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EARLY CHRISTIANIZATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

ORIGINAL FILIPINO FAITH, PRE-HISPANIC INFLUENCES, KEY EVENTS, TECHNIQUES

spirits  i.THE ORIGINAL FILIPINO FAITH  Monolatrist Animism  “Monolatry” – focused worship on only one supreme being with reverence and acknowledgement for other divine spirits  “Animism” – reverence for or worship of nature.e. Worship of Bathala as a central deity with reverence for nature spirits and ancestors . phenomena.

centered in Mindanao  Chinese traders  Introduced Buddhism and ancestor veneration  Indian traders  Introduced cultural practices . made no effort to proselytize Christianity.PRE-HISPANIC INFLUENCES  Arab traders  Introduced Christianity as well as Islam  Focused on Islam.

believing it could cure and bless the people. .KEY EVENTS  The first “Sinulog”  Rajah Humabon’s grandson was sick when Magellan arrived. his chief consort Humamay and 800 of his subjects underwent the first mass baptism.  All hail white men.  Humamay then went about the village with the statue of the baby Jesus.  The Rajah.  The Spanish successfully cured the Rajah’s son.

KEY EVENTS  Miguel Lopez de Legazpi  Did white man things like:  1565 – Established the first permanent Spanish Settlement in Cebu  1570 – Conquered the Kingdom of Maynila (Islamic) .

TECHNIQUES  Mass baptism  Individual baptisms would’ve taken too long. . as per Tajfel.  Social Psychology:  May also be used to signify that they were all going in this together – stamping out the possibility of the creation of a Christian out-group.  White men were too excited to convert the little island people.  Baptized en masse to speed up the conversion process.

white shepherds flocked together their sheep  Problems: sentimental value of original settlement.k. allowed for better administration and tax collection (systematized oppression and institutionalized abuse).  Thus.  A.a. displaced Filipinos from their livelihood and source of food .TECHNIQUES  Reduccion  Relocation of smaller communities and integration into larger settlements.  Thus. making it easier for friars to preach and condition the Filipinos to the Christian lifestyle and beliefs.

Ahas. prohibiting Filipino ordainment. .  Voiced their disagreement with the secular-military leaders  They also learned native languages because Filipinos weren’t allowed to learn white people languages  All the while taking land. and dismissing Filipino autonomy  So they weren’t that nice. which would become known worldwide as the hallmark of colonization.TECHNIQUES  Spanish friars were nice at first  Before they began their onslaught of rape and molestation. but they were friendly enough to be convincing.  They were also pretty nice and helpful.

a. ancestor veneration. etc.k.TECHNIQUES  Folk Christianity  Appealing to Filipino culture in the formation of new Christian practices  Integration of Filipino practices that did not contradict Christian beliefs  Dancing as prayer. October 31st. healing rituals  Colonization of Filipino special days (May 5th.)  Theatrical presentations of Christian mythology (a. feasts. Bible stories) .

symbols. statues (later branded as “idols”). scripts. holy places . and Its Whitewashing  Dissolution of the Babaylanic system  Demonization of Filipino spirits and practices  Complete destruction of Filipino culture – literature.TECHNIQUES  The Systematic Destruction of Filipino Religion and Culture.