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Oct. 21, 1941.

'

w, B, HULLHQRST

2,259,748

CONVEYER
Filed March 29, 1940

INVENTOR

' William .B. Hull/701291;,

I have in 45 main thread 20 and connecting the latter with-a ' relatively short spiral thread 22. of the various types of conveyers and is of such bottles and conveyer a distance substantially‘ construction that several _may be'arranged in equal to the diameter of one of the bottles. of the timing screw the thread. assignor to _ _ Owens-Illinois Glass Company. said ?ange being in e?ect a continuation of the various types of conveyers and for the purpose of handling a great variety of articles.2. . the accompanying drawing illustrated it in con. conveyer and momentarily hold the articles sta 15 The screw I8 is journaled in bearings 19 and at least in part ‘overlies a marginal portion ‘of.‘ other end merging into an end of a‘radial ?ange ‘junction with a horizontal endless belt type con 23 which is formed at the extreme end of the veyer which is transporting glass containers to timing screw and extends in a direction circum ya sealing station._ . the capping . " ' CONVEYER William _B._ ' stantially along the line 2-2 of Fig. it is practicable to'hold them stationary at said station during. it does not have any accelerating articles one at a time andat the exitend of the or decelerating effect upon the speed of travel of screw is so formed that the normal forward motion of each article is completely stopped until 25 the bottles. a corporation of Ohio ' Application March 29. 2 is a sectional elevational view taken 'sub. Toledo. part pointed out hereinafter.timing screw is so pitch or lead of the thread is such that to-..259. to permit labeling or any other 1 desired operation upon the articles.696 4 Claims.~ I. Serial No. . one of the latter being mounted upon a shaft It at one’end of the conveyer.the capping station. . vwithout conveyer so that the thread 2llm'ay engage the regard to the continued movement of the con side surfaces of the bottles as they are carried veyer and other articles. a top plan view of a conveyer system including the timing screw which embodiesmy invention. the latter being disposed in parallel relation .endless conveyer I0 is disposed horizon tally and operates to bring glass bottles H toy'a capping or sealing station 8. 21.convey'er and ‘ so spacing the bottles prior to arrival thereof at employed in delivering articles in the desired spaced relation to a series of stations at which . Ohio.'_19a-s4) pair of pulleys l5. medially of the length . This timing screw functions to space the bottles conveying system including a continuously rotat ing timing screw which is so formed.259. An object of my invention is the provision of a ship to said conveyer. At performance of any desired operation upon the the inlet or entrance end of the timing screw.748 Patented Oct. that. 1940.748 ‘ ‘ ~ . mined speed. the latter at its ... The present invention relates to improvements in conveyers and more particularly is concerned with the. The other‘ ?ange 2| ' prevents contact between ‘a container.. the articles. This end ?ange 23 positively holds ‘ the bottles _one at a time against forward move ment with the conveyer Ill. (c1. accelerates forward'movement of the. ' - 2. Hullhorst. ’creased in pitch or lead su?iciently to accelerate ‘Another object of my invention is‘ the provi the speed of movement of the bottles one-at a ' sion of a'timing screw which is usable with any time and advance‘ them relative to the following . upon a continuously moving conveyer. l8. This conveyer may ' be driven by conventional means including an _ imately 90?. 326. whereby to facilitate the to the capping station S by said conveyer. To this end the. 1941 "UNITED ‘STATES PATENT" OF'FIGE‘ - " . the spaced relation between articles that are beingv delivered to a preselected station by the > apply and ?rmly attach closures or caps thereto.The .thereof is in it has been labeled or otherwise treated. 1 is. ‘in 10 apart su?iciently in advance of ‘_ arrival at the sealing or capping station S to ‘permit complete conjunction with acontinuously moving horizon cessation of forward movement of the bottles at tal conveyer. ferentially of the latter for a distance ofapprox. formed that the thread. Substantially. The speci?c construction includes a semi-circular radial ?ange 2| disposed in a plane at right angles to the axis of said screw. . ' Fig. that is electric motor l2 operating through a speed re ducing unit l3 and a belt l4 which connects‘ a 55 being held stationary and the next succeeding H . various operations may be performed thereon. By end‘to end relation alongside of a. » In the drawing: ‘ ‘ ~ Fig. provision of novel and effective means . the tionary at the station one at a time. it will' operate to gradually increase said station for the'period of time required to. Other objects will be in part apparent and in 35 operation without in any way interrupting nor 1. station due'to the speci?c contour of the thread of the timing ‘screw in proximity to the exit end of the latter. substantially medially of gether with rotation of the screw at a predeter-' its length.The bottles H are retained against excessive lateral shifting upon the conveyer H] by means of a longitudinal guide ll which is‘ positioned alongside of the conveyer opposite a timing screw for momentarily retarding advancing movement of the articles one at a time. The bottles are held stationary at the capping . 1. While the invention is‘capa-ble of use with ‘mal forward travel of the other bottles with the conveyer Ill. .

2. A conveyer system including a horizontal conveyer adapted to_ carry articles to and away clude a standard 29 which pivotally supports a capping head ll. As the'screw rotates and the outer end of the radial flange 23 moves out of contact with a bottle. In a conveyer system of the character de scribed. a guide arranged along one side thereof.2. a horizontal continuously moving con veyer.in pitch. Mechanism for imparting continuous rotation to the timing screw may well include an electric ?nally release the article for normal travel with said conveyer. _ ' apart sumciently to permit complete cessation 4. means at said sta shaft 36 which is driven by the motor 24 through tion connected to and forming an extension of the aforementioned speed reduction unit 25. the latter being mounted upon a they approach said station.748 2. a horizontal continuously moving con veyer. said ?anges being con nected to and forming a continuation of the over a pair of pulleys 21.This latter the screw thread being shaped to accelerate move 30 rod carries a cam roll 34 which runs in a closed ment of the articles relative to the conveyer as rotary cam 35. a timing screw in lel thereto. One of these pulleys is mounted directly upon an end of the timing screw _ thread proper. said thread at the inlet end having pitch to eifect movement of the articles at the same speed as that of the conveyer. In apparatus of the character described. supporting them. container such as might otherwise occur under some conditions. mediate the length of the latter being increased . WILLIAM B. the thread at the inlet end of said screw being shaped to engage’ the articles without accelerating or Si and a shaft 3 I. . a guide spaced from the timing screw and extending lengthwise of the conveyer. spaces them screw and means‘ for moving the conveyer at a constant‘speed. The construction may in 3. the lead or pitch of which is such that it functions as a cam and causes the bottle to resume its forward move ment. said thread in proximity to the exit‘of the screw being formed and a timing screw positioned at the opposite side to momentarily retard advancing movement of of the conveyer and in part overlying the latter. said timing screw having a continuous thread from its inlet end to a point in proximity to the exit end thereof. l. This unit obtains its power gagement with the bottles at regular intervals by mechanism including a pair of bell crank levers" from a preselected station. . a timing screw positioned at the opposite side of the conveyer and in part overlying the latter. a guide arranged along one side thereof. . This head is brought into en— partoverlying said conveyer and disposed paral capping station S. the lead of the screw thread inter spirit and scope of the appended claims. I claim: _ - 1. the thread ot the screw being in part shaped to 50 articles engaged thereby. One lever is connected through a rod 32 to said head while decelerating their speed. a of the forward movement thereof during the 40 = timing screw arranged alongside of a continu ' ously moving horizontal conveyer and in part capping operation. and a segmental For the purpose of illustration I have shown ' spiral thread connecting the opposed ends of said a capping or sealing ‘unit 28 positioned 'at the 20 ?anges. and means for impart.‘ Thus contact between the containers is pre vented. a major portion of the thread remote from the inlet end being of greater pitch than the remainder and a pair of longitudinally spaced radial ?anges forming a part of the exit end of the screw and extending in a direction circum unit 25 and a belt 26 or the like which is trained 15 ferentially of the latter. said screw having inlet and Modi?cations may be resorted to within the exit ends. the screw thread for effecting momentary ‘cessa In view of the above it will be apparent that tion of the advancing movement of the articles. the adjacent part of the other is secured to a push rod 33. the initial portion of which movement is slightly faster than the speed of the conveyer Ill. from the motor 24. in operation the mechanism continuously delivers means for continuously rotating the timing bottles to the capping unit and just prior to arrival of the bottles at said station. HULLHORST. the latter is engaged by the spiral thread portion 22.' ing continuous rotary movement to the timing accelerate forward movement of articles on and relative to the conveyer and thereafter momen tarily completely stop such forward movement and. overlying the latter. In a conveyer system of the character de scribed. means for imparting continuous motor 24 operating through a speed reduction rotation to the timing screw. screw.259.