably they prayed that such blessings as the Lord might have for them might be received into good hearts. "These men are full of new wine. when their sons and daughters and even their handmaids and servants should prophesy. as in the special endowment of Bezaleel for doing the fine work of the tabernacle. whether or not they were careless of the covenant of Israel or indifferent to it. seeing it is but the third hour of the day. and to your children. (Exodus 19: 18) The rushing mighty wind which sounded in the room was a symbol of power. 18 Peter then explained why the prophecy of Joel could now be fulfilled. that is. 8 Luke says that they all met with one accord. who he said was the One of whom David had spoken. for it was the day of Pentecost.-See Galatians 3: 14. Thus it was not merely the spirit of truth which they now had." (Acts 2: 14. for prophecy cannot be read beforehand. But all Jews knew that in days past God had given his holy spirit in Israel." (Acts 2: 39) He urged them in this way to save themselves from that untoward generation. they gathered together in the upper room very early. those who are stopping in Jerusalem for the feast]. About three thousand persons were added to the church that day. there was a clear addition to their lives. Probably some of the 120 who were present went out into the city to tell their friends. as when God met Moses at Sinai to give him the revelation which he would then make to his people. and there is nothing to show that the Lord did not acknowledge their action.-Lev. and ten days after the ascension. They knew this was that for which they had waited. 29. Soon the disciples began to feel the urge of the holy spirit. II Noone could understand how this prophecy would be fulfilled till it should be in process of fulfilment. or as when Samson was endowed with extraordinary strength. 13. nor is it given that men may know future detailed events. (Psalm 16: 10) He declared that he and the others who stood with him were witnesses of the fact of Jesus' resurrection. even as many as the Lord our God shall call. 12 The fire was a symbol of a purifying power and of accepted sacrifice.92 cneWATCH TOWER tween two who appeared to them to meet the necessary conditions and to be equally eligible. "Yemen of Judea. for each heard men known to be uneducated Galileans speak in the language which they were accustomed to hear in their respective countries from which they had come. If when that blessing came there were any in Israel who did not receive it he might thereby know that he was not in right heart condition. and said that they also should have the gift of the holy spirit: "For the promise is unto you. 11 That day of Pentecost has been called "the greatest day' in the history of the church". be this known unto you. By it they were anointed to their office as priests. and also it was the "earnest" of their future inheritance. 23: 11. "What meaneth this?" Others mockingly said. Y. some human desire for truth quickened. They must have begun to see that the Lord in his ministry and in his death fulfilled types. 15) He declared that this which they saw and heard was the fulfilment of a prophecy by Joel. and hearken to my words: for these are not drunken. He took the better way. could not mean that the holy spirit would come upon everyone in Israel. After receiving it they were changed men. and that this holy spirit was proof that Jesus' work was complete and that the work of salvation had begun. It was apparent that Joel BROOKLYN. and as when the prophets wrote. Calling the disciples to stand with him he stood before the people and said. It must fall upon those who wanted to be in harmony with God or who desired to be so. To have done so would almost have certainly diverted the minds of the crowd into anger. which shows that they had a common purpose and understanding. who should die but should not be left in death. and they saw tongues of fire on each other. and from all the surrounding countries. as ye suppose."-Acts 2: 12. Without doubt they thought that that day might be a special one. 11 The coming of the holy spirit was God's seal upon the apostles. and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem [that is. and to all that are afar off. it also represented the presence of God. Many said. and that his resurrection corresponded to the day when the high priest offered the first-fruits of harvest. the city was filled with Jews from as far east as Elam amI as far west as Lybia in Africa. 10 It should be noted that Peter did not immediately declare that this manifestation was a proof of the ministry of Jesus of Nazareth. and 'showed that a prophecy awaited fulfilment and that it was being fulfilled before their eyes. the mountain then being altogether on fire.

This phase of the Lord's work has been fully dealt with in the columns of this journal. What scriptures now began to be understood by them? What action did they deem proper to take respecting the break in their ranks? n 4. And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth anwork was and is his beloved Son. not after the law of a carnal an Ambassador. The work that Aaron did as other tribe. He was "without descent". What tact did Peter display in beginning his discourse? What did the coming of the holy spirit mean to the church? What did the fire and mighty wind symbolize? n 10-14. as if that day were imminent when the prophecy should be fulfilled. That is to say. from which came the order of Melchisedec. As a man his descent was from the tribe of Judah." Of what order is which he did. he was in that office. and again there is need for urgent service for the God of Israel.commandment. All these share with Jesus in the great work of declaring the name and the purposes of Jehovah. 13) But to aU well-instructed Bible Students it is clear that what happened at Pentecost was not the complete fulfilment of Joel's prophecy. this High Priest? Was Jesus an High Priest Aaron and his successors in office were born to the after the order of Melchisedec when St. (Exodus 40: there is made of necessity a change also of the law. to the Aaronic priesthood. and which would be at the time of the second advent. Upon this point the apostle says: principal officer. (for under it the people received the law. Aaron therefore was not a type of Jesus. "Save yourselves from this untoward generation"? What did the destruction of Jerusalem typify? Has there been a further fulfilment of Joel's prophecy than that at Pentecost? Explain fully. Yes. He went forth to do his great work without mother". That time has come. The Me1chisedec priesthood was "without father. of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning the name of Jehovah.) what wrote this text Christ Jesus was the great High Priest further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec. and to those who are watching and following the way of the 93 Lord it is evident that his spirit has again been poured out upon a multitude of those who are faithfully following the truth as it is in Jesus. The disciples of Jesus were then by the covering common blessing made a unit. because that was God's arrangement conwords in Hebrews? cerning Israel and the priesthood. What was the significance of Peter's words. Joel's prophecy was then fulfilled only in miniature. yah. but as was Aaron. Like many other prophecies which at the first advent were said to be fulfilled by events. they were quickened into one common life." (Acts 2: 40) John had already urged the people to flee from the wrath to come. He was sent to earth as other priest. Aaron was an Israelite of the tribe of Levi. For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of work that another Priest would do for Jehovah and in J uda. 17 God's people in these last days have witnessed more than one great day of divine movement and action. For 13) He ministered unto God as the servant of Jehovah he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to anin the office of priest. Jesus was a Priest of God. That is to Q . Joel connected his prophecy with "the great day of Jehovah". iwd not be called after after the order of Melchisedec. (Matthew 3: 7) The destruction of Jerusalem was typical of that which in the great day of the Lord would come upon Christendom. Paul wrote these priesthood. and as a Priest of J eho.Tesus' resurrection and his ascension? Why did he appear to his disciples during this time? Describe the ascension. hence the time for the great fulfilment of Joel's prophecy is come. but after the power of an endless life. What happened on the fiftieth day? How many disciples were present? What did the populace think of the occurrences. who is made. and what explanation did Peter give? n 5-9. 16 The destruction of Jerusalem and of the Jewish polity were not far away when the spirit came at Pentecost. "Save yourselves from this untoward generation. He was anointed to serve in the office of the priest. [and] Aaronia priesthood. of which no man gave attendance atJ the priest or servant of God foreshadowed a far greater altar. Thou art a priest for ever after the descend from the tribe of Levi. INTERESTING QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS UESTION: In Hebrews 8: 1 the apostle says. Priest of the Most High God is the "If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priestservant of the Most High God: When the Apostle Paul hood."-Hebrews 7: 11-17.MUCH 15. He did not For he testifieth. He was not of the Aaronic order. Again the time of blessing is upon the faithful in Israel. hence Peter's exhortation. The Priest who should do that priesthood. (1 Corinthians 12: 12. Aaron foreshadowed a work which Jesus would do and "We have such an high priest. as a Servant. Did the disciples suppose that he had taken his fleshly body to heaven? U 1-3. the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed. n 15-17. 1927 'The WATCH TOWER that the church was born that day. Had Jesus been born Answer: The specific answer to this question is. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY What time elapsed between . In the name of Jehovah and for Jehovah as Priest or but was not born to the office by a father and a mother servant. then he must have been born A priest is one who officiates or acts for another as of the tribe of Levi.

Peter says: "But ye are a chosen generation. who is holy. are designated of the priestly order. He does not have to wait until the Millennial Age in order to perform the duties of that priesthood. and will serve Jehovah God in all the ages to come. first for his own sins. This other priesthood is the royal priesthood. which includes his body. an holy nation. and from the moment of his anointing he became the Head of the royal priesthood. of' which Christ Jesus is the Head. as mentioned by the Apostle Peter. The conclusion must be then that Melchisedec was the servant and officer of Jehovah God. As Priest he offered himself to provide the ransom sacrifice. The kingly class therefore occupy a position of officer. Note now St. and he offers the members of his body that they may participate in the sin-offering. who is consecrated for evermore. he had no successor in office." Does Christ as Melchisedec Priest offer sacrifice. that when the sacrificial work is done the priesthood is done. for this he did once. He performed his duties as such. and if so what." (Hebrews 7: 25-28) The positive and unequivocal stateJIlent of the apostle is that our Lord did not need to offer BROOKLYN. while still in the flesh. and in Psalm 79:11 we are told that the prisoner class are "those that are appointed to die". Those who fill the office of the Aaronic priesthood were born unto it. N. He was also the Ambassador of God. Y. been similarly appointed to die. harmless. hence they are called of the royal priesthood. himself. The Aaronic priesthood ceased when Jesus began his sacrificial work. Melchisedec was made like unto the Son of God. also Christ Jesus. Christ Jesus. and that the Lord Jesus fills the office of executive officer of Jehovah. Question: In Hebrews 8: 3. to offer up sacrifice. He has stated that it was necessary to change the priesthood and that our Lord is the Priest after the order of Melchisedec. who was afterwards called Jesus. Question: In Hebrews 9: 27 we are told that "it is appointed unto men [The Christ] once to die". and therefore there was need for another priesthood. nor end of life. to wit. (Hebrews 7: 3) Nothing of this kind could be said about the Aaronic priesthood. Christ Jesus offered and offers sacrifices as Priest after the order of Melchisedec. and the body members will be associated with him. as such. who needeth not daily. and when. as those high priests. separate from sinners. also Jesus. a royal priesthood. and made higher than the heavens. Aaron merely foreshadowed a part of the work that the Priest of the Melchisedec order would perform. A royal priesthood means a reigning priesthood. Jesus was anointed at the Jordan. and having received their anointing from the Head. and then he adds: "Wherefore he is able to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him. The Priest of the Melchisedec order offered himself and his body members." By that is meant that there is no record as to the time of the beginning of the Logos. The question is in error in stating that there is no scripture show· ing that Melchisedec offered sacrifice. Aaron's work was imperfect. and then for the people's. And the antitypical priesthood abideth as priest continually. and as such he is the active agent of Jehovah for ever. Have both classes. lIfelchisedec was a type of the priesthood. when he offered up himself. Jesus is the antitype.neWATCH TOWER 8ay. undefiled. This does not mean. "Having neither beginning of days. nor did he succeed anyone in office. where and how did the great company receive such appointment? . which was since the law. it follows conclusively that Christ Jesus is of the royal priesthood. a peculiar people. He was also the Priest of God. sacrifice daily. to carry out his work. and that he shall abide for ever."1 Peter 2: 9.mean that he must not serve. Paul's argument in the seventh chapter of Hebrews. The mere fact that one is of the royal line does not . seeing that Melchisedec is nowhere described as a sacrificing priest? Answer: Yes. His beloved Son is the Head thereof. Without a question of a doubt the members of the body of Christ. For such an high priest became us. maketh the Son. On the contrary God says: "Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity. and as such he pictured or represented the Logos." Christ shall for ever be the Chief Officez: of Jehovah. acting as officer or servant. to wit. The anointed ones being members of the royal priesthood. 4 we read: "For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. The priest after thll Aaronic order offered bulls and goats. and that he came from the tribe of Juda. God appoints the Melchisedec priesthood. a sacrificial work. but that he offered one sacrifice. Concerning this St. the active agent and the executive officer of J ehovah God. The Melchisedec priesthood is called a royal priesthood for the reason that in the type Melchisedec was a king and a priest at the same time. and continues to fill that office for ever. of the order of Melchisedec. however. that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light. Christ Jesus was the Son of God when he was on earth. The Aaroni<l priesthood served during the period of the Law Covenan~ and foreshadowed the sacrificial work that was to be done by Jesus. but the word of the oath. They are not of the Levitical priesthood but of the Melchisedec priesthood. seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. At the same time he was a Servant of God. of the order of Melchisedec. He has drawn a clear line of distinction between the priesthood of the Levitical order and the priesthood of the lIfelchisedec order.

so that. thereafter their judgment comes. I do not know his name. I hope we shall always be able to tune in on 'VBBR. All are called in one hope of their calling. Noone is taIled to the great company class. paragraph 34. Strictly speaking the question should be answered in the negative' Hospitals are not a part of the Dcvil's organization. is sending forth with ever new beauty and increasing light. however. realizing that the poor groaning creation so badly needs the Truth and its comforts. I obtained the book THE HARP OF GOD. you may continue to faithfully fulfil that office and service to which he has appointed you. political and religious elements. Men organize some things for their protection and comfort and aid. and that they must "develop a character" sO' that he can take them to heaven. because controlled by men in politics who resort to anything to further their cause. J. TENNISON. We must not conclude that every organization of men is a part of the Devil's organization. Question: In our study of THE WATCH 'J. Assuring ~·ou of our deep appreciation. Some of the begotten and anointed ones lose their anointing because of neglect in the performance of the terms of the covenant whiah they have made with Jehovah. (1 Peter 4: 17) At the time the creature is appointed to die he is not a member of the great company class. I was surprised to learn in reply that she had alread~' learned all about the truth over there. love and prayers. and then sent it to an aunt in K Wales. This organization is made up of the commercial. and we enjoy hearing his health and hygiene talks also. Yours in the truth. As a new creature he must die in order to be born with a new and glorious organism. CANNON. desire to express our love for you. 1926. Christians are in the world but not of it. Having been appointed to die at the time of being spirit begotten. our God and our Father. TAKING ADVANTAGE OF PRESENT OPPORTUNITIES BELOVED BROTHER RUTHERFORD: 'Ve who have been so richly blessed by the 10Ying and faithful ministry of ~'ourself and ~·our dear colaborers whom the Lord has ordained to serve his church during this period of special blessing and testing. A. but knew not what I was teaching. as they flow with ever refreshing sweetness from the throne of God. :May the great love and spirit of the Lord be in you and abound more and more. He lands ultimately in the great company class because of lack of faith and devotion to the Lord. that is to say. This fact. and. as ~'our lectures and Bible talks are now a large part of our life. HULL (ENG.-N. . They do it not because of the Devil but in spite of the Devil. and in witnessing to the name of Jehovah. AGNES E.) ECCLESIA. Hospitals do much good in relieving the sick and afflicted. SeClI. for we are sure that God is with you. The apostle describes them as blind. Britain. and feel so gratefUl to God to be able to understand the truth. It has been clearly shown that God has ordained that you are the one to carryon the work left by Pastor Russell. \Ve rejoice and give thanks for the wonderful favor of spiritual discernment which enables us to appreciate these truths and to appropriate and apply them to our hearts and lives. The 'Vatchtower station is blessed with a very good announcer. the question was asked : "Are hospitals a part of the Devil's organization p" Answer: In speaking of the Devil's organization we are to understand that it has reference to the ruling factors of this world. INTERESTING LETTERS THE BLESSINGS OF RADIO DEAR JUDGE RUTHERFORD: Having mowd here from Philadelphia I recently tuned in our radio and heard 'VBBR for the first time. I shall spread these glad tidings at every opportunity. through THE WATCH TOWEll. page 311. his right to live as a human being must cease at the time he is begotten to the divine nature. we do not hesitate to take full advantage of present opportunities to proclaim the good news of the kingdom and that deliverance is at hand. Those of the great company class will be born as spirit beings. This is sometimes spoken of as the earth because being the visible part of the Dcvil's organization. The common people are in subjection to this ruling power and are therefore of the world. I have taught a class in the :l\Iethodist Sunday School for ~'ears. The justified one :must die. They are blinded to the point of believing that God wants to get them into heaven. sufficiency at all times. our confidence in you. he must die as a human being in order to be 05 born as a spirit being. You have no idea how many doubts have been removed from our minds concerning the Bible as a result. richly enjoying his all.'OWER of October 15th. Radio is a wonderful invention to enable you to spread the truth. and our unswerving loyalty to you. strengthening and encouraging of his dear flock. We are thankful for the precious privileges of participating with gladness of heart in the service of our glorious King. was never before excelled and is nowhere else to be found-an indisputable evidence that that journal is his appointed channel for the feeding. They entirely fail to see the duties laid upon them by the terms of their covenant by sacrifice.-2 Peter 1: 9. Vi7e have been listening in all day today to your talks. but he speaks very clear and distinct. The judgment particularly applies at the time the Lord comes to his temple. for political purposes. Yours in the bonds of love divine. 1927 'The WATCH TOWER Answer: Everyone whom the Lord God justifies and begets by his spirit is appointed to die. The precious truth which the Lord. but he is called to the divine nature. however. Such institutions are sometimes used. does not change the original appointment to death. G.MARCil Hi.

. C. . H. Ind De Pauw. 28 !rrail. Ga. _ •. 29.1 .lln han. :I BROTHER M.. Atlanta... 24 ~ioux Falls. •• 26 Rock Creek.. La. ._ .. 18. C. Westminster.. N... Neb. Wash. Ala __ ' Brewton. .. 2 BROTHER S.. 28.. La. Mass. Ind.. B. . 24 21 Gain'll".. __. B... _.. May 1 Lake Benton.. . Neb. Pa. Apr. 26 2/. St. Onto .. Kan .. 19 Milwaukee..._" 20.Apr._ 2~ 29 . Nebraska City. ~ Framingham. Kan... Apr. " Greenville.21 l'\ew Albany. 28 Hastings. Ind. 27 Wilton. Mo.. 25 Waltham. Kan. 30. Neb. Wis... Towanda.•_ .Apr.International Bible Students A~sociation GasseS 1(ecture~ &1d . Mass. Ga••.22 li'pring~le. Me. . C.__. 22 Cairo.. 28 Inwood. Chehalis.. Mich 17 19 21 28 Leesvllle.. 29 Seattle.. _.. 2t Rosepine. 25.. Mo Apr. --ARr. . Dortlan. Ala. Mich. 24 Thomasville. 24 Sanford. Lenora. B.. Ia.. H. Pa WillIamsport. Centralia. RICE Orleans.__. N. ~ c. CUTFORTH Pembroke. 22 BROTHER H. .. Pa.MlQ':a. R. Wis.MlQ' 1. __.•_.. THORN !'harnoldn. S. S.. . N.. May 1 Leasburg. t4i Penticton. Pa.Kan. .. N. 17 19 21 22 Aberdeen. 21 " 22...Apr. POLLOCK Tacoma. B.. Mo. "3 BROTHER C. 28 ... S. 24. WILLIAMS Opp. C. . Mass Maiir BROTHER J. " 20 Milltown. ''lash. 18 N. Seneca..r.24 Rntledge. ''lash•.26... 1Ile.. 19 Langley Prairie.. Wis.•_. Apr. Kan. E.. _.._. BROTHER H. ..__ MIlan. .Apr..__. _" Bay Minette. Me. Mass.. . 'Vis __. Dak ' 2tL:1. . 26 E\ andale. "'''''''_ Iila¥ 1 BROTHER H. B. 29. Louis. 29 BROTHER V. Louis. .. 2. May 1 Kelly. ..__Apr..r. Ala. 28 " 29 _••_ lIlay 1 . C... MItchell. Mich. 26 Black Creek. Ala. 21 22 J4i. 25." Natick. _ " Mobil.20 SIoux ~ity. C. N._" 21 Grand Forks..lIay 1 BROTHER W. N.. _. Lake Charles.. 19 Palmyra. Qne. S. 28 Korth Jay. Ala. __ • 22 Norton.. _. ._~ Durand.. _ ' 21.. 28 Pahll)'ra." 29 Lewiston. 0. Dak.Jasper. Ind. . C. ~Iich Alma.. A. 28 Plover.. Me.. Long Branch.ARr. . TOUTJIAN Hannibal. . S. 29 Louisville.Apr. H. Fla. Altoll.. 19 Moultonvl11e. Inu.. . John.. 18. C. 22 u 24 25... Ky --MRT 1 BROTHER G.. 15.. WI" ARr.pr. B •.. La. ._. 28 CentrevIlle. 22. C. __ __. Ewing. 26 Owosso. 2 Wilkes·Barre.. . Ind _ Ap..••.. • _.. .studie~ by 'frdVelin~ Brethren BROTHER T. _ 27._.. Ia. Ill." 20.... l'\orthumberland._ " 25 Medill. . 17 18. ~!Jch. B. _. E. .. 24. " 2:. S. 17 18. BOHNET Franklin._. 17 19 20 21 22 !I!adlson. MaSll. '''''' ~7... Florala.__._ 26..._~_ 22 Hawarden. Apr.. C.. . 19 20. ••... 2lJ _ 26.1._" 24 Green Bay. Minn. 25 South Windham. MURRAY Beatrice. ""is. _.25 Wymore. Ncb Apr.. . l\lass _ ' 28. BARKER Norfolk. Apr. La __ 25. " 15." 28 Jeanerette.r.. 21 Quincy. Ia. L.. . HERSEE Victoria. . 24..." 21.May 1 BROTHER W. B.. "'ash _ Apr._. ::n 19.._. 24 _ 21. HAZLETT Pittsfleld N.. 19 20. 26. 18.. Ind _ 18. B. .. Mo. 15. Neb. St.. Ia. N.... __ " 25 Albany.. . 20 19 _" 21. B. 18. ---Ap. 17 18. Me lIlay 1..•. B. Kan _" 18. Oberlin...22 Appleton. H. DINGUS Pensacola. N. " :'''.Agr. Wash._. . Pa. H ' 20 East Wolfboro. Glenmora. Ga. Ind _. Neb..•_ )Iay:l: BROTHER H. 17 Sidney. C. WATT Lynn. Wis " 21. May 1 BROTHER J. ''lash. 26 Portland.. • Apr. 2. Wis.. Me.. Keokuk. lIS. B.Ap. Me. Stella Fla. Aclu II es.-. A~r. N. 26 Montgomer:r. 20 Oshkosh...21 Bremerton._. Apr.22 St. BROTHER J. Ala.. C. 2 . C. .Ap.. Lincoln._. La.HERR Gratiot. J. 20. - _. _.Apr.19 Jamestown._ . 17 18. Pa.. "20.r. _.. .. Ga. Minn. Y._. Apr. May 1 BROTHER G. 22 Boston.. 21. H . 27.•. ... _ Dam'ille.. E. " . Onto 19 Sherbrooke. 20 »ataqu!. W. 2:.. Ala. _ _.. Chilliwack. 19. 27 Fort Valley.Apr. . B. Rlyer SIOUX. 17 Clay Center. 25 OI)lllpia.. ... K.. Ind __ Apr. Andalusia.21 Lenora. Elmira. Mo.•• " Anderson. .. -May 2.ARr.•_ . 24. Ala. _ _•. 29. Neb Columbus. la.__ 29 Stevens Point. 29 Hampstead._.. l\fich.. 27. MOo Apr... 30.. 22. M. ._ . Onto Apr.ARr. Wash " 18.. La. " 18 Ottawa... Crowley. . 16 Carleton Place. La. 21 Moore's Mills._. B 27. Pa. . Ga.Apr.A/lr.. Fenton._ _ ._ _. . 20 Cliftondale. Wash Apr. 26 Bloomington. Pollock... La.. B. Apr. B. S.Apr. 2.. ._ " 18. _ ....19 20... •. DRAPER Riley. PINNOCK l. Neb•.. 28. Apr. " Seymour.

'i At.....~.....98 "I tvill stand upon my tvatch and tvill set my foot upon the 'I'olLer....\ST OF' DELIVEU....••. .. When ye see these things begin to come to pass.. discontented) roaring. __ ..'no Mundi 6055-April 1._ ...•..••••••••..•...••.-Matt.> T"'~"":!jom ..•.. _•••....105 PETER HEALS THE LAME lIL... Mark 13: 29.. .••_ 101 Type lind Antitype 101 Three Covenants _ _102 'Vho May Partake 104 Joy of the Lord _ _ _.l Khat ans>rer I shall make to them that oppose me... tbe sea and tbe waves (tbe r".107 PETER UNDALNTED BY PEllSI:( UTIOI.....••••••••..••••••••••••••.u!.."-Habak/... •__ ••••••••••••_ ••••_ ••••••• 111 THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION •••••••••••••••••••_ ••• 98 MEMORIAL FOR 1927 ••. and tcill u'ateh to sep...\NCE .•.....tless.~~fr)l1JW@'\mJ/~@1b>@l~~if~U}l~~u~t~ Qe }jf~ll'lldml~ ~mro$fll&9-~~ns~~j~~"-lsaiaIJ VOL XLVIII SE~rr -~I ONTHLY No......._. .._99 l\lemorial Prefigured __ B9 The Passover . •••••••••_ ••••••• 109 INTERESTING LETTERS ••••..•••. rejoice....... ali.......•••..105 Self-Examination __ ... tvhat He tvill say unto me..... Look UP.... Luke 21: 25-31. .wetb nlgh........ Upon tbe eartb distress of nations witb perplexity. then know th?t of God is at band... 2: 1. til.•..•.. for your redemption dra...... lift up your beads..... 24: 33...•.. ..•... men's bearts failing tbem for fear an~ 70r locldng to tbe things coming upon the earth: for the powe:'s of the heavens shall be shaken. 1927 CONTENTS 'l'HE l~'E....

Counting fOl1rtppn days thereafter the fourteenth 'Of Nisan begins at sundown. Lancaster Gate. Act of March 3rd.2 141 19 269 26 6 IG4 13 145 20 313 27 7 183 1. South Africa: 6 LeUe St. l\lE~fORIAL FOR 1927 The memorial of our Lord's death will be celebrated in 1927 0n Friday. with another bundred thousand in the vicinity. may be expected to appear on address label wIthm one JIIonth.or ~or a n~w sUbscriptio. and its columns are not open to personalities. announces conventions. GREAT BRITAIN.:lorifled with Christ THAT GOD created the earth for man. It gives ann'Ouncement of thE! visits' made to Bible classes by traveling speakers..) TERM~ TO THE LORD'S POOR: All Bib]" Students who. •• 'il17-32 Week of May 8 . South Afl'lea. $1. but by International postal Money Orders only. C 17 45 24 4273 1. that the mission of that the Logos was the beginning of his creation.\PA AND MISCELLANEOUS FOREIGN. Class Secretaries will confer a favor by promptly reporting the attendance at the Memorial.". that the heavell. grow in his likeness. Ontario. ann presented the value of his human sacnfice as reign of Christ will afford opportunity to every man to the redemptive price for man. that he gave his life peoples to. $1. a sacrifice for man nnll thereby [l1"Oduced the ransom price. the Maker of selecting from amongst men the members of his churCH. E.card ea('h May stating their cas. are unable to pay fOl' this journal. as a rule. will be supplied fr"e jf they Rend pORtaL . It does not assume a dogmatic attitude. Remittances from s('attered forei. It is a railway center. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION PmCE: UNITED STATES. heaven and earth. It adheres strictly to the Bible as God's revealed Word of Truth.. OFFICERS J.:inning of Nisan at sundown on that day. returned and is now present. C'AN. It stands firmly upon the great ransom sacrifice as the fundamental doctrine by which all doctrines are measured. l\IeliJourne. Brethren are expected from many countries. Heud anll body. has been earth for ever in a state of happiness. AOSTRALASIA AND ~OUTF( AFRICA. F. All classes desiring to hold local COnyentions should notify the SOCIETY as early as possible So that pilgrims may be routed in that way if nt all [lossible. E. IDIln for the earth and placed him upon it. m. that families of the earth shall be blessed. at Toronto. It is only a short distance from Niagara Falls.n territory may be made to the Brooklyn office. Australia. wh. U. London \Y. (Foretgn translations oj this journal appear in several languages. so that these reports may appear in an early issue of the 'W. and ultimately be . or by llitnk Draft. Toronto is the capital of Ontario and has a population of more tha]} five hundred thousano. which is Friday. This will be the only large convention (luring the year. give testimony to the name and in glory. segre. Canadian.4 271 21. after 6 p. • 1122-42 Week of May 29 ••• 'il33-50 . m.e sent wIth the Journal one montil before the subscription expires. One of the bUildings has a seating capacity of ten thomanl1. Canada. 15. but confidently invites a careful examination 01 its utterances in the light of the infallible Word of God. by reason of old age or other infirmity or adversity. remote control being installed at the convention auditorium. that man wiI· constitutes the "seed of Abraham" through which all the fu11y disobeyed God's law and was sentenced to death. It is expected that the entire proceedings of the conv(mtlon will be broadcast from our own station. and creeds of men. aSCE'ndE'li into ro human perfection during the reign of Christ. ROTHERFORD R.n. have a fail' trial for life ami those who obey will live on THAT for many centuries God. by reason of Adam's wrongful act all men are born sinners THAT THE WORLD HAS ENDED.\TeH TOWER. Y. 7s.1..en requested. e . BEREAN BIBLE STUDIES l3yMeansof "The Watch Tower" "The Great Multitude" "Liberty of the Prisoners" Z Jan. EDITORIAL C07JfMITTEE A~lnnlGII J. The city has provided its beautiful fair grounds and all its buildings for the convention. April 15th. 1879. PUBLISHED BY WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 :ADAMS STREET ••• BROOKLYN.THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION T HIS journal Is published by the WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY for the purpose of aiding the people to understand the divine plan. \. American remittances should be made by Express or Postal Money Orders. The grounds are situated on the lake front. that all such be on our llst contlllually and in touch with the Berean studies. Please address the SOCIETY in every case. Cape Town. Announcem('llt is made now to permit the friends throughout the earth to get ready. Change of addre.I3S·A.00. 1-21 Week of May 22. amI is from everlasting to everlasting. hear and obey him. A rellewal blank (earning notice of eXpIratIOn) WIll b. . clothed with all power in heaven and earth. Australa. BEMERY W. about 6 p. sects. and gives the reports thereof. 2. Entered as Second Class Mail Matter at Brooklyn.'s. 1927 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION The general convention of the International Bible Students AssoC'iation for 1927 will be held July 18th to 26th. The International Sunday School lessons are treated in harmony with the Scriptures. which constitutes the body of Christ. N. 1927 Z Nov. send a card of ackI10wl· edgment for a renewal . a. 1926 Week of May 15 ••• \I 1-16 Week of May 1 ••. J. 15. It is free from parties. tllat Jehovah lws placed Christ THAT JESUS was made a human being in order that he Jesus upon his throne and now commalllis all nations and might becolIU! the Hedcemer of man. Notice to Subscriber&: We do not. South African and Australasian r0mittances should be made to branch offiees only."lllell from the busy travel. and in a very pleasant location. THAT THE HOPE of the peoples of earth is restoration that Jesus the diVine arose from the dead. It provides systematic Bible study in which all its readers may regularly engage.siall: 495 Collins St. that the the church is to follow in the footsteps of her Lord Christ Logos became a man. plan of Jehovah God. 61 18 272 25 5 194 1. H.. Toronto. TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH THAT JEHOVAH is the only true God. created perfect Jesus in his heavenly kingdom. F. bnt anxIOUS.~re not only willing. that the Lord Jesus hus and without the right to life.OI'd Jesus Christ Jesus. Postofftoo. BARBER E.. that Chdst. which marks the be. VAN AMBURGH S eey President & T reas. An· nouncement is made at this time that the brethren may be· gin to make preparations. through Christ. A. . Y. 217 28 186 29164 152 30 35 248 31 255 318 227 171 237 liI. The method of cnlrulntion is as 1\)lIows: The new moon nearest the spring equinox occurs in the morning of April 2nd. British. April 15th.i. Conad". S. J. N. It does not indulge in controversies. that he IS now the 1. 33-40 Irwin Avenue.l. RUTHERFOIW W. V'N FOREIGN OFFICES: l1riti$h: 34 ('ra~en Terrace.e and requestlDg such provIslOl.50. COWARD Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thurstlay Friday Saturday BETHEL HYMNS FOR MAY 8 219 15 242 22 1 155 2 214 9 260 16 114 23 3 32 10 Ap.

That all those throughout the earth who are striving to keep God's commandments might partake as the united peopIe of God.' 3 The disciples did not understand at that time the full import of their Master's words. 1921 THE FEAST OF DELIVERANCE "And !Iou are they who have continued with me in my trials. T IME and again Jehovah has made known through his Word that he is pleased with and rewards loyalty. and delivered our houses. XLVIII APRIL No. and then to be with me in my kingdom. The privilege of partaking with the Lord in his death appears more wonderful to the saints as they journey nearer to the end of the way. therefore. when he smote the Egyptians.tance he said to them: 'You have Leen with me during my trying experiences. 4 With burning hearts the Lord's true and properly instructed people are looking forward this year to the approaching celebration of the Memorial of our Savior's death. THE WATCH TOWER again takes occasion to announce that the proper time to celebrate the Memorial this year is Friday. but because their Master has given them a gentle command. J chorah is the personifj. in view of the oncoming celebration. The words apply to all others who have been inducted into his body by the anointing of the Father. MEMORIAL PREFIGURED The . our Lord's Memorial Each consecrated child of the Lord may fittingly ask: "What mean ye by this service?" Not that the question implies ignorance. My Father has made a covenant with me to give me the kingdom. April 15th. ~'his he does because of his loving kindness and because I delight to do his will. and because all that is associated with the event has endeared it to their hearts. but he is not such.0kWATCH TON'ER AND HERALD OF CHR~STS PRESENCE Vol. but a review of the L<>rd's benefits to us.elf-gratification or vainglory. in this text is announcing the same rule to his disciples.. Christ Jesus. His beloved Son. and then they more clearly saw thereafter the purpose of the Memorial. Jehovah provided for the children to ask this question during the progress of the Passover supper: "What mean ye by this service?" The one presiding at the feast \yas instructed to be true to God. They had stood loyally by him when the great religious influence of Palestine was against him. At Pentecost they began to understand. The health and safeguarding of his people was undoubtedly the thought of the Lord in ordaining a memorial of the death both of the typical Passover lamb and of its antitype. You have been loyal and faithful to me. He loved them more than they could love him at the time. 1 Jehoyah has long been accused of being the characterization of a boastful and self-centered God. and true to the historical facts.Memorial of our Lord's death was prefigured by the memorial of the slaying of the original Passover lamb in Egypt. 2 Jesus was about to take his departure.-Lttke 22: 28. to review briefly the things which led up to. 27.xpr~ssed itself in mercy and daily goodness tQWUd /:l. because he was perfect. I now invite you to be broken with me and to pour out your life blood with me. 29. 6lt seems appropriate. During the period of three and one-half years the faithful eleven had been with him in his trials. and of all our honorable privileges. a kingdom. after six o'clock in the evening. He 118. DIAGLOTT. That the significance of the occasion might be regularly brought to mind. By the memorial be is not inviting attfmtiml to himself for s. 'I 1.8 oeen and will for ever be above all selfishness and self~ceIlteredness. even as my Father has covenanted for me. In suL. who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt. is healthful to all in covenant relationship with Jehovah. OJ' for any & other selfish reason."Exodus 12: 26. and to answer: "It is the sacrifice of the Lord's passover. They believed him to be the Messiah. For over sixty centuries now his love has f'. and which grow out of. and they loved him. Their desire to celebrate is not because they are e fa Chrl' · t ( excep t 1"t be th at th e 10v st un der cons t ram constrains them).o»tion of perfect unselfishness.Il h'hrrate rafle. hence he left with his disciples the foregoing blessed words of commendation and promise. without their knowing it and without theil' seeking as 1111 . Pure love and selfishness could not inhere in him at the Eame time. And 1 covenant for you.

r BaOO&LY!i. Moses. when I lifted up mine hand unto them. 15 Moses was instructed to publish God's name first to God's own people. nevertheless "he cannot deny hJlll"elf".. After Joseph's death Sntall quickly camed the Egyptians: to forget bow J oscllh's God had once sa\ cd the nation from ruin. Gou rewarded his faithfulness by using him in the deliveran0e of Israel. Whlle nut sC'c:king notoriety." (Ezekiel 20: 5) Through Moses God showed three preliminary signs to the Hebrews.llrs of Egypt re. in order that all who shared in the deliverance m' who witnessed it might know who is truly responsible for it. and condescends to bring his own name to the fore that the teachable anll righteously disposed ones may be blessed thereby. His name was in question. languishing in the ecclesiastical prisons. was elateJ. To vindicate his name and to frame it with its proper glory called for a demonstration. Joseph had Enid: "It is not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an allE\'. willing to serve as a type of the Christ.arJh ss (. the kingdoms of this world. He lets it be known that he is God. whieh sufferings typified the sufferings of the Christ. When his servant demanded Israel's release in the name of God." (GenesIs 41: IG. In the day when I chose Israel. Disclaiming any credit for mtcrpreting Pharaoh's dreams. Ood's chosen race \vas suffering.l!!'c allu discriminator. Nobady was b. anu are wofully igncrant of Gou't. The oppressed Hebrews represent the people of God. The Egyptians represent worldlings.iJ. He is not untouched by their oppressed condition.tion. 'No person could reasonably be expected to do this 1JH~ad of turning in contempt away from those who II! .\ ho 'Wa~ the real po\\er behind Egypt's t111'~ne.l Sai::m. picture Satan the invisible superlord of this world. . I am the Lord [Jehovah] your God. mtelldm.aoh ro~e up 'rho kncw not or refmed to ackno\\ 1eu"e the God of the Hebre\\s. Pharaoh brazenly retorted: "Who is Jehovah. . ilien \)\' to ~ dci. Satan. present or prospective. ~5) III course of tm. or Pharaohs.. contcmponHy to J OSC1. servant to the Devil. and in the earth" (Psalm 113: 6). J oC'cph..Ule him and dismissing them for ever from his atteJJtiu. Since 1918 their sighings and groanings have come up to the Lord God. were flllthiul to Abraham's Ood. . both among the heathen as well as among his favored people. . 11 But 10 ~ the majority of thc Hebrews themselves hau fOl'rrotten the Lonl. 13 A few of the latter are faithful to Jehovah God. their lives being made bitter by the heavy burdens clerical prison keepers load u}X)n them to build up and sustain the great building operations of ecclesiasticism. Since the Deliverer was bound to show his identity. The ruling factors of Egypt hal! had tile true and living God called to their attcntion by the faithful witness. and made myself known unto them in the land of Egypt.. That demonstration should he painful to the recalcitrant ones. 14 In Egypt Jehovah miraculously preserved and raised up Moses. . and his angelic cohorts. to convince them that he is God. A PICTURE 12 Here we have a general picture of the condition of mankind during the Christian era. The reputation of Jchovah as a God of superior ability to Egypt's godE: was at stake.eing benefited by this general disregard of God's worthy name.Jehovah cannot be untrue to the interests of his nreatUJ es.e Gou Julfilj"J Ph:lf::loh's drcam anu the interpretatlOlI thereof. and particularly at the present time.. but hundreds of thousands of them are attached' to the denominational i<1ols of this world.i.cneWATCH TOWER llIU yet to lmow anll thank the Dispenser of all the good tLillgs they enjllY. the people organized under forms of government. the slnnderer of Gou. \Vould it be vainglorious and selfish for him to interfere and give tangi:Jle testimony to his name. such as Moses' parents. "ThuB saith the Lord God.ut tu (io.er or p'[lC'e. that I should obey his voice r" (Exodus 5: 2) It at once became evident that the name of Jehovah rather than the liberation of the Hebrews was at issue. o itne!'iS an instance of this as recorded in Sacred Writ: Satan had organized the first of his domineerJDg world pmrers.3troy them. name. a However. Y. I'haraoh odJ'ngcously ground down the Hebrews with hard lauor and bor:d. together with his hard-hearted taskmasters. 16 Then Jehovah sent Moses to publish the name of God in the courts of the rulers of Egypt. Logically the deliverance must be identified with the true Deliverer. Egypt. conditions warranted his making a name for himself among his chosen people. Only a remnant . that his creatur~s mny be delivered from the trap and toils of the deceptive sham god. Thus he !r[lre tc~timollY to thc fact that al1)21t the l-:gyptlaTIS (lie! not \\'orship' hIm but served Satal1. and simultaneously be a blessing and joy to the ones who were not ashamed to be associated with God's name. and ha(1 given themselves oyer to 6er~ illg either the gous of u r of the Chaluecs or the gods of the Egyptians.among the Hebrews. lu rlJdoulJicdh' the Phamoll. where!'. Jehovah "humbleth himself to behold the things that ure in heaven.\' Ic'gisl:J. saying. or would it be ior the benefit of hi!. . The Egyptians had many false gods an<1 \\'orshipQd i<101s. . his name.l Pha.-ho was the invisible god of Egypt. even though his own name is involved. They are in a slave-like condition. Mimicking Satnn. Moses. Had ill: O'ratd~llv l'emelllUereu Jehovah's gooJ turn to E~y!)t during iosrph's administration things might have gone better for the IIebl'ews. Pharaoh. .. l\. the Lord with all propriety revealed his name to his chosen witness.dnate or ('ven uC.h respected his Gou. Was willing to suffer with the people of God. God hah shew('d Ph:1I'aoh 'rhat he i~ al. elect nation? . Suian. and lifted up mine hand unto the seed of the house of Jacob. They give God's people scant sympathy. vet Jehovah is HI j)J'l'Jlle anu could cCl:trol the alL.

particularly their death to tha influential positions and titled offices which they have arrogated to themselves. They were the generation that would fall heir to Lile estate and the responsibilities of their fathers. and later used the Apostle Peter to locate the antitype 'fDr us. On the tenth day thereof each Jewish household was instructed to take a male lamb or a kid. shod and furnished with staff. and had forsaken Egypt and had returned again on a mission far God. Likewise Jesus. Moses' brother. because it was by faith that Moses had refused to be called the son of the daughter of Pharaoh. served as a mouthpiece in addressing the powers of Egypt. not a bone of it broken. Sa22 . But the time for deliverance having come. terms of the plague espied the blood testimonial on their doors and passed over those particular homes. 21 These proceedings of the Israelites were not done in a corner. The lamb must be roasted with fire. and now withstands him in behalf of God's people and aU for whom He died. All partakers of the repast ". There must come a final plague which should accomplish the desired result. and in turn through Moses to the Hebrews and to the Egyptian court. The first-borns were passed over and delivered beoause of obedience 'with respect to the Paschal lamb and its blwd." woo claim to be responsible for ciyilization and its preservation. This imputed righteousness made Moses fit to serve as a type c£ J c"us. explains them for. On the evening which marked the beginning of the 14th day this lamb was to be slain. (Hebrews 11: 24-29) His faith was accounted to him for righteousness.Iw were males must bear in them the sign of God's covenant with Abraham. 26 John the Baptist was. it was clear that Jehovah could not consistently continue on indefinitely sending and then lifting plagues. They must come girded. This plague will strike them down in the impending battle of Armageddon.the first one to designate the Rntitype of the Passover lamb. who was "holy. "the godlike One. which taketh away the sin of the world. us. (Hebrews 10: 1) God.0 The Israelites who displayed their faith by complying with Jehovah's commandments escaped being bereaved of their precious first-born ones. Similarly the brethren of Christ Jesus. He inspired Moses to refer to himself as a type. They failed to pay any serious attention thereto by re:£asing to take similar precaution against the plaguing of their first-barns. They suffered fearful consequences at midnight of that epochal day. unblemished and of the first year. into the house. that the tenth and last plague would sweep into death all the first-born of man and beast. 2. but it caused them ve1'ily to thrust out the Israelites from among them. Aaron. "the shepherds and the principal of the flock. This illustrates how the kingdom elass which opens the matrix of Zion. namely. By lifting each successive plague at the entreaty of Pharaoh. TYPE AND ANTITYPE All these happenings of old are shadows of similar events of far greater magnitude. Appropriately this meal was called the feast of the Passover. 25 Israel's first-barns were spared at the expense of the sacrificed lamb.." (Exodus 12: 30) This drastic action on Jehovah's part 18 was effeeti\'e. It was really a {rast of deliverance. "for there was not a house where th€re was not one dead. indicative of their galling servitude. All of it must be disposed of either by eating the whole of it or by disposing of the leavings by fire. A testimony was to be given both to the Lord and to the Egyptians by bespattering the doorposts and lintel with the lamb's blood. gives to the Hebrew word pesach. but were doubtless noised abroad among the Egyptians. (Acts 3: 22. the fear of the Lord smote the Egyptians. The Israelites could escape solely by conforming to J ehovah's commandments. They find their counterpart in the three great ruling elements of "this present evil world". when he pointed to Jesus and cried out: "Behold the Lamb of God. namely." Jesus died as a ransom for the people who are oppressed by the Pharaoh-like. always his {)wn Interpreter. and the ones who would be expected to carry iorward where their fathe1's had left off. as Michael. The death of the firstborn therefore represents the death of these honorable ones of earth. Gesenius. By virtue of Jehovah's deliverance of them they were purchased unto him. 19 In anticipation of the coming deliverance the Israelites were to come to the meal all equipped for their march into freedom at a moment's nDtice. harmleSS. It did not lead to their conversion. and this is the significance that the noted Bible COlllmentator. 23 Moses withstood Pharaoh and acted for the liberation of God's people. 1927 17 A series of nine plagues followed. separate from sinners". Zion's first-born) is holy and dedicated unto Jehovah as his posses8ion. THE PASSOVER God decreed that the month of the deliverance should be the beginning of the Jewish year. God was making a name for his goodness as well as for his awestriking power. which was circumcision. He consequently laid claim to all that opened the matrix among -the Israelites. Then the Israelites were to retire into their houses and not stir outside all night. 23) God found Moses an acceptable instrument to use in his service." moved into action against Satan in 1914 and flung him fr()m his heavenly location. aEe delivering a witness to both the world powers and all the antitypical Egyptians before there befalls them the catastrophe like unto the death of the first-borns. None of the lamb was to be left until the morning. Hence God announced to Moses. in Deuteronomy 18: 15. The angel whom God empowered to carry out the. umldiled. the remnant this side the vail. '1'he roast lamb was tD be served with bitter herbs. 24 Egypt's first-born ones were "the chief of all their strength". They are "a kind of firstfruits of his creatures".crneWATCH TOWER APRIL 1. meaning passover.

Hence his words. MEMORIAL INSTITUTED 28 Jesus. Jesus drew the inner circle of his disciples about him in an upper room in Jerusalem. the cupful of wine was to represent the shed blood of our dear Redeemer. and at that time the sole representative of God's kingdom on earth. 21 In this connection it should be stated that the Passove!' was the first feature of the covenant which Jehovah formally entered into with Israel about fifty days later. his body. would be slain in fulfilment of the Paschal lamb's death. to wit: (1) God's unconditional promise to Abraham. he was "made u'nder the law". (Hebrews 8: 7-13) Now the days were come for the New Testament to be made. I will not any more eat thereof. "This [wine] is [represents] my blood of the new testament. and now he knew that Wlthm not many hours he who was The King. Correspondingly. THREE COVENANTS The Scriptures disclose three great covenants relating to the recovery of mankind. it was confirmed at Mount Sinai. "The Lord said unto Moses. In the type. Before another Passover season could roll around he would no longer be in the flesh. by which covenant he would in verity take away their sins and remember them no more. this is my body. which is a onesided covenant. however. following . With that event the efficacy of the typical Memorial would pass away. a type of Jesus. (2) the first Law Covenant. the first month of the Jewish calendar. made by Jehovah on one side and with Moses on the other side as mediator for the nation of Israel. The lamb was slain in Egypt. Drink ye all [that is to say."-Matthew 26: 26-28. but now from henceforth Jesus ordained that the loaf of unleavened bread was to stand for his body." (Exodus 34: 27) The covenant was therefore made at the institution of the Passover in Egypt. after setting forth various laws and restating instructions respecting the Passover. the sinlessness and inherent justification of Jesus. As they were gathered about the board." The bread's being unleavened pietured the same thing as the lamb's being "without blemish". he did not there die.Jesus' death. Now the keeping of a yearly memorial on the anniversary of the slaying of the Passover lamb was commanded upon the Israelites as a part of their covenant with the Lord. There the Lord delivered the written law to Moses amid great convulsions of nature. was umade of a woman'" and since the woman was a J ewess. and gave it to N. that his disciples who celebrate the Memorial are under the New Covenant. and (3) the New Law Covenant. and blessed it. Jesus' comment on the wine cup shows that the New Covenant was made at the time his blood flowed on Calvary. 32 Long years ago Jehovah had testified that he would make a new covenant with the house of Israel. the blood of the Paschal lamb had foreshadowed the blood of Jesus. and was marked by the blood of the Paschal lamb (Jeremiah 31: 32) . and brake it. Recognizing his obligation to observe this feature of the Law. even as the blood of the Paschal lamb was linked with the law covenant. "This [loaf] is [represents] my body. 16. Y. 80 Throughout the three and one-half years of his ministry Jesus had been proclaiming. not in the sense of being subject to the New Covenant but in the sense that they serve in connection with it. Hence his words of explanation. and would find a succedaneum in a new and improved covenant. (Jeremiah 31: 31-34) The fact that there was to be a new covenant indicated that the Mosaic Law Covenant would grow old or out of date. for example. drink] of it: for this is my blood of the new testament. Take. And he ti:lok the cup. them.102 me BROOKLYN. There is a close relationship between these covenants. The Apostle Paul terms Christians as "able ministers of the new testament". and that they will be associated with Jesus in the kingdom in administering that testament. 81 Hitherto the Passover lamb had represented the Lord's flesh. but. and gave thanks. picturing how that Jesus would die here on earth. Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel. "Jesus took bread. and hence the beginning of the 14th day of Abib or Nisan. saying. for in that city Jehovah had commanded that the Passover Memorial must be held. and gave to the disciples. Note how the Scriptures confirm this. Jesus said unto them: "With desire have I desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer." He had special desire to eat because he was soon to suffer even unto death. WATCH TOWER tan. and it is therefore called a unilateral covenant. but would have ascended to his heavenly Father. though Moses was a type of The Christ. and said."Luke 22: 15. when Moses acted as the mediator between Jehovah and Israel. (2 Corinthians 3: 6) They are ministers thereof. Hence after the requirements of the Law had been complied with by eating of the roast lamb. 29 It was the evening. but the Passover lamb. by reason of human birth. as a Jew." By this statement Jesus also linked up his blood with the new covenant. This does not imply. and the Memorial links them together more completely than does any other incident or ordinance recorded in the ScriptUTes. because God bound only himself to do anything. "The kin~do~ of heaven is at hand". however.Deuteronomy 16: 6. U . All ye. eat. with God on one side and Jesus Christ on the other side as the legal representative on behalf of Israel and through Israel for the whole world of mankind. died in his stead. 83 The institution of the Memorial of Jesus' death was really the first feature of the New Covenant. which is shed for many for the remission of sins. So he said: "For I say unto you. namely. until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

the Lamb of God. thus celebrate. "The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee. the fulfilment. He bade his Son to sit at his right hand and to wait. but because J eoovah had other gra~ eious purposes in view. "0 give thanks unto Jehovah.]iYe"fll'ce and the generous Giver of that "unspeakable gift!' through which the deliverance is wrought. (John 1: 29) The people of Israel wer~ without the nght to life. the ad~rable Author of the plan of (l. (Galatians 3: 24) A schoolmaster is one who instructs. begotten of the Father'lll will.YP~ of Christ. They should regard the reality. It was customary fO! the Jews to sing the 113th to the 118th P. however. because it opens with the words. also that at th€ conclusion of the service he and his disciples sang a hymn. because they had not yet received the illumination and . It therefore follows that through the terms of the New Covenant the people must get life. 43 The significance which Jesus attached to the Memorial is of primary importlIl1ce.alm nt the Passover supper. The Law. so also the New Covenant." 41 Surely the Savior did not wish to draw the chief attention 'to himself and to detract from the praise of his heavenly Father. 18. instead of showing forth the typical Passover lamb's death. and \va~ slaill. for at Mount Sinai Moses as mediator of the Law Covenant had typified not only Jesus. served as an instructor of Israel. but in remembrance of the tru." Lamb of God that takes away the world's sin. 'I'he (lId or first Law Covenant gave life to no one. rather than the ancient shadow. because of sin. proven faithful unto death. "ye do show the Lonl's clenth till he come. the kingdom of God. 36 The blood shed at the commencement of the Law Covenant was the blood of the pa~chal lamb. justified through faith in Christ's blood. concluding with the words.AmlL 1. but of JchO\'ah. and its Mediator is able to make all keep 'that covenant who want to keep it. Had hs detailed the full significance thereof he would have had many things to tell his apostles. This series of Psalms was called the "RnJlel" which menns "praise". the paschal lamb slain at the Passover foreshadowed the Lamb of God which takes away the sin of the world. anoin. Jehovah. not in remembrance of the Passover lamb originally slain in Egypt. in arranging a Memorial 01 his own death." (1 Corinthians 11: 24) By this injunction he did not mean that the disciples were to have him in mind ta the exclusion of. and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. and the Law Covenant promised the taking away of their sin and the giving to them of life on the conditions named. at the Memorial Christians "':':l1"d not think chirfly of Je.0 .ather.im:tead of 1'\1oses. lIS When Jesus had been raised from the dead and had ascended on high.ted with his spirit." The ~lemorial therefore should draw one closer to J eho"ah God and should magnify OUI appreciation of him first." "I will raise them qp a Prophet from among their brethren. or in preference to. The law demonstrated to Israel the absolute necessity of a Savior and a Mediator able to save to the uttermost.ks of Jehovah's praise. and that the blood. Highest praise should go to "the Eternal One". of thy brethren. Furthermore. for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever. that would ratify that covenant must be the blood of the One who would be the Redeemer and afterward become the Mediator and Life-giver. and \\'ill put my words in his mouth. of God's purposes to grant life to the people through the New Covenant. I~ At the time of Jesus' appearing in God's presence these body members of Christ were still to be drawn out of the world. But they could not bear them theIl. called. Not that Jesus was not then sufficient for the service. "Praise ye Jehovah".ns. "IN REMEMBRANCE OF ME" After distrihuting the Memorial emblems Jesus said to his disciples: "This do in remembrance of me. because no one was able to keep the terms of the law. 192'1 cneWATCH TOWER lIli The "seed" of the fiTISt or unconditional promise to Abranam was pictured in Isaac and fulfilled in Christ Jesus. and thnmghout it spea. made by the sacrifice of the Lamb of God on earth. conformed unto the image of his dear Son. Jehovah did not see good to inaugu" rate the New Covenant at that time.. and that the celebra11fs were not to have the paschal lamb so much in mind as the:v \yere to have Jehovah in mind as the great Deliverer."-Deuteronomy 18: 15. These purposes provided for other "able ministers of the new testament". the 113th ancl 114th Psalms being sung at the beginning of the supper. and raised up in glory from the dead to be united with their gwrified Head. nor that the blood of his human sacrifice was not of sufficient worth to be the basis of that covenant.i'If oses. Likewise. unto him ye shall hearken. therefore. in heaven. 42 This closing hymn was undoubtedly the intoning of the 115th to the 118th Psalm. and we in him. the heavenly Father. But the oonditions could not be met by them. All he could have meant was that his followers thould. Moses was a t. Thus Jesus was not glorify. That 111mb representeu . That Law 00vena11t. The New Covenant promises life to all who accept and obey its terms. like unto thee. served as a schoolmaster to lead Israel to Christ. In other words. "of whom are all things. like unto me. and very properly so." It was ther~fore most befitting that before distributing the emblems of his body and blood Jesus gave thanks to the heavenly F. even as the Law Covenant was made in Egypt 103 but was inaugurated at Mount Sinai. but also the members of the body of Christ. must be inaugurated in the mount. ing himself as a martyr to God's cause but was glorifying his Father. He knew that even the Passover of old was "Jehovah's Passover". 37 The Law being a shadow of better things to CODle (Hebrews 10: 1).

As partakers of the body of Christ they are privileged to be broken with him as the one loaf was broken. Only those who are and who remain "dead with him shall live with him". and their souls are joyful in their God. yet the disciples of Jesus may now partake of the Memorial with kingdom joy in their . so no unconsecrated person may partake of the emblems of our Lord's body." that is. and the Devil has likewise." polished brightly with "the }>resent truth" and gloriously reflecting the light of the truth to the utmost ends of the earth. likewise the Memorial cup symbolizes a death potion joined with a draught of fulness of joy eternally. Blood-drinking was punishable by death among the Hebrews. r~sults in human death. •• The Lord has a cup and a table. I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy Lord. But Jesus discriminated between his few disciples and the vast race of mankind. 17. 48 It is a rare privilege then to drink the Lord's cup. In close harmony with this picture he limits the celebrating of the Lord's death to those dwelling in his organization. saying. saying. and drink of that cup. Thus the Lord dmnk the wine of joy in the kingdom of God. a privilege confined solely to the Christian era. Then they shall in the complete sense enter into the kingdom which Jesus has covenanted for them. gives "the testi. and drinketh my blood." 50 And now the kingdom of God has come! The Lord Jesus has come in his kingdom.104 ~WATCH appreciation of the holy spirit. It was specially in the light of this that the A'postle Paul warned the members of the church that some might eat the bread and drink the cup of the Lord unworthily. 51 The Lord. 46 To live with him means the attainment of life on the same plane of existence with him. caused a thorough purging of the antitypical priests. in other words. DlAGLOTT. Just as no uncircumcised male. neither unsym. At the realization of this fact the anointed ones do greatly re~ joice in Jehovah." As the Chief Executive and Priest of the Most High God he there went forth to vindicate his Father's name which he loves and honors so highly. "Let a man examine himself. 46 The Memorial wine symbolizes Jesus' bloodstream. The! Apostle Paul correctly calls it "the cup of blessing which we bless". and I in him. The loaf of unleavened bread represents not only the fleshly body of Jesus but also his mystic body. "The sons of Levi. There is joy even amid the death potion. joyful in his privilege of thus doing.. Jehovah confined the holding of the Passover Memorial to the city of Jerusalem. "Well done. and so let him eat of that bread. in a figurative sense. Y. At the same time it is the privilege of the faithful saints still OIl earth to sip a foretaste of that wine of the Lord's kingdom joys. The Memorial calls his attention to that body. Can we not give thanks for it as did Jesus ? We can. of which Jerusalem TOWER BROOKLYN. Only those who "endure [breaking] with him shall reign with him". (Leviticus 17: 10) Drinking the Memorial cup pictured the drinkers being joined with Christ in death by a covenant by sacrifice. But it also symbolized that blood poured forth from his earthly body.-Psalm 63: 3. It was in this latter sense that Jesus referred to the cup. because God's loving kindness is better than life. but also in endless supernal joys. was the symbol. dwelleth in me. pathetic therewith. Obedience to that will." Fu. He left it for the Apostle Paul. immortality. in which the 144. . sacrificial death. namely. These he has covered with the "robe of righteousness" from Jehovah. To these the King. to call to our attention the deeper meaning by his pointed words. saying. entailing considerable sufferings. 49 The cup does not represent experiences. which had the value of a perfect human life. according to God's plain law. He should keep his spiritual perception quickened so as to "discern the Lord's body". in 1 Corinthians 10: 16. might partake of the Passover. Hence he solemnly counsels us. enthr<1lled on Zion. when he said: "He that eateth my flesh. As the wine spelled death to the trampled grapes but joyful exhilaration to the drinker thereof (Judges 9: 13). ye have no life in you. N. by saying. Under the New Covenant arrangement mankind shall be privileged to eat the flesh of Christ Jesus and thereby gain justification at the conclusion of the Millennial Age. mony of Jesus Christ". which led to their acceptance for sacrifice and membership in Christ's body. be he natural Jew or Gentile. Only those who dwell as members in his body may do as he so indicated. "Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood. Through eating Christ's flesh.-Luke 22: 29. In 1914 Jehovah God gave it to him as his due right. and sent the rod of his strength out of Zion. Very soon "all" the faithful disciples will have drunk their share of it. and be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.7 WHO MAY PARTAKE Those who discern the Lord's body and discern themselves to be faithfully abiding in that body may properly partake of the Lord's Memorial. immortality. saying. until the kingdom of God shall come. "Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. they received justification by faith. having come to his temple in 1918.lness of joy and pleasures for evermore await their entrance actually into the Father's presence. (1 Corinthians 10: 21) A Christian cannot consistently partake of both.000 called and chosen and faithful ones are privileged to be members."-John 6: 56. thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things. "I will not drink of the fruit of the vine. It symbolizes the will of God toward the members of The Christ. 62 While not unmindful of the poignant sufferings of our beloved Head and Redeemer J eSlls. as pictured by imbibing from the cup. although drinking the cup will lead to experiences."-l Corinthians 11: 28-31.

then. dying with the Lord Jesus. that the promise to Abraham will be fulfilled. and as he found these zealous of that bread. and that Jehovah's deliverance of us and of the world of mankind has not come in its fullest measure. and so let him eat some this side the vail. to have a part . 57 An appreciation of these great truths now necessarily thrills the heart of the Christian. being a part of the promised Seed. and deliverance out of their own death state by the triumphal first resurrection. 29. and drink of that cup.rneWATCH TOWER APRIT. that each Christian examine 55 We believe that the resurrection of the saints who himself.their change since the resurrection began have entered into that joy. if faithful unto death. and that they. Paul his temple in 1918.1 Corinthians 11: 28. St. 12) It is Matthew 26: 29. Drinking of the cup with his body members in the kingdom must of necessity be a time of great joy. and seeing that we are still dying with him.to whether or not they pass. however. until that day when other through an examination and render judgment as I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom. that they would see Jesus in all his glory and beauty."things. Seeing that the Lord Jesus has not yet come in the complete sense. thew 25: 21. 58 The cup not only represented the blood of our Lord. inauguration of the New Covenant is about to take place. 60 Why. eternai in the heavens. 1927 hearts. but it also is a symbol of joy and good cheer. can we forget or overlook his sufferings? It is our privilege to "show the Lord's death till he come". with the full number of his glorified saints. Now they saw that they were to be members of the house of God. He serves God acceptably and with reverence and godly fear. that he came to in a proper condition of heart to partake. it also points forward to the future deliverance which the wide-awake disciples see drawing near. as symbolized by the cup. They see Jesus Christ is the Head of the Seed of promise. and whether or not he is self his power and begun his reign. Covenant and the royal family of heaven. may see the people and that the church is permitted to have partnership bleBsed. and they had learned the real meaning of the Memorial which the Lord had instituted and requested them to keep. 8' When the holy spirit had come and illuminated the minds of the faithful disciples. which means that he delights to engage in the service and that the service to him is joyful. JOY OF THE LORD lOIS creation out of death and despair.". and be by him presented to the great eternal Father. Theirs is a blessed condition. Fm he that eateth and faithful he said to them: 'You have been faithful and drinketh unworthily. Especially is this true when approaching the have finished their course faithfully has already taken ~Iemorial. (James 4: 11. The 56 Now the saints this side the vail see that God's purfaithful Christian answers: Because I recognize that pose is not merely to get them into heaven. that they would dwell for ever in the house of the Lord and behold his beauty and inquire in his temple (Psalm 27: 4) . and that they appreciate the fact that the joy of the Lord is their strength. It is a feast of deliverance. and may participate in uplifting the groaning in his death and. enter [now] into the joy of your Lord. For though it points backward to our Lord's death nineteen hundred years ago and reminds us of our covenant to suffer arld be dead with him. conditions do not make it unseemly to continue celebrating the Lord's Memorial. entirely proper. when he said: "But I say unto you. that he there began to approve even says: "Let a man examine himself.he partakes of the Memorial. it must have thrilled their hearts with joy. He should see to it that he understands why place. He Bees the saints now rapidly approaching "the general assembly and church of the firstborn" . that that to be members of the kingdom means that they will the Seed of promise constitutes the Mediator of the New be a part of the great Mediator of the New Covenant. Previously they had hoped to be a part of his earthly kingdom. and he knows that the kingdom is here and that the. has taken unto him. 1.'-Mat. As they thus contemplated the blessings SELF-EXAMINATION to come they would remember the words of the Master. Surely those saints who have been resurrected and are for ever with the Lord are partaking of that cup of joy with him. and be privilegetl to help the obedient ones back to life and happiness and into complete harmony with God. with eagerness he enters the Lord's service. deliverance during this dark night through the Lamb's death. surely this is the time when the saints this side the vail are hearing the message of the Psalmist: "Let the saints be joyful in glory. that the Now that through the terms of this covenant God's great Covenant is ratified by the blood of Christ. eateth and drinketh condemoyer a few things. (Revelation 14: 13) Now since the Lord has taken unto himself his power and reigns. Surely those who have had. do you partake? one may ask. I will not drink 59 The members of the church are not to put each henceforth of this fruit of the vine. not made with hands." (Psalm 149: 5) Therefore we conclude that those who are of the temple class on this side the vail have in a measure entered into the joy of the Lord. 53 As long as we are in the flesh. He appreciates the fact that the joy of the Lord is his strength. I will make you ruler over many nation to himself. Seeing that he is about to participate in the kingdom. blood is shed by Jesus laying down his life for mankind. having come. that is. that then they would experience fulness of joy and pleasures for evermore. since he has come to his temple. not discerning the Lord's body. that the Lord.

.Teho'·ah at the conclusion of tile . and this I rejoice to do because I appreciate the value of his death to me. to see that we are "hoiy unto the LOl'd" and therefore worthy through Christ . the right-doing. Jehovah has brought him forth and presented him to the nations. 11o.r tile law"? Did he regularly ob3crve tile Passover? Did -he know that the sla~'ing of the paschal lamb foreshlHlowed his own death? \Vhen. a5 his Word indicates "hat is the right thing to de.Jehovah demonstrate to the world that he is God? Did the majority of God's chosen peopl€ faithfnlly serYe him in Eg'ypt? How was pr€fico. l\'r<~tched their condition! Yet as we contrast our joyful condition and pri. like a monstrous devouring drugan.. and to whom do the words apply? When was this statement first understood? ~ 1-3. He is laying that righteousness to the p]umbline to sec how true it is thereto. why is it appropriate to still observe the Memorial? 1T 50-53. if by any means I might attain unto his resurrection. They are feasting at the Devil's table and drinking deeply of his cup. let us not O\"~. The Devil. ileges with theirs. groaning and sighmg.: BROOKLYN. in darkness.: their eating and drinkin~ worthily at the Lord's table.T(''iUS mean by saying.\'e memorialize our Lord's death worthily. particularly to the Lord's professed people. Let us c. (haiah 14: 17) They brhold "the . How was . dlocern the Lonl's body clearly..loa CfheWATCH TOWER in his rel3urrection and a part in the administrati. let the sickly promptly betake themselves to the Lord for healing. He is measuring the rJghteOU5l1ess. "This [wine1 is my ulnod of the new testament"? In what seuse have Christians been "able ministers of the new testam€llt"? ~ 31·33. \\'ho rcfuf'es to open "the house of his prisoners".. 44. and the Lord has c1mpned the plnrnhlinE' 01 judgment therefrom. When was the nntitypical.\Icmorial supper'! W 40-42. and not to me only but to the whole world. Contrast the old and thE' new Jaw covenant. represent€d whom? \Vho was pictured by n. that I appreciate the great invitation to participate \\" Ith him in his death that I may have a part in his kingdom. is making war against all those who spurn his table and preier to keep the commandments of God. Why llid Jesus leave it to the Apostle Paul to explain the deeper meaning of the l\1emorial? What is meant by "not discerning the Lord's body"? How do we "eat his flesh'''l How are \I'e "brol. or for what reason? ~ 4·8. 83 '1'he anointed King is here. Why was not the New Covenant inaugurated when Jesus arose aud ascended on high? n 34-31). 45-49. Name the three great covenants. When and why dill .Philippians 3: I-II.]Ol) . and even now drinking partially of the frnit of the vine with him in the kingdom. (Isaiah 8: 14. where all is full of drunken fpew and fi1thi~lc['S. E"pecially now do the saints appreciate more and more their privilege of thus eating and drinking. the priestly servant class this side the vail (Zechariah 3: 9). aIHl how dill the Israelites escape it?' How WNe they instructed to eat the Passover? Explain the significance of these instructions. 61 Having agreed. in association with :. to be dead with our Lord Jesus. and then. though all the Devi]'s organization compass us about like bees. let us strive to continue worthy to eat the bread and drink the cup at the coming Memorial. have rejected the Anointed of the Lord. then shall love cast out the torment. LEt none therefore Eleep at this critV .urell the condition of mankind during the Christian era? ~ 1)-13. Safely covered with the Almighty Hand they look abroal1 through the land and se(' th:' thousand" upon thousalld" I)f prison camps of the great ad\'('rour~·." QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY \VIHlt principle is announced in our text. . ill-fed and ill-('1I((1 spll'ltuully.. 62 Surely these prisoners are not drinking the joyinspiring cup with the Lmd. Paschal Lamb first identified? When was the Law Covenant made? When was it continnell? W 26. 1'hc frost is on! To the many he is aa stone of stumblillg".umille ourselves eardully acconlmg to the Scriptures. that our Inrg-er knowledge and llndersbn(lil hrinr~' ns resnonsibiLty. 65 Let us not fear as We come to this Memorial.\Iose!S.. chained.' and there is n questiOll nbo\. Since the Lord has now begun his reign. (Isaiah 28: 8) They little.. Let us be unqualifiedly for the Lord and on his side. 1I0t even excepting the inhabitants of Jerusalem. (Exodus 34: 24) Let us be lovingly devoted to the Lord. S'how tile relationship betwel'n tile pasehal lamb am] ihe l\lemorial loaf ami cup. Explain the difference and the purpose of each. 15) The Devil's organization on earth. Wh~' llo Christians rf'joice to celehrate the l\1emorial? How was our Lord's death [wPligurcd'! How . Why did Jehovah reveal his name to 1\loses? Why did he give him the witn€ss of the three signs? When Moses was sent to Phnraoh what was the great issue? ~ 14-10. inclu(jing the shepherds and the principal of the flock und all their retaillers. that Jesus has asked me to keep this Memorial in memory of his death.grent multitude" of prisoners. 6~ The Stone wherein are seven eyes is laid before Joshua. yet. and my desire is to be made conformable to his death. Why llo we call it a "feast of deliverance"? \Vhat happened to the IiJgyptians that night? rr 17-21. as the song of the Halld (Psalm 118: 12-15) says.vas the sig'niticance of the ph-iure ill1Im'ssed upon the Israelites? "'as the Passover instituted for Gud's glory. Y. What llid . if at all. just as the Israelites needed not to fear when they left their homes apparently unguarded to celebrate the feast in Jerusalem. of his saints aecorum. Wh~' did GOll successivE'ly lift tlle nine plagues? Whnt was the tenth plague. ical time. so that there is no place clean.:m of the New Covenant. in harmony with the terms of our covenant. 27. Whom di(l 1\Ioses tJ'pify? Why was he thus honoreu? Anron. What does the urinking of the cup signify? 'Will mankind ever "eat Ilis tle:sh" and "drink Ilis blood"? Why did Jesus say that he would drink the cup with his disciplei!' in tile kingdom? ~. "This do in remembrance of me"? Whom should we have chiefly in mind "hill' partaldng of the i\lemorial? How did Jesus e' i(]ently direct attention to . of f0ar: then shall '. They arc in close contact with the cup and the table of drvil o.T esus.gypt's firstborn? Whom did Israel's firstborn typif~'? n 22-25. N.Jesus "marIe ul1llp. "The voice of rejoicing and salvation [shall be) in the tabernacles of the righteous. how and why did he institute the Memorial? ~ 28-30. \Vhen Jesus instituted the Memorial why did he say.:en" with him? 1T 43.

and Tabernacles. rise up and walk. but they had not yet learned the import of his words. for as yet they did not understand that since the time when Jesus had said to the leaders of Israel. "Your house is left unto you desolate" (Matthew 23: 38) it was really no longer his Father's house. Believing on him they were baptized. which converted the people to belief in Jesus. Probably they thought that it was about to be used as a house of prayer for all nations. and a proof that he had been raised from the dead."-Acts 4: 1£. B '1'he miracle was a notable one. Then speaking as representing the Lord Peter said. but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. but not as having any obligation. 6 The apostles continued to go to the temple for prayer and worship. It was a happy fellowship of service. (Acts 2: 42) During this time Peter and John were the two leaders of the apostles and the church. r One afternoon Peter and John went up to the tem. it was the combined results of these with the work of Jesus. and praising God. for even his own disciples did not understand. At the gate a well-known cripple asked alms. wherein we must be saved. Peter. and gave themselves to them in ser. What judgment should we now do? What is meant by eating and drinking "unworthily. Passover. and because they loved and esteemed each other they got very close to each other. and as accepting Jesus and his message meant consecration to God-for the preaching of Christ was unto discipleship. for prayer. ~hat . and now being in Jerusalem. 'The gift of the holy spirit at Pentecost was therefore evidently all'unge<. V. and since he had not said that they were not to go to the temple they continued to worship there. and thus Pet. and how? Should we be fearful. 8 These would tell on their return of the wondrous teacher who was stirring the homeland with his teaching and his miracles. and that the leaders of Israel were opposing him. "Silver and gold have I none.l by God at a time when visitors were in Jerusalem from all places where the dispersed Jews dwelt.l? Summarize the reasons why we partake of the Memorial. Are all Christians now 10T drinking the joy-inspiring cup of the IM'd? What is the present responsibility of those who are? ~ 59-62. or what should be the attitude of the faithful'l i 63-65.-Matthew 16: 19. They must have known him by sight. vice. What test is now on the church? What judgment is now being conducted by the Lord. PETER HEALS THE LAME MAN --MAY ~'And 22-AcTS 3: 1--4: 31-- in none other is there salvation: for neither is there any other name under heaven. bade the man look on John and him. If they made a mistake in following this course they were in no way rebuked of the Lord. God was about to have it demonstrated that the leaders of the people would not have the truth in the temple or its courts. for fellowship. It is probabl'f. many were visitors. so little seemed to have been accomplished. HE outpouring of the holy spirit at Pentecost brought the church into life and activity. For a moment while in his stress in Gethsemane it had appeared even to him as if his work had been almo$t wasted. there was before their eyes a demonstration of the power of God which Jesus' apostles declared to be from God through Jesus. that is given among men." It was the first occasion in which a work was done in the name of Jesus. they all were thrown into great activity. pIe to pray. and T for instruction. who being free from the local prejudice would help to break it down. This sudden increase altered the aspect of the lives of the apostles and of those closely associated with them. (See Psalm 116: 11.A. nor in itself even the gift of the holy spirit. and leaping.PRIL 1." (Acts 3: 6) With confident expectancy and to help the man he put forth his hand. 1921 rrheWATCH TOWER What joy came to the disciples at Pentecost? What greater joy is ours today? ~ 54-58. It was not therefore Peter's preaching. The Lord honored the faith of his servant. and springing up went with them to the temple. 2 The work of Jesus was now obviously bearing fruit. The man immediately received strength in his feet and ankles. He had told his disciples that the time was soon to come when there would not be one stone of the temple left upon another. "walking. II The now enlarged company of believers in Jesus met frequently for worship. moved by the holy spirit. fed them. R. taught them. for he had been there day by day for many years. and the apostles shepherded them. not merely belief-it meant that immediate arrangements must be made for their instruction in teaching and service for Christ. as they were pleased to do so. Many had believed that God had once again visited his people.er began to use his authority to loosen those who Wl\re bound. and knowing that Jesus had been crucified at the Passover seven weeks before. The eyes of the cripple and of the apostles met. for about 3000 pel'"OllS then accepted Jesus as God's Messenger to his people. While most of the 3000 who joined the church at Pentecost were of Jerusalem.) But besides the immediate results in Palestine the reports of his work had been carried abroad by the constant stream of visitors who had come to the various feasts of Pentecost.

t6 A long time has passed since then. N.lDc1 Ir11i(:h tiley had ilr". was to them as much a miracle as was the healing of the cripple. 11 The rulers at that time were Sadducees. but when the whole world should be brought under the divine care and be restored from its crippled condition. giving on the spur of the moment one of the most striking and direct statements of Scripture. when not merely a cripple here and there should chance to be restored to strength. But these men. 17 The representatives of Jesus cannot now work miracles as Peter and John did. who do accept but pervert the truth. Peter addressed them. He could not then see that the time would be long before the times of restitution should come.hing Y. They know that if the people learn the truth then their own days are numbered. bringing them "the times of re~ freshing from the presence of the Lord". for they had set the healed man also before the court. They sent their men to put the disciples iuto prison for the night. The rulers threatened tlll:n1 further und let them go.-See Matthew 21: 42. He saw that God's Israel were to be the means of blessing for the world. were powerless to stop the work of the Lord. It seems strange to have to record that the same conditions prevail now as then. D Peter's is the first plain statement in the Bible of this plan of God. A crowd was attracted.They were faced with facts impossible to deny or explain except by admitting the fact that Jesus was the Christ. but he could not then see that his own people Israel could not be that people. As they crowded around. and that in rejecting him they had fulfilled Scripture. but that Goa had made him the head of the corner. setting forth the fact that God's promises meant that there should be "times of restitution".i'he time of the setting up of the kingdom has come. lO Peter urged his hearers to repent. the evidence before their eyes. for in their short-sightedness they had opened a way for a BaOOB:LYK. morally. 15 Going to their Own company the disciple3 all re~ joiced together. Peter said that if they al'kcd these questions concerning the good deed done to the impotent man his answer \ras that the miracle was wrought by the power of and in the name of Jesus of Nazareth. save by tticmselves. which will accomplish all God's good purposes. "whom ye slew. and the {l1ct demonstrated by the holy spirit as to which also they were unbelievers. and under pretence therefore of keeping .Acts 4: 32. R. which were to precede the times of restitution of all things spoken by the prophets. though in power.-Aets 4:: 4. with a remnant of Jews as its nucleus. V. and conferred among themselves. gathered chiefly from the Gentiles. the whole company were Dound together as one. 13 Speaking as if he was giving a formal notice to them. and they had foolishly thought that wheu tlley had crucified Jesus of Nazareth they had for ever settled that matter. '. for they saw that the Scriptures were being fulfilled. The boldness and assuranCe of Peter and John. "all the families of the earih. the apostles were asked by what power and in what name they had done this miracle--surely a fuolish qnestion to ask. to turn about. but 5000 persons were added to the church that day. to turn to Christ in order that the blessings of God might come on Israel.108 CfheWATCH TOWER Jesus had £een the man and had passed him on several occasions. but in the order of divine providence Jesus had not healed him. All they could do was to attempt to intimidate these men." as the Abrahamic promise has it. They were immediately answered. U The council retired Peter and John. the ministers and their associates who do not accept the divine revelation. a spiritual nation. and the Sadducees of today. Y. mentally. They are unprepared fqr the Lord's return and do no more believe in it than tlie Pharisees and Sadducees believed in the first advent. and they prayed for further boldness to speak in the name of Jesus m~u that furilL'I signs might be wrought in his name. The disciples of Jesus now live in the days which Peter then saw afar oil. 1" On the mOlTOw the two apostles . for the place where th~r were was bhakell DS if by the same rn'. that this miral3le might be wrought by the apostles.rather than to God. unlettered men.t experienced. Later he learned that the Israel of God was a ~ar people. declaration. (Acts 3: 19-21) While Peter was speaking to the people. . Peter and John asked them what thcy themselves thought about such a case. but the people are being taught the truth. and Peter took full advantage of it. until it could stand once again in the image of God. did the council really expect them to refrain from speaking of the things they had seen and heard? The apostles asked them to judge lor themselves whether it was right to listen to them . phy"ically. are angry that this is so. The great religious systems have exactly the same attitude toward the truth concerning the second advent as the leaders of Isra~l had at our Lord's first advent. as if he were a witness against the apostles. The miracle was there. and the Pharisees. Well would it have been for the truth's I!ake it Peter had been followed by those who have claimed to be his successors. the rulers were told of the miracle and of the crowd which was listening to Peter as he told them about Jesus. Then with the pomp and ceremony intended to overawe those who appeared before it. who be~ lieved in neither a resurrection nor much else save in thrcir present chances. and they commanded them that they should speak no more in the name of Jesus. and in his gratitude they saw the man holding Peter and John. These things had a great effect upon the church. They were angry that the people should be interfered with or informed about anything." He went on to tell them that JeEus of Nazareth was the Stone of which the prophets had spoken.1'('1'e taken before the council. They were therefore aU the more angry that the resurrection of Jesus was proclaimed. They carried off the apostles.

~mjl1. pIe of which God takes immediate notice. namely. and that God has made it the HealLtone of the corner. 1. but he did ask why giving or in receiving.'h rich sd~ their ]1Q'-('S-101io.hat similar cOlJulliollS cxist totln~'? Do the Lord's people now h:I\'e a!< ~rca t a P11\'11c:!e of witness1l1g for hIm 8S did the apostles wbo could perform mu'acles in bis name? ~ 16-18. This swift 2 It therefore nppcared to the disciples that they must action corresponds with the d. Who were the outstnndlllg leaders of the early church? Why did Peter and John !!'O up to Herod's temple to pray? What great mil"(lcle did P~ter perform there? fi 5-7. a6 to hate everyonE' "'ho believed on him. About three hours after this his wife came into the he should take. perceived deception. upon aU the of their comecrntion to God. saying.hnt hnppene(l to the two Rpostles on the morrow? How did Peter all!<wer tbe charge of tile rulel"S? 'Vhat was the outcome? ~ l~-Uj. "Thou hast not lied unto haye all men know that his people were called to holimen. 1.r purpose. be used the authority given by the Lord company. this mOl"ement was a clean one. wife. Peter ~'as one who taught the disciples to be subject to the powers that be. knowing nothing of what had happened."-Acts 5: 29. as if struck ness of life. • In this incident Peter had no doubt as to what course . and shall carry rea60n of the fact that the people hated Jesus so much thee out. "whether 1 e shall be bound in heaven. warfare.~ct out of the distribution of wealth. "'Vhatsoe. fell down and expired. partly because 4.::nrd his miracle and message? What effect did these thl1lgs h:n'e upon the people? ~ 8-11.27 CfhcWATCH TOWER the peace they would have all teaching of the truth suppressed. "Tell me.church of God." Sapphira fell dead before the company.. God would brethren. even as the leaders of Israel were in the days of the miniature fulfilment at the first advent-Matthew 21: 43. This event caused great fear to come. The ever increasing company of believers sentcnced her to death. and with the stan· upon this. '. mone~' "'as put into a common fmItl 10r the Fcniee of ~ This sharp les~on at the beginning of the church's all.. R. (Act3 of the holy spirit which led them to look for blessings 5: &.. What did Peter then sn~' to the crowd that gathered? Did he understand the fUll meaning of llis own words? How did the rulers re. that fear came upon all who heard these the \I'hole proceeds of the sale.. There are some sins amongst his peo· selYes separated to themsches and the Lord. But there was also anoth. and the ing of Achan at the beginning of Israel'. the diSCiples felt them. Peter. and he questioned Anunias. for so church. He ~id not ask him "'hy he had brought only a part. and when he said. Yea. ETER continued to be the central figure of the sold the land faT so much? And she said. was called by Peter. for here was a v. PETER UNDAUNTED BY PERSECUTION --:!IfAY 29-AcTS 5: 17-4?-"TVe must obey God rather than men. and also by the impulsion church.. Their rejection of the witness of our Lord's return and their acceptance of the League of Nations as the human ex- 109 pression of his kingdom caused them to be finally rejected of <ffid.er thou shalt bind on earth. to magistrates and to those who are in authority. and upon as many as heard these thing.together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord?" He then phira his. Allar-ias came before Peter and every movement." Pctcr said to heT. '. but there was none bolder than Peter in standing against rule and authority which would hinder them from serving their Master. They also witness to the ecclesiastics of all denominations that they hilye finally rejectcd the Stonc ". professing it to be Luke' ~ay.11) It was the first untoward happening in the heavelll}' rather than carthly. with shock.-as purely a personal matter. Peter then said. the other apostles and laid his gift." he said. but unto God. notice give:l to all that whether in that .-l Peter 2: 13. "How is it that ye have agreed ndit jud~ment 'rhich fell on Ananias and Sap. 18 If the disciples of today cannot work miracles so as to call attention to the truth they preach and stand for they can and do give evidence of association with Jesus. His position in it was confirmed by the much. ''l.s.AparT. V.-. QUESTIOSS FOR BEREAN STUDY Wben did the work of Jesus obYiously begin to bear fruit? Why did JehoYah select Pcntecost as the time for the outpouring of his holy spirit? V 1-4. what he mi~ht . quickened by the things. :lnu they ~)Toceecletl to act "the beginning of Israel's wanderings. Amon!!:st those who sold their possessions were life was intended to show that the Lord was watching Anallias and Sapphira. It is their highly prized privilege to witness for their Mast~r as to the purpose of his return.ras an unsecn eye watching over it. If anyone wonid join this new community for spirit." (Acts 5: 4) Ananias. The time has again come when the servants of the Lord must make a stand for their Master. partly by have buried thy husband are at the door. "The feet of them which realizing their separation from their brethren. Ananias had allo\ved Satan to fill his heart to lie to his there ." (Matthew 16: 19) God con- P .druction of the spies at form a separate community. hich God sct. the setting up of the "timcs of restitution".

the works that I do shall he do also. and they met regularly in Solomon's porch in the temple.'ere Sadducees. 'l'he court does not appear to have doubteu the word of their officers who reported that the guards hau seen nothing through the night. was continually increasing. the people were receiving blessings aud being taught. "His blood be on us. verily. "Weare his witnesses of these things. as if he were unable to restrain himself. becUl{~e they lean-a ilw jJeuIJlc. But none of the rulers and those of their society dared join themselves to the apo~tles. E'urther. and all his faithful followers through them. and. thus in their law making him accursed. n was their religious fervor which caused the Romans their chief concern in the government of the Jews. There they hali an opportunity of speaking with the people. and tool counsel to slay the apostles.-Ads [): 2G. It was not long since the rulers. for Pilate would not have done this thing if these men had not called for Jesus' blood. for God had raised him from the dead. and none went away unhealed. 13 Peter struck at once into the heart of the trouble. not we straitly command you. "\'erily. because I go unto my Father. I say unto you. and they were healeu even if only the shadow of Peter fell on them as he passed. "Behold. that ye should not teach in this name ?"' And. but the guards went into an empty prilion. and to call attention to his goodness. and the apostles were led out past the unconscious guards. Peter did not charge the Romans with the death of Jesus." But God himself is witness. all of whom . There is no suggestion here that sick believers were healed. In thri1' work the apostles did in the city many miracles. This is always the effect of the holy spirit on evil minds.. a conclusive proof that God is blessing his people. they were "cut to the heart". "We ought to obey God rather than men. for they would be told what to answer. "Did BROOKLYN. He that believeth on me. had cried to Pilate when that weak man seemed about to release Jesus. the rulers met. anu were instructed to go early next morning to the temple and speak to the people "all the words of this life". this confidence and power? Peter said. no U01I1. Their words came back on themselves. If they questioned the apostles' speaking in the name of Jesus. and they. His reply would ordinarily be considered clever. the attention of the people was given to the truth as a result of these miracles. Undoubtedly he was led by the holy spirit. and greater '. God had made him to be a l~rince and a Savior. If truth is not received honestly by those who know of it. D That same morning. those who thus receive it are reduced to a condition of malice.Matthew 27: 25) Kow they were afraid that it was coming on them." (John 14: 12) The purpose of the Lord was served. What gave these untutored men this ability and courage.-Jolm 12: 42. The Lord fulfillrd his word. They had killed Jesus of Nazareth and had done him the indignity of hanging him on a tree. began to stir themselves. All Judea was stirred by these things." . L ~aid. 10 'fhe Sanhedrin must have realized itself to be in a very weak position. and on our children. the high priest spoke to them as if the Sanhedrin had a grievance against the apostles rather than as if they as custodians of the peace of the city had a charge to make or a judgment to pass. He said. 14 'fhen Peter pointed out that God. the rulers were ignored. but were careful not to have any violence used."-Acts 5: 28. (Acts 5: 20) '1'his the apostles did. 12 Peter answered in a way that immediately disarmed them of their chief argument. ye have filled J erusalem with your doctrine. unbelievers in everything except the privileges of power and wealth which they got from their offices. 8 '1'he high priest and all those who were with him. They were filled with what they persuaded themselves to be righteous indignation. and the sick and those who had unclean spirits ift the towns and villages round about were brought into Jerusalem. Whilst they were talking amongst themselves they "'21'e told that the apostles were in the temple courts) teaching the people. but they began to wonder amongst themselves where this thing would enu. for when the apostles appeared before them. he would have them know that more than that was involved. the full council of the Sanhedrin having been called for the occasion. for he has given this same holy spirit to all who obey the Word of Jesus. laid on couches. they feared what the Romans would do. They sent for them. for Jesus had told his disciples. that whenever they were held up before the rulers of this present evil order they should not meditate beforehand as to what they should say.-Acts 5: 29-32." (Acts 5: 29) None of those present cpuld object to that. for it was the leaders themselves who were the closest sticklers for the rights of the Jewish religion against the aggression of the Romans. 11 The rulers were afraid of their lives as well as their "livings". The company of believers. for the porch was common ground for all who went up to worship. added Peter. They sent for their prisoners. and perhaps they had some lurking fear of retribution coming on themsehes from God. whom they professed to worship and serve. and the people magnified the apostles. both men and women.110 cneWATCH TOWER fi1'meli his action. had manifested his favor toward the One whom they had treated as accursed. Y. these were God's blessings intended for his people Israel. 7 The people bro'ught into the streets their sick. following the miraculous escape from prison during the preceding night. as well as the people. N. If the Lord had not preserved the apostles these maddenec . 15 This bold witness was too much for these men.t 011 the charge that they WNe (1 i~1urbing the peace. it has a damaging effect."orks than these shall he do. '1'hey had the apostles arrested and put into prison. to give to Israel both repentance and forgiveness of sins. but those who were now before him. But the angel of the Lord viliiteu the prison that night. and intend to bring this man's blood upon us.

one Sunday. For a good many years I have tried to understand the ministers of many of the churches.H. It has a wonderful message of real hope and understanding. for there was clear evidence that God was with these men. Gamnlirl'. and he lost out. the consideration being their own safety. He himself waited too long. WHY?" Have just finished reading the book DELIVERANCE. the tutor of Saul of Tarsus. 'VllUt was the purpo"e of this seyere judgment UpOll them. and WIlY? Has the attitude of ecclesiastics aml rulers toward the Lord's work materially changed since that time? U 15-10. when uncertain of a course. if it were of God they were pUiLlllg them"e!Yes in a terrible position.-hat the Sadducees would have done then to the apostles. truly yours. Rnd I get much comfort from them. for anyone who will read it Rnd study it. . I am. It was simply human wisdom. and also your . and what penalty came upon them '! rr 1-3. for the time. 5. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY 'Who was 1he central figure ill Ow early church? 'Vhy did the disciples institute a cOJllmunit~· arrangement? What . I ne. and they must surely have been put out of his way. 1927 CfheWATCH TOWER rulers would have slain them as quickly as they dared. I am writing to extend to you our love. faithful brethren.ver miss one if I can help it. Yet it was from a lJurdy "elfi. perform. seek to do to those who tell the people the truth concerning God's exaltation of Jesus to power on earth . and I wish to say that it is one of the best books I have ever read. of the same nature as the worldly proverb. 18 The evidences which were before the council were sufficient to make Gamaliel question whether he and his fellows were right in the course they took. 11 Men are generally safer if. Yours in his service." a<lvice is often q\1oted as being wise. Gamaliel ought to have admnced with the light which God was giving to his people a11<l have been an adviscr of movement rather than of inaction. H Then one of them.. Since that time I have been a regular listener to your programs. and the more I heard him talk the more I seemed to understand.YCTIOF~. and the rulers ought to have moved in accordance.ras the sin of Ananias an. It was in this case. When in doubt do nothing. nlns God guide him in his gooLi work. J. and how was his witness regunll.. They took his counsel. unti how did the Lord overrule their action to his praise? U G-S. 10 Religious bigDtry is the h:mlest of all kimls and the most difficult to overcome. and what effect did it IHlye upon the church? U 4. L.vork from the station as well. Gamaliel. "v'hat is nwant by their being. the Lord will haye his people ready for his service. PLAmFIELD (N. for not even the cOl1l'ersion of Saul of Tarsus.) ECCTXSIA.ralty to God as manife"sted in service for the honor of his name.-N.l Sapphira.\R ep~n 'TOWER. ALONZO VV A. woulLi join in the expression of the Shareholders' llesolutlon as published in the December 1st issue of THE IY ATCH DE. No doubt the Lord made use of Gamaliel's counsel. He could see that illC]'C was a power behind this which he thou.had come when the gospel of the kingdom must go forth.Judge Rutherford who gave me the first real U11l1ersian(ling of the Bible and of God's message of comfort for Ihe people of earth.'u by the people? 'Vhat did the rulers do about it. I was listening in over the radio and happened to tune in on station WBBR and heard Judge J. and began to study up. Secg. but I never understood where the difference was until about R year and a half ago when. 'Vhat otlH. if they find it possible. F."cut to the heart"? Who was Gamaliel? What did be advise. it was the safest for them. N or is there any reason for thinking that any of the members of the Sanhedrin benefited spiritually from the 111 counsel given them. but delay caused them to recede into dimness. WHEELER. Rutherford speaking. if on the other hand it . These people chal1D'e not.J. it saved him and his fellows from difficulty and danger.U. 'What action did the Sunhl'llrin take next day. Then I sent and got many of the books and booklets from your station. But to wait for deYelopments may be positively harmful. to belief in Jesus as the Christ brought him into the way of Truth.rere not. It is also true that the followers of J eSllS chan~e not. R. Signs are not lacking that the religIOUS leaders of this profeSSEd liberal and enlightened day will. In appreCiation of all your labor and loving min'fs-Hoy.!. his brightest pupil.ght might be of Gall. Dear. and now I am beginning to see and understand things as never before. INTERESTING LETTERS NOW SEES AND UNDERSTANDS DEAR Sms: Please find inclosed 10¢ for which kindiy mail me the booklet "WORLD DISTRESS. and how did Peter disarm them? rr lJ. counselled moderation. they take time for further consideration. A PLEDGE OF LOYALTY BRETHREN: the unanimous and whole-hearted reqnest of our little class.. Then after reading the Bible there seemed to me to be II difference. but they did not alter in spirit. and when the time shall come that a very direct witness must be given. and we delight to daily pray for you the continued blessing of the Lord and his keeping power. we recognize Your devoted lo.l Pet.APRIL 1. What he said gave me something to think about. I shall always f('p] tlwt it \YfiS . and after hearing them there always was II doubt about many things that they said.'r mimclcs . it would die out as other moYements had done. 'Va. for had these men followed their passion they would have found themselves fighting against God in a matter which was urgent to God.h viewpoillt. for at the moment they feared the people.

.. Wash _" 12 Stanwood. Mass._ _ . Milford... Pa. lIlidl. Mich Port lIm'on..__.. Ran May 10.. . 3 " 4.__ " 15. Ga lIlay I. Ga _ Willard. Ky. 15 Lehighton. fl " 1'. E. Estherville. . 15. Neb Hastinf(s. Pa _ Cortez. 8. Minn. . 1. 10 Nanticoke. _ "12. life. I. 13 New Orleans. HERR MarsltficM.. 6 8 9. C. Mass _ May 2.4 " 6. _ _ " 13 Whalen.4 " 6 BROTHER Jamestown. Ga. Minn. ~ 3 5 6 9 Eastman. .International Bible Students A~sociation Qasses 4ec(ure'~ cmd B(udie. I". Mass. A. DRAPER Salina. Wis. New Albany. 13 15 " 16 " 17. Ncb..18 BROTHER W. Ind. :May 8 " 9.May 9·11 Bogalusa. Wis AIlbnrndale. . 6 Port Townsend. Neb lIlay 2 " 3 " 4 Ravenna. Pa. May 9... La. • 1Ifay 9.11 . 15 May 1. . WATT BROTHER M. . Pa. •._. Ky. S. Charlton City. May 8. Minn.. Neb Alliance.9 Alderwood Manor. . . Ia.. Me. 1S E. Ga Dublin. Kan Abilen('. _ May " 4.•. Kan Russell.18 BROTHER G.... E. . Me Pittsfield.... lIIa. Ky _ . Ky Cecelia.•. lIIay 2 " 3 " 4. _ " 17. 16 !runnel City. La.4 ri. MinD. K'1n l\Iay " 4. C. Mass. . I. Mich May 8 " 9. La... 1I1e. (. E. _-.. Wasil....._.. " 13 Pipestone. 5 ..s by TrdVeling Brethren BROTHER T. Ky. F!tzgerald. R. tia.. Ia... Wash. • Honesdale._. 16 " 17. 1\ " 2 " 3. 11 Providenee... HAZLETT JTallowell.May 2. \\"is.._.. ..12 " 10.. 11 " 13. L. 3 " 1 Louisville. MURRAY New Orleans. n 5.. Ky. u •••••• " n ~..6 9.. Brad~'.. Wash.a. Pa. 9 Beaver Dam. .. Pa.. i\lich. Ncb. 10 Franklin. La. 13 " 11. _. Kan Solomon.. "'ash.. R...·ell. 1I1e.._ _ " 11... " 2. Wash. . lIIapleton. Neb l'orth Platte. Lake MUls.8 " 5. Me. _ . 1I1f' F:aston.. Ga MeHae. _ " 12. 15 BROTHER H.•.5 6 Rineyville. Scranton. 10.5 Port Angeles._ 1I1ny~. BOHNET Wheeler. . 16 Evansville.13 Pawtucl. . 12 13._. BARKER Button. 2 " 4. _ Baton Rouge.. _" 17. . " 15 Westboro.12 " 15. Ind J ell'ersonville.4 EYerett.. Grand Island." 6. Mich Bay City.et.May It \Voonsocket.v 1.. . Mich Saginaw.10 " 11. lIIich Merrill._. Neb Big Spring$. !l " 10. lIIny 12. Milledgeville. 15 N~b •. " " 8. 12 Fountain. . •. 6 8 BROTHER H. Mass Worcester.. Oldto\\ n. .. Neb. THORN Carbondale. DINGUS Ma<'on.. __•_ _ "16. Ky. Wis. 13 Dixon. Unity. RICE BROTHER H. 2 3 5 8 Benton.8 ._. Kan Junction City. Birch Uun. .Mll)' 11. Greenwich. W._ Litchfield.. R. __ " 15 BROTHER V. 17 Austin. 10 "16. Ia lIIay 4 " 5. Ncb :May 9 " 10 " 12. 11 MarysYille. 8 Folsom. Guilford. La. . 15 Seattle. POLLOCK BROTHER J. 1I1e. Ga \\ aycross.\thens. 13 Burlington. I{an Waldo Kan HIll City.. 'Vi~. 'Vis Withee. Mieh Cl'oB..•.12 Hazleton..11 BROTHER H.oyal. (i " (l Flint. ~ ~. . 12 " 13. "'''''_00 "17.. PINNOCK Whitman.18 BROTHER J. Superior. Pa. La. Elizabethtown. Covington. May 10. .. Wis. Ind. 3 " 4. . " 15... H.18 H.__.. R. Wash " 3. Pa.__. Bangor. l\lay :1. 6.. 10 " 11." 13.. J. 11 Hlaine.

" No..•.-Matt.anizations..~fiSn. When ye see tbese things begin to come to pass. the sea and the waves (the restless. i~ 11. ...••.•••••••••••••••••••. men's hearts failing them for fear and for looking to tt.hllSl ~mm$lllh't~al.tilBiOlPJ'-liaiaIJ VOL.••." I EFFICIENT SERVICE 127 MEMORIAL REPORTS •••_ ••••••••••••.f things coming upon the earth...•.. (Jpon the earth diatress of nations with perplexity... diacontented) roariog.•... 1~1 PETER DELIVERED FROM I'nrNoN 12~~ INTERESTING QUESTIONS 125 "neard in that hI' fear0(L" "Loved not their liveR unto thp (Jpath.1..... then kn 'II that the KI=!nm of God Is at hand.~wer I shall make to them thal oppose me!'-Habakkuk 2: 1.•••••••••. XLVIII SEMI-MONTH!. Look up..if~1l'el. for your redemption draweth nllIb.•••••_ ••••••••••••.•.!CN .. ~~~.. Mark 1Il: 29.••.~lt~~l}ymro@)'1l1l9({IDI1f))~~ @1f ~~ nn~1lyfr? 't'll»e.•••••... Luke 21: 25-3l_ . "Stone which the builders rejected.... and Will watch to SCP..•. lift up your heads." Membership in Worldly Ol/:.•••.. 24: 33..••••.. for the powers of the heavens shan be shJken..~ PElTER PREACHING '-0 GENTJI.8 Anno Mundi 6C55-April 15. 115 A Reality New Creation Foreshadowed ~~nK~~m~~ . and what an.. 114 ttl will stand upon my watch and will set my toot upon the Tower..•.. . rejoice. \927 OONTENTS THEl NEW CREATION •... il'hat He will say unto me.::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: Sacrifice and Crncifixion 11 6 116 .. 114 CONVENTION _ ••••••_•••••••••. ..

Itooming accommodations will be handled by the SoCIE'fY'S Toronto office. which constitutes the body of Christ.) TERMS TO THE LORD'S POOR: All Bible Students who. F.constitutes the "seed of Abraham" through which all the fUlly disobeyed God's law and was sentenced to death. a sacrifice for man and thereby produced the ransom price. through Christ. Please address the SoCIETY in every case. and is from everlasting to everlasting. More detailed information concerning this will be gi'fen later. or by Bank Draft. that families of the earth shall be blessed. for public meetings well advertised. by reason of Adam's wrongfUl aet all men are born sinners THAT THE WORLD HAS ENDED. ascendeI'P into ro human perfection during the reign of Christ. the Maker of selecting from amongst men the members of his churcJI. have a fair trial tor life and those who obey will live on THAT for many centuries ('. Y. OFFIOERS 3'.50. T TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH 'fHAT JEHOVAH is the only true God. VAN AMBURGH .. Australia. Toronto. created perfect Jesus in his heavenly kingdom. by reason of old age or other infirmity or adversity. It gives announcement of the visits made to Bible classes by traveling speakers.THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION HIS journal is pnlJlished by the WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY for the PUrpUlre ui aiding the people to understand the divine plan. It allheres strictly to the Bible as God's revealed Word of Truth. THAT THE HOPE of the peoples of earth Is restoration that Jesus the divine arose from the dead. EDITORIAL COMMITTEB W. This will be a wonderful opportunity for encoura. that man wil. E. give testimony to the name and in glor~'. The International Sunda~' School lessons are treated in harmony with the Scriptures. Canndian. These pilgrim brethren will respectively be special service organizers for the district when serving it. Brooklyn. VAN AlmUnGll YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: UNITED STATES. 2. that the Lord Jesus has and without the right to lif~..Africa. heuypn and earth. and pl'esented the value of his human sacrifice as rei~n of Christ will afford opportunity to every man to the redemptive price for man. All should go who can do so reasonably. Have in mind that the chief purpose of the radio is to call the people's attention to the truth and then furnish the opportunity for them to get a wider understanding of the truth by reading what is being printed. but confidently invites a careful examination of its utterances in the light of the infallible Word of God. $1. RUTHERl!'OlW R.00. and its columns are not open to personalities. It does not indulge in controversies. South Ajrica. A renewal blank (carrving notice of expirntionl will be sent with the journal one montil before the subscription expires. sects. and ultimately be glorified with ChI'ist THAT GOD created the earth for man. N. MEMORIAL REPORTS Immediately followIng the celebration of the Memorial each class is requested to report the number partaking. may be expected to appear on address label within one month. that al1 such be on our list contmually and in touch with the Berean studies. It does not assume a dogmatic attitude. asking that this convention may be a great witness to his Name. AUSTRALASIA AND 801lTH AFRICA. Head and body. A. are unable to pay for this journal wlll be supplied free if they send a postal card each May stating'their case and requestin~ such provision. and when held a great effort should be put forth to get the poople out. British. American reuuttances SllOUld be made by Exprel!S or Postal Money Ol'ders. U. and those who cannot do so should encourage others who are going. that he gave his life peoples to hear and obey him. It stands firmly upon the great ransom sacrifice as the fundamental doctrine by which all doctrines are measured. (Foreign translations oj this journal appear in several languages. This might lead then to the organization of a class for Bible stUdy. But these should be held less frequently. send a card of acknowledgment for a renewal or for a new subscription. The class secretary should give this attention. South . Hemittances frolll scattered foreign territory llIay be made to the Brooklyn office. and let all take the matter constantly before the Lord in prayer. CatUUliall: 38-40 Irwin Avenue. Within a short time these trains will be announced III THE 'WATCH TOWER. RUTHERFORD W. It provides s~'stematic Bible study in which all its readers may regularly engage. J". After a radio has served a community for some time. CANADA AND MISCELLANEOUS FOREIGN. CANVASSING PARTIES All canvassing parties and all individuals who canvass should mention the radio station in that vicinity that is broadcasting the truth.T. Cape Town. plan of Jehovah God. that the the church is to follow in the footsteps of her Lord Christ Logos becllme n man. addressing the letter or card to Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society. man for the earth and placed him upon it. Melbourne. 'Ve ~re not only willing but anxious. . COWAlW FOREIGN OFll'ICEB: BrUt£Bh: 34 CraveD Terrace. H.J".ging one another in the service. wben requested. Act 0/ March Srd. BARBElt E. that Jehovah has placed Christ THAT JESUS was made a human being in order that he Jesus upon his throne and now commands all nations and might become the Ueueemer of man.: 6 Lelie St. It is free from parties. N. Lancaster Gate. Y. Ontario. Arrangements are being perfected for special trains from all parts of the C?untl·Y. after consulting the office. Entered as Second Olass Mail Matter at Brooklyn. F. and it is hoped that as many as possible may attend. PILGRIM SERVICE An effort will be made to have the regular pilgrim brethren serve the classes in districts that are not yet favored with the use of a radio. and the announcement made over the radio. . SPECIAL PUBLIC MEETINGS Instead of having a public meeting every week arrangements might be made at stated intervals. that Christ. as a rule. and creeds of men. but by Intemational Postal Money Orders only. South African and Australasian remittances should be made to branch offices only. London W. Change of address. PUBLISHED BY WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 ADAMS STREET· •• BROOKLYN.00. then arrangements might be made for a well-advertised meeting in a public hall. S. returned and is now present. has been earth for ever in a state of happiness. that the mission of that the Logos was the beginning of his creation. Notice to Subscribers: 'Ve do not. This often proves a means of opening the way to place the books into the hands of the people. $1. 7s.. 1819. HnIERY . Postof/loo. Y. Let all the brethren get ready for thIs convention. announces conventions. and will put forth an effort to organize the service work in a more efficient manner and encourage the brethren to participate in it. CONVENTION Again the friends are remilllieu that the international convention of the consecrated will be held at Toronto. clothed with all power in heaven and earth. and gives the reports thereof. E. U7'Adams St. July 18th to 26th. that he is now the Lord Jesus Christ Jesus. gl'OW in his likeness.41lstrtllaBian: 495 CoUlns St. GREAT BRITAIN. N. that the heaven.

40: 8. As the human mind reasons. and we understand that the reasoning employed must be such as man is capable of doing. (Colossians 1: 26) Even today only those who have the spirit of the Lord can understand and appreciate that mystery of God. and therefore that instead of foreordaining and foreknowing that man would take a certain course. The Logos did not die. all to the glory of God.chosen the evil course Adam and 111S his offspring must perish unless God did something in man's behalf. Having . He was the beginning of God's creation.' Man was then free to take either course. 4 Of his own volition man chose the evil way. until God's due time to make it known to his saints. "The seed" iEt the new creation. (Matthew 1: 18) One of the purposes of his being born and brought into the world was that he might bear witness to God's truth. By this he signified that he had agreed to do his Father's will. (Genesis 2: 2) Of course. By the power of Jehovah he was begotten and brought forth a human child. That new creation for many long centuries remained a "hidden mystery"."-2 Corinthians 5: 17. as it was pr'lviously written of him in the Book. 1927 THE NEW CREATION "Therefore if any man be in Christ. he would have filled the earth with a perfect race of happy people. XLVIII APRIL No. In that event it would not have been necessary for the Lord to provide for redemption and to carry out the plan of redemption. God invites us through his Word to reason with him. behold. THE BEGINNING The Logos lived and had the right to life on the spirit plane. if you take the other course you shall die. to wit: 8 The Almighty God possessed the power to foreknow and to foreordain and predestinate everything pertaining to man. Hence when Jesus said. W HEN God created man in his own image he then "rested" from all his work which he created and made. then the blessing. with the right to existence gone. he came to John and was baptized." (John 8: 58) These words imply a continuous existence. This was implied in the promise God gave to Abraham: "In thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed. 8 When Jesus was thirty years of age as a man. The life and the right to life of the Logos were transferred from the spirit to the human plane. he is a new creature: old things have passed away. God made his plan in the alternative so that he could meet either emergency. and God's provision for his recovery is through a new creation.&heWATCH TOWER AND HE~ALD OF CHR~STS PRESENCE Vol. -Deuteronomy 32: 4. 'Within the scope of human reasoning the following conclusion would seem to be right. and was perfect. had God foreordained and foreknown that man would sin. 2 It is not necessary to conclude that God foreknew and foreordained that man would sin. Man was the crowning result of God's earthly creation. The fact that he could know what cours" man would take also leads to the conclusion that God possesses the power to withhold from himself knowledge of what man would do under certain conditions. The plan 01 God therefore must have been that in the event man took the evil course provision for his recovery would be put in operation. all things are become new. To die means to go out 01 existence. Had man chosen the right course and done that which was pleasing to God. Life means existence and the right to exist in harmony with Jehovah's will." "The seed" must be produced first. then man was not a free agent to take whatsoever course he might choose. if you take one course you shall be always in harmony with me and live.8 15. T That the Logos as an entity did not die during the transfer from spirit to human nature is proven by the testimony of Jesus himself: "Before Abraham was. I am. "Befo~e Abraham was. this must be understood to mean that he rested from all his work insofar as that work relates to things made and created which pertain to the earth." he meant that from the time I)f the beginning of creation until that moment he hlld existed and had the right to exist. 5 Man took the evil course. -John 18: 37. Luke 6 . Thereafter he was the active agent of Jehovah in the creation of all things. Consistently with his law God put him to death. (Psalm. in substance: 'All these things you may have and do. certain other things you must not have and you must not do. I am. By this is meant that God said to man.

begotten and brought forth individuals who make up the new creation. foundation of the world.Thus is shown that Israel after the flesh foreshadowed tural. The new Hrad. If such (Romans 11: 5) To such and to all others who have an one thus begotten should become wicke<l the result come into Christ. a royal priesthood. failed in obedience. That people in truth and in fact foreshadowed -John 10: 18. and lost everything that the cov1mant prothat the new creature is given the seed of God or the vided. This does not imply that he predestinated the creation is spiritual Israel. This is proyen by his words: "I have 18 Israel after the flesh was selected as the people of power to lay it down. and laid before their faces all these 10 The statement of the apostle is positive that "if any words which the Lord commanded him. which had not obtained a soul within him which is separate and distinct from mercy. says that the new creature is a real thing." God. The Law Covenant served as a schoolmaster. He was the spokesman of God to the Israelites. accepted in the beloved. according to the good pleasure of his will. At that same time the foundation of the new to wit."-Ephesians 1: 4-6. a pegrows the eternal torment theory. and that this seed is perambulating 16 A small remnant. because that which is immortal cannot die. and keep my us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to him. If that doctrine were true. then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me self. therefore failed to keep the terms of 11 'fhe so-called orthodox system of religion teaches the covenant. and said. And all the man be in Christ he is a new creature". Peter says: "But ye are a chosen would be endless wickedness. the new creation. of gestation. wherein he hath made us be unto me a kingdom of priests.covenant. but retained the NEW CREATION FORESHADOWED power to take it up agam und use it in harmony with the divine will. which is also the people of God se9 At the time of his consecration Jesus was begotten lected and elected for a purpose. which is the true people of God. The scrip15 The Israelites agreed to do all the things spoken to ture does not say that the new creature is merely a them by the Lord through Moses. die. to be obedient does not say that it is an embryo. 10) himself. Y. that we should be holy and Through him God said to the people of Israel: "Now without blame befora him in love: having predestinated therefore. the new creation or spiritual Israel." '(1 Peter 2: 9.116 Cfhe WATCH TOWER !taOOXLYlf. Jacob. but in positive and plain terms he of the people unto the Lord. Israel after the spirit. which is quickened and to God. his offspring. but in". Thereby they bound gestated thing that ultimately comes to the birth. which is given a seed of incorruptibility with. with an existence hath spoken we will do. All that the Lord that he is a reckoned new creature. and from this thought generation. with Christ Jesus as the favor under the terms of the Law Covenant. And Moses came and called for the A REALITY elders of the people. It themselves to the terms of that covenant. gestation. an holy nation. "According as he hath chosen us in him before the Israel. but have now become the people of God for velopment of the new creature is not at all in harmony his purposes. and I hayc power to take it again. Jesus laid down his life as a man. continued in faith. Israel after the flesh Rnd anointed by the holy spirit of God as a creature on was a moving picture provided by Jehovah. (Revelation 13: 8) Before that time it name was changed to Israel. The thought that the natural begetting. The Scriptures show that from the time the new might be thereby provided for the recovery of Adam and creature is begotten and anointed he is a new creature. but that he und~r the terms of a covenant by sacrifice. seed of immortality. and an holy nation. that the latter were at one time quickening and coming to the birth illustrate the de. creation. then there could be no responsibility of that with Christ Jesus as the Head. was the beginning of the was God's purpose and plan that hi. Such is practically the same as saying that man has are now the people of God. but now have obtained mercy.not a people. or in the process flesh. He did not say people answered together. and about in the human creature. to the above all people: for all the earth is mine: and ye shall praise and glory of his grace. Jacob's seed was born to their be composed of many members. developed and born in the form that a human creature is to safeguard and lead the obedient of Israel after the born. . St. until God's due time to begin the new creation. Both of these doctrines are wrong and unscrip. That was the beginning of God's new shadowed the real thing. laid down the right to life as a man. such of these as were living at the first advent accepted then it would be impossible for the new creature to ever Christ Jesus and became a part of the new creation. N."-Exodus 19: 5-8. whose world was laid. 3: 21-23) It was the will of God that the perfect man with the Scriptural teachings concernIng the new creaJesus should be a sacrifice. And Moses returned the words countrd unto him. If a creature is being gestated. and and that his responsibility begins as such from that time. culiar people. that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his mar12 Others have taught that "the 'inner man' is the new creature. that the redemptive price tion. The nation as a whole creature during that period. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel. if ye will obey my voice indeed. however. did predestinate the class composed of the members thereU Moses was a mediator or a go-between for God and of.vellous light: which in time past wera not a people. and it forethe diyine plane.s new creation should Israelites after the flesh.

had been made prior to that time. Faith means to have knowledge concerning God and his plan and his promises. would cause such circumstances to arise in his affairs as would attract him to the Lord Jesus. is begun and is completed by the terms of a covenant. and at peace with God. It is the judicial act of Jehovah whereby he determines that the man who has exercised faith in the ransom sacrifice by making a consecration is just. In due time God sent Peter to tell him concerning God's plan of salvation through J esut Christ. to wit. The new creation complete is The Christ complete. Progressing to this point in knowledge and belief that Jesus is the Redeemer of man. then take up your cross and follow. which was at Pentecost. Christ means lmointed of God. For this purpose God justifies him in order that the man might be an acceptable sacrifice asa member of his .that he -was born a sinner and was so born because of the sin of the parent of the human race. when the disciples were begotten of the holy spirit. ' IS the basis whereupon God takes action with the man. (Psalm 50: 5) Before a Jew or anyone else could be in line for membership in the new creation it was necessary for Jesus to die as a man and be resurrected as a divine being. That covenant entailed upon Jesus the sacrificing of himself as a man. the Head thereof. FAITH 2. what can a sinner do to come into harmony with God? The first thing essential is for that man to realize that he is a sinner. He must have a desire in his mind for righteousness. That means an agreement unconditionally to do the will of Jehovah God. 25 God then justifies the man thus consecrating. "it is God that justifi~" -Romans 8: 33.U! rrneWATCH TOWER APRIL 15. such an one who thus does has faith. and then to confidently rely thereupon. 23 In coming to the Lord an honest heart and faith in God are first essentials. All ~rsons thereafter becoming a part of the new creation must do so by and through a covenant of sacrifice. except the Father which hath sent me draw him. (Hebrews 11: 6) A man who believes that God exists. 22 Proof of this is found in the experiences of Cor. It was because of this righteous desire in his heart that God provided the circumstances for him to get the truth. He learns that Jehovah is God and that Jesus is God's beloved Son.harmony with God. Jug. or right. by faith are ye justified (Romans 5: 1) . rreeds help. The blood of Jesus shed for man. He had an honest and righteous desire to be in . He exercises that faith by making a consecration by which he agrees to do the will of God. He knew nothing of the plan of salvation through Jesus Christ. 20 Seeing that all the human race is born in sin. to wit: First.. is favored by that knowledge and by the circumstances that are thrown around him which draw him to Jesus. by his death and resurrecti()ll. mentioned as spiritual Israel. When he learns that Jesua Christ. Adam.' (Matthew 16: 24) Self-denial." (John 6 : 44) How does God draw the sinner toJesus? By the knowledge which the sinner is enabled to obtain concerning Jesus and his relationship to Jehovah. tification means to be made right with God. used and to be used for ever for his own good purposes. and thus he would be drawn to Jesus. 19 The new creation is a select or elect company taken out from amongst men. provided the great redemptive price for man. however. Then and there they became new creatures or members of the new creation. Christ is the active agency of Jehovah God. wherein it seems that the Lord's hand must have been supervising his affairs in some particular way. He learns. nelius. within the meaning of this scripture. and that he is unable to help himself. but he had faith in and reverence for J eo hovah. he learns that the only way back to God and to life is through Christ Jesus. (Acts 10: 1-48) It was the faith of Cornelius and his desire for righteousness that God rewarded. and then to take up the value of that perfect human life laid down and present it to Jehovah as the redemptive price for mankind. He puts himself wholly into the hands of the Lord. begotten and anointed of the holy spirit. who are then adopted into the family of God through Jesus Christ. It is God's Christ or God's anointed. His Word tells in what manner he selects and develops the members thereof. second. The three things operating in justification are these. before becoming a Christian. It is not unreasonable that God. made a covenant with Jehovah at the Jordan to do his Father's will. God's part of the covenant with them was made at the time they were justified. God's manner of selecting and forming the new creation is important. It is the will of God that he be brought into the divine family as a member of God's new creatiO'll. 1927 HOW FORMED 11 The new creation. Their part of the covenant of sacrifice. when they accepted Jesus as the Messiah and became his followers. He wants to learn more about Jesus and come into harmony with him. seeing a man who _possesses an honest desire for righteousness. and that no one can approach God who is a sinner. That is man's part of the covenant. is consecration. and faith of the man in the value of that sacrifice . Jesus. (John 14: 6) Jesus says to such an one. because he knows that the beloved Son is in harmony with his Father. third. that he is the rewarder of those who diligently seek him. What is true of Cornelius must in some measure be true of all who have come to the Lord. and confidently relying thereupon. 21 To such Jesus says: "No man can come unto me. '28 The man making the consecration has agreed to tIo God's will. in substance: 'If you desire to come to God and to follow in the way that I go you must deny yourself. 18 The beginning of the selection of the members of the new creation through Christ therefore dates from Pentecost. Many a Christian can recount experiences in his life. by the blood of Jesus are ye justified (Romans 5: 9) .

and counts it righteous. will. 19. and his body is a part thereof. Christ Jesus was anointed by the holy spirit of Jehovah to be Head of the new creation.118 rneWATCH TOWER beloved One. the holy spirit of God did not work in his mind." (James 1: 18) God. What does man sacrifice? His right to live as a human being. (Colossians 1: 18. heart. He is now in Christ Jesus and is. where did he get that right to live as a human being? When God justifies man. sentient being resulted. Therefore serving the Lord with mind. because all who are right with God have the right to life. Y. and organism. -Romans 8: 15. he that raised up Christ from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by his spirit that dwelleth in you. moving. because God has begotten him as a new creature. that entitles him to live as a human being. and the body of that creature must be used to the glory of God and will be so used in proportion to the spirit of the Lord possessed by him. (Romans 8: 30) The members of the new creation are called to one hope. do God's will. 21 Of what does the new creation consist? A creature is possessed of a mind. The mind is transformed as the spirit of God operates thereupon. The body of sinful man is dominated by the will of the flesh. Since he was born a sinner. Christ Jesus offers such as a. (2 Peter 1 : 4-11) The called one is therefore begotten to a hope of life on the divine plane. The new creature is made of willing earthly material in the hands of God. (2 Peter 1: 10) He must give diligence in the performance of his part of the covenant. The justification of man constitutes the call or invitation to the high calling. now begotten." -Romans 8: 11. To make his calling and election sure means that he must make it finn. and by the exercise of the creature's will power he is led to a full and complete surrender of self and agrees to BROOKLYN.-Epaesians 4: 4. 1 Peter 1: 4. and that is a hope of life in heaven. and it does not have the thought of the quickening like unto an animal creature in embryo. In the new creation the order is reversed. must serve God. heart and body is essential to the well· being of the new creature. Having now been adopted into the family of God. and then God breathed into his nostrils "the breath of lives" and a living. for that reason. being a part of the new creature. "Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth. the called one can address Jehovah as Father. pari of his sacrifice. ANOINTING 2S Anointing means to designate one to a place of authority to do and to act for and in behalf of and under the direction of the one conferring the authority. N. The new creature. Christ Jesus. When he was of the Adamic creation. "But if the spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwell in you. 21 Begetting of the new creature is the next step. The human body or hody of :flesh is the . "Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ?" (1 Corinthians 6: 15) For this reason the apostle forbids the consecrated person to marry an unconsecrated person. This text is the only one in the Scriptures referring to the organism of the new creation as quickened. in the exercise of his will by his Word of Truth. 32 This text last quoted does not say and does not mean that the new creature is begotten or conceived like an animal creature and then progresses until the foetus gives signs of life. (1 Peter 1: 1-4) Thereby the called one is inducted into Christ by the spirit of Jehovah. lI'S He who is now of the new creation in Christ must give all diligence to the making of his calling and election sure. Recognition of the fact that God would justjfy one. The body of flesh. SACRIFICE AND CRUCIFIXION •• The justified human being becomes a part of the sacrifice of our Lord. It is the being of the consecrated one that is the new creature or new creation. Christ Jesus. that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. and this is done by the joyful performance of the will of God in harmony with the terms of his covenant. The relationship to be pleasing to God must be between those who are in Christ. all of which are devoted to the Lord. a part of the new creation. John 1: 32) All who are adopted into Christ receive the anointing of the holy spirit of God through the Head. otherwise designated the heavenly calling. In the creation of Adam the body was first formed from the elements of the earth. (1 John 2: 20) Thus begotten and anointed of God the creature is now new. (Psalm 133 : 1-3) It is God who does the anointing. It says and it means that he who is the new creature in Christ by reason of the indwelling of the holy spirit is stimulated to activity in the service of the Lord and to the Lord's glory. The new creature consists of these. must have a body or organism suited to its environment. This was pictured in the manner of anointing the typical high priest. The new creature must be the servant of God. 80 Adam was made of the elements of the earth without the exercise of his will power. No creature can exist without an organism. In no other way can one grow into the likeness of the Head. reserved in heaven for those who are kept by the power of God. which is his holy spirit. gives to the called one his exceeding great and precious promises whereby the Lord agrees that if the one called is faithful to his part of the covenant he shall ultimately be a partaker of the divine nature. of itself constitutes God's call. 81 But while this transformation process is going on the mind must have a body in which to function.. stable and certain. God and all his spirit creation necessarily have bodies. and he anoints the called one through the Head. Christ Jesus. But as a new creature the invisible power of God. will.. God therefore counts the body of flesh of the consecrated person as the body of the new creature. is now working in the mind and transforming the same in harmony with the will of God.

in substance: 'Brethren. because the creature has agreed to do God's will without reservation. 'Ii you ." (2 Corinthians 4: 16) The "outward man" means that which is seen by all. by the mercies of God. mind and ident of man. then seek the things which are above. But the flesh. The priest does the sacrificing." covenant with God the "inward man". and says that the "new man" is renewed by knowledge of the Lord: "And have put on the new m. being the organism of the creature which is now new. God sees the heart. . But now ye also put off all these. postle Paul makes the clear distinetiQll between the old man and the n€w. therefore the justified human body must be used as the Lord directs. The "inward man" means that which God looks upon.A. blasphemy. bccause God counts them Iluch. when ye lived in them.yhich othrr creatures on earth see."-Psalm 118:27. 42 Then the apostle shows the course of action of the "new man". 1921 rrheWATCH TOWER organism of the new creature while in the flesh. when knowing the faets. meekness." Here the apostle defines the "old man". '1'he mind of the new creature searches the Word of God and thereby ascertains God's will. which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him. forbearing one another. 85 In harmony with this the Apostle Paul says to the Ilpirit-begotten and anointed ones. The apostle then says. ddermines to do or not to do a certain thing.fortify therefore your members which are upon the earth.a. that ye put off. And let the peace of God rule in yonr hearts. That evil tendency and course of aetion is called the "old man". if any man have 11 quarrel against any: even as Christ forgave you. and covetousness. In this statement he :says: "1. . holy and beloved. because that was the tendency of Adam. the mind. 40 In writing to the ehurch at Colollse the .' (Romans 12: 1) For the reason here stated every consecrated one is bound by his covellilnt to use the faculties which endow his organism. The heart is that faculty of the creature wherein is the seat of affection and from which emanates the motive in the performance of an act. if the words or the apDstle are misunderstood. will and heart devoted to him. but as a new creature your life is hid "with God in Christ. to wit. 87 The will of the new creature must always be in harmony with God. man is renewed day by day. . leads to some confusion. the mind.1: 1~) \\'l:at the apostle means here is that the "outward man". mnst now be brought into complete subjection to the will that is in harmony with God. and have been taught by him. Christ."Ephesians 4: 21-24. The consecrated called one does not sacrifice himself. inordinate affection. The new creature must deport himself according to the will of the Lord. 10. heart and organism devoted to the Lord.-Ephesians 4: 13. plainly stating that it is the one who takes the wrongful course of action as taken by Adam and those who follow in the sal11e way. The unregenerate creature uses his mind and will for the gratification of his flesh and selfish desires. to the which also ye are called in one body j and be ye thankful/'-Col. The "new man" is the new creature in Christ. terms of the covenant. even unto the horns of the altar.' 41 "Mortify therefore your members which are UJXlD the earth. is growing day by day more and more into the likeness of the Lord. Your reasonable service is to see to it that your bodies are presented to the High Priest and used to the Lord's glory.n.~·e a 11'. for the service of the Lord as opportunity affords. anger. malice. . "Bind the sacrifice with cords. lind forgiving one another. (Hebrews . but the new creature must keep the sacrifice willingly presented to the High Priest. The will is that faeulty of the creature which. weighs them. and reaches a conclusion upon such facts. and that is the privilege of being a part of the new creation of God. To be in opposition to the service of the Lord therefore means to be in opposition to the new creature's own interests. 39 Members of the new creation are not "dual" creatures. namely. His love for the Lord causes him to do so. now counted right because of justification. which aitel God is created in righteousness and true holiness. and they are acceptable unto the Lord God. e\'il concupiscence. Put on therefore. The natural tendency of the flesh is evil. as the truth is in Jesus. as the elect of God.5-9. $6 The mind is that faculty of the creature which searches out the facts. The apostle &lYs: "But though our outward man perish. because he has justified you. which is corrupt according to the deceitiullust13: and be renewed [made over] in the spirit [invisible power] of your mind [in- 119 telleet] .-Colossians 3: 3. The body of flesh. humbleness of mind.APRIL 15. which is the bond of perfectness. will. and being the organism of the new creature. the old man (depraved man]. is perishing. in harmony with the. As such he is growing forward and upward into a perfect stature of a man in Christ Jesus. but that if it is being used up in harmony with the terms of hi. filthy communication out of your mouth. course of action]. 12-15.tance. 83 To accomplish that desired end the apostle said: "Ii so be that ye have heard him. will and heart. As a man JOu are dead. so also do yeo And above all thetle things put on charity. which is ~dolatry: for which things' sake the wrath of God cometh on the children of disobediel1ce :·in the which ye also walked some time. longsuffering. S. uncleanl1e"s.luist. set your affections on things above and not on things earthly. Your bodies are holy. Man looks upon and judges from the outward appearance. ." (Colossians 3: 5) The word "mortify" means to deaden or put to tleath. however. wrath. you have been given the greatest privilege that any creatures could have. and that ye put on the new man. in suBt. and judges him accordingly. yet the inwaro. with the mind." creature in '. bowels of mercies. kindness. fornication. concerning the former conversation [behavior.

Not everyone can do the same thing. sees the same and reaches a conclusion as to what is the will of God. But we all [the entire new creation]. that the children of Israel could not steadfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: but their minds were blinded. the vail shall be taken away." '4 When Moses was in the mountain he received into his face the reilecteu glory of God. Nevertheless. in harmony with what the Scriptures designate as reasonable. that he might represent the Lord's interests. How was the new creation foreshadowed'l How was fleshly Israel bound as God's people? Were they obe(1ient? How and to wh'Om was the Law Covenant a schoolmaster? 'If 13-16. Is the ChriF. 5: 1-4. 1-5. because they did not have the spirit of the Lord that had been imparted to Moses.tian a "reckoned" new creature? Is he ll'OW a new creature in embryo? Is it correct to say that the "inner man" is or possesses a seed of incorruptibility? 'IT 10-12. and while this is going on the "inner man" is growing more like the Lord. and perfect. For this reason it is necessary for the new creature to study the Word of God. because he has the spirit of Christ as a new creature and his heart is right. N. there is liberty. and in the resurrection the creature will be clothed upon with a new and glorious body suitable to his new environments in ·heaven.120 <[he WATCH TOW ER TRANSFORMA'tION 4. and that they shall lift up his standard for the people and tell the people that Jehovah has placed his King upon his throne. to wit. as shown in the Word of God. But all who receive the spirit of the Lord as new creatures have the liberty to look with unveiled faces. Therefore when Moses spoke to the Israelites officially. H This change consists of the new creature's growing more into the likeness of the Lord Jesus Christ. who does Bot look upon sin? How did the Father draw us? Give a Biblical illustration of the point. But even unto this day. they have no vision or understanding. declaring that he is God. His affection being set upon the Lord. which vail is done away in Christ. The new creature searches out the truth of God's Word. In order to perform their obligations each and everyone must participate in the service of the Lord insofar as opportunities are offered them. and he is thereby changed into the likeness of the Lord gradually. there is a veil or covering both over their eyes and over their heart. Their hearts or faces are not set upon the Lord God but on self. and then he exercises his own will in harmony with God's will and to the pleasure of the Lord. as mentioned in Genesis 2. This is the apostle's argument ill Romans 12: 2: "Be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind. It now seems clearly to be the will of the Lord God that all of the new creation on earth shall be his witnesses. Under what covenant Is the new creation brought forth and what are its terms? Did the apostles enter into such a covenant . with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord. and where the spirit of the Lord is. . and if so what? ."-2 Corinthians 3: 13-18. and that deliverance is at hand! QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY How and from what did God rest. when Moses is read. He unselfishly gives attention to the interests of the kingdom committed to him. Moses there represented Christ. he put a veil over his face. and having the spirit of Christ.before Pentecost? By what other names is the new creation Scripturally known? 'II 17-19. What primary qualities must the drawn onll possess? f 20-23. The mind Is the battle-ground. When the Jews even now read the law. but every one is expected to perform his "reasonable service". More clearly he sees that the Lord has given to him the holy spirit. and acceptable. As he thus does the "outward man" continues to be consumed. as he thus beholds Christ the transformation proceeds from one degree of the Lord's likeness to an increased degree of that likeness. '5 In harmony with the foregoing statement the apostle says : "And not as Moses. when it shall turn to the Lord. 2? Did God foreknow that man would sin? Had pt''Ovision been made for man's recovery in event he should sin. it is as though he were looking into a glass or mirror. There he sees not his own selfishness reflected but sees Christ reflected. '6 As the Christian looks into the face of Christ. ror. the new creature has a mental vision of Christ. that the kingdom of heaven is here. This transformation continues as the new creature uses the faculties with which he is endowed to unselfishly serve the Lord's cause. they have a vision of the things pertaining to the spirit of the Lord. are changed into the same image from glory to glory. for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament. and is consumed in due time. because they have not the spirit of the Lord. Y.rmed. It is the mind that is traul3fo. upon whom there rests great responsibility to perform the terms of the covenant which he agreed to at the time he was begotten. To each one thus begotten and anointed the Lord has committed the work of the ministry of reconciliation. and his heart being set upon the Lord. that is. 48 It is manifest from these scriptures that he who is in Christ is now a new creature. that is to say. even as by the spirit of the Lord. he sees Christ reflected as though he were looking into a mir- BROOKLYN. the vail is upon their heart. How do we know that Jesus had a prehuman existence? 'Was his existl'llce interrupted when he was transfl'rred to the human plane? 'Vas it interrupted at the cross? 'Vhen did the new creation begin? In what sense had God "chosen us in him before the foundation of the world"? 'IT 6-9. Now the Lord is that spirit. becoming more unselfishly devoted to God and to the ministry which the Lord has committed unto the creature.8 The new creature must make progress. Bow can a sinner approach God. which put a vail over his face. As his mind is renewed he has a clearer vision of what God's will is concerning him. This is exactly in harmony with the apostle's argument in 2 Cor. will of Goe1. Otherwise stated. that ye may prove whut is that good. not only occasionally but constantly. The Israelites after the flesh could not look upon the face of Moses.

a peoF:e who were separated to God in the faith of Jesus Christ. During the first period (of 2081 years). (Luke 7: 2-10) Whether this be so or not.reserved till the due time came when God would have them before him for his notice. He had taught his household to share his prayers. It was in "the fulness of time" when God sent his Son into the world (Galatians 4: 4) . helping the brethren and perhaps waiting for an indication of what he should do. was made exactly at the half-way point between the fall of man and the time when God sent Peter to Cornelius to open the kingdom of heaven to the nations. of the goyim as well as of the chosen. '\127. 4 No doubt the apostles. SlS. hitherto held so exclusively by Israel."-Romans 10: 12. had a vision. .) That is. evidently for light to do the will of God and not merely as worship or for the care and protection of God. CHAPTERS 10. 36. lodging in the house of a tanner named Simon. the father of the faithful. that all the nations of the earth should be blessed in him. Then they learned that it was none of the nations of the earth. 'IT 38-42. the real fulfilment of the promise comes with the return of Jesus when he brings the blessings of God to all mankind.APRIL Hi. (Matthew 21: 43) But it was not till many years had passed that Peter and the others of The Twelve understood. Of what does the new creature consist? How does its beginning compare with the creation of Adam? What body does it now have? Explain the word "quicken" as used in Romans 8: 11. Moses had indicated that the Gentiles should eventually come into favor with God's people Israel. the' way to God was open to those who sought him. 0 ye nations. How can the new creature make his calling' and election sure? '\I 29-113. he was no despiser of the J ewe. What is the "old man" and the "new man" of EphesiaWl 4: 21-24? What Is the "outward man" and the "inward man" of 2 Corinthians 4: 16? Explain ColQssians 3: 5-111 in this C'Onnection. One considerable journey of visiting service ended in Joppa on the coast. Define mind. a Roman soldier in Coosarea. often questIoned among themselves what nation it would be which would be favored by God when Israel was cast off. was chosen to be the blesser of the families of the earth. Whether this Simall was a brother in the faith is not stated. but it is probable that Peter would seek accommodation amongst the brethren wherever possible. but he does not appear to have then realized that he was to do a similar work which should be as the opening of a door by which the Gentiles also might enter the kingdom. Some think he was the centurion mentioned in the Gospels whose sick servant Jesus healed. from Adam's fall to Abraham. Gentiles as well as Jews. Of what does the change from gl'Ory to glory consist? 'IT 43-47. D. an'd is rich unto all that call upon him.11-- "For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all. it is evident that he was well disposed toward God's people. 'IT 48. It was during his short stay there that the time came for the long foreshadowed entrance of Gentiles into the favor of God. 'If 86. J Long ago. (See Acts 10: 31. The simple fact is that the time had come when the truth must go to the Gentiles. will and heart. it was exactly on time that Jesus died. his native parts where there were many disciples. The chronology of the Bible shows that the promise to Abraham. Peter does not appear to have known how or when they were to be used. the entrance of the nations into the favor of God was fixed according to God's schedule. I" our justifipd humanity a pnrt of the sacrifice of Christ Jesus? Do we sacrifice ourselves? How do we "bind the sacrifice to the horns ot the altar'" 1 M. but none of his prayers had been wasted. 6 How long Cornelius had prayed is not told. and show what the Lord expects of each member of the new creation. A LTHOUGH Jesus had told Peter that he should have the keys of the kingdom of heaven. and which would give to God the fruits of his husbandry. remembering the Lord's words. they had been !. Summnrize the principal points in this study. PETER PREACHING TO GENTILES --JUNE 5-AcTS. but a new people gathered out from all the nations. 87." (Deuteronomy 32: 43) And Abraham. for when referring to the full blessings which were to come upon Israel he said. 6 When Peter was in Joppa. a holy nation.28. and from time to time he would visit Galilee. and there he stayed for a time. The angel who appeared to him in the vision told him that his prayers had come up for a memorial before God. How is the new creature "transformed"? Explain 2 Corinthians 3: 13-18. Probably after Pentecost he knew that his privilege of declaring that any of Israel who accepted Jesus would receive the holy spirit even as the apostles had done was the first use of the keys. Cornelius. "Rejoice. 8 But the blessings of the kingdom were then only for those who sought. the time had now come when God would answer. likewise. 1927 'The WATCH TOWER What is faith and how is it exercised? What is justification and how is it accomplished? What is its purpose? How and to what are we called? '\I 24-26. 2 It appears that Pete~ traveled round Judea and Samaria. He was a good man who for a time had been praying. with his people. Define the begetting and an'Ointing of the new creature. about A. as Cornelius did. 1 All God's works are done in order. in the earliest days of Israel's history as a chosen people.

15 There are four main points or importance to here notice: (1) This coming of the holy spirit was not the result of Peter's argument. he went to ask for food to be prepared. signified that baptism was considered important to all the followers of Jesus Christ. He BBOOKLYN. or probably of Peter himself. and they in Jerusalem "heard that the Gentiles had also received the word of God". Peter meekly rehearsed the matter to them. kill. 11 Peter was perplexed. For the third time the command came to him. 16 The noise of this event carried to Jerusalem. They also heard tha. and they related this to him. healing the sick. He was told to send men to Joppa for one Simon Peter. he told them fully of the vision and at once sent them to Joppa.-Acts 10: 42. 12 Arriving at Cresarea they found Cornelius and his kinsmen and some rriends waiting for Peter. and few have found it. wherein were all kinds of living things. for such a manifestation upon the Gentiles was altogether unexpected.-Acts 10: 45-48." The command came again with the added word. He heard a voice saying. Becoming hungry. He told how Jesus had been raised from the dead. and that Cornelius had known nothing about Peter's being in Joppa. but that God had taught him not to call anything unclean. (2) there was no waiting for a declaration that these men had given themselves to God." (Acts 10: 13-15) Peter still hesitated. "What God hath cleansed. He went down to them and inquired of them the cause of their call. "Rise. He said that Jesus had commanded them to speak to the people and to testify that it was he who was ordained or God to judge the quick and the dead. he lost no time in obeying the angel's instruction. It was just then that the men whom Cornelius had sent the previous evening arrived at Simon's door and asked for Peter. Y.-1 Timothy 2: 4. to the great astonishment of all the Jews present. 9 About three o'clock one afternoon Cornelius had a vision. Calling two personal servants and a soldier who waited on him. Lord. He saw a great sheet let down from heaven. These Roman soldiers and others began to speak with tongues and to magnify God. that these should ' sal: not be baptized. 11 This happening opened the eyes of the Jerusalem brethren to the work of the Lord." Peter's orthodox regularity prevailed. (4) the fact of baptism. but during the second period (of 2081 years). Then. and teaching the people. that through this Man all who believed should receive forgiveness of sins. Next morning they started for Cresarea. As Cornelius was a man under authority. his chosen witnesses. accustomed both to do things on time and to have them done in time and order. "Not so. Probably he had made that hour. and had shown himself to the apostles. (3) they were baptized afte'f they had received the holy spirit. After hearing how the angel had spoken to Cornelius. In a vision heaven was opened and food supplied him. He said. who had gone about ministering. He told them that the apostles were witnesses of all that Jesus had done. He further said that to Jesus all the prophets had given witness.t the brethren who had been scattered abroad by the persecution which arose with Stephen's death were telling the truth about Jesus to listening ears. the sheet was lifted to heaven. 14 As soon as Peter had gotten to this ·point his disCourse was interrupted by the same demonstration of the holy spirit upon that little company as had been upon the apostles in the upper room at Pentecost. and as he was still slow. even though they now already had the spirit. nothing doubting. he fell into a trance. God reserved his favor to the chosen family. that I could withstand God?" (Acts 11: 17) This was indeed wha t they were doing.122 Cfhe WATCH TOWER and was found by Abel and 8 few others. who did eat and drink with him after the resurrection. During the afternoon Peter arranged for two or three of the local brethren to accompany him. N. the latter said that he perceived that God was no respecter of persons in regard to nationality. Peter at once addressed them. whose house was at the seaside. They acknowledged that God had granted repentance unto life unto the Gentiles also. was aware that they knew about Jesus of Nazarl:lth. Then again the way was open to those who would seek after God. detailing everything. and the responsibility or their salvation will be upon themselves. realizing that baptism was the outward confession of belief Peter 'd fCC an any man forbid water. Peter went on the housetop to pray. he lost his chance. Peter. stating first of all the difficulty he would have had as a Jew of entering into fellowship with Gentiles. Now the time is upon the world when God will have all men know him. the Jews' hour of prayer. as the servants of Cornelius approached Joppa. (Acts 11 : 1) As soon as Peter got there on his return those disciples who held for circumcision contended with him. and of what the Jews had done to him-how they had hanged him. making it clear that baptism is not "the door of the church". Still thinking upon the vision the spirit spoke to him to say that he was to go with the men. but the way has been narrow. that call not thou common. and eat. returning while they made ready. who lodged with Simon a tanner. To these contenders the fact that God had done something for the Gentiles was as nothing. because he had eaten with uncircumcised Gentiles. 43. his own hour. and then he asked them. Cornelius had been active in his desire to help his friends as well as his household. and that a number of brethren from amongst the Greeks were being . 10 On the IDOlTOW. 13 Peter went on to address the little assembly. intending his words as a rebuke: "What was I. which have received the holy spirit as well as we?" Those upon whom the holy spirit feU were then immersed in the name of the Lord. They then held their peace 8l1d glorified God. for I have never eaten anything that is common or unelean. from Abraham to Cornelius.

and Barnabas saw that there was need for help. ~ In the night.-Jolm 12: 24. J he was bound with two chains. Peter was free. Those were great days for the church. Peter as in a vision.. PETER DELIVERED FROM PRISON --JUNE 12-AcTs 12: 1-17-- "Many are the afflictions of the righteous: but Jehovah delivereth him out of them all.) Smiting Peter on his side the angel gave him a helping hand. and what vIsion did he have? Why dId hIs prayers only now come up as a memorial before God? . days of gladness. probably by being beheaded. immediately departed. for Peter must soon attend to himself. and when the message of the gospel was spreading abroad as far as Cyprus and Cilicia in Asia. not knowing that what was happening was real. and follow the angel. Past two sets of guards they went. The rulers would recall that some years before the whole company of apostles were mysteriously taken out of the temple prison when locked up for the night. and they continued in prayer through the week. They made no agitation in the city nor any appeal to the rulers. Perhaps the church thought that the Lord would miraculously release James. With a real pastoral care the apostles sent Barnabas. Who was Cornelius. too. what appeared to be a calamity fell on the church in Jerusalem.4. He imprisoned some of the brethren. as if another angel were gatekeeper for them. and that Peter was taken. the angel of the Lord visited the prison. 3. for the urge of the growing church kept them all moving. Hearing Peter's well-known voice as he called for entrance she. It is possible that his desire to vex the church by this ruthless taking of the leaders was a policy of provocation. they were alarmed and stirred to action. Herod the king. They were as unbe- . Finding him they returned together. cast his outer garment about him. Rhoda. 18 Many more believed. enrolled in the Scriptures. There was no undue haste. 'l'he angel's work was done. Did Jews expe~t that Gentiles would eventually come Into divine favor? How did the disciples view this question 1 . He stopped to consider what he should do. He was told to gird himself. As he rose his chains fell from his hands. and decided to go to the house of John Mark. He was a good man and full of the holy spirit. (See Matthew 28: 3. But because Passover was immediately upon them he held Peter in prison till the season was over. 1927 tTheWATCH TOWER gathered in Antioch. bidding him rise up quickly. to bind on his sandals. evidently a soldier on each side was bound to him. grandson of Herod the Great. thought to do hurt to the church.thered. They went out. 2 As the Jews of Jesus' day did not want to have the victim of their malice on the· cross while they were professing holiness in eating the Passover supper and during the special sabbath. and having befriended Paul in Jerusalem he went to Cilicia to seek him. 5-8. intending to kill him also. too excited to open the door. lind James the brother of John he caused to be slain. Peter was well guarded. 7 Knocking at the gate he was heard by a young girl who. but time was not to be lost. to Antioch. The corn of wheat which fell into the ground when Jesus died was now beginning to bring forth fruit from amongst the nations. he must now look after himself. What four maIn points !lhould be spedally noted In thIs lesson? What effect did Cornelius' COil version have upon the brethren at Jerusalem? 1 15-18. that Peter was at the door. so no doubt Herod considered himself too religious to have a man murdered at Passover. How was Peter's dIscourse at Cresarea interrupted. and what dId he then say and do? 1 9-14. a In all probability the taking and slaying of James was done suddenly. and as they approached the iron gate which led into the city the great gate opened of its own accord.APRIL 15. What vIsIon dId Peter have at Joppa? Narrate what fol· lowed. lind to get more favor for himself he had Peter arrested. has her name. the young disciple who in later days was so closely associated with him as helper in the Lord's work. e The angel took Peter the length of one street and. and guards were set at the prison doors."-Psalm 84: 19. When they found that he did not do so. ran back to tell the company who were continuing in supplication through the night for Peter's release. giving no instructions. if this law-abiding community would make a commotion he would have an excuse for repressive measures. but began to pray. UST when the church in Antioch was gaining some influence by reason of the increase in its numbers and the prominence of some of its members. 5 The prison was lit by the angel's presence. who was one of the early disciples. He saw that this pleased the Jews. The Lord did not answer them at once. Left there Peter "came to himself". and in Antioch the first church including Gentiles was ga. because of this incident. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY Did Peter realize the sIgnificance of "the keys of the kingdom of heaven" commItted to hIm? What were those keys? How was Peter's time occupIed following Jesus' ascension? '1. 2. when the last watch had been set before the day when Herod would have slain Peter. days of unrest. Now fully awake and frell he realized that it was no dream or vision he had.

These outward go into another place. Acts 12: 23 says that the angel of Apostle Paul do his work in this way. ing Peter's fear of eating with the Gentiles. as it grew up it was to be account of Peter's ministry. If we may when things go well with any matter the Lord thereby judge of these men by all the other evidences of the re. which come upon the disciple are intended to encourage for Paul records a disagreement which they had respectfaith in God . nor did the more than a man. he. but did not hurt him. proof that God was with them.his Father as to whether or not he should go here and ed. and sometimes church's earliest ministry. They show us that many of the trials of faith ence (Acts 15: 7). for with such manifestations the them to tell James the Lord's "brother". and therefore out of harmony with the divine None could account for him. The holy We may not conclude that James' life might have been spirit was not used to record his further movements. all. quick to underbeen blessed with the holy spirit. 14 The different ways in which the Lord deals with Herod ordered that all of them should be killed. also the Gentiles had The Christian needs to be watchful. and who was not afraid to call church got from its infant days the further they got attention to himself. that he was always busy in the service of love. he left them to life of faith could never be pursued. his life. We may take it that Jesus did not pray of war. and peace was sought.gives a token that he is favoring their project. the guards would have been very much pleased to to be understood that in themselves favorable circumhave had the work of putting Peter to death. Christians are too apt to think that miracle wrought for Peter and the church. There his people are intended to show them their need to watch was no injustice done to these men by reason of the his providences. which seeking a direct lesson lem must now stand without the aid ()f James and Peter often means.rather than to teach a particular lesson. and he died a terrible agonized commits his way to the Lord. to be lived as in went a deputation from Tyre.doubt as to whether or not he was with them. The gifts of miracles 8 When they had received him and would have rejoiced were for the purpose of training the young life of the with him.The Christian in diffienlty usually wants to have this ance from the power of Herod and Herod's miserable text applied in such a manner as to have the Lord take death W<lUld give them assurance that God was looking him. stances do not mean the Lord's favor. If it sh()uld have such after their interests. He was in Jerusalem at the general conferpeople. however. The 9 There was a gr. out of them. and then wait for some manifestation. made himself heard by loud knock. and to him there 15 The disciple's life is one of faith. His oppressor. ehurch. but Peter. Per. The Word had been pro. Lord's people. Herod was unduly prais. The Christian the Lord smote him. and in Antioch when Paul was there. must were governable by prayer the church would really be be recorded. The church in Jerusa. r." (1 Corinthians 12: 5) Both Peter's wonderful deliver. for a time. closes the things were for its infancy.the life has not seemed to produce any special lesson. saved had the church been more alive to its privileges of for the reason that the time had come when the other prayer. afterward he went down to Cresarea. Indeed. then it was proclaimed in Samar. thus the foundations stand. but Jehovah delivereth him. ia and in the regions round about. if all things connected with God's plan and wider ministry of the gospel to the Gentiles. and he allowed himself to be flattered as if he were there. and the only conclusion will.eat stir in Herod's court when it was church might then easily pray for things hurtful to its discovered that the well-guarded prisoner was missing. clean <lUt of his difficulties. whose energy 12 But it should be remembered that the further the was never in doubt.-1 Corinthians 13: 13. but he is not to ask his Father in heaven to exof the church's work were laid. interests. instructing tended to continue.plain all his providences. N. Miracles and supernatural gifts were never inHe told them how he had been delivered and. It ought cord. lifting up his hand. hope and do not know. so quietly. The touch was very 16 In this matter the great enemy has often misled the different in the two instances. he was eaten of worms. asked for quietness. And thus.he has caused great depression because some event in claimed in Jerusalem. The angel also smote will find his satisfaction in the effect of his course upon Peter on the side. He has tempted them to think that God 11 This lesson brings us to the second phase of the does not specially watch over his own. and most frequently he death. was smitten and died.from those manifestations which then gave outward ing. Had not God made some move an application then it would appear that the promise had . haps they continued to pray. for there had been fear a stewardship. By these events the church would realize a 1T The golden text says. his beloved Master and of the God and Father of Jesus 13 In these providences there is a lesson for the Lord's we are sure. ''Many are the amictions of the change in the Lord's administration of the church. nor that difficul10 God did not let Herod go unpunished. for it could not know of those wider interests Herod and his officers could reach was that all the men known to God alone.tfheWATCH TOWER BaooELYlf. lieving as the apostles were when the women reported when Peter was taken the church might have been in that Jesus was raised and had appeared to them. To what place he went we dependent upon the inward things-faith. on guard had been in collusion to give Peter his liberty. righteous. the director of its providences and of its destiny. A short time ties indicate his disapproval.

1926. who can be against us ?"-Romans 8: 31. Paul speaks of Jesus as the ''high priest of our profession". particularly those approved when he comes to his temple. He is the perfect pattern. \Yhat happened to Peter that night in the prison? Bid the angel giye him instructions after his release? Wh'lt did Peter then do? What do we know of his ministry after this incident? . They are the same class described in manifest that the apostle here means that he who is Psalm 110: 3 as the willing ones. and with extreme caution he goes about the performance of his covenant. Jehovah sent an angel to him and comforted him. says: they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb." It is voted to the Lord. It is out of these that the Lord deli. What occurred next morning? How did God punish Herod? ~ 9. these promises apply to the ideal man and are seen in "the sen-ant" at the end of the age. that we lllay have the word of their testimony. but even so. and thereafter he went to the cross with no fear whatsoever. The followers of Jesus are admonished to fear God. else why should Peter be saved and not James? 18 Other Scriptures show that the Lord's people are sheep appointed for slaughter (Romans 8: 36). There is no fear in love. p. He is set before the members of the body."" his people. but being devoted to the Lord. "If God be for us. 125 QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY What apparent calamity to the church in Jerusalem is recorded in roday's lesson? What provoked it? Wlll. (Psalm 111: 10) Every creature should fear to incur the displeasure of the Creator. The fear of Jehovah is the beginning of wisdom. and they loved not their boldness in the day of judgment: because as £e is.10.APRIL 15. He that feareth is not made perfect in love." The question is: Is Joshua the high priest a picture of the Lord Jesus alone. Since the glorification of all the members has not yet taken place. 12) One really devoted to the Lord fears to displease Jehovah. so lives unto the death. but are anxious to please God and l«lrd would not fear anything that man or other enemies to fulfil the covenant of sacrifice made with him. serving in the office as the executive officer of Jehovah. Q could do against him. the unified church in its last days on earth. There is a proper fear. or of the entire Christ complete? Answer: Joshua the high priest may be properly said to represent Christ Jesus and all the members of the body in glory. Why is it said that this lesson brings us to the second phase of the church's ministry? What purpose was served hy the gifts of the spirit. and knowing that he is on the Lord's side. They delight to follow perfect in love fears neither man nor devil. he would have gone into destruction. The Lord Jesus had undertaken to do the will of his Father in the performance of his covenant. They count not their existence on result of selfishness. and by "Herein is our love made perfect. in any case the promises apply to those evil things which from time to time Satan and his agents are allowed to bring upon the Lord's people. which meant his death as a man. but per. and why did they pass away? What lesson should we gain therefrom? ~ 11-15. page 326. 1927 'naeWATCH TOWER failed in James' case. or of the Lord Jesus and those of his body members now on the other side the vail. How are we to understand such texts? Quite evidently not as applying to outward circumstances. and "priest for ever". the thought expressed in THE WATCH TOWER is that Joshua the high priest represents Christ Jesus in glory and him alone. This is what he feared. as it is written: "He was heard in that he feared"? Question: In Revelation 12: 11 it is written: "And Answer: The Apostle John (1 John 4: 17. however. No evil befalls them. Question: Does a Christian have perfect love. The fact is. 4-8. But the Scriptures show that after he had prayed.-Psalm 91: 10. 'I 16-18.t did the disciples expect would follow? ~ 1-3. Fear is the where the Lord leads. (Philippians 2: 5. the anointed King. seeing that the Bible says: "Perfect love casteth out fear"? And how do we account for the fear of Jesus at the end of his ministry. He is the Great Priest of the Melchisedec order. 18). says: "Joshua the high priest is a picture of the glorified Christ. paragraph 23. addressing the consecrated followers of Christ. He feared to displease his Father." What is meant by the stateare we in this world. How have Christians been misled with respect to their personal experiences? How is our golden text often misapplied? Explain its true meaning. and then to work out their own salvation with fear and trembling. Had he incurred the displeasure of Jehovah in any way. he has no cause to fear what man or any of the enemy's organization can do unto him. had he failed to keep perfectly any part of his agreement.ment: "They loved not their lives unto the death"? Answer: The words refer to those who are really defect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. INTERESTING QUESTIONS UESTION: THE WATCH TOWER of November 1. They . (1 Peter 2: 17) Christians are likewise admonished to have a mind like the Lord Jesus. He who is absolutely devoted to the earth dear unto them. (Hebrews 3: 1) He is the great High Priest or Servant. and the Lord indicated to Peter himself that the end of his life would be by violence.

the political. For instance.126 BROOKLYN. No. One might ask then: Would this mean that it would be proper for us to join the Y. Q1lr~tion: Should a consecrated one belong to any of this world's organizations and support its doings? Answer: The question is rather ambiguous. There are other organizations. and they are following in the footsteps of the Master. evidenced by the World War. as the anointed King of God. famine. organized in the name of Christ. They pretend to be Christian organizations. which Jehovah has put his Word into the mouths of his people and commands them to testify concerning the same. (Matthew 24: 14) Now is the peculiar time when the truly consecrated must be witnesses that Jehovah is God. But no ecclesia should be asked to receive the service of a brother because he is sent by some other ecclesia. may properly respond. Any like organization would come within the same rule." To which builders and to what building does this text refer? Answer: The Lord himself quoted the above scripture from the 118th Psalm. and that he is doing it through the SOCIETY.A. The \'. the same is become the head of the corner. pestilence. ----- Question: Should an ecc1esia send out its elders to other ecclesias from week to week by regular appointment? Answer: It does not seem to be the proper course for an ecclesia to send out elders from time to time to serve other ecc1esias by appointment. It would not be out of order for him to be a member of a mutual insurance arrangement. through those who are truly consecrated and devoted to him and who are working harmoniously together. and no Christiall should associate himself with an organization that on the face of it is a subterfuge. and who thinks that he is especially called to lead the ecclesia of his community. but are anxious to spend and be sped in doing Jehovah's will. If the servants of the church who have been elected elders fail or refuse to teach present truth as published in THE WATCH TOWER and to aid the class in understanding the same. It is not a "worldly" organization in an evil sense. but an organization for the aid and comfort of men. for the reason that these organizations sail under a false name. A true Christian should be no part of such.o1'lu's organizations consist of organizations brought into being hy the ruling factors which compose the world. The Lord J €sus. in order that we might have some of the benefits therefrom? The answer to that would be. there may be a mutual organization of men who agree to pay into a certain common fr. and what should be done by an ecclesia where the majority of her elders do not try to teach the class present truth as it is now appearing in THE WATCH TOWER? . and should do whatsoever he can to aid and comfort them and to lead them in harmony with the work that the Lord is now doing. If. crncWATCH TOWER know that they mu~t die. Question: Is it proper for an ecclesia to elect an elder that cannot or will not give discourses on current TOWER articles to the friends. or Y. as1ll'y some dues 01' monthly payments. 12) Now is the time in Y. to "'it. The ecclesia should then proceed to elect those who will work together in harmony with them. The truly consecrated believe that the Lord Jesus himself is present and directing this work. is The Stone. but so long as the Lord God is directing them. is hardly worthy to be an elder. Now is the time for the fulfilment of the Lord's command to preach the gospel to the nations as a witness. nor SUjJ:JOl't such. however.W. It would be well to adhere to the apostle's recommendation in 1 Thessalonians 4: 11. an ecclesia invites a brother who is a member of another ecclesia to come and serve it. if he has no duties to perform with his home ecclesia that would conflict. but no ecc1esia has authority to send its elders to other ecclesias to serve them. 23. (Isaiah 51: 16) Now is the time in which the church is specifically commanded to lift up God's standard for the people and to point them in the way of the kingdom. This is the time when the world has ended. etc. but are in truth and in fact organized for a selfish purpose and are misleading. they have no occasion to leave their own exi~tence on the earth. All . N.name. verses 22 and. Question: In Matthew 21: 42 the statement is made: "The stone which the builders rejected. Each ecclesia is a governing power within itself. however. commercial and religious elements combllled. Such also believe that the Lord uses THE WATCH TOWER as a means of communicating truths to his people. then the ecclesia should respectfully request that such resign as its elders. No.C. Elders are elected to serve the ecc1esia that elects them. that are sometimes termed worldly which really are not. as set forth in the Scriptures. If it is answered eDtegorieally it must be answered. and its jurisdiction extends only to itself. in order that in case of accident or death of a member those of theIr families dependent upon them may have some benefits therefrom. that each ecclesia that is in harmony with the Lord and his work.C. therefore.t1nswer: This question can be answered by getting a proper view of why the Lord is permitting a work now to be done in his.A. '1'his is wLat is commonly called a mutual insUl'ance company. Anyone who takes himself too seriously. and their authority extends to that ecc1esia so far as the ecclesia itself is concerned. the members of which are not consecrated. would want to study THE WATCH TOWER. It logically follows. His obligation is to protect them as best he can.M. A Christian might have a family dependent upon him. (Isaiah 43: 10. which meaIl'!s. An elder is a servant of the class or ecclesia. that consecrated brother.

so that when the brethren do come together a part of the time lllay be given to can~ vassing the people and thus make a more effective witness in their respective communities. The Lord has brought into action the radio. Information being obtained should be sent into the office at once. EFFICIENT SERVICE E VERYONE really devoted to the Lord realizes that now is the time when the witness must be given to Jehovah's Name and to his King and kingdom. or at least every community. Blessed is he who has an opportunity to have a part therein. and always mentioning the radio program. etc. it is the Lord's ether. The office will be glad to confer with the classes. Other service for the elders in local classes should be carried on in the foll'0wing manner: Proper senice should be given to the local class. October 15 and Novemoer 1. evidently for'the purpose of giving a witness to the people. which would require from twenty to twenty-five minutes to deliver. to be used whenever called upon. 121 The time came for the laying of The Stone in Zion in completion when the Lord came to his temple. and send two copies into the pilgrim department. could better serve by conserving their money and arranging to broadcast the message of truth over some radio sta tion. The elder so preparing these lectures should keep a copy for him. It therefore seems that there is much loss of time. newspaper advertisements. (1 Peter 2: 5) These are also designated in the Scriptures as coworkers together with God. (Isaiah 43: 10. so that there would be some on hand at all times when needed. 1927 'The WATCH TOWER those who have been begotten of the holy spirit and anointed are designated as living stones built up into that house. in simple language. and avoid the traveling of long distances for the purpose of serving somlother class or meeting just for a short period of one hour. Some of these builders rejected him. It would seem that each class. Each of these lectures should contain about 2500 words. Of course all the consecrated want to do this work in the most efficient manner possible. and that the elders of each community try to more effectively do work in their respective communities and devote their spare time to preparing radio lectures as above suggested. An explanation of this subject appeared in THE W ATeH TOWER. The Lord's work has ad: vanced to that point where the witness must be given in as wide and effective manner as possible.llgements for broadcasting. The truth should be stated clearly. The Lord has so wonderfully blest this in the past few months that THE WA. Much time and energy are often lost in local conven~ tions.mall canvassing parties and go out to some other town!> nearby and canvass a part of the day. This will be a service for every elder and will widen his field of usefulness. that they might hear. serves a class or the public one hour and then returns to his home. These lectures being on Mnd would be available for other brethren to use who have not had time to prepare some. and in a sympathetic manner. instead of spending large sums of money for halls. and it is the Lord's time to use these things to ten the people about the King and his kingdom. There is a considerable expense attached to the service as well as time occupied merely in traveling.t the elders of aIL classes who are competent to deliver public addresses devote some time to carefnlly preparing lectures suitable for the publIc. . rfhe reports from the visits of local pilgrim brethren who are elders of other classes seem strongly to indicate that the above changes should be made. handbills. 1926. 12. We suggest tha. This will reach far more people than locally advertised meetings will reach. Therefore the builders are those who claim to be consecrated to the Lord and devoted to the doing of God's holy will. By this means many who are prisoners in the systems can be reached that could not be otherwise reached at all. and where there are more elders than necessary for this. For this reason the following suggestions are made: For some time it has been the practice fOl' elders of various classes to be sent out on Sundays as local pilgrims to serve other classes. so that it may cheer the hearts of those who desire to hear. The brother so sent often travels from six to ten hours.self. It is possible for almost every class. It is therefore suggested that each dass appoint a committee to ascertain what arrangements can be made for broadcasting in their respective COTIUnunities. It is the Lord's radio.. It is suggested that all arrangements for local conventions be made only after consulting with the pilgrim department. It would therefore seem that it would be better if eIders serve their home classes where they reside. that we may advise concerning &rrll. 15. energy and money that might be used to a better advantage. Matthew 24: 14) This work is the Lord's. rn. It could be ~r­ ranged for copies to be sent to all stations.TOH TOWER feels constrained to call upon the brethren everywhere to use every possible opportunity to get the message of the kingdom out by radio.APRIl.bably some of the friends have not fully appreciated the radio. then those who are not engaged in_their home class should organize ". to arrange with some station to use from 8 half-hour to two hours a week at a reasonable rate for broadcasting the truth. inviting the peopl~ to come out to a meeting to be held at a stated place. and some were found faithful unto the Lord. These conventio:Js should be ar~ ranged systematically. and he will have it done.

.. 27.ville. " " 23. Miss•. 24 Owensboro. " 27 Morrisville.. . . Me....._. J. 25 EI Reno"._. E. . 20 ortland. Brookhaven._._. 18 20 22 24 Clinton. ... _ ... .. May 16." ' Cambridge.. Alta. la. __ " 19. _. Pa.. . E.. 29._. _.May 23. _. Augusta.22. Mich. 30 Rutland. Ga.... N. Miss. Neb __.Ma.. ... R.May 25.._.May 15 Mt.•_... 25 2ROTHER ~ E... . K S. Miss. Pa. June 1 Calgary. " 22 Cannelton. Tenn..•_. • _. Colo " 16. ~ 26 27 30 31 WATT Taunton.. .. Bask•. Calmar..._ . ...MaY26. 24 Lake Ann..'. CUTFORTll emro. Johnsbury. Kan.18 Providll1l'C8. 27 Arkansas City.." 24 WU. _ 27. _ " 23. Pa. N.. 23. 28 St... N.May 16 Jun~tion City.... 19 _. 30 Vulcan. .__. 16 Swalwe11.. Mich. 25 E Hanover. . WIll.. •.. Eo HAZLETT land.May 19. Potte. _ May Hi Red Rock.. 24 Ames.. Miss.. .. Ga.. 24 Stellarton. . _.29 N <!rf<!lk. Me. . Bonduel. MURRAY Biloxi. N... 28·30 Athens. Minn. Alta. S. 30 _ May 16 17. 29 Freeport... N. . ..May 31.. '31 Winona. GREEN Perry.. Ky _. Pa._ . B.._... " 23.. N. Alta _ May 15.. Miss.. Lebanon. Alta. Ia.tecture~ cmd 8tudie8 by 'frdVelinq Brethren BROTHER T. _ _ " 29 27 30 31 Blaine. N. " Reading. June 1 May 19. Jean. Ga. Kan. Linfield. Neb Omaha. M8ll& _ _ " 22 Pottstown.._. 22. .... Sumra11. Alta. DINGUS !ereven.... 22 Oak Harbor.May 25.May 19.. 26 Green Bay.. A. _. Okla._.11's Harbor. Tretront. 15. Cadi11ac. " Big Eandy. N.. Alta. " 23... MinD. S. . _••_.May 23.. Kan...__ " 23.May 18. L. _._ .. Ga .. _ _.. Vt. _ _ ..• "16. 22 Leduc. vkla.... 111. Vernon. ' Palmyra.... May 11. . Wash.. 29.. G. Kan._. 19 Friday Harbor.eb May 31. Wash. Wash.. 19 Mich " 20 City. . __ 25.May 15. _" 18... H.. 17 Tonkawa. PINNOCK BROTHER G.24 _ .Neb.M. Kan.__ " 25 BROTHER J. 20 22·24 Dearing. Kan.. _ _ " 27 Wanil1a. Pa. 29.. . May 31. __ 19 I'oplarvllle. 22 Clintonville. June 1 Hopki!!svlJle.. C. M._ . 23 W. Paul.. ._ . Ga.. 20 BROTHER H. Okla.. Lamont. L.. " 17.May 25. Sask. Mich.. R. Wis __ " .• " 22 ennebnn..._. 26 Union Point. Okla " 16. 111.... . .. •. Mich " 22. Ky. S " 20. 22 _ .. 29 Burlington. Ind. _.. Mich 27.. • Olpe. 31 BROTHER M._ May 25 26 Vancouver... Wash. Minn._.25 Grand Island. H. M. Pa. N. Colo.. Waynesboro. Vt. May 20. . _ 30.. 31 22 24 26 29 31 Minneapolis. S. . 26 Fall River.e 2 Winside._ 20. Miss May Co11ins.. Wash.. 24 BROTHER W.31 Glace Bay.. May 31. Will. 24 New Bedford. _ " 25. Eureka. 22 Elk Rapids. la. . S __ 27 Sydney. R. Minn.. C. Ind. RICE Boonvil1e.18._..._.17 Sedro Wool1ey. BOHNET Midland. 18 Lumberton. Wis _ .. Ga Savannah. Minn. 13 Fort Collins.3 BROTHER Y. . 20 Magnet._. ..May 20... Pawtucket. Ga.. 15 m Hll. S.. llargaretsvi11e. S. Saskatoon. 20 " 21. 29. FRESCHEL Denver.. yt. Wash. Eldorado.. L _ " 30. POLLOCK BROTHER M.. 19 Pueblo.. May 31. __ " 2~ Evan. 27 Atlanta.. 28 Minco. Wis. "16.. Wis.. Jean. . Me. 26 Long Hi11... Okla..__ May Ill. R.•_. 19 Edmonton. _ 27. 24 St._ 24. THORN Mahanoy City. " 13. Ky May 26 Guthrie.... _ " 23. L . 26 Dubuque. Maaa. 22~ ' " Augusta._. Wis.17 South Rawdon. lrraverse Mich.. 1 Burlington._ ._. N. 17 Camrose. _.. Miss..23 24 25 28 30 31 BROTHER H.. Miss. Pa. Colo May 12. May " 19.. 20 Rochester.May 26 Eureka Center. S _... N.. Mich•.. 27 29 30 31 BROTHER W._.. 30 Empire. --. 31 BROTHER H. !'le... ... "._. HERR Conrath..k. .. Wash " 30 Everson.... Neb Fremont. 21 Marinette.. Neb May 24. 26 Hattiesburg.. ._" 25 Sutton.. 19 JIlnId.. . Vt. R. MinD.... Okla.... _.. ••_ . JlJp.. __ _..._. 23 lOttery. 29. Alta. _ _ " Princeton. _" 20.. Neb Cedar Rapids..Intelnational Bible Students A~sociation Oasse9 I. Wash June 2.. 18 19.. 30.. 23 Ringwood.May 26 Douglas. Ga.. " 26.__. ._. 19 Wausau.. 17 Saucier...May B-oyertown.._. . HERSEE BROTHER J.27.. BARKER Grand Island. 30 Rockford. May 12 KeIl'tvi11e.. Mas8. Minn.81 . . _ " 25.. _.y Buford. 18. H. __ " 27... • _" 25 BROTHER R. Miss. 17 Lincoln. Ind.. 20.. Tenn __.. ' 29 Bellingham. I .29 Manistee._ ... ._ . 16 Eo Greenwich. S May 23. Kingsley. Vt._.. Pa. Neb.t H. 20 Attleboro. 18. Okla. S " 19 Halifax. BROTHER G. Okla _ Ma. 17 Mich " 18.. 18..29 Newport.. BROTHEJ. MasI.. •._ May 16 Lyman... Hwnboldt.. DRAPER Emporia. 22 '.. Alta... Miss. Minn.. _ 29 30 Winfield. June 1 Lynden. Wash.

_. 135 }i'uture Vision _... 136 ANNUAL REQUEST FOR PILGRIM VISITS •••••••••••• 137 GOOD HOPES FOR 1927·192g _..-Matt.ehat 11 e . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~! Enlargement of Service . ••_ ••_ _ 130 :MEMORIAL REPORTS •••" ••"_._... lift up your heads... When ye see these things begm to come to pass..I~~~i~f~i~ . Look up. Anno Mundi 6055-May 1.._ 137 PETER TEACHES GOOD CITIZENSHIP •••_ ••_ 138 REVIEW: LIFE AND LETTERS OF PETER •••••__••• 140 INTERESTINO LETTERS ".pon my Tvateh and will 8et my foot uiJon the 'l'o. Luke 21: 25-31.ee....•••..•... for your redemption draweth ni~h..... Mark 13: 29.. XLVIII SEMI·MoNTRL7 No.••••._._.•• 1:11 ~... . discontented) roaring..' 927 OONTENTS }. .. the sea and the waves (the restless.•••......143 CONVENTION _. rejoice.llhf~liI@Hl#? ~:n~mu1l1lS~WiJ~i'dl»t~aJ...~J&.. l:J ". and . 24: 33.... for the powers of the heavens shall be shaken..'l0 (il !Vill 8tand 1.•..... WlS~ 1iill~~~P?-IBaialJ VOL..rill u'ateh to see .._..I ~ltteijJji1)£mJ......_ ... . men's hearts failing thelll for fear and for lool<lng to the things coming upon the earth..IINIS'l'RY OF' TTIE NEW CREATION •._ __ l\. then know that the Kingdom of God Is at hand.._00...eill to them Upon the earth distress of nations with perplexity... •..•....

are unable to pay for this journal. and its columns are not open to perS'Onalities. Which constitutes the body of Christ. It does not indulge in controversies. Rooming acC'Ommodations will be handled by the SoCIETY'S Toronto office. It does not assume a dogmatic attitude. by reason of Adam's wrongfui act all men are born sinners THAT THE WORLD HAS ENDED. l!:. that the mission ot that the Logos was the beginning of his creation. MEMORIAL REPORTS Immediately following the celebration of the Memorial each class is requested to nport the number partaking. 117 Adams St. $1. " Treas. or by Bank Draft. BEREAN BIBLE STUDIES Gy Means of "The Watch Tower" "The Son and Servant" Z February 1. should menti'On the radio station in that vicinity that is broadcasting the truth. and it is hoped that as many as p'OssilJle may attend. VAN AAlBURG. the Maker of selecting from amongst men the members of his churcIJ.II J. when requested. that the heaven.an wil. British. (Foreign translations of t1. Hemittances from scattered foreil'il territory may be made to the Brooklyn office. A renewal blank (carr~'in~ notlce of expiration) will be sent with the journal one month before the subscription expires. U.lse and requesting such provision. NoNeI' to S"b. Brooklyn. CANADA AND MISCELLANEOUS FOHEIGN. through Christ. 1927 Week of June 5 . that the Lord Jesus has and without the right to life. but anxious. South Africa. More detailed information concerning this wil: be given later. R.. BROOKLYN.constitutes the "seed of Abraham" through which all the fully disobeyed God's iaw and was sentenced to death. E.50: GREAT BRITAtN. 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RUTHERFORD EDITORIAL aOMMITTEE W. 33-61 i . have a fair trial for life and those who obey will live on THAT for many centuries God. Have in mind that the chief purpose of the radio is to call the people's attention to the truth and then furnish the 'Opportunity for them to get a wider understanding ot the truth by reading what is being printed. Within a short time tlwse trains will be announced in THE WATCH TOWER. plan of Jehovah God. T TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH THAT JEHOVAH is the only true God. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: UNITED STATES. Lancaster Gate. and is from everlasting to everlasting. The class secretary should give this attention. N. 2.) TERMS TO THE LORD'S POOR: All Bible Students who. but by International Postal Money Orders only. 1927 Week of June 19 . 'II 1-32 Week of June 26 . Postofl!oo. and creeds of men.00. 1879. Ontario. that he gave his life peoples to hear and obey him. and gives the reports thereof.8S·A. sects. 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This often proves a means of opening the way to place the books into the hands of the people. a sacrifice for man and thereby produced the ransom price. addressing the letter or card to Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society. heaven and earth. hy rl'ason ot old age or other infirmity or adversity. PUBLISHED BY WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 ADAMS 'STREET ••. as a rule. THAT THE HOPE of the peoples of earth is restoration that Jesus tlH' divine arOse from the dead. South Africa: 6 Lelie St. Y. J. London W. \Ve are not only willing.•• . F. A. nUTHEIlFORD W.

It is not reasonable that God has occupied nineteen centuries and more in selecting and d&veloping the new creation merely to get some creatures into heaven to there sing his praises for ever.&kWATCH TO\JVER D PRESENCE AN Vol. Ministry of the new creation therefore means the act of serving in harmony with the power and authority delegated to such by the great Jehovah God. It is true that the new creation ."-Hebrews 3: 1. 2 The mere fact that Jehovah has employed so much time and power in the selection and development of the new crcation is proof that he has some important functions for that new creation to perform. :I During the greater part of the Gospel Age people have been led to believe that God has been desperately attempting to get some into heaven. The faithful Logos was born into the '\"arId as the man Jesus to be the Savior of mankind. He thereby became the Apostle of God. He was sent forth by Jehovah to represent him. consider the A. 1927 MINISTRY OF THE NEW CREATION "Wherefore. bask in the sun&hine of God's habitation. He was anointed by Jehovah as Christ Jesus.9 MAY 1. holy brethren." (John 18: 37) He declared th:lt the Word of his Father is truth. through the endless ages. but the will of him that sent me. Christ Jesus. many of the consecrated have looked upon the heavenly calling from a very narrow and selfish point of view. "To this end was I born. 6 Furthermore. f also manifest that God has some importa"p-t serVIce or the members thereof to render. Little have they thought of A lIINISTE~ the performance of the commission granted to those who are anointed of the Lord. CHIEF MINISTER The fact that the Apostle Paul calls upon the members of the church to consider Christ Jesus is of great importance.wi~l delicrht to for ever praise the Lord Jehovah. His testimony was. Jesus stated that he was sent to the earth by the heavenly Father. but the will of the Father which hath sent me. It IS the act of performing the duties or functions of the office of a minister. and for this cause came I into the world. (John 6: 57) Nor did he come for a selfish purpose. charged with the ministry of his Word. XLVIII HE~ALD OF CHRISTS No. "For I came down from heaven.postle and High Priest of our profession. 5 131 . and that it is the privilege of such to render service in his name as his ambassadors. not to do mine own will. that I should bear witness unto the truth. He is an ambassador performing service in his official capacity." (John 6 : 38) Nor did he come to magnify his own name. ' 4 Only as we come to have a clearer vision of the di~ vine plan do we appreciate the fact that the members of the new creation occupy a most blessed and wonderful relationship to God. and they will have much more when they reach the heavenly courts. 1finishy means the act of s~rvin~ i? harmony with the delegated power or authonty. He is the representative of a government. "I am come in my Father's name. is one who is clot~ed with power and authonty to represent a hIgher power or authority."-John 5: 30. partakers of the heavenly calling. They have hoped to escape the woes and troubles of the world and then to arrive at a safe harbor in heaven and there. being given an abundant e11trance into the heavenly kingdom. His authority is limited by the commission received from the one appointing him. It is to those who are faithfully and unselfishly devoted to the Lord that are given the exceeding great and precious promises whereby they may be partakers of the divine nature.-John 17: 17. and that he has agonized with these that they might reach heaven and escape a fate of eternal torture. but It IS b . As a matter of truth the members of the new creation while on the earth have much service to perform. or power. and who attends to the duties of his office and renders service. Even in these latter years. I judge: and my judgment is just: because I seek not mine own will. when Christians have learned that the doctrine of eternal torment is as false as its author the Devil. Only those who joyfully serve while on the earth will ~~aYe the opportunity of serving in the realms of heaven." (John 5: 43) "I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear. both while on the earth in the course of development and after reaching their home of glory.

of the loving provision which God had made for their salvation. lIe came to work. manifest a pious face. those who would hear.132 'rhe WATCH TOW ER 7 As a special Apostle. and when he appeared to his faithful disciples. Now the members of the new creation were likewise commissioned and were sent forth as ministers of God and of Christ Jesus. To do so turns their minds away from the Lord. was net in the apostle's mind. He magnifies his Lord and none other. to save and to reconcile the world to Jehovah. sanctimonious dispositions in order to go to heaven. Jesus was sent forth of God to represent Jehovah as his Minister. or letters of commendation from you?" (2 Corinthians 3: 1) The apostle recognizes that his obligation was to the Lord. . but that they are ministers or servants to the spirit of that covenant.-2 Corinthians 3: 6-18. and tPey have received them. which meant service. as some others. While on the earth he served under the direction and supervision of J ehovah. 14 Then the apostle compares the ministry of service of the covenant made at Sinai with that of the New Covenant."-2 Corinthians 3: 5. but he who meditates alone upon thus developing himself keeps his mind upon himself and not upon the One who has commissioned him to BROOKLYN." (John 9: 4) He came to perform service. 10 Jesus had been for three and one-half years on earth as the Minister of God. The members of the new creation are called to follow in his footsteps. clothed with power and authority to proclaim the same message. Y. but our sufficiency is of God: who also hath made us able ministers of the new covenant." That means that the members of the body of Christ while on the earth are to give attentive heed to the things that Jesus did. and there is a later work of teaching to be done. the apostle says: "Consider the Apostle and High Priest of Our profession. and told the people. and they have believed that thou didst send me. those who would hear. 13 The argument here is that the members of the new creation do not make the New Covenant. and sit on the platform and fold one's hands and apparently pray to be seen of men. He recognized his own imperfection and that he looked to and depended upon the Lord. When he had finished his work on the earth he said: "For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me. THE MEMBERS S Addressing himself to those who have been begotten and anointed of the holy spirit. open and honest before God and before men. After his resurrection. The Lord Jesus h'hd done a specific work. and as they thus continue faithfully to do they grow in the lik€ness of the Lord. for that covenant will bring life to the obedient ones of the human race because of the merit of Christ and the perfect ministration by the Lord Jesus Christ. Christ Jesus. That Law Covenant was a ministration of death. clothed with authority as his Minister. He told them how that Jehovah had arranged for reconciliation of fallen humanity to himself. that his recommendation is from the Lord. The apostle was honest with himself and frank. N. and he was always diligently at it. and that men might commend him. not of the letter. Those who are serving in the spirit of the New Covenant are privileged to behold with unveiled face the glory of the Lord. lIe said: "I must work the works of him that sent me. and he who served as the mediator could not be looked upon by the Israelites because of the shining of his face. epistles of commendation to you. He devoted his time to testifying to the truth. '1'he members of the new creation are made ministers in COnnection with that work. and then sent them forth to perform a similar work in his name and in the name of the Father. They are not even to hunt for commendation from others for themselves. Now the body members must do a like work. The Father sent him forth. There is a preliminary work of testifying to be done. Surely this was the thought in the Apostle Paul's mind in discussing this question: ''Do we begin again to commend ourselves? Or need we. The ministration of the New Covenant is of life. It is true that Christians should be nice and pious and happy. and therefore who are partakers of the heavenly calling. A true minister of God represents the One who sends him and not himself. He magnified the name of Jehovah God. 6. but the sr. The law of that covenant at Sinai wap." (John 17: 8) These are things that we are to consider. because the Israelites could not keep it. 11 Nor does the commission anywhere provide that the new creation shall be singing the plaudits of some others who have been their leaders or teachers. ~ While on the earth was the Lord Jesus bemoaning his lot and saying in substance that he wanted the toils and sorrows to end that he might get away from the world and go home to rest? He not only did not say such a thing but his course of action indicates that no such thought was in his mind. but of the spirit: for the letter killeth.irit giveth life. and that his approval must be by the Lord. about the good news of God and his plan of salvation for the world. He gave specific instructions to his disciples. he said: "Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me. telling the people. There is nothing in the commission given to them to indicate that they were to be diligent in developing nice. What is the spirit of that New Covenant? It is the reconciliation of the human race to Jehovah. Therefore Moses wore a vail over his face in time of service. "Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves. pious. act. eVE'n so send I you. and have known surely that I came out from thee. and then go and do likewise. written upon stone."-John 20: 21. 12 'ro wear an ecclesiastical coat.-1 Peter 2' 21.

". 22 Taking advantage of man's wealmess the Devil has time and again injected the thought into the minds of mfmy that they. Is not that exactly the difficulty that nominal Christendom got herselt int. This is the commission spoken of by the Prophet Isaiah in 61: 1. is a two-fold one. earthy. EARTHEN VESSEL 1T In this same connection. "Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus. like other faithful ministers. all of which devoted to the Lord constitute the new creature in Christ. their bodies are still of the earth. joyfully performing their duties and obligations. The Lord has committed this valuable thing. that the excellency of the power may be of God. 21 The new creature yet on earth has an earthly organism. and that this commissum is a wonderful treasure. but the mind is not the creature. The commission carries with it the interests of the Lord's kingdom. Volume Six. saying. who commanded the light to shine out of darkness. page 71. will. is discussing the ministry or service of the new creation. 1t is while giving due consideration to what Jesus Christ the High Priest did. 16 Continuing. are wonderfully wise and greatly to be honored and praised because they tell the people how they are going to be saved. like the other ministers while in the flesh. That new will. this commission or ministry of reconciliation. It seems quite apparent that the apostle here is saying that the one who is in Christ is a new creature. hath shined in our hearts. as the apostle declarE'S. in a Corinthians 4: 7. we faint not. and they fall. . is given to him while in this earthen vessel that the excellency of the power may be of God and not of man. (2 Corinthian:. seeing we have this ministry. Paul says: "Therefore. and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake. 23 The Apostle Paul. cannot grow in the likeness of the Lord. went forward in the work. to wit. The apostle plainly says: "If any man be in Christ he is a new creature" and not merely that his mind is begotten. and beholding with an open face his glory. assaults. For God. and that we rely not upon self but upon the Lord. and realizing that we have received mercy from the Lord God. and hence.-ill and heart. that the treasure or valuable thing that the new creature holds i~ the commission or ministry given or granted unto him by the Lord. the service or ministry of the New Covenant. as we have received mercy. to the new creation. says: 18 The work of these "new creatures" in the present time. together with the human body or organism. to wit. 20 This creature yet on earth has something to do. continue to grow in his likeness. This scriptu!e has been woefully misunderstood. Such want the glory and not the Lord. but that it may be seen that the excellency of the power is from Jehovah. and not of us."-2 Corinthians 4: 5. thians 4: 10. The new creature is composed of a mind. yet the inward man is renewed day by day. "For we preach not ourselves.o by teaching that man has a soul within him and that this soul is immortal and cannot die? Every creature must possess some kind of mind. developed in character. and that the Lord God has so ordained it to the end that no man shall boast. heart and organism. to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ. • For which cause we faint not. 2. that he who holds this commission is a weak earthen creature or vessel." He would not have any one to believe that he was going about proclaiming his own message of salvation. then the new creature is merely something inside of something else called a vessel. but Christ Jesus the Lord. But he. 19 If the foregoing statement is the correct interpretation of the apostle's words. We must bear in mind that the Apostle Paul. Their begetting of the holy spirit constitutes them priests. His entire argument is that God has committed to the new creation a ministry. This is from me. but though our outward man perish. to wit. 6. In the parable this valuable thing is represented by goods or talents committed to the members of the Christ body. we have this treasure (the new nature) in earthen vessels. To say that he was speaking about a new creature being inside of an earthen vessel is entirely foreign to his argument. that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body. that this constitutes a commission to -do certain things. a valuable thing. was weak and was the target of the Devil'. but it is only their minds that are begotten. behold h-yw wonderful I am to tell you how you can be saved! On the contrary he was magnifying the name of Jehovah and telling the people that this excellent means of bringing life to the human race is from God. RS has already been shown. "that the excellency of the power may be of God. and not of us. That this has to do with the ministry committed to the new creation is clearly proven by the apostle's argument.lilA! 1. the Apostle Paul says: "But we have this treasure in earthen vessels. that the glory may be of God and nqt of \lS. we faint not. etc. therefore this treasure. shall be provided a suitable body." (2 Corinthians 4: 1) Otherwise stated: Seeing that there has been committed to us this commission."-2 Corm. • . 4: 7) The newly begotten mind or will is all there is Rt present to represent the new nature and all there will be until the first resurrection. When the apostle says that this treasure or commission or ministry is possessed or held in earthen vessels he 8tates the reason why. STUDIES IN THE SCRIPTURES. 1927 Cfhe WATCH TOWER 16 But the conclusion must follow that those who are begotten of the holy spirit. and continuing his argument. paragraph one. that such new creature consists of mind. that Christians." (2 Corinthians 4: 7) In discussing the work of the new creation. as ministers. and who are not willingly and joyfully performing the commission or ministry committee to them. 16. and indeed the most important thing that the creature could have.

. 27 In these verses last quoted the argument is that all things proceed from Jehovah. The new creation. That means that he must run according to the rules of action which the Lord has prescribed. the antitypical people of God. who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ. and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. to them that are in darkness. Shew yourselves. No longer is he a part of the Devil's organization. which shows that the commission and the command that God gives through the prophet applies to the new creation while on earth. They shall feed in the ways. 28 BBooKLYN. 81 The apostle then proceeds to show the necessity of these ministers' cleansing themselves from all filthiness of mind and flesh and wholly devoting -themselves to the Lord and his cause. PRESENT DUTIES What then is the purpose in selecting the new creation and keeping some of the members for some time on the earth? Is it merely that they shall grow like the Lord Jesus? That is one of the purposes. For he hath made him to be sin for us. but that takes place as the result of their doing something else. Y. (2 Timothy 2: 5) The laws or rules of action governing the new creation require activity in service while on ~arth. but no one can be crowned with that honor and glory unless he makes the race lawfully. not imputing their trespasses unto them. '1'he command is there written: "Thus saith the Lord. He has provided the radio." (2 Corinthians 5: 15) The one now brought into Christ is a new creature. as workers together with him." (1 Peter 2: 9) They are not to show forth the praises of themselves. it will be observed that verse two of this passage (2 Corinthians. Now then we are ambassadors for Christ. N. his organism is dying in the service day by day.) Giving no offence in any thing. and must be workers together with him in the ministry of reconciliation provided by the commission. and with him everything has become of an. a part of Christ. who knew no sin. to cause to inherit the desolate heritages. 26 In proof that this is the apostle's thought or argument he continues: "And all things are of God. that they may go forth and do his work. 30 All the members of the new creation. and their pastures shall be in all high places." and the Lord having appointed these ambass:1dors or ministers. that the ministry be not blamed. that God was in Christ. 82 Furthermore. and as such we have a service to perform. that we might be made the rightc0usness of God in him. they must serve him joyfully in order to be pleasing to him. be ye reconciled to God. to wit. To get that result they must do what Jesus did when he was on earth. the Head of the new creation."Isaiah 49: 8. that God is in Christ reconciling the world to himself. This has been one of the hard lessons for consecrated people to learn. and because we are in Christ he has committed to us the ministry of reconciliation. and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation. He says that the duty of members of the new creation is to be entirely and completely separated frem everything pertaining to the organization of the enemy. and to serve the Lord with singleness of purpose. and give thee for a covenant of the people. to establish the earth. once the typical people of God. we pray you in Christ's stead. Heaven is the ultimate and eternal abiding place of the faithful. These have been commissioned to do a work. that thou mayest say to the prisoners. but having become a new creature he is now made the ambassador of Christ. The outward man is that which others see. both making up the creature. of course. now is the accepted time. and rose again. the printing presses and other means for those who are his ambassadors. While the creature is laying down his life. nor the praises of men. the Devil. are now of the royal priesthood and have become the people of God. and since we are in Christ as new creatures we are ambassadors for Christ."-2 Corinthians 5: 18-20. 33 This prophecy shows that the Lord has selected the new creation to do a specific work on the earth. and they must serve in that capacity and do so joyfully.crheWATCH TOWER 134 24 There is but one creature. are in his army. and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee. but his mind is being transformed and he is growing more like the Lord. reconciling the world unto himself. he has reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ. were cast off. beseech you also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain. now is the day of salvation. being in Christ. serving it. as though God did beseech you by us. and amongst other things they are to proclaim the message concerning the establishment of earth's government and to carry the message of comfort to the prisoners and tell them to get out of darkness and show themselves. the inward man is that which God sees.d for that which is new. but unto him which died for them. I have heard thee in a time accepted. "Ye are the servant of him whom ye serve. In an acceptable time have I heard thee."-2 Corinthians 6: 1-3. Such is the argument of the Apostle Paul as he continues to present this subject : "We then. (For he saith. To such has been committed the ministry of reconciliation. behold. 9. chapter 6) is a quotation from the prophecy of Isaiah 49: 8. Go forth. and in the day of salvation have I succoured thee: behold. that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves. Why has the Lord thus called them out of darkness and made them his people? "That they should show forth the praises of him who hath called them out of darkness into his marvellous light. As such ambassador there is committed to him the ministry or service of reconciliation. under his command. 25 Proceeding with his argument the Apostle Paul says: "And that he died for all. Those who have the spirit of the Lord will do so. 29 Israel after the flesh.

but this does not cause him to topple over. in whom my soul delighteth. They realize that they hold from him a commission to do his work. 37 Jehovah God is the great l\I aster Workman. If he becomes unfaithful he drops out. way perfect. and they are "wise" because they have chosen the Lord's way. whom I uphold.. (1 John 4: 17) God speaks to them through his prophet and gives them full assurance and comfort: "Behold my servant.1927 'The WATCH TOWER ENLARGEMENT OF SERVICE The Lord appearing at his temple. The Psalmist said for them : "As for God. and who trust implicitly in the Lord. That class constitutes the "faithful and wise servant". . 12) Only those who are of the new creation. and knowing that their strength comes from the Lord their high honor does not make them dizzy. He sees that he is highly honored and £xali:€d by the Lord by being made a witness for Jehovah. He is calm. Thereafter to the faithful ministers is committed all of the Lord's goods.-Matthew 24: 45. but in the strength of the Lord they go on. to wit. mine elect. 7. I the Lord have called thee in righteousness. which works must be performed.2) To this end he says to them: "Ye are my \yitnesses. 36 Such. (Ephesians 2: 10) Such are engaged in a good work and must be perfected while faithfully continuing therein. created in Christ Jesus unto good works. I have put my spirit upon him. he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. He maketh my feet. and will hold thine hand. and his feet are sure and stedfast like the feet of a hind." (Isaiah 50: 4. 38 These servants are buffeted and assaulted by the enemy and his agencies. 39 'l'hese members of the new creation are now exalted and highly honored because of the favor from the Lord of being his witnesses. In order to remain in that class one must continue faithful. (Isaiah 61: 1. to bring out the prisoners from the prison. He realizes that everything that is committed to him is in a weak and earthen vessel. The prophet of God puts into their mouths these words: "The Lord God hath given me the tongue of the learned.7) Undoubtedly this prophecy applied to Jesus when he was on earth. and that the day is at hand when he will vindicate his holy name. and give thee for a covenant of the people. and I know that I shall . and the amount of kingdom interests committed to each one respectively \ras represented by the "talents". 6. which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them. in order to prove finally faithful. and fear not. . 35 When the Lord conducts his examination of his seTYants he finds a faithful and an unfaithful class. his way is perfect: the word of the Lord is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him.not be ashamed. and looks over the precipice with calmness and serenity.MAY 1. The new creation is the workmanship of God. trustful and serene. These are the servants or ministers of the Lord. for a light of the Gentiles."-Isaiah 42: 1. there~ fore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint. Jikt> hinds' feet. . and that their feet are in a sure place as long as they follow his direction and in the way that Christ has trod. and setteth me upon my high places. the ministry. and now it applies to the members of his body. the actual number of ministers becomes less. He looks down from his exalted position upon the elements of the earth warring with each other and marks the oncoming of the forces of the Devil for the great battle of Armageddon. must continue in the faithful performance of the duties laid upon them by virtue of their commission or ministry." (Isaiah 43: 10. . and is not at all confused. . he wakeneth mine ear to hear as U 135 the learned. 40 A hind is a sure-footed creature.it::£ul and true Christian who is honored now by the Lord. be taken from the unfaithful and given to the faithful ones. He directs that all the talents. to open the blind eyes. They know that Jehovah is the only true God. . (Hebrews 13: 21) "For we are his workmanship. For the Lord God will help me. represented in the parable by "his goods". will do this work. His commission to the workers or ministers requires that they show forth his pra~ses by now declaring that he is God. This beautifully illustrates the f1:. and serving the Lord does not mean to idly meditate upon getting away from the earth and going to a Flace of rest. and will keep thee. For who is God save the Lord? or who is a rock save our God? It is God that girdeth me with strength. They must serve the Lord. The measure of the spirit of the Lord possessed by each one determines the amount of kingdom interests committed to such an one. yet he knows that his strength comes from the Lord and that he is under the shield and protection of J e~ hovah God. but they must continue faithfully to the end. all the kingdom interests. in earthcn vessels. for he trusts not in man but in God."Psalm 18: 30-33. All the talents combined represent all the goods. that I anI Gon. were committed to all his servants collectively. Prior to his coming to his temple all of the kingdom interests. (Matthew 24: 14) In doing so they are prompted by love."Ephesians 2: 10. and maketh my. 41 'l'hcsc faithful ministers must now go forth and tell the peoples and nations of the earth the good news that the King has come and that the kingdom is being set up. They possess this treasure. They will take a real delight ill it. that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning. Service means work. . all the kingdom interests. They are determined to proceed in the strength of the Lord. It climbs to the highest and most rugged parts of the mountain peak. created unto good works. and them that sit in dark~ ness Qut of the prison house. yet the scope of the work is enlarged.

18-20. 17. Head and body. and I shall give thee the nations for thine inheritance. How are the members of tlle new creation now especially honored and exalted? Why are their feet said to be "like hinds' feet" (Psalm 18: 33)? n 38-41. Read 2 Corinthians 3: 5-18 and explain the argument. we see that everyone who is in Christ Jesus is a new creature. To his beloved.9 declare. when justified. and it shall be the last. and blessed are we if we give diligence and with joy follow in his footsteps. and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. How has 2 Corinthians 4: 7 been interpreted in times past? 'Vhat does the new creature consist of? After reviewing the apostle's entire argument foregoing. and will be the active agent of Jehovah in carrying out his purposes in the ages to come. that we may be also glorified together. in the regeneration when the Son of' man shall sit in the throne of his glory. 6. 46 Concerning this the apostle says: "And hath raised us up together. heirs of God. What is the Lord's purpose in having representatives in the earth. 3: 21) The new creation is "the seed of promise" concerning which God gave promise to Abraham long centuries ago. in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. 45 Briefly summing up. and ihat when their work is done here it shall continue in the Millennial Age. the Apostle of God and High Priest of our profession. rr 25-27. 7.136 Cfhe WATCH TOWER FUTURE VISION God has called the members of the new creation to the obtaining of the glory of Jesus Christ. then heirs. and I will give thee the crown of life" (Revelation 2: 10) . that it is God who offers this commission or grants this authority. Jesus spoke to those who were his faithful followers and gave them assurance as to what should be their work during that period of regeneration. that he selects the members of the body from amongst sinful men. 4j3 Now the end of the world has come. begotten and anointed in Christ. 5." (Rev. ."-Matthew 19: 28. Now Jehovah has placed his King upon his throne. ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones. who are members of the new creation. judging the twelve tribes of Israel." (Psalm 2: 8) The members of the new credion shall share in that inheritance. All the nations will be represented under the twelve tribes of Israel. 7) It is now our privilege to give careful consideration to Jesus Christ. and why does Paul in 2 Corinthians 6: 2 quote from this prophecy? U 32. and commands all the rulers and peoples of earth to hear and obey him. "To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne. rr 21-24. 'Vhat is God's purpose in giving us this "treasure" while we are in these earthen vessels? How has the DeYil caused many to overlook this important point? Briefly summarize the above-mentioned argument of the apostle. In ·the parable of the talents. The message of that fact must be delivered by the witnesses of God. Y. especially verses 1. Galatians 3: 16. N. and what does he expect of each one? rr 28-31. That will be a demonstration of God's power that will get for him an everlasting name in the minds of men. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY 'What is meant in the Scriptures by the terms "minister" and "ministry"? 'Vhy is God selecting a new creation? \Yh~'lt misconception has prevailed regarding this matter? U 1-4. that to Christ. and am set down with my Father in his throne. and that when it is done there it will not even stop then. 'Vhy did Jesus have a period of ministry preceding his death on the cross? Did the giving of the ransom necessitate such a ministry? What other ministers does Jehovah have on earth. 16. pictured by Melchizedek. are caused to sit with 42 BaOOKLYlf. 'Vas Jesus striving to leave the earth and get to heaven when he was here in the flesh? Is growth in piety to be the chief concern of Christians this side the vail? How have the minds of many Christians been turned to themselves and away from the Lord? U 9-11. and show how he himself conformed thereto. the Head of that creation. n42-46. and why? Why does the apostle say that we are created "unto good works"? n 34-37. performing the duties of ministers of the new creation while on earth. and of what does their ministry consist? U 5-8.33. 27-29) That "seed" or new creation is the means to be used by the Lord in bringing the peoples of earth back to him that they may enjoy the blessings that he has reserved for those who obey him. SOIl Jehovah says : "Ask of me. has been committed the ministration of reconciliation. What does Isaiah 49: 8. To such Jesus says: "Be thou faithful unto death. I~xplain 2 Corinthians 5: 15. U 15. that these. (2 Thessalonians 2: 14) Their obtaining of that glory in the future depends upon their faithfulness in the performance of present duties and obliga~ tions. On what does our future glory depend? What will that glory comprise? Briefly summarize the principal facts considered in this article. that we are the children of God: and if children. what do we now see to be the "treasure in earthen vessels"? U 17-20."-Homans 8: 16. and jointheirs with Christ. if so be that \\'e suffer with him. the new creation will be for ever of the royal priesthood. Read and apply Isaiah 50: 4. even as I also overcame. That ye which have followed me. 44 During the reign of Christ the regeneration work of the human race will progress. and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus. (Genesis 12: 3." (Ephesians 2: 6. In that time all the peoples of earth must have an opportunity to receive the benefits of the ransom sacrifice through the New Covenant. that in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace. what distinction should be made between the "talents" and the "g00ds"? Who constitute "the faithful and wise servant" (Matthew 24: 45). him in a heavenly condition. and as soon as the testimony concerning the same has been given God will destroy the Devil's organization in a time of trouble such as never was. He said: "Verily I say unto you. "The spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit. How maya Christian grow in the likeness of the Lord? n12-14Show the connection between the foregoing argument of the apostle and that which follows in the next chapter.

Where there are isolated friends. and as he has a zeal for the Lord he appreciates his privileges of using time. The class will then take a vote on the matter and instruct the Secretary to renew the request by answering the questions given below. dear brethren. Each one who has been enlightened by the truth appreciates the fact that this blessing came to him as a gracious gift. or home. chapters 5 and G? (h) Gin' name and address of one member 01' class (other than Secretary) whom we may notify rcg"rl1ing I'ilgrim visits. Remember. Vi e continue to follow that example. well-located. and this request is expected to be made once annually. Prompt att2ntion to this !11att2r is uesirable. whicl1 information is needed for our immediate guidance in preparing the Pilgrim routes: (a) State number of Bible Students in your class who are in harmony with the work of the SOCIETY. there is now 1111 increased desire on the part of the public to hear the truth. Classes and isolated friends who desire a continuance of the Pilgrim visits are requested to renew their applications at this time. does soltle member of the class have a conveyance to transpmt the Pilgrim? (1) Give full name and address of Class Secretary l always notify us of changes). GOOD HOPES FOR 1927-1928 T HE work of the WATCH TOWER BIBLE & THACT SOCIETY is the preaching of the gospel of Messiah's kingdom. to the end that 137 . and if possible the Pilgrim will call on you when passing your way. but only wholesome food and a comfortable room where the necessary rest can be had. numbering your answer to correspond with the number of the question. reputable hall should be provided. The class that fails to have these visits misses a blessing. In a special sense they are representatives of the WATCH TOWEH BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY. Please write the names distinctly. for convenience in our files. Because of the importance of the time. They come prepared to hold one meeting each week-day. and the Secretary of each class should take it upon himself to present this matter to the class at the first opportunity. aid and comfort them. The Lord has blessed this branch of the work. hall. do not give a post-office-box address only. ami bdlevmg that all the consecrated desire the visits of the Pilgrim brethren we are pleased to have the information requested in order to facilitate our routing of these brethren. Therefore we urge the friends to arrange for at least one public meeting during the visit of the Pilgrim. as it represents the Lord. while they are blessed with some money which they desire to use in the Lord's service. Hence we ask your cooperation with us and with the Pilgrim brethren in this behalf. The friends everywhere take pleasure in entertaining a. Notify us of changes. Great care is used in selecting brethren for the Pilgrim service. It is in obedience to the apostle's admonition concerning the assembling of ourselves together. In making these requests use postal cards. (j) How many miles from station is the meeting placl'? (k) If at a distance from railroad station. energy. in harmony with the requests. The question it~elf need not be repeated.ANNUAL REQUEST FOR PILGRIM VISITS r"'J"1HE visit of the Pilgrim brethren results in a ~ ~ouble blessing. the Pilgrim brethren as servants of the Lord. (b) Are "'eekly meetings held? (c) Where do you now meet on Sunday? (Give full street address and name of auditorium. special efforts being made for the public witness Sunday afternoon or evening. These not expect luxurious entertainment. as it may be convenient to the class. Every consecrated child of God is privileged to participate in this work.) (d) At what hours are the Sunday meetings held? (e) Was a vote taken on the Pilgrim invitation'! (f) If a Sunday appointment is made. We ask you to answer the following questions. serving their interests as new creatures. They therefore represent the kingdom now so close at hand. They travel at the expense of the SOOIETY. To this end a good. illE0far as it is possible. The SOCIETY desires to serve all the classes. the blessed privilege we have to be coworkers with the Lord in the proclamation of the message now due. Some are not blessed with endowments for going about and telling it to others. '1'he questions herewith set forth should be answered. Telegrams and other messages cannot be delivered when sent to a post-officebox address. as appropriate in the church. will a thoroughly advertised public meeting be arranged? (g) Have the members of your cl<lsS chosen leaders in accOl'dance with Volume VI. It blesses him who serves and blesses them that are served. only one or two. Brother Russell always outlined the work during the year in proportion as the Lord provided the money through his consecrated children. however. (1) Give the name of proper railroad station at which the Pilgrim is to stop. hence are its representatives. regardless of size. please send in your request. It is urged that these renewals be sent in promptly. Their duties are to assist friends in spiritual matters. III giving the namQ of the Secretary or any other address. thereby stamping it with his approval. 'The SOCIETY routes the Pilgrims. and two on Sunday. and money in telling the message to others. and you desire a Pilgrim visit. but give the street and number also. to advise.

N. 4: 1-5-- "Love wor7ceth no ill to his neighbour." ( Signature) _ Kindly address this card to the WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY. as we have boon fed. Upon receipt of this issue of THE WATCH TOWER kindly write two cards. "They are not of the world. One of these put aside for your own record of what you have promised. are aliens message and calling as many as had ears to hear to in it. in his last prayer. These pilgrims conception of his words is very different from the are those who travel through the course of this present thought which they were really intended. and Jesus' day. I will remit in such amounts and at such times as I can find convenient. Financial Department. he said of them. strangers to Hs polity. keeping a copy of the letter for your own convenience. Hence we ask the brethren to present us daily before the throne of heavenly grace. discipleship. and remit their "Good Hopes" to such offices. that we may be given wisdom and grace to use the money to the best advantage in spreading the gospel to the Lord's glory. and when the apostles were proclaiming his who. by which terms teaching. according as the Lord prospers me. exactly alike. we have thought it wise to let the notice for Pilgrim requests and the "Good Hopes" notice appear in the same issue of 'rnE WATCH TOWER. and that its organization is under the control of struct the disciple how to be a good citizen. and because of the wrong lead from the sinful practices of human nature. been given by the clergy class. Or.:h . howevcr. The world as such is in opposition to God and to righteouspassage is taken by some as if in it Peter wrote to in. N. . be stated that the passage does not sup. Y. and the the men of the world are aliens and strangers from God's distinctions between the life and outlook of the Christian and his pagan neighbor were then easily seen and covenants. "the god of this world. caring for Satan.ness. for should they fail to do that from Peter's first epistle.". Brethren residing outside of the United States should write their respective offices in the countries where they reside. Since a large portion of such donations is used to defray the Pilgrim expenses."-Romans 13: 10. PETER TEACHES GOOD CITIZENSHIP (TEMPERANOE LESSON) -JUNE 19-1 PETER 2: 11-17.. even as I am not of the world. but rather whi<. put it in the form of a letter. the barriers of their relationship to the world's organjzation that is bet\n?cn the ayowed follower of Christ and the world are here iuvolved. Y. ~ Nowadays the situation is very different. T HIS lesson is listed by the Sunday School com. port that interpretation. world must not approve of the world's ways. Nor can Jesus be understood to mean broken down or hardly recognized. but we are assured that the prayers of the righteous avail much. the other send to us. for. on the contrary. whether of doctrine or of practice. A notice to the SOCIETY that you hope to give so much.merely that his disciples in standing apart from the mittee as one for instruction in good citizenship. and to do the work entrusted to us. Nor can he mean that they should not question. so far from being citizens in the world.'from it. if you prefer. 117 Adams Street. The Scripture passage chosen for study is love the men of the world. Of our own selves we can do nothing. Hence only by putting . It Every disciple of Jesus is called to separate himself must. Brooklyn. The custom of setting aside each week so much to be used in the Lord's service has always proved beneficial to the giver. in which he writes of the they could not be disciples of him who gave his life personal conduct of the Christian and his relationship for all men. the common he designates the true discipIes of Jesus. In evil world (Galatians 1: 4) while yet not of it. to convey. The matter is clear when it is seen that the to those who are in authority in the world's affairs. just as. on the part of the disciple.tfhe WATCH TOWER hungry Bouls might be fed upon the precious truths. amount of $ . Peter wrote to those called B In this matter as in almost eyery phase of Jesus' strangers and pilgrims (1 Peter 2: 11). . We suggest that it be brief and that nothing else be written except the following: "By the Lord's grace I hope to be able to give to his work for spreading the gospel during the ensuing year the BROOKLYN.-See Ephesians 2: 12. enables us to outline the work. could easily be maintained. though this meant suffering S That the disciples of Jesus are called to stand apart from the world is clear from the Master's words when. based upon what is expected." (John 17: through neglect to follow closely in the teaching of 16) It is not a question of the Christians' living apart J eS11:-: 'the apostles." (2 Corinthians 4: 4) the interests of the community in which he lives. the world was frankly pagan. that would and with special reference to the temperance be self-evident.

declared that Paul and his companions were agitators against the Roman power. for no so-called Christian country conducts its business on any other than pagan principles. their national interests were endangered because their' own agitation against him might bring harm to themselves in the eyes of the Rom-aus. he would have him of good report. or shall he continue as one apart? The golden text of our lesson says. Peter exhorts him to abstain from all fleshly lusts. its laws and spirit. indulged in.fAy 1. for whatever form such lust or desire may take. to seek the interests of his country. and the owners of the demon-possessed woman of Philippi. enterfng Into it and seeking to amend it. for when in those earliest days after Pentecost the apostles preached Christ they were considered by the leaders of Judaism as hurtful to the interests of the people and of the nation. less able to resist the onslaughts of Satan. In this respect each is just as pagan as Rome was in the days of Christ. "Love worketh no ill to his neighbour. Should the Christian enter into the policies of the alien land. that is. This course of conduct is called "practical Christianity"." But to seek to live an honorable life and to be helpful to one's neighbor as occasion may call are very different things from seeking to be conformed to and to TOWER acknowledge the world's organization. is really opposed to the will of God. But today:'s study does not teach that. In like manner. the victim of their cupidity. or takes any account of the teachings of Jesus Christ in its dealings with the subjects of the country. 11 In this they were treated like their beloved Master. he still would be considered an evil-doer by non-Christians amongst whom he must live. it means that the Christian weakens himself for his pilgrim journey. to the community in which he dwells. He told the king that Israel would be careful to remember that they were only travelers passing through. Christendom indeed is an accepted piece of self-deception. What is this day of visitation wherein men will thank God for the witness to righteousness and truth given by the lives of the true disciples? There are two occasions in the New Testament which speak of God's visitation to Gentiles~ and both instances are 1(} . S The question raised by the title of our study is. 12 The Jews of Thessalonica said of Paul and his companions. The Christian. "Let your light so shine before men. sojourners for a few days. (1 Peter 2: 12) Undoubtedly Peter referred to the words of Jesus. and to the country in which he lives. The attitude of these churches toward the general community of each of these "Christian" countries is that of considering even those who pay little or no attention to the clergy or to religion as nevertheless Christians. No "Christian" country seeks to know the will of God when considering its policies. but ignorant and needing educating. D In giving his guidance to the Christian. and that they would pass through the land. has fallen before the idea of counting certain "civilized" countries as Christian nations. 1921 ~WATCH aside the teachings of Christendom and going directly to those of the Master can the truth now be discerned. and in the present day it is considered the chief thing which the Christian should set before himself. Hence it is that nowadays the common conception of a Chri8tian's obligation to his neighbor. and generally endeavor to make the world a better place in which to live. showed that it was "necessary" that Jesus should die. do not live up to their knowledge. The true follower of Christ can never conform to the things of this world (considered as an organization of men with varying forms of government) when once he realizes that the world. or in relation to other countries whether professedly Christian or not. in its arrangements of whatever kind. and seek to reform or better them. saying more thal.-John 11: 49-51. He is thereafter less able to resist the temptations which come from the alien world in which he dwells. keeping themselves as travelers who had respect to the customs of the people and the laws of the land by whose courtesy they were allowed freedom of the road. Its laws and customs are those of another people. of good repute. I The simple fact is that nowadays a very considerable proporti<ln of the pagan world is accepted as part of Christendom. or as those who. that which is represented by the various churches." -Matthew 5: 16. knowing the ideal. the great ruler of the country through which he walks. 7 Peter's instruction in today's lesson may be in a measure illustrated by Moses' declaration to the king of Edom when he requested that monarch's permission for the Israelites to pass through the country of Edom. that they may see your good works. Peter knew by experience that however careful the disciple may be in his deportment or manner of life. This was often in evidence in the early days of the church. e Organized religion. Peter would have the disciple sec that his behavior is always seemly amongst the Gentiles. to the disciple of Christ the world is as Edom. for his teaching was hurtful to their authority with the people. 13 We ask.l he understood. And when they in council were seeking his de~'~h the high priest. They are destructive to a disciple's life. "These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also" (Acts 17: 6). (Acts 16: 23) Yet Peter urges the Christian so to live that though men of evil mind speak of him as an evil-doer his traducers "may glorify God in the day of visitation". and without examination the governors scourged and imprisoned them accordingly.J. must live with his fellows with whom he desires to be at peace. He says that they war against the soul. and glorify your Father which is in heaven. The leaders of the Jews were decidedly of the opinion that Jesus should be treated as an evil-doer. for the time of his consecrated life. is that he should by all possible means seek to be a Bocial help to his neighbor.

On the other hand.-James 4: 4. even the law of commandments contained in ordinances. remembering that he is under authority. as such. tell the disciple that he is not to confine all his thought and care and respect to his brethren in the faith. "Fear not. 2 Jesus at once gave Peter a new name. He said. governors. The warm-hearted young fisherman loved Jesus from that moment. so now many have realized the fact that God has again visited the Gentiles. "Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God. Peter turned their command back on them. The first was when at the close of the general apostolic council in Jerusalem James said. and undoubtedly many more are about to come under his care. for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom. 14 The first reference was to the call of the Gentiles into the fellowship of Christ. who is generous to all."-lYfatthew 4: 19. 1 John 5: 19. so making peace. 15 The time has now come for God to visit the Gentile peoples who have professed Christianity. V10-12. but Simon was too liable to get unbalanced. who was truly human. "Simeon [Peter] hath declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles to take out of them a people for his name. "Honour all men. What other principal instructions are contained in today's lesson. and. its god or chief ruler being Satan. REVIEW: LIFE AND LETTERS OF PETER -JUNE 26-READ 1 PETER 5: 1-11-- "Gome ye after me.-Luke 19 : 44. the disciple of Christ may take no liberties because of that. 18 The disciple is to fear God with a reverential fear. Peter. 19 Summarizing. who thus enjoins submission. helped thereto by the consistent lives and faithful witness of God's true people. One who 'hears and obeys. He is to be submissive to organized authority. 2 Corinthians 4: 4. his name Peter meaning the same. though God is his Father in heaven. coming from the wilderness of temptation. loved with the love of one who sees good . W "Thou shalt be called Cephas" (John 1: 42). and how should these admonitions be understood? V 17-19. He is in this to be a follower of his Master. E SEE Peter first when he was brought to Jesus by his brother Andrew on the day when J esus." (Ephesians 2: 15) The second text refers to the time of the second advent of Christ. who himself followed the example of God. and I will make you fishers of men. which means a stone." (Acts 15: 14) The other is in the passage before us. Jesus saw in Peter that which would make him one of the most useful servants of the work which Jesus had come into the world to do." (Luke 12: 32) The second visitation will gather to God that greater number who the Scriptures show will come to God in the time of trouble which accompanies those days of his visitation.s with his disciples. How is Peter's instructi'On in today's lesson paralleled by an occurrence in the Old Testament? Should Christians seek to reform the ways of the world? Explain Peter's words in this regard. whether of kings. to whom Jesus said. What did Peter mean by "the day of visitation"? What two visitations are mentioned in the New Testament. Why has it been difficult for the truth on the foregoing point to be discerned? How has the word "Christian" been misused by organized religion? What do the churches mean by "practical Christianity" and is it Scriptural? ~ 3-6. he must recognize and realize that he who is a friend of this world is the enemy of God. himself withstood the authorities at Jerusalem when they bade the apostles "that they speak henceforth to no man in this name".) Simon means.2. and which was the first day of Jesus' ministry. 11 Peter's words. (See Matthew 16: 18.140 <The WATCH TOWER associated with Peter. Can a Christian avoid being classed as an eVil-doer? Cite examples in substantiation. saying. or magistrates. we may say that the disciples must eschew both the sinful ways of the world and the world itself. which brought Gentile and Jew onto one common ground in their standing before God-"Having abolished in his flesh the enmity. 16 God's first visitation was to gather out his "little flock". but in this submission he is always to remember that he is consecrated to God."-Acts 4: 8-19. when Jerusalem perished because Israel knew not the time of their visitation. and Jesus.). QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY To whom are the words of today's stuily addressed? In what sense is a true Christian "not of the world"? V 1.-Matthew 5: 45. because this world lieth in the wicked one. judge ye. for to make in himself of twain one new man. when there is in Christendom a condition which corresponds to that of Jerusalem. both to the just and to the unjust. and to what do they refer? V 13-16. V 7-9. whom Paul speaks of as "the god of this world". Love the brethren" (1 Peter 2: 17. arrived where John wa. he is not expected to give the wealth of his love and care to those who are not of the faith. R. Even as at Jesus' first advent some who were faithful to the Lord realized that God had visited his people and forthwith put themselves under his care (Luke 1: 78). little ilock. and a hardening process was necessary to fit him for his Master's service. V.

lwmed of Jesus. his lowliness of mind. 5 Peter was one of the three who were specially chosen to be with the Lord on certain important occasions. All this meant that to be brought into a place of usefulness Peter must either go through many lessons or else be subjected to one great one such as would break down his self-confidence. 8 There is then littL matter for surprise that it . 9 It seems. They were chosen for their other qualities. as was seen in his attack on the cmwd "which would have taken Jesus away from Gethsemane. is usually thought of as being evidence of his desire to continue to enjoy such happiness. But from what diuerent motives these failures came! One was calculated. He was ever ready to learn. Judas would be a landed proprietor at the cost of his Master's life. There were hro great failures in the lives of the apostles. He was essentially a man of action. though not a great thinker. 11 We may properly say that when Peter failed he was brought into a place of grmt temptation. and I will make you to become fishers of men. but he never sought office or power. much of the instruction given in the Gospels by the Lord to the church is through Peter. The contrast between the two can Ge seen by trying to think of Peter as selling his Master for money. Early in Jesus' ministry these three (Peter. He was ready to defend his Lord in times of danger. and his readiness to respond to Jesus' invitation to follow him. Hi~ was not a calculated faith. with the thought of money and gain. the Lord used the life and disposition of Peter as a means to bring out things necessary for the church. it is true also that genuine Christian love is clear-sighted. But it was more probably '141 made because he delighted to see his Uaster have sU\lh glory put upon him." (Mark 1: 17) The circumstances of the call disclosed some of Peter's characteristics. Very many of the things reported in the Gospels arose out of something said or done by Peter. all the greater surprj::. In other words.\"as Peter who was first to make the great acknowledgment that Jesus was the Christ. 3 It was a considerable time afterwards.c and pain and sin that such a one who had been so near the Lord. that he said to them: "Come ye after me. There is no reason for thmking that Peter was chosen to declare this truth because he was chosen to be the leader of the church. 6 As has been pointed out before in this journal. The wonderful exhibition of love and self-control which Jesus showed after Peter had sinned against him . What was it then which caused him to deny that he was a disciple of this man? He was afraid of hurt coming to himself. yet Peter made it because he was the clearestsighted of the apostles. and he would have it continued.·ould tell Jesus that he must not sacrifice himself: on his own authority he would tell the tax gatherers that his :l\Iaster would pay tribute. Judas betrayed and sold him. base. "-hat was it which caused him and the others to flee from Jesus when Jesus was in danger? The ans\rer must be that it was fear of hurt 01' of losing his life. that they should build three tabernacles. lIe . So selfconfident was he that he was ready to direct his Master's affajrs. although perhaps he WliS momentarily ashamed of being counted religious. 'There were seen his generosity in the immediate response to Jesus' request for the use of the boat. Nevertheless such a man as he. but which others had not discerned. 1927 'rheWATCH TOWER and wants to help. his impulsiveness. it was just ~ living. Peter was a ready learner. His earnest desire to be with the Lord was shown in his readiness to leap into the storm-tossed sea when Jesus appeared walking on the water. a firm belief in and reliance upon his Master. mean. yet thoughtless and impulsive. and. If he had much curiosity. but it would be better to say that he came there by an aetion of his mYll. Jesus saw in Peter that which Peter would like to feel in himself.l\!AY !. lacking control. Peter turned away from the Master. It was because he was so active in mind and desirous of serving that Jesus was able to use him. but neither did they show activity. There is no evidence in anything that has been recorded of Peter that he ever sought things for himself alone. 4 Peter never showed ambition to be a leader. James and John) saw the daughter of J airus raised from the dead. (Matthew 16: 16) It was his love which EaW that. therefore. Peter's love for the Master was constant. Apparently it was necessary that these should have their faith definitely set. rather the truth is that he was made leader of the church b:cause he was the quickest learner-he was blessed accordingly. should fail so sadly in a time of testing. full of enrrgy and with an ever active mind. 12 Peter's breakdmYll came through trusting in himself. his self-assurance. though through his self-sufficiency his earnestness could have been dangerous. Peter could not have done that. and though the declara-tion that Jesus was the Son of the living God was made by the holy spirit. loving confidence. it was not simply that he might know things. who loved so warmly and with such purrCJse.. 10 What then was the cause of Peter's sad failure? The answer must be seen in his self-confidence. he always wanted to coordinate things. or out of some question which he raised. Some of the other apostles likewise did not show ambition to be leaders. he would tell his Master that the Mount of Transfiguration was the best place for him. Peter was forward in disposition. when Jesus called Peter and Andrew and James and John to leave their occupations to join him in his work. 7 Peter's suggestion when on the Mount of Transfiguration. The studies of the past quarter have touched only a few of the greater things recorded. It could hardly be imagined that he was m. must almost certainly Lecome such. Love is sometimes said to be blind. The Lord did not make him go to the high priest's palace.

and that day 3000 persons believed. appearing to doubt Peter's sincerity. Jesus knew 110w badly Peter had fallen down. While he was speaking to them. They arrested Peter and John. yet when Jesus met Peter on the morning of the resurrection he gave that contrite disciple immediate assurance of his love for him. Of two disciples who had been with the Lord from the first. the Lord showing them that obedience is better than doing something to fill up time. and what new name did the Master give him? I 1. they thanked God and took courage. caused a commotion in Jerusalem. Instead of stopping the work the action of the rulers gave the apostles just the stimulus they needed. Though Peter was not restored to his place till two or more weeks had passed. never to be forgotten. and boldly called upon them to repent. 19 '1'he rulers could not stand this. led by the holy spirit. and realizing that Peter and those with him were simple. cripple all his forty years. Peter there learned the lesson. said. one was chosen by lot and was henceforth counted as one of The Twelve. not as on Jesus at Jordan in the form of a dove. '1'he stir which this caused gave Peter another great audience. N. Peter was soul-sick. After a few days' interval he took the leadership of the company. the people believed them. Thus Peter was used to open the kingdom to all believers. and as their eyes met. he now took the lead. When Jesus passed where Peter was he looked at Peter. honest men. "I go H fishing. Peter continued to be the chief figure in the church.-Acts 2: 41. Now the apostles saw that they were privileged to suffer with Jesus. and 3000 more were added to the church that day. 15 But the fishermen caught nothing. 16 After Jesus' ascension Peter assumed a shepherd's care over the little flock of disciples. 17 On the fiftieth day. and a great crowd gathered. He told the people that this promise was unto as many as would accept Jesus. 20 Peter's position in the church as leader was confirmed by the painful affair of Ananias and his wife Sapphira. he showed no lack of confidence as he met with the other disciples soon after. a token to them that God was accepting their services. Peter. ing mighty wind. though Peter. "I will make you fishers of men"? How were Peter's characteristics disclosed at the time ot this call? How is Peter especially honored in the Gospels? U 3-5. for they wanted the people neither taught nol' healed. He said that the miracle was typical of the times of restitution which God had foretold. 2. or even that he knew him. he stood up in their midst and said that it seemed evident that the place of Judas must be filled.-Matthew 26: 33 . might not have been so tempted. for.142 cneWATCH TOWER Irresistibly draws to Jesus everyone who knows of it. The Lord then took Peter aside and. Both these lost their lives because they agreed together to deceive the church. Peter had vowed that he would be faithful even though the others should fail. the holy spirit fell on them as it had fallen on the company in the upper room at the first. 13 When Peter went out into the night it was probably about the same time that Judas also went out. to Gentiles as well as to Israel. Peter did not see reproach but warning. The Lord arranged that the disciples should catch no fish that night. saw it necessary to administer a warning against confederacy to hypocrisy. finding that his plans had miscarried. and the earlier portion of the Book of Acts is mainly a record of his doings. When did Jesus say. a lame man. And Peter. 14 Jesus apparently delayed in his appointment to meet his disciples in Galilee. and the apostles' immediate ability to speak in other tongues. gave him a sore time. as they were met together early in the morning." There was no reason for the fishing expedition save that Peter wanted something to do. he found himself in a company of Gentiles who were waiting for a blessing from God. the holy spirit fell on them. they might have been tempted to go back to their various occupations. . Convinced by the miracle. and with the sound of rush- BROOKLYN. and thus began the persecution of the church. but as tongues of fire on the head of each. as if to show that Peter's business should have been to wait. -Acts 11: 15. Probably this was chiefly j J test Peter. and that which made him realize that after all Jesus was still his Friend. And Peter understoo<l. Rnd that if the others had wanted to do something he ought to have guided them to patience. He was converted. while the other went to shut off his remorse in blackness of darkness for ever. but the one went out to let free the floods of a broken heart. Seizing the opportunity he told the people what they had done in crucifying Jesus of Nazareth. 21 After a period of three and one-half years. 18 Soon after this Peter with John performed a notable miracle. He must therefore learn not to trust in his own strength to keep his word. but that these times could come only when Israel was ready. Told after a vision that he was to accompany some men. when as yet Peter had no idea that the Gentiles were to be allowed to share in the privileges of the church. This manifestation. perhaps stronger because of his experience. knew he had denied having anything to do with him. Luke 22: 32. The Lord wanted him to see that his own word to his Master was not reliable. he found it hard to do nothing. still impulsive. Y. he was both made aware of that fact and made the instrument of their admission. Peter addressed the people. showing that these things were in fulfilment of prophecies and were proof that God had once again visited his people. was healed in the most public place of the city. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY When is Peter first seen in the New Testament? What did Jesus see in Peter. if successful. and it may be said that the first healing act of Jesus after his resurrection was that of healing Peter.

We know that this is Jehovah's own way of reaching some whose ears and doors have heretofore been dosed to the kingdom message. summer and fall. and in what respects do they basically differ? What caused Peter's fall? n 9-12. so he made it possible for the gleaners to get here. to hear this experience: An old friend (a retired clergyman) who has read much of our literature but who has not seemed to "get anywhere". L. \Ve also had three colporteurs come and labor among us-Sisters Mason. INTERESTING LETTERS FINDS YEAR BOOK A BLESSING DEAR BRElTHREN: We think the YEAR BOOK is wonderful-so interesting. You may be interested. as it shines more and more through 'l'HE WA1'CH TOWER. But if the Lord is for us "who can be against USt" Your fellowserYants. but it is interesting to thus recognize the power and possibilities of the book. "I go a fishing"? 'What lesson was given him in the events which followed? n13-15. I showed him our YEAR BOOK. but 'I. As they were each returning home we accompanied them into the ship and gave them a fond farewell. H. Any account of the Lord's marvelous work would be that. How was Peter's position in the church tragically confirmeu? What special privilege was given him about 36 A. Rees. Their wordS continue with us. Truly we are thankfUl for this "meat in due season". where there are no truins nor electric cars. \Ve want to gird up our loins and be sober unto the end. As I had none.21. lessons. 'VllUt was Jesus' first act of healing after the resurrection? When and why did Peter say. and as we listened to his wonderful message our hunger was appeased. We have sometimes been almost discouraged. but we want to assure them of our deep Christian love for each of them. groaning creation of the incoming kingdom. Crowds gathered to the hall to hear him-some out of mere curiosity. SOWING BESIDE ALL WATERS DEAR BROTHER RUTHERFORD: \Ve are sending you this letter for the encouragement of yourself and of the dear pilgrims and colporteurs who have visited and labored among us. They are like hands of benediction resting UPOll us continually. giving the witness as opportunity permits.give no safe anchorage for mariners. But witllOut doubt there is much more to be done before we are all gathered home. Macmillan. MORGANTOWN EcCLEslA. Our hope and prayer is that we might manifest more and more faithfulness and loyalt~' to the LCll'd by acth'c service in the field. and it becomes more precious to us every day. making it impossible for the most powerful ice-breaker to come within sight of us. 'Whitmore and Dowden. and readings each week in connection with the year's S.-W. Secy. What were the two great failures in the lives of the apostles.g joyfully each day with our might the work which the Lord gives us to do. S. and where Winter and spring. APPRECIATING THE SERVICE DEAR BROTHER RUTHERFORD: We wish to assure you of our continued love and that we have a greater desire than ever to serve our heavenly Father. The first pi1grim that came here was Brother A. D. JENKINS." The "ecclesiastical mind" is so strange that we know not bow much that may mean. and with what results? n 16-19. (Conn. are the Lord's choice for superVising the work ot the church on this side the veil. situated upon a narrow peninsula. and his loving care and protection be over you whilp you faithfUlly perform the duties devolVing Upon you at this time. Yet the truth has reached us here in this cold and isolated spot. and that its institutions are rapidly passing away. the great Atlantic Ocean is constantly sending on shore its angry billows which . With much love and best wishes. Yours in him. We remeinbpr you at the throne of gmce daily. all of whom we love although some may not be known to us personally. It also causes our hearts to rejoice as we see the results of the radio. however. We often wonder how it came about. even over those who have not yet accepted present truth. LUMSDEN (Newfoundland) EccLESIA. He has just dropped in to tell us that nothing he has ever read has opened his eyes as much as haS this YEAR BOOK. and he let us order one for him. As a class we stllnd loyally for the channel which we believe the Lord is usin~ in d!recting the kingdom work upon earth. May the Lord's richest blessing be your portion. He manifestly appreciates the truth more since having thus seen 'what God hath wrought' in this end of the age. then came Brother Roberts and then Brother Cutforth. He said that he feels like Agrippa. There must have been some here Whom the Lord wanted. not only during 1927 but as long as there is work for us to do. The signs of the times surely indicate that the old w'Orid is ended. knowing tJlat Satan has special targets at this time. Secy.? f 20. and to tell the poor. and lastly Brother Reed. We appreciate your effort through THE WATCH TOWEll to call attention to this essential feature of the CllriStian's work at this time. and the wonderful food which they contain gives us renewed strength and courage. to help us to come to an accurate knowledge of the truth. but some were really hungry for the truth. T1H.) ECCLESIA. Sr.'HE WATCH TOWERS have reached us on time. DailY we remember you at the throne of heavenly grace and pray for you continued guidance. BUmGEPORT. 143 How was Peter's leadership in the church manifested after the ascension? What occurred on the fiftieth day thereafter? What great mIracle did Peter and John perform. doin. We have read your articles as they have appeared in THE GOLDEN AGE and THE 'VATCR TOWER from time to time: and we feel sure that you. We are a little class of five. We are ever ready and willing to cooperate with' the SOC1ETY to the best of our ability. Wesley Howell. often block the coast. inspiring and helpful to us. 1927 'fheWATCH TOWER Bow was Peter's great love for Jesus constantly and ofttimes impulsively manifested? n 6-8. dear brother. 'rVe have now been ten years in the truth. with their huge icebergs driven by the fierce north-east gales. the giant Arctic ice floes. asked the first of the year if I could get him a calendar haVing a scripture for each day. \Ve sometimes have public meetings here."o. He brought to us the great message of hope.lIlAY 1. All those dear ones did much for us. "almost persuaded. We appreciate the increased light at this time. LOVE AND LOYALTY DEAR BIWTHER RUTHEUFORD: The Morgantown class unites in this eXjJression of love and good wishes to you and to all Who are at headquarters. But we cannot think it was by chance. M. We may never see those dear ones again in the flesh. on the most easterly point of the rugged coast of Newfoundland where. so words seem redundant. VeL . Yours in his service. Some of us even had a slight knowledge of it before he came. We realize how wonderful it is to be ambassadors for Christ. 'rhe next pilgrim you sent here from Canada was Brother Young.

. Kan. B. Mass•.12. Saskatoon..6 Marengo. _ " 9.4. 19 Following is a list of radio stations over which the message of God's kingdom is broadcast regularly.dhalla.. Chicago. Okla. Ga.10. Wedneeday 7 . 13 Lacota. Miss.Jul1e 2 June 1. E. 6 1larquette. T Sunday 6: 30 • 7 I 30 p. Oakland. 9 Jackson.ster..•••. 275. E. Nashvl1le. .3. Thursday 2·4. 17 Plainfield. Weathersby MJu.. Mich.. " " 7. . 2 " 3. Minn._. THORN BROTHER H.__ " 7._ _ Onamia. ~iarta. 8 9 Spokane. 12 Terre Haute.. M. . 16 Waucoma. WBBR._.2 : 30. 8 Qnincy.14 _ " 15 17' BROTHER M... Y. Sunda3" 9: 30 . " 12.. Wednesday. Thursday KFWM. . Monday 7· 8 : 30. . _ " 2 Plympton.21 Little Sioux. Okla._ :: 5. _.. I.. BROTHER & Cruce." 8. Mich Ikuskegon. 7: 30 .14 WHK. C. Tu_ day 2 ... Tuesday. N. Tenn Normandy. __. "17. J... 1000 watts: Schedule effective until May 26. 5 " 6 " 7.10. Paul. Wash June 10. 9 " 13 " 14. " 12 Youngstown. 5 6 June 7. Hazelbro61c. Tenn. 330 meters.. 12 "'alIa Walla. 411 meters.10. . N 7.3. 7 Otsego._... Misi.. Kan Hoolcer.. E._.. . 1 3 9 6 8 RI>ringfieid. Peters Bay.. 14 Korwich._ _. RICE BROTHER C. 250 watts. Tenn _ " 7.. Ga _..8...8 R11eems. Cleveland. P..• " 13 Pell(lle:on. 14 Meridian. E. Ga. 7·10.. l\Iass. _ N 115 WLSr. l\Iass. Wash Soap Lake. 2 __ 3 _. Mlss. . O.. " 3 Alberton. HERR Ilault flte. Milton.... Ida _. Kan Pratt. _ 6. FRESCHEL Sumner.. Wash. P. Ky. Ia _ 17.14 Rockmart. New York. .. FrIday 2 . BROTHER M..•_.. 500 watts. Tenn. 6 N. C. E. 517 meters. . Minn _ Juoo 13 Kennedy. CUTF()RI'H Whitney Pier. Marie. Wednesday 2 . Minn.. . Alta.. Charlottetown." 2. Wash•. Ia. 8 Marion.1une 9 Lanca. Ia. 2: SO . Pa. 7: 30 -10. _ _. 15 Bellingham. Wichita.. 12 Vicksburg. 7. Tenn _ Lebanon.. June 6. Mass.. Ky _. DINGUS Atlar._ .12 Springhill.11 : 30. l'e\)•.1 meters. Pa.10. O. A. Minn.1 a.. . 16 Two Harbors. 16 Kew London.8.. . 10 Akron. 291 meters. Minn Parkers Prairie..__. .. . Tenn 6 _ Gadsden._ June 2 Columbus. Toronto.._ . IlL Marengo. BOHNET "'.. Sask..12 Protection.. Okla. Kan. "13. 500 watts.. 2·4. _ " 6 Rome. . 6 . 12 DOlvnlugtown. Mlch. 13 ~ilelbyviJle.8 CKCX. " 15 BROTHER J.. 5 Oklahoma City... Mich•..12. Miss.11. Pa.10. Ia. Onto June 2. lIIo.. Ill... 8 : 30.. Saturday 8· 10. 9.10 IJ'J810Il'. E. Pa. Mo. C..ta.10. 10 Stoughton.. June 10 Louisvl1le.._. 273. Ont.. Juoo I. June " " " 5. Columbus. . Ia _.. IlL Elgin. Wash Everett. Duxbury. 16 BROTHER W..9.. S " 10.-June 1. Ill. _ . " 10.. ···. 10 Kalamazoo.6 meters. Chicago. R. lIIich _.•t 3 5. 1UIL . .•. . . Pease. 2 3." 5 _.12 June 5 BROTHER V.•. __ June 1 Cqmanche.. York._ _ " 15.. WCAH..••. Mass•. . " 9. _ _. I.14·17 Bagley. H. __. W. IL June 3 Omaha. PINNOCK Lima. 19. Sunday 10 .. Ill. I. 13 Elma. Minn June 12. 8 Mahnomen. m._ . 7: 30 . 'Vash... Mich. Tuesday 3·4. Ga. CFYC.. 416.._ June 9._. " 12 WIllimantic. Mich.. June 8. 8 Readlyn.. L.... 5 Detroit. 0: _ . Wash. Pa.9 Amherst.. Conn. 14 :crankfort. . _ 3.. I.."wrHER G.. Guthrie. Monday 8 . S _ 13. 1 .. Conn " 13.. BROTHER a Hattiesburg. WORD.1day 7 . Minn.5... Wenatchee.1une 8 Springfieid. Ohio.. Edmonton... 6.. 250 watts.Tun. Ga June 7. J~fle 1 2 Pictou. I>. Minn. J' 13. 8 6..June 8.. 8· 10.4 ml'ters. CHUC. 6 .9 meters._ " 5. S. __ " 3·5 Raymond. DRAPER Welllngton~Kan. __.. Pa.. 3 Laurel.. 10.1. Minn Glenwood. Pa._ " 14 South Haven. Will. 1000 watts: Snperlor. 5000 watts. _. III Jun-e " " 5.. I. 10 Duluth. 1:)27: ' Sunday 10 . N. 500 watts. Mass _ _ " 3 Plymouth. 7 June· 8._ " 15. Ore._" 13.. POLLOCK BROTP'"'l1 J. Calif. Sunday 10 . 115 CHOY. N. St. 441 meters: 500 watts. Thursday 8 . ]<l. Pa. _. Tenn. _ June I. Minn 9.. Conn. X. FridaJ' 2 .fI'ersontown. Thursday 7 . Ky. m.. 20.10. Chattanooga.... 15 16. Louis. 14 Weiser. Saturday 7 -10.10. Mich.. Okla.•.. MURRAY KPES. S. __. Minn. M1& __ June 1 Lucedale. N. . .10 St.International Bible Students A~sociatlon Oasse9 Lecture~ &1d ~(udie8 by Trdveling Brethren BROTHER T. _ . Mich. Seattle. 7 ~ GREEN Tulsa..__. 3 f!ault Ste. 10 Ersidne. m. Mass June 1 Brockton. Providence.. P. Vancouver. H.. _ " 14. WATT BROTHER G. Marie. . 1 2 3 6 BROTHER H. an Antiwny. 7 St.Tune 9.. 11 p. 14 West Chester. . O "13." 6. . ._ June 9. Monday.•_ Lafayette..... _. " 12 J "._.... Ga.19 'Vaukon. Okla " 2 Cbickl1llha. 20 . BARKER Beiv-idere. Ky.3. MiIm. 325. Kan. Harrisburg. 6 -. Ky. S .·. Hardtner. 7 . 9 13.: 500 watts. Hanover. ~ (":and Rapids.. Ia June 12. Mich. " II COha1. Ohio. 1000 watts. Ind. . M'1ss. R. . Okla Arlington. __-.. " 12.

to SEMI-MONTHLY Anno Mundi 6055-May 15.. 158 INTERESTING LETTERS •.. famn~ them for frar .weth n!&b.. then know that tbe Kingdom of l"lo1 I.U make that oppose me/'-Habakkuk P....•.urrectlon l·HI 150 150 rrho Paral1()1 DiRpeuRatiollS Children of Zion SAUL CHOSEN _ 152 KING ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••. ·1.•••....e...•••••••... u"hat un ..•. lO 8('('...cer I .~Upon the earth dIStress of nations with perple.~1!1!" 21: 25-31.'Ulrrection Time of the Re..!<Ir your redemptiOn lira....•••._. at h....•.•.. flle things coming upon the earth: for the powe 5 (1f the hf'avens shall be shaken. 1l"1. - t~ 'I... Alark 1:1: 29. 147 Order of Re......•••••••••••••••••••..• et "'y fact 1Jpon the 'Joicer. Ull(l '!czll 'lLut(I...nd.•_. 159 TORONTO CONVENTION •••••••••••••••_ ••••_ ••••••••••••••_ ••• REMITTANCES 146 •••••••••••_ ••_ ••__••••••••••••••••••••_ ••••••••••• 146 CANVASSING P.~'itlCH))WiJ~1lll9~~~~1F~1Iy~nn~llyt? GJen8rniwg ~1IlJD$tUJ...••_.. 24: 33.RTIES •••••••_ ••_ ••••••••••••••••••_ ••••••••••• 146 ttl wi!: sland «pOlt my tcnlch alld t:nll . rejoice.•.•..•••..... lift up your heads....ity.•. look UP.•.• 154 SAMUEL'S FAREWELL •. .••.....••••••••••••••••.•••••••..at llc 1'-171 say u"t~ me.. the sea and tbe waves (the re. 156 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ••.•••••••••••••••...•••••.. 159 Effective Preaching _ 159 Ryes Beginning to Open .. dlseontented) roaring..••..•.••...•••_••. and. XLVIII No.mda~t~...I".......nd for looking t._.uess. .-Matt.o1'1-Izaicl!1 VOL. 159 Joyful Privllpges .. • • When fe see th(>lje things begin to come to pass.•••••••••. men's heart..... .•. ..•••_•••••••••. 1927 OONTENTS THE RESURRECTION •__ •• _•••••.

50. Canadian: 38-40 Irwin Ayenue. J.o:on 01' . THAT THE HOPE of the peoples of earth is restoration to human perfection during the reign of Christ. Notice to Su"bscrfbers: We do not.. Y. H. CANADA AND MISCELLANEOUS FOREIGN. the Maker of heaven amI earth. We l!re not only willing. that the reign of Christ will afford opportunity to every man to have a fair trial for life and those who obey will live on earth for ever in a state of happiness. Change of address. HEMERY Sunday Monday Tuesday \Vednesday Thursllay Fri<lay Satnrday BETHEL HYMNS 5 280 6 148 7 125 1 115 8 24 ~ 287 9 195 3 27010 314 4 3711 72 FOR JUNE 1~ 58 19204 13 73 ~O 74 14235 ~1 88 15 81 ~~ 316 16 36 ~3 223 17333 ~4 217 18 271 ~5 330 lil. BROOKLYN. F. VAN AMBURGH seilicting from amongst men the memberR of his church. clothed with all power in heaven and earth. Ontario. Make all drafts and money orders payable to the W ATCH TOWE~ BIBLE & TRAC'£ SOCIETY. GREAT BRITAIN. as a rule. and presented the value of his human sacrifice as the redemptive -price for man. Toronto 5. Cape Town..\dam·s \\Tongful act all men are born sinners and without the right to life. Int"rnational Sunda~' School lessons are treated in harmony with' the Scriptures. COWARD EDITORIAL COMMITTEE WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 ADAMS STREET· ' •.te. VAN AMBURGH FOREIGN OFFICES: British: 34 Craven Terrace. 11 1·32 Week of June 26 . A. but confhlently invites a careful examination of its utterances in the light of the infallible Word of God. BEREAN BIBLE GyMeansof ~6 ~7 ~8 ~9 18 216 111 268 30236 STUDIES HThe Watch Tower" "The Son and Servant H Z February 1. Have in mind that the chief purpose of the radio is to call the people's attention to the truth and then furnish the 'Opportunity for them to get a wider understanding of the truth by reauing what is being printed. $1. Y. that the mission of the church is to follow in the footsteps of lwr Lord Christ Jesus. and ultimately be glorified with Christ Jesus in his heavenly kingdom. ascended into heaven. It is free from parties. Remittances from scattered foreign territory may be made to the Brooklyn office. South Africa. It does not indulge in C6'ntroversies. 2. but anxious.. South Africa: 6 Lelie St. Each one further prepares the aoointed for the general assembly of the first-horn. or by Bank Draft. but by International Postal Money Orders only. that the Lord Jesus has returned and is now present. when requested. Please address the SOCIETY in every case. There will not be many more conventions on elirth. It adheres strictly to the Bible as God's revealed Word of Truth. F. YEARLY SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: UNITED STATES. sects. The. Ontario: Australasian: 495 Collins St. 1927 Week of Junll 19 . It does not assume a dogmatic attitude. are unable to pay for this journal. that by rea. has been PUBLISHED BY J. W. N. give testimony to the name and plan of Jehovah God. It provides s~'stematic Bible study in which. E. It gives announcement of the visits made to Bible classes by traveling speakers. by reason of 0111 age or other infirmity or adYersity. RUTHERFORD W. that the Logos was the beginning of his creation. will be supplied free if thev send a postal card each lIIay stating their ca'e and requesting s'lch provisio~. (Foreign translations of this journal appear in Ileveral language8.) TERMS TO THE LORD'S POOR: All Bible Students who. BARBER E. (Hebrews 10: 25) To go may entail upon you some financial burden. THAT for many' centuries God. 38-40 Irwin Ave. that Christ. 11 33·61 I . created perfect mall for the earth and placed him upon it. announces conventions. THAT THE WORLD HAS ENDED. Head and body. This often proves a means of opening the way to place the books into the hands of the people. that he is now the Lord Jesus Christ in glon'. 7s. Toronto. but the Lord will make it up to you in some other way. 1879. that Jesus the divine arose from the dead. E. constitutes the "seed of Abraham" through which all the families of the earth shall be blessed. The brethren are coming from many parts of the earth. Australia. do so. REMITTANCES For the benefit of our readers attention is again called to the fact that all remittances to the SOCIETY should be made by draft on New York or by postal money order.l3s·A. Arrange ~'our vacations suitable to attend the '1'oronto convention July 18th to 26th. amI is from everlastillg to everlasting. THAT JESUS was made a human being in order that he might become the Hedeemer of man. It stands firmly upon the great ra'nsom sacrifice as the fundamental doctrine by which all doctrines are measured. all its readers may regularly engage. Canadian. You will be better equipped for the service in the days that are to "follow. and givt/s the reports thereof. Currency sent in envelopes not registered is often lost. and creeds of men. Entered a8 Second Class Mail Matter at Brooklyn. Canada. London \V. S. ma~' be expected to appear on address label within one rnonth. CANVASSING PARTIES All canvassing parties and all individuals who canvass should menti'On the radio station in that vicinity that is broadcasting the truth. that he gave his life a sacrifice for man and thereby produced the ransom price. Lancaster Ga. Postoflloo• •1ct of March :lrd. A renewal blank (carrying notice of expiration) will be sent with the journal one month before the subscription expires. through Christ. Melbourne. South African and Australasian remittances should be made to IJ1'anch ofllces only.. It will be a bl('ssing to you. J. THAT GOD created the earth for man. British. send a card of acknowledgment for a renewal "r for a new subscription. U. $1. TORONTO CONVENTION If the Lord opens the way for you to attend the convention this year. N. President Secy & Treas. AUSTRALASIA AND SOUTH AFRICA. that Jehovah aus placed Christ Jesus upon his throne and now commands all nations and peoples to hear and obey him. and its columns are not open to perS'Onalities. For rooming accommodations address the Convention Committee.00. grow in his likeness. that man wilfully disobt'ye<l God's law and was sentenced to death.THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION HIS journal is published by the WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY for the pm'po:>e of ailling the people to understand the divine plan. OFFIOERS J. RUTHERFORD R. that all such be on our lIst contlUually and in touch with the Berean studies. T TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH THAT JEHOVAH is the only true God. American remittances should be made by Express or Postal Money Orders. that the Logos became n man. 1927 Week of June 5 ' 1-25 ' 26-50 Week of June 12 "SC'rvallt-Go<id and Eyll" Z FHJnliiry 15. You will be glad to see and encourage one another.•. which constitutes the bolly of Christ.

" When man had broken the law God pronounced upon him the sentence of death. He awakened Lazarus out of the sleep of death. 8 To the fact of the resurrection of the dead Jesus gave convincing testimony.' For a long time the clergy have been saying the same thing. then a resurrection would be not only useless but impossible. God says it is true. dying thou shalt die. ~ For a long period of time the people have looked upon the clergy as the ones who speak with authority in matters of religion. as the great Executive Officer of Jehovah. At this time the clergy are especially emphasizing the statement that all men are immortal souls or that every man possesses an immortal soul. II It is the privilege.Genesis 3: 4. Of course there are many agnostics. used in the above text." That is equivalent to saying: 'There is no death."-Revelation 20: 6. The clergy of the church systems say it is not true. All of God's faithful witnesses say it is true. He continues to use his visible instruments to the same end.-Luke 20: 27. the happy duty. This is the time to know the truth. 7 It has ever been the policy of Satan their father to deny the resurrection of the dead. The phrase "the first resurrection". yea. To Martha Jesus said: "1 am the resurrection. but the time comes when everyone must believe it is true or not true. even as Jesus said. because it means recovery out '0£ death. The mass of mankind believe the false doctrines because they do not know God and they do not lmow his Word. but they shall be priests of God and of Ohrist. By their statement they deny the resurrection of the dead. His testimony consisted both of his spoken words and of his actions. Therefore the people have been led to believe that every man is an immortal soul or has an immortal soul. which illustrates how. It is the very antithesis of death. They do the will of their father. Proof is required.-John 8: 4:4. and his purpose in so doing has been and is to turn the people away from Jehovah. Jesus said that Satan is a liar and the father of lies. Through his holy prophets God had taught the Jews that the dead would be brought back from the land of the enemy and placed in their former estate. 3 It is manifest that there could be no resurrection of the creature unless that creature first dies. Satan said: "Ye shall surely not die. expressed or unexpressed. and the life. 1927 No. he will call forth all the dead from the tomb in due time. By adopting Satan's lie and denying God's truth the clergy have taken their place on the side of Satan. ESURRECTION means "standing up again. means that it is first in importance and also first in time. Ezekiel 16: 53-55) Not many of the Jews however believed in the resurrection of the dead. Their conclusion finds support only in what Satan the Devil has said. but he did not resurreot Lazarus.&kWATCH TOWER PRESENCE AND HERALD OF CHR~STS vol." (John 11: 147 . 6 The law of God is his will. He called Lazarus forth from the grave. and God has provided in his Word an abundance of competent evidence by which the proof is made. and there never has been a time more important for telling the truth. XLVIII :MAY 15. Such belief nullifies the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead. To tell the people the truth one must know what is the truth. of every 2 true Christian to be a faithful witness for God and to tell the people the truth. Everyone who has the spirit of the Master will now be using his or her opportunities to make known the truth of God's plan to others.and shall reign with him a thousand years. Acts 23: 8. To Adam he made known his will when he said: "In the day that thou eatest thereof. Later Lazarus died. If there is no death. (Jeremiah 31: 15-17. Those prophecies had reference to the resurrection of the dead. An immortal creature cannot die. The use of the word the emphatically in connection with the resurrection means the chief resurrection or that resurrection which is of greatest importance. The inference to be drawn therefrom of course is that there is a resurrection subsequent and to some degree less in importance than that which relates to the first. and in God's due time he will participate in the resurrection. 10 THE RESURRECTION "Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power. R THE FACT Is it true that the dead are raised up again to life? Satan the adversary says it is not true. Immortality means that which is not subject to death. being raised again to life".

He even blinded Saul of Tarsus for a time as to the true import of the resurrection. Jesus further testi:tied that the time would come in which all in their graves shall be awakened out of death.1 Corinthians 15: 14-23. 14 There is no part of the divine plan of more im portance than the resurrection of the dead. That was not a sham death but a reality. that he is alive for evermore. Jesus was faiLhful and true even under the greatest difficulties. It was the soul that died. and that he was seen of Cephas. neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. After that. behold. that God raised him up out of death and gave him life inherent. then of all the apostles.ord and at the same time have denied the resurrection of the dead."-Acts 2: 31. how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there be no resurrection of the dead. John 10: 10) The soul Jesus went to hell. and therefore deny the resurrection of all the dead. how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures: and that he was buried. God had foretold that fact when he caused his prophet to write concerning Jesus: "For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell. 16 '1'he resurrection of Jesus Christ was of itself substantial and complete proof upon which to base the faith of man in the doctrine of the resurrection. however. It is evident that that is the reason why Satan so desperately attempts to keep the people in ignorance concerning the resurrection. and God. and have the keys of hell and of death. true to his promise. he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once. and these have fraudulently claimed to represent the I-. and that never again can death have any power over him. Amen. neither his flesh did see corruption. and your faith is also vain. Hc was made a mortal man in order that he might die and by his death provide the redemptive price for the human 1'ace. The apostle declares that God has appointed a day in which all men shall have an opportunity to know and obey the truth and obtain life. And if Christ be not risen. and. to keep his witnesses to the fore. he "lyas seen of James. raised him up out of death to the highest position in his great realm.-John 5: 28. 11) "He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ. and shall for ever live. at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore. then is our preaching vain. It was so in the days of the apostles. The resurrection of J eSllS was a complete guarantee that the dead shall be raised up. however. then is Christ not risen. He is the head of the class who enjoy the blessings of the first resurrection. if so be that the dead rise not. as a reward for his faithfulness. (Matthew 20: 28. N. and that of that fact God has given assurance by reason of the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.first of all that which I also received. When. 11 The foregoing statement of Jesus Christ is conclusive proof that Jesus was mortal and did not inherently possess immortality. To this end the argument ofthe apostle is: "Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead. to the end that man may live. (John 1: 14. and we are found false witnesses of God. For if the dead rise not. because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up. An(\ last of all he was seen of me also. of whom the greater part remain unto this present. but if there were no resurrection of the dead the fact that the ransom sacrifice is provided would be of no value to those who have died. Y ated.148 CfheWATCH TOWER 25) By that he meant that God has provided for the resurrection of the dead from the conditioll of death. or immortality. 12 When God raised up Jesus out of death he provided proof abundantly of the fact thereof in order that everyone who believes in the resurrection might have his faith completely established. und that he rose again the third day according to the scriptnres. 10 Before Jesus' death God had promised Jesus that he would give him life inherent. that as a mortal man he died. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished." -1 Corinthians 15: 3-8. ye are yet in your sins. but some are fallen asleep. D While hanging on the cross Jesus died. The fact of the resurrection of Jesus Christ should put to silence those who deny the resurrection. as mentioned in the first above text. I am alive for evermore. that his soul was not left in hell. which is the grave. 13 As relating to the resurrection Paul testified: "For I delivered unto you . 15 Now while the so-called famous preachers of the world are denying the resurrection it becomes the duty or every Christian to call attention to this great truth. and that Jesus Christ is God's chosen means whercby he will accomplish that great work. Of course the ransom sacrifice is the great pivotal truth around which the plan of salvation is gathered. 'l'he same condition exists today."-1 Corinthians 15: 12-18."-Revelation 1: 18. Philippians 2: 'i-10) Concerning his death and his resurrection to immortality Jesus said: "I am he that liveth. (Acts 2: 32. and was dead. which is immortality. he became the strongest witness in the name of God concerning the resurrection of Jesus Christ." (Psalm 16: 10. (Isaiah 53: 10) Had Jesus been inhcrently immortal or posscssed an immortal soul he could not have died. Hebrews 2: 9) He gave his life by being put to death as a ransom for man. 29. as of one born out of due time. Satan has always been able. 'rhou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is [ulness of joy. Yea. Saul learned the truth and had his understanding illumin- rlnoOKLYN. Of course Satan tried to destroy this great truth and take it out of the minds of men. then is not Christ raised: and if Christ be not raised. He caused the Jewish clergy to deny the resurrection. and God changed his name to Paul. (Acts 17: 31) In that day both the just . your faith is vain. then of the twelve: after that. Tllose who insist on teaching the doctrine of the immortality of all souls deny the death of Jesus and deny his resurrection.

ORDER OF RESURRECTION When Jesus was on earth no one had been resur~ rected. 18 Christ means the Anointed of God. afterward they that are Christ's. but this condition must continue unto the end of his earthly journey if he would participate in the first resurrection. (John 3: 13) Later the Apostle Paul. then begotten to the divine nature. if by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead. that consecration must be accepted. which is of the law. 23 "Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection. It is only these who are granted the prize of immortality. The Christ is composed of Jesus the Head and his body members which are the church. He mnst become dead with Christ in order to live with him. but he realized that he must continue faithful even unto death.). and from that time enter upon his trial or test. and another class to a trial which will afford them an opportunity for being completely raised up out of death and given IHe everlasting. it follows that the first resurrection."Romans 6: 3-5. and be found in him."-1 Cor. as God's witness. the one justified must be accepted by Jehovah as a part of the sacrifice of Christ Jesus. that his resurrection precedes all others and is first in importance as well as first in point of time. (Colossians 1: 18. and do count them but dung. 1D27 Cf'heWATCH TOWER and the unjust shall be awakened out of death. and the power of his resurrection. followed by justification by Jehovah. ~o From Jehovah's side of the covenant the Christian is counted dead as a man from the time he is begotten of the holy spirit. that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father. we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection. and for one to think that he has done enough. To merely profess to be a Christian will not suffice. for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things. that he is the beginning of the resurrection. and the fellowship of his sufferings. but that which is through the faith of Christ. there must be a complete devotion to God while the Christian is on the earth. It is manifest therefore that all who have a part in the first resurrection must be in Christ and therefore a part of Christ. that I may win Christ. He must be baptized into Christ's death by the sacrifice of his right to live as a human being." (1 Corinthians 15: 20) This proves that Christ is the resurrection (John 11: 25). and thereby adopted into the body of Christ. Jesus declared that all in their graves shall hear his voice and come forthone part to an instantaneous resurrection. To this end he put everything else in the background and pressed forward that he might attain unto the prize. He stated that at that time no one had ascended into heayen. Christ the firstfruits. 21 The Christian at the time of his consecration enters into a covenant with Jehovah. even so in Christ shall all be made alive. 19 The Scriptures are explicit as to the conditions that must be met and performed by all who will ever participate in the first resurrection. that 80 many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death. which means to participate in the first resurrection. and is composed of the Head Christ Jesus and the many members of his body. The importance of the performance of that covenant is stressed by the apostle when he wrote: "Yea. called to the heavenly calling. and I count all things but loss. the righteousness which is of God by faith: that I may know him. which right resulted by reason of his justification. even so we also should walk in newness of life. not having mine own righteousness."Philippians 3: 8-11. doubtless. because such is the plan of God. but such a one should remember that the Christian reaps in due time provided he does not relax in the performance of his covenant. by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 The apostle was determined that nothing should stand in the way of his full performance of his part of the covenant in order that he might partake of the resurrection of the dead. The one thus begotten must finish his contract or covenant in actual death and there be 17 149 actually baptized into the death of Christ Jesus. 23) These scriptures prove that Christ is the beginning of the resurrection.fAy 15. Ephesians 1: 22. the apostle wrote: "For since by man came death. Such is the testimony of the apostle. To be in Christ means that one must be begotten to the divine nature and an9inted by the spirit of Jehovah. This is called a covenant by sacrifice and must be fully performed. One must make a full consecration.-Revelation 2: 10. "But now is Christ risen from the dead. But every man in his own order. gave testimony to the same eiIect. He was not willing to take any chance by being active for a time and then to rest upon what he had done. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death. (Galatians 6: 9) The faithfulness of the new creature must continue even unto death if he would receive the crown of life. and that aside from him there could be no resurrection. "Know ye not. Only those who are baptized into Christ's death can possibly partake of the first resurrection. There is a temptation to become weary in the service of the Lord. and become the firstfruits of them that slept. 24. The whole or complete devotion to the Lord cannot begin after one reaches the heavenly realm. at his coming. Then that the fact of the resurrection of Christ Jesus is a guarantee that all shall have an opportuuity for life. (Acts 24: 15) In corroboration of this. For as in Adam all die." (Revelation 20: 6) That means that such an one is wholly devoted to the Lord. and that his condition is happy because thereof. 24 Since Christ means The Anointed. being made conformable unto his death. 15: 21-23. which had its beginning when God raised up Jesus out o£ .

It follows then that all such who love the outward manifestation of the Lord's presence would prove their love by keeping his ~ommandments. ~... before the completion of The Christ. like unto their Lord and Master. where is thy sting? 0 grave. 26 When the apostle wrote to the Philippians he had not then fulfilled his mission. N. in the fall of 1874." (2 'l'imothy 4: 8) "That day. we hold that it is a most reasonable inference. as he expressed it. waiting for his appearing.. that is to say. must precede the resurrection of all others. Of course God could exercise his power and raise those faithful witnesses. pages 233. The time of the resurrection of the sleeping saints is the question we now desire to find answered in the Scriptures. Now he knew that he must die and wait until "that day" when the Lord would call him forth from the state of death and give him a crown of righteousness. Looking back to the type. The apostle loved all his brethren. The following quotation is pertinent to the question here under consideration: lt1 To learn the date at which our Lord began the exercise of his power would therefore be to discover the time when his sleeping saints were awakened to life and glory. must mean the time when the Lord resurrects those saints who have been asleep in Christ Jesus. he pressed forward in doing this one thing. THE PARALLEL DISPENSATIONS 80 For many years Bible Students have held that the resurrection of the apostles and other faithful saints who slept in Jesus occurred in the spring of 1878. among whom the sleeping members are to take precedence. that he might participate in the resurrection of Christ. He was satisfied that he had been faithful. That crown would be life on the highest plane.-Romans 12: 1. viz. etc. full in the faith. He had the testimony of the Lord that he had been true and had performed his covenant. we see that in the spring of A. Concerning this it is written: "Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness. To do this he stated that he was forgetting the things which he had left behind and. D. that in the spring of 1878 all the holy apostles and other "overcomers" of the Gospel Age who slept in Jesus were raised /spirit beings. in the spring of 1878. 33. The one thing which he was making paramount to all other things was the gaining of the prize of immortality. when he would in reality assume the kingly office. would receive the crovm of life by participating in the first resurrection. And to do this we have but to recall the parallelism of the Jewish and Gospel dispensations.. There hardly seems to be any reason to expect the ancient worthies to be resurrected until the last member of the body of Christ has been taken from earth to heaven. TIME OF THE RESUl'. Then he would be victorious. apedle does not say that all who would beexpecting the secon(1 coming of the Lord. 29).im come. or all who would desire to see h. all of those saints who "love his appearing". D. will be completed only when every member of the body of Christ has been raised to glory and immortality.CTION 25 At Pent€eost the selection and begetting of the body of Christ began. His great desire. but unto all them also that love his appearing. 27 At the time Paul wrote to Timothy his work was done. 23488 The gist of the argument in the paragraphs above quoted is that three and one-half years after the Lord began his ministry he began to exercise kingly authority."-VoL III. those who would rejoice in the fact that the King has come and has taken unto himself his power and begun his reign. looking to those things which were before..) And evidently the only object of that action was to mark a parallel point of time in this harvest. The chief support for this conclusion has been and is the parallel dispensations. had been and was at that time. 82 And since the resurrection of the church must occur some time during this "end" or "harvest" period (Revelation 11: ]8). therefore he wrote them beseeching words. but he was pressing on with zeal to complete his covenant. and that ." as used in this text. (See Matthew 21: G-15. he went into the grave to await the Lord's time for the resurrection. as appears from the Scriptures. encouraging them to render unto God their reasonable service in the performance of their covenant.150 IfheWATCH TOWER death. 28 Then. it is reasonable to conclude that there the setting up of his kingdom began. and it was his desire that those who have been begotten of the holy spirit should win a prize like himself. And the completion of the resurrection of the Christ. but those who "love his appearing". The year 1878 being thus indicated as the date when the Lord began to take unto himself his great power. shall give me at that day: and not to me only. that is to say. He was ready to depart. where UROOKLYN. is thy victory?" The Lord had illuminated the apa:::He's mind and had made it clear to him at that time that he would triumph over death and the grave. our Lord typically took unto himself his power and exercised kingly authority.. three and a half years after his second advent at the beginning of the harvest period. that his second presence began in 1874. power. mentioned by the Apostle Paul in Hebrews the eleventh chapter. and that that time would come in the future. the righteous judge. the first step of which would be the deliverance of his body. He would then gain the victory over death and the grave. as he had written to the Corinthians. when not only would the apostle triumph but all others of the saints who were sleeping in death would likewise be awakened and given the crown of life. 29 The. Thereafter as each Christian finished his course. Paul could say: "0 death. three and a half years after the beginning of the Jewish harvest (A. the church. and one in perfect harmony with all the Lord's plan. but that does not seem to be the order as outlined by the Scriptures. which the Lord. because no more should death have power over him. Then he would put on immortality.

the God of Israel had led his people out of Egyptian bondage into frf'edom. the same day on which. He could not consistently do so until the expiration of the Gentile Times. 37 On the 15th day of Nisan. and Israel was delivered into bondage. 13) '1'0 the same effect is Psa. and that there is a parallel as to time. A. Satan also had access to heaven. Arrangement for this congress was maile some time prior thereto. the last bulwark of Israel's liberty had fallen. God does everything in due time. and forty years later." (1 Corinthians 10: 11) By this scripture we under~tand that the eyents transpiring with Israel resembled or foreFhadowed what would come to pass in thr future in relation to Christians. C. 40 It seems impossible to find anything in these parallel events to indicatc the resurrection of the sleeping saints in 1878. but whether these events have any bearing upon the resurrection of the sleeping saints is another question." (Hebrews 10: 12. (Hebrews 10: 1) If there be a parallel as to the events that transpired. Of course 1845 years from that date ends in 18'78 A.-Cornil's History of tke People of Israel. 33. 42 When Jesus was on earth Satan was "the god of this world". The known facts that apply to 1878 relate only to the beginning of God's favor to the Jews and seem to have no reference to the church. of April. and that therefore he would re~urrect at that time the faithful tnembers of his body who had been dead. Upon this point the Scriptures are explicit. D. as the Executive Officer or Jehovah. your house is left unto you desolate. results from the assumption that the Lord was supposed to have taken his power and begun his reign in 1878. 110: 1. a Jewish commission. D. to wit 1918.. to wit. from henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool. and must continue in this position until God's due time for Jesus to assume power and act. 43 During a part of that "period of waiting" the lfilrd was doing a preparatory work. e. 33. in the same year. 1878. when he said: "Behold. The only way to interpret prophecy. 38 From the organization of the nation to the time of the pronouncement of the decree of rejection was 1845 years. B. Until the end of the Gentile Times Satan was in possession by God's permission. What then do these parallels show? They seem to be clearly in fulfilment of the prophecy uttered by Jeremiah. The prophet then adds: "And first I will recompense their iniquity and their sin double. because he was the invisible ruler of the earth as well as heavens relating to the earth. 1813. C. "But this man. pronounced the decree rejecting Israel in the spring of A. Forty years thereafter. Jesus. It follows then that the "double" mentioned by the prophet must begin to count on the day that Jesus declared the decree of rejection. 41 Again referring to the quotation from Volume III: The conclusion there reached. in the year 73 A. Numerous historians fix this date. that God would puni~h the Jews for the same period of time that he showed his favor toward them.. Naturally tllen we look for the physical facts that may be taken as a fulfilment of these prophecies. in the spring of 1918. that the parallels bear upon the resurrection of the saints. 1!l27 '[he WATCH TOWER three and one-half years thereafter. with tho approval of the British Empire and other leading nations of the world. When that time expired it was due time for . D. His statement was that the Gentile Times should continue until he "whose right it is" should come. is by fitting the facts that are known to the words of the prophecy. That which transpired concerning the nation of Israel was in the nature of a picture and foreshadowed other things of reality relating to the true followers of Christ Jesus. landed in Palestine and began the building of the Jewish State. 35 Upon this point God's prophet wrote that the Lord would cast off the Jews for a timc and that then he would bring them again unto his favor. "Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they arc written for our admOl]ition.:l>IA y 15. which date should mark something concerning Israel. But there is nothing to indicate that Jesus Christ took his power and began his reign in 1878. D. then it is reasonable that there is a parallel as to the time of the happening of those events. It seems certain that there God began to show some signs of his returning favor to Israel. he took his pOteer and began to reign as Kfing. It is quite manifest that the events that transpired with natural Israel foreshadowed other and more important events to transpire later. and the Gentile Times did not expire until 1914. The Gentile Times began 606 B. so far as we know. to wit. should also mark the time of the manifestation of some- 151 thing of importance." (Matthew 23: 38) The enforcement of that divine decree began that day." (Jeremiah 16: 18) The word "double" here used means duplication or repetition. and that therefore he would resurrect his saints at approximately the same time. 36 Israel as an organized people had its beginning at the death of Jacob. after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever. i.. at which time a provision was put in force looking to the establishment or the civil and religious rights of the Jews in Palestine. What are the physical facts in sup~ port of the dates? 39 The Berlin Congress was held in June. to wit 1878. and the period of the enforcement of the decree was forty years more. upon whom the ends of the world are come. and strongly supports the conclusion that it refers to a double as to time. and until that time Jesus must wait.. the first day of the Easter [or Passover] festival. sat down on the right hand of God. and its enforcement continued over a period or forty years and ended in the spring of the year A. D. to wit. 34 A reexamination of the parallels may be of profit at this time. according to tradition. 73. and must continue for 2520 years and therefore end in 1914.

n travailed. to wit: The birth of the man child. and that marked the beginning of the nation.8. his Executive Officer. Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one ('av? or shaJ] a nation be born at once? for as 1300n as Zi. It is written in the Scriptures. 46 Referring again to Revelation 20: 6. "'l'he government shall be upon his shoulder. because in the natural birth the pain precedes the birth.Jesus Christ. as relating to the 8ame time. which is above. 51 When 1914 arrived. '1'hat nation 01' righteous government rests upon the shoulder of Christ Jesus. but it is not a necessity.Tesus took his power and began his reign? Not necessarily. are: "Be. but that he did so in 1914. The birth of the nation or kingdom would therefore mean that when God's time would arrive for Christ to function as King that would mark the birth of The Nation. Y. The scripture above quoted seems to indicate the following order." (Isaiah 9: 6) When Jesus was resmrected from the dead all power in heaven and earth was vested in him. and it is hardly reasonable to conclude that the saints would be resurrected to the position of kingship prior to the time that the Lord Jesus became active as against the enemy. «Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. and that there~ after followed the resurrection of the sleeping saints. The prophecy then says that when God's due time had arrived he sent forth his beloved Son to do the work of ousting the enemy.Tesus go forth to do this work? In the capacity of the great Priest or Executive Officer of Jehovah God. to wit. by and through Christ Jesus. saying to him. whkh art. represented by the man child. and art to come. through Christ Jesus. The weight of the evidence favors the conclusion that he first took his power. 49 The woman referred to here is Zion. his great Priest. through his prophet. Zion gives birth to the kingdom."-Psalm 110: 2. and the nations were then angry. to take possession and oust the Devil from heaven. The nation was born without pain and before travail. ana then the birth of the children of Zion. CHILDREN OF ZION 48 Zion means God's organization. then follows the period of pain or travail. 41 This text also says: "They shall reign with him a thousand years. (Galatians 4: 26) Does it necessarily follow that the sleeping saints would be resurrected simultaneously with the time when the Lord . and he could reign regardless of whether any members of his body were with him. she brought forth her children. '1'he birth of the nation was instantaneous. foreshadowed by the prophecy which began its fulfilment in 1914. God's organization. which is the government. it follows that the resurrection of the sleeping saints did not take place in 1878. . This is directly opposite to the natural birth. began his action against Satan after the Gentile Times ended. After the nation was born Christ goes forth to make war against Satan and to oust him from heaven. before her pain came. She also gives birth to the members of the royal family. Seeing then that the Scriptures conclusively prove that the Lord Jesus Christ did not take his g~at power and begin his l'eign in 1878."-Isaiah 66: 7. This is corroborated by the statement of Revelation 11: 1'1: "We give thee thanks. which Priest \vas foreshadcwed bv Melchizedek. Therefore the prophet asks: "Who hath heard such a thing? Shall a nation be born at once?" That is exactly what happened. It does not fuerefore seem reasonable that these saints would be resurrected to the office of priesthood prior to the time that the Lord would begin the exercise of his prit>. it is proper to say that it \vaS God's fight against the Devil." 45 It pleased God to cause a prophetic statement to be recol"d~d whereby the fonowers of Christ on earth could locate the time when he would begin action against the Devil. as the Head of that priesthood. A distinction must be made between the government. The Gentile Times ended in 1914. that "the nations were angry". The clear statement of the prophecy is that God would make the enemy his footstool. 0 Lord God Almighty. for the reason that the governing power rests upon Christ Jesus.~ting. N. he sent forth his beloved Son.stly office against the enemy. while the birth of The Christ extends over a period of time. and the fulfilment of this prophecy shows that it took place in 1914. because thou hast taken to thee thy great power.152 <neWATCH TOWER JellOvah to become active against him and for Jehovah. she was delivered of a man child. The man child mentioned is the nation or govcmllient which shall rule the world ill righteousness." It is manifest that the reign of Christ Jeaus did not begin prior to 1914. and wast. and the individual members of The Christ. It is a privilege for any of the body members to reign with the Head. whereas the proof shows that Christ Jesus. 1914. It was God doing the ou. and it was the Lord's due time to take possession and oust Satan. Since all things are from Jehovah and by the Lord . is the mother of all the kingdom cla8s. it is stated that these blessed ones who participate in the first resur· rection are made priests unto God and unto Christ. as 8ROOKLYN. exercj"ing his power against Satan by and through his brlovcd One. and hast reigned. If they were resurrected before 1914 then they became an active part of the great Melchizedek priesthood prior to 1914. fore she travailed. '1'he words of Jehovah. Jerusalem or Zion. and since the prophet declares that the emth is the footstool of Jehovah we must conclude that God would cast Satan out of heaven into the earth. 50 It would not necessarily follow that the sleeping saints should be resurrected when the government is born. and the Gentiles Times ended and Jehovah's time had come to act. 44 In what capacity did Christ . she brought forth.

1927 rrheWATCH TOWER 153 saints. and the dragon fought. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY . 1: 18. Is there anything in the parallels to show the resurre~tion of anybody in 1878? Did our Lord take his power and begin his reign at that time? If not. and on what condi· tions? n 17-20. to wit. and when the fight was over then Zion brought forth her children. Who were the angels here mentioned? Are these angels children of Zion and part of the body of Christ? It seems that this question must be answered in the negative. and his angels. "Blessed anu holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection. Jesus said to him: "Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father. Diu Paul expect to participate in the first resurrection at his death: Did he know prior to death that he would be triumphant? Who else did he say would gain the crown of life? What does it mean to "love his appearing"? If 25-29. 62 In Hevelation 12: 5 the statement is made: "And she brought forth a man child. the resurrection of the sleeping 'Vhat do the words "resurrection" and "first resurrection" mean: How do the clergy deny the resurrection of the dead: What is our privilege and duty: n 1-5. This fight must have been following 1914 or thereabouts. and then Zion gave birth to the children. and how do we know? Can you name any reason why the sleeping saints should be raised up several years prior to the time for them to begin the exercise of their kingly anu priestly office? If 45-47. Now if the sleeping saints had been resurrected they would certainly be a part of The Christ. 640 At the time Jesus was unlawfully arrested by the agents of Satan. 66 It would seem then that Christ Jesus warred against the Devil. Shall truth's fair banner be unfUrled. 44.nggest i he thought that the authority to rule proceeds from the throne of Jehovah. but not destroy j As when the cloudless lamp of day Pours out its floous of light and joy. were then his visible angels on earth." When does the first resurrection begin and end? If 21-24. if I ask my Father he will now give me twelve legions of angels and more. What did Jesus do during his long periou of waiting for his kingdom. If Cl-11. How and why did Satan contradict God in Eden. and what lesson shoulu we learn therefrom? Explain the text." (Revelation 12: 7) In this fight between Christ on one side and the Devil on the other. and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?" (Matthew 26: 53) 1'he word presently means now. from pole to pole. How and why did God specially provide for the establishment of our faith in the resurrection: What is the apostle's argument in 1 Corinthians 15: 12-18: Will everybody be resurrected? n 12-16. to fight in my behalf. l'he battle took place.r travail. (To be continued) That was the beginning of the controversy o. and to his throne"? 'Vho are the "angels" of Michael and the "angels" of the dragQn? Give Scriptural support for your answer. and when was he to be born? When was the travail to come? Who are Zion's children. So Jesus' words meant this: 'Peter. for the reason that the children were brought forth after the angels participated in the fight. How long it lasted the Scriptures do not indicate. And sweeps the lingering mists away. and since the space in one issue of THE WATCH TOWER is not sufficient to discuss all these texts. How is Christ the resurrection? (John 11: 25) Who only can have part in the first resurrection. 'Why have Bible Students assumed that the resurrection of the sleeping saints took place in ]878? If 30·33. 1'hat would indicate that the resurrection of the saints was some time after 1914." This is a description of the birth of the kingdom and not of the members of the hody. 53 Then the account proceeds: "And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon. who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God. More glorious still. Satan's agents. as centuries roll. How does the Jewish Age parallel with the Gospel Age. and not designated as angels of Christ. What is Zion? Does she give birth to the kingdom or nation. because it is time for Jehovah to net. as indicated in Revelation 11: 17. Satan was cast out into the earth. would not take place until after Satan is cast out of heaven. and to his throne. the clergy. Caught up to the throne of God would E. and when did each part of the "double" begin and end: When was Israel rejected. anu to her children. at 'One and the saIlle time? Who is the man child. What reasonable inference should we now draw from the Scriptures concerning the time for the resurrection of the sleeping saints? \I 52-56. When did Jesus begin action as the Melchizedek Priest and King. and what did he do when that period ex:red? n 43. why? n 40-42. and how long did it take to enforce the decree? What are the parallel dates and physical facts at this end of the age? If 34-39. What determination did Paul express in Philippians 3: 8-11. and with what result? How did Jesus testify of the resurrection? Does the soul die? Quote and explain Rev. Its radiance shall o'erflow the world- Flow to restore. But the Scriptures do indicate that the fight had ended and Satan had been cast out of heaven before Zion gave birth to her children. The statement is that the angels fought with :h1ichael. and that the holy angels assigned to him were with him in that fight. the subject matter will be considered in a subsequent issue. Peter wanted to fight them. it is entir2ly consistent that these same holy angels would participate with him in the great battle when the time came to fight.' That being true even before the death and resurrection of our Lord. Until in strength.lIAr 15. Certainly the strong inference to be drawn from these scriptures is that the birth of the children of Zion. 56 There is a number of other scriptures bearing upon the question which sho'uld be considered. and when were they to be brought forth? If 48-51When was Revelation 12: 5-7 to be fulfilled? How was the man child "caught up unto God. The word here rendered angel means messenger.

but to do justly. whether he be of low estate or whether he has attained to some measure of restraint. that Saul there and then was converted from a bad condition of heart. This request surprised and pained Samuel.vas to expect guidance from God a/) to whom he should appoint as king. The terrible corruption of the priesthood by the sons of Eli. not because he was the best man for the work but because God would mcet the desire of the people. son of Nebat. of course. 4 It was then that God gave thBm Samuf'l and spoke to them by him. 3 The circumstances sml'ounding Saul's elevation to be king of Israel were as follows: When Saul first appeared amongst them they were almost at the lowest ebb in the tide of their national life. 8 It is said that God gave Saul another heart. the first king in Israel. By nature he has been ruled by the 01'dinary passions of life. his mind was no longer that of a farmer but had become that of a ruler. that he might he able to do his work of looking after the interests of God's people. he was thus put into an altogether unexpected position of gl'eat l'esponsibility which called faT qualities of judgment which he had not developed. and then hold him responsible for failure. His is a record of lost personal opportunities. Hb was a modest man and evidently had in him the making of a good servant for the people. but mther of Saul himself-that help may be gained by means of the record of his privileges. G Israel had suddenly grown up into self-consciousness as a people. other men in high places in Israel who not only failed to rise to their opportunities but who were profligate and sometimes were l2aders of these people into indifference toward or even rebellion to their covenant with God. and. This study. Saul was God's choice. realizing themselves. He is an example of those who. Without any kind of gov. through which came the destruction of ShHoh. and there is no record in the Bible which is so pathetic in its story of possibilities and faHure. He had labored to build up a structure and had accomplished his purpose. Edam and the Philistines. telling him that the people were not rejecting him nor his work but were really rejecting God as their King. despite the help this had brought and the settlement it had given them. They wished to be lik€ their neighbors-Moah. may be said to be the outstanding Old Testament example of the man of great opportunities who fails to make good. But that is no answer in his case. and in that seuse he was not a bad leader of the people. and his mistakesthat we may learn thereby hov' to make straight paths for our feet. and to walle numbly with thy God?" -Micah 0:8.JU'ss. They had forgotten God. Ammon. coupled with the extTeme 0ppl'ession of the Philistines even to the extent of destroying the local village forges so that there was hardly a smith to be found who could turn a ploughshare. God would not call a man to be made king who lacked ability to carry out the duties of the task. They were feeling their strength and wanted to develop it.el'l1mental training and entirely without ex. 6 God comforted Samuel.vhich they thought would benefit them more. His failures were more personal to himself. 2 But Saul's record is not that of a man who led God's people astray. is intended not as historical of the times of Saul. are found unworthy and are put out of theil' position of responsibility. as evangelists have said. There were. -1 Kings 14: 16. No 154 . they would use his work as a stepping stone to something . and Samuel . and to love kind. they wanted more than they had. indeed. the purely local interests of the little homestead gave place to the interests of a nation. and now. he is of himself unable to control and rule his &pirit. for example. If he failed ultimately it might be said that it was because he lacked experience to guide him. 7 Hithel'to Saul seems to have been a worker on his father's land and to have been content. he hid himself. The sheep and goats and asses which had been his particular care were no longer such. became of such great service to them that under his guidance and ministry they grew strong and for a time threw off the yoke which the Philistines had fastened so tightly upon them. (1 Samuel 8: 7) He told Samuel that he would give the people what they asked for. brought the people to despaIr. There seemed no for· wardness in his disposition hut rather a shyness. his good service. Their spirit revived. ever seeking in the interests of the people to know and to do the will of God. and Samuel. who gained a permanent addition to his name as the man "who made Israel to sin". So they said that they wanted a leadeT to help them fight their battles. as.SAUL CHOSEN KING --JULY 3-1 SA:MGEL 9 TO 11-- "What doth Jehovah require of thee. for it leaves God out. S AUL. 9 This in a mcasure is comparable to th€ position of the Christian. perience. In other words. they were not satisfied. so that Israel had neither tabernacle nor priesthood nor tribal centre. and that little blame could be attached to his failure. Samuel not only aroused their national spirit but introduced a system of education. Jeroboam. but rather that God now gave him a mind and heart for greater things than those which hitherto had necessarily occupied his mind. moved by self-intBrest. and also established a system of judicature. This does not mean. when the time carne that he should be openly chosen by lot and be presented to the people.

for these incidents are illustrative or typical. But perhaps there was less of modesty in this man than at first appears. and to enable him to do the will of God. God gave the people such a king as pleased them. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY How does the case of King Saul differ from that of other unworthy leaders of Israel? What was the condition of Israel when Saul became their king? What had Samuel done for the people up to that time? n 1-4. and the people with acclamation cried. so long as that man is willing to be used of God. following in the way of Saul their prototype. and who thus failed to acknowledge that he was the Lord's anointed. 16. which King Saul accepted. now wrote out a constitution for the kingdom. and that if God chooses a man for a work for his people he will. God gives him the holy spirit with all its power to rule his own spirit and overcome every opposition within or without. How did God give Saul another heart? How is this comparable to the experience of the Christian? n 8. and why did the Lord allow him to be chosen? U 5-7. who wanted a king whom they could see rather than have to think of their invisible King. There is. and they saw no reason for thinking that he could guide them in the affairs of the nation.1921 cxneWATCH TOWER man can of himself overcome the will of the flesh. 11 Saul's magnanimity toward the complainers and those who withheld seasonable presents for him. margin) Than sneers there are few things harder to bear.-See Romans 12: 3." Forthwith Samuel. I 15. It is easier for a man not quickened in the spirit to trust to something which organized religion gives than to dwell in a community of brethren such as the churches of God were intended to be--small. Why did the people want a king? How did Samuel regard their request. They have climbed to a position in the eyes of men. give him ability to do it. but only to their hurt. Ephesians 4: 7. 14. and how did he deal with the complainers? Did Saul therefore fulfil God's purposes for him? n 10-12. Jehovah. Saul represents that great class who in "Christian" days have been elevated to service. throws an illuminating sidelight on the man. who had been instrumental in giving the people educational facilities and had again set the law in active operation throughout the land.HAy 15. that it does not necessarily follow that because God appointed Saul to be king in Israel Saul was the one whom God would have given had the people not been wilful. he becomes transformed. It hurts the spirit as surely as it disfigures the face. that there is none like him among all the people?" (1 Samuel 10: 24) Samuel could not mean that there was no man so worthy as Saul among all the people. Who seems to be illustrated by Saun Apply the picture. His unusual height of stature made him conspicuous. but who have misused their privileges. But God gives his holy spirit to everyone accepted in Christ. now a kingmaker. and the people who have supported them have been like Israel. Such see only the human side and do not consider the divine. 9. The churches have wanted to be like the nations. "See ye him whom the Lord hath chosen. is commendable. and the necessity of walking according to the will of God becomes imperative. This may be said to be the first of that series of wilful acts which ultimately spoiled his life. Through wilfulness. for some said. an important lesson to note in this. but certainly sneering is most dangerous to those who indulge in it. Why did some of the people object to Saul. Samuel. . 10 Saul was not acceptable to everyone in Israel. was one of the most remarkable men which that remarkable people produced. These grumblers. yet it must be understood that God's will might have been worked out by Saul had the latter fully cooperated with Jehovah. however. especially in the company of others. and what did the Lorti then say unto him? Who was Saul. unknown to the world. but none who came so near the ideal that the people had set before them. "God save the king. namely. It would have been more modest not to have hidden and thus assume that he would be chosen. they have become perverters of the people. Like Saul his mind is turned. certainly the effect of his action resulted in a much more impressive and glorifying scene as he was dramatically brought from his hiding place with the eyes of the expectant people upon him than if he had merely been called out from where his family stood. The new king held his peace. and also those which are intended for the communities of saints. insignificant. like all others from that time till now. self-seekers rather than seekers of the good of the people and the honor of God. thus relieving Samuel of any possible charge of partiality. 16 The clergy class started in the church with every opportunity of serving God and their fellows. but they developed into false stewards. he was as though he were deaf. and they have gained a great place amongst them. 13 Saul's action in hiding himself while the lot was being cast by which God would indicate to the people who was to be king. but to have waited till the lot called for him. (1 Samuel 10: 27. 12 There came times later when Saul proved his worth and vindicated God's action in making him king. 15 Besides the lessons which may be taken as personal to every follower of Christ. but they have lost the favor of God. failed to see that such appointments are of God. there is in these simple records of the past that which is of the nature of prophecy. Did Saul's action in hiding himself during the casting ot the lots manifest humility? How did Samuel esteem and cooperate with the new king? n 13. and made him somewhat self-conscious. 14 As Saul was brought before the people Samuel the judge said. "How shall this man save us?" They saw in him only one who hitherto had received no training other than that which his father's farm had given him.

"There shall not a man be put to death this day. HIS friends now said. G This swift and successful action placed King Saul in the eyes of the people as one worthy of their allegiance. and the people with one accord vindicated him from any such charges. Shall Saul reign over us? Bring the men. in a measure. and how he had walked before them from childhood unto that day."1 Samuel 11: 12. the objection can hardly be sustained. offering sacrifices. for Samuel had privately told him of the choice. He spoke of himself. He declared that his hands were clean from bribery and oppression. T HOUGH this lesson is named Samuel's farewell. They went to renew the kingdom before the Lord. and the people rejoiced in what they believed was evidence of God's faYor. There they formally ackno\dedged and accepted Saul as king before Jehovah and. his service for his people was not at an end. that finally brought Saul before the people in the role 01 king. 13. however. An unexpected event confirmed the people in the course they had taken in making request for a king. 7 Under Samuel's direction the people now gathered at Gilgal which. "Who is he that said. he went back to his father's farm and continued his work on the homestead. e God had given them a king. and thy judgment as the noonday. and the people had now accepted Saul as their monarch. is rarely called upon to yjwjicate himself. But in view of this challenge by Samuel. and Saul apparently waited for some instruction from Samuel or some other indication that he should begin to reign. for it proved both his ability and energy. the lot had designated him. for today the Lord hath wrought salvation in Israe1. There is no evidence that he at that time knew of his sons' conduct. His natural anger was aroused. trust also in him.SAMUEL'S --JULY FAREWELL 10-1 SAMUEL 12-- "Thy lovwglcindness is before mine eyes. He knew that there was something yet to be said. and were thereby confirmed in their choice. which had now been granted to them. and presents of ac1mowledgment began to reach him from the people. also the spirit of God came upon him. and that unless there was an acknowledgment of their wrong before the Lord the people might be led astray. had become their national rendezYous. 27) It must be put to Saul's credit that he was thus content. He had evidence of his call to the throne and of his acceptance by the people. He was ploughing when the report was brought to him. also declaring that the king was such witness. 6) But sometimes the honor of God is involved. "God save the king. 10 Samuel called the Lord as his witness against the people. in the face of his popularity. that is. crying. and he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light. and that the matter of the request for a king could not be considered settled until the people had a true view of the matter. and the vindi~ cation he received. and then it becomes necessary to speak. before the king. 5 It was a cowardly and insulting act by the king of the Ammonites. and his sons had grown up before the people. His words were intended to be a reminder of J ehoyah's faithfulness and. which would automatically put his sons out of office. since the destruction of Shiloh. He called upon any to witness against him before the Lord and before "his anointed". that we may put them to death. to continue at humble work on the farm. they rejoiced together greatly. in the largeness of his heart and as a true king caring for his subjects. and the people had acclaimed him. (1 Samuel 12: 5) The words are singular. because it is based upon his last address to all Israel. Samuel did not call the Lord as witness for himself. (1 Samuel 11: 12-15) It was then that Samuel took opportunity to address the people. a vindication of himself in reference to the people's request for a king and the resultant change in the form of their social order." (Psalm 37: 5. Now he was old and grayheaded."-Psa7m 26: :J." But Saul. said. The facts thereafter being brought to his notice perhaps made it a little easier for him to accept the idea of the kingdom. and called upon any who had cause for complaint to speak. however much injustice he may 811£rer at the hands of others. (1 Samuel 10: 26. Such an occasion had now arisen in Israel. But beyond that there was no immediate change in Saul's life. amd I have walked in thy truth. (1 Samuel 11 : 6) Acting with speed he sent messengers throughout Israel anu gathered a large army. who had shamefully treated some men of Israel. probably they were then only beginning their evil course. 'rhe people made no move as yet to give him a palace or seat of government. A small company of men "whose hearts the Lord had touched" escorted him to his home. ~ This condition seems to indicate that the desire for a king was a spontaneous popular cry rather than an organized political movement on the part of any faction or company. and the Ammonites were defeated and punished. In respect to clearing his reputation from misjudgments he does well to follow the Psalmist's woTtls intC'nded for another occasion-"Commit thy way unto the Lord. but Samuel knew that they had not done this in righteousness of heart. He re~ minded them that he had listened to their voice and had made them a king."-l Samuel 10: 24. 9 It has been raised as an objection against Samuel that his sons were corrupt even as the sons of Eli were. 2 The senani of God. 3 After Saul had been designated by lot as God's choice lor Israel's king. being as yet unspoilc(j hy that meanness which afflicted him later. and he shall bring it to pass. but as witness 156 .

and that Samuel had reasoned with them. as for me. such an argument would not make a general appeal. His words indicate that «the men of Belial" who had spokt'n against Saul had been busy slandering Samuel. raided Israel. ord's work affords. 121'hus the people's rejection of Jehovah was not merely a negative act of desiring another form of government. and that kingdom service was quite secondary. Then calling to their mind all that God had done for their fathers in the past. Yet it was necessary that the people should understand and that their sin be manifested to them. which ye have done in the sight of the Lord.1927 'The WATCH TOWER against the people. The literature which was published in those eaTly days \ras intended mainly for the' education of the Lord's people. even only to gain notice by means of the opportunities which the I. Where there is any desire to serve self in any form. how they had failed him and \yorshipt>d other gods. with an ardor which only love for them and a l1esirp to honor God could create. it was a positive act." It is significant that Samuel on more than one occasion speaks of Saul as "your king". Samuel said that when Kahash." (1 Samuel 12: 19) So afraid were they that they now spoke of Jehovah as Sanwel's God.e the Lord. It appeared then to all the Lord's people that Jehovah was merely seeking to educate them in the blessings and favor of his truth. perhaps until the year 1918. as witness especially the Sixth Volume of STUDIES I~ THE SCRIPTURES. He said. 13 As rain during wheat hanest was an unknown thing in Palestine. The answer came quickly. the 1'equ('st for a King and for a change of order at this end of the age did not arise from the Lord's people. The great secret of successful service is unselfish devotion to the Lord. So Samuel called for a sign. Wages gained in this way are soon wasted. 17 To the Bible Student who knows the bistOIT of the harvest work."-l Samuel 12:l'i'. and very probably Jehovah's agreement to their request also surprised him. that ye may perceive and see that your wickedness is great. am1 few men accomplished as much as he toward the uplifting of the people from their low condition. He said. and they said to Samuel.yords were. telling them that God \vas their King. and the people got very practical evidencc by which to remember the day.MAY 15. Morever. the similarity between Samuel's ~ork and the work done in the earlier days of the Gospel Age harvest is at once apparent. and Samuel took this opportunity to vindicate his. This wmd indieates that before the incident which aroused Saul and Israel. an action of the Ammonites had ei:\used the people to come to Samuel. because it hath pleased the Lord to make you his people. No public servant has a cleaner record than does Samuel.11 into trouble and had cried to God. there is sure to be calamity. "both ye and your king. 18 '1'he immediate correspondency ends there. The keynote of his life was service for his Goil and for his people. 16 Bible Students may see in Samuel's work something of a similarity to that which was done in the earlier days of the Lord's parollsillr-from 1878 and onward. They had then deliberately refused to accept this view and had said. But in view of the fact that Saul's leadership had now been proven. a response from hcaven to his request for a thunder and rainstorm would 'be the most immediate evidence that God was speaking to the people through Samuel. The very definite evidence they received proved their sin to them. A heavy thunderstorm came. and to it he devoted all his energy. and serve him in truth \Iith all yonr hearts: for consider how great things he hath done for you". He also wamed them that if they continued to do wickcdly they should be comumed. his covenant. and how that \I"hen they had fall(. l-! Samuel then comforted Israel. how he had brought them forth. and it may be said that he set this work continually before him as his work for the Lord. They waited until God manifested that his time had come fol' . h~' reviewed the great points in their hi. but a king shall reign over us. and for such a people as Israel it was a great sin against their God. preparatory to a much greater work in behalf of the establishment of his kingdom. always God bad delivefNl tl1em.--1 Samuel 12: 25. and he shall send thunder and rain. "Pray for thy servants unto the Lord thy God.23) His last \. the covenant of grace into which Jesus had enterel1 his disciples. that we die not. They admitted not only their wrong in asking for a king. "Only fear the Lord. and their elevation to a well-ordered state meant unceasing application to the work in hand. It was not a que~tion of dIvine judgment. God forbid that I should sin 1:l7 against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you" (1 Samuel 12: 22. and that God had given his seal to the appointment. It was thought th2t this work was permanent and final. 8: 18. SECRET Of' SUCCESSI?UL SERVICE 15 Samuel's service for Israel was notably unselfish. the king of Ammon. in asking you a king. Also see Deuteronomy 28: SG. "Is it not wheat harvest today? I will call unto the Lord. work as clean befor. but the Lord disclo~rd that it was only an intermediary work. "Nay. there was no victim to be brought forward nor scapegoat upon whom the blame should be laid. 11 Coming then to his own day. There can be no question but that the people's desire for a king came upon him with surprise.'itory since the Lonl had taken J a80b down into Egypt. but other sins also."-1 Samuel 12: 12. and that the Lord still spoke by Samuel. the people had insisted that they must haye a king to lead them against their enemies.. "The Lord will not forsake his people for his great name's sake. Samuel's work appeared to be that of re-establishing Israel in the favor of their covenant with Jehovah.

one-half of the above mentioned reduced fare. where they will be on sale one or two days earlier and expire one or two days later. and friends in the States order from the Convention Committee at 117 Adams St. INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION RRANGEMENTS for the international convention of the Bible Students to be held at Toronto. "'ill not need passports or vises in order to re-enter the U.as the chief purpose of Samuel's last public address to all Israel? \Vas his vindication of himself justifif>d? U 1. S. the following facts are given: Canadian friends order railroarl certificates of Convention Committee at 38-40 Irwin Ave. There is ample room for all to rest between meetings. but will need to fill ant a re-entry blunk at the port of entry into Canada. 1Vhen. ta:ry. "the remnant".n dirt he tileD call for. paying therefor fun fare one way and half fare returning. at the ticket offices in Toronto. Equally clear evidences are unheeded by the sneerers today. Consult your ticket agent about these. What did Saul do immediately after beIng chosen klllg:? What finally brougbt Saul into active office as the nation's ruler? U 3-G. For the benefit of those who will attend. Have your tickets validated immediately on arrival in Totonto OJ' as soon thereafter as possible. Naturalized citizens will need their naturalization papers. \i'ho lllay be illustrated by those who sneered at Saul? U 16-19. Canada. Ontario. Eyery conse· crated child of the Lord on earth in present truth will be deeply interested in this convention. Where possible the class should order certificates through its secre· A . Consult your ticket agent about this matter. The convention grounds are situated on the shore of Lake Ontario and they are large and commodious. Y. when accompanied by parents or guardians. had given Saul to the people. One certificate is good for each member and the dependent members of his or her family. S. How did Samuel then comfort Israel? What was the keynote of his remarkable life? U 14. The means of transportation to the grounds are good. even as the Lord's people. nor did they heed the fact that in a no less direct way he had.. through his prophet. Was it in llis own bellalf that Samuel called upon the Loj'd as witness? Wlla t main facts did he now call to the p~o­ pie's attention. Canada. What ma~' we consider as illustrate(l by Samuel's 'York in Israel? Kote the specific correspondency and SilO'" where it ends. July 18th to 26th. You must have a certificate to get this reduced rate. but who were lawfnlly admitted to the U. Toronto 5. Rooming accommodations can be engaged by addressing the SOCIETY'S Convention Committee. "'IJere amI along what lines r'ld Samuel deliver tlJi'l fnre". Y. and why? What resulted? U 11-13. American citizens will need no passports nor vises. Children five to twelve years.ell nddress? Is it likely t1 (Samuel knew nt thnt time about the corruption of hi ~ons? U 7-10. at lower cost than the certificate plan. This will be the most important convention of the year. Paramount to everything else. A large space is reserved for free parking of automobiles for all who come by their own cars. QUESTIONS FOR BEREAN STUDY What ". The bathing beaches are unusually fine. are today.158 erne WATCH TOWER him to senG his King to reign in Zion. The sneerers of old paid no attention to the fact that the Lord. and over same route both ways. Delegates who Dre not American citizens. Brooklyn. through the casting of the lot. Children under five years ride free. A scale of prices of rooms will be published later.. IVith plenty of ground-room and shade. as a faithful servant of the Lord. Weather conditions are always expected to be ideal in 'l'oronto in July. The radio station will be employed to broadcast a greater portion of the program. 2. N. Both going and return trips must be continuous. particularly the public addresses. and "'hat great sin did he lay at their door? "llat sii:. and probably the most important convention yet held during the period of the harW2t. But Samuel. BBOOKLYl'f. became the Lord's instrument in the establishment of the kingdom. rather than continuing as faithful servants of the Lord. 15. 19 Some of those who had the opportunity of sharing in this kingdom work have lost their privileges and have become like those who sneered at Saul. and those \l'ho cannot attend will be asking the Lord to give llis bless- . Tickets will be on sale July 14th to 20th. are nearing completion. Toronto 5. Toronto is an ia-eal place for the convention. Besides.. directly informed the people apart from the message of the prophet. at 38-40 Irwin Ave. The halls are large and ample to accommodate all who attend. Buy round-trip ticket from your home station. except in the far west and south. a radio program will be put on each evening from the studio. the brethren will assemble for the purpose of encouraging one another and for discussing ways and means for a wider and more effective witness to the kingdom. '1'he Lord has seemingly arranged all the necessary comforts for those who will attend. Arrangements will he made for one and probably two Service Days. ~. and expire at midnight August 1st.. Ontario. never seeking his own way but obedient to every movement of the divine mind. '1'here will be no signs to "keep off the grass".. and to give a witness to the public in Toronto and surrounding country. will be offered in western United States and Canada. Summer tourists tickets.

INTERESTING LETTERS EFFECTIVE PREACHING-ABUNDANT BLESSINGS My DEAR BROTHER RUTHERFORD: This is just a little note to say that I am greatly enjoying your several presentations regarding the prisoners. personnl item may interest you. Surely this is now one of the most effective methods 'Of pl'. Tile first time I heard him speak was in 1919. I take advantage of my spare time. I have a five tube Atwater Kent. jokingly. JOYFUL PRIVILEGES DEAR BROTHER RUTHERFORD: I cannot refrain from sending Y'OU II few lines to express my deep appreciation of your labor of love on behalf of the Lord's flock.jTou." and spoke faYorably of . a brief and tactful introduction of (a) author. A number said. On the day following the convention. 159 All trains will be unloaded in the convention grounds.. so that evervbodv can attend without inconvenience. "If it is necessary for me to learn how to sell books in order to get into the king~om. It is a joyfttl service to work among the Jews.ltion Committee and leading citizens of Toronto have promised to use all means within their pO\\'er to make those who attend the COlwelltion comfortable and happy. in Heading. I found no bitterness in any of them. During the year 1926 I sold 5. In some instances after purchasing.-Pa.-Cali/. (b) books. because there my eyes began to open. One of the Brooklyn friends recently reminded me that less than two years ago I said to him. The Lord gave me the privilege of canvassing some Jewish people here. arrangements will be made for all to visit Niagam Falls. As we see clearly the expressed will of our heavenly Father at this time. on both the Canadian and the New York side. all glorious unfoldings of truth evidently just now due. dnd where possible engage a special car or special train. WOODWORTH. '1'h08e who attend from the United States will be given the least possible inconveni~ ence by immigration officers. 1 was glad to hear him. As you know. (d) message. I believe that radio is a good thing to get the truth to the people. Hence they are duty-bound to fUlfil their covenant in doing his will in every respect. I hope he was listening in this morning when Judge Rutherford explained about the desert plaC€s becoming like the garden of Eden. The Samson story was especially fine. and arrange to travel in parties or companies. special excursion trains and boats being operated for that purpose. The articles in THE WATCH TOWER are indeed like flashes of light from the Temple (Revelation 11: 19). EYES BEGINNING TO OPEN DEAR SIRS: I just want to let you know that I tune in on WEER every Sunday and enjoy your programs very much. . who at first would not believe anything along this line.elpful to me.. Jews and others wbo could not have been induced to attend meetings in Bible Students' halls. The C~11Ye. When he WM locked out of the Rajah Theatre. like their Master. STANLEY STRUNK.y. Your sister in the Lord. What wns at first somewhat of a trial to the flesh has become such a blessing as to make me wonder how I could have gotten along with'Out it." But. All special trains should be so timed as to arrive in Toronto in the forenoon of :Monday. etc.. and then ascertain if he was a Jew. "You are doing a good work. Many of the sales were to Catholics. when Judge Rutherford spoke. but he had said that the things the Bible Students claimed were impossible-that there would be too many people on the earth if they were all brought back. I had taken him to Reading to hear some Bible lectures. (c) price. Remember that the convention opens on Jnly 18th. DAVID DAVIDIAN. after doing my work in the Brooklyn office. have become voluntary bond·servants. . and those who desire may attend the Niagara Falls illumination at night. I guess they will have ro leave me out. 1927 rrheWATCH TOWER ing upon those who do attend. that the blessing may extend to those who are unable to be there. and this promises to be a wonderful convention. The Lord's faithful ones. MRs. to sell books. C. the party would introduce me to Jewish clerks twd they too would purchase. Reckoning in the usual way. Advices have already been received that brethren are coming from various parts of Europe as well as the United States. 20.792 volumes. this makes a weekly audience of about 557. five readers to the book. "The blessing 0:1' the Lord it maketh rich. A smile on the lips and in the heart. makes the books go. and placed a number of copies of COMFORT FOR l'HE JEWS. My method of "fishing" was to go to the stores and inquire for the manager or owner. Pa. as I feel sure I never can learn. and (e) closing offer. and when I went to his home one Sunday he had his radio tuned in on WEER. July 18th.-Isaiah 43: 10."aching. especially last Sunday and today. Watch for more detailed information concerning this. I imagine that there is a great field in every cit. There will be no night sessions of the convention. and it is expected that there will be a great number present at the opening. for brothers and sisters to eilgage in and thus pInce many books." Your brother in Christ. This will enable the committee to handle the crowds and direct them to their rooming places in the daytime and with the least possible incomenience. The "Son and Servant" article has been especially h. My fathel". and he addetb no sorrow therewith. illuminating our minds to our privileges in being witnesses of the Lord to vindicate his holy name. 1t is suggested that each class begin to canvass the situation in their home immediately and ascertain who s going. Arrangements are being made to publish a full report of the convention. May the Lord comfort and uphold you to tlle end. Yours truly.MAY 15.has in delivering the message to those who are sighing and crying unto the Lord for help !-Psalm 102: 19. what a wonderful privilege the faithful remnant class. J. 'Ire suggest that the brethren make arrangements now for their vacations to include the conventiol1 period. is also now getting interested.

CUTFORTH Springhill. \V. Pa. _. Ia Sumner. 5. 1000 watts.. W. Va " 21 Pocatello. Ind. Ia. Ohio. Pa. Providence.. 7: 30 ·10. _ _ " 24 Zippel. 6 ... Wednesday 2· 3'.. E. Ky June 30.21 Clinton. 15. lao June 20.23 :: 24. . Frostburg. 10 " 12. Va June 21.g bl.30 CI. DINGUS Lafayette. Middlesex. Y }<}lmira.. 12 Walla Walla. Ont.••.. 517 meters.7 : 30 p." 20. W. 24 Kunldetown. . 30 ----- Jeffersontown.enport. IfY Frankfort.._ Lonaconing. Wis. WHK. " 17 ·19 June 20. lIiiss. . Grantsburg.. ~eb. • June 24 KnoxYille._ . O June 24.20 Thief River Falls.. Ind Muncie.. . Miss Columbus-. Va E. Minn Superior. lao 23. " 29 Knox-ville. .. Minn. DRAPER Arlington. 16 _ " 17. July 1 June 24 " 26 " 27. WORD.6 meters. Ky ShellJyville. m. O _ " 20 Parkersburg. " 22 Fredericton. Clrnn. 14 Meridian. 7· 10... N. Tenn June 16. 14 Erie. l\Id. " 21 lIaug. 13 " 15. Conn " 15. Miss. Jetmore.. J. BROTHER H.23 Badger. . Ky. 5000 watts. A.. 14 Norwich. 2·4. MInn•••_ June 14·17 Kennedy. Va. l\Ionday 7·8: 30. Conn " 20 Cromwell. 13 14 16 11 20 Cllfton Forge.. Tenn. MiJm. 26 27..e. Tenn••••• " 28 Luttrell. Mtnn. _" 19. . 24. Tenn. nutchinson..1 meters. Minn.15 Hibbing. July 1 ----- BROTHER W.. _BARKER IJlma. lIIich. 416. Oakland. Mo. Ida. Lexington. Thursday 2·4.. Rolla. N. " " 19. 12 Youngstown. . N.. O Akron. Y..19 " 20. Tenn " 19 Beans Creek.. Ky. North Platte. Y Albany..June 13.. 11 p.. 17 Muncie. 7· 10. . 10. 19 DeE:p River. . June 13 Chattanooga. June 22 Allentown. 16 17.. 21 Proctor.. 22 Sunday 10·11: 30. . Calif. Ky " 22: 23 W!lltehom. Cleveland.8. Alta. B. HERR Duluth. __ " 9. 6·8.. . 26 lIi!llyille. Pa.. Miss. la June 7. Va Dayton. CKCX. Columbus. __ 'Van-en. Kan Garden City. 30 Following is a list of radio stations over which the message of God's kingdom is broadcast regularly. 20 " 21 " 22 " 23.'rientl. .. .. 21 Loudon.Jer~nn. Tenn. . Thursday 1 . Toronto. R. Minn. Pa.. Pa " 27 W. R. N.. 15·17 BROTHER G. 26 " 21 28 29. 330 meters. C. Kan. Chicago.. New York.J Trdvelinq Brethren BROTHER T.. July 1. O 13. 1 :'30 • 9. Miss Houlka. 500 watts: Sunday 6: 30 .. . lIliss McCool.3 Jun-e 15.10.... Conn Waterbury.. Tenn 26.. 16. Conn Hartford. Edmonton. THORN West Chester. Ill. . ..... WILLIAMS Waynesboro. Ky. !\ld June 22 23 24. . Jnne 30..io. Kan. " 15. June 30. Ind. Of 29 Ellsworth. Minn June 12. H. Mansfield. Conn " 17.. Ia h"ma. . Va Berryville. Kan. June 30.28 " 29.__June Hi Benton Harbor.28 East Stroudsburg. " 26 Keokuk. Chester l'prings. 19 Grand Rapids. • " 20·22 West Point... Miss Okolona. .. Kan••••_ June 17 19. 500 watts: BROTHER H. 30 June 15 " 16. . N. June 19 20 " 21 " 22 " 26 BROTHER J. B. 28 " 29..2-2 " 23 " 24.. Y. 27·29 Carter. Kan I. Va \Vil1chester. BIg Sprmg. Oukland. " 24 Cody's.. 28 " 29 "30 Altldn... Pa " 28 Farrell. N. Wednesday.... Louis. Pa " 29 Meadville. O. B June 23... Boy Rlyer. Sunday 9: 30 • 11. KaD Itozel.__... WCAR. 275. 21 " 22. BOHNET South Hayen. Paul. 291 meters. " 22.. S. 1927: Sunday 10 ·12. 1000 watts: _ June 26 " 21 _. 8 " 9. Va._.. "30 BROTHER G. N. Pa " 23. MURRAY Vicksburg.. B.. 24 Dodge City. C. BROTHER M. Minn __.. 29 Piercemont..26 Ashland. Lansdale.•. Vancouver. B. C. 23 June 23 " 24. . Tenn. NelJ BROTHER V. O. N. RICE Clarksburg. B. 17 19 " 20 " 21 BROTHER II. Wyo Spoimne. .. Ia Readlyn. Minn. L. Of 30 Thursday WLSI..8: 30. 16 New London. " 17. June " "15. .. Mlnn. 273. Telln. 17 Enterprise.. 26 " 27. Radford. 26 Sharon. 10 Boise. Garfield. N. Sunday 10· 12.21 " 22 " 23 Youngstown. M. Wis. 19 Waukon.9 meters. Wash " 13 Ore :: 1~ \Velser. Monday.••. PINNOCK Erllktne. 1000 watts: BROTHER R.. Miss _ BROTHER J. GREEN Indianapolis.. 27 New ·Tazewell. Md. SaSkatoon... m.June 7.. • Roanoke. 500 watts. B " 27 Woodstock. day 2· 3.. Ia. June 26 " 27 " 28 " 29 " 30 BROTHER M. 'Vaucoma. Emma. Va Wythevil1!> Va. Kan. Pa " 27. Friday 7· 10. 16 Two Harbors. Ida. MiJ1'll " 14. Pa Philadelphia.21 Nashwaak Brid. Wis. lIliI\n.va. B. " 21.17 Doyle.. 28 _ " 29 _..19 Sunny Corner. Tuesday.__.. 250 watts: CFYC. \V. Pa. 14 Alma. Onto . K~' _ _.. 500 watts._" 22. McRobert". 19 Cincinnati. June 14.28 " 29. Pa. POLLOCK JamestO\yn. h. Pa. N._. 411 meters. 7: 30 • 8._ . 23 Norntand~'. 19 Waynesboro. Minn. June 13. Schedule effective untH May 26. Y Boston. Conn New Britain. Va \Vaynesboro. Ga.• " 20. Sask. July 1 _June 13 " 14 15 16 19 BROTHER C. KFWM. \\'~:o Pe~d!eton. 10 Akron. MillO. .26 " 27. Minn Ironton.e.. Thursday S· 10: Friday 2·3: Saturday 8 -10. 16. I. B.. S Junc 13. 1a " 27·29 St. 01). E.. B " 15. Conn•._" 30 CHCY. 325. N. Conn. WATT Willimantic. 1· 2 : 30.. Binghamton. O BROTHER J. 2: SO .FRESCHEL Marengo. Miss. 1 a.e. Va Grafton... 23 Vosburg.. . Miss.June 26 Fort Frances. Ky June 20 21 Pallltsville. Monday 8· 10: Tues. N. Conn. Chester. Pa Norristown. 24 Da.International Bible Students Association QasseS Lecture13 dnd Ptudie. H. Torrington. N.. FrIday 2·4. 26 Bangor. Saturday 7· 10. CHUC.y. Kan Elkhart. G. Pa 29. . Kan.. " 20... " 28 St. lIIass. Wash June 10. Wednesday 7· 10. 30 Meriden. Pulaski. O.B. WBBR. . " 2'i' Northome. Mich. 250 watts.. N. 4-U meters.. Tuesday 3·4. .16 Moncton.4 meters. N. m.. Ida Laramie. O. " 17.8 l\1arion.

ej!ioming ~QIIll$tD»tllW1..9 171 173 'l'ORON1'O COXYENTION •...•••••••••..• 162 VACATION _•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••...nfi~n.•.••••••••••••••••• 162 ('1 will stand upon my watch and 'cill set my foot upon the 2'ou:rr.••••••••••••••••.••....NTION AT SEDALIA •••••••.•..t? a.•••.•••. l~~~~~ega~~ .•••..•••••••••. XLVIII NO..e things begin to rome tn pas.•.....n SEMI-l\IO.••••••••••••••••••••••••••••.....••. Luke 21.. discontented) roaring.SURRECTION •••••.••••••..••• Wben ye see th.••••••••. 29. 24: 33.rill to them Upon the earth distress of nations with perplexity: the sea and the waves (tho restless.••.•••.•••..... 25-31..•...•.catch to se_ "'llUt 11 c ...••.••_.••..! One .."''ltd~1Jj)jJ~1l1l9~1f})al~ ~1FttUy~.•. tbeo know tbat the KID&dOla of God is at band.. 1(.. Mark 13.wetIl n!&b--Matt.•••.••. lift up your beads..•.• 162 DAVID AKD GOLUTII •••••.\..•.. DAVID AKD JOK.::::::::::::::::::::::::::...... Look op.. men's hesrts fslUng tbem for fear and for looking to the things coming upon tbe earth: for tbe powers of the beavens sball be 'baken..••••••••••.••• lH2 CONVI.) .... for your redemption dra..•..••••••••. SER\'ICE \YEEK •... 163 ~l. j(tsVJt iijOl"-liai~ VOL.s(i:~fdei:·::::::::::::~::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::t~1 His Temple For JuognH'llt The Beloye... ..••••••••••••••••.\THAN •. rejoice....1 Hn 1 G(j :: :::::: ig~... 1927 OONTENTS THE FIRST RF...••..::::::::::: 16.••. SAMUEL ANOIKTS DAVII> ••..THLY Anno Mundi 6055-June 1.••••..••... and "'il! .

that he is now the Lord Jesus Christ Jesus. Canarllan. and is from everlasting to everlasting.. will be supplied free if thcy Rend a postal card each May stating their caR~ and re'Iupsting. F. 1879. HEMERY J. You will be better equipped for the service in the days that are to follow.]]an will be the chief speaker and will address the pubUc. CANADA AND l\Il~l. YE.'ill be closed. South . E. Y. BARBER E. that he gave his life peoples to hear and obey him. Toronto 5. YAN A. and gives the reports thereof. plan of JehoYah God. H"miUances from scattered foreig-n territory may be made to the Urooklyn office. especially for the Service Day. RUTHERFORD W. concluding with a testimony meeting on the evening of September 5th. Ontario. This being an opportune time for a convention of the Bible Students. OFFICERS J'. RUTHERFORD R.\RLY SUDSCRIP'fIO'. has been earth for ever in a state of happiness.EI(. VACATION 'l'lle SOCIETY. by reason of Allam's wrong.such provision. have a fair trial for life and those who obey will live on THAT for many centuries God. when rC'Ilwsted. It is frpe from parties. Canada. and presented the value of his human sacrifice as reign of Christ will afford opportunity to every man to the redemptive price for man. It stands firmly upon the great ransom sacrifice as the fundamental doctrine by which all doctrines are measured. Untario. It gives aIlII'OUnCement of the visits made to Bible classes by traveling speakers. (Foreign translation8 of this journal appear in lIeveral languages.I<JLLANBOUS FOH. and that should be made a special drive day. It adheres strictly to the Bible as God's revealed Word of Truth. do so. GHEA~' Bnl "AIN.lress tlie SOCIETY in every case. We are not only willing-.) TER'IS TO THE LORD'8 POOR: All Rible Students who. This matter should be kept before the Lord that we may have his blessing. in engaging in one week of special service. that Christ.ey Orders only. EntererL as SeconrL Clas8 Mail Matter at Brooklyn. that the mission of that the Logo:. BROOKLYN. that all such be on our list continually and in touch with the Berean studies. following it" uS:1Ul custom of glVlllg a two weeks vacation to all the office and factory force. You will be glad to see and encourage one another. August 28th to September 5th is set aside this 3'ear for Service \Veek. 2.~. Posto[flOO. For rooming accommodations address the Convention Committee. It provides systematic Bible study in which all its readers may regularly engage. It does not assume a dogmatic attitude. S. arrangements have been made to hold such a convention there August 21st to 24th. Change of address. but anxious. lIIelbourne. PnrCE: UNITIOn ::. and there will be other visiting pilgrims. Head and body. The brethren are coming from many parts of the earth. Toronto. bea . 78.-e in mind the convention period. grow in his likeness.ful act all men are born sinners THAT THE WORLD HAS ENDED. that man wil.THIS JOURNAL AND ITS SACRED MISSION T HIS journal is pUblished by the WATCH TOWER BIBLE AND TRACT SOCIETY for the purpose of aiding the people to understand the divine plan. 38-40 Irwin Ave. In ordering books and literature please ha'. A renewal blank (carr. Australaswn: 495 Collins St. created perfect Jesus in his heavenly kingdom. through Christ.. TO US THE SCRIPTURES CLEARLY TEACH THAT JEHOVAH is tbe only true God.. J. Notice to Subscriberll: We do not. not indulge in controversies. American reuuttnnces should be made by Ex· IH e"s or 1'ost.mURGH Seey President & Trea8.constitutes the "seed of Abraham" through which all the fully disobeyed O()(1's law and was sentenced to death. Arrange your vacations suitable to attend the Toronto convention July 18th to 26th. Brother lUacm. A.1 Money Orders. but by IntC1llational Postal Mai. by reason of 01<1 ag-e or other infirmity or ad. Please ad. . F. and its columns are not open to personalities. The Service Week as observed this 3'ear will close on Labor Day. CONVENTION AT SEDALIA The Missouri State Fair will be in session at Sedalia. N. August 21st to 28th.. Each one further prepares the anointed for the general assembly of the first-born. South Africa. South African amI Australasian remittances shouid be made to hi ""elt offiees only. Lancaster ante. that Jehovah has placed Christ THAT JESUS was made a human being in order that he Jesus upon his throne and now commands all nations amI might become the Hetlf~t'm('r of man. British. give testimony to the name and in glory. and ultimately be glorified with Christ THAT GOD created the earth for man.L COMMITTEE W. EDITORIA. announces conventions. Cape Town.'en and earth. ascended into too human perfection during the reign of Christ. AUSTRALASIA AND EOl'TII AII'IUCA. London 'V. Canadian: 38-40 Irwin Avenue. During that period of time will be the International Convention at Toronto. It doe:. Service directors will please make special arrangements for canvassing parties during that period. N. Act of Mareh 3rrL. and creeds of men. THAT THE HOPE of the peoples of earth is restoration that Jesus the divine arose from the dead. factory and home . sects. PUBLISHED BY WATCH TOWER BIBLE & TRACT SOCIETY 117 ADAMS STREET· •. that families of the earth shall be blessed.50. TORONTO CONVENTION If the Lord opens the way for you to attend the convention this year. Mo. $1. During the convention the office. as a rule. clothed with all power in heaven and earth. that the Lord Jesus has and without the right to life. H. but confidently invites a careful examination of its utterances in the light of the infallible Word of God. $1. Notice is given now that the classes ever3'where may make their arrangements so that they can devote as much time as possible during that week to service. the Maker of selecting from amongst men the members of his church. are unable to pay for this journal. which constitutes the body of Christ. Rend a card of acImowl- edgment for a renewal or for a DCW subscription. Australia. man for the eurth and placed him upon it.~RD FOREIGN OFFICES: British: 34 Cravell! Terrace.'crsity. 01' by Bank Draft. was the' begiuning of his creation. All the surrounding classes are invited to cooperate with Sedalia in arranging for this convention. during which the oHice will be closed.1frica: 6 LQlie St. only a guard being left in charge. (Hebrews 10: 25) To go may entail upon you some financial burden. but the Lorn will make it up to you in some other way. The International Sunday School lessons are treated in harmony with the Scriptures. COW. SERVICE WEEK The Lord heretofore has blessed the e11'orts put forth by the friends annually.TATES. has arranged for the vacation for this year to begin July 16th and {'nd . may be expected to appear on address label within one month. There will not be many more conventions on earth. returned and is now present. K VAN A~IEUr:GH J. U.00. that tht' heaven. Y. It will be a blessing to you. a sacrifice for man and thereby produced the ransom price. that the the cburch is to follow in the footsteps of hN' Lord Christ Logos became a man.'ing notice of expiration) will be sent with the journal one month before the subscription expires.July 30th.

2\LVIII No. 4 In our text the apostle indicates that those who have slept in death shall be raised first. I shew you a mystery: TV e shall not all sleep. and that thereafter comes the change of those who are on the earth at the time of the Lord's presence. and that due time would be at the end of the Gentile Times or "end of the world".at it is the earliest in time. one part of those who participate in the first resurrection sleep and are awakened out of the sleep of death. in a moment.ortdity. but the time for him to take possession was a long time in the future. HIS COMING 5 The presence of the Lord has been difficult to explain and to clearly understand. at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound. and first in tl. (Hebrews 10: 12. that he took his great power and began his reign in 1914. Psalm 110: 1) From . Hence every one else must be excluded from consideration. and who are faithful even unto death. and from that time forward waited until the time when the enemy should be made his footstool. Many have labored under the impression that the Lord Jesus must be bodily in the very vicinity of the earth in order to be present. That was when he began to give his attention J63 . That conclusion is warranted by the words of the apostle when he says: "Behold. the time of his resurrection the world belonged to the Lord Jesus Christ. The inspired apostle limit. 11 1.52. in the twinkling of an eye.tality and be immune from the second death. to wit: that Jesus Christ." (1 Corinthians 15: 54) The reference is to that class of Christians who patiently continue in well doing. but we shall all be changed. 2 Noone can have a part in that first resurrection except Christ Jesus and his body members. That marked the beginning of the time of restitution.&heJ\TCH TOWER PRESENCE AN D HERAtD OF CHR~STS Vol. 6 We understand that the presence of the Lord began to be made manifest about 1874. sat down on the right hand of Jehovah God. and that he came to his temple in 1918. I shew you a secret: We shall not all sleep. Such a conclusion is unreasonable. There would be no necessity for such a procedure.nd the dead shall be raised incorruptible. a. Matthew 17: 11 ) Now the Scriptures show that our Lord's presence began about 1874. and then go back to heaven and come again in 1918. that is to wy. and another part or division of those who have part in the first resurrection do not sleep in death but are changed instantly from human to divine nature. but we shall all be changed. 13. and we shall be changed. T The Scriptures bear ont the following conclusion.> that resurrection to The Christ when he says: "This mortal must put on imrr. None other ~vill ever receive immo.-Romans 2: 7. In this same epistle he has shown that the resurrection of the sleeping saints does not take place until the coming of the Lord. 1D27 JUNE THE FIRST RESURRECTION "Behold. The great company class of course has no part in it."-1 Corinthians 15: 51. That work included gathering together the saints on earth who had made a covenant with Jehovah by sacrifice and restoring to them the fundamental truths which had long been hid from them. Revelation 2: 10. 8 Prior thereto it was the will of God that Jesus Christ should do a work of preparation. honor and immortality. Some one in his confusion has inquired: "Did the Lord come to the earth in 1874 and then go back and come again in 1914. He must wait until God's due time. when he had finished his sacrifice and ascended on high. (Psalm 50: 5. This resurrection therefore is the first in that it is of primary importance. and then go back to heaven to come again at the final overthrow of Satan's organization?" Surely not. He could be in the Pleiades and at the same time direct the affairs of earth as well as he could if he were on the immediate surface of the earth. seeking for glory. In Revelation 20: 6 it is called "the first resurrection" because it is the resurrection of The Christ. because not a part of The Christ. The word "coming" here used means at or during his presence." This language shows two separate divisions of the same class. Distance is no hindrance to the Lord. both Head and body members thereof. I N THIS text the apostle discussed the first resur· rection. a Not all the members of the body of Christ will be resurrected at the same time. To here consider some texts relating to the second coming of the Lord may throw some light upon the time of the resurrection.

and shall destroy with the brightness [epiphania or shining forth] of his coming [parousia or presence]. and of the end of the world?" (Matthew 24: 3) The end of the world came in 1914."1 Thessalonians 4: 15-17. the righteous judge. and during a wider manifestation of his presence or appearing [epiphania. when all shall sec him. That uncovering or complete revealment of his presence will take place during the great time of trouble. N. It does not mark. he cometh . 14 Other scriptures heretofore examined on this subject show that the resUl'rection of the sleeping saints must take place during the presence of the Lord and after the Lord has taken his power and therefore during the time of his appearing [epiphalnia J. While doing this work the Lord Jesus is still at the right hand of Jehovah God. 11 Stated in another way: Jesus was present but unobsel'Ved by all exccpt the spiritually minded from 1874 fonrard. That time is represented by the Greek word epiphania. The apostle's words make it clear that this is the order of the resurrection. 'rhe II'orld War and attending circumstanccs enabled all who read the Scriptures and believed them to see the presence of the Lord. by the physical facts. when he wrote: "For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord. The sleeping or dead ones must be resurrected first. epiphania and apokalupsis. the end of that day. and this revelation of the I~orel to all mankind takes place in the great time of trouble. from the Greek word parousia. shall be caught up together with them in the clouds. This is clearly shown by the words of the apostle: "Then shall that Wicked [Devil's organization] be :evealed. and who could not previously. it does not at all follow that the resurrection of the sleeping saints took place at the beginning or even during 1D14. whom the Lord shall consume BROOKLYN.· and not to me only. Thc .dth clouds. understand. but not to scoffers and unbelievers. which is properly translated in the Scriptures "appearing". and at the same time he himself may remain in heaven. with the voice of the archangel. but unto all them also that love his appearing. This . as shown by lexicographers. is often used in a figurative sense. 10 The question which Jesus' disciples propounded to him was: "'Yhat shall be the sign of thy presence. It would not be necessary for the Lord to be actually near the earth during any of these manifestations. and then thereafter those who remain on the earth will be changed instantly into the likeness of the Lord. as some have erroneously stated. and these progressiYe steps are as follows: parousia. and it appears to be used figuratively here. that we which are alive.yho had not prcviously. shall not prevent them which are asleep." (2 Thessalonians 2: 8) There are not three phases of the Lord's presence. to wit. begotten and anointcd ones. and it is during his parousia and epiphania that the Devil's organization is to be destroyed in the great time of trouble. It can therefore properly be understood as meaning that at this particular time mentioned the Lord specially directs his actions to things on the earth. Later. and every eye shall sec him. because directing the things of his church on earth as above stated. 13 It is during the presence [parotlsiaJ. The word." (2 Timothy 4: 8) While "that day" began in 1914. however. which is below heaven. Then the outll-ard manifestation of his presence continueo. 12 The title of the Book of Revelation is translated from the Greek apolcahlpsis. 16 In the above text the word "descend" would not necessarily mean that Christ Jesus must take a flight from heaven to earth. could discern the presence of the Lord. 1914. which the Lord. which means to reveal. His presence when once begun continues without iderruption. as these things have to do with the saints on the earth. means presence."-Rcvelaiion 1: 7. to increase or progress. The anointed had discerned his presence for several years prior to 1914. and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. but the presence of the Lord. It follows then that 1914 marks the beginning of the period of time which the Apostle Paul mentions as "that day".Yorel translated "coming". shall give to me at that day. and also preparing to oust the Devil. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout. kingdom. that a greater number discern the Lord's presence. continues to be made known to other cla~ses of people until all shall know it. It means that from that time fonvard he is giving his attention to things pertaining to his church and. and at the same time he is present in the earth. as it is written: "Behold. FIRST IN ORDER 15 The Scriptures leave no doubt concerning the order of the resurrection. Y. and with the tmmp of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain.]. The Apostle Paul said: "There is laid up for me a crown of righteousness. with the spirit of his mouth. beginning at a time certain. Thus from 1914 forward another anel different class of people were able to unden. or wider manifestation of his presence. Jesus was then present and had been present since 1874.rith 1914 there began to transpire such things as manifested his presence to others aside from the anointed. to meet the LQrd in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. but . and remain unto the coming of the Lord.Hl4 CfheWATCH TOWER to preparing the saints and restoring to them the truth. 9 From the time shortly following 1874 fon. This latter period began with the \Y orIel War in 1D14. DLlring the presence of the Lord some of the saints are asleep in Christ Jesus. while others remain alive on the earth. to all who gave attention to prophecy. and will continue until the complete uncovering [apokalupsis J.-ard the truly consecrated.tand his presence . his presence began to be maele known or manifest.

Paul. and therefore the text locates the time of the beginning of his active authority in 1914. with a chief-messenger's voice and with a trumpet of God shall descend from heaven. 24 '''hat could be the purpose of the Lord in all"akening the sleeping saints and then some time thereafter giving the remnant their resurrection change? Manifestly one purpose is that during the time that elapses between the a.. Then he goes forth at Jehovah's direction. 1'. after that we the living who are left together with them shall be caught away in clouds to meet the Lord in the air. and strello-th and the kingdom of our God. and receiYe you unto myself. 20 The statement of the inspired witness is that later "the remnant". and since other scriptures show that some of the remnant while in the flesh will see at least the beginning of Armageddon. But at what time? 21 The DIAGLOTT rendering of this text is that the remnant. The apostle says that this shout or command first takes place.31. inactive as against Satan's organization until a time certain. namely.yakening of the sleeping saints and the change of the remnant God would have a special witness giYen to his name amongst the nations of the earth.-and the dead in Christ shall rise first.arntian promised would illclude the clearing of the Deyil out from heaven.2) The end of that period of waiting was at "the end of the world". or those who remain over. HIS TEMPLE 20 The anointed and faithful ones constitute the temple of God. 17) This shout. or those who remain alive after the resurrection of the sleeping saints. in command of the hosts of Jehovah. there ye may be also. with a word of command. Ephesians 2:18-23. and the power of hi. Surely the prep. 19 The words used by St. and ends with Armageddon. and thereafter the dead shall rise. after the resurrection of the sleeping saints and until the completion of the first resurrection. will be caught up together with those 'who have been previously resurrected and who are with the Lord. (Psalm 110: 1. Christ. When ."-J ohn 14: 3. so shall they be for ever with him. such as is given by a general or marshal of an army. and after the Devil was expelled from heaven.. 2 Corinthians 6: 1G.-itness is the Elisha work of the church. but we shall all be changed. however." Clouds are symbols of trouble.re shall not all sleep. It is also reasonable that this military command concerning things pertaining to the earth would be given when the fight between Christ and the Devil had ended. 22 Rotherham's rendering of this text supports the foregoing conclusions. It is the voiee or command of the ar. 2G . In this trouble. 11 The Scriptures show that Jesus must remain at the right hand of Jehovah."-l Corinthians 15: . in 1914..ha~1gel. . which shows therefore that it is the command of hirn 'who is now in supreme authority. It would seem reasonable that the Lord would complete sllch preparation before he would come for those who would make up the temple class. The sleeping saints are a part of the temple class.Jesus II'as abont to he taken away he said to his disciples: "And if I go and prepare a place for you. represented by "the clouds". and the remnant must giye that witness. In view of the language of the Master and his disciples. 17. It follows therefore that the resurrection of the sleeping saints took place some time after 1911. It reads: "Because the Lord himself. since Christ begins his reign by taking possession of heaven and ousting the Devil. '1'he words "caught up together" prove that a number of the saints constituting the remnant will be changed at one and the same time.JUNE 1. 1027 'The 165 WATCH TOWER scripture says that he comes with a shout. This makes it certain that the Lord Jesus Christ would not give the "shout" or command mentioned by the Apostle Paul until the time when he is sent forth at the end of the period of waiting. the remnant will be caught up to meet the Lord. to wit. I will come again. That period of time begins with the authoritative shout or command from heaven given by the Lord. 1 Peter 2:5) Such of course include both the sleeping saints and the faithful ones . (1 Corinthians 3: 16.. Now is come salvation. all who die faithful experience their change from mortality to immortality "in a moment" and do not sleep in death. that where I am. It must be borne in mind. show that the command is given by him . This latter work or . We should understand this then to mean a command of the great General of Jehovah God. That will be the time when the glorious Lord will be leading the hosts of Jehovah in the final assault upon the Devil's organization. that within that period of time. "shout.rho is in absolute authority and who is in action as the Executive Officer of the great Jehovah God. "shall be caught away in the clouds. -and thus evermore with the Lord shall we be!" (1 Thessalonians 4: 16. which word according to the weight of authority means "a command".-ho afterwards haye their instantaneous change. that would indicate that the completion of the first resurrection will take place during the battle of Armageddon or the great time of trouble. 52. when the Devil was cast onto the earth." "archangel" and "trump of God". Concerning this fight in which Satan was cast out of heaven it is written in Revelation: "And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven. 23 Without a question of a doubt there is a lapse of time behycen the event of the resurrection of the sleep4 ing saints and the change of those who remain on the earth and who constitute the remnant.Jesus went to heaven to prepare a place for his saints. at the end of the world. This is the mystery or secret about which the apostle speaks when he says: ". command or trumpet call evidently followed the victory of Christ over the Devil." (Rev~lation 12: 10) This would seem to fix the time when the shout or the command is given bv the Lord.

and to aid in the answering of the question. (Malachi 3: 1-3. (Philippians 3: 11) In his statement in the epistle to Titus he seems to fix the time when that hope would be realized. therefore as a man he was dead." (Revelation 14: 13) This scripture says: "Blessed are the dead which die. 29 The building up of Zion undoubtedly means the Lord's coming to his temple. coming. Then God justified him. The blessed hope of the apostle was that he might have a part in the first resurrection." . and then accepted him as a part of the sacrifice of his beloved Son. because he so says. but it means that while the Lord is present. Through his holy prophet God declared that his beloved One should do a pr(~paratory "work. that they should be judged". which means the glorious shining forth or manifestation of the Lord's presence. The word "appearing" here is from epiphania. If the Lord came to his temple in 1918. When that time is reached then would be true the saying. including those who slept and those who do not sleep. Seeing now that the temple of the Lord is made up of the saints. however. Then the instantaneous change will constitute the death of the human and thc inn:lCdiate life of the divine. and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ. state that a time would come when some saints who die in the Lord would be blessed. 'This fact. that they may rest from their labours.vill of God. In this connection let us consider the words of the apostle: "Looking for that blessed hope. but when he was accepted as a part of the sacrifice of Jesus. yet the apostle says that he is looking for their glorious appearing. and if he continues loval and obedient unto death he dies in Christ. and began the judgment of the saints first. (Revelation 11: 18) With this thought in mind note the words of the Apostle Paul: "[He] shall judge the living and the dead at his appearing. All fait}{ful Christians who die between the time of Pentecost and the beginning of the resurrection during the presence of the Lord must sleep in death. Write." (2 Timothy 4: 1) ~he word here rendered "appearing" does not mean his 30 BROOKLYN. From the time that Faithful was justified he had the right to live as a man. But the Scriptures." (Titus 2: 13) Neither Jeh~ vah nor Jesus is on the earth. submits Scriptural proof showing that the Lord came to his temple in 1918. Matthew 25: 19. God justified him in order to make him acceptable. because it is the awarding to them of the prize for which the apostle declared he was running. When Faithful learned of God's provision for salvation through Christ he made a full and complete consecration to do the . his right to live as a man ceased. that "lrould be a strong and persuasive argument that the a"oakening of the sleeping saints took place in 1918 or thereabouts. and at the time of his shining forth or clearer manifestatation of his presence. 1926. That justification gave Faithful the :right to live as a man. Their raising up constitutes their final judgment. "in the tWinkling of an eye. It is the time of the realization of the blessed hope spoken of by the Apostle Paul."-Psalm 102: 16. thcn it would be reasonable to conclude also that the next step would be to awaken the sleeping saints in order that the temple of God might be established. and came for the purpose of judgment. As a new creature Faithful is in Christ. Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: yea. to wit. and your life is hid with Christ in God. Y. in Revelation 14: 13. l THE BLESSED ONES 32 Another text bearing upon the time of the resurrection reads: "And I heard a voice from heayen.ffheWATCH TOWER 106 it would hardly seem that he would awaken the sleeping saints until this preparatory work was completed. Concerning this it is written: "For ye are dead. that judgment begins. 21) Such judgment must begin at the house of God.-Psalm 50: 2. saying unto me. FOR JUDGMENT The Scriptural authority is conclusive that the Lord comes to his temple for the purpose of judgment. 31 The sleeping saints must be first raised. It is written: "When the Lord shall build up Zion. 21 If that reasoning is correct then the resurrection of the sleeping saints would not take place until after the Devil is expelled from heaven. at the glorious appearing of the Lord. and that that marks the time of the resurrection of the sleeping saints. and that then he shall suddenly come to his temple. The reason why they are called ''blessed'' is that they do not sleep in death but receive their change instantaneously. and that the Lord came to his temple in 1n8. we shall name one Faithful. he shall appear in his glory. and begotten to the divine nature." How is it possible for one who is dead to die? 33 For example. 84 Faithful is now a new creature. and their works do follow them. wo