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Support Reactions

Prevention of

Translation or

Rotation of a body

Restraints

Kaustubh Dasgupta

Various Supports

2-D Force Systems

Kaustubh Dasgupta

Various Supports

3-D Force Systems

Kaustubh Dasgupta

Rigid Body

Equilibrium

Categories

in 2-D

Kaustubh Dasgupta

Rigid Body

Equilibrium

Categories

in 3-D

Kaustubh Dasgupta

For all forces and moments acting on a twodimensional structure,

Fz 0 M x M y 0 M z M O

Equations of equilibrium become

Fx 0 Fy 0 M A 0

where A is any point in the plane of the structure.

The 3 equations can be solved for no more than

3 unknowns.

additional equations, but they can be replaced

Fx 0 M A 0 M B 0

ME101 - Division III

Kaustubh Dasgupta

More unknowns

than equations:

Statically

Indeterminate

ME101 - Division III

Fewer unknowns

equations but improperly

than equations,

constrained

partially constrained

Kaustubh Dasgupta

Solution:

Create a free-body diagram of the joist.

- The joist is a 3 force body acted upon

by the rope, its weight, and the reaction

at A.

length 4 m, by pulling on a

rope.

Find the tension in the rope

and the reaction at A.

static equilibrium.

- Reaction R must pass through the

intersection of the lines of action of the

weight and rope forces.

- Determine the direction of the reaction

force R.

Utilize a force triangle to determine the

magnitude of the reaction force R.

Kaustubh Dasgupta

Create a free-body diagram of the joist

Determine the direction of the reaction force R

AF AB cos 45 4 m cos 45 2.828 m

CD AE 12 AF 1.414 m

BD CD cot( 45 20) 1.414 m tan 20 0.515 m

CE BF BD 2.828 0.515 m 2.313 m

tan

CE 2.313

1.636

AE 1.414

58.6

Kaustubh Dasgupta

Determine the magnitude of the reaction

force R.

T

R

98.1 N

T 81.9 N

R 147.8 N

Kaustubh Dasgupta

10

Engineering Structure

Any connected system of members to transfer the

loads and safely withstand them

Kaustubh Dasgupta

11

Structural Analysis

Structural Analysis

ME101 Trusses/Frames/Machines/Beams/Cables

Statically Determinate Structures

To determine the internal forces in the structure, dismember

the structure and analyze separate free body diagrams of

individual members or combination of members.

Kaustubh Dasgupta

12

Kaustubh Dasgupta

13

Kaustubh Dasgupta

14

Truss: A framework composed of members joined at

their ends to form a rigid structure

Joints (Connections): Welded, Riveted, Bolted, Pinned

Kaustubh Dasgupta

15

Simple Trusses

Basic Element of a Plane Truss is the Triangle

Three bars joined by pins at their ends Rigid Frame

Non-collapsible and deformation of members due to induced

internal strains is negligible

How to make it rigid or stable?

by forming more triangles!

Simple Trusses

Kaustubh Dasgupta

16

Basic Assumptions in Truss Analysis

All members are two-force members

Weight of the members is small compared

with the force it supports (weight may be

considered at joints).

no effect of bending on members even if weight is

considered

Welded or riveted connections Pin Joint if the

member centerlines are concurrent at the joint

Common Practice in Large Trusses

- Roller/Rocker at one end. Why?

- to accommodate deformations due to temperature

changes and applied loads.

- otherwise it will be a statically indeterminate truss

Kaustubh Dasgupta

17

Truss Analysis: Method of Joints

Finding forces in members

Method of Joints: Conditions of equilibrium are

satisfied for the forces at each joint

Equilibrium of concurrent forces at each joint

only two independent equilibrium equations are involved

Steps of Analysis

1. Draw Free Body Diagram of Truss

2. Determine external reactions by applying

equilibrium equations to the whole truss

3. Perform the force analysis of the remainder

of the truss by Method of Joints

ME101 - Division III

Kaustubh Dasgupta

18

Method of Joints

Start with any joint where at least one known load exists

and where not more than two unknown forces are present.

FBD of Joint A and members AB and AF: Magnitude of forces denoted as AB & AF

- Tension indicated by an arrow away from the pin

- Compression indicated by an arrow toward the pin

Magnitude of AF from

Magnitude of AB from

ME101 - Division III

Kaustubh Dasgupta

19

Method of Joints

Zero Force

Member

Check

Equilibrium

sense is incorrect

Show

forces on

members

ME101 - Division III

Kaustubh Dasgupta

20

Determine the force in each member of the loaded truss by

the method of joints

Kaustubh Dasgupta

21

Kaustubh Dasgupta

22

Joint A

Kaustubh Dasgupta

23

Joint B

Kaustubh Dasgupta

24

Joint C

Kaustubh Dasgupta

25

Joint E

Kaustubh Dasgupta

26

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