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Problem 1
IP Address -> 172.30.1.33
Network Mask -> 255.255.0.0
Network Address -> 172.30.0.0
Number of Host -> 65.534
How I solve problem to get Network Address ?
Firs we need change this number 172.30.1.33 to Binary Number
you will get this change 172.30.1.33 = 10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 00100001
27=128

26=64

25=32

24=16

23=8

22=4

21=2

20=1

Take the IP address 172.30.1.33 and the start with 1 st octet (172)
Example
2 172

2 86

2 43

2 21

2 10

2 30

=10101100

2 15

2 7

2 3

2 1

1
=00011110

1
=000000001

2 33

2 16

2 8

2 4

2 2

2 1

=10000100

Where I get number 1 and 0 ? you use calculate and if you get the point thats
mean you the balance another meaning you get that number 1 and if you doesnt
get the point you should 0

To you get the network address , you should combine that IP address binary
number with network mask binary number. Before that you should change that
network mask decimal to binary number
After change network mask decimal to binary number you will get
: 255.255.0.0 (Decimal) ->
11111111.11111111.00000000.0000000(Binary)
And now you can start calculate to get your Network Address

## 10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 00100001

11111111. 11111111. 00000000. 0000000
__________________________________
10101100. 00011110. 00000000. 00000000 change this

number to decimal
2. 0 and 0 means 0
3. 1 and 0 means 0

Network address is easy you just combine like network mask combine but this one
you combine network address with network mask

## 10101100. 00011110. 00000000. 00000000

11111111. 11111111. 00000000. 00000000
___________________________________
10101100. 00011110. 11111111. 11111111

Note if you can see , you seem on back number is the different number . That we
can see the different broadcast address with network mask. If this binary is the
same number thats mean is 1

## Number of Host Bits

Step to get Total Number of Host Bits inside Network mask :Using network mask (11111111. 11111111. 00000000. 0000000) and
continue with using this formula

Formula : 2N - 2
Total number of mask is 8+8=16
N
= 16
16
2
=65 536
16
2 -2 =65 534

Problem 2

In problem 2 until 6 you just follow my step how I solve 6 problem. If you dont
understand you can read my problem number 1 to know more detail.

: 172.
Total Number of Host Bits : 256
Number of Host

: 172. 30. 1. 33
:255. 255. 255. 0
30. 1. 0
: 172. 30. 1. 255
: 254

First you need change decimal to binary number to get Network address

On network address you just copy on problem 1
and you will get 172.30.1.33 = 10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 00100001

you need change network mask decimal to binary and you will get
255. 255. 255. 0 = 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 00000000

Combine binary number IP Address with network mask
IP Address : 10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 00100001
: 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 00000000
_____________________________________
10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 00000000 = 172. 30. 1. 0

Combine binary number network address and network mask

## : 10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 00000000

: 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 00000000
____________________________________
10101100. 00011110. 00000001. 11111111
= 172. 30. 1. 255

## Number of Host Bits

Total number of mask is 8

N
=8
8
2
= 256
8
2 -2 = 254

Problem 3
: 192.
Total Number of Host Bits : 256
Number of Host

## : 192. 168. 10. 234

: 255. 255. 255. 0
168. 10. 0
: 192. 168. 10 .255
: 254

2

192

96

48

24

12

=1100000

168

84

42

21

10

2 10

2 1
has 8 bits)

=10101000

234

117

58

29

14

=11101010

## 192. 168. 10. 234 = 11000000. 10101000. 10100000. 11101010

255. 255. 255. 0 : 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 00000000

IP Address : 11000000. 10101000. 10100000. 11101010
: 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 00000000
____________________________________
11000000. 10101000. 10100000. 0000000
After you change decimal you will get the binary number is 192. 168. 10. 0

## : 11000000. 10101000. 10100000. 0000000

: 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 0000000
______________________________________
11000000. 10101000. 10100000. 1111111

After change decimal to binary you will get 192. 168. 10 .255

## Number of Host Bits

Total number of mask is 8

N
=8
8
2
= 256
28-2 = 254

Problem 4
: 172. 17. 99. 71
: 255. 255. 0. 0
: 172. 17. 0. 0
: 172. 17. 255. 255
Total Number of Host Bits : 65 536
Number of host
: 65 534

2 172

2 86

2 43

2 21

2 10

2 5

2 2

2 1

2 17

99

2 8

49

2 4

24

2 2

12

2 1

=10101100

=10001000

71

35

17

=1100011

=10001110

## 172. 17. 0. 0 : 10101100. 10001000. 11000110. 10001110

255. 225. 0. 0 : 11111111. 11111111. 00000000. 00000000

IP Address : 10101100. 10001000. 11000110. 10001110
: 11111111. 11111111. 00000000. 00000000
_____________________________________
10101100. 10001000. 00000000. 00000000
Binary
Decimal

172. 17. 0. 0

Binary
Decimal

## : 10101100. 10001000. 00000000. 00000000

: 11111111. 11111111. 00000000. 00000000
_____________________________________
10101100. 10001000. 11111111. 11111111
10101100. 10001000. 11111111. 11111111
172. 17. 255. 255

## Number of Host Bits

Total number of mask is 8+8=16
N
= 16
16
2
=65 536
16
2 -2 =65 534

Problem 5
: 192. 168. 3. 219
: 255. 255. 0. 0
: 192. 168. 0.0
: 192. 168. 255. 255
Total Number of host bits : 65 536
Number of host
: 65 534

2

192

96

48

24

12

=11000000

168

84

42

21

10

=10101000

= 1100000

2 219

2 109

2 54

2 27

2 13

2 6

2 3

2 1

=11011011

## 192. 168. 3. 219 : 11000000. 10101000. 1100000. 11011011

255. 255. 0. 0 : 11111111. 11111111. 0000000. 00000000

IP Address : 11000000. 10101000. 1100000. 11011011
: 11111111. 11111111. 0000000. 00000000
____________________________________
11000000. 10101000. 0000000. 00000000
=192. 168. 0.0

## : 11000000. 10101000. 0000000. 00000000

: 11111111. 11111111. 0000000. 00000000
___________________________________
11000000. 10101000. 1111111. 11111111
=192. 168. 255. 255

## Number of Host Bits

Total number of mask is 8+8=16
N
= 16
16
2
=65 536
16
2 -2 =65 534

Problem 6
: 192.
Total number of host bits : 32
Number of hosts
: 30

## : 192. 168. 3. 219

: 255. 255. 0. 0
168. 3. 219
: 192. 168. 3. 223

192. 168. 3. 219 : 11000000. 10101000. 1100000. 11011011

255. 255. 255. 244 : 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 11100000

IP Address : 11000000. 10101000. 11000000. 11011011
: 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 11100000
____________________________________
11000000. 10101000. 11000000. 11011011
=192. 168. 3. 219

## : 11000000. 10101000. 11000000. 11011011

: 11111111. 11111111. 11111111. 11100000
______________________________________
11000000. 10101000. 11000000. 11011111

## Number of Host Bits

Total number of mask is 5
N
=5
5
2
= 32
5
2 -2 = 30