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Durability testing and limiting values

for special concretes

Dr. Prakash Nanthagopalan
Assistant Professor
Department of Civil Engineering
Indian Institute of Technology
Bombay

Dr. Pasala Dinakar
Assistant Professor
School of Infrastructure
Indian Institute of Technology
Bhubaneswar

Durability of concrete
Diffusion

Service Environment & Transport properties

Absorption
Permeation

Microstructure
Mixture composition & Construction process

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Self Compacting Concrete (SCC)

Limited aggregate
content
Essential properties
of SCC
SCC
Segregation Resistance

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Why Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC)?
Strength

Durability

Concrete Construction Practices

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Durability of SCC • Durability Paradox • RILEM TC 205 report – Durability of SCC 5 .

Durability test methods for SCC • • • • • • • Gas (Oxygen) permeability Rapid Chloride Penetration Test (RCPT) Rapid Chloride Migration Test (RCMT) Water absorption Sorptivity Water permeability Carbonation 6 .

Gas (Oxygen) permeability Boel et al. 2008 7 .

Gas permeability-SCC Boel et al. 2008 8 .

5 to 2 bar Zhu and Bartos.Gas permeability-SCC Pressure = 0. 2003 9 .

Gas permeability-SCC Pressure = 2 bar Assie et al. 2007 10 .

LWAC Gesoglu et al. 2013 11 .Gas permeability.

Rapid Chloride Penetration Test (RCPT) Bagheri and Zanganeh. 2012 12 .

2004 13 .SCC Nehdi et al.RCPT .

2012 14 .Charges passed (Coulombs) RCPT – SCC Uysal et al.

SCC Siddique and Aggarwal. 2010 15 .RCPT .

RCPT . 2012 16 .SCC Days Kanellopoulos et al.

RCPT .SCC (IIT BBS) 17 .

RCPT – HSC (IIT BBS) 18 .

50 .55 Charge passed [Coulombs] Compressive strength (MPa) 72 3500 LWC 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 0.45 water binder ratio 0.25 4000 NWC 0.35 0.30 0.45 19 0.35 0.40 water binder ratio 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.RCPT – LWAC (IIT BBS) LWC NWC 66 60 54 48 42 36 30 0.

2013 20 .LWAC Gesoglu et al.RCPT .

Rapid Chloride Migration Test (RCMT) Bagheri and Zanganeh. 2012 Luo and Schutter 2008 21 .

SCC Zhu and Bartos.RCMT . 2003 22 .

RCMT. 2004) 23 .SCC (Schutter and Audenaert.

Water Absorption Test (WAT) 24 .

2004) 25 .SCC (Schutter and Audenaert.WAT .

SCC (IITBBS) 26 .WAT .

WAT – HSC (IITBBS) 27 .

2003 28 .Sorptivity – Capillary Water absorption RILEM TC 116-PCD. 1999 Zhu and Bartos.

2003 29 .SCC Zhu and Bartos.Sorptivity .

Sorptivity . 2012 30 .SCC Kanellopoulos et al.

HSC (IIT Madras) 31 .Sorptivity .

Sorptivity .LWAC Gesoglu et al. 2013 32 .

Water Impermeability Test (WIT) Uysal et al. 2012 33 .

SCC Uysal et al. 2012 34 .Water Penetration depth (mm) WIT .

WIT – SCC (IIT BBS) 35 .

2010 36 .SCC Ramezanianpour et al.WIT .

Accelerated Carbonation Test – SCC Assie et al. 2007 37 .

2010 38 .Carbonation Depth (mm) Accelerated Carbonation Test .SCC Age of specimens – 90 days Parra et al.

06 to 0.Limiting values for SCC Tests Range of values Gas (Oxygen) permeability 0.6  10 -12 m2 RCPT (Charge passed) 100 to1000 coulombs RCMT 5 to15  10 -12 m2/s Water absorption 4 to 6 % Sorptivity 0.12 mm/min0.5 Water Penetration (depth) 5 to 10 mm Accelerated Carbonation Test 5 to 10 mm 39 .3 to 0.

RILEM Technical Committee Reports on Durability • Technical Committee 230-PSC: Performance-based specifications and control of concrete durability • Technical Committee 235-CTC: Corrosion initiating chloride threshold concentrations in concrete • Technical Committee 246-TDC: Test methods to determine durability of concrete under combined environmental actions and mechanical load • Technical Committee 247-DTA: Durability testing of alkali-activated materials • Technical Committee 211-PAE: Performance of cement-based materials in aggressive aqueous environments • Technical Committee 213-MAI: Model assisted integral service life prediction of steel reinforced concrete structures with respect to corrosion induced damage • Technical Committee 214-CCD: Concrete cracking and its relation to durability: Integrating 40 material properties with structural performance .

) 004-CDC: Durability of concrete 012-CRC: Concrete reinforcements corrosion 016-C: Investigation on carbonation 032-RCA: Resistance of concrete to chemical attack 060-CSC: Corrosion of steel in concrete 071-PSL: Prediction of service life of building materials and components 102-AFC: Ageing and durability of fibre concrete 106-AAR: Alkali-aggregate reaction 116-PCD: Permeability of concrete as a criterion of its durability 117-FDC: Freeze-thaw and de-icing resistance of concrete 130-CSL: Calculation methods for service life design of concrete structures 140-TSL: Prediction of service life of building materials and components 146-TCF: Tightness of concrete with respect to fluids 156-CPD: Durability of concrete polymer composites 160-MLN: Methodology for life prediction of concrete structures in nuclear power plants 177-MDT: Masonry durability and on-site testing 178-TMC: Testing and modelling chloride penetration in concrete 186-ISA: Internal sulfate attack 191-ARP: Alkali-reactivity and prevention .• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • RILEM Reports on Durability (Contd..Assessment. specification and diagnosis of alkali-reactivity 204-LTP: Life time performance of materials and structures 41 205-DSC: Durability of Self-Compacting Concrete .

Durability of Concrete 201-0A Durability-Sulfate Attack 350-0B .ACI Technical committee Reports on durability • • • • • • 201 .Durability 440-0L FRP-Durability 544-0F FRC-Durability 562-0F Durability 42 .

Proceedings of 6th International RILEM Symposium on Self-Compacting Concrete. Canada. Vol.Consolidating Concrete (HPSCC). Vol.. Vol. M. K. García. 49. Audenaert. (2004) Evaluation of water absorption of concrete as a measure for resisitance against carbonation and chloride migration. 1283–1290. Comparison of Rapid Tests for Evaluation of Chloride Resistance of Concretes with Supplementary Cementitious Materials. Evaluation of Pozzolanic Materials on Mechanical Properties and Durability of High-Performance Self. 1039 and 1047. . E. J. and Ipek. M. and Mahdikhani. 41. Vol. 2010. and De Schutter.. Materials and Structures. ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. A. A. Materials and Structures. P. S. (2004) Durability of Self-consolidating concrete incorporating high volume replacement composite cements. II. Luo. Canada. 2010. Influence of Viscosity Modifying Admixtures and Limestone Filler on the Durability of Self. G.. Construction and Building Materials. II. and Aggarwal. M. II. 45-51. 171-180. K. and De Schutter. 591-596.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • References Assie´. R. Rodriguez. P. Canada. M. C. Guneyisi. 1571-1579. and Bartos. G.. 2010. V. Materials and Structures. 33. 41.Compacting Concrete. L. Construction and Building Materials. 2130-2112. Vol. 417– 424. M.. 37. Durability of SCC – From Materials to Structures. (2012) The effect of mineral admixtures on mechanical properties. Materials and Structures. G.. and Garrido. 41.. Vol. 174-179. 34. 1909–1917. II. A. S. and Waller. Vol. W. 32. Vol. (2008) Gas permeability and capillary porosity of self-compacting concrete. (2013) Strength and transport properties of steam cured and water cured lightweight aggregate concretes. Ali. and Mermerdas. Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Class-F Fly Ash. De Schutter. Vol. (2003) Permeation properties of self-compacting concrete. De Schutter. 27. Nehdi. B. G. A. (2012). 263–270. Cement and Concrete Research. Valcuende. 1175-1182. Materials and Structures. Proceedings of 6th International RILEM Symposium on Self-Compacting Concrete. Proceedings of 6th International RILEM Symposium on Self-Compacting Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research. Parra. and Audenaert. R. Vol. 24. L. Escadeillas. Uysal. RILEM Technical Committee (2008) Final report of RILEM TC 205-DSC: Durability of self-compacting concrete. M. and Zanganeh. K. 127 – 135. Pardhan. Ramezanianpour.. Canada. 225-233. 2010. Boel. Proceedings of 6th International RILEM Symposium on Self-Compacting Concrete.. Yilmaz. Samadian. 43 Zhu. Vol. 21. Vol. (2007) Estimates of self-compacting concrete ‘potential’ durability. K. chloride ion permeability and impermeability of self-compacting concrete. M. Vol. Bagheri. Vol. M. M. G. V. 921–926. RILEM TC 116-PCD (1999) Permeability of concrete as a criterion of its durability – Recommendations.. and Koshowshi. Vol. Construction and Building Materials. H. C. Siddique. Gesog˘lu. (2008) Influence of corrosion inhibitors on concrete transport properties.

Thank you 44 .