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Year 12: Applicable Mathematics

2006 Examination Semester 1
TIME ALLOWED FOR THIS PAPER
Reading time before commencing work: Ten Minutes
Working time for paper:
2 Hours and 30 minutes
Your name ______________________________________
MATERIAL REQUIRED / RECOMMENDED FOR THIS PAPER
TO BE PROVIDED BY THE SUPERVISOR
This Question Paper, comprising of a total of 18 questions and 20 pages.
TO BE PROVIDED BY THE CANDIDATE

Standard Items: Pens, pencils, eraser or correction fluid, ruler
Special Items: Curriculum Council Mathematical Formulae and Statistical Tables Book, drawing

instruments, templates and up to 2 calculators satisfying the conditions set by the Curriculum Council,
plus one sheet of A4 paper, i.e. 2 pages of notes.

NOTE: Personal copies of the tables book should not contain any handwritten or typed notes, symbols,
signs, formulae or any other marks (including underlining and highlighting), except the name and the
address of the candidate, and may be inspected during the examination.

IMPORTANT NOTE TO CANDIDATES
No other items may be taken into the examination room.
It is your responsibility to ensure that you do not have any unauthorised notes or other items
of a non-personal nature in the examination room. If you have any unauthorised material
with you hand it to the supervisor BEFORE reading any further.

Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination

Semester 1, 2006

page 2

SUBJECT: APPLICABLE MATHEMATICS
INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
1. Attempt all questions.
2. You may answer questions in any order.
3. Show all working clearly, in sufficient detail to allow your answers to be checked readily, and for
marks to be awarded for reasoning. Incorrect answers given without supporting reasoning cannot be
allocated any marks. If you repeat an answer to any question, ensure that you cancel the answers
you do not wish to have marked.
Total Marks for this paper: 150.

Question

Maximum Mark

1

7

2

12

3

8

4

7

5

15

6

5

7

11

8

6

9

12

10

9

11

6

12

8

13

6

14

12

15

6

16

4

17

8

18

8

Total

150

Mark Achieved

(2) . involving a constant k. by (2) using appropriate notation (e.g. x yz 3 x  2 y  (7  k ) z  5 2 x  3 y  (k 2  2) z  k  10 (a) Write the system of equations in augmented matrix form. y and z. R1  R1  3R2 ) (c) Determine the value(s) of k.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Question 1 Semester 1. (1) (b) Reduce the matrix to echelon form. for which the above system has no solution (2) (d) If k = 5. if any. solve the system of equations. 2006 page 3 [7 marks] Given the following system of simultaneous equations in x. Indicate all elementary row operations performed.

(2) .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1. B  2 4 . so that the matrix D is singular. D   5 1   5 4 0  2 (a) X if XC = A . 2006 page 4 Question 2 [12 marks] 6 2   2 4   1 2 If A  2 5. find the following: (3) (b) 10 11  Y so that B – Y =  1  4  0 2  (2) (c)  1 0 Z so that ZD =   0 1 (3) (d) 1 BD 2 (2) (e) The (changed) value of the element d21. C   .

(2) (b) Represent the system of equations as an augmented matrix. $426 was paid by 25 adults. letting A. Hence. 6 senior citizens and 25 children.  On Saturday evening.  On Friday evening. 11 senior citizens and 19 children. 16 senior citizens and 20 children. S. $292 was paid by 15 adults. (6) . and the totals of ticket sales were as follows:  On Thursday evening. senior citizens and children. showing all steps of calculations. (a) Represent the given information as a system of equations. The tickets were sold at the door. 2006 page 5 [8 marks] A concert for the purpose of fundraising was recently offered at a local school.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Question 3 Semester 1. $236 was paid by 10 adults. respectively. and C be the ticket prices for adults. use matrix methods to find the cost of each type of ticket.

3). 5) is reflected about the line: y   x (to form the rectangle A*B*C*D*). 5) and D(1. with A(1. (4) .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Question 4 Semester 1. (a) Draw the three rectangles on the set of axes provided. 2006 page 6 [7 marks] The rectangle ABCD. Give a description of the single transformation in matrix form as well as clearly stating its nature. (3) y 6 4 2 – 6 – 4 – 2 2 4 6 x – 2 – 4 – 6 (b) Find a single transformation that will have the same effect as the combination of the two transformations. and then rotated (anticlockwise) about the origin by 900 (to form the rectangle A**B**C**D**). B(6. C(6. 3).

2006 page 7 [15 marks] Solve for X in the following matrix equation (5)  2 1   3 1  5 3 X   X     1 1  4 3   2 0    (b) Given the matrix equation: A3  4 A  I  0 . (i) Find an expression for A (2) (ii) Find an expression for A-1 (2) .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Question 5 (a) Semester 1. where A is a 3 x 3 matrix.

2006 page 8  1 1 0  Show that A   1 0 1  satisfies the original equation.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination (iii) (iv) Semester 1. by making use of  0 2 1 your graphics calculator (3) Use your answer for part (ii) to find D 1 (3) .

Show all steps of your calculations. 2006 page 9 [5 marks] Find the transformed equation of the new line after y  2 x  1 is transformed by the matrix 2 0  X  (5)  .  0 1 .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Question 6 Semester 1.

Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Question 7 Semester 1. and sketch on the axes provided the following graphs: (a) y  f 2  x  3 y (3) 2 1 – 3– 2– 1 – 1 1 2 3 4 5 x – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 6 (b) 1  y  2 f  x   2  y (4) 2 1 – 3– 2– 1 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 – 6 1 2 3 4 5 x . 2006 page 10 [11 marks] The graph of y  f ( x) is given below: y 5 4 3 2 1 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 1 1 2 3 4 5 x – 2 – 3 Describe in each case the steps involved in transforming y  f ( x) .

2006 x  y  f   1  4 3  page 11 (4) y 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 – 10 – 8 Question 8 – 6 – 4 – 2 – 1 2 4 6 8 10 x [6 marks] Given the function: f ( x)  x  5  log( x  4) . write the new equation down for each of the following transformations (a) (b) (c) Translation 2 units left and 3 units up (2) 1 Dilation parallel to the x-axis (scale factor = ). followed by a translation 3 units down (2) . followed by a reflection in the x-axis 2 (2) Horizontal dilation (scale factor = 3).Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination (c) Semester 1.

(a) ( A  B)  C A (2) (b) ( A  C)  (B  C) A B B C C ( A  B)  C (c) (2) A (2) B C Write in set notation. (2) (e) (d) A B A C C (2) (f) A B C (2) B . the region shaded in each of the Venn diagrams below. 2006 page 12 [12 marks] Shade the appropriate regions in each of the following Venn Diagrams.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Question 9 Semester 1.

which represents a shear of 1 unit. A. Sketch the separate transformations (parts (a) and (b)). with coordinates A(0. with points having coordinates (x. followed by B (2) (d) Sketch a unit square ABCD.1) D(0. parallel to the x-axis (1) (b) Give a matrix. 2006 page 13 Question 10 [9 marks] The following question refers to the Cartesian plane. representing a reflection in the x-axis (1) (c) Give a matrix. C(1. and compare with the combined transformation (part (c)) (3) y 3 2 1 – 3 – 2 – 1 1 2 3 x – 1 – 2 – 3 (e) What is the effect of the two transformations on the area of ABCD (2) . B(1. y) (a) Give a matrix.1) on the set of axes provided.0).Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1.0). B. representing a transformation of A.

A group of 30 Applicable Mathematics students have at least one calculator each. (a) Represent this information in a Venn diagram. In a survey it was found that all students in the group had either a CASIO or a SHARP calculator. and 19 had a SHARP.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1. determine each of the following probabilities (of the parent being selected. (3) (b) Find the probability that a student selected randomly would have both models of calculators (3) Question 12 [8 marks] The table below represents the results of a survey of 100 parents. 25 students had a CASIO. 2006 page 14 Question 11 [6 marks] Students in year 12 are allowed to use two calculators each when writing the TEE Mathematics examinations. and some students had both models. responding to the question: “Do you believe the legal age for obtaining a drivers license should be raised?” Mothers (M) Fathers (F) Yes (Y) 18 12 No (N) 24 21 Undecided (U) 18 7 If one parent is to be selected randomly. and/or response given) (a) P F Y (2)   (b) PF |Y  (2) (c) P F Y  (2) (d) P Y |F   (2) .

134 and 41 staff members attended PD days 1. and  5 staff members attended all three PD days.  7 staff members attended PD days 2 and 3. Every staff member is expected to attend at least one professional development (PD) day.  29 staff members attended PD days 1 and 3. 2 and 3 respectively. (b) Use your diagram to comment on the consistency of the given information (4) .  87 staff members attended PD days 1 and 2. 2006 page 15 Question 13 [6 marks] A local company has 250 staff members. According to last year’s information:  173. (a) Represent this information in a Venn diagram.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1. out of three offered per year.

consistent with the diagram. State the standard deviation. consistent with the diagram. calculate the mean of the scores (1) (b) Write down a set of 11 scores. 2006 page 16 Question 14 [12 marks] The following box-plot represents 11 values for a variable x: 20 0 10 20 26 33 30 40 46 40 (a) If the 11 scores are all symmetrical about the median. (4) (d) Each score (x) in the original set of data is transformed by the equation y  0. with the smallest possible standard deviation.5 x  10 .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1. Find the following for the new values (y) i) The range (1) ii) The median (1) iii) The lower quartile (2) . by using only the values given in the diagram (3) (c) Write down a set of 11 scores.

The median class interval is 170  x  175 with 14 students in the median class interval. . 14. 21 and 23. Find the proportional median height. There are 40 athletes who are shorter than 170cm.3 . Calculate the new mean and standard deviation if the scores of these students are removed.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1. yielding a mean of 65 and a standard deviation of 21. Question 16 [4 marks] The height of 100 athletes are measured and then grouped into continuous class intervals. The class contains 5 very weak students. with scores of 12. 2006 page 17 Question 15 [6 marks] The results of 25 Applicable Mathematics students are analysed. 16.

2006 page 18 Question 17 [8 marks] There are 8 places in one row left for spectators at a concert. In how many ways can they be seated if (a) there are no restrictions (2) (b) the middle four seats have to be occupied (2) (c) seats at both ends have to be occupied (2) (d) alternate seats have to be occupied. Four people have paid at the door and have to be seated.Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1. leaving an empty seat between spectators (2) .

2006 page 19 Question 18 [8 marks] The results of tossing a standard 6-sided die 100 times is summarized in the following table: Number Frequency 1 15 2 13 3 p 4 q 5 20 6 16 The mean is 3.62 (a) Calculate the values of p and q (6) (b) Find the median and mode (2) End of Exam .Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1.

Year 12 Applicable Mathematics Examination Semester 1. 2006 Spare page page 20 .