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TM

Innovation in Learning

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ENGLISH GRAMMAR

Verb + -ing or to
Lesson code: L3U6-TSJB-A8IM-I

INTERMEDIATE +

1 Presentation 1
When one verb follows another verb, the infinitive (to do / not to do) or an -ing form (doing / not doing) is
used.
verb + infinitive

verb + -ing

Do you want to have lunch now?
I decided not to go out.

I like talking to her.
She doesn't recall meeting him.

The infinitive is often used for an action
that happens after the first verb.

The -ing form is often used for an action that
happens at the same time as or before the first verb.

Some verbs that are followed by an infinitive:
want
manage

decide
threaten

agree
promise

plan
fail

intend
pretend

• We intend to spend the summer in the countryside.
• I passed by him on the street, but he pretended not to see me.
• I didn't agree to sell you my car!

Some verbs that are followed by an -ing form:
enjoy
consider

deny
risk

postpone
miss

imagine
avoid

suggest
involve

• Leonard is an artist. He can't imagine working in an office everyday.
• She denied breaking the window.
• We are all very tired now. I suggest continuing the meeting tomorrow.

Where do you intend to have dinner this evening?

B:

Well, I enjoy eating out, but I think I'll avoid going to the same restaurant again.

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Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory.

AB

A:

LE

Dialogue

P H OT

OC

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I'll consider Now do the same with the verbs below. I managed 4.com PI Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory. If you criticize my cooking again. Seth works for an electronics company. AB You can review this worksheet online at www. meet call cook finish give miss sell win 1. Give an example of something you have refused to do for someone. him any more cash. 4. my work on time. 7. It's bad for your health.linguahouse. I refused this match. You should stop 2. P H OT OC O . I'll lend you my phone charger if you promise it back to me this afternoon. your homework so that we can go out. he finally admitted the money. Use the rules in the table on Page 1 to help you decide whether to use the infinitive or -ing form. 1. Let me know when you finish Now answer the following questions about you: 1. computers. Tomek can't afford 7. Their team are playing really well at the moment. 2/4 c Linguahouse. Their team failed 6. After an hour of questioning by the police. He still owes me a lot of money. phones and other dinner for you tonight! 8. They deserve a new car right now. the first match of the tournament. Mark doesn't mind early. He has to save more money. 2. I forgot 8. you that I can't come to your party tomorrow night. Have you ever risked doing something while attempting to do something else? 3. 3. 5. His job involves gadgets. The neighbour threatened the police if they didn't turn off the loud music. Mrs Pierre is teaching us French.lingua house Verb + -ing or to Innovation in Learning A A TM A A ENGLISH GRAMMAR 2 Practice 1 Complete the sentences with a suitable verb in the correct form (one verb is used in the negative form). 5. 6. Give an example of a task that you often avoid doing. 3. They arranged to meet at 4pm in front of the cinema. I must leave early or I'll risk the train. What do you enjoy/not enjoy doing? 2.com/ex LE 4. buy do get up smoke speak lend steal tell win . 9.

stop + infinitive stop + -ing I saw Tom earlier. you are sorry to have to say something. with a difference in meaning. remember + infinitive remember + -ing Please remember to lock the door before you I don't remember locking the door. you attempt/make If you try doing something. Try emailing him. regret + infinitive regret + -ing We regret to inform you that you have failed the exam. If you forget to do something. I forgot to answer your email. He might answer. I'll have to go leave the house. you remember something that happened in the past.com/ex LE If you try to do something. an experiment or test. I regret not studying for my exams.com AB You can review this worksheet online at www. If something needs doing. If you need to do something. I could have a much better job now. The kitchen needs cleaning. You stop doing something after you do it. back and check. it needs to be done. If you won't or will never forget doing something. You remember doing something after you do it. it is necessary or important for you to do it. you do something as an effort to do it. PI A TM P H OT OC O . c Linguahouse. If you regret doing something. You stop to do something before you do it. I stopped smoking years ago.lingua house Verb + -ing or to A Innovation in Learning A A ENGLISH GRAMMAR 3 Presentation 2 Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or an -ing form. I'll never forget driving for the first time. I stopped to talk to him. try + infinitive try + -ing I tried to help him. you forget it before you do it. You remember to do something before you do it.linguahouse. need + infinitive need + -ing She needs to relax. you are sorry (now) that you did something (in the past). but he refused. forget + infinitive forget + -ing I'm sorry. (formal) If you regret to say something/inform somebody/tell somebody. 3/4 Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory.

2. I tried 3. but the driver didn't see me. The young boy started (cry) when he couldn't find his toy. Now answer the following questions about you: 1. (invite) Tom to the party. 14. They began to play at 4pm. 15. Why are you bothering (call) her? You know she has a boyfriend. (buy) some bread.com/ex LE 3. I regret 8. I think she should stop 16. 1.com PI Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory. (meet) her at the party? 5. Look outside. Is there anything you regret doing? P H OT OC O . Vitor needs (relax) more. I feel very sleepy. Have you recently stopped doing something that was bad for you? 4/4 c Linguahouse. He isn't a very social person. (tell) you that we are unable to offer you the job.linguahouse. He never answers. Kate's boyfriend is always very rude. It has started raining. Don't forget (go) to bed so late. Your internet connection isn't working? Have you tried (restart) your computer? (stop) the taxi. 4 Practice 2 Put the verbs in the correct form. They began playing at 4pm. I'll never forget (shake) the president's hand. It's a complete mess. 7. 10. But after -ing. we usually use an infinitive: He's beginning relaxing. I think you know Juliette. While I was on my way home. 12. (call) me if you want to go out tomorrow night. Is there anything you'll never forget doing? Is there anything you often forget to do? 2. 4. He works too hard. 11. I regret 9.lingua house Verb + -ing or to Innovation in Learning A A TM A A ENGLISH GRAMMAR These verbs can be followed by an infinitive or an -ing form. I wouldn't bother (rain). I stopped (see) him. I hope you will remember (buy) some milk when you are at the supermarket this time. AB You can review this worksheet online at www. Don't bother to call him. He never answers. It's starting 13. He's beginning to relax. Don't you remember 6. Don't bother calling him. with little or no difference in meaning: start begin continue bother verb + infinitive verb + -ing It has started to rain. He continued working after lunch. Joe's bedroom needs (tidy). He continued to work after lunch.

to cry/crying 15. meeting 9. going 12. selling 1. to buy 10. smoking 4. doing 4.linguahouse. stealing 7. to relax 8. to win 3. inviting/to invite P H OT OC O . to call 13. to give 3. to win 8. to stop 6. to finish 7. to buy 9. seeing 4. restarting 5. to rain 16. to call AB 1. c Linguahouse. to tell 11. to tell 4. tidying 7. to speak 5.lingua house Verb + -ing or to .Practice 2 3. missing 6. shaking 14. not cooking 2.Key A A TM Innovation in Learning A A ENGLISH GRAMMAR 2.Practice 1 2. getting up 6.com LE 2. to call 8. to buy You can review this worksheet online at www. to lend 5.com/ex i PI Review your flashcards at least 3-5 times a week for 20 minutes to keep the material fresh in your memory.