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Year 12: Applicable Mathematics

2006 Examination Semester 1
TIME ALLOWED FOR THIS PAPER
Reading time before commencing work: Ten Minutes
Working time for paper:
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SOLUTIONS
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This Question Paper, comprising of a total of 18 questions and 20 pages.
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Special Items: Curriculum Council Mathematical Formulae and Statistical Tables Book, drawing

instruments, templates and up to 2 calculators satisfying the conditions set by the Curriculum Council,
plus one sheet of A4 paper, i.e. 2 pages of notes.

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address of the candidate, and may be inspected during the examination.

IMPORTANT NOTE TO CANDIDATES
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ensure that you cancel the answers you do not wish to have marked. If you repeat an answer to any question. in sufficient detail to allow your answers to be checked readily. 2. and for marks to be awarded for reasoning. Show all working clearly. Incorrect answers given without supporting reasoning cannot be allocated any marks.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Semester 1. 2006 page 2 SUBJECT: APPLICABLE MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. 3. Attempt all questions. Question Maximum Mark 1 7 2 12 3 8 4 7 5 15 6 5 7 11 8 6 9 12 10 9 11 6 12 8 13 6 14 12 15 6 16 4 17 8 18 8 Total 150 Mark Achieved . Total Marks for this paper: 150. You may answer questions in any order.

involving a constant k. y and z. if any.5 14 z  7   y  5. 1   1  2  (b) 1 1 (1)    5   k  10  3 2 7 k 3 k2  2 Reduce the matrix to echelon form.5  2   y  3. 2006 page 3 [7 marks] Given the following system of simultaneous equations in x. Indicate all elementary row operations performed. z  0.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 1 Semester 1. for which the above system has no solution  k 2  k  6  0 and k  2  k  3 or  2( N / A) k  3 (2) (d) If k = 5.5 (2) x  3.g.5  3   x  6 . solve the system of equations. x yz 3 x  2 y  (7  k ) z  5 (a) 2 x  3 y  (k 2  2) z  k  10 Write the system of equations in augmented matrix form. by (2) using appropriate notation (e. R1  R1  3R2 ) 1   0  0  R2  R2  R1 R3  R3  2R1 R3  R3  R2  1   0   0  1 1 1 6 k k2 1 1 1 1 6 k 0 k2  k 6    2   k  4  3     2    k  2  3 (c) Determine the value(s) of k.5  0.

1 2  0  (1)(4)  (d 21 )(2)  d 21  2 5 4 (2) . find the following: (3) 4  2  1  9  10 11  Y so that B – Y =  1  4  0 2   4 9  Y   3 8   0 4   1 0 Z so that ZD =   0 1 (2) (3)  1   4 2   Z  I 2 D 1  I 2     14   5 1  2 1  7  7   1 5   14 14  (d) 1 BD 2 (2) 6 2   2 10   1 2   1 1   BD   2 4      9 10  5 4 2 2    0 2    5 4  (e) The (changed) value of the element d21. so that the matrix D is singular.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 2 Semester 1. D  5 1  5 0  2 (a) X if XC = A  1  1  X  AC 1   2 5    18   5  23   18 (b) (c) page 4 2 4 . C   . 2006 [12 marks] 6 2   2 4  1 If A  2 5. B  2 4 .

(2) 25 A  16 S  20C  426 15 A  11S  19C  292 10 A  6 S  25C  236 (b) Represent the system of equations as an augmented matrix. respectively. and C be the ticket prices for adults. $6 for senior citizens and $4 for children. 11 senior citizens and 19 children. use matrix methods to find the cost of each type of ticket. 2006 page 5 [8 marks] A concert for the purpose of fundraising was recently offered at a local school. . letting A.  On Friday evening.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 3 Semester 1. S. $292 was paid by 15 adults. senior citizens and children. The tickets were sold at the door. 6 senior citizens and 25 children. Hence.  On Saturday evening. $426 was paid by 25 adults. (6)  25 16 20 | 426  15 11 19 | 292    10 6 25 | 236  R3  5R3  2 R1  25 16 20 | 426   0 14 70 | 364     0 2 85 | 328  R3  7 R3  R2  25 16 20 | 426   0 14 70 | 364     0 0 665 | 2260  R2  10 R2  6 R1  665C  2260  C  4  14 S  70(4)  364   S  6  25 A  16(6)  20(4)  426   A  10  Ticket prices were: $10 for adults. (a) Represent the given information as a system of equations. and the totals of ticket sales were as follows:  On Thursday evening. 16 senior citizens and 20 children. $236 was paid by 10 adults. showing all steps of calculations.

(4) Reflection about y   x :  0 1  1 0    Rotation (anticlockwise) by 900:  0 1 1 0     0 1  0 1 1 0  Combining two transformations:     1 0   1 0  0 1 This represents a reflection in the x-axis .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 4 Semester 1. B(6. with A(1. and then rotated (anticlockwise) about the origin by 900 (to form the rectangle A**B**C**D**). 5) and D(1. C(6. 3). 2006 page 6 [7 marks] The rectangle ABCD. Give a description of each transformation (including the combined transformation) in matrix form as well as stating its nature. (a) Draw the three rectangles on the set of axes provided. (3) y 6 D C A B 4 2 – 6 – 4 D* – 2 2 4 6 x A* – 2 A** B** D** C** – 4 C* (b) B* – 6 Find a single transformation that will have the same effect as the combination of the two transformations. 3). 5) is reflected about the line: y   x (to form the rectangle A*B*C*D*).

Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 5 (a) Semester 1. where A is a 3 x 3 matrix. (i) Find an expression for A A (ii) (2) 1 3 A  I 4 Find an expression for A-1  A1  4 I  A2 (2) . 2006 page 7 [15 marks] Solve for X in the following matrix equation (5)  2 1   3 1  5 3 X  X     4 3  2 0   1 1 2 1  X   X  4 3   5 3   3 1   1 1   2 0       3 2   3 1  X     5 2   2 0   3 1   3 2  X      2 0   5 2   1  3 1    8 X     2 0   5  16  1  16 X    1  4 (b)  1 1  8   3  16  9 16   1  4  Given the matrix equation: A3  4 A  I  0 .

Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions (iii) Semester 1. 2006 page 8  1 1 0  Show that A   1 0 1  satisfies the original equation. by making use of  0 2 1 your graphics calculator (3) A3  4 A  I  1 1 0   1 1 0   1 0 0      1 0 1   4  1 0 1    0 1 0   0 2 1  0 2 1  0 0 1  3  3 4 0   4 4 0  1 0 0    4 1 4    4 0 4   0 1 0   0 8 5  0 8 4  0 0 1  0 0 0   0 0 0   0 0 0 0  (iv) Use your answer for part (ii) to find D 1 A1  4 I  A2 4 0   0 4  0 0 0   1 1 0  0    1 0 1  4   0 2 1 2  4 0 0   1 1 0    0 4 0    1 0 1   0 0 4   0 2 1 2  4 0 0   2 1 1   0 4 0    1 3 1  0 0 4   2 2 3   2 1 1  1 1 1  2 2 1 (3) .

Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 6 Semester 1. in the form y '  mx ' c of the new line after y  2 x  1 is 2 0  transformed by the matrix X   (5)  .  0 1  x   x ' X       y   y '  x  x '  X 1 X    X 1    y  y ' 1  0   x '  x     2    y   0 1  y '   x  1 x '. Show all steps of your calculations. 2 y  y'  y  2 x  1 is transformed to 1   y '  2 x ' 1 2   y '  x ' 1  y '   x ' 1 . 2006 page 9 [5 marks] Find the transformed equation.

dilate vertically (factor 2). translate 2 units right and 3 units down y 2 1 – 3– 2– 1 – 1 1 2 3 4 5 x – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 6 (b) 1  y  2 f  x   2  (4) 1 translate right ( unit).Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 7 Semester 1. 2006 page 10 [11 marks] y The graph of y  f ( x) is given below: 5 4 3 2 1 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 1 1 2 3 4 5 x – 2 – 3 Describe in each case the steps involved in transforming y  f ( x) . and sketch on the axes provided the following graphs: (a) y  f 2  x  3 (3) reflect in y-axis. 2 y 2 1 – 3– 2– 1 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 6 1 2 3 4 5 x . reflect in x-axis.

followed by a reflection in the x-axis 2 f ( x)   2 x  5  log(2 x  4) (2)  (c) (2)  Horizontal dilation (scale factor = 3). write the new equation down for each of the following transformations (a) (b) Translation 2 units left and 3 units up f ( x)  x  7  log( x  2)  3 1 Dilation parallel to the x-axis (scale factor = ). 2006 page 11 x   x3 y  f   1  4  f  4 3   3  Horizontal dilation (factor 3). followed by a translation 3 units down x x f ( x)   7  log(  2)  3 3 3 (2) .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions (c) Semester 1. translation 3 units left and 4 units up (4) y 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 – 10 Question 8 – 8 – 6 – 4 – 2 – 1 2 4 6 8 10 x [6 marks] Given the function: f ( x)  x  5  log( x  4) .

the region shaded in each of the Venn diagrams below. (a) ( A  B)  C (2) (b) ( A  C)  (B  C) A A B C B C ( A  B)  C (c) (2) A (2) B C Write in set notation. 2006 page 12 [12 marks] Shade the appropriate regions in each of the following Venn Diagrams. (d) (2) (e) A A B C C ( A  B  C )  ( B  ( A  C )) (f) A (2) B B ( A  C)  (B  C) (2) (( A  C )  ( B  C )  ( A  B))  ( A  B  C ) C .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 9 Semester 1.

A. B. B(1. representing a reflection in the x-axis b) 1 0  B  0 1 Give a matrix. 2006 page 13 Question 10 [9 marks] The following question refers to the Cartesian plane. y) a) Give a matrix.1) on the set of axes provided. which represents a shear of 1 unit. C(1. representing a transformation of A. followed by B c) (1) (1) (2) 1 0  1 1 BA     0 1  0 1 1 1    0 1 d) Sketch a unit square ABCD. with points having coordinates (x.0). and compare with the combined transformation (part (c)) (3) y 3 2 D C 1 – 3 – 2 – 1 1 A B 2 3 x – 1 – 2 – 3 e) What is the effect of the two transformations on the area of ABCD No effect. with coordinates A(0.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Semester 1.0). Sketch the separate transformations (parts (a) and (b)). parallel to the x-axis 1 1 A   0 1 Give a matrix. | det A || det B || det BA | 1 (2) .1) D(0.

7 60   (2) (2) (2) (2) . (3) Casio 25-x Sharp x U=30 19-x 0 (b) Find the probability that a student selected randomly would have both models of calculators (3)  25  x   19  x   x  30  x  14  Pr(both)  14 30 Question 12 [8 marks] The table below represents the results of a survey of 100 parents. responding to the question: “Do you believe the legal age for obtaining a drivers license should be raised?” Mothers (M) Fathers (F) Yes (Y) No (N) 18 24 12 21 Undecided (U) 18 7 If one parent is to be selected randomly. 2006 page 14 Question 11 [6 marks] Students in year 12 are allowed to use two calculators each when writing the TEE Mathematics examinations. determine each of the following probabilities (of the parent being selected. and some students had both models. 25 students had a CASIO. In a survey it was found that all students in the group had either a CASIO or a SHARP calculator.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Semester 1.18 100 P  F | Y   12  0.4 30 P  F  Y   58  0. and/or response given) (a) (b) (c) (d)   P F  Y  18  0. A group of 30 Applicable Mathematics students have at least one calculator each. and 19 had a SHARP. (a) Represent this information in a Venn diagram.58 100 P Y | F  42  0.

 29 staff members attended PD days 1 and 3. 134 and 41 staff members attended PD days 1. (a) Represent this information in a Venn diagram. . 2006 page 15 Question 13 [6 marks] A local company has 250 staff members. This is inconsistent with 250 staff members attending. Every staff member is expected to attend at least one professional development (PD) day. According to last year’s information:  173. out of three offered per year. and  5 staff members attended all three PD days. 2 and 3 respectively.  7 staff members attended PD days 2 and 3.  87 staff members attended PD days 1 and 2. implying that 20 staff did not attend the PD day.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Semester 1. (4) 250 PD2 PD1 87 173 82 62 29 134 24 5 45 2 7 10 PD3 (b) 41 0 Use your diagram to comment on the consistency of the given information (2) 62+24+10+5+2+82+45=230.

33. by using only the values given in the diagram (2) Any correct set of values. 33. State the standard deviation. 40.9675 (d) Each score (x) in the original set of data is transformed by the equation y  0. 26. consistent with the diagram. with the smallest possible standard deviation.5 x (median for x) – 10 = -0. 33. 33.5 (1) iii) The lower quartile = -0. 26. 26.5 x 26 = 13 (1) ii) The median = -0. 40. 46. 26. (3) 20. 33.5 x (range for x) = 0. 40. 26.5 x (upper quartile for x) – 10 = -0.5 x 33 – 10 = –26.5 x 40 – 10 = –30 (2) . consistent with the diagram. for example: 20. 46  n  6. 46 (c) Write down a set of 11 scores.5 x  10 . Find the following for the new values (y) i) The range = 0. 2006 page 16 Question 14 [10 marks] The following box-plot represents 11 values for a variable x: 20 0 (a) 10 26 20 33 30 40 46 40 If the 11 scores are all symmetrical about the median. calculate the mean of the scores (1) X  Me  33 (b) Write down a set of 11 scores. 33. 40.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Semester 1. 20. 40.

Proportional Median = 170  10. X i X   (25)(65)  1625 1625  (12  14  16  21  23)  76.3  X 2  652 25   X 2  124 257. 2006 page 17 Question 15 [6 marks] The results of 25 Applicable Mathematics students are analysed.75 14 .25  76. Find the proportional median height.952 20  14. The class contains 5 very weak students. with scores of 12. 16.3 .3:  27.25  122  142  162  212  232   122 691. There are 40 athletes who are shorter than 170cm.25 122 691. 21 and 23.95 25  5 The standard deviation for 25 students is 21. The median class interval is 170  x  175 with 14 students in the median class interval. yielding a mean of 65 and a standard deviation of 27. Calculate the new mean and standard deviation if the scores of these students are removed.6  n  Question 16 [4 marks] The height of 100 athletes are measured and then grouped into continuous class intervals. 14.25 For 20 students:  X  124 257.5  5  173.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Semester 1.

2006 page 18 Question 17 [8 marks] There are 8 places in one row left for spectators at a concert.3. In how many ways can they be seated if (a) there are no restrictions (2) 8.5 (d) alternate seats have to be occupied.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Semester 1.6.6.5 = 1680 (b) the middle four seats have to be occupied (2) 4!=24 (c) seats at both ends have to be occupied (2) 4. leaving an empty seat between spectators 4!.7.2 = 48 (2) . Four people have paid at the door and have to be seated.

q =17 (b) Find the Median and Mode Me  4 Mo  5 (2) .62 (a) Calculate the values of p and q 15  26  3 p  4q  100  96  100  3. 2006 page 19 [8 marks] The results of tossing a standard 6-sided die 100 times is summarized in the following table: Number Frequency 1 15 2 13 3 p 4 q 5 20 6 16 The mean is 3.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Solutions Question 18 Semester 1.62  (6)  3 p  4q  125 and 15  13  p  q  20  16  100  p  q  36 Solving simultaneously: p =19.